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Crocker, Charles
▪ American businessman born Sept. 16, 1822, Troy, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1888, Monterey, Calif.       American businessman and banker, chief contractor in the ...
Crocker, Lucretia
▪ American educator born Dec. 31, 1829, Barnstable, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 9, 1886, Boston, Mass.       American educator who worked zealously and effectively to give ...
/krok"euh ree/, n. crocks collectively; earthenware. [1710-20; CROCK1 + -ERY] * * *
/krok"it/, n. Archit. a medieval ornament, usually in the form of a leaf that curves up and away from the supporting surface and returns partially upon itself. [1300-50; ME ...
/krok"it/, n. David (Davy), 1786-1836, U.S. frontiersman, politician, and folklore hero. * * *
Crockett, Davy
orig. David Crockett born Aug. 17, 1786, eastern Tennessee, U.S. died March 6, 1836, San Antonio, Texas U.S. frontiersman and politician. He made a name for himself in the ...
Crockett, Samuel Rutherford
▪ Scottish writer original name  Samuel Crockett   born Sept. 24, 1859, Little Duchrae, near New Galloway, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scot. died April 16, 1914, Tarascon, near ...
Crock·ett (krŏkʹĭt), David. Known as “Davy.” 1786-1836. American frontiersman and politician who was a U.S. representative from Tennessee (1827-1831 and 1833-1835) and ...
Crockford, William
▪ English businessman born 1775, London died May 24, 1844, London       founder and proprietor of a famous English gambling establishment.       Crocker was the ...
(Crockford’s Clerical Directory) a book that gives details of all living Anglican priests and ministers of the Church in Britain. It is published every two years and was first ...
Crockford’s Clerical Directory
➡ Crockford’s * * *
/krok"pot'/, Trademark. a brand of electric slow cooker. * * *
—crocodiloid /krok'euh dil"oyd, krok"euh duy'loyd/, adj. /krok"euh duyl'/, n. 1. any of several crocodilians of the genus Crocodylus, found in sluggish waters and swamps of the ...
crocodile bird
an African courser, Pluvianus aegyptius, that often sits upon basking crocodiles and feeds on their insect parasites. [1865-70] * * * ▪ bird  (Pluvianus aegyptius; see ...
Crocodile River
Limpopo. * * *
crocodile tears
1. a hypocritical show of sorrow; insincere tears. 2. Pathol. spontaneous tearing initiated by tasting or chewing food, occurring as a result of facial paralysis. [1555-65; so ...
crocodile bird n. A black and white African bird (Pluvianus aegyptius) that is related to the plover and feeds on insects that parasitize crocodiles. * * *
Croc·o·dile River (krŏkʹə-dīl') See Limpopo. * * *
crocodile tears pl.n. An insincere display of grief; false tears.   [From the belief that crocodiles weep either to lure a victim or when eating one.] * * *
/krok'euh dil"ee euhn/, n. 1. any reptile of the order Crocodylia, comprising the true crocodiles and the alligators, caimans, and gavials. adj. 2. of, like, or pertaining to a ...
/kroh"koh uyt', krok"oh-/, n. a yellow, orange, or red mineral, lead chromate, PbCrO4, formed by replacement. Also called crocoisite /kroh"koh euh zuyt', krok"oh-/. [1835-45; < ...
—crocused, adj. /kroh"keuhs/, n., pl. crocuses. 1. any of the small, bulbous plants of the genus Crocus, of the iris family, cultivated for their showy, solitary flowers, which ...
crocus sack
Southern U.S. (chiefly South Atlantic States). a burlap bag. Also called crocus bag, croker sack. [1780-90; orig. uncert.] Regional Variation. See gunnysack. * * *
crocus sack n. South Atlantic U.S. See gunnysack. See Regional Note at gunnysack. * * *
/kree"seuhs/, n., pl. Croesuses, Croesi /-suy/ for 2. 1. died 546 B.C., king of Lydia 560-546: noted for his great wealth. 2. a very rich man. * * * died с 546 BC Last king of ...
croft1 /krawft, kroft/, n. Brit. 1. a small farm, esp. one worked by a tenant. 2. a small plot of ground adjacent to a house and used as a kitchen garden, to pasture one or two ...
Croft, William
▪ English musician baptized December 30, 1678, Nether Ettington, Warwickshire, England died August 14, 1727, Bath, Somerset       English organist and composer of ...
/krawf"teuhr, krof"-/, n. Brit. a person who rents and works a small farm, esp. in Scotland or northern England. [1250-1300; ME; see CROFT1, -ER1] * * *
Crofts, Freeman Wills
▪ British writer born June 1879, Dublin died April 11, 1957, Worthing, Sussex, Eng.  internationally popular Irish author of detective novels whose tight plots and exact and ...
Croghan, George
born с 1720, near Dublin, Ire. died Aug. 31, 1782, Passyunk, near Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. American trader and Indian agent. He immigrated from Ireland in 1741, settling near ...
Crohn disease
▪ pathology also called  regional enteritis  or  regional ileitis   chronic inflammation of the digestive tract, usually occurring in the terminal portion of the ileum, ...
Crohn's disease
/krohnz/, Pathol. a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that causes scarring and thickening of the intestinal walls and frequently leads to obstruction. Also called regional ...
