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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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cruelly
See cruel. * * *
cruelness
See cruelly. * * *
cruelty
/krooh"euhl tee/, n., pl. cruelties for 3. 1. the state or quality of being cruel. 2. cruel disposition or conduct. 3. a cruel act. 4. Law. conduct by a spouse that causes ...
Cruelty, Theatre of
▪ experimental theatre       project for an experimental theatre that was proposed by the French poet, actor, and theorist Antonin Artaud (Artaud, Antonin) and that ...
cruet
/krooh"it/, n. a glass bottle, esp. one for holding vinegar, oil, etc., for the table. [1250-1300; ME < AF, equiv. to OF cru(i)e pitcher ( < Frankish *kruka; cf. OE cruce pot) + ...
Crufts
the most important dog show in Britain, held for four days every year at the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham. It is run by the Kennel Club. The show is named after ...
Crüger, Johannes
▪ German composer and music theorist born April 9, 1598, Gross-Breesen, near Guben, Lower Lusatia [Germany] died February 23, 1662, Berlin       German composer and ...
Cruickshank
(1792–1878) an English artist who was famous for his political cartoons. He also drew illustrations for the books of many famous authors, including Charles Dickens and Walter ...
Cruikshank
/krook"shangk'/, n. George, 1792-1878, English illustrator, caricaturist, and painter. * * *
Cruikshank, George
born , Sept. 27, 1792, London, Eng. died Feb. 1, 1878, London English painter, illustrator, and caricaturist. His series of political caricatures for The Scourge (1811–16) ...
Cruikshank,George
Cruik·shank (kro͝okʹshăngk'), George. 1792-1878. British caricaturist and illustrator of the works of Charles Dickens and other novelists. * * *
cruise
—cruisingly, adv. /kroohz/, v., cruised, cruising, n. v.i. 1. to sail about on a pleasure trip. 2. to sail about, as a warship patrolling a body of water. 3. to travel about ...
Cruise
/kroohz/, n. Tom (Thomas Cruise Mapother, 4th), born 1962, U.S. film actor. * * * (as used in expressions) cruise missile Cruise Tom Thomas Cruise Mapother IV * * *
cruise car.
See squad car. * * *
cruise control
a system, available for some automobiles, motorcycles, etc., that automatically maintains a vehicle's speed by taking control of the accelerator. * * *
cruise missile
a winged guided missile designed to deliver a conventional or nuclear warhead by flying at low altitudes to avoid detection by radar. * * * Type of low-flying strategic guided ...
cruise ship
a passenger ship built or used for pleasure cruises, usually taking passengers on an extended cruise with occasional calls in various places of interest. [1715-25] * * *
Cruise, Tom
orig. Thomas Cruise Mapother IV born July 3, 1962, Syracuse, N.Y., U.S. U.S. actor. He made his screen debut in 1981 and rose to stardom as the leading man in Risky Business ...
Cruise, Tom, and Kidman, Nicole
▪ 2000       In 1999 actors Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman costarred in Eyes Wide Shut, the much-hyped final film of director Stanley Kubrick. Although audiences could ...
cruisecontrol
cruise control n. 1. A system in a motor vehicle for maintaining a constant speed. 2. Maintenance of a constant speed in such a vehicle. * * *
cruisemissile
cruise missile n. A guided missile that is launched from a ship or aircraft and serves as a self-contained precision bomb. * * *
cruiser
/krooh"zeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that cruises. 2. one of a class of warships of medium tonnage, designed for high speed and long cruising radius. 3. See squad car. 4. a ...
cruiserweight
/krooh"zeuhr wayt'/, n. Brit. a light-heavyweight boxer. [1915-20; so called by metaphor, since a cruiser is the second heaviest naval ship] * * *
cruiseway
/kroohz"way'/, n. Brit. an inland waterway or canal for pleasure cruising. [1965-70; CRUISE + WAY] * * *
cruising radius
the maximum distance that an aircraft or ship can traverse and then return to its starting point at cruising speed without refueling. [1925-30] * * *
cruisingradius
cruis·ing radius (kro͞oʹzĭng) n. The maximum distance that a ship or aircraft can travel away from and back to its point of origin without refueling. * * *
cruller
/krul"euhr/, n. 1. a rich, light cake cut from a rolled dough and deep-fried, usually having a twisted oblong shape and sometimes topped with sugar or icing. 2. Also called ...
crumb
—crumbable, adj. —crumber, n. /krum/, n. 1. a small particle of bread, cake, etc., that has broken off. 2. a small particle or portion of anything; fragment; bit. 3. the soft ...
Crumb, George
▪ American composer in full  George Henry Crumb  born Oct. 24, 1929, Charleston, W.Va., U.S.       American composer known for his innovative techniques in the use of ...
Crumb, George (Henry)
born , Oct. 24, 1929, Charleston, W.Va., U.S. U.S. composer. Born to musician parents, he studied at the University of Michigan and from 1965 taught at the University of ...
