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ciliolate
/sil"ee euh lit, -layt'/, adj. having cilia. [1865-70; < NL ciliol(um) (equiv. to cili(um) (see CILIA) + -olum -OLE1) + -ATE1] * * *
Ciliophora
/sil'ee of"euhr euh/, n. Biol. a phylum of protozoa in the kingdom Protista, comprising the ciliates. [ < NL, equiv. to cili(um) CILIUM + -o- -O- + Gk -phora, neut. pl. of ...
cilium
/sil"ee euhm/, n. sing. of cilia. [ < L] * * * Short, eyelashlike filament that is numerous on tissue cells of most animals. Capable of beating in unison, cilia perform a ...
Cilla
/sil"euh/, n. Class. Myth. a sister of Priam who, with her infant son, was slain by Priam because it had been prophesied that a mother and child of the royal house would cause ...
Cilla Black
➡ Black * * *
Ciller, Tansu
▪ 1994       In a year filled with extraordinary departures from the status quo, the election in 1993 of Tansu Ciller as prime minister of Turkey nonetheless ranked as ...
Cilli, Ulrich II von
▪ Austrian prince born c. 1406 died Nov. 9, 1456, Belgrade, Serbia       count, later prince, and member of one of the most distinguished magnate families of Austria, ...
Ciluba
/chi looh"beuh/, n. Luba (def. 2). * * *
CIM
1. computer input from microfilm. 2. computer-integrated manufacturing. * * *
Cima da Conegliano, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian painter born c. 1459/60, Conegliano, near Venice [Italy] died 1517/18, Conegliano       Italian painter of the Venetian school whose style was marked by its ...
Cimabue
/chee'mah booh"e/, n. Giovanni /jaw vahn"nee/, (Cenni di Pepo), c1240-1302?, Italian painter and mosaicist. * * * orig. Benciviene di Pepo born before 1251 died ...
Cimabue,Giovanni
Ci·ma·bu·e (chē'mä-bo͞oʹĕ), Giovanni. Originally Cenni di Pepo. 1240?-1302?. Italian painter trained in the Byzantine style and considered the first master of the ...
cimaise
/see mez"/, n. cymaise. * * *
Cimarosa
/chee'meuh roh"zeuh/; It. /chee'mah rddaw"sah/, n. Domenico /daw me"nee kaw/, 1749-1801, Italian conductor and composer. * * *
Cimarosa, Domenico
born Dec. 17, 1749, Aversa, Kingdom of Naples died Jan. 11, 1801, Venice Italian opera composer. Son of a stonemason, he studied at the Naples Conservatory. His first opera was ...
cimarron
/sim"euh ron', -rohn', -euhr euhn; sim'euh rohn"/, n. bighorn. [1840-50; < AmerSp (carnero) cimarrón wild (sheep); Sp: wild, prob. equiv. to cim(a) peak, summit ( < L cyma ...
Cimarron
/sim"euh ron', -rohn', -euhr euhn; sim'euh rohn"/, n. a river flowing E from NE New Mexico to the Arkansas River in Oklahoma. 600 mi. (965 km) long. * * *
Cimarron River
River, southwestern U.S. Rising in northeastern New Mexico it flows about 500 mi (800 km) to enter the Arkansas River near Tulsa, Okla. Traversing the northern Oklahoma ...
cimbalom
/sim"beuh leuhm/, n. cymbalom. * * * ▪ musical instrument   an elaborate stringed instrument of the dulcimer family used in small music ensembles by central European Roma ...
Cimbri
—Cimbrian, adj., n. —Cimbric, adj. /sim"bruy, -bree, kim"-/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a Germanic or Celtic people, supposed to have originated in Jutland, who invaded Gaul and ...
cimelia
/si mee"lee euh, -meel"yeuh/, n.pl., sing. cimelium /-mee"lee euhm, -meel"yeuhm/. treasures, esp. church treasures, as art objects or jeweled vestments. [1655-65; < ML < Gk ...
cimeliarch
/si mee"lee ahrk'/, n. a room for keeping the valuables of a church. [1650-60; < LL cimeliarcha < LGk keimeliárche treasury guard. See CIMELIA, -ARCH] * * *
cimetidine
/seuh met"i deen'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C10H16N6S, that is used alone or in combination with antacids to inhibit gastric secretion in the treatment of duodenal ...
cimex
/suy"meks/, n., pl. cimices /sim"euh seez'/. a bedbug of the genus Cimex. [1575-85; < NL, L cimex bedbug] * * *
Cimmerian
—Cimmerianism, n. /si mear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. Class. Myth. of, pertaining to, or suggestive of a western people believed to dwell in perpetual darkness. 2. very dark; gloomy: ...
Cimmerian Bosporus
Ancient Greek kingdom, in modern southern Ukraine. It was first settled by Milesians (6th century BC) at Panticapaeum, which later became the capital. Gradually the kingdom grew ...