Crohn's disease (krōnz) n. Ileitis involving the terminal portion of the ileum and characterized by abdominal pain, ulceration, and fibrous tissue buildup.   [After Burrill ...
/kraw set", kro-/, n. crossette. * * *
Fr. /krddwah sahonn"/; Eng. /kreuh sahnt"/, n., pl. croissants Fr. /-sahonn"/; Eng. /-sahnts"/. a rich, buttery, crescent-shaped roll of leavened dough or puff paste. [1895-1900; ...
Croissy, Charles Colbert, marquis de
▪ French statesman born 1625, Paris, Fr. died July 28, 1696, Versailles  secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1679 to 1696 who helped King Louis XIV develop the ...
▪ France       town, southwestern suburb of Roubaix, Nord département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, northern France, on the Roubaix Canal and Marque River. The ...
Croix de Feu
(French: "Cross of Fire") French political movement (1927–36). Originally an organization of World War I veterans, it espoused ultranationalistic views with vaguely fascist ...
Croix de Guerre
/krddwahdeu gerdd"/ a French military award for heroism in battle. [1910-15; < F: lit., cross of war] * * * ▪ French military       (French: “War Cross”), French ...
Croixde Guerre
Croix de Guerre (krwä' də gârʹ) n. A French military decoration for bravery in combat.   [French : croix, cross + de, of + guerre, war.] * * *
Croker Island
▪ island, Northern Territory, Australia       island in Northern Territory, Australia, lying 2 miles (3 km) across Bowen Strait in the Arafura Sea from Coburg ...
croker sack
/kroh"keuhr/. Southern U.S. (chiefly Gulf States). a crocus sack. Also called croker bag. [1875-80; croker, alter. of CROCUS] Regional Variation. See gunnysack. * * *
Croker, John Wilson
▪ Irish author born Dec. 20, 1780, Galway, Ire. died Aug. 10, 1857, Hampton, Middlesex, Eng.       British politician and writer noted for his critical severity as a ...
Croker, Thomas Crofton
▪ Irish antiquary born Jan. 15, 1798, Cork, Ire. died Aug. 8, 1854, London, Eng.  Irish antiquary whose collections of songs and legends formed a storehouse for writers of ...
cro·ker sack (krōʹkər) n. Lower Southern U.S. See gunnysack. See Regional Note at gunnysack.   [Alteration of crocus sack.] * * *
Croly, George
▪ Irish writer and clergyman born Aug. 17, 1780, Dublin, Ire. died Nov. 24, 1860, Holborn, London, Eng.       Irish writer and Anglican clergyman, perhaps best known as ...
Croly, Herbert David
▪ American author and editor born Jan. 23, 1869, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 17, 1930, New York       American author, editor, and political philosopher, founder of ...
Croly, Jane Cunningham
▪ American journalist née  Jane Cunningham , pseudonym  Jennie June  born Dec. 19, 1829, Market Harborough, Leicestershire, Eng. died Dec. 23, 1901, New York, N.Y., ...
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom  small burgh (town) and seaport, Highland council area, historic county of Cromartyshire, historic region of Ross and Cromarty, Scotland, on a ...
Crome, John
▪ British painter born December 22, 1768, Norwich, Norfolk, England died April 22, 1821, Norwich       English landscape painter, founder and chief representative of ...
/kroh"meuhr/, n. 1st Earl of. See Baring, Evelyn. * * *
Cromer, Evelyn Baring, 1st earl of
born Feb. 26, 1841, Cromer Hall, Norfolk, Eng. died Jan. 29, 1917, London British administrator in Egypt. After serving as an army officer (1858–72), he became private ...
Cromer, Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of, Viscount Errington Of Hexham, Viscount Cromer, Baron Cromer Of Cromer
▪ British diplomat Introduction also called  (1883–92) Sir Evelyn Baring   born Feb. 26, 1841, Cromer Hall, Norfolk, Eng. died Jan. 29, 1917, London  British ...
Cromerian Interglacial Stage
▪ geology       major division of Pleistocene time and deposits in northern Europe (the Pleistocene Epoch dates from 1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago). The Cromerian ...
/krom"lek/, n. Archaeol. (no longer in technical use) a megalithic chamber tomb. Cf. chamber tomb, dolmen, passage grave. [1595-1605; < Welsh, equiv. to crom bent, curved, ...
Crommelynck, Fernand
▪ Belgian dramatist born Nov. 19, 1886, Paris, France died March 17, 1970, Saint-Germaine-en-Laye       Belgian playwright known for farces in which commonplace ...
cromolyn sodium
/kroh"meuh lin/, Pharm. a substance, C23H14Na2O11, used as a preventive inhalant for bronchial asthma and hay fever. [1970-75; contr. and rearrangement of the chemical name] * * *
cro·mo·lyn sodium (krōʹmə-lĭn) n. A drug, C23H14Na2O11, usually administered by inhalation and used to prevent certain allergic attacks, especially those associated with ...
/kroh mawrn", kreuh-/, n. crumhorn. [1685-95; < F, alter. of G Krumhorn; see CRUMHORN] * * *
/kromp"teuhn/, n. Samuel, 1753-1827, English inventor of the spinning mule. * * *
Crompton, Rookes Evelyn Bell
▪ British inventor born May 31, 1845, Thirsk, Yorkshire [now in North Yorkshire], Eng. died Feb. 15, 1940, Ripon, Yorkshire       British inventor and pioneer in ...
