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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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crib death
crib death.
See sudden infant death syndrome. [1965-70] * * *
—crib-biter, n. /krib"buyt'/, v.i., crib-bit, crib-bitten or crib-bit, crib-biting. Vet. Med. to practice cribbing. [1835-45; back formation from crib-biting, crib-biter; see ...
crib-bit·ing (krĭbʹbī'tĭng) n. An injurious habit of horses in which they bite at the edge of a feed trough or other object and swallow air at the same time. * * *
Cribb, Tom
▪ English athlete born July 8, 1781, Hanham, Gloucestershire, England died May 11, 1848, Woolwich, London       English bare-knuckle champion from 1809 to 1822 and one ...
/krib"ij/, n. a card game for two or sometimes three or four players, a characteristic feature of which is the crib, and in which the object is to make counting combinations for ...
cribbage board
a board for keeping score in cribbage, having holes into which pegs are placed to mark the score and progress of the players. [1775-85] * * *
/krib"euhr/, n. 1. a person who cribs. 2. a horse that practices cribbing. [1695-1705; CRIB + -ER1] * * *
/krib"ing/, n. 1. Vet. Med. Also called crib-biting, wind-sucking. an injurious habit in which a horse bites its manger and as a result swallows air. 2. Mining. a. a timber ...
crib death n. See sudden infant death syndrome. * * *
/krib"noht'/, n. crib (def. 5a). [CRIB + NOTE] * * *
/krib"reuh fawrm'/, adj. sievelike. Also, cribrous /krib"reuhs/. [1735-45; < L cribr(um) a sieve + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/krib"werrk'/, n. Building Trades, Civil Engin. a system of cribs; cribbing. [CRIB + WORK] * * *
/kruy see"tid, -set"id, kri-/, n. Zool. any of a diverse group of scampering, digging, or jumping rodents of the family Cricetidae, including the gerbils, hamsters, field mice, ...
/kruyt"n/, n. 1. James ("the Admirable Crichton"), 1560?-82, Scottish scholar and linguist. 2. Michael, born 1942, U.S. novelist. * * *
Crichton Smith, Iain
▪ 1999       Scottish poet, novelist, and playwright who was one of Scotland's most important writers and lyric poets; writing prolifically in both English and Gaelic, ...
Crichton, (John) Michael
▪ 2009       American author, physician, and television and motion picture producer-director born Oct. 23, 1942, Chicago, Ill. died Nov. 4, 2008, Los Angeles, ...
Crichton, Charles Ainslie
▪ 2000       British film director who achieved near-legendary status with a series of classic comedies he made for Ealing Studios in the 1940s and '50s, notably Hue and ...
Crichton, James
born August 1560, Eliock House, Dumfries, Scot. died July 1582, Mantua, Mantua Scottish scholar and adventurer. After graduating from the University of St. Andrews, he publicly ...
Crichton, Michael
▪ American author in full  John Michael Crichton  born Oct. 23, 1942, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Nov. 4, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif.       American writer known for his ...
▪ Brazil       city, southeastern Santa Catarina estado (state), southern Brazil, on the coastal plain, at 154 feet (47 metres) above sea level. Criciúma was made the ...
crick1 /krik/, n. 1. a sharp, painful spasm of the muscles, as of the neck or back. v.t. 2. to give a crick or wrench to (the neck, back, etc.). [1400-50; late ME crikke, perh. ...
/krik/, n. Francis Harry Compton, born 1916, English biophysicist: Nobel prize for medicine 1962. * * *
Crick, Francis (Harry Compton)
born June 8, 1916, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng. British biophysicist. Educated at University College, London, he helped develop magnetic mines for naval use during World ...
Crick, Francis Harry Compton
▪ 2005       British biologist (b. June 8, 1916, Northampton, Eng.—d. July 28, 2004, San Diego, Calif.), together with American biologist James D. Watson, in 1953 made ...
Crick, Sir Bernard Rowland
▪ 2009       British political theorist born Dec. 16, 1929, London, Eng. died Dec. 19, 2008, Edinburgh, Scot. was the author of numerous leftist scholarly studies, ...
Crick,Francis Henry Compton
Crick (krĭk), Francis Henry Compton. Born 1916. British biologist who with James D. Watson proposed a spiral model, the double helix, for the molecular structure of DNA. He ...
cricket1 —cricketlike, adj. /krik"it/, n. 1. any of several jumping, orthopterous insects of the family Gryllidae, characterized by long antennae and stridulating organs on the ...
cricket frog
either of two tree frogs, Acris gryllus or A. crepitans, of eastern and central U.S., having a clicking call. [1790-1800] * * * ▪ frog       either of two species of ...
cricket table
a three-legged table of the Jacobean period. * * *
Cricket World Cup
➡ cricket * * * ▪ Table Cricket World Cup year result 1975 West Indies 291–8 Australia 274 1979 West Indies 286–9 England 194 1983 India 183 West ...
