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continental quilt
Brit. duvet. * * *
continental rise
Physical Geog. the gently sloping transition between the continental slope and the deep ocean floor, usually characterized by coalescence of submarine alluvial fans. * * *
continental seating
a theater seating plan in which there is no center aisle, but with wide spacing between each row of seats to allow for ease of passage. * * *
continental shelf
Physical Geog. the part of a continent that is submerged in relatively shallow sea. [1940-45] * * * Broad, relatively shallow submarine platform that forms a border to a ...
continental shield
Any of the large stable areas of low relief (little variation in elevations) in the Earth's crust that are composed of Precambrian crystalline rocks. These rocks are always more ...
continental slope
Physical Geog. a steep slope separating a continental shelf and a deep ocean basin. [1905-10] * * * Seaward border of a continental shelf. The world's combined continental ...
Continental System
In the Napoleonic Wars, the blockade designed by Napoleon to paralyze Britain through the destruction of British commerce. In the Decrees of Berlin (1806) and Milan (1807), ...
continental system.
See French system. [1830-40] * * *
continental breakfast n. A light breakfast consisting usually of coffee or tea and a roll, pastry, or other baked good. * * *
Continental Celtic n. A branch of the Celtic languages comprising Gaulish and Celtiberian, both formerly spoken in continental Europe and known mostly from scattered ...
continental code n. See international Morse code. * * *
continental divide n. An extensive stretch of high ground from each side of which the river systems of a continent flow in opposite directions. * * *
Continental Divide Jerry Malone A series of mountain ridges extending from Alaska to Mexico that forms the watershed of North America. Most of it runs along peaks of the Rocky ...
continental drift n. The movement, formation, or re-formation of continents described by the theory of plate tectonics. * * *
—continentalist, n. /kon'tn en"tl iz'euhm/, n. 1. an attitude, expression, etc., characteristic of a continent, esp. of Europe. 2. an attitude or policy of favoritism or ...
See continentalism. * * *
/kon'tn euhn tal"i tee/, n. the degree to which the climate of a region typifies that of the interior of a large landmass. Cf. oceanicity. [1895-1900; CONTINENTAL + -ITY] * * *
—continentalization, n. /kon'tn en"tl uyz'/, v.t., continentalized, continentalizing. 1. to make continental, as in scope or character. 2. (sometimes cap.) to influence with ...
See continentalism. * * *
continental philosophy n. A cluster of 20th-century European philosophical movements that view themselves as continuing the legacy of Hegel, Husserl, and Heidegger and include ...
continental shelf Precision Graphics n. A submerged border of a continent that slopes gradually and extends to a point of steeper descent to the ocean bottom. * * *
continental shield n. See shield. * * *
continental slope n. The descent from the continental shelf to the ocean bottom. * * *
/kon"tn euhnt lee/, adv. in a continent manner; temperately. [1520-30; CONTINENT + -LY] * * *
/keuhn tin"jeuhns/, n. contact or tangency. [1520-30; CONTING(ENT) + -ENCE] * * *
/keuhn tin"jeuhn see/, n., pl. contingencies. 1. dependence on chance or on the fulfillment of a condition; uncertainty; fortuitousness: Nothing was left to contingency. 2. a ...
contingency fee.
See contingent fee. * * *
contingency fund
Accounting. money or securities set aside to cover unexpected conditions or losses in business, usually supplementing a contingency reserve. Also, contingent fund. [1880-85] * * *
contingency plan
1. a course of action to be followed if a preferred plan fails or an existing situation changes. 2. a plan or procedure that will take effect if an emergency occurs; emergency ...
contingency reserve
Accounting. an amount of money established from retained earnings to allow for unforeseen losses in business. Also, contingent reserve. [1930-35] * * *
contingency table
Statistics. the frequency distribution for a two-way statistical classification. [1945-50] * * *
contingency tax
any new tax that would be necessary in case of a shortfall in revenues. * * *
contingency fee n. A fee, as for an attorney's services, that is payable only in the event of a successful or satisfactory outcome. * * *
contingency table n. A statistical table that shows the observed frequencies of data elements classified according to two variables, with the rows indicating one variable and the ...