Crompton, Samuel
born Dec. 3, 1753, Firwood, Lancashire, Eng. died June 26, 1827, Bolton, Lancashire British inventor. His spinning mule (probably called a mule because it was a cross between ...
Cromp·ton (krŏmpʹtən), Samuel. 1753-1827. British inventor of the spinning mule (1779). * * *
/krom"weuhl, -wel/; for 1-3 also /krum"-/, n. 1. Oliver, 1599-1658, English general, Puritan statesman, and Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland 1653-58. 2. his son, ...
Cromwell current
Cromwell current n. a strong, equatorial, subsurface current flowing east across the Pacific Ocean under the weaker, western-flowing equatorial surface currents * * *
Cromwell Current.
See Equatorial Countercurrent. [after Townsend Cromwell (1922-58), U.S. oceanographer] * * *
Cromwell tank
also called  Cromwell VI  or  Cruiser Mark VIII        British medium tank that was used in the later stages of World War II. The Cromwell was designed to replace ...
Cromwell, Henry
▪ ruler of Ireland born Jan. 20, 1628, Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Eng. died March 23, 1674, Spinney Abbey, Cambridgeshire  fourth son of Oliver Cromwell and British ruler ...
Cromwell, Oliver
born April 25, 1599, Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1658, London English soldier and statesman, lord protector of the republican Commonwealth of England, ...
Cromwell, Richard
born Oct. 4, 1626 died July 12, 1712, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, Eng. Lord protector of England (September 1658–May 1659). He was the eldest surviving son of Oliver Cromwell, ...
Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex
born с 1485, Putney, near London, Eng. died July 28, 1540, probably London English politician and principal adviser (1532–40) to Henry VIII. He was a confidential adviser to ...
Cromwell, Thomas, Earl of Essex, Baron Cromwell of Okeham
▪ English statesman Introduction born c. 1485, , Putney, near London died July 28, 1540, probably London  principal adviser (1532–40) to England's Henry VIII, chiefly ...
Crom·well (krŏmʹwĕl', -wəl, krŭmʹ-), Oliver. 1599-1658. English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War ...
Cromwell, Thomas. Earl of Essex. 1485?-1540. English politician who proposed the legislation that established the monarch as head of the established church (1534). * * *
/krom wel"ee euhn, krum-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the politics, practices, etc., of Oliver Cromwell or of the Commonwealth and Protectorate. 2. noting or ...
Cromwellian chair
Eng. Furniture. an upright oaken chair, often with arms, having all pieces turned and a seat and back panel of leather or cloth attached with brass-headed nails. [1900-05] * * ...
Cronaca, Il
▪ Italian architect byname  of Simone Del Pollaiuolo, or Pollaiolo   born 1457, Florence [Italy] died 1508, Florence       Italian Renaissance architect whose sober ...
—cronish, adj. /krohn/, n. a withered, witchlike old woman. [1350-1400; ME < MD croonie old ewe < ONF caronie CARRION] * * *
Cronenberg, David
born May 15, 1943, Toronto, Ont., Can. Canadian film director, screenwriter, and actor. He began making horror films in the 1970s and acquired a cult following with films such ...
/kroh"nin/, n. A(rchibald) J(oseph), 1896-1981, Scottish novelist and physician in the U.S. * * *
Cronin, A(rchibald) J(oseph)
born July 19, 1896, Cardross, Dumbartonshire, Scot. died Jan. 6, 1981, Montreux, Switz. Scottish novelist. Trained as a surgeon, he practiced medicine mostly in mining ...
Cronin, A.J.
▪ British author in full  Archibald Joseph Cronin   born July 19, 1896, Cardross, Dumbartonshire, Scot. died Jan. 6, 1981, Montreux, Switz.  Scottish novelist and physician ...
Cronin, James Watson
▪ American physicist born Sept. 29, 1931, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       American particle physicist, corecipient with Val Logsdon Fitch (Fitch, Val Logsdon) (q.v.) of the ...
Cronin, Jim
▪ 2008 James Michael Cronin        American animal activist born Nov. 15, 1951 , Yonkers, N.Y. died March 17, 2007, New York, N.Y. founded (1987) the 26-ha (65-ac) ...
Du. /krddawn"yay/, n. Piet Arnoldus Du. /peet ahrdd nawl"doos/, 1835?-1911, Boer general. * * *
Cronjé, Pieter Arnoldus
▪ Boer general born Oct. 4, 1836, Colesberg, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died Feb. 4, 1911, Potchefstroom, Transvaal, S.Af.       Boer general who played a ...
Cronje, Wessel Johannes
▪ 2003 “Hansie”        South African cricketer (b. Sept. 25, 1969, Bloemfontein, S.Af.—d. June 1, 2002, Outeniqua Mountains, near George, S.Af.), was his country's ...
/krongk, krawngk/, adj. Australian Slang. sick or feeble. [1875-80; < Yiddish or G krank, MHG kranc weak] * * *
/kron"kuyt, krong"-/, n. Walter, born 1916, U.S. newscaster. * * *
Cronkite, Walter
▪ American journalist in full  Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr.  born Nov. 4, 1916, St. Joseph, Mo., U.S.       American journalist and pioneer of television news ...
Cronkite, Walter (Leland, Jr.)
born Nov. 4, 1916, St. Joseph, Mo., U.S. U.S. journalist and television newscaster. He began his career as a reporter with the Houston Post and later worked for United Press ...