Cimon
/suy"meuhn/, n. 507-499 B.C. Athenian military leader, naval commander, and statesman (son of Miltiades). * * * born с 510 died с 451 BC, Cyprus Athenian statesman and ...
Cimon Of Cleonae
▪ Greek artist flourished c. 525–500 BC       Greek painter said to have invented foreshortened or “three-quarter views,” to have introduced depiction of ...
CINC
CINC or C in C abbr. commander in chief. * * *
cinch
cinch1 /sinch/, n. 1. a strong girth used on stock saddles, having a ring at each end to which a strap running from the saddle is secured. 2. a firm hold or tight grip. 3. ...
cinch belt
a wide belt of elastic, leather, or fabric with a clasp or lacing in front, worn tightly to make the waist look smaller. Also called cinch. * * *
cinchbug
cinch bug n. Chiefly Southern & Midland U.S. Variant of chinch bug. * * *
cinchona
—cinchonic /sin kon"ik/, adj. /sing koh"neuh, sin-/, n. 1. any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Cinchona, of the madder family, esp. C. calisaya, native to the Andes, ...
cinchonic
See cinchona. * * *
cinchonidine
/sing kon"i deen', -din, sin-/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble, levorotatory alkaloid, C19H22N2O, stereoisomeric with cinchonine and similarly derived, ...
cinchonine
/sing"keuh neen', -nin, sin"-/, n. Pharm. a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble alkaloid, C19H22N2O, a stereoisomer of cinchonidine, obtained from the bark of various ...
cinchonism
/sing"keuh niz'euhm, sin"-/, n. Pathol. poisoning by any of the cinchona alkaloids, characterized by headache, deafness, and ringing in the ears. [1855-60; CINCHON(A) + -ISM] * * ...
cinchonize
cinchonize [sin′kənīz΄] vt. cinchonized, cinchonizing to treat with cinchona, quinine, etc. * * *
Cincinnati
/sin'seuh nat"ee/, n. 1. a city in SW Ohio, on the Ohio River. 385,457. 2. Bowling Slang. a split in which the eight and ten pins remain standing. * * * City (pop., 2000: ...
Cincinnati Arch
▪ geological structure, Ohio, United States       geologic anticlinal (archlike) structure influential during the Paleozoic Era (542 million to 251 million years ago); ...
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
▪ American orchestra       American symphony orchestra based in Cincinnati, Ohio. It was founded in 1895 by the all-female board of trustees of the Cincinnati Orchestra ...
Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden
▪ zoo, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States       zoological park owned by the city of Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S., and administered in conjunction with the Zoological Society of ...
Cincinnati, Society of the
Hereditary, military, and patriotic organization formed in 1783 by officers who had served in the American Revolution. The group's aims were to promote union, maintain ...
Cincinnati, University of
▪ university, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. A comprehensive research and arts ...
Cincinnatian Series
▪ geology       uppermost rocks of the Ordovician (Ordovician Period) System in North America, famous for their fossils. This series is defined on the basis of rock ...
Cincinnatus
/sin'seuh nay"teuhs, -nat"euhs/, n. Lucius Quinctius /kwingk"tee euhs/, 519?-439? B.C., Roman general and statesman: dictator 458, 439. * * *
Cincinnatus, Lucius Quinctius
▪ Roman statesman born 519?, BC       Roman statesman who gained fame for his selfless devotion to the republic in times of crisis and for giving up the reins of power ...
Cincinnatus,Lucius Quinctius
Cin·cin·na·tus (sĭn'sə-nătʹəs, -nāʹtəs), Lucius Quinctius. 519?-438B.C. Roman statesman who according to tradition was twice called away from his farm to assume the ...
Cinco de Mayo
Sp. /seeng"kaw dhe mah"yaw/ a Mexican holiday marking the victory of Mexican troops over French forces in Puebla, Mexico, on May 5, 1862. [ < Sp: May 5] * * * (Spanish; "Fifth ...
Cincode Mayo
Cin·co de Ma·yo (sēngʹkō də mäʹyō) n. May 5, observed by Mexican communities in Latin America and Mexican-American communities in the United States in commemoration of ...
cincture
/singk"cheuhr/, n., v., cinctured, cincturing. n. 1. a belt or girdle. 2. something that surrounds or encompasses as a girdle does; a surrounding border: The midnight sky had a ...
cinder
—cindery, cinderous, adj. —cinderlike, adj. /sin"deuhr/, n. 1. a partially or mostly burned piece of coal, wood, etc. 2. cinders, a. any residue of combustion; ashes. b. ...
cinder block
a concrete building block made with a cinder aggregate. [1925-30] * * *
cinder concrete
concrete having small coal clinkers as an aggregate. * * *
cinder cone
Geol. a small, conical volcano built of ash and cinders. [1840-50] * * * or ash cone Deposit around a volcanic vent, formed by rock fragments or cinders that accumulate and ...
