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colby
/kohl"bee/, n. (often cap.) a mild, cheddar-type cheese that is softer and more open in texture than standard cheddar. Also called colby cheese. [1940-45; appar. after a proper ...
Colby (cheese)
Colby (cheese) or Colby [kōl′bē] n. a variety of cheese similar to Cheddar but softer, moister, and more porous * * *
Colby College
▪ college, Waterville, Maine, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Waterville, Maine, U.S. Colby is an undergraduate college ...
Colby, Frank Moore
▪ American writer and editor born Feb. 10, 1865, Washington, D.C., U.S. died March 3, 1925, New York, N.Y.       American encyclopaedia editor and ...
Colby, William Egan
▪ 1997       U.S. government official (b. Jan. 4, 1920, St. Paul, Minn.—d. April 27, 1996, Rock Point, Md.), pursued a policy of openness during his turbulent tenure ...
colcannon
/keuhl kan"euhn, kawl"kan-/, n. an Irish dish made of cabbage, kale, or other greens, and potatoes boiled and mashed together. [1765-75; < Ir cál ceannann, equiv. to cál ( < L ...
Colchester
/kohl"ches'teuhr, -cheuh steuhr/, n. 1. a city in NE Essex, in E England. 140,000. 2. a town in W Vermont. 12,629. * * * ancient Camulodunum City and borough (pop., 2001: ...
colchicine
/kol"cheuh seen', -sin, kol"keuh-/, n. Pharm. a pale yellow, crystalline alkaloid, C22H25NO6, the active principle of colchicum. [1850-55; COLCHIC(UM) + -INE2] * * * ▪ ...
colchicum
/kol"chi keuhm, kol"ki-/, n. 1. any Old World plant of the genus Colchicum, of the lily family, esp. the autumn crocus, C. autumnale. 2. the dried seeds or corms of this ...
Colchis
/kol"kis/, n. an ancient country in Asia, S of the Caucasus and bordering on the Black Sea: the land of the Golden Fleece and of Medea in Greek mythology. * * * Ancient region ...
colcothar
/kol"keuh theuhr/, n. Chem. the brownish-red oxide of iron produced by heating ferrous sulfate: used chiefly as a pigment in paints and theatrical rouge, and as a polishing ...
cold
—coldish, adj. —coldly, adv. —coldness, n. /kohld/, adj., colder, coldest, n., adv. adj. 1. having a relatively low temperature; having little or no warmth: cold water; a ...
cold call
a visit or telephone call to a prospective customer without an appointment or a previous introduction. [1980-85] * * *
cold cash
money immediately available: They will accept payment in cold cash only. [1920-25] * * *
cold cathode
Electronics. a cathode, in an electron tube (cold-cathode tube) or lamp, that emits electrons without having to be heated. [1925-30] * * *
cold cellar
Chiefly Northeastern U.S. root cellar. [1960-65, Amer.] * * *
cold chisel
a steel chisel used on cold metal. See illus. under chisel. * * *
cold color
a paint fixed to glass or to a ceramic object without firing. * * *
cold comfort
slight or negligible comfort; scarce consolation. [1565-75] * * *
Cold Comfort Farm
a humorous novel (1932) by the English author Stella Gibbons (1902–89), about a lonely farm and the strange people who live there. It is a parody (= a work that copies the ...
cold cream
a creamy cosmetic, typically of oily consistency, used to cleanse or soothe the skin, esp. of the face and neck, or to remove makeup. [1700-10] * * *
cold cuts
slices of unheated salami, bologna, ham, liverwurst, turkey, or other meats and sometimes cheeses. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
cold deck
Cards Slang. a pack with the cards in prearranged order, secretly exchanged for the one in use; stacked deck. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
cold duck
1. a pink sparkling wine originally from Germany. 2. a drink made typically by mixing dry white wine, champagne, lemon juice, and sugar. [1965-70; trans. of G Kalte Ente with ...
cold feet
Informal. a loss or lack of courage or confidence; an onset of uncertainty or fear: She got cold feet when asked to sing a solo. [1890-95] * * *
cold fish
Informal. a person who is very reserved or aloof in manner or who lacks normal cordiality, sympathy, or other feeling. [1940-45] * * *
cold frame
a bottomless, boxlike structure, usually covered with glass or transparent plastic, and the bed of earth that it covers, used to protect plants. [1850-55] * * *
cold front
the zone separating two air masses, of which the cooler, denser mass is advancing and replacing the warmer. [1920-25] * * * ▪ meteorology       leading edge of an ...
cold fusion
a hypothetical form of nuclear fusion postulated to occur at relatively low temperatures and pressures, as at room temperature and at one atmosphere. [1985-90] * * *
Cold Harbor
a locality in Virginia, NE of Richmond: Civil War battle in 1864. * * *
Cold Harbor, battles of
▪ American Civil War       two engagements of the American Civil War at Cold Harbor, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capital.  The ...
