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China jute n. See velvetleaf. * * *
/chuy"neuh meuhn/, n., pl. Chinamen. 1. Usually Offensive. a Chinese or a person of Chinese descent. 2. (l.c.) a person who imports or sells china. 3. (often l.c.) Political ...
▪ Mexican agriculture also called  floating garden   small, stationary, artificial island built on a freshwater lake for agricultural purposes. Chinampan was the ancient ...
Chin. /jee"nahn"/, n. Wade-Giles. Jinan. * * *
/chee'nahn de"gah/, n. a city in W Nicaragua. 36,885. * * * ▪ Nicaragua       town, northwestern Nicaragua, in the Pacific coastal lowlands. Its central section was ...
▪ people       Middle American Indians of northwestern Oaxaca in southern Mexico. The area is mountainous and not easily accessible. The Chinantec, who numbered about ...
China rose n. A Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) having mostly red, pink, or white flowers. It is an ancestor of many cultivated hybrid roses. * * *
China Sea The western part of the Pacific Ocean extending along the eastern coast of Asia from southern Japan to the Malay Peninsula. It is divided by Taiwan into the East China ...
Chinati Foundation
▪ museum, Marfa, Texas, United States       contemporary art museum in Marfa, Texas, dedicated to exhibiting works according to the principles of its founder, American ...
/chuy"neuh town'/, n. the main Chinese district in any city outside China. [CHINA + TOWN] * * *
China tree n. See chinaberry. * * *
/chuy"neuh wair'/, n. dishes, ornaments, etc., made of china. [1625-35; CHINA + WARE1; r. Cheney ware, prob. < Hindi < Pers chini Chinese] * * *
Chi·na·wood oil (chīʹnə-wo͝od') n. See tung oil. * * *
/chin"beek'/, n. Archit. a molding having a convex upper surface and a concave lower one, with a fillet between them; beak. [CHIN + BEAK] * * *
/chin"bohn'/, n. the anterior portion of the mandible, forming the prominence of the chin. [bef. 1000; ME, OE. See CHIN, BONE] * * *
/ching"keuh pin/, n. chinquapin. * * *
/chinch/, n. 1. See chinch bug. 2. (loosely) a bedbug. [1615-25; < Sp chinche < L cimic- (s. of cimex) bug] * * *
chinch bug
a small lygaeid bug, Blissus leucopterus, that feeds on corn, wheat, and other grains. [1775-85, Amer.] * * * ▪ insect  (Blissus leucopterus), important grain and corn pest ...
Chincha Islands
▪ islands, Peru Spanish  Islas De Chincha,         island group that is part of Los Libertadores-Wari región, Peru. Located in the Pacific Ocean 13 miles (21 km) off ...
chinch bug also cinch bug n. Chiefly Southern & Midland U.S. 1. A small black and white insect (Blissus leucopterus) that is very destructive to grains and grasses. 2. See ...
/chin'cheuh rin chee", -rin"chee, ching'keuh-/, n. a bulbous plant, Ornithogalum thyrsoides, of the lily family, native to southern Africa, having dense clusters of cream-colored ...
/chin chil"euh/, n. 1. a small, South American rodent, Chinchilla laniger, raised for its soft, silvery gray fur: now rare in the wild. 2. the fur of this animal. 3. something, ...
chinchilla rat
▪ rodent       any of six South American species of rodents (rodent) that superficially resemble a chinchilla but are more ratlike in body form. Chinchilla rats have ...
Chin. /jin"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Jinzhou. * * *
/chin"chee/, adj., chinchier, chinchiest. Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. stingy; miserly; cheap. [1400-50; late ME, deriv. of chinche (n. and adj.) < OF chinche, chiche < VL ...
/shing'keuh teeg", ching'-/, n. a town on a small island in a lagoon (Chincoteague Bay) in E Virginia: annual wild pony roundup. 1607. * * *
Chincoteague pony
a wild pony found on certain islands off the Virginia coast, apparently descended from Moorish ponies shipwrecked in this vicinity in the 16th century. [after Chincoteague ...
Chin·co·teague Bay (shĭngʹkə-tēg', chĭngʹ-) A long narrow bay off northeast Virginia and southeast Maryland. Chincoteague Island is at the southern end of the bay. * * *
See Chincoteague Bay. * * *
Chincoteague pony n. A type of small, inbred North American horse that runs wild on certain islands off the Virginia coast.   [After Chincoteague Island.] * * *
▪ Mozambique       town, central Mozambique. Located on the Chinde River, a distributary channel of the Zambezi delta, it exports sugar and copra and is an important ...
