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Слова на букву boom-chri (15990)

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See breakable. * * *
/bray"kij/, n. 1. the act of breaking; state of being broken. 2. the amount or quantity of things broken: There was a great deal of breakage in that shipment of glassware. 3. an ...
/brayk"euh way'/, n. 1. an act or instance of breaking away; secession; separation: the breakaway of two provinces from a state. 2. a departure or break from routine or ...
breakbone fever
/brayk"bohn'/, Pathol. dengue. [1860-65; BREAK + BONE, so called because it makes the bones ache as if breaking at the joints] * * *
break·bone fever (brākʹbōn') n. See dengue. * * *
See break dancing. * * *
break dancing also break·danc·ing (brākʹdăn'sĭng) n. See breaking2.   break dance n. & v. break dancer n. * * *
/brayk"down'/, n. 1. a breaking down, wearing out, or sudden loss of ability to function efficiently, as of a machine. 2. a loss of mental or physical health; collapse. Cf. ...
breakdown voltage
Elect. the minimum applied voltage that would cause a given insulator or electrode to break down. Cf. dielectric strength. [1910-15] * * *
breaker1 /bray"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that breaks. 2. a wave that breaks or dashes into foam. 3. CB Radio Slang. a person who indicates a wish to transmit a message, as ...
breaker card
the first card in the carding process, used to open the raw stock and to convert it into sliver form. Cf. finisher card, intermediate card. [1870-75] * * *
breaker point
Auto., Elect. point (def. 43a). * * *
breaker strip
Auto. breaker1 (def. 4). * * *
breakerless ignition
/bray"keuhr lis/, Auto. See electronic ignition. * * *
breaker zone n. The nearshore zone between the outermost breakers and the area of the wave uprush. Also called surf zone. * * *
break·e·ven or break-e·ven (brākʹēʹvən) adj. Marked by or indicating a balance, especially between investment and return. n. In both senses also called break-even ...
—breakfaster, n. —breakfastless, adj. /brek"feuhst/, n. 1. the first meal of the day; morning meal: A hearty breakfast was served at 7 A.M. 2. the food eaten at the first ...
breakfast cereal
 grain food, usually pre-cooked or ready-to-eat, that is customarily eaten with milk or cream for breakfast in the United States and elsewhere, often sweetened with sugar, ...
breakfast food
a cold or hot cereal eaten chiefly for breakfast. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
breakfast television
n [U] (BrE) television programmes shown early in the morning. The most popular breakfast television programmes in Britain are Breakfast News, a serious news programme on BBC1, ...
See breakfast. * * *
/brayk"frunt'/, adj. 1. (of a cabinet, bookcase, etc.) having a central section extending forward from those at either side. n. 2. a cabinet or the like having such a ...
breaking1 /bray"king/, n. Phonol. the change of a pure vowel to a diphthong, esp. in certain environments, as, in Old English, the change of a vowel to a diphthong under the ...
breaking and entering
Criminal Law. forcible entry into the home or office of another. [1790-1800] * * *
breaking ball
breaking ball or breaking pitch n. Baseball any pitch that breaks; specif., a curve or slider * * *
breaking point
1. the point at which a person, object, structure, etc., collapses under stress. 2. the point at which a situation or condition becomes critical. [1895-1900] * * *
breaking the law
➡ legal system * * *
breakingand entering
breaking and entering n. Abbr. B & E The gaining of unauthorized, illegal access to another's premises, as by forcing a lock. * * *
breaking point n. 1. The point at which physical, mental, or emotional strength gives way under stress. 2. The point at which a condition or situation becomes critical. * * *
/brayk"nek'/, adj. reckless or dangerous, esp. because of excessive speed; hazardous: He raced through the streets at breakneck speed. [1555-65; BREAK + NECK] * * *
break·off (brākʹôf', -ŏf') n. The act or an instance of breaking off; discontinuance. * * *
/brayk"owt'/, n. 1. an escape, often with the use of force, as from a prison or mental institution. 2. an appearance or manifestation, as of a disease, that is sudden and often ...
/brayk"oh'veuhr/, n. jump (def. 59). [n. use of v. phrase break over] * * *
/brayk"poynt'/, n. a convenient point at which to make a change, interruption, etc. [BREAK + POINT] * * *
breaks the chain
➡ Weakest Link * * *
/brayk"throoh'/, n. 1. a military movement or advance all the way through and beyond an enemy's front-line defense. 2. an act or instance of removing or surpassing an obstruction ...
/brayk"tuym'/, n. the time at or during which a break is taken from work or other activity. [BREAK + TIME] * * *
/brayk"up'/, n. 1. disintegration; disruption; dispersal. 2. the ending of a personal, esp. a romantic, relationship. 3. (in Alaska and Canada) a. the melting and loosening of ...
/brayk"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. a barrier that breaks the force of waves, as before a harbor. [1715-25; BREAK + WATER] * * * ▪ marine engineering       artificial ...
/brayk"wedh'euhr/, n. Australian. any makeshift shelter. [BREAK + WEATHER] * * *
bream1 /brim, breem/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) bream, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) breams. 1. any of various freshwater fishes of the genus Abramis, as A. ...
