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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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daisy wheel
a small metal or plastic wheel with raised, fully formed letter, numbers, and symbols on the tips of petallike spokes: used as the printing element in a type of electronic ...
daisy-cutter
/day"zee kut'euhr/, n. 1. Sports Slang. a batted or served ball that skims along near the ground. 2. Mil. Slang. an antipersonnel fragmentation bomb. [1785-95] * * *
daisychain
daisy chain n. 1. A garland or chain made of linked daisies. 2. A series of connected events, activities, or experiences, likened to a garland: “It's a vast daisy chain of ...
daisyfleabane
daisy fleabane n. An eastern North American weed (Erigeron annuus) naturalized in Europe, having rayed, white to bluish flower heads grouped in corymblike panicles. * * *
daisywheel
daisy wheel n. A printing device used in some electric typewriters and printers, consisting of printing characters fixed at the ends of spokes on a wheel. * * *
Daitō
▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the eastern border of Ōsaka city. Daitō extends eastward from the Ikoma Mountains to the Ōsaka ...
Daitō Islands
▪ islands, Pacific Ocean Japanese  Daitō-jima        islands, Okinawa ken (prefecture), Japan, within the Ryukyu island group in the Pacific Ocean. The Daitō ...
daiwer-
Husband's brother. levirate, from Latin lēvir, husband's brother.   [Pokorny dāiu̯ēr 179.] * * *
Dajabón
▪ Dominican Republic       town, northwestern Dominican Republic. The town is located along the Dajabón River, just across from Ouanaminthe, Haiti, on the northern ...
Dajjāl, ad-
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “The Deceiver”), in Islāmic (Islām) eschatology, the Antichrist who will come forth before the end of time; after a reign of 40 days or 40 ...
Dajōkan
▪ imperial Japanese council of state       council of state of the Japanese imperial government during the Nara and Heian periods (710–857). Following the restoration ...
Daju languages
      group of related languages scattered across the Nuba Hills of central Sudan (Sudan, The) (including Lagowa, Liguri, and Shatt), western Sudan (including Bego, ...
dak
/dawk, dahk/, n. 1. transportation by relays of people or horses, esp. in the East Indies. 2. mail delivered by such transportation. Also, dauk, dawk. [1820-30; < Hindi dak] * * *
Dak.
Dakota. * * *
Dakar
/dah kahr"/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Senegal; capital of former French West Africa. 600,000; 68 sq. mi. (176 sq. km). * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: urban ...
Dakhin Shahbazpur Island
▪ island, Bangladesh       island located in the Meghna River estuary, south-central Bangladesh. The island, some 43 miles (69 km) long and 10–15 miles (16–24 km) ...
Dakhla
/dahkh"lah/, n. 1. an oasis in S Egypt: source of ocher. 2. Formerly, Villa Cisneros. a seaport and town in Western Sahara: former capital of Río de Oro in the former Spanish ...
dakhma
/dahk"meuh/, n. See tower of silence. [1860-65; < Pers; MPers dakhmak, Avestan daxma- funeral site] * * * ▪ Zoroastrianism       (Avestan: “tower of silence”), ...
Dakin's solution
☆ Dakin's solution [dā′kinz ] n. 〚after H. D. Dakin (1880-1952), Eng chemist in America〛 a weak, mildly alkaline solution of sodium hypochlorite, used as an antiseptic ...
Dakin'ssolution
Da·kin's solution (dāʹkĭnz) n. A dilute aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite used in cleansing wounds.   [After Henry DrysdaleDakin (1880-1952), British biochemist.] * * ...
dakoit
/deuh koyt"/, n. dacoit. * * *
dakoity
/deuh koy"tee/, n., pl. dakoities. dacoity. * * *
Dakota
—Dakotan, adj., n. /deuh koh"teuh/, n. 1. a former territory in the United States: divided into the states of North Dakota and South Dakota 1889. 2. North Dakota or South ...
Dakota Territory
➡ Dakotas * * *
Dakotan
See Dakota. * * *
Dakotas
Da·ko·tas (də-kōʹtəz) The Dakota Territory or (after 1889) the states of North Dakota and South Dakota. * * * the US states of North Dakota and South Dakota. The ...
DakotaTerritory
Dakota Territory A territory of the north-central United States organized in 1861 and divided into the states of North Dakota and South Dakota in 1889. The territory included ...
dakru-
Tear. Oldest form *dak̑ru-, becoming *dakru- in centum languages. 1. a. tear2, from Old English tēar, tehher, tear; b. train oil, from Middle Dutch trane, tear, drop. Both a ...
Daktyl
/dak"til/, n., pl. Daktyls, Daktyli /-ti luy'/. Dactyl. * * *
dal
/dahl/, n. East Indian Cookery. a sauce made from lentils and spices, usually served with rice. Also dhal. [ < Hindi dal split pulse, cooked pulse; cf. Skt dal- to split] /dahl/, ...
Dal
/dahl/, n. a river in S Sweden, flowing SE from the W border to the Gulf of Bothnia. ab. 250 mi. (405 km) long. * * *
Dal River
River, southern central Sweden. Formed by two forks, the Öster Dal and Vässter Dal, it flows southeast for some 325 mi (520 km) from the mountains along the Norwegian border ...
dal segno
/dahl sayn"yoh/; It. /dahl se"nyaw/ go back to the sign marking the beginning of a repeat (used as a musical direction). [1850-55; < It: from the sign; see SIGN] * * *
Daladier
/dann lann dyay"/, n. Édouard /ay dwannrdd"/, 1884-1970, premier of France 1933, 1934, 1938-40. * * *
Daladier, Édouard
Da·la·dier (də-läʹdē-ā', dä-lä-dyāʹ), Édouard. 1884-1970. French statesman who signed the Munich Pact with Adolf Hitler in September 1938. He was arrested by the ...
