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common market n. An economic unit, typically formed of nations, intended to eliminate or markedly reduce trade barriers among its members. * * *
Common Market See European Economic Community. * * *
common measure n. A ballad stanza form in iambic meter, often rhyming in alternating pairs, that is typical of many church hymns. Also called common meter, hymnal stanza. * * *
common multiple n. A quantity into which each of two or more quantities may be divided with zero remainder: The quantities 6, 12, and 24 are common multiples of 2 and 3. * * *
See commonly. * * *
common noun n. A noun, such as book or dog, that can be preceded by the definite article and that represents one or all of the members of a class. * * *
—commonplacely, adv. —commonplaceness, n. /kom"euhn plays'/, adj. 1. ordinary; undistinguished or uninteresting; without individuality: a commonplace person. 2. trite; ...
commonplace book
a book in which noteworthy quotations, comments, etc., are written. [1570-80] * * *
commonplace book n. A personal journal in which quotable passages, literary excerpts, and comments are written. * * *
See commonplace. * * *
common pleas pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) In some states of the United States, a court of common pleas. * * *
common room n. 1. A faculty lounge in a college or university. 2. A lounge for use by all members of a residential institution or community. * * *
commons [käm′ənz] pl.n. 〚see COMMON〛 1. the common people; commonalty 2. [often with sing. v.] a) the body politic that is made up of commoners b) [C-] HOUSE OF ...
Commons, House of
Popularly elected lower house of the bicameral British Parliament. Because it alone has the power to levy taxes and allocate expenditures, it is Britain's chief legislative ...
Commons, John R(ogers)
born Oct. 13, 1862, Hollandsburg, Ohio, U.S. died May 11, 1945, Fort Lauderdale, Fla. U.S. economist. He taught at the University of Wisconsin (1904–32) and published works ...
Commons, John R.
▪ American economist in full  John Rogers Commons  born October 13, 1862, Hollandsburg, Ohio, U.S. died May 11, 1945, Fort Lauderdale, Florida       American ...
common salt n. 1. See salt. 2. Sodium chloride. * * *
common school n. A public elementary school. * * *
com·mon·sense (kŏmʹən-sĕnsʹ) adj. Having or exhibiting native good judgment: “commonsense scholarship on the foibles and oversights of a genius” (Times Literary ...
common sense n. Sound judgment not based on specialized knowledge; native good judgment.   [Translation of Latin sēnsus commūnis, common feelings of humanity.] * * *
See commonsense. * * *
See commonsensible. * * *
See commonsensible. * * *
See commonsensible. * * *
common stock n. Capital stock that is secondary to preferred stock in the distribution of dividends and often of assets. * * *
common time n. A musical meter with four quarter notes to the measure. * * *
common touch n. The ability to appeal to the interests and sensibilities of the ordinary person: “an effective administrator and also an effective leader, with a common ...
/kom"euhn weel'/, n. 1. the common welfare; the public good. 2. Archaic. the body politic; a commonwealth. Also, common weal. [1350-1400; ME comen wele. See COMMON, WEAL1] * * *
/kom"euhn welth'/, n. 1. (cap.) a group of sovereign states and their dependencies associated by their own choice and linked with common objectives and interests: the British ...
Commonwealth Conference
a meeting of the prime ministers of all the countries in the Commonwealth, which takes place every two years. * * *
Commonwealth Day
a holiday observed in some countries of the Commonwealth of Nations, originally on May 24, the anniversary of Queen Victoria's birth, but now on varying dates. Formerly, Empire ...
Commonwealth Games
a sports contest for competitors from Commonwealth countries. It has taken place every four years since the first Games in Hamilton, Canada, in 1930. The event was called the ...
Commonwealth Institute
the educational and cultural centre of the Commonwealth. The Institute organizes events and exhibitions aimed especially at young people. Its present building in London, England, ...
Commonwealth of England
commonwealth (def. 5). * * *
Commonwealth of Independent States
an alliance of former Soviet republics formed in December 1991, including: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, ...
Commonwealth of Nations
a voluntary association of independent nations and dependent territories linked by historical ties (as parts of the former British Empire) and cooperating on matters of mutual ...
