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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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Crossan, John Dominic
▪ 1995       "Jesus was not born of a virgin, not born of David's lineage, not born in Bethlehem," and "there was no stable, no shepherds, no star, no Magi, no massacre ...
/kreuh san"dreuh, -sahn"-, kraw-/, n. any of several plants of the genus Crossandra, native to Africa and Asia, esp. C. infundibuliformis, having glossy leaves and red-orange ...
—crossbanded, adj. /kraws"band', kros"-/, n. Zool., Bot. a band or stripe that encircles horizontally. [CROSS- + BAND2] * * *
/kraws"bahr', kros"-/, n. 1. a horizontal bar, line, or stripe. 2. the horizontal bar forming part of the goal posts, as in football and soccer. 3. a horizontal bar used for ...
/kraws"beem', kros"-/, n. a transverse beam in a structure, as a joist. [1585-95; CROSS- + BEAM] * * *
crossbedded [krôs′bed΄id] adj. Geol. having layers of rock oblique or transverse to the main beds of stratified rock * * *
/kraws"bil', kros"-/, n. any bird belonging to the genus Loxia, of the finch family, characterized by mandibles curved so that the tips cross each other when the bill is ...
/kraws"berrth', kros"-/, n. Obstet. See transverse presentation. [CROSS- + BIRTH] * * *
crossbolt lock
—crossbolted, adj. /kraws"bohlt', kros"-/ a lock controlling two bolts moving in opposite directions, as to the top and bottom of a doorframe. [CROSS- + BOLT1] * * *
/kraws"bohnz', kros"-/, n.pl. a representation of two bones placed crosswise, usually below a skull, to symbolize death. [1790-1800; CROSS- + BONE + -S3] * * *
/kraws"boh', kros"-/, n. a medieval weapon consisting of a bow fixed transversely on a stock having a trigger mechanism to release the bowstring, and often incorporating or ...
/kraws"boh"meuhn, -boh'-, kros"-/, n., pl. crossbowmen. 1. (in medieval warfare) a soldier armed with a crossbow. 2. a person equipped with or skilled in the use of a ...
/kraws"bred', kros"-/, adj. 1. produced by crossbreeding. n. 2. an animal or group of animals produced by hybridization; hybrid. [1855-60; CROSS- + BRED] * * *
/kraws"breed', kros"-/, v., crossbred, crossbreeding, n. v.t. 1. to produce (a hybrid); hybridize. v.i. 2. to undertake or engage in hybridizing; hybridize. n. 3. a ...
/kraws"buk', kros"-/, n. an X-shaped warning symbol for vehicular traffic at a railroad grade crossing. [CROSS- + BUCK3] * * *
cross·check (krôsʹchĕk', krŏsʹ-) tr.v. cross·checked, cross·check·ing, cross·checks 1. To verify by comparing with parallel or supplementary data. 2. Sports. To check ...
/kraws"kawrt", -kohrt", kros"-/, adj. 1. (in racket games) directed to the diagonally opposite side of the court. 2. Basketball. directed to the opposite end of the ...
cross cousin n. A cousin who is the child of the brother of one's mother or the sister of one's father. * * *
—crosscurrented, adj. /kraws"kerr'euhnt, -kur'-, kros"-/, n. 1. a current, as in a stream, moving across the main current. 2. Often, crosscurrents. a conflicting tendency or ...
—crosscutter, n. /kraws"kut', kros"-/, adj., n., v., crosscut, crosscutting. adj. 1. made or used for cutting crosswise. 2. cut across the grain or on the bias. n. 3. a ...
crosscut saw
a saw for cutting wood perpendicular to the grain. [1635-45, Amer.] * * *
crosscut saw PhotoDisc, Inc. n. A saw for cutting wood across the grain. * * *
/kraws"kut'ing, kros"-/, n. Motion Pictures, Television. the technique of intercutting a scene with portions of another scene, esp. to heighten suspense by showing simultaneous ...
/kraws, kros/, n. a long-handled racket used in the game of lacrosse. [1865-70; < F: lit., hooked stick, OF croce < Gmc; see CRUTCH, CROOK1] * * *
Crosse and Blackwell
a British company now owned by Premier International Foods that makes a lot of different food products. * * *
/krawst, krost/, adj. Math. (of partial derivatives) mixed, esp. of order two. [CROSS + -ED2] * * *
crossed eyes
strabismus, esp. the form in which one or both eyes turn inward. Also, cross-eye. * * *
See cross. * * *
▪ Arkansas, United States       city, Ashley county, southeastern Arkansas, U.S. It lies on pine-forested uplands near the Ouachita River, about 45 miles (70 km) east ...
/kraw set", kro-/, n. Archit. a projection at a corner of a door or window architrave. Also, croisette, crosette. Also called dog-ear, dog's-ear, elbow. [1720-30; < F, dim. of ...