cold light
light emitted by a source that is not incandescent, as from a firefly. [1890-95] * * *
cold one
Informal. a glass, can, or bottle of cold beer. * * *
cold pack
1. a cold towel, ice bag, etc., applied to the body to reduce swelling, relieve pain, etc. 2. Also called cold-pack method, raw-pack method. a method of canning uncooked food by ...
cold patch
a patch that may be applied by cement to the tube of an automobile tire or the like without vulcanization. * * *
cold pole
the location in the northern or southern hemisphere having the coldest annual mean temperature in that hemisphere. Also called pole of cold. [1905-10] * * *
cold rubber
a synthetic rubber made at a relatively low temperature (about 40°F or 4°C) and having greater strength and durability than that made at the usual temperature (about 120°F or ...
cold shoulder
a show of deliberate indifference or disregard. [1810-20] * * *
cold snap
a sudden onset of a relatively brief period of cold weather. Also called cold spell. [1770-80, Amer.] * * *
cold sore
a vesicular eruption on the face, usually on or near the mouth, often accompanying a cold or a febrile condition; herpes simplex. Also called fever blister. [1905-10] * * *
cold spot
Physiol. a sensory area in the skin that responds to a decrease in temperature. [1890-95] * * *
cold steel
a weapon made of steel, as a sword. * * *
cold storage
1. the storage of food, furs, etc., in an artificially cooled place. 2. a condition of suspension of action or activity; abeyance. [1890-95] * * *
cold store
a refrigerated compartment or building for keeping foods, furs, etc., in cold storage. [1890-95; by back formation from COLD STORAGE] * * *
cold sweat
a chill accompanied by perspiration, caused by fear, nervousness, or the like. [1700-10] * * *
cold tone
Photog. a bluish or greenish tinge in a black-and-white print. Cf. warm tone. * * *
cold turkey
Informal. 1. abrupt and complete withdrawal from the use of an addictive substance, as a narcotic drug, alcohol, or tobacco. 2. go cold turkey, a. to stop using an addictive ...
cold type
Print. type set by a method other than the casting of molten metal, as text composed on a typewriter and photographed. Cf. hot metal. [1945-50] * * *
cold war
1. intense economic, political, military, and ideological rivalry between nations, short of military conflict; sustained hostile political policies and an atmosphere of strain ...
cold warrior
a person who advocates or participates in a cold war. * * *
cold wave
1. Meteorol. a rapid and considerable drop in temperature, usually affecting a large area. 2. a permanent wave in the hair set by special chemical solutions without the aid of ...
cold, common
Viral infection of the upper and sometimes the lower respiratory tract. Symptoms, which are relatively mild, include sneezing, fatigue, sore throat, and stuffy or runny nose ...
cold-blooded
—cold-bloodedly, adv. —cold-bloodedness, n. /kohld"blud"id/, adj. 1. designating or pertaining to animals, as fishes and reptiles, whose blood temperature ranges from the ...
cold-bloodedly
See cold-blooded. * * *
cold-bloodedness
See cold-bloodedly. * * * ▪ zoology also called  Poikilothermy, Ectothermy, or Heterothermy,         the state of having a variable body temperature that is usually ...
cold-call
See cold call. * * *
cold-chisel
/kohld"chiz'euhl/, v.t., cold-chiseled, cold-chiseling or (esp. Brit.) cold-chiselled, cold-chiselling. to work upon (metal) with a cold chisel. [1690-1700] * * *
cold-cock
/kohld"kok'/, v.t. Slang. to knock (someone) unconscious, as with the fist. [1925-30] * * *
cold-draw
/kohld"draw'/, v.t., cold-drew, cold-drawn, cold-drawing. Metalworking. to draw (wire, tubing, etc.) without preheating the metal. [1710-20] * * *
cold-eyed
cold-eyed (kōldʹīd') adj. Cold-bloodedly dispassionate: a cold-eyed appraisal of the situation. * * *
cold-hearted
—coldheartedly, adj. —cold-heartedness, n. /kohld"hahr"tid/, adj. lacking sympathy or feeling; indifferent; unkind. [1600-10] * * *
cold-heartedly
See cold-hearted. * * *
cold-heartedness
See cold-heartedly. * * *
cold-pack
/kohld"pak'/, v.t. 1. to place a cold pack on: to cold-pack a feverish patient. 2. to can (food) by the cold-pack method. [1920-25] * * *
cold-patch
/kohld"pach'/, v.t. to apply a cold patch to. * * *
cold-roll
/kohld"rohl'/, v.t. Metalworking. to roll (metal) at a temperature below that at which recrystallization occurs. * * *
cold-shoulder
/kohld"shohl"deuhr/, v.t. to snub; show indifference to. [1810-20] * * *
cold-store
/kohld"stawr", -stohr", -stawr', -stohr'/, v.t., cold-stored, cold-storing. to store in cold storage. * * *
cold-turkey
/kohld"terr"kee/, Slang. v.t. 1. to withdraw from (an addictive substance or a habit) abruptly and completely. v.i. 2. to withdraw from an addictive substance or a habit abruptly ...
