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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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circumcenter
/serr"keuhm sen'teuhr/, n. Geom. the center of a circumscribed circle; that point where any two perpendicular bisectors of the sides of a polygon inscribed in the circle ...
circumcircle
/serr"keuhm serr'keuhl/, n. Geom. a circle circumscribed about a figure. [1880-85; CIRCUM- + CIRCLE] * * *
circumcise
—circumciser, n. /serr"keuhm suyz'/, v.t., circumcised, circumcising. 1. to remove the prepuce of (a male), esp. as a religious rite. 2. to remove the clitoris, prepuce, or ...
circumciser
See circumcise. * * *
circumcision
/serr'keuhm sizh"euhn/, n. 1. an act, instance, or the rite of circumcising. 2. clitoridectomy. 3. spiritual purification. 4. (cap.) a church festival in honor of the ...
circumcolumnar
/serr'keuhm keuh lum"neuhr/, adj. Archit. surrounding a column. [1875-80; CIRCUM- + COLUMNAR] * * *
circumduction
cir·cum·duc·tion (sûr'kəm-dŭkʹshən) n. The circular movement of a limb such that the distal end of the limb delineates an arc.   [Latin circumductiō, circumductiōn-, ...
circumference
/seuhr kum"feuhr euhns/, n. 1. the outer boundary, esp. of a circular area; perimeter: the circumference of a circle. 2. the length of such a boundary: a one-mile ...
circumferential
/seuhr kum'feuh ren"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of, at, or near the circumference; surrounding; lying along the outskirts. 2. lying within the circumference. 3. circuitous; indirect: a ...
circumferentor
/seuhr kum"feuh ren'teuhr/, n. Survey. an alidade equipped with a compass and two diametrically opposed vertical arms with slits for sighting through. [1600-10; < L ...
circumfix
cir·cum·fix (sûrʹkəm-fĭks') n. An affix consisting of a prefix and a suffix, such as the progressive present marker a-... -ing in dialectal English I'm a-going or the past ...
circumflex
/serr"keuhm fleks'/, adj. 1. consisting of, indicated by, or bearing the mark ^ placed over a vowel symbol in some languages to show that the vowel or the syllable containing it ...
circumfluent
—circumfluence, n. /seuhr kum"flooh euhnt/, adj. flowing around; encompassing. [1570-80; < L circumfluent- (s. of circumfluens, prp. of circumfluere to flow around). See ...
circumfluous
/seuhr kum"flooh euhs/, adj. 1. circumfluent. 2. surrounded by water. [1605-15; < L circumfluus, equiv. to circum- CIRCUM- + -fluus, deriv. of fluere to flow; see -OUS] * * *
circumfuse
—circumfusion /serr'keuhm fyooh"zheuhn/, n. /serr'keuhm fyoohz"/, v.t., circumfused, circumfusing. 1. to pour around; diffuse. 2. to surround as with a fluid; suffuse: An ...
circumfusion
See circumfuse. * * *
circumgyration
—circumgyratory /serr'keuhm juy"reuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /serr'keuhm juy ray"sheuhn/, n. a revolution or circular movement. [1595-1605; < LL circumgyration- (s. of ...
circumincession
/serr'keuhm in sesh"euhn/, n. Theol. the reciprocal existence in one another of the three persons of the Trinity. Also, circuminsession. [1635-45; < ML circumincession- (s. of ...
circumjacent
—circumjacence, circumjacency, n. /serr'keuhm jay"seuhnt/, adj. lying around; surrounding. [1480-90; < L circumjacent- (s. of circumjacens, prp. of circumjacere to lie around), ...
circumlocution
—circumlocutory /serr'keuhm lok"yeuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, circumlocutional, circumlocutionary, adj. /serr'keuhm loh kyooh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a roundabout or indirect way of ...
circumlocutorily
See circumlocution. * * *
circumlocutory
See circumlocutorily. * * *
circumlunar
/serr'keuhm looh"neuhr/, adj. rotating about or surrounding the moon. [1905-10; CIRCUM- + LUNAR] * * *
circumnavigate
—circumnavigable /serr'keuhm nav"i geuh beuhl/, adj. —circumnavigation, n. —circumnavigator, n. —circumnavigatory /serr'keuhm nav"i geuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, ...
circumnavigation
See circumnavigate. * * *
circumnavigator
See circumnavigation. * * *
circumnutate
—circumnutation, n. —circumnutatory /serr'keuhm nooh"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, -nyooh"-/, adj. /serr'keuhm nooh"tayt, -nyooh"-/, v.i., circumnutated, circumnutating. (of the ...
circumnutation
circumnutation [sʉr΄kəmnyo͞o tā′shən] n. 〚 CIRCUM- + NUTATION〛 Bot. the irregular spiral or elliptical rotation of the apex of a growing stem, root, or shoot, caused ...
