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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Cherenkov, Pavel Alekseyevich
▪ Soviet physicist Cherenkov also spelled  Čerenkov   born July 15 [July 28, New Style], 1904, Novaya Chigla, Russia died Jan. 6, 1990, U.S.S.R.       Soviet ...
Cherenkov,Pavel Alekseevich
Che·ren·kov also Ce·ren·kov (chə-rĕngʹkôf, -kəf, chĭ-ryĭn-kôfʹ), Pavel Alekseevich. 1904-1990. Russian physicist. He shared a 1958 Nobel Prize for work leading to ...
Cherenkoveffect
Che·ren·kov effect (chə-rĕngʹkôf, -kəf) n. Variant of Cerenkov effect. * * *
Cherenkovradiation
Cherenkov radiation n. Variant of Cerenkov radiation. * * *
Cherepovets
/cher'euh peuh vets"/; Russ. /chyi rddyi pu vyets"/, n. a city in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, N of Rybinsk Reservoir. 315,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled ...
Chéret, Jules
▪ French artist born May 31, 1836, Paris, France died September 23, 1933, Nice       French poster illustrator and graphic designer who has been called “the father of ...
chérie
/shay rddee"/, n., pl. chéries /-rddee"/. French. dear; sweetheart: used in referring to or addressing a woman or girl. * * *
Cherie
/sher"ee/, n. a female given name. Also, Cheri. * * *
cherimoya
/cher'euh moy"euh/, n. 1. a tropical American tree, Annona cherimola, having leaves with velvety, hairy undersides and yellow-to-brown fragrant flowers. 2. the large, edible ...
cherish
—cherishable, adj. —cherisher, n. —cherishingly, adv. /cher"ish/, v.t. 1. to hold or treat as dear; feel love for: to cherish one's native land. 2. to care for tenderly; ...
cherishable
See cherish. * * *
cherisher
See cherishable. * * *
Cherkassky, Shura
▪ 1996       Ukrainian-born concert pianist whose idiosyncratic performances were alternately brilliant and erratic; he was particularly admired for his interpretations ...
Cherkassy
/cherr kah"see, -kas"ee/; Russ. /chyirdd kahs"si/, n. a city in central Ukraine, on the Dnieper River, SE of Kiev. 287,000. * * *
Cherkasy
Cher·ka·sy or Cher·kas·sy (chər-käʹsē) A city of central Ukraine on the Dnieper River south-southeast of Kiev. It was an important Cossack outpost before passing to ...
Cherkess Autonomous Region
/cherr kes"/; Russ. /chyirdd kyes"/. See Karachai-Cherkess Autonomous Region. * * *
Chermayeff, Serge
▪ 1997       (SERGEY IVANOVITCH ISSAKOVITCH), Russian-born U.S. architect noted for designing modernistic buildings during the 1930s, particularly the De La Warr ...
Chern, Shiing-shen
▪ 2005       Chinese American mathematician (b. Oct. 26, 1911, Jiaxing, Zhejiang province, China—d. Dec. 3, 2004, Tianjin, China), advanced the field of differential ...
Chernenko
Chernenko [chir nyen′kō] Konstantin (Ustinovich) [kän stən tēn′] 1911-85; general secretary of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (1984-85) * * *
Chernenko, Konstantin (Ustinovich)
born Sept. 11, 1911, Bolshaya Tes, Yeniseysk, Russian Empire died March 10, 1985, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Soviet leader. He joined the Communist Party in 1931 and rose through ...
Chernenko, Konstantin Ustinovich
▪ president of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics born Sept. 11 [Sept. 24, New Style], 1911, Bolshaya Tes, Yeniseysk, Russian Empire [now in Krasnoyarsk kray, Russia] died ...
Chernigov
/cherr nee"gawf, -gof/; Russ. /chyirdd nyee"geuhf/, n. a city in N Ukraine, on the Desna River. 291,000. * * * City (pop., 2001: 241,000), capital of Chernigov oblast, ...
Chernihiv
Cher·ni·hiv (chər-nēʹhəv, -nyēʹhēw) or Cher·ni·gov (-gəf) A city of north-central Ukraine north-northeast of Kiev. First mentioned in 907, it was the capital of the ...
Chernivtsi
Cher·niv·tsi (chər-nēvʹtsē, -nyēwʹ-) or Cher·nov·tsy (-nôfʹ-) A city of southwest Ukraine in the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains near the Romanian border. It ...
Chernobyl
/cherr noh"beuhl/; Russ. /chyirdd naw"bil/, n. a city in N Ukraine, 80 mi. NW of Kiev: nuclear-plant accident 1986. * * *
Chernobyl accident
Accident at the Chernobyl (Ukraine) nuclear power station in the Soviet Union, the worst in the history of nuclear power generation. On April 25–26, 1986, technicians ...
Chernogorsk
▪ Russia also spelled  Černogorsk,         city, Khakassia republic, south-central Russia, situated just west of the port of Podkunino on the Yenisey River. The ...
Chernomyrdin, Viktor Stepanovich
▪ prime minister of Russia born April 9, 1938, Cherny-Otrog, Russia, Soviet Union       Soviet industrial administrator who served as prime minister of Russia from 1992 ...
Chernov, Viktor (Mikhaylovich)
born Nov. 19, 1873, Kamyshin, Russia died April 15, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian revolutionary, cofounder of the Russian Socialist Revolutionary Party. A revolutionist ...
Chernov, Viktor Mikhaylovich
▪ Soviet politician also called  Boris Olenin  born November 19 [December 1, New Style], 1873, Kamyshin, Russia died April 15, 1952, New York, N.Y., U.S.       a ...