Crossfield, Scott
▪ 2007       American test pilot (b. Oct. 2, 1921, Berkeley, Calif.—d. April 19, 2006, Gordon county, Ga.), became on Nov. 20, 1953, the first person to fly at Mach 2, ...
crossfire [krôs fīr΄, kräsfīr΄] n. 1. Mil. fire directed at an objective from two or more positions so that the lines of fire cross 2. any energetic exchange, as of ...
—crossfooting, n. /kraws"foot', kros"-/, v.i. Accounting. to total figures horizontally across columns instead of vertically. [CROSS- + FOOT] * * *
cross hair or cross·hair (krôsʹhâr', krŏsʹ-) n. Either of two fine strands of wire crossed in the focus of the eyepiece of an optical instrument and used as a calibration ...
—crosshatching, n. /kraws"hach', kros"-/, v.t. 1. to mark or shade with two or more intersecting series of parallel lines. n. 2. a pattern or mark made with such ...
/kraws"hed', kros"-/, n. 1. Print. a title or heading filling a line or group of lines the full width of the column. 2. Mach. a sliding member of a reciprocating engine for ...
/kraw"sing, kros"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that crosses. 2. a place where lines, streets, tracks, etc., cross each other. 3. a place at which a road, railroad ...
crossing guard
an auxiliary police officer, community volunteer, etc., who directs traffic and assists children in crossing a street near a school. * * *
crossing over
Genetics. the interchange of corresponding chromatid segments of homologous chromosomes with their linked genes. [1910-15] * * *
crossing-over [krôs′iŋō′vər] n. an exchange of equivalent genetic material between homologous chromatids during meiosis * * *
crossing over or cross·ing-o·ver (krô'sĭng-ōʹvər, krŏs'ĭng-) n. The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes that occurs during meiosis and ...
/kraws"jak', kros"-/; Naut. /kraw"jik, kroj"ik/, n. Naut. the lowermost square sail set on the mizzenmast of a ship or of a bark with four or more masts; mizzen course. See diag. ...
—crossleted, adj. /kraws"lit, kros"-/, n. a small cross, as one used as a heraldic charge. [1350-1400; ME croslet. See CROSS, -LET] * * *
—crosslighted, adj. /kraws"luyt', kros"-/, n. 1. a light shone across the path of another to illuminate an area left dark by the first light. 2. light originating from sources ...
/kraws"luyn', kros"-/, n. 1. a line crossing another line or connecting two separated points: The main lines are linked at intervals by crosslines. 2. Journalism. a headline or ...
/kraws"lee, kros"-/, adv. in a cross or angry manner. [1585-95; CROSS + -LY] * * *
cross matching n. The process of determining the compatibility of blood from a donor with that of a recipient before transfusion. * * *
See cross-multiply. * * *
/kraws"nis, kros"-/, n. the quality or state of being cross or angry; irritability; snappishness. [1590-1600; CROSS + -NESS] * * *
/kro sop'teuh rij"ee euhn/, n. 1. any fish of the group Crossopterygii, extinct except for the coelacanth, regarded as being ancestral to amphibians and other land ...
▪ plant order       rockflower order of dicotyledonous flowering plants, belonging to the basal rosid group of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II (APG II) botanical ...
/kraws"oh'veuhr, kros"-/, n. 1. a bridge or other structure for crossing over a river, highway, etc. 2. Genetics. a. See crossing over. b. a genotype resulting from crossing ...
crossover distortion
distortion that sometimes occurs at a frequency (crossover frequency) at which a crossover network switches signals from one speaker to another. * * *
crossover network
an audio circuit device that sorts the impulses received and channels them into high- or low-frequency loudspeakers. Also called crossover. * * *
/kraws"pach', kros"-/, n. Informal. a bad-tempered or irritable person. [1690-1700; CROSS- + PATCH1] * * *
/kraws"pees', kros"-/, n. a piece placed across something; transverse or horizontal piece. [1600-10; CROSS- + PIECE] * * *
cross product n. See vector product. * * *
/kraws"rayl', kros"-/, n. a horizontal slat forming part of the back of a chair. [1875-80; CROSS- + RAIL1] * * *
/kraws"rohd', kros"-/, n. 1. a road that crosses another road, or one that runs transversely to main roads. 2. a by-road. 3. Often, crossroads. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a. ...
n. /kraws"ruf', -ruf", kros"-/; v. /kraws"ruf", kros"-/, Bridge, Whist. n. 1. a play in which each hand of a partnership alternately trumps a different suit in consecutive ...
cross section also cross-sec·tion (krôsʹsĕkʹshən, krŏsʹ-) n. 1. a. A section formed by a plane cutting through an object, usually at right angles to an axis. b. A piece ...
cross·talk (krôsʹtôk', krŏsʹ-) n. 1. Electronics. Undesired signals or sounds, as of voices, in a telephone or other communications device as a result of coupling between ...
—crosstied, adj. /kraws"tuy', kros"-/, n. 1. Railroads. a tie. 2. a transverse timber forming a foundation or support. [1805-15, Amer.; CROSS- + TIE] * * *
/kraws"town', kros"-/, adj. 1. situated or traveling in a direction extending across a town or city: a crosstown street; a crosstown bus. adv. 2. in a direction extending across ...
