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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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cyclone cellar
a cellar or other underground place for shelter from cyclones and tornadoes. Also called storm cellar. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
Cyclone fence
Trademark. a brand of chain-link fence. * * *
cyclone furnace
a furnace burning liquid or pulverized fuel in a whirling air column. * * *
Cyclone Nargis Devastates Myanmar's Rice Bowl
▪ 2009  On May 2, 2008, Cyclone Nargis, an extraordinarily strong tropical cyclone that had formed in the Bay of Bengal and quickly strengthened to a category 4 storm, made ...
cyclone cellar n. An underground shelter in or adjacent to a house, used for protection from severe windstorms. Also called storm cellar. * * *
n a US type of fence made of connected steel links. Cyclone fences are especially strong and often used to protect people’s homes. * * *
—cyclonically, adv. /suy klon"ik/, adj. Meteorol. 1. of or pertaining to a cyclone. 2. describing a direction of rotation that is counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, ...
See cyclonic. * * *
/suy"kleuh nuyt', sik"leuh-/, n. Chem. See RDX. [1920-25; CYCLO- + (TRI)NIT(RO-) + (AMIN)E] * * *
/suy'kloh ok'teuh te"treuh een'/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable liquid cyclic hydrocarbon, C8H8, used in organic research. [CYCLO- + OCTA- + TETRA- + -ENE] * * *
/suy'kloh oh"leuh fin, sik'loh-/, n. Chem. any of the homologous series of unsaturated, alicyclic hydrocarbons, as cyclooctatetraene and cyclopentadiene, containing one double ...
cy·clo·pae·di·a (sī'klə-pēʹdē-ə) n. Variant of cyclopedia. * * * ▪ English encyclopaedia       two-volume, alphabetically arranged encyclopaedia compiled and ...
/suy'kleuh par"euh fin, sik'leuh-/, n. Chem. any of the homologous series of saturated, alicyclic hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n. [1895-1900; CYCLO- + PARAFFIN] * ...
/suy'kleuh pee"euhn, suy klop"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or characteristic of the Cyclops. 2. (sometimes l.c.) gigantic; vast. 3. (usually l.c.) Archit., Building Trades. formed with ...
cyclopean concrete
concrete containing stones larger than 6 in. (15 cm). * * *
cyclopean masonry
      wall constructed without mortar, using enormous blocks of stone. This technique was employed in fortifications where use of large stones reduced the number of joints ...
—cyclopedist, cyclopaedist, n. /suy'kleuh pee"dee euh/, n. an encyclopedia. Also, cyclopaedia. [1630-40; by aphesis] * * *
—cyclopedically, cyclopaedically, adv. /suy'kleuh pee"dik/, adj. like a cyclopedia in character or contents; broad and varied; exhaustive. Also, cyclopaedic. [1835-45; aph. ...
See cyclopedic. * * *
/suy'kleuh pen'teuh duy"een, sik'leuh-/, n. a colorless liquid, C5H6, derived by the distillation of coal tar: used chiefly in the manufacture of insecticides and resins. [CYCLO- ...
/suy'kleuh pen"tayn, sik'leuh-/, n. a colorless, water-insoluble liquid, C5H10, obtained from petroleum and used chiefly as a solvent. Also called pentamethylene. [1955-60; ...
Cy·clo·pes (sī-klōʹpēz) n. Greek Mythology. Plural of Cyclops. * * *
/suy'kleuh fos"feuh muyd', -mid, sik'leuh-/, n. Pharm. a synthetic, crystalline, toxic substance, C7H15Cl2N2O2P, related to nitrogen mustard, used in the treatment of Hodgkin's ...
/suy kloh"pee euh/, n. Pathol. a congenital defect characterized by fusion of the orbits into a single cavity containing one eye. Also called synophthalmia. [1830-40; < NL < Gk ...
—cycloplegic, adj., n. /suy'kleuh plee"jee euh, -jeuh, sik'leuh-/, n. Pathol. paralysis of the intraocular muscles. [1900-05; CYCLO- + -PLEGIA] * * *
/suy'kleuh proh"payn, sik'leuh-/, n. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, flammable gas, C3H6, used in organic synthesis and in medicine as an anesthetic. Also called ...
/suy"klops/, n., pl. Cyclopes /suy kloh"peez/. 1. Class. Myth. a member of a family of giants having a single round eye in the middle of the forehead. 2. (l.c.) a freshwater ...
▪ English encyclopaedia in full  Cyclopædia; or, An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences        two-volume, alphabetically arranged encyclopaedia compiled and ...
—cycloramic, adj. /suy'kleuh ram"euh, -rah"meuh/, n. 1. a pictorial representation, in perspective, of a landscape, battle, etc., on the inner wall of a cylindrical room or ...
See cyclorama. * * *
cy·clo·ser·ine (sī'klō-sĕrʹēn) n. An antibiotic effective against a wide range of bacteria, used especially in the treatment of tuberculosis and infections of the ...
/suy'kleuh sil"i kit, -kayt'/, n. Mineral. any silicate in which the SiO4 tetrahedra are linked to form rings. Cf. inosilicate, nesosilicate, sorosilicate, tektosilicate. [CYCLO- ...
