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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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—christener, n. /kris"euhn/, v.t. 1. to receive into the Christian church by baptism; baptize. 2. to give a name to at baptism: They christened her Mary. 3. to name and ...
/kris"euhn deuhm/, n. 1. Christians collectively. 2. the Christian world. 3. Christianity. [bef. 900; ME; OE cristendom. See CHRISTIAN, -DOM] * * *
/kris"euh ning, kris"ning/, n. 1. the ceremony of baptism, esp. as accompanied by the giving of a name to a child. 2. a public ceremony in which a new ship is formally named and ...
christening presents
➡ christening * * *
christening robe
➡ christening * * *
Christensen, Benjamin
▪ Danish director Christensen also spelled  Christiansen, or Christianson   born Sept. 28, 1879, Viborg, Den. died April 3, 1959, Copenhagen       Danish ...
Christensen, Harold
▪ American dancer born Dec. 25, 1904, Brigham City, Utah, U.S. died Feb. 20, 1989, San Anselmo, Calif.       American dancer and teacher who, with his brothers, Willam ...
Christensen, Inger
▪ Danish poet born Jan. 16, 1935, Vejle, Den. died Jan. 2, 2009, Copenhagen       Danish poet whose linguistically sophisticated work explores the interconnections of ...
Christensen, Lew
▪ American dancer born May 6, 1909, Brigham City, Utah, U.S died Oct. 9, 1984, Burlingame, Calif.       American dancer, teacher, and choreographer whose work with the ...
Christensen, Willam
▪ 2002 William Farr Christensen        American ballet company director (b. Aug. 27, 1902, Brigham City, Utah—d. Oct. 14, 2001, Salt Lake City, Utah), began dancing at ...
Christer [krīs′tər] n. Slang a Christian, esp. one actively engaged in proselytizing or evangelizing: a term of contempt or disparagement * * *
/kruyst"hood/, n. the condition of being a Christ. [1375-1425; late ME; see CHRIST, -HOOD] * * *
(as used in expressions) Barnard Christiaan Neethling Eijkman Christiaan Huygens Christiaan * * *
/kris"cheuhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or derived from Jesus Christ or His teachings: a Christian faith. 2. of, pertaining to, believing in, or belonging to the religion based ...
Christian Aid
a British charity supported by most of the Churches in Britain. It was established in 1949 and provides help and money all over the world, especially in poorer countries. * * *
Christian and Missionary Alliance
▪ Protestant group       missionary and evangelistic movement that developed from the work of Albert B. Simpson (died 1919), a Presbyterian minister who left that church ...
Christian Brethren.
See Plymouth Brethren. [1880-85] * * *
Christian Brother
▪ Roman Catholicism       member of either of two separate but similar congregations of Roman Catholic laymen devoted to teaching youth.       The Institute of ...
Christian Brother.
See Brother of the Christian Schools. [1810-20] * * *
Christian Brothers
Christian Brothers n. a Roman Catholic lay order that undertakes the teaching of youth: in full Brothers of the Christian Schools * * *
Christian caste
In India, social stratification among Christians based on caste membership at the time of an individual's or an ancestor's conversion. Indian Christians are grouped by ...
Christian Catholic Church
▪ American church       conservative American Christian sect founded in Chicago in 1896 by John Alexander Dowie (Dowie, John Alexander). A Congregational minister from ...
Christian Coalition of America
a US conservative political organization which supports traditional ideas about family life, is against abortion (= the deliberate ending of a pregnancy at an early stage) and ...
Christian Democracy
Political movement that has a close association with Roman Catholicism and its philosophy of social and economic justice. It incorporates both traditional church and family ...
Christian Democratic People's Party
▪ political party, Switzerland German  Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz (CVP) , French  Parti Démocrate-Chrétien Suisse (PDC) , Italian  Partito ...
Christian Democratic Union
▪ political party, Germany Introduction German  Christlich-Demokratische Union        German centre-right political party that supports a free-market economy and ...
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
German political party advocating regulated economic competition and close cooperation with the U.S. in foreign policy. It held power from the establishment of the West German ...
Christian Endeavor
an organization of young people of various evangelical Protestant churches, formed in 1881 to promote Christian principles and service. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
Christian Era
the period since the assumed year of Jesus' birth. [1650-60] * * *
Christian Front
▪ American organization       in American history, anti-Semitic and pro-Nazi organization active from about 1938 until the United States entered World War II. Under the ...
Christian I
▪ Scandinavian king also spelled  Christiern   born 1426 died May 21, 1481, Copenhagen, Den.  king of Denmark (1448–81), Norway (1450–81), and Sweden (1457–64, ...
