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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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Cuthbert, Saint
born 634/635, probably Northumbria, Eng. died March 20, 687, islet of Inner Farne, or House, off Northumbria; feast day March 20 English saint. A shepherd, Cuthbert entered the ...
Cuthred
▪ king of Wessex died 756       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex, who acceded to the throne (740) when neighbouring Mercia was at the height of its power. Cuthred was ...
cuticle
—cuticular /kyooh tik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. /kyooh"ti keuhl/, n. 1. the nonliving epidermis that surrounds the edges of the fingernail or toenail. 2. the epidermis. 3. a ...
cuticolor
/kyooh"ti kul'euhr/, adj. of the color of flesh. [ < NL, equiv. to L cuti(s) skin, CUTIS + color COLOR] * * *
cuticula
/kyooh tik"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. cuticulae /-lee'/. Zool. cuticle (def. 4). [1615-25; < NL, L; see CUTICLE] * * *
cuticular
See cuticle. * * *
cutie
/kyooh"tee/, n. 1. Informal. a charmingly attractive or cute person, esp. a girl or a young woman (often used as a form of address): Hi, cutie. 2. Slang. a. a person who tries to ...
cutie pie
—cutie-pie, adj. Informal. 1. darling; sweetheart; sweetie (often used as a term of endearment). 2. cutie (def. 1). Also, cutesy pie. [1930-35] * * *
cutin
/kyooh"tin/, n. a transparent, waxy substance constituting, together with cellulose, the cuticle of plants. [1860-65; < L cut(is) skin, CUTIS + -IN2] * * *
cutinization
cutinization [kyo͞o΄tə nə zā′shən, kyo͞ot΄'n əzā′shən] n. Bot. a process in which the outermost plant cells become thickened and covered with cutin, making them ...
cutinize
—cutinization, n. /kyooht"n uyz'/, v.t., v.i., cutinized, cutinizing. to make into or become cutin. Also, esp. Brit., cutinise. [1885-90; CUTIN + -IZE] * * *
cutis
/kyooh"tis/, n., pl. cutes /-teez/, cutises. the true skin, consisting of the dermis and the epidermis. [1595-1605; < L: skin; akin to Gk skytos HIDE2] * * *
cutis anserina
/an'seuh ruy"neuh/, Med. See goose flesh. [ < NL: goose flesh; see CUTIS, ANSERINE] * * *
cutis laxa
▪ pathology       rare disorder in which the skin hangs in loose folds. The cause of cutis laxa is unknown, but the defect appears to be an abnormality in the formation ...
cutis vera
/kyooh"tis vear"euh/, pl. cutes verae /kyooh"teez vear"ee/. cutis. [ < L: lit., true skin] * * *
cutlass
/kut"leuhs/, n. a short, heavy, slightly curved sword with a single cutting edge, formerly used by sailors. Also, cutlas. [1585-95; earlier coutelace < MF coutelas, equiv. to ...
cutlass fish
      any of several species of fishes in the family Trichiuridae (order Perciformes). All species are marine; representatives occur in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian ...
cutlassfish
/kut"leuhs fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) cutlassfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) cutlassfishes. any compressed, ribbonlike fish of the genus ...
cutler
/kut"leuhr/, n. a person who makes, sells, or repairs knives and other cutting instruments. [1350-1400; ME cuteler < AF, c. MF coutelier < LL cultellarius, equiv. to L ...
Cutler
/kut"leuhr/, n. Manasseh, 1742-1823, U.S. Congregational clergyman and scientist: promoted settlement of Ohio; congressman 1801-05. * * *
Cutler, Ivor
▪ 2007       British humorist, writer, and performer (b. Jan. 15, 1923, Glasgow, Scot.—d. March 3, 2006, London, Eng.), entertained audiences of all ages with his ...
Cutler, Lloyd Norton
▪ 2006       American lawyer and political adviser (b. Nov. 10, 1917, New York, N.Y.—d. May 8, 2005, Washington, D.C.), served as White House counsel to Presidents ...
Cutler, Manasseh
▪ American clergyman born May 13, 1742, Killingly, Conn. [U.S.] died July 28, 1823, Ipswich Hamlet, Mass.  Congregational minister who, as a leader of the Ohio Company of ...
Cutler, Sir Roden
▪ 2003       Australian diplomat and public servant (b. May 14, 1916, Manly, N.S.W., Australia—d. Feb. 21, 2002, Sydney, Australia), was a distinguished war hero, ...
Cutler,Manasseh
Cut·ler (kŭtʹlər), Manasseh. 1742-1823. American cleric, botanist, and pioneer noted for his study of New England flora and as a central figure in the settlement of the Ohio ...
cutlery
/kut"leuh ree/, n. 1. cutting instruments collectively, esp. knives for cutting food. 2. utensils, as knives, forks, and spoons, used at the table for serving and eating food. 3. ...
cutlet
/kut"lit/, n. 1. a slice of meat, esp. of veal, for broiling or frying. 2. a flat croquette of minced chicken, lobster, or the like. [1700-10; < F côtelette, OF costelette ...
cutline
/kut"luyn'/, n. a caption or legend accompanying a cut or illustration in a publication. [1910-15; CUT + LINE1] * * *
cutlips minnow
/kut"lips'/ a cyprinid fish, Exoglossum maxillingua, of northeastern U.S. coastal waters, having a three-lobed lower lip. [so called from the shape of its lower lip] * * *
cutoff
/kut"awf', -of'/, n. 1. an act or instance of cutting off. 2. something that cuts off. 3. a road, passage, etc., that leaves another, usually providing a shortcut: Let's take the ...
