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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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Brant, Joseph
born 1742, banks of the Ohio River died Nov. 24, 1807, near Brantford, Ont., Can. Mohawk Indian chief and Christian missionary. Brant was converted to the Anglican church while ...
Brant, Mary
▪ Native American leader byname  Molly Brant  born 1736?, probably in the Mohawk Valley, New York [U.S.] died April 16, 1796, Kingston, Ontario [Canada]       Native ...
Brant, Sebastian
born 1458?, Strassburg died May 10, 1521, Strassburg German poet. He taught law and later was appointed imperial councillor and court palatine by Maximilian I. His varied ...
Brant,Joseph
Brant (brănt), Joseph. Originally Thayendanegea. 1742-1807. Mohawk leader who supported the British in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. * * *
Brantford
/brant"feuhrd/, n. a city in S Ontario, in SE Canada, near Lake Erie. 66,950. * * * ▪ Ontario, Canada       city, seat (1852) of Brant county, southeastern Ontario, ...
Branting
/bran"ting, brahn"-/, n. Karl Hjalmar /kahrl yahl"mahr/, 1860-1925, Swedish statesman: prime minister 1920, 1921-23, 1924-25; Nobel peace prize 1921. * * *
Branting, Karl Hjalmar
▪ Swedish statesman born Nov. 23, 1860, Stockholm, Swed. died Feb. 24, 1925, Stockholm  Swedish statesman and pioneer of social democracy whose conciliatory international ...
Branting,Karl Hjalmar
Bran·ting (brănʹtĭng, bränʹ-), Karl Hjalmar. 1860-1925. Swedish political leader who served as premier (1920, 1921-1923, and 1924-1925). He shared the 1921 Nobel Peace ...
Brantôme, Pierre de
▪ French author in full  Pierre de Bourdeille, Abbé Et Seigneur (lord) de Brantôme  born c. 1540, , Périgord, Fr. died July 15, 1614, France       soldier and ...
Branwen
/bran"wen/, n. Welsh Legend. a sister of Bran: her son, by Matholwych, was killed by Evnissyen. * * *
Braque
/brahk/; Fr. /brddannk/, n. Georges /jawrj/; Fr. /zhawrddzh/, 1882-1963, French painter. * * *
Braque, Georges
born May 13, 1882, Argenteuil, France died Aug. 31, 1963, Paris French painter. He studied painting in Le Havre, then in Paris at a private academy and briefly at the École ...
Braque,Georges
Braque (bräk, brăk), Georges. 1882-1963. French painter who was a leading exponent and theorist of the cubist movement. * * *
Bras d'Or Lake
Salt lake, Nova Scotia, Canada. Located on Cape Breton Island, it is about 50 mi (80 km) long and has an area of 360 sq mi (932 sq km). Its extension, Little Bras d'Or, connects ...
Brasd'Or Lake
Bras d'Or Lake (brä' dôrʹ) An arm of the Atlantic Ocean indenting deeply into Cape Breton Island in southeast Canada. * * *
brash
—brashly, adv. —brashness, n. /brash/, adj., brasher, brashest, n. adj. Also, brashy. 1. impertinent; impudent; tactless: a brash young man. 2. hasty; rash; impetuous. 3. ...
brash ice
small, floating fragments of sea ice or river ice. Also called brash. * * *
Brashear, Carl Maxie
▪ 2007       American deep-sea diver (b. Jan. 19, 1931, Tonieville, Ky.—d. July 25, 2006, Portsmouth, Va.), was the first African American to become a master diver for ...
Brasher, Christopher William
▪ 2004 “Chris”        British athlete, journalist, and businessman (b. Aug. 21, 1928, Georgetown, British Guiana [now Guyana]—d. Feb. 28, 2003, Chaddleworth, ...
brashly
See brash1. * * *
brashness
See brashly. * * *
brashy
—brashiness, n. /brash"ee/, adj., brashier, brashiest. 1. brash. 2. Scot. and North Eng. Dial. showery. [1795-1805; BRASH + -Y1] * * *
Brasidas
▪ Spartan military officer died 422 BC, Amphipolis, Macedonia [now in Greece]       Spartan officer generally considered the only commander of genius produced by ...
brasier
/bray"zheuhr/, n. brazier. * * *
Brasil
Port. /brddeuh zeel"/; Sp. /brddah seel"/, n. Brazil. * * *
Brasil, Banco do
▪ Brazilian bank in full  Banco do Brasil SA        government-owned Brazilian (Brazil) bank, operating primarily in Brazil but with offices in more than 20 foreign ...
brasilein
/breuh zil"ee in/, n. Chem. brazilein. * * *
Brasília
/breuh zil"yeuh/; Port. /brddah zeel"yeuh/, n. a city in and the capital of Brazil, on the central plateau. 411,505. * * * City (pop., 2000: 2,043,169), capital of Brazil. It ...
brasilin
/braz"euh lin/, n. Chem. brazilin. * * *
Brasov
/brddah shawv"/, n. a city in central Rumania. 299,172. Formerly, Stalin. Hungarian, Brassó. German, Kronstadt. * * * or Brashov German Kronstadt City (pop., 2002: 588,366), ...
brass
—brassish, adj. /bras, brahs/, n. 1. any of various metal alloys consisting mainly of copper and zinc. 2. a utensil, ornament, or other article made of such an alloy. 3. ...