Christian II
born July 1, 1481, Nyborg, Den. died Jan. 25, 1559, Kalundborg King of Denmark and Norway (1513–23) and of Sweden (1520–23). He succeeded his father, John, as king of ...
Christian III
born Aug. 12, 1503, Gottorp, Schleswig died Jan. 1, 1559, Kolding, Den. King of Denmark and Norway (1534–59). Son of King Frederick I, he assumed control of the kingdom after ...
Christian IV
born April 12, 1577, Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød, Den. died Feb. 28, 1648, Copenhagen King of Denmark and Norway (1588–1648). He succeeded to the throne on the death of ...
Christian IX
1818-1906, king of Denmark 1863-1906. * * * born April 8, 1818, Gottorp, Schleswig died Jan. 29, 1906, Copenhagen, Den. King of Denmark (1863–1906). He succeeded the ...
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
▪ American church       black Methodist (Methodism) church in the United States, organized in 1870 as the Colored Methodist Episcopal Church; it officially adopted its ...
Christian name
1. Also called baptismal name. the name given one at baptism, as distinguished from the family name. 2. a person's first or given name. [1540-50] * * *
Christian of Anhalt
▪ Protestant prince born May 11, 1568, Bernburg, Anhalt [Ger.] died April 17, 1630, Bernburg       minor Protestant prince who played a major role in precipitating the ...
Christian of Brunswick
▪ German military commander byname  Christian the Younger,  German  Christian der Jüngere   born Sept. 20, 1599, Gröningen, Bishopric of Halberstadt [Germany] died June ...
Christian Reformed
of or pertaining to a Protestant denomination (Christian Reformed Church) organized in the U.S. in 1857 by groups that had seceded from the Dutch Reformed Church. * * *
Christian Reformed Church in North America
▪ American church       Protestant denomination that developed in the United States from a group that separated in 1857 from the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church (now ...
Christian Science
a system of religious teaching, founded in 1866 by Mary Baker Eddy and based on the Scriptures, the most notable application of which is the practice of spiritual ...
Christian Science Monitor
a national US newspaper published every day from Monday to Friday by the Christian Scientists. It was started in 1908. * * *
Christian Science Monitor, The
Daily newspaper of national and international news and features, published Monday through Friday in Boston under the auspices of the Church of Christ, Scientist (see Christian ...
Christian Science Practitioner
➡ Christian Scientist * * *
Christian Scientist
a believer in Christian Science; a member of the Church of Christ, Scientist. * * *
Christian Social Union
▪ political party, Germany German  Christlich-Soziale Union         conservative German political party that was founded in Bavaria, Germany, in 1946 by various ...
Christian Social Union (CSU)
Conservative German political party that was founded in Bavaria, West Germany, in 1946 by Roman Catholic and Protestant groups. It was committed to free enterprise, federalism, ...
Christian socialism
Social and political movement originating in mid-19th-century Europe. Christian socialists attempted to combine the fundamental aims of socialism with the religious and ethical ...
Christian Socialist
—Christian Socialism. a member of any of certain European political parties advocating a form of social organization based on Christian and socialistic principles. [1855-60] * ...
Christian V
▪ Scandinavian king born April 15, 1646, Flensburg, Schleswig died Aug. 25, 1699, Copenhagen       king who consolidated absolutism in ...
Christian VI
▪ Scandinavian king born Nov. 30, 1699, Copenhagen died Aug. 6, 1746, Hørsholm, Den.  king of Denmark and Norway, son of Frederick IV of Denmark and Louise of ...
Christian VII
▪ Scandinavian king born Jan. 29, 1749, Copenhagen died March 13, 1808, Rendsburg, Schleswig       mentally incompetent king of Denmark and Norway; his reign saw the ...
Christian VIII
▪ king of Denmark in full  Christian Frederik   born Sept. 18, 1786, Copenhagen died Jan. 20, 1848, Amalienborg, Den.  king of Denmark during the rise of the liberal ...
Christian X
1870-1947, king of Denmark 1912-47. * * * born Sept. 26, 1870, Charlottenlund, Den. died April 20, 1947, Copenhagen King of Denmark (1912–47) who symbolized his nation's ...
Christian year
a year in the ecclesiastical calendar, used esp. in reference to the various feast days and special seasons. Also called church year. * * *
Christian, Barbara
▪ 2001       Caribbean American educator and critic (b. Dec. 12, 1943, St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands—d. June 25, 2000, Berkeley, Calif.), was a noted professor of ...
Christian, Charlie
orig. Charles Christian born July 29, 1916, Bonham, Texas, U.S. died March 2, 1942, New York, N.Y. U.S. guitarist. Christian grew up in Oklahoma City, Okla., and joined Benny ...
