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Diane de Poitiers, duchess de Valentinois
born Sept. 3, 1499 died April 22, 1566, Anet, France Mistress of King Henry II of France. Diane came to the French court as a lady-in-waiting, where Henry, 20 years her junior, ...
Diane De Poitiers, Duchesse De Valentinois
▪ French noble born Sept. 3, 1499 died April 22, 1566, Anet, France  mistress of Henry II of France. Throughout his reign she held court as queen of France in all but name, ...
Diane Keaton
➡ Keaton (II) * * *
Dianede Poitiers
Di·ane de Poi·tiers (dē-än' də pwä-tyāʹ), Duchesse de Valentinois. 1499-1566. French noblewoman and mistress of Henry II. Her influence, lasting throughout his reign ...
—dianoetically, adv. /duy'euh noh et"ik/, adj. pertaining to dianoia. [1670-80; < Gk dianoetik(ós), equiv. to diáno(ia) DIANOIA + -e- thematic vowel + -tikos -TIC] * * *
/duy'euh noy"euh/, n. Greek Philos. the mental faculty used in discursive reasoning. [ < Gk diánoia the intellect, a thought, notion, belief, equiv. to dia- DIA- + no(eîn) to ...
/duy an"theuhs/, n., pl. dianthuses. any of numerous plants belonging to the genus Dianthus, of the pink family, as the carnation or sweet william. [ < NL (Linnaeus) < Gk Di(ós) ...
—diapasonal, adj. /duy'euh pay"zeuhn, -seuhn/, n. Music. 1. a full, rich outpouring of melodious sound. 2. the compass of a voice or instrument. 3. a fixed standard of ...
diapason normal pitch
Music. a standard of pitch in which A above middle C is established at 435 vibrations per second. Also called French pitch, international pitch, low pitch. * * *
/duy"euh pawz'/, n., v., diapaused, diapausing. Zool. n. 1. a period of hormonally controlled quiescence, esp. in immature insects, characterized by cessation of growth and ...
—diapedetic /duy'euh pi det"ik/, adj. /duy'euh pi dee"sis/, n. Physiol. the passage of blood cells, esp. leukocytes, through the unruptured walls of the capillaries into the ...
See diapedesis. * * *
/duy"peuhr, duy"euh peuhr/, n. 1. a piece of cloth or other absorbent material folded and worn as underpants by a baby not yet toilet-trained. 2. Also called diaper cloth. a ...
diaper rash
a reddish inflammation of the buttocks occurring in infants usually as a result of irritation by ammonia formed as a breakdown product of urine. * * *
/di af'euh nee"i tee, duy'euh feuh-/, n. the quality of being diaphanous; transparency. [1650-60; < Gk diaphané(s) showing through + -ITY] * * *
—diaphanometric /duy af'euh neuh me"trik/, adj. —diaphanometry, n. /duy af'euh nom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring the transparency of a solid, liquid, or ...
—diaphanously, adv. —diaphanousness, n. /duy af"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. very sheer and light; almost completely transparent or translucent. 2. delicately hazy. [1605-15; < ML ...
See diaphaneity. * * *
See diaphaneity. * * *
/duy"euh fohn'/, n. 1. a foghorn producing a low-pitched, penetrating signal of two tones. 2. Phonet. a. a phoneme in one dialect corresponding to a similar but phonetically ...
/duy af"euh rays'/, n. Biochem. a flavoprotein, found in mitochondria, that acts as an enzyme in catalyzing the oxidation of reduced NAD. [ < G Diaphorase (1938) < Gk ...
/duy'euh feuh ree"sis/, n. Med. perspiration, esp. when artificially induced. [1675-85; < LL < Gk: a sweating, equiv. to diaphore- (verbid s. of diaphoreîn to carry off or ...
/duy'euh feuh ret"ik/, Med. adj. 1. producing perspiration. n. 2. a diaphoretic medicine. [1555-65; < LL diaphoreticus < Gk diaphoretikós promoting perspiration, equiv. to ...
/duy"euh fram'/, n. 1. Anat. a. a muscular, membranous or ligamentous wall separating two cavities or limiting a cavity. b. the partition separating the thoracic cavity from the ...
diaphragm shutter
Photog. See iris shutter. * * *
—diaphragmatically, adv. /duy'euh frag mat"ik/, adj. 1. of the diaphragm. 2. like a diaphragm. [1650-60; < Gk diaphragmat- (s. of diáphragma DIAPHRAGM) + -IC] * * *
See diaphragmatic. * * *
See diaphysial. * * *
See diaphysis. * * *
—diaphysial, diaphyseal /duy'euh fiz"ee euhl/, adj. /duy af"euh sis/, n., pl. diaphyses /-seez'/. Anat. the shaft of a long bone. [1825-35; < NL < Gk, equiv. to diaphý(esthai) ...
—diapiric /duy'euh pir"ik/, adj. /duy"euh pear'/, n. Geol. a dome, or anticline, the upper regions of which have been ruptured and penetrated by material squeezed up from ...
See diapir. * * *
See diapophysis. * * *
—diapophysial /duy'ap euh fiz"ee euhl/, adj. /duy'euh pof"euh sis/, n., pl. diapophyses /-seez'/. Anat., Zool. the part of the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra that ...
/duy'euh poz"i tiv/, n. a positive photographic image produced on a transparent film or glass base. [1890-95; DIA- + POSITIVE] * * *
/duy ap"sid/, adj. 1. (of reptiles) having two openings in the skull behind each eye, characteristic of the subclasses Lepidosauria and Archosauria, including all living reptiles ...
