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/kom"poht/; Fr. /kawonn pawt"/, n., pl. compotes /-pohts/; Fr. /-pawt"/. 1. fruit stewed or cooked in a syrup, usually served as a dessert. 2. Also, compotier. a dish, usually of ...
/kom'peuh tear"/; Fr. /kawonn paw tyay"/, n., pl. compotiers /-tearz"/; Fr. /-tyay"/. compote (def. 2). [1745-55; < F; see COMPOTE, -IER2] * * *
compound1 —compoundable, adj. —compoundedness, n. —compounder, n. adj. /kom"pownd, kom pownd"/; n. /kom"pownd/; v. /keuhm pownd", kom"pownd/, adj. 1. composed of two or ...
compound animal
compound animal n. any animal, such as most hydroids, corals, and bryozoans, composed of a number of individuals produced by budding from a single parent and usually so fused ...
compound engine
compound engine n. an engine in which the steam is expanded under progressively lower pressures from cylinder to cylinder, to avoid excessive loss of steam by condensation * * *
compound eye
an arthropod eye subdivided into many individual, light-receptive elements, each including a lens, a transmitting apparatus, and retinal cells. [1830-40] * * *
compound flower
the flower head of a composite plant. [1770-80] * * *
compound fraction
Math. See complex fraction. [1800-10] * * *
compound fracture
a fracture in which the broken bone is exposed through a wound in the skin. [1535-45] * * *
compound function
Math. See composite function. * * *
compound interest
interest paid on both the principal and on accrued interest. [1650-60] * * *
compound interval
Music. an interval that is greater than an octave, as a ninth or a thirteenth. * * *
compound leaf
a leaf composed of a number of leaflets on a common stalk, arranged either palmately, as the fingers of a hand, or pinnately, as the leaflets of a fern; the leaflets themselves ...
compound lens
an optical system consisting of two or more lenses having the same axis. * * *
compound magnet
a magnet consisting of two or more separate magnets placed together with like poles pointing in the same direction. * * *
compound meter
compound meter n. Music any time signature in which the upper figure is a multiple of 3, as 6/8, 9/8, 12/8, etc. * * *
compound microscope
an optical instrument for forming magnified images of small objects, consisting of an objective lens with a very short focal length and an eyepiece with a longer focal length, ...
compound number
a quantity expressed in more than one denomination or unit, as one foot six inches or one minute twenty seconds. [1550-60] * * *
compound ovary
Bot. an ovary composed of more than one carpel. * * *
compound pendulum
Physics. See physical pendulum. [1820-30] * * *
compound pier
▪ architecture  in Romanesque and Gothic architecture, feature of a nave arcade designed for the support of arches and to bring arch and pier into harmony. The forerunner of ...
compound Q
trichosanthin: an antiviral drug derived from the root of a Chinese cucumber plant, used in the treatment of AIDS. [1985-90; Q for cu(cumber)] * * *
compound sentence
a sentence containing two or more coordinate independent clauses, usually joined by one or more conjunctions, but no dependent clause, as The lightning flashed (independent ...
compound time
Music. metrical time beaten so that three beats are counted as one; time in which each beat is divisible by three. [1840-50] * * *
compound-complex sentence
/kom"pownd kom"pleks/ a sentence having two or more coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses, as The lightning flashed (independent clause) and the rain ...
com·pound-com·plex sentence (kŏmʹpound-kŏmʹplĕks) n. A sentence consisting of at least two coordinate independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. * * *
compound-nucleus model
▪ nuclear physics       description of atomic nuclei proposed (1936) by the Danish physicist Niels Bohr (Bohr, Niels) to explain nuclear reactions as a two-stage process ...
—compound winding /wuyn"ding/. /kom"pownd wownd"/, adj. Elect. noting an electric device in which part of the field circuit is in parallel with the armature circuit and part is ...
See compound1. * * *
See compoundable. * * *
compound eye n. The eye of most insects and some crustaceans, which is composed of many light-sensitive elements, each having its own refractive system and each forming a portion ...
compound fraction n. See complex fraction. * * *
compound fracture n. A fracture in which broken bone fragments lacerate soft tissue and protrude through an open wound in the skin. * * *
compound gland n. A gland composed of branching duct systems that combine, eventually to open into a secretory duct. * * *
compound interest n. Interest computed on the accumulated unpaid interest as well as on the original principal. * * *
compound lens n. See lens. * * *
compound microscope n. A microscope consisting of an objective and an eyepiece at opposite ends of an adjustable tube. * * *
compound number n. A quantity that is expressed in terms of two or more different units, such as 10 pounds 5 ounces or 3 feet 4 inches. * * *
compound sentence n. A sentence of two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by a conjunction or conjunctions, as The problem was difficult, but I finally found ...
compound sugar n. A sugar that yields two or more monosaccharides on hydrolysis. * * *
/kom'preuh dawr"/, n. (formerly in China) a native agent or factotum, as of a foreign business house. Also, compradore. [1605-15; < Pg: buyer < L comparator, equiv. to ...