Cron·kite (krŏnʹkīt), Walter. Born 1916. American news broadcaster and editor. A newspaper and wire service correspondent during World War II, he spent the majority of his ...
Cronstedt, Axel Fredrik
▪ Swedish mineralogist and chemist born Dec. 23, 1722, Turinge, Sweden died Aug. 19, 1765, Säter       Swedish mineralogist and chemist noted for his work on the ...
/kroh"neuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a Titan, son of Uranus and Gaea, who was dethroned by his son Zeus. Cf. Saturn. * * * or Cronos or Kronos In Greek religion, a male agricultural ...
/kroh"nee/, n., pl. cronies. a close friend or companion; chum. [1655-65; alleged to be university slang; perh. < Gk chrónios for a long time, long-continued, deriv. of chrónos ...
/kroh"nee iz'euhm/, n. the practice of favoring one's close friends, esp. in political appointments. [1830-40; CRONY + -ISM] * * *
/kroh"nin/, n. Hume, born 1911, Canadian actor in the U.S. * * *
Cronyn, Hume
▪ American actor in full  Hume Blake Cronyn  born July 18, 1911, London, Ont., Can. died June 15, 2003, Fairfield, Conn., U.S.       Canadian-born actor who earned ...
Cronyn, Hume and Jessica Tandy
born July 18, 1911, London, Ont., Can. died June 15, 2003, Fairfield, Conn., U.S. born June 7, 1909, London, Eng. died Sept. 11, 1994, Easton, Conn., U.S. U.S. husband-and-wife ...
Cronyn, Hume Blake
▪ 2004       Canadian-born actor (b. July 18, 1911, London, Ont.—d. June 15, 2003, Fairfield, Conn.), had a versatility that enabled him to be convincing in stage and ...
crook1 /krook/, n. 1. a bent or curved implement, piece, appendage, etc.; hook. 2. the hooked part of anything. 3. an instrument or implement having a bent or curved part, as a ...
crook rafter.
See knee rafter. * * *
Crook, George
▪ United States army officer born Sept. 23, 1829, near Dayton, Ohio, U.S. died March 21, 1890, Chicago, Ill.  American army officer in the American Civil War and in the ...
Crook (kro͝ok), George. 1829-1890. American general who defeated the Sioux (1876) and subdued the Chiricahua Apaches under Geronimo (1883). * * *
—crookbacked, adj. /krook"bak'/, n. a hunchback. [1400-50; late ME. See CROOK1, BACK1] * * *
See crookback. * * *
—crookedly, adv. —crookedness, n. /krook"id/ for 1-4, 6; /krookt/ for 5, adj. 1. not straight; bending; curved: a crooked path. 2. askew; awry: The picture on the wall seems ...
See crooked. * * *
See crookedly. * * *
crook·er·y (kro͝okʹə-rē) n. Dishonest practices, as in business or politics. * * *
/krooks/, n. Sir William, 1832-1919, English chemist and physicist: discovered the element thallium and the cathode ray. * * *
Crookes dark space
Physics. the dark space between the cathode glow and the negative glow in a vacuum tube, occurring when the pressure is low. Also called Crookes space. [1890-95; after Sir W. ...
Crookes radiometer
Optics. radiometer (def. 1). [1880-85; after Sir W. CROOKES] * * *
Crookes tube
Electronics. a form of cathode-ray tube. [1880-85; after Sir W. CROOKES] * * *
Crookes, Sir William
▪ British chemist born June 17, 1832, London, Eng. died April 4, 1919, London  British chemist and physicist noted for his discovery of the element thallium and for his ...
Crookes,Sir William
Crookes (kro͝oks), Sir William. 1832-1919. British chemist and physicist who discovered thallium (1861), invented the radiometer (1875), and studied cathode rays. * * *
/krook"suyt/, n. a rare mineral, selenide of copper, thallium, and silver, (Cu, Tl, Ag)2Se, occurring in steel-gray, compact masses. [1865-70; after Sir W. CROOKES; see -ITE1] * ...
Crookes tube n. A low-pressure discharge tube used to study the properties of cathode rays.   [After Crookes, Sir William.] * * *
/krook"nek'/, n. 1. any of several varieties of squash having a long, recurved neck. 2. any plant bearing such fruit. [1750-60, Amer.; CROOK1 + NECK] * * *
▪ Minnesota, United States       city, seat (1873) of Polk county, northwestern Minnesota, U.S. It lies on Red Lake River, about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Grand ...
—crooner, n. —crooningly, adv. /kroohn/, v.i. 1. to sing or hum in a soft, soothing voice: to croon to a baby. 2. to sing in an evenly modulated, slightly exaggerated manner: ...
See croon. * * *
—cropless, adj. /krop/, n., v., cropped or (Archaic) cropt; cropping. n. 1. the cultivated produce of the ground, while growing or when gathered: the wheat crop. 2. the yield ...
crop circle
(also corn circle) n [often pl] an area in a field where parts of the crop have been made flat. The area is round or in other shapes and patterns. Crop circles began to appear in ...
crop duster
1. a pilot employed in crop-dusting from an airplane. 2. an airplane used in crop-dusting. [1935-40] * * * Usually, an aircraft used for dusting or spraying large acreages with ...
crop milk
a liquid secreted in the crop of certain adult pigeons and fed to their newly hatched young. Also called pigeon milk. * * *
crop rotation
the system of varying successive crops in a definite order on the same ground, esp. to avoid depleting the soil and to control weeds, diseases, and pests. [1905-10] * * ...
