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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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/klaw det"/; Fr. /kloh det"/, n. a female given name, form of Claudia. * * *
/klaw"dee euh/, n. a female given name: from a Roman family name meaning "lame." * * *
▪ Roman author Latin in full  Claudius Claudianus   born c. 370, , Alexandria died c. 404, , Rome       last important poet of the classical tradition. Coming to ...
/klaw'di kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a limp or a lameness. 2. leg weakness associated with circulation difficulties, relieved by rest. [1375-1425; late ME < L claudication- (s. of ...
/klaw deen"/; Fr. /kloh deen"/, n. a female given name, form of Claudia. * * *
Claudius [klô′dē əs] 1. Claudius I (Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus) 10 B.C. -A.D. 54; Rom. emperor (41-54) 2. Claudius II (Marcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus) A.D. ...
Claudius Caecus, Appius
flourished 3rd century BC Roman statesman and legal reformer. Elected censor, Appius extended the rights of the sons of freedmen and the landless. He completed the Aqua Appia, ...
Claudius I
/klaw"dee euhs/ 10 B.C.-A.D. 54, Roman emperor A.D. 41-54. * * *
Claudius II
("Gothicus") A.D. 214-270, Roman emperor 268-270. * * *
Claudius II Gothicus
▪ Roman emperor in full  Marcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus  born May 214, Dardania, Moesia Superior died 270, Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior       Roman emperor in ...
Claudius Pulcher, Appius
▪ Roman politician [died circa 130 BC] died c. 130 BC       Roman politician, father-in-law of the agrarian reformer Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus. Claudius served on ...
Claudius Pulcher, Publius
▪ Roman commander died before 246, BC       son of Appius Claudius Caecus and commander of the fleet that suffered the only serious Roman naval defeat of the First ...
Claudius Sabinus Inregillensis, Appius
▪ Roman statesman flourished late 6th and early 5th centuries BC       traditional founder of the Claudii, one of the most distinguished gentes (“clans”) of ancient ...
Claudius, Matthias
▪ German author born Aug. 15, 1740, Reinfeld, Holstein died Jan. 21, 1815, Hamburg       German poet, most notable for Der Mond ist aufgegangen (“The Moon Has ...
I. Claudius1, Appius. In full Appius Claudius Crassus.fl. fifth century B.C. Roman decemvir (451-449) whose actions provoked a plebian revolt and the overthrow of the ...
Clau·di·us I (klôʹdē-əs), In full Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus. 10 B.C.-A.D. 54. Emperor of Rome (A.D. 41-54) who became ruler after Caligula was murdered. He ...
Claudius II, In full Marcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus. A.D. 214-270. Emperor of Rome (268-270) who defeated the Goths in 269. * * *
/klawkht, klahkht/, v. a pt. of cleek. * * *
(as used in expressions) Santa Claus Claus Detlef Sierck Sluter Claus * * *
Claus, Hugo
▪ Belgian writer born April 5, 1929, Brugge, Belg. died March 19, 2008, Antwerp       Belgian poet, novelist, playwright, screenwriter, director, and painter, renowned ...
Claus, Hugo Maurice Julien
▪ 2009       Belgian novelist, playwright, and poet born April 5, 1929, Bruges, Belg. died March 19, 2008, Antwerp, Belg. was a towering figure in Belgian literature ...
Claus, Prince
▪ 2003 Claus Georg Wilhelm Otto Friedrich Gerd von Amsberg        German-born Dutch royal (b. Sept. 6, 1926, Dötzingen, Ger.—d. Oct. 6, 2002, Amsterdam, Neth.), was ...
clausal [klôz′əl] adj. of or constituting a clause * * * See clause. * * *
—clausal, adj. /klawz/, n. 1. Gram. a syntactic construction containing a subject and predicate and forming part of a sentence or constituting a whole simple sentence. 2. a ...
Clause 28
(in British law) section 28 of the Local Government Act (1988), which makes it illegal for local government authorities to present homosexuality in a favourable way. There was ...
Clause 4
(in Britain) a part of the original constitution of the Labour Party. It states that the Party will try to increase the number of nationalized industries. Many members of the ...
/klow"zeuh vits/, n. Karl von /kahrddl feuhn/, 1780-1831, German military officer and author of books on military science. * * *
Clausewitz, Carl (Philipp Gottlieb) von
born June 1, 1780, Burg, near Magdeburg, Prussia died Nov. 16, 1831, Breslau, Silesia Prussian general and author. Born to a poor middle-class professional family, he joined ...
Clausewitz, Carl von
▪ Prussian general Introduction in full  Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Clausewitz  born June 1, 1780, Burg, near Magdeburg, Prussia [Germany] died Nov. 16, 1831, Breslau, ...
Clausewitz,Karl von
Clau·se·witz (klouʹzə-vĭts), Karl von. 1780-1831. Prussian army officer and military theorist who proposed the doctrines of total war and war as an instrument of policy. ...
/klow"zee euhs/, n. Rudolf Julius Emanuel /rooh"dolf joohl"yeuhs i man"yooh euhl/; Ger. /rddooh"dawlf yooh"lee oos' ay mah"nooh el'/, 1822-88, German mathematical physicist: ...