—contingently, adv. /keuhn tin"jeuhnt/, adj. 1. dependent for existence, occurrence, character, etc., on something not yet certain; conditional (often fol. by on or upon): Our ...
contingent beneficiary
Insurance. a person who becomes the beneficiary if the primary beneficiary dies or is otherwise disqualified. * * *
contingent fee
a fee paid to a lawyer conducting a suit, esp. a suit for damages, in the event that the suit is successful and generally based on a percentage of the sum recovered. Also called ...
contingent fund.
See contingency fund. * * *
contingent liability
a liability dependent upon the occurrence of a particular event, as default by the maker of a guaranteed loan. * * *
See contingent. * * *
contingent worker n. A temporary or part-time worker, usually one working under contract for a fixed period or a specific project. * * *
con·tin·u·a (kən-tĭnʹyo͞o-ə) n. A plural of continuum. * * *
See continue. * * *
—continuality, continualness, n. /keuhn tin"yooh euhl/, adj. 1. of regular or frequent recurrence; often repeated; very frequent: continual bus departures. 2. happening without ...
/keuhn tin"yooh euh lee/, adv. 1. very often; at regular or frequent intervals; habitually. 2. without cessation or intermission; unceasingly; always. [1175-1225; ME continuelli, ...
/keuhn tin"yooh euhns/, n. 1. an act or instance of continuing; continuation: a continuance of war. 2. a remaining in the same place, condition, etc. 3. continuation (def. 3). 4. ...
/keuhn tin"yooh euhnt/, Phonet. n. 1. a consonant, as /f, s/ that may be prolonged without change of quality. Cf. stop (def. 39). adj. 2. pertaining to or noting a ...
—continuately, adv. —continuateness, n. /keuhn tin"yooh ayt'/, adj. Obs. continuing; uninterrupted. [1375-1425; late ME < L continuatus, ptp. of continuare to CONTINUE; see ...
/keuhn tin'yooh ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or state of continuing; the state of being continued. 2. extension or carrying on to a further point: to request the continuation of a ...
continuation school
a school providing extension courses for people who have left school in the elementary grades to go to work. [1885-90] * * *
—continuatively, adv. —continuativeness, n. /keuhn tin"yooh ay'tiv, -euh tiv/, adj. 1. tending or serving to continue; causing continuation or prolongation. 2. expressing ...
See continuative. * * *
/keuhn tin"yooh ay'teuhr/, n. a person or thing that continues. [1640-50; CONTINUATE + -OR2] * * *
—continuable, adj. —continuer, n. —continuingly, adv. /keuhn tin"yooh/, v., continued, continuing. v.i. 1. to go on after suspension or interruption: The program continued ...
—continuedly, adv. —continuedness, n. /keuhn tin"yoohd/, adj. 1. lasting or enduring without interruption: continued good health. 2. going on after an interruption; resuming: ...
continued education
➡ continuing education * * *
continued education.
See adult education. Also called continuing education. * * *
continued fraction
Math. a fraction whose denominator contains a fraction whose denominator contains a fraction, and so on. [1860-65] * * * ▪ mathematics       expression of a number as ...
continued proportion
Math. an ordered set of numbers such that the ratio between any two successive terms is the same, as 1:3:9:27:81. [1790-1800] * * *
con·tin·ued fraction (kən-tĭnʹyo͞od) n. A whole number plus a fraction whose numerator is a whole number and whose denominator is a whole number plus a fraction that has a ...
See continuable. * * *
continuing education
continuing education n. a program of classes for adult students offered by a college, university, etc. on a part-time basis, as for updating knowledge and skills in a ...
continuing resolution
U.S. Politics. legislation enacted by Congress to allow government operations to continue until the regular appropriations are enacted: used when action on appropriations is not ...
con·tin·u·ing education (kən-tĭnʹyo͞o-ĭng) n. 1. An instructional program that brings participants up to date in a particular area of knowledge or skills. 2. ...
/kon'tn ooh"i tee, -tn yooh"/, n., pl. continuities. 1. the state or quality of being continuous. 2. a continuous or connected whole. 3. a motion-picture scenario giving the ...
continuity equation
Mech. the mathematical statement in fluid mechanics that, for a fluid passing through a tube in a steady flow, the mass flowing through any section of the tube in a unit of time ...
continuity principle
or continuity equation Principle of fluid mechanics. Stated simply, what flows into a defined volume in a defined time, minus what flows out of that volume in that time, must ...
/keuhn tin"yooh oh'/, n., pl. continuos. Music. a keyboard accompanying part consisting originally of a figured bass, which in modern scores is usually realized, and serving to ...