/breem/, n. Julian (Alexander), born 1933, English guitarist and lutanist. * * * European food and game fish (Abramis brama) of the carp family (Cyprinidae). Found in lakes and ...
Bream, Julian
▪ British musician in full  Julian Alexander Bream  born July 15, 1933, London    internationally celebrated English guitarist and lutenist who inspired new interest in ...
Breasley, Scobie
▪ 2007 Arthur Edward Breasley        Australian-born jockey (b. May 7, 1914, Wagga Wagga, N.S.W., Australia—d. Dec. 21, 2006, Melbourne, Australia), over a 42-year ...
—breastless, adj. /brest/, n. 1. Anat., Zool. (in bipeds) the outer, front part of the thorax, or the front part of the body from the neck to the abdomen; chest. 2. Zool. the ...
breast beam
1. a horizontal bar, located at the front of a loom, over which the woven material is passed on its way to the cloth roll. 2. Archit. breastsummer. [1780-90] * * *
breast cancer
Malignant tumour in a breast, usually in women after menopause. Risk factors include family history of breast cancer, prolonged menstruation, late first pregnancy (after age ...
breast drill
a geared drill that can be braced against the chest for additional leverage. [1860-65] * * *
breast line
Naut. a mooring line securing a ship to that part of a pier alongside it. Also called breast, breast fast. * * *
breast stroke
breast stroke n. 1. a swimming stroke performed face down in which both arms are extended outward and sideways from a position close to the chest, while the legs engage in a frog ...
breast timber
Building Trades. wale1 (def. 5). * * *
breast wall.
See retaining wall. * * *
breast wheel
a waterwheel onto which the propelling water is fed at the height of a horizontal axle. [1750-60] * * *
—breast-beater, n. /brest"bee'ting/, n. 1. a loud and demonstrative display of grief, remorse, or the like: The authorities indulged in a great deal of breast-beating about ...
/brest"feed'/, v., breast-fed, breast-feeding. v.t. 1. to nurse (a baby) at the breast; suckle. v.i. 2. (of a baby) to nurse. 3. to nurse a baby. [1900-05] * * *
/brest"bohn'/, n. the sternum. [bef. 1000; ME brust-bon, OE breostban. See BREAST, BONE1] * * *
/bres"tid/, adj. 1. having a breast. 2. having a specified kind of breast (usually used in combination): narrow-breasted. [1275-1300; ME; see BREAST, -ED3] * * *
/bres"tid/, n. James Henry, 1865-1935, U.S. archaeologist and historian of ancient Egypt. * * *
Breasted, James Henry
▪ American archaeologist born Aug. 27, 1865, Rockford, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 2, 1935, New York City       American Egyptologist, archaeologist, and historian who ...
breast·feed or breast-feed (brĕstʹfēd') v. breast-·fed, (-fĕd') breast-·feed·ing, breast-·feeds v. tr. To feed (a baby) mother's milk from the breast; suckle. v. ...
/bres"ting/, n. a piece of leather or other material for covering the heel breast of a shoe. [BREAST + -ING1] * * *
/brest"pin'/, n. a pin worn on the breast or at the throat; brooch. [1825-35; BREAST + PIN] * * *
/brest"playt'/, n. 1. a piece of plate armor partially or completely covering the front of the torso: used by itself or as part of a cuirass. See diag. under armor. 2. the part ...
/brest"plow'/, n. Agric. a cultivator moved forward by a person pressing the chest against a crossbar. Also, esp. Brit., breastplough. [1715-25; BREAST + PLOW] * * *
—breaststroker, n. /brest"strohk', bres"-/, n., v., breaststroked, breaststroking. n. 1. Swimming. a stroke, made in the prone position, in which both hands move simultaneously ...
See breaststroke. * * *
/bres"sum'euhr, brest"-, bres"euh meuhr/, n. Archit. a horizontal beam supporting an exterior wall over an opening, as a shop window. Also called breast beam. [1605-15; BREAST + ...
/brest"werrk'/, n. Fort. a defensive work, usually breast high. [1635-45; BREAST + WORK] * * *
/breth/, n. 1. the air inhaled and exhaled in respiration. 2. respiration, esp. as necessary to life. 3. life; vitality. 4. the ability to breathe easily and normally: She ...
breath analyzer
an instrument consisting of a small bag or tube filled with chemically treated crystals, into which a sample of a motorist's breath is taken as a test for intoxication. * * ...
breath group
Phonet. a sequence of sounds articulated in the course of a single exhalation; an utterance or part of an utterance produced between pauses for breath. [1875-80] * * *
breath test
a test by breath analyzer. [1965-70] * * *
See breathable. * * *
—breathability, breathableness, n. /bree"dheuh beuhl/, adj. 1. able or fit to be breathed: filters to make the air more breathable. 2. allowing the passage of air and moisture: ...
/breth"euh luy'zeuhr/, Trademark. a brand of breath analyzer. * * *
/breedh/, v., breathed /breedhd/, breathing. v.i. 1. to take air, oxygen, etc., into the lungs and expel it; inhale and exhale; respire. 2. (in speech) to control the outgoing ...