/kraws"tree', kros"-/, n. 1. Naut. either of a pair of timbers or metal bars placed athwart the trestletrees at a masthead to spread the shrouds leading to the mast above, or on ...
crosstrees [krôs′trēz΄] pl.n. two short bars across a ship's masthead, to spread the rigging that supports the mast * * *
cross vault n. A vault formed by the intersection of two or more barrel vaults. Also called cross vaulting, groin vault. * * *
cross vine n. See bignonia. * * *
/kraws"wawk', kros"-/, n. a lane marked off for pedestrians to use when crossing a street, as at an intersection. [1735-45; CROSS- + WALK] * * *
/kraws"way', kros"-/, n. a crossroad. [1375-1425; late ME croswey. See CROSS, WAY1] * * *
/kraws"wayz', kros"-/, adv. crosswise. * * *
crosswind [krôs′wind΄] n. a wind blowing at any angle across the intended line of flight of an aircraft, the course of a ship, etc. * * * cross·wind (krôsʹwĭnd', ...
/kraws"wuyz', kros"-/, adv. 1. across; transversely. 2. contrarily. 3. Archaic. in the form of a cross. adj. 4. forming a cross; transverse. Also, crossways. [1350-1400; ME a ...
/kraws"werrd', kros"-/, n. a crossword puzzle. [1910-15] * * *
crossword puzzle
a puzzle in which words corresponding to numbered clues or definitions are supplied and fitted into correspondingly numbered sets of squares, one letter per square, the words ...
crossword puzzles
➡ crosswords * * *
Crosswords, or crossword puzzles, first appeared in the US in the early 20th century. Today, many people in the US and in Britain regularly do crosswords, sometimes on the bus or ...
▪ clapper plural  crotales        percussion instrument consisting of two small metal plates or clappers (clapper) that are struck together. The krotalon (Latin ...
/kroht"l in/, n. Biochem. a protein in the venom of pit vipers, used as an antigen in the preparation of snake antivenins. [ < NL Crotal(us) a genus of rattlesnakes, from whose ...
—crotched /krotcht/, adj. /kroch/, n. 1. a forking or place of forking, as of the human body between the legs. 2. the part of a pair of trousers, panties, or the like, formed ...
See crotch. * * *
/kroch"it/, n. 1. an odd fancy or whimsical notion. 2. a small hook. 3. a hooklike device or part. 4. Entomol. a small, hooklike process. 5. Music. Chiefly Brit. a quarter note. ...
See crotchety. * * *
—crotchetiness, n. /kroch"i tee/, adj. 1. given to odd notions, whims, grouchiness, etc. 2. of the nature of a crotchet. [1815-25; CROTCHET + -Y1] Syn. 1. fussy, eccentric, ...
/kroch"wood'/, n. wood from a tree crotch, characterized by a swirling, irregular figure and used for furniture and veneers. Also called crotch. [CROTCH + WOOD1] * * *
Crothers, Rachel
▪ American playwright born Dec. 12, 1878, Bloomington, Ill., U.S. died July 5, 1958, Danbury, Conn.       American playwright whose works, which were highly successful ...
/kroht"n/, n. 1. any of numerous chiefly tropical plants constituting the genus Croton, of the spurge family, several species of which, as C. tiglium, have important medicinal ...
Croton bug
☆ Croton bug [krot′'n ] n. 〚after Croton Aqueduct (of the water-supply system of New York City): so named from becoming numerous in the city after the opening of the ...
croton oil
a brownish-yellow oil, expressed from the seeds of the croton, Croton tiglium, that is a drastic purgative and counterirritant. [1870-75] * * * ▪ chemical ...
Cro·to·na (krə-tōʹnə) See Crotone. * * *
/kroht'n al"deuh huyd'/, n. Chem. a whitish liquid with pungent and suffocating odor, C4H6O, soluble in water, used as a solvent, in tear gas, and in organic synthesis. Also ...
/kroht"n bug'/, n. See German cockroach. Also, Croton bug. [1855-60, Amer.; allegedly after the Croton Reservoir in Westchester Co., N.Y.; its opening in 1842 was supposedly ...
Cro·to·ne (krə-tōʹnē, krō-tōʹnĕ) Formerly Cro·to·na (krə-tōʹnə). A city of southern Italy on the Ionian Sea northeast of Reggio di Calabria. It was founded c. ...
crotonic acid
/kroh ton"ik, -toh"nik/, Chem. a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C4H6O2, used chiefly in organic synthesis. [1830-40; CROTON + -IC] * * *
cro·ton·ic acid (krō-tŏnʹĭk) n. An organic acid, C4H6O2, used in the preparation of pharmaceuticals and resins.   [From New Latin Croton, plant genus. See croton.] * * *
cro·ton·ism (krōtʹn-ĭz'əm) n. Poisoning by croton oil, characterized by burning of the mouth, severe gastrointestinal disturbance, headache, vertigo, and death from ...
croton oil n. A brownish-yellow, foul-smelling oil obtained from the seeds of a tropical Asian shrub or small tree (Croton tiglium) and formerly used as a drastic purgative and ...
cro·tox·in (krō'tŏkʹsĭn) n. A crystalline neurotoxin found in the venom of the rattlesnake, Crotalus terrificus.   [New Latin Crotalus, rattlesnake genus (from Latin ...
crot·tin (krŏtʹn) n. 1. A pungent cheese made of goat's milk and formed into small disks. 2. A disk of this cheese.   [French, from Old French crotin, animal dropping, ...
