Слова на букву chri-de k (15990) Universalium
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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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Darby and Joan
a happily married elderly couple who lead a placid, uneventful life. [named after a couple mentioned in an 18th-century song] * * *
Darby and Joan clubs
➡ Darby and Joan * * *
Darby and Joan settee
a settee having a back resembling two chair backs. * * *
Darby, Abraham
born 1678?, near Dudley, Worcestershire, Eng. died March 8, 1717, Madeley Court, Worcestershire British ironmaster. In 1709 Darby's Bristol Iron Co. became the first to ...
Darbyand Joan
Dar·by and Joan (därʹbē; jōn) n. An elderly married couple who live a placid, harmonious life together and are seldom seen apart.   [Probably after Darby and Joan, a ...
Darbyite
/dahr"bee uyt'/, n. a member of the Plymouth Brethren. [1880-85; after John N. Darby (1800-82), English theologian; see -ITE1] * * *
Darcey Bussell
➡ Bussell * * *
darcy
/dahr"see/, n., pl. darcies. Physics. a unit of permeability, representing the flow, at 1 atmosphere, of 1 cubic centimeter of fluid with 1 centipoise viscosity in 1 second ...
Darcy
/dahr"see/, n. a male given name. * * *
Darcy's law
▪ hydrology       mathematical relationship discovered (1856) by the French engineer Henri Darcy (Darcy, Henri-Philibert-Gaspard) that governs the flow of groundwater ...
Darcy, Henri-Philibert-Gaspard
▪ French engineer born June 10, 1803, Dijon, France died Jan. 3, 1858, Paris       French hydraulic engineer who first derived the equation (now known as Darcy's law) ...
Darcy, Thomas Darcy, Lord
▪ English noble also called  Lord Darcy of Darcy, or Lord Darcy of Temple Hurst   born c. 1467 died June 30, 1537, London, Eng.       powerful English nobleman who, ...
Dard
/dahrd/, n. 1. Also, Dardic. a group of Indic languages spoken in Kashmir, northern Pakistan, and eastern Afghanistan, and including Kashmiri. 2. a member of the peoples who ...
Dard, Frederic Charles Antoine
▪ 2001       French novelist (b. June 29, 1921, Bourgoin-Jallieu, France—d. June 6, 2000, Bonnefontaine, Switz.), wrote mainly “hard-boiled” detective novels, ...
Dardan
/dahr"dn/, adj., n. Trojan. Also, Dardanian /dahr day"nee euhn/. [1600-10] * * *
Dardanelles
/dahr'dn elz"/, n. (used with a pl. v.) the strait between European and Asian Turkey, connecting the Aegean Sea with the Sea of Marmara. 40 mi. (64 km) long; 1-5 mi. (1.6-8 km) ...
Dardanelles Campaign
or Gallipoli Campaign (1915–16) Unsuccessful British-led operation against Turkey in World War I, intended to invade the Dardanelles strait, conquer the Gallipoli peninsula, ...
Dardanian
Dardanian [där′dəndär dā′nē ən] adj., n. 〚L Dardanius < Gr Dardanios, after Dardanos, son of Zeus, pl. Dardanoi, a people allied with the Trojans in the Trojan War, ...
Dardanus
/dahr"dn euhs/, n. Class. Myth. the ancestor of the Trojans. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek legend, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Electra, mythical founder of ...
Dardenne brothers
▪ Belgian filmmakers       Belgian filmmakers known for their starkly realistic approach to working-class themes and characters. In addition to directing, Jean-Pierre ...
Dardenne, Jean-Pierre and Luc
▪ 2006       In 2005, with their film L'Enfant, the Belgian brothers Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne for the second time in six years won the Cannes Festival's Palme d'Or ...
Dardic
Dardic [där′dik] n. a group of Indo-European languages spoken in NE Afghanistan, NW Pakistan, and Kashmir: also Dard [därd] * * * Dar·dic (därʹdĭk) n. Variant of ...
Dardic languages
also called  Dard, Pisaca, or Pisacha Languages,         group of closely related Indo-Iranian languages spoken in Pakistan, Kashmir, and Afghanistan. They are often ...
Dardistān
▪ region, Pakistan       region inhabited by the so-called Dard peoples in the north of Pakistan and northern Kashmir. It includes Chitrāl, the upper reaches of the ...
dare
—darer, n. /dair/, v., dared or (Archaic) durst; dared; daring; pres. sing. 3rd pers. dares or dare, n. v.i. 1. to have the necessary courage or boldness for something; be bold ...
Dare
/dair/, n. Virginia, 1587-?, first child born of English parents in the Western Hemisphere. * * *
DARE
Dictionary of American Regional English. * * *
Dare, Virginia
born Aug. 18, 1587, Roanoke Island, Va. First child born to English parents in America. Her parents were among the 120 settlers who landed at Roanoke Island, Va., in 1587. Her ...
Dare,Virginia
Dare (dâr), Virginia. 1587-1587?. The first child of English parents born in America. She disappeared with other members of the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island in Virginia. * * *
daredevil
/dair"dev'euhl/, n. 1. a recklessly daring person. adj. 2. recklessly daring. [1785-95; DARE + DEVIL] * * *
daredevilry
See daredevil. * * *
daredeviltry
/dair"dev'euhl tree/, n. reckless daring; venturesome boldness. Also, daredevilry /dair"dev'euhl ree/. [1870-75, Amer.; DAREDEVIL + -try, as in DEVILTRY] * * *
dareful
/dair"feuhl/, adj. Obs. daring. [1595-1605; DARE + -FUL] * * *
daren't
/dair"euhnt/ contraction of dare not. * * *
darer
See dare. * * *
Dares Phrygius
▪ Trojan priest       Trojan priest of Hephaestus who appears as one of the characters in Homer's Iliad, Book V, and is the reputed author of a lost pre-Homeric ...