Christian, Fletcher
▪ British seaman and mutineer born Sept. 25, 1764, near Cockermouth, Cumbria, Eng. died c. 1790, –93?       seaman and leading mutineer on HMS Bounty, under the ...
Christian, William
▪ English politician byname  Illiam Dhône (Manx: “Brown-haired William”)   born April 14, 1608 died Jan. 2, 1663, Hango Hill, Isle of Man       Manx politician ...
Christian, Charlie. 1916-1942. American jazz guitarist and blues singer. One of the first to amplify the guitar, he influenced its emergence as a solo instrument in jazz. * * *
▪ French director original name  Christian-Albert-François Maudet  born Sept. 4, 1904, Paris, France died July 8, 1994, Paris       one of the most commercially ...
Christian Brother n. Roman Catholic Church A member of the order of Brothers of the Christian Schools that was founded in France in 1684 by Saint Jean Baptiste de la Salle ...
Christian era n. The period beginning with the birth of Jesus. * * *
/kris'chee an"ee euh, -ah"nee euh, kris'tee-/, n. 1. former name of Oslo. 2. (sometimes l.c.) Also called Christie, Christy. any of several skiing turns executed in order to ...
/kris"cheuh niz'euhm/, n. the beliefs and practices of Christians. [1570-80; < LL Christianismus < Gk Christianismós Christianity, equiv. to christian(ós) CHRISTIAN + -ismos ...
/kris'chee an"i tee/, n., pl. Christianities. 1. the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. 2. Christian beliefs or practices; ...
Christianity's Newest Converts
▪ 2002 by Kenneth L. Woodward       Though 2001 will undoubtedly be remembered as the year that the terrorist attacks in the U.S. were attributed to Islamic radicals, ...
See Christianize. * * *
—Christianization, n. —Christianizer, n. /kris"cheuh nuyz'/, v.t., Christianized, Christianizing. 1. to make Christian. 2. to imbue with Christian principles. Also, esp. ...
See Christianization. * * *
/kris"cheuhn luyk'/, adj. like or befitting a Christian. [1565-75; CHRISTIAN + -LIKE] * * *
/kris"cheuhn lee/, adj. 1. like a Christian; Christianlike. adv. 2. in a Christian manner. [1375-1425; late ME cristenli. See CHRISTIAN, -LY] * * *
Christian name n. 1. A name given at baptism. Also called baptismal name. 2. A name that precedes a person's family name, especially the first name. * * *
Christians of Saint Thomas
▪ Christian groups, India also called  Malabar Christians,         four major Christian groups—Syro-Malabar, Syro-Malankara, Syrian Jacobite, and Mar ...
/kris"cheuhn sand'/; Norw. /krddis'tyahn sahn"/, n. former name of Kristiansand. * * *
/kris"cheuhnz berrg'/, n. a town in SW Virginia. 10,345. * * *
Christian Science n. The church and the religious system founded by Mary Baker Eddy, emphasizing healing through spiritual means as an important element of Christianity and ...
See Christian Science. * * *
Christiansen, Godtfred Kirk
▪ 1996       Danish toy manufacturer who engineered the growth of Legos into an international sensation and made Legoland, a theme park built out of the tiny, brightly ...
Chris·tian·sted (krĭsʹchən-stĕd') The chief city of St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Tourism is the leading industry. Population: 2,914. * * * ▪ United States ...
Christian X, 1870-1947. King of Denmark (1912-1947) noted for his passive resistance to the Nazi occupation of Denmark in World War II. * * *
/kris"tee/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Skiing. Christiania (def. 2). [1915-20; by shortening; see -IE] /kris"tee/, n. 1. Agatha, 1891-1976, English novelist of detective fiction. 2. a ...
Popular name for the London firm of Christie, Manson & Woods, the oldest fine-arts auctioneers in the world. It was founded by James Christie (1730–1803), who opened his ...
Christie's International PLC
▪ auction house, London, United Kingdom       art auction firm founded by James Christie (1730–1803) in London in 1766. Christie became the friend of such artists and ...
Christie, Dame Agatha
▪ British author in full  Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa Christie,  née  Miller  born Sept. 15, 1890, Torquay, Devon, Eng. died Jan. 12, 1976, Wallingford, ...
Christie, Dame Agatha (Mary Clarissa)
born Sept. 15, 1890, Torquay, Devon, Eng. died Jan. 12, 1976, Wallingford, Oxfordshire British detective novelist and playwright. Her first novel, The Mysterious Affair at ...
Christie, Julie
▪ British actress born April 14, 1941, Chukua, Assam, India       British film actress renowned for a wide range of roles in English and American films of the 1960s and ...