cutoff frequency
cutoff frequency n. Electronics a frequency level above or below which a device fails to respond or operate efficiently * * *
cutout
/kut"owt'/, n. 1. something cut out from something else, as a pattern or figure cut out or intended to be cut out of paper, cardboard, or other material. 2. a valve in the ...
cutover
/kut"oh'veuhr/, adj. 1. (esp. of timberland) cleared of trees. n. 2. land, esp. timberland, cleared of trees. [1895-1900, Amer. adj., n. use of v. phrase cut over] * * *
cutpurse
/kut"perrs'/, n. 1. Older Use. a pickpocket. 2. (formerly) a person who steals by cutting purses from the belt. [1325-75; ME cutte-purs. See CUT, PURSE] * * *
cuttable
/kut"euh beuhl/, adj. that can be cut. [1400-50; late ME. See CUT, -ABLE] * * *
Cuttack
/kut"euhk/, n. a city in E Orissa, in NE India. 194,036. * * * ▪ India       city, eastern Orissa state, eastern India. Lying at the apex of the Mahanadi River ...
cuttage
/kut"ij/, n. the process of propagating plants from separate vegetative parts. [1895-1900; CUT + -AGE] * * *
cutter
/kut"euhr/, n. 1. a person who cuts, esp. as a job, as one who cuts fabric for garments. 2. a machine, tool, or other device for cutting. 3. Naut. a. a single-masted sailing ...
cutter bar
1. Also called sickle bar. (in a mower, binder, or combine) a bar with triangular guards along which a knife or blade runs. 2. a bar holding the cutting tool in a boring machine ...
cutter deck
the blade housing on a power mower. Also called deck, mower deck. * * *
Cutter number
/kut"euhr/, Library Science. a code combining decimal numbers with letters from an author's surname, used in an alphabetizing system. [after Charles A. Cutter (1837-1903), U.S. ...
cutter-rigged
/kut"euhr rigd'/, adj. fore-and-aft-rigged on one mast in the manner of a cutter. [1790-1800] * * *
cutthroat
/kut"throht'/, n. 1. a person who cuts throats; murderer. adj. 2. murderous. 3. ruthless: cutthroat competition. 4. pertaining to a game, as of cards, in which each of three or ...
cutthroat contract
Bridge. 1. a form of contract bridge for four persons in which partners are decided by the bidding. 2. any of a variety of contract bridge games for three persons. [1940-45] * * *
cutthroat trout
a spotted trout, Salmo clarkii, of coastal streams of western North America, having a reddish streak on each side of the throat. [1890-95, Amer.] * * * Black-spotted game fish ...
cutthroattrout
cutthroat trout n. A large trout (Salmo clarkii) found in western North American waters that resembles the rainbow trout and is distinguished by red or orange markings on the ...
cuttime
cut time n. Music Duple meter in which the half note is the unit of time. * * *
cutting
—cuttingly, adv. —cuttingness, n. /kut"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that cuts. 2. something cut, cut off, or cut out. 3. Hort. a piece, as a root, stem, or leaf, ...
cutting board
a board used as a firm surface for cutting food, cloth, leather, etc. [1815-25] * * *
cutting edge
—cutting-edge, adj. 1. the sharp edge of a cutting implement. 2. forefront; lead: on the cutting edge of computer technology. [1950-55] * * *
cutting fluid
a liquid or gas for cooling or lubricating a cutting tool and a piece of work at their point of contact. * * *
cutting garden
a household flower garden planted solely for growing flowers that are to be cut and displayed indoors. * * *
cutting horse
a saddle horse trained to separate calves, steers, etc., from a herd. [1880-85] * * * Light saddle horse trained to cut (isolate) livestock, especially cattle, from herds. Most ...
cutting oil
a specially prepared oil used as a cutting fluid. [1915-20] * * *
cutting room
Motion Pictures. a film-editing room. [1830-40, for earlier sense] * * *
cutting stylus
stylus (def. 2a). * * *
cuttingedge
cutting edge n. 1. An effective quality or element. 2. The position of greatest advancement or importance; the forefront: “California is on the cutting edge of trends that ...
cuttinghorse
cutting horse n. A saddle horse specially trained to separate individual animals from a cattle herd. * * *
cuttingly
See cutting. * * *
cuttle
cuttle1 /kut"l/, n. 1. cuttlefish. 2. cuttlebone. [bef. 1000; late ME codel, OE cudele (replaced in the 16th century by CUTTLEFISH and subsequently reshortened)] cuttle2 /kut"l/, ...
cuttlebone
/kut"l bohn'/, n. the calcareous internal shell of cuttlefishes, used to make powder for polishing and fed to canaries and other pet birds to supply their diet with ...
cuttlefish
/kut"l fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) cuttlefish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) cuttlefishes. any of several cephalopods, esp. of the genus Sepia, having ...
cutty
/kut"ee/, adj., n., pl. cutties. Chiefly Scot. adj. 1. cut short; short; stubby. 2. irritable; impatient; short-tempered. n. 3. a short spoon. 4. a short-stemmed tobacco pipe. 5. ...