/suy kloh"sis/, n., pl. cycloses /-seez/. Biol. the movement of protoplasm within a cell. [1825-35; < Gk kýklosis an encircling. See CYCL-, -OSIS] * * *
/suy'kleuh spawr"een, -in, -spohr"-, sik'leuh-/, n. Pharm. a substance, synthesized by certain soil fungi, that suppresses the immune response by disabling helper T cells, used ...
cyclostomate [sī΄klə stäm′ə təs, sī΄kləstōm′ə təssī kläs′tə māt΄] adj. 1. having a round mouth 2. of a cyclostome or the cyclostomes: Also cyclostomatous ...
/suy'kleuh stom"euh teuhs, -stoh"meuh-, sik'leuh-/, adj. 1. having a circular mouth. 2. belonging or pertaining to the cyclostomes. Also, cyclostomate /suy klos"teuh mit, ...
/suy"kleuh stohm', sik"leuh-/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Cyclostomata, a subclass of jawless, eellike, marine vertebrates of the class Agnatha, comprising the ...
/suy'kleuh strof"ik, -stroh"fik, sik'le-/, adj. Meteorol. pertaining to atmospheric motion in which the centripetal acceleration exactly balances the horizontal pressure ...
cyclostrophic wind
▪ meteorology       wind circulation that results from a balance between the local atmospheric pressure gradient and the centripetal force.       In small-scale ...
cyclostyle1 /suy"kleuh stuyl', sik"leuh-/, n. a manifolding device consisting of a kind of pen with a small toothed wheel at the end that cuts minute holes in a specially ...
▪ geology       complex, repetitive stratigraphic succession of marine and nonmarine strata that are indicative of cyclic depositional regimes. Ideal cyclothem ...
—cyclothymic, adj. /suy'kleuh thuy"mee euh, sik'leuh-/, n. Psychiatry. a mild bipolar disorder characterized by instability of mood and a tendency to swing between mild ...
See cyclothymia. * * *
/suy"kleuh tohm', sik"leuh-/, n. Surg. a type of scalpel for performing a cyclotomy. [CYCLO- + -TOME] * * *
/suy'kleuh tom"ik, sik'leuh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to cyclotomy. 2. Math. (of a polynomial) irreducible and of the form xp-1 + xp-2 ± ... ± 1, where p is a prime ...
/suy klot"euh mee/, n., pl. cyclotomies. 1. Surg. incision of the ciliary muscle. 2. Geom. the process of dividing a circle into a specific number of equal parts. [1875-80; ...
/suy'kloh truy meth"euh leen'truy nuy'treuh meen", -nuy tram"in, sik'loh-/, n. Chem. See RDX. [CYCLO- + TRI- + METHYLENE + TRI- + NITR- + AMINE] * * *
/suy"kleuh tron', sik"leuh-/, n. Physics. an accelerator in which particles are propelled in spiral paths by the use of a constant magnetic field. [1930-35; CYCLO- + -TRON] * * ...
/sid/, n. a female given name. * * *
/suy"deuhr/, n. Brit. cider. * * *
/sid"neuhs/, n. a river in SE Asia Minor, in Cilicia. * * *
Cydones, Demetrius
born с 1324, Thessalonica, Byzantine Empire died с 1398, Crete Byzantine humanist scholar, statesman, and theologian. After studying under a Greek scholar, he made Greek ...
Cydones, Prochorus
▪ Byzantine theologian also spelled  Prochoros Kydones   born c. 1330, , Thessalonica, Byzantine Empire died c. 1369, , Mount Athos       Eastern Orthodox monk, ...
—cyetic /suy et"ik/, adj. /suy ee"sis/, n., pl. cyeses /-seez/. pregnancy. [ < NL < Gk kýesis pregnancy, equiv. to kye- (var. s. of kyeîn to be pregnant) + -sis -SIS] * * *
Cygnaeus, Uno
▪ Finnish educator born Oct. 12, 1810, Hameenlina, Fin. died Jan. 2, 1888, Helsinki       educator known as “the father of the primary school in ...
/sig"nit/, n. a young swan. [1400-50; late ME signet < L cygnus, var. of cycnus < Gk kýknos swan; see -ET] * * *
/sig"neuhs/, n., gen. Cygni /-nuy/. Astron. the Swan, a northern constellation southwest of Draco, containing the bright star Deneb. [ < L: swan; see CYGNET] * * *
Cygnus A
Astron. a strong radio source in the constellation Cygnus associated with a distant peculiar galaxy. * * * Radio-emitting galaxy lying in the constellation Cygnus, about 700 ...
Cygnus Loop
▪ astronomy  group of bright nebulae (Lacework Nebula, Veil Nebula, and the nebulae NGC 6960, 6979, 6992, and 6995) in the constellation Cygnus, thought to be remnants of a ...
Cygnus X-1
/eks"wun"/, Astron. a strong x-ray source in the constellation Cygnus, consisting of a binary system of which one component may be a black hole. * * * ▪ star ...