Chernovtsy
/chyirdd nuf tsi"/, n. Russian name of Cernauti. * * *
chernozem
/cherr"neuh zem', chair"-/; Russ. /chyirdd nu zyawm"/, n. a soil common in cool or temperate semiarid climates, very black and rich in humus and carbonates. [1835-45; < Russ ...
chernozemic
See chernozem. * * *
Chernyayev, Mikhail Grigoryevich
▪ Russian general Chernyayev also spelled  Cherniaev   born Oct. 22 [Nov. 3, New Style], 1828, Bendery, Bessarabia, Russian Empire [now Bendery, Moldova] died Aug. 4 [Aug. ...
Chernyshevsky, N(ikolay) G(avrilovich)
born July 12, 1828, Saratov, Russia died Oct. 17, 1889, Saratov Russian radical journalist and politician. In 1854 he joined the staff of the review Sovremennik ...
Chernyshevsky, N.G.
▪ Russian journalist in full  Nikolay Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky   born July 12 [July 24, New Style], 1828, Saratov, Russia died Oct. 17 [Oct. 29], 1889, Saratov  radical ...
Cherokee
/cher"euh kee', cher'euh kee"/, n., pl. Cherokees, (esp. collectively) Cherokee for 1. 1. a member of an important tribe of North American Indians whose first known center was in ...
Cherokee language
▪ North American Indian language  North American Indian language, member of the Iroquoian family, spoken by the Cherokee people originally inhabiting Virginia, North ...
Cherokee Nation
➡ Cherokee * * *
Cherokee rose
the fragrant white rose of a prickly, climbing shrub, Rosa laevigata, originally from China and naturalized in the southern U.S.: the state flower of Georgia. [1815-25, Amer.] * ...
Cherokeerose
Cherokee rose n. A prickly climbing evergreen rose (Rosa laevigata) native to China and naturalized in the southeast United States, having showy white fragrant flowers. * * *
CherokeeStrip
Cherokee Strip or Cherokee Outlet A plot of land in present-day northern Oklahoma. Purchased from the Cherokee Nation by the United States in 1891, it was opened to settlement ...
cheroot
/sheuh rooht"/, n. a cigar having open, untapered ends. [1660-70; < Tamil curuttu roll (of tobacco)] * * *
Cherrapunji
▪ India       village, Meghalaya (Meghālaya) state, northeastern India, located on the Shillong Plateau about 35 miles (55 km) southwest of Shillong. It is noted for ...
cherries jubilee
a dessert of black cherries that have been flambéed with brandy or kirsch and spooned over vanilla ice cream. * * *
cherry
—cherrylike, adj. /cher"ee/, n., pl. cherries, adj. n. 1. the fruit of any of various trees belonging to the genus Prunus, of the rose family, consisting of a pulpy, globular ...
cherry birch.
See sweet birch. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
cherry bomb
a red, globe-shaped firecracker with a long fuse and high explosive capability. [1950-55] * * *
cherry coal
a type of bituminous coal that burns readily and gives a hot fire. * * *
Cherry Hill
Cherry Hill 〚after an old farm on a hill, named for its cherry trees〛 city in SW N.J., east of Camden: pop. 70,000 * * *
cherry laurel
1. Also called English laurel. a rosaceous evergreen shrub or small tree, Prunus laurocerasus, of Eurasia, having clusters of white flowers and dark purple fruit. 2. See laurel ...
Cherry Orchard, The
a play (1904) by Chekhov. * * *
cherry pepper
a variety of pepper, Capsicum annuum cerasiforme, having rounded, usually pungent fruit. [1825-35] * * *
cherry picker
1. a moveable boom, having a bucketlike attachment at its top that is large enough to carry a worker: used for repairing telephone lines, pruning trees, etc. 2. a vehicle ...
cherry pie
any of several plants having flowers with an odor suggestive of cherries, as the heliotrope. [1825-35] * * *
cherry plum
1. a small tree, Prunus cerasifera, bearing edible yellow or reddish fruit. 2. the fruit of this tree. Also called myrobalan. * * *
cherry red
a bright red; cherry. [1585-95] * * *
cherry tomato
a variety of tomato, Lycopersicon lycopersicum cerasiforme, having cherry-sized, edible, red or yellow fruit. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
Cherry Valley Raid
(Nov. 11, 1778) Attack during the American Revolution by Iroquois Indians on a New York frontier settlement. In retaliation for earlier assaults on two Indian villages, the ...
Cherry, Donald Eugene
▪ 1996       U.S. jazz trumpeter (b. Nov. 18, 1936, Oklahoma City, Okla.—d. Oct. 19, 1995, Málaga, Spain), was a pioneer of free jazz as a member of the Ornette ...
Cherry,Donald Eugene
Cher·ry (chĕrʹē), Donald Eugene. Known as “Don.” 1936-1995. American jazz cornetist whose playing and compositions were influenced by musical traditions from around the ...
cherry-bob
/cher"ee bob'/, n. Brit. a pair of cherries joined at the end of their stems. [CHERRY + BOB2] * * *
cherry-pick
/cher"ee pik'/, Informal. v.t. 1. to select with great care: You can cherry-pick your own stereo components. v.i. 2. (in retail use) to buy only the sale items and ignore the ...
cherrybirch
cherry birch n. See sweet birch. * * *
cherrybomb
cherry bomb n. A red, ball-shaped firecracker that explodes with a loud bang. * * *
CherryHill
Cherry Hill An urban township of west-central New Jersey east-southeast of Camden. It is mainly residential. Population: 69,319. * * *
cherrylaurel
cherry laurel n. A frequently cultivated Eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree (Prunus laurocerasus) in the rose family, having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy ...
