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(also Debrett’s) the popular name for Debrett’s Peerage and Baronetage, a book containing lists and information about the royal family, the peerage and other people in ...
Debrett's Peerage
▪ British periodical in full  Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage        guide to the British peerage (titled aristocracy), first published in London in 1802 by John ...
➡ Debrett * * *
Debreu, Gerard
▪ 2005       French-born American economist (b. July 4, 1921, Calais, France—d. Dec. 31, 2004, Paris, France), won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in ...
/di breed", day-/, v.t., debrided, debriding. to clean (a wound) by debridement. [by back formation] * * *
/di breed"meuhnt, day-/, n. surgical removal of foreign matter and dead tissue from a wound. [1835-45; < F débridement, equiv. to débride(r) to take away the bridle, MF ...
—debriefer, n. —debriefing, n. /dee breef"/, v.t. 1. to interrogate (a soldier, astronaut, diplomat, etc.) on return from a mission in order to assess the conduct and results ...
de·brief·ing (dē-brēʹfĭng) n. 1. The act or process of debriefing or of being debriefed. 2. The information imparted during the process of being debriefed. * * *
/deuh bree", day"bree/ or, esp. Brit., /deb"ree/, n. 1. the remains of anything broken down or destroyed; ruins; rubble: the debris of buildings after an air raid. 2. Geol. an ...
/day brddooh yannrdd"/, adj., n., pl. débrouillards /-brddooh yannrdd"/. French. adj. 1. skilled at adapting to any situation; resourceful. n. 2. a resourceful person who can ...
/deuh broohz", dee-/, v.t., debruised, debruising. Heraldry. to overlay (a charge) other than an ordinary with an ordinary. [1250-1300; ME debrusen, debrisen to break down, crush ...
/debz/, n. Eugene Victor, 1855-1926, U.S. labor leader: Socialist candidate for president 1900-20. * * *
Debs, Eugene V(ictor)
born Nov. 5, 1855, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S. died Oct. 20, 1926, Elmhurst, Ill. U.S. labour organizer. Debs left home at age 14 to work in the railroad shops. As a locomotive ...
Debs, Eugene V.
▪ American social and labour leader in full  Eugene Victor Debs  born November 5, 1855, Terre Haute, Indiana, U.S. died October 20, 1926, Elmhurst, Illinois  labour ...
Debs,Eugene Victor
Debs (dĕbz), Eugene Victor. 1855-1926. American labor organizer and socialist leader who ran unsuccessfully for President five times between 1900 and 1920. * * *
—debtless, adj. /det/, n. 1. something that is owed or that one is bound to pay to or perform for another: a debt of $50. 2. a liability or obligation to pay or render ...
debt issue
any fixed corporate obligations, as bonds or debentures. * * *
debt limit
(in public finance) the legal maximum debt permitted a municipal, state, or national government. * * *
debt of honor
a gambling debt. [1640-50] * * *
debt service
—debt servicing. the amount set aside annually in a fund to pay the interest and the part of the principal due on a debt. * * *
See debt. * * *
/det"euhr/, n. a person who is in debt or under financial obligation to another (opposed to creditor). [1250-1300; ME detto(u)r < AF dett(o)ur, de(b)tour, OF det(t)or < L ...
debtor and creditor
Respectively, a person who owes a debt and a person to whom the debt is owed. Usually the debtor has received something from the creditor, in return for which the debtor has ...
—debugger, n. /dee bug"/, v.t., debugged, debugging. Informal. 1. to detect and remove defects or errors from. 2. to remove electronic bugs from (a room or building). 3. ...
See debug. * * *
—debunker, n. /di bungk"/, v.t. to expose or excoriate (a claim, assertion, sentiment, etc.) as being pretentious, false, or exaggerated: to debunk advertising ...
See debunk. * * *
Deburau, Jean-Gaspard
▪ French mime in full  Jean-baptiste-gaspard Deburau, Deburau  also spelled  Debureau,  original name  Jan Kašpar Dvořák  born July 31, 1796, Kolín, Bohemia [now in ...
v.t., debureaucratized, debureaucratizing. * * *
/dee berr"/, v.t. 1. to remove burrs from (a piece of machined work); burr. v.i. 2. to remove burrs from a piece of machined work. [DE- + BURR1] * * *
/dee bus"/, v.t., v.i., debused or debussed, debusing or debussing. to get out of a bus; alight from a bus. [1910-15; DE- + BUS] * * *
DeBusschere, David Albert
▪ 2004 “Dave”        American basketball player (b. Oct. 16, 1940, Detroit, Mich. —d. May 14, 2003, New York, N.Y.), became the youngest coach in National ...