Dares Salaam
Dar es Sa·laam (där' ĕs sə-lämʹ) The capital and largest city of Tanzania, in the eastern part of the country on an arm of the Indian Ocean. It was founded in 1862 by the ...
daresay
/dair"say"/, v.i., v.t. to venture to say (something); assume (something) as probable (used only in pres. sing. 1st pers.): I daresay we will soon finish. Also, dare ...
Dareste de la Chavanne, Antoine
▪ French historian born October 28, 1820, Paris died August 6, 1882, Lucenay-lès-Aix, Fr.       French historian whose reputation rests on his authoritative major ...
Daret, Jacques
▪ French painter also called  James Daret   born c. 1404, , Tournai, Fr. died c. 1470       early French Renaissance painter of Tournai whose work shows the strong ...
Darfur
/dahr foor"/, n. a province in the W Sudan. 1,869,000; 191,650 sq. mi. (496,374 sq. km). Cap.: El Fasher. * * * Historical region and former province, western Sudan. It was an ...
darg
/dahrg/, n. 1. Scot. and North Eng. a day's work. 2. Australian. a fixed or definite amount of work; a work quota. [1375-1425; late ME dawerk, daiwerk, OE daegweorc, equiv. to ...
Dargomyzhsky, Aleksandr
▪ Russian composer in full  Aleksandr Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky  born Feb. 2 [Feb. 14, New Style], 1813, near Tula, Russia died Jan. 5 [Jan. 17], 1869, St. ...
Darhan
▪ Mongolia also called  Darchan,         town, northern Mongolia, northwest of Ulaanbaatar. A large industrial complex, built in the late 1960s with Soviet and ...
Dari
/dahr"ee/, n. a form of Persian, spoken in Afghanistan. * * *
Dari language
      member of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages; it is, along with Pashto, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan. Dari is the Afghan ...
daric
/dar"ik/, n. a gold coin and monetary unit of ancient Persia. [1560-70; < Gk Dareikós (statér) Persian stater (of DARIUS)] * * *
Darien
/dair"ee en', -euhn, dar"-, dair'ee en", dar'-/, n. 1. Gulf of, an arm of the Caribbean between NE Panama and NW Colombia. 2. Isthmus of, former name of the Isthmus of Panama. 3. ...
Darién, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Panama Spanish  Golfo De Darién,         triangular southernmost extension of the Caribbean Sea, bounded by Panama on the southwest and by Colombia on the ...
Darin, Bobby
▪ American singer and songwriter original name  Walden Robert Cassotto  born May 14, 1936, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 20, 1973, Los Angeles, Calif.       American ...
daring
—daringly, adv. —daringness, n. /dair"ing/, n. 1. adventurous courage; boldness. adj. 2. bold or courageous; fearless or intrepid; adventurous. [1575-85; DARE + -ING1, ...
daringly
See daring. * * *
daringness
See daringly. * * *
Darío
/dah rddee"aw/, n. Rubén /rddooh ven"/, (Félix Rubén García Sarmiento) 1867-1916, Nicaraguan poet and diplomat. * * *
Darío, Rubén
Da·rí·o (dä-rēʹō), Rubén. 1867-1916. Nicaraguan poet who is considered the father of modern Spanish poetry. His works include Cantos de Vida y Esperanza (1905). * * ...
dariole
/dar"ee ohl'/, n. French Cookery. a small round mold. [1350-1400; ME < OF darïole] * * *
Darius
(as used in expressions) Darius I Darius the Great Milhaud Darius * * *
Darius I
/deuh ruy"euhs/, (Darius Hystaspes) ("the Great") 558?-486? B.C., king of Persia 521-486. * * * known as Darius the Great born 550 died 486 BC King of Persia (522–486 ...
Darius II
(Ochus) died 404 B.C., king of Persia 424-404 (son of Artaxerxes I). * * *
Darius II Ochus
▪ king of Persia died 404 BC, Babylon [now in Iraq]       Achaemenid king (reigned 423–404 BC) of Persia.       The son of Artaxerxes I by a Babylonian ...
Darius III
(Codomannus) died 330 B.C., king of Persia 336-330. * * * ▪ king of Persia also called  Codommanus  died 330 BC, Bactria       the last king (reigned 336–330 BC) ...
DariusI
Da·ri·us I (də-rīʹəs), Known as “Darius the Great.” 550?-486B.C. King of Persia (521-486) who expanded the empire, organized a highly efficient administrative system, ...
DariusIII
Darius III, Died 330B.C. King of Persia (336-330) who was defeated in several battles by Alexander the Great. His murder by a Bactrian satrap effectively ended the Persian ...
Darjeeling
/dahr jee"ling/, n. 1. a town in West Bengal, in NE India: mountain resort. 42,700. 2. Also called Darjeeling tea. a type of tea grown in mountainous areas around the town of ...
Darjiling
or Darjeeling City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 107,530), West Bengal state, northeastern India. It was purchased in 1835 from the raja of Sikkim and was developed as a sanatorium for ...
dark
/dahrk/, adj., darker, darkest, n., v. adj. 1. having very little or no light: a dark room. 2. radiating, admitting, or reflecting little light: a dark color. 3. approaching ...
dark adaptation
—dark-adapted, adj. Ophthalm. the reflex adaptation of the eye to dim light, consisting of a dilatation of the pupil and an increase in the number of functioning rods ...
