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Слова на букву chri-de k (15990)

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clinical trial
the scientific evaluation of a new treatment that has shown some benefit in animal or laboratory studies, but that has not yet been proven superior to existing therapies for ...
clinical depression n. See depression. * * *
clinical ecology n. The study of the effects of environmental exposure to synthetic chemicals on the immune system. Also called environmental medicine. * * *
See clinical. * * *
clinical thermometer n. A thermometer used to measure body temperature, especially a small glass thermometer designed with a narrowing above the bulb so that the mercury column ...
/kli nish"euhn/, n. 1. a physician or other qualified person who is involved in the treatment and observation of living patients, as distinguished from one engaged in ...
—clinicopathologically, adv. —clinicopathology /klin'i koh peuh thol"euh jee/, n. /klin'i koh path'euh loj"ik/, adj. Med. of or relating to the combined study of disease ...
/klin"id/, n. 1. any of the blennioid fishes of the family Clinidae, of tropical and subtropical seas. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Clinidae. [ < NL Clinidae, ...
clink1 /klingk/, v.t., v.i. 1. to make or cause to make a light, sharp, ringing sound: The coins clinked together. He clinked the fork against a glass. n. 2. a clinking sound. 3. ...
clinker1 /kling"keuhr/, n. 1. a mass of incombustible matter fused together, as in the burning of coal. 2. a hard Dutch brick, used esp. for paving. 3. a partially vitrified mass ...
clinker construction
▪ naval architecture       method of shipbuilding characteristic in north European waters during ancient and medieval times, in which the planks were overlapped and, in ...
/kling"keuhr bilt'/, adj. 1. faced or surfaced with boards, plates, etc., each course of which overlaps the one below, lapstrake. 2. Also, clincher-built. Shipbuilding. noting a ...
/kling"ki tee klangk"/, n. a succession of alternating clinks and clanks: the clinkety-clank of armored vehicles on the rough road. [1900-05; alter. of CLINK1 + CLANK] * * *
clinkstone [kliŋk′stōn΄] n. former term for PHONOLITE * * *
a combining form meaning "slope, incline," and, in mineralogy, "monoclinic," used in the formation of compound words: clinometer. [ < L -clin(are) (c. Gk klínein to cause to ...
—clinographic /kluy'neuh graf"ik/, adj. /kluy"neuh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. (in mining, construction, etc.) an instrument that records the deviation of boreholes or the like from ...
—clinometry, n. /kluy nom"i teuhr, kli-/, n. an instrument for determining angles of inclination or slope. [1805-15; CLINO- + -METER] * * *
/kluy'neuh me"trik/, adj. 1. (of crystals) having oblique angles between one or all axes. 2. pertaining to or determined by a clinometer. Also, clinometrical. [CLINO- + ...
See clinometric. * * *
See clinometric. * * *
▪ mineral       hydrated alkali aluminosilicate that is one of the most abundant minerals in the zeolite family. Its structure consists of an outer framework of silica ...
/klin"euh ril/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of sulindac. * * *
/kluy'neuh zoh"euh suyt'/, n. a monoclinic mineral, hydrous calcium aluminum silicate, a variety of epidote, dimorphous with zoisite. [CLINO- + ZOISITE] * * *
/kling"keuhnt/, adj. 1. glittering, esp. with tinsel; decked with garish finery. n. 2. imitation gold leaf; tinsel; false glitter. [1585-95; < MF: clinking, prp. of clinquer ( < ...
/klint/, n. a male given name, form of Clinton. * * *
Clint Eastwood
➡ Eastwood * * *
/klin"tn/, n. 1. De Witt /deuh wit"/, 1769-1828, U.S. political leader and statesman: governor of New York 1817-21, 1825-28 (son of James Clinton). 2. George, 1739-1812, governor ...
Clinton, Bill
in full William Jefferson Clinton orig. William Jefferson Blythe IV born Aug. 19, 1946, Hope, Ark., U.S. 42nd president of the U.S. (1993–2001). Born shortly after his ...
Clinton, DeWitt
born March 2, 1769, Little Britain, N.Y. died Feb. 11, 1828, Albany, N.Y., U.S. U.S. politician. A nephew of George Clinton, he practiced law and served as state senator ...
Clinton, George
born July 26, 1739, Little Britain, N.Y. died April 20, 1812, Washington, D.C., U.S. U.S. politician, fourth vice president of the U.S. (1805–12). A veteran of the French and ...
Clinton, Hillary Rodham
orig. Hillary Diane Rodham born Oct. 26, 1947, Chicago, Ill., U.S. U.S. lawyer, first lady, and politician. She attended Wellesley College and Yale Law School, from which she ...