Christie,Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa
Chris·tie (krĭsʹtē), Dame Agatha Mary Clarissa. 1890-1976. British writer of more than 70 detective novels, including The Murder of Roger Ackroyd (1926), and And Then There ...
a well-known firm of London auctioneers, with a branch also in New York. It was started by James Christie in London in 1776 and now deals mainly with fine paintings, sculpture, ...
/kri stee"neuh/, n. 1. 1626-89, queen of Sweden 1632-54 (daughter of Gustavus Adolphus). 2. a female given name. * * * Swedish Kristina born Dec. 8, 1626, Stockholm, Swed. died ...
Christina Aguilera
➡ Aguilera * * *
Christina Rossetti
➡ Rossetti (I) * * *
/kri steen"/, n. a female given name: derived from Christian. * * * (as used in expressions) Christine de Pisan Christine de Pizan Evert Christine Marie Ladd Franklin ...
Christine de Pisan
or Christine de Pizan born 1364, Venice died с 1430 French writer. She was the daughter of an astrologer to Charles V and the wife of a court secretary and took up writing to ...
/kruyst"lis/, adj. being without the teachings or spirit of Christ; unchristian. [1645-55; CHRIST + -LESS] * * *
/kruyst"luyk'/, adj. like Christ; showing the spirit of Christ. [1670-80; CHRIST + -LIKE] * * *
See Christlike. * * *
—Christliness, n. /kruyst"lee/, adj. Christlike. [bef. 1000; OE cristlic (unrecorded in ME; mod. E Christly appar. a re-formation on the model of GODLY, MANLY, etc.); see ...
—Christmassy, Christmasy, adj. /kris"meuhs/, n. 1. the annual festival of the Christian church commemorating the birth of Jesus: celebrated on December 25 and now generally ...
Christmas boxes
➡ Boxing Day * * *
Christmas cactus
a cactus, Schlumbergera bridgesii (or Zygocactus bridgesii), native to Brazil, having stems with leaflike segments and showy, purplish-red flowers, and often cultivated as a ...
Christmas cake
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas card
a printed and often decorated card for mailing at Christmas to express good wishes. [1880-85] * * * ▪ greeting card       form of greeting card usually sent by mail as ...
Christmas cards
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas Carol
a short novel (1843) by Charles Dickens. It is about Ebenezer Scrooge, a mean old man, who on the night before Christmas sees ghosts of Christmasses past, present and future. He ...
Christmas Carol, A
a story (1843) by Dickens. * * *
Christmas club
a savings account in a bank in which regular deposits are made, usually throughout one year, as to provide funds for Christmas shopping. [1905-10] * * *
Christmas cookies
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas Day
➡ quarter days * * *
Christmas dinner
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas disease
Pathol. a hereditary disease characterized by an inability of the blood to clot because of a deficiency of a coagulation factor. [1952; after S. Christmas, the first sufferer ...
Christmas Eve
the evening or the day preceding Christmas. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
Christmas factor
Biochem. a blood constituent necessary for clotting, the absence of which is characterized by a hemophilialike condition. Also called factor IX, plasma thromboplastic ...
Christmas fern
an evergreen fern, Polystichum acrostichoides, having dense clusters of stiff fronds growing from a central rootstock. Also called dagger fern. [1875-80] * * *
Christmas Island
1. an Australian island in the Indian Ocean, ab. 190 mi. (300 km) S of Java. 3300; 52 sq. mi. (135 sq. km). 2. one of the Line Islands, in Kiribati (Gilbert Islands), in the ...
Christmas morning
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas pantomime
pantomime (def. 5). * * *
Christmas presents
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas pudding
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas pudding.
See plum pudding. [1855-60] * * *
Christmas rose
a European hellebore, Helleborus niger, having evergreen leaves and white-to-purplish flowers that bloom in the winter. Also called winter rose. [1680-90] * * * ▪ herb also ...
Christmas seal
a decorative stamp sold by some charitable organizations during the Christmas season to raise money. * * *
Christmas shopping
➡ Christmas * * *
Christmas stocking
a stocking or stocking-shaped bag traditionally hung on a mantelpiece or Christmas tree by children on Christmas Eve to hold small gifts that Santa Claus is credited with ...
Christmas tree
1. an evergreen tree decorated at Christmas with ornaments and lights. 2. a control board or panel containing a variety of colored lights for indicating the status of various ...
/kris"meuhs ber'ee/, n., pl. Christmasberries. toyon. [1895-1900, Amer.; CHRISTMAS + BERRY] * * *
Christmasberry tree
Christmas berry tree n. See Brazilian pepper tree. * * *
Christmasberry tree.