—comprehender, n. —comprehendingly, adv. /kom'pri hend"/, v.t. 1. to understand the nature or meaning of; grasp with the mind; perceive: He did not comprehend the ...
See comprehend. * * *
See comprehendible. * * *
See comprehensible. * * *
—comprehensibility, comprehensibleness, n. —comprehensibly, adv. /kom'pri hen"seuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being comprehended or understood; intelligible. Also, ...
See comprehensibility. * * *
/kom'pri hen"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of comprehending. 2. the state of being comprehended. 3. perception or understanding: His comprehension of physics is amazing for a ...
—comprehensively, adv. —comprehensiveness, n. /kom'pri hen"siv/, adj. 1. of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive: a comprehensive study of world affairs. 2. ...
comprehensive school
(also infml comprehensive) n (in Britain) a large state secondary school for boys and girls of all abilities aged 11 or over. Comprehensive schools were introduced in the 1960s ...
comprehensive school.
See composite school. [1945-50] * * *
See comprehensive. * * *
See comprehensively. * * *
—compressible, adj. —compressibly, adv. —compressingly, adv. v. /keuhm pres"/; n. /kom"pres/, v.t. 1. to press together; force into less space. 2. to cause to become a ...
—compressedly, adv. /keuhm prest"/, adj. 1. pressed into less space; condensed: compressed gases. 2. pressed together: compressed lips. 3. flattened by or as if by pressure: ...
compressed air
air compressed, esp. by mechanical means, to a pressure higher than the surrounding atmospheric pressure. [1660-70] * * * Air reduced in volume and held under pressure. Force ...
compressed petroleum gas.
See liquefied petroleum gas. * * *
compressed speech
speech reproduced on tape at a faster rate than originally spoken, but without loss of intelligibility, by being filtered through a mechanism that deletes very small segments of ...
compressed air n. Air under greater than atmospheric pressure, especially when used to power a mechanical device or to provide a portable supply of oxygen. * * *
/keuhm pres'euh bil"i tee/, n., pl. compressibilities for 2. 1. the quality or state of being compressible. 2. Physics. the reciprocal of the bulk modulus, equal to the ratio of ...
com·press·i·ble (kəm-prĕsʹə-bəl) adj. That can be compressed: compressible packing materials; a compressible box.   com·press'i·bilʹi·ty or com·pressʹi·ble·ness ...
See compressibility. * * *
—compressional, adj. /keuhm presh"euhn/, n. 1. the act of compressing. 2. the state of being compressed. 3. the effect, result, or consequence of being compressed. 4. (in ...
compression ignition
—compression-ignition, adj. ignition of engine fuel by the heat of air compressed in the cylinders into which the fuel is introduced. [1925-30] * * *
compression molding
a method of molding thermosetting plastic by closing a mold on it, forming the material by heat and pressure. [1935-40] * * *
compression ratio
Auto. the ratio of the cylinder volume enclosed by the piston at its outermost position to the volume enclosed by it at its innermost position. [1905-10] * * * Degree to which ...
compression wave
a shock wave that compresses the medium through which it is transmitted. Also, compressional wave. Cf. expansion wave. [1885-90] * * *
See compression. * * *
compression ratio n. In an internal combustion engine, the ratio of the maximum to the minimum volume within the cylinder, between the piston and cylinder head. * * *
compression wave n. A wave propagated by means of the compression of a fluid, as a sound wave in air is. * * *
—compressively, adv. /keuhm pres"iv/, adj. compressing; tending to compress. [1375-1425; late ME. See COMPRESS, -IVE] * * *
compressive strength test
      mechanical test measuring the maximum amount of compressive load a material can bear before fracturing. The test piece, usually in the form of a cube, prism, or ...
See compressive. * * *
/keuhm pres"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that compresses. 2. Anat. a muscle that compresses some part of the body. 3. Surg. an instrument for compressing a part of the body. 4. ...
/kom'preuh mair"ee oh', -mahr"-/, n., pl. comprimarios. a singer in an opera company who ranks below the lead singers and who usually sings secondary roles. [ < It, equiv. to ...