Clinton, Sir Henry
born April 16?, 1730? died Dec. 23, 1795, Cornwall, Eng. British commander in chief during the American Revolution. Commissioned in the British army in 1751, he went to North ...
Clinton, William Jefferson
▪ 1994       On Jan. 20, 1993, Bill Clinton was inaugurated as the 42nd president of the United States and became the first Democrat to inhabit the White House in 12 ...
Clin·ton (klĭnʹtən), DeWitt. 1769-1828. American politician who as governor of New York (1817-1823 and 1825-1828) was a principal supporter of the Erie Canal (completed ...
I. Clinton1, George. 1686?-1761. British naval officer and colonial administrator who served as governor of Newfoundland (1732-1741) and New York (1741-1753).   II. Clinton2, ...
Clinton,Hillary Rodham
Clinton, Hillary Rodham. Born 1947. First Lady of the United States (since 1993) as the wife of President Bill Clinton. She is an attorney and a noted spokesperson for children's ...
Clinton,Sir Henry
Clinton, Sir Henry. 1738-1795. British general in the American Revolution who was commander in chief of British forces in North America (1778-1781). * * *
Clinton,William Jefferson
Clinton, William Jefferson. Known as “Bill.” Born 1946. The 42nd President of the United States (since 1993). The first Democratic President since Franklin Roosevelt to be ...
/klin toh"nee euh/, n. any plant of the genus Clintonia, of the lily family, comprising stemless plants with a few broad, ribbed, basal leaves, and white, greenish-yellow, or ...
▪ mineral also called  Seybertite,         mica mineral, a basic aluminosilicate of calcium, magnesium, and iron. It occurs in chlorite schist (with talc) and in ...
/klin'teuh nom"iks/, n. (used with a singular v.) the economic policies set forth by President Bill Clinton. [1993; b. CLINTON and ECONOMICS] * * *
/klee"oh/ for 1 also /kluy"oh/, n., pl. Clios for 2. 1. Class. Myth. the Muse of history. 2. any of a group of awards presented annually by the advertising industry for ...
See cliometrics. * * *
See cliometric. * * *
—cliometric, adj. —cliometrically, adv. —cliometrician /klee'oh mi trish"euhn, kluy'oh-/, n. /klee'oh me"triks, kluy'oh-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of historical ...
▪ sponge  any member of the sponge family Clionidae (class Demospongiae, phylum Porifera), noted for its ability to dissolve and bore into calcium-containing substances, such ...
clip1 —clippable, adj. /klip/, v., clipped, clipped or clipt, clipping, n. v.t. 1. to cut, or cut off or out, as with shears: to clip a rose from a bush. 2. to trim by cutting: ...
clip art
drawings or illustrations available, as in a book or on a CD-ROM, for easy insertion into other material. * * *
clip bond
a form of brickwork raking bond for a facing of all stretchers, in which the stretchers are tied in to the backing every few courses by diagonally set bricks that project from ...
clip joint
1. Slang. a business, esp. a place of entertainment, that makes a practice of overcharging or cheating customers. 2. Masonry. a mortar joint made higher than usual in order to ...
/klip"klop'/, n. clippety-clop. [1880-85] * * *
/klip"fed'/, adj. (of a rifle) loading from a cartridge clip into the magazine. [CLIP2 + FED] * * *
/klip"on', -awn'/, adj. 1. designed to be clipped on easily, esp. by a self-attached clip: a clip-on bow tie. n. 2. a clip-on device, ornament, or the like. [1905-10; adj., n. ...
/klip"owt'/, adj. intended to be clipped out, as from a newspaper: a clip-out coupon. [adj. use of v. phrase clip out] * * *
clip art n. Ready-made pieces of printed or computerized graphic art, such as illustrations, borders, and backgrounds, that can be electronically copied and used to decorate a ...
/klip"bawrd', -bohrd'/, n. a small board having at the top a clip for holding papers and serving as a portable writing surface. [1905-10, Amer.; CLIP2 + BOARD] * * *
clip joint n. Slang A restaurant, nightclub, or other business where customers are regularly overcharged. * * *
/klipt/, adj. characterized by quick, terse, and clear enunciation. [CLIP1 + -ED2] * * *
clipped form
a word formed by dropping one or more syllables from a longer word or phrase with no change in meaning, as deli from delicatessen or flu from influenza. Also called clipped word, ...
clipped form (klĭpt) n. A word formed by dropping one or more syllables from a polysyllabic word, such as gas from gasoline or phone from telephone. Also called clipping. * * *
/klip"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that clips or cuts. 2. Often, clippers. (often used with a pl. v.) a cutting tool, esp. shears: hedge clippers. 3. Usually, clippers. ...
clipper bow
/bow/, Naut. a bow having a concave stem and a hollow entrance. Also called fiddle bow. [1840-50] * * *
clipper ship
clipper (def. 4). * * * Classic sailing ship of the 19th century, renowned for its beauty, grace, and speed. Apparently originating with the small, swift coastal packet known ...