Dalai Lama
/dah"luy lah"meuh/ (formerly) the ruler and chief monk of Tibet, believed to be a reincarnation of Avalokitesvara and sought for among newborn children after the death of the ...
Dalai Lama XIV
▪ Tibetan Buddhist monk Introduction born July 6, 1935, Tibet    title of the Tibetan Buddhist (Buddhism) monk Bstan-'dzin-rgya-mtsho (Tenzin Gyatso), the 14th Dalai Lama ...
DalaiLama
Da·lai La·ma (dä'lī läʹmə) n. The traditional governmental ruler and highest priest of the dominant sect of Buddhism in Tibet and Mongolia, understood by Tibetans to be ...
dalan
/deuh lahn"/, n. (in Persian and Indian architecture) a veranda or open hall for reception of visitors. Also, dallan. [ < Pers dalan] * * *
Dalandzadgad
▪ Mongolia also spelled  Daland Zadagad         town, south-central Mongolia, in the Gobi Desert. It is connected by road to Ulaanbaatar, the national capital, 320 ...
dalapon
/dal"euh pon'/, n. Chem. a selective herbicide, C3H4Cl2O2, used to eradicate certain grass weeds in sugarcane and other crops. [1950-55; prob. d(i)-al(ph)a-(dichloropro)p(i)on(ic ...
Dalarna
▪ county and province, Sweden formerly  Dalecarlia        län (county) and traditional landskap (province), central Sweden. It extends from the Norwegian border in ...
dalasi
/dah lah"see/, n., pl. dalasi, dalasis. a paper money, cupronickel coin, and monetary unit of Gambia, equal to 100 bututs. * * *
Dalberg, Emmerich Joseph von Dalberg, duc de
▪ French diplomat born May 30, 1773, Mainz, Germany died April 27, 1833, Herrnsheim, Bavaria       nephew and heir of Karl Theodor von Dalberg, and minister and foreign ...
Dalberg, Karl Theodor von
▪ German archbishop and statesman born Feb. 8, 1744, Herrnsheim, Ger. died Feb. 10, 1817, Regensburg, Ger.       archbishop of Mainz and arch-chancellor of the Holy ...
Dalby
▪ Queensland, Australia       town, southeastern Queensland, Australia. It lies along Myall Creek near the Condamine River. Founded as Myall Creek Station in 1841, it ...
Dalcroze
Fr. /dannl krddawz"/, n. Jaques-Dalcroze. * * *
dale
/dayl/, n. a valley, esp. a broad valley. [bef. 900; ME dal, OE dael; c. G Tal, ON dalr, Goth dals] * * * (as used in expressions) Carnegie Dale Dale Carnegey Earnhardt Ralph ...
Dale
/dayl/, n. 1. Sir Henry Hallett /hal"it/, 1875-1968, English physiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1936. 2. Sir Thomas, died 1619, British colonial administrator in America: ...
Dale Carnegie
➡ Carnegie (II) * * *
Dale, Richard
▪ United States naval officer born November 6, 1756, Norfolk county, Virginia [U.S.] died February 26, 1826, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.  American naval officer during ...
Dale, Sir Henry
▪ British physiologist in full  Sir Henry Hallett Dale  born June 9, 1875, London, Eng. died July 23, 1968, Cambridge  English physiologist who in 1936 shared the Nobel ...
Dale,Sir Henry Hallett
Dale (dāl), Sir Henry Hallett. 1875-1968. British physiologist. He shared a 1936 Nobel Prize for work on the chemical transmission of nerve impulses. * * *
Dale,Sir Thomas
Dale, Sir Thomas. Died 1619. English-born naval commander and colonial administrator noted for his strict rule of Virginia from 1611 to 1616. * * *
Dalek
n a strange and frightening metal creature in the British television series Doctor Who. The Daleks are Doctor Who’s enemies. When they shoot at people they say, ‘Exterminate, ...
Dalén
/deuh layn", da-/, n. Gustaf /goos"tahf/, 1869-1937, Swedish inventor: Nobel prize for physics 1912. * * *
Dalén, Nils
▪ Swedish physicist in full  Nils Gustaf Dalén   born Nov. 30, 1869, Stenstorp, Sweden died Dec. 9, 1937, Stockholm  Swedish engineer who won the Nobel Prize for Physics ...
dalesman
/daylz"meuhn/, n., pl. dalesmen. a person living in a dale or valley, esp. in the northern counties of England. [1760-70; DALE + 'S1 + MAN1] * * *
daleth
/dah"leuhd, -leuhth, -leuht/; Seph. Heb. /dah"let/, n. 1. the fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. Also, dalet, dales Ashk. ...
Daley
/day"lee/, n. Richard J(oseph), 1902-76, U.S. politician: mayor of Chicago 1955-76. * * *
Daley Thompson
➡ Thompson (I) * * *
Daley, Richard J
▪ American politician and lawyer born May 15, 1902, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died December 20, 1976, Chicago       mayor of Chicago from 1955 until his death; he was ...
Daley, Richard J(oseph)
born May 15, 1902, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 20, 1976, Chicago U.S. politician, mayor of Chicago (1955–76). A lawyer in his native Chicago, Daley served as state director ...
Daley, Richard M.
▪ American politician and lawyer in full  Richard Michael Daley  born April 24, 1942, Chicago, Ill., U.S.    American lawyer and politician, who became mayor of Chicago ...
