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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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chi-square test
Statistics. a test devised by Karl Pearson that uses the quantity chi-square for testing the mathematical fit of a frequency curve to an observed frequency distribution. Also, ...
chi-squaretest
chi-square test n. A test that uses the chi-square statistic to test the fit between a theoretical frequency distribution and a frequency distribution of observed data for which ...
Chi-tsang
▪ Buddhist monk Pinyin  Jizang   born 549, China died 623, China       Chinese Buddhist monk who systematized the teachings of the San-lun (“Three Treatises,” or ...
Chi-tse
Chin. /jee"dzu"/, n. See Ki Tse. Also, Chi-tzu. * * *
chia
/chee"euh/, n. 1. a plant, Salvia columbariae, of the mint family, native to the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, having mostly basal, oblong leaves and small blue flowers: the ...
Chia-i
▪ Taiwan also spelled  Chiayi,         shih (municipality) and seat of Chia-i hsien (county), on the western coastal plain of Taiwan. It lies at the foot of the A-li ...
Chia-ling
Chia-ling (jyäʹlĭngʹ) See Jialing. * * *
Chiabrera, Gabriello
▪ Italian poet born June 18, 1552, Savona [Italy] died Oct. 14, 1638, Savona       Italian poet whose introduction of new metres and a Hellenic style enlarged the range ...
chiack
/chuy"euhk/, v.t. Australian. to jeer at; tease; deride. Also, chyack. [1870-75; prob. alter. of CHEEK] * * *
Chiai
/jyah"ee"/, n. Wade-Giles. a city on W Taiwan. 250,000. Also, Chia-i, Chiayi, Jiayi. * * *
Chiamussu
Chin. /jyah"mooh"sooh"/, n. Wade-Giles. Jiamusi. * * *
Chian
/kuy"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Chios or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Chios. [1625-35; CHI(OS) + -AN] * * *
Chian turpentine
/kuy"euhn/ turpentine (def. 2). [1885-90] * * *
Chianciano Terme
▪ Italy       town and mineral spa, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, central Italy. It lies at an elevation of 1,500 feet (450 m), just southeast of Montepulciano. The ...
chiang
(as used in expressions) Hei lung chiang Chiang su Chiang hsi Sung chiang Che chiang Hei lung Chiang Chiang Ching kuo Chiang Kai shek Chiang Chieh shih Chiang Mai Chiang ...
Chiang Ch'ing
Chin. /jyahng" ching"/, Wade-Giles. See Jiang Qing. * * *
Chiang Ching-kuo
/jyahng" jing"gwaw"/ born 1910, Chinese political leader: president of the Republic of China since 1978 (son of Chiang Kai-shek). * * * or Jiang Jingguo born March 18, 1910, ...
Chiang Kai-shek
/chang" kuy shek", jyahng"/, (Chiang Chung-cheng) 1886?-1975, Chinese army officer and political leader: president of the Republic of China 1950-75. Also, Chiang Chieh-shih ...
Chiang Mai
/chyahng" muy"/ a city in NW Thailand. 100,000. Also Chiangmai, Chiengmai. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 171,594), northwestern Thailand. Located on the Ping River about 80 mi ...
Chiang Rai
▪ Thailand also spelled  Chiengrai,         town, northern Thailand.       Chiang Rai lies at an elevation of 1,150 feet (350 m) in the basin of the Kok River, ...
ChiangKai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek (chăngʹ kīʹshĕkʹ, jyängʹ), 1887-1975. Chinese military and political figure who led the Nationalists against the rising Communist forces and was driven ...
Chiangling
Chin. /jyahng"ling"/, n. Wade-Giles. Jiangling. * * *
Chianina
/kee'euh nee"neuh/, n., pl. Chianini. one of a large breed of beef cattle, originally of Italy, used also as a draft animal. [ < It, fem. of chianino lit., pertaining to Chiana, ...
Chianti
/kee ahn"tee, -an"-/; It. /kyahn"tee/, n. a dry, red, Italian table wine, originally put up in straw-covered bottles. [1825-35; after the Chianti region of Tuscany, source of the ...
Chiantishire
(BrE ironic) a humorous name for Tuscany, an area of Italy which is very fashionable among rich British people. Many British people live there, and many more spend their summer ...
chiao
/jyow/, n., pl. chiao. Wade-Giles. jiao. * * *
Chiaochou
Chin. /jyow"joh"/, n. Wade-Giles. Jiaozhou. * * *
Chiaochou Bay.
See Jiaozhou Bay. * * *
Chiapas
/chee ah"pahs/, n. a state in S Mexico. 1,933,000; 28,732 sq. mi. (74,415 sq. km). Cap.: Tuxtla Gutiérrez. * * * State (pop., 2000: 3,920,892), southeastern Mexico. Covering ...