cinder patch
Metall. a defect on steel caused by the accidental picking up of matter, as from the bottom of a soaking pit. * * *
cinder track
a track covered with small cinders, for use in running races. [1885-90] * * *
cinderblock
cinder block or cin·der·block (sĭnʹdər-blŏk') n. A usually hollow building block made with concrete and coal cinders. * * *
Cinderella
/sin'deuh rel"euh/, n. 1. a heroine of a fairy tale or folk tale who is maltreated by a malevolent stepmother but achieves happiness and marries a prince through the benevolent ...
cindery
See cinder. * * *
Cindy
/sin"dee/, n. a female given name, form of Cynthia. * * *
cine
/sin"ee, sin"ay/, n. 1. a film; motion picture. 2. a motion-picture theater. Also, ciné. [1895-1900; short for CINEMA] * * *
cine-
a combining form meaning "motion picture," used in the formation of compound words: cineradiograph. [extracted from CINEMA] * * *
ciné-club
▪ study group       a group formed to study the art of the cinema through discussion or the actual making of films. In England and the United States such clubs, or film ...
cineangiography
—cineangiographic /sin'ee an'jee euh graf"ik/, adj. /sin'ee an'jee og"reuh fee/ the recording by motion pictures of blood vessels following injection of a radiopaque contrast ...
Cineas
▪ Greek military adviser flourished 3rd century BC       Thessalian who served as chief adviser to Pyrrhus, king of Epirus in Greece. In 281 Cineas attempted, without ...
cineaste
/sin"ee ast', sin"ay-/, n. 1. any person, esp. a director or producer, associated professionally with filmmaking. 2. an aficionado of filmmaking. Also, cineast, ...
Cinecittà
▪ Italian film studio       largest and most complete motion-picture studio in Italy; the centre of national cinematography. Located outside Rome, Cinecittà was ...
cinema
—cinematic /sin'euh mat"ik/, adj. —cinematically, adv. /sin"euh meuh/, n. 1. Chiefly Brit. See motion picture. 2. the cinema, motion pictures collectively, as an art. 3. ...
cinéma vérité
/sin"euh meuh ver'i tay"/; Fr. /see nay mah vay rddee tay"/ 1. a technique of documentary filmmaking in which the camera records actual persons and events without directorial ...
cinemagoer
cin·e·ma·go·er (sĭnʹə-mə-gō'ər) n. A filmgoer. * * *
CinemaScope
—CinemaScopic /sin'euh meuh skop"ik/, adj. /sin"euh meuh skohp'/ Motion Pictures, Trademark. a wide-screen process using anamorphic lenses in photographing and projecting the ...
cinematheque
/sin'euh meuh tek"/, n. a motion-picture theater, often part of a university or private archive, showing experimental or historically important films. Also, cinémathèque Fr. ...
cinematic
See cinema. * * *
cinematically
See cinematic. * * *
cinematics
/sin'euh mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the art of making motion pictures; cinematography. [1925-30; CINEMAT(OGRAPH) + -ICS] * * *
cinematization
See cinematize. * * *
cinematize
/sin"euh meuh tuyz'/, v.t., v.i., cinematized, cinematizing. 1. to adapt (a novel, play, etc.) for motion pictures. 2. Chiefly Brit. cinematograph (def. 3). Also, esp. Brit., ...
cinematog.
cinematography. * * *
cinematograph
—cinematographic /sin'euh mat'euh graf"ik/, adj. —cinematographically, adv. /sin'euh mat"euh graf', -grahf'/, Chiefly Brit. n. 1. a motion-picture projector. 2. a ...
Cinématographe
▪ film technology       first motion-picture apparatus, used as both camera and projector. The invention of Louis and Auguste Lumière, manufacturers of photographic ...
cinematographer
/sin'euh meuh tog"reuh feuhr/, n. 1. a person whose profession is motion-picture photography. 2. See director of photography. Also, esp. Brit., cinematographist. [1895-1900; ...
cinematographic
See cinematography. * * *
cinematographically
See cinematographic. * * *
cinematography
/sin'euh meuh tog"reuh fee/, n. the art or technique of motion-picture photography. [1895-1900; see CINEMATOGRAPH, -GRAPHY] * * * Art and technology of motion-picture ...
cinemicrograph
—cinemicrographer /sin'euh muy krog"reuh feuhr/, n. —cinemicrographic /sin'euh muy'kreuh graf"ik/, cinemicrographical, adj. —cinemicrographically, adv. /sin'euh muy"kreuh ...
cinemicrography
/sin'euh muy krog"reuh fee/, n. Micros. the cinematographic recording of microscopic pictures, e.g., for the study of bacterial motion. [1940-45; CINE- + MICROGRAPHY] * * *
cineole
/sin"ee ohl'/, n. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, oily, slightly water-soluble liquid terpene ether, C10H18O, having a camphorlike odor and a pungent, spicy, cooling taste, found in ...