Dark Ages
1. the period in European history from about A.D. 476 to about 1000. 2. the whole of the Middle Ages, from about A.D. 476 to the Renaissance. 3. (often l.c.) a period or stage ...
dark chocolate
chocolate to which little or no milk has been added. * * *
Dark Continent
Dark Continent former name for Africa, especially before the late 19th cent. when little was known of it * * *
Dark Continent, The
Africa: so called, esp. during the 19th century, because little was known about it. [1875-80] * * *
dark horse
1. a racehorse, competitor, etc., about whom little is known or who unexpectedly wins. 2. a candidate who is unexpectedly nominated at a political convention. [1825-35] * * *
dark lady of the sonnets
the woman to whom Shakespeare wrote most of his last sonnets. Her identity is not known but many guesses have been made about it. She is described as dark because of the colour ...
dark lantern
a lantern having an opening with a shutter that can be slid across the opening to obscure the light. [1640-50] * * *
dark matter
a hypothetical form of matter invisible to electromagnetic radiation, postulated to account for gravitational forces observed in the universe. [1985-90] * * * Nonluminous matter ...
dark meat
1. meat that is dark in appearance after cooking, esp. a leg or thigh of chicken or turkey (distinguished from white meat). 2. Slang (vulgar). a black person, considered as a ...
dark mineral
Geol. any rock-forming mineral that has a specific gravity greater than 2.8 and that is generally dark in color. Cf. light mineral. * * *
dark nebula
Astron. a cloud of interstellar gas and dust that absorbs and thus obscures the light from stars behind it, appearing as a dark patch in front of a bright nebula or in an ...
dark of the moon
the period during which the moon is not visible. [1645-55] * * *
dark reaction
the phase of photosynthesis, not requiring light, in which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide. * * *
dark slide
Photog. 1. Also called draw slide. a black plastic, metal, or fabric sheet that is inserted into a film holder to protect the film from light. 2. a lightproof holder for sheet ...
dark star
Astron. an invisible member of a binary or multiple star system. * * *
dark-adapt
See dark adaptation. * * *
dark-adapted
See dark-adapt. * * *
dark-eyed junco
/dahrk"uyd'/ a common North American junco, Junco hyemalis, having a pink bill, gray and brown body plumage, white belly and outer tail feathers, and differing from other species ...
dark-field
/dahrk"feeld'/, adj. Optics. of or pertaining to the illumination of an object by which it is seen, through a microscope, as bright against a dark background. [1860-65] * * *
dark-field illumination
dark-field illumination [därk′fēld′] n. the illumination of the field of a microscope by directing a beam of light from the side so that the specimen is seen against a dark ...
dark-field microscope
dark-field microscope n. ULTRAMICROSCOPE * * *
dark-fieldmicroscope
dark-field microscope (därkʹfēld') n. A microscope in which an object is illuminated only from the sides so that it appears bright against a dark background. * * *
darkadaptation
dark adaptation n. The physical and chemical adjustments of the eye, including dilation of the pupil and increased activity of rods in the retina, that make vision possible in ...
DarkAge
Dark Age (därk) n. 1. also dark age a. An era of ignorance, superstition, or social chaos or repression. Often used in the plural: a novel depicting the dark ages in the ...
darkcomedy
dark comedy n. 1. A comedy having gloomy or disturbing elements, especially one in which a character suffers an irreparable loss. 2. A comedy characterized by morbid or grimly ...
DarkContinent
Dark Continent A former name for Africa, so used because its hinterland was largely unknown and therefore mysterious to Europeans until the 19th century. Henry M. Stanley was ...
darken
—darkener, n. /dahr"keuhn/, v.t. 1. to make dark or darker. 2. to make obscure. 3. to make less white or clear in color. 4. to make gloomy; sadden: He darkened the festivities ...
darkener
See darken. * * *
darkhorse
dark horse n. 1. One who achieves unexpected support and success as a political candidate, typically during a party's convention. 2. A little-known, unexpectedly successful ...
darkie
/dahr"kee/, n. darky. * * *
darkish
—darkishness, n. /dahr"kish/, adj. slightly dark: a darkish color. [1350-1400; ME; see DARK, -ISH1] * * *
darklantern
dark lantern n. A lantern whose light can be blocked, as by a sliding panel. * * *
darkle
/dahr"keuhl/, v.i., darkled, darkling. 1. to appear dark; show indistinctly. 2. to grow dark, gloomy, etc. [1790-1800; back formation from DARKLING, adv. taken as prp.] * * *
darkling
/dahrk"ling/, adv. 1. in the dark. adj. 2. growing dark. 3. being or occurring in the dark; dark; obscure. 4. vaguely threatening or menacing. [1400-50; late ME derkeling. See ...
darkling beetle
any brown or black beetle of the family Tenebrionidae, the larvae of which feed on dead or decaying plant material, fungi, stored grain, etc. Also called tenebrionid. [1810-20] * ...
darklingbeetle
darkling beetle n. A beetle of the family Tenebrionidae, having a brown or black body and feeding on decaying vegetation, living plants, or stored grain. It is found in a variety ...
darkly
/dahrk"lee/, adv. 1. so as to appear dark. 2. vaguely; mysteriously. 3. in a vaguely threatening or menacing manner: He hinted darkly that we had not heard the last of the ...
