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Colonial Heights
a town in central Virginia. 16,509. * * *
Colonial National Historical Park
Historical reservation, southeastern Virginia, U.S. Covering some 15 sq mi (38 sq km) and centred on a peninsula between the York and James rivers, it was first established as a ...
colonial siding
Carpentry. siding composed of boards with parallel faces laid horizontally so that the upper overlaps the one below. * * *
Colonial Heights A city of southeast Virginia south of Richmond. It was Robert E. Lee's headquarters during the Battle of Petersburg (1864). Population: 16,064. * * *
—colonialist, n., adj. —colonialistic, adj. /keuh loh"nee euh liz'euhm/, n. 1. the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or ...
colonialism, Western
▪ politics Introduction       a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the ...
See colonialism. * * *
/keuh loh'nee al"i tee/, n. Animal Behav. the state or condition of associating in colonies. [COLONIAL + -ITY] * * *
/keuh loh'nee euh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of bringing into subjection or subjugation by colonializing. 2. the state or fact of being colonialized. [1760-70; COLONIAL + ...
/keuh loh"nee euh luyz'/, v.t., colonialized, colonializing. to make colonial. Also, esp. Brit., colonialise. [1860-65; COLONIAL + -IZE] * * *
See colonial. * * *
/koh lon"ik, keuh-/, adj. Anat. 1. of or pertaining to the colon. n. 2. an enema. [1905-10; COLON2 + -IC] * * *
➡ American Revolution * * *
/kol"euh nist/, n. 1. an inhabitant of a colony. 2. a member of a colonizing expedition. 3. (often cap.) an inhabitant of the 13 British colonies that became the United States of ...
co·lon·i·tis (kō'lə-nīʹtĭs) n. See colitis. * * *
col·o·ni·za·tion (kŏl'ə-nĭ-zāʹshən) n. The act or process of establishing a colony or colonies. * * *
—colonizable, adj. —colonizability, n. —colonization, n. —colonizationist, n. —colonizer, n. /kol"euh nuyz'/, v., colonized, colonizing. v.t. 1. to establish a colony ...
See colonize. * * *
/keuh loh"neuh/, n. Cape. See Sounion, Cape. * * *
Colonna Family
▪ Roman family       noble Roman family of great antiquity and importance, descended from the 10th-century counts of Tusculum. The first to take the name Colonna (“de ...
Colonna, Vittoria
▪ Italian poet born 1492, Marino, near Rome [Italy] died Feb. 25, 1547, Rome       Italian poet, less important for her poetry than for her personality and her ...
—colonnaded, adj. /kol'euh nayd"/, n. 1. Archit. a series of regularly spaced columns supporting an entablature and usually one side of a roof. Cf. arcade. 2. a series of trees ...
See colonnade. * * *
col·on·nette (kŏl'ə-nĕtʹ) n. A small, relatively thin column, often used for decoration or to support an arcade.   [French, diminutive of colonne, column, from Old French ...
—colonoscopy /koh'leuh nos"keuh pee/, n. /koh lon"euh skohp', keuh-/, n. Med. a flexible, lighted, tubular instrument using fiber optics to permit visualization of the ...
co·lon·os·co·py (kō'lə-nŏsʹkə-pē) n. pl. co·lon·os·co·pies Examination of the colon with a colonoscope. Also called coloscopy. * * *
/keuh loh"neuhs/, n., pl. coloni /-nuy, -nee/. a serf in the latter period of the Roman Empire or in the early feudal period. [1885-90; < L colonus inhabitant of a colony, ...
/kol"euh nee/, n., pl. colonies. 1. a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation. 2. the ...
/kol"euh nee/, n. The, a city in NE Texas. 11,586. * * * I In antiquity, any of the new settlements established in territory conquered by the Greeks (8th–6th century BC), ...
colonystimulating factor
colony stimulating factor n. A hormone produced in the cells lining the blood vessels that stimulates the bone marrow to synthesize white blood cells. * * *
—colophonic, adj. /kol"euh fon', -feuhn/, n. 1. a publisher's or printer's distinctive emblem, used as an identifying device on its books and other works. 2. an inscription at ...
/kol"euh fon'/, n. an ancient city in Asia Minor: one of the 12 Ionian cities banded together in the 8th century B.C.: largely depopulated in 286 B.C. * * * Ancient Ionian Greek ...
/kol'euh foh"nee euhn/, n. 1. a native of Colophon. 2. the, Antimachus (def. 1). adj. 3. of or pertaining to Colophon. [ < L colophoni(us) ( < Gk; see COLOPHONY) + -AN] * * *
/kol"euh foh'nee, keuh lof"euh nee/, n. rosin. [1300-50; ME colofonie ( < AF) < L Colophonia (resina) (resin) of Colophon < Gk Kolophonía, fem. of Kolophónios, equiv. to ...