—continuously, adv. —continuousness, n. /keuhn tin"yooh euhs/, adj. 1. uninterrupted in time; without cessation: continuous coughing during the concert. 2. being in immediate ...
continuous assessment
➡ exams * * *
continuous casting
—continuous caster. Metall. a technique of casting ingots, bars, etc., in which the metal is poured into an open-ended mold, being withdrawn as it solidifies so that the solid ...
continuous cutter
Mining. any of various machines that can remove coal from the mine face and load it into cars or conveyors. Also called continuous miner. [1955-60] * * *
continuous function
Math. 1. (loosely) a mathematical function such that a small change in the independent variable, or point of the domain, produces only a small change in the value of the ...
continuous hinge.
See piano hinge. * * *
continuous miner.
See continuous cutter. [1955-60] * * *
continuous spectrum
Physics. a spectrum apparently having all wavelengths over a comparatively wide range, usually characteristic of solids and other substances at high temperatures. Cf. band ...
continuous voyage
▪ international law       in international law, a voyage that, in view of its purposes, is regarded as one single voyage though interrupted (as in the transshipment of ...
continuous wave
Telecommunications. an electromagnetic wave of constant amplitude and frequency: used to carry information by being modulated, as in radio or television, or by being interrupted ...
continuous welded rail
Railroads. a long, continuous rail formed by welding many short rails. * * *
continuous-expansion engine
/keuhn tin"yooh euhs ik span"sheuhn/ a steam engine in which a high-pressure cylinder is partly exhausted into a low-pressure cylinder during each stroke. * * *
/keuhn tin"yooh euhs fawrm'/, adj. of or pertaining to paper, blank forms, checks, etc., supplied in a folded stack or roll to a device, as a computer printer, generally with ...
continuouscreation theory
continuous creation theory n. See steady state theory. * * *
See continuous. * * *
continuously variable transmission
Auto., Mach. a transmission, typically using rubber belts and pulleys, in which the ratio of the rotational speeds of two shafts, as the drive shaft and driven shaft of a ...
See continuously. * * *
continuous spectrum n. A spectrum having no lines or bands, especially a spectrum of radiation distributed over an uninterrupted range of wavelengths. * * *
continuous variation n. Variation within a population in which a graded series of intermediate phenotypes falls between the extremes. * * *
continuous wave also con·tin·u·ous-wave (kən-tĭnʹyo͞o-əs-wāv') adj. Abbr. CW Emitting or capable of emitting continuously; not pulsed: a continuous wave laser; ...
/keuhn tin"yooh euhm/, n., pl. continua /-tin"yooh euh/. 1. a continuous extent, series, or whole. 2. Math. a. a set of elements such that between any two of them there is a ...
continuum hypothesis
Math. a conjecture of set theory that the first infinite cardinal number greater than the cardinal number of the set of all positive integers is the cardinal number of the set of ...
/kon"toh/; Port. /kawn"too/, n., pl. contos /-tohz/; in Portugal /-toosh/; in Brazil /-toos/. 1. a money of account of Portugal and Cape Verde, equal to 1000 escudos. 2. a former ...
/kon"toyd/, Phonet. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a sound characterized by stoppage or obstruction of the flow of air in the vocal tract; consonantlike. 2. a contoid sound. Cf. ...
/keuhn tawrt"/, v.t. 1. to twist, bend, or draw out of shape; distort. v.i. 2. to become twisted, distorted, or strained: His face contorted into a grotesque sneer. [1555-65; < L ...
—contortedly, adv. —contortedness, n. /keuhn tawr"tid/, adj. 1. twisted in a violent manner; distorted. 2. twisted back on itself; convoluted. [1615-25; CONTORT + -ED2] * * *
See contorted. * * *
See contortedly. * * *
—contortional, adj. —contortioned, adj. /keuhn tawr"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of contorting. 2. the state of being contorted. 3. a contorted position. 4. something ...
—contortionistic, adj. /keuhn tawr"sheuh nist/, n. 1. a person who performs gymnastic feats involving contorted postures. 2. a person who practices contortion: a verbal ...
See contortionist. * * *
—contortively, adv. /keuhn tawr"tiv/, adj. characterized by, tending toward, or causing contortions or twisting: contortive movements; contortive pain; contortive ...