cherrypicker
cherry picker n. 1. A maneuverable vertical boom with an open bucket or cage at the end from which a worker can perform aerial work such as pruning trees or repairing electrical ...
cherryplum
cherry plum n. A deciduous ornamental Eurasian shrub or small tree (Prunus cerasifera) in the rose family, having white flowers and small red to yellow edible fruits. Also called ...
cherrystone
/cher"ee stohn'/, n. 1. the one-seeded smooth stone of the cherry. 2. the quahog, Venus mercenaria, when larger than a littleneck. [1300-50; ME cheriston. See CHERRY, STONE] * * *
cherrytomato
cherry tomato n. A variety of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme) having small red to yellow fruits. * * *
Chersky Range
▪ mountains, Russia Russian  Khrebet Cherskogo         range running northwest to southeast through the Sakha republic and Magadan oblast (province), Russia. The ...
chersonese
/kerr"seuh neez', -nees'/, n. a peninsula. [1595-1605; < L chersonesus < Gk chersónesos, equiv. to chérso(s) dry + nésos island] * * * In ancient geography, any of several ...
Chersonese, Tauric
▪ ancient region, Ukraine       ancient region comprising the Crimea and, often, the city of Chersonesus, located three miles west of modern Sevastopol, Ukraine. The ...
Chersonese, Thracian
▪ ancient region, Turkey       ancient region comprising the modern Gallipoli Peninsula, located on the European side of the Hellespont (the Dardanelles, in modern ...
chert
—cherty, adj. /cherrt/, n. a compact rock consisting essentially of microcrystalline quartz. [1670-80; orig. uncert.] * * *
chert and flint
Very fine-grained quartz, a silica mineral with minor impurities. Flint is gray to black and nearly opaque (translucent brown in thin splinters). Opaque, dull, whitish to pale ...
Chertoff, Michael
▪ 2006  In 2005 the biggest challenge for Michael Chertoff, the secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which was created in response to the Sept. 11, ...
cherty
See chert. * * *
cherub
—cherubic /cheuh rooh"bik/, cherubical, adj. —cherubically, adv. —cherublike, adj. /cher"euhb/, n., pl. cherubs for 3, 4; cherubim /cher"euh bim, -yoo bim/ for 1, 2. 1. a ...
cherubfish
/cher"euhb fish'/, n., pl. cherubfishes, (esp. collectively) cherubfish. a brilliantly colored butterflyfish, Centropyge argi, found in the West Indies: kept in home ...
cherubic
See cherub. * * *
cherubically
See cherubic. * * *
Cherubicon
Gk. /khe'rddooh vee kawn"/; Eng. /chi rooh"bi kon'/, n. Eastern Ch. the hymn sung during the Great Entrance by the choir, which represents the cherubim. Also, Cherubikon. Also ...
Cherubini
/ker'oo bee"nee/; It. /ke'rddooh bee"nee/, n. Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore /mah rddee"ah looh ee"jee kahrdd"law dze naw"byaw sahl'vah taw"rdde/, 1760-1842, Italian ...
Cherubini, (Maria)Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore
Che·ru·bi·ni (kĕr'ə-bēʹnē, kĕ'ro͞o-), (Maria) Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore. 1760-1842. Italian composer whose 29 operas, including Les Deux Journées (1800), helped ...
Cherubini, Luigi
▪ Italian composer in full  Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Salvatore Cherubini   born Sept. 14, 1760, Florence [Italy] died March 15, 1842, Paris, France  Italian-born French ...
Cherubini, Luigi (Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria)
born Sept. 14, 1760, Florence died March 15, 1842, Paris, France Italian-French composer. Born into a musical family, the precocious youth had written dozens of works before he ...
Chéruel, Adolphe
▪ French historian in full  Pierre-adolphe Chéruel   born Jan. 17, 1809, Rouen, France died May 1, 1891, Paris       French historian known for his pioneer work from ...
Cheruiyot, Robert Kipkoech
▪ 2007  Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot of Kenya surged to the forefront of marathon running in 2006, winning the 110th Boston Marathon in April with a course record of 2 hr 7 min ...
chervil
/cherr"vil/, n. 1. an herb, Anthriscus cerefolium, of the parsley family, having aromatic leaves used to flavor soups, salads, etc. 2. any of several other plants of the same ...
chervonets
/cheuhr voh"nits, -nets/; Russ. /chyirdd vaw"nyits/, n., pl. chervontsi /-vohnt"see/; Russ. /-vawn"tsi/. a former gold coin and monetary unit of the U.S.S.R., equal to ten ...
Cherwell
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Oxfordshire, south-central England, occupying an area of 228 square miles (590 ...
Cheryl
/sher"euhl/, n. a female given name. * * *
Cherylene
/sher'euh leen"/, n. a female given name. * * *
Chesapeake
/ches"euh peek'/, n. 1. (italics) a U.S. frigate boarded in 1807 by the British, who removed part of its crew and impressed some members into British service: captured by the ...
Chesapeake and Delaware Canal
a canal between N Delaware and NE Maryland, connecting the Chesapeake and Delaware bays. ab. 19 mi. (31 km) long. * * * ▪ waterway, United States       American ...
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
▪ waterway, United States       former waterway, extending 184.5 miles (297 km) along the east bank of the Potomac River between Washington, D.C., and Cumberland in ...
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
Park, eastern U.S. It consists of the former Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, a waterway running along the Potomac River between Washington, D.C., and Cumberland, Md. The canal, which ...
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Co. (C&O)
U.S. railroad company established in 1868 with the consolidation of two smaller lines, the Virginia Central and the Covington and Ohio. The railroad later acquired several other ...
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company
▪ American railway , byname  Chessie System        American railroad company established in 1868 with the consolidation of two smaller lines, the Virginia Central and ...