Clausius cycle
/klaw"zee euhs, klow"-/, Thermodynam. See Rankine cycle. * * *
Clausius, Rudolf
▪ German mathematician and physicist born January 2, 1822, Köslin, Prussia died August 24, 1888, Bonn  German mathematical physicist who formulated the second law of ...
Clau·si·us (klouʹzē-o͝os), Rudolf. 1822-1888. German mathematician and physicist noted for his contributions to the laws of thermodynamics. * * *
Claussen, Sophus
▪ Danish poet born September 12, 1865, Helletoft, Island of Langeland, Denmark died April 11, 1931, Gentofte       one of Scandinavia's foremost lyric poets. He was ...
/klow"steuh luyt'/, n. a rare mineral, lead selenide, PbSe, occurring in grayish, granular crystals that have a metallic luster. [named after Clausthal-Zellerfeld, mining city in ...
/klaw"streuhl/, adj. cloistral; cloisterlike. [1400-50; late ME < LL claustralis, equiv. to claustr(um) bolt, barrier (see CLAUSTRUM) + -alis -AL1] * * *
/klaw"streuh fohb'/, n. a person who suffers from claustrophobia. [see CLAUSTROPHOBIA, -PHOBE] * * *
/klaw'streuh foh"bee euh/, n. an abnormal fear of being in enclosed or narrow places. [1875-80; < L claustr(um) bolt (see CLAUSTRUM) + -O- + -PHOBIA] * * *
—claustrophobically, adv. /klaw'streuh foh"bik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or suffering from claustrophobia. 2. tending to induce claustrophobia: a small, airless, claustrophobic ...
See claustrophobic. * * *
/klaw"streuhm, klow"-/, n., pl. claustra /klaw"streuh, klow"-/. Anat. barrier. [1840-50; < NL; L: bolt, barrier, equiv. to claud(ere) to CLOSE, shut + -trum instrumental suffix; ...
—clausular, adj. /klaw"zheuh leuh/, n., pl. clausulae /-lee'/. Music. an ornamented cadence esp. in early Renaissance music. [ < L: a closing, conclusion, equiv. to claus(us) ...
Clauzel, Bertrand, Comte
▪ marshal of France Clauzel also spelled  Clausel   born Dec. 12, 1772, Mirepoix, Fr. died April 21, 1842, Secourrieu, Haute-Garonne  marshal of France and governor of ...
—claval, adj. /klay"veuh, klah"-/, n., pl. clavae /klay"vee, klah"vuy/. Entomol. the two or more enlarged distal segments that form the bulbous end of a clavate antenna. [ < LL ...
/klav"euh sin/, n. Pharm. patulin. [1942; < NL clava(tus) short for Aspergillus clavatus, species of fungus found to produce the substance (see CLAVATE) + -cin, as in ...
—clavately, adv. /klay"vayt/, adj. club-shaped; claviform. [1655-65; < NL clavatus, equiv. to LL clav(a) club + -atus -ATE1] * * *
See clavate. * * *
clave1 /klayv/, v. Archaic. pt. of cleave. clave2 /klah"vay/, n. one of a pair of wooden sticks or blocks that are held one in each hand and are struck together to accompany ...
Clavell, James
▪ 1995       British-born U.S. novelist (b. Oct. 10, 1924, Sydney, Australia—d. Sept. 6, 1994, Vevey, Switz.), used his gifts as a storyteller to create long, richly ...
/klay"veuhr, klah"-/, n. Scot. and North Eng. idle talk; gossip. [1680-90; orig. uncert.] * * *
▪ musical instrument       percussion instrument, a pair of cylindrical hardwood sticks about 8 inches (20 centimetres) long and one inch (2 1/2 centimetres) in ...
—clavicembalist, n. /klav'i chem"beuh loh'/, n., pl. clavicembali /-lee'/. a harpsichord. [1730-40; < It < ML clavicymbalum, equiv. to L clavi(s) key + cymbalum CYMBAL] * * *
—clavichordist, n. /klav"i kawrd'/, n. an early keyboard instrument producing a soft sound by means of metal blades attached to the inner ends of the keys gently striking the ...
See clavichord. * * *
—clavicular /kleuh vik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. —claviculate /kleuh vik"yeuh layt'/, adj. /klav"i keuhl/, n. Anat., Zool. 1. a bone of the pectoral arch. 2. (in humans) either of ...
/klav"i kawrn'/, adj. 1. having club-shaped antennae, as many beetles of the group Clavicornia. 2. belonging or pertaining to the group Clavicornia. n. 3. a clavicorn ...
See clavicle. * * *
See clavicular. * * *
/klav'euh suy thear"ee euhm/, n., pl. clavicytheria /-thear"ee euh/. an upright harpsichord. [1505-15; clavi- < ML clavis key + cytherium, for L citara KITHARA] * * * ▪ ...
clavier1 /kleuh vear", klav"ee euhr, klay"vee-/, n. the keyboard of a musical instrument. [1700-10; < F: keyboard, in OF, keyholder, equiv. to L clavi(s) key + -ier ...