cinephile
/sin"euh fuyl'/, n. a devoted moviegoer, esp. one knowledgeable about the cinema. [1965-70; < F, equiv. to ciné- CINE- + -phile -PHILE] * * *
cineradiography
/sin'euh ray'dee og"reuh fee/, n. the filming of motion pictures through a fluoroscope or x-ray machine. [1930-35; CINE- + RADIOGRAPHY] * * *
Cinerama
/sin'euh ram"euh, -rah"meuh/, Motion Pictures, Trademark. a wide-screen process using three adjacent, synchronized cameras for photographing and three corresponding projectors ...
cineraria
/sin'euh rair"ee euh/, n. any of several horticultural varieties of a composite plant, Senecio hybridus, of the Canary Islands, having clusters of flowers with white, blue, ...
cinerarium
/sin'euh rair"ee euhm/, n., pl. cineraria /-rair"ee euh/. a place for depositing the ashes of the dead after cremation. [1875-80; < L; see CINERARIA, -ARIUM] * * *
cinerary
/sin"euh rer'ee/, adj. holding or intended for ashes, esp. the ashes of cremated bodies: a cinerary urn. [1740-50; < NL cinerarius; see CINERARIA] * * *
cinerator
—cineration, n. /sin"euh ray'teuhr/, n. an incinerator. [ < L ciner-, s. of cinis ash + -ATOR] * * *
cinereous
/si near"ee euhs/, adj. 1. in the state of or reduced to ashes: cinereous bodies. 2. resembling ashes. 3. ashen; ash-colored; grayish: a cinereous bird. Also, cineritious ...
cinerin
cinerin [sin′ər in΄] n. 〚< L cinis, ashes (see INCINERATE) + -IN1〛 either of two compounds, C20H28O3 and C21H28O5, in pyrethrum flowers, used in insecticides * * ...
Cingalese
/sing'geuh leez", -lees"/, adj., n., pl. Cingalese. Singhalese. * * *
cingulate
See cingulum. * * *
cingulated
See cingulate. * * *
cingulum
—cingulate /sing"gyeuh lit, -layt'/, cingulated, cingular, adj. /sing"gyeuh leuhm/, n., pl. cingula /-leuh/. 1. Anat., Zool. a belt, zone, or girdlelike part. 2. Dentistry. See ...
CiniselloBalsamo
Ci·ni·sel·lo Bal·sa·mo (chē'nĭ-zĕlʹō bôlʹsə-mō', chē'nē-zĕlʹlô bälʹsä-mô') A city of northern Italy, a suburb of Milan. Population: 80,323. * * *
Cinna, Gaius Helvius
▪ Roman poet flourished 1st century BC       Roman poet who wrote the mythological epic poem Zmyrna, about the incestuous love of Zmyrna for her father. He was a friend ...
Cinna, Lucius Cornelius
▪ Roman consul died 84 BC       leader of the Marian party in Rome who opposed Lucius Cornelius Sulla.       After serving in the Social War (90–88), Cinna ...
cinnabar
—cinnabarine /sin"euh beuh reen', -beuhr in, -bahr'uyn, -een/, cinnabaric /sin'euh bar"ik/, adj. /sin"euh bahr'/, n. 1. a mineral, mercuric sulfide, HgS, occurring in red ...
cinnabarine
See cinnabar. * * *
cinnamene
/sin"euh meen'/, n. Chem. styrene. [1870-75; cinnam- (comb. form of L cinnamomum CINNAMON) + -ENE] * * *
cinnamic
/si nam"ik, sin"euh mik/, adj. of or obtained from cinnamon. [1880-85; CINNAM(ON) + -IC] * * *
cinnamic acid
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C9H8O2, usually obtained from cinnamon or synthesized: used chiefly in the manufacture of perfumes and medicines. [1880-85] * ...
cinnamic alcohol
Chem. a white, water-insoluble, crystalline solid, C9H10O, having a hyacinthine odor, used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of perfumes. * * *
cinnamic aldehyde
Chem. a yellowish oil, C9H8O, having a cinnamonlike odor, used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of flavorings and perfumes. * * *
cinnamicacid
cinnamic acid n. A white crystalline acid, C6H5CHCHCOOH, obtained from cinnamon or from balsams such as storax or made synthetically and used chiefly to manufacture perfumery ...
cinnamon
—cinnamoned, adj. —cinnamonic /sin'euh mon"ik/, adj. /sin"euh meuhn/, n. 1. the aromatic inner bark of any of several East Indian trees belonging to the genus Cinnamonum, of ...
cinnamon bear
a cinnamon-colored variety of the black bear of North America. [1815-25] * * *
cinnamon bun
a honey bun flavored with cinnamon and often containing raisins. * * *
cinnamon fern
a common coarse fern, Osmunda cinnamomea, having rusty-woolly stalks, growing in wet, low woods or thickets. [1810-20] * * *
cinnamon stone
Mineral. essonite. [1795-1805] * * *
cinnamon teal
a small, freshwater, wild duck, Anas cyanoptera, of North and South America, having chiefly cinnamon-red plumage. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
cinnamon vine.
