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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Brahminy kite
/brah"meuh nee/ a common kite, Haliastur indus, of southern Asia and the southwest Pacific islands, having reddish-brown plumage with a white head and breast. [1880-85; Brahminy, ...
Brahmo Samaj
/brah"moh/ a modern Hindu movement advocating a monotheistic religion based on the Upanishads, and social and educational reforms according to Western principles. Also, Brahma ...
Brahms
—Brahmsian, adj. —Brahmsite, n. /brahmz/; Ger. /brddahms/, n. Johannes /yoh hah"neuhs/, 1833-97, German composer. * * *
Brahms, Johannes
born May 7, 1833, Hamburg died April 3, 1897, Vienna, Austria-Hungary German composer. The son of a musician, he became a piano prodigy. In 1853 he met the composer Robert ...
Brahms,Johannes
Brahms (brämz), Johannes. 1833-1897. German composer. His works blend classical tradition with a romantic impulse and include concertos, four symphonies, chamber music, and ...
Brahmsian
See Brahms, Johannes. * * *
Brahui
/brah hooh"ee/, n. 1. a member of a nomadic people of Baluchistan. 2. the Dravidian language spoken by the Brahui. * * * ▪ people       tribal confederacy of ...
Brahui language
      isolated member of the Dravidian languages that is spoken in south-central and western Pakistan. In the early 21st century Brahui was spoken by more than two ...
braid
—braider, n. /brayd/, v.t. 1. to weave together strips or strands of; plait: to braid the hair. 2. to form by such weaving: to braid a rope. 3. to bind or confine (the hair) ...
Braid movement
▪ Nigerian religion       first prophet-healing movement in Nigeria and one of the earliest in Africa. The movement began about 1910 in the Niger Delta Pastorate Church, ...
Braid, James
▪ British golfer born February 6, 1870, Earlsferry, Fife, Scotland died November 27, 1950, London, England  one of the greatest golfers of his time, winner of the British ...
braided
braid·ed (brāʹdĭd) adj. 1. a. Produced by or as if by braiding. b. Having braids. 2. Decorated with braid. 3. Flowing in an interconnected network of channels that divide ...
braider
See braid. * * *
braiding
/bray"ding/, n. 1. braids collectively. 2. braided work. [1400-50; late ME. See BRAID1, -ING1] * * * ▪ textiles       in textiles, machine or hand method of interlacing ...
Braidwood, Robert John, and Braidwood, Linda Schreiber
▪ 2004       American archaeologists (respectively, b. July 29, 1907, Detroit, Mich.—d. Jan. 15, 2003, Chicago, Ill., and b. Oct. 9, 1909, Grand Rapids, Mich.—d. ...
brail
/brayl/, n. 1. Naut. any of several horizontal lines fastened to the edge of a fore-and-aft sail or lateen sail, for gathering in the sail. 2. a leather binding for a hawk's ...
Braila
/brddeuh ee"lah/, n. a port in E Rumania, on the Danube River. 203,983. * * * ▪ Romania       city, capital of Brăila județ (county), southeastern Romania. On the ...
Braille
/brayl/, n., v., Brailled, Brailling. n. 1. Louis /looh"is, looh"ee/; Fr. /lwee/, 1809-52, French teacher of the blind. 2. a system of writing or printing, devised by L. Braille ...
Braille, Louis
born Jan. 4, 1809, Coupvray, near Paris, France died Jan. 6, 1852, Paris French educator who developed the Braille system of printing and writing for the blind. Himself blinded ...
Braille,Louis
Braille, Louis. 1809-1852. French musician, educator, and inventor of a writing and printing system for blind or visually impaired people (1829). He lost his sight at the age of ...
Brailler
Braill·er or braill·er (brāʹlər) n. A machine analogous to a typewriter, used for printing in Braille. Also called Braillewriter. * * *
Braillewriter
/brayl"ruy'teuhr/, n. (sometimes l.c.) a machine, similar to a typewriter, for writing texts in Braille. [1940-45; BRAILLE + (TYPE)WRITER] * * *
Braillist
/bray"list/, n. 1. an expert at writing Braille. 2. a person whose vocation is the writing of Braille. Also, braillist. [1905-10; BRAILLE + -IST] * * *
Brailowsky
/bruy lawf"skee, bray-, -lof"-/; Russ. /brdduy lawf"skyee/, n. Alexander /al'ig zan"deuhr, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahn"drdd/, 1896-1976, Russian pianist. * * *
brain
—brainlike, adj. /brayn/, n. 1. Anat., Zool. the part of the central nervous system enclosed in the cranium of humans and other vertebrates, consisting of a soft, convoluted ...
brain cancer
▪ pathology Introduction       the uncontrolled growth of cells in the brain. The term brain cancer refers to any of a variety of tumours affecting different brain cell ...
brain cell
Anat. a neuron in the brain. * * *
brain coral
any of several reef-building corals of the genus Meandrina, having a highly convoluted and furrowed surface. [1700-10] * * *
brain damage
—brain-damaged, adj. —brain damaged. Pathol. injury or harm, congenital or acquired, to the tissues of the brain resulting from inadequate oxygen supply, trauma, or other ...
brain death
—brain-dead /brayn"ded'/, adj. —brain dead. complete cessation of brain function as evidenced by absence of brain-wave activity on an electroencephalogram: sometimes used as ...
brain drain
a loss of trained professional personnel to another company, nation, etc., that offers greater opportunity. Also, brain-drain. [1960-65] * * *
brain fever.