cold-water
cold-water [kōld′wôt΄ər, kōld′wät΄ər] adj. designating a room, apartment, etc. that is not provided with hot water or, sometimes, a bathroom [a cold-water flat] * * ...
cold-water flat
/kohld"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, Chiefly Northeastern U.S. (formerly) an apartment provided with only cold running water, often in a building with no central heating. [1940-45] * * *
cold-weld
/kohld"weld"/, v.t. 1. to weld (metal objects) by extreme high pressure with no application of heat. 2. to weld (metal objects) by contact in a high vacuum, as in space. * * *
cold-work
/kohld"werrk'/, v.t. to work (metal) at a temperature below that at which recrystallization occurs. [1930-35] * * *
coldblooded
coldblooded [kōld′blud΄id] adj. 1. having a body temperature that fluctuates, approximating that of the surrounding air, land, or water [most fish and reptiles are ...
coldcall
cold call n. A telephone call or visit made to someone who is not known or not expecting contact, often in order to sell something.   cold-call or cold call (kōldʹkôl') v. * ...
coldcash
cold cash n. Informal Money readily at hand. * * *
coldchisel
cold chisel n. A chisel made of hardened tempered steel and used for cutting cold metal. * * *
coldcock
cold·cock (kōldʹkŏk') tr.v. Slang cold·cocked, cold·cock·ing, cold·cocks To knock (another) unconscious. * * *
coldcomfort
cold comfort n. Extremely limited empathy, sympathy, or encouragement: “I told him that the years would pass with remarkable celerity, but that appeared to be cold comfort” ...
coldcream
cold cream n. An emulsion for softening and cleansing the skin. * * *
coldcut
cold cut n. A slice of cold cooked meat. Often used in the plural. * * *
colddrink
cold drink n. 1. A drink, as of water, served or taken cold. 2. Chiefly Southern U.S. See soft drink. See Regional Note at tonic. * * *
coldduck
cold duck n. A beverage made of sparkling Burgundy and champagne.   [Translation of German Kalte Ente, a drink made from a mixture of wines.] * * *
Colden
/kohl"deuhn/, n. Cadwallader, 1688-1776, Scottish physician, botanist, and public official in America, born in Ireland. * * *
coldfeet
cold feet pl.n. Slang Fearfulness or timidity preventing the completion of a course of action. * * *
coldfish
cold fish n. Informal An aloof person. * * *
coldframe
cold frame n. An unheated outdoor structure consisting of a wooden or concrete frame and a top of glass or clear plastic, used for protecting and acclimatizing seedlings and ...
coldfront
cold front n. The leading portion of a cold atmospheric air mass moving against and eventually replacing a warm air mass. * * *
coldfusion
cold fusion n. A hypothetical form of nuclear fusion occurring without the use of extreme temperature or pressure. * * *
ColdHarbor
Cold Harbor (kōld) A locality in eastern Virginia east-northeast of Richmond. Confederate forces defeated Union troops here in two Civil War battles (1862 and 1864). * * *
coldhearted
coldhearted [kōld′härt΄id] adj. lacking sympathy; unfeeling * * *
Colditz Castle
▪ prisoner-of-war camp, Germany German  Schloss Colditz,         German prisoner-of-war camp in World War II, the site of many daring escape attempts by Allied ...
coldlight
cold light n. 1. Light producing little or no heat. 2. Light emitted by a process other than incandescence. * * *
coldly
See cold. * * *
coldness
See coldly. * * *
coldpack
cold pack n. 1. A compress of gauze, cloth, or plastic filled or moistened with a cold fluid and applied externally to swollen or injured body parts to relieve pain and ...
Coldplay
a British pop group formed in the mid 1990s with three members including the lead singer Chris Martin. Their first album Parachutes (2000) won a number of music awards including ...
coldrolling
cold rolling n. The rolling of steel or other metal at room temperature to preserve its original crystal structure. * * *
coldrubber
cold rubber n. A durable strong synthetic rubber polymerized at low temperatures. * * *
coldshoulder
cold·shoul·der (kōldʹshōlʹdər) tr.v. Informal cold·shoul·dered, cold·shoul·der·ing, cold·shoul·ders To slight or snub (someone). * * *
coldshoulder
cold shoulder n. Informal Deliberate coldness or disregard; a slight or a snub: received the cold shoulder from several members of the club. * * *
coldshower
cold shower n. Informal A startlingly chilly, unenthusiastic reaction, response, or reception: “The elections, however, amounted to a cold shower for the... authorities” (Los ...
coldslaw
/kohld"slaw', kohl"-/, n. coleslaw. [by folk etym.] * * *
coldsore
cold sore n. A small blister occurring on the lips and face and caused by herpes simplex. Also called fever blister, herpes labialis. * * *
coldstorage
cold storage n. 1. Protective storage, as of foods or furs, in a refrigerated place. 2. Informal. A state of being held in abeyance. * * *
Coldstream
/kohld"streem'/, n. a town in SE Berwick, in SE Scotland, on the Tweed River. 1649. * * * ▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       small burgh (town) in the Scottish Borders ...