Turk. /dee ahrdd"buk euhrdd/, n. Diyarbakir. * * *
—diarchial, diarchic, adj. /duy"ahr kee/, n., pl. diarchies. government in which power is vested in two rulers or authorities. Also, dyarchy. [1825-35; DI-1 + -ARCHY] * * *
—diaristic, adj. /duy"euh rist/, n. a person who keeps a diary. [1810-20; DIAR(Y) + -IST] * * *
diaristic [dī΄ə ris′tik] adj. having the nature of, or in the style of, a diary * * *
—diarrheal, diarrheic, diarrhetic /duy'euh ret"ik/, diarrhoeal, diarrhoeic, diarrhoetic, adj. /duy'euh ree"euh/, n. Pathol. an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal ...
See diarrhea. * * *
See diarrheal. * * *
See diarrheal. * * *
See diarthrosis. * * *
▪ paleontology       genus of extinct, advanced mammal-like reptiles found as fossils in Early Jurassic terrestrial deposits about 200 million years old in southern ...
—diarthrodial /duy'ahr throh"dee euhl/, adj. /duy'ahr throh"sis/, n., pl. diarthroses /-seez/. Anat. a form of articulation that permits maximal motion, as the knee ...
/duy"euh ree/, n., pl. diaries. 1. a daily record, usually private, esp. of the writer's own experiences, observations, feelings, attitudes, etc. 2. a book for keeping such a ...
Diary of a Country Parson
the diary of James Woodforde (1740–1803), which was published in five volumes (1924–31) more than a hundred years after his death. It describes Woodforde’s life as a parson ...
Diary of a Nobody
the diary of Mr Charles Pooter published in London in 1892. Pooter was not a real person; the diary was written by George and Weedon Grossmith as a comic story of life in ...
/dee"euhs/; Port. /dee"euhsh/, n. Bartholomeu /bahrdd'too loo me"oo/, c1450-1500, Portuguese navigator: discoverer of the Cape of Good Hope. Also, Diaz. * * * (as used in ...
Dias, Bartolomeu
or Bartholomew Diaz born с 1450 died May 29, 1500, at sea, near Cape of Good Hope Portuguese navigator and explorer. Given command of an expedition to ascertain the southern ...
Dias, Dinís
▪ Portuguese explorer flourished 15th century       Portuguese navigator and explorer, one of the sea captains sent along the Atlantic coast of northern Africa by ...
Di·as (dēʹəs, -əsh), Bartolomeu. 1450?-1500. Portuguese navigator who was the first to round the Cape of Good Hope. Because of storms he did not actually sight it until the ...
/duy as"keuh sis/, n. Med. a disturbance or loss of function in one part of the brain due to a localized injury in another part. [1910-15; < NL < Gk diáschisis a division; see ...
/duy as"peuhr euh/, n. 1. the scattering of the Jews to countries outside of Palestine after the Babylonian captivity. 2. (often l.c.) the body of Jews living in countries ...
See diasporic. * * *
/duy"euh spawr', -spohr'/, n. 1. a mineral, aluminum oxyhydroxide, AlO(OH), occurring in crystals, or more usually in lamellar or scaly masses: a principal constituent of bauxite ...
See Diaspora. * * *
/duy"euh stays', -stayz'/ an enzyme that breaks down starch into maltose, then dextrose, and is present in malt. [ < F diastase (1833) < Gk diástasis; see DIASTASIS, -ASE] * * *
See diastase. * * *
/duy as"teuh sis/, n., pl. diastases /-seez'/. 1. Med. the separation of normally joined parts, as in the dislocation of bones, without fracture. 2. Physiol. the diastolic rest ...
/duy'euh stat"ik/, adj. 1. Biochem. a. of or pertaining to diastase. b. having the properties of diastase: diastatic action. 2. Med., Physiol. of or pertaining to ...
—diastemic, adj. /duy"euh stem'/, n. Geol. a minor hiatus in an orderly succession of sedimentary rocks. Cf. unconformity. [1850-55; < Gk diástema interval; see DIASTEMA] * * *
/duy'euh stee"meuh/, n., pl. diastemata /-meuh teuh/. 1. Cell Biol. the modified protoplasm at the equator of a cell, existing before mitotic division. 2. Dentistry. a space ...
See diastema. * * *
—diastral, adj. /duy as"teuhr/, n. Cell Biol. the stage in mitosis at which the chromosomes, after their division and separation, are grouped near the poles of the ...
▪ chemistry also spelled  diasteromer        either member of a pair of substances that differ with respect to the configurations of their molecules (i.e., ...
/duy'euh ster"ee euh meuhr, -stear"-/, n. Chem. either of a pair of stereoisomers that are not mirror images of each other. Also called diastereoisomer /duy'euh ster'ee oh ...
/duy as"tl ee', -tl ee/, n. 1. Physiol. the normal rhythmical dilatation of the heart during which the chambers are filling with blood. Cf. systole (def. 1). 2. Pros. the ...
/duy'euh stol"ik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or produced by diastole. 2. (of blood pressure) indicating the arterial pressure during the interval between heartbeats. Cf. ...
See diastrophism. * * *
—diastrophic /duy'euh strof"ik, -stroh"fik/, adj. —diastrophically, adv. /duy as"treuh fiz'euhm/, n. Geol. 1. Also called tectonism. the action of the forces that cause the ...