Commonwealth Secretariat
➡ Commonwealth (I) * * *
Commonwealth v. Hunt
▪ law case       (1842), American legal case in which the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that the common-law doctrine of criminal conspiracy did not apply to labour ...
Commonwealthof Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States Abbr. CIS An association of former Soviet republics that was established in December 1991 by Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus to help ease the ...
Commonwealthof Nations
Commonwealth of Nations also British Commonwealth An association comprising the United Kingdom, its dependencies, and many former British colonies that are now sovereign states ...
common wormwood n. See absinthe. * * *
common year n. A calendar year having 365 days; a year without an intercalary period. * * *
—commorant, adj. /kom"euhr euhn see/, n., pl. commorancies. Law. a dwelling in a place; usual or temporary residence in a place. [1580-90; commor(ant) residing ( < L ...
—commotional, adj. —commotive, adj. /keuh moh"sheuhn/, n. 1. violent or tumultuous motion; agitation; noisy disturbance: What's all the commotion in the hallway? 2. political ...
/keuh moohv"/, v.t., commoved, commoving. to move violently; agitate; excite. [1350-1400; ME commeven < AF commoveir, MF com(m)ovoir < L commovere, equiv. to com- COM- + movere ...
—communally, adv. /keuh myoohn"l, kom"yeuh nl/, adj. 1. used or shared in common by everyone in a group: a communal jug of wine. 2. of, by, or belonging to the people of a ...
communal marriage.
See group marriage. [1865-70] * * *
—communalist, n. —communalistic, adj. /keuh myoohn"l iz'euhm, kom"yeuh nl-/, n. 1. a theory or system of government according to which each commune is virtually an ...
com·mu·nal·ist (kə-myo͞oʹnə-lĭst) n. 1. An advocate of communal living. 2. One who is more interested in one's own minority or ethnic group than in society as a ...
See communalist. * * *
/kom'yeuh nal"i tee/, n. 1. the state or condition of being communal. 2. a feeling or spirit of cooperation and belonging arising from common interests and goals. [1900-05; ...
—communalization, n. /keuh myoohn"l uyz', kom"yeuh nl-/, v.t., communalized, communalizing. to make communal; to make (land, a business, etc.) the property of the community: ...
See communality. * * *
/kom"yeuh nahrd'/, n. 1. (often l.c.) Fr. Hist. a member or supporter of the Commune of 1871. Cf. commune3 (def. 8b). 2. (l.c.) a person who lives in a commune. [1870-75; < F; ...
commune1 —communer, n. v. /keuh myoohn"/; n. /kom"yoohn/, v., communed, communing, n. v.i. 1. to converse or talk together, usually with profound intensity, intimacy, etc.; ...
See commune1. * * *
See communicable. * * *
—communicability, communicableness, n. —communicably, adv. /keuh myooh"ni keuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being easily communicated or transmitted: communicable information; ...
Communicable Disease Center
former name of Centers for Disease Control. * * *
See communicability. * * *
See communicability. * * *
/keuh myooh"ni keuhnt/, n. 1. a person who partakes or is entitled to partake of the Eucharist; a member of a church. 2. a person who communicates. adj. 3. communicating; ...
/keuh myooh"ni kayt'/, v., communicated, communicating. v.t. 1. to impart knowledge of; make known: to communicate information; to communicate one's happiness. 2. to give to ...
communication theory
or information theory Field of mathematics that studies the problems of signal transmission, reception, and processing. It stems from Claude E. Shannon's mathematical methods ...
communication theory.
See information theory. [1945-50] * * *
See communication. * * *
communication disorder n. Any of various disorders, such as stuttering or perseveration, characterized by impaired written or verbal expression. * * *
communication engineering n. The branch of engineering dealing with the development and operation of communications technology, including telecommunications and computer ...