/suyk/, n. Informal. cyclorama (def. 2). [by shortening] * * *
cyl abbrev. cylinder * * *
cylinder. * * *
—cylinderlike, adj. /sil"in deuhr/, n. 1. Geom. a surface or solid bounded by two parallel planes and generated by a straight line moving parallel to the given planes and ...
cylinder block
Auto. the metal casting in which the cylinders of an internal-combustion engine are bored. Also called block, engine block. [1920-25] * * *
cylinder desk
a desk having a cylinder front, usually a tambour but occasionally of solid wood. * * *
cylinder front
Furniture. a front cover for a desk or the like, consisting either of a solid piece or of a tambour sliding up and back in quadrantal grooves. * * *
cylinder glass
a sheet of glass formed originally in the shape of a cylinder and then divided lengthwise and flattened. Also called broad glass. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
cylinder head
(in a reciprocating engine or pump) a detachable plate or cover on the end opposite to that from which the piston rod or connecting rod projects. [1880-85] * * *
cylinder machine
▪ device       device for producing paper, paperboard, and other fibreboards, invented in 1809 by John Dickinson. It consists of one or more tubes of wire screen ...
cylinder press
a printing press in which a flat bed holding the printing form moves against a rotating cylinder that carries the paper. Also called flat-bed press. Cf. rotary press. [1850-55, ...
cylinder recording
▪ phonograph record       earliest form of phonograph record, invented by Thomas A. Edison (Edison, Thomas Alva) in 1877. The sound to be recorded was focused by a horn ...
cylinder saw.
See crown saw. [1850-55] * * *
cylinder seal
a small carved cylinder used esp. by the ancient Mesopotamians to impress a design in wet clay. [1885-90] * * * Small stone cylinder engraved in intaglio on its surface to leave ...
cylinder head n. The closed, often detachable, end of a cylinder in an internal-combustion engine. * * *
/sil'in dray"sheuhs/, adj. resembling a cylinder. [1670-80; CYLIND(E)R + -ACEOUS] * * *
—cylindricality, cylindricalness, n. —cylindrically, adv. /si lin"dri keuhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or having the form of a cylinder. Also, cylindric. [1640-50; < NL ...
cylindrical coordinates
Math. a system of coordinates for locating a point in space by its polar coordinates and its perpendicular distance to the polar plane. [1930-35] * * *
cylindrical projection
▪ geography       in cartography, any of numerous map projections of the terrestrial sphere on the surface of a cylinder that is then unrolled as a plane. Originally, ...
See cylindrical. * * *
See cylindricality. * * *
/sil"in droyd'/, n. 1. a solid having the form of a cylinder, esp. one with an elliptical, as opposed to a circular, cross section. adj. 2. resembling a cylinder. [1655-65; < Gk ...
/suy"liks, sil"iks/, n., pl. cylices /sil"euh seez'/. kylix. * * *
/si lee"nee euhn/, adj. of or pertaining to Mount Cyllene in Arcadia, Greece, or to the god Hermes, reputed to have been born there. [1730-40; < LL Cylleni(us) ( < Gk Kyllénios, ...
Cymric. * * *
/suy"meuh/, n., pl. cymae /-mee/, cymas. 1. Archit. either of two moldings having a partly convex and partly concave curve for an outline: used esp. in classical architecture. ...
cyma recta
/rek"teuh/, Archit. a cyma whose concave part projects beyond the convex part. See illus. under molding. [1695-1705; < NL: lit., straight cyma] * * *
cyma reversa
/ri verr"seuh/, Archit. a cyma whose convex part projects beyond the concave part. Also called Lesbian cyma, Lesbian cymatium. See illus. under molding. [1555-65; < NL: lit., ...
/see mez"/, n. a pewter wine jar having a spout, a fixed handle on the side opposite the spout, and a bail for carrying. Also, cimaise, semaise. [1650-60; < F < L cymatium an ...
/si mahr"/, n. simar (def. 1). * * *
cyma rec·ta (rĕkʹtə) n. A cyma in which the upper section is concave and the lower section convex.   [New Latin cȳma rēcta: cȳma, cyma + Latin rēcta, feminine of ...
cyma re·ver·sa (rĭ-vûrʹsə) n. A cyma in which the upper section is convex and the lower section concave.   [New Latin cȳma reversa: cȳma, cyma + Latin reversa, feminine ...
/si may"shee on', suy-/, n., pl. cymatia /-shee euh/. cymatium. * * *
/si may"shee euhm, suy-/, n., pl. cymatia /-shee euh/. Archit. 1. the uppermost member of a classical cornice or of a cornice of similar form: usually a cyma recta in classical ...
—cymbaler, cymbaleer, cymbalist, n. —cymballike, adj. /sim"beuhl/, n. a concave plate of brass or bronze that produces a sharp, ringing sound when struck: played either in ...
See cymbal. * * *
See cymbaleer. * * *
See cymbaleer. * * *
/sim"beuh leuhm/, n. a complex zither played esp. in Hungary. Also, cymbalon /sim"beuh leuhn/, cimbalom, zimbalon. [ < Hungarian cimbalom < L cymbalum CYMBAL] * * *
/sim"beuh leen'/, n. a romantic drama (1610?) by Shakespeare. * * * ▪ work by Shakespeare       comedy in five acts by William Shakespeare (Shakespeare, William), one ...
