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credit card n. A plastic card having a magnetic strip, issued by a bank or business authorizing the holder to buy goods or services on credit. Also called charge card. * * *
credit hour n. A credit in a school or college, usually representing one hour of class per week for one term. * * *
credit line n. 1. A line of copy acknowledging the source or origin of a news dispatch, published article, or other work. 2. The maximum amount of credit to be extended to a ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (“parish”), Mid Devon district, administrative and historic county of Devon, England, in the valley of the River Creedy. ...
—creditorship, n. /kred"i teuhr/, n. 1. a person or firm to whom money is due (opposed to debtor). 2. a person or firm that gives credit in business transactions. 3. ...
credit rating n. An estimate of the amount of credit that can be extended to a company or person without undue risk. * * *
credit union n. A cooperative organization that makes loans to its members at low interest rates. * * *
See creditworthy. * * *
—creditworthiness, n. /kred"it werr'dhee/, adj. having a satisfactory credit rating. [1555-65, for an earlier sense; CREDIT + -WORTHY] * * *
/kree"doh, kray"-/, n., pl. credos. 1. (often cap.) the Apostles' Creed or the Nicene Creed. 2. (often cap.) a musical setting of the creed, usually of the Nicene Creed. 3. any ...
/kreuh dooh"li tee, -dyooh"-/, n. willingness to believe or trust too readily, esp. without proper or adequate evidence; gullibility. [1375-1425; late ME credulite < L ...
—credulously, adv. —credulousness, n. /krej"euh leuhs/, adj. 1. willing to believe or trust too readily, esp. without proper or adequate evidence; gullible. 2. marked by or ...
See credulous. * * *
See credulously. * * *
/kree/, n., pl. Crees, (esp. collectively) Cree. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Montana. 2. an Algonquian language, the ...
—creedal, credal, adj. —creeded, adj. —creedless, adj. —creedlessness, n. /kreed/, n. 1. any system, doctrine, or formula of religious belief, as of a denomination. 2. ...
cree·dal also cre·dal (krēdʹl) adj. Of or relating to a creed. * * *
Creedence Clearwater Revival
▪ American rock group Introduction       American rock band that was hugely popular in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Derided by many rock critics at the time as ...
/kreek, krik/, n. 1. U.S., Canada, and Australia. a stream smaller than a river. 2. a stream or channel in a coastal marsh. 3. Chiefly Atlantic States and Brit. a recess or inlet ...
/kreek/, n., pl. Creeks, (esp. collectively) Creek. 1. a member of a confederacy of North American Indians that in historic times occupied the greater part of Alabama and ...
Creek War
U.S. Hist. an uprising in 1813-14 of the Creek Indians against settlers in Alabama: frontier militia from Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi under Andrew Jackson helped defeat ...
/kreel/, n. 1. a wickerwork basket worn on the back or suspended from the shoulder, used esp. by anglers for carrying fish. 2. a basket made of wicker or other material, for ...
Creel, George
▪ American journalist in full  George Edward Creel  born December 1, 1876, Lafayette county, Missouri, U.S. died October 2, 1953, San Francisco, California  writer and ...
/kree"lee/, n. Robert, born 1926, U.S. poet. * * *
Creeley, Robert
▪ American poet in full  Robert White Creeley  born May 21, 1926, Arlington, Massachusetts, U.S. died March 30, 2005, Odessa, Texas       American poet and founder of ...
Creeley, Robert White
▪ 2006       American poet (b. May 21, 1926, Arlington, Mass.—d. March 30, 2005, Odessa, Texas), wrote colloquial, plain-spoken, minimal verse, which was often ...
—creepingly, adv. /kreep/, v., crept, creeping, n. v.i. 1. to move slowly with the body close to the ground, as a reptile or an insect, or a person on hands and knees. 2. to ...
creep feeder
a pen so constructed as to exclude larger animals while permitting young animals to enter and obtain feed. * * *
/kreep"feed'/, v.t., creep-fed, creep-feeding. to feed (animals) in a creep feeder. [1955-60] * * *
/kree"pij/, n. 1. the act or process of creeping. 2. slow, imperceptible movement. [1900-05; CREEP + -AGE] * * *
/kree"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that creeps. 2. Bot. a plant that grows upon or just beneath the surface of the ground, or upon any other surface, sending out rootlets from ...
See creepy. * * *
creep·ing (krēʹpĭng) adj. Developing gradually over a period of time: “a creeping sense of cultural dread” (Andrew Sullivan). * * *
creeping bent
      (Agrostis palustris), lawn grass and member of the family Poaceae. See bent grass. * * *
creeping bent grass
creeping bent grass n. a type of bent grass (Agrostis stolonifera var. palustris) grown in moist places and often used for golf greens * * *
creeping Charlie
moneywort. * * *
creeping cinquefoil.
See under cinquefoil (def. 1). * * *
creeping eruption
Pathol. a skin disorder caused by the burrowing of dog or cat hookworm larvae under the dermal tissue and manifested as a progressing red streak. [1925-30] * * *
creeping fescue.