See comprise. * * *
—comprisable, adj. —comprisal, n. /keuhm pruyz"/, v.t., comprised, comprising. 1. to include or contain: The Soviet Union comprised several socialist republics. 2. to consist ...
—comprizable, adj. —comprizal, n. /keuhm pruyz"/, v.t., comprized, comprizing. comprise. * * *
/kom"preuh mee'/, n., pl. compromises /-meez'/. Internat. Law. a formal document, executed in common by nations submitting a dispute to arbitration, that defines the matter at ...
—compromiser, n. —compromisingly, adv. —compromissary /kom prom"euh ser'ee/, adj. /kom"preuh muyz'/, n., v., compromised, compromising. n. 1. a settlement of differences by ...
compromise joint
Railroads. a joint for linking together rails having different sections. * * *
Compromise of 1850
Series of measures passed by the U.S. Congress to settle slavery issues and avert secession. The crisis arose in late 1849 when the territory of California asked to be admitted ...
Compromise of 1867
or Ausgleich Compact that established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary. The kingdom of Hungary desired equal status with the Austrian empire, which was weakened by its ...
compromise rail
Railroads. a rail for linking rails having different sections. * * *
/kom"preuh muyzd'/, adj. Pathol. unable to function optimally, esp. with regard to immune response, owing to underlying disease, harmful environmental exposure, or the side ...
See compromise. * * *
/komp sog"neuh theuhs/, n. any bipedal carnivorous dinosaur of the genus Compsognathus, of late Jurassic age, having a slender body that reached a length of 30 in. (76 cm). [ < ...
/kownt/, v.t., v.i., n. Archaic. count1. * * *
comptroller. * * *
compte rendu
/kawonnt rddahonn dyuu"/, pl. comptes rendus /kawonnt rddahonn dyuu"/. French. a report of a transaction or proceedings. [lit., account rendered] * * *
comp time n. Informal Compensatory time. * * *
/komp"teuhn/, n. 1. Arthur Holly /hol"ee/, 1892-1962, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1927. 2. his brother, Karl Taylor /kahrl/, 1887-1954, U.S. physicist. 3. Spencer, Earl of ...
Compton effect
Physics. the increase in wavelength of monochromatic, electromagnetic radiation, as a beam of photons or x-rays, when it is scattered by particles whose size is small compared to ...
Compton Gamma Ray Observatory
▪ United States satellite  U.S. satellite, one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) “Great Observatories” satellites, which is designed to ...
Compton Mackenzie
➡ Mackenzie * * *
Compton's Encyclopedia and Fact-Index
formerly  (1922–68) Compton's Pictured Encyclopedia,         a general reference work for home, school, and library, designed primarily for children and young people ...
Compton, Arthur (Holly)
born Sept. 10, 1892, Wooster, Ohio, U.S. died March 15, 1962, Berkeley, Calif. U.S. physicist. He taught at the University of Chicago (1923–45) and later served as chancellor ...
Compton, Arthur Holly
▪ American physicist born Sept. 10, 1892, Wooster, Ohio, U.S. died March 15, 1962, Berkeley, Calif.       American physicist and joint winner, with C.T.R. Wilson ...
Compton, Denis Charles Scott
▪ 1998       British cricketer (b. May 23, 1918, Hendon, Middlesex, Eng.—d. April 23, 1997, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng.), was one of the 20th century's most gifted and ...
Compton, Henry
▪ British clergyman born 1632, Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire, Eng. died July 7, 1713, Fulham, Middlesex  staunchly Protestant bishop of London (1675–1713) who played a ...
Compton, Karl Taylor
▪ American physicist born Sept. 14, 1887, Wooster, Ohio, U.S. died June 22, 1954, New York, N.Y.       American educator and physicist who was closely associated with ...
Compton, Sir John George Melvin
▪ 2008       Saint Lucian politician born April 29, 1925, Canouan island, British Windward Islands [now in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines] died Sept. 7, 2007 , ...
Compton,Arthur Holly
Compton, Arthur Holly. 1892-1962. American physicist. He shared a 1927 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the Compton effect. * * *
Compton-Burnett, Dame Ivy
born June 5, 1884, Pinner, Middlesex, Eng. died Aug. 27, 1969, London British novelist. She graduated from the University of London and published her first novel, Dolores, in ...
Compton effect n. The increase in wavelength of electromagnetic radiation, especially of an x-ray or a gamma-ray photon, scattered by an electron.   [After Compton, Arthur ...