/kon"toor/, n. 1. the outline of a figure or body; the edge or line that defines or bounds a shape or object. 2. See contour line. 3. Phonet. a distinctive pattern of changes in ...
contour curtain
Theat. a curtain having lines attached to several points for drawing up into folds of various shapes. * * *
contour drawing
▪ art       version of outline drawing, in which the artist, looking closely at the contour of an object, transfers it in one continuous line to paper without looking ...
contour farming
▪ agriculture  the practice of tilling sloped land along lines of consistent elevation in order to conserve rainwater and to reduce soil losses from surface erosion. These ...
contour feather
Ornith. one of the feathers that form the surface plumage of a bird, including those of the wings and tail but excluding such specialized types as downs and ...
contour feathers
contour feathers n. feathers that form the surface plumage of a bird and determine the outer contour, including the wing and tail feathers * * *
contour integration
Math. integration in the complex plane about a closed curve of finite length. * * *
contour interval
the difference in elevation represented by each contour line on a topographic map. * * *
contour line
1. a line joining points of equal elevation on a surface. 2. the representation of such a line on a map. 3. Math. a line parallel to a trace. Cf. trace1 (def. 11). Also called ...
contour map
a topographic map on which the shape of the land surface is shown by contour lines, the relative spacing of the lines indicating the relative slope of the surface. [1860-65] * * *
contour mapping
▪ geography       the delineation of any property in map form by constructing lines of equal values of that property from available data points. A topographic map, for ...
contour sheet
a bed sheet designed to fit snugly over a mattress or the like, often having elastic material to hold down the corners. * * *
contour feather n. Any of the outermost feathers of a bird, forming the visible body contour and plumage. * * *
contour line n. A line on a map that joins points of equal elevation. * * *
contour map n. A map showing elevations and surface configuration by means of contour lines. * * *
contr abbrev. 1. contract 2. contraction 3. contralto 4. contrary 5. control 6. controller * * *
1. contract. 2. contracted. 3. contraction. 4. contralto. 5. contrary. 6. contrasted. 7. control. 8. controller. * * *
contra1 /kon"treuh/, prep. 1. against; in opposition or contrast to: Consider the problems of the teenager contra those of the adult. adv. 2. contrariwise; on or to the ...
contra- [kän′trə] 〚< L contra, against < OL * com-tro- ( < com-, COM- + * -tero-, compar. suffix); designating assoc. of two (opposites)〛 prefix 1. against, opposite, ...
contra-guide rudder
/kon"treuh guyd'/, Naut. a rudder having a horizontal offset of its upper and lower halves to improve the flow characteristics of the propeller race. * * *
/kon"treuh band'/, n. 1. anything prohibited by law from being imported or exported. 2. goods imported or exported illegally. 3. illegal or prohibited trade; smuggling. 4. ...
contraband of war
Internat. Law. goods that a neutral nation cannot supply to a belligerent nation except at the risk of seizure and confiscation. [1795-1805] * * *
See contraband. * * *
—contrabandism, n. /kon"treuh ban'dist/, n. a person engaged in contraband trade; smuggler. [1810-20; < Sp contrabandista. See CONTRABAND, -IST] * * *
—contrabassist /kon"treuh bay'sist, -bas'ist/, n. /kon"treuh bays'/, Music. n. 1. (in any family of instruments) the member below the bass. 2. (in the violin family) the double ...
See contrabass. * * *
/kon'treuh bas"oh, -bah"soh/; It. /kawn'trddah bahs"saw/, n., pl. contrabassos, contrabassi /-bas"ee, -bah"see/; It. /-bahs"see/, adj. Music. contrabass. [ < It contrabbasso, ...
—contrabassoonist, n. /kon"treuh ba soohn", -beuh-/, n. a bassoon larger in size and an octave lower in pitch than the ordinary bassoon; a double bassoon. [1890-95; CONTRA-2 + ...
/kon'treuh sept"/, v.t. 1. to prevent the conception of (offspring). 2. to prevent pregnancy or impregnation in; provide with the means for birth control. [1965-70; back ...
/kon'treuh sep"sheuhn/, n. the deliberate prevention of conception or impregnation by any of various drugs, techniques, or devices; birth control. [1885-90; CONTRA-1 + ...
/kon'treuh sep"tiv/, adj. 1. tending or serving to prevent conception or impregnation. 2. pertaining to contraception. n. 3. a contraceptive device, drug, foam, etc. [1890-95; ...