Chesapeake Bay
an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. 200 mi. (320 km) long; 4-40 mi. (6-64 km) wide. * * * Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, eastern U.S. With its lower section in ...
Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel
▪ bridge, Virginia, United States       complex of trestles, man-made islands, tunnels, and bridges that runs across the entrance to Chesapeake Bay, providing a ...
Chesapeake Bay retriever
one of an American breed of retrievers having a short, thick, oily coat ranging in color from brown to a light tan. [1905-10] * * * ▪ breed of dog  breed of sporting dog, ...
ChesapeakeBay
Chesapeake Bay An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean separating the Delmarva Peninsula from mainland Maryland and Virginia. Explored and charted by John Smith in 1608, it is an ...
ChesapeakeBay retriever
Chesapeake Bay retriever n. A hunting dog of a breed developed in the United States, having a thick short wavy coat ranging from dark brown to tan in color and known for its ...
Cheselden, William
born Oct. 19, 1688, Somerby, Leicestershire, Eng. died April 10, 1752, Bath, Somersetshire British surgeon and teacher. His Anatomy of the Human Body (1713) and Osteographia ...
Cheshire
/chesh"euhr, -ear/, n. 1. formerly, Chester. a county in NW England. 910,900; 899 sq. mi. (2328 sq. km). 2. a town in central Connecticut. 21,788. 3. Also called Cheshire cheese, ...
Cheshire cat
1. a constantly grinning cat in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. 2. grin like a Cheshire cat, to smile or grin inscrutably. * * *
Cheshire cheese
(also Cheshire) n [U] a type of mild white cheese that breaks easily into small pieces. It was originally made in Cheshire, a county in north-west England. * * *
Cheshire Homes
➡ Cheshire (II) * * *
Cheshunt
Ches·hunt (chĕsʹənt) An urban district of southeast England, a residential suburb of London. Population: 79,700. * * *
Cheshvan
Seph. Heb. /khesh vahn"/; Ashk. Heb. /khesh"vahn/; Eng. /khesh"veuhn, hesh"-/, n. Heshvan. * * *
Chesil Beach
▪ beach, England, United Kingdom also called  Chesil Bank,         beach, county of Dorset, England, that stretches 18 miles (29 km) from Bridport to the Isle of ...
cheskey
/ches"kee/, n., pl. cheskeys. Slang (disparaging and offensive). 1. a person of Czech extraction. 2. the Czech language. [1890-95; < Czech ceský Czech (adj.)] * * *
Chesney, Francis Rawdon
▪ British explorer born March 16, 1789, Annalong, County Down, Ire. died Jan. 30, 1872, Mourne, County Down  British soldier, explorer, and Middle East traveler whose fame ...
Chesnut, Mary
orig. Mary Boykin Miller born March 31, 1823, Pleasant Hill, S.C., U.S. died Nov. 22, 1886, Camden, S.C. U.S. writer. The daughter of a prominent South Carolina politician, ...
Chesnut, Mary Boykin Miller
▪ American writer born March 31, 1823, Pleasant Hill, S.C., U.S. died Nov. 22, 1886, Camden, S.C.       author of A Diary from Dixie, an insightful view of Southern ...
Chesnutt
/ches"neuht, -nut/, n. Charles Waddell /wo del"/, 1858-1932, U.S. short-story writer and novelist. * * *
Chesnutt, Charles (Waddell)
born June 20, 1858, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 15, 1932, Cleveland U.S. writer, the first important African American novelist. As a young school principal in North ...
Chesnutt, Charles W.
▪ American writer in full  Charles Waddell Chesnutt   born June 20, 1858, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Nov. 15, 1932, Cleveland       first important black American ...
chess
chess1 /ches/, n. a game played by two persons, each with 16 pieces, on a chessboard. [1150-1200; ME < OF esches, pl. of eschec CHECK1] chess2 /ches/, n., pl. chess, chesses. one ...
chess clock
a timer for chess players, having a dial for each player on which his or her accumulated time is recorded and a device for stopping one timer and starting the other at the end of ...
chess pie
Southern Cookery. a dessert of cornmeal, sugar, butter, egg yolks, milk, and flavorings baked in a pastry shell. [1930-35; appar. for chest pie; chest perh. alluding to its ...
Chess, Leonard
orig. Lejzor Czyz born March 12, 1917, Motule, Pol. died Oct. 16, 1969, Chicago, Ill., U.S. Polish-born U.S. record producer. He immigrated to the U.S in 1928 with his mother, ...
chessboard
/ches"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. the board, identical with a checkerboard, used for playing chess. [1400-50; late ME. See CHESS1, BOARD] * * *
chessman
/ches"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. chessmen /-men', -meuhn/. any piece used in the game of chess. [1275-1325; ME; earlier chesse meyne, equiv. to chesse CHESS1 + meyne household (man, ...
Chessman, Caryl
▪ American criminal born May 27, 1921, St. Joseph, Mich., U.S. died May 2, 1960, San Quentin, Calif.       American criminal whose writings during 12 years on death row ...