darkmatter
dark matter n. Physical objects or particles that emit little or no detectable radiation of their own and are postulated to exist because of unexplained gravitational forces ...
darkness
/dahrk"nis/, n. 1. the state or quality of being dark: The room was in total darkness. 2. absence or deficiency of light: the darkness of night. 3. wickedness or evil: Satan, the ...
darkreaction
dark reaction n. The second stage of photosynthesis, not requiring light to occur, and during which energy released from ATP drives the production of organic molecules from ...
darkroom
/dahrk"roohm', -room'/, n. Photog. a room in which film or the like is made, handled, or developed and from which the actinic rays of light are excluded. [1835-45; DARK + ROOM] * ...
darksome
—darksomeness, n. /dahrk"seuhm/, adj. dark; darkish. [1520-30; DARK + -SOME1] * * *
darkstar
dark star n. A star that is normally obscured or too faint for direct visual observation, especially the component of an eclipsing binary star detectable by spectral analysis or ...
darktown
/dahrk"town'/, n. Usually Offensive Older Use. a part of a town or city inhabited largely by blacks. [1880-85, Amer.; DARK + TOWN] * * *
darky
/dahr"kee/, n., pl. darkies. Offensive. a black person. Also, darkie. [1765-75; DARK + -Y2] * * *
Darlan
/dannrdd lahonn"/, n. Jean Louis Xavier François /zhahonn lwee gzann vyay" frddahonn swann"/, 1881-1942, French naval officer and politician. * * *
Darlan, (Jean-Louis-Xavier-) François
born Aug. 7, 1881, Nérac, France died Dec. 24, 1942, Algiers French admiral. After graduating from the French naval school (1902), he rose through the ranks to become navy ...
Darlan, François
▪ French admiral in full  Jean-louis-xavier-françois Darlan   born Aug. 7, 1881, Nérac, Fr. died Dec. 24, 1942, Algiers [Algeria]  French admiral and a leading figure in ...
Darlan, Jean Louis Xavier François
Dar·lan (där-läɴʹ), Jean Louis Xavier François. 1881-1942. French admiral. A leading member of Marshal Pétain's Vichy government, he was nevertheless instrumental in ...
Darlene
/dahr leen"/, n. a female given name: from the Old English word meaning "darling." Also, Darleen. * * *
Darley, George
▪ British author born 1795, Dublin, Ire. died Nov. 23, 1846, London, Eng.       poet and critic little esteemed by his contemporaries but praised by 20th-century ...
darling
—darlingly, adv. —darlingness, n. /dahr"ling/, n. 1. a person very dear to another; one dearly loved. 2. (sometimes cap.) an affectionate or familiar term of address. 3. a ...
Darling
/dahr"ling/, n. Jay Norwood /nawr"wood/, ("Ding"), 1876-1962, U.S. political cartoonist. * * *
Darling Downs
▪ region, Queensland, Australia       pastoral and agricultural region in southeastern Queensland, Australia. It extends westward from the Great Dividing Range and ...
Darling Range
a range of low mountains along the SE coast of Australia. Highest peak, Mt. Cooke, 1910 ft. (580 m). * * * ▪ mountains, Western Australia, Australia       scarp or ...
Darling River
a river in SE Australia, flowing SW into the Murray River. 1160 mi. (1870 km). long. * * * River, southeastern Australia. It is the longest member of the Murray-Darling river ...
Darling, Erik
▪ 2009       American folk musician born Sept. 25, 1933, Baltimore, Md. died Aug. 3, 2008, Chapel Hill, N.C. was a masterful guitarist and banjo player who recorded ...
Darling, Flora Adams
▪ American author née  Flora Adams  born July 25, 1840, Lancaster, N.H., U.S. died Jan. 6, 1910, New York, N.Y.  American writer, historian, and organizer, an influential ...
Darling, Grace
▪ British heroine in full  Grace Horsley Darling  born Nov. 24, 1815, Bamburgh, Northumberland, Eng. died Oct. 20, 1842, Bamburgh       British heroine who became ...
Darling, Jay Norwood
▪ American political cartoonist byname  Ding Darling  born Oct. 21, 1876, Norwood, Mich., U.S. died Feb. 12, 1962, Des Moines, Iowa       American political ...
DarlingRange
Dar·ling Range (därʹlĭng) An upland region of southwest Australia extending along the Pacific coast north and south of Perth. * * *
DarlingRiver
Darling River A river rising in the Great Dividing Range of southeast Australia and flowing about 2,739 km (1,702 mi) generally southwest to the Murray River. It is the longest ...
Darlington
/dahr"ling teuhn/, n. a city in S Durham, in NE England. 97,800. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States       city, seat of Darlington county, northeastern South ...
Darlington, Cyril Dean
born Dec. 19, 1903, Chorley, Lancashire, Eng. died March 26, 1981 British biologist. A professor at the University of Oxford from 1953, he believed that chromosomes were the ...
Darman, Richard Gordon
▪ 2009       American government official born May 10, 1943, Charlotte, N.C. died Jan. 25, 2008, Washington, D.C. served in the cabinets of four U.S. presidents ...
Darmesteter, Arsène
▪ French scholar born , Jan. 5, 1846, Château-Salins, Fr. died Nov. 16, 1888, Paris       language scholar who advanced knowledge of the history of French, ...
Darmesteter, James
▪ French orientalist born , March 28, 1849, Château-Salins, Fr. died Oct. 19, 1894, Maisons-Laffitte       French scholar noted for ancient Iranian language studies, ...