/kon'treuh klok"wuyz'/, adj., adv. counterclockwise. [CONTRA-1 + CLOCKWISE] * * *
—contractee, n. —contractible, adj. —contractibility, contractibleness, n. —contractibly, adv. n., adj., and usu. for v. 16-18, 22, 23 /kon"trakt/; otherwise v. /keuhn ...
contract bond
an indemnity agreement to protect against loss due to breach of contract. Cf. performance bond. * * *
contract bridge
contract bridge [kän′trakt΄] n. a form of bridge, developed from auction bridge, in which only the number of tricks named in the contract may be counted toward a game, ...
contract furniture
furniture designed and manufactured for commercial installation, as in offices, waiting rooms, or lobbies. * * *
contract labor
1. labor coercible by the enforceable provisions of a contract. 2. foreign labor supplied under contract for a particular job. * * *
contract labour
▪ industrial relations       the labour of workers whose freedom is restricted by the terms of a contractual (contract) relation and by laws that make such arrangements ...
contract practice
the medical treatment of a group of persons by a physician or physicians with fees and services mutually agreed upon in advance. * * *
See contractarianism. * * *
con·trac·tar·i·an·ism (kŏn'trăk-târʹē-ə-nĭz'əm) n. Any of various theories that justify moral principles or political arrangements by appealing to a social contract ...
See contractarian. * * *
contract bridge n. Auction bridge in which tricks in excess of the contract may not count toward game bonuses. * * *
—contractedly, adv. —contractedness, n. /keuhn trak"tid/, adj. 1. drawn together; reduced in compass or size; made smaller; shrunken. 2. condensed; abridged. 3. (of the mind, ...
contracted out
➡ S2P * * *
See contract. * * *
See contractibility. * * *
See contractibility. * * *
—contractility /kon'trak til"i tee/, n. /keuhn trak"tl, -til/, adj. capable of contracting or causing contraction. [1700-10; CONTRACT + -ILE] * * *
contractile vacuole
Cell Biol. a membrane-enveloped cellular organelle, found in many microorganisms, that periodically expands, filling with water, and then contracts, expelling its contents to the ...
contractile vacuole n. A membrane-bound organelle found in certain protists that pumps fluid in a cyclical manner from within the cell to the outside by alternately filling and ...
See contractile. * * *
—contractional, adj. /keuhn trak"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of contracting. 2. the quality or state of being contracted. 3. a shortened form of a word or group of words, ...
contraction joint
Archit., Civ. Engin. a joint between two parts of a structure, designed to compensate for the contraction to which either part may be subject. [1905-10] * * *
—contractively, adv. —contractiveness, n. /keuhn trak"tiv/, adj. 1. serving or tending to contract. 2. capable of contracting. [1615-25; CONTRACT + -IVE] * * *
/kon"trak teuhr, keuhn trak"teuhr/, n. 1. a person who contracts to furnish supplies or perform work at a certain price or rate. 2. something that contracts, esp. a muscle. 3. ...
—contractually, adv. /keuhn trak"chooh euhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or secured by a contract. [1860-65; < L contractu-, s. of contractus CONTRACT + -AL1] * * *
con·trac·tu·al·ism (kŏn-trăkʹcho͞o-ə-lĭz'əm) n. See contractarianism. * * *
See contractual. * * *
—contractured, adj. /keuhn trak"cheuhr/, n. Pathol. a shortening or distortion of muscular or connective tissue due to spasm, scar, or paralysis of the antagonist of the ...
—contracyclicality, n. /kon'treuh suy"kli keuhl, -sik"li-/, adj. countercyclical. [CONTRA-1 + CYCLICAL] * * *
/kon"treuh dans', -dahns'/, n. contredanse. * * *
—contradictable, adj. —contradicter, contradictor, n. /kon'treuh dikt"/, v.t. 1. to assert the contrary or opposite of; deny directly and categorically. 2. to speak contrary ...
See contradict. * * *
See contradictable. * * *
/kon'treuh dik"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of contradicting; gainsaying or opposition. 2. assertion of the contrary or opposite; denial. 3. a statement or proposition that contradicts ...
—contradictiously, adv. —contradictiousness, n. /kon'treuh dik"sheuhs/, adj. 1. inclined to contradict; disputatious. 2. Archaic. self-contradictory. [1595-1605; CONTRADICT + ...