/sim bid"ee euhm/, n. any of various orchids of the genus Cymbidium, native to Asia and Australia, having long clusters of numerous showy, variously colored flowers. [1799; < NL ...
/sim"beuh fawrm'/, adj. Bot., Zool. boatshaped. [1700-10; < L cymb(a) ( < Gk kýmbe hollow object) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
—cymbocephalic /sim'boh seuh fal"ik/, cymbocephalous, adj. /sim'boh sef"euh lee/, n. Med. scaphocephaly. [ < Gk kýmbo(s) hollow object + -CEPHALY] * * *
/suym/, n. 1. an inflorescence in which the primary axis bears a single central or terminal flower that blooms first. See illus. under inflorescence. 2. a flat or convex ...
/suy"meen/, n. a colorless, pleasant-smelling benzene derivative, C10H14, occurring in the volatile oil of the common cumin, Cuminum cyminum, and existing in three forms, the ...
See cyme. * * *
/sim"ling/, n. See pattypan squash. [1770-80, Amer.; also sim(b)lin, earlier symnel, from its resemblance to a SIMNEL CAKE] * * *
a combining form meaning "wave," used in the formation of compound words: cymometer. [ < Gk kymo-, comb. form of kýma wave. See CYMA] * * *
/suy"meuh jeen'/, n. Chem. a volatile, flammable petroleum distillate containing a large percentage of butane. [1885-90; CYM(ENE) + -O- + -GENE] * * *
—cymographic /suy'meuh graf"ik/, adj. /suy"meuh graf', -grahf'/, n. kymograph. * * *
/suy"moyd/, adj. 1. resembling a cyma. 2. resembling a cyme. [1805-15; CYME + -OID] * * *
/suy"meuh fayn'/, n. Mineral. chrysoberyl. [1795-1805; CYMO- + -PHANE] * * *       variety of the gemstone chrysoberyl (q.v.). * * *
—cymosely, adv. /suy"mohs, suy mohs"/, adj. Bot. 1. bearing a cyme or cymes. 2. of or of the nature of a cyme. [1800-10; < L cymosus full of shoots. See CYME, -OSE1] * * *
See cymose. * * *
—cymotrichy, n. /suy mo"treuh keuhs/, adj. having wavy hair. [1905-10; CYMO- + -trichous < Gk -trichos having hair (of the given sort); see TRICHO-, -OUS] * * *
/kim"rik, sim"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Cymry. n. 2. Welsh (def. 3). Also, Kymric. [CYMR(Y) + -IC] * * *
the Welsh word for ‘Wales’. See also Plaid Cymru. * * *
/kim"ree/, n. (used with a pl. v.) the Welsh, or the branch of the Celtic people to which the Welsh belong, comprising also the Cornish people and the Bretons. Also, Kymry. [ < ...
Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr
▪ Welsh poet Welsh“Cynddelw the Great Poet” flourished 1155–c. 1195       outstanding Welsh poet of the 12th century, court poet to Madog ap Maredudd, prince of ...
▪ king of Wessex died 643       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex (611–643), in England and the first to be converted to Christianity.       With his son ...
/kin"euh woolf'/, n. fl. 9th century A.D., Anglo-Saxon poet. Also, Cynwulf. * * * or Kynewulf or Cynwulf flourished 9th century AD, Northumbria or Mercia Anglo-Saxon poet. He ...
▪ prosody Welsh“harmony”       Welsh poetic device. It is a complicated system of alliteration and internal rhyme, obligatory in the 24 strict metres of Welsh ...
/sin"ik/, n. 1. a person who believes that only selfishness motivates human actions and who disbelieves in or minimizes selfless acts or disinterested points of view. 2. (cap.) ...
—cynically, adv. —cynicalness, n. /sin"i keuhl/, adj. 1. like or characteristic of a cynic; distrusting or disparaging the motives of others. 2. showing contempt for accepted ...
See cynical. * * *
See cynically. * * *
/sin"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. cynical disposition, character, or belief. 2. a cynical remark. 3. (cap.) any of the doctrines or practices of the Cynics. [1665-75; CYNIC + -ISM] * * *
Greek philosophical sect that flourished from the 4th century BC to the 6th century AD. Antisthenes (с 445–365 BC), a disciple of Socrates, is considered the founder of the ...
▪ fossil reptile suborder       (suborder or infraorder Cynodontia), mammallike reptiles of the order Therapsida (see therapsid) that existed from the Late Permian to ...
▪ paleontology  genus of extinct advanced therapsids (mammals and their relatives) found as fossils in Lower Triassic deposits (about 240 million to 250 million years ago) in ...
Cyn·os·ceph·a·lae (sĭn'ə-sĕfʹə-lē, sī'nə-) Two hills of southeast Thessaly in northeast Greece. The Theban general Pelopidas was killed in battle here (364 B.C.). ...
See cynosure. * * *
—cynosural, adj. /suy"neuh shoor', sin"euh-/, n. 1. something that strongly attracts attention by its brilliance, interest, etc.: the cynosure of all eyes. 2. something serving ...