brass band
Music. a band made up principally of brass wind instruments. [1825-35] * * *
brass hat
Slang. a person in a high position, esp. a top-ranking army or navy officer. [1890-95] * * *
brass instrument
a musical wind instrument of brass or other metal with a cup-shaped mouthpiece, as the trombone, tuba, French horn, trumpet, or cornet. Also called brass wind. [1850-55] * * ...
brass knuckles
a band of metal with four holes that fits over the upper fingers and that is gripped when a fist is made, used for increasing the effect of a blow with the fist. [1850-55, ...
brass ring
Informal. 1. wealth, success, or a prestigious position considered as a goal or prize: Few of those who reach for the brass ring of the Presidency achieve it. 2. the opportunity ...
brass tacks
Informal. the most fundamental considerations; essentials; realities (usually used in the phrase get down to brass tacks). [1895-1900] * * *
brass-collar
/bras"kol"euhr, brahs"-/, adj. Informal. unwaveringly faithful to a political party; voting the straight ticket: a brass-collar Democrat. [1950-55, Amer.] * * *
brass-rubbing
/bras"rub'ing, brahs"-/, n. 1. an antiquarian's technique for copying designs from incised brass memorial slabs and the like. 2. a copy made by brass-rubbing. Cf. rubbing (def. ...
brass-tacks
brass-tacks (brăsʹtăks') adj. Informal Concerned with essential matters; practical: a brass-tacks leader. * * *
brassage
/bras"ij, brah"sij/, n. a charge to cover the costs of coining money. [1800-10; < F (droit de) brassage the stirring of molten metals prior to casting, equiv. to brass(er) to ...
Brassaï
Bras·saï (brə-sīʹ), Pseudonym of Gyula Halász. 1899-1984. Transylvanian-born French photographer best known for his published collection Paris at Night (1933) and for ...
brassard
/bras"ahrd, breuh sahrd"/, n. 1. a decorative cloth band, often braided or tasseled, worn around the upper arm, as by military personnel to signify a particular group, regiment, ...
brassband
brass band n. Music A band composed of brass and sometimes percussion instruments. * * *
brassboard
brassboard [bras′bôrd΄] n. in certain types of engineering, an experimental model at a more advanced stage of development than a BREADBOARD (sense 2) * * *
brassbound
/bras"bownd", brahs"-/, adj. 1. having a frame or reinforcements strengthened or made rigid by brass, bronze, etc., as a trunk or chest. 2. rigid; inflexible: brassbound ...
brasserie
/bras'euh ree"/; Fr. /brddannseu rddee"/, n., pl. brasseries /-reez"/; Fr. /-rddee"/. an unpretentious restaurant, tavern, or the like, that serves drinks, esp. beer, and simple ...
Brasseur de Bourbourg, Charles-Étienne
▪ French missionary and ethnographer born Sept. 8, 1814, Bourbourg, near Dunkirk, France died Jan. 8, 1874, Nice       French missionary and ethnographer who ...
Brasseur, Pierre
▪ French actor original name  Pierre-albert Espinasse   born Dec. 22, 1905, Paris, France died Aug. 14, 1972, Brunico, Italy       French stage and motion-picture ...
brassey
/bras"ee, brah"see/, n., pl. brasseys. Golf. brassie. * * *
Brassey, Thomas
▪ British railroad builder born Nov. 7, 1805, Buerton, near Chester, Cheshire, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1870, Hastings, Sussex  early British railway contractor who built railway ...
brasshat
brass hat n. Slang 1. A high-ranking military officer. 2. A high-ranking civilian official.   [From the gold braid on the hat.] * * *
brassica
/bras"i keuh/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Brassica, of the mustard family, including many economically important vegetables, as cabbage, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, ...
Brassicaceae
▪ plant family also called  Cruciferae,         the mustard family, of the order Brassicales, a large assemblage of 338 genera and some 3,710 species of mostly ...
brassicaceous
/bras'i kay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the plant family Brassicaceae, an alternative name for the plant family Cruciferae. Cf. mustard family. [ < NL Brassicace(ae) family name ...
Brassicales
▪ plant order Introduction  order of flowering plants that includes cabbages (cabbage) and capers, as well as mignonette, mustard, and nasturtiums (nasturtium). Brassicales ...
brassie
/bras"ee, brah"see/, n. Golf. a club with a wooden head, the brass-plated face of which has more slope than a driver but less than a spoon, for hitting long, low drives on the ...
brassiere
/breuh zear"/, n. a woman's undergarment for supporting the breasts. Also, brassière. Also called bra. [1910-15; < F brassière bodice worn as an undergarment to support the ...
brassily
See brassy1. * * *
brassiness
See brassily. * * *
brassinstrument
brass instrument n. A wind instrument, such as the French horn or the trombone, made of brass or other metal. Sound is produced through vibration of the lips and adjustment of ...
brassknuckles
brass knuckles pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A metal chain or a set of rings attached to a bar that can be fitted over the fingers to increase the impact of a blow with ...
Brassó
/brddosh"shaw/, n. Hungarian name of Brasov. * * *
Brasso{™}
n [U] a British make of polish for polishing things made of brass. * * *
brassring
brass ring n. Slang An opportunity to achieve wealth or success; a prize or reward: “missed the brass ring of American success” (Lewis H. Lapham). * * *
brasstacks
brass tacks pl.n. Informal Essential facts; basics: getting down to brass tacks. * * *
Brasstown Bald
▪ mountain, Georgia, United States formerly  Mount Enotah        highest point in Georgia, U.S., reaching an elevation of 4,784 feet (1,458 metres). It lies in the ...
brassware
/bras"wair', brahs"-/, n. articles made of brass. [BRASS + WARE1] * * *
brassy
brassy1 —brassily, adv. —brassiness, n. /bras"ee, brah"see/, adj., brassier, brassiest. 1. made of or covered with brass. 2. resembling brass, as in color. 3. harsh and ...
brat
—brattish, adj. /brat/, n. a child, esp. an annoying, spoiled, or impolite child (usually used in contempt or irritation). [1495-1505; perh. transferred use of brat rag, OE ...
brat pack
n [usu sing] (infml) a group of well-known or successful young people, especially actors, who enjoy being famous and sometimes behave badly: Tom Cruise was a member of the ...
