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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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choir loft n. A gallery for a group of church singers. * * *
/kwuyeur"mas'teuhr, -mah'steuhr/, n. the director of a choir. [1855-60; CHOIR + MASTER] * * *
Fr. /shwann zuel"/, n. an island in the W central Pacific Ocean: part of the independent Solomon Islands. 8021; 1500 sq. mi. (3885 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Solomon ...
Choiseul, Étienne-François de Choiseul, duc de
▪ French foreign minister also called (until 1758)  Comte (count) de Stainville  born June 28, 1719, Lorraine, France died May 8, 1785, Paris  French foreign minister who ...
Choiseul, Étienne-François de Choiseul, duke de
born June 28, 1719, Lorraine, France died May 8, 1785, Paris French foreign minister. He served with distinction in the War of the Austrian Succession. After serving as ...
▪ Japanese poetry       a form of waka (Japanese court poetry of the 6th to 14th century) consisting of alternating lines of five and seven syllables and ending with an ...
—chokeable, adj. /chohk/, v., choked, choking, n. v.t. 1. to stop the breath of by squeezing or obstructing the windpipe; strangle; stifle. 2. to stop by or as if by strangling ...
choke coil
Elect. a coil of large inductance that gives relatively large impedance to alternating current. Also called choke. [1905-10] * * *
choke collar
a nooselike collar for controlling untrained or powerful dogs. Also called choke chain. * * *
choke hold
a restraining hold, as when one person encircles the neck of another from behind in a viselike grip with the arm. Also, chokehold. * * *
/chohk"fool"/, adj. chock-full. * * *
/chohk"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. chokeberries. 1. the berrylike fruit of any North American shrub of the genus Aronia, of the rose family, esp. A. arbutifolia (red chokeberry), ...
/chohk"bawr', -bohr'/, n. 1. a bore in a shotgun that narrows toward the muzzle to prevent shot from scattering too widely. 2. a shotgun with such a bore. [1870-75; CHOKE + ...
choke chain n. See choke collar. * * *
/chohk"cher'ee/, n., pl. chokecherries. Chiefly Northern U.S. 1. any of several cherries, esp. Prunus virginiana, of North America, that bear an astringent fruit. 2. the fruit ...
choke coil n. Electronics A circuit element used to suppress or limit the flow of alternating current without affecting the flow of direct current. * * *
choke collar n. A chain collar that tightens like a noose when the leash is pulled, used to train or control dogs or other animals. Also called choke chain. * * *
/chohk"damp'/, n. Mining. mine atmosphere so low in oxygen and high in carbon dioxide as to cause choking. Also called blackdamp. [1635-45; CHOKE + DAMP] * * *
chokehold [chōk′hōld΄] n. 1. a technique for restraining or subduing a person by locking one's arms around the person's neck 2. firm or absolute control over some activity, ...
/chohk"poynt'/, n. a place of greatest congestion and often hazard; bottleneck. [1965-70] * * *
/choh"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that chokes. 2. a necklace that fits snugly around the neck. 3. a neckcloth or high collar. 4. a chain or cable used to haul logs from the ...
/choh"keuhr set'euhr/, n. (in logging) a worker whose job is to fasten a choker to logs. * * *
/chohks/, n. Informal. a manifestation of caisson disease that is characterized by dyspnea, coughing, and choking. [see CHOKE, -S3] * * *
—chokingly, adv. /choh"king/, adj. 1. (of the voice) husky and strained, esp. because of emotion. 2. causing the feeling of being choked: a choking cloud of smoke. [CHOKE + ...
See choking. * * *
▪ people also spelled  Ciokwe,  or  Cokwe,  also called  Bajokwe,  or  Badjok,        Bantu-speaking people who inhabit the southern part of Congo (Kinshasa) ...
/choh"kee/, adj., chokier, chokiest. tending to choke: a choky collar. [1570-80; CHOKE + -Y1] * * *
▪ people       Mayan Indians of northern Chiapas in southeastern Mexico. The Chol language is closely related to Chontal, spoken by neighbouring people to the north, and ...
Chol Hamoed
Seph. /khawl" hah maw ed"/; Ashk. /khohl" hah moh"ayd, -moyd"/, Hebrew. See Hol Hamoed. * * *
var. of chole- before a vowel: choline. * * *
/choh"leuh/, n. Chiefly Southwestern U.S. (esp. among Mexican-Americans) a teenage girl who associates closely with a gang of cholos or is the girlfriend of a cholo. [1850-55; < ...
Chola dynasty
▪ India Chola also spelled  Cola        South Indian Tamil rulers of unknown antiquity, antedating the early Shangam poems (c. 200 CE). The dynasty originated in the ...
/koh"leuh gawg', -gog', kol"euh-/, Med. adj. 1. Also, cholagogic /koh'leuh goj"ik, kol'euh-/. promoting the flow of bile. n. 2. a cholagogue agent. [1605-15; < F < Gk ...