/kol'euh kwin"ti deuh/, n. colocynth (defs. 1, 2). [1350-1400; ME < ML < Gk kolokýnthida, acc. of kolokynthís COLOCYNTH] * * *
—colorer, n. /kul"euhr/, n. 1. the quality of an object or substance with respect to light reflected by the object, usually determined visually by measurement of hue, ...
color bar
color bar n. COLOR LINE * * *
color bar.
See color line (def. 1). [1910-15] * * *
color blindness
1. inability to distinguish one or several chromatic colors, independent of the capacity for distinguishing light and shade. 2. complete inability to distinguish colors of the ...
color circle
a circular diagram displaying the colors of the spectrum as a sequence of segments of the circle and showing complementary colors opposite each other. [1875-80] * * *
color code
any system of marking or visual designation that uses specific colors for indicating or simplifying, as on a chart or map or in an industrial plant. * * *
color filter
Photog. a screen of dyed gelatin or glass for controlling or modifying the reproduction of the colors of the subject as photographed. Cf. filter (def. 5). [1895-1900] * * *
color force
Physics. See strong force (def. 2). [1975-80] * * *
color guard
the group of persons, as in the armed forces or at military institutions, who carry or escort the flag or colors during parades, reviews, etc. [1815-25] * * *
color index
Astron. 1. the difference between the apparent photographic magnitude and the apparent visual magnitude of a star. 2. the difference between the magnitudes of a star in any two ...
color line
1. Also called color bar. social or political restriction or distinction based on differences of skin pigmentation, as between white and black people. 2. draw the color line, to ...
color phase
1. a genetically controlled variation in the colors of the skin, pelt, or plumage of an animal. 2. one of two or more colorings assumed by an animal, varying with age or ...
color point
Heraldry. See honor point. * * *
color scheme
an arrangement or pattern of colors or colored objects conceived of as forming an integrated whole: the color scheme of a living room. [1885-90] * * *
color sergeant
a sergeant who has charge of battalion or regimental colors. [1805-15] * * *
color temperature
Optics, Photog. a temperature defined in terms of the temperature of a black body at which it emits light of a specified spectral distribution: used to specify the color of a ...
color transparency
a positive color image photographically produced on transparent film or glass and viewed by transmitted light, usually by projection. [1910-15] * * *
color wheel.
See under complementary color (def. 1a). [1890-95] * * *
color-bearer [kul′ər ber΄ər] n. the person assigned to carry the colors, or flag, as in a parade or ceremony * * *
/kul"euhr bluynd'/, adj. 1. Ophthalm. pertaining to or affected with color blindness. 2. Photog. (of an emulsion) sensitive only to blue, violet, and ultraviolet rays. 3. showing ...
/kul"euhr kohd'/, v.t., color-coded, color-coding. to distinguish or classify with a color code. [1955-60] * * *
/kul"euhr koh awr"dn ay'tid/, adj. with all parts or elements related, blended, or matched to a particular color scheme. * * *
☆ color-field [kul′ər fēld΄ ] adj. designating or of a style of abstract painting in which colors are applied to a canvas, often in large patches, with little variation in ...
/kul"euhr kee'/, v.t., color-keyed, color-keying. color-code. * * *
(in prescriptions) let it be colored. [ < L coloretur] * * *
See colorable. * * *
—colorability, colorableness, n. —colorably, adv. /kul"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being colored. 2. seemingly valid, true, or genuine; plausible. 3. pretended; ...
See colorability. * * *
See colorability. * * *
Coloradan [käl΄ə rad′ən, käl΄ərä′dən] adj. of Colorado n. a person born or living in Colorado * * * See Colorado. * * *
/kol'euh rad"oh, -rah"doh/, adj. (of cigars) of medium color and strength. [ < Sp < L coloratus colored. See COLOR, -ATE1] * * * I Group of Indian people of Ecuador's Pacific ...
—Coloradan, Coloradoan, adj., n. /kol'euh rad"oh, -rah"doh/, n. 1. a state in the W United States. 2,888,834; 104,247 sq. mi. (270,000 sq. km). Cap.: Denver. Abbr.: CO (for use ...
Colorado beetle
☆ Colorado beetle n. a widely distributed black-and-yellowish beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) that is a destructive pest of potatoes and other plants * * *
Colorado blue spruce.
See blue spruce. [1895-1900, Amer.] * * *
Colorado Desert
an arid region in SE California, W of the Colorado River. ab. 2500 sq. mi. (6475 sq. km). * * * ▪ desert, United States       part of the Sonoran Desert, extending ...
Colorado National Monument
National park, western Colorado, U.S. Established in 1911, the 32-sq-mi (83-sq-km) park is known for its colourful, wind-eroded sandstone formations, towering monoliths, and ...