—Debussyan /di byooh"see euhn/, adj. /deb'yoo see", day'byoo-, deuh byooh"see/; Fr. /deuh byuu see"/, n. Claude Achille /klawd euh sheel"/; Fr. /klohd ann sheel"/, 1862-1918, ...
Debussy, (Achille-) Claude
born Aug. 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France died March 25, 1918, Paris French composer. Born into near poverty, he showed an early gift for the piano. He entered the ...
Debussy, Claude
▪ French composer Introduction in full  Achille-Claude Debussy   born Aug. 22, 1862, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France died March 25, 1918, Paris  French composer whose works ...
Debussy,Claude Achille
De·bus·sy (də-byo͞oʹsē, dĕb'yo͞o-sēʹ, də-bü-sēʹ), Claude Achille. 1862-1918. French composer who is considered the first exponent of musical impressionism. His ...
/day byooh", di-, day"byooh, deb"yooh/, n. 1. a first public appearance on a stage, on television, etc. 2. the first appearance of something, as a new product. 3. (of a young ...
/deb"yoo tahnt', -yeuh-/, n. a person who makes a debut into a professional career or before the public. Also, débutant. [1815-25; < F débutant, prp. of débuter. See DEBUT, ...
/deb"yoo tahnt', -tant'/, n. a young woman making a debut into society. Also, débutante. [1795-1805; < F; fem. of débutant DEBUTANT] * * *
/di buy"/, n. Elect. a unit of measure for electric dipole moments, equal to 10-18 statcoulomb-centimeters. Abbr.: D [1930-35; named after P. J. W. DEBYE] * * *
/de buy"/, n. Peter Joseph Wilhelm /pay"teuhrdd yoh"sef vil"helm/, 1884-1966, Dutch physicist, in the U.S. after 1940: Nobel prize for chemistry 1936. * * *
Debye, Peter
orig. Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debije born March 24, 1884, Maastricht, Neth. died Nov. 2, 1966, Ithaca, N.Y., U.S. Dutch-born U.S. physical chemist. His first important ...
Debye,Peter Joseph Wilhelm
De·bye (də-bīʹ), Peter Joseph Wilhelm. 1884-1966. Dutch-born American physicist. He won a 1936 Nobel Prize for his investigations on dipole movements and on diffraction of ...
Debye-Hückel equation
▪ chemistry       a mathematical expression derived to elucidate certain properties of solutions of electrolytes, that is, substances present in the solutions in the ...
dec abbrev. 1. deceased 2. declaration 3. declination 4. decrease * * *
Dec abbrev. 1. December 2. declination * * *
var. of deca- before a vowel: decathlon. * * *
December. * * *
1. (in prescriptions) pour off. [ < L decanta] 2. deceased. 3. decimeter. 4. declension. 5. decrease. 6. Music. decrescendo. * * *
a combining form meaning "ten," used in the formation of compound words: decapod. Also, esp. before a vowel, dec-. Cf. deci-, deka. [ < Gk deka-, comb. form of déka TEN; c. L ...
—decadally, adv. /dek"euh dl/, adj. of or pertaining to a decade. [1745-55; DECADE + -AL1] * * *
/dek"ayd/; Brit. also /deuh kayd"/, n. 1. a period of ten years: the three decades from 1776 to 1806. 2. a period of ten years beginning with a year whose last digit is zero: the ...
dec·ade·long (dĕkʹād-lông', -lŏng', də-kādʹ-) adj. Lasting a decade: a decadelong national research effort. * * *
/dek"euh deuhns, di kayd"ns/, n. 1. the act or process of falling into an inferior condition or state; deterioration; decay: Some historians hold that the fall of Rome can be ...
dec·a·den·cy (dĕkʹə-dən-sē, dĭ-kādʹn-) n. Decadence. * * *
—decadently /dek"euh deuhnt lee, di kayd"nt-/, adv. /dek"euh deuhnt, di kayd"nt/, adj. 1. characterized by decadence, esp. culturally or morally: a decadent life of excessive ...
▪ Italian artistic movement Italian  Decadentismo,         Italian artistic movement that derived its name but not all its characteristics from the French and English ...
See decadent. * * *
Group of poets of the end of the 19th century, including some French Symbolists (see Symbolist movement), notably Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Verlaine, and the later generation ...