See red fescue. * * *
creeping Jennie
moneywort. [1880-85] * * *
creeping Jenny
▪ perennial herb also called  moneywort  and  creeping Charlie    (Lysimachia nummularia), a prostrate perennial herb, of the Myrsinaceae family, native to Europe but ...
creeping juniper
a prostrate central North American shrub, Juniperus horizontalis, of the cypress family, of central North America, having bluish-green or gray-blue leaves and blue fruit, growing ...
creeping water bug
▪ insect  any flat-backed, oval-shaped insect of the family Naucoridae (order Heteroptera), which numbers about 150 species. These small, dark bugs, commonly found in ...
creeping Char·lie (chärʹlē) n. See moneywort. * * *
creeping eruption n. A human skin disease caused by hookworm or roundworm larvae burrowing and creeping beneath the skin and characterized by eruptions in the form of progressing ...
creeping Jen·nie also creeping Jen·ny (jĕnʹē) n. See moneywort. * * *
/kreeps/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Vet. Pathol. a disease of the bones in sheep and cattle that causes pain in walking, resulting from a deficiency of phosphorus in the ...
—creepily, adv. —creepiness, n. /kree"pee/, adj., creepier, creepiest. 1. having or causing a creeping sensation of the skin, as from horror or fear: a creepy ghost story. 2. ...
/kree"pee kraw"lee/, n., pl. creepy-crawlies, adj., creepy-crawlier, creepy-crawliest. Informal. n. 1. a creeping or crawling animal, esp. an insect. adj. 2. creepy (def. ...
/krees/, n. a short sword or heavy dagger with a wavy blade, used by the Malays. Also, crease, kris. [1570-80; < Malay karis (sp. keris)] * * *
Creevey, Thomas
▪ English politician born March 1768, Liverpool died Feb. 5, 1838, London       English politician and placeman, best remembered as the author of The Creevey Papers, ...
/kray"feld/; Ger. /krdday"felt'/, n. Krefeld. * * *
Creighton University
▪ university, Omaha, Nebraska, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Omaha, Neb., U.S. It is affiliated with the Jesuit order ...
Creighton, James Edwin
▪ American philosopher born April 8, 1861, Pictou, Nova Scotia died Oct. 8, 1924, Ithaca, N.Y., U.S.       U.S. Idealist philosopher and the founding president (1902) ...
▪ France       town, Oise département, Picardy région, northern France, on the Oise River, north of Paris. Its Gothic church of Saint-Médard has a 13th-century ...
Crelle, August Leopold
▪ German mathematician and engineer born March 11, 1780, Eichwerder, Brandenburg [Germany] died October 6, 1855, Berlin       German mathematician and engineer who ...
▪ Italy  town, Lombardia ( Lombardy) region, northern Italy, on the Serio River southeast of Milan. Possibly of Celtic origin, Crema was sacked by Emperor Frederick I ...
/kri maynz"/, n.pl. the ashes of a cremated corpse. [1945-50; b. CREMATE and REMAINS] * * *
—cremasterial /krem'euh stear"ee euhl/, cremasteric /krem'euh ster"ik/, adj. /kri mas"teuhr/, n. 1. Entomol. a usually hooklike process on the posterior tip of a chrysalis, for ...
—cremation /kri may"sheuhn/, n. /kree"mayt/, v.t., cremated, cremating. 1. to reduce (a dead body) to ashes by fire, esp. as a funeral rite. 2. to consume by fire; ...
See cremate. * * * Disposing of a corpse by burning. In the ancient world cremation took place on an open pyre. It was practiced by the Greeks (who considered it suitable for ...
—cremationism, n. /kri may"sheuh nist/, n. a person who advocates cremation instead of burial of the dead. [1870-75; CREMATION + -IST] * * *
/kree"may teuhr/, n. 1. a person who cremates. 2. a furnace for cremating dead bodies. 3. an incinerator, as for garbage. [1875-80; < LL, equiv. to L crema(re) to CREMATE + -tor ...
/kree'meuh tawr"ee euhm, -tohr"-, krem'euh-/, n., pl. crematoriums, crematoria /-tawr"ee euh, -tohr"-/. a crematory. [1875-80; Latinization of CREMATORY; see -TORY2] * * *
/kree"meuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, krem"euh-/, n., pl. crematories, adj. n. 1. a place, as a funeral establishment, at which cremation is done. 2. a furnace for cremating. adj. 3. of ...
Crémazie, Octave
▪ French-Canadian author byname of  Claude-Joseph-Olivier Crémazie   born April 16, 1827, Quebec died Jan. 16, 1879, Le Havre, Fr.       poet considered the father ...