/chin"dwin"/, n. a river in N Burma, flowing S to the Irrawaddy River. 550 mi. (885 km) long. * * *
Chindwin River
River, western Myanmar. Rising in the northern mountains, it flows 720 mi (1,158 km) northwest through the Hukawng Valley and then south along the Indian border to join the ...
chine1 /chuyn/, n. Brit. Dial. a ravine formed in rock by the action of running water. [bef. 900; ME; OE cinu crevice, fissure; c. MD kene; cf. OE cinan to gape, crack ...
/shee nay"/, adj. noting or pertaining to a fabric having a variegated pattern produced by warp threads that have been dyed, printed, or painted before weaving. [1850-55; < F, ...
/chuy neez", -nees"/, n., pl. Chinese, adj. n. 1. the standard language of China, based on the speech of Beijing; Mandarin. 2. a group of languages of the Sino-Tibetan family, ...
Chinese anise.
See star anise. * * *
Chinese artichoke
a hairy plant, Stachys affinis, of China and Japan, having numerous small, white, edible tubers. Also called chorogi, Japanese artichoke, knotroot. [1900-05] * * *
Chinese banana.
See dwarf banana. * * *
Chinese boxes
a matched set of boxes, usually elaborately decorated and decreasing in size so that each fits inside the next larger one. [1825-30] * * *
Chinese cabbage
a plant, Brassica rapa pekinensis, forming a long, dense head of broad, whitish leaves used in salads and Oriental cuisine. Also called celery cabbage, Chinese celery, napa, ...
Chinese calendar
the former calendar of China, in which the year consisted of 12 lunar months with an intercalary month added seven times every 19 years to reconcile the lunar year of 354 days ...
Chinese catfish
puntat. * * *
Chinese checkers
a board game for two to six players each of whom has ten marbles resting in holes on a player's section of a six-pointed star: the winner is the first to move all of his or her ...
Chinese chess
a Chinese game, resembling chess, played on a board consisting of two halves, each eight squares by four, with a strip separating them: pieces representing the military of ...
Chinese chestnut
Chinese chestnut n. a chestnut (Castanea mollissima) with large, sweet nuts, often crossed with other chestnuts because of its resistance to chestnut blight * * *
Chinese chestnut.
See under chestnut (def. 1). [1905-10] * * *
Chinese Chippendale
(esp. in furniture) an English rococo style using Chinese or quasi-Chinese motifs. [1920-25] * * *
Chinese cinnamon
cassia (def. 1). * * *
Chinese civil service
      the administrative system of the traditional Chinese government, the members of which were selected by a competitive examination. The Chinese civil-service system ...
Chinese Communist Party
▪ political party, China also called  Communist Party of China (CPC) , Pinyin  Zhongguo Gongchan Dang , Wade-Giles romanization  Chung-kuo Kung-ch'an ...
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)
Political party founded in China in 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. It grew directly from the reform-oriented May Fourth Movement and was aided from the start by Russian ...
Chinese copy
Facetious (sometimes offensive). an exact copy, including all errors. [1915-20] * * *
Chinese crescent
crescent (def. 6). [1875-80] * * *
Chinese crested
Chinese crested n. 1. a breed of toy dogs in a hairless variety with plumes of hair on the head, feet, and tail and a fully coated variety 2. any dog of this breed * * * ▪ ...
Chinese date
1. an Old World tree, Ziziphus jujuba, thriving in hot, dry regions. 2. the edible, plumlike fruit of this tree. Also called Chinese jujube, jujube. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
Chinese Eastern Railway
▪ railway, China       railroad constructed in Manchuria (northeastern China) by Russia in the late 19th century. The privileges for the line were obtained from China ...
Chinese Empire
China under the rule of various imperial dynasties, including China proper and other domains, as Manchuria, Mongolia, Sinkiang, and Tibet: replaced by a republic in January, ...
Chinese Engagement
▪ Malaya [1874]       (1874), in Malaysian history, agreement ending warfare between Chinese secret societies in Malaya over possession of the Perak tin mines. In the ...
Chinese evergreen
a tropical Asian plant, Aglaonema modestum, of the arum family, often grown indoors, in water or soil, for its glossy green foliage. * * *
Chinese examination system
In China, system of competitive examinations for recruiting officials that linked state and society and dominated education from the Song dynasty (960–1279) onward, though its ...
Chinese fan palm
a fan palm, Livistona chinensis, of southern Japan, having very large, deeply cleft leaves and bluish-green, ovalish fruit. Also called fanpalm. * * *
Chinese finger trap
a child's toy, consisting of a small cylinder of woven straw or paper into which the forefingers are placed, one in each end: the harder one pulls, the more securely the fingers ...
Chinese fire drill
Informal (sometimes offensive). a state of chaotic, often clamorous disorder. [‡1960-65] * * *
Chinese fleece-vine.