Cutty Sark
a famous British sailing ship, built in 1869, which carried tea from China and then, after 1879, wool from Australia. From 1895 until 1922, the Cutty Sark was owned by the ...
cutty stool
Scot. 1. a low stool. 2. (formerly) a seat in churches where offenders against chastity, or other delinquents, received public rebuke. [1765-75] * * *
cuttyhunk
/kut"ee hungk'/, n. a twisted, linen fishline, esp. one laid by hand. [1915-20, Amer.; named after Cuttyhunk Island, Massachusetts] * * *
cutup
/kut"up'/, n. Informal. a prankster or show-off. [1775-85; n. use of v. phrase cut up] * * *
cutware
/kut"wair'/, n. tools used in cutting, as knives or blades. [CUT + WARE1] * * *
cutwater
/kut"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. 1. Naut. a. the forward edge of the stem of a vessel, dividing the water as the vessel advances. b. a vertical timber construction set forward of ...
cutwork
/kut"werrk'/, n. 1. openwork embroidery in which the ground fabric is cut out about the pattern. 2. fretwork formed by perforation or cut in low relief. 3. ornamental needlework ...
cutwork lace.
See point coupé (def. 2). * * *
cutworm
/kut"werrm'/, n. the caterpillar of any of several noctuid moths, which feeds at night on the stems of young plants, cutting them off at the ground. [1800-10; CUT + WORM] * * ...
Cuu Long
▪ province, Vietnam       tinh (province) on the Mekong delta, southern Vietnam. It was created in 1976 from the former provinces of Vinh Long and Vinh Binh and has an ...
cuve
/kyuuv/, n., pl. cuves /kyuuv/. French. a wine vat. * * *
cuvée
/kooh vay"/; Fr. /kyuu vay"/, n. 1. wine in vats or casks, blended, often from different vintages, for uniform quality. 2. a blend resulting from the mixing of wines, esp. of ...
cuvette
/kooh vet", kyooh-/, n. 1. Also, curvette. Also called chevee. a gemstone with a raised, cameolike figure or design carved on its hollowed surface. 2. Chem. a tube or vessel used ...
Cuvier
/kyooh"vee ay', koohv yay"/; Fr. /kyuu vyay"/, n. Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert /zhawrddzh lay aw pawld" krdday tyaonn" frdday day rddeek" dann gaw berdd"/, ...
Cuvier, Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien FrédéricDagobert
Cu·vier (kyo͞oʹvē-ā', ko͞ov-yāʹ, kü-vyāʹ), Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert. 1769-1832. French naturalist who is considered the founder of ...
Cuvier, Georges (-Léopold-Chrétien-Frédéric-Dagobert), Baron
born Aug. 23, 1769, Montbéliard, France died May 13, 1832, Paris French zoologist and statesman who established the sciences of comparative anatomy and paleontology. As a ...
Cuvier, Georges, Baron
▪ French zoologist in full  Georgesléopold-chrêtien-frédéric-dagobert, Baron Cuvier  born August 23, 1769, Montbéliard, France died May 13, 1832, Paris  French ...
Cuvilliés, François de, The Elder
▪ French architect born Oct. 23, 1695, Soignies, Hainaut died April 14, 1768, Munich       chief architect and decorator in the Bavarian Rococo style.       He ...
Cuxhaven
/kooks'hah"feuhn/, n. a seaport in NW Germany, at the mouth of the Elbe River. 60,200. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony Land (state), northwestern Germany. ...
Cuyabá
/kooh'yah bah"/, n. Cuiabá. * * *
Cuyahoga Falls
/kuy"euh hog"euh/; older /kuy"euh hoh"geuh/ a city in NE Ohio, near Akron. 43,710. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, Summit county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., just ...
Cuyahoga River
River, northeastern Ohio, U.S. It flows past Akron, where it drops into a deep valley and turns north, emptying into Lake Erie at Cleveland. It is navigable for lake freighters ...
CuyahogaFalls
Cuy·a·ho·ga Falls (kī'ə-hōʹgə, kə-hōʹ-, -hôʹ-, -häʹ-) A city of northeast Ohio on the Cuyahoga River, about 129 km (80 mi) long. The city is a residential and ...
Cuyo
▪ region, Argentina       historical region, western Argentina, roughly comprising the modern provinces of Mendoza, San Juan, and San Luis in the Andean piedmont. ...
Cuyp
/koyp/, n. Aelbert /ahl"beuhrddt/, 1620-91, Dutch painter. Also, Kuyp. * * *
Cuyp, Aelbert
▪ Dutch painter in full  Aelbert Jacobszoon Cuyp,  Aelbert also spelled  Albert,   Cuyp also spelled  Cuijp  baptized Oct. 20, 1620, Dordrecht, Neth.   buried Nov. 15, ...
Cuyp, Aelbert Jacobsz(oon)
(baptized Oct. 20, 1620, Dordrecht, Neth. died November 1691, Dordrecht) Most famous member of a family of Dutch landscape painters. He was trained by his father, Jacob Gerritsz ...
Cuyp, Benjamin Gerritsz
▪ Dutch painter Cuyp also spelled  Cuijp   born December 1612, Dordrecht, Neth. died Aug. 28, 1652, Dordrecht       Dutch artist who painted landscapes, genre ...
Cuyp, Jacob Gerritsz
▪ Dutch painter in full  Jacob Gerritszoon Cuyp,  Cuyp also spelled  Cuijp   born December 1594, Dordrecht, Neth. died 1652, Dordrecht       Dutch Baroque painter, ...