Colorado Plateau
a plateau in the SW United States, in N Arizona, NW New Mexico, S Utah, and SW Colorado: location of the Grand Canyon. * * * ▪ plateau, United States also called  Colorado ...
Colorado potato beetle
a black and yellow leaf beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, originally of Colorado and neighboring states but now a common pest in all potato-growing regions of the U.S. Also ...
Colorado red cedar.
See Rocky Mountain juniper. * * *
Colorado River
1. a major US river that runs through the Grand Canyon. It begins in the Rocky Mountains in northern Colorado and flows 1 450 miles/2 333 kilometres to the Gulf of California. ...
Colorado School of Mines
▪ school, Golden, Colorado, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Golden, Colorado, U.S. It is an applied-science and engineering ...
Colorado Springs
a city in central Colorado: resort; U.S. Air Force Academy. 215,150. * * * City (pop., 2000: 360,890), central Colorado, U.S. Standing on a mesa near the eastern base of Pikes ...
Colorado spruce.
See blue spruce. * * *
Colorado State University
▪ university, Colorado, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Fort Collins, Colorado, U.S. It is a land-grant (land-grant college) ...
Colorado tick fever
Pathol. a usually mild viral disease occurring in the Rocky Mountain regions of the United States, carried by a tick, Dermacentor andersoni, and characterized by fever, ...
Colorado, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of horizontal blue-white-blue stripes and a red C surrounding a yellow (gold) disk.       Like many of the ...
Colorado, Río
Colorado, Río A river of central Argentina rising in the Andes and flowing about 853 km (530 mi) southeast to the Atlantic Ocean. * * *
Colorado, University of
▪ university, Colorado, United States       public, coeducational state university system with a main campus in Boulder, Colorado, U.S., and branches in Colorado ...
See Coloradan. * * *
Coloradoblue spruce
Colorado blue spruce n. See blue spruce. * * *
Colorado Desert An arid region of southeast California west of the Colorado River. * * *
/kol'euh rad"oh uyt', -rah"doh-/, n. a mineral, mercury telluride, HgTe, occurring in the form of grayish-black masses. [1875-80; named after COLORADO; see -ITE1] * * *
Coloradopotato beetle
Colorado potato beetle n. A small yellow-and-black striped beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) that is a major agricultural pest. * * *
Colorado River 1. A river of the southwest United States rising in the Rocky Mountains and flowing about 2,333 km (1,450 mi) southwest through the Colorado Plateau of western ...
Colorado Springs A city of central Colorado at the foot of Pikes Peak south of Denver. It is a popular tourist center near the site of the U.S. Air Force Academy (established ...
/kul"euhr euhnt/, n. something used as a coloring matter; pigment; dye. [1880-85; < F, prp. of colorer < L colorare to color. See COLOR, -ANT] * * *
—colorational, adj. —colorationally, adv. /kul'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. appearance with regard to color arrangement or use of colors; coloring: the bold coloration of some ...
/kul'euhr euh toor"euh, -tyoor"euh, kol'-, kohl'-/, n. 1. runs, trills, and other florid decorations in vocal music. 2. a lyric soprano of high range who specializes in such ...
color bar n. See color line. * * *
/kul"euhr bair'euhr/, n. a person who carries the colors or standard, esp. of a military body. Cf. guidon (def. 2). [1890-95; COLOR + BEARER] * * *
colorblind [kul′ərblīnd΄] adj. 1. unable to perceive colors or to distinguish between certain colors, as red and green ☆ 2. not influenced by considerations of ...
See colorblind. * * *
/kul"euhr breed'/, v.i., colorbred, colorbreeding. Genetics. to breed plants or animals selectively for the production of new varieties having a specific color or shade. [COLOR + ...
/kul"euhr kast', -kahst'/, n., v., colorcast, colorcasting. n. 1. a television program broadcast in color. v.t., v.i. 2. to broadcast or televise in color. [1945-50; COLOR + ...
/kul"euhr kas'teuhr, -kah'steuhr/, n. Radio and Television. an announcer, esp. in sports, who provides supplementary information or comment. Also called color commentator. [COLOR ...
/koh'leuh rek"tl/, adj. Anat. pertaining to or involving the colon and rectum: colorectal cancer. [COLO- + RECTAL] * * *
colorectal cancer
Malignant tumour of the large intestine (colon) or rectum. Risk factors include age (after age 50), family history of colorectal cancer, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, ...
/kul"euhrd/, adj. 1. having color. 2. Often Offensive. belonging wholly or in part to a race other than the white, esp. to the black race. 3. Often Offensive. pertaining to the ...
colored stone
Jewelry. any gemstone, colored or colorless, other than a diamond. * * *
See color. * * *
—colorfastness, n. /kul"euhr fast', -fahst'/, adj. maintaining color without fading or running: colorfast textile. [1925-30; COLOR + FAST1] * * *
See colorfast. * * *
/kul"euhr feeld'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of abstract painting in which large, flat areas of color are spread to cover the entire canvas and dominate over form ...
color filter n. A photographic filter made of colored glass that modifies the light striking the film by selectively absorbing colors. It is used when taking photographs through ...