See silver-lace vine. * * *
Chinese forget-me-not
an eastern Asian plant, Cynoglossum amabile, of the borage family, having lance-shaped leaves and clustered, showy, blue, pink, or white flowers. * * *
Chinese gelatin
agar (def. 1). Also called Chinese isinglass. * * *
Chinese gooseberry
1. a climbing shrub, Actinidia chinensis, native to China and cultivated commercially in New Zealand for its edible fruit. 2. kiwi (def. 2). Also called yang tao. [1920-25] * * *
Chinese hibiscus.
See China rose (def. 2). * * *
Chinese History, National Museum of
▪ museum, Beijing, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Zhongguo Lishi Bowuguan , (Wade-Giles romanization)  Chung-kuo Li-shih Po-wu Kuan        museum in Beijing, one of two ...
Chinese houses
(used with a sing. or pl. v.) a plant, Collinsia heterophylla, of the figwort family, native to California, having clusters of double-lipped purple and white flowers. * * *
Chinese ink.
See India ink. * * *
Chinese jade
      any of the carved-jade objects produced in China from the Neolithic Period (c. 3000–2000 BC) onward. The Chinese have historically regarded carved-jade objects as ...
Chinese jujube
See Chinese date. * * *
Chinese juniper
a shrub or tree, Juniperus chinensis, of China, Mongolia, and Japan, having scalelike leaves and small, round, purplish-brown fruit. * * *
Chinese lacquer
lacquer (def. 2). [1895-1900] * * *
Chinese languages
or Sinitic languages Family of languages comprising one of the two branches of Sino-Tibetan. They are spoken by about 95% of the inhabitants of China and by many communities of ...
Chinese lantern
a collapsible lantern of thin, colored paper, often used for decorative lighting. Also called Japanese lantern. [1815-25] * * *
Chinese lantern plant.
See winter cherry (def. 1). [1900-05] * * *
Chinese law
Law that evolved in China from the earliest times until the 20th century, when Western socialist law (see Soviet law) was introduced. The oldest extant and complete Chinese law ...
Chinese literature
Introduction       the body of works written in Chinese, including lyric poetry, historical and didactic writing, drama, and various forms of ...
Chinese liver fluke
/liv"euhr/ a parasitic Asian flatworm, Clonorchis sinensis, that infects the gastrointestinal tract and bile duct following ingestion of contaminated raw or insufficiently cooked ...
Chinese lug
a lugsail stiffened by battens and kept flat when hoisted: used in Chinese sailing vessels. [1875-80] * * *
Chinese medicine, traditional
System of medicine at least 23 centuries old that aims to prevent or heal disease by maintaining or restoring yin-yang balance. Detailed questions are asked about a patient's ...
Chinese money
Informal (sometimes offensive). See funny money (def. 3). * * *
Chinese parasol tree
▪ plant       (Firmiana simplex), tree of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae; order Malvales), native to Asia. It grows to a height of 12 metres (40 feet). It ...
Chinese parsley
coriander. * * *
Chinese pavilion
crescent (def. 6). * * *
Chinese philosophy
Introduction       the thought of Chinese culture, from earliest times to the present. The keynote in Chinese philosophy is humanism: (humanism) man and his society have ...
Chinese Pidgin English
▪ language       a modified form of English (English language) used as a trade language between the British and the Chinese, first in Canton, China, and later in other ...
Chinese primrose.
See under primrose (def. 1). [1815-25] * * *
Chinese puzzle
1. a very complicated puzzle. 2. anything very complicated or perplexing. [1805-15] * * *
Chinese radish
daikon. * * *
Chinese red
vermilion; orange red; red chrome. [1890-95] * * *
Chinese remainder theorem
▪ mathematics       ancient theorem that gives the conditions necessary for multiple equations to have a simultaneous integer solution. The theorem has its origin in the ...
Chinese restaurant syndrome
Chinese restaurant syndrome n. the dizziness, headache, etc. experienced by some people as a reaction to monosodium glutamate, often used to intensify the flavor of Chinese ...
Chinese Revolution
1. the revolution in China in 1911, resulting in the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty and in the establishment of a republic in 1912. 2. the events that culminated in the ...
Chinese Rites Controversy
▪ Roman Catholicism       a 17th–18th-century argument originating in China among Roman Catholic missionaries about whether the ceremonies honouring Confucius ...
Chinese romanizations: Pinyin to Wade-Giles conversions
▪ Table Chinese romanizations Pinyin to Wade-Giles conversions a   b   c   d   e   f   g   h   j   k   l   m   n  o   p   q   r   s   ...
Chinese romanizations: Wade-Giles to Pinyin conversions
▪ Table Chinese romanizations Wade-Giles to Pinyin conversions a    c    e    f    h    i    j    k    l    m    n   o    p    s    ...