/klav"euh fawrm'/, adj. club-shaped; clavate. [1810-20; < LL clav(a) club + -I- + -FORM] * * *
Clavijo y Fajardo, José
▪ Spanish author born 1730, Lanzarote, Spain died 1806, Madrid       Spanish naturalist and man of letters known for his campaign against public performance of the ...
/klav"euh leuh/, n., pl. clavolae /-lee'/. Entomol. 1. the terminal, enlarged, usually club-shaped portion of a capitate, lamellate, or clavate antenna. 2. flagellum (def. 3). [ ...
/klay"veuhs, klah"-/, n., pl. clavi /-vuy, -vee/. 1. Psychiatry. an intense headache in which the pain is likened to one that would be produced by a sharp object driven into the ...
—clawer, n. —clawless, adj. /klaw/, n. 1. a sharp, usually curved, nail on the foot of an animal, as on a cat, dog, or bird. 2. a similar curved process at the end of the leg ...
claw bar
a crowbar or lever having a bend at one end with a claw for pulling spikes. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
claw foot
1. a foot with claws. 2. a representation of the claws of an animal or bird, esp. on the foot of a piece of furniture. 3. a pathological distortion of the human foot, consisting ...
claw hammer
—clawhammer, adj. 1. a hammer having a head with one end curved and cleft for pulling out nails. See illus. under hammer. 2. Informal. a dress coat. [1760-70] * * *
claw-and-ball foot
/klaw"euhn bawl"/, Furniture. See ball-and-claw foot. [1900-05] * * *
/klawd/, adj. having claws (sometimes used in combination): sharp-clawed. [1250-1300; ME claued. See CLAW, -ED3] * * *
clawed frog
▪ amphibian also called  African Clawed Frog    (genus Xenopus), any member of 6 to 14 species of tongueless, aquatic African frogs (family Pipidae) having small black ...
See claw foot. * * *
claw foot n. pl. claw feet The foot of a piece of furniture designed to resemble an animal's foot and claws.   clawʹfoot or clawʹfoot·ed adj. * * *
See clawfoot. * * *
claw hammer PhotoDisc, Inc. n. 1. A hammer having a head with one end forked for removing nails. 2. Informal. A tailcoat. * * *
claw hatchet n. A hatchet having one end of the head forked. * * *
/klaw"seuhn/, n. a city in SE Michigan. 15,103. * * *
/klak"seuhn/, n. klaxon. [naturalized English spelling] * * *
Claxton, Laurence
▪ English religious leader Claxton also spelled  Clarkson   born 1615, Preston, Lancashire, Eng. died 1667, London       preacher and pamphleteer, leader of the ...
clay1 —claylike, adj. /klay/, n. 1. a natural earthy material that is plastic when wet, consisting essentially of hydrated silicates of aluminum: used for making bricks, ...
/klay/, n. 1. Bertha M. (Charlotte Monica Braeme), 1836-84, English author: originator of a long series of romantic novels. 2. Cassius Marcellus, 1810-1903, U.S. antislavery ...
clay court
an outdoor tennis court having a clay surface. Cf. grass court, hard court. [1915-20] * * *
clay eater
Usually Disparaging. (in the South Atlantic States) a poor, uneducated person from a rural area. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
clay flour
Ceram. dried and pulverized clay. * * *
clay mineral
any of a group of hydrous aluminum silicate minerals, as kaolinite, illite, and montmorillonite, that constitute the major portion of most clays. [1945-50] * * * Any of a group ...
clay mineralogy
▪ science       the scientific discipline concerned with all aspects of clay minerals, including their properties, composition, classification, crystal structure, and ...
clay pigeon
1. Trapshooting, Skeet. a disk of baked clay or other material hurled into the air from a trap as a target. 2. Slang. a person in a situation likely to be taken advantage of by ...
clay stone
Geol. argillite. Also, claystone. [1770-80] * * *
Clay, Cassius Marcellus
born Oct. 19, 1810, Madison county, Ky., U.S. died July 22, 1903, Whitehall, Ky. U.S. abolitionist and politician. The son of a slaveholder and a relative of Henry Clay, he was ...
Clay, Henry
born April 12, 1777, Hanover county, Va., U.S. died June 29, 1852, Washington, D.C. U.S. politician. He practiced law from 1797 in Virginia and then in Kentucky, where he ...
Clay, Lucius D
▪ American general born April 23, 1897, Marietta, Ga., U.S. died April 16, 1978, Cape Cod, Mass.  U.S. Army officer who became the first director of civilian affairs in ...
Clay, Lucius D(uBignon)
born April 23, 1897, Marietta, Ga., U.S. died April 16, 1978, Cape Cod, Mass. U.S. army officer. After graduating from West Point, he served in various military engineering ...
Clay,Cassius Marcellus
I. Clay1 (klā), Cassius Marcellus. 1810-1903. American abolitionist and public official who was minister to Russia (1861-1862 and 1863-1869).   II. Clay2 (klā), Cassius ...
Clay, Henry. Known as “the Great Compromiser.” 1777-1852. American politician who pushed the Missouri Compromise through the U.S. House of Representatives (1820) in an effort ...