(as used in expressions) communications satellite Paramount Communications wireless communications * * *
communications satellite
an artificial earth satellite that facilitates communications, as radio, television, and telephone transmissions, by means of the reflection or the amplification and ...
com·mu·ni·ca·tions satellite (kə-myo͞o'nĭ-kāʹshənz) n. An artificial satellite used to aid telecommunications, as by reflecting or relaying a radio signal. * * *
—communicatively, adv. —communicativeness, n. /keuh myooh"ni kay'tiv, -keuh tiv/, adj. 1. inclined to communicate or impart; talkative: He isn't feeling very communicative ...
communicative competence
Ling. a speaker's internalized knowledge both of the grammatical rules of a language and of the rules for appropriate use in social contexts. * * *
See communicative. * * *
See communicatively. * * *
/keuh myooh"ni kay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who communicates, esp. one skilled at conveying information, ideas, or policy to the public. 2. a person in the business of ...
com·mu·ni·col·o·gy (kə-myo͞o'nĭ-kŏlʹə-jē) n. The study of communication, including such fields as semiotics, audiology, and speech pathology.   [communication + ...
—communionable, adj. —communional, adj. /keuh myoohn"yeuhn/, n. 1. (often cap.) Also called Holy Communion. Eccles. a. the act of receiving the Eucharistic elements. b. the ...
communion cloth
corporal3. [1625-35] * * *
communion cup
Eccles. a chalice from which a communicant drinks. [1635-45] * * *
communion of saints
the spiritual fellowship existing among all faithful Christians, both living and dead. * * *
communion plate
Rom. Cath. Ch. the plate held under the chin of a communicant to catch the Host if it should fall. * * *
communion rail
Eccles. the altar rail where communion is received by the congregation. [1840-50] * * *
Communion Sunday
Eccles. any Sunday on which communion is administered. [1875-80] * * *
communion table
Eccles. the table used in the celebration of communion, or the Lord's Supper; the Lord's table. [1560-70] * * *
/keuh myoohn"yeuh nist/, n. Eccles. 1. a person with a particular view or interpretation of communion, as specified. 2. a communicant. [1635-45; COMMUNION + -IST] * * *
/keuh myooh'ni kay", keuh myooh"ni kay'/, n. an official bulletin or communication, usually to the press or public. [1850-55; < F: lit., communicated, ptp. of communiquer < L ...
/kom"yeuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole ...
Communism Peak
a peak of the Pamir mountains, in NE Tajikistan. 24,590 ft. (7495 m). Formerly, Stalin Peak. * * *
Communism Peak also Mount Communism. A mountain, 7,500 m (24,590 ft) high, of northeast Tajikistan, in the Pamirs near the Chinese border. It is the highest elevation in the ...
—communistic, communistical, adj. —communistically, adv. /kom"yeuh nist/, n. 1. (cap.) a member of the Communist party or movement. 2. an advocate of communism. 3. a person ...
Communist China.
Informal. See China, People's Republic of. * * *
Communist International.
See Third International. * * *
Communist Manifesto
a pamphlet (1848) by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: first statement of the principles of modern communism. * * * Pamphlet written in 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels to ...
Communist Manifesto, The
▪ work by Marx and Engels German  Manifest Der Kommunistischen Partei        (1848; “Manifesto of the Communist Party”), pamphlet written by Karl Marx (Marx, ...
Communist party
a political party advocating the principles of communism, esp. as developed by Marx and Lenin. [1840-50] * * * Political party organized to facilitate the transition of society ...
Communist Party of Britain
a very small political party whose members believe that the ideas of Karl Marx should form the basis of government in Britain. The party was formed in 1920 but never achieved ...
Communist Party of Cuba
▪ political party, Cuba Spanish  Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC)        Cuban communist party organized by Fidel Castro (Castro, Fidel) and others in 1965 but ...
Communist Party of Spain
▪ political party, Spain Spanish  Partido Comunista de España         Spanish political party founded in 1921 by dissident members of the Spanish Socialist ...
Communist Party of the Russian Federation
▪ political party, Russia Introduction Russian  Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiiskoi Federatsii        Russian political party that opposes many of the democratic ...
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
▪ political party, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics also called (1925–52)  All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) , Russian  Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Sovetskogo ...
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)
Major political party of Russia and the Soviet Union from the Russian Revolution of 1917 to 1991. It arose from the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' ...
