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Diodati, Giovanni
▪ Swiss biblical scholar born June 6, 1576, Lucca, Italy died Nov. 3, 1649, Geneva       Swiss Calvinist pastor known for his translation of the Bible into ...
diode
/duy"ohd/, n. Electronics. a device, as a two-element electron tube or a semiconductor, through which current can pass freely in only one direction. [1919; DI-1 + -ODE2] * * ...
diodelaser
diode laser n. See semiconductor laser. * * *
Diodorus Cronus
▪ Greek philosopher born 4th century BC       philosopher of the Megarian school, remembered for his innovations in logic. His surname Cronus, of uncertain meaning, was ...
Diodorus Siculus
/duy'oh dawr"euhs sik"yeuh leuhs, -dohr"-/ late 1st century B.C., Greek historian. * * * ▪ Greek historian flourished 1st century BC, Agyrium, Sicily       Greek ...
Diodotus I
▪ king of Bactria flourished 3rd century BC    satrap (governor) of the Seleucid province of Bactria, who, with his son of the same name, founded the Greek kingdom of ...
Diodotus II
▪ king of Bactria flourished 3rd century BC       king of Bactria, the son and successor of Diodotus I.       Although his father's freedom from Seleucid ...
dioecious
—dioeciously, adv. —dioeciousness, n. —dioecism /duy ee"siz euhm/, n. /duy ee"sheuhs/, adj. Biol. (esp. of plants) having the male and female organs in separate and ...
dioeciously
See dioecious. * * *
dioecism
See dioeciously. * * *
dioestrus
/duy es"treuhs, -ee"streuhs/, n. Brit. diestrus. * * *
Diogenes
—Diogenic /duy'euh jen"ik/, Diogenean, adj. /duy oj"euh neez'/, n. 412?-323 B.C., Greek Cynic philosopher. * * * ▪ Greek philosopher born Sinope, Paphlygonia died c. 320 ...
Diogenes (of Sinope)
Diogenes (of Sinope) [dī äj′ə nēz΄] 412?-323? B.C.; Gr. philosopher: noted for founding the Cynical school of philosophy * * *
Diogenes Laërtius
▪ Greek author flourished 3rd century       Greek author noted for his history of Greek philosophy, the most important existing secondary source of knowledge in the ...
Diogenes Of Apollonia
▪ Greek philosopher flourished 5th century BC       Greek philosopher remembered for his cosmology and for his efforts to synthesize ancient views and new ...
Diogenes Of Babylon
▪ Greek philosopher       (b. Seleucia, Mesopotamia; fl. 2nd century BC), Greek Stoic (Stoicism) philosopher remembered chiefly for his visit to Rome in 156–155 Bc, ...
Diogenes of Sinope
born , Sinope, Paphlygonia died с 320 BC, probably Corinth Greek philosopher, principal member of the Cynics. He is credited by some with originating the Cynic way of life, ...
Diognetus, Letter to
▪ early Christian work       an early Christian apologetic work probably dating from the 2nd or 3rd century AD. It is often included with the works of the Apostolic ...
diol
/duy"awl, -ol/, n. Chem. glycol (def. 2). [1920-25; DI-1 + -OL] * * *
diolefin
/duy oh"leuh fin/, n. Chem. diene. [1905-10; DI-1 + OLEFIN] * * *
Diomede Islands
/duy"euh meed'/ two islands in Bering Strait, one belonging to the Russian Federation (Big Diomede), ab. 15 sq. mi. (39 sq. km), and one belonging to the U.S. (Little Diomede), ...
DiomedeIslands
Di·o·mede Islands (dīʹə-mēd') Two rocky islands in the Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. Little Diomede belongs to the United States; Big Diomede, to Russia. The ...
Diomedes
/duy'euh mee"deez/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a Greek hero in the Trojan War. 2. a Thracian king who fed his wild mares on human flesh and was himself fed to them by Hercules. * * ...
Dion
▪ ruler of Syracuse born c. 408 died 354 BC       brother-in-law of Dionysius I, tyrant of Syracuse, in Sicily; Dion was master of Syracuse intermittently between 357 ...
Dion and the Belmonts
▪ American music group       American rock-and-roll (rock and roll) singing group popular in the late 1950s whose lead singer was a successful soloist in the '60s. The ...
Dion Chrysostom
▪ Greek philosopher Greek  Dion Chrysostomos (“Golden-Mouthed”),  Latin  Dio Chrysostomus,  also called  Dio Prusaeus,  Dio of Prusa , or  Dio Cocceianus  born c. ...
Dion, Celine
▪ 1995       By 1994 Canadian singer Céline Dion had reached her goal of becoming an international pop music star. Her first success outside her native Quebec was at ...
Dion, Stephane
▪ 2008 born Sept. 28, 1955, Quebec City, Que.  In 2007, his first year as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, Stéphane Dion worked to revitalize and rebuild his party, ...
dionaea
/duy'euh nee"euh/, n. the Venus's-flytrap. [ < NL Dionaea (1773), the genus name < Gk Dionaía, fem. of Dionaîos pertaining to Dióne a metronymic name for Aphrodite; see ...