Daley,Richard Joseph
Da·ley (dāʹlē), Richard Joseph. 1902-1976. American politician who dominated Chicago politics during his years as mayor (1955-1976). Known as one of the last old-time big ...
Dalgaranga Crater
▪ crater, Australia       small meteorite crater near Dalgaranga, Western Australia. Known earlier but not attributed to meteoritic origin until 1938, it is 70 feet (21 ...
Dalglish
(1951– ) a Scottish football player and club manager. He played for Celtic (1970–77), for Liverpool, where he was also manager (1977–90), and for Scotland more times than ...
Dalhousie
/dal hooh"zee, -how"-/, n. 1. George Ramsay, Earl of, 1770-1838, British general: governor of the Canadian colonies 1819-28. 2. James Andrew Broun Ramsay, 1st Marquis and 10th ...
Dalhousie University
Privately endowed university in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. It was founded in 1818 as Dalhousie College by the 9th earl of Dalhousie, then lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia, ...
Dalhousie, Fox Maule Ramsay, 11th Earl of
▪ British statesman also called (1852–60)  Fox Maule, 2nd Baron Panmure  born April 22, 1801, Brechin Castle, Angus, Scotland died July 6, 1874, Brechin Castle  British ...
Dalhousie, James Andrew Broun Ramsay, Marquess and 10th Earl of
▪ governor-general of India Introduction born April 22, 1812, Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian, Scot. died Dec. 19, 1860, Dalhousie Castle  British governor-general of India from ...
Dalhousie, James Andrew Broun Ramsay, marquess of
born April 22, 1812, Dalhousie Castle, Midlothian, Scot. died Dec. 19, 1860, Dalhousie Castle British governor-general of India (1847–56). He entered Parliament in 1837 and ...
Dalhousie,Tenth Earl and First Marquis of
Dal·hou·sie (dăl-ho͞oʹzē, -houʹ-), Tenth Earl and First Marquis of. See Ramsay, James Andrew Brown. * * *
Dali
/dah"lee/, n. Salvador /sal"veuh dawr'/; Sp. /sahl'vah dhawrdd"/, 1904-89, Spanish painter and illustrator. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Ta-li , formerly ...
Dalí (y Domenech), Salvador (Felipe Jacinto)
born May 11, 1904, Figueras, Spain died Jan. 23, 1989, Figueras Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, and designer. He studied in Madrid and Barcelona before moving to Paris, ...
Dalí, Salvador
▪ Spanish artist in full  Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí Y Domenech   born May 11, 1904, Figueras, Spain died Jan. 23, 1989, Figueras  Spanish Surrealist painter and ...
Dali,Salvador
Da·li (däʹlē), Salvador. 1904-1989. Spanish surrealist artist known for his flamboyant personal style and his disquieting interpretation of fantastic images in meticulously ...
Dalian
/dah"lyahn"/, n. Pinyin. 1. Formerly, Lüda. an urban municipality in S Liaoning province, in NE China, on the southern tip of the Liaodong peninsula: comprises the old cities of ...
Daliesque
/dah'lee esk"/, adj. of, pertaining to, resembling, or characteristic of the surrealist art of Salvador Dali: giant advertising posters depicting Daliesque distortions of ...
Dalila
/dal"euh leuh/, n. Douay Bible. Delilah (def. 1). * * *
Dalin, Olof von
▪ Swedish author born Aug. 29, 1708, Vinberg, Swed. died Aug. 12, 1763, Stockholm  writer and historian who wrote the first easily readable and popular Swedish works and who ...
Dalip Singh
▪ Sikh maharaja also spelled  Dhulip Singh  born Sept. 1837, Lahore, India died Oct. 22, 1893, Paris       Sikh maharaja of Lahore (1843–49) during his ...
Dalitz, Richard Henry
▪ 2007       Australian-born nuclear physicist (b. Feb. 28, 1925, Dimboola, Vic., Australia—d. Jan. 13, 2006, Oxford, Eng.), was celebrated for having devised the ...
Dalkeith
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       burgh (town), Midlothian council area and historic county, southeastern Scotland. It is near the capital, Edinburgh, and has an ...
Dalkon Shield
/dal"kon/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for an intrauterine contraceptive device withdrawn from the market in 1974, having been associated with an increased risk of pelvic ...
Dall sheep
Dall sheep [dôl] n. a wild sheep (Ovis dalli) with white hair and long spiral horns, living in the mountains of NW North America: also Dall's sheep * * *       (Ovis ...
Dall's sheep
/dawlz/ a white-haired wild sheep, Ovis dalli, of mountainous regions of northwestern North America, having curved horns. Also, Dall sheep. [1905-10; named after William H. Dall ...
Dallaire, Lieut. Gen. Romeo
▪ 2006       By the time that Canadian Lieut. Gen. Roméo A. Dallaire left Rwanda in 1994, the ill-fated UN peacekeeping mission he led had been forced to watch ...
Dallam, Thomas
▪ English organ maker born c. 1570, , Lancashire, Eng. died after 1614       prominent English organ builder, whose sons were also known for their ...
dallan
/deuh lahn"/, n. dalan. * * *
Dallán Forgaill
▪ Irish poet flourished 6th century AD       chief Irish poet of his time, probably the author of the Amra Choluim Chille, or Elegy of St. Columba, one of the earliest ...
Dallapiccola
/dah'lah pee"koh leuh/; It. /dahl'lah peek"kaw lah/, n. Luigi /looh ee"jee/, 1904-75, Italian composer. * * *
Dallapiccola, Luigi
born Feb. 3, 1904, Pisino, Istria, Austrian Empire died Feb. 19, 1975, Florence Croatian-born Italian composer. Originally influenced by the music of Claude Debussy, he later ...