Communist Party of the United States of America
(abbr CPUSA) a small US political party which believes in the principles of Communism. It was established in 1921 and was called the Workers’ Party of America before it changed ...
com·mu·nis·tic (kŏm'yə-nĭsʹtĭk) adj. Of, characteristic of, or inclined to communism.   com'mu·nisʹti·cal·ly adv. * * *
See communistic. * * *
/keuh myooh'ni tair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a member of a communistic community. 2. an advocate of such a community. [1835-45; COMMUNIT(Y) + -ARIAN] * * *
Political and social philosophy that emphasizes the importance of community in the functioning of political life, in the analysis and evaluation of political institutions, and in ...
/keuh myooh"ni tahs'/, n. Anthropol. the sense of sharing and intimacy that develops among persons who experience liminality as a group. [ < L; see COMMUNITY] * * *
—communital, adj. /keuh myooh"ni tee/, n., pl. communities. 1. a social group of any size whose members reside in a specific locality, share government, and often have a common ...
community antenna television.
See CATV. [1950-55] * * *
community center
a building or other place in which members of a community may gather for social, educational, or cultural activities. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
community charge
(also infml the poll tax) n [sing] (in Britain) a local tax introduced by the Conservative government in 1990 to replace the rates. It was very unpopular because poor people had ...
community chest
a fund for local welfare activities, built up by voluntary contributions. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
Community Chests and Councils of America
a former name (1918-65) of the United Way of America. See under United Way. * * *
community church
an independent or denominational church in a particular community. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
community college
a nonresidential junior college established to serve a specific community and typically supported in part by local government funds. [1945-50, Amer.] * * *
community ecology
Introduction       study of the organization and functioning of communities (community), which are assemblages of interacting populations of the species living within a ...
community medicine
public-health services targeted to a given community, often a low-income population. * * *
community mental health center
a health-care facility or network of agencies that is part of a system originally authorized by the U.S. government to provide a coordinated program of continuing mental health ...
Community of Christ
formerly Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Faction of the religion founded by Joseph Smith in 1830, whose main body became the Church of Jesus Christ of ...
community policing
n [U] a system for developing trust and understanding between the people who live in a particular area and the local police, in order to reduce crime in that area. The system ...
community property
U.S. Law. (in some states) property acquired by a husband, wife, or both together, that is considered by law to be jointly owned and equally shared. [1920-25] * * * Property ...
community service
Law. a punitive sentence that requires a convicted person to perform unpaid work for the community in lieu of imprisonment. * * *
community service order
➡ community service * * *
Community Services Administration
U.S. Govt. a former independent agency (abolished 1981) that helped low-income persons attain economic self-sufficiency. Abbr.: CSA Formerly, Office of Economic Opportunity. * * *
communityantenna television
community antenna television n. Abbr. CATV See cable television. * * *
community center n. A meeting place used by members of a community for social, cultural, or recreational purposes. * * *
community chest n. A fund financed by private contributions for aiding various charitable organizations and welfare agencies. * * *
community college n. A junior college without residential facilities that is often funded by the government. * * *
community medicine n. Public health services emphasizing preventive medicine and epidemiology for members of a given community or region. * * *
community property n. Property owned jointly by spouses. * * *
community service n. 1. Services volunteered by individuals or an organization to benefit a community or its institutions. 2. Similar work performed by law offenders to serve a ...
See communize. * * *
—communization, n. /kom"yeuh nuyz'/, v.t., communized, communizing. 1. (often cap.) to impose Communist principles or systems of government on (a country or people). 2. to make ...
See commutable. * * *
—commutability, commutableness, n. /keuh myooh"teuh beuhl/, adj. that may be commuted; exchangeable or interchangeable. [1640-50; < L commutabilis, equiv. to commuta(re) to ...
/kom"yeuh tayt'/, v.t., commutated, commutating. Elect. 1. to reverse the direction of (a current or currents), as by a commutator. 2. to convert (alternating current) into ...