—contradictively, adv. —contradictiveness, n. /kon'treuh dik"tiv/, adj. tending or inclined to contradict; involving contradiction; contradictory. [1620-30; CONTRADICT + ...
See contradictable. * * *
See contradictory. * * *
See contradictorily. * * *
—contradictorily, adv. —contradictoriness, n. /kon'treuh dik"teuh ree/, adj., n., pl. contradictories. adj. 1. asserting the contrary or opposite; contradicting; ...
—contradistinctive, adj. —contradistinctively, adv. /kon'treuh di stingk"sheuhn/, n. distinction by opposition or contrast: plants and animals in contradistinction to ...
See contradistinction. * * *
See contradistinctive. * * *
/kon'treuh di sting"gwish/, v.t. to distinguish by contrasting opposite qualities. [1615-25; CONTRA-1 + DISTINGUISH] * * *
con·tra·fac·tu·al (kŏn'trə-făkʹcho͞o-əl) n. A statement or other linguistic construction expressing an idea that is presupposed to be false, as I would go in the ...
See contragestive. * * *
con·tra·ges·tive (kŏn'trə-jĕsʹtĭv) adj. Capable of preventing gestation, either by preventing implantation or by causing the uterine lining to shed after ...
/kon"trayl/, n. a visible condensation of water droplets or ice crystals from the atmosphere, occurring in the wake of an aircraft, rocket, or missile under certain conditions. ...
—contraindicant /kon'treuh in"di keuhnt/, n. —contraindication, n. /kon'treuh in"di kayt'/, v.t., contraindicated, contraindicating. Med. (of a symptom or condition) to give ...
con·tra·in·di·ca·tion (kŏn'trə-ĭn'dĭ-kāʹshən) n. A factor that renders the administration of a drug or the carrying out of a medical procedure inadvisable: A ...
See contraindicate. * * *
/kon'treuh lat"euhr euhl/, adj. (of the body) pertaining to, situated on, or coordinated with the opposite side. [1880-85; CONTRA-1 + LATERAL] * * *
/keuhn tral"toh/, n., pl. contraltos, adj. Music. n. 1. the lowest female voice or voice part, intermediate between soprano and tenor. 2. the alto, or highest male voice or voice ...
/kon'treuh ok"tiv, -tayv/, n. Music. the octave between the second and third C's below middle C. [1890-95; CONTRA-2 + OCTAVE] * * *
—contraorbitally, adv. /kon'treuh awr"bi tl/, adj. of or pertaining to flight in the orbit of, but in a direction contrary to, a given rocket, ballistic missile, satellite, ...
—contrapletal, adj. /kon"treuh pleet'/, n. Philos. either of two opposed and complementary elements in a relationship. [CONTRA-1 + (COM)PLETE] * * *
/kon"treuh pohz'/, v.t., contraposed, contraposing. to place in contraposition. [1610-20; back formation from contraposed < L contrapositus, ptp. of contraponere to place ...
/kon'treuh peuh zish"euhn/, n. 1. placement opposite or against. 2. opposition, contrast, or antithesis. 3. Logic. the inference drawn from a proposition by negating its terms ...
/kon'treuh poz"i tiv/, Logic. adj. 1. of or pertaining to contraposition. n. 2. a contrapositive statement of a proposition. [1855-60; CONTRAPOSIT(ION) + -IVE] * * *
/kohn'treuh pos"toh/, n., pl. contrappostos. Fine Arts. a representation of the human body in which the forms are organized on a varying or curving axis to provide an ...
—contraptious, adj. /keuhn trap"sheuhn/, n. Informal. a mechanical contrivance; gadget; device. [1815-25; perh. CONTR(IVANCE) + (ad)aption, var. of ADAPTATION] * * *
—contrapuntally, adv. /kon'treuh pun"tl/, adj. Music. 1. of or pertaining to counterpoint. 2. composed of two or more relatively independent melodies sounded ...
See contrapuntal. * * *
/kon'treuh pun"tist/, n. a person skilled in the practice of counterpoint. [1770-80; < It contrappuntista. See COUNTERPOINT, -IST] * * *
/keuhn trair"ee euhn/, n. a person who takes an opposing view, esp. one who rejects the majority opinion, as in economic matters. [CONTR(ARY) + -ARIAN] * * *
/kon'treuh ruy"i tee/, n., pl. contrarieties for 2. 1. the quality or state of being contrary. 2. something contrary or of opposite character; a contrary fact or statement. 3. ...