—colorfully, adv. —colorfulness, n. /kul"euhr feuhl/, adj. 1. abounding in color: In their tartans, the Scots guard made a colorful array. 2. richly eventful or picturesque: ...
See colorful. * * *
See colorfully. * * *
color guard n. The ceremonial escort for the flag, as of a country or organization. * * *
/kul'euh rif"ik/, adj. 1. producing or imparting color. 2. pertaining to color. [1670-80; COLOR + -I- + -FIC] * * *
—colorimetric /kul'er euh me"trik/, colorimetrical, adj. —colorimetrically, adv. —colorimetrist, n. —colorimetry, n. /kul'euh rim"i teuhr/, n. a device that analyzes ...
See colorimeter. * * *
See colorimetric. * * *
colorimetry [kul΄ərim′ə trē] n. the analysis or measurement of color by means of a colorimeter colorimetric [kul΄ər ə me′trik] adj. colorimetrically adv. * * * See ...
/kul"euhr ing/, n. 1. the act or method of applying color. 2. appearance as to color: healthy coloring. 3. a substance used to color something: food coloring made from vegetable ...
coloring book
a children's book of outline drawings for coloring in crayons, watercolors, etc. * * *
—coloristic, adj. —coloristically, adv. /kul"euhr ist/, n. 1. a person who uses color skillfully. 2. a painter who emphasizes color relationships in a work of art. 3. a ...
coloristic [kul΄ər is′tik] adj. 1. having to do with color or the use of color 2. Music of or characterized by an emphasis on timbre or tonal effects coloristically adv. * * ...
col·or·i·za·tion (kŭl'ər-ĭ-zāʹshən) n. A computer-assisted process by which color is imparted to black-and-white film. * * *
—colorization, n. /kul"euh ruyz'/, v.t., colorized, colorizing. to cause to appear in color; enhance with color, esp. by computer: to colorize old black-and-white movies for ...
See colorize. * * *
—colorlessly, adv. —colorlessness, n. /kul"euhr lis/, adj. 1. without color: Pure water is colorless. 2. pallid; dull in color: a colorless complexion. 3. lacking vividness ...
See colorless. * * *
See colorlessly. * * *
color line n. A barrier, created by custom, law, or economic differences, separating nonwhite persons from whites. Also called color bar. * * *
colorpoint shorthair
colorpoint shorthair [kul′ər point΄] n. any of a breed of domestic cat, bred by crossing a Siamese and an American shorthair, with blue, almond-shaped eyes and a short, ...
/kul"euhr sluyd'/, n. a color transparency, mounted usually between cardboard or plastic masks or glass plates, for projection onto a screen. [1950-55; COLOR + SLIDE] * * *
color solid n. A three-dimensional diagram in which colors are arranged schematically according to their three attributes of hue, value, and saturation. * * *
color wheel n. A circular diagram in which primary and usually intermediate colors are arranged sequentially so that related colors are next to each other and complementary ...
co·lo·scope (kōʹlə-skōp') n. See colonoscope. * * *
co·los·co·py (kə-lŏsʹkə-pē) n. pl. co·los·co·pies See colonoscopy. * * *
Colosimo, James
▪ American criminal byname  Big Jim   born 1877, Cosenza, Italy died May 11, 1920, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       crime czar in Chicago from about 1902 until his death, ...
Colosio Murrieta, Luis Donaldo
▪ 1995       Mexican politician (b. Feb. 10, 1950, Magdalena de Kino, Sonora, Mexico—d. March 23, 1994, Tijuana, Mexico), was designated (Nov. 28, 1993) by Pres. ...
/keuh los"ee/, n. an ancient city in SW Phrygia: seat of an early Christian church to which Paul wrote the Epistle to the Colossians. * * *
—colossality /kol'euh sal"i tee/, n. —colossally, adv. /keuh los"euhl/, adj. 1. extraordinarily great in size, extent, or degree; gigantic; huge. 2. of or resembling a ...
colossal order
or giant order Architectural order in which the columns extend beyond one interior story, often through several stories. Though giant columns were used in antiquity, they were ...
See colossal. * * *
Co·los·sal order (kə-lŏsʹəl) n. Architecture. Any of the classical orders used in such a way that the columns extend from the ground through two or more stories of a ...
/kol'euh see"euhm/, n. 1. an ancient amphitheater in Rome, begun A.D. c70 by Vespasian, having the form of an oval 617 by 512 ft. (188 by 156 m). 2. (l.c.) coliseum. [ < L, n. ...
co·los·si (kə-lŏsʹī') n. A plural of colossus. * * *
/keuh losh"euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Colossae. 2. one of the Christians of Colossae, to whom Paul addressed one of his Epistles. adj. 3. of or pertaining to Colossae ...