Clay,Lucius DuBignon
Clay, Lucius DuBignon. 1897-1978. American army officer who commanded U.S. forces in Germany (1945-1949) and oversaw the Berlin airlift (1948). * * *
clay-colored robin
/klay"kul'euhrd/. See under robin1 (def. 3). * * *
clay-colored sparrow
a sparrow, Spizella pallida, of the interior of North America, having buff, brown, and white plumage with a pale-gray breast. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
clay-pigeon shooting
➡ field sports * * *
/klay"bangk'/, n. 1. a dull yellow color; dun; brownish-yellow. 2. a horse of this color [1745-55; CLAY1 + BANK1] * * *
/klay"bawrn, -beuhrn/, n. a male given name. * * *
/klay"ee/, adj., clayier, clayiest. 1. covered or smeared with clay. 2. like or resembling clay. 3. full of or abounding in clay. Also, clayish. [bef. 1050; ME cleii, OE claeig; ...
See clayey. * * *
Claymation [klā mā′shən] trademark for a process of photographing a kind of animated cartoon using three-dimensional clay puppet figures n. any process of film animation ...
clay mineral n. Any of various hydrous silicates that have a fine crystalline structure and are components of clay. * * *
/klay"mawr', -mohr'/, n. 1. a two-handed sword with a double-edged blade, used by Scottish Highlanders in the 16th century. 2. a Scottish broadsword with a basket hilt. [1765-75; ...
claymore mine
Mil. an antipersonnel mine designed to produce a direction-guided, fan-shaped pattern of fragments. [1965-70; perh. after CLAYMORE] * * *
claymore mine n. A lens-shaped, ground-emplaced antipersonnel mine whose blast is focused in the direction of the oncoming enemy. * * *
/klay"pan'/, n. 1. hardpan (def. 1). 2. Australian. a shallow, normally dry depression in the ground that holds water after a heavy rain. [1830-40, Amer.; CLAY1 + PAN1] * * *
clay pigeon n. A clay disk thrown as a flying target for skeet and trapshooting. Also called bird. * * *
claystone [klā′stōn΄] n. 1. rock consisting of hardened clay 2. a hard concretionary body often found in clay deposits: Sometimes written clay stone * * * ▪ ...
/klayt"n/, n. 1. John Middleton, 1796-1856, U.S. jurist and politician: senator 1829-36, 1845-49, 1853-56; Secretary of State 1849-50. 2. a city in E Missouri, near St. Louis. ...
Clayton Antitrust Act
an act of Congress in 1914 supplementing the Sherman Antitrust Act and establishing the FTC. * * * ▪ United States [1914]       law enacted in 1914 by the United States ...
Clayton fern.
See interrupted fern. * * *
Clayton, Buck
▪ American musician byname of  Wilbur Dorsey Clayton   born Nov. 12, 1911, Parsons, Kan., U.S. died Dec. 8, 1991, New York, N.Y.  African-American jazz musician who was ...
Clayton, Jack
▪ 1996       British motion-picture director whose nine films ranged from the social realism of Room at the Top to the psychological ghost story The Innocents (b. March ...
Clayton, John Middleton
born July 24, 1796, Dagsboro, Del., U.S. died Nov. 9, 1856, Dover, Del. U.S. politician. He served as Delaware's secretary of state (1826–28) and chief justice (1837). He ...
Clayton,John Middleton
Clay·ton (klātʹn), John Middleton. 1796-1856. American public official who as secretary of state (1849-1850) negotiated the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty with Great Britain (1850), ...
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
/klayt"n bool"weuhr/ an agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain in 1850 guaranteeing that any canal built to connect the Atlantic and Pacific across Central America would be ...
/klay toh"nee euh/, n. any of the low, succulent plants constituting the genus Claytonia of the purslane family, having basal leaves and long clusters of white or rose-colored ...
Clayton–Bulwer Treaty
▪ United States-United Kingdom [1850]       compromise agreement (signed April 19, 1850) designed to harmonize contending British and U.S. interests in Central America. ...
Ancient Ionian Greek city, Anatolia. Founded on the mainland, the city was subsequently moved to a nearby island. Part of the Ionian Dodecapolis, it was known for its painted ...
cld abbrev. 1. called 2. cleared * * *
1. Stock Exchange. (of bonds) called. 2. cleared. * * *
Cle Elum River
▪ river, Washington, United States       watercourse, central Washington, U.S., rising in the Cascade Range. The river flows generally south through Cle Elum Lake, ...
/klee"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Cleopatra. * * *
—cleanness, n. /kleen/, adj., cleaner, cleanest, adv., cleaner, cleanest, v. adj. 1. free from dirt; unsoiled; unstained: She bathed and put on a clean dress. 2. free from ...