Bratby, John Randall
▪ British painter born July 19, 1928, Wimbledon, Surrey [now in Greater London], Eng. died July 20, 1992, Hastings, East Sussex       British painter who rose to ...
Brathwaite, Kamau
▪ Barbadian author original name  Lawson Edward Brathwaite,  also published as  Edward Brathwaite  and  Edward Kamau Brathwaite   born May 11, 1930, Bridgetown, ...
Brathwaite, Richard
▪ English poet Brathwaite also spelled  Brathwait, or Brathwayte   born 1588, Kendal, Westmorland, Eng. died May 4, 1673, Catterick, Yorkshire       English poet ...
Brătianu, Constantin
▪ Romanian politician also called  Dinu Brătianu   born Jan. 13, 1866, Florica, Rom. died 1950, Sighet       Romanian politician, head of the Liberal Party, and one ...
Brătianu, Ion
▪ premier of Romania in full  Ion Constantin Brătianu  born June 2, 1821, Piteşti, Walachia [now in Romania] died May 16, 1891, Florica, Rom.       statesman and ...
Brătianu, Ionel
▪ prime minister of Romania also called  Ion I.C. Brătianu   born Aug. 20, 1864, Florica, Rom. died Nov. 24, 1927, Bucharest       politician who six times served as ...
Bratislava
/brat'euh slah"veuh, brah'teuh-/; Czech. /brddah"tyi slah vah/, n. the capital of Slovakia, in the SW part, on the Danube River: a former capital of Hungary. 435,000. Hungarian, ...
bratpack
brat pack n. Slang A group of highly successful young people engaged in the same profession: “the kind of overnight fame that characterizes the literary brat pack—that covey ...
Bratsk
/brddahtsk/, n. a city in the S central Russian Federation in Asia, on the Angara River. 249,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Irkutsk oblast (province), east-central ...
Bratsk Dam
▪ dam, Russia       gravity earth-fill dam on the Angara River, Russia, completed in 1964. The dam is 410 feet (125 m) high and 14,488 feet (4,417 m) wide at the crest ...
Brattain
/brat"n/, n. Walter Houser /how"zeuhr/, born 1902, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1956. * * *
Brattain, Walter H(ouser)
born Feb. 10, 1902, Amoy, China died Oct. 13, 1987, Seattle, Wash., U.S. U.S. scientist. His American parents brought him to the U.S. soon after his birth. After earning a ...
Brattain, Walter H.
▪ American physicist in full  Walter Houser Brattain   born Feb. 10, 1902, Amoy, China died Oct. 13, 1987, Seattle, Wash., U.S.  American scientist who, along with John ...
Bratteli, Trygve
▪ prime minister of Norway born Jan. 11, 1910, Nøtterøy, Nor. died Nov. 20, 1984, Oslo       politician, chairman of the Norwegian Labour Party (1965–75), and prime ...
brattice
/brat"is/, n., v., bratticed, bratticing. n. 1. a partition or lining, as of planks or cloth, forming an air passage in a mine. 2. (in medieval architecture) any temporary wooden ...
brattiness
See bratty. * * *
brattish
See brat1. * * *
brattishing
▪ architecture also called  cresting   decorative architectural repeat motif applied to the top of a wall, screen, or roof. Widely used during the Gothic period (the 12th ...
brattishness
See brattish. * * *
brattle
/brat"l/, n., v., brattled, brattling. n. 1. a clattering noise. v.i. 2. to scamper noisily. [1495-1505; imit; see RATTLE1] * * *
Brattle, Thomas
▪ North American entrepreneur born June 20, 1658, Boston, Mass. [U.S.] died May 18, 1713, Boston       British American-colonial merchant and official of Harvard ...
Brattleboro
/brat"l berr'oh, -bur'oh/, n. a town in SE Vermont. 11,886. * * * ▪ Vermont, United States       town (township), Windham county, southeastern Vermont, U.S. ...
bratty
/brat"ee/, adj., brattier, brattiest. characteristic of or resembling a brat; impudent; ill-mannered: bratty remarks; bratty tricks. [BRAT + -Y1] * * *
bratwurst
/brat"werrst, -woorst, braht"-/; Ger. /brddaht"voorddsht'/, n. a sausage made of pork, spices, and herbs, sometimes without a casing, usually served sautéed or ...
Brauchitsch, (Heinrich Alfred) Walther von
born Oct. 4, 1881, Berlin, Ger. died Oct. 18, 1948, Hamburg German army officer. A member of the general staff in World War I, he rose to become field marshal and army ...
Brauchitsch, Walther von
▪ German military officer born October 4, 1881, Berlin died October 18, 1948, Hamburg       German field marshal and army commander in chief during the first part of ...
Braudel
/brddoh del"/, n. Fernand /ferdd nahonn"/, 1902-85, French historian. * * *
Braudel, (Paul Achille) Fernand
born Aug. 24, 1902, Luméville, France died Nov. 28, 1985, Haute-Savoie French historian and educator. While a prisoner of the Germans during World War II, Braudel wrote from ...