/krem, kreem/; Fr. /krddem/, n., pl. crèmes /kremz, kreemz/; Fr. /krddem/. 1. cream. 2. one of a class of liqueurs of a rather thick consistency. Also, creme. [1815-25; < F; see ...
crème anglaise
/krem" ang glayz", -glez", kreem"/; Fr. /krddem ahonn glez"/, French Cookery. a custard sauce flavored with vanilla or sometimes with rum, orange liqueur, kirsch, etc. [ < F: ...
crème brûlée
/krem' brooh lay", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem brddyuu lay"/, pl. crèmes brûlées /krem' brooh layz", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem brddyuu lay"/. French Cookery. a custard that has been ...
crème d'ananas
/krem' dah nah nah", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem dann nann nah"/ a liqueur flavored with pineapple. [ < F: lit., cream of pineapples] * * *
crème de bananes
/krem' deuh bah nahn", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh bann nannn"/ a liqueur flavored with bananas. Also, crème de banane. [ < F: lit., cream of bananas] * * *
crème de cacao
/krem' deuh koh"koh, kah kah"oh, kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh kann kann"oh/ a liqueur flavored with cacao and vanilla beans. [1925-30; < F: lit., cream of cacao] * * *
crème de cassis
/krem' deuh ka sees", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh kann sees"/ a liqueur flavored with black currants. [ < F: lit., cream of black currant] * * *
crème de fraise
/krem' deuh frez", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh frddez"/ a liqueur flavored principally with strawberries. [ < F: lit., cream of strawberry] * * *
crème de framboise
/krem' deuh frahm bwahz", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh frddahonn bwannz"/ a liqueur flavored with raspberries. [ < F: lit., cream of raspberry] * * *
crème de la crème
/krem" deuh lah krem"/; Fr. /krddem deuh lann krddem"/ the very best; choicest parts or members. [1840-50; lit., cream of the cream] * * *
crème de menthe
/krem' deuh menth", mint", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh mahonnt"/ a white or green liqueur flavored with mint. [1900-05; < F: lit., cream of mint] * * *
crème de violette
/krem' deuh vuy"euh lit, kreem'/; Fr. /krddem deuh vyaw let"/ a liqueur flavored with vanilla extract and the essential oils of violets. [ < F: lit., cream of violet] * * *
crème fraîche
/krem' fresh", kreem'/; Fr. /krddem frddesh"/, French Cookery. slightly fermented cream that has been thickened by lactic acids and natural fermentation. [ < F: lit., fresh ...
crème an·glaise (krĕm' äɴ-glĕzʹ) n. A rich vanilla-flavored sauce that can be served hot or cold with cake, fruit, or another dessert.   [French : crème, cream + ...
crème car·a·mel (krĕm' kăr'ə-mĕlʹ, krēmʹ kărʹə-məl) n. A custard that is baked in a caramel-lined mold and served chilled with the caramel side up. Also called ...
crèmede cacao
crème de ca·cao (krĕm' də kə-kouʹ, kə-kāʹō, krēm' də kōʹkō') n. A sweet white or brownish liqueur with a chocolate flavor.   [French : crème, cream + de, of + ...
crèmede menthe
crème de menthe (krĕm' də mäɴtʹ, mĕnthʹ, mĭntʹ) n. A sweet green or white liqueur flavored with mint.   [French : crème, cream + de, of + menthe, mint.] * * *
/kree"meuhr/, n. Sir William Randal, 1838-1908, English union organizer: Nobel peace prize 1903. * * *
Cremer, Sir Randal
▪ British labour leader in full  Sir William Randal Cremer   born March 18, 1838, Fareham, Hampshire, Eng. died July 22, 1908, London       British trade unionist and ...
Crémieux, Adolphe
▪ French politician original name  Isaäc Moïse   born April 30, 1796, Nîmes, Fr. died Feb. 10, 1880, Paris  French political figure and Jewish leader active in the ...
cre·mi·ni or cri·mi·ni (krə-mēʹnē) n. pl. cre·mi·nis An edible, dark-brown mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) with a rounded cap.   [Italian.] * * *
Cremnitz white
/krem"nits/. See lead white. [1870-75; after G Kremnitz, Slovak Kremnica, town in central Slovakia] * * *
/kri moh"neuh/; It. /krdde maw"nah/, n. 1. a city in N Italy, on the Po River. 82,411. 2. one of a class of violins of superior quality made there during the 16th, 17th, and 18th ...
Cremona, Luigi
▪ Italian mathematician born December 7, 1830, Pavia, Lombardy died June 10, 1903, Rome       Italian mathematician who was an originator of graphical statics, the use ...
cremorne bolt
/kri mawrn"/ (on a French window or the like) a pair of rods, moved by a knob mechanism, sliding into sockets in the head and sill of the opening to provide a secure ...
/kree"nayt/, adj. having the margin notched or scalloped so as to form rounded teeth, as a leaf. Also, crenated. [1785-95; < NL crenatus, equiv. to L cren(a) a notch, serration ...
See crenate. * * *
/kri nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a rounded projection or tooth, as on the margin of a leaf. 2. Anat. (in erythrocytes) the state of being or becoming shrunken with a notched or indented ...
/kren"euh cheuhr, kree"neuh-/, n. 1. a crenation. 2. a notch or indentation between crenations. [1810-20; CRENATE + -URE] * * *
/kren"l/, n., v., creneled, creneling or (esp. Brit.) crenelled, crenelling. n. 1. any of the open spaces between the merlons of a battlement. See illus. under battlement. 2. a ...
—crenelation; esp. Brit., crenellation, n. /kren"l ayt'/, v., crenelated, crenelating, adj. v.t. 1. to furnish with crenels or battlements. adj. 2. crenelated. Also, esp. ...
