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See derisive. * * *
See derisively. * * *
de·ri·so·ry (dĭ-rīʹsə-rē, -zə-) adj. 1. Expressing derision; derisive. 2. Laughable; ridiculous: a contribution so small as to be derisory. * * *
v., deritualized, deritualizing. * * *
deriv abbrev. 1. derivation 2. derived * * *
1. derivation. 2. derivative. 3. derive. 4. derived. * * *
See derive. * * *
der·i·vate (dĕrʹə-vāt') adj. Derivative. * * *
—derivational, adj. —derivationally, adv. /der'euh vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or fact of deriving or of being derived. 2. the process of deriving. 3. the source from which ...
See derivation. * * *
—derivatively, adv. —derivativeness, n. /di riv"euh tiv/, adj. 1. derived. 2. not original; secondary. n. 3. something derived. 4. Also called derived form. Gram. a form that ...
See derivative. * * *
See derivatively. * * *
In finance, contracts whose value is derived from another asset, which can include stocks, bonds, currencies, interest rates, commodities, and related indexes. Purchasers of ...
Derivatives of primary germ layers
▪ Table Derivatives of primary germ layers Ectoderm epidermis cutaneous derivatives epithelium of:     mouth; oral glands     nasal passages     sense ...
—derivable, adj. —deriver, n. /di ruyv"/, v., derived, deriving. v.t. 1. to receive or obtain from a source or origin (usually fol. by from). 2. to trace from a source or ...
derived curve
Math. a curve whose equation is the derivative of the equation of a given curve. * * *
derived form
derivative (def. 4). * * *
derived unit
(in physics, chemistry, etc.) a unit derived from fundamental units of length, mass, and time. * * *
See derivable. * * *
To see. Oldest form *derk̑-, becoming *derk- in centum languages. Suffixed zero-grade form *dr̥k-on(t)-. dragon, dragoon, drake2, tarragon; rankle, from Greek drakō, serpent, ...
/derr"leth, -leuhth/, n. August (William), 1909-71, U.S. novelist, poet, and short-story writer. * * *
/derrm/, n. a navigational device for making a nearby object conspicuous on a radarscope. [d(elayed) e(cho) r(adar) m(arker)] * * *
var. of dermato- before a vowel: dermoid. * * *
derma1 /derr"meuh/, n. Anat., Zool. dermis. [1825-35; NL < Gk dérma skin, equiv. to dér(ein) to skin + -ma n. suffix] derma2 /derr"meuh/, n. 1. beef or fowl intestine used as a ...
derma- or derm- or dermo- pref. Skin: dermal.   [From Greek derma, skin. See derma1.] * * *
/derr'meuh bray"zheuhn/, n. the removal of acne scars, dermal nevi, or the like, by abrading. Also called skin planing. [1950-55; DERM- + ABRASION] * * *
/derr"meuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the skin. Also, dermic. [1795-1805; DERM(A)1 + -AL1] * * *
/deuhr map"teuhr euhn/, adj. 1. Also, dermapterous. belonging or pertaining to the insect order Dermaptera, comprising the earwigs. n. 2. any of numerous brown to black, small to ...
var. of dermato- before a vowel: dermatitis. * * *
/derr"meuh therrm'/, n. Med. an instrument for measuring skin temperature. Also, dermotherm. [DERMA1 + -THERM] * * *
/derr'meuh tuy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the skin. [1875-80; DERMAT- + -ITIS] * * * or eczema Inflammation of the skin, usually itchy, with redness, swelling, and ...
a combining form meaning "skin," used in the formation of compound words: dermatology. Also, dermo-. Also, esp. before a vowel, derm-, dermat-. [ < Gk, comb. form of dermat-, s. ...
▪ pathology       sagging of the eyelid skin and underlying muscle that occurs commonly during the aging process. Symptoms may be absent or include brow ache, ...
/deuhr mat"euh jeuhn, -jen', derr"meuh teuh-/, n. Bot. protoderm. [1880-85; DERMATO- + -GEN] * * *
—dermatoglyphic, adj. /deuhr mat'euh glif"iks, derr'meuh teuh-/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) the patterns of ridges on the inner surface of the hands and feet. 2. (used with a ...
—dermatographic, adj. /deuhr mat'euh graf"ee euh, derr'meuh teuh-/, n. Med. a condition in which touching or lightly scratching the skin causes raised, reddish marks. Also, ...
/derr"meuh toyd'/, adj. resembling skin; skinlike. [1850-55; DERMAT- + -OID] * * *
See dermatological. * * *
See dermatology. * * *
/derr'meuh tol"euh jist/, n. a specialist in dermatology, esp. a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin. [1860-65; DERMATOLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
—dermatological /derr'meuh tl oj"i keuhl/, dermatologic, adj. /derr'meuh tol"euh jee/, n. the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases. [1810-20; DERMATO- + ...