/krop"dust'/, v.t. to subject (a field) to crop-dusting. * * *
crop-dust·er or crop duster (krŏpʹdŭst'ər) n. 1. A light airplane equipped for spraying crops with powdered insecticides or fungicides. 2. The pilot of such an airplane. * * ...
/krop"dus'ting/, n. the spraying of powdered fungicides or insecticides on crops, usually from an airplane. * * *
/krop"eard'/, adj. 1. having the ears cropped. 2. having the hair cropped short, so that the ears are conspicuous. [1520-30] * * *
/krop"land'/, n. land suitable for or used for the cultivation of crops. [1840-50; CROP + LAND] * * *
/krop"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that crops. 2. a person who raises a crop. 3. a person who cultivates land for its owner in return for part of the crop; sharecropper. 4. a ...
/krop"ee/, n., pl. croppies, (esp. collectively) croppie. crappie. * * *
crop rotation n. The successive planting of different crops on the same land to improve soil fertility and help control insects and diseases. * * *
/kropt/, v. Archaic. a pt. and pp. of crop. [sp. var. of CROPPED] * * *
croque-monsieur [krōk′mə syʉr′; ] Fr [ krō̂k mə syö′] n. pl. croque-monsieur, croque-monsieurs 〚Fr〛 a sandwich filled with ham and cheese, either dipped in egg ...
/kroh'keuhm boohsh"/; Fr. /krddaw kahonn boohsh"/, n., pl. croquembouches /-booh"shiz/; Fr. /-boohsh"/. French Cookery. a pyramid of bite-size cream puffs coated and held in ...
/kroh kay"/; Brit. /kroh"kay, -kee/, n., v., croqueted /-kayd"/; Brit. /-kayd, -keed/, croqueting /-kay"ing/; Brit. /-kay ing, -kee ing/. n. 1. a game played by knocking wooden ...
/kroh ket"/, n. a small cake or ball of minced meat, poultry, or fish, or of rice, potato, or other food, often coated with beaten egg and bread crumbs, and fried in deep ...
/kroh"keuh nohl', -kin yohl'/, n. a method of waving the hair by curling it around metal rods from the ends inward toward the scalp. Also called croquignole wave. [1930-35; < F: ...
/kroh kee"/; Fr. /krddaw kee"/, n., pl. croquis /-keez"/; Fr. /-kee"/. a rough preliminary drawing; sketch. [1800-10; < F, equiv. to croqu(er) to make a quick sketch of, rough ...
/krawr, krohr/, n. (in India) the sum of ten million, esp. of rupees; one hundred lacs. [1600-10; < Hindi kror, karor] * * *
Cros, Charles
▪ French inventor and poet born Oct. 1, 1842, Fabrezan, Fr. died Aug. 10, 1888, Paris       French inventor and poet whose work in several fields foreshadowed or ...
/krawz"bee, kroz"-/, n. Bing (Harry Lillis Crosby), 1904-77, U.S. singer and actor. * * *
Crosby, Bing
orig. Harry Lillis Crosby born May 3, 1903, Tacoma, Wash., U.S. died Oct. 14, 1977, near Madrid, Spain U.S. singer and actor. Crosby began to sing and play drums while ...
Crosby, Fanny
▪ American hymn writer byname of  Frances Jane Crosby , married name  Fanny Van Alstyne  born March 24, 1820, Southeast, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1915, Bridgeport, ...
Crosby, George Robert
▪ 1994       ("BOB"), U.S. bandleader (b. Aug. 25, 1913, Spokane, Wash.—d. March 9, 1993, La Jolla, Calif.), was a mediocre vocalist but was able to capitalize on the ...
Crosby, Harry
▪ American poet and publisher byname of  Henry Grew Crosby   born June 4, 1898, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 10, 1929, New York, N.Y.       American poet who, as an ...
Crosby, John O'Hea
▪ 2003       American impresario (b. July 12, 1926, New York, N.Y.—d. Dec. 15, 2002, Rancho Mirage, Calif.), was the founder, in 1957, of the Santa Fe (N.M.) Opera and ...
Crosby, Sidney
▪ Canadian ice hockey player born Aug. 7, 1987, Cole Harbour, N.S., Can.       Canadian ice hockey player who became the youngest captain of a National Hockey League ...
Crosby, Stills and Nash
▪ British-American rock group       British-American trio—and, with Neil Young (Young, Neil), quartet, as Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young—whose acoustic and electric ...
Crosby,Harry Lillis
Cros·by (krôzʹbē), Harry Lillis. Known as “Bing.” 1904-1977. American singer and actor noted for his crooning voice and for roles in many films, including Going My Way ...
/kraw set", kro-/, n. crossette. * * *
—crosiered, adj. /kroh"zheuhr/, n. 1. a ceremonial staff carried by a bishop or an abbot, hooked at one end like a shepherd's crook. See illus. under cope2. 2. Bot. the ...
—crossable, adj. —crossability, n. /kraws, kros/, n., v., adj., crosser, crossest. n. 1. a structure consisting essentially of an upright and a transverse piece, upon which ...