/kom'yeuh tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of substituting one thing for another; substitution; exchange. 2. the changing of a prison sentence or other penalty to another less ...
commutation ticket
a ticket issued at a reduced rate, as by a railroad or bus company, entitling the holder to travel over a given route a fixed number of times or during a specified ...
commutation ticket n. A ticket issued at a reduced rate by a railroad or other transportation company for passage over a given route for a specified number of trips. * * *
—commutatively, adv. —commutativity, n. /keuh myooh"teuh tiv, kom"yeuh tay'tiv/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to commutation, exchange, substitution, or interchange. 2. Math. a. ...
commutative law
Logic. a law asserting that the order in which certain logical operations are performed is indifferent. [1835-45] * * * Two closely related laws of number operations. In ...
commutative group n. A mathematical group in which the result of multiplying one member by another is independent of the order of multiplication. Also called abelian group. * * *
See commutative. * * *
/kom"yeuh tay'teuhr/, n. 1. Elect. a. a device for reversing the direction of a current. b. (in a DC motor or generator) a cylindrical ring or disk assembly of conducting ...
commutator group
Math. the subgroup of a given group, which consists of all the commutators in the group. [1960-65] * * *
/keuh myooht"/, v., commuted, commuting, n. v.t. 1. to change (a prison sentence or other penalty) to a less severe one: The death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. 2. ...
/keuh myooh"teuhr/, n. 1. a person who commutes, esp. between home and work. adj. 2. of or for commuting; serving commuters: a commuter railroad. 3. of or pertaining to a flight, ...
commuter airplane.
See air taxi. * * *
commuter belt
a suburban region housing many people who commute to a nearby city in which they work. [1960-65] * * *
commuter belts
➡ commuting * * *
commuter marriage
a marriage between spouses who live apart, usually because of the locations of their jobs, and who regularly travel to be together, as on weekends. * * *
commuter tax
an income tax imposed by a locality on those who work within its boundaries but reside elsewhere. [1965-70] * * *
➡ commuting * * *
Commuting is the practice of travelling a long distance to a town or city to work each day, and then travelling home again in the evening. The word commuting comes from ...
—commutuality /keuh myooh'chooh al"i tee/, n. /keuh myooh"chooh euhl/, adj. Archaic. mutual; reciprocal. [1595-1605; COM- + MUTUAL] * * *
/kom"ee/, n., pl. commies, adj. (often cap.) Informal (disparaging and offensive). communist. Also, commie. [COMM(UNIST) + -Y2] * * *
Commynes, Philippe de
born с 1447, Comines, Flanders died Oct. 18, 1511, Argenton-Château, Fr. Statesman and chronicler. Brought up in the Burgundian court, he was counselor to Charles the Bold ...
—Comnenian /kom nee"nee euhn/, adj. /kom nee"neuhs/, n. a dynasty of Byzantine emperors that ruled at Constantinople, 1057?-1185, and at Trebizond in Asia Minor, 1204-1461?. * ...
Comnenus family
▪ Byzantine emperors Comnenus also spelled  Komnenos        Byzantine family from Paphlagonia, members of which occupied the throne of Constantinople for more than a ...
/koh"moh/; It. /kaw"maw/, n. 1. Lake, a lake in N Italy, in Lombardy. 35 mi. (56 km) long; 56 sq. mi. (145 sq. km). 2. a city at the SW end of this lake. 97,169. * * * ▪ ...
Como, Lake
ancient Lacus Larius Lake, Lombardy, northern Italy. It lies at an elevation of 653 ft (199 m) in a depression surrounded by limestone and granite mountains. It is 29 mi (47 ...
Como, Perry
▪ 2002 Pierino Roland Como        American singer and entertainer (b. May 18, 1912, Canonsburg, Pa.—d. May 12, 2001, Jupiter, Fla.), had a mellow baritone voice and a ...
Comodoro Rivadavia
/kaw'maw dhaw"rddaw rddee'vah dhah"vyah/ a city in E Argentina. 96,865. * * * ▪ Argentina       port city, southeastern Chubut provincia (province), southeastern ...
co·mon·o·mer (kō-mŏnʹə-mər) n. One of the compounds that constitute a copolymer. * * *
/kom"euhr euhn/, adj. 1. Also, Comorian /keuh mawr"ee euhn/. of or pertaining to the Comoros or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of the Comoros. [COMOR(O) + -AN] * * ...