Chinese sacred lily
a variety of narcissus, Narcissus tazetta orientalis, that has fragrant yellow flowers, and is often grown for indoor winter bloom. * * *
Chinese scholar tree.
See pagoda tree. * * *
Chinese Shar-Pei
Shar-Pei. * * * ▪ breed of dog  breed of dog noted for its loose skin and wrinkles. Once considered one of the rarest dog breeds, the Chinese shar-pei has enjoyed great ...
Chinese snowball
a Chinese shrub, Viburnum macrocephalum, of the honeysuckle family, having scurfy, hairy twigs, hairy leaves, and white flowers in large, showy, globelike clusters. * * *
Chinese tag
a variety of the game of tag in which the tagged player must hold one hand on the part of the body where he or she was tagged. * * *
Chinese tour
Informal (sometimes offensive). a tour in which visitors are shown only what those in charge want them to see. [1975-80] * * *
Chinese trumpet creeper
a showy, woody vine, Campsis grandiflora, of China, having aerial rootlets and large red flowers. * * *
Chinese Turkestan
Chinese Turkestan the part of Turkestan under Chinese control, now constituting the section of Xinjiang region, China, south of the Tian Shan mountains: also called Eastern ...
Chinese Turkestan.
See under Turkestan. * * *
Chinese vermilion
1. pimento (def. 3). 2. vermilion (def. 2). [1890-95] * * *
Chinese Wall
Informal. 1. See Great Wall of China. 2. an insuperable barrier or obstacle, as to understanding. [1905-10] * * *
Chinese water deer
▪ mammal       very small Asian deer of the family Cervidae (order Artiodactyla (artiodactyl)), native to fertile river bottoms in Korea and the Yangtze River (Chang ...
Chinese water torture
Chinese water torture n. WATER TORTURE * * *
Chinese watermelon.
See wax gourd. * * *
Chinese wax
a white to yellowish-white, gelatinous, water-insoluble substance obtained from the wax secreted by certain insects, esp. a Chinese scale (Ericerus pela): used chiefly in the ...
Chinese whispers
n [U] a game in which one person in a circle of people whispers a message (= says it very quietly) to the next person, who whispers it to the next, and so on until it comes back ...
Chinese white
a white pigment made from zinc oxide, largely used in watercolors and for giving opacity to other colors. * * *
Chinese windlass
Chinese windlass n. DIFFERENTIAL WINDLASS * * *
Chinese windlass.
See differential windlass. [1870-75] * * *
Chinese wisteria
a high-climbing Chinese vine, Wisteria sinensis, of the legume family, having hanging clusters of fragrant, bluish-violet flowers and long, velvety pods. * * *
Chinese wood oil.
See tung oil. * * *
Chinese writing
Introduction       basically logographic writing system, one of the world's great writing systems.       Like Semitic writing in the West, Chinese script was ...
Chinese writing system
System of symbols used to write the Chinese language. Chinese writing is fundamentally logographic: there is an exact correspondence between a single symbol, or character, in ...
Chinese yew
▪ plant       (Taxus celebica), a large, ornamental evergreen shrub or tree of the yew family (Taxaceae), widespread in China at elevations up to 900 metres (3,000 ...
Chinese-lantern plant
Chinese-lantern plant [chī′nēz lant′ərn] n. a perennial ground-cherry (Physalis alkekengi) grown for winter bouquets because of the bladderlike red calyx that surrounds ...
Chinese-restaurant syndrome
/chuy"neez res"teuhr euhnt, -teuh rahnt', -nees-/ a reaction, as headache, sweating, etc., to monosodium glutamate, sometimes added to food in Chinese restaurants. [1965-70] * * *
Chinese anise n. An evergreen tree (Illicium anisatum), native to Japan and Korea and having aromatic leaves and fragrant white or yellow flowers. * * *
Chinese artichoke n. A perennial Chinese herb (Stachys affinis) in the mint family, cultivated for its edible tuberous underground stems that somewhat resemble a string of large ...
Chineseblack mushroom
Chinese black mushroom n. See shiitake. * * *
Chinese boxes pl.n. A set of boxes of graduated size, each fitting inside the next larger one. * * *
Chinese cabbage Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. 1. A plant (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) of the mustard family, having an ...
Chinese calendar n. The traditional lunisolar calendar of the Chinese people, based on 24 seasonal segments each about 15 days long. An intercalary month is occasionally ...
Chinese checkers pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A board game in which each player tries to move a set of marbles arranged in holes from one point of a six-pointed star to ...