Cuyuni River
River, northern South America. Rising in Venezuela and flowing through Guyana, it is about 350 mi (560 km) long and forms the border between Venezuela and Guyana for some 60 mi ...
Cuza, Alexandru Ion
▪ prince of Romania born March 20, 1820, Huşi, Moldavia [now in Romania] died May 15, 1873, Heidelberg, Ger.       first prince of united Romania, architect of ...
Cuzco
/koohs"koh/; Sp. /koohs"kaw/, n. a city in S Peru: ancient Inca ruins. 121,464. Also, Cusco. * * * City (pop., 1998 est.: 278,590), south-central Peru. It is located high in ...
Cuzzoni, Francesca
▪ Italian opera singer born c. 1698, , Parma, duchy of Parma [Italy] died 1770, Bologna, Papal States       Italian soprano, one of the first great prima ...
CV
1. cardiovascular. 2. Also, C.V. curriculum vitae. * * *
cv
convertible. Also, cvt. * * *
cv.
cv. abbr. cultivar. * * *
CVA
1. Pathol. cerebrovascular accident. See stroke. 2. Columbia Valley Authority. * * *
CVD
Com. countervailing duty. * * *
CVjoint
CV joint (sēʹvēʹ) n. See constant velocity joint. * * *
CVS
CVS abbrev. chorionic villus sampling * * * CVS abbr. chorionic villus sampling. * * *
CVT
See continuously variable transmission. * * *
cvt.
cvt. abbr. convertible. * * *
CW
1. chemical warfare. 2. Radio. continuous wave. 3. conventional wisdom. * * *
cw
clockwise. * * *
cw.
cw. abbr. clockwise. * * *
CWA
1. Civil Works Administration. 2. Communications Workers of America. * * *
Ćwiklińska, Mieczysława
▪ Polish actress pseudonym  of Mieczyslawa Trapszo   born Jan. 1, 1880, Lublin, Pol. died July 28, 1972, Warsaw       outstanding comic actress renowned for her roles ...
cwm
/koohm/, n. cirque (def. 1). [1850-55; < Welsh: valley. See COMBE] * * *
Cwmbran
/koom brddahn"/, n. a town in Gwent, in SE Wales. 31,614. * * * Town (pop., 1991: 46,020), southeastern Wales. One of 32 new towns established in Britain after World War II to ...
CWO
Mil. chief warrant officer. * * *
CWP
1. Also, C.W.P. Communist Workers Party. 2. crossword puzzle. * * *
CWPS
Council on Wage and Price Stability. * * *
cwt
hundredweight; hundredweights. * * *
CWU
(in full the Communication Workers Union) a British trade union for workers in the Post Office, BT and similar organizations. It was formed in 1920. * * *
Cy
/suy/, n. a male given name, form of Cyrus. * * *
CY
calendar year. * * *
cy
cycle; cycles. * * *
cy pres
/see" pray"/, Law. 1. as near as possible. 2. the doctrine, applied esp. to cases of charitable trusts or donations, that, in place of an impossible or illegal condition, ...
Cy Twombly
➡ Twombly * * *
cy-pres
cy-pres [sē′prā′, sī′prā] adj., adv. 〚Late Anglo-Fr < OFr si pres, so nearly < L sic, so + presse, adv. of pressus, pp. of premere, PRESS1〛 Law as near(ly) as ...
Cy.
county. * * *
cy.
1. capacity. 2. currency. 3. cycle; cycles. * * *
CYA
Slang (sometimes vulgar). cover your ass. * * *
cyan
/suy"an, suy"euhn/, n. See cyan blue. [1885-90; < Gk kýanos dark blue] * * *
cyan blue
a moderate greenish-blue to bluish-green color. [1875-80] * * *
cyan-
cyan-1 var. of cyano-1, usually before a vowel or h: cyanamide. cyan-2 var. of cyano-2, before a vowel. cyan-3 var. of cyano-3, before a vowel. * * *
cyanamide
/suy an"euh mid, -muyd', suy'euh nam"uyd, -id/, n. Chem. 1. a white, crystalline, unstable, deliquescent solid, CH2N2, usually produced by the action of ammonia on cyanogen ...
cyanate
/suy"euh nayt', -nit/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of cyanic acid. [1835-45; CYAN(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
cyaneous
/suy an"ee euhs/, adj. deep blue; cerulean. [1680-90; < L cyaneus < Gk kyáneos. See CYAN-1, -EOUS] * * *
cyanic
/suy an"ik/, adj. 1. blue: applied esp. to a series of colors in flowers, including the blues and colors tending toward blue. 2. Chem. containing or pertaining to the cyano ...
cyanic acid
Chem. an unstable, poisonous, liquid acid, HOCN, isomeric with fulminic acid. [1825-35] * * *
cyanicacid
cyanic acid n. A poisonous, unstable, highly volatile organic acid, HOCN, used to prepare cyanates. * * *
cyanide
/suy"euh nuyd', -nid/, n., v., cyanided, cyaniding. n. 1. Also, cyanid /suy"euh nid/. Chem. a. a salt of hydrocyanic acid, as potassium cyanide, KCN. b. a nitrile, as methyl ...
cyanide poisoning
      harmful effects of inhaling hydrogen cyanide or of ingesting the salts of hydrogen cyanide, called cyanides. Hydrogen cyanide, also known as hydrocyanic acid, or ...