Clean Air Act
(in Britain) any of a series of laws passed between 1956 and 1968 with the aim of making the air cleaner, especially by forbidding the burning of any fuel that produces smoke in ...
clean and jerk
Weight Lifting. a lift in which a barbell is raised from the floor to shoulder height where it is brought to rest and then, with a lunging movement by the lifter, is thrust ...
clean bill of health
1. a certificate of health attesting the lack of a contagious disease, as on a ship. 2. an assurance, as by a doctor, that one is in good health. 3. Also, clean bill. an ...
clean energy
energy, as electricity or nuclear power, that does not pollute the atmosphere when used, as opposed to coal and oil, that do. * * *
clean hands
freedom from guilt, wrongdoing, or dishonesty; innocence; guiltlessness: He came out of the bribery investigation triumphantly when it was proved that he had clean ...
clean room
a room in which contaminants such as dust are reduced to a very low level by special procedures so that operations such as the manufacture and assembly of delicate equipment or ...
clean sweep
1. an overwhelming or decisive victory, as by a political candidate who wins in all or almost all election districts. 2. the winning of all the prizes, rounds, contests, etc., in ...
/kleen"kut"/, adj. 1. having distinct, regular shape: a face with clean-cut features. 2. clearly outlined. 3. neat and wholesome: a polite, clean-cut young man. 4. unambiguously ...
—cleanhandedness, n. /kleen"han"did/, adj. free from wrongdoing; guiltless. [1720-30] * * *
/kleen"limd'/, adj. having slender, well-proportioned arms and legs: a clean-limbed athlete. [1425-75; late ME] * * *
/kleen"liv"ing/, adj. conducting one's life so as to be beyond moral reproach. [1915-20] * * *
/kleen"shay"veuhn/, adj. (of a man) having the beard and mustache shaved off. [1860-65] * * *
—cleanable, adj. /klee'neuh bil"i tee/, n. the ability to be cleaned, esp. easily or without damage: fabrics rated for their cleanability. [CLEAN + -ABILITY] * * *
See clean. * * *
cleanand jerk
clean and jerk n. A lift in weightlifting in which a weight is raised from the floor to shoulder height, held there briefly, and then pushed overhead in a rapid motion of the ...
/klee"neuhr/, n. 1. a person who cleans, esp. one whose regular occupation is cleaning offices, buildings, equipment, etc. 2. an apparatus or machine for cleaning, as a vacuum ...
cleaner tooth
Carpentry. See raker tooth. * * *
cleanhanded [klēn′han΄did] adj. blameless; innocent * * *
/klee"ning/, n. 1. an act or instance of making clean: Give the house a good cleaning. 2. Slang. an overwhelming or complete defeat, financial loss, or failure: Our team took a ...
cleaning behaviour
also called  Grooming,         self-grooming, as the action of a bird in preening its feathers, or mutual grooming as part of species behaviour, as among monkeys and ...
cleaning woman
a woman employed to sweep, mop, dust, or do general cleaning in a house, office, hotel, or the like. Also called cleaning lady. * * *
cleanlimbed [klēn′limd′] adj. having shapely limbs * * *
See cleanly. * * *
—cleanliness /klen"lee nis/, n. adj. /klen"lee/; adv. /kleen"lee/, adj., cleanlier, cleanliest, adv. adj. 1. personally neat; careful to keep or make clean: The cat is by ...
See cleanable. * * *
/kleen"owt'/, n. 1. an act of cleaning out. 2. an opening or passage giving access to a place that requires occasional cleaning, as a soil pipe. [1885-90, Amer.; n. use of v. ...
clean room n. A room that is maintained virtually free of contaminants, such as dust or bacteria, used in laboratory work and in the production of precision parts for electronic ...
—cleansable, adj. /klenz/, v., cleansed, cleansing. v.t. 1. to make clean. 2. to remove by or as if by cleaning: to cleanse sin from the soul. v.i. 3. to become clean. [bef. ...
/klen"zeuhr/, n. 1. a preparation for cleansing, as a liquid or powder for scouring sinks, bathtubs, etc., or a cream for cleaning the face. 2. a person or thing that ...
cleanshaven [klēn′shā΄vən] adj. having all the hairs shaved off * * *
cleansing tissue
a small piece of absorbent paper, used esp. for removing cleansing cream and cosmetics and also serving as a disposable handkerchief. * * *
/klee an"theez/, n. c300-232? B.C., Greek Stoic philosopher. * * * ▪ Greek philosopher born 331/330 BC, Assos in the Troad, Asia Minor died 232/231       Stoic ...
/kleen"up'/, n. 1. the act or process of cleaning up. 2. Slang. a very large profit: The company made a real cleanup on their new invention. 3. Baseball. a. the fourth position ...
—clearable, adj. —clearness, n. /klear/, adj., clearer, clearest, adv., clearer, clearest, v., n. adj. 1. free from darkness, obscurity, or cloudiness; light: a clear day. 2. ...
clear air turbulence
clear air turbulence n. turbulent air, not associated with a storm, that affects the flight of aircraft * * *
clear and present danger
the expression used by the US Supreme Court to indicate a situation in which complete freedom of speech is not a person’s legal right. No one has a right to say something that ...
clear channel
—clear-channel, adj. Radio. 1. a radio broadcast channel cleared for long-distance broadcasting during nighttime hours. 2. a broadcast channel free of undesirable ...