Chiapas Highlands
▪ mountain region, Mexico       high-elevation region of dissected plateaus enclosing the central valley of Chiapas in Chiapas state, southeastern Mexico. The ...
chiaroscurist
See chiaroscuro. * * *
chiaroscuro
/kee ahr'euh skyoor"oh/, n., pl. chiaroscuros. 1. the distribution of light and shade in a picture. 2. Painting. the use of deep variations in and subtle gradations of light and ...
chiasm
chiasm [kī′az΄əm] n. 1. CHIASMA (n. 1 & 2) 2. CHIASMUS * * *
chiasma
—chiasmal, chiasmic, chiasmatic /kuy'az mat"ik/, adj. /kuy az"meuh/, n., pl. chiasmas, chiasmata /-meuh teuh/. 1. Anat. a crossing or decussation, as that of the optic nerves ...
chiasmal
See chiasma. * * *
chiasmatic
See chiasmal. * * *
chiasmatypy
—chiasmatype, adj., n. /kuy az"meuh tuy'pee/, n. Genetics. the process of chiasma formation, which is the basis for crossing over. Cf. crossing over. [CHIASMA + -TYPE + -Y3] * ...
chiasmic
See chiasmal. * * *
chiasmus
/kuy az"meuhs/, n., pl. chiasmi /-muy/. Rhet. a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases, as in "He went to the country, to the town went she." [1870-75; ...
chiastic
/kuy as"tik/, adj. Rhet. characterized by chiasmus. [1865-70; < Gk chiast(ós) diagonally arranged (see CHIASMA) + -IC] * * *
chiastolite
/kuy as"tl uyt'/, n. a variety of the mineral andalusite having cruciform carbonaceous inclusions. [1795-1805; alter. of chiastolith (see -LITE), equiv. to Gk chiastó(s) set ...
Chiat, Jay
▪ 2003       American advertising executive (b. Oct. 25, 1931, Bronx, N.Y.—d. April 23, 2002, Marina del Rey, Calif.), was the creative mind behind the “1984” ...
Chiatura
▪ Georgia also spelled  Čiatura         city, central Georgia. Chiatura lies along the Kvirila River in a deep trench in the southern foothills of the Greater ...
chiaus
/chows, chowsh/, n., pl. chiauses. 1. (in the Ottoman Empire) a court official who served as an ambassador, emissary, or member of a ceremonial escort. 2. a Turkish military rank ...
Chiavari
▪ Italy       town, Liguria regione, northwestern Italy. It lies on the Riviera di Levante at the mouth of the Entella River, east of Genoa. The town grew up on the ...
Chiayi
Chin. /jyah"ee"/, n. Wade-Giles. Chiai. * * *
Chiba
/chee"bah"/, n. a city on SE Honshu, in central Japan, near Tokyo. 746,428. * * * ▪ Japan       city and capital of Chiba ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies on ...
Chibcha
/chib"cheuh/, n., pl. Chibchas, (esp. collectively) Chibcha for 1. 1. a member of a now extinct tribe of South American Indians, having an advanced culture, who lived on a high ...
Chibchan
/chib"cheuhn/, n. a family of languages indigenous to Central America, Colombia, and Ecuador. [1905-10; CHIBCH(A) + -AN] * * *
Chibchan languages
▪ language       a group of South American Indian languages that were spoken before CE 1500 in the area now comprising Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, western Colombia, ...
Chibemba
Chi·bem·ba (chĭ-bĕmʹbə) n. See Bemba.   [Bemba ici-bemba: ici-, n. pref. + -bemba, tribal name.] * * *
Chibougamau
/shi booh"geuh mooh', -moh'/; Fr. /shee booh gann mooh", -moh"/, n. a town in S Quebec, in E Canada. 10,732. * * * ▪ Quebec, Canada       city, Nord-du-Québec region, ...
chibouk
/chi boohk", -book"/, n. a Turkish tobacco pipe with a stiff stem sometimes 4 or 5 ft. (1.2 or 1.5 m) long. Also, chibouque. [1805-15; < Turk çibuk, var. of ÇUBUK lit., shoot, ...
Chiburdanidze, Maya
▪ Soviet chess player born January 17, 1961, Kutaisi, Georgia, U.S.S.R.       women's world chess champion from 1978 to 1991. She won the title at the age of 17 by ...
chic
—chicly, adv. —chicness, n. /sheek/, adj., chicer, chicest. 1. attractive and fashionable; stylish: a chic hat. n. 2. style and elegance, esp. in dress: Paris clothes have ...
Chic Sale
/chik" sayl"/, Facetious. an outside privy. [from the pen name of Charles Partlow (1885-1936), American actor and author of The Specialist (1929), a humorous treatise on outhouse ...
chica
chica [chē′kə] n. 〚Sp〛 [also in italics] Slang a girl or young woman: often a term of affectionate address * * *
Chicago
—Chicagoan, n. /shi kah"goh, -kaw"-/, n. a city in NE Illinois, on Lake Michigan: second largest city in the U.S. 3,005,072. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 2,896,016), northeastern ...
Chicago and North Western Transportation Co.
Former U.S. railroad company. It was created when employees of the financially troubled Chicago and North Western Railway Co. purchased its assets in 1972. The initial company, ...
Chicago and North Western Transportation Company
▪ American railway       former American railroad that was once one of the largest in the Midwest (Middle West).       The railroad was incorporated in 1859 as a ...
Chicago Bears
▪ American football team  American professional gridiron football (football, gridiron) team based in Chicago that plays in the National Football Conference (NFC) of the ...
Chicago Board of Trade
a major exchange in the United States that deals in futures, notably of grains and metals. Abbr.: CBT * * * ▪ exchange, Chicago, Illinois, United States in full  Board of ...