circumocular
/serr'keuhm ok"yeuh leuhr/, adj. Ophthalm. surrounding the eye. [CIRCUM- + OCULAR] * * *
circumpolar
/serr'keuhm poh"leuhr/, adj. around or near a pole, as of the earth. [1680-90; CIRCUM- + POLAR] * * *
circumradius
/serr'keuhm ray"dee euhs/, n., pl. circumradii /-dee" uy'/, circumradiuses. Geom. the radius of the circle circumscribed around a triangle. [CIRCUM- + RADIUS] * * *
circumrotate
—circumrotation, n. —circumrotatory /serr'keuhm roh"teuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /serr'keuhm roh"tayt/, v.i., circumrotated, circumrotating. to rotate like a wheel. [ < L ...
circumrotation
See circumrotate. * * *
circumrotatory
See circumrotation. * * *
circumscissile
/serr'keuhm sis"il/, adj. Bot. opening along a transverse circular line, as a seed vessel. [1825-35; CIRCUM- + SCISSILE] * * *
circumscribable
See circumscribe. * * *
circumscribe
—circumscribable, adj. —circumscriber, n. /serr"keuhm skruyb', serr'keuhm skruyb"/, v.t., circumscribed, circumscribing. 1. to draw a line around; encircle: to circumscribe a ...
circumscriber
See circumscribable. * * *
circumscript
/serr"keuhm skript'/, adj. 1. Rare. limited or confined. 2. Obs. enclosed or encompassed. [1640-50; < L circumscriptus, ptp. of circumscribere to CIRCUMSCRIBE; see CIRCUM-, ...
circumscription
—circumscriptive, adj. —circumscriptively, adv. /serr'keuhm skrip"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of circumscribing. 2. circumscribed state; limitation. 3. anything that ...
circumscriptive
See circumscription. * * *
circumscriptively
See circumscriptive. * * *
circumsolar
/serr'keuhm soh"leuhr/, adj. directed, traveling, etc., around the sun: the earth's circumsolar course. [1840-50; CIRCUM- + SOLAR] * * *
circumspect
—circumspectly, adv. —circumspectness, n. /serr"keuhm spekt'/, adj. 1. watchful and discreet; cautious; prudent: circumspect behavior. 2. well-considered: circumspect ...
circumspection
/serr'keuhm spek"sheuhn/, n. circumspect observation or action; caution; prudence: He approached with circumspection. [1350-1400; ME < L circumspection- (s. of circumspectio), ...
circumspective
—circumspectively, adv. /serr'keuhm spek"tiv/, adj. given to or marked by circumspection; watchful; cautious: His behavior was circumspective. [1625-35; CIRCUMSPECT + -IVE] * * ...
circumspectly
See circumspect. * * *
circumstance
/serr"keuhm stans'/ or, esp. Brit., /-steuhns/, n., v., circumstanced, circumstancing. n. 1. a condition, detail, part, or attribute, with respect to time, place, manner,agent, ...
circumstanced
/serr"keuhm stanst'/ or, esp. Brit., /-steuhnst/, v. 1. pt. and pp. of circumstance. adj. 2. being in a condition, or state, esp. with respect to income and material welfare, as ...
circumstantial
—circumstantially, adv. /serr'keuhm stan"sheuhl/, adj. 1. of pertaining to, or derived from circumstances: a circumstantial result. 2. of the nature of a circumstance; ...
circumstantial evidence
proof of facts offered as evidence from which other facts are to be inferred (contrasted with direct evidence). Also called indirect evidence. [1730-40] * * * In law, evidence ...
circumstantialevidence
circumstantial evidence n. Evidence not bearing directly on the fact in dispute but on various attendant circumstances from which the judge or jury might infer the occurrence of ...
circumstantiality
/serr'keuhm stan'shee al"i tee/, n., pl. circumstantialities for 2, 3. 1. the quality of being circumstantial; minuteness; fullness of detail. 2. a circumstance; a detail. 3. ...
circumstantially
See circumstantial. * * *
circumstantiate
—circumstantiation, n. /serr'keuhm stan"shee ayt'/, v.t., circumstantiated, circumstantiating. 1. to set forth or support with circumstances or particulars: Documents ...
circumstantiation
See circumstantiate. * * *
circumstellar
/serr'keuhm stel"euhr/, adj. surrounding a star. [1950-55; CIRCUM- + STELLAR] * * *
circumterrestrial
/serr'keuhm teuh res"tree euhl/, adj. surrounding or revolving about the earth. [1820-30; CIRCUM- + TERRESTRIAL] * * *
circumvallate
—circumvallation, n. /serr'keuhm val"ayt/, adj., v., circumvallated, circumvallating. adj. 1. surrounded by or as if by a rampart. 2. Anat. surrounded by a depression or ...
circumvallation
See circumvallate. * * *
circumvent
—circumventer, circumventor, n. —circumvention, n. —circumventive, adj. /serr'keuhm vent", serr"keuhm vent'/, v.t. 1. to go around or bypass: to circumvent the lake; to ...