/klip"euhr bilt'/, adj. Naut. (of a hull) having fast lines, with a high ratio of length to beam and a fine entrance. [1825-35] * * *
Clipperton Fracture Zone
▪ geological feature, Pacific Ocean        submarine fracture zone, 4,500 miles (7,240 km) in length, defined by one of the major transform faults dissecting the ...
Clipperton Island
Clipperton Island Introduction Clipperton Island Background: This isolated island was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who made it his ...
/klip"i tee klop"/, n. the sound struck by the hoofs of a horse trotting on pavement, or any staccato, rhythmic sound resembling it. Also, clip-clop. [1925-30; imit.] * * *
—clippingly, adv. /klip"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that clips. 2. a piece clipped off or out, esp. an article, advertisement, etc., clipped from a newspaper or ...
/klip"sheet'/, n. Journalism. a sheet of paper printed on one side for convenience in cutting and reprinting, containing news items, features, cartoons, etc., and distributed by ...
/klipt/, v. a pp. of clip1. * * *
—cliqueless, adj. —cliquey, cliquy, adj. —cliquism, n. /kleek, klik/, n., v., cliqued, cliquing. n. 1. a small, exclusive group of people; coterie; set. v.i. 2. Informal. ...
See clique. * * *
—cliquishly, adv. —cliquishness, n. /klee"kish, klik"ish/, adj. 1. associating exclusively with the members of one's own clique; clannish. 2. tending to divide into cliques: ...
See cliquey. * * *
See cliquey. * * *
See cliquey. * * *
/klish'meuh klay"veuhr, kleesh'-/, n. Scot. gossip; idle or foolish talk. [1720-30; clish(-clash) gossip (gradational compound based on CLASH) + -ma- ( < ?) + CLAVER] * * *
clis·is (klĭsʹĭs) n. The process of making or becoming a clitic.   [Greek klisis, a leaning, from klīnein, to lean. See klei-. * * *
Clisson, Olivier de
▪ French military commander born c. 1332, Brittany [France] died April 23, 1407, Josselin, Brittany       military commander who served England, France, and Brittany ...
/kluys"theuh neez'/, n. Cleisthenes. * * *
/kluy"steuh kahrp'/, n. Mycol. cleistocarp. * * *
/kluy'steuh kahr"peuhs/, adj. Bot., Mycol. cleistocarpous. * * *
/kluy'steuh thee"shee euhm, -see euhm/, n., pl. clistothecia /-shee euh, -see euh/. Mycol. cleistothecium. * * *
/klit/, n. Slang (vulgar). clitoris. [by shortening] * * *
/kluy"tee/, n. Class. Myth. the wife of Cyzicus, who hanged herself when her husband was mistakenly killed by the Argonauts. * * *
/kluy tel"euhm/, n., pl. clitella /-tel"euh/. a ring or saddle-shaped region of glandular tissue in the body wall of certain annelids, as earthworms and some leeches, that after ...
Clitherow, Saint Margaret
▪ English martyr née  Middleton  born 1556, York, Yorkshire, England died March 25, 1586, York; canonized 1970; feast day March 25       one of the 40 British ...
/kluyth"reuhl/, adj. (of a classical temple) roofed over. Cf. hypethral. [ < Gk klêithr(on) bar for closing a door (deriv. of kleíein to close, shut) + -AL1; cf. CLATHRATE] * * ...
/klit"ik/, Gram. adj. 1. (of a word) functioning as a bound form; closely connected in pronunciation with a preceding or following word and not having an independent accent or ...
See cliticize. * * *
—cliticization, n. /klit"euh suyz'/, v.i., cliticized, cliticizing. Ling. to become attached to a word or phrase as a clitic. Also, esp. Brit., cliticise. [CLITIC + -IZE] * * *
See clitoris. * * *
/klit'euhr i dek"teuh mee/, n., pl. clitoridectomies. the excision of the clitoris, usually performed as part of female initiation rites, mainly among certain African peoples, ...
—clitoral, clitoric /kli tawr"ik, -tor"-, kluy-/, clitoridean /klit'euh rid"ee euhn, kluy'teuh-/, adj. /klit"euhr is, kluy"teuhr-, kli tawr"is, -tohr"-/, n. Anat. the erectile ...
Clitunno River
ancient Clitumnus. River, central Italy. It flows 37 mi (60 km) northwest to join a tributary of the Tiber River. A nearby spring was described by Virgil and Pliny the Younger ...