Braudel, Fernand
▪ French historian and educator in full  Fernand Paul Braudel  born Aug. 24, 1902, Luméville, France died Nov. 28, 1985, Haute-Savoie       French historian and ...
Brauer, Richard Dagobert
▪ American mathematician born February 10, 1901, Berlin, Germany died April 17, 1977, Belmont, Massachusetts, U.S.       German-born American mathematician and ...
Braun
/brown/; Ger. /brddown/, n. 1. Eva /ee"veuh/; Ger. /ay"vah/, 1912-45, mistress of Adolf Hitler. 2. Karl Ferdinand /kahrl ferr"dn and'/; Ger. /kahrddl ferdd"dee nahnt'/, ...
Braun, Alexander Carl Heinrich
▪ Bavarian botanist born May 10, 1805, Regensburg, Bavaria died March 29, 1877, Berlin  chief botanist of the “nature philosophy” school, a doctrine attempting to explain ...
Braun, Eva
born Feb. 6, 1912, Munich, Ger. died April 30, 1945, Berlin Mistress of Adolf Hitler. A saleswoman in the shop of Hitler's photographer, she became Hitler's mistress in the ...
Braun, Ferdinand
▪ German physicist in full  Karl Ferdinand Braun   born June 6, 1850, Fulda, Hesse-Kassel [now in Germany] died April 20, 1918, Brooklyn N.Y., U.S.  German physicist who ...
Braun, Lily
▪ German writer née  Von Kretschman  born July 2, 1865, Halberstadt, Prussia died August 9, 1916, Zehlendorf, Ger.       leading German feminist and Socialist ...
Braun, Otto
▪ prime minister of Prussia born Jan. 28, 1872, Königsberg, Ger. [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Dec. 14, 1955, Lugano, Switz.  German politician and leading member of the ...
Braun, Victor
▪ 2002       Canadian opera singer (b. Aug. 4, 1935, Windsor, Ont.—d. Jan. 6, 2001, Ulm, Ger.), was an internationally renowned baritone. After studying opera at the ...
Braun, Volker
▪ German author born May 7, 1939, Dresden, Ger.       German author whose plays, fiction, and poetry reveal the deep divisions and oppositions that existed in socialist ...
Braun, Wernher von
born , March 23, 1912, Wirsitz, Ger. died June 16, 1977, Alexandria, Va., U.S. German-born U.S. rocket engineer. Born into an aristocratic family, he received his doctorate ...
Braun,Eva
Braun (brôn, broun), Eva. 1912-1945. German lover and later wife of Adolf Hitler. They began living together in 1936, but the liaison was kept secret, and she was never seen in ...
Braun,Wernher Magnus Maximilian von
Braun, Wernher Magnus Maximilian von. 1912-1977. German-born American rocket engineer, who was director of the U.S. Army team that put the first American satellite, Explorer I, ...
Braunau
▪ Austria also called  Braunau Am Inn,         town, northern Austria, on the Inn River, opposite the Bavarian town of Simbach and north of Salzburg. The name is ...
braunite
/brow"nuyt/, n. an ore of manganese, 3Mn2O3·MnSiO3. [1830-40; named after A. E. Braun (1809-56), German official; see -ITE1] * * *
Braunschweig
/brddown"shvuyk'/, n. German name of Brunswick. * * * ▪ Germany English  Brunswick        city, Lower Saxony Land (state), northern Germany. It lies on the Oker ...
Braunschweiger
/brown"shwuy'geuhr/; Ger. /brddown"shvuy'geuhrdd/, n. (sometimes l.c.) a soft, spiced liver sausage, usually smoked. [1925-30; < G; see BRAUNSCHWEIG, -ER1] * * *
Brautigan, Richard
▪ American author in full  Richard Gary Brautigan   born January 30, 1933, Tacoma, Washington, U.S. died , before October 25, 1984, Bolinas, California       American ...
brava
/brah"vah, brah vah"/, interj., n., pl. bravas. interj. 1. (used in praising a female performer). n. 2. a shout of "brava!" [1875-80; < It, fem. of bravo BRAVO] * * *
Brava Island
▪ island, Cape Verde Portuguese  Ilha Brava         southernmost island of Cape Verde, located in the Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles (640 km) off the West African ...
bravado
/breuh vah"doh/, n., pl. bravadoes, bravados. a pretentious, swaggering display of courage. [1575-85; < Sp bravada (now bravata < It), equiv. to brav(o) BRAVE + -ada -ADE1] Syn. ...
Bravais lattice
/brav"ay, breuh vay"/ Crystall. lattice (def. 4). [named after Auguste Bravais (d. 1863), French physicist] * * * ▪ crystallography       any of 14 possible ...
Bravais, Auguste
▪ French physicist born Aug. 23, 1811, Annonay, Fr. died March 30, 1863, Le Chesnay       French physicist best remembered for his work on the lattice theory of ...
brave
—bravely, adv. —braveness, n. /brayv/, adj., braver, bravest, n., v., braved, braving. adj. 1. possessing or exhibiting courage or courageous endurance. 2. making a fine ...