See cerebrospinal meningitis. [1825-35] * * *
brain gain
an increase in the number of highly trained, foreign-born professionals entering a country to live and work where greater opportunities are offered. [1965-70; modeled on BRAIN ...
Brain of Britain
a British radio quiz programme which has been broadcast regularly on the BBC since 1967. The winner of each series of programmes is named Brain of Britain for that year: You ...
brain scan
Med. a scintigram of the brain, used to estimate cerebral blood flow and to detect brain tumors. * * *
brain scanning
▪ medicine       any of a number of diagnostic (diagnostic imaging) methods for detecting intracranial abnormalities.       The oldest of the brain-scanning ...
brain trust
a group of experts from various fields who serve as unofficial consultants on matters of policy and strategy. Also, Brit., Brains Trust. [1905-10, Amer.] * * * Group of advisers ...
brain truster
a member of a brain trust; an important but usually unofficial adviser. [1930-35; BRAIN TRUST + -ER1] * * *
brain wave
1. Usually, brain waves. Med. electrical potentials or impulses given off by brain tissue. Cf. alpha rhythm, beta rhythm, delta rhythm. 2. Informal. a sudden idea or inspiration; ...
brain-damaged
See brain damage. * * *
brain-dead
brain-dead [brān′ded΄] adj. 1. in the state of, or characterized by, brain death 2. Informal stupid or dull: Also written brain dead * * * See brain death. * * *
brain-drain
See brain drain. * * *
brain-picker
See brain-picking. * * *
brain-picking
—brain-picker, n. /brayn"pik'ing/, n. Informal. the act of obtaining information or ideas by questioning another person. [1950-55; from the v. phrase pick someone's brains; see ...
brain-trust
/brayn"trust'/, v.t. to serve as a brain trust or a brain truster for: They have brain-trusted many major corporations. * * *
braincase
/brayn"kays'/, n. cranium (def. 2). Also, brain case. [1735-45; BRAIN + CASE2] * * *
brainchild
/brayn"chuyld'/, n., pl. brainchildren. a product of one's creative work or thought. Also, brain-child, brain child. [1880-85; BRAIN + CHILD] * * *
braincoral
brain coral n. Any of several reef-building corals of the genus Meandrina, forming rounded colonies that resemble the convolutions of the human brain. * * *
braindamage
brain damage n. Injury to the brain that is caused by various conditions, such as head trauma, inadequate oxygen supply, infection, or intracranial hemorrhage, and that may be ...
braindeath
brain death n. Irreversible brain damage and loss of brain function, as evidenced by cessation of breathing and other vital reflexes, unresponsiveness to stimuli, absence of ...
braindrain
brain drain n. The loss of skilled intellectual and technical labor through the movement of such labor to more favorable geographic, economic, or professional ...
Braine
(1922–86) an English writer of realistic novels, the best known of which is Room at the Top (1957). He is usually considered one of the angry young men. * * *
Braine, John
▪ British author in full  John Gerard Braine   born April 13, 1922, Bradford, Yorkshire, Eng. died Oct. 28, 1987, London       British novelist, one of the so-called ...
Braine,John
Braine (brān), John. 1922-1986. British writer whose best-selling novel Room at the Top (1957) established him as one of Britain's Angry Young Men. * * *
brained
/braynd/, adj. having a particular type of brain (used in combination): small-brained dinosaurs. [1400-50; late ME; see BRAIN, -ED3] * * *
Brainerd
/bray"neuhrd/, n. a city in central Minnesota. 11,489. * * * ▪ Minnesota, United States       city, seat of Crow Wing county, central Minnesota, U.S. It is situated in ...
Brainerd, David
▪ American missionary born April 20, 1718, Haddam, Conn. [U.S.] died Oct. 9, 1747, Northampton, Mass.       Presbyterian missionary to the Seneca and Delaware Indians ...
brainfag
/brayn"fag'/, n. Informal. prolonged mental fatigue. [1850-55; BRAIN + FAG1] * * *
brainfever
brain fever n. Inflammation of the brain or meninges, as in encephalitis or meningitis. * * *
brainhormone
brain hormone n. Any of various hormones produced in the hypothalamic region of the brain, especially those acting on the pituitary gland to release other hormones. * * *
brainiac
brain·i·ac (brāʹnē-ăk') n. Slang A highly intelligent person: “These companies are not hot Silicon Valley startups swarming with Gen-X brainiacs” (Ronald Henkoff). ...
brainily
See brainy. * * *
Brainin, Norbert
▪ 2006       Austrian-born British violinist and teacher (b. March 12, 1923, Vienna, Austria—d. April 10, 2005, London, Eng.), founded, guided, and served as first ...
braininess
See brainily. * * *
brainish
/bray"nish/, adj. Archaic. headstrong; impetuous. [1520-30; BRAIN + -ISH1] * * *
brainless
—brainlessly, adv. —brainlessness, n. /brayn"lis/, adj. mentally weak; foolish; witless; stupid. [1400-50; late ME braynles. See BRAIN, -LESS] * * *
brainlessly
See brainless. * * *
brainlessness
See brainlessly. * * *
brainpan
/brayn"pan'/, n. the skull or cranium. [bef. 1000; ME brayn panne, OE braegenpanne. See BRAIN, PAN1] * * *
brainpower
/brayn"pow'euhr/, n. 1. intellectual capacity; mental ability. 2. people with superior mental abilities: an emergency medical conference of all available brainpower. [1875-80; ...