/dek"euh dram'/, n. a silver coin of ancient Greece equal to 10 drachmas. Also, dekadrachm, decadrachma /dek"euh drak'meuh/. [1855-60; DECA- + DRACHM] * * *
/dek"euh dron'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of dexamethasone. * * *
/dee"kaf'/, Informal. n. 1. decaffeinated coffee or tea. adj. 2. decaffeinated. [by shortening] * * *
—decaffeination, n. —decaffeinator, n. /dee kaf"euh nayt', -kaf"ee euh-/, v.t., decaffeinated, decaffeinating. to extract caffeine from: to decaffeinate coffee. [1925-30; DE- ...
decaffeinated [dē kaf′ə nāt΄əd, dikaf′ə nāt΄əd] adj. 〚pp. of decaffeinate
See decaffeinate. * * *
—decagonal /deuh kag"euh nl/, adj. /dek"euh gon'/, n. Geom. a polygon having ten angles and ten sides. [1565-75; < ML decagonum. See DECA-, -GON] * * *
See decagon. * * *
See decagonal. * * *
/dek"euh gram'/, n. dekagram. * * *
See decahedron. * * *
—decahedral /dek'euh hee"dreuhl/, adj. /dek'euh hee"dreuhn/, n., pl. decahedrons, decahedra /-dreuh/. Geom. a solid figure having ten faces. [1820-30; < NL; see DECA-, ...
—decahydrated, adj. /dek'euh huy"drit, -drayt/, n. Chem. a hydrate that contains ten molecules of water, as washing soda, Na2CO3·10H2O. [1900-05; DECA- + HYDRATE] * * *
/dek'euh huy'droh naf"theuh leen', -nap"-/, n. Chem. a colorless, aromatic liquid, C10H18, insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol and ether: used as a solvent for oils, fats, ...
/dee"kal, di kal"/, n., v., decaled or decalled, decaling or decalling. n. 1. a specially prepared paper bearing a picture or design for transfer to wood, metal, glass, etc. 2. ...
/dee kal'seuh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of decalcifying. 2. the loss of calcium or calcium compounds, as from bone or soil. [1855-60; DECALCI(FY) + -FICATION] * * *
See decalcification. * * *
—decalcifier, n. /dee kal"seuh fuy'/, v., decalcified, decalcifying. v.t. 1. to deprive of lime or calcareous matter, as a bone. v.i. 2. to become decalcified. [1840-50; DE- + ...
/di kal'keuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. 1. the art or process of transferring pictures or designs from specially prepared paper to wood, metal, glass, etc. 2. decal (defs. 1, ...
—decalescent, adj. /dee'keuh les"euhns/, n. Metall. absorption of heat without a corresponding increase in temperature when a metal has been heated to a critical ...
See decalescence. * * *
/dek"euh lin/, Chem., Trademark. a brand of decahydronaphthalene. * * *
/dek"euh lee'teuhr/, n. dekaliter. * * *
/dek"euh lawg', -log'/, n. See Ten Commandments. Ex. 20:2-17. Also, decalogue, Decalog, decalog. [1350-1400; ME decalog < LL decalogus < MGk, Gk dekálogos. See DECA-, -LOGUE] * ...
v.t., decalorized, decalorizing. * * *
Decameron [di kam′ər ən] n. 〚It Decamerone < Gr deka, TEN + hēmera, day〛 a collection of a hundred tales by Boccaccio (published 1353), presented as stories told by a ...
Decameron, The
—Decameronic /di kam'euh ron"ik/, adj. /di kam"euhr euhn/ a collection of 100 tales (1353) by Boccaccio. * * *
/di kam"euhr euhs/, adj. consisting of ten parts or divisions. [1880-85; DECA- + -MEROUS] * * *
/dek"euh mee'teuhr/, n. dekameter. * * *
/dek'euh me"trik/, adj. (of a radio wave) having a wavelength between 10 and 100 meters: decametric wave. Also, dekametric. [DECA- + -METRIC] * * *
—decampment, n. /di kamp"/, v.i. 1. to depart from a camp; to pack up equipment and leave a camping ground: We decamped before the rain began. 2. to depart quickly, secretly, ...
See decamp. * * *
Decamps, Alexandre
▪ French painter in full  Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps  born March 3, 1803, Paris, France died August 22, 1860, Barbizon       one of the first French painters of the ...
/dek"euhn/, n. Astrol. any of three divisions of 10° within a sign of the zodiac. [1400-50; late ME < LL decanus chief of ten; see DEAN1] * * *
—decanally, decanically /di kan"ik lee/, adv. /dek"euh nl, di kayn"l/, adj. of or pertaining to a dean or deanery: decanal responsibilities. [1700-10; < LL decan(us) DEAN1 + ...