Crumb, R(obert)
born Aug. 20, 1943, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. cartoonist. He had no formal art training but was obsessed with drawing as a child. In 1960 he moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to ...
crumble
—crumblingness, n. /krum"beuhl/, v., crumbled, crumbling, n. v.t. 1. to break into small fragments or crumbs. v.i. 2. to fall into small pieces; break or part into small ...
crumbliness
See crumbly. * * *
crumblings
/krum"blingz/, n.pl. crumbs; crumbled bits. [CRUMBLE + -ING1 + -S3] * * *
crumbly
—crumbliness, n. /krum"blee/, adj., crumblier, crumbliest. apt to crumble; friable. [1515-25; CRUMBLE + -Y1] * * *
crumbum
/krum"bum'/, n. Slang. crumb (def. 5). [1950-55; playful variation] * * *
crumby
crumby1 /krum"ee/, adj., crumbier, crumbiest. 1. full of crumbs. 2. soft. [1725-35; CRUMB + -Y1] crumby2 /krum"ee/, adj., crumbier, crumbiest. crummy1 (def. 1). * * *
crumhorn
/krum"hawrn'/, n. a Renaissance musical reed instrument having a cylindrical tube curved at the end. Also, cromorne, krumhorn. [1950-55; < G Krummhorn, equiv. to krumm crooked, ...
Crumley, James
▪ 2009       American writer born Oct. 12, 1939, Three Rivers, Texas died Sept. 17, 2008, Missoula, Mont. penned violent mystery novels that featured vivid ...
Crummell, Alexander
▪ American scholar and minister born 1819, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 10/12, 1898, Point Pleasant?, N.J.       American scholar and Episcopalian minister, founder ...
crummie
/krum"ee, kroom"ee/, n. Chiefly Scot. a cow with crooked horns. Also, crummy. [1715-25; obs. crum crooked (OE crumb; c. G krumm) + -IE] * * *
crummy
crummy1 —crummily, adv. —crumminess, n. /krum"ee/, adj., crummier, crummiest, n., pl. crummies. adj. 1. Also, crumby. Slang. a. dirty and run-down; shabby; seedy: a crummy ...
crump
/krump, kroomp/, v.t. 1. to crunch or make a crunching sound, as with the teeth. v.i. 2. (of an artillery shell) to land and explode with a heavy, muffled sound. 3. to make a ...
Crump, Neville Franklin
▪ 1998       British racehorse trainer and one of the most successful steeplechase trainers after World War II; he logged three victories in the Grand National and won ...
crumpet
/krum"pit/, n. Chiefly Brit. 1. a round soft unsweetened bread resembling a muffin, cooked on a griddle or the like, and often toasted. 2. Brit. Slang. a sexually attractive ...
crumple
—crumply, adj. /krum"peuhl/, v., crumpled, crumpling, n. v.t. 1. to press or crush into irregular folds or into a compact mass; bend out of shape; rumple; wrinkle. 2. to cause ...
crumpled
/krum"peuhld/, adj. 1. rumpled; wrinkled; crushed. 2. bent in a spiral curve: a crumpled ram's horn. [1275-1325; ME; var. of crimpled, ptp. of CRIMPLE] * * *
crumply
crumply [krum′plē] adj. crumplier, crumpliest easily crumpled * * * See crumple. * * *
crunch
—crunchable, adj. /krunch/, v.t. 1. to crush with the teeth; chew with a crushing noise. 2. to crush or grind noisily. 3. to tighten or squeeze financially: The ...
crunch time
a period of intense pressure. [1975-80] * * *
crunchable
See crunch. * * *
cruncher
/krun"cheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that crunches. 2. Informal. a decisive blow, argument, event, or the like. [1945-50; CRUNCH + -ER1] * * *
crunchiness
See crunchy. * * *
crunchtime
crunchtime [krunch′tīm΄] n. Slang the tense, critical phase of an activity: often written crunch time * * *
crunchy
—crunchily, adv. —crunchiness, n. /krun"chee/, adj., crunchier, crunchiest. crisp; brittle. [1890-95; CRUNCH + -Y1] * * *
crunchy-granola
crunch·y-gra·no·la (krŭnʹchē-grə-nōʹlə) adj. Slang Displaying liberal social attitudes and lifestyles associated with the 1960s: “There's a distinct crunchy-granola ...
cruor
/krooh"awr/, n. coagulated blood, or the portion of the blood that forms the clot. [1650-60; < L: blood (that flows from a wound), gore; akin to CRUDE] * * *
crupper
/krup"euhr, kroop"-/, n. 1. a leather strap fastened to the saddle of a harness and looping under the tail of a horse to prevent the harness from slipping forward. See illus. ...
crura
cru·ra (kro͝orʹə) n. Plural of crus. * * *
crural
/kroor"euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the leg or the hind limb. 2. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to the leg proper, or crus. [1590-1600; < L cruralis belonging to the legs, ...
crus
/krus, kroohs/, n., pl. crura /kroor"euh/. Anat., Zool. 1. the part of the leg or hind limb between the femur or thigh and the ankle or tarsus; shank. 2. a limb or process, as of ...
crusade
—crusader, n. /krooh sayd"/, n., v., crusaded, crusading. n. 1. (often cap.) any of the military expeditions undertaken by the Christians of Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th ...
crusader
See crusade. * * *
crusader states
Former territories on the Palestine coast taken by the Christian army during the first of the Crusades. The states were established as the kingdom of Jerusalem (1099–1187), ...