/bretht, breedhd/, adj. Phonet. 1. not phonated; unvoiced; voiceless. 2. utilizing the breath exclusively in the production of a speech sound. [1875-80; BREATH + -ED3 or BREATHE ...
/bree"dheuhr/, n. 1. a pause, as for breath. 2. vigorous exercise that causes heavy breathing. 3. a person who breathes. 4. a vent in a container or covering, as in a casing for ...
See breathy. * * *
See breathily. * * *
—breathingly, adv. /bree"dhing/, n. 1. the act of a person or other animal that breathes; respiration. 2. a single breath. 3. the short time required for a single breath. 4. a ...
breathing space
1. Also called breathing spell. an opportunity to rest or think. 2. sufficient space in which to move, work, etc.: The train was so crowded that there was hardly breathing ...
breathing room n. Sufficient room to permit ease of breathing or movement: no breathing room on the crowded airplane. * * *
breathing space n. 1. Breathing room. 2. A breathing spell. * * *
breathing spell n. An opportunity to rest or give thought to a situation. * * *
—breathlessly, adv. —breathlessness, n. /breth"lis/, adj. 1. without breath or breathing with difficulty; gasping; panting: We were breathless after the steep climb. 2. with ...
See breathless. * * *
See breathlessly. * * *
—breathtakingly, adv. /breth"tay'king/, adj. thrillingly beautiful, remarkable, astonishing, exciting, or the like: a breathtaking performance. [1875-80; BREATH + TAKE + ...
See breathtaking. * * *
—breathiness, n. /breth"ee/, adj., breathier, breathiest. (of the voice) characterized by audible or excessive emission of breath. [1520-30; BREATH + -Y1] * * *
Brébeuf, Saint Jean de
born March 25, 1593, Condé-sur-Vire, Normandy died March 16, 1649, Saint-Ignace, New France; canonized 1930; feast day October 19 French Jesuit missionary to New ...
/brech"ee euh, bresh"-/, n. Petrol. rock composed of angular fragments of older rocks melded together. [1765-75; < It < Gmc; cf. OHG brecha breaking] * * * Coarse sedimentary ...
—brecciation /brech'ee ay"sheuhn, bresh'-/, n. /brech"ee ayt', bresh"-/, v.t., brecciated, brecciating. Petrol. to form as breccia. [1765-75; BRECCI(A) + -ATE1] * * *
See brecciate. * * *
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       small royal burgh (town), council area and historic county of Angus, Scotland, situated on the River South Esk in the fertile vale of ...
—Brechtian, adj. /brekt/; Ger. /brddekht/, n. Bertolt /berdd"tawlt/, 1898-1956, German dramatist and poet. * * *
Brecht, Arnold
▪ German political scientist born Jan. 26, 1884, Lübeck, Ger. died Sept. 11, 1977, Eutin, W.Ger.       exiled German public servant, who became a prominent political ...
Brecht, Bertolt
orig. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht born Feb. 10, 1898, Augsburg, Ger. died Aug. 14, 1956, East Berlin, E.Ger. German playwright and poet. He studied medicine at Munich ...
Brecht, George
▪ 2009 George MacDiarmid        American conceptual artist and sculptor born Aug. 27, 1926, New York, N.Y. died Dec. 5, 2008, Cologne, Ger. created art from an ...
Brecht (brĕkt, brĕKHt), Bertolt. 1898-1956. German poet and playwright who developed “epic drama,” a style that relies on the audience's reflective detachment rather than ...
See Brecht, Bertolt. * * *
▪ Colorado, United States       city, seat (1862) of Summit county, central Colorado, U.S. Situated at an elevation of 9,600 feet (2,926 metres), Breckenridge was the ...
Brecker, Michael Leonard
▪ 2008       American tenor saxophonist born March 29, 1949 , Philadelphia, Pa. died Jan. 13, 2007, New York, N.Y. was among the most active of studio musicians, ...
/brek"euhn rij'/, n. John Cabell, 1821-75, vice president of the U.S. 1857-61: Confederate general in the American Civil War. * * *
Breckinridge, John
▪ American politician born Dec. 2, 1760, Staunton, Va. died Dec. 14, 1806, Lexington, Ky., U.S.       Kentucky politician who sponsored Thomas Jefferson's Kentucky ...
Breckinridge, John C
▪ vice president of United States born Jan. 21, 1821, near Lexington, Ky., U.S. died May 17, 1875, Lexington       14th vice president of the United States (1857–61), ...
Breckinridge, John C(abell)
born Jan. 21, 1821, near Lexington, Ky., U.S. died May 17, 1875, Lexington U.S. politician, vice president (1857–61), and Confederate army officer. He practiced law and later ...
Breckinridge, Madeline McDowell
▪ American social reformer née  Madeline McDowell   born May 20, 1872, Woodlake, Ky., U.S. died Nov. 25, 1920, Lexington, Ky.  American social reformer whose efforts ...