/kren"l ay'tid/, adj. furnished with crenelations, as a parapet or molding, in the manner of a battlement. Also, esp. Brit., crenellated. [1815-25; CRENELATE + -ED2] * * *
See crenelated. * * *
Crenna, Richard Donald
▪ 2004       American actor (b. Nov. 30, 1926, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. Jan. 17, 2003, Los Angeles), became known in the 1940s as such squeaky-voiced radio characters as ...
cren·shaw (krĕnʹshô') also cran·shaw (krănʹ-) n. A variety of winter melon (Cucumis melo var. inodorus) having a greenish-yellow rind and sweet, usually salmon-pink ...
Crenshaw melon
/kren"shaw/ a variety of melon resembling the casaba, having pinkish flesh. * * *
/kren"yeuh layt', -lit/, adj. minutely crenate, as the margin of certain leaves. Also, crenulated. [1785-95; < NL crenulatus, equiv. to crenul(a) (dim. of crena notch; see ...
/kren'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a minute crenation. 2. the state of being crenulate. [1840-50; CRENULATE + -ION] * * *
/kree"euh dont'/, n. any of a diverse group of extinct predatory mammals, from the Paleocene to Pleistocene epochs, that constituted the suborder Creodonta, of the order ...
▪ fossil mammal order       order of extinct, primitive carnivores first found as fossils in early Tertiary deposits of Mongolia (the Tertiary Period lasted from 66.4 to ...
/kree"ohl/, n. 1. a person born in the West Indies or Spanish America but of European, usually Spanish, ancestry. 2. a person born in Louisiana but of usually French ancestry. 3. ...
creole continuum
Ling. a range of language varieties in an area undergoing decreolization showing a continuous gradation from forms more like the underlying creole to those approaching the ...
creole languages
▪ linguistics Introduction       vernacular languages that developed in colonial European plantation settlements in the 17th and 18th centuries as a result of contact ...
creole tomato
New Orleans. See cherry tomato. * * *
/kree"ohl fish'/, n., pl. creole-fishes, (esp. collectively) creole-fish. a deep-sea fish, Paranthias furcifer, of the sea bass family, inhabiting tropical Atlantic ...
—creolization, n. /kree"euh luyz'/, v., creolized, creolizing. v.t. 1. to render (a language) creolized. v.i. 2. to become creolized. Also, esp. Brit., creolise. [1810-20; ...
/kree"euh luyzd'/, adj. (of a language) formerly a pidgin but now the native language of a group of speakers, with consequent enrichment of the vocabulary by borrowing and ...
cre·o·lized language (krēʹə-līzd') n. A language derived from a pidgin but more complex in grammar and vocabulary than the ancestral pidgin because it has become the ...
/kree"on/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Thebes, the brother of Jocasta and the uncle of Eteocles, Polynices, and Antigone. * * *
/kree"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. Chem. a colorless oily liquid, C8H10O2, having an agreeable odor and a burning taste, obtained from wood tar and guaiacum resin: used as a ...
—creosotic /kree'euh sot"ik/, adj. /kree"euh soht'/, n., v., creosoted, creosoting. n. 1. an oily liquid having a burning taste and a penetrating odor, obtained by the ...
creosote bush
any of several shrubs belonging to the genus Larrea, of the caltrop family, esp. L. tridentata, of arid regions of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico, having yellow flowers and ...
creosote bush n. Any of several resinous aromatic evergreen shrubs of the genus Larrea, especially L. tridentata, a yellow-flowered plant characteristic of warm deserts in the ...
/krayp/, n., v., creped, creping. n. 1. a lightweight fabric of silk, cotton, or other fiber, with a finely crinkled or ridged surface. 2. a usually black band or piece of this ...
/krayp/; for 2 also /krep/ or, Fr., /krddep/, n., pl. crêpes /krayps/; for 2 also /kreps/ or, Fr., /krddep/. 1. crepe (defs. 1, 2). 2. crepe (def. 3). [ < F; see CREPE] * * ...
crepe de Chine
/krayp' deuh sheen"/ a light, soft, silk or synthetic fabric with minute irregularities of surface. [1885-90; < F: lit., crepe from China] * * * ▪ fabric also spelled ...
crepe hair
false hair, usually of plaited wool or vegetable fibers, used in theatrical makeup for making artificial beards, sideburns, etc. Also called crepe wool. [1810-20] * * *
crepe marocain
marocain. * * *
crepe myrtle.
See crape myrtle. [1840-50] * * *
crepe paper
—crepe-paper, adj. thin paper densely wrinkled to resemble crepe, used for decorating, wrapping, etc. Also called crepe. [1890-95] * * *
crepe rubber
a type of crude or sometimes synthetic rubber pressed into crinkled sheets, used esp. in making shoe soles. Also called crepe. [1905-10] * * *
crêpe suzette
/krayp" sooh zet", krep"/; Fr. /krddep syuu zet"/, pl. crêpe suzettes /krayp" sooh zets", krep"/, Fr. crêpes suzette /krddep syuu zet"/. a thin dessert pancake, usually rolled ...
crêpede Chine
crêpe de Chine (krāp' də shēnʹ) n. pl. crêpes de Chine (krāp') also crêpe de Chines (shēnʹ) A silk crepe used for dresses and blouses.   [French : crêpe, crepe + de, ...