Crusaders
➡ Crusades * * *
Crusades
a series of military expeditions between the 11th and 14th centuries, in which armies from the Christian countries of Europe tried to get back the Holy Land (= what is now ...
crusado
/krooh say"doh, -zah"-/, n., pl. crusadoes, crusados. an early Portuguese coin of gold or silver, bearing the figure of a cross. Also, cruzado. [1535-45; < Pg cruzado crossed, ...
Crusca Academy
▪ institution, Florence, Italy Italian  Accademia della Crusca (“Academy of the Chaff”)        Italian literary academy founded in Florence in 1582 for the ...
cruse
/kroohz, kroohs/, n. an earthen pot, bottle, etc., for liquids. [1225-75; ME crouse (OE cruse; c. G Krause pot with lid), conflated with croo (OE crog, croh; c. G Krug jug)] * * *
cruse lamp
▪ lamp       small, iron hanging lamp with a handle at one end and a pinched spout for a wick at the other. It had a round bowl, about 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter and ...
Cruse, Harold Wright
▪ 2006       American social and cultural critic (b. March 8, 1916, Petersburg, Va.—d. March 25, 2005, Ann Arbor, Mich.), authored The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual ...
crush
—crushable, adj. —crushability, n. —crushably, adv. —crusher, n. /krush/, v.t. 1. to press or squeeze with a force that destroys or deforms. 2. to squeeze or pound into ...
crush injury
Effects of compression of the body (e.g., in a building collapse). Victims with severe chest and abdominal injuries usually die before help arrives. In survivors, pulse and ...
crushable
See crush. * * *
crushed
crushed (krŭsht) adj. Treated so as to have a permanently crinkled or rumpled appearance. Used of a fabric: crushed velvet; crushed denim. * * *
crushed velvet
velvet processed to have an uneven, slightly wrinkled surface. * * *
crusher
See crushable. * * *
crushing
crushing [krushiŋ] adj. 1. overwhelming or decisive [a crushing defeat] 2. hurtful or demoralizing [crushing remarks] crushingly adv. * * *
crushproof
/krush"proohf'/, adj. resistant to being crushed: a crushproof box. [CRUSH + -PROOF] * * *
Crusoe
/krooh"soh/, n. Robinson. See Robinson Crusoe. * * *
crust
—crustless, adj. /krust/, n. 1. the brown, hard outer portion or surface of a loaf or slice of bread (distinguished from crumb). 2. a slice of bread from the end of a loaf, ...
crustacean
/kru stay"sheuhn/, n. 1. any chiefly aquatic arthropod of the class Crustacea, typically having the body covered with a hard shell or crust, including the lobsters, shrimps, ...
crustacean louse
▪ invertebrate plural  Crustacean Lice,         any of various small aquatic invertebrates of the subphylum Crustacea (phylum Arthropoda) that are parasites of fish. ...
crustaceous
/kru stay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. of the nature of or pertaining to a crust or shell. 2. crustacean. 3. having a hard covering or crust. [1640-50; < NL crustaceus (adj.) hard-shelled. ...
crustal
/krus"tl/, adj. of or pertaining to a crust, as of the earth. [1855-60; < L crust(a) shell, crust + -AL1] * * *
crustal plate
Geol. a large block or tabular section of the lithosphere that reacts to tectonic forces as a unit and moves as such. Also called plate. * * *
crusted
—crustedly, adv. /krus"tid/, adj. 1. having a crust; encrusted. 2. (of a wine) containing a hardened deposit accumulated during aging in the bottle: crusted port. 3. having the ...
crustily
See crusty. * * *
crustiness
See crustily. * * *
crustless
See crust. * * *
crustose
/krus"tohs/, adj. Bot., Mycol. forming a crusty, tenaciously fixed mass that covers the surface on which it grows, as certain lichens. Cf. foliose, fruticose. [1875-80; < L ...
crusty
—crustily, adv. —crustiness, n. /krus"tee/, adj., crustier, crustiest. 1. having a crisp or thick crust: a loaf of crusty French bread. 2. of the nature of or resembling a ...
crut
/krut/, n. Slang. crud (def. 1). [1920-25, Amer.; perh. back formation from CRUDDY, with t assumed to be the underlying consonant] * * *
crutch
—crutchlike, adj. /kruch/, n. 1. a staff or support to assist a lame or infirm person in walking, now usually with a crosspiece at one end to fit under the armpit. 2. any of ...
Crutzen
Crut·zen (krœtʹsən, -sə), Paul. Born 1933. Dutch meteorolgist who helped explain the chemical processes involved in the formation and decomposition of ozone, for which he ...
Crutzen, Paul
▪ Dutch chemist born Dec. 3, 1933, Amsterdam, Neth.       Dutch chemist who received the 1995 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for demonstrating, in 1970, that chemical ...
Cruveilhier, Jean
born Feb. 9, 1791, Limoges, Fr. died March 10, 1874, Sussac French pathologist and anatomist. He published a series of multivolume works on the anatomy of disease. The ...
crux
/kruks/, n., pl. cruxes, cruces /krooh"seez/. 1. a vital, basic, decisive, or pivotal point: The crux of the trial was his whereabouts at the time of the murder. 2. a cross. 3. ...