CRICKET: World Cup
▪ 1997       Twenty-one years after its introduction to international cricket, Sri Lanka dominated the sixth World Cup to become the world champion of one-day cricket. ...
See cricketer. * * *
See cricket2. * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), North Wiltshire district, administrative and historic county of Wiltshire, England. Cricklade lies at the head of ...
/kruy"koyd/, Anat. adj. 1. pertaining to a ring-shaped cartilage at the lower part of the larynx. n. 2. the cricoid cartilage. See diag. under larynx. [1700-10; < NL cricoides < ...
/kruy'koh feuh rin"jee euhl, -jeuhl, -far'in jee"euhl/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the cricoid cartilage and the pharynx. [crico- (see CRICOID) + PHARYNGEAL] * * *
cride coeur
cri de coeur (krē' də kœrʹ) n. pl. cris de coeur (krē') An impassioned outcry, as of entreaty or protest.   [French cri de cœur: cri, cry + de, of + cœur, heart.] * * *
/kruyd/, v. pt. and pp. of cry. * * *
/kruy"euhr/, n. 1. a person who cries. 2. a court or town official who makes public announcements. 3. a hawker. [1250-1300; ME criere < OF. See CRY, -ER1] * * *
cries (krīz) v. Third person singular present tense of cry. n. Plural of cry. * * *
/kruy"kee/, interj. (used as an exclamation of surprise, amazement, dismay, etc.) [1830-40; prob. euphemistic alter. of CHRIST] * * *
/kruyl/, n. George Washington, 1864-1943, U.S. surgeon. * * *
Crile, George Washington
▪ American surgeon born Nov. 11, 1864, Chili, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 7, 1943, Cleveland, Ohio       American surgeon who made notable contributions to the study of ...
crim abbrev. criminal * * *
crim con
crim con abbrev. criminal conversation * * *
criminal. * * *
crim. con.
Civil Law. See criminal conversation. * * *
—crimeless, adj. —crimelessness, n. /kruym/, n. 1. an action or an instance of negligence that is deemed injurious to the public welfare or morals or to the interests of the ...
crime against humanity
a crime or series of crimes, such as genocide, directed against a large group because of race, religion, country of origin, or other reason unconnected with any individual's ...
crime against nature
1. Law. sodomy. 2. any act considered to be against the laws or designs of nature or one's religious teachings. [1920-25] * * *
Crime and Punishment
a novel (1866) by Feodor Dostoevsky. * * *
crime passionnel
crime passionnel [krēm pä΄sē ə nel′] n. pl. crimes passionnels 〚< Fr〛 a sexually motivated crime; specif., the murder of a spouse, lover, etc., motivated by jealousy: ...
crime, délit, and contravention
▪ criminal law       three classifications of criminal offense that are central to the administration of justice in many Roman- and civil-law countries (for distinctions ...
Crime, Law Enforcement, and Penology
▪ 1995 Introduction Terrorism.       Peace talks continued in 1994 between Israel and its Arab neighbours despite a series of murderous incidents, while in Northern ...
/kruym"fuy'teuhr/, n. any person, as a law-enforcement officer or government official, who works to prevent crime or to enforce criminal laws. * * *
—Crimean, adj. /kruy mee"euh, kri-/, n. the 1. a peninsula in SE Ukraine, between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. 2. a former autonomous republic of the Soviet Union, now a ...
Crimea, khanate of the
▪ historical state, Ukraine       one of the successor states to the Mongol empire. Founded in 1443 and centred at Bakhchisaray, the Crimean khanate staged occasional ...
See Crimea. * * *
Crimean Astrophysical Observatory
an astronomical observatory near Simferopol, in S Ukraine, having a 102.4-in. (2.6-m) reflecting telescope. * * * ▪ observatory, Crimea, Ukraine       a major ...
Crimean Gothic
a form of the Gothic language that survived in the Crimea after the extinction of Gothic elsewhere in Europe, known only from a list of words and phrases recorded in the 16th ...
Crimean Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Ukraine Ukrainian  Krymsky Pivostriv , Russian  Krymskiy Poluostrov   peninsula coterminous with Crimea republic, Ukraine, lying between the Black Sea and ...
Crimean Tatar
1. a member of a Turkic people who lived in the Crimea before emigration to Anatolia in the 18th and 19th centuries and deportations to Soviet central Asia after World War II. 2. ...
Crimean War
a war between Great Britain, France, Turkey, and Sardinia on one side, and Russia on the other, fought chiefly in the Crimea 1853-56. * * * (October 1853–February 1856) War ...
a British television programme on BBC1. It describes serious crimes that the police need help with and often shows films of actors copying a crime to help witnesses remember what ...