/krayp"hang'euhr/, n. crapehanger. [1925-30, Amer.; CREPE + HANGER] * * *
crepe myrtle n. Variant of crape myrtle. * * *
crepe paper n. Crinkled tissue paper, resembling the fabric crepe, used for decorations. * * *
/kray"peuh ree, krep"euh-/; Fr. /krddepeu rddee"/, n., pl. crêperies /kray"peuh reez, krep"euh-/; Fr. /krddepeu rddee"/. a restaurant specializing in crepes. [ < F; see CRÊPE, ...
crepe rubber n. Rubber with a crinkled texture, used especially for shoe soles. * * *
crêpes suzette
crêpes suzette [krāp΄ so͞o zet′; ] Fr [ krep sü zet′] n. 〚Fr < crêpe,CREPE + Suzette, dim. of Suzanne〛 crêpes rolled or folded in a hot, orange-flavored sauce and ...
crêpes su·zette (krāp' so͞o-zĕtʹ, krĕp') n. pl. crêpes su·zettes (-zĕtʹ) A dessert of crêpes warmed in an orange-butter sauce, often served with a flaming liqueur ...
crepey [krāp′ē] adj. wrinkled like crepe cloth or paper * * *
▪ trilobite genus       genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) useful as an index fossil for Upper Cambrian rocks in North America (dating 512 to 505 million years ...
Crepin, Jean-Albert-Emile
▪ 1997       French military officer and industrialist who helped liberate Paris during World War II and who commanded French forces in the Algerian War of Independence ...
See crepitate. * * *
—crepitant, adj. —crepitation, n. /krep"i tayt'/, v.i., crepitated, crepitating. to make a crackling sound; crackle. [1615-25; < L crepitatus, ptp. of crepitare to rattle, ...
See crepitant. * * *
/kray"pon/, n. a heavyweight crepe fabric. [1885-90; < F, equiv. to crêpe CREPE + -on n. suffix] * * *
/krept/, v. pt. and pp. of creep. * * *
cre·pus·cle (krĭ-pŭsʹəl) n. Variant of crepuscule. * * *
▪ Italian literature       (Italian: “twilight school”), a group of early 20th-century Italian poets whose work was characterized by disillusion, nostalgia, a taste ...
/kri pus"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling twilight; dim; indistinct. 2. Zool. appearing or active in the twilight, as certain bats and insects. [1660-70; ...
crepuscular ray
a twilight ray of sunlight shining through breaks in high clouds and illuminating dust particles in the air. * * *
/kri pus"kyoohl, krep"euh skyoohl'/, n. twilight; dusk. Also, crepuscle /kri pus"euhl/. [1350-1400; < L crepuscul(um), equiv. to crepus- (akin to creper obscure) + -culum ...
Créquy, Charles I de Blanchefort, marquis de, Prince De Poix, Duc De Lesdiguières
▪ French marshal Créquy also spelled  Créqui   born 1578 died March 17, 1638, near Crema, Italy       marshal of France during the reign of King Louis ...
Créquy, François, chevalier de, Marquis De Marines
▪ French marshal Créquy also spelled  Créqui   born c. 1624 died Feb. 3, 1687, Paris       marshal of France and one of King Louis XIV's most successful commanders ...
Crerar, Henry Duncan Graham
▪ Canadian general born April 28, 1888, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada died April 1, 1965, Ottawa, Ontario  Canadian army officer who was that country's leading field commander in ...
Crerar, John
▪ American industrialist born March 8, 1827, New York City died Oct. 19, 1889, Chicago  U.S. railway industrialist and philanthropist who endowed (1889) what later became the ...
▪ island, Croatia Italian  Cherso         island in the Kvarner group, northwest Croatia, in the Adriatic Sea, off the east coast of Istria. With an area of 156 ...
Music. crescendo. Also, cresc. * * *
/kres"keuhs/, n. Hasdai /khahs"duy/, 1340-1412?, Jewish philosopher and theologian, born in Spain. * * *
Crescas, Ḥasdai ben Abraham
▪ Spanish philosopher born 1340, Barcelona? died 1410, Saragossa, Spain       Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian rationalist ...
/kri shen"doh, -sen"doh/; It. /krdde shen"daw/, n., pl. crescendos, crescendi /-dee/, adj., adv., v. n. 1. Music. a. a gradual, steady increase in loudness or force. b. a musical ...
—crescentic /kri sen"tik/, adj. /kres"euhnt/, n. 1. a shape resembling a segment of a ring tapering to points at the ends. 2. something, as a roll or cookie, having this ...
crescent truss
a roof truss having upper and lower chords curving upward from a common point at each side. Also called camelback truss. * * *
crescent wrench
crescent wrench n. 〚< Crescent, a trademark for this kind of wrench〛 a wrench with a head shaped like a crescent, having one movable jaw, adjusted by a screw to fit various ...