See cholangiography. * * *
/keuh lan'jee og"reuh fee, koh-/, n. x-ray examination of the bile ducts using a radiopaque contrast medium. [1935-40; CHOL- + ANGIO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
/koh"layt/, n. Biochem. the salt form of cholic acid. [1835-45; CHOL(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
a combining form meaning "bile," "gall," used in the formation of compound words: cholesterol. Also, esp. before a vowel, chol-. [comb. form of Gk cholé bile; akin to CHLOR-1] * ...
/koh'leuh kal sif"euh rawl', -rol', kol'euh-/, n. See vitamin D. [1930-35; CHOLE- + CALCI- + -FER + -OL1] * * *
—cholecystic, adj. /koh"leuh sist', kol"euh-/, n. Anat. gallbladder. [1865-70; CHOLE- + -CYST] * * *
/koh'leuh si stek"teuh mee, kol'euh-/, n., pl. cholecystectomies. Surg. removal of the gallbladder. [1880-85; CHOLECYST + -ECTOMY] * * *
/koh'leuh si stuy"tis, kol'euh-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the gallbladder. [1865-70; CHOLE- + CYSTITIS] * * * ▪ pathology  acute or chronic inflammation of the ...
—cholecystogram /koh'leuh sis"teuh gram', kol'euh-/, n. /koh'leuh si stog"reuh fee, kol'euh-/, n. Med. the production of x-ray photographs of the gallbladder following ...
/koh'leuh sis'teuh kuy"nin, kol'euh-/, n. a hormone secreted by the upper portion of the intestine that stimulates contraction of the gallbladder and increases secretion of ...
▪ hormone       a digestive hormone released with secretin when food from the stomach reaches the first part of the small intestine (the duodenum). Once considered to ...
/koh'leuh si stos"teuh mee, kol'euh-/, n., pl. cholecystostomies. Surg. formation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the gallbladder, usually done for drainage and to ...
/koh'leuh si stot"euh mee, kol'euh-/, n., pl. cholecystotomies. Surg. incision of the gallbladder. [1875-80; CHOLE- + CYSTO- + -TOMY] * * *
/keuh led'i kos"teuh mee, koh'leuh doh kos"-, kol'i-/, n., pl. choledochostomies. Surg. formation of a temporary opening through the abdominal wall into the common bile duct, ...
/keuh led'i kot"euh mee, koh'leuh doh kot"-, kol'i-/, n., pl. choledochotomies. Surg. incision of the common bile duct. [1890-95; < NL choledoch(us) (see CHOLEDOCHOSTOMY) + -O- + ...
/choh"lee/, n. choli. * * *
/koh"leuh lith, kol"euh-/, n. Pathol. a gallstone. Also, chololith. [CHOLE- + -LITH] * * *
/koh'leuh li thuy"euh sis, kol'euh-/, n. Pathol. the presence of gallstones. [1855-60; CHOLELITH + -IASIS] * * *
/chaw"leuhnt, chul"euhnt/; Yiddish /chawlnt/, n. Jewish Cookery. a stewed or baked dish, esp. of meat and beans, served on the Sabbath but cooked the day before or overnight over ...
/kol"euhr/, n. 1. irascibility; anger; wrath; irritability. 2. Old Physiol. See yellow bile. 3. Obs. biliousness. [1350-1400; ME colera < ML, L cholera < Gk choléra CHOLERA] * * ...
—choleraic /kol'euh ray"ik/, adj. /kol"euhr euh/, n. 1. Also called Asiatic cholera. Pathol. an acute, infectious disease, endemic in India and China and occasionally epidemic ...
cholera infantum
/in fan"teuhm/, Pathol. an often fatal form of gastroenteritis occurring in infants, not of the same cause as cholera but having somewhat similar characteristics. [1820-30, ...
cholera morbus
cholera morbus [môr′bəs] n. 〚L, lit., the disease cholera〛 former term for GASTROENTERITIS * * *
See cholera. * * *
cholera mor·bus (môrʹbəs) n. Acute gastroenteritis occurring in summer and autumn and marked by severe cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting. No longer in scientific use.   [New ...
—cholerically, cholericly, adv. —cholericness, n. /kol"euhr ik, keuh ler"ik/, adj. 1. extremely irritable or easily angered; irascible: a choleric disposition. 2. Obs. a. ...
See choleric. * * *
See cholerically. * * *
See choleraic. * * *
—cholestatic /koh'leuh stat"ik, kol'euh-/, adj. /koh'leuh stay"sis, -stas"is, kol'euh-/, n. Pathol. total or partial suppression of the flow of bile. [1930-35; CHOLE- + ...
See cholestasis. * * *
/keuh les'teuh ree"mee euh/, n. Pathol. cholesterolemia. * * *
/keuh les"teuhr ik, koh'leuh ster"ik/, adj. Chem., Physics. of or pertaining to a form of liquid crystal having molecules arranged in thick, regular layers, and displaying marked ...
/keuh les"teuh rohl', -rawl'/, n. Biochem. 1. a sterol, C27H46O, that occurs in all animal tissues, esp. in the brain, spinal cord, and adipose tissue, functioning chiefly as a ...