Dallas
—Dallasite, n. /dal"euhs/, n. 1. George Mifflin /mif"lin/, 1792-1864, U.S. diplomat: vice-president of the U.S. 1845-49. 2. a city in NE Texas. 904,078. * * * City (pop., ...
Dallas Cowboys
▪ American football team       American professional gridiron football (football, gridiron) team based in Dallas that plays in the National Football Conference (NFC) of ...
Dallas Zoo
▪ zoo, Dallas, Texas, United States       municipal zoological garden in Marsalis Park, Dallas, Texas, U.S. It is noted for its fine reptile and amphibian collection. ...
Dallas, George Mifflin
born July 10, 1792, Philadelphia, Pa. died Dec. 31, 1864, Philadelphia U.S. politician. He was the son of Alexander J. Dallas, who served as secretary of the treasury ...
Dalle, Francois Leon Marie-Joseph
▪ 2006       French business executive (b. March 18, 1918, Hesdin, Pas-de-Calais, France—d. Aug. 9, 2005, Geneva, Switz.), in his role as CEO (1957–84), built ...
dalles
/dalz/, n.pl. the rapids of a river running between the walls of a canyon or gorge. Also, dells. [1825-35, Amer.; < CanF, pl. of F dial. (Normandy) dalle lit., sink
Dalles
/dalz/, n. The, a city in N Oregon. 10,820. Also called City of the Dalles. * * *
Dalles, The
▪ Oregon, United States formally  City of the Dalles , also called  Dalles City        inland port, seat (1854) of Wasco county, Oregon, U.S., on the south bank of ...
Dalles,The
Dalles (dălz), The A city of northern Oregon on the Columbia River east of Portland. An important stop on the Oregon Trail in the 1800s, it is now a busy inland port. ...
dalliance
/dal"ee euhns, dal"yeuhns/, n. 1. a trifling away of time; dawdling. 2. amorous toying; flirtation. [1300-50; ME daliaunce. See DALLY, -ANCE] * * *
dallier
See dally. * * *
Dallin
/dal"in/, n. Cyrus Earle, 1861-1944, U.S. sculptor. * * *
Dallin, Cyrus Edwin
▪ American sculptor born Nov. 22, 1861, Springville, Utah, U.S. died Nov. 14, 1944, Boston, Mass.  American sculptor, best known for equestrian portraits of American ...
Dallis grass
/dal"is/ a pasture grass, Paspalum dilatatum, native to South America and naturalized in the southern U.S. [1905-10; after A. T. Dallis (or Dallas), a farmer who cultivated the ...
Dallisgrass
Dal·lis grass (dălʹĭs) n. A tall South American perennial grass (Paspalum dilatatum) grown for pasturage in the southern United States.   [Probably alteration of Dallas, ...
Dallmeyer, John Henry
▪ British manufacturer born Sept. 6, 1830, Loxten, Westphalia [Germany] died Dec. 30, 1883, at sea off New Zealand       British inventor and manufacturer of ...
Dallsheep
Dall sheep (dôl) or Dall's sheep (dôlz) n. A stocky wild sheep (Ovis dalli) of the mountainous regions of northwest North America, ranging from white to nearly black and ...
dally
—dallier, n. —dallyingly, adv. /dal"ee/, v., dallied, dallying. v.i. 1. to waste time; loiter; delay. 2. to act playfully, esp. in an amorous or flirtatious way. 3. to play ...
dallyingly
See dallier. * * *
Dalmane
/dal"mayn/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of flurazepam. * * *
Dalmatia
/dal may"sheuh/, n. 1. a historic region along the Adriatic coast of Croatia: a former Austrian crownland. 2. a Roman province formed by Emperor Tiberius and called after the ...
Dalmatian
/dal may"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Dalmatia or its people. n. 2. an inhabitant of Dalmatia, esp. a member of the native Slavic-speaking people of Dalmatia. 3. Also ...
Dalmatian language
      extinct Romance language formerly spoken along the Dalmatian coast from the island of Veglia (modern Krk) to Ragusa (modern Dubrovnik). Ragusan Dalmatian probably ...
dalmatic
/dal mat"ik/, n. 1. Eccles. a vestment worn over the alb by the deacon, as at the celebration of the Mass, and worn by bishops on some occasions, as at a coronation. 2. a similar ...
Dalny
/dahl"nee/, n. former Russian name of Dalian (def. 2). * * *
Daloa
▪ Côte d’Ivoire       town, west-central Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), at the intersection of major north-south and east-west routes. It is the chief collecting ...
Dalou, Jules
▪ French sculptor in full  Aimé-Jules Dalou  born Dec. 31, 1838, Paris died April 15, 1902, Paris  French sculptor noted for allegorical group compositions of Baroque ...
Dalradian Series
▪ geology       sequence of highly folded and metamorphosed sedimentary and volcanic rocks of late Precambrian to Early Cambrian age, about 540 million years old, that ...
Dalriada
Ancient kingdom, northeastern Ireland and western Scotland. Known from the 5th century AD, it included the northern part of the present County Antrim in Northern Ireland and ...
Dalrymple
/dal rim"peuhl, dal"rim-/, n. Sir James, 1st Viscount Stair, 1619-95, Scottish jurist. * * *
Dalrymple, Alexander
▪ British geographer and hydrographer born , July 24, 1737, New Hailes, Midlothian, Scot. died June 19, 1808, London       Scottish geographer, first hydrographer of ...
dalsegno
dal se·gno (däl sānʹyō) adv. Music Abbr. DS From the place marked by the sign § to a designated point. Used as a direction to repeat a passage.   [Italian : da, from + ...