/keuh losh"euhnz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a book of the New Testament, written by Paul. Abbr.: Col. * * *
Colossians, The Letter of Paul to the
▪ work by Saint Paul also called  The Epistle of St. Paul the Apostle to the Colossians         New Testament writing addressed to Christians at Colossae, Asia Minor, ...
/keuh los"euhs/, n., pl. colossi /-los"uy/, colossuses. 1. (cap.) the legendary bronze statue of Helios at Rhodes. Cf. Seven Wonders of the World. 2. any statue of gigantic ...
Colossus of Memnon
an ancient Egyptian stone monument near Thebes, erected by Amenhotep III, that consists of two seated figures 38 ft. (12 m) high. Cf. Vocal Memnon. * * *
Colossusof Rhodes
Co·los·sus of Rhodes (kə-lŏsʹəs) A huge statue of Apollo located at the entrance to the harbor of Rhodes. Built c. 280 B.C. and later destroyed by an earthquake, it was ...
/keuh los"teuh mee/, n., pl. colostomies. Surg. 1. the construction of an artificial opening from the colon through the abdominal wall, thus bypassing a diseased portion of the ...
See colostrum. * * *
—colostral, adj. /keuh los"treuhm/, n. a yellowish liquid, esp. rich in immune factors, secreted by the mammary gland of female mammals a few days before and after the birth of ...
colotomic structure
▪ music       in music, use of specified instruments to mark off established time intervals. In the tuned percussion ensembles ( gamelan) of Java and Bali, for ...
/keuh lot"euh mee/, n., pl. colotomies. Surg. incision or opening of the colon. [1865-70; COLO- + -TOMY] * * *
/kul"euhr/, n., adj. v.t., v.i. Chiefly Brit. color. Usage. See -or1. * * * I Aspect of any object that may be described in terms of hue, brightness, and saturation. It is ...
colour blindness
Inability to distinguish one or more colours. The human retina contains three types of cone cells that absorb light in different parts of the spectrum. Absence of these types ...
colour centre
▪ crystallography       defect in the regular spacing of atoms within a solid that absorbs visible light of a particular colour or infrared or ultraviolet radiation, ...
colour index
In igneous petrology, the sum of the volume percentages of the coloured, or dark, minerals in the rock. The most common light-coloured minerals are feldspars, feldspathoids, and ...
colour music
      music intended for instrumental performance in conjunction with a simultaneous projection of changing colours onto a screen. It has its origins in the theory, ...
colour printing
Specialized printing technique using coloured inks and modified presses. Juxtaposition of colours is achieved by submitting each sheet to successive impressions by typeforms ...
colour supplement
n (BrE) a magazine, printed all or partly in colour, that is part of a newspaper, especially a Saturday or Sunday newspaper. The phrase is also used to describe something that ...
colour vision
      ability to distinguish among various wavelengths of light waves and to perceive the differences as differences in hue. The normal human eye can discriminate among ...
colour-field painting
▪ art also called  post-painterly abstraction        with Action painting, one of two major strains of the 20th-century art movement known as Abstract ...
col·oured (kŭlʹərd) adj. & n. Chiefly British See colored. * * * ▪ people formerly  Cape Coloured         a person of mixed European (“white”) and African ...
colour–magnitude diagram
▪ astronomy       in astronomy, graph showing the relation between the absolute magnitudes (brightnesses) of stars and their colours, which are closely related to their ...
/kol puy"tis/, n. Pathol. vaginitis. [1875-80; < Gk kólp(os) bosom, womb + -ITIS] * * *
/kol poh"deuh/, n. any ciliated protozoan of the genus Colpoda, common in fresh water. [1790; < NL, equiv. to Gk kolpód(es) embosomed, embayed (kólp(os) bosom + -odes -ODE1) + ...
/kol"pawr'tij, -pohr'-/; Fr. /kawl pawrdd tannzh"/, n. the work of a colporteur. [1840-50; < F, equiv. to colport(er) to hawk (lit., carry on the neck; see COL, PORT5) + -age ...
/kol"pawr'teuhr, -pohr'-/; Fr. /kawl pawrdd tuerdd"/, n., pl. colporteurs /-teuhrz/; Fr. /-tuerdd"/. 1. a person who travels to sell or publicize Bibles, religious tracts, ...
—colposcopic /kol'peuh skop"ik/, adj. —colposcopist /kol pos"keuh pist/, n. /kol"peuh skohp'/, n. an instrument that magnifies the cells of the cervix and vagina to permit ...