▪ king of Wessex died 560       king of the West Saxons, or Wessex (from 534). By some accounts he also reigned jointly (519–534) with his grandfather (or father?), ...
/sin"thee euh/, n. 1. Artemis: so called from her birth on Mt. Cynthus, on Delos. 2. Literary. the moon, the emblem of Artemis. 3. a female given name. * * *
/kin"woolf/, n. Cynewulf. * * *
Catholic Youth Organization. * * *
▪ plant family Introduction       sedge family of monocotyledonous flowering plants, a division of the order Poales. The Cyperaceae are grasslike herbaceous plants ...
/suy'peuh ray"sheuhs, sip'euh-/, adj. belonging to the Cyperaceae, the sedge family of plants. Cf. sedge family. [1850-55; < NL Cyper(us) the typical genus (L: kind of rush < Gk ...
/suy"feuhr/, n., v.i., v.t. Chiefly Brit. cipher. * * *
cy pres (sēʹ prāʹ) n. The legal doctrine that allows a court freedom in interpreting the terms of a will or gift if carrying out the terms literally would be impracticable ...
cypress1 /suy"preuhs/, n. 1. any of several evergreen coniferous trees constituting the genus Cupressus, having dark-green, scalelike, overlapping leaves. 2. any of various other ...
/suy"preuhs/, n. a city in SW California. 40,391. * * * Any of about 20 species of ornamental and timber evergreen conifers constituting the genus Cupressus of the family ...
Cypress Hills
▪ hills, Canada       isolated range in southeastern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada, extending for 100 miles (160 km) in an east-west direction, north of ...
cypress knee
one of the woody growths that project above water from the roots of the bald cypress. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
cypress pine
▪ plant       any of the ornamental and timber shrubs and trees of two closely related genera (Callitris and Widdringtonia) of the family ...
cypress spurge
a perennial herb, Euphorbia cyparissias, of Eurasia, having small, greenish-yellow flowers in dense clusters. [1700-10] * * *
cypress vine
a tropical American vine, Ipomoea quamoclit (or Quamoclit pennata), of the morning glory family, having finely divided leaves and tubular scarlet flowers. [1810-20, Amer.] * * ...
cypress spurge n. A perennial European ornamental plant (Euphorbia cyparissias) having numerous narrow leaves and flower clusters with petaloid bracts. * * *
cypress vine n. An annual twining tropical American vine (Ipomoea quamoclit) naturalized in warm regions, having pinnately cut leaves and showy, usually scarlet flowers. * * *
/sip"ree euhn/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to the worship of Aphrodite or to conduct inspired by Aphrodite. 2. lewd; licentious. 3. Cypriot. n. 4. Cypriot. 5. a lewd or ...
Cyprian, Saint
Latin Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus born с 200, Carthage died Sept. 14, 258, Carthage; Western and Eastern feast day September 16; Anglican feast day September 26 Early ...
Cyprian, Saint. Died A.D. 258. Christian prelate and martyr who led Christians in North Africa during persecution by the Roman emperors Decius and Valerian. * * *
/si pruy"nid, sip"reuh-/, n. 1. any fish belonging to the Cyprinidae, or minnow family. adj. 2. carplike in form or structure. [1890-95; < NL Cyprinidae name of family, equiv. to ...
/si prin"euh dont', si pruy"neuh-/, n. 1. any small, soft-rayed fish of the order Cyprinodontes, of warm, fresh or brackish waters in North America, including the killifishes, ...
/sip"reuh noyd', si pruy"noyd/, adj. 1. resembling a carp; belonging to the Cyprinoidea, a group of fishes including the carps, suckers, and loaches. n. 2. a cyprinoid ...
/sip"ree euht/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Cyprus. 2. the Greek dialect of Cyprus. adj. 3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Cyprus, its people, or their ...
Cypriot syllabary
a syllabic script in use on Cyprus in the first millennium B.C., used for the writing of Greek and of an unknown language. * * * ▪ linguistics       system of writing ...
/sip'reuh pee"dee euhm/, n. any orchid of the genus Cypripedium, comprising the lady's-slippers. [1765-75; < NL, equiv. to L Cypri(a) Venus + -pedi- -PED + -um neut. ending] * * *
/sip"ris/, n. an epithet of Aphrodite, meaning "Lady of Cyprus." Also, Kypris. * * *
a combining form of Cyprian: Cypro-Minoan. * * *
/suy'proh hep"teuh deen'/, n. Pharm. a phenothiazine analogue, C21H21N, with antihistaminic action, used in the symptomatic treatment of hay fever and itching. [1970-75; CY(CLO-) ...
cy·prot·er·one (sī-prŏtʹə-rōn') n. A synthetic steroid that inhibits the secretion of androgens.   [cyclo- + progesterone.] * * *
/suy"preuhs/, n. Obs. cypress2. * * * Cyprus Introduction Cyprus - Background: Independence from the UK was approved in 1960 with ...
/suy"preuhs/, n. an island republic in the Mediterranean, S of Turkey: formerly a British colony; independent since 1960. 752,808; 3572 sq. mi. (9250 sq. km). Cap.: Nicosia. * * ...