See Brazilian pepper tree. * * *
Christmas cactus n. An epiphytic cactus (Schlumbergera ×bridgesii) of Brazilian ancestry, widely cultivated as a houseplant and having jointed flat segments with crenate margins ...
Christmas card n. A greeting card sent at Christmas to express goodwill. * * *
Christmas club n. A savings account, as in a bank, requiring periodic deposits to ensure money for shopping at Christmas. * * *
Christmas disease n. A type of hemophilia that is caused by a deficiency of factor IX.   [After Stephen Christmas, a 20th-century British boy who was first diagnosed with it.] * ...
Christmas Eve n. 1. The evening before Christmas. 2. The day before Christmas. * * *
Christmas fern n. A North American evergreen fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) having pinnate leaves and dense clusters of lance-shaped fronds. Also called canker brake, dagger ...
Christmas Island 1. An Australian-administered island in the eastern Indian Ocean south of Java. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1888 and came under Australian sovereignty in ...
Christmas rose n. A European perennial evergreen herb (Helleborus niger) cultivated for its white or pinkish flowers that bloom in winter. * * *
See Christmas. * * *
/kris"meuhs tuyd'/, n. 1. the festival season from Christmas to after New Year's Day. 2. the period from Christmas Eve to Epiphany, esp. in England. [1620-30; CHRISTMAS + ...
/kris"meuhs tuym'/, n. the Christmas season. [1830-40; CHRISTMAS + TIME] * * *
Christmas tree n. 1. An evergreen or artificial tree decorated, as with lights and ornaments, during the Christmas season. 2. A device comprised of pipes and valves that caps a ...
See Christmassy. * * *
Chris·to (krĭsʹtō), Originally Christo Vladimirov Javacheff. Born 1935. Bulgarian-born American sculptor and experimental artist best known for wrapping objects, especially ...
Christo and Jeanne-Claude
▪ 1996        On June 25, 1995, when the last panel of silver fabric fell into place, the biggest artwork of the year was completed in Berlin by site artists Christo and ...
a combining form representing Christ in compound words: Christophany. [see CHRIST, -O-] * * *
—Christocentrism, n. /kris'teuh sen"trik/, adj. having as the theological focal point the teachings and practices of Jesus Christ. [1870-75; CHRISTO- + -CENTRIC] * * *
▪ 2009 Christos Paraskevaidis        Greek religious leader born Jan. 17, 1939, Xanthi, Greece died Jan. 28, 2008, Psychiko, Greece won adulation and stirred ...
Christoff, Boris
▪ 1994       Bulgarian-born opera singer (b. May 18, 1914, Plovdiv, Bulg.—d. June 28, 1993, Rome, Italy), brought a commanding stage presence and a smooth, perfectly ...
Christofias, Dimitris
▪ 2009 born Aug. 29, 1946, Kato Dhikomo, Cyprus       On Feb. 28, 2008, Dimitris Christofias was sworn in as president of the Republic of Cyprus, the Greek portion of ...
/kris"teuh gram'/, n. a symbol of Christ, esp. the Chi-Rho. [1895-1900; CHRISTO- + -GRAM1] * * *
See Christology. * * *
—Christological /kris'tl oj"i keuhl/, adj. —Christologist, n. /kri stol"euh jee/, n., pl. Christologies for 2. 1. the branch of theology dealing with the nature, person, and ...
(as used in expressions) Eucken Rudolf Christoph Gluck Christoph Willibald Schiller Johann Christoph Friedrich von * * *
/kri stof"euh nee/, n., pl. Christophanies. an appearance of Christ after His Resurrection, esp. as recorded in the New Testament. [1840-50; CHRISTO- + -PHANY] * * *
/krddee stawf"/, n. Henri /ahonn rddee"/, ("Henri I"), 1767-1820, Haitian revolutionary general, born in Grenada: king 1811-20. Also, Cristophe. * * *
Christophe, Henry
▪ ruler of Haiti born Oct. 6, 1767, Grenada? died Oct. 8, 1820, Milot, Haiti       a leader in the war of Haitian independence (1791–1804) and later president ...
Chris·tophe (krē-stôfʹ), Henri. 1767-1820. King of Haiti (1811-1820) who before proclaiming himself monarch had been instrumental in the liberation of Haiti from France ...
/kris"teuh feen'/, n. chayote. * * *
/kris"teuh feuhr/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c250, Christian martyr. 2. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning "Christ-bearer." * * * (as used in expressions) Burckhardt ...
Christopher Columbus
➡ Columbus * * *
Christopher Dean
➡ Torvill and Dean * * *
Christopher Fry
➡ Fry (II) * * *
Christopher III
▪ king of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden also called  Christopher of Bavaria , Danish  Christoffer af Bayern , Swedish  Kristofer av Bayern , Norwegian  Christoffer av ...