See contrary. * * *
See contrarily. * * *
—contrariously, adv. —contrariousness, n. /keuhn trair"ee euhs/, adj. 1. Chiefly Appalachian. perverse; refractory. 2. Archaic. adverse; unfavorable. [1250-1300; ME ( < AF) < ...
See contrarious. * * *
/kon"trer ee wuyz'/ or, for 3, /keuhn trair"-/, adv. 1. in the opposite direction or way. 2. on the contrary; in direct opposition to a statement, attitude, etc. 3. ...
—contrarily /kon"trer euh lee, keuhn trair"-/, adv. —contrariness, n. /kon"trer ee/; for 5 also /keuhn trair"ee/, adj., n., pl. contraries, adv. adj. 1. opposite in nature or ...
contrary motion
Music. melodic motion in which one part rises in pitch while the other descends. * * *
—contrastable, adj. —contrastably, adv. —contrastingly, adv. v. /keuhn trast", kon"trast/; n. /kon"trast/, v.t. 1. to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences; ...
contrast medium
Med. a radiopaque substance injected into a part of the body, as the stomach or duodenum, to provide a contrasting background for the tissues in an x-ray or fluoroscopic ...
See contrast. * * *
See contrastable. * * *
—contrastively, adv. /keuhn tras"tiv/, adj. 1. tending to contrast; contrasting. contrastive colors. 2. studying or exhibiting the congruences and differences between two ...
contrastive stress
Phonet. a stress imposed on a word or syllable contrary to its normal accentuation in order to contrast it with an alternative word or syllable or to focus attention on it, as ...
See contrastive. * * *
See contrastively. * * *
contrast medium n. A substance, such as barium or air, used in radiography to increase the contrast of an image. A positive contrast medium absorbs x-rays more strongly than the ...
/keuhn tras"tee, kon"tras-/, adj. Photog. (of a subject, photograph, or film stock) having or producing a preponderance of dark and light tones with few intermediate ...
Contratación, Casa de
▪ Spanish history Spanish“House of Commerce”, byname Casa de las Indias  (“House of the Indies”)        central trading house and procurement agency for ...
/kon"trayt/, adj. Horol. (of a gear) having teeth at right angles to the plane of rotation. [1680-90; CONTRA-1 + -ATE1] * * *
/kon'treuh veuh lay"sheuhn/, n. Fort. a more or less continuous chain of redoubts and breastworks raised by besiegers outside the line of circumvallation of a besieged place to ...
—contravener, n. /kon'treuh veen"/, v.t., contravened, contravening. 1. to come or be in conflict with; go or act against; deny or oppose: to contravene a statement. 2. to ...
See contravene. * * *
/kon'treuh ven"sheuhn/, n. an act of contravening; action counter to something; violation or opposition. [1570-80; CONTRAVENE + -TION; cf. MF contrevention] * * *
/kon'treuh yerr"veuh/, n. the root of certain tropical American plants of the genus Dorstenia, of the mulberry family, esp. D. contrajerva, used as a stimulant, diaphoretic, ...
/kon'treuh zhoor"/; Fr. /kawonntrddeu zhoohrdd"/, adj. (of a photograph) taken with the camera pointed more or less in the direction of the principal light source or with the ...
Fr. /kawonntrddeu pannrdd tee"/, n. Furniture. (in buhlwork) an inlay composed of a design in tortoise shell on a background of brass. Also called counterboulle. Cf. première ...
/kon"treuh kooh'/; Fr. /kawonntrddeu kooh"/, n. Med. an injury of one point of an organ or part resulting from a blow on the opposite point. Also called counterstroke. [1820-30; ...
/kon"treuh dans', -dahns'/; Fr. /kawonn trddeudahonns"/, n., pl. contredanses /-dan'siz, -dahn'-/; Fr. /-dahonns"/. 1. a variation of the quadrille in which the dancers face each ...
Contreras, Battle of
(Aug. 19–20, 1847) Decisive engagement between U.S. and Mexican troops in the Mexican War. On its march to Mexico City, the U.S. force under Winfield Scott was blocked by a ...