Cyprus, Church of
▪ Eastern Orthodoxy also called  Orthodox Church Of Cyprus,         one of the oldest autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, churches of the Eastern Orthodox ...
Cyprus, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a white field (background) showing a yellow silhouette of Cyprus above two green olive branches. Its width-to-length ...
/sip"seuh leuh/, n., pl. cypselae /-lee'/. Bot. an achene with an adherent calyx, as in the composite plants. [1865-70; < NL < Gk kypséle hollow vessel, chest, box] * * *
flourished 7th century BC Tyrant of Corinth (с 657–627 BC). Though his mother belonged to the ruling Bacchiadae dynasty, clan members attempted to kill him at birth because ...
Cyrankiewicz, Józef
▪ Polish premier born April 23, 1911, Tarnow, Austria–Hungary [now in Poland] died Jan. 20, 1989, Warsaw, Pol.       Polish prime minister (1947–52, 1954–70) who ...
Cyrano de Bergerac
/sir"euh noh' deuh berr"jeuh rak', -zheuh-, bair"-/; Fr. /see rddann naw deuh berdd zheuh rddannk"/ 1. See Bergerac, Savinien Cyrano de. 2. (italics) a play in verse (1897) by ...
Cyrano de Bergerac, Savinien
born March 6, 1619, Paris, France died July 28, 1655, Paris French satirist and dramatist. He was a soldier until 1641 and studied under the philosopher Pierre Gassendi ...
Cyrano de Bergerac,Savinien de
Cy·ra·no de Ber·ge·rac (sîr'ə-nō də bûrʹzhə-răk', bĕrʹ-), Savinien de. 1619-1655. French satirist and duelist whose works include the spirited drama The Pedant ...
/sir'euh nay"ik, suy'reuh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Cyrenaica, or its chief city, Cyrene. 2. noting or pertaining to a school of philosophy founded by Aristippus of Cyrene, ...
/sir'euh nay"i keuh, suy'reuh-/, n. 1. Also called Barca. an ancient district in N Africa. 2. the E part of Libya. Also, Cirenaica. * * * or Cirenaica Northeastern region of ...
Greek school of ethics. Cyrene was the centre of its activity and the birthplace of several of its members. Though the elder Aristippus (с 435–366 BC), a pupil of Socrates, ...
/suy ree"nee/, n. an ancient Greek city and colony in N Africa, in Cyrenaica. * * * Ancient city, North Africa. Located in modern-day Libya, it was founded с 630 BC by a group ...
Cyriacus of Ancona
▪ Italian humanist byname of  Ciriaco De' Pizzicolli  born 1391, Ancona, Papal States died 1452, Cremona, Duchy of Milan       Italian merchant and Humanist whose ...
/sir"euhl/, n. 1. Saint ("Apostle of the Slavs"), A.D. 827-869, Greek missionary to the Moravians. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Burt Sir Cyril ...
Cyril and Methodius, Saints
born с 827, Thessalonica, Macedonia died Feb. 14, 869, Rome born с 825, Thessalonica died April 6, 884, Moravia; feast day for both, Western church February 14; Eastern church ...
Cyril Connolly
➡ Connolly (II) * * *
Cyril of Alexandria, Saint
born с 375 died June 27, 444; Western feast day June 27; Eastern feast day June 9 Christian theologian and bishop. He became bishop of Alexandria in 412. Zealously orthodox, ...
Cyril of Jerusalem, Saint
born с 315, Jerusalem died 386?, Jerusalem; feast day March 18 Early leader of the Christian church. He became bishop of Jerusalem с 350. He was exiled three times by the ...
Cyr·il (sîrʹəl), Saint. 827-869. Christian missionary and theologian who with his brother Saint Methodius (826-885) worked in Moravia, translating the Scriptures into Old ...
/si ril"ik/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a script derived from Greek uncials and traditionally supposed to have been invented by St. Cyril, first used for the writing of Old ...
Cyrillic alphabet
Alphabet used for Russian, Serbian (see Serbo-Croatian language), Bulgarian and Macedonian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, and many non-Slavic languages of the former Soviet Union, as ...
/seuhr toh"sis/, n. 1. Pathol. any abnormal curvature of the spine or of the extremities. 2. Plant Pathol. a viral disease of the cotton plant, characterized by stunted and ...
/serr"teuh stuyl'/, n. a convex portico, as at an entrance. [ < Gk kyrtó(s) curved + -STYLE2] * * *
/suy"reuhs/, n. 1. ("the Elder" or "the Great") c600-529 B.C., king of Persia 558?-529: founder of the Persian empire. 2. ("the Younger") 424?-401 B.C., Persian prince and ...
Cyrus I
▪ king of Persia flourished 7th century BC       Achaemenian king, the son of Teispes and grandfather of Cyrus II the Great; he had control over Anshan (northeast of ...
Cyrus II
known as Cyrus the Great born с 585, Media or Persis died с 529, Asia Conqueror who founded the Achaemenian Empire (see Achaemenian dynasty). The grandson of Cyrus I (fl. ...
Cyrus The Younger
▪ Persian prince born after 423, BC died 401, Cunaxa, Babylonia [now in Iraq]       younger son of the Achaemenian king Darius II and his wife, ...