Chinese chestnut n. A chestnut (Castanea mollissima) native to China and Korea, resistant to chestnut blight and cultivated as an ornamental and for its edible nuts. * * *
Chinese chive n. An eastern Asian herb (Allium tuberosum) having flat leaves, small white flowers, and elongated bulbs covered with a fibrous coat. Often used in the plural. Also ...
Chinese date n. See jujube. * * *
Chinese evergreen n. A Chinese evergreen plant (Aglaonena modestum) cultivated as a houseplant for its dark green or occasionally variegated foliage. * * *
Chineseexport porcelain
Chinese export porcelain n. See Canton porcelain. * * *
Chinese gooseberry n. See kiwi. * * *
Chinese houses pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Any of several chiefly Californian plants of the genus Collinsia, especially C. heterophylla, which has several widely ...
Chinese ink n. See India ink. * * *
Chinese kale n. A Chinese vegetable (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra) of the mustard family, related to the cabbage and grown for its leafy shoots used in eastern Asian ...
Chinese lantern © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A decorative collapsible lantern of thin, brightly colored paper. * * *
Chineselantern plant
Chinese lantern plant n. See winter cherry. * * *
Chinese mustard n. Any of several cultivated varieties of the Indian mustard, grown for their leafy shoots and eaten as a vegetable especially in eastern Asian cuisine. * * *
Chinese parsley n. See coriander. * * *
Chinese pear n. See sand pear. * * *
Chinese puzzle n. 1. A very intricate puzzle. 2. Something very difficult or complex. * * *
Chinese radish n. See daikon. * * *
Chinese red n. See vermilion. * * *
Chineserestaurant syndrome
Chinese restaurant syndrome n. A group of symptoms, including dizziness, facial pressure, sweating, and headache, that may occur after the ingestion of food containing large ...
Chinese Shar-Pei n. See Shar-Pei. * * *
Chinesetallow tree
Chinese tallow tree n. An ornamental tree (Sapium sebiferum), native to China and Japan and naturalized in the southern United States and having a thick waxy seed coat that is ...
Chinese wall n. A barrier, especially one that seriously hinders communication or understanding: “still believe a Chinese wall can exist between public and private selves” ...
Chinesewater chestnut
Chinese water chestnut n. See water chestnut. * * *
Chinese white n. See zinc oxide. * * *
Chinese windlass n. See differential windlass. * * *
/chin"fest/, n. Slang. gabfest; bull session; rap session. [1935-40; CHIN + -FEST] * * *
Ching or Ch'ing [chiŋ] n. the Chinese dynasty (1644-1912) established by the Manchu; Manchu dynasty * * * (as used in expressions) Pei ching Tao te ching Nan ching Shu ching I ...
/jing"tooh"/, n. Chinese. See Pure Land. * * *
Chinghai [chiŋ′hī′] a former transliteration of QINGHAI * * * Ching·hai (chĭngʹhīʹ) See Qinghai. * * *
/ching"mah"/, n. the fiber of the Indian mallow. [ < Chin qingmá lit., blue hemp] * * *
/ching goh"leuh/, n. a town in N central Zambia. 214,000. * * * ▪ Zambia       municipality, north-central Zambia. It is situated approximately 5,000 feet (1,520 ...
Chingtao [chiŋ′dou′] a former transliteration of QINGDAO * * *
Chin. /jing"tu"jun"/, n. Wade-Giles. Jingdezhen. * * *
▪ South Korea       city, on Chinhae Bay, Kyŏngsang-nam do (province), southern South Korea. Its picturesque natural harbour is protected by Kŏje Island and Kosŏng ...
Chin Hills (chĭn) A range of hills in western Myanmar (Burma) rising to 3,055.5 m (10,018 ft). * * *
▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Sinoia,         town, north-central Zimbabwe. It lies west of the Hunyani River and Falls and is located on highway and rail routes to the ...
Chin. /chin"hwahng"dow"/, n. Wade-Giles. Qinhuangdao. * * *
chinic acid
/kin"ik, kwin"-/, Chem. See quinic acid. * * *
/jin"jooh"/, n. Jinju. * * * ▪ South Korea       city, Kyŏngsang-nam do (province), southern South Korea. It is situated along the Nam River, a tributary of the ...
chink1 /chingk/, n. 1. a crack, cleft, or fissure: a chink in a wall. 2. a narrow opening: a chink between two buildings. v.t. 3. to fill up chinks in. [1350-1400; ME; perh. ...
/chingk/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Slang. (disparaging and offensive). a Chinese. [1900-05; earlier Chinkie appar. alter. of CHINA, CHINESE by assoc. with CHINK1 (from the ...
