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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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See chirography. * * *
See chirographer. * * *
See chirographer. * * *
—chirographer, n. —chirographic /kuy'reuh graf"ik/, chirographical, adj. /kuy rog"reuh fee/, n. handwriting; penmanship. [1645-55; CHIRO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
See chiromancy. * * *
—chiromancer, n. —chiromantic, chiromantical, adj. /kuy"reuh man'see/, n. palmistry. [1520-30; CHIRO- + -MANCY] * * *
/kuy"ron/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a wise and beneficent centaur, teacher of Achilles, Asclepius, and others. 2. Astron. an asteroid located between Saturn and Uranus, about 100 mi. ...
/ki rop"euh dist, kuy-/ or, often, /sheuh-/, n. a podiatrist. [1775-85; CHIRO- + -POD + -IST] * * *
/ki rop"euh dee, kuy-/ or, often, /sheuh-/, n. podiatry. [1885-90; CHIRO- + -pody; see -POD, -Y3] * * *
/kuy'reuh prak"tik/, n. 1. a therapeutic system based primarily upon the interactions of the spine and nervous system, the method of treatment usually being to adjust the ...
/kuy"reuh prak'teuhr/, n. one whose occupation is the practice of chiropractic. [1900-05; CHIROPRACT(IC) + -OR2, as if a L noun with -TOR] * * *
/kuy rop"teuhr/, n. any mammal of the order Chiroptera, comprising the bats. [ < NL Chiroptera, equiv. to chiro- CHIRO- + Gk -ptera, neut. pl. of -pteros -PTEROUS; so named ...
/kuy rop"teuhr euhn/, n. 1. chiropter. adj. 2. of or pertaining to a chiropter. [1825-35; < NL Chiropter(a) (see CHIROPTER) + -AN] * * *
—chirper, n. —chirpingly, adv. /cherrp/, v.i. 1. to make a characteristic short, sharp sound, as small birds and certain insects. 2. to make any similar sound: The children ...
See chirpy. * * *
See chirpily. * * *
—chirpily, adv. —chirpiness, n. /cherr"pee/, adj., chirpier, chirpiest. 1. chirping or tending to chirp: chirpy birds. 2. cheerful; lively; gay. [1830-40; CHIRP + -Y1] * * *
/cherr/, v.i. 1. to make a characteristic shrill, trilling sound, as a grasshopper. n. 2. the sound of chirring. Also, chirre, churr. [1590-1600; alter. of CHIRP] * * *
chir·ren (chĭrʹən) pl.n. Chiefly Southern U.S. Children.   Regional Note: The linguistic process of ellipsis allows for the deletion within words of some internal sounds, ...
—chirrupper, n. /chear"euhp, cherr"-/, v., chirruped, chirruping, n. v.i. 1. to chirp: robins chirruping on the lawn. 2. to make a similar sound: She chirruped softly to ...
/chear"euh pee, cherr"-/, adj. chirpy; gay. [1800-10; CHIRRUP + -Y1] * * *
/chir"ooh/, n. a goat antelope, Pantholops hodgsoni, of Tibet, the male of which has very long, straight horns. Also called Tibetan antelope. [perh. < Nepali jarayo] * * * ▪ ...
/kuy rerr"jeuhn/, n. Archaic. a surgeon. [1250-1300; < L chirur(gus) ( < Gk cheirourgós hand-worker, surgeon; see CHIRO-, DEMIURGE) + (SUR)GEON; r. ME cirurgian < OF cirurgien; ...
—chirurgic, chirurgical, adj. /kuy rerr"jeuh ree/, n. Archaic. surgery. [1350-1400; CHIRURG(EON) + -ERY; r. ME sirurgerie < MF cirurgerie < L chirurg(ia) ( < Gk cheirourgía; ...
/chiz"euhn bop'/, Math., Trademark. a system for performing basic arithmetic calculations, esp. addition, by counting on one's fingers in a specified way. [ < Korean chi- finger ...
—chisellike, adj. /chiz"euhl/, n., v., chiseled, chiseling or (esp. Brit.) chiselled, chiselling. n. 1. a wedgelike tool with a cutting edge at the end of the blade, often made ...
chisel plow
a soil tillage device pulled by a tractor or animal, used to break up and stir soil a foot or more beneath the surface without turning it. Also called chisel. * * *
chisel point
a nail or spike with the point formed by two flat inclined sides meeting at a sharp angle. * * *
/chiz"euhld/, adj. 1. cut, shaped, etc., with a chisel: chiseled stone. 2. sharply or clearly shaped; clear-cut: She has finely chiseled features. Also, esp. Brit., ...
/chiz"euh leuhr, chiz"leuhr/, n. 1. a person who cheats or tricks; swindler. 2. a person who uses a chisel, as a wood carver. Also, esp. Brit., chiseller. [1880-85; CHISEL + ...
/chee"shee mah'/, n. Japanese name of the Kurile Islands. * * *
/chiz"euhm/, n. Shirley (Anita St. Hill), born 1924, U.S. politician: congresswoman 1969-83; first black woman elected to the House of Representatives. * * *
Chisholm Trail
a cattle trail leading N from San Antonio, Tex., to Abilene, Kan.: used for about twenty years after the Civil War. [named after Jesse Chisholm (1806-68), American scout] * * ...
Chisholm v. Georgia
▪ law case       (1793), U.S. Supreme Court case distinguished for at least two reasons: (1) it showed an early intention by the court to involve itself in political ...