Cyrus Vance
➡ Vance * * *
Cyrus, Miley
▪ 2009 Destiny Hope Cyrus; Miley Ray Cyrus  born Nov. 23, 1992, Franklin, Tenn.       Fifteen-year-old actress and singer Miley Cyrus spent much of 2008 dealing with ...
Cyrus II, Known as “Cyrus the Great.” 600?-529?B.C. King of Persia (550-529) and founder of the Persian Empire who conquered Lydia and Babylon. Tolerant in religious matters, ...
Biochem. cysteine. * * *
/sist/, n. 1. Pathol. a closed, bladderlike sac formed in animal tissues, containing fluid or semifluid matter. 2. a bladder, sac, or vesicle. 3. Bot., Mycol. a. a sporelike cell ...
var. of cysto-, before a vowel: cystectomy. * * *
/sis'teuh thuy"euh neen', -nin/, n. Biochem. an amino acid, C7H14O4N2S, that is an intermediate in the transfer of sulfur from methionine to cysteine. [CYST(EINE) + -a- + ...
▪ genetic defect       hereditary metabolic disorder involving the amino acid methionine. The normal metabolic pathway of methionine is its conversion in successive ...
/si stek"teuh mee/, n., pl. cystectomies. Surg. excision of a cyst or bladder, usually the urinary bladder. [1890-95; CYST- + -ECTOMY] * * *
—cysteinic, adj. /sis"tee een', -in/, n. Biochem. a crystalline amino acid, C3H7O2NS, a component of nearly all proteins, obtained by the reduction of cystine. Abbr.: Cys; ...
var. of cysto-: cysticercus. * * *
/sis"tik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, of the nature of, or having a cyst or cysts; encysted. 2. Anat. belonging or pertaining to the urinary bladder or gall bladder. [1625-35; CYST + ...
cystic fibrosis
Pathol. a hereditary chronic disease of the exocrine glands, characterized by the production of viscid mucus that obstructs the pancreatic ducts and bronchi, leading to infection ...
cystic fibrosis (CF)
or mucoviscidosis Inherited metabolic disorder characterized by production of thick, sticky mucus. It is recessive (see recessiveness) and the most common inherited disorder ...
cystic mastitis.
See fibrocystic disease. * * *
cystic duct n. The duct that conveys bile from the gallbladder to the common bile duct. * * *
cys·ti·cer·ci (sĭs'tĭ-sûrʹsī') n. Plural of cysticercus. * * *
cysticercoid [sis΄tə sʉr′koid΄] adj. of or like a cysticercus n. the larva of certain tapeworms, similar to a cysticercus but having a much smaller bladder * * ...
/sis'teuh seuhr koh"sis/, n. Pathol. infestation with the larval form of beef or pork tapeworm, producing fever, malaise, muscle pain, and other symptoms depending on the area of ...
/sis'teuh serr"keuhs/, n., pl. cysticerci /-serr"suy/. the larva of certain tapeworms, having the head retracted into a bladderlike structure; a bladder worm. [1835-45; < NL < Gk ...
cystic fibrosis n. Abbr. CF A hereditary disease of the exocrine glands, usually developing during early childhood and affecting mainly the pancreas, respiratory system, and ...
/si stid"ee euhm/, n., pl. cystidia /si stid"ee euh/. Mycol. (in certain basidiomycetous fungi) one of the large, inflated, sterile cells growing between the basidia and usually ...
/sis"teen, -tin/, n. Biochem. a crystalline amino acid, C6H12O4N2S2, occurring in most proteins, esp. the keratins in hair, wool, and horn, and yielding cysteine on ...
▪ pathology       inborn error of metabolism resulting in the deposition of crystals of the amino acid cystine in various body tissues. Tissues that are particularly ...
/sis'teuh noor"ee euh, -nyoor"-/, n. Pathol. an inherited metabolic disorder that results in the excessive excretion of certain amino acids, esp. cystine, in the urine. [1850-55; ...
▪ paleontology       extinct genus of solitary corals found as fossils in Silurian and Devonian marine rocks (the Silurian Period preceded the Devonian Period and ended ...
/si stuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the urinary bladder. [1770-80; CYST- + -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the urinary bladder (see urinary system). Infections with ...
a combining form representing cyst in the formation of compound words: cystolith. Also, cyst-, -cyst, cysti-. * * *
—cystocarpic, adj. /sis"teuh kahrp'/, n. the mass of carpospores formed in red algae as a result of fertilization. [1870-75; CYSTO- + -CARP] * * *
/sis"teuh seel'/, n. Pathol. a herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina. [1805-15; CYSTO- + -CELE1] * * *
/sis"toyd/, adj. 1. resembling a cyst. n. 2. a cystlike structure or formation. [1870-75; CYST + -OID] * * *
—cystolithic, adj. /sis"tl ith/, n. Bot. a mass of calcium carbonate on the cellulose wall. [1840-50; CYSTO- + -LITH] * * *
—cystomatous /si stom"euh teuhs/, adj. /si stoh"meuh/, n., pl. cystomas, cystomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a cystic tumor. [1870-75; CYST- + -OMA] * * *
/si stom"i teuhr/, n. Med. a device for determining the reaction of the urinary bladder to increased internal pressure. [CYSTO- + -METER] * * *
—cystoscopic /sis'teuh skop"ik/, adj. —cystoscopist /si stos"keuh pist/, n. /sis"teuh skohp'/, n. Med. a slender, cylindrical instrument for examining the interior of the ...