circumventer
See circumvent. * * *
circumvention
See circumventer. * * *
circumventive
See circumventer. * * *
circumventor
See circumventer. * * *
circumvolution
—circumvolutory /sur'keuhm veuh looh"teuh ree/, adj. /serr'keuhm veuh looh"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of rolling or turning around: planetary circumvolution. 2. a single complete ...
circumvolve
/serr'keuhm volv"/, v.t., v.i., circumvolved, circumvolving. to revolve or wind about. [1590-1600; < L circumvolv(ere), equiv. to circum- CIRCUM- + volvere to roll (see ...
circus
—circusy, adj. /serr"keuhs/, n., pl. circuses. 1. a large public entertainment, typically presented in one or more very large tents or in an outdoor or indoor arena, featuring ...
circus catch
circus catch n. a spectacular or difficult catch, esp. one made by a fielder in baseball or a receiver in football * * *
Circus Maximus
/mak"seuh meuhs/ the great ancient Roman circus between the Palatine and Aventine hills. * * * ▪ arena, Rome, Italy       largest of the Roman hippodromes (hippodrome) ...
circusy
See circus. * * *
ciré
/si ray"/, n. 1. a brilliant, highly glazed surface produced on fabrics by subjecting them to a wax, heat, and calendering treatment. 2. a double fabric having such a ...
cire perdue
/sear" per dooh", -dyooh"/; Fr. /seerdd perdd dyuu"/, Metall. See lost-wax process. [1875-80; short for F moulage à cire perdue mold on lost wax] * * *
Cirebon
/chir"euh bawn'/, n. a seaport on N Java, in S central Indonesia. 178,529. Also, Tjirebon. * * * ▪ regency, Indonesia also spelled  Cheribon, or Tjirebon ...
Cirenaica
/sir'euh nay"i keuh, suy'reuh-/; It. /chee rdde nah"ee kah/, n. Cyrenaica. * * *
Cirencester
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Cotswold district, administrative and historic county of Gloucestershire, England, on the River Churn. Cirencester ...
cirio
/sir"ee oh'/, n., pl. cirios. See boojum tree. [ < MexSp; Sp: wax candle < L cereus, n. use of cereus made of wax, equiv. to cer(a) wax + -eus -EOUS] * * *
cirque
/serrk/, n. 1. circle; ring. 2. a bowl-shaped, steep-walled mountain basin carved by glaciation, often containing a small, round lake. [1595-1605; < F < L circus; see CIRCUS] * * ...
cirrate
/sir"ayt/, adj. Bot., Zool. having cirri. [1820-30; < L cirratus, equiv. to cirr(us) a curl + -atus -ATE1] * * *
cirrhosis
—cirrhotic /si rot"ik/, adj. —cirrhosed, adj. /si roh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and ...
cirrhotic
See cirrhosis. * * *
cirrhus
/sir"euhs/, n., pl. cirrhi /sir"uy/. Mycol. a mucus-bound ribbonlike mass of spores that is exuded from a fungus. [ < NL, a pseudo-Gk form of L cirrus CIRRUS] * * *
cirri
/sir"uy/, n. Bot., Zool. a pl. of cirrus. * * *
cirri-
var. of cirro-. * * *
cirriform
/sir"euh fawrm'/, adj. of or pertaining to clouds composed of ice crystals, as cirrus, cirrostratus, and cirrocumulus clouds. [1805-15; CIRRI- + -FORM] * * *
cirriped
/sir"euh ped'/, n. 1. any crustacean of the subclass Cirripedia, chiefly comprising the barnacles, typically free-swimming in the larval stage and attached or parasitic in the ...
cirripede
▪ crustacean Introduction       any of the marine crustaceans of the infraclass Cirripedia (subphylum Crustacea). The best known are the barnacles. Adult cirripedes ...
cirro-
a combining form representing cirrus in compound words: cirrostratus. Also, cirri-. * * *
cirrocumulus
—cirrocumular, cirrocumulative /sir'oh kyooh"myeuh lay'tiv, -leuh tiv/, cirrocumulous, adj. /sir'oh kyooh"myeuh leuhs/, n., pl. cirrocumulus. a cirriform cloud of a class ...
cirrose
—cirrosely, adv. /sear"ohs, si rohs"/, adj. Bot. Zool. 1. having a cirrus or cirri. 2. resembling cirri. Also, cirrous /sir"euhs/. [1650-60; < NL cirrosus. See CIRRO-, -OSE1] * ...
cirrostratus
—cirrostrative, adj. /sir'oh stray"teuhs, -strat"euhs/, n., pl. cirrostratus. a cloud of a class characterized by a composition of ice crystals and often by the production of ...
cirrus
/sir"euhs/, n., pl. cirrus for 1, cirri /sir"uy/ for 2, 3. 1. Meteorol. a. a cloud of a class characterized by thin white filaments or narrow bands and a composition of ice ...
cirsoid
cirsoid [sʉr′soid΄] adj. 〚Gr kirsoeidēs < kirsos, enlargement of a vein + -OID〛 like a varix, or enlarged blood vessel; varicose * * *
CIS
CIS abbrev. Commonwealth of Independent States * * * CIS abbr. Commonwealth of Independent States. * * *
cis-
1. a prefix occurring in loanwords from Latin meaning "on the near side of" (cisalpine); on this model, used in the formation of compound words (cisatlantic). 2. Chem. a ...
