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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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control survey
an accurate survey of a region forming a basis for more detailed surveys. * * *
control system
Means by which a set of variable quantities is held constant or caused to vary in a prescribed way. Control systems are intimately related to the concept of automation but have ...
control theory
Field of applied mathematics relevant to the control of certain physical processes and systems. It became a field in its own right in the late 1950s and early '60s. After World ...
control tower
a glass-enclosed, elevated structure for the visual observation and control of the air and ground traffic at an airport. Also called tower. [1915-20] * * *
control unit
Computers. 1. the part of a CPU that interprets the instructions in programs and directs the operation of the entire system. 2. controller (def. 5). [1960-65] * * *
control experiment n. An experiment that isolates the effect of one variable on a system by holding constant all variables but the one under observation. * * *
control freak Slang n. One who has an obsessive need to exert control over people and situations. * * *
control key n. Abbr. ctrl A key on a computer keyboard that is pressed in combination with another key to activate a command. * * *
See control. * * *
See controllability. * * *
/keuhn troh"leuh beuhl pich"/, adj. (of a marine or aircraft propeller) having blades whose pitch can be changed during navigation or flight; variable-pitch. Cf. ...
See controllability. * * *
controlled substance
any of a category of behavior-altering or addictive drugs, as heroin or cocaine, whose possession and use are restricted by law. [1970-75] * * *
/keuhn trohld"ri lees"/, adj. (of a substance, as a medicine or insecticide) released or activated at predetermined intervals or gradually over a period of time. * * *
con·trolled substance (kən-trōldʹ) n. A drug or chemical substance whose possession and use are regulated under the Controlled Substances Act. * * *
—controllership, n. /keuhn troh"leuhr/, n. 1. an employee, often an officer, of a business firm who checks expenditures, finances, etc.; comptroller. 2. a person who regulates, ...
See controller. * * *
controlling account.
See control account. * * *
controlling image
a literary device employing repetition so as to stress the theme of a work or a particular symbol. * * *
controlling interest
ownership of enough stock in a company to exert control over policy and management. [1920-25] * * *
con·trol·ling interest (kən-trōʹlĭng) n. Ownership of a sufficient number of shares of stock in a company to control company policy. * * *
control rocket n. A vernier rocket or similar missile used to change the altitude or trajectory of a rocket or spacecraft. * * *
control stick n. A lever used to control the motion of an aircraft by changing the angle of the elevators and ailerons. * * *
control surface n. A movable airfoil, especially a rudder, aileron, or elevator, used to control or guide an aircraft, guided missile, or rocket. * * *
control system n. A mechanical, optical, or electronic system that is used to maintain a desired output. * * *
control tower n. A tower at an airfield from which air traffic is controlled by radio and observed physically and by radar. * * *
—controversialism, n. —controversialist, n. —controversially, adv. /kon'treuh verr"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of controversy; polemical: a ...
controversialist [kän΄trə vʉr′shəlist, kän΄trə vʉr′sē əlist] n. a person who takes part in controversy or likes to do so * * * See controversial. * * *
See controversialist. * * *
See controversialist. * * *
/kon"treuh verr'see/; Brit. also /keuhn trov"euhr see/, n., pl. controversies. 1. a prolonged public dispute, debate, or contention; disputation concerning a matter of ...
—controverter, controvertist, n. —controvertible, adj. —controvertibly, adv. /kon"treuh verrt', kon'treuh verrt"/, v.t. 1. to argue against; dispute; deny; oppose. 2. to ...
See controvert. * * *
—contumaciously, adv. —contumaciousness, contumacity /kon'too mas"i tee, -tyoo-/, n. /kon'too may"sheuhs, -tyoo-/, adj. stubbornly perverse or rebellious; willfully and ...
See contumacious. * * *
See contumaciously. * * *
/kon"too meuh see, -tyoo-/, n., pl. contumacies. stubborn perverseness or rebelliousness; willful and obstinate resistance or disobedience to authority. [1150-1200; ME contumacie ...
contumelious [kän΄tyo͞o mē′lē əs, kän΄to͞omē′lē əs] adj. 〚ME < OFr contumelieus < L contumeliosus < contumelia: see CONTUMELY〛 rude in a contemptuous way; ...
See contumelious. * * *
—contumelious /kon'tooh mee"lee euhs, -tyooh-/, adj. —contumeliously, adv. —contumeliousness, n. /kon"too meuh lee, -tyoo-; keuhn tooh"meuh lee, -tyooh"-; kon"teuhm lee, ...