See crescent. * * *
Crescentii Family
▪ Roman family Italian  Crescenzi,         a Roman family that played an important part in the history of Rome and the papacy from the middle of the 10th to the ...
crescit eundo
/krddes"kit e oon"doh/; Eng. /kres"it ee un"doh/, Latin. it grows as it goes: motto of the state of New Mexico. * * *
or Kresilas flourished 5th century BC, Athens, Greece Greek sculptor. He was a contemporary of Phidias. His portrait of Pericles (с 445 BC) generated a type of noble, ...
/krez"lan/, Trademark. a brand of acrylic textile fiber that is lightweight, strong, and wrinkle-resistant. * * *
/kree"sawl, -sol/, n. any of three isomeric compounds having the formula C7H8O, usually derived from coal tar and wood tar, and used chiefly as a disinfectant. Also called methyl ...
Crespi, Daniele
▪ Italian painter born 1597/1600, Busto Arsizio, duchy of Milan [Italy] died July 19, 1630, Milan  Italian Baroque painter, known for the direct emotional appeal and simple ...
Crespi, Giovanni Battista
▪ Italian painter also called  Il Cerano   born c. 1567/69, Cerano, near Novara, duchy of Milan [Italy] died c. Oct. 23, 1632, Milan       one of the chief Lombard ...
Crespi, Giuseppe Maria
▪ Italian painter byname  Lo Spagnolo (Italian: “The Spaniard”)   born March 14, 1665, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died March 25, 1747, Bologna  Italian Baroque ...
Crespin, Regine
▪ 2008       French opera singer born Feb. 23, 1927, Marseilles, France died July 5, 2007, Paris, France was known for the warmth and strength of her voice and the ...
—cressy, adj. /kres/, n. 1. any of various plants of the mustard family, esp. the watercress, having pungent-tasting leaves often used for salad and as a garnish. 2. any of ...
Cressent, Charles
born Dec. 16, 1685, Amiens, Fr. died Jan. 10, 1768, Paris French cabinetmaker. He also studied sculpture and became an accomplished metalworker. In 1710 he went to Paris, where ...
/kres"it/, n. a metal cup or basket often mounted on a pole or suspended from above, containing oil, pitch, a rope steeped in rosin, etc., burned as a light or beacon. [1325-75; ...
/kres"i deuh/, n. (in medieval adaptations of the story of the Trojan wars) a Trojan woman portrayed as the lover of Troilus, whom she deserts for Diomedes. * * *
Cresson, Edith
▪ premier of France née  Campion  born January 27, 1934, Boulogne-Billancourt, near Paris, France    premier of France from May 15, 1991, to April 2, 1992, the first ...
Cresswell, Helen
▪ 2006       British author (b. July 11, 1934, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Eng.—d. Sept. 26, 2005, Eakring, Nottinghamshire, Eng.), penned more than 100 children's ...
/kres"ee/, n. Crécy (def. 1). * * *
Cressy, Hugh Paulin
▪ English author and editor also called  Serenus Cressy   born c. 1605, , Thorpe-Salvin, Yorkshire [now South Yorkshire], Eng. died Aug. 10, 1674, East Grinstead, Sussex ...
—crested, adj. —crestless, adj. /krest/, n. 1. the highest part of a hill or mountain range; summit. 2. the head or top of anything. 3. a ridge or ridgelike formation. 4. the ...
crest cloud
a stationary cloud parallel to and near the top of a mountain ridge. Cf. cap cloud (def. 1). * * *
crest coronet
Heraldry. coronet (def. 6). * * *
crest rail
the carved or profiled top rail of a chair, settee, or sofa. * * *
crest-tailed marsupial rat
▪ mammal also called  Kowari        (Dasyuroides byrnei), rare ratlike mammal of the family Dasyuridae (order Marsupialia), native to the desert and grasslands of ...
crested [kres′tid] adj. having a crest * * * crest·ed (krĕsʹtĭd) adj. Having a crest: a crested black macaque. * * *
crested auklet.
See under auklet. * * *
crested flycatcher
☆ crested flycatcher n. any of various tyrant flycatchers (esp. genus Myiarchus) with a prominent crest * * *
crested iris.
See dwarf crested iris. * * *
crested lizard.
See desert iguana. * * *
crested swift
▪ bird also called  Tree Swift   (family Hemiprocnidae), any of three or four species of fork-tailed forest birds ranging from Southeast Asia and Australia to the Solomon ...
crested swift.
See tree swift. * * *
crested wheatgrass
a forage grass, Agropyron cristatum, native to Eurasia and grown in the Great Plains as pasturage, hay, and for erosion control. * * *
crested wheat·grass (hwētʹgrăs', wētʹ-) n. A Eurasian perennial grass (Agropyron cristatum) cultivated for pasture and rangeland in the Great Plains and western North ...
—crestfallenly, adv. —crestfallenness, n. /krest"faw'leuhn/, adj. 1. dejected; dispirited; discouraged. 2. having a drooping crest or head. [1580-90; CREST + FALLEN] * * *
See crestfallen. * * *
See crestfallenly. * * *
/kres"ting/, n. 1. Archit. a decorative coping, balustrade, etc., usually designed to give an interesting skyline. 2. Furniture. ornamentation either carved or sawed in the top ...