/ching"keuh pin/, n. chinquapin. * * *
/chin"kyang"/, n. Older Spelling. Zhenjiang. * * *
▪ Japanese art  (Japanese: “gold-inlay carving”), in Japanese lacquerwork, technique for decorating lacquer ware with patterns delineated by thin lines of gold inlay. ...
See chink1. * * *
See chin. * * *
Chinling Shan
Chinling Shan [jē′liŋ′ shän′] a former transliteration of QINLING SHAN * * *
Chin. /chin"mun"/, n. Wade-Giles. Quemoy. * * *
chino1 /chee"noh/, n., pl. chinos for 2, adj. n. 1. a tough, twilled cotton cloth used for uniforms, sports clothes, etc. 2. Usually, chinos. trousers made of this ...
/chee"noh/, n. a city in SE California. 40,165. * * *
a combining form representing Chinese in compound words: Chino-Tibetan. * * *
/sheen wah'zeuh ree", -wah"zeuh ree/; Fr. /shee nwannzeu rddee"/, n., pl. chinoiseries /-reez", -reez/; Fr. /-rddee"/ for 2. (sometimes cap.) 1. a style of ornamentation current ...
▪ France  town, Indre-et-Loire département, Centre région, western France, on the banks of the Vienne River, south-southwest of Tours. It is famous for its medieval ...
/kin"ohn, kwin"-/, n. Chem. quinone. * * *
/shi nook", -noohk", chi-/, n., pl. Chinooks, (esp. collectively) Chinook. 1. a member of a formerly numerous North American Indian people originally inhabiting the northern ...
Chinook Jargon
a pidgin based largely on Nootka, Lower Chinook, French, and English, once widely used as a lingua franca from Alaska to Oregon. [1830-40] * * * ▪ language also called ...
chinook salmon
a large salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, found in the northern Pacific Ocean. Also called king salmon, quinnat salmon. See illus. under salmon. [1850-55, Amer.] * * * or king ...
/shi nook"euhn, -nooh"keuhn, chi-/, n. 1. a language family comprising only Lower Chinook and Upper Chinook. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the Chinooks or to Chinookan. [1885-90; ...
Chinook Jargon n. A pidgin language combining words from Nootka, Chinook, Salishan languages, French, and English, formerly used as a lingua franca in the Pacific Northwest. * * *
Chinook salmon n. A very large, commercially valuable salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) of northern Pacific waters, characterized by irregular black spots on its back. Also ...
/ching"keuh pin/, n. 1. a shrubby chestnut, Castanea pumila, of the beech family, native to the southeastern U.S., having toothed, oblong leaves and small edible nuts. 2. a ...
chinquapin oak n. A deciduous oak shrub (Quercus prinoides) of the eastern and central United States, having toothed leaves that resemble those of the chinquapin. * * *
▪ Japanese art also spelled  Chinzō,         in Japanese art, type of Buddhist portraiture developed especially by the Zen sect about 1200. Chinsō were official ...
/chints/, n. 1. a printed cotton fabric, glazed or unglazed, used esp. for draperies. 2. a painted or stained calico from India. [1605-15; earlier chints, pl. of chint < Gujarati ...
/chint"see/, adj., chintzier, chintziest. 1. of, like, or decorated with chintz. 2. cheap, inferior, or gaudy. 3. stingy; miserly: a chintzy way to entertain guests. [1850-55; ...
/chin"wag'/, v., chinwagged, chinwagging, n. Slang. v.i. 1. to chat idly; gossip. n. 2. an idle chat; gossiping. [1875-80; CHIN + WAG] * * *
Chin. /chin"wahng"dow"/, n. Older Spelling. Qinhuangdao. * * *
Chiog·gia (kē-ōʹjə, kyōdʹjä) A city of northeast Italy on an island in the Venetian lagoon. It is connected with the mainland by a bridge. Population: 38,200. * * ...
/kuy'euh noh dok"seuh, kuy on'euh-/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Chionodoxa, of the lily family, having blue, white, or pink clusters of flowers on short ...
/kuy"os, -ohs, kee"-/; Gk. /khee"aws/, n. 1. a Greek island in the Aegean, near the W coast of Turkey. 53,942; 322 sq. mi. (834 sq. km). 2. a seaport on and the capital of this ...
chip1 —chippable, adj. /chip/, n., v., chipped, chipping. n. 1. a small, slender piece, as of wood, separated by chopping, cutting, or breaking. 2. a very thin slice or small ...
chip and dip
a bowl or plate for holding potato chips or crackers with a smaller bowl, often placed in the center, for holding dip: usually sold as a set. Also, chip 'n dip /chip"n dip"/, ...
chip carving
wood carving, usually executed with a knife and characterized by small incisions and simple geometrical patterns. [1890-95] * * *
chip log
Naut. a log for measuring the speed of a vessel. Also called hand log. [1825-35] * * *
chip shot
Golf. a shot that is purposely hit fairly high into the air and is meant to roll upon landing, used in approaching the green. Also called pitch-and-run shot, pitch-and-run. Cf. ...
chi particle (kī, kē) n. An electrically neutral meson having a mass 6,687 times that of the electron and a mean lifetime of approximately 1.5 × 10-20 seconds. * * *
▪ Zambia formerly  Fort Jameson         town, southeastern Zambia, near the Malawi frontier. It is an upland town, approximately 3,600 feet (1,100 metres) above sea ...