Chisholm, Caroline
▪ Australian philanthropist née Jones born May 1808?, near Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng. died March 25, 1877, London       British-born Australian ...
Chisholm, Hugh
▪ British editor born , Feb. 22, 1866, London, Eng. died Sept. 29, 1924, London  English newspaper and encyclopaedia editor noted for his editorship of the 11th edition of ...
Chisholm, Shirley
orig. Shirley Anita St. Hill born Nov. 30, 1924, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 1, 2005, Ormond Beach, Fla. U.S. politician. A graduate of Columbia University (M.A., 1952), ...
Chisholm, Shirley Anita St. Hill
▪ 2006  American politician (b. Nov. 30, 1924, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Jan. 1, 2005, Ormond Beach, Fla.), was the first black woman to serve (1969–83) as a representative in the ...
Chisholm,Shirley Anita Saint Hill
Chis·holm (chĭzʹəm), Shirley Anita Saint Hill. Born 1924. American politician who as a U.S. representative from New York State (1969-1983) sought an end to the Vietnam War ...
Chisholm Trail A former cattle trail from San Antonio, Texas, north to Abilene, Kansas. It was important from the 1860s to the 1880s, when it fell into disuse following the ...
/chish"tee yeuh/, n. a Sufi order of the Indian subcontinent. [named after the founder, Mu'in al-Din Hasan Chishti (1141-1236)] * * *
▪ Ṣūfī order       Muslim Ṣūfī order in India and Pakistan, named for Chisht, the village in which the founder of the order, Abū Isḥāq of Syria, ...
/kee'shee nu"ooh/, n. Rumanian name of Kishinev. * * * formerly (1812–1918, 1940–91) Kishinev City (pop., 1999: 655,000), capital of Moldova. It lies on a tributary of the ...
Chisos Mountains
▪ mountains, Texas, United States  mountain system covering 40 square miles (104 square km) along the Rio Grande in southwestern Texas, U.S. The Chisos form the state's ...
▪ Russia also spelled  Čistopol,         city and administrative centre, Chistopol rayon (sector), Tatarstan, west-central Russia. Formed in 1781, when the village ...
chit1 /chit/, n. 1. a signed note for money owed for food, drink, etc. 2. any receipt, voucher, or similar document, esp. of an informal nature. 3. Chiefly Brit. a note; short ...
/chi tah"/; Russ. /chyi tah"/, n. a city in the SE Russian Federation in Asia. 349,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled  Čita        city and administrative centre of ...
/cheet"l/, n. See axis deer. [ < Hindi cital; cf. Skt citrala variegated, CHEETAH] * * * ▪ mammal also called  Spotted Deer, or Axis Deer        (Cervus axis, ...
/kee'teuh roh"nay/; It. /kee'tahrdd rddaw"ne/, n., pl. chitarroni /-nee/. an early musical stringed instrument of the lute family with a long neck and two pegboxes, one above the ...
—chitchatty, adj. /chit"chat'/, n., v., chitchatted, chitchatting. n. 1. light conversation; casual talk; gossip. v.i. 2. to indulge in chitchat; gossip. [1700-10; gradational ...
▪ people       North American Indian tribe of the Macro-Algonquian linguistic phylum. Their estimated population in 1650 was 3,000; at that time one of the most powerful ...
—chitinous, adj. chitinoid, adj. /kuy"tin/, n. Biochem. a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose, that forms a semitransparent horny substance and ...
See chitin. * * *
chit·lin circuit or chit·lin' circuit (chĭtʹlĭn) n. Informal. A circuit of nightclubs and theaters that feature African-American performers and cater especially to ...
/chit"linz, -lingz/, n. chitterlings. Also, chitlins /chit"linz/. * * *
chitlins or chitlings [chit′linz] pl.n. dial. var. of CHITTERLINGS * * * chit·lins or chit·lings (chĭtʹlĭnz) pl.n. Variants of chitterlings. * * *
/kuyt"n, kuy"ton/, n. 1. Also called sea cradle. a mollusk of the class Amphineura, having a mantle covered with calcareous plates, found adhering to rocks. 2. a gown or tunic, ...
/kuy"teuh san'/, n. Chem. a derivative of chitin, used in waste-water treatment. [1890-95; CHIT(IN) + -OSE2 + -an, special use of -AN] * * *
▪ Japan       city, west-central Hokkaido, Japan. It lies southeast of Sapporo, on the railway to Tomakomai. Because of the extension of Sapporo and the growth of the ...
▪ India also called  Chitaldrug        city, eastern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. A cotton-trading centre and terminus of a spur railway line in the ...
▪ Pakistan also spelled  Chitrār  or  Qāshqār        town, northern North-West Frontier province, Pakistan. The town lies along the Kunar River (also known as ...
▪ Panama       town, southwestern Panama, situated at the base of Azuero Peninsula. It lies on the left bank of the Villa River, near the Parita Bay (off the Gulf of ...
/chit"euh gong'/, n. a port in SE Bangladesh, near the Bay of Bengal. 416,733. * * * City (pop., 1991: 1,392,860; metro. area pop.: 2,040,663), chief Indian Ocean port, ...
/chit"euhm wood'/, n. 1. See American smoke tree. 2. cascara. [1835-45, Amer.; chittam ( < ?; alleged AmerInd orig. unsubstantiated) + WOOD1] * * *
▪ India also spelled  Chittorgarh , also called  Chitor        town, south-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. Served by rail and road, it ...