/duy"euh stuyl'/, adj. Archit. having an intercolumniation of three diameters. See illus. under intercolumniation. [1555-65; < L diastylos < Gk diástylos with columns far apart, ...
/duy"euh sis'teuhm/, n. Gram. a linguistic system forming a common denominator for a group or set of dialects. [DIA(LECT) + SYSTEM] * * *
diatessaron [dī΄ə tes′ə rän΄] n. 〚L(Ec) < Gr(Ec) ( Evangelion) dia tessarōn, lit., (Gospel) through four, title of Tatian's harmony of four Gospels (2d c.) < Gr dia, ...
—diathermanous, adj. /duy'euh therr"meuhn see/, n., pl. diathermancies. the property of transmitting heat as electromagnetic radiation. [1830-40; < F diathermansie < Gk dia- ...
/duy'euh therr"mik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to diathermy. 2. capable of conducting heat. [1830-40; < F diathermique; see DIA-, THERM-, -IC] * * *
/duy"euh therr'mee/, n. Med. the production of heat in body tissues by electric currents, for therapeutic purposes. Also, diathermia /duy'euh therr"mee euh/. [ < G Diathermie ...
—diathetic /duy'euh thet"ik/, adj. /duy ath"euh sis/, n., pl. diatheses /-seez'/. Pathol. a constitutional predisposition or tendency, as to a particular disease or ...
See diathesis. * * *
/duy"euh teuhm -tom'/, n. any of numerous microscopic, unicellular, marine or freshwater algae of the phylum Chrysophyta, having cell walls containing silica. [1835-45; < NL ...
/duy'euh teuh may"sheuhs/, adj. consisting of or containing diatoms or their fossil remains. [1840-50; < NL Diatomace(ae) an order name (see DIATOM, -ACEAE) + -OUS] * * *
diatomaceous earth
a fine siliceous earth composed chiefly of the cell walls of diatoms: used in filtration, as an abrasive, etc. Also called diatomite /duy at"euh muyt'/, kieselguhr. [1880-85] * * ...
diatomaceous earth n. A light-colored porous rock composed of the shells of diatoms. * * *
—diatomicity /duy'at euh mis"i tee/, n. /duy'euh tom"ik/, adj. Chem. 1. having two atoms in the molecule. 2. containing two replaceable atoms or groups; binary. [1865-70; DI-1 ...
diatomite [dī at′ə mīt΄] n. a light-colored, soft sedimentary rock formed mainly of the siliceous shells of diatoms and used in a finely pulverized state as an abrasive, ...
—diatonically, adv. /duy'euh ton"ik/, adj. Music. 1. noting those scales that contain five whole tones and two semitones, as the major, minor, and certain modal scales. 2. of ...
See diatonic. * * *
/duy'euh ton"euh siz'euhm/, n. the use of diatonic harmony; composition in a diatonic idiom. [1930-35; DIATONIC + -ISM] * * *
/duy"euh treem'/, n. Geol. a volcanic vent produced in a solid rock structure by the explosive energy of gases in magmas. [1930-35; DIA- + Gk trêma hole] * * *
/duy"euh truyb'/, n. a bitter, sharply abusive denunciation, attack, or criticism: repeated diatribes against the senator. [1575-85; < L diatriba < Gk diatribé pastime, study, ...
See diatropism. * * *
—diatropic /duy'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. /duy a"treuh piz'euhm/, n. Bot. the tendency of some plant organs to take a transverse position to the line of action of an ...
▪ paleontology  extinct, giant flightless bird found as fossils in Early Eocene rocks in North America and Europe (the Eocene Epoch lasted from 57.8 to 36.6 million years ...
Diavolo, Fra
▪ Italian guerrilla leader byname of  Michele Pezza   born April 7, 1771, Itri, near Formia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies died Nov. 11, 1806, Naples       Italian ...
/dee"euhs/; Port. /dee"euhsh/, n. Bartholomeu /bahrdd'too loo me"oo/. See Dias, Bartholomeu. * * * (as used in expressions) Azaña y Díaz Manuel Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar Díaz ...
/dee"ahs/, n. (Josédela Cruz) Porfirio /haw se" dhe lah krddoohs" pawrdd fee"rddyaw/, 1830-1915, president of Mexico 1877-80, 1884-1911. * * * (as used in expressions) Azaña y ...
Díaz de Bivar
/dee"ahth dhe vee vahrdd"/ Rodrigo /rddaw dhrddee"gaw/ or Ruy /rddwee/. See Cid, The. Also, Díaz de Vivar /dee"ahth dhe vee vahrdd"/. * * *
Diaz de La Peña, Narcisse-Virgile
▪ French painter born 1808, Bordeaux, Fr. died Nov. 18, 1876, Menton       French painter and lithographer of the group of landscape painters known as the Barbizon ...
Díaz de Solís, Juan
▪ Spanish explorer born 1470?, Sevilla, Spain died 1516, Río de la Plata, South America       chief pilot of the Spanish navy and one of the first explorers to enter ...
Díaz del Castillo
/dee"ahth dhel kahs tee"lyaw/ Bernal /berdd nahl"/, 1492-1581, Spanish soldier-historian of the conquest of Mexico. * * *
Díaz del Castillo, Bernal
▪ Spanish author and soldier born c. 1495, Medina del Campo, Castile [Spain] died 1584, Guatemala City, Guatemala       Spanish soldier and author, who took part in the ...