Dione
/duy oh"nee/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a Titan and a consort of Zeus. 2. Astron. a moon of the planet Saturn. * * * ▪ Greek mythology  in Greek mythology, a consort and, at Dodona ...
Dionne quintuplets
▪ Canadian quintuplets  the five daughters—Émilie, Yvonne, Cécile, Marie, and Annette—born prematurely on May 28, 1934, near Callander, Ontario, Canada, to Oliva and ...
Dionne, Yvonne
▪ 2002       Canadian personality (b. May 28, 1934, Callander, Ont.—d. June 23, 2001, Montreal, Que.), was one of the celebrated Dionne quintuplets, whose birth was ...
Dionysia
/duy'euh nish"ee euh, -nis"-/, n.pl. the orgiastic and dramatic festivals held periodically in honor of Dionysus, esp. those in Attica, from which Greek comedy and tragedy ...
Dionysiac
—Dionysiacally /duy'euh ni suy"ik lee/, adv. /duy'euh nis"ee ak', -nuy"see-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Dionysia or to Dionysus; Bacchic. 2. Dionysian (def. 2). [1820-30; ...
Dionysian
/duy'euh nish"euhn, -nis"ee euhn, -nuy"see-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or honoring Dionysus or Bacchus. 2. recklessly uninhibited; unrestrained; undisciplined; frenzied; ...
Dionysian period
▪ chronology also called  Great Paschal period , or  Victorian period        in the Julian calendar, a period of 532 years covering a complete cycle of New Moons ...
Dionysius
/duy'euh nish"ee euhs, -nis"-, -nish"euhs, -nuy"see euhs/, n. 1. ("the Elder") 431?-367 B.C., Greek soldier: tyrant of Syracuse 405-367. 2. Saint, died A.D. 268, pope 259-268. * ...
Dionysius Exiguus
/eg zig"yooh euhs, ek sig"-/ died A.D. 556?, Scythian monk, chronologist, and scholar: devised the current system of reckoning the Christian era. * * * ▪ canonist English ...
Dionysius I
or Dionysius the Elder born с 430 BC died 367 Tyrant of Syracuse (405–367). He became ruler with Spartan help and retained power until his death, basing his strength on the ...
Dionysius II
▪ ruler of Syracuse also called  Dionysius the Younger        ruler of Syracuse, in Sicily, 367–357 and 346–344 BC.       Dionysius was the son and ...
Dionysius of Alexandria, Saint
("the Great") A.D. c190-265, patriarch of Alexandria 247?-265?. * * * ▪ Christian theologian also called  Saint Dionysius The Great   born c. 200, Alexandria died c. 265, ...
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
died 7? B.C., Greek rhetorician and historian in Rome. * * * flourished с 20 BC Greek historian and teacher of rhetoric. Born in Halicarnassus, Caria (Asia Minor), Dionysius ...
Dionysius Telmaharensis
▪ Syrian patriarch also called  Dionysius Of Tell Mahre   died Aug. 22, 845       patriarch of the Syrian Jacobite church and author of an important source document ...
Dionysius the Areopagite
1st century A.D., Athenian scholar: converted to Christianity by Saint Paul c50. * * * flourished 1st century Biblical figure, converted by St. Paul. His conversion at Athens ...
Dionysius The Carthusian
▪ Flemish theologian Flemish Denys Van Leeuwen, or De Leeuwis, also called Denys Ryckel, or Van Rijkel born 1402/1403, Rijkel, Lower Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire [now in ...
Dionysius Thrax
/thraks/ c100 B.C., Greek grammarian. * * *
Dionysius, Saint
▪ pope born , Greece? died Dec. 26, 268, Rome; feast day December 6       pope from 259/260, to Dec. 26, 268.       While a presbyter during the pontificate of ...
DionysiusExiguus
Dionysius Ex·ig·u·us (ĕg-zĭgʹyo͞o-əs, ĕk-sĭgʹ-), A.D. 500?-560?. Scythian monk and scholar who introduced the method of reckoning the Christian era from the birth of ...
Dionysiusof Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Hal·i·car·nas·sus (hăl'ĭ-kär-năsʹəs), First centuryB.C. Greek historian whose 20-volume history of Rome, of which 10 volumes are extant, is a valuable ...
DionysiusThrax
Dionysius Thrax (thrăks), fl. 100B.C. Greek grammarian who taught at Rhodes and Rome and wrote an influential synthesis of Greek grammar, the Art of Grammar. * * *
Dionysus
/duy'euh nuy"seuhs/, n. Class. Myth. the god of fertility, wine, and drama; Bacchus. Also, Dionysos. * * * Greek god of vegetation and fruitfulness, known especially as the god ...
Dionysus, Theatre of
▪ theatre, Athens, Greece       prototype of Greek theatres, situated on the south side of the Acropolis in Athens, in which all extant classical Greek plays were first ...
dioon
/duy"oh on'/, n. any of several Mexican and Central American palmlike plants belonging to the genus Dioon, of the cycad family, having a crown of stiff, pinnate leaves. [ < NL ...