/keuh les'teuhr euh lee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the blood. Also, cholesteremia. [CHOLESTEROL + -EMIA] * * *
cho·le·styr·a·mine (kō'lĭ-stîrʹə-mēn', kō-lĕs'tə-rămʹēn) n. A drug used to lower serum cholesterol levels and treat itching associated with jaundice through its ...
cholestyramine resin
cholestyramine resin or cholestyramine [kō les′tir ə mēn΄, kō les tir′ə mēn΄] n. a powdery synthetic resin that binds with and prevents the reabsorption of bile ...
▪ France       town, Maine-et-Loire département, Pays de la Loire région, western France. It lies along the Moine River, southeast of Nantes. First mentioned in the ...
/choh"lee/, n. a short-sleeved blouse or bodice, often one exposing part of the midriff, worn by Hindu women in India. Also, cholee. [1905-10; < Hindi coli] * * *
/koh'lee am"beuhs/, n., pl. choliambi /-buy/. Pros. a line of iambic meter with a spondee or trochee replacing the last foot. [ < Gk cholíambos, equiv. to chol(ós) lame, ...
cholic acid
/koh"lik, kol"ik/ 1. Biochem. a bile acid, C24H40O5, related to the sex hormones and cholesterol. 2. the commercial form of this compound, obtained from beef bile, used chiefly ...
cho·lic acid (kōʹlĭk) n. An abundant crystalline bile acid, C24H40O5 derived from cholesterol.   [Greek kholikos, bilious, from kholē, bile. See chole-.] * * *
/koh"leen, kol"een/, n. 1. Biochem. a quaternary ammonium cation, C5H14N+O, one of the B-complex vitamins, found in the lecithin of many plants and animals. 2. choline hydroxide, ...
choline chloride carbamate
Chem. carbachol. * * *
/koh'leuh nerr"jik, kol'euh-/, adj. Biochem. 1. resembling acetylcholine in pharmacological action. 2. stimulated by or releasing acetylcholine or a related compound. [1930-35; ...
cholinergic drug
▪ drug       any of various drugs (drug) that inhibit, enhance, or mimic the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, the primary transmitter of nerve impulses ...
See cholinergic. * * *
/koh'leuh nes"teuh rays', -rayz', kol'euh-/, n. Biochem. an enzyme, found esp. in the heart, brain, and blood, that hydrolyzes acetylcholine to acetic acid and choline. [1930-35; ...
/koh'leuh nl it"ik/, adj. Biochem., Pharm. 1. capable of blocking the action of acetylcholine and related compounds. n. 2. a drug or other substance that has cholinolytic ...
/koh'leuh noh mi met"ik, -muy-/, adj. Biochem., Pharm. 1. mimicking the action of choline, esp. acetylcholine. 2. a drug or other substance that has cholinometric ...
/chohl"yah, -yeuh/; Sp. /chaw"yah/, n., pl. chollas /chohl"yahz, -yeuhz/; Sp. /chaw"yahs/. any of several spiny treelike cacti belonging to the genus Opuntia, esp. O. fulgida of ...
Chŏlla, North
▪ province, South Korea Korean  Chŏlla-pukdo        do (province), southwestern South Korea. It is bounded by the provinces of South Ch'ungch'ŏng and North ...
Chŏlla, South
▪ province, South Korea Korean  Chŏlla-namdo        do (province), extreme southwestern South Korea. It is bounded north by North Chŏlla province, east by South ...
/choh"loh/, n., pl. cholos. Chiefly Southwestern U.S. 1. (esp. among Mexican-Americans) a teenage boy who is a member of a street gang. 2. Disparaging. a Mexican or ...
cholo- [kä′lō, kä′lə] combining form CHOLE- * * *
/koh"leuh lith', kol"euh-/, n. Pathol. cholelith. * * *
/cheuh lun"/; Fr. /shaw lawonn"/, n. a suburb of Ho Chi Minh City, in S Vietnam. * * *
Choltitz, Dietrich von
▪ German military officer born November 9, 1894, Neustadt, Germany [now Prudnik, Poland] died November 4, 1966, Baden-Baden, West Germany  German army officer who was the ...
/chaw looh"lah/, n. a town in S Mexico, SE of Mexico City: ancient Aztec ruins. 20,913. * * * ▪ Mexico in full  Cholula de Riva Dabia   city, northwestern Puebla estado ...
/chaw'looh te"kah/, n. a city in S Honduras. 43,551. * * * ▪ Honduras       city, southern Honduras. It lies in the hot Pacific lowlands along the Choluteca River. It ...
Cho·mo Lha·ri (chō'mō lärʹē) A peak, 7,318.8 m (23,996 ft) high, of the southeast Himalaya Mountains on the Bhutan-China border. * * *
/chomp/, v.t., v.i., n. champ1. * * *
See Chomskyan. * * *
/chom"skee/, n. (Avram) Noam /nohm, noh"euhm/, born 1928, U.S. linguist, educator, and political activist. * * *
Chomsky, (Avram) Noam
born Dec. 7, 1928, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. linguist and political activist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. He joined the faculty at the ...
Chomsky, Noam
▪ American linguist in full  Avram Noam Chomsky   born Dec. 7, 1928, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.    American linguist and political activist who founded ...