/kluyv/, n. 1. Robert (Baron Clive of Plassey), 1725-74, British general and statesman in India. 2. a male given name, form of Cleve. * * * (as used in expressions) Bell Arthur ...
Clive (of Plassey), Robert, 1st Baron
born Sept. 29, 1725, Styche, Shropshire, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1774, London British soldier and colonial administrator. In 1743 he was sent to Madras (Chennai) for the East India ...
Clive James
➡ James (I) * * *
Clive Sinclair
➡ Sinclair (I) * * *
Clive Staples Lewis
➡ Lewis (II) * * *
Clive, Kitty
▪ British actress original name  Catherine Raftor   born 1711 died Dec. 6, 1785, Twickenham, near London, Eng.  one of David Garrick's leading ladies, the outstanding ...
Clive, Robert, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey
▪ British colonial administrator Introduction born , Sept. 29, 1725, Styche, Shropshire, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1774, London  soldier and first British (British Empire) ...
Clive (klīv), Robert. Baron Clive of Plassey. 1725-1774. British soldier and statesman who was instrumental in securing Great Britain's interests in India. * * *
/kliv"euhrz/, n., pl. clivers. cleavers. * * *
/kluy"vee euh, kliv"ee euh/, n. See Kaffir lily. [ < NL (1828), named in honor of Lady Charlotte Florentia (née Clive), Duchess of Northumberland (1787-1866); see -IA] * * *
clk abbrev. clerk * * *
1. clerk. 2. clock. * * *
clothing. * * *
—cloacal, adj. /kloh ay"keuh/, n., pl. cloacae /-see/. 1. Zool. a. the common cavity into which the intestinal, urinary, and generative canals open in birds, reptiles, ...
Cloaca Maxima
▪ ancient structure, Rome, Italy       ancient Roman sewer, one of the oldest monuments in the Roman Forum. Originally an open channel constructed in the 6th century BC ...
See cloaca. * * *
—cloakless, adj. /klohk/, n. 1. a loose outer garment, as a cape or coat. 2. something that covers or conceals; disguise; pretense: He conducts his affairs under a cloak of ...
cloak and sword drama
▪ Spanish literature also called  cloak and dagger theatre , Spanish  comedia de capa y espada        17th-century Spanish plays of upper middle class manners and ...
/klohk"euhn dag"euhr/, adj. pertaining to, characteristic of, or dealing in espionage or intrigue, esp. of a romantic or dramatic kind. [1835-45] * * *
/klohk"euhn sooh"teuhr/, n. Informal. a manufacturer or seller of clothing. * * *
/klohk"euhn sawrd"/, adj. (of a drama or work of fiction) dealing with characters who wear cloaks and swords; concerned with the customs and romance of the nobility in bygone ...
cloak fern n. Any of various ferns in the genus Notholaena, native chiefly to the temperate and tropical Americas, having pinnately compound leaves, and often found in dry rocky ...
/klohk"roohm', -room'/, n. 1. a room in which outer garments, hats, umbrellas, etc., may be left temporarily, as in a club, restaurant, etc.; checkroom. 2. a room adjacent to a ...
clobber1 /klob"euhr/, v.t. Slang. 1. to batter severely; strike heavily: He tried to clobber me with his club. 2. to defeat decisively; drub; trounce. 3. to denounce or criticize ...
/kloh"sheuhrd/, n. a beggar; vagrant; tramp. [1940-45; < F, der. of clocher to limp < L clopus lame] * * *
/klohsh, klawsh/, n. 1. a woman's close-fitting hat with a deep, bell-shaped crown and often a narrow, turned-down brim. 2. a bell-shaped glass cover placed over a plant to ...
clock1 /klok/, n. 1. an instrument for measuring and recording time, esp. by mechanical means, usually with hands or changing numbers to indicate the hour and minute: not ...
clock jack
Horol. jack1 (def. 18). [1925-30; earlier jack of the clock-(house), jackaclock; see JACK1] * * *
clock puncher
a worker with a routine job in a factory or office, as one who punches a time clock at the beginning and end of a work shift. * * *
clock radio
a radio combined with an alarm clock in a compact cabinet, the clock serving as a timer to turn the radio on or off at a preset time. [1960-65, Amer.] * * *
clock watch
a watch that strikes the hours. Cf. repeater (def. 3). [1675-85] * * *
clock watcher
—clock watching. 1. an employee who demonstrates lack of interest in a job by watching the time closely to be sure to stop work as soon as the workday or shift is over. 2. any ...