Diop, Birago
▪ Senegalese author born Dec. 11, 1906, Dakar, French West Africa [now in Senegal] died Nov. 25, 1989, Dakar       Senegalese poet and recorder of traditional folktales ...
Diop, Birago Ismael
born Dec. 11, 1906, Dakar, French West Africa died Nov. 25, 1989, Dakar Senegalese poet and recorder of traditional Wolof folktales. A veterinarian and diplomat, he was active ...
Diop, David
▪ Senegalese author born July 9, 1927, Bordeaux, Fr. died 1960, Dakar, Senegal       one of the most talented of the younger French West African poets of the 1950s, ...
diophantine equation
/duy'euh fan"tuyn, -teen, -fan"tn/, Math. an equation involving more than one variable in which the coefficients of the variables are integers and for which integral solutions ...
Diophantineanalysis
Di·o·phan·tine analysis (dī'ə-fănʹtīn', -tĭn) n. A collection of methods for determining integral solutions of certain algebraic equations.   [After Diophantus, ...
Diophantineequation
Diophantine equation n. An algebraic equation with two or more variables whose coefficients are integers, studied to determine all integral solutions.   [AfterDiophantus, ...
Diophantus of Alexandria
▪ Greek mathematician flourished c. AD 250       Greek mathematician, famous for his work in algebra.       What little is known of Diophantus's life is ...
diopside
/duy op"suyd, -sid/, n. Mineral. a monoclinic pyroxene mineral, calcium magnesium silicate, CaMg(SiO3)2, occurring in various colors, usually in crystals. [1800-10; DI-3 + Gk ...
diopsimeter
/duy'euhp sim"i teuhr/, n. Ophthalm. an instrument for measuring the field of vision. [DI-3 + Gk ops- (s. of ópsis) sight, vision + -I- + -METER] * * *
dioptase
/duy op"tays/, n. a mineral, hydrous copper silicate, CuSiO3·H2O, occurring in emerald-green crystals. [1795-1805; < F, equiv. to di- DI-3 + Gk optasía view] * * *
diopter
—dioptral, adj. /duy op"teuhr/, n. 1. Optics. a unit of measure of the refractive power of a lens, having the dimension of the reciprocal of length and a unit equal to the ...
dioptometer
/duy'op tom"i teuhr/, n. Ophthalm. an instrument for measuring the refraction of the eye. [DI-3 + OPT(IC) + -O- + -METER] * * *
dioptometry
See dioptometer. * * *
dioptral
See diopter. * * *
dioptric
—dioptrically, adv. /duy op"trik/, adj. 1. Optics. pertaining to dioptrics: dioptric images. 2. Optics, Ophthalm. noting or pertaining to refraction or refracted light. Also, ...
dioptrics
/duy op"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of geometrical optics dealing with the formation of images by lenses. [1635-45; SEE DIOPTRIC, -ICS] * * *
Dior
/dee awr"/; Fr. /dee awrdd"/, n. Christian /kris"cheuhn/; Fr. /krees tyahonn"/, 1905-57, French fashion designer. * * *
Dior, Christian
born Jan. 21, 1905, Granville, France died Oct. 24, 1957, Montecatini, Italy French fashion designer. He trained for the French diplomatic service, but in the financial crisis ...
Dior,Christian
Di·or (dē-ôrʹ), Christian. 1905-1957. French fashion designer noted for his New Look of 1947 that emphasized narrow shoulders, tight waists, and long, full skirts. * * *
diorama
—dioramic, adj. /duy'euh ram"euh, -rah"meuh/, n. 1. a scene, often in miniature, reproduced in three dimensions by placing objects, figures, etc., in front of a painted ...
dioramic
See diorama. * * *
Diori, Hamani
▪ president of Niger born June 6, 1916, Soudouré, Niger, French West Africa died April 23, 1989, Rabat, Morocco       nationalist politician and first president ...
diorite
—dioritic /duy'euh rit"ik/, adj. /duy"euh ruyt'/, n. a granular igneous rock consisting essentially of plagioclase feldspar and hornblende. [1820-30; < F < Gk dior(ízein) to ...
dioritic
See diorite. * * *
dioscin
/duy os"in/, n. Biochem. a saponin, found in Mexican yams, that on hydrolysis produces diosgenin, glucose, and rhamnose. [ < NL Diosc(orea) (see DIOSGENIN) + -IN2] * * *
Dioscoreaceae
▪ plant family       the yam family of the flowering plant order Dioscoreales, consisting of 4 genera and 870 species of herbaceous or woody vines and shrubs, ...
Dioscoreales
▪ plant order       the yam order of flowering plants, belonging to the monocotyledons (monocotyledon) (characterized by a single seed leaf) and containing three ...
Dioscorides, Pedanius
▪ Greek physician born c. AD 40, Anazarbus, Cilicia died c. 90  Greek physician and pharmacologist whose work De materia medica was the foremost classical source of modern ...
Dioscorus
▪ patriarch of Alexandria born , Alexandria [Egypt] died Sept. 4, 454, Gangra, Galatia [now Cankiri, Tur.]       patriarch of Alexandria and Eastern prelate who was ...