Christopher Isherwood
➡ Isherwood * * *
Christopher Lee
➡ Lee (I) * * *
Christopher Marlowe
➡ Marlowe (I) * * *
Christopher Patten
➡ Patten * * *
Christopher Reeve
➡ Reeve * * *
Christopher Robin
a small boy who is the main character in the books of A A Milne, including the Winnie-the-Pooh stories. He was based on the author’s only son, Christopher Robin Milne. * * *
Christopher Wren
➡ Wren (II) * * *
Christopher, count of Oldenburg
▪ German soldier German  Christoph, Graf von Oldenburg , Danish  Cristoffer, greve af Oldenburg  born c. 1504 died Aug. 4, 1566, Rastede Monastery, Oldenburg ...
Christopher, Saint
flourished 3rd century; Western feast day July 25; Eastern feast day May 9 Patron saint of travelers and motorists. He is said to have been martyred in Lycia under the Roman ...
Chris·to·pher (krĭsʹtə-fər), Saint.fl. third century A.D. Christian martyr often depicted as a giant who converted to Christianity and thereafter devoted himself to ...
Christus, Petrus
born с 1420, Baerle, Brabant died 1472/73, Bruges Flemish painter. He is documented as working in Bruges (1444), where he was influenced by the work of Jan van Eyck. Christus ...
/kris"tee/, n., pl. Christies. (sometimes l.c.) Skiing. Christiania (def. 2). [by shortening] /kris"tee/, n. 1. Edwin P., 1815-62, U.S. minstrel-show performer and producer. 2. ...
Christy, Edwin P.
▪ American artist born May 21, 1815, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died May 21, 1862, New York, N.Y.       early American minstrel show performer who founded (c. 1842) the ...
Christy,Edwin Pearce
Chris·ty (krĭsʹtē), Edwin Pearce. 1815-1862. American showman whose troupe, Christy's Minstrels, developed the standard minstrel show format. * * *
Christ’s Hospital
an English independent school for boys and girls, started by King Edward VI in 1533 to help poor children in London. Later it split into two schools, one for boys and one for ...
1. a combining form meaning "color," used in the formation of compound words: chromhydrosis. 2. Chem. a. a combining form used in the names of chemical compounds in which ...
/kroh"meuh/, n. 1. the purity of a color, or its freedom from white or gray. 2. intensity of distinctive hue; saturation of a color. [1885-90; < Gk chrôma color] * * *
chroma key
Television. an electronic special-effects system for combining a desired background with live foreground action. [1970-75] * * *
/kroh"meuh fin/, adj. Histol. having an affinity for stains containing chromium salts, indicating the presence of epinephrine or norepinephrine. [ < G Chromaffine (1898), equiv. ...
var. of chromato- before a vowel: chromatid. * * *
/kroh"mayt/, n. a salt of chromic acid, as potassium chromate, K2CrO4. [1810-20; CHROM(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
chromate mineral
      any member of a small group of rare inorganic compounds that have formed from the oxidation of copper-iron-lead sulfide ores containing minor amounts of chromium. A ...
—chromatically, adv. /kroh mat"ik, kreuh-/, adj. 1. pertaining to color or colors. 2. Music. a. involving a modification of the normal scale by the use of accidentals. b. ...
chromatic aberration
Optics. the variation of either the focal length or the magnification of a lens system with different wavelengths of light, characterized by prismatic coloring at the edges of ...
chromatic scale
Music. a scale progressing entirely by semitones. [1780-90] * * *
chromatic sign
Music. accidental (def. 5). * * *
chromatic aberration n. Color distortion in an image produced by a lens, caused by the inability of the lens to bring the various colors of light to focus at a single point. * * *
See chromatic. * * *
/kroh mat"euh siz'euhm, kreuh-/, n. Music. 1. the use of chromatic tones. 2. a style in which chromatic tones predominate. [1875-80; CHROMATIC + -ISM] * * * In music, the use of ...
/kroh'meuh tis"i tee/, n. Optics. the quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength and its purity. [1900-05; CHROMATIC + -ITY] * * *
—chromatist /kroh"meuh tist/, n. /kroh mat"iks, kreuh-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of colors. Also called chromatology. [1700-10; see CHROMATIC, -ICS] * * *
chromatic scale n. Music A scale consisting of 12 semitones. * * *
/kroh"meuh tid/, n. Genetics. one of two identical chromosomal strands into which a chromosome splits longitudinally preparatory to cell division. [1895-1900; CHROMAT- + -ID3] * ...