▪ county, Vermont, United States       county, northwestern Vermont, U.S. It lies between Lake Champlain (Champlain, Lake) (constituting the border with New York state) ...
/chit"euhr/, v.i. to twitter. [1350-1400; ME che(a)teren, chiteren, var. of chateren to CHATTER] * * *
/chit"linz, -lingz/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the small intestine of swine, esp. when prepared as food. Also, chitlings, chitlins. [1250-1300; ME cheterling; akin to G ...
▪ India       city, southern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. Situated 80 miles (130 km) west-northwest of the city of Chennai (Madras), the city is a road and ...
Chin. /chyung"joh"/, n. Wade-Giles. Qiongzhou. * * *
/kyooh"see/, n. a town in central Italy, in Tuscany; Etruscan tombs. 8756. Ancient, Clusium. * * *
Chiuta, Lake
▪ lake, Africa       lake on the border between Mozambique and Malawi (Malaŵi) in southeastern Africa, drained northward by the Lugenda River. It is narrow (2–8 ...
/shiv/, n. shiv. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
/shi val"rik, shiv"euhl rik/, adj. pertaining to chivalry; chivalrous. [1790-1800; CHIVALR(Y) + -IC] * * *
—chivalrously, adv. —chivalrousness, n. /shiv"euhl reuhs/, adj. 1. having the qualities of chivalry, as courage, courtesy, and loyalty. 2. considerate and courteous to women; ...
See chivalrous. * * *
See chivalrously. * * *
/shiv"euhl ree/, n., pl. chivalries for 6. 1. the sum of the ideal qualifications of a knight, including courtesy, generosity, valor, and dexterity in arms. 2. the rules and ...
/shiv'euh ree", shiv"euh ree'/, n., v.t., chivareed, chivareeing. shivaree. Also, chivari. * * *
/chuyv/, n. a small bulbous plant, Allium schoenoprasum, related to the leek and onion, having long, slender leaves that are used as a seasoning. [1350-1400; ME cive < AF chive, ...
chives [chīvz] pl.n. 〚ME cive < OFr < L cepa, onion〛 [sometimes with sing. v.] a hardy, perennial herb ( Allium schoenoprasum) of the lily family, with small, slender, ...
/chiv"ee/, v.t., v.i., chivvied, chivvying, n., pl. chivvies. chevy. Also, chivy. * * *
chivy or chivvy [chiv′ē] n. pl. chivies or chivvies Brit. a hunt; chase vt., vi. chivied or chivvied, chivying or chivvying 1. to fret; harass; nag 2. to manipulate 3. Brit. ...
Chixoy River
▪ river, Guatemala Spanish  Río Chixoy        river in central Guatemala, rising as the Negro River in the southern part of the Altos (mountains) Cuchumatanes, west ...
Russ. /chkah"leuhf/, n. former name of Orenburg. * * *
Chkheidze, Nikolay Semyonovich
▪ Russian revolutionary born 1864, Kutaisi, in the Caucasus, Russian Empire died June 13, 1926, Leuville-sur-Orge, France       Menshevik leader who played a prominent ...
/klam"i dayt'/, adj. Zool. having a mantle or pallium, as a mollusk. [ < L chlamydatus dressed in a chlamys, equiv. to Gk chlamyd- (s. of chlamys) CHLAMYS + -atus -ATE1] * * *
/kleuh mid"ee euhs/, adj. Bot. pertaining to or having a floral envelope. [ < Gk chlamyd- (s. of chlamýs) CHLAMYS + -EOUS] * * *
chlam·y·des (klămʹĭ-dēz') n. A plural of chlamys. * * *
/kleuh mid"ee euh/, n., pl. chlamydiae /-mid"ee ee'/. 1. Microbiol. any coccoid rickettsia of the genus Chlamydia, parasitic in birds and mammals, including humans, and causing ...
See chlamydia. * * *
Genus of single-celled green algae considered to be primitive life-forms of evolutionary significance. The cell has a spherical cellulose membrane, an eyespot, and a cup-shaped, ...
/kleuh mid"euh spawr', -spohr'/, n. a thick-walled, asexual, resting spore of certain fungi and algae. [1880-85; < Gk chlamyd- (s. of chlamýs) CHLAMYS + -O- + -SPORE] * * *
/klay"mis, klam"is/, n., pl. chlamyses /klay"mi siz, klam"i-/, chlamydes /klam"i deez'/. a short, fine woolen mantle worn by men in ancient Greece. [1740-50; < L < Gk chlamýs] * ...
/kloh an"thuyt/, n. Mineral. a nickel-rich variety of skutterudite, used as an ore of nickel. [ < Gk chloanth(és) (chlo- (s. of chlóe; see CHLOE) + -anthes comb. form, akin to ...
/kloh az"meuh/, n. Pathol. a condition in which light-brown spots occur on the skin, caused by exposure to sun, dyspepsia, or certain specific diseases. [1875-80; < NL < LGk: ...
▪ king of Franks also spelled  Chlogio,  French  Chlodion  died c. 447       king of a tribe of Salian (Salian Dynasty) Franks, considered the founder of the ...
▪ Merovingian king also spelled  Chlodomir   born c. 496? died June 21, 524, Vézeronce, near Vienne [France]       Merovingian king of Orléans from ...
/kloht"vikh/, n. German name of Clovis I. * * *
/kloh"ee/, n. 1. the lover of Daphnis in a Greek pastoral romance. 2. a female given name. [ < Gk chlóe young green vegetation, akin to chlorós CHLOR-1] * * *
chlor-1 a combining form meaning "green," used in the formation of compound words: chlorine. Also, esp. before a consonant, chloro-1. [comb. form of Gk chlorós light green, ...