—contusive /keuhn tooh"siv, -tyooh"-/, adj. /keuhn toohz", -tyoohz"/, v.t., contused, contusing. to injure (tissue), esp. without breaking the skin; bruise. [1375-1425; late ME ...
—contusioned, adj. /keuhn tooh"zheuhn, -tyooh"-/, n. an injury, as from a blow with a blunt instrument, in which the subsurface tissue is injured but the skin is not broken; ...
/keuh nun"dreuhm/, n. 1. a riddle, the answer to which involves a pun or play on words, as What is black and white and read all over? A newspaper. 2. anything that ...
/kon'euhr bay"sheuhn/, n. an extensive urban area resulting from the expansion of several cities or towns so that they coalesce but usually retain their separate ...
/kon"yeuhr/, n. any of several long-tailed New World parrots, esp. of the genus Aratinga, certain species of which are kept as pets. [1855-60; < NL Conurus earlier genus name < ...
continental United States. * * *
conus arteriosus
/koh"neuhs ahr tear'ee oh"seuhs/, pl. coni arteriosi /koh"nuy ahr tear'ee oh"suy, koh"nee ahr tear'ee oh"see/. Anat., Zool. the most anterior part of the simple tubular heart of ...
co·nus ar·te·ri·o·sus (kō'nəs är-tîr'ē-ōʹsəs) n. pl. co·ni ar·te·ri·o·si (kō'nī är-tîr'ē-ōʹsī, kō'nē är-tîr'ē-ōʹsē) 1. A conical extension of ...
1. convention; conventional. 2. convertible. 3. convocation. * * *
/kon'veuh les"/, v.i., convalesced, convalescing. to recover health and strength after illness; make progress toward recovery of health. [1475-85; < L convalescere to grow fully ...
/kon'veuh les"euhns/, n. 1. the gradual recovery of health and strength after illness. 2. the period during which one is convalescing. [1480-90; < LL convalescentia. See ...
—convalescently, adv. /kon'veuh les"euhnt/, adj. 1. convalescing. 2. of or pertaining to convalescence or convalescing persons. n. 3. a person who is convalescing. [1650-60; < ...
—convective, adj. —convectively, adv. /keuhn vekt"/, v.t. 1. to transfer (heat or a fluid) by convection. v.i. 2. (of a fluid) to transfer heat by convection. [1880-85; back ...
—convectional, adj. /keuhn vek"sheuhn/, n. 1. Physics. the transfer of heat by the circulation or movement of the heated parts of a liquid or gas. 2. Meteorol. the vertical ...
convection cell
Physics. a distinct volume of circulating fluid, in a fluid medium under gravity, that is heated from below and cooled from above: usually found in large groupings. * * *
convection oven
a gas, electric, or microwave oven equipped with a fan that circulates and intensifies the heat, thereby decreasing the normal cooking time. [1970-75] * * *
See convection. * * *
convection oven n. An oven having a fan that shortens cooking time by circulating hot air uniformly around the food. * * *
See convectional. * * *
convective activity
Meteorol. any manifestation of convection in the atmosphere, as hail or thunderstorms. * * *
convective discharge
Physics. the repulsion of ions of a gas by a highly charged body, creating a discernible wind. * * *
See convectional. * * *
/keuhn vek"teuhr/, n. any fluid or device transferring heat by convection. [1905-10; CONVECT + -OR2] * * *
See convene. * * *
/kon"veuh nahns'/; Fr. /kawonnveu nahonns"/, n., pl. convenances /-nahn'siz/; Fr. /-nahonns"/. 1. suitability; expediency; propriety. 2. convenances, the social proprieties or ...
—convenable, adj. —convenably, adv. —convener, convenor, n. /keuhn veen"/, v., convened, convening. v.i. 1. to come together or assemble, usually for some public ...
See convenable. * * *
/keuhn veen"yeuhns/, n. 1. the quality of being convenient; suitability. 2. anything that saves or simplifies work, adds to one's ease or comfort, etc., as an appliance, utensil, ...
convenience food
any packaged food, dish, or meal that can be prepared quickly and easily, as by thawing or heating. [1960-65] * * *
convenience store
a retail store that carries a limited selection of basic items, as packaged foods and drugstore items, and is open long hours for the convenience of shoppers. [1960-65] * * *
convenience food n. A prepackaged food that can be prepared quickly and easily. * * *
convenience store n. A small retail store that is open long hours and that typically sells staple groceries, snacks, and sometimes gasoline. * * *
/keuhn veen"yeuhn see/, n., pl. conveniencies. Archaic. convenience. [1485-95; < L convenientia. See CONVENIENCE, -CY] * * *
—conveniently, adv. /keuhn veen"yeuhnt/, adj. 1. suitable or agreeable to the needs or purpose; well-suited with respect to facility or ease in use; favorable, easy, or ...