—croucher, n. —crouchingly, adv. /krowch/, v.i. 1. to stoop or bend low. 2. to bend close to the ground, as an animal preparing to spring or shrinking with fear. 3. to bow or ...
Crouch, Stanley
▪ American journalist and critic born Dec. 14, 1945, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.       American journalist and critic noted for his range of interests and for his ...
croup1 /kroohp/, n. Pathol. any condition of the larynx or trachea characterized by a hoarse cough and difficult breathing. [1755-65; n. use of croup to cry hoarsely (now dial.), ...
/krooh payd", krooh"payd/, n. Dressage. a movement in which a horse jumps up from a pesade with all four legs drawn up under it and lands on four legs in the same ...
/krooh"pee euhr, -pee ay'/; Fr. /krddooh pyay"/, n., pl. croupiers /-pee euhrz, -pee ayz'/; Fr. /-pyay"/. 1. an attendant in a gambling casino who rakes in money or chips and ...
See croup1. * * *
—croupily, adv. —croupiness, n. /krooh"pee/, adj., croupier, croupiest. 1. pertaining to or resembling croup. 2. affected with croup. [1825-35; CROUP1 + -Y1] * * *
Crousaz, Jean-Pierre de
▪ Swiss philosopher born April 13, 1663, Lausanne, Switz. died Feb. 22, 1750, Lausanne       Swiss theologian, philosopher, and controversialist whose greatest ...
—crousely, adv. /kroohs/, adj. Scot. and North Eng. brisk; lively. [1250-1300; ME crus, crous fierce, bold, violent < MLG or Fris krus crisp; c. G kraus] * * *
/krows/, n. Russel, 1893-1966, U.S. dramatist. * * *
/krooh stahd"/, n. a shell of bread or pastry, sometimes of noodles, rice, or mashed potatoes, baked or fried and filled with ragout or the like. [1835-45; < F < Pr crustado < L ...
/krooht/, n. crust. [ < F; see CRUST] * * *
/krooh"ton, krooh ton"/, n. a small piece of fried or toasted bread, sometimes seasoned, used as a garnish for soups, salads, and other dishes. [1800-10; < F, equiv. to croûte ...
crow1 /kroh/, n. 1. any of several large oscine birds of the genus Corvus, of the family Corvidae, having a long, stout bill, lustrous black plumage, and a wedge-shaped tail, as ...
/kroh/, n. 1. a member of a Siouan people of eastern Montana. 2. a Siouan language closely related to Hidatsa. [1795-1805; trans. of North American F (gens des) Corbeaux Raven ...
crow blackbird
any of several North American grackles, esp. purple grackles of the genus Quiscalus. [1770-80, Amer.] * * *
/krohz"foot'/, n., pl. crow's-feet. 1. Usually, crow's-feet. any of the tiny wrinkles at the outer corners of the eyes resulting from age or constant squinting. 2. Aeron. an ...
/krohz"nest'/, n. 1. Naut. a platform or shelter for a lookout at or near the top of a mast. 2. any similar platform raised high above the ground, as a lookout or a station for a ...
/kroh"fez'euhnt/, n. a large coucal, Centropus sinensis, of Asia, having black and brown plumage and a long tail. * * *
/kroh"bayt'/, n. Chiefly Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. an emaciated, worn-out horse or cow. [1855-60, Amer.; CROW1 + BAIT] * * *
/kroh"bahr'/, n., v.t., crowbarred, crowbarring. n. 1. Also called crow. a steel bar, usually flattened and slightly bent at one or both ends, used as a lever. v.t. 2. to pry ...
/kroh"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. crowberries. 1. the black or reddish berry of a heathlike, evergreen shrub, Empetrum nigrum, of northern regions. 2. the plant itself. 3. any of ...
crow blackbird n. See grackle. * * *
/kroh"booht'/, n. Canadian Dial. a moccasinlike boot made of soft leather. [1960-65; appar. CROW1 + BOOT1, though literal sense unclear] * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Wealden district, administrative county of East Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England, 40 miles (64 km) southeast ...
crowd1 —crowder, n. /krowd/, n. 1. a large number of persons gathered closely together; throng: a crowd of angry people. 2. any large number of persons. 3. any group or set of ...
—crowdedly, adv. /krow"did/, adj. 1. filled to excess; packed. 2. filled with a crowd: crowded streets. 3. uncomfortably close together: crowded passengers on a bus. [1605-15; ...