/kraws, kros/, n. Wilbur Lucius, 1862-1948, U.S. educator: governor of Connecticut 1931-39. * * * I Principal symbol of Christianity, recalling the crucifixion of Jesus. There ...
cross bridging
Carpentry. bridging composed of crisscross pieces of wood. Also called herringbone bridging, herringbone strutting. * * *
cross buck
Football. an offensive play in which two running backs cross paths and charge into the line on opposite sides, one back receiving the ball from the quarterback and the other back ...
cross cousin
cross cousin n. Anthrop. a cousin who is the child of one's father's sister or one's mother's brother: see PARALLEL COUSIN * * *
cross fire
1. lines of gunfire from two or more positions or combatants crossing one another, or a single one of such lines. 2. a brisk exchange of words or opinions. 3. a situation ...
cross fox
a red fox in the color phase in which the fur is reddish brown with a dark stripe down the back and another over the shoulders. [1765-75] * * *
cross hairs
1. Also called cross wires. fine wires or fibers, strands of spider web, or the like, crossing in a focal plane of an optical instrument to center a target or object or to define ...
cross index
a note or group of notes referring the reader to material elsewhere. * * *
cross matching
Med. the testing for compatibility of a donor's and a recipient's blood prior to transfusion, in which serum of each is mixed with red blood cells of the other and observed for ...
cross multiply
—cross multiplication. Math. to remove fractions from an equation by multiplying each side by the common multiple of the denominators of the fractions of the opposite ...
cross of Calvary
a Latin cross with a representation of steps beneath it. See illus. under cross. * * *
Cross of Gold speech
▪ speech by Bryan       (July 8, 1896), classic of American political oratory delivered by William Jennings Bryan (Bryan, William Jennings) in closing the debate on the ...
cross of Lorraine
a cross having two crosspieces, the upper shorter than the lower. See illus. under cross. [1890-95] * * *
Cross of Saint George
➡ St George’s Day * * *
cross product
Math. a vector perpendicular to two given vectors, u and v, and having magnitude equal to the product of the magnitudes of the two given vectors multiplied by the sine of the ...
cross ratio
—cross-ratio, adj. Geom. a ratio relating four points in the real or complex plane. Also called anharmonic ratio. [1880-85] * * * ▪ mathematics  in projective geometry, ...
cross reference
a reference from one part of a book, index, or the like, to related material, as a word or illustration, in another part. [1825-35] * * *
cross relation
cross relation n. Music the simultaneous or successive occurrence of a note and its chromatic alteration, as C and C♯, in different voices; false relation * * *
Cross River
River, western Africa. Rising in the highlands of Cameroon, it flows west and south through Nigeria. Its course, some 300 mi (485 km) long, runs through dense tropical ...
cross sea
Oceanog., Naut. a sea with a choppy surface produced by the intersection of waves from different storms. [1865-70] * * *
cross section
1. a section made by a plane cutting anything transversely, esp. at right angles to the longest axis. 2. a piece so cut off. 3. a photograph, diagram, or other pictorial ...
cross street
1. a street crossing another street. 2. a short street connecting main streets. [1815-25] * * *
cross stroke
Typography. the horizontal line through the vertical of a t or f. * * *
cross talk
1. interference heard on a telephone or radio because of unintentional coupling to another communication channel. 2. incidental conversation; chatter, as opposed to formal ...
cross wind
/wind/ a wind blowing across the course or path of a ship, aircraft, etc. Also, crosswind. [1915-20] * * *
cross wires
Optics. See cross hairs (def. 1). [1865-70] * * *
Cross, Hardy
▪ American engineer born Feb. 10, 1885, Nansemond County, Va., U.S. died Feb. 11, 1959, Virginia Beach, Va.       U.S. professor of civil and structural engineering ...
Cross, Richard Assheton Cross, 1st Viscount
▪ British statesman born May 30, 1823, Red Scar, near Preston, Lancashire, England died January 8, 1914, Eccle Riggs, Broughton-in-Furness, Lancashire  British statesman ...
cross, sign of the
▪ Christian ritual       a gesture of ancient Christian origin by which a person blesses himself, others, or objects. St. Cyprian (Cyprian, Saint) explained the ritual ...
Cross, Stations of the
▪ religion also called  Way of the Cross        a series of 14 pictures or carvings portraying events in the Passion of Christ, from his condemnation by Pontius ...
a combining form of cross. * * *
/kraws"ak'sheuhn, kros"-/, n. Law. an action brought within the same lawsuit by one defendant against another defendant or against the plaintiff. [1865-70] * * *
/kraws"euh dik"tid, kros"-/, adj. addicted to two or more substances simultaneously. * * *
/kraws"bair'euhr, kros"-/, n. a person who carries or holds a cross, esp. in a religious procession. [1530-40; CROSS + BEARER] * * *
—cross-bedding, n. /kraws"bed"id, kros"-/, adj. Geol. having irregular laminations, as strata of sandstone, inclining in various directions not coincident with the general ...
/kraws"bawr'deuhr, kros"-/, adj. crossing an international border: cross-border tourist traffic. [1890-95, for an earlier sense] * * *
—cross-checker, n. v. /kraws"chek", kros"-/; n. /kraws"chek', -chek", kros"-/, v.t. 1. to determine the accuracy of (something) by checking it with various sources. 2. Ice ...