Crux
/kruks/, n., gen. Crucis /krooh"sis/. Astron. See Southern Cross. [ < L: a cross] * * * ▪ astronomy LatinCross, also called  the Southern Cross        constellation ...
crux ansata
crux ansata [kruks′ an sāt′ə] n. 〚L, cross with a handle < crux, CROSS + fem. of ansatus < ansa, a handle〛 the ankh, an ancient Egyptian symbol * * *
Cruyff, Johan
▪ Dutch athlete and manager byname of  Hendrick Johannes Cruijff  born April 25, 1947, Amsterdam, Netherlands       Dutch football ( forward renowned for both his ...
Cruz
/kroohz/; Sp. /krddoohth/, n. San Juan de la /sahn hwahn de lah/. See John of the Cross, Saint. * * * (as used in expressions) Cruz Celia Cruz Sor Juana Inés de la Santa ...
Cruz Alta
/kroohz ahl"teuh/ a city in S Brazil. 54,447. * * *
Cruz e Sousa, João da
▪ Brazilian poet born Nov. 24, 1861, Desterro, Braz. died March 19, 1898, Sítio       poet, the leading figure of the Symbolist movement in Brazil.       Cruz ...
Cruz, Celia
born Oct. 21, с 1929, Havana, Cuba died July 16, 2003, Fort Lee, N.J., U.S. Cuban-born U.S. singer. She was studying to become a teacher in her native Havana when she won a ...
Cruz, Juana Inésde la
Cruz (kro͞os), Juana Inés de la. 1648?-1695. Mexican nun and poet noted for her love lyrics, courtly tributes, satires, and plays as well as theological writings on the role ...
Cruz, Penélope
▪ Spanish actress in full  Penélope Cruz Sánchez  born April 28, 1974, Madrid, Spain       Spanish actress known for her beauty and her portrayal of sultry ...
Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la
born Nov. 12, 1651, San Miguel Nepantla, Viceroyalty of New Spain died April 17, 1695, Mexico City Mexican poet, dramatist, scholar, nun, and an early feminist. Born out of ...
cruzado
/krooh zay"doh/; Port. /krddooh zah"doo/, n., pl. cruzadoes, cruzados. crusado. * * *
Cruzan
/krooh zan", krooh"zan/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of St. Croix. adj. 2. of or pertaining to St. Croix, its natives, or its inhabitants. [ < AmerSp (Santa) Cruz St. Croix + ...
cruzeiro
/krooh zair"oh/; Port. /krddooh ze"rddoo/, n., pl. cruzeiros /-zair"ohz/; Port. /-ze"rddoos/. a monetary unit of Brazil equal to 100 centavos. [1925-30; < Pg, equiv. to cruz ...
crwth
/kroohth/, n. Music. crowd2. [1830-40; < Welsh; c. Ir cruit harp, lyre] * * * ▪ musical instrument Latin  chorus , Middle English  crouth        bowed Welsh lyre ...
cry
/kruy/, v., cried, crying, n., pl. cries. v.i. 1. to utter inarticulate sounds, esp. of lamentation, grief, or suffering, usually with tears. 2. to weep; shed tears, with or ...
crybaby
/kruy"bay'bee/, n., pl. crybabies, v., crybabied, crybabying. n. 1. a person, esp. a child, who cries readily for very little reason. 2. a person who complains too much, usually ...
crying
—cryingly, adv. /kruy"ing/, adj. 1. demanding attention or remedy; critical; severe: a crying evil. 2. reprehensible; odious; notorious: a crying shame. [1300-50; ME cryenge. ...
crymotherapy
/kruy'moh ther"euh pee/, n. Med. cryotherapy. [ < Gk krymó(s) frost, cold + THERAPY] * * *
cryo-
a combining form meaning "icy cold," "frost," used in the formation of compound words: cryogenics. [comb. form repr. Gk. krýos] * * *
cryobank
cry·o·bank (krīʹə-băngk') n. A place of storage that uses very low temperatures to preserve semen or transplantable tissues. * * *
cryobiological
See cryobiology. * * *
cryobiologically
See cryobiological. * * *
cryobiologist
See cryobiological. * * *
cryobiology
—cryobiological /kruy'oh buy'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —cryobiologist, n. /kruy'oh buy ol"euh jee/, n. the study of the effects of very low temperatures on living organisms and ...
cryoelectronics
—cryoelectronic, adj. /kruy'oh i lek tron"iks, -ee'lek-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of electronics dealing with the application of low-temperature behavior, esp. ...
cryoextraction
/kruy'oh ik strak"sheuhn/, n. the surgical removal of a cataract with a cryoprobe. [CRYO- + EXTRACTION] * * *
cryoflora
▪ biology also called  cryovegetation, or cryophytes        algae that live in snow and ice. The well-known and widely distributed red snow (q.v.) is caused by ...
cryogen
/kruy"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. a substance for producing low temperatures; freezing mixture. [1870-75; CRYO- + -GEN] * * *
cryogenic
—cryogenically, adv. —cryogenist /kruy oj"euh nist/, n. /kruy'euh jen"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the production or use of very low temperatures: cryogenic storage. 2. ...