/chip"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a low grade of cardboard, used as a backing for pads of paper, a stiffener for photographs in mailing, etc. 2. a thin, stiff sheet material made ...
/chip'euh wuy"euhn/, n., pl. Chipewyans, (esp. collectively) Chipewyan for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian tribe that inhabits northwestern Canada between Hudson Bay ...
—chipmaking, n. /chip"may'keuhr/, n. a manufacturer of electronic chips. [CHIP1 + MAKER] * * *
Chipman, John
▪ American chemist and metallurgist born April 25, 1897, Tallahassee, Fla., U.S. died May 14, 1983, Winchester, Mass.       American physical chemist and metallurgist ...
/chip"mungk/, n. any of several small, striped, terrestrial squirrels of the genera Tamias, of North America, and Eutamia, of Asia and North America, esp. T. striatus, of eastern ...
/chi poht"lay/; Sp. /chee pawt"le/, n., pl. chipotles /-layz/; Sp. /-les/. Mexican Cookery. a pungent red pepper, often pickled and eaten as an appetizer or added to meat stews, ...
Chipp, Don
▪ 2007 Donald Leslie Chipp        Australian politician (b. Aug. 21, 1925, Melbourne, Australia—d. Aug. 28, 2006, Melbourne), founded (1977) the left-wing Australian ...
/chip"ij/, n. the fact or an instance of chipping: The pottery could not be insured against chippage. [CHIP1 + -AGE] * * *
(also Chippaway) ➡ Ojibwa. * * *
➡ Chippawa * * *
chipped beef
very thin slices or shavings of dried, smoked beef, often served in a cream sauce. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
chipped beef (chĭpt) n. Dried beef smoked and sliced very thin. * * *
/chip"euhn dayl'/, n. 1. Thomas, 1718?-79, English cabinetmaker and furniture designer. adj. 2. of or in the style of Thomas Chippendale. * * * ▪ furniture  various styles ...
Chippendale style
Style of furniture derived from designs by Thomas Chippendale. The term specifically refers to English furniture made in a modified Rococo style in the 1750s and '60s, though ...
Chippendale, Thomas
(baptized June 5, 1718, Otley, Eng. died November 1779, London) English cabinetmaker. Little is known of his life before 1753, when he opened a showroom and workshop in London. ...
Chippendale, Thomas, II
▪ British cabinetmaker born c. 1749 died 1822       son of the cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale, who succeeded his father as head of the family ...
Chippendale, Thomas. 1718-1779. British cabinetmaker noted for his graceful neoclassical furniture, particularly chairs, which had wide influence on his contemporary artisans. * ...
a group of male entertainers. They are attractive young men with good bodies who do stage shows in which they take most of their clothes off. Their audiences consist mainly of ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, North Wiltshire district, administrative and historic county of Wiltshire, England, on the River Avon. Chippenham was the site of ...
chipper1 /chip"euhr/, adj. marked by or being in sprightly good humor and health. [1830-40; of uncert. orig.] Syn. jaunty, peppy, pert. chipper2 /chip"euhr/, v.i. 1. to chirp or ...
/chip"euh wah', -way', -weuh/, n., pl. Chippewas, (esp. collectively) Chippewa. Ojibwa. [1665-75, Amer.] * * *
Chippewa Falls
a city in W Wisconsin. 11,845. * * *
Chippewa, Battle of
(July 5, 1814) Engagement in the War of 1812 that restored U.S. military morale. After U.S. troops under Winfield Scott captured Fort Erie, N.Y., they began to push north into ...
Chippewa River A river rising in the lake region of northern Wisconsin and flowing about 290 km (180 mi) generally south to the Mississippi River. * * *
/chip"euh way'/, n., pl. Chippeways, (esp. collectively) Chippeway. Chippewa. * * *
chip·pie (chĭpʹē) n. Variant of chippy. * * *
chipping sparrow
a small, North American sparrow, Spizella passerina, common in urban areas. [1785-95, Amer.; CHIP2 + -ING2] * * *
chip·ping sparrow (chĭpʹĭng) n. A small North American sparrow (Spizella passerina) having a reddish-brown crown. * * *
/chip"proohf'/, adj. resistant to chipping. * * *
chippy1 /chip"ee/, n., pl. chippies. 1. Also, chippie. Slang. a. a promiscuous woman. b. a prostitute. 2. See chipping sparrow. [1860-65, Amer.; CHIPP(ING SPARROW) + -Y2; def. 1 ...