Chicago critics
▪ American literature also called  the Chicago school        group of pluralist, essentially formalist American literary critics—including Richard McKeon, Elder ...
Chicago Cubs
▪ American baseball team also called  Cubbies  or  North Siders   American professional baseball team that plays its home games at Chicago's Wrigley Field. Despite ...
Chicago Daily News
▪ American newspaper       evening daily newspaper published in Chicago between 1876 and 1978. In its heyday, it was famed for the excellence of its international ...
Chicago Defender
▪ American newspaper       the most influential African American newspaper during the early and mid-20th century. The Defender, published in Chicago with a national ...
Chicago Fire
U.S. Hist. a three-day fire in Chicago, Ill., in 1871 that largely destroyed the city and took several hundred lives. * * *
Chicago fire of 1871
▪ American history also called   Great Chicago Fire   conflagration that began on Oct. 8, 1871, and burned until early October 10, devastating an expansive swath of the ...
Chicago Heights
a city in NE Illinois, S of Chicago. 37,026. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It is a suburb of Chicago, about 30 ...
Chicago literary renaissance
Flourishing of literary activity in Chicago с 1912–25. Its leading writers Theodore Dreiser, Sherwood Anderson, Edgar Lee Masters, and Carl Sandburg realistically depicted ...
Chicago Race Riot of 1919
Most severe of about 25 race riots throughout the U.S. in the summer after World War I. Racial friction was intensified by the migration of African Americans to the North. On ...
Chicago Ridge
a town in NE Illinois. 13,473. * * *
Chicago River
River, northeastern Illinois, U.S. A small river, consisting of a northern and southern branch, it originally flowed through Chicago into Lake Michigan. After a severe storm in ...
Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal
▪ waterway, United States       U.S. waterway linking the south branch of the Chicago River with the Des Plaines River at Lockport, Illinois. The chief purpose of the ...
Chicago School
a group of Chicago architects active between c1880 and c1910 and known for major developments in skyscraper design and for experiments in a modern architectural style appropriate ...
Chicago Seven
a group of seven people who protested violently against the Vietnam War in Chicago during the 1968 Democratic Party convention (= national meeting to select a candidate for ...
Chicago State University
▪ university, Chicago, Illinois, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Chicago, Illinois, U.S. The university was established in ...
Chicago steak
a strip steak or, sometimes, a shell steak. Also called Chicago cut. * * *
Chicago Stock Exchange
▪ stock exchange, Chicago, Illinois, United States formerly  (1949–93) Midwest Stock Exchange,        largest of the regional stock exchanges in the United States. ...
Chicago style
a style of jazz flourishing in Chicago esp. in the early 1920s, constituting a direct offshoot of New Orleans style, and differing from its predecessor chiefly in the diminished ...
Chicago Symphony Orchestra
▪ American orchestra       American symphony orchestra based in Chicago, Ill., renowned for its distinctive tone and its recordings under such conductors as Fritz Reiner ...
Chicago Tribune
Daily newspaper published in Chicago. The Tribune is one of the leading U.S. newspapers and long has been the dominant voice of the Midwest. Founded in 1847, it was bought in ...
Chicago White Sox
▪ American baseball team also called  South Siders   American professional baseball team based in Chicago that plays in the American League (AL). The White Sox won three ...
Chicago window
a composite window, horizontal in character, consisting of a large, fixed sheet of glass between two vertical windows with sash for ventilation, first popularized in commercial ...
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company
▪ American railway       American railway company founded in 1859 by John Murray Forbes, who combined several smaller Midwestern railroads. It grew until it extended ...
Chicago, Judy
orig. Judy Cohen born July 20, 1939, Chicago, Ill., U.S. U.S. multimedia artist. She studied at UCLA, and in 1970 she adopted the name of her hometown. Motivated by perceived ...
Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad Company
▪ American railway byname  Milwaukee Road,         U.S. railway operating in central and northern states. It began in 1863 as the Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway ...
Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad Company
▪ American railway byname  Rock Island Railroad , or  The Rock        U.S. railroad company founded in 1847 as the Rock Island and La Salle Railroad Company to ...
Chicago, University of
Independent university in Chicago, Illinois, U.S. It was founded in 1890 with an endowment from John D. Rockefeller. William Rainey Harper, its first president (1891–1906), ...
Chicago,Judy
Chicago, Judy. Born 1939. American artist best known for The Dinner Party (1979), a ceramic and needlepoint project depicting the social history of women in the Western world. * ...
Chicagoan
See Chicago. * * *
ChicagoHeights
Chicago Heights A city of northeast Illinois south of Chicago. It is an industrial center. Population: 33,072. * * *
ChicagoRiver
Chicago River A river formed at Chicago by the junction of northern and southern branches that total about 55 km (34 mi) in length. It is an important link in the Illinois ...
ChicagoSchool
Chicago School n. A group of U.S. architects of the late 19th to early 20th century, including William Le Baron Jenney and Louis Sullivan, noted for their utilitarian designs and ...
chicalote
☆ chicalote [chik΄ə lōt′ē, chik΄ə lōt′ā ] n. 〚AmSp, name used for various thorny plants < Nahuatl chicalotl < chicaloyo, thorny〛 the prickly poppy (Argemone ...