Dioscuri
/duy'euh skyoor"uy/, n.pl. Class. Myth. Castor and Pollux, the twin sons of Zeus and Leda. * * * or Castor and Pollux (from Greek dioskouroi, "sons of Zeus") Twin gods of ...
diosgenin
/duy'oz jen"in, duy oz"jeuh nin/, n. Biochem. a crystalline compound, C27H42O3, the aglycone of dioscin: used in the synthesis of steroidal hormones, as of progesterone. [ < G ...
diosmose
—diosmosis /duy'os moh"sis, -oz-/, n. /duy os"mohs, -oz"-/, v.t., diosmosed, diosmosing. Physical Chem. osmose. [DI-1 + OSMOSE] * * *
Diospyros
▪ plant genus       genus of some 500 species of trees and shrubs of the ebony family (Ebenaceae), either deciduous or evergreen, most of which are native to the ...
Diószegi, Vilmos
▪ Hungarian folklorist, linguist, and ethnographer Hungarian form  Diószegi Vilmos  born May 2, 1923, Budapest, Hung. died July 22, 1972, Budapest       Hungarian ...
diotic
/duy oh"tik, -ot"ik/, adj. Med. pertaining to or affecting both ears; binaural. [DI-1 + OTIC] * * *
Diouf
/dyoohf/, n. Abdou /ab dooh"/, born 1935, president of Senegal since 1981. * * *
Diouf, Abdou
▪ 1994       One might have thought that being head of a fractious West African state would be a tall order, but Senegal's 1.96-m (6-ft 4-in) president, Abdou Diouf, had ...
Diouf, El Hadji
▪ 2004       On April 1, 2003, association football (soccer) star El Hadji Ousseynou Diouf of Senegal was named African Football Confederation (CAF) Player of the Year ...
Diourbel
▪ Senegal       town, western Senegal, about 90 miles (145 km) east of Dakar. As a market for a peanut- (groundnut-) growing area, Diourbel produces peanut oil as well ...
dioxane
/duy ok"sayn/, n. Chem. a colorless, flammable, liquid cyclic ether, C4H8O2, having a faint, pleasant odor: used chiefly in the varnish and silk industries and as a dehydrator in ...
dioxide
/duy ok"suyd, -sid/, n. Chem. an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen, each of which is bonded directly to an atom of a second element, as manganese dioxide, MnO2, or nitrogen ...
dioxin
/duy ok"sin/, n. Chem. a general name for a family of chlorinated hydrocarbons, C12H4Cl4O2, typically used to refer to one isomer, TCDD, a by-product of pesticide manufacture: a ...
dip
dip1 —dippable, adj., n. /dip/, v., dipped or (Archaic) dipt; dipping; n. v.t. 1. to plunge (something, as a cloth or sponge) temporarily into a liquid, so as to moisten it, ...
DIP
/dip/, n. Computers. a packaged chip that connects to a circuit board by means of pins. [d(ual) i(n-line) p(ackage)] * * *
dip needle
an early form of magnetometer, consisting of a magnetic needle pivoted through its center of gravity and having its axis through the vertical plane of the earth's magnetic ...
Dīpavaṃsa
▪ Sinhalese historical record       (Pāli: “History of the Island”), oldest extant historical record of Sri Lanka, compiled in the 4th century. It is considered to ...
dipeptidase
/duy pep"ti days', -dayz'/, n. Biochem. any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of dipeptides. [DIPEPTIDE + -ASE] * * *
dipeptide
/di pep"tuyd, duy-/, n. Biochem. a peptide that yields two amino acids on hydrolysis. [1900-05; DI-1 + PEPTIDE] * * *
dipetalous
/duy pet"l euhs/, adj. Bot. bipetalous. [1700-10; < NL dipetalus; see DI-1, PETALOUS] * * *
diphase
/duy"fayz'/, adj. Elect. having two phases; two-phase. Also, diphasic /duy fay"zik/. [1895-1900; DI-1 + PHASE] * * *
DipHE
➡ Diploma of Higher Education. * * *
diphenamid
/duy fen"euh mid/, n. a selective preemergence herbicide, C16H17ON, used to control weed growth on lawns and various croplands. [DIPHEN(YL) + (ACET)AMID(E)] * * *
diphenhydramine
/duy'fen huy"dreuh meen'/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, antihistaminic compound, C17H21NO, used orally, topically, and parenterally, esp. for allergies. [1945-50; DIPHEN(YL) + ...
diphenoxylate
/duy'fen ok"seuh layt'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C30H32N2O2, used in the form of its hydrochloride in the treatment of diarrhea. [DIPHEN(YL) + OX- + -YL + -ATE2] * * *
diphenyl
/duy fen"l, -feen"l/, n. Chem. biphenyl. [1860-65] * * *
diphenyl ketone
Chem. benzophenone. * * *
diphenyl-
diphenyl- [dī fen′əl, dīfēn′əl] combining form containing two phenyl groups in each molecule * * *
diphenylacetylene
/duy fen"l euh set"l een', -feen"-/, n. Chem. tolan. [DIPHENYL + ACETYLENE] * * *
diphenylamine
/duy fen'l euh meen", -am"in, -feen'-/, n. Chem. a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble benzene derivative, C12H11N, used chiefly in the preparation of various dyes, as ...