Coldstream Guards
a guard regiment of the English royal household: formed in Coldstream, Scotland, 1659-60, and instrumental in restoring the English monarchy under Charles II. Also called ...
coldsweat
cold sweat n. A reaction to nervousness, fear, pain, or shock, characterized by simultaneous perspiration and chill and cold moist skin. * * *
coldturkey
cold turkey n. Slang 1. Immediate, complete withdrawal from something on which one has become dependent, such as an addictive drug. 2. Blunt language or procedural method. 3. A ...
coldtype
cold type n. Typesetting, such as photocomposition, done without the casting of metal. * * *
coldwall effect
cold wall effect n. The chilly discomfort experienced by a person in a building as his or her body radiates heat to the cold surface of an uninsulated wall. * * *
coldwar
cold war n. 1. often Cold War A state of political tension and military rivalry between nations that stops short of full-scale war, especially that which existed between the ...
coldwarrior
See cold war. * * *
coldwater
cold water n. Informal Discouragement, deterrence, or deprecation, as of a proposal or an idea deemed silly or ill-advised: “The President was careful not to throw cold water ...
ColdwaterRiver
Cold·wa·ter River (kōldʹwô'tər, -wŏt'ər) A river, 354 km (220 mi) long, of northwest Mississippi flowing generally south to the Tallahatchie River. * * *
coldwave
cold wave n. An onset of unusually cold weather within a 24-hour period. * * *
coldwelding
cold welding n. The welding of two materials under high pressure or vacuum without the use of heat. * * *
cole
/kohl/, n. any of various plants of the genus Brassica, of the mustard family, esp. kale and rape. Also called colewort. [bef. 1000; ME col(e), OE cal, caw(e)l < L caulis stalk, ...
Cole
/kohl/, n. 1. Thomas, 1801-48, U.S. painter, born in England: a founder of the Hudson River School of landscape painting. 2. Timothy, 1852-1931, U.S. wood engraver, born in ...
Cole Porter
➡ Porter * * *
Cole Younger
➡ Younger brothers * * *
Cole, Fay-Cooper
▪ American anthropologist born Aug. 8, 1881, Plainwell, Mich., U.S. died Sept. 3, 1961, Santa Barbara, Calif.       American anthropologist who became an authority on ...
Cole, Johnnetta
▪ American anthropologist and educator née  Betsch   born Oct. 19, 1936, Jacksonville, Fla., U.S.       anthropologist and educator who was the first ...
Cole, Nat King
orig. Nathaniel Adams Coles born March 17, 1917, Montgomery, Ala., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1965, Santa Monica, Calif. U.S. jazz pianist and singer. Cole grew up in Chicago and ...
Cole, Nat “King”
Cole (kōl), Nat “King”. Originally Nathaniel Adams Coles. 1919-1965. American singer and pianist who recorded such popular ballads as “Unforgettable” and “Mona ...
Cole, Natalie
▪ American musician in full  Natalie Maria Cole  born February 6, 1950, Los Angeles, California, U.S.       American singer, who forged a successful career performing ...
Cole, Sir Henry
▪ British art patron and educator pseudonym  Felix Summerly  born July 15, 1808, Bath, Somerset, England died April 18, 1882, London       English public servant, art ...
Cole, Thomas
born Feb. 1, 1801, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, Eng. died Feb. 11, 1848, Catskill, N.Y., U.S. British-born U.S. landscape painter, founder of the Hudson River school. After ...
Cole,Thomas
Cole, Thomas. 1801-1848. English-born American painter acknowledged as the leader of the Hudson River School, America's first painting movement. * * *
Colebrook, Leonard
born March 2, 1883, Guildford, Surrey, Eng. died Sept. 29, 1967, Farnham Common, Buckinghamshire English medical researcher. He introduced (1935) the use of Prontosil, the ...
Colebrook-Cameron Commission
▪ British commission       committee sent by the British government in 1829–32 to investigate its colonial government in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and to make ...
colectivo
/koh'lek tee"voh/; Sp. /kaw'lek tee"vaw/, n., pl. colectivos /-vohz/; Sp. /-vaws/. (in Latin America) a small public bus. [ < AmerSp: lit., collective, i.e., a vehicle used ...
colectomy
/keuh lek"teuh mee/, n., pl. colectomies. Surg. the removal of all or part of the colon or large intestine. [COL-2 + -ECTOMY] * * *
Colegate, Isabel
▪ British writer in full  Isabel Diana Colegate , married name  Briggs  born Sept. 10, 1931, Lincolnshire, Eng.       British author of novels about life among the ...
Coleman
/kohl"meuhn/, n. 1. Ornette /awr net"/, born 1930, U.S. jazz saxophonist and composer. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Coleman Randolph Denard ...