/dek"ayn/, n. Chem. a hydrocarbon, C10H22, of the methane series, occurring in several isomeric forms. [1870-75; DEC- + -ANE] * * *
/di kay"nuy/, adj. of or pertaining to the epistle or liturgical south side of a church (opposed to cantoris). [1750-60; < ML decani of the dean (gen. of decanus); see DEAN1] * * ...
decanoic acid
/dek"euh noh"ik, dek'-/, Chem. See capric acid. [DECANE + -O- + -IC] * * *
dec·a·no·ic acid (dĕk'ə-nōʹĭk) n. See capric acid. * * *
/dek"euh nawl', -nol'/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid, C10H22O, insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol: used as a plasticizer, detergent, and in perfumes and flavorings. Also ...
/dek"euh nawr'meuhl/, adj. Chem. (of a solution) containing ten equivalent weights of solute per liter of solution. [DECA- + NORMAL] * * *
—decantation /dee'kan tay"sheuhn/, n. /di kant"/, v.t. 1. to pour (wine or other liquid) gently so as not to disturb the sediment. 2. to pour (a liquid) from one container to ...
See decant. * * *
/di kan"teuhr/, n. 1. a vessel, usually an ornamental glass bottle, for holding and serving wine, brandy, or the like. 2. a bottle used for decanting. [1705-15; DECANT + -ER1] * ...
v.t., decapped, decapping. * * *
—decapitalization, n. /dee kap"i tl uyz'/, v.t., decapitalized, decapitalizing. to deprive of capital; discourage capital formation; withdraw capital from: The government ...
—decapitation, n. —decapitator, n. /di kap"i tayt'/, v.t., decapitated, decapitating. to cut off the head of; behead: Many people were decapitated during the French ...
See decapitate. * * *
See decapitation. * * *
—decapodan /deuh kap"euh dn/, adj., n. —decapodous, adj. /dek"euh pod'/, n. 1. any crustacean of the order Decapoda, having five pairs of walking legs, including the crabs, ...
See decapod. * * *
See decapodal. * * *
See decapodal. * * *
/di kap"euh lis/, n. a region in the NE part of ancient Palestine: confederacy of ten cities in the 1st century B.C. * * * League of 10 ancient Greek cities, including Damascus, ...
DeCarava, Roy
born Dec. 9, 1919, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. photographer. He took up photography in the late 1940s. In 1952 he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in support of his project to ...
—decarbonation, n. /dee kahr"beuh nayt'/, v.t., decarbonated, decarbonating. to remove carbon dioxide from. [1825-35; DE- + CARBONATE] * * *
See decarbonate. * * *
See decarbonize. * * *
—decarbonization, n. —decarbonizer, n. /dee kahr"beuh nuyz'/, v.t., decarbonized, decarbonizing. decarburize. Also, esp. Brit., decarbonise. [1815-25; DE- + CARBONIZE] * * *
See decarbonization. * * *
—decarbonylation, n. /dee kahr"beuh nl ayt'/, v.t., decarbonylated, decarbonylating. Chem. to remove the carbonyl group from (an organic compound). [DE- + CARBONYLATE] * * *
/dee"kahr bok"seuh lays', -layz'/, n. Biochem. any of the class of enzymes that catalyze the release of carbon dioxide from the carboxyl group of certain organic acids. Also ...
—decarboxylation, n. /dee'kahr bok"seuh layt'/, v.t., decarboxylated, decarboxylating. Chem. to remove the carboxyl group from (an organic compound). [1920-25; DE- + ...
decarboxylation [dē΄kär΄bäk΄si lā′shən] n. 〚 DE- + CARBOXYL + -ATION〛 the removal or loss of a carboxyl group from an organic compound, as amino acid, usually ...
See decarburize. * * *
—decarburization, decarburation, n. /dee kahr"beuh ruyz', -byeuh-/, v.t., decarburized, decarburizing. to remove carbon from (molten steel, automobile cylinders, etc.). Also, ...
dec·are (dĕkʹâr', -är') n. A metric unit of area equal to 10 ares. * * *
v.t., decartelized, decartelizing. * * *
/dek"euh stuyl'/, adj. Archit. 1. having ten columns. 2. (of a classical temple) having ten columns on one front or on each front. Also, decastylar. [1720-30; < L decastylos < Gk ...
/dek'euh stuy"los/, n. a decastyle building, as a classical temple. [ < L; see DECASTYLE] * * *
—decasualization, n. /dee kazh"ooh euh luyz'/, v.t., decasualized, decasualizing. to reduce or eliminate the employment of (casual labor). Also, esp. Brit., ...