Chom·sky (chŏmʹskē), Noam. Born 1928. American linguist and political theorist who revolutionized the study of language with his theory of generative grammar, set forth in ...
/chom"skee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to Noam Chomsky or his linguistic theories, esp. to transformational-generative grammar. [CHOMSKY + -AN] * * *
▪ Czech Republic German  Komotau,         city, northwestern Czech Republic. It lies at the foot of the Ore Mountains (Krušné hory) near the German border, ...
/chun/, n., pl. chon. 1. Also, jun. a monetary unit of North Korea, the hundredth part of a won. 2. Also, jeon. a monetary unit of South Korea, the hundredth part of a won. [ < ...
Chon Buri
▪ Thailand also spelled  Chonburi         town, south-central Thailand. Chon Buri is located on the coastal road leading south from Bangkok, on the eastern shore of ...
var. of chondrio- before a vowel. * * *
/kon"dreuhl/, adj. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to cartilage or a cartilage. [CHONDR- + -AL1] * * *
/kon"dree euh/, n. a profusely branched red alga, Chondria tenuissima, of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North America. [ < NL, fem. deriv. of Gk chondríon, dim. of ...
/kon drik"thee euhn/, n. any member of the class Chondrichthyes, comprising the cartilaginous fishes. [ < NL, equiv. to chondr- CHONDR- + Gk ichthýes (pl.) fish] * * * ▪ ...
See chondrify. * * *
/kon"dreuh fuy'/, v., chondrified, chondrifying. v.t. 1. to change (a precursor tissue) into cartilage. v.i. 2. to become cartilage. [1870-75; CHONDR- + -IFY] * * *
a combining form meaning "cartilage," used in the formation of compound words: chondriosome. Also, chondr-, chondro-. [ < Gk chondríon, dim. of chóndros cartilage] * * *
chondriosome [kän′drē ə sōm΄] n. 〚< Gr chondrion, dim. of chondros (see CHONDRO-) + -SOME3〛 MITOCHONDRION * * * chon·dri·o·some (kŏnʹdrē-ə-sōm') n. See ...
—chondritic /kon drit"ik/, adj. /kon"druyt/, n. a stony meteorite containing chondrules. [1880-85; CHONDR- + -ITE1] * * * ▪ meteorite  in general, any stony meteorite ...
See chondrite. * * *
var. of chondrio-: chondrosarcoma. * * *
/kon'droh kray"nee euhm/ n., pl. chondrocraniums, chondrocrania /-nee euh/. a braincase composed of cartilage rather than bone, as the skull of sharks and of the vertebrate ...
/kon"droyd/, adj. cartilaginous or resembling cartilage. [1840-50; CHONDR- + -OID] * * *
chon·dro·i·tin sulfate (kŏn-drōʹĭ-tĭn) n. One of several classes of sulfated glycosaminoglycans that is a major constituent in various connective tissues, especially in ...
—chondromatous, adj. /kon droh"meuh/, n., pl. chondromas, chondromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign cartilaginous tumor or growth. [CHONDR- + -OMA] * * *
/kon'droh meuh lay"sheuh, -shee euh, -see euh/, n. Pathol. degeneration of cartilage in the knee, usually caused by excessive wear between the patella and lower end of the femur. ...
chon·dro·ma·ta (kŏn-drōʹmə-tə) n. A plural of chondroma. * * *
See chondroma. * * *
▪ pathology       rare malignant tumour of bone formed from cartilage. Pain is the most common symptom. Primary chondrosarcomas arise from a small collection of ...
▪ fish Introduction       any member of a group of primitive ray-finned bony fishes (bony fish) that make up one of the three major subdivisions of the superclass ...
/kon"droohl/, n. a small round mass of olivine or pyroxene found in stony meteorites. [1885-90; CHONDR- + -ULE] * * * ▪ astronomy       small, rounded particle embedded ...
Chŏng Sŏn
▪ Korean painter also called Kyŏmja (Korean: “Humble Study”) born 1676, Korea died 1759, Korea       noted painter who was the first Korean artist to depart from ...
Chŏng Yak-jong, Saint
▪ Korean scholar also called  Augustine Chŏng   born 1760, Korea died April 8, 1801, Korea; canonized 1984       one of the most eminent leaders in the early ...
/chueng"jin"/, n. a seaport in W North Korea. 200,000. * * *
/chung"jooh"/, n. a city in central South Korea. 192,707. * * *
Chongming Island
▪ island, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Chongming Dao , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Ch'ung-ming Tao        large island in the mouth of the Yangtze River (Chang ...
/chawng"ching"/, n. Pinyin. a city in SE Sichuan province, in S central China, on the Chang Jiang: provisional capital of China 1937-46. 2,400,000. Also, Chungking. * * * or ...
▪ emperor of Ming dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  Ch'ung-chen , personal name (xingming)  Zhu Youjian , posthumous name (shi)  Zhuangliemindi,  temple name (miaohao) ...