—chromatinic, adj. —chromatoid, adj. /kroh"meuh tin/, n. Cell Biol. the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus, consisting of DNA, RNA, and various proteins, that ...
See chromatin. * * *
/kroh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. See chromatic aberration. 2. the abnormal coloration of leaves or other normally green parts of a plant. [1715-25; CHROMAT- + -ISM] * * *
See chromatics. * * *
a combining form meaning "color," used in the formation of compound words in this sense and in the specialized sense of "chromatin": chromatophore; chromatolysis. Also, esp. ...
/kreuh mat"euh gram', kroh"meuh teuh-/, n. Chem. the column, gel layer, or paper strip on which some or all of the constituents of a mixture have been separated by being adsorbed ...
/kreuh mat"euh graf', -grahf', kroh"meuh teuh-/, Chem. v.t. 1. to separate mixtures by chromatography. n. 2. a piece of equipment used to produce a chromatogram. [1855-60; ...
See chromatography. * * *
See chromatograph. * * *
See chromatographic. * * *
—chromatographer, n. —chromatographic /kreuh mat'euh graf"ik, kroh'meuh teuh-/, adj. —chromatographically, adv. /kroh'meuh tog"reuh fee/, n. Chem. the separation of ...
/kroh'meuh tol"euh jee/, n. 1. chromatics. 2. a treatise on colors. [1840-50; CHROMATO- + -LOGY] * * *
—chromatolytic /kreuh mat'l it"ik, kroh'meuh tl it"-/, adj. /kroh'meuh tol"euh sis/, n. Cell Biol., Pathol. the dissolution and disintegration of chromatin. [1900-05; CHROMATO- ...
See chromatolysis. * * *
/kreuh mat"euh fil, kroh"meuh teuh-/, Histol. adj. 1. Also, chromatophilic, chromatophilous /kroh'meuh tof"euh leuhs/. chromophil (def. 1). n. 2. chromophil (def. 2). Also, ...
/kreuh mat'euh fil"ee euh, -feel"yeuh, kroh'meuh teuh-/, n. Histol. chromophilia. [CHROMATO- + -PHILIA] * * *
chro·mat·o·phil·ic (krō-măt'ə-fĭlʹĭk) adj. Chromophil. * * *
—chromatophoric /kreuh mat'euh fawr"ik, -for"ik, kroh"meuh teuh-/, chromatophorous /kroh'meuh tof"euhr euhs/, adj. /kreuh mat"euh fawr', -fohr', kroh"meuh teuh-/, n. 1. Zool. a ...
See chromatophore. * * *
/krohm/, n., v., chromed, chroming. n. 1. chromium. 2. chromium-plated or other bright metallic trim, as on an automobile. 3. (of dyeing) the dichromate of potassium or ...
chrome alum
1. Also called ammonium chrome alum, ammonium chromic sulfate. a green, crystalline, water-soluble powder, chromium ammonium sulfate, CrNH4(SO4)2·12H2O, used chiefly as a ...
chrome dome
Slang. 1. a baldheaded person. 2. an intellectual; egghead. * * *
chrome green
the permanent green color made from chromic oxide, or any similar pigment made largely from chromic oxide, used chiefly in printing textiles. [1875-80] * * *
chrome leather
leather tanned with chrome. [1880-85] * * *
chrome red
a bright-red pigment consisting of the basic chromate of lead. [1860-65] * * *
chrome steel
any of various steels containing chromium. Also called chromium steel. [1875-80] * * *
chrome yellow
any of several yellow pigments in shades from lemon to deep orange, composed chiefly of chromates of lead, barium, or zinc. [1810-20] * * *
chrome alum n. A violet-red crystalline compound, CrK(SO4)2·12H2O, used in tanning, as a mordant, and in photography. * * *
chrome green n. 1. Any of a class of green pigments consisting of chrome yellow and iron blue in various proportions. 2. A very dark yellowish green to moderate or strong ...
/kroh"meuhl/, Trademark. a brand name for a group of nickel-chromium alloys, some with an iron content, having high electrical resistance: used in heating devices and ...