Creston, Paul
orig. Giuseppe Guttoveggio born Oct. 10, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 24, 1985, San Diego, Calif. U.S. composer. Born to a poor immigrant family, he was largely ...
Cres·tone Needle (krĕsʹtōn) A mountain, 4,330.1 m (14,197 ft) high, in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of south-central Colorado. * * *
Crestone Peak A mountain, 4,359.7 m (14,294 ft) high, in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of south-central Colorado. * * *
/krest"wood'/, n. 1. a city in E Missouri. 12,815. 2. a town in NE Illinois. 10,712. * * *
Creswell Crags
▪ ravine, England, United Kingdom       ravine about 1,500 feet (450 m) long, near Creswell in northeastern Derbyshire, Eng. It contains caves that have yielded one of ...
/kres"il, kree"sil/, adj. Chem. tolyl. Also, cresylic /kri sil"ik/. [1860-65; CRES(OL) + -YL] * * *
cresylic [kri sil′ik] adj. 〚 CRES( + -YL + -IC〛 1. of or from cresol or creosote 2. of various acids composed of different mixtures of phenols and used in making plastics, ...
cresylic acid n. 1. Any of several acids derived from petroleum and coal tar that boil above 204°C, contain varying amounts of xylene and cresol, and are used in disinfectants, ...
Cret, Paul Phillippe
▪ American architect born Oct. 21, 1876, Lyon, France died Sept. 8, 1945, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       architect and teacher, a late adherent to the Beaux Arts ...
—cretaceously, adv. /kri tay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. resembling or containing chalk. 2. (cap.) Geol. noting or pertaining to a period of the Mesozoic Era, from 140 million to 65 ...
Cretaceous Period
Interval of geologic time from с 144 to 65 million years ago. During the Cretaceous the climate was warmer than today. In the seas, marine invertebrates flourished, and bony ...
See Cretaceous. * * *
/kreet"n/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the island of Crete or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Crete. [ < L Cretanus. See CRETE, -AN] * * *
Cretan bull
Gk. Legend. a savage bull, captured on Crete by Hercules and allowed to roam near Marathon in Greece until captured by Theseus. Also called Marathonian bull. [1930-35] * * *
/kreet/, n. Also called Candia. a Greek island in the Mediterranean, SE of mainland Greece. 456,642; 3235 sq. mi. (8380 sq. km). Cap.: Canea. * * * Greek Kríti ancient ...
Crete, Sea of
▪ sea, Greece also called  Sea Of Candia,  Modern Greek  Kritikón Pélagos,         southern part of the Aegean Sea (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea), lying ...
Crete,Sea of
Crete, Sea of A section of the southern Aegean Sea between Crete and the Cyclades Islands. * * *
▪ France       town, a southeastern suburb of Paris, Val-de-Marne département, Île-de-France région, north-central France. Originally an industrial centre, Créteil ...
cre·tic (krēʹtĭk) n. See amphimacer.   [Latin Crēticus, of Crete, Cretic foot, from Crēta Crete.] * * *
—cretinoid, adj. —cretinous, adj. /kreet"n/ or, esp. Brit., /kret"n/, n. 1. a person suffering from cretinism. 2. a stupid, obtuse, or mentally defective person. [1770-80; < ...
/kreet"n iz'euhm/ or, esp. Brit., /kret"-/, n. Pathol. a congenital disease due to absence or deficiency of normal thyroid secretion, characterized by physical deformity, ...
/kreet"n uyz'/ or, esp. Brit., /kret"-/, v.t., v.i., cretinized, cretinizing. to make or become cretinous; cause (a person) to be incapable of normal intelligence or sound ...
See cretin. * * *
See cretinoid. * * *
/kri ton", kree"ton/, n. a heavy cotton material in colorfully printed designs, used esp. for drapery and slipcovers. [1865-70; < F, after Creton, Norman village where it was ...
/kree ooh"seuh/, n. Class. Myth. 1. the bride to be of Jason, slain by Medea. 2. a daughter of Priam and the wife of Aeneas who disappeared in the flight from Troy. * * *
/krdduez/, n. a department in central France. 146,214; 2165 sq. mi. (5605 sq. km). Cap.: Guéret. * * *
Creutz, Gustav Philip, Greve
▪ Swedish poet born May 1, 1731, Anjala, Swedish Finland [now in Finland] died October 30, 1785, Stockholm, Sweden       Swedish poet whose light and graceful verse ...
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
/kroyts"felt yah"kawp/, Pathol. a rare, usually fatal brain disorder caused by an unidentified pathogen and characterized by progressive dementia, blindness, and involuntary ...
Creutz·feldt-Ja·kob disease (kroitsʹfĕlt-yäʹkôp) n. A rare, usually fatal disease of the brain, characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control, ...
Creuzer, Georg Friedrich
▪ German scholar born March 10, 1771, Marburg an der Lahn, Hesse [Germany] died Feb. 16, 1858, Heidelberg, Baden       German classical scholar who is best known for ...