Darmstadt
/dahrm"stat/; Ger. /dahrddm"shtaht'/, n. a city in SW central Germany, S of Frankfort: former capital of Hesse. 136,200. * * * ▪ Germany       city, Hessen Land ...
darn
darn1 /dahrn/, v.t. 1. to mend, as torn clothing, with rows of stitches, sometimes by crossing and interweaving rows to span a gap. n. 2. a darned place, as in a garment: an old ...
Darnah
▪ Libya also spelled  Derna        town of northeastern Libya, situated on the Mediterranean coast, east of Banghāzī. It lies on the eastern ridges of the ...
darnation
dar·na·tion (där-nāʹshən) n. & interj. Damnation. See Regional Note at tarnation. * * *
darned
/dahrnd/, Informal. adj. 1. irritating; damned; confounded: Get that darned bicycle out of the driveway! adv. 2. very; extremely; remarkably: She's a darned good tennis ...
darnedest
darned·est or darnd·est (därnʹdĭst) n. The most possible: I did my darnedest to finish on time. * * *
darnel
/dahr"nl/, n. any of several grasses of the genus Lolium, having simple stems, flat leaves, and terminal spikes. [1275-1325; ME; cf. F (Walloon) darnelle, prob. < Gmc] * * ...
Darnel's case
▪ English history (1627–28), also called  Five Knights' case        celebrated case in the history of the liberty of English subjects. It contributed to the ...
darner
/dahr"neuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that darns. 2. any of numerous odonate insects of the family Aeshnidae, comprising the largest dragonflies. [1605-15; DARN1 + -ER1] * * *
darning
/dahr"ning/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that darns. 2. the result produced. 3. articles darned or to be darned. [1605-15; DARN1 + -ING1] * * *
darning egg
a smooth, egg-shaped piece of wood, ivory, marble, jade, or the like, for holding under a hole or tear to serve as a backing while darning. [1895-1900] * * *
darning needle
1. a long needle with a long eye used in darning. 2. Chiefly Northern and Western U.S. a dragonfly. [1755-65] Regional Variation. 2. See dragonfly. * * *
darningneedle
darn·ing needle (därʹnĭng) n. 1. A long, large-eyed needle used in darning. 2. Northeastern, Upper Northern, & Western U.S. See dragonfly. See Regional Note at dragonfly. * * ...
Darnley
/dahrn"lee/, n. Lord Henry Stewart or Stuart, 1545-67, Scottish nobleman: second husband of Mary Queen of Scots (father of James I of England). * * *
Darnley, Henry Stewart, Lord
born Dec. 7, 1545, Temple Newsom, Yorkshire, Eng. died Feb. 9/10, 1567, Edinburgh, Scot. English nobleman, second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, and father of James I. Son of ...
Darnley,Lord
Darn·ley (därnʹlē), Lord Title of Henry Stew·art or Stu·art (sto͞oʹərt, styo͞oʹ-) 1545-1567. Scottish nobleman and second husband (1565-1567) of Mary Queen of Scots. ...
DARPA-50 Years of Innovation
▪ 2009       In 2008 the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) celebrated the 50th anniversary of its founding (Feb. 7, 1958). During its existence the ...
Darqāwā
▪ Ṣūfī order       brotherhood of Ṣūfīs (Muslim mystics) founded at the end of the 18th century by Mawlāy al-ʿArbī ad-Darqāwī (c. 1737–1823) in Morocco. ...
Darquier de Pellepoix, Louis
▪ French politician born Dec. 19, 1897, Cahors, Fr. died 1945?       French politician who was notorious as an anti-Semite and collaborator with Nazi ...
Darracq, Alexandre
▪ French manufacturer born Nov. 10, 1855, Bordeaux, Fr. died 1931, Monaco       French automobile manufacturer, one of the first to plan mass production of motor ...
Darragh, Lydia Barrington
▪ American war heroine née  Lydia Barrington  born 1729, Dublin, Ire. died Dec. 28, 1789, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American Revolutionary War heroine who is ...
Darren
/dar"euhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Darrow
/dar"oh/, n. Clarence (Seward), 1857-1938, U.S. lawyer, lecturer, and author. * * *
Darrow, Clarence
▪ American lawyer born April 18, 1857, near Kinsman, Ohio, U.S. died March 13, 1938, Chicago  lawyer whose work as defense counsel in many dramatic criminal trials earned ...
Darrow, Clarence (Seward)
born April 18, 1857, near Kinsman, Ohio, U.S. died March 13, 1938, Chicago, Ill. U.S. lawyer and orator. He attended law school for only one year before being admitted to the ...
Darrow, Whitney, Jr.
▪ 2000       American cartoonist who published more than 1,500 cartoons in The New Yorker magazine from 1933 to 1982 (b. Aug. 22, 1909, Princeton, N.J.—d. Aug. 10, ...
Darrow,Clarence Seward
Dar·row (dărʹō), Clarence Seward. 1857-1938. American lawyer known for his highly publicized defense of so-called lost causes, such as the Leopold-Loeb murder case (1924) ...
Darryl F Zanuck
➡ Zanuck * * *
Darryl Francis Zanuck
➡ Zanuck * * *
darshan
/dahr"sheuhn/; Seph. Heb. /dahrdd shahn"/; Ashk. Heb. /dahrdd"sheuhn/, n., pl. darshanim Seph. Heb. /dahrdd'shah neem"/; Ashk. Heb. /dahrdd shaw"nim/, darshans. Judaism. a ...
darshana
/dur"sheuh neuh/, n. Hinduism. any of the six principal systems of philosophy. [ < Skt darsana act of seeing] * * *
dart
—dartingly, adv. —dartingness, n. /dahrt/, n. 1. a small, slender missile that is pointed at one end and usually feathered at the other and is propelled by hand, as in the ...
dart teams
➡ darts * * *
Dart, Raymond A.