See convenient. * * *
See convenable. * * *
/kon"vent, -veuhnt/, n. 1. a community of persons devoted to religious life under a superior. 2. a society or association of monks, friars, or nuns: now usually used of a society ...
—conventicler, n. —conventicular /kon'ven tik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. /keuhn ven"ti keuhl/, n. 1. a secret or unauthorized meeting, esp. for religious worship, as those held by ...
See conventicle. * * *
/keuhn ven"sheuhn/, n. 1. a meeting or formal assembly, as of representatives or delegates, for discussion of and action on particular matters of common concern. 2. U.S. ...
convention center
a large civic building or group of buildings designed for conventions, industrial shows, and the like, having large unobstructed exhibit areas and often including conference ...
Convention on Biological Diversity
▪ international treaty also called  Biodiversity Treaty        international treaty designed to promote the conservation of biodiversity and to ensure the sustainable ...
—conventionalist, n. —conventionally, adv. /keuhn ven"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. conforming or adhering to accepted standards, as of conduct or taste: conventional behavior. 2. ...
conventional weapon
a nonnuclear weapon. [1950-55] * * *
conventional wisdom
something that is generally believed; prudence. [‡1965-70] * * *
/keuhn ven"sheuh nl iz'euhm/, n. 1. adherence to or advocacy of conventional attitudes or practices. 2. something conventional, as an expression or attitude. 3. Philos. the view ...
See conventionalism. * * *
/keuhn ven'sheuh nal"i tee/, n., pl. conventionalities for 3, 4. 1. conventional quality or character. 2. adherence to convention. 3. a conventional practice, principle, form, ...
See conventionalize. * * *
—conventionalization, n. /keuhn ven"sheuh nl uyz'/, v.t., conventionalized, conventionalizing. 1. to make conventional. 2. Art. to represent in a conventional manner. Also, ...
See conventionalism. * * *
/keuhn ven'sheuh near"/, n. 1. a person, as a political delegate, who participates in a convention. v.i. 2. to participate in a convention. [1930-35; CONVENTION + -EER] * * *
/keuhn ven"sheuh neuhr/, n. 1. a conventioneer. 2. a member of a convention. [1685-95; CONVENTION + -ER1] * * *
➡ British Constitution * * *
—conventually, adj. /keuhn ven"chooh euhl/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or characteristic of a convent. n. 2. See Friar Minor Conventual. 3. a member of a convent or ...
Conventual Mass
1. the Mass celebrated daily in a convent church for all members of the conventual community. 2. Rom. Cath. Ch., Anglican Ch. the Mass said daily in a cathedral or collegiate ...
/keuhn verrj"/, v., converged, converging. v.i. 1. to tend to meet in a point or line; incline toward each other, as lines that are not parallel. 2. to tend to a common result, ...
/keuhn verr"jeuhns/, n. 1. an act or instance of converging. 2. a convergent state or quality. 3. the degree or point at which lines, objects, etc., converge. 4. Ophthalm. a ...
convergence and divergence
▪ atmospheric       in meteorology, the accumulation or drawing apart of air, as well as the rate at which each takes place. The terms are usually used to refer ...
Convergence and Union
▪ political party, Spain Catalan  Convergència i Unió (CiU)        political party that supports greater autonomy for Catalonia within Spain.       The CiU ...
con·ver·gen·cy (kən-vûrʹjən-sē) n. pl. con·ver·gen·cies Convergence. * * *
—convergently, adv. /keuhn verr"jeuhnt/, adj. characterized by convergence; tending to come together; merging. [1720-30; < LL convergent- (s. of convergens, prp. of ...
convergent boundary
Geol. a major geologic discontinuity or suture marking the juncture of lithospheric plates that have been joined by plate tectonics. * * *
convergent evolution
the appearance of apparently similar structures in organisms of different lines of descent. [1965-70] * * *
convergent sequence
Math. See fundamental sequence. * * *
convergent evolution n. See convergence. * * *
converging lens
Optics. a lens that converts parallel rays of light to convergent rays and produces a real image. Also called positive lens. Cf. diverging lens. See diag. under lens. * * *
—conversableness, n. —conversably, adv. /keuhn verr"seuh beuhl/, adj. 1. easy and pleasant to talk with; agreeable. 2. able or disposed to converse. 3. pertaining to or ...
con·ver·sance (kən-vûrʹsəns, kŏnʹvər-) n. The state of being conversant; familiarity. * * *
con·ver·san·cy (kən-vûrʹsən-sē) n. pl. con·ver·san·cies Conversance. * * *
—conversance, conversancy, n. —conversantly, adv. /keuhn verr"seuhnt, kon"veuhr-/, adj. 1. familiar by use or study (usually fol. by with): conversant with Spanish ...