Chicana
/chi kah"neuh, -kan"euh/, n. 1. a Mexican-American girl or woman. adj. 2. of or pertaining to female Mexican-Americans or their culture: a conference on Chicana issues. [1965-70; ...
chicane
—chicaner, n. /shi kayn", chi-/, n., v., chicaned, chicaning. n. 1. deception; chicanery. v.t. 2. to trick by chicanery. 3. to quibble over; cavil at. [1665-75; < F chicane ...
chicaner
See chicane. * * *
chicanery
/shi kay"neuh ree, chi-/, n., pl. chicaneries. 1. trickery or deception by quibbling or sophistry: He resorted to the worst flattery and chicanery to win the job. 2. a quibble or ...
chicanismo
/chee'kah neez"maw/; Eng. /chee'kah neez"moh, -niz"moh/, n. Spanish. 1. pride in one's heritage as a Mexican-American. 2. the heritage, background, culture, etc., of ...
Chicano
/chi kah"noh, -kan"oh/, n., pl. Chicanos. 1. a Mexican-American. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Mexican-Americans or their culture. Cf. la raza. [1960-65; < MexSp, by shortening and ...
chiccory
/chik"euh ree/, n., pl. chiccories. chicory. * * *
chicha
/chee"cheuh/, n. a beer made from fermented corn in South and Central America. [1750-60; < AmerSp] * * *
ChichagofIsland
Chich·a·gof Island (chĭchʹə-gôf', -gŏf') An island of southeast Alaska in the northern Alexander Archipelago. It was named after a Russian admiral. * * *
Chichén Itzá
/chee chen" eet sah", eet"seuh/ the ruins of an ancient Mayan city, in central Yucatán state, Mexico. * * * Ancient ruined Mayan city in Mexico's Yucatán state. Chichén ...
Chicherin, Boris Nikolayevich
▪ Russian historian born May 26 [June 7, New Style], 1828, Tambov, Russia died Feb. 3 [Feb. 16], 1904, Karaul, Tambov province       liberal Russian historian and ...
Chicherin, Georgy (Vasilyevich)
born Nov. 24, 1872, Tambov province, Russia died July 7, 1936, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian diplomat. An aristocrat by birth, he entered the imperial diplomatic service in ...
Chicherin, Georgy Vasilyevich
▪ Soviet diplomat born Nov. 24, 1872, Tambov province, Russia died July 7, 1936, Moscow       diplomat who executed Soviet foreign policy from 1918 until ...
Chichester
Chich·es·ter (chĭchʹĭ-stər) A municipal borough of southern England near the English Channel east of Southampton. Called Regnum by the Romans, it was a major port in the ...
Chichester Festival
➡ Chichester (I) * * *
Chichester, Arthur Chichester, Baron
▪ English lord deputy of Ireland born May 1563, Devon, England died February 19, 1625, London       English lord deputy of Ireland from 1604 to 1614, who developed the ...
Chichester, Sir Francis
▪ British adventurer born September 17, 1901, Barnstaple, Devon, England died August 26, 1972, Plymouth, Devon  adventurer who in 1966–67 sailed around the world alone in a ...
Chichewa
/chi chay"wah/, n. Chewa (def. 2). * * *
chichi
/shee"shee'/, adj. 1. showily or affectedly elegant or trendy; pretentious. n. 2. a chichi person or thing. 3. the quality of being chichi. [1905-10; < F] Syn. 1. flashy, ...
Chichi rug
 small, handmade floor covering woven in a cluster of villages in the vicinity of the Azerbaijanian city of Kuba. Most rugs labeled as Chichi in the West are characterized by a ...
Chichibu
▪ Japan  city, Saitama ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. It is located on the Ara River in the eastern part of the Chichibu Basin. During the late 19th century ...
Chichicastenango
▪ Guatemala  town, west-central Guatemala, 6,447 feet (1,965 metres) above sea level. It was a market centre for the Cakchiquel Maya before the Spanish conquest. ...
Chichihaerh
Chichihaerh [chē′chē′här′] a former transliteration of QIQIHAR * * *
Chichihar
Chin. /chee"chee"hahrdd"/, n. Wade-Giles. Qiqihar. Also, Chichihaerh. * * *
Chichimec
▪ people       any of several groups of Indians who invaded central Mexico from the north in the 12th and 13th centuries AD and ended the Toltec hegemony in the region. ...
Chichivache
/chich"euh vahsh'/, n. (in early English literature) a mythical animal, usually depicted as a cow verging on starvation, that existed solely by devouring virtuous women. Cf. ...
chick
/chik/, n. 1. a young chicken or other bird. 2. a child. 3. Slang (often offensive). a girl or young woman. [1275-1325; ME chike, var. of chiken CHICKEN] * * *
chick-pea
▪ plant also called  Gram, or Garbanzo        (species Cicer arietinum), annual plant of the pea family (Fabaceae), widely grown for its nutritious seeds. The bushy, ...
chickadee
/chik"euh dee'/, n. any of several North American birds of the genus Parus, of the titmouse family, esp. P. atricapillus (black-capped chickadee), having the throat and top of ...