See colposcope. * * *
/kol pos"keuh pee/, n., pl. colposcopies. an examination by means of a colposcope. [1935-40; < Gk kólp(os) womb, vagina + -O- + -SCOPY] * * *
/kol pot"euh mee/, n., pl. colpotomies. Surg. incision of the vagina. Also called vaginotomy. [colpo- (see COLPOSCOPE) + -TOMY] * * *
/kohlt/, n. 1. a young male animal of the horse family. 2. a male horse of not more than four years of age. 3. a young or inexperienced person. [bef. 1000; ME, OE; cf. dial. Sw ...
/kohlt/, Trademark. a brand of revolver. /kohlt/, n. Samuel 1814-62, U.S. inventor of the Colt revolver. * * *
colt distemper
Vet. Pathol. distemper1 (def. 1b). * * *
Colt, Samuel
born July 19, 1814, Hartford, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 10, 1862, Hartford U.S. inventor. He worked in his father's textile factory before going to sea in 1830. On a voyage to ...
Colt (kōlt), Samuel. 1814-1862. American firearms inventor and manufacturer who developed the first revolver. * * *
/kohl"teuhr/, n. a sharp blade or wheel attached to the beam of a plow, used to cut the ground in advance of the plowshare. Also, coulter. [1300-50; ME, OE culter < L: knife, ...
Colter, John
born с 1775, in or near Staunton, Va. died 1813, in present-day Missouri, U.S. U.S. explorer. A member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1803–06), in 1807 he was sent to ...
—coltishly, adv. —coltishness, n. /kohl"tish/, adj. 1. playful; frolicsome. 2. of, pertaining to, or resembling a colt. 3. not trained or disciplined; unruly; ...
See coltish. * * *
See coltishly. * * *
/kohl"tn/, n. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 27,419. * * *
Colton, Gardner (Quincy)
born Feb. 7, 1814, Georgia, Vt., U.S. died Aug. 9, 1898, Rotterdam, Neth. U.S. anesthetist and inventor. He was among the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in ...
Colton, Gardner Quincy
▪ American anesthetist and inventor born Feb. 7, 1814, Georgia, Vt., U.S. died Aug. 9, 1898, Rotterdam, Neth.       American anesthetist and inventor who was among the ...
/kohl"trayn/, n. John (William), 1926-67, U.S. jazz saxophonist and composer. * * *
Coltrane, Alice
▪ 2008 Alice McLeod; Turiya Sagittinanda        American jazz keyboard artist born Aug. 27, 1937 , Detroit, Mich. died Jan. 12, 2007, Los Angeles, Calif. played bop ...
Coltrane, John
▪ American musician in full  John William Coltrane,  byname  Trane  born Sept. 23, 1926, Hamlet, N.C., U.S. died July 17, 1967, Huntington, N.Y.  American jazz ...
Coltrane, John (William)
born Sept. 23, 1926, Hamlet, N.C., U.S. died July 17, 1967, Huntington, N.Y. U.S. saxophonist and composer. After growing up in Philadelphia, he gained early experience in the ...
Coltrane,John William
Col·trane (kōlʹtrān), John William. 1926-1967. American jazz saxophonist and composer whose musical innovations broke through formal thematic and harmonic restrictions in ...
/kohlts"foot'/, n., pl. coltsfoots. a composite plant, Tussilago farfara, having yellow, daisylike flowers, native to the Old World but widespread as a weed, formerly used as a ...
/kol"euh brid, -yeuh-/, n. 1. any of numerous, typically harmless snakes constituting the family Colubridae, having no vestigial limbs, a scale-covered head and body with a ...
/kol"euh bruyn', -brin, -yeuh-/, adj. 1. of or resembling a snake; snakelike. 2. belonging or pertaining to the subfamily Colubrinae, comprising the typical colubrid ...
/keuh looh"goh/, n., pl. colugos. See flying lemur. [1885-90; < NL, first recorded as colago (1702) and alleged to be < Bisayan] * * *
/kol"euhm/, n. Padraic /paw"drik/, 1881-1972, Irish poet and dramatist, in the U.S. from 1914. * * *
Colum, Padraic
▪ Irish poet born Dec. 8, 1881, Longford, County Longford, Ire. died Jan. 11, 1972, Enfield, Conn., U.S.       Irish-born American poet whose lyrics capture the ...
Col·um (kŭlʹəm), Saint. See SaintColumba. * * *
—Columban, adj. /keuh lum"beuh/, n., gen. Columbae /-bee/ for 2. 1. Saint, A.D. 521-597, Irish missionary in Scotland. 2. Also called Columba Noae /noh"ee/. Astron. the Dove, ...
Columba, Saint
or Colum or Columcille born с 521, Tyrconnell died June 8/9, 597, Iona; feast day June 9 Irish abbot and missionary. A member of the warrior aristocracy, he was ...