See conversant. * * *
/kon'veuhr say"sheuhn/, n. 1. informal interchange of thoughts, information, etc., by spoken words; oral communication between persons; talk; colloquy. 2. an instance of this. 3. ...
conversation chair
an English chair of the 18th century designed to be straddled facing the back of the chair with the elbows resting on the crest rail: an English imitation of the ...
conversation piece
1. any object that arouses comment because of some striking or unusual quality. 2. group portraiture representing more or less fashionable people either in an interior or ...
conversation pit
a usually sunken portion of a room or living area with chairs, sofas, etc., often grouped around a fireplace, where people can gather to talk. * * *
—conversationally, adv. /kon'veuhr say"sheuh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of conversation: a conversational tone of voice. 2. able or ready to converse; ...
conversational implicature
Philos., Ling. an inference that can be drawn from an utterance, as from one that is seemingly illogical or irrelevant, by examining the degree to which it conforms to the canons ...
conversational quality
(in public speaking) a manner of utterance that resembles the spontaneity and informality of relaxed personal conversation. * * *
/kon'veuhr say"sheuh nl ist/, n. a person who enjoys and contributes to good conversation; an interesting person in conversation. [1830-40; CONVERSATIONAL + -IST] * * *
See conversational. * * *
conversation piece n. 1. An unusual object that arouses comment or interest. 2. A genre painting, popular especially in the 18th century, depicting a group of fashionable ...
conversazione [kō̂n΄ver sä tsyō̂′ne] n. pl. conversazioni [kō̂n΄ver sä tsyō̂′nē] 〚It, lit., conversation〛 a social gathering for conversation about ...
converse1 —converser, n. v. /keuhn verrs"/; n. /kon"verrs/, v., conversed, conversing, n. v.i. 1. to talk informally with another or others; exchange views, opinions, etc., by ...
/kon"verrs/, n. Frederick Shepherd /shep"euhrd/, 1871-1940, U.S. composer. * * * ▪ logic       in logic, the proposition resulting from an interchange of subject and ...
Converse, Frederick Shepherd
▪ American composer born Jan. 5, 1871, Newton, Mass., U.S. died June 8, 1940, Westwood, Mass.       American composer whose essentially Romantic music is coloured with ...
See converse2. * * *
—conversional, conversionary /keuhn verr"zheuh ner'ee, -sheuh-/, adj. /keuhn verr"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of converting; state of being converted. 2. change ...
conversion disorder
Psychiatry. a mental disorder in which physical symptoms, as paralysis or blindness, occur without apparent physical cause and instead appear to result from psychological ...
conversion ratio
Physics. (in a reactor) the number of fissionable atoms produced by each fissionable atom that is destroyed. [1950-55] * * *
conversion table
a tabular arrangement of the equivalent values of the weight or measure units of different systems. * * *
conversion van
conversion van n. a van for utility use that has been customized with a luxury interior * * *
See conversion. * * *
See conversional. * * *
conversion disorder n. See conversion reaction. * * *
conversion factor n. A numerical factor used to multiply or divide a quantity when converting from one system of units to another. * * *
conversion reaction n. A psychopathological condition characterized by the presence of bodily symptoms having no discernible physical cause but for which there is evidence of a ...
Con·ver·so (kən-vĕrʹsō) n. pl. Con·ver·sos A Spanish or Portuguese Jew who converted outwardly to Christianity in the late Middle Ages so as to avoid persecution or ...
/keuhn verr"seuhs/, n., pl. conversi /-suy, -see/. Eccles. a lay brother. [ < L, ptp. of convertere to CONVERT1; see CONVERSE2] * * *
convert1 —convertive, adj. v. /keuhn verrt"/; n. /kon"verrt/, v.t. 1. to change (something) into a different form or properties; transmute; transform. 2. to cause to adopt a ...
/keuhn verr"teuh playn'/, n. convertiplane. * * *
/keuhn verr"tid/, adj. 1. noting a specified type of person who has been converted from the religion, beliefs, or attitudes characteristic of that type: a converted Christian; a ...
converted steel.