Díaz del Castillo,Bernal
Dí·az del Cas·til·lo (dēʹäth thĕl kä-stēlʹyō), Bernal. 1492?-1581. Spanish soldier and historian whose eyewitness account of the conquest of Mexico (1519-1521) ...
Díaz Mirón
/dee"ahs mee rddawn"/ Salvador /sahl'vah dhawrdd"/, 1853-1928, Mexican poet. * * *
Díaz Ordaz
/dee"ahs awrdd dhahs"/, n. Gustavo /goohs tah"vaw/, 1911-79, Mexican teacher, jurist, and public official: president 1964-70. * * *
Díaz Ordaz, Gustavo
▪ president of Mexico born March 12, 1911, Ciudad Serdán, Mex. died July 15, 1979, Mexico City       president of Mexico from 1964 to 1970.       A descendant ...
Díaz Rodríguez
/dee"ahs rddaw dhrddee"ges/ Manuel /mah nwel"/, 1868-1927, Venezuelan author. * * *
Díaz, (José de la Cruz)Porfirio
Dí·az (dēʹäs, -äz), (José de la Cruz) Porfirio. 1830-1915. Mexican soldier and politician who became president after a coup in 1876 and governed the country until 1911 ...
Diaz, Abby Morton
▪ American author née  Abigail Morton  born Nov. 22, 1821, Plymouth, Mass., U.S. died April 1, 1904, Belmont, Mass.       American novelist and writer of children's ...
Diaz, Armando
▪ Italian general born Dec. 5, 1861, Naples died Feb. 29, 1928, Rome  Italian general who became chief of staff during World War I.       A graduate of the military ...
Diaz, Jesus
▪ 2003       Cuban writer and filmmaker (b. July 10, 1941, Havana, Cuba—d. May 2, 2002, Madrid, Spain), supported the Cuban Revolution with his creative efforts, ...
Diaz, Miguel
▪ 2007 Miguel Aurelio Díaz Zayas; “Angá”  Cuban conga player (b. 1961, San Juan y Martínez, Cuba—d. Aug. 6, 2006, Sant Sadurni d'Anoia, near Barcelona, Spain), was a ...
Díaz, Porfirio
born Sept. 15, 1830, Oaxaca, Mex. died July 2, 1915, Paris, Fr. Soldier and president of Mexico (1877–80, 1884–1911). After training for the priesthood, he pursued a ...
var. of diazo- before a vowel: diazine. * * *
/duy az"euh pam'/, n. Pharm. a benzodiazepine, C16H13ClN2O, used for alleviation of anxiety and tension, as a hypnotic, a muscle relaxant, and an anticonvulsant, and in alcohol ...
/duy"euh zeen', -zin, duy az"een, -in/, n. Chem. any of three isomeric compounds having the formula C4H4N2, containing a ring of four carbon atoms and two nitrogen atoms. [DIAZ- ...
diazinon [dī az′ə nän΄] n. 〚 DIAZINE + -ON(E)〛 a colorless liquid, C12H21N2O3PS, used as an insecticide, especially against flies * * * di·az·i·non ...
/duy az"oh, -ay"zoh/, adj. Chem. containing the diazo group. [1855-60; independent use of DIAZO-] * * *
diazo compound
▪ chemical compound       any of a class of organic substances that have as part of their molecular structure the characteristic atomic grouping       in which ...
diazo group
Chem. the bivalent group -N=N- united with one hydrocarbon group and another atom or group, as in benzenediazo hydroxide, C6H5N=NOH, or the bivalent group =N=N united with one ...
diazo process
Photog. a method for printing on paper treated with a diazo compound that disintegrates upon exposure to light and developing the unexposed areas by the use of diazo ...
diazo radical.
See diazo group. * * *
Chem. a combining form with the meaning "diazo group," used in the formation of compound words: diazomethane. Also, esp. before a vowel, diaz-. [DI-1 + AZO-] * * *
/duy az'oh al"kayn, -ay'zoh-/, n. Chem. any diazo compound having the general formula R2CN2, where R is hydrogen or any saturated organic group, as diazomethane, CH2N2. [DIAZO- + ...
/duy az'oh euh mee"noh, -am"euh noh', -ay'zoh-/, adj. Chem. containing the diazoamino group. [DIAZO- + AMINO] * * *
diazoamino group
Chem. the divalent group -N=NNH-. Also called diazoamino radical. * * *
/duy"euh zohl', duy az"ohl/, n. Chem. any of a group of organic compounds containing three carbon atoms and two nitrogen atoms arranged in a ring. [DIAZ- + -OLE] * * *
/duy az'oh meth"ayn, -ay'zoh-/, n. Chem. a yellow, odorless, toxic, explosive gas, CH2N2, used chiefly as a methylating agent and in organic synthesis. [DIAZO- + METHANE] * * *
/duy'euh zoh"nee euhm/, adj. Chem. of or derived from a diazonium compound. [1890-95; DIAZ- + -onium, as in AMMONIUM] * * *
diazonium compound
Chem. any of a series of compounds that contain the group ArN2-, in which Ar represents an aryl group. [1890-95] * * *
diazonium salt
Chem. any of a group of salts of the general formula ArN2X, in which Ar represents an aryl group and X an anion, as benzenediazonium chloride, C6H5N(N)Cl, many of which are ...