See crowded. * * *
See crowd1. * * *
crowder pea
any variety of cowpea bearing pods with closely spaced seeds. [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
Crowder, Enoch Herbert
▪ United States official born April 11, 1859, Edinburg, Mo., U.S. died May 7, 1932, Washington, D.C.  U.S. Army officer and administrator of the Selective Service Act in ...
crow·die or crow·dy (kro͞oʹdē, krōʹ-, kro͝odʹē) n. Scots pl. crow·dies 1. A soft cheese made from curds. 2. Porridge; gruel.   [Origin unknown.] * * *
crowd pleas·er also crowd-pleas·er (kroudʹplē'zər) n. Informal A person, spectacle, work, or idea that appeals to popular taste. * * *
crowd surfing n. The action or diversion of being passed by hand above a densely packed crowd, as at a rock concert. * * *
/krooh"dee, kroh"-, krood"ee/, n., pl. crowdies. Scot. and North Eng. a dish of meal, esp. oatmeal and water, or sometimes milk, stirred together; gruel; brose; porridge. Also, ...
(1964– ) a film actor born in New Zealand who grew up in Australia. He won an Oscar for his part in Gladiator (2000) and his other films include A Beautiful Mind (2001) and ...
Crowe, Dame Sylvia
▪ 1998       British landscape architect who created designs for gardens at nuclear power stations, colleges, churchyards, reservoirs, office buildings, and new towns ...
Crowe, Russell
▪ 2002       All hailed Russell Crowe in 2001 as the New Zealand-born actor captured a best-actor Academy Award for his portrayal of Maximus, a general turned gladiator ...
Crowe, Sir Eyre
▪ British diplomat born July 30, 1864, Leipzig died April 28, 1925, Swanage, Dorset, England  British diplomat who strongly urged an anti-German policy in the years before ...
Crowe, Sir Eyre (Alexander Barby Wichart)
born July 30, 1864, Leipzig, Ger. died April 28, 1925, Swanage, Dorset, Eng. British diplomat. In the years before World War I he strongly urged an anti-German policy, arguing ...
Crowe, William James, Jr.
▪ 2008       rear admiral (ret.), U.S. Navy born Jan. 2, 1925, La Grange, Ky. died Oct. 18, 2007, Bethesda, Md. as chairman (1985–89) of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, ...
/kroh"foot'/, n., pl. crowfoots for 1, 2, crowfeet for 3-6. 1. any plant of the genus Ranunculus, esp. one with divided leaves suggestive of a crow's foot; buttercup. 2. any of ...
—crowhopper, n. /kroh"hop'/, n. 1. a short hop. 2. a hop made by a horse with its legs stiffened and its back arched. [1895-1900, Amer.; CROW1 + HOP1] * * *
▪ England, United Kingdom       village (parish) and abbey, South Holland district, administrative and historic county of Lincolnshire, England. Crowland is situated ...
/krow"lee/, n. a city in S Louisiana. 16,036. * * *
Crowley, Robert
▪ English social reformer born c. 1518, , Gloucestershire, Eng. died June 18, 1588       English Puritan, social reformer, and Christian Socialist prominent in the ...
—crownless, adj. /krown/, n. 1. any of various types of headgear worn by a monarch as a symbol of sovereignty, often made of precious metal and ornamented with valuable ...
Crown Agent
a member of an organization, started in 1833 by the British government, which provides financial and commercial services for foreign governments and international organizations. ...
crown and anchor
▪ dice game       dice gambling game of English origin, dating back to the early 18th century and popular among British sailors and to some extent among Australian and ...
crown antler
the topmost prong of a stag's antler. See diag. under antler. Also called sur-royal. * * *
crown canopy.
canopy (def. 4). * * *
crown cap
☆ crown cap n. a cork-lined metal stopper whose edges are crimped over the mouth of the bottle * * *
crown colony
a British colony in which the crown has the entire control of legislation and administration, as distinguished from one having a constitution and representative ...
Crown corporation
Canadian. a commercial company owned by the government and controlled and partially operated by civil servants. [1960-65] * * *
Crown Court
n (in England and Wales) a local court in larger towns and cities where serious criminal cases are tried by a judge and jury. Cases may come to the Crown Court when a ...
crown cutter
a hollow, thin-walled cylinder having teeth formed radially on the end and used for cutting round holes out of thin, flat stock. Cf. crown saw. * * *
crown daisy
a garden plant, Chrysanthemum coronarium, of the composite family, native to southern Europe, having numerous yellowish-white flower heads. [1880-85] * * *
Crown dependencies
➡ Great Britain (I) * * *
Crown Dependency
n a term applied to either of two places close to the British mainland: the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. These have their own governments, which make decisions about the ...
Crown Derby
n [U] a type of china (= fine pottery) made in Derby, England, in the 18th and 19th centuries. Objects made of Crown Derby are marked with a crown over the letter D. * * *
Crown Estate
all the lands owned by the British King or Queen and the money that is made through them. In 1760, King George III gave up the monarch’s rights to these in return for the Civil ...