Chessmaster
▪ series of electronic games       popular series of electronic games (electronic game) for playing chess against a computer; it was originally released in 1986 by the ...
chesstree
/ches"tree'/, n. Naut. (in the 17th and 18th centuries) a wooden fastening with one or more sheaves, attached to the topside of a sailing vessel, through which the windward tack ...
chessylite
ches·sy·lite (shĕsʹə-līt', chĕsʹ-) n. See azurite.   [After Chessy, a town of east-central France.] * * *
chest
—chestful /chest"fool/, n. /chest/, n. 1. Anat. the trunk of the body from the neck to the abdomen; thorax. 2. a box, usually with a lid, for storage, safekeeping of valuables, ...
chest of drawers
Furniture. a piece of furniture consisting of a set of drawers in a frame set on short legs, or feet, for holding clothing, household linens, etc. [1670-80] * * * ▪ ...
chest of viols
Music. a set of several viols, usually played together as an ensemble. * * *
chest protector
Baseball. a protective pad worn over the chest by a catcher or umpire to shield the body from foul tips. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
chest register
Music. the low register of the human voice. [1840-50] * * *
chest-on-chest
/chest"on chest", -awn-/, n. a chest of drawers placed upon a slightly wider chest of drawers. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
chest-thumping
/chest"thum'ping/, n. the act or practice of boasting. * * *
chested
/ches"tid/, adj. having a chest of a specified kind (often used in combination): broad-chested; barrel-chested. [1400-50; late ME. See CHEST, -ED3] * * *
Chester
/ches"teuhr/, n. 1. a city in Cheshire, in NW England: only English city with the Roman walls still intact. 117,200. 2. a city in SE Pennsylvania. 45,794. 3. Cheshire (def. ...
Chester Arthur: State of the Union, 1882
▪ Primary Source       It is provided by the Constitution that the President shall from time to time give to the Congress information of the state of the Union and ...
Chester plays
▪ English theatre       14th-century cycle of 25 scriptural plays, or mystery plays (mystery play), performed at the prosperous city of Chester, in northern England, ...
Chester White
one of an American breed of white hogs, having drooping ears. [1855-60, Amer.; named after Chester, county in Pennsylvania where first bred] * * *
Chester, Hugh of Avranches, 1st Earl of, Vicomte D'avranches
▪ Norman noble also called  Hugh The Fat, or Hugh The Wolf,  French  Hugues Le Gros, French- Latin  Hugues Lupus  born c. 1047 died July 27, 1101       son of ...
Chester, Ranulf de Blundeville, 6th Earl of, Earl Of Richmond, Earl Of Lincoln, Vicomte De Bayeux, Vicomte D'avranches
▪ English noble also called  Duke Of Brittany, Ranulf  also spelled  Randulf, or Ralph  born c. 1172, , Oswestry, Powys, Wales died Oct. 28, 1232, Wallingford, ...
Chester, Ranulf de Gernons, 4th Earl of, Vicomte De Bayeux, Vicomte D'avranches
▪ English noble Ranulf also spelled  Randulf, or Ralph   born c. 1100 died Dec. 16, 1153       a key participant in the English civil war (from 1139) between King ...
Chester-le-Street
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and district, administrative and historic county of Durham, England, at the southern edge of the Tyne and Wear metropolitan area ...
chesterbed
/ches"teuhr bed'/, n. Chiefly Canadian. a sofa or chesterfield that opens into a bed. [CHESTER(FIELD) + BED] * * *
chesterfield
/ches"teuhr feeld'/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a single- or double-breasted topcoat or overcoat with a fly front and a narrow velvet collar. 2. a large, overstuffed sofa or divan ...
Chesterfield
/ches"teuhr feeld'/, n. Philip Dormer Stanhope /dawr"meuhr stan"euhp/, 4th Earl of, 1694-1773, British statesman and author. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town ...
Chesterfield Islands
▪ islands, New Caledonia       group of coral islands in the French overseas country of New Caledonia, southwestern Pacific Ocean. The group comprises 11 well-wooded ...
Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th earl of
▪ English writer born Sept. 22, 1694, London died March 24, 1773, London  British statesman, diplomat, and wit, chiefly remembered as the author of Letters to His Son and ...
Chesterfield,Fourth Earl of
Chesterfield, Fourth Earl of Title of Philip Dormer Stanhope. 1694-1773. English politician and writer best known for Letters to His Son (1774), which portrays the ideal ...
Chesterfieldian
/ches'teuhr feel"dee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or like the 4th Earl of Chesterfield or his writings; elegant; urbane; suave. [1770-80; CHESTERFIELD + -IAN] * * *
Chesterian Series
▪ rock unit, North America       uppermost major stratigraphic division of North American rocks of the Mississippian Period (the Mississippian began about 345,000,000 ...
Chesterton
/ches"teuhr teuhn/, n. G(ilbert) K(eith), 1874-1936, English essayist, critic, and novelist. * * *
Chesterton, G(ilbert) K(eith)
born May 29, 1874, London, Eng. died June 14, 1936, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire British man of letters. Chesterton was a journalist, a scholar, a novelist and short-story ...
Chesterton, G.K.
▪ British author in full  Gilbert Keith Chesterton  born May 29, 1874, London died June 14, 1936, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, Eng.  English critic and author of verse, ...
Chesterton,Gilbert Keith
Ches·ter·ton (chĕsʹtər-tən), Gilbert Keith. 1874-1936. British writer and critic known for his Roman Catholicism and his conservative political views. His works include ...