/klok"oweur', -ow'euhr/, n. a full 60-minute period, as of class instruction or therapeutic consultation. Cf. hour (def. 11). [1870-75] * * *
/klok"tuy"meuhr/, n. timer (def. 4). * * *
clock-watch·er (klŏkʹwôch'ər) n. A person who is eager for the time to pass, as at work or school.   clockʹ-watch'ing n. * * *
See clock-watcher. * * *
/klok"euhr/, n. 1. a person who times racehorses during tryouts to determine their speed. 2. an official who times a race. 3. a person who maintains a record of the flow of ...
/klok"luyk'/, adj. highly systematic, precise, and dependable: The mail carrier arrives at noon with clocklike regularity. [1735-45; CLOCK1 + -LIKE] * * *
—clockmaking, n. /klok"may'keuhr/, n. a person who makes or repairs clocks. [1400-50; late ME. See CLOCK1, MAKER] * * *
clock radio n. A radio having a built-in alarm clock that can be set to turn the radio on automatically. * * *
/klok"wuyz'/, adv. 1. in the direction of the rotation of the hands of a clock as viewed from the front or above; circularly to the right from a point taken as the top. adj. 2. ...
/klok"werrk'/, n. 1. the mechanism of a clock. 2. any mechanism similar to that of a clock. 3. like clockwork, with perfect regularity or precision: The launching of the ...
Clockwork Orange
a novel (1962) by Anthony Burgess which was made into a film by Stanley Kubrick in 1971. The story is set in the future and is about a young man, Alex, who loves violence and the ...
—cloddily, adv. —cloddiness, n. —clodlike, adj. —cloddy, adj. /klod/, n. 1. a lump or mass, esp. of earth or clay. 2. a stupid person; blockhead; dolt. 3. earth; soil. 4. ...
—cloddishly, adv. —cloddishness, n. /klod"ish/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling a clod or boor; doltish; stolid. [1835-45; CLOD + -ISH1] * * *
See cloddish. * * *
See cloddish. * * *
/klod"hop'euhr/, n. 1. a clumsy boor; rustic; bumpkin. 2. clodhoppers, strong, heavy shoes. [1680-90; CLOD + HOPPER, modeled on GRASSHOPPER] Syn. 1. hick, yokel, lout, hayseed, ...
/klod"hop'ing/, adj. loutish; boorish. [1835-45; CLODHOPP(ER) + -ING2] * * *
▪ Roman courtesan flourished 1st century BC       profligate Roman beauty and sister of the demagogue Publius Clodius. She was married in 63 BC to Quintus Metellus ...
orig. Claude Michel born Dec. 20, 1738, Nancy, Fr. died March 29, 1814, Paris French sculptor. In 1755 he entered his uncle's workshop in Paris, and later he became a student ...
Clodius Pulcher, Publius
born с 92 died January, 52 BC, Bovillae, Latium Roman politician. While fighting against Mithradates, he stirred up mutiny among the troops (68–67). In 62 he was accused of ...
/klod"pohl'/, n. Archaic. a stupid person; blockhead. [1595-1605; CLOD + POLL1] * * *
/kloh"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Chloe. * * *
/klooh"tee/, n. Stuart, 1897-1976, South African novelist, born in France. * * *
Cloete, Stuart
▪ South African writer in full  Edward Fairly Stuart Graham Cloete   born July 23, 1897, Paris, France died March 19, 1976, Cape Town, S.Af.       South African ...
/kloh fuy"brayt, -fib"rayt/, n. Pharm. a substance, C12H15ClO3, used principally to reduce elevated plasma triglyceride and cholesterol levels. [1960-65; clofibr(ic acid) (perh. ...
—cloggily, adv. —clogginess, n. —cloggy, adj. /klog, klawg/, v., clogged, clogging, n. v.t. 1. to hinder or obstruct with thick or sticky matter; choke up: to clog a ...
clog dance
—clog dancer. —clog dancing. a dance in which clogs, or heavy shoes, are worn for hammering out the lively rhythm. [1880-85] * * *       kind of dance in which the ...
clog dancing
➡ clog * * *
clog dance n. A dance performed while wearing clogs and characterized by heavy stamping steps.   clog dancer n. * * *
See clog dance. * * *
/kloy'zeuh nay"/; Fr. /klwann zaw nay"/, n. 1. enamelwork in which colored areas are separated by thin metal bands fixed edgewise to the ground. adj. 2. pertaining to, forming, ...
      painting method used in the style known as Synthetism (q.v.). * * *
—cloisterless, adj. —cloisterlike, adj. /kloy"steuhr/, n. 1. a covered walk, esp. in a religious institution, having an open arcade or colonnade usually opening onto a ...
cloister garth
garth (def. 1). [1840-50] * * *
/kloy"steuhrd/, adj. 1. secluded from the world; sheltered: a cloistered life. 2. having a cloister or cloisters. [1575-85; CLOISTER + -ED2] Syn. 1. withdrawn, isolated, aloof, ...