/klawr truy"mi ton', klohr-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of chlorpheniramine. * * *
chloracetic acid
/klawr"euh see"tik, -set"ik, klohr"-, klawr'-, klohr'-/. See chloroacetic acid. [1840-50] * * *
/klawr as'i toh feuh nohn", -euh see'toh-, klohr-/, n. chloroacetophenone. * * *
/klawr ak"nee, klohr-/, n. Pathol. a severe and sometimes persistent form of acne resulting from exposure to chlorine compounds, such as dioxin. [1925-30; CHLOR(INE) + ACNE] * * *
/klawr"euhl, klohr"-/, n. 1. Also called trichloroacetaldehyde, trichloroacetic acid aldehyde. a colorless, oily liquid, C2Cl3HO, having a pungent odor, usually derived by the ...
chloral hydrate
chloral hydrate n. a colorless, crystalline compound, CCl3·CH(OH) 2, used chiefly as a sedative * * * ▪ drug also called  chloral        the first synthetically ...
chloral hydrate n. A colorless crystalline compound, CCl3CH(OH)2, used medicinally as a sedative and hypnotic. * * *
/klawr"euh lohs', klohr"-/, n. a crystalline compound, C8H11Cl3O6, used as an animal anesthetic and bird repellent. Also called glucochlorose. [1890-95; CHLORAL + -OSE2] * * *
/klaw ram"byeuh sil, kloh-/, n. Pharm. a nitrogen mustard, C14H19Cl2NO2, used in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, malignant lymphomas, and Hodgkin's ...
/klawr"euh meen', klohr"-, klaw ram"een, kloh-/, n. 1. an unstable, colorless liquid, NH2Cl, with a pungent odor, derived from ammonia. 2. any of a class of compounds obtained by ...
/klawr'am fen"i kawl', -kol', klohr'-/, n. Pharm. a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble antibiotic, C11H12Cl2N2O5, obtained from cultures of Streptomyces venezuelae or ...
/klaw ran"l, kloh-, klawr"euh nil, klohr"-/, n. a yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C6Cl4O2, used chiefly as a fungicide and as an intermediate in the manufacture of ...
▪ plant order       order of flowering plants, a basal branch of the angiosperm tree, consisting of 1 family, Chloranthaceae, with 4 genera (Ascarina, Chloranthus, ...
/klawr"ayt, -it, klohr"-/, n. a salt of chloric acid. [1815-25; CHLOR-2 + -ATE2] * * *
/klawr suy"kleuh zeen', klohr-/, n. Pharm. a substance, C18H21ClN2, used as an antihistamine in the symptomatic treatment of certain allergic disorders and in motion ...
/klawr"dayn, klohr"-/, n. a colorless, viscous, water-insoluble, toxic liquid, C10H6Cl8, used as an insecticide. Also, chlordan /klawr"dan, klohr"-/. [1945-50; CHLOR-2 + (in)dane ...
/klawr"di kohn', klohr"-/, n. a highly toxic pesticide, C10H10O, causing nerve damage in humans, that is believed to contaminate waterways: no longer widely used. Cf. ...
/klawr'duy az'euh pok"suyd, klohr'-/, n. Pharm. a compound, C16H14ClN3O, used as a tranquilizer. [CHLOR-2 + DIAZ(O)- + EPOX(Y) + -IDE] * * * ▪ drug       tranquilizing ...
—chlorellaceous /klawr'euh lay"sheuhs, klohr'-/, adj. /kleuh rel"euh/, n. any freshwater, unicellular green alga of the genus Chlorella. [1890; < NL; see CHLOR-1, -ELLA] * * ...
/kleuh reng"keuh meuh/, n. Bot. parenchymal tissue containing chlorophyll. [1890-95; CHLOR(OPHYLL) + (PAR)ENCHYMA] * * *
/klawr"ik, klohr"-/, adj. of or containing chlorine in the pentavalent state. [1800-10; CHLOR(INE) + -IC] * * *
chloric acid
a hypothetical acid, HClO3, known only in solution or in the form of its salts. [1860-65] * * *
chloric acid n. A strongly oxidizing unstable acid, HClO3·7H2O. * * *
/klawr"uyd, -id, klohr"-/, n. 1. a salt of hydrochloric acid consisting of two elements, one of which is chlorine, as sodium chloride, NaCl. 2. a compound containing chlorine, as ...
chloride of lime
chloride of lime n. a white powder with the approximate formula CaOCl2, obtained by treating slaked lime with chlorine and used for disinfecting and bleaching: also called ...
chloride of lime.
See bleaching powder. [1820-30] * * *
chloride paper
Photog. a relatively slow printing paper coated with an emulsion of silver chloride: used mostly for contact prints. * * *
chlorideof lime
chloride of lime n. See bleaching powder. * * *
See chloride. * * *
/klawr"i duyz', klohr"-/, v.t., chloridized, chloridizing. to convert (the metal of an ore) into a chloride by treating with chlorine or hydrochloric acid. Also, esp. Brit., ...
—chlorination, n. —chlorinator, n. /klawr"euh nayt', klohr"-/, v.t., chlorinated, chlorinating. 1. Chem. a. to combine or treat with chlorine. b. to introduce chlorine atoms ...
chlorinated lime.