Brains Trust
(sometimes l.c.) Brit. 1. See brain trust. 2. a panel of experts on radio or television, giving impromptu answers to selected questions from the listening audience. * * *
brainscan
brain scan n. A scintigram of the brain, used to identify cerebral blood flow and to detect intracranial masses, lesions, tumors, or infarcts. * * *
brainsick
—brainsickly, adv. —brainsickness, n. /brayn"sik'/, adj. insane; crazy; mad. [bef. 1000; ME brain-seke, OE braegenseoc. See BRAIN, SICK1] * * *
brainsickly
See brainsick. * * *
brainsickness
See brainsickly. * * *
brainstem
/brayn"stem'/, n. the portion of the brain that is continuous with the spinal cord and comprises the medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain, and parts of the hypothalamus, functioning ...
brainstorm
—brainstormer, n. /brayn"stawrm'/, n. 1. - a. a sudden impulse, idea, etc. b. a fit of mental confusion or excitement. 2. brainstorming. adj. 3. of or pertaining to ...
brainstormer
See brainstorm. * * *
brainstorming
/brayn"stawr'ming/, n. a conference technique of solving specific problems, amassing information, stimulating creative thinking, developing new ideas, etc., by unrestrained and ...
brainteaser
/brayn"tee'zeuhr/, n. a puzzle or problem whose solution requires great ingenuity. [1920-25; BRAIN + TEASE + ER1] * * *
Braintree
/brayn"tree'/, n. a town in E Massachusetts, near Boston. 36,337. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and district, administrative and historic county of Essex, ...
braintrust
brain trust n. 1. A group of experts who serve, usually unofficially, as advisers and policy planners, especially in a government. 2. often Brain Trust Such a group associated ...
braintruster
See brain trust. * * *
brainwash
—brainwasher, n. /brayn"wosh', -wawsh'/, v.t. 1. to cause (someone) to undergo brainwashing. n. 2. the process of brainwashing. 3. a subjection to brainwashing. Also, ...
brainwashing
/brayn"wosh'ing, -waw'shing/, n. 1. a method for systematically changing attitudes or altering beliefs, originated in totalitarian countries, esp. through the use of torture, ...
brainwave
brain wave n. 1. A rhythmic fluctuation of electric potential between parts of the brain, as seen on an electroencephalogram. 2. Informal. A sudden inspiration. * * *
brainwork
/brayn"werrk'/, n. 1. work or effort consisting principally or largely of mental activity, thought, imagination, etc., as opposed to physical or manual work. 2. the effort of ...
brainworker
brain·work·er (brānʹwûr'kər) n. One whose profession primarily involves intellectual activity. * * *
brainworm
brain·worm (brānʹwûrm') n. A small, hairlike, parasitic roundworm that infects the meninges surrounding the brain of large hoofed animals, usually members of the deer ...
brainy
—brainily, adv. —braininess, n. /bray"nee/, adj., brainier, brainiest. Informal. intelligent; clever; intellectual. [1835-45; BRAIN + -Y1] * * *
braird
/braird/, Chiefly Scot. n. 1. the first sprouts or shoots of grass, corn, or other crops; new growth. v.i. 2. (of a crop or a seed) to sprout; appear above the ground. [1400-50; ...
braise
/brayz/, v.t., braised, braising. to cook (meat, fish, or vegetables) by sautéeing in fat and then simmering slowly in very little liquid. [1760-70; < F braiser, deriv. of ...
braising
▪ cooking       the cooking of meat or vegetables by heating them slowly with oil and moisture in a tightly sealed vessel. Braising differs from stewing, in which the ...
Braithwaite, Max
▪ 1996       Canadian author (b. Dec. 7, 1911, Nokomis, Sask.—d. March 19, 1995, Brighton, Ont.), drew on his humorous experiences as a teacher in Depression-era rural ...
Braithwaite, R.B.
▪ British philosopher in full  Richard Bevan Braithwaite   born Jan. 15, 1900, Banbury, Oxfordshire, Eng. died April 21, 1990, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       British ...
Braj Bhasa language
also spelled  Braj Bhasha, or Braj Bhakha,         Indo-Aryan language spoken around Mathura, Uttar Pradesh state, India, and commonly viewed as a western dialect of ...
brake
brake1 —brakeless, adj. /brayk/, n., v., braked, braking. n. 1. a device for slowing or stopping a vehicle or other moving mechanism by the absorption or transfer of the energy ...
brake band
a flexible strap, usually of steel, lined with a friction-producing material and tightened against a brake drum to produce a braking action. * * *
brake drum
a narrow metal cylinder, fixed to a rotating shaft or wheel, against which brake shoes or brake bands act. [1895-1900] * * *
brake fade
Auto. a gradual loss of braking power resulting from decreased friction between the lining and the drum or disc of the brake and usually caused by overheating. Also called ...