/dek'euh si lab"ik/, adj. having ten syllables: a decasyllabic verse. [1765-75; DECA- + SYLLABIC; cf. F décasyllabique] * * *
/dek"euh sil'euh beuhl/, n. a word or line of verse of ten syllables. [1830-40; DECA- + SYLLABLE] * * *
v.t., decategorized, decategorizing. * * *
—decathexis /dee'keuh thek"sis/, n. /dee'keuh thekt"/, v.t. to withdraw one's feelings of attachment from (a person, idea, or object), as in anticipation of a future loss: He ...
/di kath"leet/, n. an athlete who takes part in or trains chiefly for a decathlon. [1965-70; b. DECATHLON and ATHLETE] * * *
/di kath"lon/, n. an athletic contest comprising ten different track-and-field events and won by the contestant amassing the highest total score. [1910-15; DEC- + Gk âthlon ...
/dek"euh ting/, n. a finishing process for making fabric more lustrous, for improving the tactile quality of the nap, and for setting the material to reduce shrinkage. Also, ...
/di kay"teuhr/, n. 1. Stephen, 1779-1820, U.S. naval officer. 2. a city in central Illinois. 94,081. 3. a city in N Alabama. 42,002. 4. a city in N Georgia, near Atlanta. ...
Decatur, Stephen
born Jan. 5, 1779, Sinepuxent, Md., U.S. died March 22, 1820, Bladensburg, Md. U.S. naval officer. He entered the navy in 1798. In the Tripolitan War, he led a daring ...
Decatur, Stephen. 1779-1820. American naval officer known for his heroic deeds in the Tripolitan War, the War of 1812, and skirmishes against the Barbary pirates. * * *
decatyl alcohol
/dek"euh tl/, Chem. decanol. [ < Gk dékat(os) tenth (see DECA-, -TH2) + -YL] * * *
—decayable, adj. —decayedness /di kayd"nis, -kay"id-/, adj. —decayless, adj. /di kay"/, v.i. 1. to become decomposed; rot: vegetation that was decaying. 2. to decline in ...
decay constant
Physics. the reciprocal of the decay time. Also called decay rate, disintegration constant. [1930-35] * * * ▪ nuclear physics       proportionality between the size of ...
decay series
Physics. See radioactive series. * * *
decay time
Physics. the time required for a collection of atoms of a particular radionuclide to decay to a fraction of the initial number equal to 1/e. Cf. e (symbol) (def. 1). Also called ...
See decay. * * *
Decazes, Élie, Duke, Duke Af Glücksberg
▪ French politician born Sept. 28, 1780, Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France died Oct. 24, 1860, Decazeville  French political figure and leader of the moderate constitutional ...
/dek"euh/, n. a British radio navigational aid by which a fix is obtained by determining phase difference between continuous-wave signals from two synchronized fixed signals. Cf. ...
/dek"euhn/, n. 1. the entire peninsula of India S of the Narbada River. 2. a plateau region in S India between the Narbada and Krishna rivers. * * * Peninsula of India south of ...
deccan hemp
/dek"euhn/ kenaf. * * *
Deccan Plateau
Deccan Plateau [dek′ən] triangular tableland occupying most of the peninsula of India, between the Eastern Ghats & Western Ghats & south of the Narbada River: also called the ...
Deccani painting
▪ Indian art  style of miniature painting that flourished from the late 16th century among the Deccani sultanates in peninsular India. The style is a sensitive, highly ...
an international record company which was formed in Britain in 1929 and became the second largest record group in the world after EMI. Decca was bought by Polygram in 1980. * * *
decd abbrev. deceased * * *
deceased. * * *
/dees/, adj. Slang. great, wonderful. Also, dees. [shortening of DECENT] * * *
/di sees"/, n., v., deceased, deceasing. n. 1. the act of dying; departure from life; death. v.i. 2. to depart from life; die. [1300-50; (n.) ME deces < OF < L decessus ...
/di seest"/, adj. 1. no longer living; dead. n. 2. the deceased, a. the particular dead person or persons referred to. b. dead persons collectively: to speak well of the ...
▪ Dacian king died 106       king of the Dacians, a people who lived in the territory known presently as Romania.       Decebalus unified the various Dacian ...
/di seed"nt/, n. Law. a deceased person. [1590-1600; < L decedent- (s. of decedens) departing, withdrawing, prp. of decedere. See DECEASE, -ENT] * * *
decedent estate
Law. the estate left by a decedent. * * *
/di seet"/, n. 1. the act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of misleading; duplicity; fraud; cheating: Once she exposed their ...