See Chinese yam. * * *
cinnamonbear
cinnamon bear n. A variety of the North American black bear (Ursus americanus) that has a reddish-brown coat. * * *
cinnamonfern
cinnamon fern n. A New World fern (Osmunda cinnamomea) having narrow, spore-bearing, cinnamon-colored leaves in early spring, which are later encircled by wider sterile green ...
cinnamonstone
cinnamon stone n. See essonite. * * *
Cinnamus, John
▪ Byzantine historian Greek  Ioánnis Kínnamos   flourished 12th century       Byzantine historian, secretary (grammatikos) to the emperor Manuel I Comnenus, whom he ...
cinnamyl acetate
/si nam"euhl/, Chem. a colorless liquid, C11H12O2, having a piquant, flowerlike odor: used as a fixative in the manufacture of perfumes. [CINNAM(IC ACID) + -YL] * * *
Cino Da Pistoia
▪ Italian author original name Cino Dei Sighibuldi born c. 1270, , Pistoia, near Florence [Italy] died 1336/37, Pistoia       Italian jurist, poet, and prose writer ...
Cinq-Mars, Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, marquis de
▪ French noble born 1620 died Sept. 12, 1642, Lyon, Fr.  favourite of King Louis XIII of France who led the last and most nearly successful of the many conspiracies against ...
cinquain
/sing kayn", sing"kayn/, n. 1. a group of five. 2. Pros. a. a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two ...
cinque
/singk/, n. the five at dice, cards, etc. [1350-1400; ME cink < OF cinq < VL *cinque, for L quinque FIVE] * * *
Cinque Ports
/singk/ a former association of maritime towns in SE England: originally (1278) numbering five (Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich) and receiving special privileges in ...
cinquecentist
/ching'kwi chen"tist/, n. an Italian writer or artist of the 16th century. [1870-75; < It cinquecentista, equiv. to cinquecent(o) (see CINQUECENTO) + -ista -IST] * * *
cinquecento
—cinquecentism, n. /ching'kwi chen"toh/, n. (often cap.) the 16th century, with reference to Italy, esp. to the Italian art or literature of that period. [1750-60; < It, short ...
cinquedea
/ching'kwi dee"euh, -day"euh/, n. an Italian short sword of the late 15th and early 16th centuries having a broad, tapering blade, often richly ornamented. [1895-1900; < It, ...
cinquefoil
/singk"foyl'/, n. 1. any of several plants belonging to the genus Potentilla, of the rose family, having yellow, red, or white five-petaled flowers, as P. reptans (creeping ...
CinquePorts
Cinque Ports (sĭngkʹ) A group of seaports of southeast England (originally Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover, and Sandwich) that formed a maritime and defensive association in ...
CinqueTerre
Cin·que Ter·re (chēngʹkwĕ tĕrʹrĕ) A group of five villages (Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola, Riomaggiore) of northwest Italy on the Ligurian Sea south of ...
Cintrón, Conchita
▪ Puerto Rican-American bullfighter born Aug. 9, 1922, Antofagasta, Chile    American Portuguese bullfighter, who was one of the world's premier rejoneadores and the ...
CIO
CIO abbrev. 1. Congress of Industrial Organizations: see AFL-CIO 2. chief information officer * * * CIO abbr. Congress of Industrial Organizations. * * *
Cioaba, Ion
▪ 1998       Romanian self-proclaimed king of all Roma (Gypsies) everywhere and a champion of their rights (b. 1935?—d. Feb. 23, 1997). * * *
Ciompi, Revolt of the
(1378) Uprising of cloth workers and other craftsmen in Florence that brought a democratic government to power. A struggle between ruling factions triggered the rebellion, which ...
cion
/suy"euhn/, n. scion (def. 2). * * *
cioppino
/cheuh pee"noh/; It. /chawp pee"naw/, n. Italian Cookery. a stew of fish, shellfish, tomatoes, and seasonings. [1935-40; appar. < dial. It] * * *
Cioran, Emil Mihai
▪ 1996       Romanian-born writer (b. April 8, 1911, Rasinari, Rom.—d. June 20, 1995, Paris, France), was the author of elegantly written philosophical essays in which ...
CIP
Cataloging in Publication: a program sponsored by the Library of Congress and cooperating publishers in which a partial bibliographic description of a work appears on the verso ...
Cipango
/si pang"goh/, n. Archaic. Japan. * * *
cipher
—cipherable, adj. —cipherer, n. /suy"feuhr/, n. 1. zero. 2. any of the Arabic numerals or figures. 3. Arabic numerical notation collectively. 4. something of no value or ...
ciphertext
/suy"feuhr tekst'/, n. the encoded version of a message or other text; cryptogram. Cf. plain-text. [1935-40; CIPHER + TEXT] * * *
ciphony
/suy"feuh nee/, n. the process of encrypting telecommunication signals, as to prevent information from being intercepted by an enemy or competitor. [1955-60; b. CIPHER and ...
cipolin
/sip"euh lin/, n. an impure variety of marble with alternate white and greenish zones and a layered structure. [1790-1800; < F < It cipollino, equiv. to cipoll(a) onion ( < LL ...
cippus
/sip"euhs/, n., pl. cippi /sip"uy, sip"ee/. (in classical architecture) a stele. [1615-25; < L: pillar, gravestone] * * *
Cipriani, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian painter born , 1727, Florence, Italy died Dec. 14, 1785, London, Eng.       painter who was the first exponent in England of Neoclassicism and who played an ...