Cis-Sutlej states
▪ historical principalities, India       Indian principalities, mostly Sikh, that became important in the early 19th century when their fate was in the balance between ...
cisaconitic acid
/sis ak"euh nit"ik, -ak'-/, Biochem. a stereoisomer of 1-propene-1,2,3 tricarboxylic acid, C6H6O6, an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle. [CIS- + ACONITE + -IC] * * *
cisalpine
/sis al"puyn, -pin/, adj. on this (the Roman or south) side of the Alps. [1535-45; < L Cisalpinus, equiv. to cis- CIS- + Alpinus ALPINE] * * *
Cisalpine Gaul
▪ Roman province, Europe Latin  Gallia Cisalpina,         in ancient Roman times, that part of northern Italy between the Apennines and the Alps settled by Celtic ...
Cisalpine Gaul.
See under Gaul (def. 1). * * *
Cisalpine Republic
Former republic, northern Italy. Created by Napoleon in 1797 from conquered territories, it was centred in the Po River valley and included the lands around Milan and Bologna. ...
CisalpineGaul
Cis·al·pine Gaul (sĭs-ălʹpīn' gôlʹ) A section of ancient Gaul south and east of the Alps in present-day Italy. * * *
cisatlantic
/sis'euht lan"tik/, adj. on this (the speaker's or writer's) side of the Atlantic. [1775-85, Amer.; CIS- + ATLANTIC] * * *
CISC
/sisk/, n. complex instruction set computer: a computer whose central processing unit recognizes a relatively large number of instructions. Cf. RISC. * * *
Ciscaucasia
/sis'kaw kay"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. the part of Caucasia north of the Caucasus Mountains. [CIS- + CAUCASIA] * * *
cisco
/sis"koh/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) cisco, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) ciscoes, ciscos. any of several whitefishes of the genus Coregonus, of the Great ...
ciseaux
/see zoh"/, n., pl. ciseaux /-zohz", -zoh"/. Ballet. a jump in which the dancer's legs are opened wide in the air and closed on landing. [1890-95; < F: lit., scissors] * * *
ciselé
/see'zeuh lay"/; Fr. /seezeu lay"/, adj. noting or pertaining to velvet having a chiseled or embossed pattern produced by contrasting cut and uncut pile. [ < F: chiseled (ptp. of ...
Ciskei
—Ciskeian, adj., n. /sis"kuy/, n. a self-governing Bantu territory of South Africa on the Indian Ocean: granted independence in 1981 by South Africa, but not recognized by any ...
cislunar
/sis looh"neuhr/, adj. Astron. of or pertaining to the space between the earth and the orbit of the moon. [1865-70; CIS- + LUNAR] * * *
cismontane
/sis mon"tayn/, adj. on this (the speaker's or writer's) side of the mountains, esp. the Alps. [1820-30; < L cismontanus, equiv. to cis- CIS- + montanus MONTANE] * * *
Cisneros, Sandra
▪ American author born December 20, 1954, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.    American short-story writer and poet best known for her groundbreaking evocation of Mexican American ...
Cispadane Republic
▪ historical territory, Italy French  République Cispadane,  Italian  Repubblica Cispadana,         state formed in December 1796 by General Napoleon Bonaparte ...
cisplatin
/sis plat"n/, n. Pharm. a platinum-containing white powder, PtCl2H6N2, used to treat ovarian carcinoma and other cancers. Also, cisplatinum /sis plat"n euhm, ...
cissoid
—cissoidal, adj. /sis"oyd/, n. Geom. a curve having a cusp at the origin and a point of inflection at infinity. Equation: r = 2a sin(t)tan(t). [1650-60; < Gk kissoeidés, ...
cissus
/sis"euhs/, n. any of numerous tropical and subtropical vines of the genus Cissus, including the grape ivy and the kangaroo vine. [ < NL < Gk kissós ivy] * * * ▪ plant ...
Cissy
/sis"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Cecilia. * * *
cist
cist1 /sist/, n. Class. Antiq. a box or chest, esp. for sacred utensils. [1795-1805; < L cista < Gk kíste CHEST] cist2 —cisted, adj. —cistic, adj. /sist, kist/, n. a ...
cistaceous
/si stay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Cistaceae, the rockrose family of plants. Cf. rockrose family. [ < Gk kíst(os), var. of KÍSTHOS rockrose + -ACEOUS] * * *
Cistercian
—Cistercianism, n. /si sterr"sheuhn/, n. 1. a member of an order of monks and nuns founded in 1098 at Citeaux, near Dijon, France, under the rule of St. Benedict. adj. 2. of or ...
Cistercian style
▪ architecture       architecture of the Cistercian monastic order in the 12th century. The order was an austere community characterized by devotion to humility and to ...