Dalsland
▪ province, Sweden        landskap (province), southwestern Sweden, on the Norwegian border, one of the smaller traditional provinces in the country. It is bounded to ...
dalton
/dawl"tn/, n. Physics. See atomic mass unit. [1935-40; named after J. DALTON] * * * ▪ Georgia, United States       city, seat (1851) of Whitfield county, northwestern ...
Dalton
/dawl"tn/, n. 1. John, 1766-1844, English chemist and physicist. 2. Robert, 1867-92, U.S. outlaw in the West. 3. a city in NW Georgia. 20,743. 4. a male given name. * * * ▪ ...
Dalton brothers
U.S. outlaws. Probably born in Cass Co., Mo., they worked as cowboys in Oklahoma but by 1889 had become horse thieves. In 1890–91 they robbed gambling houses, trains, and ...
Dalton Plan
▪ education       secondary-education technique based on individual learning. Developed by Helen Parkhurst (Parkhurst, Helen) in 1919, it was at first introduced at a ...
Dalton System
a method of progressive education whereby students contract to carry through on their own responsibility the year's work as divided up into monthly assignments. Also called ...
Dalton's law
Physics, Chem. the law that the total pressure exerted by a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the gases of the mixture. Also called Dalton's law of ...
Dalton, John
born Sept. 5 or 6, 1766, Eaglesfield, Cumberland, Eng. died July 27, 1844, Manchester British chemist and physicist. He spent most of his life in private teaching and research. ...
Dalton, Katharina Dorothea Kuipers
▪ 2005       British gynecologist (b. Nov. 11, 1916, London, Eng.—d. Sept. 17, 2004, Poole, Dorset, Eng.), identified the symptoms suffered by women before and during ...
Dalton,John
Dal·ton (dôlʹtən), John. 1766-1844. British chemist whose pioneer work on the properties of gases led to his formulation of the atomic theory. He also studied his own ...
Dalton,Robert
Dalton, Robert. 1867-1892. American outlaw noted for his exploits as a horse thief, train robber, and leader of the Dalton gang, which included his two brothers. * * *
Daltonian
/dawl toh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of John Dalton or his atomic theory. 2. of or pertaining to daltonism. [1805-15; J. DALTON + -IAN] * * *
daltonic
See daltonian. * * *
daltonism
—daltonic /dawl ton"ik/, adj. /dawl"tn iz'euhm/, n. (sometimes cap.) Pathol. color blindness, esp. the inability to distinguish red from green. [1835-45; J. DALTON + -ISM] * * *
Daly
/day"lee/, n. (John) Augustin /aw gus"tin/, 1838-99, U.S. playwright, critic, and theatrical manager. * * *
Daly City
a city in central California, S of San Francisco. 78,519. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, San Mateo county, California, U.S. Daly City is adjacent to ...
Daly River
River, northwestern Northern Territory, Australia. Formed by the confluence of three smaller rivers, it flows about 200 mi (320 km) from the hills west of Arnhem Land to Anson ...
Daly, (John) Augustin
▪ American dramatist and theatrical manager born July 20, 1838, Plymouth, N.C., U.S. died June 7, 1899, Paris, Fr.       American playwright and theatrical manager ...
Daly, Marcus
▪ American industrialist born Dec. 5, 1841, County Cavan, Ire. died Nov. 12, 1900, Anaconda, Mont., U.S.       American mining tycoon. Called the “Copper King,” he ...
Daly, Reginald Aldworth
▪ Canadian-American geologist born May 19, 1871, Napanee, Ont., Can. died Sept. 19, 1957, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       Canadian-American geologist who independently ...
DalyCity
Da·ly City (dāʹlē) A city of western California, a suburb of San Francisco. It was settled in 1906 by refugees from the San Francisco earthquake. Population: 92,311. * * *
dam
dam1 /dam/, n., v., dammed, damming. n. 1. a barrier to obstruct the flow of water, esp. one of earth, masonry, etc., built across a stream or river. 2. a body of water confined ...
Dam
/dam, dahm/, n. (Carl Peter) Henrik /kahrl pee"ter hen"rik/; Dan. /kahrddl pay"teuhrdd hen"rddik/, 1895-1976, Danish biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1943. * * * I Barrier ...
Dam, (Carl Peter)Henrik
Dam (dăm, däm), (Carl Peter) Henrik. 1895-1976. Danish biochemist. He shared a 1943 Nobel Prize for the discovery of vitamin K. * * *
Dam, Henrik
▪ Danish biochemist in full  Carl Peter Henrik Dam   born Feb. 21, 1895, Copenhagen, Den. died April 1976, Copenhagen       Danish biochemist who, with Edward A. ...
damage
—damageable, adj. —damageableness, damageability, n. —damager, n. /dam"ij/, n., v., damaged, damaging. n. 1. injury or harm that reduces value or usefulness: The storm did ...
damage control
—damage-control, adj. 1. a department or group, as aboard a naval vessel, responsible for taking action to control damage caused by fire, collision, etc. 2. any efforts, as by ...
damageability
See damage. * * *
damageable
See damageability. * * *
damagecontrol
damage control n. An effort to minimize or curtail damage or loss. * * *
damages
➡ legal system * * * In law, the money awarded to a party in a civil suit as reparation for the loss or injury for which another is liable. The theory of an award of damages ...
damaging
—damagingly, adv. /dam"i jing/, adj. causing or capable of causing damages; harmful; injurious. [1850-55; DAMAGE + -ING2] * * *
damagingly
See damageability. * * *
daman
/dam"euhn/, n. 1. a hyrax, Procavia syriaca, of Syria, Palestine, etc.: the cony of the Bible. 2. any hyrax. [1730-40; < Ar daman (Isra'il), lit., lamb (of Israel)] * * * ▪ ...