▪ Australian anthropologist in full  Raymond Arthur Dart  born February 4, 1893, Toowong, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia died November 22, 1988, Johannesburg, South ...
Dart, Raymond Arthur
born Feb. 4, 1893, Toowong, Brisbane, Queen., Austl. died Nov. 22, 1988, Johannesburg, S.Af. Australian-born South African physical anthropologist and paleontologist. In 1924, ...
Dart, Thurston
▪ British musician born Sept. 3, 1921, London, Eng. died March 6, 1971, London       English musicologist, harpsichordist, and conductor.       A specialist in ...
dartboard
/dahrt"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. the target used in the game of darts. [1900-05; DART + BOARD] * * *
darter
/dahr"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that darts or moves swiftly. 2. anhinga. 3. any of several small, darting, freshwater fishes of the perch family, inhabiting streams of ...
Dartford
Dart·ford (därtʹfərd) A municipal borough of southeast England east-southeast of London. The Peasants' Revolt led by Wat Tyler began here in June 1381. Population: ...
Dartington
a centre for arts and country crafts in and around Dartington Hall, a large 14th-century house in Devon in south-west England. It was started in the 1920s. Until 1987 there was ...
dartle
/dahr"tl/, v.t., v.i., dartled, dartling. to dart or shoot forth repeatedly. [1850-55; DART + -LE] * * *
Dartmoor
/dahrt"moor, -mawr, -mohr/, n. 1. a rocky plateau in SW England, in Devonshire. ab. 20 mi. (30 km) long. 2. a prison on this plateau. 3. one of an English breed of sheep having ...
Dartmoor ponies
➡ Dartmoor * * *
Dartmoor prison
➡ Dartmoor * * *
Dartmouth
/dahrt"meuhth/, n. 1. a coastal city in S Nova Scotia, in SE Canada, on Halifax harbor, across from Halifax. 65,341. 2. a city in SE Massachusetts. 23,966. * * * (as used in ...
Dartmouth College
Private institution of higher learning in Hanover, N.H., a traditional member of the Ivy League. It is consistently ranked as one of the best liberal arts colleges in the U.S. ...
Dartmouth College case
formally Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward Case in which the U.S. Supreme Court held (1819) that the charter of Dartmouth College, granted in 1769 by King George III, ...
Dartmouth, George Legge, 1st Baron
▪ British admiral born 1647/48 died Oct. 25, 1691, London       British admiral and commander in chief who is best known for his service during the reigns of Charles II ...
Dartmouth, William Legge, 2nd earl of, Viscount Lewisham, Baron Dartmouth of Dartmouth
▪ British statesman born June 20, 1731 died July 15, 1801, Blackheath, Kent, England       British statesman who played a significant role in the events leading to the ...
darts
Darts is a popular indoor game, often played in British pubs and working men’s clubs. Players throw small steel darts with feathers or plastic flights attached to one end at a ...
Daru
▪ island, Papua New Guinea       port and small island, southwestern Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Daru Island is located in the Gulf of Papua near the ...
Daru, Pierre-Antoine, Comte
▪ French military administrator born January 12, 1767, Montpellier, France died September 5, 1829, Meulan       French military administrator and organizer during the ...
daruma
/deuh rooh"meuh/; Japn. /dah rddooh"mah/, n. a large red papier-mâché Japanese doll in the form of a seated potbellied Buddhist monk: considered a bringer of luck and ...
Darvon
/dahr"von/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of propoxyphene. * * *
Darvon Compound
Pharm., Trademark. a combination of Darvon, phenacetin, aspirin, and caffeine used chiefly in the treatment of pain. * * *
Darwin
/dahr"win/, n. 1. Charles (Robert), 1809-82, English naturalist and author. 2. his grandfather, Erasmus, 1731-1802, English naturalist and poet. 3. a seaport in and the capital ...
Darwin Rise
▪ geological feature, Pacific Ocean       submarine topographic rise underlying a vast area of the western and central Pacific, corresponding in location to a large ...
Darwin tulip
a class of tulips having a tall stem and broad, bright-colored flowers with a flat, rectangular base. [1885-90; named after C. R. DARWIN] * * *
Darwin's finch
or Galápagos finch Any of 14 species (in three genera) of songbirds (family Fringillidae) whose adaptations to several ecological niches in the Galápagos Islands and Cocos ...
Darwin's frog
▪ frog       (Rhinoderma darwinii), a small Argentinian and Chilean frog that is one of the few species in the family Rhinodermatidae. Charles Darwin discovered the frog ...
Darwin, Charles
▪ British naturalist Introduction in full  Charles Robert Darwin  born February 12, 1809, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England died April 19, 1882, Downe, Kent  English ...
Darwin, Charles (Robert)
born Feb. 12, 1809, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng. died April 19, 1882, Downe, Kent British naturalist. The grandson of Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood, he studied medicine at ...
Darwin, Erasmus
born Dec. 12, 1731, Elston Hall, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died April 18, 1802, Derby, Derbyshire British physician, grandfather of Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. A freethinker ...
Darwin, Sir George
▪ British astronomer born July 9, 1845, Downe, Kent, England died December 7, 1912, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  English astronomer who championed the theory that the Moon was ...