Columba also Col·um (kŭlʹəm), Saint. 521-597. Irish missionary who established a monastery on the island of Iona and subsequently Christianized northern Scotland. * * *
Columban, Saint
born с 543, Leinster, Ireland died Nov. 23, 615, Bobbio, Italy; feast day November 23 Irish abbot and missionary. One of the greatest missionaries of the Celtic church, he ...
/kol'euhm bair"ee euhm/, n., pl. columbaria /-bair"ee euh/. 1. a sepulchral vault or other structure with recesses in the walls to receive the ashes of the dead. 2. any one of ...
/kol"euhm ber'ee/, n., pl. columbaries. a dovecote or pigeon house. Also, columbarium. [1540-50; see COLUMBARIUM] * * *
/keuh lum"bayt, -bit/, n. Chem. niobate. [1810-20; COLUMB(IUM) + -ATE2] * * *
/keuh lum"bee euh/, n. 1. a river in SW Canada and the NW United States, flowing S and W from SE British Columbia through Washington along the boundary between Washington and ...
Columbia disaster
▪ United States history  breakup of the U.S. space shuttle orbiter Columbia on Feb. 1, 2003, that claimed the lives of all seven astronauts (astronaut) on board just minutes ...
Columbia Encyclopedia
in full  The New Columbia Encyclopedia,         highly regarded one-volume encyclopaedia, international in scope and useful for quick location of accurate information. ...
Columbia Heights
a city in SE Minnesota, near Minneapolis. 20,029. * * *
Columbia Icefield
▪ icefield, Canada Introduction       largest ice field in the Rocky Mountains, astride the British Columbia–Alberta border, Canada. Lying partially within Jasper ...
Columbia Mountains
▪ mountain range, Canada       range in southeastern British Columbia, Canada, that is bounded by the Rocky Mountain Trench (east), the Columbia River (south), the ...
Columbia Pictures
a large Hollywood film company, producing films for the cinema and television. It was established in 1924 and its first big success was It Happened One Night (1934). Others have ...
Columbia Pictures Entertainment, Inc.
Major U.S. film studio. It originated in 1920 when brothers Jack and Harry Cohn formed a company with Joe Brandt to produce short films and low-budget westerns. It became ...
Columbia Plateau
▪ region, United States also called  Columbia Intermontane,    geographic region, northwestern United States. It forms part of the intermontane plateaus and is bordered ...
Columbia River
River, southwestern Canada and northwestern U.S. Rising in the Canadian Rockies, it flows through Washington state, entering the Pacific Ocean at Astoria, Ore. ; it has a total ...
Columbia River Treaty
▪ United States-Canada [1961]       (Jan. 17, 1961), agreement between Canada and the United States to develop and share waterpower and storage facilities on the ...
Columbia University
(also Columbia) a large private university in New York City. It was established in 1754 as King’s College and became Columbia University in 1896. It has a high reputation for ...
Columbia, Cape A cape on the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. It is the northernmost point of Canada. * * *
Columbia,District of
Columbia, District of See District of Columbia. * * *
▪ literature       any of certain epics (epic) recounting the European settlement and growth of the United States. It may have been derived from La Colombiade, ou la foi ...
/keuh lum"bee euhn/, adj. 1. Literary. pertaining to America or the United States. 2. pertaining to Christopher Columbus. n. 3. Print. a 16-point type of a size between English ...
Columbia River A river rising in southeast British Columbia, Canada, and flowing about 1,947 km (1,210 mi) south then west through the Columbia Plateau and along the ...
/keuh lum"bik/, adj. Chem. niobic. [1800-10; COLUMB(IUM) + -IC] * * *
      bird family (order Columbiformes) that comprises the pigeons and the doves. See dove; pigeon. * * *
▪ bird Introduction   any member of the group of birds (bird) that contains the pigeons (pigeon), doves (dove), dodoes (dodo), and solitaires (solitaire). The order ...
columbine1 /kol"euhm buyn'/, n. 1. a plant, Aquilegia caerula, of the buttercup family, having showy flowers with white petals and white to blue sepals that form long, backward ...
/kol"euhm buyn'/, n. 1. a female character in commedia dell'arte and pantomime: sweetheart of Harlequin. 2. a female given name. [1720-30; < It Columbina lit., dovelike girl; see ...
/keuh lum"buyt/, n. a black, crystalline mineral, iron niobate, (Fe, Mn)Nb2O6, the principal ore of niobium, an end member of a series of solid solutions in which manganese and ...
/keuh lum"bee euhm/, n. Chem. (formerly) niobium. Symbol: Cb [1801; COLUMB(IA) (def. 7) + -IUM] * * *       chemical element discovered and named in 1801. It was ...
a US television series (1971–93) in which the main character is Lieutenant Columbo (whose first name was never revealed), played by Peter Falk. Columbo is a Los Angeles police ...