Chickahominy
/chik'euh hom"euh nee/, n., pl. Chickahominies, (esp. collectively) Chickahominy. a member of a North American Indian tribe of the Powhatan confederacy that inhabited eastern ...
Chickamauga
/chik'euh maw"geuh/, n. a creek in NW Georgia: scene of a Confederate victory 1863. * * *
Chickamauga Creek, Battle of
▪ United States history  (September 19–20, 1863), in the American Civil War, a vital part of the maneuvering and fighting to control the railroad centre at nearby ...
Chickamauga, Battle of
(Sept. 19–20, 1863) Engagement in the American Civil War fought over control of the railroad centre of nearby Chattanooga, Tenn. Confederate forces under Braxton Bragg and ...
chickaree
/chik"euh ree'/, n. See red squirrel. [1795-1805, Amer.; imit.] * * *
Chickasaw
/chik"euh saw'/, n., pl. Chickasaws, (esp. collectively) Chickasaw. 1. a member of a tribe of North American Indians, formerly in northern Mississippi, now in Oklahoma. 2. the ...
Chickasawhay
Chick·a·sa·whay (chĭk'ə-sôʹwā) A river, about 338 km (210 mi) long, of southeast Mississippi flowing generally south to join the Leaf River. * * *
Chickasha
/chik"euh shay'/, n. a city in central Oklahoma. 15,828. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Grady county, central Oklahoma, U.S., on the ...
chickee
/chi kee", chik"ee/, n. 1. Also, chikee. (among the Seminole Indians) an open-sided structure, usually thatched with palms and serving as a dwelling. 2. a similar structure, used ...
chicken
/chik"euhn/, n. 1. a domestic fowl, Gallus domesticus, descended from various jungle fowl of southeastern Asia and developed in a number of breeds for its flesh, eggs, and ...
chicken adder
Chiefly New Eng. See milk snake. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
chicken breast
—chicken-breasted, adj. —chicken-breastedness, n. Pathol. a congenital or acquired malformation of the chest in which there is abnormal projection of the sternum and the ...
chicken cholera
Vet. Pathol. See fowl cholera. [1880-85] * * *
chicken colonel
Mil. Slang. a full colonel, as distinguished from a lieutenant colonel. Also called bird colonel. [1945-50, Amer.] * * *
chicken coop
1. a coop for chickens. 2. Fox Hunting. a device for making it easier for a horse to jump wire fences, consisting of two wooden panels set on opposite sides of the fence with the ...
chicken divan
chicken divan n. [sometimes c- D-] a casserole of boned chicken breast, broccoli or asparagus spears, and cheese sauce * * *
chicken feed
Slang. 1. an insignificant sum of money: He's so rich that $1000 is chicken feed to him. 2. small change, as pennies and nickels. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
chicken hawk
1. Also called hen hawk. (not used scientifically) any of various hawks said to prey on poultry. 2. Slang. an older man who seeks out young boys as sexual partners. [1820-30, ...
chicken Kiev
boned chicken breasts rolled around seasoned butter, breaded, and deep-fried. * * *
chicken ladder
Building Trades. an inclined plank with transverse cleats. * * *
Chicken Little
a person who constantly warns that a calamity is imminent; a vociferous pessimist: The Chicken Littles are warning that the stock market will collapse. [from a character in ...
chicken lobster
a young lobster weighing 1 lb. (0.4 kg) or less. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
chicken mushroom
an edible yellow-to-orange bracket fungus, Laetiporus sulphureus, common on tree trunks, in which it causes wood decay. Also called sulfur polypore, sulfur shelf. * * *
chicken snake
a striped rat snake, Elaphe obsoleta, of the southeastern U.S., reaching a length of 4 to 7 ft. (1.2 to 2.1 m). [1700-10, Amer.] * * *
chicken switch
Rocketry Slang. 1. a device by which an astronaut may eject the capsule in which he or she rides in the event that a rocket malfunctions. 2. See egads button. * * *
chicken tetrazzini
/te'treuh zee"nee/ diced chicken in a cream sauce, baked in a casserole with noodles and cheese, usually flavored with sherry. [named after Luisa TETRAZZINI] * * *
chicken turtle
an edible, freshwater turtle, Deirochelys reticularia, of the southeastern U.S., characterized by a long neck and by the network of fine, yellow lines marking the dark ...
chicken wire
a light, wire netting having a large, hexagonal mesh, used esp. as fencing. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
chicken-and-egg
/chik"euhn euhn eg", -euhnd-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or being a dilemma of which of two things came first or of which is the cause and which the effect: a chicken-and-egg ...
chicken-breasted
See chicken breast. * * *
chicken-fried
☆ chicken-fried [chik′ənfrīd΄ ] adj. coated with seasoned flour or batter and fried [chicken-fried steak] * * * chick·en-fried (chĭkʹən-frīdʹ) adj. Coated with ...
chicken-fry
/chik"euhn fruy'/, v. chicken-fried, chicken-frying, n. v.t. 1. to dip (meat, vegetables, etc.) in batter and fry, usually in deep fat: chicken-fried steak. n. 2. food or a meal ...