Choniates, Michael
▪ Byzantine historian erroneously called  Michael Acominatus   born c. 1140, Chonae, Byzantine Empire [now in Turkey] died c. 1220, Boudonitza, Byzantine Empire [near modern ...
Choniates, Nicetas
▪ Byzantine historian Nicetas also spelled  Niketas  born c. 1155, Chonae, Byzantine Empire [now in Turkey] died 1217, Nicaea, Empire of Nicaea [now İznik, ...
▪ Japanese society       (Japanese: “townsman”), class of townsmen that emerged in Japan during the early years of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867) and became an ...
/chuen"jooh"/, n. a city in SW South Korea. 262,816. * * * ▪ South Korea       city, Chŏlla-puk do (province), southwestern South Korea. It is 21 miles (34 km) east of ...
▪ people       extinct South American Indian group that lived in southern Chile, between the Corcovado Gulf and the Gulf of Penas. At no time represented by more than a ...
▪ protozoa       any small, vase-shaped, sessile (i.e., attached at the base) member of the protozoan order Chonotrichida. Usually marine, they belong to subclass ...
▪ people       Mayan Indians of Oaxaca and Tabasco states in southeastern Mexico. They are linguistically closely related to the Chol, to the south, and to the Chortí, ...
/chooh"chooh'/, n., v., choo-chooed, choo-chooing. Baby Talk. n. 1. a train. 2. the sound of a steam locomotive. v.i. 3. to make a sound like that made by a steam locomotive. 4. ...
/chook, choohk/, n. 1. Australian. a hen. 2. Slang. a woman. interj. 3. (used as a call for poultry or pigs.) Also, chookie /chook"ee, chooh"kee/. [1885-90; cf. Brit. dial. ...
/choom/, n. Australian. an Englishman. [1915-20; facetious resp. of CHUM1, with -oo- repr. English Midlands pron. of the vowel] * * *
/choor"euh/, n. an Indian dagger having a sharply pointed, single-edged blade. [ < Hindi] * * *
—choosable, adj. —chooser, n. /choohz/, v., chose; chosen or (Obs.) chose; choosing. v.t. 1. to select from a number of possibilities; pick by preference: She chose Sunday ...
See choose. * * *
See choosy. * * *
—choosiness, n. /chooh"zee/, adj., choosier, choosiest. hard to please, particular; fastidious, esp. in making a selection: She's too choosy about food. [1860-65, Amer.; CHOOSE ...
Cho O·yu (chōʹ ō-yo͞oʹ) A peak, 8,158.8 m (26,750 ft) high, of the central Himalaya Mountains on the Nepal-China border. * * *
chop1 /chop/, v., chopped, chopping, n. v.t. 1. to cut or sever with a quick, heavy blow or a series of blows, using an ax, hatchet, etc. (often fol. by down, off, etc.): to chop ...
chop mark
a notch or other mark made in a coin to indicate verification of its authenticity, esp. by a banker or merchant in the Far East during the 18th or 19th centuries. [1945-50] * * *
chop shop
Informal. a garage where stolen cars are dismantled so that their parts can be sold separately. * * *
chop stroke
(in tennis, cricket, etc.) a stroke made with a sharp downward movement of the racket, bat, etc., imparting a backspin to the ball. Also called chop. * * *
chop suey
/chop"sooh"ee/ a Chinese-style American dish consisting of small pieces of meat, chicken, etc., cooked together with bean sprouts, onions, mushrooms, or other vegetables and ...
/chop"chop"/, adv. with haste; quickly. [1825-35; repetitive compound based on Chin Pidgin English chop quick, of uncert. orig.] * * *
chop-logic [chäp′läj′ik] n. hairsplitting argumentation or evasive reasoning * * *
/choh"peuh, chop"euh/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) chopa, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) chopas. any of several fishes, esp. of the sea chub family, Kyphosidae, ...
/chop"blok'/, n. 1. butcher-block. 2. See chopping block. [CHOP1 + BLOCK] * * *
/chop"faw'leuhn/, adj. chapfallen. [1595-1605] * * *
/chop"hows'/, n., pl. chophouses /-how'ziz/. a restaurant specializing in chops, steaks, and the like. [1680-90; CHOP1 + HOUSE] * * *
chopin1 /chop"in/, n. 1. an old Scottish unit of liquid measure equivalent to about a quart. 2. a container holding this amount. [1225-75; ME < MF chopine < MLG scope SCOOP < MD ...
/shoh"pan/; for 1 also Fr. /shaw paonn"/, n. 1. Frédéric François /fred"euh rik fran swah", fred"rik/; Fr. /frdday day rddeek" frddahonn swann"/, 1810-49, Polish composer and ...
Chopin, Frédéric
▪ Polish composer and pianist Introduction in full  Frédéric François Chopin,  Polish  Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen  born March 1, 1810, Żelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, ...
Chopin, Frédéric (François)
orig. Fryderyk Franciszek Szopen born March 1, 1810, Żelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, Duchy of Warsaw died Oct. 17, 1849, Paris, France Polish-French composer. Born to ...
Chopin, Frédéric François
Cho·pin (shōʹpăn', shō-păɴʹ), Frédéric François. 1810-1849. Polish-born French composer and pianist of the romantic era. His music, written chiefly for the piano, was ...