—dermatomic /derr'meuh tom"ik/, dermatomal, adj. /derr"meuh tohm'/, n. 1. Anat. an area of skin that is supplied with the nerve fibers of a single, posterior, spinal root. 2. ...
/deuhr mat'euh muy koh"sis, derr"meuh toh-/, n. Pathol. a superficial fungal infection of the skin. [DERMATO- + MYCOSIS] * * *
/deuhr mat'euh muy'euh suy"tis, derr"meuh toh-/, n. Pathol. an inflammatory disease of connective tissues, manifested by skin inflammation and muscle weakness. [1895-1900; ...
—dermatophytic /deuhr mat'euh fit"ik, derr'meuh teuh-/, adj. —dermatophytosis, n. /deuhr mat"euh fuyt', derr"meuh teuh-/, n. Pathol. any fungus parasitic on the skin and ...
See dermatophyte. * * *
der·ma·to·phy·to·sis (dûr'mə-tō'fī-tōʹsĭs) n. A fungal infection of the skin, especially athlete's foot. * * *
—dermatoplastic, adj. /deuhr mat"euh plas'tee, derr"meuh teuh-/, n. Surg. See skin grafting. [DERMATO- + -PLASTY] * * *
/derr'meuh toh"sis/, n., pl. dermatoses /-toh"seez/. Pathol. any disease of the skin. [1865-70; < NL; see DERMAT-, -OSIS] * * *
/deuhr mat'euh zoh"on, derr'meuh teuh-/, n., pl. dermatozoa /-zoh"euh/. Biol. any microscopic animal or protozoan living as a parasite on or in the skin of the host. [DERMATO- + ...
/derr'meuh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. (esp. of viruses) in, attracted toward, or affecting the skin. Also, dermotropic, dermatotropic /deuhr mat'euh trop"ik, derr'meuh ...
dermestid [dər mes′tid] n. 〚< ModL Dermestidae < Gr dermēstēs, a leather-eating worm < derma, skin (see DERMA1) + esthiein, to eat < esthi, imper. of edmenai, EAT〛 any ...
dermestid (beetle)
Any member of about 700 species (family Dermestidae) of widely distributed beetles that are household pests. Usually brown or black, some are brightly coloured or patterned, and ...
dermestid beetle
▪ insect       any of approximately 700 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that at one time were important household pests because the larvae feed on furs, ...
/derr"mik/, adj. dermal. [1835-45; DERM(A)1 + -IC] * * *
/derr"mis/, n. Anat., Zool. the dense inner layer of skin beneath the epidermis, composed of connective tissue, blood and lymph vessels, sweat glands, hair follicles, and an ...
var. of dermato-: dermographic. * * *
—dermographic, adj. /derr'meuh graf"ee euh/, n. Med. dermatographia. Also, dermographism /deuhr mog"reuh fiz'euhm/. [1850-55; < NL; see DERMO-, -GRAPHY] * * *
/derr"moyd/, adj. skinlike; dermatoid. [1810-20; DERM- + -OID] * * *
/derr"meuh plas'tee/, n. See skin grafting. [DERMO- + -PLASTY] * * *
/deuhr mop"teuhr euhn, -treuhn/, n. 1. any member of the order Dermoptera, comprising the flying lemurs. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the dermopterans. [ < NL Dermopter(a) ( < Gk, ...
Dermot Macmurrough
or Diarmaid Macmurchada died May 1, 1171 Irish king of Leinster (1126–71). He faced a number of rivals in claiming the throne of his father, Enna, and he asserted his ...
/derr"meuh therrm'/, n. Med. dermatherm. * * *
/derr'meuh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. dermatropic. * * *
Dermoût, Maria
▪ Dutch author in full  Helena Antonia Maria Elisabeth Dermoût-ingermann   born June 15, 1888, Pekalongan, Java, Dutch East Indies [now in Indonesia] died June 27, 1962, ...
/derrn/, adj., adv., v.t. Dial. darn2. * * *
dernier cri
/dern"yay kree", derrn"-/; Fr. /derdd nyay krddee"/ the latest fashion; last word. [1895-1900; < F: lit., last cry] * * *
der·nier cri (dĕr'nyā krēʹ) n. The latest thing; the newest fashion.   [French : dernier, last, latest + cri, cry.] * * *
DeRoburt, Hammer
▪ Nauruan politician born Sept. 25, 1923, Nauru died July 15, 1992, Melbourne, Australia       Nauruan politician who was at the centre of political life on the central ...
—derogation, n. v. /der"euh gayt'/; adj. /der"euh git, -gayt'/, v., derogated, derogating, adj. v.i. 1. to detract, as from authority, estimation, etc. (usually fol. by ...
derogation [der΄ə gā′shən] n. 〚ME derogacioun < OFr derogation < L derogatio: see DEROGATE〛 1. a lessening or weakening (of power, authority, position, etc.) 2. ...