cryogenically
See cryogenic. * * *
cryogenics
/kruy'euh jen"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physics that deals with very low temperatures. [1955-60; CRYO- + -GENICS] * * * Study and use of low-temperature ...
cryogenized
/kruy oj"euh nuyzd'/, adj. treated with or stored in a cryogen. [CRYOGEN + -IZE + -ED2] * * *
cryogeny
cry·og·e·ny (krī-ŏjʹə-nē) n. See cryogenics. * * *
cryoglobulinemia
▪ medical disorder       presence in the blood of proteins called cryoglobulins that precipitate at temperatures below 98.6° F (37° C), both in the laboratory and in ...
cryohydrate
—cryohydric /kruy'oh huy"drik/, adj. /kruy'oh huy"drayt/, n. a mixture of ice and another substance in definite proportions such that a minimum melting or freezing point is ...
cryolathe
/kruy"euh laydh'/, n., v., cryolathed, cryolathing. Ophthalm. n. 1. an instrument for reshaping the cornea to correct severe nearsightedness or farsightedness: the cornea is ...
cryolite
/kruy"euh luyt'/, n. a mineral, sodium aluminum fluoride, Na3AlF6, occurring in white masses, used as a flux in the electrolytic production of aluminum. Also called Greenland ...
cryology
/kruy ol"euh jee/, n. the study of snow and ice. [1945-50; CRYO- + -LOGY] * * *
cryometer
—cryometry, n. /kruy om"i teuhr/, n. a thermometer for measuring low temperatures. [CRYO- + -METER] * * *
cryonic
See cryonics. * * *
cryonics
—cryonic, adj. /kruy on"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the deep-freezing of human bodies at death for preservation and possible revival in the future. [1965-70, Amer.; CRYO- + ...
cryophilic
/kruy'oh fil"ik/, adj. preferring or thriving at low temperatures. [1940-45; CRYO- + -PHILIC] * * *
cryophyte
/kruy"euh fuyt'/, n. 1. any plant, as certain algae, mosses, fungi, and bacteria, that grows on ice or snow. 2. any low-growing, succulent, blooming plant of the genus Cryophytum ...
cryoplankton
/kruy'oh plangk"teuhn/, n. plankton that live in the icy waters and meltwaters of glacial or polar areas. [1930-35; CRYO- + PLANKTON] * * *
cryopreservation
/kruy'oh prez'euhr vay"sheuhn/, n. the storage of blood or living tissues at extremely cold temperatures, often -196 degrees Celsius. [1972; CRYO- + PRESERVATION] * * ...
cryopreserve
cry·o·pre·serve (krīʹō-prĭ-zûrv') tr.v. cry·o·pre·served, cry·o·pre·serv·ing, cry·o·pre·serves To preserve (cells or tissue, for example) by freezing at very ...
cryoprobe
/kruy"euh prohb'/, n. an instrument used in cryosurgery, having a supercooled tip for applying extreme cold to diseased tissue in order to remove or destroy it. [1960-65; CRYO- + ...
cryoprotectant
cry·o·pro·tec·tant (krī'ō-prə-tĕkʹtənt) n. A substance, such as glycerol, used to protect cells or tissues from damage during freezing.   cry'o·pro·tecʹtant ...
cryoprotective
See cryoprotectant. * * *
cryoscope
/kruy"euh skohp'/, n. an instrument for determining the freezing point of a liquid or solution. [CRYO- + -SCOPE] * * *
cryoscopic
See cryoscopy. * * *
cryoscopy
—cryoscopic /kruy'euh skop"ik/, adj. /kruy os"keuh pee/, n., pl. cryoscopies. 1. Chem. a technique for determining the molecular weight of a substance by dissolving it and ...
Cryosol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Cryosols are characterized by frozen soil ...
cryostat
—cryostatic, adj. /kruy"euh stat'/, n. an apparatus, usually automatic, maintaining a very low constant temperature. [1910-15; CRYO- + STAT] * * *
cryostatic
See cryostat. * * *
cryosurgeon
See cryosurgery. * * *
cryosurgery
—cryosurgical, adj. /kruy'oh serr"jeuh ree/, n. the use of extreme cold to destroy tissue for therapeutic purposes. [1960-65; CRYO- + SURGERY] * * *       therapeutic ...
cryosurgical
See cryosurgeon. * * *
cryotherapy
/kruy'oh ther"euh pee/, n. Med. treatment by means of applications of cold. Also, crymotherapy. [1925-30; CRYO- + THERAPY] * * *
cryotron
/kruy"euh tron'/, n. Electronics, Computers. a cryogenic device that uses the principle that a varying magnetic field can cause the resistance of a superconducting element to ...
crypt
/kript/, n. 1. a subterranean chamber or vault, esp. one beneath the main floor of a church, used as a burial place, a location for secret meetings, etc. 2. Anat. a slender pit ...
crypt-
crypt- [kript] combining form CRYPTO-: used before a vowel * * * crypt- pref. Variant of crypto-. * * *
cryptanalysis
—cryptanalytic /krip'tan l it"ik/, adj. —cryptanalytically, adv. —cryptanalyst /krip tan"l ist/, n. /krip'teuh nal"euh sis/, n. 1. the procedures, processes, methods, etc., ...
cryptanalyst
See cryptanalysis. * * *
cryptanalytic
See cryptanalyst. * * *
cryptanalytics
/krip'tan l it"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) cryptanalysis (def. 1). [CRYPTANALY(SIS) + (ANALY)TICS] * * *
cryptanalyze
/krip tan"l uyz'/, v.t., cryptanalyzed, cryptanalyzing. to study (a cryptogram) for the purpose of discovering the clear meaning; break (a code, cipher, etc.). Also, esp. Brit., ...