Crown Estate Commissioners
➡ Crown Estate * * *
crown fire
a forest fire that spreads along treetops, often at great speeds. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
crown gall
Plant Pathol. 1. a disease of peaches, apples, roses, grapes, etc., characterized by the formation of galls on the roots or stems usually at or below ground level, caused by a ...
crown glass
1. an optical glass of low dispersion and generally low index of refraction. 2. an old form of window glass formed by blowing a globe and whirling it into a disk. [1700-10] * * ...
crown graft
—crown grafting. Hort. a graft in which the scion is inserted at the crown of the stock. [1720-30] * * *
crown green bowls
n [U] a form of the game of bowls that is played on an area of grass with a slightly raised centre, instead of on a flat surface. It is played especially in the north of ...
crown imperial
an Iranian plant, Fritillaria imperialis, of the lily family, having a purple-spotted stem and a whorl of usually reddish-orange flowers hanging beneath a tuft of leaves, grown ...
crown jewels
crown jewels pl.n. 1. the jewelry and the emblems of office, such as the crown and scepter, that are worn or carried by the sovereign of a country on state occasions 2. [sing.] ...
crown land
1. land belonging to the crown, the revenue of which goes to the reigning sovereign. 2. Also, crownland. one of the administrative divisions of the former empire of ...
crown lens
Optics. a lens made of crown glass, usually used as the converging lens component of an achromatic lens. [1825-35] * * *
crown octavo
a size of book, about 5 × 71/2 in. (13 × 19 cm), untrimmed. Abbr.: crown 8vo * * *
crown of thorns
1. a climbing spurge, Euphorbia milii splendens, of Madagascar, having stems covered with spines. 2. See crown of thorns starfish. 3. a painful burden, as of suffering, guilt, ...
Crown Point
1. a village in NE New York, on Lake Champlain: the site of a strategic fort in the French and Indian and the Revolutionary wars. 1837. 2. a town in NW Indiana. 16,455. * * ...
crown post
any vertical member in a roof truss, esp. a king post. [1695-1705] * * *
crown prince
a male heir apparent to a throne. [1785-95] * * *
crown princess
1. the wife of a crown prince. 2. a female heir presumptive or heir apparent to a throne. [1860-65] * * *
Crown Prosecution Service
(abbr CPS) an independent organization started in 1986 that decides whether a person should be charged with a crime in a court of law in England or Wales. Before 1986, the police ...
crown quarto
Chiefly Brit. a size of book, about 71/2 × 10 in. (19 × 25 cm), untrimmed. Abbr.: crown 4to * * *
crown roast
Cookery. a cut of meat, esp. lamb, veal, or pork, that is made by tying two rib roasts together in a circle. Also called crown. [1905-10] * * *
crown rot
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by the rotting of the stem at ground level, caused by any of several fungi. [1920-25] * * *
crown rust
Plant Pathol. a disease of oats and other grasses, characterized by the formation, on the leaves, of orange or black spores, caused by a rust fungus, Puccinia ...
crown saw
a rotary saw consisting of a hollow cylinder with teeth formed on one end or edge, as a trephine or trepanning saw. Also called cylinder saw, hole saw. [1860-65] * * *
crown vetch
a plant, Coronilla varia, of the legume family, native to the Old World, having clusters of pink flowers and used to prevent erosion on banked roadsides. Also called ...
crown wart
Plant Pathol. a disease of alfalfa and clover, characterized by galls around the base of the stem, caused by several fungi of the genus Urophlyctis. * * *
crown wheel
Horol. 1. a wheel next to the winding knob, having two sets of teeth, one at right angles to its plane. 2. any of various wheels having the form of a hoop or short cylinder with ...
Crown, Henry
▪ American executive original name  Henry Krinsky   born June 13, 1896, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 15, 1990, Chicago       business executive and ...
/krown"euhv jooh"euhlz/, n., pl. crown-of-jewels. an annual herb, Lopezia coronata, of Mexico, having lilac-colored flowers with a red base. * * *
crown-of-thorns (kroun'əv-thôrnzʹ) n. 1. A trailing or climbing spiny shrub (Euphorbia milii) native to Madagascar and cultivated as a houseplant, having showy flower clusters ...
crown-of-thorns starfish
/krown"euhv thawrnz"/ a starfish, Acanthaster planci, that feeds on living coral polyps, causing erosion and destruction of coral reefs. Also called crown of thorns. [1960-65] * ...
/krown"beard'/, n. any of various American composite plants constituting the genus Verbesina, having clustered, usually yellow flower heads. [1855-60, Amer.; CROWN + BEARD] * * *
crown canopy n. See canopy. * * *
crown colony n. A British colony in which the government in London has some control of legislation, usually administered by an appointed governor. * * *
crown daisy n. See garland chrysanthemum. * * *
/krownd/, adj. 1. characterized by or having a crown (often used in combination): a crowned signet ring; a low-crowned fedora. 2. originating from or founded on the royal crown ...
crowner1 /krow"neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that crowns. 2. a crowning event or occurrence. [1400-50; late ME; see CROWN, -ER1] crowner2 /krow"neuhr, krooh"-/, n. Brit. ...