/krohm"playt'/, v.t., chromeplated, chromeplating. to plate with chromium. [CHROME + PLATE1] * * *
chrome red n. A light orange to red pigment consisting of basic lead chromate, PbCrO4, with varying amounts of lead oxide, PbO. * * *
chrome yellow n. Lead chromate, PbCrO4, a yellow pigment often combined with lead sulfate, PbSO4, for lighter hues. * * *
/kroh'mi droh"sis, krohm'hi-, -huy-/, n. Pathol. the secretion of pigmented sweat. Also, chromidrosis /kroh'mi droh"sis/. [CHROM- + HIDROSIS] * * *
/kroh"mik/, adj. 1. of or containing chromium in the trivalent state, as chromic hydroxide, Cr(OH)3. 2. of or derived from chromic acid. [1790-1800; CHROM(IUM) + -IC] * * *
chromic acetate
a grayish-green, water-soluble powder, Cr(C2H3O2)3·H2O, used chiefly as a mordant in dyeing and printing textiles. Also called chromium acetate. * * *
chromic acid
a hypothetical acid, H2CrO4, known only in solution or in the form of its salts. [1790-1800] * * *
chromic chloride
a violet, crystalline compound, CrCl3, occurring in both water-soluble and water-insoluble forms, or a green or violet, water-soluble deliquescent compound, CrCl3·6H2O: used ...
chromic fluoride
a green, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, CrF3·4H2O or CrF3·9H2O: used chiefly in printing and dyeing woolens. * * *
chromic oxide
a bright-green crystalline powder, Cr2O3, insoluble in water: used in metallurgy and as the pigment chrome green. Also called chromium oxide, green cinnabar. * * *
chromic acid n. 1. A corrosive, oxidizing acid, H2CrO4, occurring only as salts or in solution. 2. The anhydride of chromic acid, CrO3, a purplish crystalline material that ...
chromic oxide n. A bright-green crystalline powder, Cr2O3, used in metallurgy and as a paint pigment. * * *
chromide [krō′mīd΄] n. CICHLID * * *
/kroh"meuh neuhns/, n. Optics. the difference in color quality between a color and a reference color that has an equal brightness and a specified chromaticity. [1950-55; CHROM- + ...
/kroh"muyt/, n. 1. Chem. a salt of chromium in the bivalent state. 2. Mineral. a cubic mineral, ferrous chromate, Fe3Cr2O3, usually with much of the ferrous iron and aluminum ...
/kroh"mee euhm/, n. 1. a lustrous, hard, brittle, metallic element used in alloy steels for hardness and corrosion resistance, as in stainless steel, and for plating other ...
chromium 51
the radioactive isotope of chromium having a mass number 51 and a half-life of 27.8 days: used as a tracer. * * *
chromium acetate.
See chromic acetate. * * *
chromium chloride.
See chromic chloride. * * *
Chromium complexes of various oxidation states
▪ Table Chromium complexes of various oxidation states oxidation state electron configuration* coordination complex +6 d0 [CrF6], ...
chromium dioxide
a strongly magnetic, black, semiconducting substance, CrO2, used as the active material in a type of recording tape. * * *
chromium oxide.
See chromic oxide. * * *
chromium processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Chromium (Cr) is a brilliant, hard, refractory metal that melts at 1,857° C (3,375° ...
chromium steel
chromium steel n. a very hard alloy steel containing chromium * * *
chromium steel.
See chrome steel. * * *
/kroh"moh/, n., pl. chromos. chromolithograph. [by shortening; cf. -O] * * *
var. of chrom- before a consonant: chromophore. * * *
▪ disease       infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissues that is characterized by the development of warty lesions, usually on the foot and leg. It occurs as a ...
/kroh"meuh sen'teuhr/, n. Biol. karyosome (def. 1). [1925-30; CHROMO- + CENTER] * * *
—chromodynamic, adj. /kroh'moh duy nam"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Physics. See quantum chromodynamics. [1975-80; CHROMO- + DYNAMICS] * * *
/kroh"meuh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. 1. Chem. a. any substance found in organic fluids that forms colored compounds when oxidized. b. a colored compound that, though not a dye itself, ...
/kroh'meuh jen"ik/, adj. 1. producing color. 2. Chem. pertaining to chromogen or a chromogen. 3. (of bacteria) producing some characteristic color or pigment that is useful as a ...
/kroh'meuh lith"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. a picture produced by chromolithography. Also called chromo. [1855-60; CHROMO- + LITHOGRAPH] * * *
See chromolithography. * * *
See chromolithographer. * * *
—chromolithographer, n. —chromolithographic /kroh'meuh lith'euh graf"ik/, adj. /kroh'moh li thog"reuh fee/, n. the process of lithographing in colors from a series of plates ...
—chromomeric /kroh'meuh mer"ik, -mear"-/, adj. /kroh"meuh mear'/, n. 1. Genetics. one of the beadlike granules arranged in a linear series in a chromonema. 2. Anat. the ...
See chromomere. * * *
—chromonematic /kroh'meuh neuh mat"ik, -nee-/, adj. /kroh'meuh nee"meuh/, n., pl. chromonemata /-meuh teuh/. Genetics. a chromosome thread that is relatively uncoiled at early ...

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