—derogatively, adv. /di rog"euh tiv/, adj. lessening; belittling; derogatory. [1470-80; < OF derogatif < LL derogativus. See DEROGATE, -IVE] * * *
See derogative. * * *
See derogatory. * * *
See derogatorily. * * *
—derogatorily, adv. —derogatoriness, n. /di rog"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. tending to lessen the merit or reputation of a person or thing; disparaging; depreciatory: a ...
/dee'roh man"teuh siz'/, v.t., deromanticized, deromanticizing. to remove the romantic, ideal, or heroic aura from. Also, esp. Brit., deromanticise. [DE- + ROMANTICIZE] * * *
Déroulède, Paul
born Sept. 2, 1846, Paris, France died Jan. 30 1914, Nice French politician and poet. An ardent nationalist and advocate of revenge against Germany, he helped found the ...
Derozio, Henry Louis Vivian
▪ Indian poet and educator born April 18, 1809, Calcutta, India died Dec. 26, 1831, Calcutta       poet and assistant headmaster of Hindu College, Calcutta, a radical ...
/der"ik/, n. 1. Mach. a jib crane having a boom hinged near the base of the mast so as to rotate about the mast, for moving a load toward or away from the mast by raising or ...
/der"ee dah'/, n. Jacques, born 1930, French philosopher and literary critic, born in Algiers. * * *
Derrida, Jacques
born July 15, 1930, El Biar, Alg. died Oct. 8, 2004, Paris, France Algerian-born French philosopher. Derrida taught principally at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris ...
Der·ri·da (dĕrʹĭ-dä', dĕʹrē-), Jacques. Born 1930. Algerian-born French philosopher who developed the theory of deconstruction. His widely influential works include ...
/der'ee air"/; Fr. /de rddyerdd"/, n. the buttocks; rump. Also, derriere. [1765-75; < F (prep., n.); OF deriere < VL *de retro, for L retro towards the rear, backwards; cf. ...
/der"ing dooh"/, n. daring deeds; heroic daring. [1325-75; ME durring-do lit., daring to do, erroneously taken as n. phrase. See DARE, DO1] * * *
/der"in jeuhr/, n. an early short-barreled pocket pistol. Also, deringer. [1850-55, Amer.; named after Henry Deringer, mid-19th-century American gunsmith who invented it] * * ...
/der"is/, n. any East Indian plant belonging to the genus Derris, of the legume family, esp. D. elliptica, the roots of which contain rotenone and are used as an ...
/der"ee/, n., pl. derries. a meaningless refrain or chorus in old songs. Also called derry-down /der"ee down'/. [1545-55; of obscure orig.] * * * ▪ New Hampshire, United ...
/der"ee/, n. 1. Londonderry (defs. 1, 2). 2. a town in SE New Hampshire. 18,875. * * * ▪ New Hampshire, United States       town (township), Rockingham county, ...
Dershowitz, Alan (Morton)
born Sept. 1, 1938, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. U.S. lawyer. He graduated from Yale Law School and clerked for Justice Arthur Goldberg before being appointed to the faculty of Harvard ...
Dertouzos, Michael Leonidas
▪ 2002       Greek-born computer scientist (b. Nov. 5, 1936, Athens, Greece—d. Aug. 27, 2001, Boston, Mass.), as director of the Massachusetts Institute of ...
/derr"treuhm/, n., pl. dertra /-treuh/. Ornith. the extremity of the maxilla of a bird's bill, esp. when hooked or differentiated from the rest of the bill, as in pigeons and ...
Also dreu-. To be firm, solid, steadfast; hence specialized senses “wood,” “tree,” and derivatives referring to objects made of wood. Derivatives include tree, trust, ...
v.t. * * *
Deruta ware
▪ Italian pottery       outstanding tin-glazed earthenware, or majolica, produced during the first half of the 16th century in the town of Deruta on the Tiber River, ...
/derr"vish/, n. a member of any of various Muslim ascetic orders, as the Sufis, some of which carry on ecstatic observances, such as energetic dancing and whirling or vociferous ...
Derwall, Jupp
▪ 2008 Josef Derwall        German association football (soccer) manager born March 10, 1927, Würselen, Ger. died June 26, 2007, Sankt Ingbert, Ger. during his tenure ...
/derr"weuhnt/, n. 1. a river flowing N and W into Solway Firth, in N England. ab. 33 mi. (53 km) long. 2. a river flowing S and SE past Derby to the Trent, in central England. ...
Derwent River
River, Tasmania, Australia. Rising in Lake St. Clair, it flows 113 mi (182 km) southeast to enter Storm Bay through a 3.5-mi-(5.5-km-) wide estuary. Its major upper-course ...