Breckinridge, Mary
▪ American nurse born Feb. 17, 1881, Memphis, Tenn., U.S. died May 16, 1965, Hyden, Ky.       American nurse-midwife whose establishment of neonatal and childhood ...
Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston
▪ American social worker, educator and lawyer born April 1, 1866, Lexington, Ky., U.S. died July 30, 1948, Chicago, Ill.       American welfare worker who led the ...
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Norfolk, England, occupying much of west-central and south-central Norfolk. ...
/brek"neuhk shear', -sheuhr, -nok-/, n. a historic county in S Wales, now part of Powys, Gwent, and Mid Glamorgan. * * * ▪ historical county, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh ...
/breks"vil/, n. a town in N Ohio. 10,132. * * *
▪ Wales, United Kingdom also called  Brecknock , Welsh  Aberhonddu        cathedral town, Powys county, historic county of Brecknockshire, Wales, on the River Usk ...
Brecon Beacons
an area of mountains in south Wales. It is popular with tourists who like walking and enjoying the attractive scenery. * * *
Brecon Beacons National Park
▪ national park, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Parc Cenedlaethol Bannau Brycheiniog   national park in southern Wales, occupying 519 square miles (1,344 square km) of ...
Breconshire [brek′ən shir, brek′ənshər] former county of SE Wales, now part of Powys county: also called Brecknockshire [brek′näk΄shire, brek′nəkshire] or ...
/bred/, v. pt. and pp. of breed. * * *
/bred"n dheuh bohn"/, adj. 1. firmly instilled or established as if by heredity: the bred-in-the-bone integrity of the school's headmaster. 2. deeply committed or resolved; ...
/brdday dah"/, n. a city in the S Netherlands. 118,086. * * * ▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), southwestern Netherlands, at the confluence of the Mark ...
Breda, Declaration of
(1660) Document issued by the exiled King Charles II in Breda, the Netherlands, making certain promises in return for his restoration to the English throne. It expressed his ...
Breda, Treaty of
▪ European history       (July 31, 1667), treaty between England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark, which brought to an inconclusive end the second Anglo-Dutch ...
/breed/, n. Archaic. 1. something braided or entwined, esp. a plait of hair; braid. 2. braiding or embroidery. [archaic sp. of BRAID, given a new pron. in accord with modern sp. ...
Bredero, Gerbrand Adriaenszoon
▪ Dutch author born March 16, 1585, Amsterdam, Neth. died Aug. 23, 1618, Amsterdam  poet and playwright who wrote folk songs, farces, and comedies treating cosmopolitan Dutch ...
Brederode, Hendrik van
▪ Dutch nobleman born Dec. 20, 1531, Brussels, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium] died Feb. 15, 1568, Harenburg Castle near Recklinghausen, Westphalia ...
bree [brē] n. 〚ME bre < OE * breo, var. of briw, akin to Ger brei〛 Scot. thin, watery soup; broth * * *
n. /breech/; v. /breech, brich/, n. 1. the lower, rear part of the trunk of the body; buttocks. 2. the hinder or lower part of anything. 3. Ordn. the rear part of the bore of a ...
breech baby
Obstet. a baby whose buttocks or feet are presented first during the birth process. [1965-70] * * *
breech birth.
See breech delivery. * * *
breech delivery
Obstet. the delivery of an infant with the feet or buttocks appearing first. [1880-85] * * *
breech-loading [brēch′lōd΄iŋ] adj. loading at the breech instead of the muzzle, as many guns: also breechloading * * *
breech birth n. See breech delivery. * * *
/breech"blok'/, n. Ordn. a movable piece of metal for closing the breech in certain firearms. Also, breech-block. [1880-85; BREECH + BLOCK] * * *
/breech"klawth', -kloth'/, n., pl. breechcloths /-klawdhz', -klodhz', -klawths', -kloths'/. a cloth worn about the breech and loins; loincloth. Also, breechclout ...
breech delivery n. Delivery of a fetus with the buttocks or feet appearing first. Also called breech birth. * * *
/brich"iz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Also called knee breeches. knee-length trousers, often having ornamental buckles or elaborate decoration at or near the bottoms, commonly ...
breeches buoy
Naut. a rescue device consisting of a life buoy from which is suspended a canvas sling, similar in form to a pair of breeches, in which shipwrecked or disabled persons are hauled ...
breeches part
Theat. a male role played by an actress. [1860-65] * * *
breech·es buoy (brĭchʹĭz, brēʹchĭz) n. An apparatus used for rescues and transfers at sea, consisting of sturdy canvas breeches attached at the waist to a ring buoy that ...
/brich"ing, bree"ching/, n. 1. the part of a harness that passes around the haunches of a horse. See illus. under harness. 2. a smoke pipe connecting one or more boilers with a ...