—criminally, adv. /krim"euh nl/, adj. 1. of the nature of or involving crime. 2. guilty of crime. 3. Law. of or pertaining to crime or its punishment: a criminal proceeding. 4. ...
criminal assault
Law. 1. an attack by physical force on a person for which the attacker is liable to criminal prosecution. 2. a similar act with intent to commit rape. * * *
criminal code
Law. 1. the aggregate of statutory enactments pertaining to criminal offenses. 2. a systematic and integrated statement of the rules and principles pertaining to criminal ...
criminal contempt
Law. any seriously disrespectful act committed against the dignity or authority of a court. * * *
criminal conversation
Civil Law. adultery. Abbr.: crim. con. [1760-70] * * *
criminal court
a court of law in which criminal cases are tried and determined. [1590-1600] * * *
criminal investigation
      ensemble of methods by which crimes are studied and criminals apprehended. The criminal investigator seeks to ascertain the methods, motives, and identities of ...
criminal justice
▪ academic discipline       interdisciplinary academic study of the police, criminal courts (court), correctional institutions (e.g., prisons (prison)), and juvenile ...
Criminal Justice and Public Order Act
a British law passed in 1994 dealing with a number of social and legal issues. It gave the police new powers to prevent people gathering in large groups, especially New Age ...
criminal law
the laws of a state or country dealing with criminal offenses and their punishments. [1580-90] * * * Body of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, ...
criminal lawyer
a person who specializes in the practice of criminal law. [1885-90] * * *
criminal syndicalism
Law. the doctrine of recourse to acts of violence or terrorism, or the advocacy of such acts, as a means of effecting economic or political change: proscribed by statute in many ...
criminal conversation n. Law Adultery. * * *
criminal court n. A court empowered to hear and decide on cases involving offenses against criminal law. * * *
/krim"euh nl ist/, n. 1. an expert in criminalistics. 2. a person who studies or practices criminology; criminologist. 3. an expert in criminal law. [1625-35; CRIMINAL + -IST] * ...
/krim'euh nl is"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the scientific study and evaluation of physical evidence in the commission of crimes. 2. the science dealing with the ...
/krim'euh nal"i tee/, n., pl. criminalities for 2. 1. the state of being criminal. 2. a criminal act or practice. [1605-15; < ML criminalitas. See CRIMINAL, -ITY] * * *
See criminalize. * * *
—criminalization, n. /krim"euh nl uyz'/, v.t., criminalized, criminalizing. 1. to make punishable as a crime: To reduce the graffiti on subway cars, he wants to criminalize the ...
criminal justice n. The system of law enforcement, the bar, the judiciary, corrections, and probation that is directly involved in the apprehension, prosecution, defense, ...
criminal law n. Law that deals with crimes and their punishments.   criminal lawyer n. * * *
See criminal law. * * *
See criminal. * * *
—crimination, n. —criminator, n. /krim"euh nayt'/, v.t., criminated, criminating. 1. to charge with a crime. 2. to incriminate. 3. to censure (something) as criminal; ...
See criminate. * * *
/krim"euh nay'tiv, -neuh tiv/, adj. involving crimination; accusatory. Also, criminatory /krim"euh neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/. [1725-35; CRIMINATE + -IVE] * * *
See crimination. * * *
See crimination. * * *
cri·mi·ni (krə-mēʹnē) n. Variant of cremini. * * *
/krim'euh neuh jen"ik/, adj. producing or tending to produce crime or criminals: a criminogenic environment. Also, crimogenic /kruy'meuh jen"ik/. [CRIMIN(AL) + -O- + -GENIC] * * *
1. criminologist. 2. criminology. * * *
See criminology. * * *
See criminological. * * *
See criminological. * * *
—criminological /krim'euh nl oj"i keuhl/, criminologic, adj. —criminologically, adv. —criminologist, n. /krim'euh nol"euh jee/, n. the study of crime and criminals: a ...
/krim"euh neuhs/, adj. Archaic. criminal. [1425-75; late ME < OF crimineux < ML, L criminosus, equiv. to crimin- (s. of crimen; see CRIME) + -osus -OUS] * * *
criminy or crimine [krim′ə nē] interj. Slang used to express surprise, anger, etc. * * *
/krim"euhr/, n. krimmer. * * *
crim·o·gen·ic (krī'mə-jĕnʹĭk) adj. Variant of criminogenic. * * *
crimp1 —crimper, n. /krimp/, v.t. 1. to press into small regular folds; make wavy. 2. to curl (hair), esp. with the use of a curling iron. 3. to press or draw together, as the ...