/kraws"kom"pownd, kros"-/, adj. (of a compound engine or turbine) having the high-pressure and low-pressure units side by side. Cf. tandem-compound. * * *
adj. /kraws"kun'tree, kros"-/; n. /kraws"kun"tree, -kun'-, kros"-/, adj., n., pl. tries. adj. 1. directed or proceeding over fields, through woods, etc., rather than on a road or ...
cross-country running
Long-distance running over open country. It developed as a competitive event in the mid-19th century. Though originally included in the revived Olympics, it was dropped after ...
cross-country skiing
—cross-country skier. the sport of skiing across the countryside, often through woods and usually on relatively flat terrain, using narrow skis with boots that can be raised ...
cross-country skiing n. The sport of skiing over the countryside rather than on downhill runs. * * *
/kraws"kuz'euhn, kros"-/, n. a cousin who is the child either of one's mother's brother or one's father's sister. Cf. parallel cousin. [1930-35] * * * ▪ ...
cross-cousin marriage
marriage between the children of a brother and sister. Cf. parallel cousin marriage. [1885-90] * * *
—cross-culturally, adv. /kraws"kul"cheuhr euhl, kros"-/, adj. combining, pertaining to, or contrasting two or more cultures or cultural groups: cross-cultural studies; ...
See cross-cultural. * * *
/kraws"dis"euh pleuh ner'ee, kros"-/, adj. involving two or more academic disciplines; interdisciplinary: cross-disciplinary studies in Biblical archaeology. * * *
/kraws"di zolv', kros"-/ n. Motion Pictures. dissolve (def. 17). * * *
—cross-dresser, n. /kraws"dres", kros"-/, v.i. to dress in clothing typically worn by members of the opposite sex. * * *
See cross-dress. * * *
cross-dressing [krôsdres΄iŋ] n. the wearing of clothing typically worn by the opposite sex cross-dresser n. * * * See cross-dresser. * * *
See cross-examine. * * *
—cross-examination, n. —cross-examiner, n. /kraws"ig zam"in, kros"-/, v.t., cross-examined, cross-examining. 1. to examine by questions intended to check a previous ...
See cross-examination. * * *
/kraws"uy', kros"uy'/, n. See crossed eyes. [1785-95] * * *
—cross-eyedness, n. /kraws"uyd', kros"-/, adj. having crossed eyes. [1785-95] * * *
v. /kraws"fayd", kros"-/; n. /kraws"fayd', kros"-/, v., cross-faded, cross-fading, n. Motion Pictures, Television. v.t. 1. to fade out (an image or sound) while simultaneously ...
/kraws"ferr"tl, kros"-/, adj. capable of cross-fertilization. [1925-30] * * *
/kraws"ferr'tl euh zay"sheuhn, kros"-/, n. 1. Biol. the fertilization of an organism by the fusion of an egg from one individual with a sperm or male gamete from a different ...
—cross-fertilizable, adj. /kraws"ferr"tl uyz', kros"-/, v., cross-fertilized, cross-fertilizing. v.t. 1. to cause the cross-fertilization of. v.i. 2. to undergo ...
/kraws"fuyl", kros"-/, v.i., v.t., cross-filed, cross-filing. to register as a candidate in the primary elections of more than one party. [1870-75] * * *
See cross-file. * * *
Cross-Flo·ri·da Waterway (krôsʹflôrʹĭ-də, -flŏrʹ-, krŏsʹ-) See Okeechobee, Lake. * * *
/kraws"gahr'nit, kros"-/, n. a T-shaped strap hinge with the crosspiece as the stationary member. See illus. under hinge. Also called T hinge. [1650-60] * * *
/kraws"gahr"teuhrd, kros"-/, adj. (in Elizabethan and other costumes) wearing garters crisscrossed on the leg. * * *
—cross-grainedly, adv. —cross-grainedness, n. /kraws"graynd", kros"-/, adj. 1. having the grain running transversely or diagonally, or having an irregular or gnarled grain, ...
See crosshatch. * * *
/kraws"in"deks, kros"-/, v.t. 1. to provide with cross references or with a cross-referenced index. v.i. 2. to refer by a note or indication of location to related material, as ...
—cross-leggedly, adv. —cross-leggedness, n. /kraws"leg"id, -legd", kros"-/, adj. having the legs crossed; having one leg placed across the other. [1520-30] * * *
—cross-linking, n. —cross-linkable, adj. n. /kraws"lingk', kros"-/; v. /kraws"lingk", kros"-/, Chem. n. 1. a bond, atom, or group linking the chains of atoms in a polymer, ...