—deceitfully, adv. —deceitfulness, n. /di seet"feuhl/, adj. 1. given to deceiving: A deceitful person cannot keep friends for long. 2. intended to deceive; misleading; ...
See deceitful. * * *
See deceitfully. * * *
/di see"veuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being deceived; gullible. 2. Archaic. misleading; deceptive. [1350-1400; ME; see DECEIVE, ABLE] * * *
—deceivableness, deceivability, n. —deceivably, adv. —deceiver, n. —deceivingly, adv. /di seev"/, v., deceived, deceiving. v.t. 1. to mislead by a false appearance or ...
See deceivable. * * *
See deceivable. * * *
—deceleration, n. —decelerator, n. /dee sel"euh rayt'/, v., decelerated, decelerating. v.t. 1. to decrease the velocity of: He decelerates the bobsled when he nears a ...
See decelerate. * * *
deceleration injury
      impact injury to a body within or upon a rapidly moving object caused by the forces exerted when the object is brought to a sudden halt. Deceleration injury can ...
See deceleration. * * *
/dee sel'euh rom"i teuhr/, n. a device that measures the rate of deceleration, as of a vehicle. [1920-25; DECELER(ATION) + -O- + -METER] * * *
/dee sel"euh ron'/, n. Aeron. an aileron that acts as a brake. [b. DECELERATE and AILERON] * * *
/de"kem/; Eng. /des"em/, adj. Latin. ten. * * *
/di sem"beuhr/, n. the twelfth month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Dec. [bef. 1000; ME decembre < OF < L december (s. decembr-) the tenth month of the early Roman year, ...
/di sem"brist/, n. Russ. Hist. a participant in the conspiracy and insurrection against Nicholas I on his accession in December, 1825. [1880-85; trans. of Russ dekabríst. See ...
Decembrist revolt
(December 1825) Unsuccessful uprising by Russian revolutionaries. Following the death of Alexander I, a group of liberal members of the upper classes and military officers ...
—decemviral, adj. /di sem"veuhr/, n., pl. decemvirs, decemviri /-veuh ruy'/. 1. a member of a permanent board or a special commission of ten members in ancient Rome, esp. the ...
See decemvir. * * *
/di sem"veuhr it, -veuh rayt'/, n. 1. a board or group of decemvirs. 2. the office or government of decemvirs. [1610-20; < L decemviratus. See DECEMVIR, -ATE3] * * *
▪ ancient Rome       (Latin: “ten men”), in ancient Rome, any official commission of 10. The designation is most often used in reference to decemviri legibus ...
/dee"seuhn see/, n., pl. decencies. 1. the state or quality of being decent. 2. conformity to the recognized standard of propriety, good taste, modesty, etc. 3. decencies, a. the ...
/di sen"euh ree/, n., pl. decennaries, adj. n. 1. a decennium. adj. 2. pertaining to a period of ten years; decennial. [1815-25; < L decenn(is) of ten years (dec(em) TEN + ...
de·cen·ni·a (dĭ-sĕnʹē-ə) n. A plural of decennium. * * *
—decennially, adv. /di sen"ee euhl/, adj. 1. of or for ten years. 2. occurring every ten years. n. 3. a decennial anniversary. 4. its celebration. [1650-60; < L decenni(um) a ...
See decennial. * * *
/di sen"ee euhm/, n., pl. decenniums, decennia /-sen"ee euh/. a period of ten years; a decade. [1675-85; < L; see DECENNIAL] * * *
—decently, adv. —decentness, n. /dee"seuhnt/, adj. 1. conforming to the recognized standard of propriety, good taste, modesty, etc., as in behavior or speech. 2. respectable; ...
/dee sen"teuhr/, v.t. 1. to put out of center. 2. to make eccentric. Also, esp. Brit., decentre. [1885-90; DE- + CENTER] * * *
See decent. * * *
See decently. * * *
See decentralize. * * *
See decentralization. * * *
—decentralist, n. —decentralization, n. /dee sen"treuh luyz'/, v., decentralized, decentralizing. v.t. 1. to distribute the administrative powers or functions of (a central ...
/dee sen"teuhr/, v.t., decentred, decentring. Chiefly Brit. decenter. * * *
/di sep"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of deceiving; the state of being deceived. 2. something that deceives or is intended to deceive; fraud; artifice. [1400-50; late ME decepcioun < OF ...