Clear Grits
Political movement in Canada West (now Ontario). It developed in 1849 within the Reform Party in opposition to the province's premier, Robert Baldwin, who advocated reforms that ...
clear ice
glaze ice, esp. on aircraft. * * *
clear text
plaintext. * * *
clear-air turbulence
/klear"air"/ atmospheric turbulence, sometimes severe, occurring in air devoid of clouds or other visible indicators that turbulence might be present. Abbr.: CAT [1950-55] * * ...
clear-air turbulence (klîrʹârʹ) n. Abbr. CAT Atmospheric turbulence that occurs under tranquil and cloudless conditions and subjects aircraft to strong updrafts and ...
/klear"koh'ting/, n. an automotive painting technique in which a coating of clear lacquer or other synthetic liquid is applied over the base color to enhance the shine and ...
—clear-cutness, n. /klear"kut"/ for 1, 2; /klear"kut'/ for 3-5, adj., n., v., clear-cut, clear-cutting. adj. 1. formed with or having clearly defined outlines: a face with ...
/klear"uy'/, n., pl. clear-eyes. the clary, Salvia sclarea. [1575-85; alter. by folk etym. of CLARY] * * *
/klear"uyd'/, adj. 1. having clear eyes. 2. mentally acute or perceptive; realistic; clear-sighted: a clear-eyed appraisal. [1520-30] * * *
—clear-sightedly, adv. —clear-sightedness, n. /klear"suy"tid/, adj. 1. having clear or sharp eyesight. 2. having or marked by keen perception or sound judgment: a ...
See clear-sighted. * * *
See clear-sightedly. * * *
See clear. * * *
—clearer, n. /klear"euhns/, n. 1. the act of clearing. 2. the distance between two objects; an amount of clear space: The bridge allowed a clearance of 37 feet at mean high ...
clearance sale
clearance sale n. a sale to get rid of old merchandise and make room for new * * *
➡ Highland Clearances. * * *
/klee ahr"keuhs/, n. died 401 B.C., Spartan general. * * *
/klear"kohl'/, n. size mixed with white lead, used esp. as a priming in house painting. [1815-25; < F claire colle, equiv. to claire fem. of clair CLEAR + colle < Gk kólla ...
See clearable. * * *
cleareyed [klir′īd΄] adj. 1. having clear eyes or vision 2. perceptive; thinking clearly * * *
/klear"feeld'/, n. a town in N Utah. 17,982. * * * ▪ Utah, United States       city, Davis county, northern Utah, U.S., at an altitude of 4,487 feet (1,368 metres). ...
—clearheadedly, adv. —clearheadedness, n. /klear"hed"id/, adj. having or showing an alert mind. [1700-10; CLEAR + -HEADED] * * *
See clearheaded. * * *
See clearheadedly. * * *
/klear"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that clears; the process of becoming clear. 2. a tract of land, as in a forest, that contains no trees or bushes. 3. the ...
clearing bank
n (BrE) a bank that is a member of a clearing house: an organization that arranges for payments to be made between customers of different banks. There is a single clearing house ...
clearing bath
Photog. any solution for removing material from the surface of a photographic image, as silver halide, metallic silver, or a dye or stain. * * *
clearing house
➡ clearing bank * * *
clearing loan.
See day loan. * * *
clearing mark
Navig. either of a pair of landmarks or marks on a mariner's chart lying upon a line (clearing line) along which a vessel can sail to avoid navigational hazards. * * *
clear·ing-house or clear·ing·house (klîrʹĭng-hous') n. An office where banks exchange checks and drafts and settle accounts. * * *
/klear"ing hows'/, n., pl. clearinghouses /-how'ziz/. 1. a place or institution where mutual claims and accounts are settled, as between banks. 2. a central institution or agency ...
/klear"lee/, adv. 1. in a clear manner: It is difficult to explain complex matters clearly. 2. without equivocation; decidedly: It is clearly out of the question to drop the ...
See clearable. * * *
clearsighted [klir′sīt′id] adj. 1. seeing clearly 2. perceiving, understanding, or thinking clearly clearsightedly adv. clearsightedness n. * * *
—clearstoried, adj. /klear"stawr'ee, -stohr'ee/, n., pl. clearstories. clerestory. * * *
/klear"waw'teuhr, -wot'euhr/, n. a city in W Florida. 85,450. * * * ▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1912) of Pinellas county, west-central Florida, U.S. It ...
Clearwater Mountains
a group of mountains in N Idaho. * * *
Clearwater Mountains A range of north-central Idaho between the Salmon River and the Bitterroot Range. The highest point is about 2,745 m (9,000 ft). * * *
Clearwater River 1. A river, about 209 km (130 mi) long, of northwest Saskatchewan and northeast Alberta, Canada. It joins the Athabasca River at Fort McMurray. 2. A river rising ...
/klear"way'/, n. Brit. a road on which only emergency stops are permitted. [1880-85, for an earlier sense; CLEAR + WAY1] * * *
/klear"weed'/, n. a plant, Pilea pumila, of the nettle family, having drooping, green flower clusters and smooth stems. Also called richweed. [1815-25, Amer.; CLEAR + WEED1; so ...
/klear"wing'/, n. a moth having wings mostly devoid of scales and transparent, esp. any of the family Aegeriidae, many species of which are injurious to plants. [1865-70; CLEAR + ...
clearwing moth
▪ insect also called  Wasp Moth,    any of approximately 1,000 species of moths (order Lepidoptera) that are long-legged with a slender, dark body with bright red or yellow ...