Darwin,Charles Robert
Darwin, Charles Robert. 1809-1882. British naturalist who revolutionized the study of biology with his theory of evolution based on natural selection. His most famous works ...
Darwin,Erasmus
Darwin, Erasmus. 1731-1802. British physician, scientist, reformer, and poet whose Zoonomia (1794-1796) anticipated the evolutionary theories of his grandson Charles. * * *
Darwinian
/dahr win"ee euhn/, adj. 1. (sometimes l.c.) pertaining to Charles Darwin or his doctrines. n. 2. a follower of Charles Darwin; a person who accepts or advocates ...
Darwinian fitness
fitness (def. 3). * * *
Darwinian theory
Darwinian theory n. Darwin's theory of evolution, which holds that all species of plants and animals developed from earlier forms by hereditary transmission of slight variations ...
Darwinism
—Darwinist, Darwinite /dahr"weuh nuyt'/, n., adj. —Darwinistic, adj. /dahr"weuh niz'euhm/, n. the Darwinian theory that species originate by descent, with variation, from ...
Darwinist
See Darwinism. * * *
Darwinistic
See Darwinist. * * *
Darwish, Mahmud
▪ 2009       Palestinian poet born March 13, 1942, Birwa, British Palestine [now in Israel] died Aug. 9, 2008, Houston, Texas gave voice to the struggles of the ...
Daryā-e Nūr
▪ diamond       largest and finest diamond in the crown jewels of Iran. A pale-pink, tablet-shaped stone weighing about 185 carats, it is from Golconda, Andhra Pradesh, ...
Darʿā
▪ Syria also spelled  Derʿā,  Greek  Edrei         town, southwestern Syria. Darʿā, which is the chief town of the Ḥawrān (a region of southwestern Syria), ...
das
/das, dahs/, n., pl. dases, dasses. hyrax. [ < Afrik; cf. D, MD das badger, c. G Dachs; cf. Norw svintoks] * * *
Das Kapital
Ger. /dahs kah'pi tahl"/ a work (1867) by Karl Marx, dealing with economic, social, and political relations within society and containing the tenets on which modern communism is ...
Das, Chitta Ranjan
▪ Indian political leader born , Nov. 5, 1870, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India died June 16, 1925, Darjeeling [now Darjiling]  politician and leader of the Swaraj ...
Dasam Granth
▪ Sikh writings       collection of writings attributed to Gurū Gobind Singh, the tenth and last spiritual leader of the Sikhs, a religious group in India. Dasam ...
Daschle, Tom
▪ 2002       On June 6, 2001, the U.S. Senate passed from Republican to Democratic control, and Tom Daschle of South Dakota became the new majority leader. The shift ...
DASD
/dayz"dee/, n. Computers. an external storage device, as a magnetic disk storage unit, in which the access mechanism and storage medium can be positioned directly at the ...
Dasehra
/dus"euhr euh/, n. a Hindu festival symbolizing the triumph of good over evil, celebrated for ten days in October. Also, Dasahara /dus'euh hur"euh/. Also called Durga Puja. [ < ...
dash
dash1 /dash/, v.t. 1. to strike or smash violently, esp. so as to break to pieces: He dashed the plate into smithereens against the wall. 2. to throw or thrust violently or ...
dash light
Auto. a light built into the dashboard of an automobile for the purpose of illuminating the gauges and accessories. * * *
Dash, Samuel
▪ 2005       American lawyer (b. Feb. 27, 1925, Camden, N.J.—d. May 29, 2004, Washington, D.C.), had a more than 50-year-long career, including about 40 years as a ...
dashboard
/dash"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. 1. (in an automobile or similar vehicle) a panel beneath the front window having various gauges and accessories for the use of the driver; instrument ...
dashed
dashed1 /dasht/, adj. made up of dashes: a dashed line down the middle of the road. [1640-50; DASH1 + -ED2] dashed2 —dashedly /dash"id lee/, adv. /dasht/, adj., adv. Chiefly ...
dasheen
/da sheen"/, n. the taro plant, Colocasia esculenta, native to tropical Asia, now cultivated in the southern U.S. for its edible tubers. [1895-1900; repr. F de Chine of China] * ...
dasher
/dash"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that dashes. 2. a kind of plunger with paddles at one end, for stirring and mixing liquids or semisolids in a churn, ice-cream freezer, or ...
dasher block
Naut. See jewel block. * * *
dashi
da·shi (däʹshē) n. A clear soup stock, usually with a fish or vegetable base.   [Japanese, broth.] * * *
Dashiell Hammett
➡ Hammett * * *
dashiki
/deuh shee"kee, dah-/, n., pl. dashikis. a loose, often colorfully patterned, pullover garment originating in Africa and worn chiefly by men. Also, daishiki. [ < Yoruba ...
dashing
—dashingly, adv. /dash"ing/, adj. 1. energetic and spirited; lively: a dashing hero. 2. elegant and gallant in appearance and manner: a dashing young cavalry officer. 3. showy; ...
dashingly
See dashing. * * *
Dashkova, Yekaterina Romanovna Vorontsova, Knyaginya
▪ Russian princess born March 28 [March 17, old style], 1743/44, St. Petersburg died January 16 [January 4, O.S.], 1810, near Moscow  associate of Empress Catherine II the ...
dashpot
/dash"pot'/, n. a device for cushioning, damping, or reversing the motion of a piece of machinery, consisting of a cylinder in which a piston operates to create a pressure or ...