/kom"euhr in/, n. Cape, a cape on the S tip of India, extending into the Indian Ocean. * * *
Comorin, Cape
▪ cape, India       rocky headland on the Indian Ocean in Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India, forming the southernmost point of the subcontinent. It is ...
Com·o·rin (kŏmʹər-ĭn), Cape A cape at the southernmost point of India projecting into the Indian Ocean. * * *
Comoro Islands
/kom"euh roh'/ a group of islands in the Indian Ocean between N Madagascar and E Africa: formerly an overseas territory of France; now divided between the Comoros and France. ...
/kom"euh rohz'/, n. Federal and Islamic Republic of the, a republic comprising three of the Comoro Islands (Grand Comoro, Mohéli, and Anjouan): a former overseas territory of ...
Comoros, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of four horizontal stripes of yellow-white-red-blue and a green triangle bearing Islamic symbols—a white crescent and ...
/koh"mohs/, adj. hairy; comate. [1785-95; < L comosus, equiv. to com(a) ( < Gk kóme hair, foliage of trees or plants) + -osus -OSE1] * * *
comp1 /komp/, Informal. n. 1. a compositor. 2. composition. v.t. 3. to compose (type). [1865-70; shortened form] comp2 /komp/, Informal. n. 1. a ticket, book, service, etc., ...
comp time
time off from work, granted to an employee in lieu of overtime pay. [comp(ensatory) time] * * *
1. comparative. 2. compare. 3. compensation. 4. compilation. 5. compiled. 6. compiler. 7. complement. 8. complete. 9. composition. 10. compositor. 11. compound. 12. ...
Comp. Gen.
Comptroller General. * * *
compact1 —compactedly, adv. —compactedness, n. —compactly, adv. —compactness, n. adj. /keuhm pakt", kom-, kom"pakt/; v. /keuhm pakt"/; n. /kom"pakt/, adj. 1. joined or ...
compact bone
▪ anatomy also called  cortical bone   dense bone in which the bony matrix is solidly filled with organic ground substance and inorganic salts, leaving only tiny spaces ...
Compact Disc
Trademark. a brand of compact disk. * * * ▪ recording Introduction (CD)        a molded plastic disc containing digital data that is scanned by a laser beam for the ...
compact disc (CD)
Molded plastic disc containing digital data that is scanned by a laser beam for the reproduction of recorded sound or other information. Since its commercial introduction in ...
compact disk
an optical disk approximately 43/4 in. (12 cm) in diameter, on which a program, data, music, etc., is digitally encoded for a laser beam to scan, decode, and transmit to a ...
compact disk player
a device for playing compact disks. Also called CD player. * * *
com·pact disk or com·pact disc (kŏmʹpăkt') PhotoDisc, Inc. n. Abbr. CD A small optical disk on which data such as music, text, or graphic images is digitally ...
com·pact·er (kəm-păkʹtər, kŏmʹpăk'-) n. Variant of compactor. * * *
—compactibility, n. /keuhm pak"teuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being compacted: compactible rubbish. [1615-25; COMPACT1 + -IBLE] * * *
/keuhm pak"sheuhn, kom-/, n. 1. the act of compacting or the state of being compacted. 2. Geol. the consolidation of sediments resulting from the weight of overlying ...
See compact1. * * *
See compactly. * * * ▪ mathematics       in mathematics, property of some topological spaces (a generalization of Euclidean space) that has its main use in the study of ...
/keuhm pak"teuhr, kom"pak-/, n. an appliance that crushes and compresses trash into small convenient bundles. [1945-50; COMPACT1 + -OR2] * * *
/keuhm pah"dray/, n. Chiefly Southwestern U.S. a friend, companion, or close associate. [1825-35, Amer.; < AmerSp; Sp: godfather < early ML compater; see COMPÈRE] * * *
Compagni, Dino
▪ Italian historian born c. 1255, , Florence [Italy] died 1324, Florence       Florentine official and historian, author of a chronicle of the city's political life ...