Cryptanthus
▪ plant genus  genus of epiphytes (plants that are supported by other plants and have aerial roots exposed to humid atmosphere) of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae), ...
cryptesthesia
/krip'teuhs thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. Psychol. allegedly paranormal perception, as clairvoyance or clairaudience. [1920-25; CRYPT(O)- + ESTHESIA] * * *
cryptic
—cryptically, adv. /krip"tik/, adj. Also, cryptical. 1. mysterious in meaning; puzzling; ambiguous: a cryptic message. 2. abrupt; terse; short: a cryptic note. 3. secret; ...
cryptic crosswords
➡ crosswords * * *
cryptically
See cryptic. * * *
crypticness
See cryptically. * * *
crypto
/krip"toh/, n., pl. cryptos, adj. n. 1. a person who secretly supports or adheres to a group, party, or belief. adj. 2. secret or hidden; not publicly admitted: a crypto ...
crypto-
a combining form meaning "hidden," "secret," used in the formation of compound words: cryptograph. [comb. form repr. Gk kryptós hidden. See CRYPT] * * *
crypto-Jew
cryp·to-Jew (krĭpʹtō-jo͞o') n. A member of a Jewish community forced to convert to another religion and outwardly embracing it while secretly maintaining Jewish practices. * ...
cryptoanalysis
—cryptoanalytic /krip'toh an'l it"ik/, adj. —cryptoanalytically, adv. —cryptoanalyst /krip'toh an"l ist/, n. /krip'toh euh nal"euh sis/, n. cryptanalysis. [CRYPTO- + ...
cryptobiosis
cryptobiosis [krip΄tō bī ō′sis, krip΄təbī ō′sis] n. ANABIOSIS cryptobiotic [krip΄tōbī ät′ik, krip΄təbī ät′ik] adj. * * *
Cryptoblastus
▪ echinoderm genus  extinct genus of blastoids, a primitive group of echinoderms related to the modern sea lilies, found as fossils in Early Carboniferous marine rocks (the ...
cryptoclastic
cryptoclastic [krip΄tō klas′tik, krip΄təklas′tik] adj. 〚 CRYPTO- + CLASTIC〛 Mineralogy consisting of microscopic grains * * * cryp·to·clas·tic ...
cryptoclimate
/krip'toh kluy"mit/, n. See under microclimate. [CRYPTO- + CLIMATE] * * *
cryptoclimatology
/krip'toh kluy'meuh tol"euh jee/, n. See under microclimatology. [CRYPTO- + CLIMATOLOGY] * * *
cryptococcal
See cryptococcus. * * *
cryptococcal meningitis
a form of meningitis resulting from opportunistic infection by a cryptococcus fungus, occurring in persons who are immunodeficient. * * *
cryptococcosis
/krip'toh ko koh"sis/, n. Pathol. a disease caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, chiefly found in soil contaminated by pigeon droppings, and characterized by lesions, ...
cryptococcus
—cryptococcal, adj. /krip'teuh kok"euhs/, n. any yeastlike fungus of the genus Cryptococcus, including C. neoformans, the causative agent of cryptococcosis. [1833; < NL; see ...
cryptocrystalline
/krip'toh kris"tl in, -uyn'/, adj. Mineral. having a microscopic crystalline structure. [1860-65; CRYPTO- + CRYSTALLINE] * * *
cryptogam
—cryptogamic, cryptogamous /krip tog"euh meuhs/, cryptogamical, adj. —cryptogamist, n. —cryptogamy, n. /krip"teuh gam'/, n. Bot. any of the Cryptogamia, a former primary ...
cryptogamic
See cryptogam. * * *
cryptogamous
See cryptogamic. * * *
cryptogenic
/krip'teuh jen"ik/, adj. of obscure or unknown origin, as a disease. [1905-10; CRYPTO- + -GENIC] * * *
cryptogram
—cryptogrammic, cryptogrammatic /krip'teuh greuh mat"ik/, cryptogrammatical, adj. —cryptogrammatist, n. /krip"teuh gram'/, n. 1. a message or writing in code or cipher; ...
cryptogrammic
See cryptogram. * * *
cryptograph
/krip"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. cryptogram (def. 1). 2. a system of secret writing; cipher. 3. a device for translating clear text into cipher. [1635-45; CRYPTO- + -GRAPH] * * *
cryptographer
cryp·tog·ra·pher (krĭp-tŏgʹrə-fər) n. One who uses, studies, or develops cryptographic systems and writings. * * *
cryptographic
See cryptography. * * *
cryptographically
See cryptographic. * * *
cryptography
—cryptographer, cryptographist, n. —cryptographic /krip'teuh graf"ik/, cryptographical, cryptographal, adj. —cryptographically, adv. /krip tog"reuh fee/, n. 1. the science ...