/krow"net, -nit/, n. Archaic. a coronet. [1350-1400; ME; see CROWN, -ET] * * *
crown gall n. A widespread disease of numerous plants caused by the bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens and characterized by formation of galls especially at the junction of root ...
crown glass n. 1. A soda-lime optical glass that is exceptionally hard and clear, with low refraction and low dispersion. 2. A form of window glass made by whirling a glass ...
/krow"ning/, adj. 1. representing a level of surpassing achievement, attainment, etc.; supreme: crowning accomplishment. 2. forming or providing a crown, top, or summit: a ...
crown jewel n. 1. a. A precious stone that is part of a sovereign's regalia. b. crown jewels The jewels, such as those in a crown or scepter, used ceremonially by a ...
crown land n. 1. Land that belongs to the crown and yields its revenues to the reigning monarch. 2. Public land in certain countries belonging to the British Commonwealth. * * *
crown lens n. The crown-glass element in an achromatic lens. * * *
/krown"pees'/, n. the strap of a bridle that fits across the head of a horse. See illus. under harness. [1640-50; CROWN + PIECE] * * *
Crown Point A village of northeast New York on the western shore of Lake Champlain. It was the site of a French fort captured by the British in 1759 during the French and Indian ...
crown prince n. The male heir apparent to a throne. * * *
crown princess n. 1. The female heir apparent to a throne. 2. The wife of a crown prince. * * *
crown roast n. A pork, lamb, or veal roast consisting of the rib sections of two loins placed upright and fastened together in a circle. * * *
crown rot n. Any of several mostly fungal diseases of plants characterized by a rotting of the stem near ground level. * * *
crowns of Egypt
▪ emblem  part of the sovereign regalia of the kings (pharaoh) of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient). The crown of Upper Egypt was white and cone-shaped, while that of Lower ...
crown saw n. A cylindrical saw with teeth on the bottom edge of the cylinder, used for cutting round holes. * * *
crown vetch n. A perennial European herb (Coronilla varia) in the pea family, grown for forage and erosion control and having clusters of small white or pink flowers and ...
/krown"werrk'/, n. Fort. an outwork containing a central bastion with a curtain and demibastions, usually designed to cover some advantageous position. [1670-80; CROWN + WORK] * ...
Crowsnest Pass
▪ pass, Canada       pass in the Canadian Rockies at the Alberta–British Columbia border, Canada, 7 mi (11 km) south of Crowsnest Mountain. One of the lower passes of ...
/kroh"step'/, n. corbiestep. [1815-25; CROW1 + STEP] * * *
Crowther, Leslie Douglas Sargent
▪ 1997       British television personality who enjoyed a more than 30-year career highlighted by a long run on the children's program "Crackerjack" in the 1960s and a ...
Crowther, Samuel
▪ African bishop, scholar and translator born c. 1809, , Oshogbo, Yoruba region died Dec. 31, 1891, Lagos, Southern Nigeria  the first African to be ordained by the Church ...
/kroyd"n/, n. a borough of Greater London, England: airport. 324,900. * * * ▪ borough, London, United Kingdom       outer borough of London, in the historic county of ...
/krohz/, n. 1. the groove at either end of the staves of a barrel, cask, etc., into which the edge of the head fits. 2. a tool used by a cooper for cutting such a ...
Crozet Islands
▪ archipelago, Indian Ocean       archipelago in the southern Indian Ocean, 1,500 miles (2,400 km) off the coast of Antarctica, administratively a part of the French ...
/kroh"zheuhr/, n. crosier. * * *
Biochem. See C-reactive protein. * * *
crs abbrev. 1. creditors 2. credits * * *
1. creditors. 2. credits. * * *
1. cathode-ray tube. 2. a computer terminal or monitor that includes a cathode ray tube. * * *
/krooh/; Fr. /krddyuu/, n., pl. crus /kroohz/; Fr. /krddyuu/. (in France) a vineyard producing wine of high quality, sometimes classified by the government as either a Great ...
Crucé, Émeric
▪ French author born c. 1590 died 1648       French writer, perhaps a monk, pioneer advocate of international arbitration. Crucé's principal work, Le Nouveau Cynée ...
/krooh"seez/, n. a pl. of crux. * * * ▪ Cuba       city, central Cuba. Cruces is a railroad junction and commercial centre for the surrounding agricultural and ...
—cruciality /krooh'shee al"i tee, krooh shal"-/, n. —crucially, adv. /krooh"sheuhl/, adj. 1. involving an extremely important decision or result; decisive; critical: a ...
See crucial. * * *
crucian carp
/krooh"sheuhn/ a common cyprinid, Carassius carassius, that closely resembles the wild form of goldfish, occurring in streams in most parts of Europe and northern Asia. [1755-65; ...