Derwent Water
Lake, Cumbria, England. Located in the Lake District, it is about 3 mi (5 km) long and 0.5–1.25 mi (0.8–2 km) wide, with a maximum depth of 72 ft (22 m). The River Derwent ...
Derwent, River
▪ river, England, United Kingdom       river in North Yorkshire, England, that rises on Fylingdales Moor only 6 miles (10 km) inland from the North Sea but flows 57 ...
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Durham, northeastern England, located in the north-central part of the county ...
one of the most beautiful lakes in the English Lake District. The lake is surrounded by hills and mountains and has several small islands. * * *
Déry, Tibor
▪ Hungarian writer Hungarian form  Déry Tibor  born Oct. 18, 1894, Budapest, Hung. died Aug. 18, 1978, Budapest       Hungarian novelist, short-story writer, poet, ...
Déryné Széppataki, Róza
▪ Hungarian singer and actress Hungarian form  Déryné Széppataki Róza , née  Róza Schenbach  born Dec. 24, 1793, Jászberény [now Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county], ...
Derzhavin, Gavrila Romanovich
▪ Russian poet born July 3 [July 14, New Style], 1743, Kazan province, Russia died July 8 [July 20], 1816, Zvanka, Novgorod province, Russia       Russia's greatest and ...
Derzhavin,Gavriil Romanovish
Der·zha·vin (dĕr-zhäʹvĭn, dyĭr-), Gavriil Romanovish. 1743-1816. Russian lyric poet regarded as the greatest national poet before Pushkin. He served as poet laureate and ...
/day/, prep. used in French names as a contraction of de and the article les: François des Adrets. * * * (as used in expressions) Compagnie Générale des Etablissments ...
See diethylstilbestrol. * * * (as used in expressions) Compagnie Générale des Etablissments Michelin Paix des Dames Cartel des Gauches Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers Des ...
Des Moines
—Des Moinesian /deuh moy"nee euhn/. /deuh moyn"/ 1. a city in and the capital of Iowa, in the central part, on the Des Moines River. 191,003. 2. a river flowing SE from SW ...
Des Moines Register, The
▪ American newspaper       morning daily newspaper published in Des Moines, Iowa, one of the most influential regional newspapers in the United States.       It ...
Des Moines River
River, southwestern Minnesota into Iowa, U.S. Rising near Pipestone, it flows 525 mi (845 km) southeast to join the Mississippi River near Keokuk, Iowa. Above Humboldt, Iowa, it ...
Des Périers, Bonaventure
▪ French author born c. 1500, Arnay-le-duc, France? died c. 1544, Lyon       French storyteller and humanist who attained notoriety as a freethinker.       In ...
Des Plaines
/des playnz"/ a city in NE Illinois, near Chicago. 53,568. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Cook county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. Lying on the Des ...
Des Plaines River
River, northeastern Illinois, U.S. Rising in southeastern Wisconsin, it flows south into Illinois past Chicago, to join the Kankakee River after a course of 150 mi (241 km). In ...
Des Prés
/deuh pray"/; Fr. /day prdday"/ Josquin /zhus"kan/; Fr. /zhaws kaonn"/, c1445-1521, Flemish composer. * * *
—desacralization, n. /dee say"kreuh luyz', -sak"reuh-/, v.t., desacralized, desacralizing. to remove the aura of sacredness from; secularize. [DE- + SACRAL1 + -IZE] * * *
Desai, Anita
orig. Anita Mazumdar born June 24, 1937, Mussoorie, India Indian novelist and author of children's books. Considered India's premier imagist writer, she excels in evoking ...
Desai, Kiran
▪ 2008 born Sept. 3, 1971, New Delhi, India  Kiran Desai's second novel, The Inheritance of Loss, was short-listed for the Orange Broadband Prize in 2007, a year after it ...
Desai, Morarji
▪ prime minister of India in full  Morarji Ranchhodji Desai  born Feb. 29, 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat province, India died April 10, 1995, Bombay [now Mumbai]       prime ...
Desai, Morarji (Ranchhodji)
born Feb. 29, 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat, India died April 10, 1995, Bombay Prime minister of India (1977–79). The son of a village teacher, he joined the provincial civil ...
Desai, Morarji Ranchhodji
▪ 1996       Indian politician (b. Feb. 29, 1896, Bhadeli, Gujarat, India—d. April 10, 1995, Bombay, India), as prime minister of India (1977-79), was the austere and ...
Desaix de Veygoux
/de ze" deuh vay gooh"/ Louis Charles Antoine /lwee sharddl ahonn twannn"/, 1768-1800, French general. * * *
Desaix de Veygoux, Louis-Charles-Antoine
▪ French military hero also called  Chevalier (knight) de Veygoux  born Aug. 17, 1768, near Riom, France died June 14, 1800, Marengo [Italy]       French military ...