See bleaching powder. [1875-80] * * *
chlo·ri·nat·ed lime (klôrʹə-nā'tĭd, klōrʹ-) n. See bleaching powder. * * *
See chlorinate. * * *
See chlorination. * * *
—chlorinous, adj. /klawr"een, -in, klohr"-/, n. a halogen element, a heavy, greenish-yellow, incombustible, water-soluble, poisonous gas that is highly irritating to the ...
chlorine 36
the radioactive isotope of chlorine having a mass number 36 and a half-life of about 440,000 years, used chiefly as a tracer. * * *
chlorine deficiency
      condition in which chlorine is insufficient or is not utilized properly. Chlorine is a component of all body secretions and excretions resulting from processes of ...
chlorine dioxide
an orange, water-soluble, unstable, extremely explosive gas, ClO2, used chiefly as a bleaching agent for wood pulp, fats, oils, and flour. * * *
/klaw rin"i tee, kloh-/, n. the quality, state, or degree of being chlorinous. [1930-35; CHLORINE + -ITY] * * *
▪ plant genus  genus of annual and perennial grasses of the family Poaceae, with about 70 species distributed throughout warm regions of the world. Many are known as finger ...
chlorite1 —chloritic /klaw rit"ik, kloh-/, adj. /klawr"uyt, klohr"-/, n. a group of minerals, hydrous silicates of aluminum, ferrous iron, and magnesium, occurring in green ...
See chlorite1. * * *
▪ mineral       common silicate mineral, a basic aluminosilicate of manganese, magnesium, and iron. Once thought to be a member of the brittle mica group, chloritoid has ...
/klawr mer"euh drin, klohr-/, n. a white, bitter, odorless powder, ClHgN2H11O2, soluble in methanol and ethanol and slightly soluble in water, used in medicine as a ...
chloro-1 var. of chlor-1 before a consonant: chlorophyll. chloro-2 var. of chlor-2 before a consonant: chloroform. * * *
/klawr'oh euh see"tik, -euh set"ik, klohr'-/, adj. of or derived from chloroacetic acid. [CHLORO-2 + ACETIC] * * *
chloroacetic acid
a colorless, crystalline, deliquescent, water-soluble powder, C2H3ClO2, usually derived from acetic acid by chlorination: used chiefly in the manufacture of dyes and other ...
/klawr'oh as"i tohn', klohr'-/, n. a colorless, lachrymatory, poisonous liquid, C3H5ClO, used chiefly in organic synthesis and in the manufacture of insecticides and ...
/klawr'oh euh see'toh feuh nohn", -as'i toh-, klohr'-/, n. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble, poisonous solid, C8H7ClO, used in solution as a tear gas. Abbr.: CN Also, ...
/klawr'euh ben"zeen, -ben zeen", klohr'-/, n. a colorless, volatile, water-insoluble, flammable liquid, C6H5Cl, having an almondlike odor, prepared from benzene by chlorination: ...
chlorobromide paper
/klawr'euh broh"muyd, -mid, klohr'-/, Photog. a relatively fast printing paper coated with an emulsion of silver chloride and silver bromide. Also, chlorobromid paper /klawr'oh ...
/klawr'euh broh'meuh meth"ayn, klohr'-/, n. a clear, colorless, volatile, nonflammable liquid, CH2ClBr, used chiefly as an extinguishing agent in fire extinguishers and as a ...
/klawr'euh kahr"beuhn, klohr'-/, n. a chemical compound containing carbon and chlorine, as carbon tetrachloride, or containing carbon, chlorine, and hydrogen, as ...
/klawr'oh eth"ayn, klohr'-/, n. See ethyl chloride. [CHLORO-2 + ETHANE] * * *
/klawr'oh eth"een, klohr'-/, n. See vinyl chloride. Also, chloroethylene /klawr'oh eth"euh leen', klohr'-/. [CHLORO-2 + ETHENE] * * *
/klawr'oh floor'oh kahr"beuhn, -flawr'-; klohr'oh floor'oh kahr"beuhn, -flohr'-/, n. any of several volatile, inert, saturated compounds of carbon, fluorine, chlorine, and ...
chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)
Any of several organic compounds containing carbon, fluorine, chlorine, and hydrogen. A number of different CFCs have been made and sold under the trade name Freon. Developed in ...
/klawr'oh floor'oh meth"ayn, -flawr'-; klohr'oh floor'oh meth"ayn, -flohr'-/, n. any of a series of gaseous or volatile methanes substituted with chlorine and fluorine and ...
—chloroformic, adj. /klawr"euh fawrm', klohr"-/, n. 1. Also called trichloromethane. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, volatile, nonflammable, slightly water-soluble, pungent, ...
chloroformyl chloride
/klawr"euh fawr'meuhl, klohr"-/ phosgene. [CHLORO-2 + FORMYL] * * *
chlorogenic acid
/klawr"euh jen"ik, klohr"-, klawr'-, klohr'-/, Biochem. a colorless crystalline acid, C16H18O9, that is important in plant metabolism and is purportedly responsible for the ...
/klawr'euh huy"drin, klohr'-/, n. any of a class of organic chemical compounds containing a chlorine atom and a hydroxyl group, usually on adjacent carbon atoms. [1885-90; ...
/klawr'euh huy'droh kwi nohn", klohr'-/, n. a white to light-tan, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C6H3Cl(OH)2, used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a developer in ...