Cistercian ware
▪ pottery       lead-glazed English earthenware of the 16th century. Fragments of dark-red, hard earthenware with a black or iron-brown metallic-appearing glaze were ...
cistern
/sis"teuhrn/, n. 1. a reservoir, tank, or container for storing or holding water or other liquid. 2. Anat. a reservoir or receptacle of some natural fluid of the ...
cistern barometer
a mercury barometer in which the lower mercury surface has a greater area than the upper. Also called cup barometer. * * *
cisterna
—cisternal, adj. /si sterr"neuh/, n., pl. cisternae /si sterr"nee/. Anat. cistern (def. 2). [ < NL, L] * * *
cisternal
See cistern and cisterna. * * *
cisticola
▪ bird also called  Fantail Warbler,    any of about 75 species of the genus Cisticola, belonging to the Old World warbler family, Sylviidae. They occur in grasslands, ...
cistron
—cistronic, adj. /sis"tron/, n. Genetics. a segment of DNA that encodes for the formation of a specific polypeptide chain; a structural gene. [1955-60; CIS- + TR(ANS)- + ...
cistronic
See cistron. * * *
cistus
cistus [sis′təs] n. 〚ModL < Gr kistos, rockrose〛 any of a genus (Cistus) of low shrubs of the rockrose family, with white or purplish flowers resembling single roses: some ...
cistvaen
/kist"vuyn, -vayn/, n. cist2. [ < Welsh cist faen lit., stone box] * * *
cit
/chit/, n. Hinduism. pure consciousness. Also, chit. Cf. Sat-cit-ananda. [ < Skt] * * *
cit.
1. citation. 2. cited. 3. citizen. 4. citrate. * * *
citable
See cite. * * *
citadel
/sit"euh dl, -euh del'/, n. 1. a fortress that commands a city and is used in the control of the inhabitants and in defense during attack or siege. 2. any strongly fortified ...
Citadel, The
▪ college, Charleston, South Carolina, United States in full  The Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina        public military college located in ...
citalopram
ci·tal·o·pram (sī-tălʹō-prăm') n. A drug of the SSRI class that is used primarily to treat depression.   [citalo-(from rearrangement of (ph)t(h)al(ene)c(arbon)i(trile), ...
citation
—citational, adj. /suy tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Mil. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry: Presidential citation. 2. any award or commendation, as for ...
citation form
Ling. 1. the spoken form a word has when produced in isolation, such as when cited for purposes of illustration, as distinguished from the form it would have when produced in the ...
citational
See citation. * * *
citatory
See citational. * * *
cite
cite1 —citable, citeable, adj. —citer, n. /suyt/, v.t., cited, citing. 1. to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.), esp. as an authority: He cited the Constitution in his ...
Cité Industrielle
▪ urban plan       urban plan designed by Tony Garnier (Garnier, Tony) and published in 1917 under the title of Une Cité Industrielle. It represents the culmination of ...
Cîteaux
▪ France Latin  Cistercium,         village, site of a famous abbey in Côte-d'Or département, Burgundy région, France, south of Dijon. Founded in 1098 by St. ...
Cithaeron
Ci·thae·ron (sĭ-thîrʹən) A mountain, 1,410 m (4,623 ft) high, of southeast Greece. It was considered sacred to Dionysus and the Muses. * * * ▪ mountains, ...
cithara
—citharist, n. /sith"euhr euh/, n. kithara. * * *
cither
cither [sith′ər] n. 〚Fr cithare
cithern
cithern [sith′ərn] n. CITTERN * * * cith·ern (sĭthʹərn, sĭthʹ-) n. Variant of cittern. * * *
citied
/sit"eed/, adj. 1. occupied by a city or cities. 2. formed into or like a city. [1605-15; CITY + -ED3] * * *
citification
See citify. * * *
citified
/sit"i fuyd'/, adj. 1. made into a city. 2. having city habits, fashions, etc. Also, cityfied. [1820-30, Amer.; CITY + -FY + -ED2] * * *
citify
—citification, n. /sit"i fuy'/, v.t., citified, citifying. 1. to make into a city; urbanize. 2. to cause to conform to city habits, fashions, etc. [1860-65; CITY + -FY] * * *
Citigroup
U.S. holding company formed in 1998 from the merger of Citicorp (itself a holding company incorporated in 1967) and Travelers Group, Inc. (see Travelers Inc.). The $70 billion ...
Citium
▪ ancient city, Cyrpus Greek  Kition,         principal Phoenician city in Cyprus, situated on the southeast coast near modern Larnaca. The earliest remains at ...
citizen
—citizenly, adj. /sit"euh zeuhn, -seuhn/, n. 1. a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection ...
citizen comedy
▪ literature       a form of drama produced in the early 17th century in England. Such comedies were set in London and portrayed the everyday life of the middle classes. ...
Citizen Genêt Affair
Incident precipitated by the French diplomat Citizen Edmond C. Genêt (1763–1834), who was sent to the U.S. in 1793 by the French government to gain support for France's war ...