See cement steel. [1870-75] * * *
con·vert·ed rice (kən-vûrʹtĭd) n. A white rice prepared from brown rice that has been soaked, steamed under pressure to force water-soluble nutrients into the starchy ...
/keuhn verr"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that converts. 2. Elect. a device that converts alternating current to direct current or vice versa. Cf. inverter, synchronous ...
converter reactor
converter reactor n. a nuclear reactor that produces less fissionable material than it consumes, or one that produces a different fissionable material than it consumes * * *
See convertible. * * *
—convertibility, convertibleness, n. —convertibly, adv. /keuhn verr"teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being converted. 2. having a folding top, as an automobile or pleasure ...
convertible bond
a bond that can be exchanged for a fixed number of shares of the common stock of the issuing company at the holder's option. * * *
convertible debenture
a convertible bond that is not secured with collateral. * * *
convertible insurance
any form of life or health insurance, either individual or group, that enables the insured to change or convert the insurance to another form, as term to whole life insurance or ...
convertible lens
Photog. a lens containing two or more elements that can be used individually or in combination to provide a variety of focal lengths. * * *
convertible preferred stock
preferred stock that can be exchanged for a fixed number of shares of the common stock of the issuing company at the holder's option. * * *
convertible security n. A security that, at the holder's option, may be exchanged for another asset, typically a fixed number of shares of common stock. * * *
See convertibility. * * *
/keuhn verr"teuh playn'/, n. a plane capable of both vertical flight like a helicopter and fast, forward speed like a conventional airplane. Also, convertaplane, ...
/kon"veuhr tuyt'/, n. Archaic. 1. a convert. 2. a reformed prostitute. [1555-65; CONVERT + -ITE1] * * *
convertor [kən vʉr′tər] n. alt. sp. of CONVERTER * * * con·ver·tor (kən-vûrʹtər) n. Variant of converter. * * *
—convexly, convexedly /keuhn vek"sid lee/, adv. —convexedness, n. adj. /kon veks", keuhn-/; n. /kon"veks/, adj. 1. having a surface that is curved or rounded outward. Cf. ...
convex hull
Math. the smallest convex set containing a given set; the intersection of all convex sets that contain a given set. Also called convex cover, convex span. * * *
/keuhn vek"si tee/, n., pl. convexities for 2. 1. the state of being convex. 2. a convex surface or thing. [1590-1600; < L convexitas. See CONVEX, -ITY] * * *
See convex. * * *
a combining form representing convex in compound words: convexo-concave. * * *
/keuhn vek"soh kon kayv"/, adj. 1. concavo-convex. 2. Optics. pertaining to or noting a lens in which the convex face has a greater degree of curvature than the concave ...
/keuhn vek"soh kon veks"/, adj. convex on both sides; biconvex. [CONVEXO- + CONVEX] * * *
/keuhn vek"soh playn"/, adj. plano-convex. [CONVEXO- + PLANE1] * * *
—conveyable, adj. /keuhn vay"/, v.t. 1. to carry, bring, or take from one place to another; transport; bear. 2. to communicate; impart; make known: to convey a wish. 3. to lead ...
See convey. * * *
/keuhn vay"euhns/, n. 1. the act of conveying; transmission; communication. 2. a means of transporting, esp. a vehicle, as a bus, airplane, or automobile. 3. Law. a. the transfer ...
/keuhn vay"euhn seuhr/, n. a person engaged in conveyancing. [1615-25; CONVEYANCE + -ER1] * * *
/keuhn vay"euhn sing/, n. the branch of law practice consisting of examining titles, giving opinions as to their validity, and drawing of deeds, etc., for the conveyance of ...
/keuhn vay"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that conveys. 2. See conveyor belt. Also, conveyer. [1505-15; CONVEY + -OR2] * * * ▪ mechanical device       any of various ...
conveyor belt
Mach. an endless belt or chain, set of rollers, etc., for carrying materials or objects short distances, as from one part of a building to another. [1905-10] * * * One of ...
conveyor belt n. A mechanical apparatus consisting of a continous moving belt that transports materials or packages from one place to another. * * *
—conveyorization, n. —conveyorizer, n. /keuhn vay"euh ruyz'/, v.t., conveyorized, conveyorizing. to equip (a factory or the like) with conveyor belts. Also, esp. Brit., ...
—convictable, convictible, adj. —convictive, adj. —convictively, adv. v., adj. /keuhn vikt"/; n. /kon"vikt/, v.t. 1. to prove or declare guilty of an offense, esp. after a ...