—desalination, n. —desalinator, n. /dee sal"euh nayt'/, v.t., desalinated, desalinating. desalt. [1945-50; DE- + SALINE + -ATE1] * * *
desalination [dē sā΄lə nə zā′shən, dēsal΄əzā′shəndē sal΄ə nā′shən] n. 〚 DE- + SALIN(E) + -ATION〛 the removal of salt, esp. from sea water to make it ...
See desalination. * * *
See desalinize. * * *
—desalinization, n. /dee sal"euh nuyz', -say"leuh-, -luy-/, v.t., desalinized, desalinizing. desalt. Also, esp. Brit., desalinise. [1960-65; DE- + SALINE + -IZE] * * *
/dee sal"euh vayt'/, v.t., desalivated, desalivating. to arrest the flow of saliva in (a human or other animal). [1970-75; DE- + SALIV(A) + -ATE1] * * *
—desalter, n. /dee sawlt"/, v.t. to remove the salt from (esp. sea water), usually to make it drinkable. Also, desalinate, desalinize. [1905-10; DE- + SALT] * * *
Sp. /de'sah pah'rdde see"dhaw/; Port. /de'zah pah'rddi see"doo/; Eng. /des'euh pahr'euh see"doh/, n., pl. desaparecidos Sp. /-dhaws/; Port. /-doos/; Eng. /-dohz/. Spanish, ...
/day zannrddg"/, Eng. /day zahrg"/, n. Gérard /zhay rddannrdd"/, 1593-1662, French mathematician. * * *
Desargues's theorem
Geom. the theorem that if two triangles are so related that the lines joining corresponding vertices meet in a point, then the extended corresponding lines of the two triangles ...
Desargues, Gérard
De·sargues (dā-zärgʹ), Gérard. 1591-1661. French army officer and mathematician regarded as one of the founders of modern geometry. * * *
Desargues, Girard
▪ French mathematician born February 21, 1591, Lyon, France died October 1661, France       French mathematician who figures prominently in the history of projective ...
v.t., desaturated, desaturating. * * *
/dee sach"euh ray'tid/, adj. (of a color) formed by mixing a color of the spectrum with white. [1910-15; DE- + SATURATE + -ED2] * * *
n. * * *
Desbordes-Valmore, Marceline
▪ French author and actress born June 30, 1786, Douai, Fr. died July 23, 1859, Paris  French poet and woman of letters of the Romantic period.       Her family was ...
Desborough, John
▪ English soldier Desborough also spelled  Desborow, or Disbrowe  baptized November 13, 1608, Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, England died 1680, London       English ...
descendant. * * *
v.t., descaled, descaling. * * *
/des'kam euh sah"doh/; Sp. /des'kah mee sah"dhaw/, n., pl. descamisados /-dohz/; Sp. /-thaws/. 1. an extreme liberal of the Spanish revolution 1820-23. 2. (in Argentina) a ...
—descanter, n. n., adj. /des"kant/; v. /des kant", dis-/, n. 1. Music. a. a melody or counterpoint accompanying a simple musical theme and usually written above it. b. (in part ...
See descant. * * *
/day kahrt"/; Fr. /day kannrddt"/, n. René /reuh nay"/; Fr. /rddeuh nay"/, 1596-1650, French philosopher and mathematician. * * *
Descartes' law
Optics. See Snell's law. [named after René DESCARTES] * * *
Descartes, René
Des·cartes (dā-kärtʹ), René. 1596-1650. French mathematician, philosopher, and scientist who is considered the father of analytic geometry and the founder of modern ...
—descendingly, adv. /di send"/, v.i. 1. to go or pass from a higher to a lower place; move or come down: to descend from the mountaintop. 2. to pass from higher to lower in any ...
See descendible. * * *
/di sen"deuhnt/, n. 1. a person or animal that is descended from a specific ancestor; an offspring. 2. something deriving in appearance, function, or general character from an ...
/di sen"deuhnt/, adj. 1. descending; going or coming down. 2. deriving or descending from an ancestor. [1565-75; < L descendent- (s. of descendens), prp. of descendere. See ...
/di sen"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that descends. 2. Print. a. the part of a lowercase letter that goes below the body. b. a letter having such a part, as p, q, j, or ...
—descendibility, descendability, n. /di sen"deuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being transmitted by inheritance. 2. permitting descent: a descendible hill. Also, ...
descending colon
/koh"leuhn/, Anat. the last portion of the colon, beginning at the upper left abdomen in the region of the spleen and continuing downward along the left posterior wall to the ...
descending node
Astron. the node through which an orbiting body passes as it moves to the south (opposed to ascending node). [1690-1700] * * *
descending rhythm.
See falling rhythm. * * *
/di sen"sheuhn/, n. 1. Astrol. the part of the zodiac in which the influence of a planet is weakest. Cf. exaltation (def. 6). 2. descent. [1350-1400; ME descensioun < OF ...