Daman
/deuh mahn"/, n. 1. a district in W India, part of the union territory of Goa, Daman, and Diu: formerly a Portuguese colony. 2. the chief town of this district. Portuguese, ...
Daman and Diu
Daman and Diu territory of India, consisting of Daman region & Diu island: formerly part of a territory that included Goa: 43 sq mi (112 sq km); pop. 111,000 * * * Union ...
Damanand Diu
Daman and Di·u (dēʹo͞o) A union territory of northwest India on the Arabian Sea. It comprises two former Portuguese colonies, which were annexed by India in 1962 and ...
Damanhur
/dah'mahn hoohrdd"/, n. a city in N Egypt, near Alexandria. 175,900. * * * ▪ Egypt       city, capital of Al-Buḥayrah (Buḥayrah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate) ...
damar
/dam"ahr, -euhr, deuh mahr"/, n. dammar. * * *
Damaraland
/deuh mahr"euh land', dam"euhr euh-/, n. a region in the central part of Namibia. * * * Historical region, north-central Namibia. Occupied by the Herero and Khoisan people, who ...
Damari, Shoshana
▪ 2007  Israeli singer (b. 1923, Damar, Yemen—d. Feb. 14, 2006, Tel Aviv, Israel), introduced pop music to Israel in 1948 and helped to create a unique sense of cultural ...
Damas
/dann mah"/, n. French name of Damascus. * * *
Damascene
/dam"euh seen', dam'euh seen"/, adj., n., v., Damascened, Damascening. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the city of Damascus. 2. (l.c.) of or pertaining to the art of ...
damascener
See damascene. * * *
damascening
▪ art       art of encrusting gold, silver, or copper wire on the surface of iron, steel, bronze, or brass. A narrow undercut is made in the surface of the metal with a ...
Damascenus
/dam'euh see"neuhs/, n. Johannes /joh han"eez, -is/. See John of Damascus, Saint. * * *
Damascius
▪ Greek philosopher born AD 480 died c. 550       Greek Neoplatonist philosopher and last in the succession of Platonic scholars at the Greek Academy at Athens, which ...
Damascus
/deuh mas"keuhs/, n. a city in and the capital of Syria, in the SW part: reputed to be the oldest continuously existing city in the world. 936,567. French, Damas. * * * Arabic ...
Damascus Document
or Zadokite Fragments Document associated with the ancient Jewish community at Qumrān. The group had fled to the desert during Antiochus IV Epiphanes's persecutions ...
Damascus rug
 usually small floor covering, often attributed to Damascus, Syria, in the 16th or 17th century in continuation of the rug art of the Mamlūk rulers of that land. The usual ...
Damascus steel
hand-wrought steel, made in various Asian countries, from parts of a bloom of heterogeneous composition, repeatedly folded over and welded and finally etched to reveal the ...
Damascus, Great Mosque of
▪ mosque, Damascus, Syria also called  Umayyad Mosque,    the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between AD 705 and 715 by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I. The mosque ...
Damascussteel
Damascus steel n. An early form of steel having wavy markings, developed in Near Eastern countries and used chiefly in sword blades. * * *
damask
/dam"euhsk/, n. 1. a reversible fabric of linen, silk, cotton, or wool, woven with patterns. 2. napery of this material. 3. Metall. a. Also called damask steel. See Damascus ...
damask rose
a fragrant, pink rose, Rosa damascena. [1530-40] * * *
damask steel
damask steel n. DAMASCUS STEEL * * *
Damaskinos
▪ archbishop of Athens original name  George Papandreou   born March 3, 1891, Dhorvitsiá, Greece died May 20, 1949, Athens  archbishop of Athens and regent of Greece ...
damaskrose
damask rose n. A rose (Rosa damascena) native to Asia that has fragrant red or pink flowers and is used as a source of attar.   [From Middle English Damask, Damascus. See ...
damasksteel
damask steel n. Damascus steel. * * *
Damastes
/deuh mas"teez/, n. Class. Myth. Procrustes. * * *
Damasus I
/dam"euh seuhs/ Saint, pope A.D. 366-384. * * *
Damasus I Saint
▪ pope born c. 304, Rome died Dec. 11, 384, Rome; feast day December 11       pope from Oct. 1, 366, to Dec. 11, 384. During his rule the primacy of the Roman see was ...
Damasus II
died 1048, pope 1048. * * * ▪ pope original name  Poppo   born , Bavaria [Germany] died Aug. 9, 1048, Palestrina, Papal States [Italy]       pope from July 17 to ...
Damaturu
▪ Nigeria       town, capital of Yobe state, northeastern Nigeria. Damaturu became the capital of newly created Yobe state in 1991. The town lies in a plains region ...
Damavand
Damavand [dä′mə vänd΄, dam′ə vand΄] highest peak of the Elburz Mountains, N Iran: 18,934 ft (5,771 m) * * * Dam·a·vand (dămʹə-vănd', däʹmä-vänd) also ...
Damazin, Ad-
▪ The Sudan also spelled  Ed-damazin,         town, east-central Sudan, on the western bank of the Blue Nile River. Irrigation made possible by the Ruṣayriṣ ...
Damba
▪ Angola       town, northwestern Angola. In a fertile area, it is a market centre for coffee, rice, and sugarcane. The Kongo peoples of the town's hinterland ...
Dambadeṇiya Dynasty
▪ Sri Lankan dynasty       rulers of most of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) from 1255 to about 1330 whose seat was at Dambadeṇiya. Arising in opposition to the Malay usurper ...