brake fluid
Auto. the fluid used in a brake system to transmit pressure from the brake pedal to the pistons at each wheel, producing the braking action. * * *
brake horsepower
the horsepower made available by an engine or turbine for driving machinery other than itself, as measured by a dynamometer. * * *
brake lining
the material, usually asbestos combined with other materials, used as the friction-producing element of a brake. [1920-25] * * *
brake pedal
Auto. the pedal used by the driver of a vehicle to operate the brakes. * * *
brake shoe
1. a rigid plate, usually of steel in the shape of an arc of a cylinder, coated on the outside of its curved surface with a friction-producing material and tightened against the ...
brake wheel
(in a windmill) a bevel gearwheel rotating with the wind shaft. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
brake-van
/brayk"van'/, n. Brit. the caboose of a railway train. [1880-85] * * *
brakeage
/bray"kij/, n. 1. the action of a brake or set of brakes, as in stopping a vehicle. 2. brakes collectively. [1860-65; BRAKE1 + -AGE] * * *
brakedrum
brake drum n. A metal cylinder to which pressure is applied by a braking mechanism in order to arrest rotation of the wheel or shaft to which the cylinder is attached. * * *
brakehorsepower
brake horsepower n. Abbr. bhp or b.hp. The actual or useful horsepower of an engine, usually determined from the force exerted on a friction brake or dynamometer connected to ...
brakelight
brake light n. See stoplight. * * *
brakelining
brake lining n. The covering of a brake shoe. * * *
brakeman
/brayk"meuhn/, n., pl. brakemen. 1. a railroad worker who assists the conductor in the operation of a train. 2. brake1 (def. 4). [1825-35; BRAKE1 + -MAN] * * *
brakepad
brake pad n. A flat block that presses against the disk of a disc brake. * * *
braker
/bray"keuhr/, n. Shipbuilding. mask (def. 19). [BRAKE1 + -ER1] * * *
brakeshoe
brake shoe n. A curved metal block that presses against and arrests the rotation of a wheel or brake drum. * * *
Brakhage, James Stanley
▪ 2004 “Stan”; Robert Sanders        American filmmaker (b. Jan. 14, 1933, Kansas City, Mo.—d. March 9, 2003, Victoria, B.C.), created hundreds of unique ...
brakingdistance
brak·ing distance (brāʹkĭng) n. The distance required for a vehicle moving at a specified velocity to come to a complete stop after its brakes have been activated. * * *
brakingtime
braking time n. The time required for a vehicle moving at a specified velocity to come to a complete stop after its brakes have been activated. * * *
Brakpan
/brak"pan'/, n. a city in the NE Republic of South Africa, near Johannesburg. 113,115. * * * ▪ South Africa       town, Gauteng province, South Africa, east of ...
Brale
/brayl/, Trademark. a brand of conoidal diamond or diamond-pointed tool, having convexly curved sides meeting at an angle of 120°, used as an indenter in testing the hardness of ...
braless
—bralessness, n. /brah"lis/, adj. wearing no bra. [1965-70; BRA + -LESS] * * *
Bram
/bram/, n. a male given name. * * *
Bramah
/bram"euh, brah"meuh/, n. Joseph, 1748-1814, English engineer and inventor. * * *
Bramah, Joseph
born April 13, 1748, Stainborough, Yorkshire, Eng. died Dec. 9, 1814, London British engineer and inventor. Originally a cabinetmaker, Bramah in 1784 devised a pick-proof lock, ...
Bramante
/breuh mahn"tay/; It. /brddah mahn"te/, n. Donato d'Agnolo /daw nah"taw dah"nyaw law/, 1444-1514, Italian architect and painter. * * *
Bramante, Donato
born 1444, probably at Monte Asdruvaldo, Duchy of Urbino died April 11, 1514, Rome Italian architect and perspectivist painter. The son of a farmer, he was working as a painter ...
Bramante,Donato
Bra·man·te (brə-mänʹtā, brä-mänʹtĕ), Donato. 1444-1514. Italian architect who evolved the style known as High Renaissance. He provided the original central plan for ...
Bramantino
▪ Italian painter byname of  Bartolommeo Suardi   born c. 1465, Milan died 1530, Milan       Italian painter and architect of the Milanese school and a disciple of ...
bramble
/bram"beuhl/, n., v., brambled, brambling. n. 1. any prickly shrub belonging to the genus Rubus, of the rose family. 2. Brit. the common blackberry. 3. any rough, prickly shrub, ...
brambleberry
bram·ble·ber·ry (brămʹbəl-bĕr'ē) n. The fruit of a bramble (Rubus). * * *
brambling
/bram"bling/, n. an Old World finch, Fringilla montifringilla, the male of which is black and white with a reddish-brown breast. [1560-70; earlier bramlin (bram- (var. of BROOM) ...
brambly
/bram"blee/, adj., bramblier, brambliest. having or resembling brambles. [1575-85; BRAMBLE + -Y1] * * *
Bramlett, Delaney
▪ 2009       American singer-songwriter and guitarist born July 1, 1939, Pontotoc, Miss. died Dec. 27, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif. co-wrote such rock-and-roll hits as ...