diphenylaminechlorarsine
/duy fen'l euh meen'klaw rahr"seen, -kloh-, -am'euhn-, -feen'-/, n. Chem. adamsite. [DIPHENYLAMINE + CHLOR-2 + ARSINE] * * *
diphenylaminechloroarsine
di·phen·yl·a·mine·chlo·ro·ar·sine (dī-fĕn'əl-ə-mēn'klôr'ō-är-sēnʹ, -ärʹsēn', -ămʹĭn-, -klōr'-, -fē'nəl-) n. See phenarsazine chloride. * * *
diphenylhydantoin
/duy fen"l huy dan"toh in, -feen"-/, n. Pharm. a white, slightly water-soluble powder, C15H11N2O2, used in the form of its sodium salt to prevent or arrest convulsions in ...
diphenylketone
di·phen·yl·ke·tone (dī-fĕn'əl-kēʹtōn, -fē'nəl-) n. See benzophenone. * * *
Diphilus
▪ Greek poet born c. 360–350 BC, Sinope [now in Turkey]       major poet of Greek New Comedy and a significant influence on the Roman playwrights Plautus and ...
diphonia
/duy foh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. diplophonia. * * *
diphosgene
/duy fos"jeen/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid, C2Cl4O2, usually derived from methyl formate or methyl chloroformate by chlorination: a World War I poison gas now used chiefly in ...
diphosphate
/duy fos"fayt/, n. Chem. 1. a pyrophosphate. 2. a phosphate containing two phosphate groups. [1820-30; DI-1 + PHOSPHATE] * * *
diphosphoglycerate
/duy fos'foh glis"euh rayt'/, n. Biochem. an ester of phosphoric acid and glyceric acid that occurs in the blood and that promotes the release of hemoglobin-bound ...
diphosphoglycericacid
di·phos·pho·gly·cer·ic acid (dī-fŏs'fō-glĭ-sĕrʹĭk) n. A diphosphate of glyceric acid that is an important intermediate in various metabolic processes, such as ...
diphtheria
/dif thear"ee euh, dip-/, n. Pathol. a febrile, infectious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, and characterized by the formation of a false membrane in ...
diphtherial
See diphtheritic. * * *
diphtheric
See diphtheritic. * * *
diphtheritic
—diphtheritically, adv. /dif'theuh rit"ik, dip'-/, adj. Pathol. 1. pertaining to diphtheria. 2. affected by diphtheria. Also, diphtherial /dif thear"ee euhl, dip-/, diphtheric ...
diphtheroid
/dif"theuh royd', dip"-/, adj. Pathol. 1. resembling diphtheria, esp. in the formation of a false membrane in the throat. n. 2. any bacterium, esp. of the genus Corynebacterium, ...
diphthong
—diphthongal /dif thawng"geuhl, -thong"-, dip-/, diphthongic, diphthongous, adj. /dif"thawng, -thong, dip"-/, n. 1. Phonet. an unsegmentable, gliding speech sound varying ...
diphthongal
See diphthong. * * *
diphthongia
/dif thawng"ee euh, -gee euh, -thong"-, dip-/, n. Pathol. diplophonia. [DIPHTHONG + -IA] * * *
diphthongization
See diphthongize. * * *
diphthongize
—diphthongization, n. /dif"thawng uyz', -guyz', -thong-, dip"-/, v., diphthongized, diphthongizing. Phonet. v.t. 1. to change into or pronounce as a diphthong. v.i. 2. to ...
diphycercal
/dif'euh serr"keuhl/, adj. Ichthyol. having a tail or caudal fin with the spinal column extending horizontally to the end of the tail, characteristic of lungfish, several other ...
diphycercy
See diphycercal. * * *
diphyletic
/duy'fuy let"ik/, adj. Biol. of or pertaining to a taxonomic group of organisms derived from two separate ancestral lines. [1900-05; DI-1 + PHYLETIC] * * *
diphyllous
/duy fil"euhs/, adj. Bot. having two leaves. [1780-90; < NL diphyllus. See DI-1, -PHYLLOUS] * * *
diphyodont
/dif"ee euh dont'/, adj. Zool. having two successive sets of teeth, as most mammals. [1850-55; < Gk diphy(és) double, twofold (di- DI-1 + -phyes, deriv. of phyé growth, nature, ...
dipl
dipl abbrev. diplomatic * * *
dipl-
dipl- pref. Variant of diplo-. * * *
dipl.