➡ punishment * * *
/kon"vikt fish'/, n., pl. convictfishes, (esp. collectively) convictfish. See painted greenling. [CONVICT + FISH, so called from the fancied resemblance of its stripes to a ...
—convictional, adj. /keuhn vik"sheuhn/, n. 1. a fixed or firm belief. 2. the act of convicting. 3. the state of being convicted. 4. the act of convincing. 5. the state of being ...
See conviction. * * *
convictive [kən vik′tiv] adj. having power to convince or convict convictively adv. * * * con·vic·tive (kən-vĭkʹtĭv) adj. Having power or serving to convince or ...
See convictive. * * *
—convincedly, adv. —convincedness, n. —convincer, n. —convincible, adj. —convincibility, n. /keuhn vins"/, v.t., convinced, convincing. 1. to move by argument or ...
See convince. * * *
See convincement. * * *
See convincement. * * *
—convincingly, adv. —convincingness, n. /keuhn vin"sing/, adj. 1. persuading or assuring by argument or evidence: They gave a convincing demonstration of the car's safety ...
See convincing. * * *
See convincingly. * * *
/kon"vuyv/; Fr. /kawonn veev"/, n., pl. convives /-vuyvz/; Fr. /-veev"/. an eating or drinking companion; fellow diner or drinker. [1640-50; < F < L conviva table-companion, ...
—convivialist, n. —conviviality, n. —convivially, adv. /keuhn viv"ee euhl/, adj. 1. friendly; agreeable: a convivial atmosphere. 2. fond of feasting, drinking, and merry ...
See convivial. * * *
See conviviality. * * *
—convocational, adj. —convocationally, adv. /kon'veuh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of convoking. 2. the state of being convoked. 3. a group of people gathered in answer to a ...
See convocation. * * *
/kon"veuh kay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who convokes a meeting. 2. a person who takes part in a convocation. [1595-1605; < ML, equiv. to convoca(re) to CONVOKE + -tor -TOR] * * *
—convocative /keuhn vok"euh tiv/, adj. —convoker /keuhn voh"keuhr/, convocant /kon"veuh keuhnt/, n. /keuhn vohk"/, v.t., convoked, convoking. to call together; summon to meet ...
See convoke. * * *
—convolutely, adv. /kon"veuh looht'/, v., convoluted, convoluting, adj. v.t., v.i. 1. to coil up; form into a twisted shape. adj. 2. rolled up together or with one part over ...
—convolutedly, adj. —convolutedness, n. /kon"veuh looh'tid/, adj. 1. twisted; coiled. 2. complicated; intricately involved: a convoluted way of describing a simple ...
convoluted tubule
n. Anat. a portion of the nephron in the kidney that functions in concentrating urine and in maintaining salt, water, and sugar balance. [1945-50] * * *
See convolute. * * *
—convolutional, convolutionary /kon'veuh looh"sheuh ner'ee/, adj. /kon'veuh looh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a rolled up or coiled condition. 2. a rolling or coiling together. 3. a turn of ...
See convolution. * * *
—convolvement, n. /keuhn volv"/, v.i., v.t., convolved, convolving. to roll or wind together; coil; twist. [1590-1600; < L convolvere, equiv. to con- CON- + volvere to roll, ...
▪ plant family       the morning glory family of flowering plants, which includes some 57 genera and about 1,600 species, widely cultivated for their colourful ...
/keuhn vol'vyeuh lay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Convolvulaceae, the morning glory family. Cf. morning glory family. [1840-50; < NL Convolvulace(ae) (see CONVOLVOLUS, -ACEAE) ...
/keuhn vol"vyeuh leuhs/, n., pl. convolvuluses, convolvuli /-luy'/. any plant belonging to the genus Convolvulus, of the morning glory family, comprising twining or prostrate ...
v. /kon"voy, keuhn voy"/; n. /kon"voy/, v.t. 1. to accompany or escort, usually for protection: A destroyer convoyed the merchant ship. n. 2. the act of convoying. 3. the ...
/keuhn vul"seuhnt/, adj. 1. causing convulsions; convulsive. n. 2. a convulsant agent. [1870-75; CONVULSE + -ANT] * * *
—convulsedly, adv. —convulsible, adj. —convulsibility, n. /keuhn vuls"/, v.t., convulsed, convulsing. 1. to shake violently; agitate. 2. to cause to shake violently with ...
/keuhn vul"sheuhn/, n. 1. contortion of the body caused by violent, involuntary muscular contractions of the extremities, trunk, and head. 2. violent agitation or disturbance; ...