Cipro
Cipro [sip′rō] 〚cipro( floxacin), generic name〛 trademark for a synthetic antibiotic, C17H18FN3O3·HCl·H2O, used in treating urinary tract infections, lung infections, ...
ciprofloxacin
cip·ro·flox·a·cin (sĭp'rō-flŏkʹsə-sĭn) n. A semisynthetic analogue of fluoroquinolone that is administered orally and has a broad spectrum of antibiotic ...
cir
cir or circ abbrev. 1. circa 2. circular * * *
cir.
1. about: cir. 1800. [ < L circa, circiter, circum] 2. circular. * * *
circ
/serrk/, n. circular (def. 9). * * *
circ.
1. about: circ. 1800. [ < L circa, circiter, circum] 2. circuit. 3. circular. 4. circulation. 5. circumference. * * *
circa
/serr"keuh/, prep., adv. about: (used esp. in) approximate dates: The Venerable Bede was born circa 673. Abbr.: ca, ca., c., c, cir., circ. [1860-65; < L: around, about, akin to ...
circadian
/serr kay"dee euhn, -kad"ee-, serr'keuh dee"euhn/, adj. noting or pertaining to rhythmic biological cycles recurring at approximately 24-hour intervals. [1955-60; < L circa about ...
circadian rhythm
Inherent cycle of approximately 24 hours in length that appears to control or initiate various biological processes, including sleep, wakefulness, and digestive and hormonal ...
circadianly
See circadian. * * *
circadianrhythm
circadian rhythm n. A daily rhythmic activity cycle, based on 24-hour intervals, that is exhibited by many organisms. * * *
circannual
/serr kan"yooh euhl/, adj. Biol. noting or pertaining to a biological activity or cycle that recurs yearly. [1970-75; CIRC(A) + ANNUAL] * * *
Circassia
/seuhr kash"euh, -ee euh/, n. a region in the S Russian Federation in Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. * * *
Circassian
/seuhr kash"euhn, -ee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Circassia. 2. a group of North Caucasian languages, including Kabardian. 3. a literary language based on the western ...
Circassian language
Northwestern Caucasian language, with major eastern and western dialect groups. Until the 1860s Circassian-speaking groups inhabited the entire northwestern Caucasus region, ...
Circassian walnut
the hard, intricately grained wood of the English walnut. [1910-15] * * *
Circassianwalnut
Circassian walnut n. A type of English walnut, patterned with swirls and curves in shades of brown or with occasional black streaks, used for veneer and cabinetwork. * * *
Circe
—Circean, Circaean /seuhr see"euhn/, adj. /serr"see/, n. 1. Also, Kirke. Also called Aeaea. Class. Myth. the enchantress represented by Homer as turning the companions of ...
Circean
See Circe. * * *
Circeo, Mount
▪ promontory, Italy Italian  Monte Circeo,  Latin  Circaeum Promontorium,         isolated promontory, Latina provincia, Lazio (Latium) regione, on the southwestern ...
Circeo, Mt.
ancient Circaeum Promontorium. Mountain, southwestern coast of Italy. The promontory, on the Tyrrhenian Sea, rises 1,775 ft (541 m), and is connected with the mainland by a low ...
circinate
—circinately, adv. /serr"seuh nayt'/, adj. 1. made round; ring-shaped. 2. Bot., Mycol. rolled up on the axis at the apex, as a leaf or fruiting body. [1820-30; < L circinatus ...
circinately
See circinate. * * *
Circinus
/serr"seuh neuhs/, n., gen. Circini /-nuy'/. Astron. the Compasses, a small southern constellation between Triangulum and Centaurus. [1830-40; < L] * * *
circle
—circler, n. /serr"keuhl/, n., v., circled, circling. n. 1. a closed plane curve consisting of all points at a given distance from a point within it called the center. ...
circle graph
Statistics, Math. See pie chart. [1925-30] * * *
circle jerk
Slang (vulgar). mutual masturbation among three or more persons. * * *
circle of confusion
Photog. a circular spot on a film, resulting from the degree to which a pencil of light reflected from the field of view is focused in front of or behind the film, or from ...
circle of convergence
Math. a circle associated with a given power series such that the series converges for all values of the variable inside the circle and diverges for all values outside it. Cf. ...
circle of curvature
Math. the circle with its center on the normal to the concave side of a curve at a given point on the curve and with its radius equal to the radius of curvature at the point. ...
circle of declination
Astron. See hour circle. [1585-95] * * *
circle of least confusion
Optics. the smallest cross section in a beam of paraxial rays, lying in the plane of least spherical aberration. [1865-70] * * *
circle the wagons
a call of warning in the American Wild West, used by people travelling together in a line of wagons. When they were in a dangerous situation, such as an attack by Native ...