/duy az'euh teuh zay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the preparation of a diazonium salt by treatment of an arylamine with nitrous acid. [1890-95; DIAZOTIZE + -ATION] * * *
—diazotizable, adj. —diazotizability, n. /duy az"euh tuyz'/, v.t., diazotized, diazotizing. Chem. to cause diazotization. Also, esp. Brit., diazotise. [1885-90; DI-1 + AZOTE ...
/duy az"euh tuyp'/, n. Photog. a print produced by the diazo process. [1885-90; DIAZO- + -TYPE] * * *
/duy'az ok"suyd/, n. Pharm. a substance, C8H7ClN2O2S, having potent antihypertensive action and used to reduce blood pressure in hypertensive crisis. [DIAZ- + OXIDE, components ...
/dib/, v.i., dibbed, dibbing. to fish by letting the bait bob lightly on the water. [1600-10; expressive word akin to DAB1, DIP1, BOB1, etc.] * * *
Dib, Mohammed
▪ 2004       Algerian novelist and poet (b. July 21, 1920, Tlemcen, Alg.—d. May 2, 2003, La Celle-Saint-Cloud, France), was the author of some 30 books of fiction, ...
▪ United Arab Emirates and Oman also called  Dībā al-Ḥiṣn , Dibā also spelled  Dībā , Dibbah , or  Dabā        settlement and port town located on the ...
/di buy"/, n. Dubai. * * *
Dibang Valley
▪ region, India       region, northeastern Arunachal Pradesh state, eastern India. It is located in the eastern Great Himalaya Range (Himalayas), with its northern and ...
—dibasicity /duy'bay sis"i tee/, n. /duy bay"sik/, adj. Chem. 1. containing two replaceable or ionizable hydrogen atoms: dibasic acid. 2. having two univalent, basic atoms, as ...
dibasic potassium phosphate
Chem. potassium monophosphate. See under potassium phosphate. * * *
dibasic sodium phosphate
Chem. See sodium phosphate (def. 2). * * *
/dib"euh tag'/, n. a small gazelle, Ammodorcas clarkei, of Somaliland, having a long neck: now rare. Also called Clarke's gazelle. [1890-95; < Somali dib-táag, equiv. to dib ...
dib·ber (dĭbʹər) n. A dibble.   [Alteration of dibble.] * * *
—dibbler, n. /dib"euhl/, n., v., dibbled, dibbling. n. 1. Also, dibber /dib"euhr/. a small, hand-held, pointed implement for making holes in soil for planting seedlings, bulbs, ...
See dibble. * * *
Dibdin, Charles
(baptized March 4, 1745, Southampton, Hampshire, Eng. died July 25, 1814, London) British composer, novelist, and actor. A cathedral chorister, Dibdin began working for a music ...
Dibdin, Michael John
▪ 2008       British crime novelist born March 21, 1947 , Wolverhampton, Staffordshire [now in West Midlands], Eng. died March 30, 2007 , Seattle, Wash. delighted fans ...
Dibdin, Thomas Frognall
▪ English bibliographer born 1776, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India died November 18, 1847, London, England       English bibliographer who helped to stimulate interest in ...
/di bay"lee euhs, -bayl"yeuhs/; Ger. /dee bay"lee oos'/, n. Martin /mahr"tn/; Ger. /mahrdd"teen/, 1883-1947, German theologian. * * *
Dibelius, Martin
▪ German biblical scholar born Sept. 14, 1883, Dresden, Ger. died Nov. 11, 1947, Heidelberg, W.Ger.       German biblical scholar and pioneer of New Testament form ...
Dibiasi, Klaus
▪ Italian athlete Dibiasi also spelled  Di Biasi  born Oct. 6, 1947, Solbad Hall, Austria    Austrian-born Italian diver who dominated the platform event from the late ...
Dibner, Bern
▪ Russian engineer born Aug. 18, 1897, Lisianka, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Jan. 6, 1988, Wilton, Conn., U.S.       American engineer and historian of ...
modern Dhībān Ancient city of Palestine. The capital of Moab, it was located north of the Arnon River in what is now west-central Jordan. Excavations have uncovered the ...
/duy bawr"ayn, -bohr"-/, n. Chem. a colorless gas with an unpleasant odor, B2H6, used in the synthesis of organic boron compounds as a dope to introduce boron and as a ...
/duy"brak/, n. Pros. pyrrhic1 (def. 3). [ < L dibrachys < Gk díbrachys a foot of two short syllables, equiv. to di- DI-1 + brachýs short; see BRACHY-] * * *
/duy brang"kee it, -kee ayt'/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Dibranchiata, a subclass or order of cephalopods with two gills, including the decapods and octopods. n. 2. ...
/duy"brom/, Chem., Trademark. a brand of naled. * * *
/duy broh"muyd, -mid/, n. Chem. a compound containing two bromine atoms, as ethylene dibromide, C2H4Br2. [1865-70; DI-1 + BROMIDE] * * *
▪ India       city, northeastern Assam state, northeastern India. Dibrugarh is situated along the Brahmaputra River and is an important commercial centre, a port, and ...
/dibz/, n. Informal. 1. money in small amounts. 2. rights; claims: I have dibs on the car when Jimmy brings it back. [1720-30; shortening of earlier dibstones a children's game; ...