chicken-hearted
—chicken-heartedly, adv. —chicken-heartedness, n. /chik"euhn hahr"tid/, adj. Informal. timid; fearful; cowardly. [1675-85, Amer.] * * *
chicken-livered
/chik"euhn liv"euhrd/, adj. Informal. timid; fearful; cowardly. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
chickenbreast
chicken breast n. See pigeon breast.   chickʹen-breast'ed (chĭkʹən-brĕs'tĭd) adj. * * *
chickenfeed
chicken feed n. Slang A trifling amount of money. * * *
chickenhawk
chicken hawk n. 1. Any of various hawks that prey on or have the reputation of preying on chickens. 2. Vulgar Slang. A man who seeks out boys or young men as his sexual ...
chickenheartedness
See chicken-hearted. * * *
chickenKiev
chicken Kiev n. A dish made of a rolled chicken fillet that is filled with butter, coated with batter, and fried until crisp. * * *
ChickenLittle
Chick·en Little (chĭkʹən) n. A confirmed pessimist, particularly one who warns of impending disaster.   [After a character in a story who is hit on the head by an acorn and ...
chickenpox
/chik"euhn poks'/, n. a disease, commonly of children, caused by the varicella zoster virus and characterized by mild headache and fever, malaise, and eruption of blisters on the ...
chickenrun
chicken run n. An enclosed area in which chickens are allowed to walk and run about. * * *
chickenscratch
chicken scratch n. Informal An instance of cramped or illegible handwriting: “his signature—an unforgeably idiosyncratic chicken scratch” (Alex Shoumatoff). * * *
chickenshit
/chik"euhn shit'/, Slang (vulgar). n. 1. boring or annoying details or unimportant tasks. adj. 2. obsessed with petty details. 3. menial or petty. 4. cowardly or ...
chickensnake
chicken snake n. See rat snake. * * *
chickenwire
chicken wire n. A light-gauge galvanized wire fencing usually made with hexagonal mesh. * * *
chickpea
/chik"pee'/, n. 1. Also called garbanzo. a widely cultivated plant, Cicer arietinum, of the legume family, bearing pods containing pealike seeds. 2. the seeds of this plant, used ...
chickweed
/chik"weed'/, n. 1. any plant of the genus Stellaria, of the pink family, as S. media, a common Old World weed whose leaves and seeds are relished by birds. 2. any of various ...
chickweed wintergreen
a starflower, Trientalis borealis. * * *
Chiclana de la Frontera
▪ Spain       city, Cádiz provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southwestern Spain. The city is an agricultural ...
Chiclayo
/chee klah"yaw/, n. a city in NW Peru. 187,809. * * * ▪ Peru  city, northern Peru. It is located on the Pan-American Highway more than 400 miles (640 km) northwest of Lima, ...
chicle
/chik"euhl/, n. a gumlike substance obtained from the latex of certain tropical American trees, as the sapodilla, used chiefly in the manufacture of chewing gum. Also called ...
Chiclets
/chik"lits/, Trademark. a brand of chewing gum made in small, rectangular, sugarcoated lozenges. * * *
chicly
chicly [shēk′lē] adv. in a chic style or manner; smartly and elegantly * * * See chic. * * *
chicness
chicness [shēk′nəs] n. the condition of being chic * * * See chicly. * * *
chico
/chee"koh/, n., pl. chicos. greasewood (def. 1). [short for CHICALOTE] * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Butte county, northern California, U.S. Chico lies ...
Chico
/chee"koh/, n. 1. a city in central California. 26,601. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Butte county, northern California, U.S. ...
Chicom
/chuy"kom'/, Disparaging. n. 1. a Communist Chinese. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the People's Republic of China. * * *
Chicomecóatl
▪ Aztec goddess Nahuatl“Seven Snakes”also called  Xilonen (“Young Maize-Ear Doll”)    Aztec goddess of sustenance and, hence, of corn (maize), one of the most ...
Chicopee
/chik"euh pee'/, n. a city in S Massachusetts, on the Connecticut River. 55,112. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       city, Hampden county, southwestern ...
chicory
/chik"euh ree/, n., pl. chicories. 1. a composite plant, Cichorium intybus, having bright-blue flower heads and toothed oblong leaves, cultivated as a salad plant and for its ...
Chicoutimi
/shi kooh"teuh mee/; Fr. /shee kooh tee mee"/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada. 60,064. * * * ▪ Canada       city, seat of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region, southern ...
Chidambaram
▪ India       town, east-central Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India. It is situated in the fertile Coleroon River valley, on the road and rail system ...
chide
—chider, n. —chidingly, adv. /chuyd/, v., chided or chid /chid/, chided or chid or chidden /chid"n/, chiding. v.t. 1. to express disapproval of; scold; reproach: The ...
chider
See chide. * * *
chidingly
See chider. * * *
chief
—chiefless, adj. —chiefship, n. /cheef/, n. 1. the head or leader of an organized body of people; the person highest in authority: the chief of police. 2. the head or ruler ...
chief constable
Brit. chief of police. * * *
Chief Executive
1. the president of the United States. 2. (l.c.) the governor of a U.S. state. 3. (l.c.) the head of a government. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
Chief Joseph
➡ Joseph. * * *
chief justice
—chief justiceship. 1. Law. the presiding judge of a court having several members. 2. (caps.) Official title, Chief Justice of the United States. the presiding judge of the ...