cloistered vault
a vault having the form of a number of intersecting coves. Also, cloister vault. Also called coved vault. * * *
Cloisters, The
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States       a branch of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York (New York City), N.Y., that is dedicated to the art and ...
cloister vault n. A domelike vault having a square or polygonal base from which curved segments rise to a central point. Also called domical vault. * * *
/kloy"streuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or living in a cloister. 2. cloisterlike. [1595-1605; CLOIST(E)R + -AL1] * * *
/kloy"stris/, n. Obs. a nun. [1595-1605; cloist(e)r(er) monk + -ESS] * * *
/kloh"kee/, n., pl. clokies, adj. cloque. * * *
/klohm/, v. Chiefly Eastern Virginia. pt. and pp. of climb. * * *
/klom"id, kloh"mid/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of clomiphene. * * *
/klom"euh feen', kloh"meuh-/, n. Pharm. a substance, C26H28ClNO, used for inducing ovulation in certain infertile women. [1960-65; C(H)LO(RO)-2 + (A)MI(NE) + PHEN(YL), extracted ...
clo·mip·ra·mine (klō-mĭpʹrə-mēn') n. A tricyclic antidepressant drug, C19H23ClN2, that is used in the form of its hydrochloride to treat anxiety and obsessive-compulsive ...
/klomp/, v.i. clump (def. 6). * * *
See clone. * * *
See clonal. * * *
/kloh nay"zeuh pam'/, n. Pharm. a benzodiazepine, C15H10ClN3O3, used in the control of certain epilepsies. [c(h)lo(rophe)n(yl) + (di)azep(in), extracted from the chemical name + ...
—clonal, adj. —clonally, adv. —cloner, n. /klohn/, n., v., cloned, cloning. n. 1. Biol. a. a cell, cell product, or organism that is genetically identical to the unit or ...
See clonal. * * *
—clonicity /kloh nis"i tee, klo-/, n. —clonism /kloh"niz euhm/, n. /klon"ik, kloh"nik/, adj. Pathol. of or relating to clonus. [1840-50; CLON(US) + -IC] * * *
clonic spasm
Med. See under spasm (def. 1). [1840-50] * * *
See clonic. * * *
/klon"i deen', kloh"ni-/, n. Pharm. a synthetic white crystalline substance, C9H9Cl2N3, used in the treatment of high blood pressure. [1965-70; C(H)LO(RO)-2 + (A)NI(LINE) + ...
/kloh"ning/, n. Biol. the process of producing a clone. [1955-60; CLONE + -ING1] * * *
See clonic. * * *
/klongk, klawngk/, n. 1. a low, dull sound of impact, as of a heavy object striking against another. v.i., v.t. 2. to make or cause to make such a sound. Also, clunk. [1925-30; ...
▪ Ireland Irish  Cluain Mhic Nóis , also spelled  Cluain Moccu Nóis        early Christian centre on the left bank of the River Shannon (Shannon, River), County ...
▪ Ireland Irish  Cluain Meala        municipal borough and seat of Tipperary South Riding, Ireland. It lies on the River Suir. A noted sporting centre, it has fine ...
▪ graptolite genus       genus of graptolites (extinct, small floating colonial animals related to the primitive chordates), characterized by a frondlike form. Groups of ...
▪ disease       chronic infection caused by Clonorchis sinensis, or liver fluke, a parasitic worm some 10 to 25 mm (0.4 to 1 inch) long that lives in the bile ducts of ...
/kloh"neuhs/, n., pl. clonuses. Pathol. a rapid succession of flexions and extensions of a group of muscles, usually signifying an affection of the brain or spinal ...
(1961– ) a US actor. He first became famous playing the doctor Doug Ross in the television medical series ER. His films include One Fine Day (1996), Batman and Robin (1997) in ...
Clooney, George
▪ 2007  American actor and filmmaker George Clooney took on his most personal role—that of an unapologetic liberal—to make a pair of politically charged movies that earned ...
Clooney, Rosemary
▪ 2003       American singer (b. May 23, 1928, Maysville, Ky.— d. June 29, 2002, Beverly Hills, Calif.), employed her warm vocals to popularize such 1950s hit novelty ...
Cloos, Hans
▪ German geologist born Nov. 8, 1885, Magdeburg, Saxony [Ger.] died Sept. 26, 1951, Bonn, W.Ger.       German geologist who was a pioneer in the study of granite ...
/klooht/; Scot. /klyuut/, n. Scot. and North Eng. 1. a cloven hoof; one of the divisions of the cloven hoof of the swine, sheep, etc. 2. (usually cap.) Often, Cloots. Satan; the ...