1. diplomat. 2. diplomatic. * * *
diplacusis
/dip'leuh kyooh"sis/, n., pl. diplacuses /-seez/. Pathol. a difference in hearing by the two ears so that one sound is heard as two. [ < NL, equiv. to dipl(o)- DIPLO- + Gk ...
diplegia
—diplegic, adj. /duy plee"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Pathol. paralysis of the identical part on both sides of the body. [1880-85; < NL; see DI-1, -PLEGIA] * * *
diplex
/duy"pleks/, adj. pertaining to the simultaneous operation of two radio transmitters or to the simultaneous reception and transmission of radio signals over a single antenna ...
diplexer
di·plex·er (dīʹplĕk-sər) n. A coupling device that permits two radio transmitters to share the same antenna. * * *
diplo-
a combining form meaning "double," "in pairs," used in the formation of compound words: diplococcus. [ < Gk, comb. form of diplóos TWOFOLD] * * *
diplobacillus
/dip'loh beuh sil"euhs/, n., pl. diplobacili /-sil"uy/. Bact. a double bacillus; two bacilli linked end to end. [1900-05; DIPLO- + BACILLUS] * * *
diploblastic
/dip'leuh blas"tik/, adj. having two germ layers, the ectoderm and endoderm, as the embryos of sponges and coelenterates. [1880-85; DIPLO- + -BLAST + -IC] * * *
diplocardiac
/dip'leuh kahr"dee ak'/, adj. Zool. having the right and left sides of the heart somewhat or completely divided, as in birds and mammals. [1850-55; DIPLO- + CARDIAC] * * *
Diplock court
n a special court of law in Northern Ireland for people accused of terrorist offences. Diplock courts were set up in 1972 under the British judge Lord Diplock (1907–85) when ...
diplococcal
See diplococcus. * * *
diplococcic
See diplococcal. * * *
diplococcus
—diplococcal, diplococcic /dip'leuh kok"sik/, adj. /dip'leuh kok"euhs/, n., pl. diplococci /-kok"suy, -see/, Bacteriol. any of several spherical bacteria occurring in pairs, as ...
diplodocus
/di plod"euh keuhs/, n., pl. diplodocuses. a huge herbivorous dinosaur of the genus Diplodocus, from the Late Jurassic Epoch of western North America, growing to a length of ...
diploë
—diploic /di ploh"ik/, diploetic /dip'loh et"ik/, adj. /dip"loh ee'/, n. Anat. the cancellate bony tissue between the hard inner and outer walls of the bones of the ...
Diplograptus
▪ graptolite genus       genus of graptolites, small, extinct colonial marine animals thought to be related to the primitive chordates and restricted to ancient marine ...
diploic
See diploe. * * *
diploid
—diploidic, adj. /dip"loyd/, adj. 1. double; twofold. 2. Biol. having two similar complements of chromosomes. n. 3. Biol. an organism or cell having double the basic haploid ...
diploidy
dip·loi·dy (dĭpʹloi'dē) n. The state or condition of being diploid. * * *
diploma
/di ploh"meuh/, n., pl. diplomas, Lat. diplomata /-meuh teuh/, v., diplomaed, diplomaing. n. 1. a document given by an educational institution conferring a degree on a person or ...
Diploma Leopoldinum
▪ Transylvanian history English“Leopold's Diploma”       decree issued in October 1690 by Leopold I, Holy Roman emperor and king of Hungary (1658–1705), after ...
diploma mill
1. an organization claiming to be an institution of higher learning but existing for profit only and granting degrees without demanding proper qualifications of the ...
Diploma of Higher Education
(abbr DipHE) n (in Britain) one of the qualifications that can be obtained from a British college of higher education. A Diploma is higher than a Certificate but below a ...
diplomacy
/di ploh"meuh see/, n. 1. the conduct by government officials of negotiations and other relations between nations. 2. the art or science of conducting such negotiations. 3. skill ...
diplomamill
diploma mill n. Informal An unaccredited institution of higher education that grants degrees without ensuring that students are properly qualified. * * *
diplomat
/dip"leuh mat'/, n. 1. a person appointed by a national government to conduct official negotiations and maintain political, economic, and social relations with another country or ...
diplomate
/dip"leuh mayt'/, n. a person who has received a diploma, esp. a doctor, engineer, etc., who has been certified as a specialist by a board within the appropriate ...
diplomatic
—diplomatically, adv. /dip'leuh mat"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or engaged in diplomacy: diplomatic officials. 2. skilled in dealing with sensitive matters or people; ...
diplomatic corps
the entire body of diplomats accredited to and resident at a court or capital. Also called diplomatic body. * * *
diplomatic immunity
exemption from taxation, searches, arrest, etc., enjoyed by diplomatic officials and their dependent families under international law, and usually on a reciprocal ...
diplomatic pouch
a sealed mailbag containing diplomatic correspondence that is sent free of inspection between a foreign office and its diplomatic or consular post abroad or from one such post to ...
diplomatic secretary
secretary (def. 5). * * *
Diplomatic Service
the department of the British Civil Service that provides staff to work in British embassies around the world for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. * * *
diplomatically
See diplomatic. * * *
diplomaticcorps
diplomatic corps n. The body of diplomatic personnel in residence at a nation's capital. * * *
diplomaticimmunity
diplomatic immunity n. The exemption from taxation and ordinary processes of law afforded to diplomatic personnel in a foreign country. * * *
diplomatics
/dip'leuh mat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of deciphering old official documents, as charters, and of determining their authenticity, age, or the like. [1785-95; ...