cyanide process
a process for extracting gold or silver from ore by dissolving the ore in an alkaline solution of sodium cyanide or potassium cyanide and precipitating the gold or silver from ...
cyanideprocess
cyanide process n. A process of extracting gold or silver from ores by treating them with a solution of sodium cyanide or calcium cyanide. * * *
cyanine
/suy"euh neen', -nin/, n. any of several groups of dyes that make silver halide photographic plates sensitive to a wider color range. Also, cyanin /suy"euh nin/. [1870-75; CYAN-1 ...
cyanine dye
▪ chemical compound       any member of a class of highly coloured organic compounds used for increasing the range of wavelengths of light to which photographic ...
cyanite
—cyanitic /suy'euh nit"ik/, adj. /suy"euh nuyt'/, n. Mineral. kyanite. [1785-95; CYAN-1 + -ITE1] * * *
cyano
/suy"euh noh', suy an"oh/, adj. Chem. containing the cyano group. [1960-65; independent use of CYANO-3] * * *
cyano group
Chem. the univalent group CN; cyanogen. * * *
cyano-
cyano-1 a combining form meaning "blue, dark blue," used in the formation of compound words: cyanotype. Also, esp. before a vowel, cyan-1. [ < Gk kýano(s) dark blue (adj.), ...
cyanoacrylate
/suy'euh noh ak"reuh layt', -lit, suy an'oh-/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid acrylate monomer that is easily polymerized and used as a powerful, fast-acting adhesive. [1960-65; ...
cyanobacteria
/suy'euh noh bak tear"ee euh, suy an'oh-/, n.pl., sing. cyanobacterium /-tear"ee euhm/. Biol. blue-green algae. [1975-80; CYANO-1 + BACTERIA] * * * or blue-green algae Any of a ...
cyanobacterium
cy·a·no·bac·te·ri·um (sī'ə-nō-băk-tîrʹē-əm, sī-ăn'ō-) n. pl. cy·a·no·bac·te·ri·a (-tîrʹē-ə) A photosynthetic bacterium of the class Coccogoneae or ...
cyanocobalamin
/suy'euh noh koh bal"euh min, suy an'oh-/, n. Biochem. See vitamin B12. [1945-50; CYANO-3 + COBAL(T) + (VIT)AMIN] * * *
cyanogen
/suy an"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. 1. a colorless, poisonous, flammable, water-soluble gas, C2N2, having an almondlike odor: used chiefly in organic synthesis. 2. See cyano ...
cyanogen bromide
a colorless, slightly water-soluble, poisonous, volatile, crystalline solid, BrCN, used chiefly as a fumigant and a pesticide. * * *
cyanogen chloride
a colorless, volatile, poisonous liquid, CNCl, used chiefly in the synthesis of compounds containing the cyano group. * * *
cyanogen halide
▪ chemical compound       any of a group of colourless, volatile, chemically reactive, lacrimatory (tear-producing), highly poisonous compounds, the molecules of which ...
cyanogenesis
cy·a·no·gen·e·sis (sī'ə-nō-jĕnʹĭ-sĭs, sī-ăn'ō-) n. Generation of cyanide.   cy'a·no·ge·netʹic (-jə-nĕtʹĭk) or cy'a·no·genʹic (-jĕnʹĭk) adj. * * *
cyanogenetic
See cyanogenesis. * * *
cyanogenic
—cyanogenesis, n. /suy'euh noh jen"ik, suy an'euh-/, adj. Biol., Chem. capable of producing hydrogen cyanide. Also, cyanogenetic /suy'euh noh jeuh net"ik, suy ...
cyanoguanidine
/suy'euh noh gwah"ni deen', -din, suy an'oh-/, n. Chem. dicyandiamide. [CYANO-2 + GUANIDINE] * * *
cyanohydrin
/suy'euh noh huy"drin, suy an'oh-/, n. any of a class of organic chemical compounds that contains both the CN and the OH group, usually linked to the same carbon atom. [1920-25; ...
cyanometer
/suy'euh nom"i teuhr/, n. Optics. an instrument for measuring the amount and intensity of blue in light, as of the sky. [1820-30; CYANO-1 + -METER] * * *
Cyanophyta
/suy'euh nof"i teuh/, n. Biol. a phylum, or subkingdom, in the kingdom Monera, comprising the blue-green algae. [ < NL; see CYANO-1, -PHYTA] * * *
cyanophyte
/suy"euh noh fuyt', suy an"euh-/, Biol. n. 1. any member of the phylum Cyanophyta. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Cyanophyta. [see CYANOPHYTA, -PHYTE] * * *
cyanoplatinite
/suy'euh noh plat"n uyt', suy an'oh-/, n. Chem. platinocyanide. [CYANO-2 + PLATINITE] * * *
cyanosed
cy·a·nosed (sīʹə-nōzd', -nōsd') adj. Afflicted with cyanosis.   [From cyanosis.] * * *
cyanosis
—cyanotic /suy'euh not"ik/, adj. /suy'euh noh"sis/, n. Pathol. blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood. [1825-35; < NL < Gk kyánosis dark-blue ...
cyanotic
See cyanosis. * * *
cyanotype
/suy an"euh tuyp'/, n. 1. a process of photographic printing, used chiefly in copying architectural and mechanical drawings, that produces a blue line on a white background. 2. a ...