ChesterWhite
Chester White n. Any of a breed of large white hogs with drooping ears originally bred in Chester County in southeast Pennsylvania. * * *
chestiness
See chesty. * * *
chestnut
—chestnutty, adj. /ches"nut', -neuht/, n. 1. any of the several deciduous trees constituting the genus Castanea, of the beech family, having toothed, oblong leaves and bearing ...
chestnut blight
Plant Pathol. a disease of chestnuts, esp. the American chestnut, characterized by bark lesions that girdle and eventually kill the tree, caused by a fungus, Endothia ...
chestnut bottle
an American glass bottle or flask of the 19th century, having slightly flattened sides. * * *
chestnut clam
Astarte (def. 2). Also called chestnut shell. * * *
chestnut coal
anthracite in sizes ranging from 13/16 to 15/8 in. (3 to 4 cm). Also called nut coal. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
chestnut oak
any of several North American oaks, as Quercus prinus, having serrate or dentate leaves resembling those of the chestnut. [1695-1705, Amer.] * * * ▪ plant       any of ...
chestnutblight
chestnut blight n. A disease of chestnut trees caused by a fungus (Cryphonectria parasitica) that is especially destructive to the American chestnut, characterized by cankers ...
chestnutoak
chestnut oak n. Either of two eastern North American deciduous oak trees (Quercus prinus and Q. muehlenbergii) having leaves that resemble those of the American chestnut. * * *
chestof drawers
chest of drawers n. pl. chests of drawers A piece of furniture consisting of a set of drawers that fit within a frame. * * *
chestpass
chest pass n. Sports A pass, as in basketball, in which the ball is propelled away from the chest with a quick extension of the hands and arms. * * *
chestregister
chest register n. One of the lower ranges of the voice in singing or speaking. Also called chest voice. * * *
chesty
—chestily, adv. —chestiness, n. /ches"tee/, adj., chestier, chestiest. 1. having a well-developed chest or bosom. 2. proud; conceited. [1895-1900, Amer.; CHEST + -Y1] * * *
Chet
/chet/, n. a male given name, form of Chester. * * *
Chet Atkins
➡ Atkins (I) * * *
chetah
chetah [chēt′ə] n. CHEETAH * * * che·tah (chēʹtə) n. Variant of cheetah. * * *
cheth
/het, hes/; Seph. Heb. /khet/; Ashk. Heb. /khes/, n. heth. [ < Heb heth] * * *
Chetnik
/chet neek", chet"nik/, n. a member of a Serbian nationalist group that fought against the Turks in the early part of the 20th century and carried on guerrilla warfare during ...
chetrum
/chee"treuhm, che"-/, n. a coin and monetary unit of Bhutan, the hundredth part of a ngultrum. * * *
Chettle, Henry
▪ English dramatist born c. 1560 died c. 1607       English dramatist, one among many of the versatile, popular writers of the Elizabethan Age.       Chettle ...
Chetumal
/che'tooh mahl"/, n. a city in and the capital of Quintana Roo, in SE Mexico. 23,685. * * * City (pop., 2000: 121,602), capital of Quintana Roo state, Mexico. Located on the ...
Cheung, Leslie
▪ 2004 Cheung Kwok-wing        Hong Kong actor and singer (b. Sept. 12, 1956, Hong Kong—d. April 1, 2003, Hong Kong), achieved enormous popularity in Hong Kong and ...
cheval de bataille
/sheuh vannl deuh bann tah"yeu/, pl. chevaux de bataille /sheuh vohdeu bann tah"yeu/. French. 1. a horse used in battle; charger. 2. a favorite topic of discussion, argument, ...
cheval glass
/sheuh val"/ a full-length mirror mounted so that it can be tilted in a frame. [1830-40; < F cheval horse, supporting framework (see CHEVALET)] * * * ▪ mirror also called ...
cheval screen
a fire screen, usually with a cloth panel, having supports at the ends and mounted on legs. [see CHEVAL GLASS] * * *
cheval-de-frise
/sheuh val"deuh freez"/, n., pl. chevaux-de-frise /sheuh voh"deuh freez"/. Usually, chevaux-de-frise. a portable obstacle, usually a sawhorse, covered with projecting spikes or ...
chevalet
/shev'euh lay", sheuh val"ay/, n. the bridge on a stringed musical instrument, as a violin. [1800-10; < F: more generally, any wooden frame for holding or supporting something, ...
chevalglass
che·val glass (shə-vălʹ) n. A long mirror mounted on swivels in a frame.   [From French cheval, support, horse. See chevalet.] * * *
chevalier
/shev'euh lear"/ or, esp. for 1, 2, /sheuh val"yay, -vahl"-/, n. 1. a member of certain orders of honor or merit: a chevalier of the Legion of Honor. 2. Fr. Hist. the lowest ...
Chevalier
/sheuh val"yay, -vahl"-/; Fr. /sheuh vann lyay"/, n. Maurice (Auguste) /maw rees" aw"geuhst/; Fr. /moh rddees" oh gyuust"/, 1888-1972, French actor and singer. * * * ▪ French ...
Chevalier, Albert
▪ British actor born March 21, 1861, Notting Hill, London died July 10, 1923, London  actor and music-hall entertainer known as the “costers' laureate” because of his ...
Chevalier, Jules
▪ French priest and author born March 15, 1824, Richelieu, Fr. died Oct. 21, 1907, Issoudun       priest, author, and founder of the Missionarii Sacratissimi Cordis ...
Chevalier, Maurice
born Sept. 12, 1888, Paris, France died Jan. 1, 1972, Paris French singer and actor. He first appeared as a singer and comedian at the Folies-Bergère in 1909. He spent two ...
Chevalier, Ulysse
▪ French scholar born Feb. 24, 1841, Rambouillet, Fr. died Oct. 27, 1923, Romans-sur-Isère       French priest, scholar, and author of major bibliographical works in ...
Chevalier,Maurice
Che·va·lier (shə-vălʹyā, shə-vä-lyāʹ), Maurice. 1888-1972. French actor and singer best known for his cabaret appearances and his role in the musical film Gigi ...