diplomatist
/di ploh"meuh tist/, n. 1. Brit. Older Use. a Foreign Office employee officially engaged as a diplomat. 2. a person who is astute and tactful in any negotiation or ...
diplomatize
—diplomatization, n. /di ploh"meuh tuyz'/, v., diplomatized, diplomatizing. v.i. 1. to use diplomacy or tact. v.t. 2. to use the techniques of diplomacy on. Also, esp. Brit., ...
diplomonad
▪ protozoan  any member of the protozoan order Diplomonadida. Diplomonads are small zooflagellates that inhabit the digestive systems of various animals, including termites, ...
diplont
/dip"lont/, n. Biol. 1. the diploid individual in a life cycle that has a diploid and a haploid phase. 2. an organism having two sets of chromosomes in its somatic cells and a ...
diplontic
See diplont. * * *
diplophase
/dip"leuh fayz'/, n. Biol. the diploid part of an organism's life cycle. [1920-25; DIPLO- + PHASE] * * *
diplophonia
—diplophonic /dip'leuh fon"ik/, adj. /dip'leuh foh"nee euh/, n. Pathol. a condition in which the voice simultaneously produces two sounds of different pitch. Also called ...
diplopia
—diplopic /di plop"ik, -ploh"pik/, adj. /di ploh"pee euh/, n. Ophthalm. a pathological condition of vision in which a single object appears double (opposed to haplopia). Also ...
diplopic
See diplopia. * * *
diplopod
/dip"leuh pod'/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the class Diplopoda. n. 2. any arthropod of the class Diplopoda, comprising the millipedes. [1860-65; < NL Diplopoda. See ...
diplopodous
See diplopod. * * *
diplosis
/di ploh"sis/, n. Cell Biol. the doubling of the chromosome number by the union of the haploid sets in the union of gametes. [ < Gk díplosis a doubling, equiv. to diplo- (see ...
diplostemonous
—diplostemony, n. /dip'leuh stee"meuh neuhs, -stem"euh-/, adj. Bot. having two whorls of stamens, with the outer whorl opposite the sepals and the inner whorl opposite the ...
diplotene
/dip"leuh teen'/, n. Cell Biol. a late stage of prophase during meiosis, in which the chromatid pairs of the tetrads begin to separate and chiasmata can be seen. [ < F diplotène ...
Diplovertebron
▪ geochronology       genus of extinct amphibians of North America and Europe known from fossils in Late Carboniferous rocks (from 318 million to 299 million years ago). ...
dipluran
▪ insect also called  apteran , or  entotrophian   any of a group of about 800 species of small primitive wingless insects, considered by some entomologists to have ...
dipnet
dip net n. A net or wire mesh bag attached to a handle, used especially to scoop fish from water. * * *
dipnoan
/dip"noh euhn/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the order Dipnoi, comprising the lungfishes. n. 2. a dipnoan fish. [1880-85; < NL Dipno(i) name of the order, pl. of dipnous < ...
Dipnoi
      order or subclass of fishes that includes living species of the lungfish (q.v.), as well as a number of extinct forms. * * *
Dipo Negoro, Pangeran
▪ Javanese leader (Prince),also called  Raden Mas Ontowirjo   born c. 1785, , Jogjakarta, Java [Indonesia] died Jan. 8, 1855, Makasar, Celebes       Javanese leader ...
Dipo Negoro, Pangeran (Prince)
born с 1785, Jogjakarta, Java died Jan. 8, 1855, Macassar [Ujung Pandang], Celebes Javanese leader in the 19th-century conflict known to the West as the Java War ...
dipody
—dipodic /duy pod"ik/, adj. /dip"euh dee/, n., pl. dipodies. Pros. a group of two feet, esp., in accentual verse, in which one of the two accented syllables bears primary ...
dipolar
See dipole. * * *
dipolar hypothesis
▪ geophysics       theory that the Earth's magnetic field is produced or is best represented by a magnetic dipole, a body having poles of opposite sign, that is, ...
dipole
—dipolar, adj. /duy"pohl'/, n. 1. Physics, Elect. a pair of electric point charges or magnetic poles of equal magnitude and opposite signs, separated by an infinitesimal ...
dipole moment
1. See electric dipole moment. 2. See magnetic moment. [1930-35] * * *
dipolemoment
dipole moment n. 1. The product of either charge in an electric dipole with the distance separating them. 2. The product of the strength of either pole in a magnetic dipole with ...
Dipolog
▪ Philippines       city, western Mindanao, Philippines. Dipolog is a fishing and interisland shipping port. There is also a commercial airport. Its city status dates ...
dipper
/dip"euhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that dips. 2. a cuplike container with a long handle, used for dipping liquids. 3. (cap.) Astron. a. See Big Dipper. b. See Little Dipper. 4. ...
dippy
/dip"ee/, adj., dippier, dippiest. Slang. somewhat mad or foolish: dippy with love. [1900-05; orig. uncert.] * * *
dipropellant
dipropellant [dī΄prō pel′ənt] n. BIPROPELLANT * * * di·pro·pel·lant (dī'prə-pĕlʹənt) n. See bipropellant. * * *
diprotic
/duy prot"ik/, adj. Chem. (of an acid) having two transferable protons. [DI-1 + PROT(ON) + -IC] * * *
dipsacaceous
/dip'seuh kay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Dipsacaceae, the teasel family of plants. Cf. teasel family. [1840-50; < NL Dipsacace(ae) name of the family (Dipsac(us) the typical ...