Dasht-e-Kavir
Dasht-e-Kavir [däsh΄tē kə vir′] large salt-desert plateau in NC Iran: c. 18,000 sq mi (46,620 sq km) * * * Dasht-e-Ka·vir (dăshtʹē-kə-vîrʹ, däshtʹē-kä-vîrʹ) ...
Dasht-e-Lut
Dasht-e-Lut [däsh΄tē lo͞ot′] vast desert region of central and SE Iran, extending southward from the Dasht-e-Kavir * * * Dasht-e-Lut (däsht'ē-lo͞otʹ) A sand and ...
Dasht-i-Kavir
/dahsht"ee kah veerdd"/; Eng. /dahsht'ee keuh vear"/, n. a salt desert in N central Iran. 200 mi. (320 km) wide. ab. 18,000 sq. mi. (46,620 sq. km). Also called Kavir Desert, ...
Dasht-i-Lut
/dahsht'ee looht"/, n. a desert in E central Iran. 200 mi. (320 km) long; 100 mi. (160 km) wide. ab. 20,000 sq. mi. (52,000 sq. km). Also called Lut Desert. * * *
dashy
/dash"ee/, adj., dashier, dashiest. showy; stylish; dashing. [1815-25; DASH1 + -Y1] * * *
daśnāmī sannyāsin
▪ Hinduism       Hindu Śaiva ascetic who belongs to one of the 10 orders (daśnāmī, “ten names”) established by the philosopher Śaṅkara in the 8th century AD ...
Dass, Petter
▪ Norwegian poet born 1647, Nord Herøy, near Alstahaug, Norway died 1707, Alstahaug       Norwegian poet who, in an age of pedantry and artifice, stands out among his ...
Dassault Industries
▪ French company       French company with major aerospace-related subsidiaries specializing in the production of military and civil aircraft; computer-based design, ...
Dassault, Marcel
orig. Marcel Bloch born Jan. 22, 1892, Paris, France died April 18, 1986, Paris French aircraft designer and industrialist. He designed aircraft during World War I, and in ...
dassie
/das"ee, dah"see/, n. hyrax. [1780-90; < Afrik, dim. of das; see DAS] * * *
dassie rat
▪ rodent       a medium-sized rodent adapted to life among rocky outcrops in the desert hills and plateaus of southwestern Africa. The dassie rat weighs 170 to 300 ...
Dassin
/das"in, da sin"/; Fr. /dann saonn"/, n. Jules /joohlz/; Fr. /zhyuul/, born 1911, French motion-picture director, born in the U.S. * * *
Dassin, Jules
▪ 2009 Julius Dassin        American film director born Dec. 18, 1911, Middletown, Conn. died March 31, 2008, Athens, Greece was a master of film noir and perhaps best ...
dassn't
/das"euhnt/, Chiefly Northern U.S. contraction of dare not. Also, dasn't. * * *
dast
/dast/, v.i. Older Use. dare (def. 1). * * *
dastard
/das"teuhrd/, n. 1. a mean, sneaking coward. adj. 2. of or befitting a dastard; mean, sneaky, and cowardly. [1400-50; late ME < ?.] * * *
dastardliness
See dastardly. * * *
dastardly
—dastardliness, n. /das"teuhrd lee/, adj. cowardly; meanly base; sneaking: a dastardly act. [1560-70; DASTARD + -LY] * * *
dastgāh
▪ Persian music Persian“pattern” or “set of directions”       any of the principal modes (mode) of the art music of Persian-speaking areas, used as the basis ...
dastur
/deuh stoor"/, n. a Parsee chief priest. Also, dustoor, dustour. [1885-90; < Pers dastur] * * *
Dasvant
▪ Indian painter flourished 16th century, India       a leading Indian Mughal (Mughal painting) artist, cited by Abu al-Faḍl ʿAllāmī, the historiographer of the ...
dasy-
a combining form meaning "hairy," "shaggy," "dense," used in the formation of compound words: dasyphyllous. [ < Gk, comb. form repr. dasýs; see DENSE] * * *
dasymeter
/da sim"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for determining the density of a gas. [1870-75; DASY- + -METER] * * *
dasyphyllous
/das'euh fil"euhs/, adj. Bot. having very hairy leaves. [DASY- + -PHYLLOUS] * * *
Dasyu
/dus"yooh/, n. Hinduism. a member of the Asuras, survivors of the ancient culture of Harappa: defeated by Indra. [ < Skt dasyu] * * * ▪ people Sanskrit  dāsa ...
dasyure
—dasyurine /das'i yoor"uyn, -in/, adj. —dasyuroid, adj., n. /das"ee yoor'/, n. 1. any of several nocturnal, carnivorous marsupials of the genus Dasyurus and related genera, ...
dasyurid
▪ marsupial  any member of a family (Dasyuridae) of marsupial mammals that includes the native cats, marsupial mice and rats, and their allies. All of the approximately 50 ...
Daszyński, Ignacy
▪ Polish statesman born Oct. 26, 1866, Zbaraż, Galicia, [now Zbarazh, Ukraine] died Oct. 31, 1936, Bystra, near Cieszyn, Poland  Polish socialist leader and patriot who was ...
DAT
digital audiotape. * * *
dat.
dative. * * *
data
/day"teuh, dat"euh, dah"teuh/, n. 1. a pl. of datum. 2. (used with a pl. v.) individual facts, statistics, or items of information: These data represent the results of our ...
data bank
1. a fund of information on a particular subject or group of related subjects, usually stored in and used via a computer system. 2. database. Also, databank. [1965-70] * * *


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