circle-in
/serr"keuhl in'/, n. Motion Pictures, Television. iris-in. * * *
circle-out
/serr"keuhl owt'/, n. Motion Pictures, Television. iris-out. * * *
circlegraph
circle graph n. See pie chart. * * *
circler
See circle. * * *
circlet
/serr"klit/, n. 1. a small circle. 2. a ring. 3. a ring-shaped ornament, esp. for the head. [1475-85; CIRCLE + -ET; r. late ME serclett < MF] * * *
Circleville
/serr"keuhl vil'/, n. a city in S central Ohio. 11,700. * * *
circling disease
Vet. Pathol. listeriosis. * * *
circuit
—circuital, adj. /serr"kit/, n. 1. an act or instance of going or moving around. 2. a circular journey or one beginning and ending at the same place; a round. 3. a roundabout ...
circuit analyzer
Elect. multimeter. [1960-65] * * *
circuit binding
a bookbinding having soft edges that project beyond and fold over the edges of the pages to protect them. Also called divinity circuit, yapp, yapp binding. [1905-10, Amer.] * * *
circuit board
1. Electronics. a sheet of insulating material used for the mounting and interconnection (often by a printed circuit) of components in electronic equipment. 2. Computers. a. ...
circuit breaker
1. Elect. Also called breaker. a device for interrupting an electric circuit to prevent excessive current, as that caused by a short circuit, from damaging the apparatus in the ...
circuit court
1. a court holding sessions at various intervals in different sections of a judicial district. 2. (caps.) the court of general jurisdiction in a number of U.S. states. [1700-10, ...
circuit court of appeals
any of the courts of appeals in the U.S. federal judicial system before 1948. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
circuit edges
the soft edges of a circuit binding. [1905-10] * * *
circuit judge
a judge of a circuit court. [1795-1805, Amer.] * * *
circuit rider
1. (formerly) a minister who rode horseback from place to place to preach and perform religious ceremonies. 2. someone, as a public official or a nurse, who travels throughout a ...
circuit riding
In the U.S., the act, once undertaken by a judge, of traveling within a judicial district (or circuit) to facilitate the hearing of cases. The practice was largely abandoned ...
circuit training
➡ sport and fitness * * *
circuitboard
circuit board n. Computer Science An insulated board on which interconnected circuits and components such as microchips are mounted or etched. * * *
circuitbreaker
circuit breaker n. An automatic switch that stops the flow of electric current in a suddenly overloaded or otherwise abnormally stressed electric circuit. * * *
circuitcourt
circuit court n. A state court that holds sessions at several different places within a judicial district. * * *
circuiter
/serr"ki teuhr/, n. a person who travels a circuit. [1645-55; CIRCUIT + -ER1] * * *
circuitous
—circuitously, adv. —circuitousness, n. /seuhr kyooh"i teuhs/, adj. roundabout; not direct: a circuitous route; a circuitous argument. [1655-65; < ML circuitosus, equiv. to ...
circuitously
See circuitous. * * *
circuitousness
See circuitously. * * *
circuitrider
circuit rider n. A cleric who travels from church to church, especially in a rural district. * * *
circuitry
/serr"ki tree/, n. 1. the science of designing electric or electronic circuits. 2. the circuits themselves. 3. the components of such circuits. [1945-50; CIRCUIT + -RY] * * *
circuittraining
circuit training n. A method of physical conditioning in which one moves from one exercise to another, usually in a series of different stations or pieces of equipment. * * *
circuity
/seuhr kyooh"i tee/, n., pl. circuities. circuitous quality or roundabout character. [1535-45; CIRCUIT + -Y3] * * *
circular
—circularity, circularness, n. —circularly, adv. /serr"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. having the form of a circle; round: a circular tower. 2. of or pertaining to a circle: a circular ...
circular breathing
▪ music also called  nasal breathing        in music, a technique used by performers on certain wind instruments to maintain a continuous sound. Inhaling only through ...
circular definition
Logic. a definition in which the definiendum (the expression being defined) or a variant of it appears in the definiens (the expression that defines it). * * *
circular dichroism
Optics. selective absorption of one of the two possible circular polarizations of light. [1960-65] * * *
circular error
1. Horol. loss of isochronism in a pendulum moving through circular arcs of different sizes: sometimes avoided by causing the pendulum to move through cycloidal arcs. 2. Mil. ...
circular file
Facetious. a wastebasket. [1945-50] * * *
circular function
Math. See trigonometric function (def. 1). [1880-85] * * *
circular knitting
1. a technique of knitting in circular or tubular form with curved or straight needles. 2. (in machine knitting) a process of knitting tubular and seamless fabrics by using ...
circular light
Optics. light that is circularly polarized. * * *
circular measure
a measurement system for circles: 1 circle = 360 degrees (4 quadrants); 1 quadrant = 90 degrees; 1 degree = 60 minutes; 1 minute = 60 seconds. [1870-75] * * *
circular mil
a unit used principally for measuring the cross-sectional area of wires, being the area of a circle having a diameter of one mil. * * *
circular pitch
Mach. See under pitch1 (def. 49a). * * *
circular polarization
Optics. polarization in which the vector representing the instantaneous intensity of the electromagnetic field describes a circular helix in the direction of propagation. Cf. ...
circular sailing.