/kraws"lingk'keuhr, kros"-/, n. Chem. a substance or agent, such as radiation, that induces the formation of cross-links. [1980-85; CROSS-LINK + -ER1] * * *
cross-lot bracing
/kraws"lot', kros"-/, Engin., Building Trades. bracing extending from one side of an excavation to the opposite to retain the earth on both sides. * * *
/kraws"mach', kros"-/, v.t. 1. to match (related items from two or more lists or groups). 2. Med. to subject (blood) to cross matching. [1925-30] * * *
/kraws"mayt", kros"-/, v.t., v.i., cross-mated, cross-mating. to crossbreed. * * *
—cross-modal /kraws"mohd"l, kros"-/, adj. /kraws"moh dal"i tee, kros"-/, n. the ability to integrate information acquired through separate senses. * * *
cross-mul·ti·ply (krôsʹmŭlʹtə-plī', krŏsʹ-) intr.v. cross-mul·ti·plied, cross-mul·ti·ply·ing, cross-mul·ti·plies To multiply the numerator of one of a pair of ...
cross-na·tion·al (krôsʹnăshʹə-nəl, -năshʹnəl, krŏsʹ-) adj. Of, relating to, or involving two or more nations. * * *
/kraws"owt', kros"-/, n. a word, line, etc., that has been crossed out. [n. use of v. phrase cross out] * * *
/kraws"oh"neuhr ship', kros"-/, n. ownership of two or more similar or related businesses, as communications media, esp. in the same locality: to forbid cross-ownership of ...
cross-ply tire
/kraws"pluy', kros"-/. See bias-ply tire. [1960-65; CROSS- + PLY2] * * *
/kraws"pol"euh nayt', kros"-/, v.t., cross-pollinated, cross-pollinating. to subject to cross-pollination. [1895-1900] * * *
/kraws"pol'euh nay"sheuhn, kros"-/, n. 1. Bot. the transfer of pollen from the flower of one plant to the flower of a plant having a different genetic constitution. Cf. ...
/kraws"perr"peuhs, kros"-/, n. 1. an opposing or contrary purpose. 2. at cross-purposes, in a way that involves or produces mutual misunderstanding or frustration, usually ...
/kraws"kwes"cheuhn, kros"-/, v.t. 1. to cross-examine. n. 2. a question asked by way of cross-examination. [1685-95] * * *
/kraws"ree akt", kros"-/, v.i. Immunol. (of an antigen, antibody, or lymphocyte) to participate in a cross-reaction. * * *
—cross-reactive, adj. —cross-reactivity, n. /kraws"ree ak"sheuhn kros"-/, n. an immunologic reaction between a given antigen and an antibody or lymphokine that is specific ...
See cross-react. * * *
See cross-react. * * *
/kraws'ri ferr", kros'-/, v.t., v.i., cross-referred, cross-referring. to refer by a cross reference. [1905-10] * * *
/kraws"ref"euhr euhns, -ref"reuhns, kros"-/, v.t., v.i., cross-referenced, cross-referencing. 1. to provide with cross references: The new encyclopedia is completely ...
Cross-Reference List of Geographic Items
This list indicates where various geographic items - including the location of all United States Foreign Service Posts, alternate names of countries, former names, and ...
Cross-Reference List of Geographic Items
This list indicates where various geographic items - including the location of all United States Foreign Service Posts, alternate names of countries, former names, and ...
/kraws"ri zis"teuhns, kros"-/, n. Biol. 1. immunologic resistance to the pathogenic effects of a microorganism because of previous exposure to another species or type having ...
/kraws"sek"sheuhn, kros"-/, adj. 1. Also, cross-sectional. of or pertaining to a cross section. v.t. 2. to make or divide into a cross section. [1875-80] * * *
See cross section. * * *
/kraws"staf', -stahf', kros"-/, n., pl. cross-staffs, cross-staves. Astron. an instrument for measuring the angle of elevation of heavenly bodies, consisting of a calibrated ...
—cross-sterility, n. /kraws"ster"euhl/ or, esp. Brit., /-uyl, kros"-/, adj. incapable of reproducing due to hybridization. [1945-50] * * *
/kraws"stich', kros"-/, n. 1. a stitch in which pairs of diagonal stitches of the same length cross each other in the middle to form an X. 2. embroidery or needlepoint done with ...
cross-stitch embroidery
 type of embroidery carried out on canvas or an evenly woven fabric in which the strands of the weave can be counted. Canvas work was executed at least as early as the Middle ...
/kraws"string", kros"-/, v.t., cross-strung; cross-strung or (Rare) cross-stringed; cross-stringing. overstring. * * *
/kraws"tol"euhr euhns, kros"-/, n. Physiol. the resistance to one or more effects of a substance because of tolerance to a pharmacologically similar substance: a cross-tolerance ...
/kraws"trayd', kros"-/, n. Stock Exchange. cross (def. 26). * * *
/kraws"trayn", kros"-/, v.t. to train (a worker, athlete, etc.) to be proficient at different, usually related, skills, tasks, jobs, etc. [1980-85] * * *
cross-train·er (krôsʹtrā'nər, krŏsʹ-) n. 1. A person who cross-trains, especially in different sports. 2. An athletic shoe designed for cross-training, as for running and ...
cross-training [krôs′trān΄iŋ] n. the act or an instance of training or competing in several different sports at the same time adj. of or having to do with cross-training ...
—cross-utilization, n. /kraws"yooht"l uyz', kros"-/, v.t., cross-utilized, cross-utilizing. to make use of in an additional or different way. Also, esp. Brit., cross-utilise. * ...
/kraws"val'i day"sheuhn, kros"-/, n. Statistics. a process by which a method that works for one sample of a population is checked for validity by applying the method to another ...
/kraws"vayn', kros"-/, n. Zool. a transverse vein that connects adjacent longitudinal veins in the wing of an insect. * * *
/kraws"vuyn', kros"-/, n. a climbing or creeping woody vine, Bignonia capreolata, of the bignonia family, having yellow-red trumpet-shaped flowers and a stem that shows a ...

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