See crimp1. * * *
See crimpy. * * *
/krim"peuhl/, v.t., v.i., crimpled, crimpling. to wrinkle. [1400-50; late ME. See CRIMP1, -LE] * * *
/krim"pee/, adj., crimpier, crimpiest. 1. having a crimped form or appearance. 2. South Midland U.S. (of weather) cold and disagreeable. [1885-90; CRIMP1 + -Y1] * * *
—crimsonly, adv. —crimsonness, n. /krim"zeuhn, -seuhn/, adj. 1. deep purplish-red. 2. sanguinary. n. 3. a crimson color, pigment, or dye. v.t., v.i. 4. to make or become ...
crimson clover
a European clover, Trifolium incarnatum, of the legume family, having heads of crimson flowers, cultivated as a forage plant in the U.S. Also called Italian clover. * * *
crimson flag
a southern African plant, Schizostylis coccinea, of the iris family, having tubular red flowers. Also called Kaffir lily. * * *
—crinal, adj. /kruyn/, n. hair; head of hair. [1605-15; < L crinis hair] * * *
—cringer, n. —cringingly, adv. —cringingness, n. /krinj/, v., cringed, cringing, n. v.i. 1. to shrink, bend, or crouch, esp. in fear or servility; cower. 2. to fawn. n. 3. ...
/kring"geuhl/, n. Naut. an eye or grommet formed on the boltrope of a sail to permit the attachment of lines. [1620-30; < LG kringel, equiv. to kring circle + -el dim. suffix; c. ...
crinite1 /kruy"nuyt/, adj. 1. hairy. 2. Bot., Entomol. having long hairs, or tufts of long, fine or limp hairs. [1590-1600; < L crinitus, equiv. to crin(is) hair + -itus ...
/kring"keuhl/, v., crinkled, crinkling, n. v.t., v.i. 1. to wrinkle; crimple; ripple. 2. to make slight, sharp sounds; rustle. 3. to turn or wind in many little bends and ...
crinkle leaf
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by puckering, mottling, and distortion of the leaves, caused by any of several viruses. * * *
☆ crinkleroot [kriŋ′kəlro͞ot΄ ] n. a toothwort (Dentaria diphylla) with small, white or lilac-colored flowers and a white, tuberous, pungent rhizome * * ...
/kring"klee/, adj., crinklier, crinkliest. 1. having crinkles. 2. making a rustling noise. [1820-30; CRINKLE + -Y1] * * *
crinkum-crankum [kriŋ′kəm kraŋ′kəm] n. 〚redupl. of CRANK1〛 Archaic anything full of twists and turns * * *
/kruy'neuh jen"ik, krin'euh-/, adj. stimulating secretion. [ < Gk krín(ein) to separate + -O- + -GENIC] * * *
—crinoidal, adj. /kruy"noyd, krin"oyd/, n. 1. any echinoderm of the class Crinoidea, having a cup-shaped body to which are attached branched, radiating arms, comprising the sea ...
/krin"l in/, n. 1. a petticoat of haircloth or other stiff material, worn under a full skirt to keep it belled out. 2. a stiff, coarse cotton material for interlining. 3. a hoop ...
crinoline stretcher
(on a Windsor chair) a stretcher having an inwardly curved piece connecting the front legs, and connected to the back legs by short, straight pieces. * * *
See crinoline. * * *
—crinosity /kruy nos"i tee, kri-/, n. /kruy"nohs, krin"ohs/, adj. hairy. [ < L crin(is) hair + -OSE1] * * *
/kruy"neuhm/, n. any of the tropical and subtropical bulbous plants constituting the genus Crinum, of the amaryllis family, usually having umbels of large, showy flowers. [ < NL ...
▪ religious rite       in the ancient religion of Asia Minor, the sacrifice of a ram and the bathing of a devotee in its blood, in the cult of the Phrygian deities ...
/kree oh"leuh/; Sp. /krddee aw"yah/, n., pl. criollas /-oh"leuhz/; Sp. /-aw"yahs/. a woman or girl born in Spanish America but of European, usually Spanish, ancestry. [ < Sp; ...
▪ literature       preoccupation in the arts and especially the literature of Latin America with native scenes and types. The term often refers to a nationalistic ...
/kree oh"loh/; Sp. /krddee aw"yaw/, n., pl. criollos /-oh"lohz/; Sp. /-aw"yaws/, adj. n. 1. a person born in Spanish America but of European, usually Spanish, ancestry. Cf. ...
cri·o·sphinx (krīʹə-sfĭngks') n. A sphinx with the head of a ram.   [Greek krīos, ram; See ker-1 in Indo-European Roots + sphinx.] * * *
/krip/, n. Slang (offensive). a cripple. [1915-20, Amer.; by shortening] * * *
/kruyps/, interj. (used as a mild oath or an exclamation of astonishment.) [1905-10; appar. euphemistic alter. of CHRIST] * * *
(Hawley Harvey Crippen 1862–1910) a US doctor who came to London in 1896. He fell in love with his secretary Ethel le Neve, murdered his wife and hid her body in the cellar of ...