/kawonn pann nyee"/, n., pl. compagnies /-nyee"/. French. company. * * *
/keuhm pan"deuhr/, n. Electronics. (in a communications path) a combination of a compressor at one point and an expander at another, the compressor reducing the volume of a ...
/keuhm pan"ding/, n. a process in which the dynamic range of a signal is reduced for recording purposes and then expanded to its original value for reproduction or ...
/kom'peuhn yair"euh/; Sp. /kawm'pah nye"rddah/, n., pl. compañeras /-peuhn yair"euhz/; Sp. /-pah nye"rddahs/. 1. (in the southwestern U.S.) a female companion; friend. 2. (in ...
/kom'peuhn yair"oh/; Sp. /kawm'pah nye"rddaw/, n., pl. compañeros /-peuhn yair"ohz/; Sp. /-pah nye"rddaws/. 1. (in the southwestern U.S.) a male companion or partner. 2. (in ...
/kawm'pah nyee"ah/, n., pl. compañias /-nyee"ahs/. Spanish. company. * * *
There are several types of business company in Britain. A statutory company is set up by an Act of Parliament. Many former statutory companies that were managed by the ...
Companies House
the building in Cardiff, Wales, where records of companies in England and Wales are kept. Companies must send certain information to Companies House, and most of this information ...
companion1 —companionless, adj. /keuhm pan"yeuhn/, n. 1. a person who is frequently in the company of, associates with, or accompanies another: my son and his two ...
companion cell
Bot. any of a number of specialized parenchymal cells adjacent to a sieve tube in the phloem of flowering plants, believed to regulate the flow of nutrients through the ...
companion ladder
Naut. an inboard ladder or stair, as in a companionway. [1820-30] * * *
Companion of Honour
n (pl Companions of Honour) any of the 65 members of a British order of chivalry which was started by King George V in 1917. This honour is given to men and women who have ...
companion piece
a literary or musical work that has a close relationship to another work by the same author or composer. [1835-45] * * *
companion star
Astron. companion1 (def. 6). [1775-85] * * *
—companionability, companionableness, n. —companionably, adv. /keuhm pan"yeuh neuh beuhl/, adj. possessing the qualities of a good companion; pleasant to be with; ...
See companionable. * * *
See companionableness. * * *
/keuhm pan"yeuh nit/, adj. 1. of, by, or like companions. 2. tastefully harmonious. [1650-60; COMPANION1 + -ATE1] * * *
companionate marriage
a form of marriage in which the partners agree not to have children and can be divorced by mutual consent, leaving neither spouse legally responsible for the financial welfare of ...
See companionate. * * *
companionate marriage n. A marriage in which the partners agree not to have children and may divorce by mutual consent, with neither partner responsible for the financial welfare ...
companion cell n. A specialized parenchyma cell, located in the phloem of flowering plants and closely associated in development and function with a sieve-tube element. * * *
companion planting n. The cultivation of certain kinds of plants together in the same area, especially if one species will benefit from another, as planting an insect-repellent ...
Companions of Honour, Order of the
▪ British peerage       British honorary institution founded in 1917 by King George V. The only rank is that of Companion, awarded to men and women who have rendered ...
Companions of the Prophet
Arabic Sahaba or Ashab Followers of Muhammad who had personal contact with him, including any Muslim contemporary who saw him. As eyewitnesses, they are the most important ...
/keuhm pan"yeuhn ship'/, n. 1. association as companions; fellowship. 2. Print. a group of compositors working under a foreman. [1540-50; COMPANION1 + -SHIP] * * *
/keuhm pan"yeuhn way'/, n. Naut. 1. a stair or ladder within the hull of a vessel. 2. the space occupied by this stair or ladder. [1830-40; COMPANION2 + WAY] * * *
—companyless, adj. /kum"peuh nee/, n., pl. companies, v., companied, companying. n. 1. a number of individuals assembled or associated together; group of people. 2. a guest or ...