/klawr'euh meth"ayn, klohr'-/, n. See methyl chloride. [1870-75; CHLORO-2 + METHANE] * * *
▪ protist       any protozoan of the phytoflagellate order Chloromonadida, sometimes considered a member of the algal class Chloromonadophyceae because it has many ...
/klawr'oh muy seet"n, klohr'-/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of chloramphenicol. * * *
/klawr'euh naf"theuh leen', -nap"-, klohr'-/, n. 1. either of two isomeric naphthalene compounds containing one chlorine atom. 2. any of a group of compounds prepared from ...
/klawr'euh fee"nawl, -nol, klohr'-/, n. Chem. 1. any of three isomers having the formula C6H5ClO, derived from chlorine and phenol, used chiefly as intermediates in the ...
chlorophenol red
Chem. an acid-base indicator, C19H12Cl2O5S, that changes color from yellow to red as the acidity of a solution decreases. * * *
/klawr'euh fee"neuh thayn', klohr'-/, n. See DDT. [(di)chloro(di)phen(yltrichlor)o(e)thane] * * *
—chlorophylloid, adj. /klawr"euh fil, klohr"-/, n. Bot., Biochem. the green coloring matter of leaves and plants, essential to the production of carbohydrates by ...
/klawr'euh fil"ays, -ayz, klohr'-; klawr"euh feuh lays', -layz', klohr"-/, n. Biochem. an enzyme found in plants that decomposes chlorophyll by removing the phytol ...
/klawr'euh fil"euhs, klohr'-/, adj. of or containing chlorophyll. Also, chlorophyllose /klawr'euh fil"ohs, klohr'-/. [1870-75; CHLOROPHYLL + -OUS] * * *
      division of algae the members of which are commonly known as green algae (q.v.). * * *
▪ plant genus       genus of African plants, of the family Agavaceae, that is especially noted for the popular spider plant. The spider plant is a houseplant possessing ...
/klawr'euh pik"rin, -puy"krin, klohr'-/, n. Chem., Mil. a colorless, somewhat oily, water-insoluble, poisonous liquid, CCl3NO2, that causes lachrymation and headache: used as an ...
—chloroplastic, adj. /klawr"euh plast', klohr"-/, n. Bot. a plastid containing chlorophyll. See diag. under cell. [1885-90; CHLORO(PHYLL) + -PLAST] * * * Microscopic, ...
See chloroplast. * * *
/klawr'euh pleuh tin"ik, klohr'-/, adj. of or derived from chloroplatinic acid. [1835-45; CHLORO-2 + PLATINIC] * * *
chloroplatinic acid
a red-brown, crystalline, water-soluble solid, H2PtCl6·6H2O, used chiefly in platinizing glass, metals, and ceramic ware. Also called platinic chloride. * * *
/klawr"euh preen', klohr"-/, n. a colorless, slightly water-soluble liquid, C4H5Cl, usually produced by the reaction of vinylacetylene with hydrochloric acid, that polymerizes to ...
      family of eight leafbird (q.v.) species. Chloropseidae is sometimes classified as the family Irenidae (q.v.; order Passeriformes). * * *
/klawr"euh kwin, -kween', klohr"-/, n. Pharm. a synthetic substance, C18H26ClN3, used chiefly to control malaria attacks. [1945-50; CHLORO-2 + QUIN(OLIN)E] * * * ▪ ...
—chlorotic /klaw rot"ik, kloh-/, adj. —chlorotically, adv. /klaw roh"sis, kloh-/, n. 1. an abnormally yellow color of plant tissues, resulting from partial failure to develop ...
/klawr'oh spi nel", -spin"l, klohr'-/, n. Mineral. a variety of spinel used as a gem, colored grass-green by the presence of copper. [1840-50; CHLORO-1 + SPINEL] * * *
chlorosulfonic acid
/klawr"oh sul fon"ik, klohr"-, klawr'-, klohr'-/ a colorless or yellowish, highly corrosive, pungent liquid, HClO3S, usually produced by treating sulfur trioxide with hydrogen ...
chlo·ro·thal·o·nil (klôr'ə-thălʹə-nĭl', klōr'-) n. A colorless crystalline compound, C8Cl4N2,used as a fungicide on a variety of vegetable crops, peanuts, lawns, and ...
/klawr'euh thuy"euh zuyd', klohr'-/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C7H6ClN3O4S2, used as a diuretic and in the treatment of ...
See chlorosis. * * *
See chlorotic. * * *
/klawr'oh truy floor'oh eth"euh leen', -flawr'-; klohr'oh truy floor'-, -flohr'-/, n. a colorless, flammable gas, C2H2ClF, that polymerizes to form oils, greases, and ...
/klawr'oh truy floor'oh meth"ayn, -flawr'-; klohr'oh truy floor'-, -flohr'-/, n. a colorless gas, CClF3, used chiefly as a refrigerant, in the hardening of metals, and in ...
/klawr"euhs, klohr"-/, adj. 1. containing trivalent chlorine. 2. of or derived from chlorous acid. [1835-45; CHLOR-2 + -OUS] * * *
chlorous acid
a hypothetical acid, HClO2, known only in solution or in the form of its salts. [1835-45] * * *
/klawr'feuh nir"euh meen', klohr'-/, n. Pharm. an antihistaminic compound, C20H23ClN2O4, used in treating the symptoms of allergies. [CHLOR-2 + PHEN- + (P)YR- + -AMINE] * * ...