Crippen, Hawley Harvey
▪ American murderer       (b. 1862, Coldwater, Mich., U.S.—d. Nov. 23, 1910, Pentonville Prison, England), mild-mannered physician who killed his wife, then for a time ...
Crippen, Robert Laurel
▪ American astronaut born Sept. 11, 1937, Beaumont, Texas, U.S.    U.S. astronaut who served as pilot on the first U.S. space shuttle orbital flight.       Crippen ...
—crippler, n. —cripplingly, adv. /krip"euhl/, n., v., crippled, crippling, adj. n. 1. Sometimes Offensive. a. a person or animal that is partially or totally unable to use ...
Cripple Creek
a town in central Colorado: gold rush 1891. 655; 9600 ft. (2925 m) above sea level. * * * ▪ Colorado, United States       city, seat (1899) of Teller county, central ...
Crip·ple Creek (krĭpʹəl) A city of central Colorado in the Rocky Mountains southwest of Colorado Springs. After 1891 it was the center of a thriving gold-producing area but ...
See cripple. * * *
/krips/, n. Sir Stafford, 1889-1952, British statesman and socialist leader. * * *
Cripps, Sir (Richard) Stafford
born April 24, 1889, London, Eng. died April 21, 1952, Zürich, Switz. British statesman. A successful lawyer, he served in Parliament (1931–50). He was on the extreme left ...
Cripps, Sir Stafford
▪ British statesman born April 24, 1889, London died April 21, 1952, Zürich       British statesman chiefly remembered for his rigid austerity program as chancellor of ...
a US make of vegetable shortening (= fat used to make pastry crisp). It is mostly used for making cakes, sweet biscuits, etc. It was first sold in 1911. * * *
/krddeez/, n., pl. crises /krddeez/. French. crisis. * * *
Criseyde [kri sā′də] n. var. (in Chaucer) of CRESSIDA * * *
—crisic, adj. /kruy"sis/, n., pl. crises /-seez/, adj. n. 1. a stage in a sequence of events at which the trend of all future events, esp. for better or for worse, is ...
crisis center
1. a central facility, telephone answering service, etc., where people may obtain informed help or advice in a personal crisis. 2. an office, building, agency, etc., serving as a ...
crisis management
—crisis manager. the techniques used, as by an employer or government, to avert or deal with strikes, riots, violence, or other crisis situations. [1960-65] * * *
crisis theology
—crisis theologian. a neoorthodox theology, advocated by Karl Barth and others, emphasizing the absolute necessity of faith and divine revelation in transcending the personal ...
Crisis, The
▪ American magazine in full  The Crisis: A Record Of The Darker Races,    American monthly magazine published by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored ...
crisis center n. A center staffed especially by volunteers who give support and advice to people experiencing personal crises. * * *
—crisply, adv. —crispness, n. /krisp/, adj., crisper, crispest, v., n. adj. 1. (esp. of food) hard but easily breakable; brittle: crisp toast. 2. (esp. of food) firm and ...
Crisp, Quentin
▪ 2000 Dennis Charles Pratt        British author, performer, and raconteur who transcended physical abuse and poverty during his early years as a commercial artist, ...
cris·pate (krĭsʹpāt') also cris·pat·ed (-pā'tĭd) adj. Curled or ruffled, as the margins of certain leaves.   [Latin crispātus, past participle of crispāre, to curl, ...
crispation [kris pā′shən] n. 〚< L crispare (see CRISP) + -ATION〛 1. a curling or being curled 2. a slight, involuntary contraction of the muscles or skin * * ...
crisped (krĭspt) adj. Botany Crispate. * * *
/kris"peuhn/, v.t., v.i. to make or become crisp. [1940-45; CRISP + -EN1] * * *
/kris"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that crisps, corrugates, or curls. 2. a drawer or compartment in a refrigerator for keeping lettuce, celery, and other vegetables crisp. 3. ...
/krddee"spee/, n. Francesco /frddahn che"skaw/, 1819-1910, prime minister of Italy 1887-91, 1893-96. * * *
Crispi, Francesco
born Oct. 4, 1819, Ribera, Sicily died Aug. 12, 1901, Naples Italian politician. Exiled from Sicily for his revolutionary activities, he became an associate of Giuseppe Mazzini ...