/di sent"/, n. 1. the act, process, or fact of descending. 2. a downward inclination or slope. 3. a passage or stairway leading down. 4. derivation from an ancestor; lineage; ...
Deschamps, Émile
▪ French poet born Feb. 20, 1791, Bourges, Fr. died April 23, 1871, Versailles       poet prominent in the development of Romanticism.       Deschamps's literary ...
Deschamps, Eustache
▪ French writer byname  Morel (French: “Nightshade”)   born c. 1346, , Vertus, Fr. died c. 1406       poet and author of L'Art de dictier (1392), the first ...
Deschanel, Paul
▪ president of France born Feb. 13, 1855, Brussels died April 28, 1922, Paris       French political figure who was an important parliamentary leader during the Third ...
/dee skoohl"/, v.t. to abolish or phase out traditional schools from, so as to replace them with alternative methods and forms of education. [DE- + SCHOOL1] * * *
/day shooht"/, n. a river flowing N from the Cascade Range in central Oregon to the Columbia River. 250 mi. (400 km) long. * * *
/day kloy"zuyt, di-/, n. a mineral, lead zinc vanadate. [1850-55; < F, named after A.L.O. Des Cloizeaux (1817-97), French mineralogist; see -ITE1] * * * ▪ ...
▪ literature       a synonym for lai, a medieval Provençal lyric in which the stanzas (stanza) are nonuniform. The term also refers to a poem in medieval Provençal ...
/dee skram"beuhl/, v.t., descrambled, descrambling. unscramble (def. 2). [DE- + SCRAMBLE] * * *
/dee skram"bleuhr/, n. unscrambler (def. 2). [DESCRAMBLE + -ER1] * * *
See describe. * * *
—describable, adj. —describability, n. —describably, adv. —describer, n. /di skruyb"/, v.t., described, describing. 1. to tell or depict in written or spoken words; give ...
See describable. * * *
See descry. * * *
/di skrip"sheuhn/, n. 1. a statement, picture in words, or account that describes; descriptive representation. 2. the act or method of describing. 3. sort; kind; variety: dogs of ...
—descriptively, adv. —descriptiveness, n. /di skrip"tiv/, adj. 1. having the quality of describing; characterized by description: a descriptive passage in an essay. 2. - a. ...
descriptive bibliography
Library Science. 1. the aspect of bibliography concerned with the close physical study and description of books and other works. 2. a record of such description of a given number ...
descriptive cataloging
Library Science. the aspect of cataloging concerned with the bibliographic and physical description of a book, recording, or other work, accounting for such items as author or ...
descriptive clause.
See nonrestrictive clause. * * *
descriptive geometry
1. the theory of making projections of any accurately defined figure such that its projective as well as its metrical properties can be deduced from them. 2. geometry in general, ...
descriptive grammar
1. an approach to grammar that is concerned with reporting the usage of native speakers without reference to proposed norms of correctness or advocacy of rules based on such ...
descriptive linguistics
the study of the grammar, classification, and arrangement of the features of a language at a given time, without reference to the history of the language or comparison with other ...
descriptive clause n. A nonrestrictive clause. * * *
See descriptive. * * *
See descriptively. * * *
de·scrip·tiv·ism (dĭ-skrĭpʹtə-vĭz'əm) n. The practice or application of descriptive linguistics, especially in the analysis of grammar.   de·scripʹtiv·ist adj. & ...
—descriptivism, n. /di skrip"teuh vist/, n. 1. a writer, teacher, or supporter of descriptive grammar or descriptive linguistics. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or based on ...
/di skrip"teuhr/, n. 1. a significant word or phrase used to categorize or describe text or other material, esp. when indexing or in an information retrieval system. 2. ...
—descrier, n. /di skruy"/, v.t., descried, descrying. 1. to see (something unclear or distant) by looking carefully; discern; espy: The lookout descried land. 2. to discover; ...
/dez'deuh moh"neuh/, n. (in Shakespeare's Othello) Othello's wife, murdered by her husband as a result of jealousy instilled by Iago. * * *
▪ Ethiopia also spelled  Dessye,  or  Dessie,        town, central Ethiopia, situated on the western escarpment of the Great Rift Valley at an elevation of 7,500 ...
Deseado River
▪ river, Argentina Spanish  Río Deseado,         river in southern Argentina, rising in Buenos Aires Lake in the Andes of southern Chile and Argentina. It flows ...
—desecrater, desecrator, n. —desecration, n. /des"i krayt'/, v.t., desecrated, desecrating. 1. to divest of sacred or hallowed character or office. 2. to divert from a sacred ...
See desecrate. * * *
desecration [des΄i krā′shən] n. a desecrating or being desecrated SYN.- SACRILEGE * * * See desecrater. * * *
See desecrater. * * *
v.t. * * *
/dee seg"ri gayt'/, v., desegregated, desegregating. v.t. 1. to eliminate racial segregation in: to desegregate all schools. v.i. 2. to eliminate racial segregation. [1950-55; ...