Coleman lantern
Coleman lantern or Coleman lamp trademark for 〚< Coleman, a trademark for such a lantern〛 a gasoline lantern that gives a bright light, used by campers * * *
Coleman stove
Coleman stove 〚< Coleman, a trademark for such a stove〛 a portable kerosene camp stove * * *
Coleman, (Randolph Denard) Ornette
born March 9, 1930, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S. U.S. saxophonist and composer, the principal initiator and leading exponent of free jazz. Coleman began playing the saxophone as a ...
Coleman, Bessie
▪ American aviator byname of  Elizabeth Coleman   born Jan. 26, 1893, Atlanta, Texas, U.S. died April 30, 1926, Jacksonville, Fla.  American aviator and a star of early ...
Coleman, Cy
▪ 2005 Seymour Kaufman        American jazz pianist and composer (b. June 14, 1929, New York, N.Y.—d. Nov. 18, 2004, New York City), was at first a classical pianist ...
Coleman, Georgia
▪ American athlete born January 23, 1912, St. Maries, Idaho, U.S. died September 14, 1940, Los Angeles, California       American diver, the first woman to perform a ...
Coleman, James S
▪ American sociologist born May 12, 1926, Bedford, Ind., U.S. died March 25, 1995, Chicago, Ill.       U.S. sociologist, a pioneer in mathematical sociology whose ...
Coleman, James Samuel
▪ 1996       U.S. sociologist (b. May 12, 1926, Bedford, Ind.—d. March 25, 1995, Chicago, Ill.), conducted landmark scientific studies that significantly influenced ...
Coleman, Ornette
▪ 1994       "I believe music is really a free thing," said Ornette Coleman, "and any way you can enjoy it, you should." When Coleman burst upon the jazz scene in 1959, ...
Coleman,Cy
Cole·man (kōlʹmən), Cy. Originally Seymour Kauffman. Born 1929. American composer and theatrical producer whose best known Broadway productions include Sweet Charity (1966) ...
Coleman,Ornette
Coleman, Ornette. Born 1939. American jazz saxophonist and composer who established free jazz, an unrestrained improvisational style of jazz. * * *
Colemanballs
n [pl] (BrE) the funny or ridiculous things that people, especially sports commentators such as David Coleman, sometimes say by mistake when they are speaking fast and excitedly. ...
colemanite
/kohl"meuh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, hydrous calcium borate, Ca2B6O11·5H2O, occurring in colorless or milky-white crystals. [named in 1884 after W. T. Coleman of San Francisco, in ...
Colenso, John
▪ Anglican bishop of Natal, South Africa born Jan. 24, 1814, St. Austell, Cornwall, Eng. died June 20, 1883, Durban, Natal [now in South Africa]  controversial liberal ...
colent.
(in prescriptions) let them be strained. Also, colen. [ < L colentur] * * *
Coleoptera
/koh'lee op"teuhr euh, kol'ee-/, n. the order comprising the beetles. [1755-65; < NL < Gk koleóptera, neut. pl. of KOLEÓPTEROS sheath-winged, equiv. to koleo- (comb. form repr. ...
coleopteran
/koh'lee op"teuhr euhn, kol'ee-/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the order Coleoptera. n. 2. a beetle. [1840-50; COLEOPTER(A) + -AN] * * * ▪ insect Introduction   any ...
coleopteron
/koh'lee op"teuhr euhn, kol'ee-/, n., pl. coleoptera /-teuhr euh/. a coleopterous insect; beetle. See illus. under beetle. [1755-65; < NL < Gk: sing. of COLEOPTERA] * * *
coleopterous
/koh'lee op"teuhr euhs, kol'ee-/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the order Coleoptera, comprising the beetles. [1785-95; see COLEOPTERA, -OUS] * * *
coleorhiza
/koh'lee euh ruy"zeuh, kol'ee-/, n., pl. coleorhizae /-zee/. Bot. the sheath that envelops the radicle in certain plants and that is penetrated by the root in ...
Colepeper, John Colepeper, 1st Baron
▪ English statesman Colepeper also spelled  Culpepper  died June 11, 1660       English statesman who was an influential counsellor of Charles I during the Civil War ...
Coleraine
District (pop., 2001: 56,315), Northern Ireland. Established in 1973, it is primarily an agricultural area. Flint implements found there date back to nearly 7000 BC and provide ...
Coleridge
—Coleridgian, adj. /kohl"rij/, n. Samuel Taylor, 1772-1834, English poet, critic, and philosopher. * * *
Coleridge, Hartley
▪ British poet born Sept. 19, 1796, Kingsdown, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Jan. 6, 1849, Grasmere, Cumberland       English poet whose wayward talent found ...
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor
born Oct. 21, 1772, Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, Eng. died July 25, 1834, Highgate, near London English poet, critic, and philosopher. Coleridge studied at the University of ...
Coleridge, Sara
▪ British author born Dec. 22, 1802, Keswick, Cumberland, Eng. died May 3, 1852, London       English translator and author of children's verse, known primarily as the ...
Coleridge,Samuel Taylor
Cole·ridge (kōlʹrĭj, kōʹlə-rĭj), Samuel Taylor. 1772-1834. British poet and critic who was a leader of the romantic movement. With William Wordsworth he published ...