/klooh"tee/; Scot. /klyuu"tee/, n. Scot. and North Eng. (usually cap.) cloot (def. 2). [CLOOT + -IE] * * *
/klohts/, n. Jean Baptiste du Val-de-Grâce /zhahonn bann teest" dyuu vannl deuh grddahs"/, Baron de ("Anacharsis Clootz"), 1755-94, Prussian leader in the French Revolution. * * ...
Cloots, Jean-Baptiste du Val-de-Grâce, baron de
▪ French revolutionary pseudonym  Anacharsis Cloots  born June 24, 1755, near Kleve, Brandenburg [Germany] died March 24, 1794, Paris, France  radical democrat of the ...
/klop/, n., v., clopped, clopping. n. 1. a sound made by or as if by a horse's hoof striking the ground. v.i. 2. to make or move with such a sound. [1895-1900; imit.] * * *
n. /klop"klop'/; v. /klop"klop"/, n., v., clop-clopped, clop-clopping. n. 1. a clattering sound of repeated clops. v.i. 2. to make or move with such a sound. [1900-05] * * *
/kloh kay"/, n. 1. an embossed or quilted fabric. adj. 2. having a small, irregular pattern or figured motif woven into a fabric to give a puckered or quilted effect. Cf. ...
/kloh kay"/, n. a town in NE Minnesota. 11,142. * * *
/klaw raz"euh payt', kloh-/, n. Pharm. a benzodiazepine, C16H13ClN2O4, used in the treatment of chronic anxiety states and as an adjunct in the treatment of alcohol ...
/klaw rin"deuh, kloh-/, n. a female given name. * * *
/klawr"is, klohr"-/, n. a male or female given name. * * *
Real Estate. closet. /kloh/, n., pl. clos. French. a walled vineyard. [lit., closed] * * *
—closable, closeable /kloh"zeuh beuhl/, adj. —closely /klohs"lee/, adv. —closeness /klohs"nis/, n. v. /klohz/; adj., adv. /klohs/ or, for 56, /klohz/; n. /klohz/ for 66, ...
close call
/klohs/ a narrow escape from danger or trouble. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
close communion
—close communionist. /klohs/, Eccles. a communion service in which only members of the same denomination or the same church can participate. Cf. intercommunion, open ...
close corporation
/klohs/. See closed corporation. [1915-20] * * *
close corporations
➡ companies * * *
close harmony
/klohs/, Music. harmony in which the voices, excluding the bass, occur within an octave or, sometimes, within the interval of a tenth. [1875-80] * * *
close helmet
/klohz/, Armor. a completely closed helmet of the late 15th century and after, having a facial defense composed of a visor and beaver or of a visor, ventail, and beaver attached ...
close juncture
/klohs/, Phonet. continuity in the articulation of two successive sounds, as in the normal transition between sounds within a word; absence of juncture (opposed to open ...
close order
close order [klōs] n. an arrangement of troops in compact units at close intervals and distances, as for marching * * *
close position
/klohs/, Music. arrangement of a chord so that the voices, excluding the bass, occur within an octave. * * *
close punctuation
close punctuation [klōs] n. punctuation characterized by the use of many commas and other marks: opposed to OPEN PUNCTUATION * * *
close quarters
/klohs/ 1. a small, cramped place or position. 2. direct and close contact in a fight: They met at close quarters, exchanging many quick jabs. [1745-55] * * *
close quote
/klohz/ 1. the quotation mark used to end a quotation, usually " or '. 2. (used by a speaker to indicate the end of a quotation.) Also, close quotes. * * *
close reach
/klohs/, Naut. See under reach (def. 26). [1895-1900] * * *
close season
(BrE) (AmE closed season) n [usu sing] a time of the year when it is illegal to kill certain animals, birds and fish because they are breeding. Most of these times are during the ...
close shave
/klohs/, Informal. a narrow escape from serious danger or trouble: We weren't hit when the truck swerved at us, but it was a close shave. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
close shot
/klohs/, Motion Pictures, Television. closeup (def. 2). * * *
close stitch
/klohs/. See buttonhole stitch. * * *
Close, Chuck
born July 5, 1940, Monroe, Wash., U.S. U.S. artist. After early Abstract Expressionist experiments, in his first solo exhibition Close showed a series of enormous ...
Close, Del
▪ 2000       American actor and influential improvisational comic who was a founder of the Committee comedy troupe in San Francisco, performed with and directed for ...
Close, Glenn
born March 19, 1947, Greenwich, Conn., U.S. U.S. actress. She made her Broadway debut in 1974 and later starred in Barnum (1980), The Real Thing (1984, Tony Award), and Death ...
Close, Robert
▪ 1996       Australian novelist (b. July 15, 1903, Camberwell, Victoria, Australia—d. July 17, 1995, Palma de Mallorca, Spain), in a sensational 1946 trial before the ...