/klawr fee"nawl, -nol, klohr-/, n. Chem. chlorophenol. * * *
/klawr pik"rin, klohr-/, n. Chem. chloropicrin. * * *
/klawr prom"euh zeen', klohr-/, n. a grayish-white, crystalline powder, C17H19ClN2S, derived from phenothiazine, used chiefly to inhibit nausea and vomiting and as a major ...
/klawr prop"euh muyd', -proh"peuh-, klohr-/, n. Pharm. an oral hypoglycemic substance, C10H13ClN2O3S, used to augment insulin secretion in the treatment of certain kinds of ...
/klawr pir"euh fos', klohr-/, n. a broad-spectrum insecticide, C9H11Cl3NO3PS, used on lawns and ornamental plants. [CHLOR-2 + PYRI(DINE) + -fos, for PHOSPHORUS] * * *
/klawr te'treuh suy"klin, -kleen, klohr-/, n. Pharm. a yellow, crystalline, antibiotic powder, C22H23N2O8Cl, biosynthesized by Streptomyces aureofaciens, used in the treatment of ...
/klawr thal"i dohn', klohr-/, n. Pharm. a sulfonamide diuretic, C14H11ClN2O4S, used in the management of hypertension. [CHLOR-2 + (ph)thali(mi)d(ine) a chemical component of the ...
Chlotar I
born с 500? died late 561, Compiègne, Fr. Merovingian king of Soissons from 511 and of the whole Frankish kingdom from 558. (See Merovingian dynasty.) The youngest son of ...
Chlotar II
▪ Merovingian king born , May or June 584 died Oct. 18, 629  Merovingian king of Neustria and sole ruler of the Franks from 613.       An infant when his father, ...
Chlotar III
▪ Merovingian king died , March 10/11, 673       Merovingian king of Neustria and Burgundy, who succeeded his father, Clovis II, in 657. After the retirement of his ...
Chlotar IV
▪ Merovingian king died , 719       allegedly the Merovingian king of Austrasia, placed on the throne by the mayor of the palace, Charles Martel, in 718/719 in order ...
chm or chmn abbrev. chairman * * *
1. chairman. 2. checkmate. * * *
chairman. * * *
Cho Choong Hoon
▪ 2003       South Korean businessman (b. Feb. 11, 1920, Seoul, Korea—d. Nov. 17, 2002, Seoul, S.Kor.), founded the Hanjin Group, which became the eighth largest ...
Cho Lon
▪ Vietnam       city, southern Vietnam, immediately west of Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon), from which it is separated by a small water channel. Founded in 1778 by ...
Cho Oyu
▪ mountain, Asia       mountain, one of the world's highest (26,906 feet [8,201 m]), in the Himalayas on the Nepalese–Tibetan (Chinese) border about 20 miles (30 km) ...
Cho Sok
▪ Korean painter also called  Ch'anggang (Korean: “Wide River”) , or  Ch'wi ong (“Drunken Old Man”)  born 1595       noted Korean painter of the Yi dynasty ...
Cho Sok-chin
▪ Korean painter also called  Sarino (Korean: Small Jade)   born 1853, Korea died 1920, Korea       noted painter of the late Yi dynasty (1392–1910) whose paintings ...
Cho, David Yonggi
▪ 1996       The flourishing Christian church in South Korea owed much of its vitality to the Rev. David Yonggi Cho, who in September 1995 was unanimously reelected in ...
—choanocytal, adj. /koh"euh neuh suyt', koh an"euh-/, n. Zool. one of the flagellated cells lining the inner cavity of a sponge, having a collar of protoplasm encircling the ...
/koh'euh noh flaj"euh layt'/, n. Zool. any flagellate of the genera Monosiga and Proterospongia, having a protoplasmic collar encircling the base of the flagellum. [1895-1900; < ...
/choht/, n. 1. Joseph Hodges, 1832-1917, U.S. lawyer and diplomat. 2. Rufus, 1799-1859, U.S. lawyer, orator, and statesman. * * *
Choate Rosemary Hall
▪ school, Wallingford, Connecticut, United States       in Wallingford, Conn., private, coeducational college-preparatory school (grades 9–12 and a postgraduate year) ...
Choate (chōt), Rufus. 1799-1859. American politician who served as a U.S. representative (1831-1834) and senator (1841-1845) from Massachusetts. His son Joseph Hodges Choate ...
Chobe National Park
National preserve, northern Botswana. The preserve, which acquired national park status in 1968, borders Namibia and touches Zimbabwe and Zambia, covering 4,500 sq mi (11,700 sq ...
chocolate. * * *
Chocano, José Santos
▪ Peruvian poet born May 14, 1875, Lima, Peru died Dec. 13, 1934, Santiago, Chile       Peruvian poet famous for his attempt to synthesize in poetry the history and ...
▪ people       Middle American Indians of northern Oaxaca in southern Mexico, speaking a Popolocan language. The region is rough, broken highland terrain of harsh ...
/chok/, n. 1. a wedge or block of wood, metal, or the like, for filling in a space, holding an object steady, etc. 2. Naut. a. any of various heavy metal fittings on a deck or ...
chock-a-block or chock·a·block (chŏkʹə-blŏk') adj. 1. Squeezed together; jammed: The cheering fans were chock-a-block in the stands. 2. Completely filled; stuffed: “I ...
/chok"fool", chuk"-/, adj. full to the limit; crammed. Also, chock-ful, chuck-full, choke-full. [1350-1400; ME chokke-fulle, equiv. to chokke ( < ?) + fulle FULL1] * * *
/chok"euh blok"/, adj. 1. extremely full; crowded; jammed: a room chockablock with furniture and plants. 2. Naut. having the blocks drawn close together, as when the tackle is ...