cyanurate
/suy'euh noor"ayt, -it, -nyoor"-/, n. the salt or ester of cyanuric acid. [CYANUR(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
cyanuric
/suy'euh noor"ik, -nyoor"-/, adj. of or derived from cyanuric acid. [1875-80; CYAN-3 + URIC] * * *
cyanuric acid
a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C3H3O3N3·2H2O, used chiefly in organic synthesis. Also called tricyanic acid. [1875-80] * * *
cyanuricacid
cy·a·nu·ric acid (sī'ə-no͝orʹĭk, -nyo͝orʹ-) n. A white crystalline acid, C3N3(OH)3, that decomposes with heating to form cyanic acid. * * *
cyathiform
/suy ath"euh fawrm'/, adj. Bot., Zool. shaped like a cup. [1770-80; CYATH(IUM) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
cyathium
/suy ath"ee euhm/, n., pl. cyathia /-ath"ee euh/. Bot. an inflorescence consisting of a cup-shaped involucre enclosing an apetalous, pistillate flower surrounded by several ...
Cyathocrinites
▪ fossil genus       extinct genus of crinoids, or sea lilies, found as fossils in Silurian to Permian marine rocks (between 444 million and 251 million years old). The ...
cyathus
/suy"euh theuhs/, n., pl. cyathi /-thuy'/. kyathos. [ < L < Gk kyáthos KYATHOS] * * *
Cyaxares
▪ king of Media died 585 BC       king of Media (located in what is now northwestern Iran), who reigned from 625 to 585 BC.       According to the 5th-century-BC ...
Cybele
/sib"euh lee'/, n. a mother goddess of Phrygia and Asia Minor, identified by the Greeks with Rhea and by the Romans with Ops. Also, Cybebe /suy bee"bee/. Also called Berecyntia, ...
cyber-
a combining form representing COMPUTER (cybertalk; cyberart) and by extension meaning "very modern" (cyberfashion). [extracted from CYBERNETICS] * * *
cybercrime
also known as computer crime Any use of a computer as an instrument to further illegal ends, such as committing fraud, trafficking in child pornography and intellectual ...
cyberculture
cy·ber·cul·ture (sīʹbər-kŭl'chər) n. The culture arising from the use of computer networks, as for communication, entertainment, work, and business. * * *
cyberlaw
Body of law bearing on the world of computer networks, especially the Internet. As traffic on the Internet has increased, so have the number and kind of legal issues surrounding ...
Cybermen
n [pl] ➡ Doctor Who. * * *
cybernate
/suy"beuhr nayt'/, v.t., cybernated, cybernating. to control by cybernation. [1960-65; back formation from CYBERNATION] * * *
cybernation
/suy'beuhr nay"sheuhn/, n. the use of computers to control automatic processes, esp. in manufacturing. [1960-65; CYBERN(ETIC) + -ATION] * * *
cybernetic
See cybernetics. * * *
cybernetically
See cybernetic. * * *
cybernetician
See cybernetic. * * *
cyberneticist
See cybernetic. * * *
cybernetics
—cybernetic, cybernetical, adj. —cybernetically, adv. —cyberneticist, cybernetician /suy'beuhr ni tish"euhn/, n. /suy'beuhr net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of ...
cyberphobia
—cyberphobe, n. —cyberphobic, adj. /suy'beuhr foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of working with computers. [CYBER(NETIC) + -PHOBIA] * * *
cyberpunk
/suy"beuhr pungk'/, n. 1. science fiction featuring extensive human interaction with supercomputers and a punk ambiance. 2. Slang. a computer hacker. [1985-90; CYBER(NETIC) + ...
cybersex
/suy"beuhr seks'/, n. any sexual activity, display, or discussion engaged in by means of a computer. [1985-90] * * *
cyberspace
/suy"beuhr spays'/, n. 1. the realm of electronic communication. 2. See virtual reality. [1985-90; CYBER(NETIC) + SPACE] * * * ▪ 1996 by Robert Everett-Green       Like ...
cybersquatting
—cybersquatter, n. /suy"beuhr skwot'ing/, n. the registration of a commercially valuable Internet domain name, as a trademark, with the intention of selling it or profiting ...
cyborg
/suy"bawrg/, n. a person whose physiological functioning is aided by or dependent upon a mechanical or electronic device. [1960-65; cyb(ernetic) org(anism)] * * *
cyc
/suyk/, n. Informal. cyclorama (def. 2). [shortened form] * * * ▪ computer science       a project begun in 1984 under the auspices of the Microelectronics and Computer ...
CYC
cyclophosphamide. * * * ▪ computer science       a project begun in 1984 under the auspices of the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation, a consortium of ...
cyc.
cyclopedia. * * *
cycad
—cycadlike, adj. /suy"kad/, n. any gymnospermous plant of the order Cycadales, intermediate in appearance between ferns and the palms, many species having a thick, unbranched, ...
cycadaceous
/suy'keuh day"sheuhs, sik'euh/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the order Cycadales. [1830-40; < NL Cycad- (see CYCAD) + -ACEOUS] * * *
Cycadeoidophyta
▪ gymnosperm division also called  Bennettitophyta        an extinct division of plants with certain features in common with cycads (division Pinophyta) and grouped ...
cycadophyte
▪ plant Introduction       any member of a diverse collection of mostly extinct primitive gymnospermous plants. They probably had their origins among the progymnosperms ...
cycas
/suy"kas, -keuhs/, n. any of several palmlike Old World tropical plants of the genus Cycas, some species of which are cultivated as ornamentals in warm climates. [ < NL; see ...
cycasin
/suy"keuh sin/, n. a naturally occurring toxic glucoside, C8H16N2O7, obtained from the seeds of cycad plants, carcinogenic in humans and other mammals. [appar. CYCAS + -IN2] * * *
cycl-
var. of cyclo-, before a vowel: cycloid. * * *
cyclable
/suy"kleuh beuhl/, adj. fit or designed for bicycle riding: a cyclable road. [CYCLE + -ABLE] * * *
Cyclades
/sik"leuh deez'/, n. a group of Greek islands in the S Aegean. 86,337; 1023 sq. mi. (2650 sq. km). * * * Greek Kikládhes Group of about 30 islands, southern Aegean Sea. They ...