—comptrollership, n. /keuhn troh"leuhr/; spelling pron. /komp troh"leuhr/, n. controller (def. 1). [by confusion with COMPT] * * *
Comptroller General of the United States
the director of the General Accounting Office. [1920-25] * * *
Comptroller of the Currency
an official of the U.S. Department of the Treasury who regulates the national banks and administers the issuance and redemption of Federal Reserve notes. [1870-75] * * *
/keuhm pul"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of compelling; constraint; coercion. 2. the state or condition of being compelled. 3. Psychol. a strong, usually irresistible impulse to perform ...
—compulsively, adv. —compulsiveness, compulsivity /keuhm pul siv"i tee, kom'pul-/, n. /keuhm pul"siv/, adj. 1. compelling; compulsory. 2. Psychol. a. pertaining to, ...
See compulsive. * * *
See compulsively. * * *
See compulsively. * * *
See compulsory. * * *
See compulsorily. * * *
—compulsorily, adv. —compulsoriness, n. /keuhm pul"seuh ree/, adj., n., pl. compulsories. adj. 1. required; mandatory; obligatory: compulsory education. 2. using compulsion; ...
—compunctionless, adj. /keuhm pungk"sheuhn/, n. 1. a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; ...
—compunctiously, adv. /keuhm pungk"sheuhs/, adj. causing or feeling compunction; regretful. [1595-1605; COMPUNCT(ION) + -IOUS] * * *
See compunctious. * * *
/kom'peuhr gay"sheuhn/, n. an early common-law method of trial in which the defendant is acquitted on the sworn endorsement of a specified number of friends or ...
/kom"peuhr gay'teuhr/, n. a person who vouches for the innocence and truthful testimony of another. [1525-35; < ML, equiv. to compurga(re) (see COMPURGATION) + -tor -TOR] * * *
See compute. * * *
See computability. * * *
—computational, adj. —computative, adj. —computatively, adv. /kom'pyoo tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act, process, or method of computing; calculation. 2. a result of computing. 3. ...
See computation. * * *
computational complexity
Inherent cost of solving a problem in large-scale scientific computation, measured by the number of operations required as well as the amount of memory used and the order in ...
computational linguistics
the study of the applications of computers in processing and analyzing language, as in automatic machine translation and text analysis. [1960-65] * * *       language ...
computational linguistics (CL)
Use of digital computers in linguistics research. The simplest examples are the use of computers to scan text and produce such aids as word lists, frequency counts, and ...
See computational. * * *
—computable, adj. —computability, n. —computably, adv. —computist /keuhm pyooh"tist, kom"pyoo-/, n. /keuhm pyooht"/, v., computed, computing, n. v.t. 1. to determine by ...
computed axial tomography (CAT)
or computed tomography (CT) Diagnostic imaging method using a low-dose beam of X rays that crosses the body in a single plane at many different angles. Conceived by William ...
computed tomography.
See computerized axial tomography. Abbr.: CT * * *
—computerlike, adj. /keuhm pyooh"teuhr/, n. 1. Also called processor. an electronic device designed to accept data, perform prescribed mathematical and logical operations at ...
computer animation
also known as computer generated images (CGI) Form of animated graphics that has replaced "stop-motion" animation of scale-model puppets or drawings. Efforts to lessen the ...
computer architecture
Internal structure of a digital computer, encompassing the design and layout of its instruction set and storage registers. The architecture of a computer is chosen with regard ...
computer art
Manipulation of computer-generated images (pictures, designs, scenery, portraits, etc.) as part of a purposeful creative process. Specialized software is used together with ...
computer chip
or chip Integrated circuit or small wafer of semiconductor material embedded with integrated circuitry. Chips comprise the processing and memory units of the modern digital ...
computer circuitry
Complete path or combination of interconnected paths for electron flow in a computer. Computer circuits are binary in concept, having only two possible states. They use on-off ...
computer crime
—computer criminal. unauthorized use of a computer for personal gain, as in the illegal transfer of funds or to alter the data or property of others. [1970-75] * * *
computer graphics
1. pictorial computer output produced on a display screen, plotter, or printer. 2. the study of the techniques used to produce such output. [1970-75] * * * Use of computers to ...
computer language
a programming language, as BASIC, COBOL, or FORTRAN, devised for communicating instructions to a computer. [1965-70] * * *
computer law
a body of law arising out of the special conditions relating to the use of computers, as in computer crime or software copyright. * * *
computer literacy
—computer-literate /keuhm pyooh"teuhr lit"euhr it/, adj. familiarity with computers and how they work, esp. a nontechnical understanding of microcomputers and of the role ...