Chevalier-Montrachet
/sheuh val"yay mohn'treuh shay", -mon'-, -vahl"-/; Fr. /sheuh vann lyay"mawonn rddann she"/, n. a white wine from Burgundy. * * *
chevaux-de-frise
/sheuh voh"deuh freez"/, n. pl. of cheval-de-frise. * * *
chevee
/sheuh vay"/, n. Jewelry. 1. cuvette (def. 1). 2. a smooth gem with a slightly depressed surface. [ < F chevée, n. use of fem. of chevé, ptp. of chever to make a hollow in < L ...
chevelure
chevelure [shəv lür′] n. 〚Fr, head of hair < L capillatura, the hair, a being hairy < capillus, hair: see CAPILLARY〛 a head of hair; specif., a coiffure * * ...
cheveret
/shev"rit, shev ret"/, n. a small English table of the 18th century, having an oblong top, one or two rows of drawers, and slender legs joined near the bottom by a shelf. Also, ...
Cheverus, Jean-Louis Lefebvre de
▪ French bishop born Jan. 28, 1768, Mayenne, Fr. died July 19, 1836, Bordeaux       first Roman Catholic bishop of Boston.       He was made assistant, then ...
chevet
/sheuh vay"/, n. an apse, as of a Gothic cathedral. [1800-10; < F, earlier chevès, OF chevez
cheville
/sheuh vee"/, n. Pros. a word or expression whose only function is to fill a metrical gap in a verse or to balance a sentence. Cf. expletive (def. 2). [1880-85; < F: plug, peg < ...
Cheviot
/shiv"ee euht, shev"-/ for 1; /chev"ee euht, chee"vee-/ for 2, 3; for 3 also /shev"ee euht/, n. 1. a city in SW Ohio. 10,394. 2. one of a British breed of sheep, noted for its ...
Cheviot Hills
/chev"ee euht, chee"vee-/ a range of hills on the boundary between England and Scotland: highest point, 2676 ft. (816 m). * * * Range of hills along the England-Scotland ...
Cheviot sheep
➡ Cheviots * * *
CheviotHills
Cheviot Hills (chĕvʹē-ət, shĭvʹ-, chēʹvē-) A range of hills extending about 56 km (35 mi) along the border between England and Scotland. The Cheviot, 816.2 m (2,676 ...
Cheviots
(also the Cheviot Hills) a range of hills that forms part of the border between England and Scotland. Cheviot sheep, which were originally bred there, are famous for the quality ...
chevon
/shev"euhn/, n. the flesh of goats, used as food. [chev- ( < F chèvre goat < L capra she-goat, fem. of caper goat) + -on, extracted from MUTTON1] * * *
chèvre
/shev"reuh, shev/; Fr. /she"vrddeu/, n. any cheese made from goat's milk. Also, chevret /sheuh vray"/. [ < F chèvre goat. See CHEVON] * * *
chevrette
/sheuh vret"/, n. a soft, thin kidskin. [1725-35; < F: she-kid, equiv. to chèvre goat (see CHEVON) + -ette -ETTE] * * *
Chevreul, Michel-Eugène
▪ French chemist Introduction born Aug. 31, 1786, Angers, France died April 9, 1889, Paris  French chemist who elucidated the chemical composition of animal fats (fat) and ...
Chevreuse, Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchess de
orig. Marie de Rohan-Montbazon known as Madame de Chevreuse born December 1600 died Aug. 12, 1679, Gagny, France French princess. She participated in several conspiracies ...
Chevreuse, Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchesse de
▪ French princess born December 1600 died August 12, 1679, Gagny, France  French princess, a tireless participant in the conspiracies against the ministerial government ...
Chevrolet, Louis
▪ American automobile designer and race–car driver born Dec. 25, 1878, La Chaux de Fonds, Neuchâtel, Switz. died June 6, 1941, Detroit       automobile designer and ...
Chevrolet{™}
(also infml Chevy) a well-known US make of car produced by General Motors since 1915. It was first made in 1911 by Louis Chevrolet and William Durant. One successful ...
chevron
—chevroned, adj. /shev"reuhn/, n. 1. a badge consisting of stripes meeting at an angle, worn on the sleeve by noncommissioned officers, police officers, etc., as an indication ...
Chevron Corporation
▪ American corporation also known as  (1906–11) Standard Oil Company (California) ,  (1911–26) Standard Oil Co. (California) , and  (1926–84) Standard Oil Company ...
chevronel
/shev'reuh nel"/, n. Heraldry. a narrow chevron, one-half the usual breadth or less. [1565-75; CHEVRON + -el dim. suffix] * * *
ChevronTexaco Corporation
▪ American corporation       leading U.S. integrated oil and energy company with interests in the exploration, production, refining, and marketing of petroleum products. ...
chevrotain
/shev"reuh tayn', -tin/, n. any very small, deerlike ruminant of the family Tragulidae, of Africa, tropical Asia, the Malay Peninsula, etc. Also called mouse deer. [ < F, appar. ...
chevy
/chev"ee/, v., chevied, chevying, n., pl. chevies. Brit. v.t. 1. to chase; run after. 2. to harass; nag; torment. v.i. 3. to race; scamper. n. 4. a hunting cry. 5. a hunt, chase, ...
Chevy Chase
(The Ballad of Chevy Chase) a 15th-century English ballad describing the battle of Otterburn between the Percys and the Douglases. * * *
chew
—chewer, n. /chooh/, v.t. 1. to crush or grind with the teeth; masticate. 2. to crush, damage, injure, etc., as if by chewing (often fol. by up): The faulty paper feeder chewed ...