/klohs"euht hand"/, adj. lying in the near future or vicinity; nearby or imminent. * * *
/klohs"buy"/, adj. nearby; adjacent; neighboring. [1620-30] * * *
/klohs"kropt"/, adj. 1. clipped or trimmed short: close-cropped hair. 2. having one's hair clipped or trimmed short: a close-cropped wrestler. [1890-95] * * *
close-fist·ed (klōsʹfĭsʹtĭd) adj. Tightfisted; stingy. * * *
/klohs"fit"ing/, adj. (of a garment) fitting tightly or snugly to the body: A close-fitting jacket showed off her small waist. Cf. loose-fitting. [1865-70] * * *
/klohs"graynd"/, adj. (of wood) fine in texture or having inconspicuous annual rings. [1745-55] * * *
/klohs"hawld"/, adj., adv. Naut. as close to the wind as a vessel will sail, with sails as flat as possible; full and by. [1760-70] * * *
/klohs"in'/, adj. 1. near, as to a common center; adjacent, esp. to a city: The city is enveloping its close-in suburbs. 2. occurring or provided at close quarters: Fighter ...
/klohs"nit"/, adj. tightly united, connected, or organized. [1925-30] * * *
/klohs"lipt"/, adj. not talking or telling much. * * *
close-mind·ed (klōsʹmīnʹdĭd, klōzʹ-) or closed-mind·ed (klōzdʹ-) adj. Intolerant of the beliefs and opinions of others; stubbornly unreceptive to new ...
See close-minded. * * *
close-mouthed (klōsʹmouthdʹ, -mouthtʹ) adj. Disposed not to talk; tightlipped. * * *
close-order drill
/klohs"awr'deuhr/, Mil. practice in formation marching and other movements, in the carrying of arms during formal marching, and in the formal handling of arms for ceremonies and ...
close-or·der drill (klōsʹôr'dər) n. A military drill in marching, maneuvering, and formal handling of arms in which the participants perform at close intervals. * * *
/klohs"reefd", klohz"-/, adj. Naut. having most or all of the sail reefs taken in. [1750-60] * * *
close-run [klōs′run΄] adj. Chiefly Brit. decided, achieved, settled, etc. by the narrowest of margins: usually used in the phrase a close-run thing * * *
/klohz"stoohl', klohs"-/, n. a stool having a seat with a hole, beneath which a chamber pot is placed. Also called necessary stool. [1375-1425; late ME] * * *
☆ close-up [klōs′up΄ ] n. 1. a photograph or a film or TV shot taken at very close range or with a telephoto lens 2. a close or personal view or interpretation * * ...
close call (klōs) n. Informal A narrow escape. * * *
close corporation (klōs) n. See closed corporation. * * *
/klohzd/, adj. 1. having or forming a boundary or barrier: He was blocked by a closed door. The house had a closed porch. 2. brought to a close; concluded: It was a closed ...
closed book
something that is not known or cannot be understood; a mystery or puzzle: Abstract art is a closed book as far as I'm concerned. [1910-15] * * *
closed chain
Chem. three or more atoms linked together to form a ring or cycle and represented accordingly by its structural formula. Cf. open chain. [1900-05] * * *
closed circuit
—closed-circuit, adj. Elect. a circuit without interruption, providing a continuous path through which a current can flow. Cf. open circuit. [1820-30] * * *
closed cornice
1. a slightly projecting wooden cornice composed of a frieze board and a crown molding without a soffit. 2. See box cornice. * * *
closed corporation
an incorporated business the stock of which is owned by a small group. Also, close corporation. * * *
closed couplet
a couplet that concludes with an end-stopped line. Cf. open couplet. [1905-10] * * *
closed ecosystem
Ecol. a self-replenishing ecosystem in which life can be maintained without external factors or outside aid. * * *
closed fracture.
See simple fracture. [1960-65] * * *
closed gentian
a gentian, Gentiana andrewsii, of the eastern and central U.S., having tight clusters of dark blue, closed flowers. Also called bottle gentian. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
closed loop
Computers, Electronics. the complete path followed by a signal as it is fed back from the output of a circuit, device, or system to the input and then back to the output. Cf. ...
closed plan
an office floor plan consisting of fully enclosed office spaces. Cf. open plan. * * *
closed position
(in ballet, modern dance, and jazz dance) any position in which the feet touch each other. * * *
closed primary
a direct primary in which only persons meeting tests of party membership may vote. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
closed rule
Parl. Proc. a rule that prohibits amendments to a bill from the floor. * * *
closed season
a period, usually for a specific part of the year, during which angling or hunting for a given species is legally prohibited: closed season on ducks. * * *

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