Cryptolithus
▪ paleontology  genus of trilobites (extinct arthropods) found as fossils in Europe and North America in the Ordovician period (505 million to 438 million years ago). Its ...
cryptologic
See cryptology. * * *
cryptological
See cryptologic. * * *
cryptologist
See cryptologic. * * *
cryptology
—cryptologist, n. —cryptologic /krip'tl oj"ik/, cryptological, adj. /krip tol"euh jee/, n. 1. cryptography. 2. the science and study of cryptanalysis and ...
cryptomeria
cryptomeria [krip΄tō mir′ē ə, krip΄təmir′ē ə] n. 〚ModL < Gr kryptos, hidden (see CRYPT) + meros, a part (see MERIT) + ModL -ia (see -IA): so named because the seeds ...
cryptomonad
/krip tom"euh nad'/, n. Biol. any of various protozoalike algae of the phylum Cryptophyta usually having two flagella, common in both marine and freshwater environments where ...
cryptonym
cryp·to·nym (krĭpʹtə-nĭm') n. A word or name that is used secretly to refer to another; a code name or code word. * * *
cryptophyte
—cryptophytic /krip'teuh fit"ik/, adj. /krip"teuh fuyt'/, n. 1. Bot. a plant that forms its reproductive structures, as corms or bulbs, underground or underwater. 2. Biol. ...
cryptopine
cryptopine [krip′tō pēn΄, krip′tōpin΄, krip′təpēn΄, krip′təpin΄] n. 〚
cryptoporticus
/krip'teuh pawr"ti keuhs, -pohr"-/, n., pl. cryptoporticus. 1. a covered passage, as one underground, lighted on one side. 2. a portico at the entrance to a crypt. [1675-85; < L: ...
cryptorchid
See cryptorchism. * * *
cryptorchidism
—cryptorchid, adj. /krip tawr"ki diz'euhm/, n. Pathol. failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum. Also, cryptorchism /krip tawr"kiz euhm/. [1880-85; < NL ...
cryptorchism
crypt·or·chism (krĭp-tôrʹkĭz'əm) also crypt·or·chi·dism (-kĭ-dĭz'əm) n. A developmental defect marked by the failure of the testes to descend into the ...
cryptosporidiosis
/krip'toh spawr'i duy oh"sis, -spohr'-/, n. a disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Cryptosporidia, characterized by fever and gastrointestinal symptoms and ...
cryptosporidium
cryp·to·spor·id·i·um (krĭp'tō-spə-rĭdʹē-əm) n. A protozoan of the genus Cryptosporidium that is an intestinal parasite in humans and other vertebrates and sometimes ...
Cryptostomata
▪ fossil order       order of bryozoans (small colonial animals) found as fossils in rocks of Ordovician to Permian age (between 488 million and 251 million years old). ...
cryptosystem
/krip"toh sys'teuhm/, n. a system for encoding and decoding secret messages. Also, crypto system. [1965-70; CRYPTO- + SYSTEM] * * *
cryptovolcanic
/krip'toh vol kan"ik/, adj. Geol. of or pertaining to a rock structure providing indirect or incomplete evidence of volcanism. [1920-25; CRYPTO- + VOLCANIC] * * *
cryptoxanthin
cryptoxanthin [krip΄tō zan′thin, krip΄təzan′thin] n. 〚 CRYPTO- + XANTH(O)- + -IN1〛 a carotenoid pigment, C40H56O, in butter, eggs, and various plants, that can be ...
cryptozoic
/krip'teuh zoh"ik/, adj. 1. (cap.) Geol. of or pertaining to that part of Precambrian time whose stratigraphic record yields only sparse, primitive fossils. 2. Zool. living in ...
cryptozoite
/krip'teuh zoh"uyt/, n. a malarial parasite in the stage of development during which it lives in tissue cells prior to invading the blood cells. [1945-50; CRYPTO- + ZO- + ...
cryptozoological
See cryptozoology. * * *
cryptozoologist
See cryptozoological. * * *
cryptozoology
—cryptozoologist, n. —cryptozoological /krip'toh zoh'euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /krip'toh zoh ol"euh jee/, n. the study of evidence tending to substantiate the existence of, or ...
Cryptozoon
/krip'teuh zoh"on/, n. an extinct genus of algae from Precambrian and Cambrian times, forming irregularly hemispherical fossil colonies composed of layers of limy ...
cryptozygous
—cryptozygy, n. /krip'teuh zuy"geuhs/, adj. Craniom. having the skull broad and the face narrow. [1875-80; CRYPTO- + ZYG- (as in ZYGOMA) + -OUS] * * *
Crysler's Farm, Battle of
▪ United States history       (Nov. 11, 1813), British victory in the War of 1812 that helped to prevent the capture of Montreal by U.S. forces; it was fought between ...
cryst
cryst abbrev. 1. crystalline 2. crystallography * * *
cryst.
1. crystalline. 2. crystallized. 3. crystallography. * * *
crystal
—crystallike, adj. /kris"tl/, n., adj., v., crystaled, crystaling or (esp. Brit.) crystalled, crystalling. n. 1. a clear, transparent mineral or glass resembling ice. 2. the ...