Cycladic
/si klad"ik, suy-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Cyclades. 2. of or pertaining to the Bronze Age culture of the Cyclades, c3000-c1100 B.C. [1910-15; CYCLAD(ES) + -IC] * * *
cyclamate
/suy"kleuh mayt', sik"leuh-/, n. any of several chemical compounds used as a noncaloric sweetening agent in foods and beverages: banned by the FDA in 1970 as a possible ...
cyclamen
/suy"kleuh meuhn, -men', sik"leuh-/, n. any low-growing plant of the genus Cyclamen, belonging to the primrose family, having tuberous rootstocks and nodding white, purple, pink, ...
cyclamen aldehyde
a colorless to light-yellow alcohol-soluble, synthetic liquid, C13H18O, having a strong floral odor, used chiefly in perfumes, esp. those of soap. * * *
cyclamic acid
/suy"kleuh mik, sik"leuh-/ a white crystalline solid, C6H13NSO3, the salts of which are referred to as cyclamates: used as an acidulant. Also called cyclohexylsulfamic ...
cyclamicacid
cyc·la·mic acid (sĭkʹlə-mĭk', sīʹklə-) n. A crystalline acid, C6H13NO3S, used to produce cyclamates.   [cyclo- + amide + -ic.] * * *
cyclandelate
/suy klan"dl ayt', -it/, n. Pharm. a vasodilator, C17H24O3, used to treat certain vascular diseases. [CYCL- + (M)ANDEL(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
Cyclanthaceae
▪ plant order       the Panama hat palm order of monocotyledonous flowering plants, which has 11 genera of mostly stemless, perennial, palmlike herbs, woody herbaceous ...
cyclas
/sik"leuhs/, n., pl. cyclades /-leuh deez'/. 1. a tunic or surcoat, longer in back than in front, worn over armor in the Middle Ages. 2. a similar, full-length garment worn by ...
cyclase
/suy"klays, -klayz/, n. Biochem. an enzyme, as adenyl cyclase, that catalyzes the formation of a cyclic compound. [1940-45; CYCL(IC) + -ASE] * * *
cyclazocine
/suy klaz"euh seen', -sin, suy'kleuh zoh"seen, -sin/, n. Pharm. a synthetic nonnarcotic and nonaddictive analgesic, C18H25NO, that blocks the effects of morphine or morphinelike ...
cycle
/suy"keuhl/, n., v., cycled, cycling. n. 1. any complete round or series of occurrences that repeats or is repeated. 2. a round of years or a recurring period of time, esp. one ...
cycle billing
a method of billing customers at monthly intervals in which statements are prepared on each working day of the month and mailed to a designated fraction of the total number of ...
cycle lanes
➡ transport * * *
cycle of indiction
indiction (def. 3). * * *
cycle routes
➡ transport * * *
cyclecar
/suy"keuhl kahr'/, n. a light automobile, open like a motorcycle but having three or four wheels. [1910-15; (MOTOR)CYCLE + CAR1] * * *
cycler
See cycle. * * *
cyclery
/suy"keuhl ree, -kleuh-/, n., pl. cycleries. a shop that sells, rents, or services bicycles. Also called cycle shop. [1895-1900, Amer.; CYCLE + -(E)RY] * * *
cyclic
—cyclicity /suy klis"i tee/, n. /suy"klik, sik"lik/, adj. 1. revolving or recurring in cycles; characterized by recurrence in cycles. 2. of, pertaining to, or constituting a ...
cyclic AMP
Biochem. a cyclic anhydride of adenosine monophosphate formed from adenosine triphosphate by the action of adenylate cyclase: in cellular metabolism, it acts as an intracellular ...
cyclic form
▪ music       in music, any compositional form characterized by the repetition, in a later movement or part of the piece, of motives, themes, or whole sections from an ...
cyclic GMP
Biochem. a cyclic anhydride of guanosine monophosphate formed from guanosine triphosphate by the action of guanylate cyclase: in cellular metabolism, it acts as a second ...
cyclic shift
Computers. a transfer of digits from one end of a machine word to the other, retaining the same order in both places. * * *
cyclical
—cyclically, adv. —cyclicality, n. /suy"kli keuhl, sik"li-/, adj. 1. cyclic. 2. of or denoting a business or stock whose income, value, or earnings fluctuate widely according ...
cyclical unemployment
periodic unemployment caused by fluctuations in the business cycle. * * *
cyclicality
See cyclic. * * *
cyclically
See cyclicality. * * *
cyclicAMP
cyclic AMP n. A cyclic nucleotide of adenosine that acts at the cellular level to regulate various metabolic processes and mediate the effects of many hormones. * * *
cyclicGMP
cyclic GMP n. A cyclic nucleotide of guanosine that acts at the cellular level to regulate various metabolic processes and mediate the action of certain hormones, possibly as an ...