—desegregationist, n. /dee'seg ri gay"sheuhn, dee seg'-/, n. the elimination of laws, customs, or practices under which different races, groups, etc., are restricted to ...
See desegregation. * * *
/dee'si lekt"/, v.t. to discharge (a trainee) from a program of training. [1960-65; DE- + SELECT] * * *
v.t., desensationalized, desensationalizing. * * *
/dee sen'si teuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of desensitizing. 2. Physiol., Med. the elimination or reduction of natural or acquired reactivity or sensitivity to an ...
—desensitizer, n. /dee sen"si tuyz'/, v.t., desensitized, desensitizing. 1. to lessen the sensitiveness of. 2. to make indifferent, unaware, or the like, in feeling. 3. Photog. ...
See desensitization. * * *
/dez'euh ret"/, n. 1. a territory established by the Mormons in 1849 as a proposed state of the Union: was refused admission to the Union by Congress and incorporated in the ...
Deseret News, The
▪ United States newspaper       daily newspaper published in Salt Lake City, Utah, by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons (Mormon)). It was founded ...
/di serr"pi deen'/, n. Pharm. a purified alkaloid derived from rauwolfia, C32H38N2O8, used as an antihypertensive in mild cases of essential hypertension and also as a major ...
desert1 —desertic /di zerr"tik/, adj. —desertlike, adj. /dez"euhrt/, n. 1. a region so arid because of little rainfall that it supports only sparse and widely spaced ...
Desert boot
Trademark. a brand of laced ankle-high boot of soft suede with a crepe sole. * * *
Desert Culture
the nomadic hunting, fishing, and gathering preagricultural post-Pleistocene phase in the American West, characterized by an efficient exploitation of varied natural resources ...
Desert cultures
▪ ancient North American cultures       in North America, ancient cultures centred on the Great Basin in the area of Nevada, Utah, and Arizona; they lasted from about ...
desert dormouse
▪ rodent       a rarely seen or captured small rodent of Central Asia. Weighing less than 28 grams (1 ounce), the desert dormouse has a stout rounded body 8 to 10 cm ...
desert fathers
monks, as Saint Anthony or Saint Pachomius, who lived as hermits in the deserts of Egypt and founded the first Christian monasteries. * * * ▪ Christian ...
desert fever
Pathol. coccidioidomycosis. * * *
desert iguana
a long-tailed iguanid lizard, Dipsosaurus dorsalis, of arid areas in the southwestern U.S. and northwestern Mexico, having a row of enlarged scales down the back. Also called ...
Desert Island Discs
a popular BBC radio programme in which famous people are asked to choose the eight records they would most like to have with them if they were alone on an island. It has been ...
desert locust
a migratory locust, Schistocerca gregaria, of North Africa and Asia, associated with the plagues described in the Old Testament. [1940-45] * * *
desert palace
▪ Umayyad architecture  any country dwelling built in Syria, Jordan, and Palestine by Umayyad (661–750 CE) rulers and aristocrats.       At one time the complexes ...
desert pavement
▪ geological formation       surface of angular, interlocking fragments of pebbles, gravel, or boulders in arid areas. Desert pavement forms on level or gently sloping ...
desert rat
1. any of various small rodents, as the kangaroo rat, inhabiting arid regions. 2. Chiefly Western U.S. one who lives in the desert, esp. in order to prospect for gold or other ...
Desert Rats
▪ World War II byname  of The Seventh Armoured Division,        a group of British soldiers who helped defeat the Germans in North Africa during World War II. The ...
Desert Shield
the name used for the military operation in which international armed forces, including British and US troops, were sent to protect Saudi Arabia after Iraq attacked Kuwait in ...
Desert Storm
Desert Storm n. the principal military operation carried out by UN forces in the Gulf War * * * the name used for the military operation in which international armed forces, ...
desert varnish
the dark, lustrous coating or crust, usually of manganese and iron oxides, that forms on rocks, pebbles, etc., when exposed to weathering in the desert. Also called desert ...
/di zerr"tid/, adj. 1. abandoned; forsaken: the problems of deserted wives and children. 2. untenanted: without inhabitants: a deserted village; a deserted farmhouse. 3. ...
See desert3. * * *
/dez'euhr tik"euh leuhs/, adj. Biol. living or growing in a desert. [DESERT1 + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
/di zerr'teuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. Ecol. 1. the processes by which an area becomes a desert. 2. the rapid depletion of plant life and the loss of topsoil at desert boundaries and ...
/di zerr"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of deserting or the state of being deserted. 2. Law. willful abandonment, esp. of one's wife or husband without consent, in violation of legal or ...