/breech"lis/, adj. 1. Ordn. without a breech. Cf. muzzleloader. 2. without breeches or trousers. [1350-1400; ME breklesse. See BREECH, -LESS] * * *
/breech"loh'deuhr/, n. a firearm loaded at the breech. [1855-60; BREECH + LOADER] * * *
/breech"loh'ding/, adj. loaded at the breech. [1855-60; BREECH + LOADING] * * *
breech presentation n. The position of a fetus during labor in which the buttocks or feet appear first. * * *
—breedable, adj. /breed/, v., bred, breeding, n. v.t. 1. to produce (offspring); procreate; engender. 2. to produce by mating; propagate sexually; reproduce: Ten mice were bred ...
breed association
▪ organization       organization that promotes the respective breeds of horses (horse) and registers horses that meet certain qualifications. A new association may ...
breed of cat
Informal. type; sort; variety: The new airplane is a completely different breed of cat from any that has been designed before. * * *
Breed's Hill
/breedz/ a hill adjoining Bunker Hill, where the Battle of Bunker Hill was actually fought. * * *
Breed's Hill (brēdz) A hill in Charlestown, a section of Boston, Massachusetts. It was the site of the Battle of Bunker Hill on June 17, 1775. * * *
/bree"deuhr/, n. 1. an animal, plant, or person that produces offspring or reproduces. 2. a person who raises animals or plants primarily for breeding purposes. 3. Also called ...
breeder reactor
breeder reactor n. a nuclear reactor generating nuclear energy and creating additional fuel by producing more fissile material than it consumes * * *       nuclear ...
breeder reactor n. A nuclear reactor that produces as well as consumes fissionable material, especially one that produces more fissionable material than it consumes. * * *
/bree"ding/, n. 1. the producing of offspring. 2. the improvement or development of breeds of livestock, as by selective mating and hybridization. 3. Hort. the production of new ...
breeding ground
1. a place where animals breed or to which they return to breed. 2. an environment suitable for or fostering the development of an idea, thing, etc.: a breeding ground for ...
breeding plumage.
See nuptial plumage. * * *
breeding ground n. 1. A place where animals breed. 2. A place or set of circumstances that encourages the development of certain ideas or conditions: a laboratory that is a ...
/breeks, briks/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Scot. and North Eng. breeches; trousers. * * *
/breen/, n. 1. a deep brownish green. adj. 2. of a deep brownish green. [b. BROWN and GREEN] * * *
breeze1 —breezeless, adj. —breezelike, adj. /breez/, n., v., breezed, breezing. n. 1. a wind or current of air, esp. a light or moderate one. 2. a wind of 4-31 mph (2-14 ...
breeze block
Brit. a cinder block. [1920-25] * * *
/breez"way'/, n. a porch or roofed passageway open on the sides, for connecting two buildings, as a house and a garage. [1930-35, Amer.; BREEZE1 + WAY] * * *
See breezy. * * *
See breezily. * * *
—breezily, adv. —breeziness, n. /bree"zee/, adj., breezier, breeziest. 1. abounding in breezes; windy. 2. fresh; sprightly: His breezy manner was half his charm. [1710-20; ...
Bregendahl, Marie
▪ Danish author born , Nov. 6, 1867, Fly, Den. died July 22, 1940, Copenhagen       Danish writer of regional literature, who portrayed the life of the inhabitants of ...
/brdday"gents/, n. a city in W Austria, on Lake Constance. 24,683. * * * ▪ Austria       town, capital of Bundesland (federal state) Vorarlberg, western Austria, on ...
▪ mountains, Austria English  Bregenz Forest        forested mountain range in western Austria. The range, part of the Allgäuer Alps, is drained by the Bregenzer ...
—bregmatic /breg mat"ik/, bregmate /breg"mayt/, adj. /breg"meuh/, n., pl. bregmata /-meuh teuh/. Craniom. the junction point of the sagittal and coronal sutures of the ...
See bregma. * * *
Breguet, Abraham-Louis
▪ French horologist born Jan. 10, 1747, Neuchatel, Switz. died Sept. 17, 1823, Paris       the leading French horologist of his time, known for the profusion of his ...
Bréguet, Louis-Charles
▪ French aircraft builder born Jan. 2, 1880, Paris died May 4, 1955, Paris       French airplane builder, many of whose planes set world records, and founder of Air ...
Brehon laws
▪ ancient Irish laws Gaelic  Feinechus        ancient laws of Ireland. The text of these laws, written in the most archaic form of the Gaelic language, dates back to ...
/bruy/, n. Microbiology. a suspension of finely divided tissue in an isotonic medium, used chiefly as a culture for certain viruses. [ < G: mush; akin to OE brig, briw soup] * * *
Breidha Fjord
/bray"dhah/ an inlet of Denmark Strait on the NW coast of Iceland. * * *
Historic region, southwestern Germany. Located between the Rhine River and the Black Forest, it was once part of the Roman empire. From the 3rd century AD it was occupied by the ...
Breitenfeld, Battle of
▪ European history       (Sept. 17, 1631), the first major Protestant victory of the Thirty Years' War, in which the army of the Roman Catholic Habsburg emperor ...
Breitinger, Johann Jakob
▪ Swiss-German author born March 1, 1701, Zürich, Switz. died Dec. 13, 1776, Zürich  Swiss-German writer, one of the most influential 18th-century literary critics in the ...
Brel, Jacques
born April 8, 1929, Brussels, Belg. died Oct. 9, 1978, Bobigny, near Paris, France Belgian singer and songwriter. He began his career singing in French cafés. His songs, ...