Citizen Journalism: A News {{[}}R{{]}}evolution
▪ 2009 by Lawrence Albarado       The phenomenon called “citizen journalism” expanded its worldwide influence in 2008 in spite of continuing concerns over whether ...
Citizen Kane
an American film (1941), directed by and starring Orson Welles. * * *
citizen's arrest
Law. an arrest made by a private citizen whose authority derives from the fact of citizenship. [1950-55] * * *
citizen'sarrest
cit·i·zen's arrest (sĭtʹĭ-zənz) n. An arrest made by a citizen, for whom legal authority arises from the fact of citizenship, rather than by an officer of the law. * * *
citizeness
/sit"euh zeuh nis, -seuh-/, n. a woman who is a citizen. [1790-1800; CITIZEN + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
citizenly
See citizen. * * *
citizenry
/sit"euh zeuhn ree, -seuhn-/, n., pl. citizenries. citizens collectively. [1810-20; CITIZEN + -RY] * * *
Citizens Advice Bureau
(abbr CAB) a British organization with offices in many towns to which people can go for free advice about the law, money problems, the government services available to help them, ...
Citizens Band
a two-way radio service (Citizens Radio Service) licensed by the FCC to a U.S. citizen for short-distance personal or business communications between fixed or mobile stations. ...
citizens band radio
▪ communications also called  Cb Radio,         short-range radio voice communications system used chiefly by private individuals in motor vehicles, homes, offices, ...
citizensband
cit·i·zens band (sĭtʹĭ-zənz) n. Abbr. CB A radio-frequency band officially allocated for private radio communications. * * *
citizenship
/sit"euh zeuhn ship', -seuhn-/, n. 1. the state of being vested with the rights, privileges, and duties of a citizen. 2. the character of an individual viewed as a member of ...
citizenship papers
1. a certificate of citizenship, as one issued to a U.S. citizen born abroad. 2. (loosely) a certificate of naturalization conferring citizenship on a resident alien. * * *
Citizen’s Band
(abbr CB) a radio system used for communicating over short distances, especially by drivers of lorries and cars. It first became popular in the US in the 1970s as a way of ...
Citizen’s Charter
a social programme introduced by the British Prime Minister John Major in 1991. Its aim was to improve the standard of public services and to make government departments explain ...
Citlaltepetl
/see'tlahl tay"pet l/, n. Orizaba (def. 1). * * * or Orizaba Volcano, south-central Mexico. Reaching 18,406 ft (5,610 m) high, its symmetrical, snowcapped cone is the highest ...
citole
/sit"ohl, si tohl"/, n. cittern. [1350-1400; ME < MF < L cit(hara) KITHARA + MF -ole dim. suffix] * * *
Citpāvan
▪ Indian caste also called  Konkanasth,         caste of Brahmans in Konkan (the area of Goa) and Mahārāshtra state in western India. They rose to considerable ...
citral
/si"treuhl/, n. Chem. a pale yellow, water-insoluble, liquid aldehyde, C10H16O, having a strong lemonlike odor, consisting in natural form of two isomers (citral a or geranial ...
citrate
/si"trayt, suy"-/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of citric acid. [1785-95; CITR(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
citreous
/si"tree euhs/, adj. lemon-yellow; greenish-yellow. [1865-70; < L citreus of the citrus tree; see -OUS] * * *
citri-
citri- [si′trō, si′trə] [si′tri, si′trə] combining form 1. citrus, citrus fruits [citriculture] 2. citric, citric acid [citrate]: Also prefix combining form citro- ...
citric
/si"trik/, adj. Chem. of or derived from citric acid. [1790-1800; CITR(US) + -IC] * * *
citric acid
a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, C6H8O7·H2O, a tribasic acid having a strong acidic taste, an intermediate in the metabolism of carbohydrates occurring in many ...
citric acid cycle
Biochem. See Krebs cycle. [1940-45] * * *
citricacid
citric acid n. A colorless translucent crystalline acid, C6H8O7, principally derived by fermentation of carbohydrates or from lemon, lime, and pineapple juices and used in ...
citricacid cycle
citric acid cycle n. See Krebs cycle. * * *
citriculture
—citriculturist, n. /si"tri kul'cheuhr/, n. the cultivation of citrus fruits. [1915-20; CITR(US) + -I- + CULTURE] * * *
citriculturist
See citriculture. * * *
citrin
/si"trin/, n. Biochem. bioflavonoid. [1935-40; < G Citrin; see CITRUS, -IN2] * * *
citrine
/si"treen, -truyn, -trin, si treen"/, adj. 1. pale-yellow; lemon-colored. n. 2. a translucent, yellow variety of quartz, often sold as topaz; false topaz; topaz ...
Citrine, Walter McLennan Citrine, 1st Baron
▪ British labour leader also called  (1935–46) Sir Walter Citrine   born Aug. 22, 1887, Liverpool, Eng. died Jan. 22, 1983, Brixham, Devon       English trade union ...