/kris"pin/, n. 1. Saint, with his brother (Saint Crispinian) martyred A.D. c285, Roman Christian missionaries in Gaul: patron saints of shoemakers. 2. (l.c.) a shoemaker. * * *
Crispin and Crispinian, Saints
▪ Christian saint       (both b. traditionally Rome—d. c. 286, possibly Soissons, Fr.; feast day October 25), patron saints of shoemakers, whose legendary history ...
Cris·pin (krĭsʹpĭn), Saint.Third century A.D. Roman shoemaker who with his brother Saint Crispinian sought to spread Christianity and was martyred. * * *
See crispy. * * *
/kri spin"ee euhn/, n. Saint. See under Crispin, Saint. * * *
See crisp. * * *
See crisply. * * *
▪ Roman ruler in full  Flavius Julius Crispus   born c. 305 died 326, Pola, Venetia       eldest son of Constantine the Great (Constantine I) who was executed under ...
—crispily, adv. —crispiness, n. /kris"pee/, adj., crispier, crispiest. 1. (esp. of food) brittle; crisp. 2. curly or wavy. 3. brisk. [1350-1400; ME crispi. See CRISP, -Y1] * ...
/kris"euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the crissum. [1870-75; < NL crissalis. See CRISSUM, -AL1] * * *
/kris"kraws', -kros'/, v.t. 1. to move back and forth over: students crisscrossing the field on their way to school. 2. to mark with crossing lines. v.i. 3. to proceed or pass ...
/kris"euhm/, n., pl. crissa /kris"euh/. Ornith. 1. the region surrounding the cloacal opening beneath the tail of a bird. 2. the feathers of this region collectively. [1870-75; < ...
/kris"teuh/, n., pl. cristae /-tee/. Anat., Zool. a crest or ridge. [1840-50; < L: a CREST, tuft, comb] * * *
/kris"tayt/, adj. 1. having a crest; crested. 2. forming a crest. Also, cristated. [1655-65; < L cristatus, equiv. to crist(a) CRISTA + -atus -ATE1] * * *
Cristea, Miron
▪ Romanian patriarch born July 20, 1868, Topliţa, Rom. died March 6, 1939, Cannes, Fr.       first patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, who worked for unity in ...
/kri stoh"beuhl/, n. a seaport in Panama at the Atlantic end of the Panama Canal, adjacent to Colón. 11,600. Spanish, Cristóbal /krddees taw"bahl/. * * * (as used in ...
/kri stoh"beuh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a polymorph of quartz occurring in volcanic rock in the form of colorless, translucent crystals. [1885-90; named after San Cristóbal, a hill ...
Cristofori, Bartolomeo
born May 4, 1655, Padua, Republic of Venice died Jan. 27, 1731, Florence Italian maker of musical instruments. As custodian of musical instruments at the court of Prince ...
(as used in expressions) Tommaso di Cristoforo Fini Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci Cristoforo Colombo * * *
/krddee stawf"/, n. Henri. See Christophe, Henri. * * *
Criswell, W A
▪ 2003       American clergyman (b. Dec. 19, 1909, Eldorado, Okla.—d. Jan. 9, 2002, Dallas, Texas), was pastor of the First Baptist Church of Dallas from 1944 to 1991; ...
/krit/, n. Informal. 1. a critic. 2. criticism. 3. a critique. [1735-45; by shortening] * * *
1. critic. 2. critical. 3. criticism. 4. criticized. * * *
Critchfield, James Hardesty
▪ 2004       American spymaster (b. 1917, Hunter, N.D.—d. April 22, 2003, Williamsburg, Va.), employed his military, diplomatic, and intelligence skills—and ...
Criteria for Joining the Euro Zone
▪ 2005       When the European Union's 10 newest members (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia) ...
See criterion. * * *
—criterial, adj. /kruy tear"ee euhn/, n., pl. criteria /-tear"ee euh/, criterions. a standard of judgment or criticism; a rule or principle for evaluating or testing ...
▪ protozoan genus       genus of zooflagellate protozoan of the order Kinetoplastida. Crithidia is a parasite of invertebrates, living mainly in the intestines of ...
/krit"ik/, n. 1. a person who judges, evaluates, or criticizes: a poor critic of men. 2. a person who judges, evaluates, or analyzes literary or artistic works, dramatic or ...