Bramley
(also Bramley apple, Bramley’s seedling) n a type of large green apple that is suitable for cooking rather than for eating raw. Bramleys are especially popular in Britain. * * *
Bramley apple
➡ Bramley * * *
Bramley’s seedling
➡ Bramley * * *
Brampton
/bramp"teuhn/, n. a city in SE Ontario, in S Canada, near Toronto. 149,030. * * * City (pop., 2001: 325,428), southeastern Ontario, Canada. Located west of Toronto, it was ...
Brampton Island
▪ island, Queensland, Australia       one of the Cumberland Islands off the northeastern coast of Queensland, Australia, 20 miles (32 km) northeast across the ...
Bramwell
/bram"wel, -weuhl/, n. a male given name. * * *
bran
—branner, n. /bran/, n., v., branned, branning. n. 1. the partly ground husk of wheat or other grain, separated from flour meal by sifting. v.t. 2. to soak or boil in bran ...
Bran
/bran/, n. 1. Welsh Legend. a king of Britain and the brother of Manawydan and Branwen: his head was buried at London as a magical defense against invasion. He was sometimes ...
Branagh
(1960– ) a British actor and director who has worked successfully both in the theatre and in films. He is especially well known for his versions of Shakespeare’s plays. He ...
Branagh, Kenneth
▪ British actor, director, and writer in full  Kenneth Charles Branagh   born December 10, 1960, Belfast, Northern Ireland, U.K.       Irish-born English stage and ...
Branagh, Kenneth, and Thompson, Emma
▪ 1994       Who was the "better half" of the acting spouses Emma Thompson and Kenneth Branagh? That would have been hard to answer in 1993, a year in which both ...
branch
—branchless, adj. —branchlike, adj. /branch, brahnch/, n. 1. a division or subdivision of the stem or axis of a tree, shrub, or other plant. 2. a limb, offshoot, or ...
branch and twig borer
▪ insect also called false powder post-borers   any of approximately 700 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that live in dry wood or under tree bark. Branch and ...
branch cut
Math. a method for selecting a single-valued function on a subset of the domain of a multiple-valued function of a complex variable. * * *
Branch Davidian
▪ religious organization       an offshoot group of the Davidian Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) Church that made headlines on February 28, 1993, when its Mt. Carmel ...
Branch Davidians
a US religious group, based in Waco, Texas,which believed that Christ would soon return to earth. Their leader was David Koresh. In 1993 members of the group killed four US ...
branch line
a rail line, directly or indirectly connected with a main line, having its own stations and service. [1840-50] * * *
branch point
1. Elect. a point in an electric network at which three or more conductors meet. 2. Math. a point such that analytic continuation of a given function of a complex variable in a ...
branch water
1. water in or from a branch, creek, stream, etc.; pure, natural water. 2. Also called branch. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. (in a drink, highball, etc.) plain water as ...
branch wilt
Plant Pathol. a disease of walnut trees, characterized by sudden wilting of the leaves, and cankers and discoloration of the bark and branches, caused by a fungus, Hendersonula ...
branched chain
Chem. an open chain of atoms, usually carbon, with one or more side chains attached to it. Cf. straight chain. [1900-05] * * *
branched polyethylene.
See low-density polyethylene. * * *
branches
➡ building societies and savings and loan associations * * *
branchi-
var. of branchio- before a vowel. * * *
branchia
/brang"kee euh/, n., pl. branchiae /-kee ee'/. Zool. a gill. [1350-1400; ME < Gk: gills, pl. of BRÁNCHION fin] * * *
branchial
/brang"kee euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to gills or to the homologous, embryonic parts in animals without gills. [1795-1805; BRANCHI- + -AL1] * * *
branchial arch
1. Zool. one of a series of bony or cartilaginous arches on each side of the pharynx that support the gills of fishes and aquatic amphibians; gill bar. 2. Embryol. one of a ...
branchial cleft
Zool. one of a series of slitlike openings in the walls of the pharynx between the branchial arches of fishes and aquatic amphibians through which water passes from the pharynx ...
branchial groove
Embryol. one of a series of rudimentary depressions on the surface of the embryo between adjacent branchial arches, homologous to the branchial clefts of gill-breathing ancestral ...
branchial pouch
Embryol. one of a series of rudimentary outcroppings of the inner pharyngeal wall, corresponding to the branchial grooves on the surface. Also called gill pouch, pharyngeal ...
branchialarch
branchial arch n. See gill arch. * * *
branchialcleft
branchial cleft n. See gill slit. * * *
branchialgroove
branchial groove n. See gill slit. * * *
branchiate
/brang"kee it, -ayt'/, adj. Zool. having gills. [1865-70; BRANCHI- + -ATE1] * * *
branchiform
/brang"keuh fawrm'/, adj. shaped like a gill. [1835-45; BRANCHI- + -FORM] * * *
branching
▪ radioactivity       radioactive disintegration of a particular species of unstable atomic nucleus or subatomic particle that occurs by two or more different decay ...
branchio-
a combining form meaning "gills," used in the formation of compound words: branchiopod. Also, esp. before a vowel, branchi-. [comb. form repr. Gk bránchia BRANCHIA] * * *
branchiopadous
See branchiopodan. * * *
branchiopneustic
/brang'kee op nooh"stik, -nyooh"-/, adj. Entomol. breathing by means of gills, as certain aquatic insect larvae. [BRANCHIO- + Gk pneustikós, equiv. to pneus- (verbid s. of ...