Brave New World
a novel (1932) by Aldous Huxley. * * *
brave west winds
Naut., Meteorol. the strong west and west-northwest winds blowing between latitudes 40° S and 60° S. * * *
Braveheart
a film (1995) about the Scottish hero William Wallace, played by Mel Gibson. It won four Oscar s. * * *
bravely
See brave. * * *
braveness
See bravely. * * *
bravenew world
brave new world n. A world or realm of radically transformed existence, especially one in which technological progress has both positive and negative results.   [After Brave New ...
bravery
/bray"veuh ree, brayv"ree/, n., pl. braveries. 1. brave spirit or conduct; courage; valor. 2. showiness; splendor; magnificence. [1540-50; prob. < It braveria, equiv. to ...
bravissimo
/brah vis"euh moh'/; It. /brddah vees"see maw/, interj. (used to express the highest praise to a performer). [1755-65; < It, equiv. to brav(o) BRAVO + -issimo superl. suffix] * * ...
bravo
/brah"voh/; for 1, 2, 5 also /brah voh"/, interj., n., pl. bravos for 2, bravos or bravoes for 3, v., bravoed, bravoing. interj. 1. (used in praising a performer). n. 2. a shout ...
Bravo, Nicolás
▪ president of Mexico born c. 1786, Chilpancingo, Mex. died 1854, Chilpancingo  soldier and statesman, one of the founders of republican Mexico, serving as its president or ...
Bravo, Río
Bra·vo (bräʹvō), Río See Rio Grande1. * * *
bravura
/breuh vyoor"euh, -voor"euh/; It. /brddah vooh"rddah/, n., pl. bravuras, bravure It. /-rdde/, adj. n. 1. Music. a florid passage or piece requiring great skill and spirit in the ...
braw
—brawly, brawlie, brawlis, brawlys /braw"lis, brah"-/, adv. /braw, brah/, adj. Scot. and North Eng. 1. fine or fine-looking; excellent. 2. finely dressed; dressed in a splendid ...
brawl
—brawler, n. —brawly, adj. /brawl/, n. 1. a noisy quarrel, squabble, or fight. 2. a bubbling or roaring noise; a clamor. 3. Slang. a large, noisy party. v.i. 4. to quarrel ...
brawler
See brawl. * * *
Brawley
/braw"lee/, n. a city in S California. 14,946. * * *
brawlingly
See brawler. * * *
brawly
brawl·y (brôʹlē) adj. brawl·i·er, brawl·i·est 1. Engaged in brawling. 2. Tending to brawl. * * *
brawn
/brawn/, n. 1. strong, well-developed muscles. 2. muscular strength. 3. Chiefly Brit. a. a boar's or swine's flesh, esp. when boiled and pickled. b. headcheese. [1275-1325; ME ...
brawnily
See brawny. * * *
brawniness
See brawnily. * * *
brawny
—brawnily, adv. —brawniness, n. /braw"nee/, adj., brawnier, brawniest. muscular; strong. [1375-1425; late ME; see BRAWN, -Y1] Syn. burly, robust, strapping. Ant. weak, ...
Braxton, Anthony
▪ 1995       The two-hour, three-LP piece For Four Orchestras, composed by Anthony Braxton and recorded in 1978 by 160 musicians and 4 conductors, was to have been the ...
braxy
/brak"see/, Vet. Pathol. n. 1. Also called bradsot. an acute inflammatory disease of the intestines of sheep, caused by a bacterium, Clostridium septicum. adj. 2. affected with ...
bray
bray1 /bray/, n. 1. the loud, harsh cry of a donkey. 2. any similar loud, harsh sound. v.i. 3. to utter a loud and harsh cry, as a donkey. 4. to make a loud, harsh, disagreeable ...
Bray, Thomas
▪ British minister born 1656, Marton, Shropshire, Eng. died Feb. 15, 1730, London       Anglican clergyman, promoter of the Church of England in the American colonies, ...
brayer
/bray"euhr/, n. Print. a small roller for inking type by hand, usually for making a proof. [1680-90; BRAY2 + -ER1] * * *
Braz
Braz abbrev. 1. Brazil 2. Brazilian * * *
Braz.
1. Brazil. 2. Brazilian. * * *
braza
/brddah"thah, -sah/, n., pl. brazas /-thahs, -sahs/. a unit of length in some Spanish-speaking countries, representing the reach of outspread arms, officially 5.48 U.S. ft. (1.67 ...
Brazdžionis, Bernardas
▪ Lithuanian author pseudonym  Vytė Nemunėlis   born February 14, 1907, Stebeikėliai, Lithuania, Russian Empire died July 11, 2002, Los Angeles, California, ...
braze
braze1 /brayz/, v.t., brazed, brazing. 1. to make of brass. 2. to cover or ornament with or as if with brass. 3. to make brasslike. [bef. 1000; ME brasen, OE braesian; see ...
Brazelton
/braz"euhl teuhn/, n. Brazelton behavioral scale: a test widely used to evaluate infants' responses to environmental stimuli. Also called Neonatal Behavioral Assessment ...
brazen
—brazenly, adv. —brazenness, n. /bray"zeuhn/, adj. 1. shameless or impudent: brazen presumption. 2. made of brass. 3. like brass, as in sound, color, or strength. v.t. 4. to ...
brazen law of wages
Econ. See iron law of wages. * * *
brazen-faced
—brazen-facedly /bray"zeuhn fay'sid lee, -fayst'-/, adv. /bray"zeuhn fayst'/, adj. openly shameless; impudent. [1565-75] * * *
brazenfaced
brazenfaced [brā′zənfāst΄] adj. having, or uttered with, a brazen expression; impudent; shameless * * * bra·zen·faced (brāʹzən-fāst') adj. Flagrantly and insolently ...
brazenly
See brazen. * * *
brazenness
See brazenly. * * *
brazer
See braze2. * * *
brazier
brazier1 /bray"zheuhr/, n. 1. a metal receptacle for holding live coals or other fuel, as for heating a room. 2. a simple cooking device consisting of a container of live coals ...
brazil
/breuh zil"/, n. brazilwood. [1350-1400; ME brasile < ML < It < Sp brasil, deriv. of brasa live coal (the wood being red in color) < Gmc; see BRAISE] * * * Brazil ...