Chief Justice of the United States
Chief Justice of the United States n. the presiding judge of the U.S. Supreme Court * * * ➡ Supreme Court * * *
chief master sergeant
the highest noncommissioned officer rank in the U.S. Air Force. [1955-60] * * *
chief mate
Naut. See first mate. Also called chief officer. * * *
Chief of Air Staff
n the officer in charge of the Royal Air Force. * * *
Chief of Defence Staff
n the military officer in charge of all of Britain’s armed forces. * * *
Chief of Naval Operations
the highest officer in the U.S. Navy and a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. [1910-15] * * *
Chief of Naval Staff
n the officer in charge of the Royal Navy. * * *
Chief of Staff
1. the senior officer of the U.S. Army or Air Force, a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, responsible to the secretary of a service branch. 2. (l.c.) the senior or principal ...
chief of state
the titular head of a nation, as a president or king. [1945-50] * * *
Chief Rabbi
n the main Jewish religious leader in a particular country. The British Chief Rabbi is usually considered a representative of all the Jews in Britain, although he is only ...
chief rabbinate
▪ Judaism       in Judaism, a supreme religious authority whose decisions bind all those under its jurisdiction. The prototype of the chief rabbinate was the Great ...
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
n the title of a member of the British Cabinet. He or she works under the Chancellor of the Exchequer and is in control of the money the state spends on health, education, etc. * ...
Chief Whip
n (in Britain) a member of a political party who is in charge of the other Whips in the party. The Chief Whips are among the most powerful people in Parliament, with ...
chiefdom
/cheef"deuhm/, n. 1. the rank or office of a chief. 2. the territory or people over which a chief rules. [1570-80; CHIEF + -DOM] * * * Type of sociopolitical organization in ...
chiefexecutive
chief executive n. 1. Chief Executive The President of the United States. 2. A principal executive official, such as the leader of a nation's government or the governor of a ...
chiefjustice
chief justice also Chief Justice n. Abbr. CJ The presiding judge of a high court having several judges, especially the U.S. Supreme Court. * * *
chiefly
/cheef"lee/, adv. 1. primarily; essentially: He phoned chiefly to let us know he was feeling better. 2. mainly; mostly: This dish consists chiefly of noodles. adj. 3. of, ...
chiefmaster sergeant
chief master sergeant n. 1. Abbr. CMSgt A noncommissioned rank in the U.S. Air Force that is above senior master sergeant. 2. One who holds this rank. * * *
chiefof naval operations
chief of naval operations n. pl. chiefs of naval operations Abbr. CNO The ranking officer of the U.S. Navy, responsible to the secretary of the Navy and to the President. * * *
chiefof staff
chief of staff n. pl. chiefs of staff Abbr. C. of S. or CS 1. The ranking officer of the U.S. Army or Air Force, responsible to the secretary of his or her branch and to the ...
chiefof state
chief of state n. pl. chiefs of state The formal head of a nation, distinct from the head of the government. * * *
chiefship
See chiefdom. * * *
chieftain
—chieftaincy, chieftainship, n. /cheef"teuhn, -tin/, n. 1. the chief of a clan or a tribe. 2. a leader of a group, band, etc.: the robbers' chieftain. 3. (cap.) Mil. Britain's ...
chieftaincy
See chieftain. * * *
chieftainship
See chieftaincy. * * *
chiel
chiel [chēldchēl] n. Scot. a young man: also chield [chēld] * * *
chield
/cheeld/, n. Scot. a young man; fellow. Also, chiel /cheel/. [1525-35; var. of CHILD] * * *
Chiem, Lake
German Chiemsee Lake, southern Germany. Located southeast of Munich, it lies 1,699 ft (518 m) above sea level, and drains through the Alz River into the Inn River. At 9 mi (15 ...
Chiemsee
▪ lake, Germany also called  Bayrisches Meer,         lake, Bavaria Land (state), southeastern Germany. It lies 1,699 feet (518 m) above sea level, between the Inn ...
Chiengmai
Thai. /chyeng"muy"/, n. See Chiang Mai. * * *
Chieti
▪ Italy       city, Abruzzi regione, central Italy, on a hill overlooking the Pescara River, south of Pescara. It originated as Teate, chief town of the Marrucini (an ...
Chifeng
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'ih-feng , Mongolian  Ulaan Hada , Pinyin  Ulanhad        city, southeastern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (qu), ...
chiffchaff
/chif"chaf', -chahf'/, n. a common, greenish Old World warbler, Phylloscopus collybita. [1770-80; gradational compound; imit.] * * * ▪ bird  (Phylloscopus collybita), ...
chiffon
/shi fon", shif"on/, n. 1. a sheer fabric of silk, nylon, or rayon in plain weave. 2. any women's dress ornament, as ribbon or lace. adj. 3. (of dresses, scarves, etc.) ...
chiffonade
/shif'euh nayd", -nahd"/, adj. a mixture of finely cut vegetables, herbs, or the like, for use in soups, salads, etc. [1875-80; < F; see CHIFFON, -ADE1] * * *
chiffonier
/shif'euh near"/, n. 1. a high chest of drawers or bureau, often having a mirror on top. 2. a low bookcase of the English Regency, with grille doors or doorless. 3. a shallow, ...
chiffonnière
/shif'euh near"/; Fr. /shee faw nyerdd"/, n., pl. chiffonnières /-nearz"/; Fr. /-nyerdd"/. Fr. Furniture. a worktable of the 18th century, having several tiers of shallow ...
chifforobe
/shif"euh rohb', shif"rohb'/, n. a piece of furniture having both drawers and space for hanging clothes. Also, chifferobe, chiffrobe /shif"rohb/. [1905-10, Amer.; CHIFFO(NIER) + ...