Chopin, Kate
orig. Katherine O'Flaherty born Feb. 8, 1851, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Aug. 22, 1904, St. Louis U.S. writer. Chopin lived in Louisiana during her marriage and began to write ...
Chopin,Kate O'Flaherty
Cho·pin (shōʹpăn'), Kate O'Flaherty. 1851-1904. American writer whose works, such as The Awakening (1899), portray Creole life in Louisiana. * * *
/choh peen", chop"in/, n. a shoe having a thick sole, usually of cork, suggesting a short stilt, worn esp. by women in 18th-century Europe after its introduction from ...
/chop"loj'ik/, n. 1. sophistic or overly complicated argumentation. adj. 2. Also, choplogical. exhibiting or indulging in choplogic. [1520-30; CHOP2 + LOGIC] * * *
/chopt/, adj. 1. diced, minced, or cut into small bits. 2. (of an automobile) streamlined; lowered. [1540-50] * * *
chopped liver
cooked liver chopped with onions and hard-boiled eggs and seasoned. * * *
chopped steak
ground, cooked beef, usually served as a main course. Also, chopsteak. * * *
/chop"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that chops. 2. a short ax with a large blade, used for cutting up meat, fish, etc.; butcher's cleaver. 3. a prehistoric implement made by ...
Chopper chopping-tool industry
▪ prehistoric technology       certain stone tool traditions of Asia, probably of later Pleistocene age, characterized by roughly worked pebble chopper (q.v.) tools. ...
See choppy1. * * *
See choppily. * * *
chopping block
a thick, often large block of wood on which meat, vegetables, etc., are placed for cutting, trimming, chopping, and the like. [1695-1705] * * *
chop·ping block (chŏpʹĭng) n. A wooden block on which food or wood is chopped. * * *
—choppily, adv. —choppiness, n. /chop"ee/, adj., choppier, choppiest. 1. (of the sea, a lake, etc.) forming short, irregular, broken waves. 2. (of the wind) shifting or ...
Chopra, B(aldev) R(aj)
▪ 2009       Indian filmmaker born April 22, 1914, Punjab, British India died Nov. 5, 2008, Mumbai [Bombay], India was respected for producing and directing socially ...
chops [chäps] pl.n. 〚see CHAP1〛 1. the jaws 2. the mouth and lower cheeks ☆ 3. Slang technical skill, esp. of a jazz or rock musician * * * chops (chŏps) pl.n. 1. The ...
chop shop n. Slang A place where stolen cars are disassembled for parts that are then sold. * * *
☆ chopsocky or chop-socky [chäp′sä′kē ] n. 〚coined by Variety, a trade magazine, to describe such films made in Hong Kong〛 Slang a FILM (n. 5b) featuring martial ...
/chop"stayk'/, n. See chopped steak. [CHOP1 + STEAK] * * *
/chop"stik'/, n. one of a pair of thin, tapered sticks, often of wood or ivory, held in one hand between the thumb and fingers and used chiefly in China, Japan, and other Asian ...
/chop"stiks'/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a harmonically and melodically simple waltz for piano played typically with the forefinger of each hand and sometimes having an ...
chop su·ey (so͞oʹē) n. 1. A Chinese-American dish consisting of small pieces of meat or chicken cooked with bean sprouts and other vegetables and served with rice. 2. ...
Choquette, Robert Guy
▪ Canadian writer born April 22, 1905, Manchester, New Hampshire, U.S. died January 22, 1991, Montreal, Quebec, Canada       American-born French Canadian writer whose ...
See choragus. * * *
choragic monument
▪ architecture  large, freestanding pedestal that formed the display base for an athletic or choral prize won at an ancient Greek festival. Although the only surviving ...
—choragic /keuh raj"ik, -ray"jik/, adj. /keuh ray"geuhs, koh-, kaw-/, n., pl. choragi /-juy/, choraguses. 1. (in ancient Greece) a. the leader of a dramatic chorus. b. a person ...
—chorally, adv. adj. /kawr"euhl, kohr"-/; n. /keuh ral", kaw-, koh-, kawr"euhl, kohr"-/, adj. 1. of a chorus or a choir: She heads our new choral society. 2. sung by, adapted ...
choral music
▪ vocal music Introduction       music sung by a choir with two or more voices assigned to each part. Choral music is necessarily polyphonal—i.e., consisting of two ...
choral speaking
the recitation of poetry or prose by an ensemble or chorus. * * *
/keuh ral", -rahl", kaw-, koh-; kawr"euhl, kohr"-/, n. 1. a hymn, esp. one with strong harmonization: a Bach chorale. 2. a group of singers specializing in singing church music; ...
chorale prelude
Music. a composition usually for organ that is based on a chorale or other hymn tune and is typically contrapuntal in style. [1920-25] * * * ▪ music       a short ...
chorale prelude n. A composition usually for organ, chiefly in baroque style and characterized by an elaborate contrapuntal structure based on the melody of a hymn or chorale. * ...