/keuhn vul"sheuh ner'ee/, adj., n., pl. convulsionaries. adj. 1. of or affected with convulsion. n. 2. a person who has convulsions, esp. as a result of religious ...
—convulsively, adv. —convulsiveness, n. /keuhn vul"siv/, adj. 1. of the nature of or characterized by convulsions or spasms. 2. producing or accompanied by convulsion: ...
convulsive disorder
any of various types of epilepsy. * * *
See convulsive. * * *
See convulsively. * * *
/kon"way/, n. 1. Thomas, 1735-1800?, Irish soldier of fortune in America and India. 2. a city in central Arkansas. 20,375. 3. a town in E South Carolina. 10,240. 4. a male given ...
Conway Twitty
➡ Twitty * * *
Conway, Henry Seymour
▪ British commander and politician born 1721 died July 9, 1795, Park Place, near Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, Eng.       military commander and prominent British ...
Conway, Jill Ker
▪ American scholar née  Jill Ker  born October 9, 1934, Hillston, N.S.W., Australia       Australian-born American scholar, the first woman president of Smith ...
Conway, Moncure Daniel
▪ American clergyman born March 17, 1832, Stafford county, Virginia, U.S. died November 15, 1907, Paris, France  American clergyman, author, and vigorous ...
Conway, Thomas
born Feb. 27, 1735, Ireland died с 1800 General of the U.S. army during the American Revolution. Sent by France to aid the Revolutionary army, he fought in the Battles of ...
Conway, William Martin Conway, Baron
▪ British explorer and art historian born April 12, 1856, Rochester, Kent, England died April 19, 1937, London       British mountain climber, explorer, and art ...
Conwell, Russell Herman
▪ American lawyer and educator born Feb. 15, 1843, South Worthington, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 6, 1925, Philadelphia  American lawyer, author, clergyman, and educator whose ...
▪ Wales, United Kingdom also called  Conway   town, Conwy county borough, historic county of Caernarvonshire (Sir Gaernarfon), Wales. It lies on the west bank of the ...
/koh"nee, kun"ee/, n., pl. conies. 1. the fur of a rabbit, esp. when dyed to simulate Hudson seal. 2. the daman or other hyrax of the same genus. 3. the pika. 4. a rabbit. 5. ...
Conybeare, William Daniel
▪ British geologist born June 7, 1787, St. Botolph, West Sussex, Eng. died Aug. 12, 1857, Itchen Stoke       English geologist and paleontologist, known for his classic ...
Conyngham, Gustavus
▪ United States naval officer born c. 1747, County Donegal, Ire. died Nov. 27, 1819, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American naval officer who fought the British in ...
coo1 —cooer, n. —cooingly, adv. /kooh/, v., cooed, cooing, n. v.i. 1. to utter or imitate the soft, murmuring sound characteristic of doves. 2. to murmur or talk fondly or ...
/kaw"aw/, n. Italian name of Kos. * * *
chief operating officer. * * *
Coober Pedy
▪ South Australia, Australia       town and mining field in central South Australia, 590 miles (950 km) northwest of Adelaide. Most of the total world production of ...
/kooh"booh/, n., pl. cooboos. Australian Informal. an Aborigine child. [perh. < an Australian Aboriginal language] * * *
/koohch/, n. a sinuous, quasi-Oriental dance performed by a woman and characterized chiefly by suggestive gyrating and shaking of the body. Also, cootch. Also called cooch dance, ...
Cooch Behar
/koohch' beuh hahr"/ 1. a former state in NE India; now part of West Bengal. 2. a city in West Bengal, in NE India. 53,734. * * * ▪ India also spelled  Kuch Bihār  or ...
Cooch Be·har (ko͞och' bə-härʹ) A former princely state of northeast India. Once a powerful part of Assam, it came under British rule in 1772. * * *
coocoo [ko͞o′ko͞o΄; ] also [ kook′o͞o] adj. alt. sp. of CUCKOO (adj. ) * * *
Cooder, Ry
▪ 2000       Charming melodies and seductive, throbbing rhythms, played by veteran Cuban musicians, pulsated throughout the 1999 film Buena Vista Social Club. This ...
/kooh"ee/, n., v., cooeed, cooeeing. n. 1. a prolonged, shrill, clear call or cry used as a signal by Australian Aborigines and adopted by the settlers in the country. v.i. 2. to ...