Chewa
/chay"wah/, n. 1. a member of a Bantu-speaking people of Malawi. 2. Also called Chichewa. the Bantu language of the Chewa people, widely spoken in Malawi. Also, Cewa. * * ...
chewable
/chooh"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being chewed: chewable aspirin. n. 2. something that can be chewed: Now that the baby is getting its teeth, add chewables to its ...
chewer
See chewable. * * *
chewiness
See chewy. * * *
chewing
or mastication Up-and-down and side-to-side movements of the lower jaw, using the teeth to grind food for easier swallowing. During chewing, the tongue shapes food into a lump ...
chewing gum
/chooh"ing/ a sweetened and flavored preparation for chewing, usually made of chicle. [1755-65, Amer.] * * * Sweetened product made from chicle and similar resilient substances ...
chewing louse
▪ insect also called  biting louse,         any of about 2,900 species of small, wingless insects (order Phthiraptera), worldwide in distribution, that have chewing ...
chewing louse.
See under louse (def. 2). * * *
chewing tobacco
tobacco, in the form of a plug, usually flavored, for chewing rather than smoking. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *       tobacco used for chewing and appearing in a variety of ...
chewinggum
chew·ing gum (cho͞oʹĭng) n. A sweetened flavored preparation for chewing, usually made of chicle. * * *
Chewings fescue
/chooh"ingz/ a hardy, fine-leaved variety of fescue, Festuca rubra commutata, grown in the U.S. and New Zealand as a lawn grass. [1915-20; named after Charles Chewings (d. 1937), ...
chewink
/chi wingk"/, n. a towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus, of eastern North America. [1785-95, Amer.; imit.] * * *       bird species also known as the rufous-sided towhee. See ...
chewy
—chewiness, n. /chooh"ee/, adj., chewier, chewiest. (of food) not easily chewed, as because of toughness or stickiness; requiring much chewing. [1920-25; CHEW + -Y1] * * *
chex
/cheks/, n. a pl. of check1. * * *
Chex{™}
n [U] the name of a range of US breakfast cereals, made by General Mills Inc. Different varieties are made with corn, rice and wheat. * * *
Chey Jong-Hyon
▪ 1999       South Korean business executive who, as chairman of the SK Group (formerly the Sunkyong Group) of Korea, fostered the group's development and helped it ...
Cheyenne
/shuy en", -an"/, n., pl. Cheyennes, (esp. collectively) Cheyenne for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of the western plains, formerly in central Minnesota and ...
Cheyenne River
a river flowing NE from E Wyoming to the Missouri River in South Dakota. ab. 500 mi. (800 km) long. * * * River, northern central U.S. Rising in eastern Wyoming, it flows ...
CheyenneRiver
Cheyenne River A river rising in eastern Wyoming and flowing about 848 km (527 mi) east then northeast to the Missouri River in central South Dakota. * * *
Cheyne
/chay"nee, chayn/, n. Thomas Kelly /kel"ee/, 1841-1915, English clergyman and Biblical scholar. * * *
Cheyne, Sir William Watson
born Dec. 14, 1852, at sea off Hobart, Tas. died April 19, 1932, Fetlar, Shetland Islands, Scot. English surgeon and bacteriologist. His early work on preventive medicine and ...
Cheyne, Sir William Watson, 1st Baronet
▪ British surgeon and bacteriologist born Dec. 14, 1852, at sea off Hobart, Tasmania died April 19, 1932, Fetlar, Shetland Islands, Scot.       surgeon and ...
Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Cheyne-Stokes respiration [chān′stōks′] n. respiration characterized by cycles of deep, rapid breathing and weak, slow breathing, as in cases of heart failure or coma * * *
Cheyne-Stokesrespiration
Cheyne-Stokes respiration (chānʹstōksʹ, chāʹnē-stōksʹ) n. An abnormal type of breathing seen especially in comatose patients, characterized by alternating periods of ...
chez
/shay/, prep. French. at or in the home of; with. * * *
Chézy, Antoine de
▪ French engineer born 1718, Châlons-sur-Marne, Fr. died Oct. 5, 1798, Paris       French hydraulic engineer and author of a basic formula for calculating the velocity ...
Chełm
▪ Poland       city, Lubelskie województwo (province), eastern Poland. The city is located on the Uherka River, a tributary of the Bug River, 15 miles (24 km) west of ...
chg
chg abbrev. 1. change 2. charge * * *
chg.
1. change. 2. charge. Also, chge. * * *
chgd
chgd abbrev. charged * * *
Chhatak
▪ Bangladesh       town, northeastern Bangladesh, on the left bank of the Surma River. The town rose to prominence when a natural gas field was discovered nearby in ...
Chhatarpur
▪ India       town, north-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The town is a major road junction and is a trade centre for agricultural products and cloth ...
Chhattisgarh
State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 20,795,956), central India. Bordered by Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, and Maharashtra states, it occupies 52,199 ...
Chhattisgarh Plain
▪ plain, India       plain, central India, forming the upper Mahanadi River basin. About 100 miles (160 km) wide, it is bounded by the Chota Nagpur plateau to the ...
Chhindwara
▪ India       city, south-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. Situated at a major road and rail junction, it is heavily engaged in cotton trade and coal ...
chi
chi1 /kuy/, n., pl. chis. 1. the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet (X). 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. [ < Gk] chi2 /chee/, n. the vital life force in the ...
Chi
/chuy/, n. Chicago. [by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) Chi lin Chi nan Dian Chi Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh Trail Ch'iu Ch'u chi She Chi Tai Chi ...
Chi-lung
Chi-lung (jēʹlo͝ongʹ, chēʹ-) or Kee·lung (kēʹ-) A city of northern Taiwan on the East China Sea. It is a port for the capital city of Taipei. Population: 349,686. * * ...
Chi-Rho
/kee"roh", kuy"-/, n., pl. Chi-Rhos. the Christian monogram made from the first two letters of the Greek word for Christ. Also called chrismon. [first two letters of Gk Christós ...
chi-square
/kuy"skwair'/, n. Statistics. a quantity equal to the summation over all variables of the quotient of the square of the difference between the observed and expected values ...


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