See choral. * * *
choral speaking n. Recitation of poetry or prose by a chorus. * * *
chord1 —chorded, adj. /kawrd/, n. 1. a feeling or emotion: His story struck a chord of pity in the listeners. 2. Geom. the line segment between two points on a given curve. 3. ...
chord chart
a chart indicating by means of symbols the identity, sequence, and duration of the musical chords occurring in the accompaniment to a melody. * * *
chord of the sixth
Music. See sixth chord. * * *
chord organ
an electronic organ having a small keyboard for the right hand and for the left hand a set of buttons each of which produces a full chord when pushed. [1950-55] * * *
chorda tendinea
/kawr"deuh ten din"ee euh/, pl. chordae tendineae /kawr"dee ten din"ee ee'/. Anat. any of the tendons extending from the papillary muscles to the atrioventricular valves and ...
/kawr"dl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a chord. 2. of or pertaining to music that is marked principally by vertical harmonic movement rather than by linear ...
—chordamesodermal, chordamesodermic, adj. /kawr'deuh mez"euh derrm', -mes"-, -mee"zeuh-, -seuh-/, n. Embryol. the part of the blastoderm of a young embryo that forms the ...
/kawr day"teuh, -dah"-/, n. Zool. the phylum comprising the chordates. [1875-80; < NL, equiv. to chord(a) (see CHORD1) + L -ata, neut. pl. of -ATUS -ATE1] * * *
/kawr"dayt/, Zool. adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the phylum Chordata, comprising the true vertebrates and those animals having a notochord, as the lancelets and ...
/kawr"dee, -day, kohr"-/, n. Pathol. a downward bowing of the penis, of a congenital nature or caused by gonorrhea. [1700-10; < F cordée (fem. ptp.) corded, in the phrase ...
/kawr"deuh fohn'/, n. a stringed instrument of a group including the harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers. [1935-40; CHORD1 + -O- + -PHONE] * * *       any of a class of ...
chord organ n. Music An electronic or reed organ equipped with buttons for producing chords. * * *
/kawr dot"euh mee/, n., pl. chordotomies. cordotomy. [CHORD1 + -O- + -TOMY] * * *
/kawr'deuh tohn"l/, adj. (of an insect) responsive to sound vibrations, as certain organs or parts. [1885-90; CHORD1 + -O- + TONAL] * * *
/chawr, chohr/, n. 1. a small or odd job; routine task. 2. chores, the everyday work around a house or farm. 3. a hard or unpleasant task: Solving the problem was quite a ...
—choreal, choreic, choreatic /kawr'ee at"ik, kohr'-/, adj. —choreoid /kawr"ee oyd', kohr"-/, adj. /keuh ree"euh, kaw-, koh-/, n. Pathol. 1. any of several diseases of the ...
/keuh ree"geuhs, kaw-, koh-/, n., pl. choregi /-juy/, choreguses. choragus. * * *
/keuh ree"euh fawrm'/, adj. Pathol. of, pertaining to, or resembling chorea. [1905-10; CHORE(A) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/chawr"meuhn, -man', chohr"-/, n., pl. choremen /-meuhn -men'/. a menial worker, as in a logging camp. [1870-75; CHORE + MAN1] * * *
/kawr"ee euh graf', -grahf', kohr"-/, v.t. 1. to provide the choreography for: to choreograph a musical comedy. 2. to manage, maneuver, or direct: The author is a genius at ...
/kawr'ee og"reuh feuhr, kohr'-/, n. a person who creates dance compositions and plans and arranges dance movements and patterns for dances and esp. for ballets. [1885-90; ...
See choreography. * * *
See choreographic. * * *
—choreographic /kawr'ee euh graf"ik, kohr'-/, adj. —choreographically, adv. /kawr'ee og"reuh fee, kohr'-/, n. 1. the art of composing ballets and other dances and planning ...
—choreologist, n. /kawr'ee ol"euh jee, kohr'-/, n. 1. the study of dance notation. 2. the recording of dance movement by notation. [1965-70; choreo- (see CHOREOGRAPHY) + ...
/keuh rooh"tik/, adj. of or belonging to a chorus. [ < Gk choreutikós pertaining to choral song and dance, equiv. to choreut(és) choral dancer (choreú(ein) to dance a choral ...
/keuh rooh"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Dance. a system that analyzes form in movement, developed by Rudolf von Laban (1879-1958), Hungarian choreographer and dance ...
var. of chorio-. * * *
—choriambic, adj. /kawr"ee amb', -am', kohr"-/, n. Pros. a foot of four syllables, two short between two long or two unstressed between two stressed. [1835-45; short for ...
See choriamb. * * *
/kawr'ee am"beuhs, kohr'-/, n., pl. choriambi /-buy/, choriambuses. choriamb. [1840-50; < LL < Gk choríambos, equiv. to chor(eîos) choric + íambos IAMB] * * *
/kawr"ik, kohr"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or written for a chorus. [1810-20; < LL choricus < Gk chorikós, equiv. to chor(ós) CHORUS + -ikos -IC] * * *
/kawr"in, kohr"een/, n. a chorus girl. [1920-25, Amer.; CHOR(US) + -INE2] * * *
a combining form meaning "chorion," "choroid," used in the formation of compound words: chorioallantois. Also, chori-. [comb. form repr. Gk chórion] * * *
See chorioallantois. * * *
—chorioallantoic /-al'euhn toh"ik/, adj. /kawr'ee oh euh lan"toh is, -toys, kohr'-/, n. Embryol., Zool. a vascular, extraembryonic membrane of birds, reptiles, and certain ...