Deserts of the world
▪ Table Deserts of the world        area name (location) sq mi sq km Africa Sahara (northern Africa) 3,320,000 8,600,000 Libyan (Libyan Desert) (Libya, ...
—deserver, n. /di zerrv"/, v., deserved, deserving. v.t. 1. to merit, be qualified for, or have a claim to (reward, assistance, punishment, etc.) because of actions, qualities, ...
—deservedness /di zerr"vid nis/, n. /di zerrvd"/, adj. justly or rightly earned; merited: a deserved increase in salary. [1545-55; DESERVE + -ED2] * * *
/di zerr"vid lee/, adv. according to desert; justly; rightly. [1540-50; DESERVED + -LY] * * *
See deservedly. * * *
—deservingly, adv. —deservingness, n. /di zerr"ving/, adj. 1. qualified for or having a claim to reward, assistance, etc., because of one's actions, qualities, or situation: ...
See deserving. * * *
/dee seks"/, v.t. 1. Vet. Surg. to castrate or spay. 2. to deprive of sex, sex appeal, or sexual interest. 3. to remove elements of sexism from; degenderize: a campaign to desex ...
See desexualize. * * *
v.t., desexualized, desexualizing. * * *
Desgarcins, Magdeleine-Marie
▪ French actress original name Louise Desgarcins born 1769, Mont Dauphin, Fr. died Oct. 27, 1797, Paris       one of the greatest of French ...
/dez'euh beel", -bee"/, n. dishabille. * * *
Deshoulières, Antoinette du Ligier de la Garde
▪ French poet born Jan. 1, 1638, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 17, 1694, Paris       French poet who, from 1672 until her death, presided over a salon that was a meeting place ...
/des"i keuhnt/, adj. 1. desiccating or drying, as a medicine. n. 2. a desiccant substance or agent. [1670-80; < L desiccant-, s. of desiccans, prp. of desiccare to dry up. See ...
—desiccation, n. —desiccative, adj. /des"i kayt'/, v., desiccated, desiccating. v.t. 1. to dry thoroughly; dry up. 2. to preserve (food) by removing moisture; ...
/des"i kay'tid/, adj. dehydrated or powdered: desiccated coconut. [1670-80; DESICCATE + -ED2] * * *
See desiccate. * * *
See desiccation. * * *
/des"i kay'teuhr/, n. 1. an apparatus for drying fruit, milk, etc. 2. Chem. a. an apparatus for absorbing the moisture present in a chemical substance. b. an airtight, usually ...
/di sid'euh ray"teuh, -rah"-, -zid'-/, n. pl. of desideratum. * * *
—desideration, n. /di sid"euh rayt'/, v.t., desiderated, desiderating. to wish or long for. [1635-45; < L desideratus (ptp. of desiderare to long for, require), equiv. to de- ...
See desiderate. * * *
/di sid"euhr euh tiv, -euh ray'tiv/, adj. 1. having or expressing desire. 2. Gram. (of a verb derived from another verb) expressing desire to perform the action denoted by the ...
/di sid'euh ray"teuhm, -rah"-, -zid'-/, n., pl. desiderata /-teuh/. something wanted or needed. [1645-55; < L, n. use of neut. ptp. of desiderare; see DESIDERATE] * * *
Desiderio da Settignano
born с 1430, Settignano, republic of Florence died January 1464, Florence Italian sculptor. Born into a family of stonemasons, he entered the Stone and Wood Carvers' Guild of ...
/des'i dear"ee euhm/, n., pl. desideria /-dear"ee euh/. an ardent longing, as for something lost. [1705-15; < L; see DESIDERATE, -IUM] * * *
/di zuyn"/, v.t. 1. to prepare the preliminary sketch or the plans for (a work to be executed), esp. to plan the form and structure of: to design a new bridge. 2. to plan and ...
Design Council
a British organization set up in 1944 to improve design in British industry. Its offices are in Covent Garden, London. * * *
Design for the Third Millennium
▪ 2001 by Patrick Coyne       At the turn of the millennium, new product design—both functional and visually striking—was being showcased in homes around the world, ...
See design. * * *
—designative, designatory /dez"ig neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, dez'ig nay"teuh ree/, adj. —designator, n. —designee, n. v. /dez"ig nayt'/; adj. /dez"ig nit, -nayt'/, v., ...
designated driver
a person who abstains from alcoholic beverages at a gathering in order to be fit to drive companions home safely. * * *
designated hitter
Baseball. a hitter selectedprior to the start of the game to bat for the starting pitcher and all subsequent pitchers without otherwise affecting the status of the pitchers in ...
des·ig·nat·ed driver (dĕzʹĭg-nā'tĭd) n. One who agrees to remain sober, as at a party, in order to be able to drive others home safely. * * *
designated hitter n. Baseball Abbr. DH A player designated at the start of a game to bat instead of the pitcher in the lineup. * * *

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