Deception Bay
▪ Queensland, Australia       bay and resort town, southeastern Queensland, Australia. In 1823 the explorer John Oxley named the local stream the Deception River (now ...
deception bed
any of various kinds of concealed or disguised beds designed in the 18th century. * * *
Deception Island
▪ island, Antarctica       one of the South Shetland Islands, in the Drake Passage, off the Antarctic Peninsula. It is a sunken volcano, the crater of which, about 10 ...
deception table
a table of the 18th century made so as to conceal its true function, as in serving as a cabinet for a chamber pot. * * *
—deceptively, adv. —deceptiveness, n. /di sep"tiv/, adj. 1. apt or tending to deceive: The enemy's peaceful overtures may be deceptive. 2. perceptually misleading: It looks ...
deceptive cadence
Music. a cadence consisting of a dominant harmony followed by a resolution to a harmony other than the tonic. * * *
de·cep·tive·ly (dĭ-sĕpʹtĭv-lē) adv. In a deceptive or deceiving manner; so as to deceive.   Usage Note: When deceptively is used to modify an adjective, the meaning is ...
See deceptive. * * *
—decerebration, n. v. /dee ser"euh brayt'/; n. /dee ser"euh brayt', -brit/, v., decerebrated, decerebrating, n. v.t. 1. Surg. to remove the cerebrum. n. 2. a decerebrated ...
See decerebrate. * * *
/di serrn"/, v.i. 1. Scots Law. to enter a judicial decree. v.t. 2. Archaic. to discern. [1400-50; late ME decernen to decide < OF decerner < L decernere, equiv. to de- DE- + ...
See decertify. * * *
—decertification /dee serr'teuh feuh kay"sheuhn, dee'seuhr tif'euh-/, n. /dee serr"teuh fuy'/, v.t., decertified, decertifying. to withdraw certification from. [1915-20; DE- + ...
Déchelette, Joseph
▪ French archaeologist born Jan. 8, 1862, Roanne, France died Oct. 8, 1914, Aisne       French archaeologist and author of an important work covering the entire field ...
—dechlorination, n. /dee klawr"euh nayt', -klohr"-/, v.t., dechlorinated, dechlorinating. Chem. to remove the chlorine from (a substance, as water): to dechlorinate tap water ...
a combining form meaning "tenth," used in words denoting units of the metric system (deciliter); on this model, extended to other systems (decibel). Cf. deca-. [ < F déci- < L ...
dec·i·are (dĕsʹē-âr', -är') n. One-tenth (10-1) of an are. * * *
/des"euh bahr'/, n. Physics. a centimeter-gram-second unit of pressure, equal to 1/10 bar or 100,000 dynes per square centimeter. [1905-10; DECI- + BAR1] * * *
/des"euh bel', -beuhl/, n. Physics. 1. a unit used to express the intensity of a sound wave, equal to 20 times the common logarithm of the ratio of the pressure produced by the ...
decibel (dB)
Unit for measuring the relative intensities of sounds or the relative amounts of acoustic or electric power. Because it requires about a tenfold increase in power for a sound to ...
See decide. * * *
—decidability, n. /di suy"deuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being decided. 2. Logic. (of an axiom, proposition, etc.) having the property that its consistency or inconsistency ...
—decider, n. /di suyd"/, v., decided, deciding. v.t. 1. to solve or conclude (a question, controversy, or struggle) by giving victory to one side: The judge decided the case in ...
—decidedly, adv. —decidedness, n. /di suy"did/, adj. 1. in no way uncertain or ambiguous; unquestionable; unmistakable: a decided victory. 2. free from hesitation or ...
See decided. * * *
See decidedly. * * *
See decidability. * * *
—decidingly, adv. /di suy"ding/, adj. that settles a question or dispute or leads to a final decision; determining; decisive: the deciding vote; The weather will be the ...
—decidual, adj. /di sij"ooh euh/, n., pl. deciduas, deciduae /-sij"ooh ee'/. Embryol. the endometrium of a pregnant uterus that in many of the higher mammals is cast off at ...
See decidua. * * *
/di sij"ooh it/, adj. Anat., Zool. 1. having or characterized by a decidua. 2. (of a placenta) partly formed from the decidua. 3. deciduous (def. 2). [1865-70; < NL deciduatus, ...
/di sij'ooh uy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the decidua. [ < NL; see DECIDUA, -ITIS] * * *
—deciduously, adv. —deciduousness, n. /di sij"ooh euhs/, adj. 1. shedding the leaves annually, as certain trees and shrubs. 2. falling off or shed at a particular season, ...
deciduous forest
▪ biology  vegetation composed primarily of broad-leaved trees that shed all their leaves during one season. Deciduous forest is found in three middle-latitude regions with a ...
deciduous tooth.