/breuh lohk"/, n. a charm or trinket, esp. one attached to a watch chain. [1855-60; < F] * * *
/brem"euhn/; Ger. /brdday"meuhn/, n. 1. a state in NW Germany. 654,000; 156 sq. mi. (405 sq. km). 2. a port in and the capital of this state, on the Weser River: formerly a ...
Bremer Beiträger
▪ German literary school       group of mid-18th-century German writers, among them Johann Elias Schlegel, who objected to the restrictive, Neoclassical principles laid ...
Bremer, Fredrika
▪ Swedish author born Aug. 17, 1801, Åbo, Swedish Finland [now Turko, Fin.] died Dec. 31, 1865, Årsta, near Stockholm  writer, reformer, and champion of women's rights; she ...
Bremer, L. Paul, III
▪ 2004       Amid criticism that the reconstruction effort in Iraq was in danger of losing the peace, L. Paul Bremer III was named the new U.S. administrator of occupied ...
/brem"euhr hay'veuhn/; Ger. /brdday'meuhrdd hah"feuhn/, n. a seaport in NW Germany, at the mouth of the Weser River. 132,200. Formerly, Wesermünde. * * * ▪ ...
/brem"euhr teuhn/, n. a city in W Washington, on Puget Sound: navy yard. 36,208. * * * ▪ Washington, United States       city, Kitsap county, western Washington, U.S., ...
(1961– ) an English entertainer who makes fun of well-known people, especially politicians, by copying the way they behave and speak. He frequently appears on television and is ...
Bremner, William J.
▪ 1998       Scottish association football (soccer) player whose skill, inspiring leadership (usually as captain), and fierce determination made him vital to the success ...
/brem"shtrah'leuhng/, n. Physics. radiation emitted by a charged particle when accelerating, as x-rays emitted by an electron that is scattered by a nucleus. [1940-45; < G, ...
Bren (gun)
Bren (gun) or Bren [bren] n. 〚after Br(no), Czechoslovakia, where first made + En(field), England, where manufactured for the Brit army〛 a light, fast, gas-operated machine ...
Bren gun
/bren/ a .303-caliber, gas-operated, air-cooled, clip-fed submachine gun. Also, bren gun. Also called Bren, bren. [1935-40; Br(no), Moravia + En(field), England, towns of ...
Bren machine gun
      British adaptation of a Czech light machine gun. Its name originated as an acronym from Brno, where the Czech gun was made, and Enfield, where the British adaptation ...
/bren"deuh/, n. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "flame" or "sword." * * *
Brenda Hale
➡ Hale (I) * * *
(c. 485–c. 578) an Irish monk who travelled around Ireland and Scotland. According to legends he was also the first European to sail to America. In 1977 a group of people ...
Brendan, Saint
born 484/486, Tralee, Ire. died 578, Annaghdown, County Galway; feast day May 16 Celtic saint and hero of legendary Atlantic voyages. Educated by St. Ita at her school in ...
Brendel, Alfred
▪ Austrian musician born Jan. 5, 1931, Wiesenberg, Czech.    renowned Austrian pianist whose recordings and international concert appearances secured his ...
Bren gun (brĕn) n. A.303-caliber, gas-operated, magazine-fed light machine gun developed from a Czech design and used by British and Commonwealth troops during World War II and ...
/bren"euhm/, n. a town in central Texas. 10,966. * * *
/bren"euhn/, n. William Joseph, Jr., 1906-97, U.S. lawyer and jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1956-90. * * *
Brennan, Christopher
▪ Australian poet in full  Christopher John Brennan  born Nov. 1, 1870, Sydney, Australia died Oct. 5, 1932, Sydney       poet and scholar whose highly personal verse ...
Brennan, Walter
▪ American actor born July 25, 1894, Lynn or Swampscott, Mass., U.S. died September 21, 1974, Oxnard, Calif.       American character actor, best known for his ...
Brennan, William
▪ United States jurist in full  William Joseph Brennan, Jr.  born April 25, 1906, Newark, N.J., U.S. died July 24, 1997, Arlington, Va.  associate justice of the Supreme ...
Brennan, William J(oseph), Jr.
born April 25, 1906, Newark, N.J., U.S. died July 24, 1997, Arlington, Va. U.S. jurist. He studied under Felix Frankfurter at Harvard Law School, receiving his degree in 1931. ...
Brennan, William Joseph, Jr.
▪ 1998       U.S. Supreme Court justice (b. April 25, 1906, Newark, N.J.—d. July 24, 1997, Arlington, Va.), was considered the prototypical liberal interpreter of the ...
Brennan, William Joseph,Jr.
Bren·nan (brĕnʹən), William Joseph, Jr. 1906-1997. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1956-1990). * * *
Brenner Pass
/bren"euhr/ a mountain pass in the Alps, on the border between Italy and Austria. 4494 ft. (1370 m) high. * * * ▪ mountain pass, Europe Italian  Passo Del Brennero,  German ...