computer memory
memory (def. 11). * * * Introduction       device that is used to store data or programs (sequences of instructions) on a temporary or permanent basis for use in an ...
computer music
      music utilizing digital computers and other electronic data-processing machinery developed about 1948 in application to musical composition and for musical research. ...
computer network
also called  Network,        two or more computers that are connected with one another for the purpose of communicating data electronically. Besides physically ...
computer program
      detailed plan or procedure for solving a problem with a computer; more specifically, an unambiguous, ordered sequence of computational instructions necessary to ...
computer programming language
Introduction       any of various languages for expressing a set of detailed instructions for a digital computer. Such instructions can be executed directly when they are ...
computer science
—computer scientist. the science that deals with the theory and methods of processing information in digital computers, the design of computer hardware and software, and the ...
computer scripting language
      a “little” computer language intended to solve relatively small programming problems that do not require the overhead of data declarations and other features ...
computer security
      the protection of computer systems and information from harm, theft, and unauthorized use. Computer hardware is typically protected by the same means used to protect ...
computer simulation
      the use of a computer to represent the dynamic responses of one system by the behaviour of another system modeled after it. A simulation uses a mathematical ...
computer virus
virus (def. 4). [1985-90] * * * Computer program designed to copy itself into other programs, with the intention of causing mischief or damage. A virus will usually execute ...
computer vision
1. a robot analogue of human vision in which information about the environment is received by one or more video cameras and processed by computer: used in navigation by robots, ...
computer-aided engineering
      in industry, the integration of design and manufacturing into a system under the direct control of digital computers. CAE combines the use of computers in ...
computer-aided publishing
/keuhm pyooh"teuhr ay'did/. See desktop publishing. Abbr.: CAP * * *
com·put·er-aid·ed design (kəm-pyo͞oʹtər-āʹdĭd) n. Abbr. CAD The use of computer programs and systems to design detailed two- or three-dimensional models of physical ...
computer-aided manufacturing n. Abbr. CAM The process of using specialized computers to control, monitor, and adjust tools and machinery in manufacturing. * * *
computer-assisted instruction
Use of instructional material presented by a computer. Since the advent of microcomputers in the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread, from primary schools ...
computer-assisted makeup
/keuhm pyooh"teuhr euh sis'tid/, Print. pagination (def. 4a). * * *
computer-assisted tomography.
See computerized axial tomography. * * *
computer-integrated manufacturing
Data-driven automation that affects all systems or subsystems within a manufacturing environment: design and development, production (see CAD/CAM), marketing and sales, and field ...
computer age n. The current era as characterized by the development, applications, and sociopolitical consequences of computer technology. * * *
computer crime n. Criminal activity directly related to the use of computers, specifically illegal trespass into the computer system or database of another, manipulation or theft ...
See computer crime. * * *
com·put·er·dom (kəm-pyo͞oʹtər-dəm) n. The world of computers and those who use them. * * *
/keuhm pyooh'teuh reez", -rees"/, n. the jargon and technical terms associated with computers and their operation. [1955-60; COMPUTER + -ESE] * * *
computer graphics n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) 1. The set of technologies used to create art with computers. 2. Art or designs created using such technologies. * * *
/keuhm pyooh"teuh rist/, n. a person who works with computers, esp. a computer hobbyist or amateur programmer. [COMPUTER + -IST] * * *
See computerize. * * *
See computerizable. * * *
—computerizable, adj. —computerization, n. /keuhm pyooh"teuh ruyz'/, v., computerized, computerizing. v.t. 1. to control, perform, process, or store (a system, operation, or ...
com·put·er·ized (kəm-pyo͞oʹtə-rīzd') adj. Of or relating to a computer or the use of a computer. * * *
computerized axial tomography
the process of producing a CAT scan. Also called computed tomography, computer-assisted tomography, computerized tomography. Cf. CAT scanner. [1970-75] * * *        ...
computerized typesetting
      method of typesetting in which characters are generated by computer and transferred to light-sensitive paper or film by means of either pulses from a laser beam or ...
computerizedaxial tomography
computerized axial tomography n. Abbr. CAT Tomography in which computer analysis of a series of cross-sectional scans made along a single axis of a bodily structure or tissue is ...
computerized tomography n. Abbr. CT Computerized axial tomography. * * *
computer literacy n. The ability to operate a computer and to understand the language used in working with a specific system or systems.   computer literate adj. * * *
See computer literacy. * * *
—computerphobia, n. —computerphobic, adj. /keuhm pyooh"teuhr fohb'/, n. a person who distrusts or is intimidated by computers. [1975-80] * * *
Computers and Information Systems
▪ 2009 Introduction Smartphone: The New Computer.       The market for the smartphone—in reality a handheld computer for Web browsing, e-mail, music, and video that ...
computer virus n. A computer program that is designed to replicate itself by copying itself into the other programs stored in a computer. It may be benign or have a negative ...