See spherical sailing. * * *
circular saw
1. a power saw having a disk-shaped blade, usually with a toothed edge. 2. the blade of such a saw. See illus. under saw. [1810-20] * * *
circular triangle
a triangle whose sides are arcs of circles. * * *
circular velocity
the velocity at which a body must move in order to maintain an orbit at the outer edge of the earth's atmosphere. Cf. orbital velocity. * * *
circular-knit
/serr"kyeuh leuhr nit"/, adj. noting, pertaining to, or made of a fabric made by circular knitting. Cf. flat-knit. * * *
circularfile
circular file n. Slang A wastebasket. * * *
circularfunction
circular function n. See trigonometric function. * * *
circularity
See circular. * * *
circularization
See circularize. * * *
circularize
—circularization, n. —circularizer, n. /serr"kyeuh leuh ruyz'/, v.t., circularized, circularizing. 1. to circulate (a letter, memorandum, etc.). 2. to send circulars to. 3. ...
circularizer
See circularization. * * *
circularly
See circularity. * * *
circularmeasure
circular measure n. The measure of an angle in radians. * * *
circularmil
circular mil n. A unit of cross-sectional measurement, especially of wire, equal to the area of a circle with a diameter of one mil. * * *
circularsaw
circular saw n. A power saw for cutting wood or metal consisting of a toothed disk rotated at high speed. Also called buzz saw. * * *
circulate
—circulatable, adj. —circulative /serr"kyeuh lay'tiv, -leuh tiv/, adj. —circulatory /serr"kyeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /serr"kyeuh layt'/, v., circulated, ...
circulating capital
the portion of capital goods that consists of goods in process, inventories of finished goods, and raw materials. Also called circulating capital goods. Cf. fixed ...
circulating decimal
Math. See repeating decimal. [1760-70] * * *
circulating library
1. a library whose books can be borrowed by its members or subscribers. 2. See lending library. [1735-45] * * *
circulating medium
1. any coin or note passing, without endorsement, as a medium of exchange. 2. such coins or notes collectively. [1790-1800] * * *
circulatinglibrary
cir·cu·lat·ing library (sûrʹkyə-lā'tĭng) n. See lending library. * * *
circulation
—circulable /serr"kyeuh leuh beuhl/, adj. /serr'kyeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of circulating, moving in a circle or circuit, or flowing. 2. the continuous ...
circulative
See circulate. * * *
circulator
/serr"kyeuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who moves from place to place. 2. a person who circulates money, information, etc. 3. a talebearer or scandalmonger. 4. any of various ...
circulatory
cir·cu·la·to·ry (sûrʹkyə-lə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) adj. 1. Of or relating to circulation. 2. Of or relating to the circulatory system. * * *
circulatory system
Anat., Zool. the system of organs and tissues, including the heart, blood, blood vessels, lymph, lymphatic vessels, and lymph glands, involved in circulating blood and lymph ...
circulatorysystem
circulatory system n. The bodily system consisting of the heart, blood vessels, and blood that circulates blood throughout the body, delivers nutrients and other essential ...
circulus
/serr"kyeuh leuhs/, n., pl. circuli /-luy'/. any of the concentric circles on each scale of a fish, each of which indicates the annual growth of that scale. [ < L: CIRCLE] * * *
circum-
a prefix with the meaning "round about, around," found in Latin loanwords, esp. derivatives of verbs that had the general senses "to encompass or surround" (circumference; ...
circum.
circumference. * * *
circumambience
See circumambient. * * *
circumambiency
See circumambience. * * *
circumambient
—circumambience, circumambiency, n. —circumambiently, adv. /serr'keuhm am"bee euhnt/, adj. surrounding; encompassing: circumambient gloom. [1625-35; < LL circumambient- (s. ...
circumambiently
See circumambience. * * *
circumambulate
—circumambulation, n. —circumambulator, n. —circumambulatory, adj. /serr'keuhm am"byeuh layt'/, v.t., v.i., circumambulated, circumambulating. to walk or go about or ...
circumambulation
See circumambulate. * * *
circumbasal
/serr'keuhm bay"seuhl/, adj. surrounding the base. [1875-80; CIRCUM- + BASAL] * * *
circumbendibus
/serr'keuhm ben"deuh beuhs/, n., pl. circumbendibuses. Informal. a roundabout way; circumlocution. [1675-85; CIRCUM- + BEND1 + L -ibus abl. pl. ending] * * *
circumboreal
circumboreal [sʉr΄kəm bôr′ē əl] adj. of or having to do with plants and animals inhabiting boreal regions of North America and Eurasia * * * cir·cum·bo·re·al ...

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