branchiopod
/brang"kee euh pod'/, n. 1. any crustacean of the class (or subclass) Branchiopoda, having flattened, footlike appendages that bear respiratory organs. adj. 2. Also, ...
branchiopodan
See branchiopod. * * *
branchiostegal
/brang'kee os"ti geuhl/, Ichthyol. n. 1. Also called branchiostegal ray. one of the long, curved bones just below the operculum, supporting the gill membranes. adj. 2. of or ...
branchiostegous
/brang'kee os"ti geuhs/, adj. Ichthyol. 1. branchiostegal. 2. having covered gills. [1760-70; BRANCHIO- + STEG(O)- + -OUS] * * *
branchless
See branch. * * *
branchlet
/branch"lit, brahnch"-/, n. a small branch or a subdivision of a branch. [1725-35; BRANCH + -LET] * * *
Branchus
/brang"keuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Apollo, given the power of augury by his father. * * *
branchwater
branch water n. 1. Plain water, especially when mixed with a liquor such as whiskey. 2. Chiefly Southern U.S. Water from a stream.   [branch, stream + water.] * * *
branchy
See branchless. * * *
Brancker, Sir John Eustace Theodore
▪ 1997       Barbadian politician and lawyer who fought for black rights, particularly suffrage, while a member of the Barbados parliament, 1937-76 (b. Feb. 9, 1909—d. ...
Branco River
▪ river, Brazil Portuguese  Rio Branco         river, Roraima estado (state), northern Brazil. It is formed just above Boa Vista by the junction of the Rio ...
Branco, Cape
▪ cape, Brazil Portuguese  Cabo Branco         cape on the Atlantic coast of Paraíba estado (state), eastern Brazil, that forms the easternmost point of the South ...
Brancusi
/brahng kooh"zee, brang-/; Rum. /brddahng koohsh"/, n. Constantin /kon"steuhn tin/; Rum. /kon'stahn teen"/, 1876-1957, Rumanian sculptor. * * *
Brancusi, Constantin
born Feb. 21, 1876, Hobiţa, Rom. died March 16, 1957, Paris, Fr. Romanian-born French sculptor. He became adept at carving wooden farm implements as a child and later studied ...
Brancusi,Constantin
Bran·cu·si (brăn-ko͞oʹzē, bräng-ko͞oshʹ), Constantin. 1876-1957. Romanian-born sculptor who settled in Paris in 1904. He broke sharply with the realist tradition, ...
brand
—brander, n. —brandless, adj. /brand/, n. 1. kind, grade, or make, as indicated by a stamp, trademark, or the like: the best brand of coffee. 2. a mark made by burning or ...
Brand
/brand/, n. 1. Oscar, born 1920, U.S. folk singer, born in Canada. 2. a male given name. * * *
brand name
1. a word, name, symbol, etc., esp. one legally registered as a trademark, used by a manufacturer or merchant to identify its products distinctively from others of the same type ...
Brand X
/eks/ 1. (in advertising) a competing brand or product not referred to by name but implied to be of inferior quality. 2. an unknown or little-known brand name or a product ...
Brand, Hennig
▪ German chemist flourished 1670, Hamburg [Germany]       German chemist who, through his discovery of phosphorus, became the first known discoverer of an ...
Brand, John
▪ English writer born Aug. 19, 1744, Washington, Durham, Eng. died Sept. 11, 1806, London       British antiquary and topographer who contributed to the study of ...
Brand, Sir Johannes Henricus
▪ president of Orange Free State born December 6, 1823, Cape Town [now in South Africa] died July 14, 1888, Bloemfontein, Orange Free State  statesman and longtime president ...
Brand, Sir Quintin
▪ British aviator in full  Sir Christopher Quintin Brand   born May 25, 1893, Beaconsfield, near Kimberley, S.Af. died March 7, 1968, Umtali, Southern Rhodesia [now ...
brand-name
/brand"naym'/, adj. 1. having or being a brand name: nationally known brand-name food products. 2. Informal. widely familiar; well-known: Several brand-name personalities will be ...
brand-new
—brand-newness, n. /bran"nooh", -nyooh", brand"-/, adj. entirely new. [1560-70] * * *
brandade
bran·dade (bräɴ-dädʹ) n. A dish of Provençal origin prepared from salted cod.   [French, from Provençal brandado, from Old Provençal, past participle of brandar, to ...
branded
/bran"did/, adj. 1. marked with a branding iron to show ownership: branded cattle. 2. Com. carrying the brand or trademark of a manufacturer: branded merchandise. [1645-55; BRAND ...
Brandeis
/bran"duys/, n. Louis Dembitz /dem"bits/, 1856-1941, U.S. lawyer and writer: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1916-39. * * *
Brandeis University
▪ university, Waltham, Massachusetts, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning at Waltham, Massachusetts, founded in 1948 as the first ...
Brandeis, Louis
▪ United States jurist born Nov. 13, 1856, Louisville, Ky., U.S. died Oct. 5, 1941, Washington, D.C.  lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1916–39) who ...
Brandeis, Louis (Dembitz)
born Nov. 13, 1856, Louisville, Ky., U.S. died Oct. 5, 1941, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. The son of Bohemian Jewish immigrants, he attended schools in Kentucky and Germany ...