/duy byooh"kayn/, n. Pharm. a compound, C20H29N3O2, used as a local and spinal anesthetic. [DI-1 + BU(TYL) + (CO)CAINE] * * *
dibutyl phthalate
/thal"ayt, fthal"-/, Chem. a colorless oily liquid, C16H22O4, insoluble in water, used as a solvent, insect repellent, and plasticizer. [1920-25; DI-1 + BUTYL] * * *
▪ Greek philosopher flourished c. 320 BC       Greek Peripatetic philosopher of Messina in Sicily, a pupil of Aristotle and a scholar of wide learning who influenced ...
      songbird family, of the order Passeriformes, including the diamondbird (pardalote) and flowerpecker (qq.v.) groups. * * *
dicalcium silicate
/duy kal"see euhm/, Chem. a component of cement, 2CaO·SiO2, also used to neutralize acid soils. [DI-1 + CALCIUM] * * *
DiCamillo, Kate
▪ 2007       The year 2006 saw the career of American children's books author Kate DiCamillo reach new heights with the publication of two titles, The Miraculous Journey ...
(1974– ) a US actor who became an international star after his performance in the film Titanic (1998). He has a German mother and an Italian father. His other films include ...
DiCaprio, Leonardo
▪ 2001       After a two-year absence from the big screen, American actor Leonardo DiCaprio made his much-anticipated return to theatres in 2000, starring in The Beach, ...
di·car·box·yl·ic (dī-kär'bŏk-sĭlʹĭk) adj. Containing two carboxyl groups per molecule. * * *
dicarboxylic acid
/duy kahr"bok sil"ik, -kahr'-/, Chem. any of the organic compounds that contain two carboxyl groups. [DI-1 + CARBOXYLIC ACID] * * *
/duy"kast, dik"ast/, n. (in ancient Athens) a citizen eligible to sit as a judge. [1700-10; < Gk dikastés a juryman, equiv. to *dikad-, base of dikázein to judge, determine ...
▪ ancient Greek law       a judicial body in ancient Athens (Greek law). Dicasteries were divisions of the Heliaea from the time of the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes ...
See dicast. * * *
—dicer, n. /duys/, n.pl., sing. die, v., diced, dicing. n. 1. small cubes of plastic, ivory, bone, or wood, marked on each side with one to six spots, usually used in pairs in ...
dice cup
a container, usually cylindrical and open at the top, in which dice are shaken to give them a random position and from which they are then thrown or rolled. * * *
/duy sen"treuh/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Dicentra, of the fumitory family, having long clusters of drooping flowers, as the Dutchman's-breeches or the ...
/duy sen"trik/, adj. (of a chromosome or chromatid) having two centromeres. [1935-40; DI-1 + -CENTRIC] * * *
—dicephalism, n. /duy sef"euh leuhs/, adj. having two heads; two-headed. [1800-10; < Gk diképhalos two-headed. See DI-1, -CEPHALOUS] * * *
dic·er (dīʹsər) n. A device used for dicing food. * * *
/duy"see/, adj., dicier, diciest. Informal. unpredictable; risky; uncertain. [1935-40; DICE + -EY1] * * *
Dicey, Albert Venn
▪ British jurist born February 4, 1835, near Lutterworth, Leicestershire, England died April 7, 1922, Oxford       British jurist whose Lectures Introductory to the ...
dich- pref. Variant of dicho-. * * *
See dichasium. * * *
See dichasial. * * *
—dichasial, adj. /duy kay"zheuhm, -zhee euhm, -zee euhm/, n., pl. dichasia /-zhee euh, -zee euh/. Bot. a form of cymose inflorescence in which each axis produces a pair of ...
/duy'kleuh mid"ee euhs/, adj. (of a flower) having both a calyx and a corolla. [1820-30; DI-1 + CHLAMYDEOUS] * * *
/duy kloh"beuh nil/, n. a nonselective preemergence herbicide, C7H3Cl2N, used primarily as a weed and grass killer. Also, dichlorbenil /duy klawr"beuh nil, -klohr"-/. Also called ...
/duy klawr"uyd, -id, -klohr"-/, n. a compound in which two atoms of chlorine are combined with another element or group. Also called bichloride. [1815-25; DI-1 + CHLORIDE] * * *
/duy klawr'euh ben"zeen, -ben zeen", -klohr'-/, n. Chem. any of three isomers consisting of benzene in which two of the hydrogen atoms are replaced by chlorine atoms: ortho-, ...
dichlorodiethyl sulfide
/duy klawr"oh duy eth"euhl, -klohr"-, -klawr'-, -klohr'-/, Chem. See mustard gas. [DI-1 + CHLORO-2 + DI-1 + ETHYL + SULFIDE] * * *
/duy klawr'oh duy floor'oh meth"ayn, -flawr'-; duy klohr'oh duy floor'oh meth"ayn; -flohr'-/, n. Chem. a colorless, slightly water-soluble, nonflammable gas, CCl2F2, that boils ...
/duy klawr'oh duy fen'l truy klawr'oh eth"ayn, duy klohr'oh duy fen'l truy klohr'-/, n. Chem. See DDT. [DI-1 + CHLORO-2 + DI-1 + PHENYL + TRI- + CHLORO-2 + ETHANE] * * *
/duy klawr'oh eth"ayn, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. See ethylene dichloride. [DI-1 + CHLORO-2 + ETHANE] * * *
dichloroethyl formal
/duy klawr'oh eth"euhl, -klohr'-/, Chem. a colorless liquid, C5H10O2Cl2, used chiefly as a solvent and in the manufacture of certain synthetic rubbers. Also, dichlorodiethyl ...