Dâmbovița
▪ county, Romania formerly  Dîmbovița        județ (county), southern Romania. The Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians) and the sub-Carpathians rise above ...
dame
/daym/, n. 1. (cap.) (in Britain) a. the official title of a female member of the Order of the British Empire, equivalent to that of a knight. b. the official title of the wife ...
Dame Cicely Saunders
➡ hospice movement * * *
Dame Commander
(in Britain) the title of a woman who has been given one of a particular set of honours by the King or Queen. Compare Knight Commander. ➡ note at honours. * * *
Dame Edna
➡ Everage. * * *
Dame Grand Cross
(in Britain) the title of a woman who has been given one of a particular set of honours by the King or Queen. Compare Knight Grand Cross. ➡ note at honours. * * *
dame school
▪ education       small private school for young children run by women; such schools were the precursors of nursery, or infant, schools in England and colonial America. ...
dame's rocket
a Eurasian plant, Hesperis matronalis, of the mustard family, having loose clusters of four-petalled purple or white fragrant flowers. Also called dame's violet. * * * ▪ ...
dame's violet
dame's violet n. 〚transl. of ModL viola matronalis〛 an old-fashioned garden flower (Hesperis matronalis) of the crucifer family, with white or purple fragrant flowers in ...
dame'srocket
dame's rocket (dāmz) n. pl. dame's rockets A European plant (Hesperis matronalis) having clusters of fragrant purple to white flowers. Also called dame's violet. * * *
dame-school
/daym"skoohl'/, n. (formerly) a school in which the rudiments of reading, writing, and arithmetic were taught to neighborhood children by a woman in her own home. [1810-20] * * *
Dameron, Tadd
▪ American musician and composer byname of  Tadley Ewing Dameron   born Feb. 21, 1917, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died March 8, 1965, New York, N.Y.  black American jazz ...
damfool
/dam"foohl"/, Informal. n. 1. a person who is exceptionally stupid or foolish. adj. 2. Also, damfoolish /dam"fooh"lish/. extraordinarily stupid or foolish. [1880-85; alter. of ...
Dāmghān
▪ Iran       town, northern Iran. It lies at an elevation of 3,900 feet (1,200 metres), just southeast of the Elburz Mountains on a large, barren gravel plain. It is ...
Damia
/dam"ee euh/, n. Class. Myth. a spirit of fertility. * * *
damiana
/dam'ee an"euh/, n. the dried leaves of a Mexican plant, Turnera diffusa, formerly used as a laxative and a tonic, and purported to be effective in the treatment of sexual ...
Damião, Frei
orig. Pio Gianotti born Nov. 5, 1898, Italy died May 31, 1997, Recife, Pernambuco estado ["state"], Braz. Italian-born Brazilian friar. He became a Capuchin friar at age 16 ...
Damien
/day"mee euhn/; Fr. /dann myaonn"/, n. Father (Joseph de Veuster) Fr. /zhaw zef" deuh vue sterdd"/, 1840-89, Belgian Roman Catholic missionary to the lepers of Molokai. * * *
Damien de Veuster,Joseph
Da·mien de Veus·ter (dāʹmē-ən də vyo͞oʹstər, dä-myăɴʹ də vœ-stĕrʹ), Joseph. Known as “Father Damien.” 1840-1889. Belgian Roman Catholic missionary who ...
Damien Hirst
➡ Hirst * * *
Damien, Father
orig. Joseph de Veuster born Jan. 3, 1849, Tremelo, Belg. died April 15, 1889, Molokai, Hawaii Belgian priest. After training at the College of Braine-le-Comte, he joined the ...
Damiens, Robert-François
▪ French regicide born Jan. 9, 1715, La Tieuloy, France died March 28, 1757, Paris  French fanatic who in 1757 made an unsuccessful attempt on the life of King Louis ...
Damietta
/dam'ee et"euh/, n. a city in NE Egypt, in the Nile delta. 110,000. Arabic, Dumyat. * * * ▪ Egypt Arabic  Dumyāṭ , also spelled  Dimyat        city, capital of ...
daminozide
/deuh min"euh zuyd'/, n. Chem. a plant-growth retardant, C6H12N2O3, used commercially on apples. [d(imethyl) + amino- + (hydra)zide components of the chemical name] * * *
Damīrī, ad-
▪ Muslim theologian in full  Muḥammad Ibn Mūsā Kamāl Ad-dīn Ad-damīrī   born 1341, Cairo, Egypt died Oct. 27, 1405, Cairo       Muslim theologian, best known ...
Dammām, Al-
▪ Saudi Arabia also spelled  Damman        city, eastern Saudi Arabia. It lies on the Persian Gulf northwest of Bahrain Island and forms a larger metropolitan and ...
dammar
/dam"ahr, -euhr, deuh mahr"/, n. 1. Also called gum dammar. a copallike resin derived largely from dipterocarpaceous trees of southern Asia, esp. Malaya and Sumatra, and used ...