—critically, adv. —criticality, criticalness, n. /krit"i keuhl/, adj. 1. inclined to find fault or to judge with severity, often too readily. 2. occupied with or skilled in ...
critical angle
1. Optics. the minimum angle of incidence beyond which total internal reflection occurs for light traveling from a medium of higher to one of lower index of refraction; the angle ...
critical constant
Physics. any of three constants associated with the critical point of a pure element or compound. Cf. critical density, critical pressure, critical temperature. * * *
critical constants
critical constants n. constant values related to the critical point of a substance, specif. the critical temperature, pressure, density, and volume * * *
critical density
Physics. the density of a pure element or compound at a critical point. Cf. critical constant. * * *
critical mass
1. Physics. the amount of a given fissionable material necessary to sustain a chain reaction at a constant rate. 2. an amount necessary or sufficient to have a significant effect ...
critical path analysis
▪ management       technique for controlling and coordinating the various activities necessary in completing a major project. It utilizes a chart that consists ...
critical point
1. Physics. the point at which a substance in one phase, as the liquid, has the same density, pressure, and temperature as in another phase, as the gaseous. 2. Math. a. (of a ...
critical pressure
Physics. the pressure of a pure element or compound at a critical point. Cf. critical constant. [1875-80] * * *
critical ratio
Statistics. a ratio associated with the probability of a sample, usually the ratio of the deviation from the mean to the standard deviation. * * *
critical region
Statistics. the rejection region for the null hypothesis in the testing of a hypothesis. [1950-55] * * *
critical state
Physics. the state of a pure element or compound when it is at a critical point. [1895-1900] * * *
critical temperature
Physics. the temperature of a pure element or compound at a critical point. Cf. critical constant. [1865-70] * * *
critical theory
Marxist inspired movement in social and political philosophy originally associated with the work of the Frankfurt school. Drawing particularly on the thought of Karl Marx and ...
critical value
Statistics. the value of the random variable at the boundary between the acceptance region and the rejection region in the testing of a hypothesis. [1905-10] * * *
critical volume
Physics. the volume occupied by a certain mass, usually one gram molecule of a liquid or gaseous substance at its critical point. [1875-80] * * *
critical angle n. 1. The smallest angle of incidence at which a light ray passing from one medium to another less refractive medium can be totally reflected from the boundary ...
crit·i·cal·i·ty (krĭt'ĭ-kălʹĭ-tē) n. pl. crit·i·cal·i·ties 1. The quality, state, or degree of being of the highest importance: “The challenge of our future food ...
See critical. * * *
critical mass n. 1. The smallest mass of a fissionable material that will sustain a nuclear chain reaction at a constant level. 2. The amount of matter needed to generate ...
See critically. * * *
critical point n. 1. Physics. The temperature and pressure at which the liquid and gaseous phases of a pure stable substance become identical. Also called critical state. 2. ...
critical pressure n. The least applied pressure required at the critical temperature to liquefy a gas. * * *
critical state n. See critical point. * * *
critical temperature n. 1. The temperature above which a gas cannot be liquefied, regardless of the pressure applied. 2. The temperature at which a material becomes a ...
/krit"i kas'teuhr/, n. an incompetent critic. [1675-85; CRITIC + -ASTER1] * * *
criticise [krit′ə sīz΄] vi., vt. criticised, criticising alt. Brit. sp. of CRITICIZE * * *
/krit"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the act of passing judgment as to the merits of anything. 2. the act of passing severe judgment; censure; faultfinding. 3. the act or art of analyzing ...
See criticize. * * *
—criticizable, adj. —criticizer, n. —criticizingly, adv. /krit"euh suyz'/, v., criticized, criticizing. v.t. 1. to censure or find fault with. 2. to judge or discuss the ...
See criticizable. * * *
/kri teek"/, n., v., critiqued, critiquing. n. 1. an article or essay criticizing a literary or other work; detailed evaluation; review. 2. a criticism or critical comment on ...
Critique of Pure Reason
a philosophical work (1781) by Immanuel Kant. * * *
Critius and Nesiotes
or Kritios and Nesiotes flourished late 5th century BC, Athens, Greece Greek sculptors. They executed the first masterpieces of freestanding sculpture of the early Classical ...
Critobulus, Michael
▪ Turkish historian Critobulus also spelled  Kritoboulos  flourished 15th century       historian whose account of the Turkish destruction of the Byzantine Empire ...
▪ Greek philosopher flourished 2nd century BC       Greek philosopher, a native of Phaselis in Lycia and a successor to Ariston of Ceos as head of the Peripatetic ...
Crittenden Compromise
/krit"n deuhn/, U.S. Hist. a series of constitutional amendments proposed in Congress in 1860 to serve as a compromise between proslavery and antislavery factions, one of which ...
Crittenden, John J(ordan)
born Sept. 10, 1787, near Versailles, Ky., U.S. died July 26, 1863, Frankfort, Ky. U.S. politician. A graduate of the College of William and Mary (1807), he became territorial ...
Crittenden, John J.
▪ American statesman in full  John Jordan Crittenden   born Sept. 10, 1787, near Versailles, Ky., U.S. died July 26, 1863, Frankfort, Ky.  American statesman best known for ...