Brandeis,Louis Dembitz
Bran·deis (brănʹdīs', -dīz'), Louis Dembitz. 1856-1941. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1916-1939). His opposition to ...
Brandenburg
—Brandenburger, n. /bran"deuhn berrg'/; Ger. /brddahn"deuhn boorddk'/, n. 1. a state in NE central Germany. 2,700,000; 10,039 sq. mi. (26,000 sq. km.). Cap.: Potsdam. 2. a city ...
Brandenburg Gate
The only remaining town gate of Berlin, it is located at the western end of the avenue Unter den Linden. Carl G. Langhans (1732–1808), who built the gate (1789–93), modeled ...
brander
/bran"deuhr/, v.t. Building Trades. 1. to apply furring to (a surface). v.i. 2. to apply furring. [1865-70; back formation from BRANDERING] * * *
brandering
/bran"deuhr ing/, n. furring (def. 4b). [1865-70; perh. brander gridiron (ME brandire, equiv. to brand(en) to BRAND + ire IRON) + -ING1] * * *
Brandes
/brddahn"des/, n. Georg Morris /ge ohrddg" moh"rddis/, (Georg Morris Cohen), 1842-1927, Danish historian and literary critic. * * *
Brandes, Edvard
▪ Danish author and politician in full  Carl Edvard Cohen Brandes   born Oct. 21, 1847, Copenhagen, Den. died Dec. 20, 1931, Copenhagen       writer and politician ...
Brandes, Georg
▪ Danish writer in full  Georg Morris Cohen Brandes   born Feb. 4, 1842, Copenhagen, Den. died Feb. 19, 1927, Copenhagen  Danish critic and scholar who, from 1870 through ...
Brandes, Georg (Morris Cohen)
born Feb. 4, 1842, Copenhagen, Den. died Feb. 19, 1927, Copenhagen Danish critic and scholar. His published lectures at the University of Copenhagen, Main Currents in ...
brandied
/bran"deed/, adj. flavored, soaked in, or treated with brandy. [1825-35; BRANDY + -ED3] * * *
branding
branding [bran′diŋ] n. the practice of marketing products by associating them with a widely accepted BRAND NAME so as to distinguish them from other similar products that are ...
branding iron
a long-handled metal rod with a stamp at one end, used for branding livestock, esp. cattle, with a registered or recognized symbol or character to indicate ownership. Also called ...
brandingiron
brand·ing iron (brănʹdĭng) n. An iron that is heated and used for indicating identity or ownership. * * *
brandish
—brandisher, n. /bran"dish/, v.t. 1. to shake or wave, as a weapon; flourish: Brandishing his sword, he rode into battle. n. 2. a flourish or waving, as of a ...
brandisher
See brandish. * * *
brandling
/brand"ling/, n. a small, reddish-brown earthworm, Eisenia foetida, having yellow markings, found chiefly in manure piles and used as bait. [1645-55; BRAND + -LING1] * * *
brandname
brand name n. 1. See trade name. 2. A commodity, service, or process having a trade name.   brandʹ-name' (brăndʹnām') adj. * * *
Brando
/bran"doh/, n. Marlon, born 1924, U.S. actor. * * *
Brando, Marlon
▪ 2005       American actor (b. April 3, 1924, Omaha, Neb.—d. July 1, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif.), brought a revolutionary new attitude to film acting in the ...
Brando, Marlon, (Jr.)
born April 3, 1924, Omaha, Neb., U.S. died July 1, 2004, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. actor. He gained stardom on Broadway as Stanley Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire (1947). ...
Brando, Marlon, Jr.
▪ American actor born April 3, 1924, Omaha, Nebraska, U.S. died July 1, 2004, Los Angeles, California  American motion picture and stage actor known for his visceral, ...
Brando,Marlon
Bran·do (brănʹdō), Marlon. Born 1924. American actor widely known for his film appearances, most notably as Stanley Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire (1951). * * *
Brandon
/bran"deuhn/, n. 1. a city in SW Manitoba, in S central Canada. 34,901. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ Manitoba, Canada  city, southwestern Manitoba, Canada, lying on the ...
Brandon Mountain
▪ mountain, Ireland       mountain on the Dingle peninsula, County Kerry, Ireland. It is 3,127 feet (953 m) high. The mountains of the western part of the peninsula are ...
Brandon, Henry
▪ 1994       Czech-born British journalist (b. March 9, 1916, Liberec, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary—d. April 20, 1993, London, England), as chief Washington correspondent ...
brandreth
/bran"drith/, n. 1. a wooden fence around a well. 2. an iron tripod or trivet placed over a fire. 3. any similar support or framework. Also, brandrith. [1350-1400; ME < ON ...
Brandt
/brant/; Ger. /brddahnt/, n. Willy /wil"ee/; Ger. /vil"ee/, born 1913, West German political leader: chancellor 1969-74; Nobel peace prize 1971. * * * (as used in ...
Brandt, Alfred
▪ German engineer born Sept. 3, 1846, Hamburg [Germany] died Nov. 29, 1899, Brig, Switz.       German civil engineer who was primarily responsible for the successful ...
Brandt, Bill
orig. Hermann Wilhelm Brandt born May 1904, Hamburg, Ger. died Dec. 20, 1983, London, Eng. German-born British photographer. In 1929 he worked in the studio of Man Ray in ...