Brenner, Sydney
▪ South African biologist born January 13, 1927, Germiston, South Africa       South-African born biologist who, with John E. Sulston (Sulston, John E.) and H. Robert ...
Bren·ner Pass (brĕnʹər) An Alpine pass, 1,371 m (4,495 ft) high, connecting Innsbruck, Austria, with Bolzano, Italy. It has been a strategic trade and invasion route since ...
▪ Celtic chieftain [died 279 BC] died 279 BC       Celtic chieftain who, when another tribe had created chaos in Macedonia by killing its king, led his tribe on a ...
/brent/, n. Chiefly Brit. brant. Also called brent goose. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the northwestern perimeter of the ...
/brent/, n. 1. a borough of Greater London, England. 262,800. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, on the ...
Brent Spar
▪ 1996       During 1995 an abandoned North Sea oil-storage platform known as Brent Spar was at the centre of an international dispute over the safe disposal of waste ...
Brent, Margaret
born с 1600, Gloucestershire, Eng. died 1669/71, Westmoreland county, Va. British colonial landowner in North America. She arrived in Maryland in 1638 and obtained a patent ...
Brent (brĕnt), Margaret. 1600-1671?. English-born colonist and feminist. She immigrated to Maryland in 1638 and was the first woman to obtain a land grant there. * * *
/bren tah"noh/, n. Franz, 1838-1917, German philosopher and psychologist. * * * (as used in expressions) Brentano Clemens Brentano Franz Clemens Elisabeth Katharina Ludovica ...
Brentano, Clemens
born Sept. 9, 1778, Ehrenbreitstein, near Koblenz died July 28, 1842, Aschaffenburg, Bavaria German poet, novelist, and dramatist. He was one of the founders of the Heidelberg ...
Brentano, Franz
▪ German philosopher in full  Franz Clemens Brentano  born January 16, 1838, Marienberg, Hesse-Nassau [Germany] died March 17, 1917, Zürich, Switzerland       German ...
Brentano, Franz (Clemens)
born Jan. 16, 1838, Marienberg, Hesse-Nassau died March 17, 1917, Zürich, Switz. German philosopher. Nephew of Clemens Brentano, he was ordained a priest in 1864 and taught at ...
Brentano, Heinrich von
▪ German politician born June 20, 1904, Offenbach, Ger. died Nov. 14, 1964, Darmstadt, W.Ger.       German politician, founding member, and longtime parliamentary ...
Brentano, Lujo
▪ German economist byname of  Ludwig Josef Brentano  born December 18, 1844, Aschaffenburg, Bavaria, Germany died September 9, 1931, Munich  German economist, associated ...
/brent"wood'/, n. 1. a town on central Long Island, in SE New York. 44,321. 2. a city in SW Pennsylvania. 11,907. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough ...
Brenz, Johannes
▪ German clergyman born June 24, 1499, Weil, Württemberg [Germany] died September 11, 1570, Stuttgart       German Protestant Reformer, principal leader of the ...
Bréquigny, Louis-Georges-Oudard-Feudrix de
▪ French historian born Feb. 23, 1714, Gaineville?, Fr. died July 2, 1794, Paris       French scholar who carried out a major compilation of the annals of French ...
Brer Rabbit
the main animal character in the Uncle Remus books by the US writer Joel Chandler Harris. ‘Brer’ is how some people in the southern US say ‘brother’. * * * ▪ ...
Brera, Pinacoteca di
▪ museum, Milan, Italy English  Brera Picture Gallery        art museum in Milan, founded in 1809 by Napoleon I, and one of Italy's largest art galleries. Its ...
/bres/, n. Irish Legend. a Fomorian king of Ireland, whose unpopular rule led to the expulsion of the Fomorians by the Tuatha De Danann. Also, Bress. * * *
bre·sao·la (brĕ-sōʹlə, brĭ-zōʹ-) n. Sliced salt-cured, air-dried beef that is dressed with olive oil, lemon juice, and black pepper before serving.   [Italian, ...
—Brescian /bresh"euhn/, adj. /brdde"shah/, n. a city in central Lombardy, in N Italy. 215,260. * * * ancient Brixia City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 187,865), Lombardy region, ...
Bresdin, Rodolphe
▪ French engraver born 1822, Montrelais, Fr. died Jan. 14, 1885, Sèvres       eccentric and visionary French engraver, lithographer, and etcher noted for his highly ...
/bresh kawf"skee, -kof"-/, n. Catherine, 1844-1934, Russian revolutionary of noble birth: called "the little grandmother of the Russian Revolution." * * *
Breshkovsky, Catherine
born 1844 died Sept. 12, 1934, near Prague, Czech. Russian revolutionary. After becoming involved with the Narodnik (or Populist) revolutionary group in the 1870s, she was ...
/brez"low/; Ger. /brddes"low/, n. German name of Wroclaw. * * *
Breslin, Jimmy
orig. James Earl Breslin born Oct. 17, 1929, Jamaica, N.Y., U.S. U.S. columnist and novelist. During his long newspaper career Breslin became known as a tough-talking voice of ...