Cleary, Beverly
▪ American author née  Beverly Bunn  born April 12, 1916, McMinnville, Ore., U.S.       American children's writer whose award-winning books are lively, humorous ...
Clea·ry (klîrʹē), Beverly. Born 1916. American author of children's books. Her works include a series of humorous novels featuring Henry Huggins. * * *
/kleet/, n. 1. a wedge-shaped block fastened to a surface to serve as a check or support: He nailed cleats into the sides of the bookcase to keep the supports from slipping. 2. a ...
—cleavability, n. /klee"veuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being cleft or split. [1840-50; CLEAVE2 + -ABLE] * * *
/klee"vij/, n. 1. the act of cleaving or splitting. 2. the state of being cleft. 3. the area between a woman's breasts, esp. when revealed by a low-cut neckline. 4. a critical ...
cleave1 —cleavingly, adv. /kleev/, v.i., cleaved or (Archaic) clave; cleaved; cleaving. 1. to adhere closely; stick; cling (usually fol. by to). 2. to remain faithful (usually ...
/klee"veuhr/, n. 1. a heavy, broad-bladed knife or long-bladed hatchet, esp. one used by butchers for cutting meat into joints or pieces. 2. a person or thing that ...
Cleaver, Eldridge
▪ 1999       American author and activist (b. 1935, Wabbaseka, Ark.—d. May 1, 1998, Pomona, Calif.), was a leading member of the 1960s African-American militant group ...
/klee"veuhrz/, n., pl. cleavers. 1. a North American plant, Galium aparine, of the madder family, having short, hooked bristles on the stems and leaves and bearing very small ...
/klee"beuhrn/, n. a city in N Texas, near Fort Worth. 19,218. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, seat (1867) of Johnson county, north-central Texas, U.S. Lying ...
/kleek/, n., v., claught or cleeked or claucht, cleeked, cleeking. n. 1. Chiefly Scot. a large hook, esp. one fixed to the inside walls of a house to hold clothing, pots, or ...
(1939– ) a popular English comedy actor and writer. He became famous through two very successful television series, Monty Python’s Flying Circus and Fawlty Towers, both of ...
Cleese, John
▪ British actor in full  John Marwood Cleese  born October 27, 1939, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset [now in Avon], England       British comic actor best known for his ...
Cleese, John (Marwood)
born Oct. 27, 1939, Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, Eng. British actor and screenwriter. He wrote and performed comedy material for British television in the 1960s before helping ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, unitary authority of North East Lincolnshire, historic county of Lincolnshire, eastern England, on the south shore of the River ...
/klef/, n. Music. a symbol placed upon a staff to indicate the name and pitch of the notes corresponding to its lines and spaces. Cf. bass clef, treble clef, C clef. [1570-80; < ...
cleft1 /kleft/, n. 1. a space or opening made by cleavage; a split. 2. a division formed by cleaving. 3. a hollow area or indentation: a chin with a cleft. 4. Vet. Pathol. a ...
cleft lip
harelip. * * * ▪ congenital disorder       relatively common (one out of every 1,000 births) congenital deformity in which the central to medial lip fails to fuse ...
cleft palate
a congenital defect of the palate in which a longitudinal fissure exists in the roof of the mouth. [1840-50] * * * Fairly common congenital disorder in which a fissure forms in ...
cleft sentence
Gram. 1. a sentence in which a simpler sentence is paraphrased by being divided into two parts, each with its own verb, in order to emphasize certain information, esp. a sentence ...
cleft lip n. A congenital deformity characterized by a vertical cleft or pair of clefts in the upper lip, with or without involvement of the palate. * * *
cleft palate n. A congenital fissure in the roof of the mouth, resulting from incomplete fusion of the palate during embryonic development. It may involve only the uvula or ...
Clegg, Nick
▪ 2009 Nicholas Peter William Clegg  born Jan. 7, 1967, Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire, Eng.       In 2008 Nick Clegg, the newly elected leader of the Liberal ...
cleidocranial dysostosis
▪ medicine also called  cleidocranial dysplasia        rare congenital, hereditary disorder characterized by collarbones that are absent or reduced in size, skull ...
/kluy doh"ik/, adj. Embryol. isolated from the environment, as certain eggs enclosed within a shell or membrane. [1930-35; < Gk kleido(ûn) to lock up (v. deriv. of kleís (gen. ...
/kluys"theuh neez'/, n. active c515-c495 B.C., Athenian statesman. Also, Clisthenes. * * *
Cleisthenes of Athens
born с 570 BC died с 508 Athenian statesman and chief archon (525–524), regarded as the founder of Athenian democracy. A member of the Alcmaeonid family, he allied himself ...