Crystal
/kris"tl/, n. 1. a city in SE Minnesota, near Minneapolis. 25,543. 2. a female given name. * * * I Any solid material whose atoms are arranged in a definite pattern and whose ...
crystal ball
1. a ball of clear crystal, glass, or the like, used in crystal gazing. 2. a method or means of predicting the future. [1850-55] * * *
Crystal City
▪ Texas, United States       city, seat (1928) of Zavala county, southern Texas, U.S. It is located some 92 miles (148 km) southwest of San Antonio and 35 miles (56 ...
crystal defect
Crystall. defect (def. 3). * * * ▪ crystallography       imperfection in the regular geometrical arrangement of the atoms in a crystalline solid. These imperfections ...
crystal detector
Radio. a device for rectifying a modulated radio-frequency signal, consisting of a crystal of germanium, silicon, galena, or the like with a cat whisker contact, permitting a ...
crystal gazing
—crystal gazer. 1. the practice of staring into a crystal ball, as by a fortuneteller, to see distant happenings, future events, etc. 2. speculation about the ...
Crystal Lake
a town in NE Illinois. 18,590. * * *
crystal lattice
lattice (def. 4). [1925-30] * * * Three-dimensional configuration of points connected by lines used to describe the orderly arrangement of atoms in a crystal. Each point ...
crystal oscillator
Electronics. See under crystal (def. 10). * * *
Crystal Palace
a structure of prefabricated iron units, glass, and wood, built in London to house the Exhibition of 1851: destroyed by fire 1936. * * * Giant glass-and-iron exhibition hall in ...
crystal pickup
a phonograph pickup that generates an electric current as the stylus applies pressure to a piezoelectric crystal. Cf. magnetic pickup. * * *
crystal pleat
—crystal pleated. any of a line of narrow, corrugated pleats pressed into a fabric, esp. one that is lightweight. [1975-80] * * *
crystal set
an early, tubeless radio receiver using a crystal detector. * * *
crystal system
Crystall. any of the six main classifications of crystals and of crystal lattices according to their symmetry: isometric, hexagonal, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic, and ...
crystal tea.
See wild rosemary. * * *
crystal violet
crystal violet n. a rosaniline dye, C25H30ClN3, used as an antiseptic, an indicator, and a bacterial stain in Gram's method: cf. GENTIAN VIOLET * * *
crystal violet.
See gentian violet. [1890-95] * * *
crystal-clear
/kris"tl klear"/, adj. absolutely clear; transparent; lucid. [1510-20] * * *
crystalball
crystal ball n. 1. A globe of quartz crystal or glass in which images, especially those believed to portend the future, are supposedly visible to fortune tellers. 2. A vehicle or ...
crystalclear
crystal clear or crys·tal-clear (krĭsʹtəl-klîrʹ) adj. Absolutely clear; pellucid: a crystal clear sky; gave me crystal clear directions. * * *
crystaldetector
crystal detector n. A rectifying detector used especially in early radio receivers and consisting of a semiconducting crystal in point contact with a fine metal wire. * * *
crystalgazer
See crystal gazing. * * *
crystalgazing
crystal gaz·ing (gāʹzĭng) n. 1. Divination by gazing into a crystal ball. 2. The making of determinations or predictions using questionable or unscientific means.   crystal ...
crystalize
crys·tal·ize (krĭsʹtə-līz') v. Variant of crystallize. * * *
crystall-
var. of crystallo- before a vowel: crystallite. * * *
crystall.
crystallography. * * *
crystallattice
crystal lattice n. A geometric arrangement of the points in space at which the atoms, molecules, or ions of a crystal occur. Also called space lattice. * * *
crystalli-
var. of crystallo- before an element of Latin origin: crystalliferous. * * *
crystalliferous
/kris'tl if"euhr euhs/, adj. bearing, containing, or yielding crystals. Also, crystalligerous /kris'tl ij"euhr euhs/. [1880-85; CRYSTALLI- + -FEROUS] * * *
crystalline
—crystallinity /kris'tl in"i tee/, n. /kris"tl in, -uyn', -een'/, adj. 1. of or like crystal; clear; transparent. 2. formed by crystallization. 3. composed of crystals. 4. ...
crystalline lens
Anat. a doubly convex, transparent body in the eye, situated behind the iris, that focuses incident light on the retina. See diag. under eye. [1785-95] * * *
crystalline rock
Any rock composed entirely of crystallized minerals without glassy matter (matter without visible crystals). Intrusive igneous rocks (see intrusive rock) are nearly always ...
crystallinelens
crystalline lens n. The lens of an eye. * * *
crystallinity
See crystalline. * * *
Crystallinity categories of igneous rocks
▪ Table Crystallinity categories of igneous rocks crystallinity rock term entirely crystalline holocrystalline crystalline material and subordinate glass hemicrystalline or ...
crystallite
—crystallitic /kris'tl it"ik/, adj. /kris"tl uyt'/, n. Mineral. a minute body in glassy igneous rock, showing incipient crystallization. [1795-1805; CRYSTALL- + -ITE1] * * ...
crystallitic
See crystallite. * * *
crystallizable
See crystallize. * * *


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