Brazil
—Brazilian /breuh zil"yeuhn/, adj., n. /breuh zil"/, n. a republic in South America. 164,511,366; 3,286,170 sq. mi. (8,511,180 sq. km). Cap.: Brasília. Portuguese and Spanish, ...
Brazil Current
a warm current in the Atlantic Ocean flowing SE along the E coast of Brazil. * * * ▪ ocean current       branch of the Atlantic South Equatorial Current, flowing ...
Brazil nut
the three-sided, hard-shelled edible seed of the tree Bertholletia excelsa and related species, of South America. [1820-30] * * * Edible seed of a large South American tree, ...
Brazil's 500th Anniversary: The Paradox of Celebration
▪ 2001       On April 22, 1500, Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, while on a voyage tracing Vasco da Gama's 1497–99 water route to India, sighted the mainland ...
Brazil, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a green field (background) with a large yellow diamond incorporating a blue disk with a white band and stars. Its ...
brazilein
/breuh zil"ee in/, n. Chem. a red, crystalline, water-insoluble solid, C16H12O5, obtained by the oxidation of brazilin: used chiefly as a dye for wood and textiles. Also, ...
Brazilian
See Brazil. * * *
Brazilian Democratic Movement, Party of the
▪ political party, Brazil Portuguese  Partido do Movimento Democrático Brasileiro        centrist Brazilian Christian Democratic political party.       The ...
Brazilian emerald
1. a green variety of tourmaline used as a gem: not a true emerald. 2. a pale yellowish-green beryl too light to be classified as a true emerald. * * *
Brazilian firecracker
a tropical American twining plant, Manettia inflata, of the madder family, having opposite, lance-shaped leaves and a red, tubular flower with yellow tips, grown in the southern ...
Brazilian guava
a Brazilian shrub, Psidium guineense, of the myrtle family, having white-fleshed, greenish-yellow, bitter fruit. * * *
Brazilian Highlands
▪ region, Brazil Portuguese  Planalto Central         eroded plateau region of central and southeastern Brazil. Comprising more than half of the country's landmass, ...
Brazilian literature
Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Portuguese language in Brazil. Colonial period       Brazil was claimed for Portugal in 1500 and was ...
Brazilian morning glory
a tropical vine, Ipomoea setosa, having purplish, stiff hairs on the stem and rose-purple flowers. [after its place of origin] * * *
Brazilian pepper tree
a small Brazilian evergreen tree or shrub, Schinus terebinthifolius, of the cashew family, having inconspicuous white flowers and bright red fruit: the berries are used for ...
Brazilian peridot
a light yellowish-green tourmaline used as a gem: not a true peridot. * * *
Brazilian plume
a tropical American plant, Justicia carnea, of the acanthus family, having hairy, prominently veined leaves and a short, dense cluster of purple or pink flowers, grown in ...
Brazilian rhatany.
See under rhatany (def. 1). * * *
Brazilian rosewood
1. a Brazilian tree, Dalbergia nigra, of the legume family. 2. the hard, red, black-streaked wood of this tree, used for making furniture. Also called palisander. * * *
Brazilian ruby
1. a light-rose spinel used as a gem: not a true ruby. 2. a rose or pink topaz used as a gem: not a true ruby. * * *
Brazilian sapphire
a blue variety of tourmaline used as a gem: not a true sapphire. * * *
Brazilian Social Democratic Party
▪ political party, Brazil Portuguese  Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira        centre-left Brazilian political party. It is particularly strong among Brazil's ...
Brazilianelodea
Brazilian elodea n. A submersed South American plant (Egeria densa) having opposite, more or less linear leaves and unisexual, axillary flowers. * * *
brazilianite
/breuh zil"yeuh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, sodium aluminum phosphate, Na2Al6P4O16(OH)8, occurring in yellow-green crystals with a vitreous luster: used as a gem. [1810-20; BRAZILIAN ...
Brazilianpepper tree
Brazilian pepper tree n. An evergreen Brazilian tree (Schinus terebinthifolius) having aromatic foliage and clusters of red, berrylike fruits used for Christmas decorations. It ...
brazilin
/braz"euh lin, breuh zil"in/, n. Chem. a yellow, water-soluble, needlelike, crystalline solid, C16H14O5, obtained from brazil and sappanwood: used as a dye and an ...
Brazilnut
Brazil nut n. 1. A tropical South American evergreen tree (Bertholletia excelsa) having globose, woody fruit and edible, dark brown, three-sided seeds. 2. The seed of this ...
brazilwood
/breuh zil"wood'/, n. 1. any of several tropical trees of the genus Caesalpinia, as C. echinata, having wood from which a red dye is obtained. 2. the wood of such a ...
brazing
Process for joining two pieces of metal by applying heat and adding a filler metal. The filler, which has a lower melting point than the metals to be joined, is either ...
brazing alloy.