cyclin
cy·clin (sīʹklĭn) n. A class of proteins that fluctuate in concentration at specific points during the cell cycle and that regulate the cycle by binding to a kinase. * * *
cycling
/suy"kling/, n. 1. the act or sport of riding or traveling by bicycle, motorcycle, etc. 2. Also called bicycle race, bicycle racing. Sports. a race on lightweight bicycles with ...
cyclist
/suy"klist/, n. a person who rides or travels by bicycle, motorcycle, etc. Also, cycler. [1880-85; CYCLE + -IST] * * *
cyclization
/suy'kleuh zay"sheuhn, sik'leuh-/, n. Chem. the formation of a ring or rings. [1905-10; CYCLIZE + -ATION] * * *
cyclize
/suy"kluyz, sik"luyz/, v., cyclized, cyclizing. Chem. v.t. 1. to cause cyclization. v.i. 2. to undergo cyclization. Also, esp. Brit., cyclise. [1905-10; CYCLE + -IZE] * * *
cyclizine
/suy"kleuh zeen'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C18H22N2, used primarily to prevent and treat motion sickness. [appar. CYCL- + -I- + (PIPERA)ZINE] * * *
cyclo
/see"kloh, suy-/, n., pl. cyclos. a three-wheeled pedaled or motorized taxi in southeast Asia; rickshaw. [ < F cyclo(-pousse), equiv. to cyclo- comb. form repr. cycle motorized ...
cyclo-
a combining form meaning "cycle," used in the formation of compound words: cyclohexane. Also, esp. before a vowel, cycl-. [ < Gk kyklo-, comb. form of kýklos circle, ring; c. ...
cyclo-cross
/suy"kloh kraws', -kros'/, n. a bicycle race over a cross-country course, featuring steep hills, turns, and sometimes muddy terrain, that occasionally requires a rider to carry ...
cyclo.
1. cyclopedia. 2. cyclotron. * * *
cycloaddition
/suy'kloh euh dish"euhn, sik'loh-/, n. Chem. the formation of a cyclic compound by the addition reaction of unsaturated molecules. [1960-65; CYCLO- + ADDITION] * * *
cycloaliphatic
/suy'kloh al'euh fat"ik, sik'loh-/, n. Chem. alicyclic. [1935-40; CYCLO- + ALIPHATIC] * * *
cycloalkane
cy·clo·al·kane (sī'klō-ălʹkān) n. An alicyclic hydrocarbon with a saturated ring. Also called cycloparaffin. * * *
cyclodiene
/suy'kleuh duy"een, -duy een"/, n. Chem. any of several organic chemicals having a chlorinated methylene group bonded to two carbon atoms of a 6-membered carbon ring, used ...
cyclogenesis
/suy'kleuh jen"euh sis, sik'leuh-/, n. Meteorol. the intensification or development of a cyclone. Cf. cyclolysis. [1935-40; CYCLO(NE) + GENESIS] * * *
cyclohexane
/suy'kleuh hek"sayn, sik'leuh-/, n. Chem. a colorless, pungent, flammable liquid, C6H12, composed of a ring of six methylene groups, derived from crude petroleum by distillation ...
cyclohexanone
/suy'kloh hek"seuh nohn', sik'loh-/, n. Chem. an oily liquid, C6H10O, with an acetone and peppermintlike odor, a cyclic butone used in organic synthesis and as an industrial ...
cycloheximide
/suy'kloh hek"seuh muyd', -mid/, n. Pharm. an antibiotic substance, C15H23NO4, isolated from the bacterium Streptomyces griseus, used experimentally to block protein ...
cyclohexylamine
/suy'kloh hek sil"euh meen', -min, -hek"seuh leuh-, sik'loh-/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor, C6H11NH2, a strong organic base used in the manufacture of ...
cyclohexylsulfamic acid
/suy"kleuh hek"seuhl sul fam"ik, sik"leuh-/, Chem. See cyclamic acid. [CYCLO- + HEXYL + sulfamic acid (appar. (chloro)sulf(onic) + AM(MONIA) + -IC)] * * *
cycloid
—cycloidal, adj. —cycloidally, adv. /suy"kloyd/, adj. 1. resembling a circle; circular. 2. (of the scale of a fish) smooth-edged, more or less circular in form, and having ...
cycloidal
See cycloid. * * *
cycloidal propulsion
Naut. propulsion of a vessel by propellers of controllable pitch that steer as well as propel. * * *
cyclolysis
/suy klol"euh sis/, n. Meteorol. the weakening or extinction of a cyclone. Cf. cyclogenesis. [CYCLO(NE) + -LYSIS] * * *
cyclometer
—cyclometric /suy'kleuh me"trik/, adj.. /suy klom"i teuhr/, n. 1. an instrument that measures circular arcs. 2. a device for recording the revolutions of a wheel and hence the ...
cyclometric
See cyclometer. * * *
cyclometry
See cyclometric. * * *
cyclonal
/suy klohn"l/, adj. of or like a cyclone. [1880-85; CYCLONE + -AL1] * * *
cyclone
/suy"klohn/, n. 1. a large-scale, atmospheric wind-and-pressure system characterized by low pressure at its center and by circular wind motion, counterclockwise in the Northern ...


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