/kon"treuh tahonn'/; Fr. /kawonntrddeu tahonn"/, n., pl. contretemps /-tahonnz'/; Fr. /-tahonn"/. an inopportune occurrence; an embarrassing mischance: He caused a minor ...
contrib abbrev. 1. contribution 2. contributor * * *
1. contribution. 2. contributor. * * *
—contributable, adj. —contributive, adj. —contributively, adv. —contributiveness, n. /keuhn trib"yooht/, v., contributed, contributing. v.t. 1. to give (money, time, ...
—contributional, adj. /kon'treuh byooh"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of contributing. 2. something contributed. 3. an article, story, drawing, etc., furnished to a magazine or other ...
See contribute. * * *
See contributive. * * *
See contributive. * * *
—contributorial /keuhn trib'yeuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. /keuhn trib"yeuh teuhr/, n. 1. a person who contributes money, assistance, etc. 2. a person who contributes an ...
▪ 2000       Adams, Andy. Editor and Publisher, Sumo World. Author of Sumo; Sumo World Record Book. • sports and games: Judo; Wrestling: Sumo       Ahn, ...
/keuhn trib"yeuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj., n., pl. contributories. adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of contribution; contributing. 2. furnishing something toward a result: ...
contributory negligence
Law. negligence on the part of an injured party that combines with the negligence of another in causing the injury, sometimes so as to diminish or bar the recovery of damages for ...
—contritely, adv. —contriteness, n. /keuhn truyt", kon"truyt/, adj. 1. caused by or showing sincere remorse. 2. filled with a sense of guilt and the desire for atonement; ...
See contrite. * * *
See contritely. * * *
/keuhn trish"euhn/, n. 1. sincere penitence or remorse. 2. Theol. sorrow for and detestation of sin with a true purpose of amendment, arising from a love of God for His own ...
/keuhn truy"veuhns/, n. 1. something contrived; a device, esp. a mechanical one. 2. the act or manner of contriving; the faculty or power of contriving. 3. a plan or scheme; ...
—contrivable, adj. —contriver, n. /keuhn truyv"/, v., contrived, contriving. v.t. 1. to plan with ingenuity; devise; invent: The author contrived a clever plot. 2. to bring ...
—contrivedly /keuhn truy'vid lee/, adv. /keuhn truyvd"/, adj. obviously planned or forced; artificial; strained: a contrived story. [1505-15; CONTRIVE + -ED2] * * *
See contrived. * * *
See contrive. * * *
—controllable, adj., n. —controllability, controllableness, n. —controllably, adv. —controlless, adj. —controllingly, adv. /keuhn trohl"/, v., controlled, controlling, ...
control account
a general account showing totals of transactions with detailed figures appearing in subsidiary ledgers. Also called controlling account. * * *
control board
a panel containing switches, dials, and other equipment for regulating electrical devices, lights, etc. Also called control panel. [1905-10] * * *
control center
an administrative or operational center for a group of related activities: the control center for the new military offensive. * * *
control character
Computers. a character in a data stream that signals the device receiving the data to perform a particular control function, as changing the line spacing on a printer from single ...
control chart
Statistics. a chart on which observations are plotted as ordinates in the order in which they are obtained and on which control lines are constructed to indicate whether the ...
control electrode
Electronics. an electrode to which a varying signal is applied to vary the output of a transistor or vacuum tube. [1915-20] * * *
control experiment
an experiment in which the variables are controlled so that the effects of varying one factor at a time may be observed. [1870-75] * * *
control freak
a person having a strong need to control his or her surroundings. [1975-80] * * *
control group
(in an experiment or clinical trial) a group of subjects closely resembling the treatment group in many demographic variables but not receiving the active medication or factor ...
control panel
1. See control board. 2. Computers. a. the portion of a computer console that contains manual controls for regulating computer operations. b. plugboard (def. 2). [1920-1925] * * *
control point
Aerial Photogrammetry. a point located on the ground by precise surveying that when identified on aerial photographs provides the control necessary for producing a ...
control rocket
a small rocket engine used to make corrections in the flight path of spacecraft or missiles. * * *
control rod
a neutron-absorbing material, as boron or cadmium, in the shape of a rod or other configuration, that can be moved into or out of the core of a nuclear reactor to regulate the ...
control room
a room housing control equipment, as in a recording studio. [1925-30] * * *
control stick
Aeron. a lever by which a pilot controls the ailerons and elevator of an aircraft. [1930-35] * * *
control surface
any movable airfoil, as a rudder, flap, or aileron, for guiding or controlling an aircraft or missile in flight. [1915-20] * * *

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