See hard solder. * * *
brazing metal
a nonferrous metal, as copper, zinc, or nickel, or an alloy, as hard solder, used for brazing together pieces of metal. * * *
Brazos
/brah"zohs/; locally /braz"euhs, bray"zeuhs/, n. a river flowing SE from N Texas to the Gulf of Mexico. 870 mi. (1400 km) long. * * *
Brazos River
River, central Texas, U.S. Formed in northern Texas, it flows southeast 840 mi (1,351 km) into the Gulf of Mexico. The city of Waco is one of the largest on the river. Near its ...
Brazosport
▪ industrial area, Texas, United States       industrial complex, Brazoria county, southeastern Texas, U.S., comprising the cities of Freeport, Lake Jackson, Clute, ...
Brazza
Fr. /brddann zann"/, n. Pierre Paul François Camille Savorgnan de /pyerdd pawl frddahonn swann" kann mee"yeu sann vawrdd nyahonn" deuh/, 1852-1905, French explorer in Africa, ...
Brazza, Pierre (-Paul-François-Camille) Savorgnan de
born Jan. 26, 1852, near Rome [Italy] died Sept. 14, 1905, Dakar, Seneg., French West Africa French explorer and colonial administrator. Born to Italian nobility in Brazil, he ...
Brazza, Pierre de
▪ French explorer in full  Pierre-Paul-François-Camille Savorgnan de Brazza  born Jan. 26, 1852, near Rome died Sept. 14, 1905, Dakar, Senegal, French West Africa ...
Brazzaville
/braz"euh vil', brah"zeuh-/; Fr. /brddann zann veel"/, n. a port in and the capital of the People's Republic of the Congo, in the S part, on the Congo (Zaire) River: former ...
Brazzi, Rossano
▪ 1995       Italian actor (b. Sept. 18, 1916, Bologna, Italy—d. Dec. 24, 1994, Rome, Italy), personified the handsome heartbreaker and romantic aristocrat in over 200 ...
BRCA1
BRCA1 n. A gene that is associated with the development of familial breast cancer when inherited in a defective state.   [br(east) ca(ncer) 1.] * * *
BRE
BRE or B.R.E. abbrev. Bachelor of Religious Education * * * BRE abbr. Bachelor of Religious Education. * * *
Bre-X Minerals Scandal
▪ 1998       The biggest fraud in the history of mining was exposed in March 1997—the claim by Calgary, Alta.-based Bre-X Minerals Ltd., a small Canadian exploration ...
Brea
/bray"euh/, n. a town in S California. 27,913. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Orange county, southwestern California, U.S. It lies at the foot of the ...
breach
—breacher, n. /breech/, n. 1. the act or a result of breaking; break or rupture. 2. an infraction or violation, as of a law, trust, faith, or promise. 3. a gap made in a wall, ...
breach of contract
unexcused failure to fulfill one's duties under a contract. [1825-35] * * *
breach of faith
a violation of good faith, confidence, or trust; betrayal: To abandon your friends now would be a breach of faith. [1630-40] * * *
breach of promise
Law. a violation of one's promise, esp. of a promise to marry a specific person. [1580-90] * * *
breach of the peace
Law. a violation of the public peace, as by a riot, disturbance, etc. [1665-75] * * *
breach of trust
1. Law. a violation of duty by a trustee. 2. a violation of duty or responsibility. [1875-80] * * *
breachof promise
breach of promise n. Failure to fulfill a promise, especially a promise to marry. * * *
bread
—breadless, adj. —breadlessness, n. /bred/, n. 1. a kind of food made of flour or meal that has been mixed with milk or water, made into a dough or batter, with or without ...
bread and butter
1. bread spread with butter. 2. a basic means of support; source of livelihood; sustenance: The automobile industry is the bread and butter of many Detroiters. [1620-30] * * *
bread and circuses
something, as extravagant entertainment, offered as an expedient means of pacifying discontent or diverting attention from a source of grievance. [1910-15; trans. of L panis et ...
bread crumb sponge
      (Halichondria panicea), member of the class Demospongiae (phylum Porifera), so called because of the way in which it crumbles when handled. H. panicea is a common ...
bread flour
wheat flour from which a large part of the starch has been removed, thus increasing the proportion of gluten. Also called gluten flour. * * *
bread knife
a knife designed or suitable for slicing bread, as one having a wavy or saw-toothed blade. [1860-65] * * *
bread line
a group of needy persons waiting in line for free food to be distributed by a government agency or charitable organization. [1825-35] * * *
bread mold
any fungus of the family Mucoraceae, esp. Rhizopus nigricans, that forms a black, furry coating on foodstuffs. Also called black mold. [1920-25] * * *
bread palm
▪ tree       any of about 65 species of Encephalartos, cycads (family Zamiaceae) native to Africa. The name is derived from a breadlike foodstuff prepared from the ...
bread pudding
bread pudding n. a custard dessert made with pieces of bread, raisins or other fruit, etc., often served with cream or a sauce * * *
bread sauce
n [U] (BrE) a sauce made with milk, onion, breadcrumbs and spices. It is usually served hot with chicken or turkey. * * *
bread-and-butter
/bred"n but"euhr/, adj. 1. providing a livelihood or basic source of income; supplying the basic needs of life: a bread-and-butter job; the agency's bread-and-butter account. 2. ...
bread-and-butter model
Naval Archit. a wooden hull model carved from a number of horizontal planks glued together to represent the outlines of the various decks. * * *
bread-and-butter pickle
an unpeeled slice of cucumber marinated in salt water and boiled with vinegar, celery seed, spices, and brown sugar. * * *
bread-and-butter pickles
bread-and-butter pickles pl.n. a sweet pickle relish made of sliced cucumbers, onions, and, often, bell peppers with mustard seed, turmeric, etc. * * *
bread-and-butter pudding
n [U] (BrE) a traditional British sweet dish, made of slices of bread and butter mixed with raisins and sugar and baked in a mixture of milk and eggs. * * *
Breadalbane
▪ historical district, Scotland, United Kingdom       historic district in the modern council areas of Perth and Kinross and Stirling, Scotland, bordered to the north ...