Citroë n
Major French automobile manufacturer. It was founded by André-Gustave Citroë n (1878–1935), an engineer and industrialist who initially prospered selling munitions in World ...
Citroën
▪ French automobile manufacturer       major French automobile manufacturer, the founder of which, André-Gustave Citroën (Citroën, André-Gustave), introduced ...
Citroën, André-Gustave
▪ French engineer born Feb. 5, 1878, Paris, France died July 3, 1935, Paris  French engineer and industrialist who introduced Henry Ford's methods of mass production to the ...
citron
/si"treuhn/, n. 1. a pale-yellow fruit resembling the lemon but larger and with thicker rind, borne by a small tree or large bush, Citrus medica, allied to the lemon and lime. 2. ...
citron melon
a round, hard-fleshed watermelon, Citrullus lanatus citroides, used candied or pickled. Also called citron. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
citron wood
1. the wood of the citron. 2. the wood of the sandarac. [1705-15] * * *
citronalis
/si'treuh nay"lis/, n. See lemon verbena. [ < NL; see CITRON, -AL1] * * *
citronella
/si'treuh nel"euh/, n. 1. a fragrant grass, Cymbopogon nardus, of southern Asia, cultivated as the source of citronella oil. 2. See citronella oil. [1855-60; < NL < F citronelle, ...
citronella oil
a light-yellowish pungent oil, distilled from citronella, used in the manufacture of liniment, perfume, and soap, and as an insect repellent. Also called citronella. [1880-85] * ...
citronellal
/si'treuh nel"al, -euhl/, n. a colorless, slightly water-soluble liquid mixture of isometric aldehydes having the formula C10H18O, with a strong lemonlike odor, occurring in many ...
citronellol
/si'treuh nel"awl, -ol/, n. a clear, colorless liquid mixture of isomeric alcohols having the formula C10H20O, usually obtained from an essential oil, as citronella oil, and ...
citrulline
/si"treuh leen'/, n. Biochem. an amino acid, NH2CONH(CH2)3CHNH2COOH, abundant in watermelons and an intermediate compound in the urea cycle. [1930; < NL citrull(us) the ...
citrus
/si"treuhs/, n., pl. citruses. 1. any small tree or spiny shrub of the genus Citrus, of the rue family, including the lemon, lime, orange, tangerine, grapefruit, citron, kumquat, ...
citrus canker
Plant Pathol. a disease of citrus trees caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas citri, characterized by spongy eruptions on leaves and fruit. * * *
Citrus Heights
a city in central California, near Sacramento. 85,911. * * *
citrus red mite
a large mite, Panonychus citri, that is an important pest of citrus. Also called citrus red spider, purple mite. [1930-35] * * *
citrus whitefly.
See under whitefly. * * *
citruscanker
citrus canker n. A destructive bacterial disease of citrus plants that attacks seedlings and mature plants and causes defoliation and death. * * *
CitrusHeights
Cit·rus Heights (sĭtʹrəs) A community of north-central California, a suburb of Sacramento. Population: 107,439. * * *
citrusred mite
citrus red mite n. A large mite (Panonychus citri) that infests citrus plants and shrubs. Also called citrus red spider. * * *
citrusy
citrusy [si′trə sē] adj. having the flavor or smell of lemons, limes, or oranges; tangy, tart, etc. * * * See citrus. * * *
citta
/chit"euh/, n. Hinduism. the intellect or cognitive facility. Cf. cit. [ < Skt] * * *
Città del Vaticano
/cheet tah" del vah'tee kah"naw/ Italian name of Vatican City. * * *
Città di Castello
▪ Italy       town, Umbria regione, central Italy. It lies along the Tiber River, east of Arezzo. The town occupies the site of ancient Tifernum Tiberinum, which was ...
cittern
/sit"euhrn/, n. an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings. [1550-60; b. CITHER and GITTERN] * * * ▪ musical ...
city
—cityless, adj. —citylike, adj. /sit"ee/, n., pl. cities. 1. a large or important town. 2. (in the U.S.) an incorporated municipality, usually governed by a mayor and a board ...
City and Guilds Institute
a British organization that gives qualifications in technical subjects and in skills that require practical ability, such as hairdressing or travel and tourism. It was started in ...
city chicken
☆ city chicken n. pieces of pork or veal that are skewered and breaded, and cooked by braising or baking * * *
city chicken.
See mock chicken. * * *
city clerk
a city official who maintains public records and vital statistics, issues licenses, etc. [1915-20] * * *
city council
a municipal body having legislative and administrative powers, such as passing ordinances and appropriating funds. [1780-90] * * *
city desk
1. a newspaper department responsible for editing local news. 2. Also, City desk. Brit. the department of a newspaper handling financial news. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
City Dionysia.