/keuhm pyooh"ting/, n. 1. the use of a computer to process data or perform calculations. 2. the act of calculating or reckoning. [1640-50; COMPUTE + -ING1] * * * (as used in ...
Comr abbrev. Commissioner * * *
Commissioner. * * *
—comradeship, n. /kom"rad, -rid/, n. 1. a person who shares in one's activities, occupation, etc.; companion, associate, or friend. 2. a fellow member of a fraternal group, ...
comrade in arms
a fellow soldier. [1840-50] * * *
—comradeliness, n. /kom"rad lee, -rid-/, adj. of, like, or befitting a comrade: a comradely pat on the shoulder. [1875-80; COMRADE + -LY] * * *
/kom"rad ree, -rid-/, n. camaraderie. * * *
See comrade. * * *
/kom"sat'/ 1. Trademark. a privately owned corporation servicing the global communications satellite system and acting as the U.S. representative to and participant in ...
/kom'seuh mawl", kom"seuh mawl'/, n. Komsomol. * * *
/kum"stok, kom"-/, n. Anthony, 1844-1915, U.S. author and reformer. * * *
Comstock Act
▪ United States [1873]       federal statute passed by the U.S. Congress in 1873 as an “Act of the Suppression of Trade in, and Circulation of, Obscene Literature and ...
Comstock Lode
the most valuable deposit of silver ore ever recorded, discovered in 1859 by Henry T. P. Comstock near Virginia City, Nev. Also called Comstock Silver Lode. * * * ▪ mineral ...
Comstock, Anna Botsford
▪ American illustrator and writer née  Anna Botsford  born Sept. 1, 1854, near Otto, Cattaraugus county, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 24, 1930, Ithaca, N.Y.  American illustrator, ...
Comstock, Anthony
born March 7, 1844, New Canaan, Conn., U.S. died Sept. 21, 1915, New York, N.Y. U.S. social reformer. He was an early agitator against abortion and pornography, lobbying ...
Comstock, Elizabeth Leslie Rous
▪ Anglo-American minister and social reformer née  Elizabeth Leslie Rous  born October 30, 1815, Maidenhead, Berkshire, England died August 3, 1891, Union Springs, New ...
Comstock, George Willis
▪ 2008       American epidemiologist born Jan. 7, 1915, Niagara Falls, N.Y. died July 15, 2007, Smithsburg, Md. conducted research in the 1940s and '50s for the U.S. ...
Comstock, John Henry
▪ American entomologist born Feb. 24, 1849, Janesville, Wis., U.S. died March 20, 1931, Ithaca, N.Y.       pioneering American educator and researcher in entomology; ...
Com·stock (kŏmʹstŏk', kŭmʹ-), Anthony. 1844-1915. American reformer. As organizer and secretary of the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice, he became notorious ...
—Comstocker, n. —Comstockian, adj. /kum"stok euh ree, kom"-/, n. overzealous moral censorship of the fine arts and literature, often mistaking outspokenly honest works for ...
Comstock Lode A rich vein of gold and silver discovered in 1859 at Virginia City in western Nevada. Because of wasteful mining techniques, it was largely abandoned by 1898. * * *
/kom"simp'/, n. (sometimes cap.) Disparaging. a person who sympathizes with communists. [1960-65; com(munist) symp(athizer)] * * *
▪ former province, France also called  Comtat, or Venaissin,         former province of France and papal enclave, bounded on the north and northeast by Dauphiné, on ...
/kawonnt/, n., pl. comtes /kawonnt/. French. count2. * * * (as used in expressions) Buffon Georges Louis Leclerc comte de Comte Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Saint ...
/kawonnt/; Fr. /kawonnt/, n. (Isidore) Auguste (Marie François) /ee zee dawrdd" oh gyuust" mann rddee" frddahonn swann"/, 1798-1857, French founder of the philosophical system ...
Comte, (Isidore) Auguste (Marie François)
Comte (kôɴt), (Isidore) Auguste (Marie François). 1798-1857. French philosopher known as the founder of positivism. He also established sociology as a systematic ...
Comte, (Isidore-) Auguste (-Marie-François-Xavier)
born Jan. 19, 1798, Montpellier, France died Sept. 5, 1857, Paris French thinker, the philosophical founder of sociology and of positivism. A disciple of Henri de Saint-Simon, ...