Cleisthenes Of Sicyon
▪ tyrant of Sicyon Cleisthenes also spelled  Clisthenes  flourished 6th century BC       tyrant of the ancient Greek city of Sicyon. He belonged to the non-Dorian ...
a combining form meaning "closed," "capable of being closed," used in the formation of compound words: cleistogamy; cleistothecium. [comb. form repr. Gk kleistós] * * *
/kluy"steuh kahrp'/, n. Mycol. cleistothecium. Also, clistocarp. [1880-85; CLEISTO- + -CARP] * * *
/kluy'steuh kahr"peuhs/, adj. 1. Mycol. having cleistothecia. 2. Bot. having a closed capsule, as certain mosses. Also, clistocarpous. [1885-90; CLEISTO- + -CARPOUS] * * *
—cleistogamously, cleistogamically, adv. —cleistogamy, n. /kluy stog"euh meuhs/, adj. Bot. pertaining to or having pollination occurring in unopened flowers. Also, ...
See cleistogamous. * * *
cleistogamy [klīs täg′əmē] n. 〚< Gr kleistos (see CLEISTOGAMOUS) + -GAMY〛 Bot. self-pollination of certain unopened flowers * * * See cleistogamously. * * *
/kluy'steuh thee"shee euhm, -see euhm/, n., pl. cleistothecia /-shee euh, -see euh/. (in certain ascomycetous fungi) a closed, globose ascocarp from which the ascospores are ...
or Kleitias or Clitias flourished с 580–550 BC, Greece Greek vase painter and potter. An outstanding master of the Archaic period, he executed the decorations on the ...
▪ Greek philosopher also spelled  Clitomachus , original name  Hasdrubal  born 187/186 BC died 110/109       Greek philosopher, originally from Carthage, who was ...
Cleland, James
▪ British author flourished 17th century, , England       English author whose 1607 book, The Institution of a Young Nobleman, advocated an all-round rather than ...
Cleland, John
▪ British author born 1709 died Jan. 23, 1789, London       English novelist, author of the notorious Fanny Hill; or, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure.       After ...
/klem/, v.t., v.i., clemmed, clemming. Brit. Dial. to starve. [1530-40; akin to ME forclemmed (ptp.) pinched with hunger, OE beclemman to fetter] * * *
/klem/, n. a male given name, form of Clement. * * *
clemastine fumarate
/klem"euh steen' fyooh"meuh rayt'/, Pharm. an antihistamine, C25H30ClNO5, that has drying and some sedative effects, used for symptomatic relief of allergy. [perh. a ...
/klem"euh tis, kli mat"is/, n. any of numerous plants or woody vines of the genus Clematis, including many species cultivated for their showy, variously colored flowers. Cf. ...
/klem'euhn soh"/; Fr. /kle mahonn soh"/, n. Georges Eugène Benjamin /jawrj yooh jeen" ben"jeuh min, yooh"jeen/; Fr. /zhawrzh ue zhen" baonn zhann maonn"/, ("the Tiger"), ...
Clemenceau, Georges
born Sept. 28, 1841, Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France died Nov. 24, 1929, Paris French statesman and journalist. A doctor before turning to politics, he served in the Chamber of ...
Cle·men·ceau (klĕm'ən-sōʹ, klĕ-mäɴ-), Georges. 1841-1929. French politician who served as premier (1906-1909 and 1917-1920) and played a key role in negotiating the ...
/klem"euhn see/, n., pl. clemencies. 1. the quality of being clement; disposition to show forbearance, compassion, or forgiveness in judging or punishing; leniency; mercy. 2. an ...
/klem"euhnz/, n. Samuel Langhorne /lang"hawrn, -euhrn/, ("Mark Twain"), 1835-1910, U.S. author and humorist. * * * (as used in expressions) Brentano Clemens Brentano Franz ...
Clemens, (William) Roger
born Aug. 4, 1962, Dayton, Ohio, U.S. U.S. baseball pitcher. Clemens played for the Boston Red Sox (1984–96), Toronto Blue Jays (1997–1998), New York Yankees (1999–2003), ...
Clemens, Jacobus
▪ Flemish composer Clemens also spelled  Clement , also called  Clemens Non Papa  born c. 1510, Ieper, Burgundian Flanders died c. 1556, Diksmuide, Spanish ...
Clemens, Roger
▪ American baseball player in full  William Roger Clemens  born August 4, 1962, Dayton, Ohio, U.S.    American professional baseball player who was one of the most ...
Clem·ens (klĕmʹənz), Roger. Born 1962. American baseball player. As a right-handed pitcher mainly with the Boston Red Sox (1985-1996), he set (1986) a major-league record ...
Clemens,Samuel Langhorne
Clemens, Samuel Langhorne. Pen name Mark Twain (twān) 1835-1910. American author who drew on his childhood along the Mississippi River to create masterpieces of humor and ...
—clemently, adv. /klem"euhnt/, adj. 1. mild or merciful in disposition or character; lenient; compassionate: A clement judge reduced his sentence. 2. (of the weather) mild or ...
/klem"euhnt/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Attlee Clement Richard 1st Earl Attlee of Walthamstow Clement of Alexandria Saint Clement VI Clement ...
Clement (III)
▪ antipope original name  Guibert , or  Wibert, of Ravenna , Italian  Guiberto , or  Wiberto, di Ravenna  born c. 1025, Parma, Lombardy died Sept. 8, 1100, Cività ...
Clement (VII)
▪ antipope original name  Robert of Geneva , French  Robert de Genève  born 1342, Geneva [Switzerland] died Sept. 16, 1394, Avignon, Provence [France]       first ...

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