See Greater Dionysia. * * *
city edition
an early edition of a daily newspaper on sale locally, usually a later edition than the one sent for out-of-town distribution. * * *
city editor
1. a newspaper editor in charge of local news and assignments to reporters. 2. Also, City editor. Brit. a newspaper or magazine editor in charge of the financial and commercial ...
city father
any of the officials or prominent citizens of a city. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
City gent
➡ City * * *
city government
Set of governmental institutions that serve an urban area or urban municipality. All cities derive their existence from a larger political entity, either a state or national ...
city hall
(often caps.) 1. the administration building of a city government. 2. a city administration or government. 3. Informal. a bureaucracy or bureaucratic rules and regulations, esp. ...
city manager
a person not publicly elected but appointed by a city council to manage a city. [1910-15, Amer.] * * * ▪ government       principal executive and administrative officer ...
city mission
▪ Christianity also called  rescue mission        Christian religious organization established to provide spiritual, physical, and social assistance to the poor and ...
City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
(abbr CBSO) the orchestra of the city of Birmingham, in England, which was started in 1920 and now has an international reputation. Simon Rattle was its conductor for many ...
City of Brotherly Love
Philadelphia, Pa. (used as a nickname). * * *
City of David
1. Jerusalem. II Sam. 5:6-7. 2. Bethlehem. Luke 2:4. * * *
City of Edinburgh
➡ Edinburgh (I) * * *
City of God
the New Jerusalem; heaven. * * *
City of God, The
(Latin, De Civitate Dei) a work in 22 books (A.D. 413-26) by St. Augustine of Hippo, expounding an early Christian view of society and history. * * *
City of Light
Paris, France (used as a nickname). * * *
City of Seven Hills
Rome, Italy (used as a nickname). * * *
City of the Dalles.
See Dalles, The. * * *
city plan
the developmental plan for a city or town arrived at through the process of city planning. * * *
city planning
—city planner. the activity or profession of determining the future physical arrangement and condition of a community, involving an appraisal of the present condition, a ...
city room
1. the room in which local news is handled for a newspaper, a radio or television station, or for another journalistic agency. 2. the editorial staff of this room. [1915-20] * * *
city slicker
Often Disparaging. a worldly, nattily dressed city dweller. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
City Technology College
(abbr CTC) n (in Britain) a type of secondary school in a town or city that puts a special emphasis on teaching mathematics, technology and science. It has no connection with the ...
City University of New York, The (CUNY)
▪ university, New York City, New York, United States       system of higher education institutions in New York (New York City), New York, U.S. It was created in 1961 to ...
city-born
/sit"ee bawrn'/, adj. born in a city. [1590-1600; CITY + BORN] * * *
city-bred
/sit"ee bred'/, adj. reared in a city. [1880-85; CITY + BRED] * * *
city-state
/sit"ee stayt'/, n. a sovereign state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies. [1890-95] * * * Political system consisting of an independent city with sovereignty ...
citycouncil
city council n. The governing body of a city. * * *
citydesk
city desk n. The newspaper department that handles local news. * * *
cityeditor
city editor n. 1. A newspaper editor responsible for handling local news and reporters' assignments. 2. Chiefly British. A newspaper editor who handles commercial and financial ...
cityfather
city father n. A municipal official, such as a council member. * * *
cityfied
/sit"i fuyd'/, adj. citified. * * *
cityhall
city hall n. 1. The building housing the administrative offices of a municipal government. 2. The municipal government, especially its officials considered as a group. 3. Slang. ...
citymanager
city manager n. An administrator appointed by a city council to manage the affairs of the municipality. * * *
cityroom
city room n. The department in a journalistic editorial office that handles local news. * * *
cityscape
/sit"ee skayp'/, n. 1. a view of a city, esp. a large urban center: The cityscape is impressive as one approaches New York from the sea. 2. a picture representing such a view. 3. ...
cityslicker
city slicker n. Informal A person with the sophisticated manner and dress traditionally associated by rural people with city dwellers. * * *
cityward
/sit"ee weuhrd/, adv. to, toward, or in the direction of the city. Also, citywards. [1350-1400; ME; see CITY, -WARD] * * *
citywide
/sit"ee wuyd'/, adj. 1. occurring throughout a city; including an entire city: citywide school board elections. 2. open to including, or affecting all the inhabitants of or ...
Ciudad
(as used in expressions) Ciudad Juárez Ciudad Guayana Ciudad Victoria Ciudad de México * * *
Ciudad Acuña
▪ Mexico formerly  Las Vacas, or Villa Acuña         city, northern Coahuila estado (state), northeastern Mexico. The city is on the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del ...
Ciudad Bolívar
/syooh dhahdh" baw lee"vahrdd/ a port in E Venezuela, on the Orinoco River. 103,728. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Bolívar estado (state), southeastern ...
Ciudad de Naucalpan de Juárez
Ciudad de Nau·cal·pan de Juá·rez (dĕ nou-kälʹpän dĕ hwäʹrĕs) A city of south-central Mexico, a suburb of Mexico City. Population: 723,723. * * *
Ciudad del Carmen
/syooh dhahdh" dhel kahrdd"men/ a city in SE Mexico, on the Gulf of Campeche. 36,511. Also called Carmen. * * *

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