See milk tooth. * * *
deciduous tree
Broad-leaved tree that sheds all its leaves during one season. Deciduous forests are found in three middle-latitude regions with a temperate climate characterized by a winter ...
See deciduous. * * *
See deciduously. * * *
/des"i gram'/, n. a unit of mass or weight equal to 1/10 gram (1.543 grains). Abbr.: dg Also, esp. Brit., decigramme. [1800-10; < F décigramme. See DECI-, -GRAM2] * * *
/des"il, -uyl/, n. Statistics. one of the values of a variable that divides the distribution of the variable into ten groups having equal frequencies. [1880-85; DEC- + -ILE] * * *
/des"euh lee'teuhr/, n. a unit of capacity equal to 1/10 liter (6.102 cu. in., or 3.381 U.S. fluid ounces). Abbr.: dl Also, esp. Brit., decilitre. [1795-1805; < F décilitre. See ...
—decillionth, adj., n. /di sil"yeuhn/, n. 1. a cardinal number represented in the U.S. by 1 followed by 33 zeros, and in Great Britain by 1 followed by 60 zeros. adj. 2. ...
de·cil·lionth (dĭ-sĭlʹyənth) n. 1. The ordinal number matching the number decillion in a series. 2. One of a decillion equal parts.   de·cilʹlionth adv. & adj. * * *
—decimally, adv. /des"euh meuhl, des"meuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to tenths or to the number 10. 2. proceeding by tens: a decimal system. n. 3. See decimal fraction. [1600-10; < ...
decimal classification
☆ decimal classification n. a system of classifying books in libraries by the use of numbers with decimals * * *
decimal classification.
See Dewey decimal classification. [1875-80] * * *
decimal fraction
Arith. a fraction whose denominator is some power of 10, usually indicated by a dot (decimal point or point) written before the numerator: as 0.4 = 4/10; 0.126 = 126/1000. Cf. ...
decimal number system
▪ mathematics also called  Hindu-Arabic, or Arabic, number system        in mathematics, positional numeral system employing 10 as the base and requiring 10 different ...
Decimal numerals represented by digits
▪ Table Decimal numerals represented by digits decimal binary conversion 0 = 0 0 ( 20 ) 1 = 1 1 ( 20 ) 2 = 10 1 ( 21 ) + 0 ( 20 ) 3 = 11 1 ( 21 ) + 1 ( 20 ) 4 = 100 1 ( ...
decimal system
a system of counting or measurement, the units of which are powers of 10: the numerical system in common worldwide use. [1835-45] * * *
See decimalize. * * * n [U] the change of the British currency to the present decimal system of 100 pence to the pound, which happened on 15 February 1971. Before that date, the ...
—decimalization, n. /des"euh meuh luyz', des"meuh-/, v.t., decimalized, decimalizing. to reduce to a decimal system. Also, esp. Brit., decimalise. [1855-60; DECIMAL + -IZE] * * ...
decimally [des′əməl ē] adv. 1. by tens 2. in decimals * * * See decimal. * * *
decimal place n. The position of a digit to the right of a decimal point, usually identified by successive ascending ordinal numbers with the digit immediately to the right of ...
decimal point n. A dot written in a decimal number, as in 8.375, to indicate the place where values change from positive to negative powers of 10. * * *
decimal system n. 1. A number system based on units of 10. 2. A system of measurement in which all derived units are multiples of 10 of the fundamental units. * * *
—decimation, n. —decimator, n. /des"euh mayt'/, v.t., decimated, decimating. 1. to destroy a great number or proportion of: The population was decimated by a plague. 2. to ...
See decimate. * * *
/day seem"/, n., pl. décimes /-seem"/. French. a former copper or bronze coin of France issued from 1795 to 1801 and from 1814 to 1815, the 10th part of a franc, equal in value ...
/des"euh mee'teuhr/, n. a unit of length equal to 1/10 meter. Abbr.: dm Also, esp. Brit., decimetre. [1800-10; < F décimètre. See DECI-, METER1] * * *
/des"euh meuhs/; Lat. /dek"i moos'/, adj. (in prescriptions) tenth. [ < L] * * *
▪ Czech Republic German  Tetschen,         city, northwestern Czech Republic, in the gorge of the Elbe (Labe) River and near the German border. Dominated by its ...
/des'euh nawr"meuhl/, adj. Chem. (of a solution) containing 1/10 the equivalent weight of solute per liter of solution. [1860-65; DECI- + NORMAL] * * *
—decipherable, adj. —decipherability, n. —decipherer, n. —decipherment, n. /di suy"feuhr/, v.t. 1. to make out the meaning of (poor or partially obliterated writing, ...

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