Brandt, Georg
▪ Swedish chemist born July 21, 1694, Riddarhyttan, Sweden died April 29, 1768, Stockholm       Swedish chemist who, through his discovery and isolation of cobalt, ...
Brandt, Willy
orig. Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm born Dec. 18, 1913, Lübeck, Ger. died Oct. 8/9, 1992, Unkel, near Bonn German statesman. As a young Social Democrat, he fled to Norway to avoid ...
Brandt,Willy
Brandt (brănt, bränt), Willy. 1913-1992. German political leader. He served as chancellor of West Germany (1969-1974) and won the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to ...
brandy
/bran"dee/, n., pl. brandies, v., brandied, brandying. n. 1. a spirit distilled from wine or from the fermented juice of grapes or of apples, peaches, plums, etc. v.t. 2. to mix, ...
brandy Alexander
brandy Alexander n. an Alexander cocktail made with brandy * * *
brandy alexander.
See under alexander. * * *
brandy butter
n [U] (BrE) a thick sauce made by mixing brandy, butter and sugar. It is traditionally served with Christmas pudding. * * *
brandy mint
peppermint. * * *
brandy snifter
snifter (def. 1). * * *
Brandys, Kazimierz
▪ 2001       Polish novelist and essayist (b. Oct. 27, 1916, Lodz, Pol., Russian Empire—d. March 11, 2000, Paris, France), spent his career as a writer documenting ...
Brandywine
/bran"dee wuyn'/, n. a creek in SE Pennsylvania and N Delaware: British defeat of the Americans 1777. * * *
Brandywine Creek
▪ stream, Pennsylvania-Delaware, United States       stream in southeastern Pennsylvania and western Delaware, U.S., rising in two branches in Chester county, ...
Brandywine, Battle of the
(Sept. 11, 1777) Battle in the American Revolution. British Gen. William Howe attempted to remove Pennsylvania from the war by engaging troops under Gen. George Washington on ...
Brand’s Hatch
a motor racing track in Kent, England, where many British Grand Prix races took place until 1986. * * *
Branford
/bran"feuhrd/, n. a town in S Connecticut. 23,363. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       town (township), New Haven county, south-central Connecticut, U.S. It lies ...
brangle
/brang"geuhl/, n., v., brangled, brangling. Brit. Archaic. n. 1. a squabble. v.i. 2. to dispute in a noisy or angry manner; squabble. [1545-55; perh. var. of BRANLE] * * *
Brangus
/brang"geuhs/, n., pl. Branguses. one of an American breed of cattle developed from Brahman and Aberdeen Angus stock, bred to withstand a hot climate. [BRA(HMAN) + (ABERDEEN ...
Branigan, Laura
▪ 2005       American pop singer (b. July 3, 1957, Brewster, N.Y.—d. Aug. 26, 2004, East Quogue, N.Y.), enjoyed a string of hits in the 1980s, most notably ...
brank
brank [braŋk] n. 〚< ?〛 [often pl., with sing. v.] a device formerly used to punish women judged to be noisy and quarrelsome, consisting of an iron curb for the tongue, held ...
branks
/brangks/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a device consisting of a headpiece with a flat, iron bit to restrain the tongue, formerly used to punish scolds. [1585-95; perh. to be ...
branle
/bran"l/, n. 1. a lively 16th- and 17th-century round dance originating in France. 2. the music for this dance. [1575-85; < MF, deriv. of branler to shake, swing (prob. from the ...
Branner, Hans Christian
▪ Danish author born June 23, 1903, Ordrup, near Copenhagen, Den. died April 24, 1966, Copenhagen       leading Danish novelist of the post-World War II ...
brannigan
/bran"i geuhn/, n. 1. a carouse. 2. a squabble; brawl. [1925-30; prob. from proper name] * * *
branny
/bran"ee/, adj., brannier, branniest. of, containing, or like bran. [1525-35; BRAN + -Y1] * * *
Bransfield, Edward
▪ British explorer born c. 1795 died 1852       English naval officer believed to have been the first to sight the Antarctic mainland and to chart a portion of ...
Branson
(1950– ) an English businessman who became very rich through the successful Virgin companies he created. He set up the Virgin record company in 1970 and sold it to Thorn-EMI in ...
Branson, Sir Richard
▪ British entrepreneur born July 18, 1950, Shamley Green, Surrey, England       British entrepreneur, head of Virgin Group Ltd., known for his publicity stunts and also ...
Branston Pickle{™}
n [U] a make of pickle (= a mixture of fruit and vegetables preserved in vinegar) which is popular in Britain. It is usually eaten with cold meat or cheese. A phrase often used ...
brant
/brant/, n., pl. brants, (esp. collectively) brant. any of several species of small, dark-colored geese of the genus Branta, esp. B. bernicla, breeding in high northern latitudes ...
Brant
/brant/, n. 1. Joseph (Thayendanegea), 1742-1807, Mohawk Indian chief who fought on the side of the British in the American Revolution. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ ...
Brant, Henry Dreyfuss
▪ 2009       American composer born Sept. 15, 1913, Montreal, Que. died April 26, 2008, Santa Barbara, Calif. was a musical prodigy who had begun composing by age nine ...

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