Coleridge-Taylor
/kohl"rij tay"leuhr/, n. Samuel, 1875-1912, English composer. * * *
Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel
▪ British composer born Aug. 15, 1875, London, Eng. died Sept. 1, 1912, Croydon, Surrey  English composer who enjoyed considerable acclaim in the early years of the 20th ...
Coleroon River
▪ river, India       river, Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India. Formed by the northern bifurcation of the Kaveri (Cauvery) River (Kaveri River) at ...
coleseed
/kohl"seed'/, n. 1. the seed of the rape. 2. rape2. [bef. 1000; ME; OE cawel saed. See COLE, SEED] * * *
coleslaw
/kohl"slaw'/, n. a salad of finely sliced or chopped raw cabbage, usually moistened with a mayonnaise dressing. [1785-95; < D koolsla, equiv. to kool cabbage, COLE + sla, contr. ...
Colet
/kol"it/, n. John, 1467?-1519, English educator and clergyman. * * *
Colet, John
born 1466/67, London, Eng. died Sept. 16, 1519, Sheen, Surrey British theologian. He studied mathematics and philosophy at Oxford and extended his studies abroad. Returning to ...
Colet, Louise
▪ French writer née  Revoil  born August 15, 1810, Aix-en-Provence, France died March 9, 1876, Paris  French poet and novelist, as noted for her friendships with leading ...
Colet,John
Col·et (kŏlʹət), John. 1467?-1519. English scholar and theologian who founded Saint Paul's School in London (1509) to promote classical as well as scriptural learning. * * *
colet.
(in prescriptions) let it be strained. [ < L coletur] * * *
Colette
/koh let", keuh-, ko-/; Fr. /kaw let"/, n. 1. (Sidonie Gabrielle Claudine Colette) 1873-1954, French author. 2. a female given name. * * * in full Sidonie-Gabrielle ...
Colette, (Sidonie Gabrielle Claudine)
Co·lette (kŏ-lĕtʹ, kô-), (Sidonie Gabrielle Claudine). 1873-1954. French author known for her observations of class and sexual politics. She wrote the Claudine series of ...
Colette, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic abbess born Jan. 13, 1381, Corbie, Fr. died March 6, 1447, Ghent; canonized 1807; feast day March 6       abbess, reformer of the Poor Clares (Poor ...
coleus
/koh"lee euhs/, n., pl. coleuses. any of several tropical Asian or African plants belonging to the genus Coleus, of the mint family, certain species of which are cultivated for ...
colewort
/kohl"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. cole. [1350-1400; ME; see COLE, WORT2] * * *
Coley, Doris
▪ 2001 Doris Kenner-Jackson        American singer (b. Aug. 2, 1941, Goldsboro, N.C.—d. Feb. 4, 2000, Sacramento, Calif.), was one of the Shirelles, the all-girl pop ...
Colfax
/kohl"faks/, n. Schuyler, 1823-85, U.S. political leader: vice president of the U.S. 1869-73. * * * ▪ county, New Mexico, United States       county, northeastern New ...
Colfax, Schuyler
born March 23, 1823, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1885, Mankato, Minn. U.S. politician. He founded the St. Joseph Valley Register, which became one of Indiana's most ...
Colgate University
Private university in Hamilton, N.Y. It was founded in 1819 as a Baptist-affiliated institution but became independent in 1928. It offers primarily a liberal arts curriculum for ...
Colgate-Palmolive Co.
Diversified U.S. company that manufactures household, health-care, and personal care products. It began in the early 19th century, when William Colgate, a soapmaker and ...
Colgate-Palmolive Company
▪ American company       American diversified company that manufactures and distributes household and commercial cleaning products, personal-care products, and pet ...
Colgate-Palmolive{™}
a US company, started in 1806 in New York City, that makes Colgate toothpaste, Palmolive soap and other household products. It introduced toothpaste in tubes in 1896. * * *
coli-
coli- pref. Variant of colo-. * * *
colic
—colicky, adj. /kol"ik/, Pathol., Vet. Pathol. n. 1. paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or bowels. adj. 2. pertaining to or affecting the colon or the bowels. [1400-50; late ME ...
colicin
/kol"euh sin/, n. Pharm. any bacteriocin produced by certain strains of Escherichia coli and having a lethal effect on strains other than the producing strain. [1945-50; < F ...
colicinogen
—colicinogenic /kol'euh seuh neuh jen"ik/, adj. /kol'euh sin"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. any bacterium that produces a colicin. [COLICIN + -O- + -GEN] * * *
colicky
See colic. * * *
colicroot
/kol"ik rooht', -root'/, n. 1. either of two North American plants, Aletris farinosa or A. aurea, of the lily family, having small yellow or white flowers in a spikelike cluster ...
colicweed
☆ colicweed [käl′ikwēd΄ ] n. any of several North American plants, as the Dutchman's-breeches * * *
coliform
/kol"euh fawrm', koh"leuh-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a coliform bacillus. n. 2. See coliform bacillus. [1850-55; < NL coli, gen. of L colum, colon COLON2 (the ...
coliform bacillus
Bacteriol. any of several bacilli, esp. Escherichia coli and members of the genus Aerobacter, found as commensals in the large intestine of humans and certain other animals, the ...
coliform bacteria
Rod-shaped bacteria usually found in the intestinal tracts of animals, including humans. Coliform bacteria do not require but can use oxygen, and they do not form spores. They ...