Dammartin
▪ medieval countship, France       medieval French countship, whose seat was at Dammartin-en-Goële, northwest of Meaux (in the modern département of ...
dammer
See dam1. * * *
dammit
/dam"it/, interj. Eye Dialect. damn it (used as a mild expletive). [1905-10] * * *
damn
—damner, n. /dam/, v.t. 1. to declare (something) to be bad, unfit, invalid, or illegal. 2. to condemn as a failure: to damn a play. 3. to bring condemnation upon; ruin. 4. to ...
damnable
—damnableness, damnability, n. —damnably, adv. /dam"neuh beuhl/, adj. 1. worthy of condemnation. 2. detestable, abominable, or outrageous. [1275-1325; ME dam(p)nable < MF ...
damnableness
See damnable. * * *
damnably
See damnableness. * * *
damnation
/dam nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of damning or the state of being damned. 2. a cause or occasion of being damned. 3. Theol. condemnation to eternal punishment as a consequence of ...
damnatory
/dam"neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. conveying, expressing, or causing condemnation; damning. [1675-85; < L damnatorius, equiv. to damna(re) (see DAMN) + -torius -TORY1] * * *
damned
/damd/, adj., superl. damnedest, damndest, n., adv. adj. 1. condemned or doomed, esp. to eternal punishment: the wailing of damned souls. 2. detestable; loathsome: Get that ...
damnedest
/dam"dist/, n. Informal. best; utmost: They did their damnedest to finish on time. [1820-30; DAMNED + -EST1] * * *
damnify
/dam"neuh fuy'/, v.t., damnified, damnifying. Law. to cause loss or damage to. [1505-15; < MF damnifier, OF < LL damnificare, deriv. of L damnific(us) harmful, equiv. to damn(um) ...
damning
—damningly, adv. —damningness, n. /dam"ing, dam"ning/, adj. causing incrimination: damning evidence. [1590-1600; DAMN + -ING2] * * *
damningly
See damn. * * *
damnyankee
/dam'yang"kee/, n. Informal. damyankee. [1805-15] * * *
Damocles
—Damoclean /dam'euh klee"euhn/, adj. /dam"euh kleez'/, n. 1. a flatterer who, having extolled the happiness of Dionysius, tyrant of Syracuse, was seated at a banquet with a ...
Damodar River
River, northeastern India. It rises, with its many tributaries, in the Chota Nagpur plateau of Jharkhand and flows east 368 miles (592 km) through West Bengal to join the Hugli ...
Damoh
▪ India       city, central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The city's name comes from Damayanti, the wife of King Nala of Hindu mythology. Damoh was part of the ...
damoiselle
/dam'euh zel"/, n. Archaic. damsel. Also, damosel, damozel. * * *
Damon
/day"meuhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Damon and Pythias
Gk. Legend. two friends whose mutual loyalty was shown by Damon's offer of his life as pledge that Pythias would return from settling his affairs to be executed for rebelling ...
Damon Runyon
➡ Runyon * * *
Damon, Matt
▪ American actor, screenwriter, and producer in full  Matthew Paige Damon  born Oct. 8, 1970, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       American actor, screenwriter, and producer, ...
Damophon
▪ Greek sculptor flourished 2nd century BC       ancient Greek sculptor of Messene, who executed many statues at Messene, Megalopolis, Aegium, and other cities of the ...
damosel
dam·o·sel also dam·oi·selle or dam·o·zel (dămʹə-zĕl') n. Archaic A young woman; a damsel.   [Middle English damoisele, from Old French damoiselle, damsel. See ...
damp
—dampish, adj. —dampishly, adv. —dampishness, n. —damply, adv. —dampness, n. /damp/, adj., damper, dampest, n., v. adj. 1. slightly wet; moist: damp weather; a damp ...
damp box
Ceram. a box that is lined with moist material for keeping clay in a plastic state. * * *
damp squib
Brit. Informal. something meant but failing to impress or succeed. [1965-70] * * *
damp-dry
/damp"druy", -druy'/, v., damp-dried, damp-drying, adj. v.i. 1. (of laundry) to dry partially so that some moisture remains, as for ease in ironing. v.t. 2. to cause (laundry) to ...
damp-mop
/damp"mop", -mop'/, v.i., v.t., damp-mopped, damp-mopping. to clean with a mop that has been slightly moistened or soaked in water and wrung out. * * *
dampen
—dampener, n. /dam"peuhn/, v.t. 1. to make damp; moisten: to dampen a sponge. 2. to dull or deaden; depress: to dampen one's spirits. 3. damp (def. 10). v.i. 4. to become ...
dampener
See dampen. * * *
damper
/dam"peuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that damps or depresses: His glum mood put a damper on their party. 2. a movable plate for regulating the draft in a stove, furnace, etc. 3. ...
damper pedal
Music. a pedal on a piano that when depressed with the foot raises the dampers and permits the strings to vibrate and sustain the tone. Also called loud pedal. * * *
Dampier
/dam"pee euhr, damp"yeuhr/, n. William, 1652-1715, English navigator, explorer, buccaneer, and writer. * * * ▪ Western Australia, Australia       town and port in ...
Dampier, William
born August 1651, East Coker, Somerset, Eng. died March 1715, London English buccaneer and explorer. In his early years he engaged in piracy, chiefly along the western coast of ...
damping
damp·ing (dămʹpĭng) n. The capacity built into a mechanical or electrical device to prevent excessive correction and the resulting instability or oscillatory conditions. * * ...
damping-off
/dam"ping awf", -of"/, n. Plant Pathol. a disease of seedlings, occurring either before or immediately after emerging from the soil, characterized by rotting of the stem at soil ...
dampingoff
damping off n. A disease of seedlings that is caused by fungi and results in wilting and death. * * *
dampish
See damp. * * *
damply
See dampish. * * *
dampness
See dampish. * * *
dampproof
/damp"proohf'/, adj. 1. resistant to dampness or the effects of dampness. v.t. 2. to make dampproof. [1880-85; DAMP + -PROOF] * * *
Dâmrei Mountains
▪ mountains, Cambodia Khmer  Chuŏr Phnum Dâmrei , formerly  Elephant Mountains , French  Chaîne de l'Éléphant        north-south-trending range of high ...


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