/duy klawr'euh meth"ayn, -klohr'-/, n. Chem. See methylene chloride. [DI-1 + CHLORO-2 + METHANE] * * *
dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
/duy klawr"oh fi nok"see euh see"tik, -euh set"ik, duy klohr"-, duy klawr'oh fi nok'- duy klohr'-/, Chem. a white to yellow, crystalline powder, C8H6O3Cl2, slightly soluble in ...
di·chlor·vos (dī-klôrʹvōs', -vəs, -klōrʹ-) n. A nonpersistent organophosphorous pesticide, C4H7O4Cl2P, of low toxicity to humans.   [di-1 + chloro- + vinyl + ...
a combining form meaning "in two parts," "in pairs," used in the formation of compound words: dichogamy. [ < Gk, comb. form of dícha in two, asunder] * * *
/duy kog"euh meuhs/, adj. Bot. having the stamens and pistils maturing at different times, thereby preventing self-pollination, as a monoclinous flower (opposed to ...
/duy kog"euh mee/, n. a dichogamous condition. [1860-65; < G Dichogamie. See DICHO-, -GAMY] * * *
/duy kon"dreuh/, n. any of several prostrate, creeping, tropical vines belonging to the genus Dichondra, of the morning glory family, esp. D. micrantha, often used as a grass ...
See dichotomize. * * *
See dichotomist. * * *
—dichotomist /duy kot"euh mist/, n. —dichotomistic, adj. —dichotomization, n. /duy kot"euh muyz'/, v., dichotomized, dichotomizing. v.t. 1. to divide or separate into two ...
—dichotomously, adv. —dichotomousness, n. /di kot"euh meuhs/, adj. 1. divided or dividing into two parts. 2. of or pertaining to dichotomy. [1680-90; < LL dichotomos < Gk ...
See dichotomous. * * *
See dichotomously. * * *
—dichotomic /duy'keuh tom"ik/, adj. —dichotomically, adv. /duy kot"euh mee/, n., pl. dichotomies. 1. division into two parts, kinds, etc.; subdivision into halves or ...
/duy kroh"ik/, adj. 1. characterized by dichroism: dichroic crystal. 2. dichromatic. Also, dichroitic /duy'kroh it"ik/. [1860-65; < Gk díchro(os) of two colors + -IC; see DI-1, ...
/duy"kroh iz'euhm/, n. 1. Crystall. pleochroism of a uniaxial crystal such that it exhibits two different colors when viewed from two different directions under transmitted ...
/duy"kroh uyt'/, n. Mineral. cordierite. [1800-10; < F < Gk díchro(os) (see DICHROIC) + F -ite -ITE1] * * *
/duy kroh"mayt/, n. Chem. a salt of the hypothetical acid H2Cr2O7, as potassium dichromate, K2Cr2O7. Also, bichromate. [1860-65; DI-1 + CHROMATE] * * *
/duy'kroh mat"ik, -kreuh-/, adj. 1. Also, dichroic. having or showing two colors; dichromic. 2. Zool. exhibiting two color phases within a species not due to age or ...
/duy kroh"meuh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. the quality or state of being dichromatic. 2. Also called dichromatopsia /duy kroh'meuh top"see euh/. Ophthalm. a defect of vision in which the ...
dichromic1 /duy kroh"mik/, adj. pertaining to or involving two colors only: dichromic vision. [1850-55; DI-1 + CHROMIC] dichromic2 /duy kroh"mik/, adj. Chem. (of a compound) ...
dichromic acid
Chem. the hypothetical acid H2Cr2O7, from which dichromates are derived. * * *
dichromic acid n. An acid, H2Cr2O7, known only in solution. * * *
di·chro·mism (dī-krōʹmĭz'əm) n. Variant of dichromatism. * * *
dichroscope [dī′krə skōp΄] n. 〚< Gr dichroos (see DICHROISM)〛 an optical instrument used to study dichroic crystals, solutions, etc. * * *
/duy"sing/, n. 1. gambling or playing with dice. 2. ornamentation, esp. of leather, with squares or diamonds. [1425-75; late ME; see DICE, -ING1] * * *
/dik/, n. Slang. 1. a detective. 2. Vulgar. penis. [1545-55; generic use of the proper name] * * * (as used in expressions) Butkus Dick Cheney Dick Clark Dick Van Dyke Dick Dick ...
/dik/, n. 1. George Frederick, 1881-1967, U.S. internist. 2. Philip K., 1928-82, U.S. science-fiction writer. 3. a male given name, form of Richard. * * * (as used in ...
Dick Cheney
➡ Cheney * * *
Dick Smothers
➡ Smothers Brothers * * *
Dick test
Med. a test for determining immunity or susceptibility to scarlet fever in which scarlet fever toxin is injected into the skin, susceptibility being characterized by redness at ...
Dick Tracy
a US comic strip about a police detective (= a member of the police who solves crimes). It began in 1931 and is still published. Tracy has a famous square chin and has fought ...
Dick Turpin
➡ Turpin * * *
Dick Van Dyke
➡ Van Dyke * * *
Dick Van Dyke Show, The
▪ American television program       American television situation comedy that ran from 1961 to 1966 on the Columbia Broadcasting System (now CBS Corporation). ...
Dick Whittington
➡ Whittington * * *
Dick, George Frederick
▪ American physician born July 21, 1881, Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S. died Oct. 10, 1967, Palo Alto, Calif.       American physician and pathologist who, with his wife, ...