Comte, Auguste
▪ French philosopher Introduction in full  Isidore-auguste-marie-françois-xavier Comte  born January 19, 1798, Montpellier, France died September 5, 1857, Paris  French ...
/kawonn tes"/, n., pl. comtesses /-tes"/. French. countess. * * *
/kom"tee euhn, kawonn"-/, adj. 1. Also, Comtean. of or pertaining to the philosophy of Auguste Comte. n. 2. a follower of the philosophy of Auguste Comte. [1850-55; A. COMTE + ...
—Comtist, n., adj. /kom"tiz euhm, kawonn"-/, n. the philosophy of Auguste Comte; positivism. [1870-75; A. COMTE + -ISM] * * *
See Comtism. * * *
Comunero Rebellion
▪ Colombian history also called  Comunero Revolt  or  Commoners' Rebellion , Spanish  Insurrección de los Comuneros        popular uprising in 1780–81 in the ...
/koh"meuhs/, n. an ancient Greek and Roman god of drinking and revelry. Also, Komos. [ < L < Gk kômos revel; akin to COMEDY] * * *
con1 /kon/, adv. 1. against a proposition, opinion, etc.: arguments pro and con. n. 2. the argument, position, arguer, or voter against something. Cf. pro1. [1575-85; short for L ...
con amore
/kon euh mawr"ee, -mawr"ay, -mohr"ee, -mohr"ay, kohn/; It. /kawn ah maw"rdde/. 1. (italics) Italian. with love, tender enthusiasm, or zeal. 2. tenderly and lovingly (used as a ...
con anima
/kon an"euh mah', kohn ah"nee mah'/; It. /kawn ah"nee mah/ with spirit; animatedly (used as a musical direction). [1905-10; < It: lit., with spirit] * * *
con artist
Informal. 1. a person adept at lying, cajolery, or glib self-serving talk. 2. a person adept at swindling by means of confidence games; swindler. * * *
con brio
/kon bree"oh, kohn/; It. /kawn brddee"aw/ with vigor; vivaciously (used as a musical direction). [1890-95; < It] * * *
con dolore
/kon' deuh lawr"ay, -lohr"ay, kohn'/; It. /kawn daw law"rdde/ sorrowfully (used as a direction in music). [ < It: lit., with sadness; see DOLOR] * * *
con espressione
/kon" i spres'ee oh"nee, -nay, kohn"/; It. /kawn es'prddes syaw"ne/ with expression; expressively (used as a direction in music). [1890-95; < It: lit., with expression] * * *
con fuoco
/kon fwaw"koh, fooh aw"-, kohn/; It. /kawn fooh aw"kaw/ with great vigor and speed (used as a musical direction). [ < It: lit., with fire] * * *
con game
Slang. See confidence game. [1950-55] * * *
con job
Informal. 1. an act or instance of duping or swindling. 2. an act or instance of lying or talking glibly to convince others or get one's way. [1950-55] * * *
con maestà
/kon muy stah", kohn/; It. /kawn mah es tah"/ majestically (used as a musical direction). [ < It: lit., with majesty] * * *
con man
Slang. See confidence man. * * *
con moto
/kon moh"toh, kohn/; It. /kawn maw"taw/ with spirited drive; animatedly (used as a musical direction). [1890-95; < It: with animation] * * *
Con Son
▪ Vietnam also called  Con Dao         town, island, and island group, southern Vietnam. The island group consists of 13 volcanic islands and islets about 60 miles ...
con sordino
/kon sawr dee"noh, kohn/; It. /kawn sawr dee"naw/ with the mute (used as a direction in music to a string player). [1815-25; < It; see SORDINO] * * *
con spirito
/kon spir"i toh', kohn/; It. /kawn spee"rddee taw/ with lively spirit; vigorously (used as a direction in music). [1890-95; < It: lit., with spirit] * * *
var. of com- before a consonant (except b, h, l, p, r) and, by assimilation, before n: convene; condone; connection. [ < L] * * *
1. Conformist. 2. Consul. * * *
1. concerto. 2. conclusion. 3. connection. 4. consolidated. 5. consul. 6. continued. 7. against. [ < L contra] * * *
Conable, Barber Benjamin, Jr.
▪ 2004       American politician (b. Nov. 2, 1922, Warsaw, N.Y.—d. Nov. 30, 2003, Sarasota, Fla.), served as a Republican congressman in the U.S. House of ...