▪ people  Cariban-speaking Indian people of the Panamanian and Colombian lowlands. The Northern Chocó, the most populous, live in villages along the lower reaches of rivers ...
/chaw'keuh haw"lik, -hol"ik, chok'euh-/, n. a person who is excessively fond of chocolate. [CHOCO(LATE) + -HOLIC] * * *
—chocolaty, adj. /chaw"keuh lit, chok"euh-, chawk"lit, chok"-/, n. 1. a preparation of the seeds of cacao, roasted, husked, and ground, often sweetened and flavored, as with ...
chocolate chip cookie
chocolate chip cookie n. a type of cookie containing bits of solid chocolate and, often, nuts * * *
chocolate milk
milk flavored with chocolate syrup or powdered chocolate. * * *
chocolate pot
▪ metalwork       vessel in which hot chocolate is served. It is similar in form and stylistic development to the coffeepot, but it has a hinged or sliding finial ...
chocolate soldier
a nonfighting soldier; a serviceman not assigned to combat duty. [1895-1900] * * *
chocolate tree
cacao (def. 1). [1825-35] * * *
Chocolate, Kid
▪ Cuban boxer original name  Sergio Eligio Sardiñias-Montalbo , byname  Cuban Bon Bon  born Jan. 6, 1910, Cerro, Cuba died Aug. 8, 1988, Havana  Cuban professional ...
/chaw"keuh lit boks', chok"euh-, chawk"lit-, chok"-/, adj. excessively decorative and sentimental, as the pictures or designs on some boxes of chocolate candy; prettified: ...
chocolate tree n. See cacao. * * *
See chocolaty. * * *
/chaw'keuh leuh tear", chok'euh-, chawk'leuh-, chok'-/; Fr. /shaw kaw lann tyay"/, n., pl. chocolatiers /-tearz"/; Fr. /-tyay"/. a person or firm that makes and sells chocolate ...
See chocolate. * * *
/chok"taw/, n., pl. Choctaws, (esp. collectively) Choctaw for 1. 1. a member of a large Muskhogean tribe of North American Indians, formerly living chiefly in southern ...
Choc·taw·hatch·ee (chŏk'tə-hăchʹē) A river rising in southern Alabama and flowing about 225 km (140 mi) south into northwest Florida, where it empties into ...
Choctawhatchee River
▪ river, United States       river in southeastern Alabama and northwestern Florida, U.S., rising in Barbour County, Ala., and flowing southwest to Geneva, where it is ...
Chodkiewicz, Jan Karol
▪ Polish general born 1560, probably at Stary Bykhov, Pol. died Sept. 24, 1621, Chocim       Polish hetman who won remarkable victories against the Swedes and the ...
Chodorov, Jerome
▪ 2005       American playwright (b. Aug. 10, 1911, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 12, Nyack, N.Y.), authored more than a dozen successful Broadway plays, most notably the ...
Chodowiecki, Daniel
▪ German artist born Oct. 16, 1726, Danzig, Pol. died Feb. 7, 1801, Berlin  German genre painter and engraver of Polish descent who developed a particular talent for ...
▪ historical region, Czech Republic       historic border area of Západočeský kraj (region), Czech Republic. It roughly corresponds to Domažlice okres (district), ...
/koh ef"euh ruy'/, n. a tragedy (458 B.C.) by Aeschylus. Also calledThe Libation-bearers. Cf. Oresteia. * * *
▪ Athenian tragic poet flourished c. 510 BC, Athens [Greece]       one of the earliest recorded Athenian tragic poets, of whose work only one title (Alope) and one ...
▪ Japan       city, Tokyo to (metropolis), Honshu, Japan. It is bordered by Tokyo city (east) and the Tama River (south). During the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), ...
Choghā Zanbīl
▪ archaeological site, Iran also spelled  Tchoghā Zanbīl,  or  Choga Zambil,     ruined palace and temple complex of the ancient Elamite (Elam) city of Dur Untashi ...
Choi Hong Hi
▪ 2003       Korean army officer and martial artist (b. Nov. 9, 1918, Myong Chun district, Kor. [now in North Korea]—d. June 15, 2002, Pyongyang, N.Kor.), was credited ...
Choi Kyu Hah
▪ 2007       South Korean politician (b. July 16, 1919, Wonju, Kangwon province, Japanese-occupied Korea [now in South Korea]—d. Oct. 22, 2006, Seoul, South Korea), ...
Choi Won Suk
▪ 1997       From the barren Sahara to the grasslands of the North African coast, a dramatic ecological transformation was under way in the world's largest desert. South ...
—choiceless, adj. —choicely, adv. —choiceness, n. /choys/, n., adj., choicer, choicest. n. 1. an act or instance of choosing; selection: Her choice of a computer was made ...
See choice. * * *
See choicely. * * *
—choirlike, adj. /kwuyeur/, n. 1. a company of singers, esp. an organized group employed in church service. 2. any group of musicians or musical instruments; a musical company, ...
choir loft
a gallery in a church in which the choir is placed. [1925-30] * * *
/kwuyeur"boy'/, n. 1. a boy who sings in a choir, esp. a church choir. 2. Slang. a person who is notably honest, moral, or innocent. [1830-40; CHOIR + BOY] * * *
/kwuyeur"gerrl'/, n. a girl who sings in a choir. [CHOIR + GIRL] * * *

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