▪ Italy German  Brixen        town, Trentino–Alto Adige region, northern Italy; it lies at the confluence of the Rienza (Rienz) and Isarco (Eisack) rivers, on the ...
▪ region, France       natural region of eastern France, embracing parts of the Ain and Saône-et-Loire départements. It extends for 60 miles (100 km) from the Dombes ...
Bresson, Robert
born Sept. 25, 1901, Bromont-Lamonthe, Puy-de Dôme, France died Dec. 18, 1999 French film director. He worked as a painter and photographer before making his first film in ...
/brest/; for 2 also Russ. /brddyest/, n. 1. a seaport in the W extremity of France: German submarine base in World War II; surrendered to Allies September 1944. 172,176. 2. ...
Brest Litovsk
/brest" li tawfsk"/; Russ. /brddyest" lyi tawfsk"/ former name (until 1921) of Brest. Polish, Brzesc nad Bugiem. * * *
Brest-Litovsk, treaties of
▪ 1918       peace treaties signed at Brest-Litovsk (now in Belarus) by the Central Powers with the Ukrainian Republic (Feb. 9, 1918) and with Soviet Russia (Union of ...
Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of
(March 3, 1918) Peace treaty signed at Brest-Litovsk (now in Belarus) by the Central Powers with Soviet Russia, concluding hostilities between those countries in World War ...
Brest-Litovsk, Union of
      an agreement in 1596 that united with the Roman Catholic Church several million Ukrainian (Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church) and Belorussian Orthodox Christians ...
Bret Easton Ellis
➡ Ellis * * *
Bret Hanover
▪ racehorse       (foaled 1962), U.S. harness racehorse (Standardbred), selected as Harness Horse of the Year in each of his three racing seasons (1964–66). In 1971 ...
Bret. abbr. Breton. * * *
/brddeuh tannn"yeu/, n. French name of Brittany. * * *
/bri tel"/, n. one of a pair of ornamental suspenderlike shoulder straps that attach to the waistband at the front and back of a garment. [1855-60; < F, OF < OHG brittila (pl.) ...
/bredh"rin/, n.pl. 1. fellow members. 2. Archaic. brothers. Syn. 1, 2. See brother. * * * ▪ religious organization       group of Protestant (Protestantism) churches ...
Brethren in Christ
▪ religious organization also called  River Brethren,         Christian church in the United States and Canada. It developed among European settlers along the ...
Brétigny, Treaty of
(1360) Treaty between England and France that ended the first phase of the Hundred Years' War. Marking a serious setback for the French, the treaty was signed after Edward the ...
Břetislav I
▪ Bohemian prince byname  Břetislav the Restorer , Czech  Břetislav Obnovitel  born 1005? died Jan. 10, 1055       prince of Bohemia from 1034 to 1055, who ...
/bret"n/; Fr. /brddeuh tawn"/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Brittany. 2. Also called Armorican, Armoric. the Celtic language of Brittany. 3. (often l.c.) a round hat for ...
Bretón de los Herreros, Manuel
▪ Spanish writer born Dec. 19, 1796, Quel, Spain died Nov. 8, 1873, Madrid       Spanish poet and one of the most important and prolific comic playwrights of the 19th ...
Breton lace
a net lace with a design embroidered in heavy, often colored, thread. * * *
Breton language
Celtic language spoken in Brittany in France. It was introduced in the 5th–6th centuries by immigrants from southern Britain. Breton is attested in glosses in Latin ...
Breton lay
▪ literature Middle English  Lai Breton        poetic form so called because Breton professional storytellers supposedly recited similar poems, though none are ...
Breton literature
Introduction       the body of writings in the Breton language of northwestern France. Medieval poetry and drama       No literary texts in Old Breton have ...
Breton, André
Bre·ton (brĭ-tôɴʹ), André. 1896-1966. French poet and literary theorist. He began to write after World War I, at first linking himself with Dadaism but breaking with that ...
Breton, Nicholas
▪ English writer born 1553? died 1625?       prolific English writer of religious and pastoral poems, satires, dialogues, and essays.       Breton's life was ...
Bretonneau, Pierre-Fidèle
▪ French physician born April 3, 1778, Tours, Fr. died Feb. 18, 1862, Passy       French epidemiologist who in 1825 performed the first successful tracheotomy (incision ...
Bretscher, Willy
▪ Swiss editor born October 26, 1897, Winterthur, Switzerland died January 12, 1992, Zürich       Swiss editor, from 1933 to 1967, of Neue Zürcher Zeitung (NZZ) of ...
/bret/, n. a male or female given name. Also, Bret. * * *
Brett, Jeremy
▪ 1996       (PETER JEREMY WILLIAM HUGGINS), British actor who began his career in classical theatre and portrayed dashing young aristocrats, notably Freddie ...
Bretton Woods
Bretton Woods [bret′'n] 〚after Bretton Hall, Eng countryseat of one of the founders〛 resort in the White Mountains, N.H.: site of a United Nations monetary conference ...
Bretton Woods Conference
/bret"n/ an international conference called at Bretton Woods, N.H., in July 1944 to deal with international monetary and financial problems: resulted in the creation of the ...

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