Conacher, Lionel
▪ Canadian athlete in full  Lionel Pretoria Conacher   born May 24, 1901, Toronto, Ont., Can. died May 26, 1954, Ottawa       athlete and politician who was voted ...
/kon"ad/, n. Continental Air Defense Command. * * *
Fr. /kaw nann krddee"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Guinea, in NW Africa. 525,671 with suburbs. Also, Konakri. * * * Capital (regional pop., 1999 est.: 1,764,000), ...
Conall Cernach
Legendary warrior of Celtic mythology who appears in many stories. In "Bricriu's Feast" in the Ulster cycle, he is one of three knights challenged by a giant to let him chop ...
con a·mo·re (kŏn' ə-môrʹē, -mōrʹ-, kōn' ä-mōʹrā) adv. 1. Music. Lovingly; tenderly. Used chiefly as a direction. 2. With devotion or zeal.   [Italian : con, with ...
/koh"neuhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Conan Doyle
Conan Doyle Sir Arthur DOYLE Sir Arthur Conan * * * (1859–1930) a Scottish writer. He is best known as the creator of the famous detective Sherlock Holmes, but he also wrote ...
Conan Doyle, Sir Arthur
born May 22, 1859, Edinburgh, Scot. died July 7, 1930, Crowborough, Sussex, Eng. Scottish writer. He became a doctor and practiced until 1891, studying with Dr. Joseph Bell, ...
/koh"neuhnt/, n. James Bryant, 1893-1978, U.S. chemist and educator: president of Harvard University 1933-53. * * *
Conant, James B(ryant)
born March 26, 1893, Dorchester, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 11, 1978, Hanover, N.H. U.S. educator and scientist, president of Harvard University (1933–53). Conant received a Ph.D. ...
Conant, James B.
▪ American educator and scientist in full  James Bryant Conant   born March 26, 1893, Dorchester, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 11, 1978, Hanover, N.H.  American educator and ...
Conant,James Bryant
Co·nant (kōʹnənt), James Bryant. 1893-1978. American educator who was president of Harvard University (1933-1953) and served as ambassador to West Germany (1955-1957). * * *
/koh nay"sheuhn/, n. Psychol. the part of mental life having to do with striving, including desire and volition. [1605-15; < L conation- (s. of conatio) an effort, equiv. to ...
See conation. * * *
/kon"euh tiv, koh"neuh-/, adj. 1. Psychol. pertaining to or of the nature of conation. 2. Gram. expressing endeavor or effort: a conative verb. n. 3. Gram. a conative word, ...
/koh nay"teuhs/, n., pl. conatus. 1. an effort or striving. 2. a force or tendency simulating a human effort. 3. (in the philosophy of Spinoza) the force in every animate ...
Conboy, Sara Agnes McLaughlin
▪ American labour leader née  Sara Agnes McLaughlin  born April 3, 1870, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 7, 1928, Brooklyn, N.Y.       labour leader, one of the first ...
con bri·o (kŏn brēʹō, kōn) adv. Music With great energy; vigorously. Used chiefly as a direction.   [Italian : con, with + brio, vigor.] * * *
conc abbrev. 1. concentrate 2. concentration 3. concrete * * *
1. concentrate. 2. concentrated. 3. concentration. 4. concerning. 5. concrete. * * *
Conca, Sebastiano
▪ Italian painter born Jan. 8, 1680, Gaeta, Kingdom of Naples [Italy] died Sept. 1, 1764, Naples       late Neapolitan Baroque painter who created great, animated ...
concanavalin A
concanavalin A [kän΄kə nav′ə lən ā′] n. a lectin isolated from jack bean that agglutinates red blood cells, human cancer cells, etc. and causes resting cells to divide: ...
—concatenator, n. /kon kat"n ayt'/, v., concatenated, concatenating, adj. v.t. 1. to link together; unite in a series or chain. adj. 2. linked together, as in a ...
/kon kat'n ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of concatenating. 2. the state of being concatenated; connection, as in a chain. 3. a series of interconnected or interdependent things or ...
—concavely, adv. —concaveness, n. adj., v. /kon kayv", kon"kayv/; n. /kon"kayv/, adj., n., v., concaved, concaving. adj. 1. curved like a segment of the interior of a circle ...
See concave. * * *
See concavely. * * *
/kon kav"i tee/, n., pl. concavities for 2. 1. the state or quality of being concave. 2. a concave surface or thing; cavity. [1350-1400; ME concavite < LL concavitat- (s. of ...
/kon kay"voh kon kayv"/, adj. concave on both sides. [ < L concav(us) + -O- + CONCAVE] * * *

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