/krit"euhr/, n. Dial. 1. a domesticated animal. 2. any creature. Also, crittur. [var. of CREATURE] * * *
/kruy"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a Titan, the son of Uranus and Gaea. * * *
Crivelli, Carlo
born с 1430/35, Venice, Republic of Venice died с 1493/95 Italian painter. The son of a painter, he worked mainly in the Marches, a provincial region of central Italy. All ...
CRNA abbr. certified registered nurse anesthetist. * * *
/kroh mag"neuhn, -non, -man"yeuhn/, n. 1. an Upper Paleolithic population of humans, regarded as the prototype of modern Homo sapiens in Europe. Skeletal remains found in an ...
Croagh Patrick
▪ mountain, Mayo, Ireland Irish  Cruach Phádraig        quartzite peak, west of Westport and south of Clew Bay, County Mayo, Ireland. It rises to 2,510 feet (765 m) ...
/krohk/, v.i. 1. to utter a low-pitched, harsh cry, as the sound of a frog or a raven. 2. to speak with a low, rasping voice. 3. Slang. to die. 4. to talk despondingly; prophesy ...
/kroh"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that croaks. 2. any of several sciaenoid fishes that make a croaking noise, esp. Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croaker), found off the ...
See croak. * * *
—croakily, adv. —croakiness, n. /kroh"kee/, adj., croakier, croakiest. low-pitched and hoarse; croaking. [1840-50; CROAK + -Y1] * * *
/kroh"at, -aht/, n. a native or inhabitant of Croatia; Croatian. * * *
/kroh ay"sheuh, -shee euh/, n. a republic in SE Europe: includes the historical regions of Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia; formerly a part of Yugoslavia. 5,026,995, 21,835 sq. ...
Croatia, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-blue national flag with the national coat of arms (arms, coat of) in its centre. It has a width-to-length ratio of ...
/kroh ay"sheuhn, -shee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Croatia, its people, or their language. n. 2. a Croat. 3. Serbo-Croatian as spoken and written in Croatia, differing ...
Croatian literature
      the literature of the Croats, a South Slavic people of the Balkans speaking the Croatian language (still referred to by linguists as ...
Croatian Peasant Party
▪ political party, Croatia       dominant political party in Croatia during the first half of the 20th century. Founded in 1904 by Stjepan Radić (Radić, Stjepan) (and ...
/krok/, n. Informal. crocodile. [1880-85; by shortening] * * *
/krddaw"che/, n. Benedetto /be'ne det"taw/, 1866-1952, Italian statesman, philosopher, and historian. * * *
Croce, Benedetto
born Feb. 25, 1866, Pescasseroli, Italy died Nov. 20, 1952, Naples Italian patriot, aesthetician, critic, and cultural historian. He founded La Critica, an influential journal ...
Croce, Giovanni
▪ Italian composer also called  Chiozzotto  born c. 1557, Chioggia, near Venice [Italy] died May 15, 1609, Venice       composer who, with Andrea and Giovanni ...
Cro·ce (krōʹchĕ), Benedetto. 1866-1952. Italian philosopher, historian, and critic noted for a major work of modern idealism, the four-volume Philosophy of the Spirit ...
/kroh"see in/, n. Chem. any of several acid azo dyes producing orange or scarlet colors. Also, croceine /kroh"see in, -een'/. [ < L croce(us) saffron-colored (see CROCUS, -EOUS) ...
—crocheter /kroh shay"euhr/; Brit. /kroh"shay euhr, -shee-/, n. /kroh shay"/; Brit. /kroh"shay, -shee/, n., v., crocheted /-shayd"/; Brit. /-shayd, -sheed/, crocheting ...
crochet hook
a needle with a hook at one end, used in crochet. Also called crochet needle. [1840-50] * * *
See crochet. * * *
/kroh shay"werrk'/; Brit. /kroh"shay werrk', -shee-/, n. needlework done by crocheting. [1855-60; CROCHET + WORK] * * *
cro·ci (krōʹsī, -kī) n. A plural of crocus. * * *
/kroh sid"l uyt'/, n. Mineral. a bluish, asbestine variety of riebeckite. Also called blue asbestos. [1825-35; < Gk krokid- (s. of krokís) nap, wool + -O- + -LITE] * * * or ...
crock1 /krok/, n. 1. an earthenware pot, jar, or other container. 2. a fragment of earthenware; potsherd. [bef. 1000; ME crokke, OE croc(c), crocca pot; c. ON krukka ...
Crock-Pot [kräk′pät΄] trademark for an electric cooker consisting of an earthenware pot inside a container with a heating element that maintains a steady low temperature, ...
n a US make of electric pot that cooks food slowly at a low temperature. * * *
/krokt/, adj. Slang. drunk. [1925-30, Amer.; CROCK2 + -ED2] * * *

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