Dick, Philip K.
▪ American author in full  Philip Kindred Dick  born Dec. 16, 1928, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died March 2, 1982, Santa Ana, Calif.       American science-fiction (science ...
Dick,George Frederick
Dick (dĭk), George Frederick. 1881-1967. American medical researcher who teamed with his wife, Gladys Henry Dick (1881-1963), to isolate the germ that causes scarlet fever. ...
Dick,Gladys Henry
See Dick, George Frederick. * * *
Dick-and-Jane (dĭk'ənd-jānʹ) adj. Of or relating to a book for beginning readers using a small set of basic words that are frequently repeated.   [After Fun with Dick and ...
/dik sis"euhl/, n. a bunting, Spiza americana, of the eastern and central U.S., having a brownish back streaked with black and a yellowish breast and in the male a black patch on ...
Dicke, Robert H.
▪ American physicist in full  Robert Henry Dicke   born May 6, 1916, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died March 4, 1997, Princeton, N.J.       American physicist noted for his ...
Dicke, Robert Henry
▪ 1998       American physicist (b. May 6, 1916, St. Louis, Mo.—d. March 4, 1997, Princeton, N.J.), worked in such wide-ranging fields as microwave physics, cosmology, ...
/dik"inz/, n. devil; deuce (usually prec. by the and often used in exclamations and as a mild imprecation): The dickens you say! What the dickens does he want? [1590-1600; appar. ...
—Dickensian /di ken"zee euhn/, adj. /dik"inz/, n. Charles (John Huffam) /huf"euhm/, ("Boz"), 1812-70, English novelist. * * *
Dickens, Charles
▪ British novelist Introduction in full  Charles John Huffam Dickens   born Feb. 7, 1812, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died June 9, 1870, Gad's Hill, near Chatham, ...
Dickens, Charles (John Huffam)
born Feb. 7, 1812, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died June 9, 1870, Gad's Hill, near Chatham, Kent British novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian ...
Dickens,Charles John Huffam
Dick·ens (dĭkʹĭnz), Charles John Huffam. Pen name Boz. 1812-1870. British writer known for his tales of Victorian life and times. His works, which first appeared in ...
See Dickens, Charles John Huffam. * * *
dicker1 /dik"euhr/, v.i. 1. to deal, swap, or trade with petty bargaining; bargain; haggle. 2. to barter. 3. to try to arrange matters by mutual bargaining: They dickered for ...
Dickerson, Nancy
▪ 1998       American journalist and author who was a pioneer in television reporting, serving as the first female news correspondent at CBS (1960) and producing ...
Dickerson,Eric Demetric
Dick·er·son (dĭkʹər-sən), Eric Demetric. Born 1960. American football player. A running back, mainly for the Los Angeles Rams (1983-1986) and the Indianapolis Colts ...
dickey1 /dik"ee/, n., pl. dickeys. 1. an article of clothing made to look like the front or collar of a shirt, blouse, vest, etc., worn as a separate piece under another garment, ...
/dik"ee/, n. James, 1923-97, U.S. poet and novelist. * * *
Dickey, Bill
▪ American athlete in full  William Malcolm Dickey   born June 6, 1907, Bastrop, Louisiana, U.S. died November 12, 1993, Little Rock, Arkansas       professional ...
Dickey, James
▪ American poet in full  James Lafayette Dickey  born February 2, 1923, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. died January 19, 1997, Columbia, South Carolina       American poet, ...
Dickey, James (Lafayette)
born Feb. 2, 1923, Atlanta, Ga., U.S. died Jan. 19, 1997, Columbia, S.C. U.S. poet, novelist, and critic. Dickey served as a pilot in World War II. His poetry published in such ...
Dickey, James Lafayette
▪ 1998       American novelist and poet (b. Feb. 2, 1923, Atlanta, Ga.—d. Jan. 19, 1997, Columbia, S.C.), produced some 20 volumes of poetry combining themes of ...
Dickey, Sarah Ann
▪ American educator born April 25, 1838, near Dayton, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 23, 1904, Clinton, Miss.       American educator who devoted her efforts in the post-Civil ...
Dickey, William Malcolm
▪ 1994       ("BILL"), U.S. baseball player (b. June 6, 1907, Bastrop, La.—d. Nov. 12, 1993, Little Rock, Ark.), was the outstanding catcher (1928-41) for the ...
Dickey,James Lafayette
Dick·ey (dĭkʹē), James Lafayette. 1923-1997. American writer, especially of poetry, although he is perhaps best known for his novel Deliverance (1970). * * *
Dickey, William. Known as “Bill.” 1907-1993. American baseball player. As a catcher with the New York Yankees (1928-1943, 1946), he caught 100 games or more for 13 ...
/dik"ee berrd'/, n. dickey1 (def. 4). [1775-85; DICKEY1 + BIRD] * * *
dickhead [dik′hed΄] n. 〚see DICK, n. 2-3〛 Slang a man who is regarded as obnoxious, stupid, etc.: mildly vulgar * * * dick·head (dĭkʹhĕd') n. Vulgar Slang An inept, ...
/dik"in seuhn/, n. 1. Edwin (Walter), 1891-1978, U.S. landscape and still-life painter. 2. Emily (Elizabeth), 1830-86, U.S. poet. 3. John, 1732-1808, U.S. statesman and ...
Dickinson College
▪ college, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is a liberal arts ...

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