Coligny
/kaw lee nyee"/, n. Gaspard de /gann spannrdd" deuh/, 1519-72, French admiral and Huguenot leader. Also, Coligni. * * *
Coligny, Gaspard II de, lord de Châtillon
born Feb. 16, 1519, Châtillon-sur-Loing, France died Aug. 24, 1572, Paris French soldier and leader of the Huguenots in the French Wars of Religion. He served in the Italian ...
Coligny, Gaspard II de, Seigneur De Châtillon
▪ French admiral and Huguenot leader born Feb. 16, 1519, Châtillon-sur-Loing, Fr. died Aug. 24, 1572, Paris  admiral of France and leader of the Huguenots (Huguenot) during ...
Coligny,Gaspard de
Co·li·gny or Co·li·gni (kô-lē-nyēʹ), Gaspard de. 1519-1572. French general and Huguenot leader who was one of the first victims in the massacre of Protestants that took ...
Colijn, Hendrikus
▪ prime minister of The Netherlands born June 22, 1869, Haarlemmermeer, Neth. died Sept. 18, 1944, Ilmenau, Ger.  Dutch statesman who as prime minister (1933–39) gained ...
Colima
/kaw lee"mah/, n. 1. a state in SW Mexico, on the Pacific Coast. 317,000; 2010 sq. mi. (5205 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this state, in the E part. 72,074. 3. a ...
colin
/kol"in/, n. any of several American quails, esp. the bobwhite. [1620-30; < MexSp colín, perh. < Nahuatl zolin, through misreading of the older sp. çolin] * * * (as used in ...
Colin
/kol"in, koh"lin/; Fr. /kaw laonn"/; Ger. /koh"lin, -leen/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Davis Sir Colin Rex Powell Colin Luther Wilson Colin Henry * * *
Colin Cowdrey
➡ Cowdrey * * *
Colin Davis
➡ Davis (II) * * *
Colin Muset
▪ French trouvère flourished 13th century       French trouvère, a professional vielle player and jongleur, who performed in châteaus of the Upper Marne Valley ...
Colin Powell
➡ Powell (I) * * *
colinear
—colinearity, n. /keuh lin"ee euhr/, adj. collinear. * * *
colinearity
See colinear. * * *
Colines, Simon de
▪ French printer born 1480 died 1546       French printer who pioneered the use of italic types in France. He worked as a partner of Henri Estienne (Estienne, Henri ...
coliphage
/kol"euh fayj'/, n. any bacteriophage that specifically infects the Escherichia coli bacterium. [1940-45; < NL coli- (see COLIFORM) + -PHAGE] * * *
coliseum
/kol'i see"euhm/, n. 1. Also, colosseum. an amphitheater, stadium, large theater, or other special building for public meetings, sporting events, exhibitions, etc. 2. (cap.) ...
coliseum ivy.
See kenilworth ivy. * * *
colistin
/keuh lis"tin/, n. Pharm. a toxic antibiotic polypeptide, C45H85O10N13, produced by the bacterium Bacillus colistinus, used in sulfate form against a broad spectrum of ...
colitis
—colitic /keuh lit"ik, koh-/, adj. /keuh luy"tis, koh-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the colon. [COL-2 + -ITIS] * * *
coll
coll abbrev. 1. collateral 2. colleague 3. collect 4. collection 5. collective 6. collector 7. college 8. colloquial * * *
coll' arco
/koh lahr"koh/; It. /kawl ahrdd"kaw/, Music. (of performance with a stringed instrument) with the bow. [ < It] * * *
coll-
coll- pref. Variant of collo-. * * *
coll.
1. collateral. 2. collect. 3. collection. 4. collective. 5. collector. 6. college. 7. collegiate. 8. colloquial. 9. (in prescriptions) an eyewash. [L collyrium] * * *
collab.
1. collaboration. 2. collaborator. * * *
collaborate
—collaborator, n. /keuh lab"euh rayt'/, v.i., collaborated, collaborating. 1. to work, one with another; cooperate, as on a literary work: They collaborated on a novel. 2. to ...
collaboration
/keuh lab'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of collaborating. 2. a product resulting from collaboration: This dictionary is a collaboration of many minds. [1855-60; < F < ...
collaborationism
See collaborationist. * * *
collaborationist
—collaborationism, n. /keuh lab'euh ray"sheuh nist/, n. a person who collaborates with an enemy; collaborator. [1920-25; COLLABORATION + -IST] * * *
collaborative
—collaboratively, adv. /keuh lab"euh ray'tiv, -euhr euh tiv/, adj. characterized or accomplished by collaboration: collaborative methods; a collaborative report. [COLLABORATE + ...