/kreuh val"ee, -val"euh/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) crevalle, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) crevalles. any of several marine fishes of the jack family, ...
crevalle jack.
See under jack1 (def. 6). Also called jack crevalle. * * *
crevalle jack n. A food and game fish (Caranx hippos) of warm seas, having a laterally compressed silvery body. * * *
/kreuh vas"/, n., v., crevassed, crevassing. n. 1. a fissure, or deep cleft, in glacial ice, the earth's surface, etc. 2. a breach in an embankment or levee. v.t. 3. to fissure ...
Creve Coeur
/kreev" koor"/ a town in E Missouri. 12,694. * * *
/krddev kuerdd"/, n. Michel Guillaume Jean de /mee shel" gee yohm" zhahonn deuh/, ("J. Hector St. John"), 1735-1813, French writer, statesman, and agriculturalist, in the U.S. ...
Crèvecoeur, Michel-Guillaume-Saint-Jean de
or J. Hector St. John or Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur born Jan. 31, 1735, Caen, France died Nov. 12, 1813, Sarcelles French-U.S. writer and naturalist. He traveled to the ...
Crèvecoeur,Michel Guillaume Jean de
Crève·coeur (krĕv-kœrʹ), Michel Guillaume Jean de. Pen name J. Hector Saint John. 1735-1813. French-born American agriculturalist, writer, and diplomat whose Letters from ...
—creviced, adj. /krev"is/, n. a crack forming an opening; cleft; rift; fissure. [1300-50; ME crevace < AF, OF, equiv. to crev(er) to crack ( < L crepare) + -ace n. suffix] * * *
See crevice. * * *
crew1 —crewless, adj. /krooh/, n. 1. a group of persons involved in a particular kind of work or working together: the crew of a train; a wrecking crew. 2. Naut. a. the people ...
crew cut
—crew-cut, crewcut, adj. a haircut in which the hair is very closely cropped. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
crew neck
—crew-neck, crew-necked, adj. 1. a collarless neckline, as on a sweater or jersey, that fits snugly at the base of the neck. 2. a sweater, jersey, or other garment having such ...
crew socks
short, thick casual socks usually ribbed above the ankles. [1945-50] * * *
crew chief n. A noncommissioned air force officer who is in charge of a group of enlisted people, such as maintenance specialists, on the flight line. * * *
crew·cut or crew cut (kro͞oʹkŭt') n. A closely cropped haircut.   [So called because it was worn by rowers.] * * *
Crewe (kro͞o) also Crewe and Nant·wich (năntʹwĭch') A municipal borough of west-central England southeast of Liverpool. It is an important railroad junction. Population: ...
Crewe and Nantwich
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district) in the south of the administrative and historic county of Cheshire, England. Crewe has long been associated ...
crewed (kro͞od) adj. Operated by an onboard crew: a crewed space flight. * * *
—crewelist, creweler, n. /krooh"euhl/, n. 1. Also called crewel yarn. a worsted yarn for embroidery and edging. 2. crewelwork. [1485-95; earlier crule; orig. uncert.] * * *
crewel work
▪ embroidery  type of free-style embroidery distinguished not by the stitches employed but by the two-ply worsted wool yarn called crewel used for embroidering the design on ...
/krooh"euhl werrk'/, n. decorative embroidery done with crewel yarn on cotton or linen, using simple stitches traditionally worked in floral or pastoral designs. [1860-65; CREWEL ...
—crewmanship, n. /krooh"meuhn/, n., pl. crewmen. a member of a crew. [1935-40; CREW1 + -MAN] * * *
crew·mate (kro͞oʹmāt') n. A fellow member of a crew, especially of a crew of astronauts. * * *
crew neck n. 1. A round close-fitting neckline. 2. often crew·neck (kro͞oʹnĕk') A garment, especially a sweater, with such a neckline.   [From the wearing of similarly ...
See crewman. * * *
Crews, Frederick C.
▪ American literary critic and author in full  Frederick Campbell Crews  born Feb. 20, 1933, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American literary critic who wrote ...
crew sock n. A warm, usually ribbed sock.   [From its use by rowers.] * * *
See crewman. * * *
corticotropin releasing factor. * * *
CRH abbr. corticotropin-releasing hormone. * * *
cri de coeur
/krddeedeu kuerdd"/; Eng. /kree" deuh kerr"/, pl. cris de coeur /krddeedeu kuerdd"/; Eng. /kreez" deuh kerr"/. French. an anguished cry of distress or indignation; ...
cri du chat
/kree" dooh shah", dyooh/. See cat's cry syndrome. [ < F: lit., cry of the cat] * * *
cri-du-chat syndrome
▪ pathology       rare congenital disorder caused by partial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5, characterized by mental retardation, mild facial abnormalities, ...
/krib/, n., v., cribbed, cribbing. n. 1. a child's bed with enclosed sides. 2. a stall or pen for cattle. 3. a rack or manger for fodder, as in a stable or barn. 4. a bin for ...
crib biting
crib biting n. a habit that some horses have of biting wood, as the stall door or feeding trough, and at the same time swallowing air crib-bite vi. crib-bit, ...

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