/keuh lum"beuhs/, adj. Chem. niobous. [COLUMB(IUM) + -OUS] * * *
/keuh lum"beuhs/, n. 1. Christopher (Sp. Cristóbal Colón; It. Cristoforo Colombo), 1446?-1506, Italian navigator in Spanish service: traditionally considered the discoverer of ...
Columbus Air Force Base
U.S. Air Force installation in NE Mississippi, NW of Columbus. * * *
Columbus Day
a day, October 12, observed as a holiday in various states of the U.S. in honor of the discovery of the New World by Columbus and his landing in the West Indies on October 12, ...
Columbus Platform
In Reform Judaism, a declaration issued by a conference of U.S. Reform rabbis meeting in Columbus, Ohio, in 1937. It supported the use of traditional ceremonies and Hebrew in ...
Columbus, Bartholomew
▪ Italian explorer Italian  Bartolomeo Colombo,  Spanish  Bartolomé Colón  born 15th century, Genoa [Italy] died 1514/15, Santo Domingo, Hispaniola [now Dominican ...
Columbus, Christopher
Italian Cristoforo Colombo Spanish Cristóbal Colón born between Aug. 26 and Oct. 31?, 1451, Genoa died May 20, 1506, Valladolid, Spain Genoese navigator and explorer whose ...
Columbus, Diego
▪ Spanish explorer Spanish  Diego Colón   born 1479/80, Porto Santo, Madeira Islands died February 23, 1526, Montalbán, Spain       eldest son of Christopher ...
Columbus, Christopher. 1451-1506. Italian explorer in the service of Spain who determined that the earth was round and attempted to reach Asia by sailing west from Europe, ...
Columbus Day n. October 12, observed in the United States in commemoration of the discovery in 1492 of the New World by Christopher Columbus. Columbus Day is now officially ...
—columellar, adj. —columellate /kol'yeuh mel"it, -ayt/, adj. /kol'yeuh mel"euh/, n., pl. columellae /-mel"ee/. Biol. 1. - a. any of various small, columnlike structures of ...
Columella, Lucius Junius Moderatus
▪ Roman author born 1st century AD, , Gades, Spain       Roman soldier and farmer who wrote extensively on agriculture and kindred subjects in the hope of arousing a ...
See columella. * * *
See columellar. * * *
/kol'yeuh mel"euh fawrm'/, adj. like a columella. [1830-40; COLUMELL(A) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
—columned /kol"euhmd/, columnated /kol"euhm nay'tid/, adj. /kol"euhm/, n. 1. Archit. a. a rigid, relatively slender, upright support, composed of relatively few pieces. b. a ...
column chromatography
Chem. See under chromatography. * * * ▪ chemistry       in analytical chemistry, method for separating mixtures of substances in which a liquid or gaseous solution of ...
column inch
Print. type one column wide and 1 in. (2.54 cm) deep. [1935-40] * * *
column krater
kelebe. * * *
column vector
Math. a collection of numbers, as the components of a vector, written vertically. Cf. row vector. * * *
—columnarity /kol'euhm nar"i tee/, n. /keuh lum"neuhr/, adj. 1. shaped like a column. 2. characterized by columns: columnar architecture. 3. Also, columnal. printed, arranged, ...
columnar epithelium
Biol. epithelium consisting of one or more layers of elongated cells of cylindrical or prismatic shape. * * *
columnar jointing
(in basaltic igneous rocks) a series of generally hexagonal columns formed by vertical joints as a result of contraction during cooling. * * *
columnar epithelium n. Epithelium consisting of one or more cell layers, the most superficial of which is composed of elongated and somewhat cylindrical cells projecting toward ...
/keuh lum"neuh ruyzd'/, adj. columnar (def. 3). [COLUMNAR + -IZE + -ED2] * * *
column dress n. A slim-fitting dress with a straight narrow shape. * * *
/keuh lum"nee euh/, n. any of various vines or shrubs of the genus Columnea, native to tropical America, that have tubular, showy, two-lipped flowers and are often cultivated as ...
See column. * * *
/keuh lum'nee ay"sheuhn/, n. Archit. 1. the employment of columns. 2. the system of columns in a structure. [1585-95; extracted from INTERCOLUMNIATION] * * *
/kol"euhm nist, -euh mist/, n. the writer or editor of a newspaper or magazine column. [1915-20; Amer.; COLUMN + -IST] * * *
/keuh loor", koh-, koh"loor/, n. Astron. either of two great circles of the celestial sphere intersecting each other at the poles, one passing through both equinoxes and the ...
Col·ville (kōlʹvĭl', kŏlʹ-) A river rising in the Brooks Range of northwest Alaska and flowing about 603 km (375 mi) east and north across the tundra to the Arctic ...
Colwyn Bay
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Bae Colwyn        seaside resort, Conwy county borough, historic county of Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych), Wales, on the North Wales ...

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