Chifley
/chif"lee/, n. Joseph Benedict, 1885-1951, Australian statesman: prime minister 1945-49. * * *
Chifley, Joseph Benedict
▪ prime minister of Australia born Sept. 22, 1885, Bathurst, New South Wales [Australia] died June 13, 1951, Canberra, A.C.T.  statesman, prime minister of Australia from ...
chigai-dana
▪ Japanese architecture       in Japanese architecture, shelves built into a wall, a feature of the shoin (shoin-zukuri) style of domestic architecture, which first ...
Chigasaki
▪ Japan       city, southern Kanagawa ken (prefecture), north-central Honshu, Japan. Originally a small post town, it developed in the late 19th century as a fashionable ...
chigetai
/chig"i tuy'/, n. a Mongolian wild ass, Equus hemionus hemionus, related to the onager. Also called dziggetai. [ < Mongolian chikitei lit., with ears, eared, deriv. of chiki(n) ...
chigger
/chig"euhr/, n. 1. Also called harvest mite, redbug. the six-legged larva of a mite of the family Trombiculidae, parasitic on humans and other vertebrates, sucking blood and ...
Chigi Family
▪ Sienese family       a Sienese family that rose from banking in the 13th century to princely rank in papal Rome and in the Holy Roman Empire in the 17th ...
Chignecto Isthmus
▪ isthmus, Canada       narrow neck of land in the centre of the Maritime Provinces of Canada, connecting Nova Scotia with New Brunswick and the Canadian mainland, ...
chignon
—chignoned, adj. /sheen"yon, sheen yun"/; Fr. /shee nyawonn"/, n., pl. chignons /sheen"yonz, sheen yunz"/; Fr. /shee nyawonn"/. a large, smooth twist, roll, or knot of hair, ...
chigoe
/chig"oh/, n. a flea, Tunga penetrans, of tropical America and Africa, the impregnated female of which embeds itself in the skin, esp. of the feet, of humans and animals and ...
Chigua
▪ plant genus       small genus of cycads (cycad) in the family Zamiaceae. The two species in the genus are endemic to lowland rainforest habitats in Colombia. The genus ...
Chigwell
▪ England, United Kingdom       town in the Epping Forest district, administrative and historic county of Essex, England, on the River Roding on the northeastern ...
Chih
(as used in expressions) Chih i K'ou Ch'ien chih Chang Chih tung * * *
Chih Nü
▪ Chinese deity Pinyin  Zhi Nü,         in Chinese mythology, the heavenly weaving maiden who used clouds to spin seamless robes of brocade for her father, the Jade ...
Chihli
/chee"lee/; Chin. /jue"lee"/, n. 1. Wade-Giles. 2. former name of Hebei. 3. Gulf of, former name of Bohai. * * *
Chihuahua
/chi wah"wah, -weuh/, n. 1. a state in N Mexico. 2,000,000; 94,831 sq. mi. (245,610 sq. km). 2. the capital of this state. 386,000. 3. one of a Mexican or Aztec breed of very ...
Chihuly, Dale
▪ 2003       On July 6, 2002, Tacoma, Wash., unveiled a special public art commission: a 152.4-m (500-ft)-long pedestrian bridge adorned with dramatic glass sculptural ...
Chikamatsu
/chee"kah mah"tsoo/, n. Monzaemon /mawn"zah e mawn"/, 1653-1724, Japanese playwright. * * *
Chikamatsu Monzaemon
Chikamatsu Monzaemon [chē′kä mät′so͞o mōn′zä e mōn′] (born Sugimori Nobumori) 1653-1724; Jpn. dramatist: called the Shakespeare of Japan: often shortened to ...
ChikamatsuMonzaemon
Chi·ka·ma·tsu Mon·za·e·mon (chē'kä-mätʹso͞o môn'zä-ĕ-mônʹ), 1653-1724. Japanese playwright whose numerous plays, mostly written for the puppet theater, deeply ...
chikan work
▪ Indian art Hindi  Chikankārī   delicate, fine Indian embroidery done in white cotton threads on plain muslin. The ancient history of this style is uncertain, but it is ...
Chikatilo, Andrei Romanovich
▪ Soviet serial killer byname  Rostov Ripper  born Oct. 16, 1936, Yablochnoye, U.S.S.R. [now Ukraine] died Feb.14, 1994, Moscow, Russia       Soviet serial killer who ...
chikee
/chi kee", chik"ee/, n. chickee (def. 1). * * *
Chikmagalur
▪ India       city, southwestern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. The city serves as a major centre for coffee processing and trading. Fertilizer is ...
chil-
chil- [chil] combining form CHILO-: used before a vowel * * *


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