See coo. * * *
/kooh"ee/, n., pl. cooeys, v.i., cooeyed, cooeying. cooee. * * *
/koohf/, n. Chiefly Scot. a silly or stupid person. [1715-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
Coogan, Jackie
▪ American actor byname of  John Leslie Coogan   born Oct. 26, 1914, Los Angeles died March 1, 1984, Santa Monica, Calif., U.S.  the first major Hollywood child star, who ...
cook1 —cookable, adj. —cookless, adj. /kook/, v.t. 1. to prepare (food) by the use of heat, as by boiling, baking, or roasting. 2. to subject (anything) to the application of ...
/kook/, n. 1. Frederick Albert, 1865-1940, U.S. physician and polar explorer. 2. George Cram /kram/, 1873-1924, U.S. novelist, dramatist, and poet. 3. Captain James, 1728-79, ...
Cook Inlet
an inlet of the Gulf of Alaska. 150 mi. (240 km) long. * * * Inlet, Gulf of Alaska in the northern Pacific Ocean. Bounded by the Kenai Peninsula on the east, it extends ...
Cook Islands
a group of islands in the S Pacific belonging to New Zealand. 21,317; 99 sq. mi. (256 sq. km). * * * Cook Islands Introduction Cook Islands - ...
Cook Islands, flag of
▪ Flag History       New Zealand territorial flag consisting of a royal-blue field with a Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the) in the upper hoist quadrant and a ...
Cook Strait
a strait in New Zealand between North and South Islands. * * * Strait, separating North and South islands of New Zealand. Extending from the Tasman Sea to the Pacific Ocean, it ...
Cook's tour
/kooks/ a guided but cursory tour of the major features of a place or area. [1905-10; after Thomas Cook (1808-92), English travel agent] * * *
Cook, Arthur James
▪ British labour leader born Nov. 22, 1883, Wookey, Somerset, Eng. died Nov. 2, 1931, London  British labour leader, an impassioned orator who had a great following among ...
Cook, Beryl
▪ 2009 Beryl Frances Lansley        British artist born Sept. 10, 1926, Egham, Surrey, Eng. died May 28, 2008, Plymouth, Devon, Eng. painted humorous scenes of plump ...
Cook, Elisha, Jr.
▪ 1996       U.S. character actor who often portrayed villains, most notably the psychotic Wilmer in The Maltese Falcon (b. Dec. 26, 1902—d. May 18, 1995). * * *
Cook, Frederick Albert
▪ American physician and explorer born June 10, 1865, Hortonville, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 5, 1940, New Rochelle, N.Y.  American physician and explorer whose claim that he had ...
Cook, George Cram
▪ American writer born Oct. 7, 1873, Davenport, Iowa, U.S. died Jan. 14, 1924, Delphi, Greece       novelist, poet, and playwright who, with his wife, Susan Glaspell ...
Cook, James
known as Captain Cook born Oct. 27, 1728, Marton-in-Cleveland, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 14, 1779, Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii British sailor and explorer. He joined the Royal Navy ...
Cook, Mount
▪ mountain, New Zealand  mountain, the highest in New Zealand, in the Southern Alps, west-central South Island. Surrounded by 22 peaks exceeding 10,000 feet (3,000 metres), ...
Cook, Peter Edward
▪ 1996       British entertainer (b. Nov. 17, 1937, Torquay, Devon, England—d. Jan. 9, 1995, London, England), gained international fame in the 1960s in the hit ...
Cook, Robin
▪ 2006 Robert Finlayson Cook  British politician (b. Feb. 28, 1946, Belshill, Lanarkshire, Scot.—d. Aug. 6, 2005, Sutherland, Scot.), served as foreign secretary in the ...
Cook, Robin Finlayson
▪ 1997       Once a left-wing socialist who believed that Great Britain should abandon nuclear weapons and leave NATO, Robin Cook had turned by 1996 into one of the key ...
Cook, Sir Joseph
▪ prime minister of Australia born Dec. 7, 1860, Silverdale, Staffordshire, Eng. died July 30, 1947, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia  early prime minister (1913–14) of a ...
Cook, Thomas
born Nov. 22, 1808, Melbourne, Derbyshire, Eng. died July 18, 1892, Leicester, Leicestershire British innovator of the conducted tour. A Baptist missionary, in 1841 he arranged ...
Cook,Frederick Albert
Cook (ko͝ok), Frederick Albert. 1865-1940. American physician and Arctic explorer who announced that he had reached the North Pole in 1908, a claim that was rejected by the ...
Cook, James. Known as “Captain Cook.” 1728-1779. British navigator and explorer who commanded three major voyages of discovery, charting and naming many islands of the ...

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