See cystoscope. * * *
/si stos"keuh pee/, n., pl. cystoscopies. Med. an examination by means of a cystoscope. [1905-10; CYSTO- + -SCOPY] * * *
/si stos"teuh mee/, n., pl. cystostomies. Surg. 1. the construction of an artificial opening from the bladder through the abdominal wall, permitting the drainage of urine. 2. the ...
cystotomy [sis tät′ə mē] n. pl. cystotomies 〚 CYSTO- + -TOMY〛 the surgical operation of making an incision into the urinary bladder or gallbladder * * *
cyt- pref. Variant of cyto-. * * *
/suy tar"euh been'/, n. Pharm. a toxic synthetic nucleoside, C9H13N3O5, used as an immunosuppressive and cytotoxic agent in the treatment of certain leukemias. Also cytosine ...
/suy tas"teuhr, suy"tas-/, n. Biol. aster. [1890-95; CYT(O)- + -ASTER2] * * *
/sith"euhr euh, si thear"euh/, n. Cerigo. * * * ▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Kíthira         island, southernmost and easternmost of the Ionian Islands, off the ...
/sith'euh ree"euh/, n. Aphrodite: so called because of her birth in the sea near Cythera. * * *
/sith'euh ree"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Cytherea. 2. Astron. of or pertaining to the planet Venus. [ < L Cythere(a) ( < Gk Kythéreia CYTHEREA) + -AN] * * *
—cytidylic /sit'i dil"ik, suy'ti-/, adj. /sit"i deen', -din, suy"ti-/, n. Biochem. a white crystalline powder, C9H13N3O5, that is a ribonucleoside consisting of D-ribose and ...
cytidine monophosphate
Biochem. a nucleotide constituent of ribonucleic acids; a phosphoric acid ester of cytidine. Abbr.: CMP Also called cytidylic acid. * * *
a combining form meaning "cell," used in the formation of compound words: cytoplasm. Also, -cyte. [ < Gk kyto-, comb. form of kýtos container, receptacle, body] * * *
/suy'toh an"l uy'zeuhr/, n. an electronic optical device for screening smears of cells suspected of being malignant. [CYTO- + ANALYZER] * * *
See cytochemistry. * * *
—cytochemical /suy'teuh kem"i keuhl/, adj. /suy'teuh kem"euh stree/, n. the branch of cell biology dealing with the detection of cell constituents by means of biochemical ...
/suy"teuh krohm'/, n. Biochem. any of several carrier molecules in the mitochondria of plant and animal cells, consisting of a protein and an iron-containing porphyrin ring and ...
cytochrome oxidase n. An oxidizing enzyme containing iron and a porphyrin, found in mitochondria and important in cell respiration as an agent of electron transfer from certain ...
/suy'teuh suyd"l/, adj. capable of killing cells. [CYTO- + -CIDAL] * * *
/suy tok"leuh sis, suy'teuh klay"sis/, n. Pathol. destruction of cells. [CYTO- + Gk klásis a breaking] * * *
/suy'teuh klas"tik/, adj. Pathol. 1. of or pertaining to cytoclasis. 2. destructive to cells. [CYTO- + CLASTIC] * * *
/suy'teuh jen"euh sis/, n. Cell Biol. the origin and development of cells. [1855-60; CYTO- + -GENESIS] * * *
See cytogenetics. * * *
See cytogenetic. * * *
See cytogenetic. * * *
See cytogenetic. * * *
—cytogenetic, cytogenetical, adj. —cytogenetically, adv. —cytogeneticist, n. /suy'toh jeuh net"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of biology linking the study of ...
cy·tog·e·ny (sī-tŏjʹə-nē) n. See cytogenesis. * * *
cytokine [sīt′ō kīn΄] n. any of a group of molecules, including interferon, interleukin, and tumor necrosis factor, secreted by certain cells of the immune system which ...
—cytokinetic /suy'toh ki net"ik, -kuy-/, adj. /suy'toh ki nee"sis, -kuy-/, n. Cell Biol. the division of the cell cytoplasm that usually follows mitotic or meiotic division of ...
See cytokinesis. * * *
/suy'teuh kuy"nin/, n. Biochem. any of a class of plant hormones, produced by the roots and traveling upward through the xylem, that promote tissue growth and budding and, on ...
1. cytological. 2. cytology. * * *
See cytology. * * *
See cytologic. * * *
See cytologic. * * *
—cytologic /suyt'l oj"ik/, cytological, adj. —cytologically, adv. —cytologist, n. /suy tol"euh jee/, n. the study of the microscopic appearance of cells, esp. for the ...
/suy tol"euh sin, suyt'l uy"sin/, n. Biochem. any substance that produces cytolysis. [1900-05; CYTOLYS(IS) + -IN1] * * *

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