Breadalbane and Holland, John Campbell, 1st earl of
▪ Scottish politician also called  (1677–81) Earl Of Caithness   born c. 1635 died March 19, 1717       Scottish politician, chiefly remembered for his alleged ...
breadand butter
bread and butter n. 1. Means of support; livelihood. 2. The essential sustaining element or elements; the mainstay: “As ever, politics, vulgarity and sentimentality were the ...
breadand circuses
bread and circuses pl.n. Offerings, such as benefits or entertainments, intended to placate discontent or distract attention from a policy or situation.   [Translation of Latin ...
breadbasket
/bred"bas'kit, -bah'skit/, n. 1. a basket or similar container for bread or rolls. 2. an agricultural area that provides large amounts of food, esp. grain, to other areas. 3. ...
breadboard
/bred"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. a slab of wood on which dough is kneaded and bread is sliced. 2. Electronics. a circuit assembled on an insulating surface, often with solderless ...
breadboarding
See breadboard. * * *
breadbox
/bred"boks'/, n. an airtight, or nearly airtight, boxlike container, as of metal or plastic, for storing bread and other baked goods to keep them fresh. [BREAD + BOX] * * *
breadcrumb
/bred"krum'/, n. a crumb of bread, either dried or soft. [1760-70; BREAD + CRUMB] * * *
breadfruit
/bred"frooht'/, n. 1. a large, round, starchy fruit borne by a tree, Artocarpus altilis, of the mulberry family, native to the Pacific islands, used, baked or roasted, for ...
breadline
bread·line also bread line (brĕdʹlīn') n. A line of people waiting to receive food given by a charitable organization or public agency. * * *
breadmold
bread mold n. Any of various fungi of the genus Rhizopus that form a dense cottony growth on bread and other foods. * * *
breadnut
/bred"nut'/, n. the round, yellow or brown fruit of the ramon, Brosimum alicastrum, of the mulberry family, used, roasted or boiled, as a substitute for bread in the West ...
breadroot
/bred"rooht', -root'/, n. the edible starchy root of Psoralea esculenta, a leguminous plant of central North America. Also called Indian breadroot, pomme blanche, prairie ...
breadstick
/bred"stik'/, n. Cookery. a slender, sticklike piece of crisp bread, served with soups, salads, etc. [1905-10; BREAD + STICK1] * * *
breadstuff
/bred"stuf'/, n. 1. grain, flour, or meal for making bread. 2. any kind of bread. [1785-95, Amer.; BREAD + STUFF] * * *
breadth
—breadthless, adj. /bredth, bretth, breth/, n. 1. the measure of the second largest dimension of a plane or solid figure; width. 2. an extent or piece of something of definite ...
breadthways
/bredth"wayz', bretth"-, breth"-/, adv. in the direction of the breadth. Also, breadthwise /bredth"wuyz', bretth"-, breth"-/. [1670-80; BREADTH + -WAYS] * * *
breadthwise
breadthwise [bredth′wāz΄bredth′wīz΄] adj., adv. in the direction of the breadth: also breadthways [bredth′wāz΄] * * *
breadwinner
—breadwinning, n., adj. /bred"win'euhr/, n. a person who earns a livelihood, esp. one who also supports dependents. [1810-20; BREAD + WINNER] * * *
breadwinning
See breadwinner. * * *
break
—breakable, adj. —breakableness, n. —breakably, adv. —breakless, adj. /brayk/, v., broke or (Archaic) brake; broken or (Archaic) broke; breaking; n. v.t. 1. to smash, ...
break and entry.
See breaking and entering. * * *
break dance
to perform break dancing. Also, break. * * *
break dancer
See breakdance. * * *
break dancing
—break dancer. a style of acrobatic dancing originating in the mid-1970s, often performed to rap music usually by teenage males in the streets, and characterized by intricate ...
break of day
dawn; daybreak. * * *
break point
Tennis. a situation in which the receiving side, holding the advantage, can win the game by winning the next point. * * *
break-bulk
/brayk"bulk'/, adj. Transp. 1. of or pertaining to packaged cargo, usually manufactured goods, that is marked for individual consignees and has to be loaded and unloaded piece by ...
break-even
/brayk"ee"veuhn/, adj. 1. having income exactly equal to expenditure, thus showing neither profit nor loss. n. 2. See break-even point. 3. Energy. the stage at which a fission or ...
break-even point
the point at which the income from sale of a product or service equals the invested costs, resulting in neither profit nor loss; the stage at which income equals ...
break-in
/brayk"in'/, n. 1. an illegal entry into a home, car, office, etc. 2. See break-in period. [1855-60; n. use of v. phrase break in] * * *
break-in period
/brayk"in'/ a period during which certain restrictions or moderation in operating should be followed, as the avoidance of high speed, rapid acceleration, or severe braking for a ...
breakable
breakable [brāk′ə bəl] adj. that can be, or is liable to be, broken n. a thing easily broken; fragile article * * * break·a·ble (brāʹkə-bəl) adj. Liable to break or ...

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