—cruciately, adv. /krooh"shee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. cross-shaped. 2. Bot. having the form of a cross with equal arms, as the flowers of mustard. 3. Entomol. crossing diagonally ...
See cruciate. * * *
/krooh"seuh beuhl/, n. 1. a container of metal or refractory material employed for heating substances to high temperatures. 2. Metall. a hollow area at the bottom of a furnace in ...
crucible furnace
▪ metallurgy       metallurgical furnace consisting essentially of a pot of refractory material that can be sealed. Crucibles of graphite or of high-grade fire clay were ...
crucible process
Technique for producing cast or tool steel. It was invented in Britain с 1740 by Benjamin Huntsman, who heated small pieces of carbon steel in a closed fireclay crucible placed ...
crucible steel
steel made in a crucible, esp. a high-grade steel prepared by melting selected materials. [1875-80] * * *
Crucible Theatre
a theatre, opened in 1971, in Sheffield, England. As well as showing plays, the theatre is well known as the place where major snooker competitions are held. * * *
crucible steel n. See drill steel. * * *
/krooh"seuh feuhr/, n. 1. a person who carries a cross, as in ecclesiastical processions. 2. Bot. a cruciferous plant. [1565-75; < LL, equiv. to L cruci- (s. of crux) CROSS + ...
/krooh sif"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. bearing a cross. 2. Bot. belonging to the Cruciferae, the mustard family of plants. Cf. mustard family. [1650-60; < LL crucifer CRUCIFER; see ...
See crucify. * * *
—crucificial /krooh'seuh fish"euhl/, adj. /krooh"seuh fiks/, n. 1. a cross with the figure of Jesus crucified upon it. 2. any cross. 3. Gymnastics. a stunt performed on the ...
/krooh'seuh fik"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of crucifying. 2. the state of being crucified. 3. (cap.) the death of Jesus upon the Cross. 4. a picture or other representation of ...
crucifixion thorn
▪ plant also called  corona de Jesus (Spanish: “crown of Jesus”)   either of two nearly leafless, very spiny shrubs or small trees of the southwestern North American ...
crucifixion thorn n. Any of several unrelated shrubs or small trees of desert regions in the southwest United States and Mexico, having tiny, early deciduous leaves and branches ...
—cruciformity, n. —cruciformly, adv. /krooh"seuh fawrm'/, adj. 1. cross-shaped. n. 2. a cross. [1655-65; < L cruci- (s. of crux) cross + -FORM] * * *
See cruciform. * * *
—crucifier, n. /krooh"seuh fuy'/, v.t., crucified, crucifying. 1. to put to death by nailing or binding the hands and feet to a cross. 2. to treat with gross injustice; ...
/krooh"sis/, n. Astron. gen. of Crux. [ < L] * * *
/krooh'seuh verr"beuh list/, n. a designer or aficionado of crossword puzzles. [1975-80; < L cruci-, s. of crux CROSS + VERBALIST] * * *
/kruk/, n. (in old English building) one of a pair of naturally curved timbers forming one of several rigid arched frames supporting the roof of a cottage or farm ...
/krud/, n., v., crudded, crudding. n. 1. Slang. a. a deposit or coating of refuse or of an impure or alien substance; muck. b. a filthy, repulsive, or contemptible person. c. ...
See cruddy. * * *
/krud"ee/, adj., cruddier, cruddiest. Slang. 1. covered, encrusted, or saturated with dirt, grease, or other objectionable substance; filthy: It gets the cruddiest work clothes ...
—crudely, adv. —crudeness, n. /kroohd/, adj., cruder, crudest, n. adj. 1. in a raw or unprepared state; unrefined or natural: crude sugar. 2. lacking in intellectual ...
crude oil
petroleum as it comes from the ground, before refining. Also called crude, crude petroleum. [1860-65] * * * ▪ petroleum product       mixture of comparatively volatile ...
See crude. * * *
Cruden Bay
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       village on the North Sea coast of Scotland, in the council area and historic county of Aberdeenshire. It is situated at the head of ...
See crudely. * * *
crude oil n. Unrefined petroleum. * * *
/krooh'di tay"/; Fr. /krddyuu dee tay"/, n. (used with singular or plural v.) French Cookery. an appetizer consisting of a variety of raw vegetables, usually cut into strips or ...
/krooh"di tee/, n., pl. crudities for 2. 1. the state or quality of being crude. 2. something crude. [1375-1425; late ME crudite < L cruditas. See CRUDE, -ITY] * * *
Crudup, Arthur
▪ American singer-songwriter born Aug. 24, 1905, Forest, Miss., U.S. died March 28, 1974, Nassawadox, Va.       American blues singer-songwriter (singer-songwriters). ...
—cruelly, adv. —cruelness, n. /krooh"euhl/, adj., crueler, cruelest. 1. willfully or knowingly causing pain or distress to others. 2. enjoying the pain or distress of others: ...
/krooh"euhl hahr"tid/, adj. having a cruel heart; lacking kindness, compassion, etc. [1585-95; CRUEL + HEARTED] * * *

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