/kawr'ee oh kahr'seuh noh"meuh, kohr'-/, n., pl. choriocarcinomas, choriocarcinomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. chorioma. [1900-05; CHORIO- + CARCINOMA] * * *
/kawr"ee oyd', kohr"-/, adj., n. Anat. choroid. Also, chorioidal. [ < Gk chorioeidés. See CHORI-, -OID] * * *
/kawr'ee oh"meuh, kohr'-/, n., pl. choriomas, choriomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. any benign or malignant tumor of chorionic tissue; choriocarcinoma. [by shortening] * * *
—chorionic, chorial, adj. /kawr"ee on', kohr"-/, n. 1. Embryol. the outermost of the extraembryonic membranes of land vertebrates, contributing to the formation of the placenta ...
See chorion. * * *
chorionic gonadotropin
1. Also called human chorionic gonadotropin. Biochem. a hormone, produced in the incipient placenta of pregnant women, that stimulates the production of estrogen and ...
chorionic villus
Embryol. one of the branching outgrowths of the chorion that, together with maternal tissue, form the placenta. * * *
chorionic villus sampling
a prenatal test for detecting birth defects at an early stage of pregnancy, involving removal by needle of fluid from the chorionic villus, and examination of the cells ...
chorionic villus n. One of the minute vascular projections of the fetal chorion that combines with maternal uterine tissue to form the placenta. * * *
chorionicvillus sampling
chorionic villus sampling n. Abbr. CVS A prenatal test to detect birth defects that is performed at an early stage of pregnancy and involves retrieval and examination of tissue ...
/kawr'euh pet"l euhs, kohr'-/, adj. Bot. having unconnected petals. [1875-80; < Gk chôri, var. of CHORÍS apart + PETALOUS] * * *
/cheuh ree"soh/, n., pl. chorisos. chorizo. * * *
/kawr"euh steuhr, kor"-/, n. 1. a singer in a choir. 2. a choirboy. 3. a choir leader. [1325-75; < ML chorist(a) singer in a choir + -ER1; r. ME queristre < AF, equiv. to quer ...
/cheuh ree"zoh/; Sp. /chaw ree"saw, -thaw/, n., pl. chorizos /-zohz/; Sp. /-saws, -thaws/. Spanish Cookery. a pork sausage spiced with garlic, peppers, and juniper berries and ...
C horizon n. The third-deepest soil zone in ABC soil, unaltered by weathering and made up of the parent rock from which the two uppermost layers derive as well as other mineral ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Lancashire, England. It lies on the northwest periphery of the ...
Chor·no·byl' (chôr-nōʹbəl, -bĭl) See Chernobyl. * * *
Chornovil, Vyacheslav Maksymovich
▪ 2000       Ukrainian politician who was a founder and leader of the Ukrainian Popular Movement (Rukh) and a prominent member of the country's parliament; before ...
/chawr"oh gee', chohr"-/, n. See Chinese artichoke. [ < Japn, of uncert. orig.; -gi perh. comb. form of ki onion, plant] * * *
See chorography. * * *
See chorographer. * * *
See chorographer. * * *
See chorographer. * * *
—chorographer, n. —chorographic /kawr'euh graf"ik, kohr'-/, chorographical, adj. —chorographically, adv. /keuh rog"reuh fee, kaw-, koh-/, n., pl. chorographies. Geog. a ...
/kawr"oyd, kohr"-/, Anat. adj. 1. like the chorion; membranous. n. 2. See choroid coat. Also, choroidal, chorioid, chorioidal. [1625-35; < Gk choroeidés false reading for ...
choroid coat
Ophthalm. a pigmented, highly vascular membrane of the eye that is continuous with the iris and lies between the sclera and the retina, functioning to nourish the retina and ...
/kawr'oy duy"tis, kohr'-/, n. Ophthalm. inflammation of the choroid coat. [1875-80; < NL; see CHOROID, -ITIS] * * *
Chorolque, Mount
▪ mountain, Bolivia Spanish  Cerro Chorolque        highest peak (18,422 feet [5,615 metres]) in the Cordillera de Chichas, southwestern Bolivia. * * *
Choromański, Michał
▪ Polish author born June 22, 1904, Yelizavetgrad, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kirovograd, Ukraine] died May 24, 1972, Warsaw, Poland       Polish novelist and ...
▪ people       the most powerful American Indian tribe of northwest Costa Rica at the time of the Spanish conquest. They spoke Mangue, a language of Oto-Manguean stock, ...
Chorrera, La
▪ Panama       town, central Panama, on the Inter-American Highway, just west-southwest of Panama City. An agricultural processing centre, in an area raising coffee, ...

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