Chips Ahoy!{™}
a popular US make of chocolate-chip cookies (= sweet biscuits with small pieces of chocolate in them). They have been made since 1963 by Nabisco. * * *
chip shot n. A short lofted golf stroke, used in approaching the green. * * *
▪ Guatemala also called  Chiquimula de la Sierra        town, southeastern Guatemala. It lies along the San José River in the central highlands, 1,378 feet (424 ...
/chi kee"teuh/; Sp. /chee kee"tah/, n. a female given name: from a Spanish word meaning "small." * * *
Chiquita Brands International, Inc.
formerly (1970–90) United Brands Co. U.S. company specializing in tropical produce and processed foods. It was formed in 1970 by the merger of United Fruit Co., a grower and ...
/shee rddak"/, n. Jacques (René), born 1932, prime minister of France 1974-76, 1986-88; president since 1995. * * *
Chirac, Jacques
▪ president of France in full  Jacques René Chirac  born November 29, 1932, Paris, France    French politician, who served as the country's president (1995–2007) and ...
Chirac, Jacques (René)
born Nov. 29, 1932, Paris, France President of France (from 1995). In 1967 he was elected to the National Assembly as a Gaullist. As prime minister (1974–76), he resigned ...
Chirac, Jacques Rene
▪ 1996       On his third attempt to win the French presidency, Mayor Jacques Chirac of Paris at last succeeded in May 1995. First topping his friend and fellow Gaullist ...
Chi·rac (shē-räkʹ), Jacques. Born 1932. French politician who was elected president in 1995. He also served as mayor of Paris (1977-1995) and prime minister (1974-1976 and ...
—chirality /kuy ral"i tee/, n. /kuy"reuhl/, adj. Chem. (of a molecule) not superimposable on its mirror image. [1894; chir- < Gk cheír hand + -AL1; coined by Lord Kelvin] * * *
See chiral. * * *
/cheuhr cheek"/; Russ. /chyirdd chyeek"/, n. a city in E Uzbekistan, E of Tashkent. 132,000. * * *
▪ Uzbekistan formerly  Chirchik         industrial city, eastern Uzbekistan. It lies along the Chirchiq River, 20 miles (30 km) northeast of Tashkent. Chirchiq was ...
Chiriaeff, Ludmilla Otzup
▪ 1997       Canadian dancer, choreographer, and director (b. Jan. 10, 1924, Riga, Latvia—d. Sept. 22, 1996, Montreal, Que.), was the founder of the company that ...
/chir'i kah"weuh/, n., pl. Chiricahuas, (esp. collectively) Chiricahua for 1. 1. a member of an Apache Indian group, formerly located in the southwestern U.S. and northern ...
Chiricahua National Monument
Preserve, southeastern Arizona, U.S. Unusual volcanic rock formations forming a wilderness of tall pinnacles are crowded into 19 sq mi (48.5 sq km) of ridge and canyon on the ...
/kee"rddee kaw/, n. Giorgio de /jawrdd"jaw de/, 1888-1978, Italian painter. * * *
Chirico, Giorgio de
born July 10, 1888, Vólos, Greece died Nov. 19, 1978, Rome, Italy Italian painter. Born to Italian parents in Greece, he studied art in Munich and began painting images ...
Chirico,Giorgio de
Chi·ri·co (kîrʹĭ-kō', kēʹrē-), Giorgio de. 1888-1978. Italian painter whose works are characterized by deep shadow and perspective, barren landscapes, and elements of ...
▪ people (pejorative), also called  Guaraní        Guaraní-speaking South American Indians living in the Bolivian foothills of the eastern Andes and in Argentina. ...
Chirikov, Aleksey Ilich
▪ Russian explorer born , 1703 died November 1748, Moscow, Russia       explorer, second in command on the Arctic expeditions of Vitus Bering (Bering, Vitus), whose ...
/chir'euh moy"euh/, n. cherimoya. * * *
/cherrk/, v.i. 1. to make a shrill, chirping noise. v.t. 2. Informal. to cheer (usually fol. by up). [bef. 1000; ME chirken to creak, chirrup, OE circian to roar] * * *
/chear"oh/, n., pl. chiros. the ladyfish, Elops saurus. [orig. uncert.] * * *
a combining form meaning "hand," used in the formation of compound words: chiromancy. Also, cheiro-. [comb. form of Gk cheír hand] * * *

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