collaborative software
also called  groupware   type of computer program that shares data between more than one computer for processing. In particular, several programs have been written to harness ...
collaborator
See collaboration. * * *
collage
—collagist, n. /keuh lahzh", koh-/, n., v., collaged, collaging. n. 1. a technique of composing a work of art by pasting on a single surface various materials not normally ...
collagefilm
collage film n. A film that juxtaposes fictional scenes with footage taken from disparate sources, such as newsreels. * * *
collagen
—collagenous /keuh laj"euh neuhs/, adj. /kol"euh jeuhn/, n. Biochem. any of a class of extracellular proteins abundant in higher animals, esp. in the skin, bone, cartilage, ...
collagen disease
Pathol. any of a group of diseases, as systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis, scleroderma, and rheumatoid arthritis, involving inflammation or degeneration of connective ...
collagenase
col·lag·e·nase (kə-lăjʹə-nās', -nāz', kŏlʹə-jə-) n. Any of various enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of collagen and gelatin. * * *
collagenic
See collagen. * * *
collagenous
See collagenic. * * *
collagist
See collage. * * *
collapsable
See collapsibility. * * *
collapsar
/keuh lap"sahr/, n. Astron. (formerly) a gravitationally collapsed star. Cf. black hole. [1970-75; COLLAPSE + -ar, extracted from PULSAR, QUASAR, etc.] * * *
collapse
/keuh laps"/, v., collapsed, collapsing, n. v.i. 1. to fall or cave in; crumble suddenly: The roof collapsed and buried the crowd. 2. to be made so that sections or parts can be ...
collapsibility
See collapse. * * *
collapsible
—collapsibility, collapsability, n. /keuh lap"seuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of collapsing or of being collapsed, as for carrying or storing. n. 2. something that is collapsible: ...
collar
—collarless, adj. /kol"euhr/, n. 1. the part of a shirt, coat, dress, blouse, etc., that encompasses the neckline of the garment and is sewn permanently to it, often so as to ...
collar button
a button or stud for fastening a detachable collar to the neckband of a shirt or for fastening together the ends of a collar or neckband. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
collar cell
choanocyte. [1885-90] * * *
collar point
Heraldry. See honor point. * * *
collar rot
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by cankers that girdle the stem, caused by any of several fungi, as Alternaria solani. [1950-55] * * *
collarbone
/kol"euhr bohn'/, n. the clavicle. [1605-15; COLLAR + BONE] * * *
collarcell
collar cell n. See choanocyte. * * *
collard
/kol"euhrd/, n. 1. a variety of kale, Brassica oleracea acephala, grown in the southern U.S., having a rosette of green leaves. 2. collards. Also called collard greens. the ...
collared
See collar. * * *
collared lizard
any of several species of long-tailed iguanid lizards of the genus Crotaphytus, of central and western U.S. and northern Mexico, usually having a collar of two black bands. * * ...
collared peccary.
See under peccary. Also called javelina. * * *
collaredpeccary
collared peccary n. A small wild hog (Tayassu tajacu) with a range from the southwest United States to northern Argentina, having a gray and black coat with a white band from the ...
collaret
/kol'euh ret"/, n. a small ornamental collar of fur, lace, or other material, worn by women. Also, collarette. [1680-90; COLLAR + -ET, modeled on F collerette] * * *
collat.
collateral. * * *
collate
—collatable, adj. —collator, n. /keuh layt", koh-, ko-, koh"layt, kol"ayt/, v.t., collated, collating. 1. to gather or arrange in their proper sequence (the pages of a ...
collateral
—collaterality /koh lat'euh ral"i tee/, collateralness, n. —collaterally, adv. /keuh lat"euhr euhl/, n. 1. security pledged for the payment of a loan: He gave the bank some ...
collateral circulation
circulation of blood through a network of minor vessels that become enlarged and joined with adjacent vessels when a major vein or artery is impaired, as by ...
collateral damage
1. the killing of civilians in a military attack. 2. any damage incidental to an activity. [1985-90] * * *
collateralization
See collateralize. * * *
collateralize
—collateralization, n. /keuh lat"euhr euh luyz'/, v.t., collateralized, collateralizing. 1. to secure (a loan) with collateral. 2. to pledge (property, securities, etc.) as ...
collaterally
See collateral. * * *
collation
/keuh lay"sheuhn, koh-, ko-/, n. 1. the act of collating. 2. Bibliog. the verification of the number and order of the leaves and signatures of a volume. 3. a light meal that may ...
collative
/keuh lay"tiv, koh-, ko-, koh"lay-, kol"ay-/, adj. 1. marked by collation. 2. Eccles. presented by collation: collative benefices. [1610-20; < L collativus. See COLLATE, -IVE] * ...
collator
See collate. * * *
colleague
—colleagueship, n. /kol"eeg/, n. an associate. [1515-25; < MF collegue < L collega, equiv. to col- COL-1 + -lega, deriv. of legere to choose, gather] * * *

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