company grade
military rank applying to army officers below major, as second and first lieutenants and captains. Cf. field grade. * * *
company limited by guarantee
➡ companies * * *
company man
an employee whose allegiance to his employer comes before personal beliefs or loyalty to fellow workers. [1920-25] * * *
Company of Jesus
former name of the Society of Jesus. * * *
company pension schemes
➡ pensions * * *
Company school
▪ Indian art also called  Patna painting        style of miniature painting that developed in India in the second half of the 18th century in response to the tastes ...
company store
a retail store operated by a company for the convenience of the employees, who are required to buy from the store. Also called industrial store. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
company town
a town whose inhabitants are mainly dependent on one company for employment, housing, supplies, etc. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
company union
1. a labor union dominated by management rather than controlled by the membership. 2. a union confined to employees of one business or corporation. [1910-15] * * *
company man n. A man whose primary allegiance is to his employer. * * *
company town n. A town whose residents are dependent on the economic support of a single firm for maintenance of retail stores, schools, hospitals, and housing. * * *
company woman n. A woman whose primary allegiance is to her employer. * * *
Compaq Computer Corporation
▪ American corporation       former American computer manufacturer that started as the first maker of IBM-compatible portable computers and quickly grew into the world's ...
compar abbrev. comparative * * *
comparative. * * *
See comparable. * * *
—comparability, comparableness, n. —comparably, adv. /kom"peuhr euh beuhl/ or, sometimes, /keuhm pair"-/, adj. 1. capable of being compared; having features in common with ...
comparable worth
the doctrine that a woman's and man's pay should be equal when their work requires equal training, skills, and responsibilities. * * * ▪ economics also called  sex equity ...
See comparability. * * *
comparable worth n. A theory holding that compensation for job classifications filled chiefly by women should be the same as for those classifications filled chiefly by men if ...
See comparability. * * *
/keuhm par"euh tist/, n. a specialist in comparative linguistics or comparative literature. [1930-35; < F comparatiste < L comparat(us) (ptp. of comparare to COMPARE) + F -iste ...
—comparatively, adv. —comparativeness, n. /keuhm par"euh tiv/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to comparison. 2. proceeding by, founded on, or using comparison as a method of study: ...
comparative advantage
Economic theory first advanced by Robert Torrens and David Ricardo that analyzes international trade in terms of differences in relative opportunity costs. The theory suggests ...
comparative advertising
advertising in which a competing product is identified and compared unfavorably with the advertiser's product. [1970-75] * * *
comparative anatomy
      the comparative study of the body structures of different species of animals in order to understand the adaptive changes they have undergone in the course of ...
Comparative data for the Sun, planets, and other solar system objects
▪ Table Comparative data for the Sun, planets, and other solar system objects object distance from Sun (average, except where ranges are given) mean density (g/cm3) mass ...
comparative ethics
▪ philosophy also called  Descriptive Ethics,         the empirical (observational) study of the moral beliefs and practices of different peoples and cultures in ...
comparative government
the study and comparison of different forms of government. * * *
comparative law
Introduction       examination of comparative legal systems and of the relationships of the law to the social sciences. Historical development of comparative ...
comparative linguistics
—comparative linguist. the study of the correspondences between languages that have a common origin. * * * formerly  Comparative Grammar, or Comparative Philology, ...
comparative literature
the study of the literatures of two or more groups differing in cultural background and, usually, in language, concentrating on their relationships to and influences upon each ...
comparative method
Historical Ling. a body of procedures and criteria used by linguists to determine whether and how two or more languages are related and to reconstruct forms of their hypothetical ...
comparative musicology
ethnomusicology. * * *
comparative philology.
See comparative linguistics. [1880-85] * * *
comparative psychology
a branch of psychology involving the study and comparison of the behaviors of diverse animal species, often under controlled laboratory experiments, in order to discover general ...
comparative religion
a field of study seeking to derive general principles from a comparison and classification of the growth and influence of various religions. * * *
comparative statement
a financial statement with figures arranged in two or more parallel columns, each column representing a fiscal year or other period, used to compare performance between ...
comparatively [kəm par′ə tivlē] adv. 1. in a comparative manner 2. by comparison; relatively * * * See comparative. * * *

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