Dipsacales
▪ plant order Introduction   teasel or honeysuckle order of flowering plants, containing 45 genera and about 1,100 species, which are distributed worldwide but centred ...
dipsas
▪ literature       a serpent with a bite said to produce intense thirst. The snake was the subject of a story told by several Greek authors, including Sophocles. ...
dipshit
dipshit [dip′shit΄] n. [Vulgar Slang] a person thought of as being contemptible, weak, stupid, worthless, etc.; jerk * * * dip·shit (dĭpʹshĭt') Vulgar Slang n. A foolish ...
dipso
/dip"soh/, n., pl. dipsos. Slang. a dipsomaniac; habitual drunk. [1875-80; by shortening; cf. -O] * * *
dipsomania
/dip'seuh may"nee euh, -soh-/, n. an irresistible, typically periodic craving for alcoholic drink. [1835-45; < NL < Gk díps(a) thirst + -o- -o- + manía -MANIA] * * *
dipsomaniac
—dipsomaniacal /dip'seuh meuh nuy"euh keuhl, -soh-/, adj. /dip'seuh may"nee ak', -soh-/, n. a person with an irresistible craving for alcoholic drink. [1855-60; DIPSOMANI(A) + ...
dipsomaniacal
See dipsomaniac. * * *
dipstick
/dip"stik'/, n. 1. a rod for measuring the depth of a liquid; esp., a thin metal rod used to measure the oil level in the crankcase of an automotive engine. 2. Slang. fool; ...
dipstick test
a test for detecting the presence of sugar in the urine, as in diabetes. * * *
dipsy-doodle
/dip"see doohd"l/, n. Slang. 1. a quick dipping, sliding motion of the body, as made by ball carriers in football to evade tacklers. 2. an act, movement, etc., to confuse, evade, ...
dipt
/dipt/, v. a pt. of dip. * * *
Diptera
/dip"teuhr euh, -treuh/, n. 1. the order comprising the dipterous insects. 2. (l.c.) pl. of dipteron. [1810-20; < NL < Gk, neut. pl. of DÍPTEROS two-winged, equiv. to di- DI-1 + ...
dipteral
/dip"teuhr euhl/, adj. Entomol., Bot. dipterous. [1805-15; < L dipter(us) ( < Gk dípteros; see DIPTERA) + -AL1] * * *
dipteran
/dip"teuhr euhn/, adj. 1. dipterous (def. 1). n. 2. a dipterous insect. [1835-45; DIPTER(A) + -AN] * * * Any member of the more than 85,000 species in the insect order Diptera ...
Dipteridaceae
▪ plant family       the umbrella fern family, in the division Pteridophyta (the lower vascular plants (plant)). The family has a long fossil history dating back to the ...
Dipterocarpaceae
▪ plant family       family of largely South Asian and African timber trees, in the hibiscus, or mallow, order (Malvales), comprising 17 genera and 680 species. Few ...
dipteron
/dip"teuh ron'/, n., pl. diptera /-teuhr euh/. a dipterous insect. [1890-95; < Gk, neut. of dípteros; see DIPTERA] * * *
dipterous
/dip"teuhr euhs/, adj. 1. Entomol. belonging or pertaining to the order Diptera, comprising the houseflies, mosquitoes, and gnats, characterized by a single, anterior pair of ...
Dipterus
▪ paleontology       genus of very primitive lungfish, among the earliest known, found as fossils in European and North American Devonian rocks (the Devonian Period ...
diptote
/dip"toht/, n. a substantive declined in only two cases, esp. when occurring in a language in which this is less than the normal number. [1605-15; < LL diptotos noun with only ...
diptych
/dip"tik/, n. 1. a hinged two-leaved tablet used in ancient times for writing on with a stylus. 2. Usually, diptychs. a. a similar tablet of wood or metal containing on one leaf ...
dipyramid
—dipyramidal /duy'pi ram"i dl/, adj. /duy pir"euh mid/, n. Crystall. bipyramid. * * *
dipyridamole
/duy pir"i deuh mohl', -peuh rid"euh-/, n. Pharm. a yellow crystalline powder, C24H40N8O4, used prophylactically for angina pectoris and in combination with other drugs to reduce ...
diquat
/duy"kwot/, n. a yellow crystalline substance, C12H12Br2N2, used as a selective postemergence herbicide to control weeds on noncrop land and for aquatic weed control. [1955-60; ...
dir
dir abbrev. director * * * ▪ Pakistan       town, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. The town lies just north of the Dīr River, an affluent of the Panjkora, and ...
dir.
1. director. 2. direxit. * * *
Dirac
/di rak"/, n. Paul Adrien Maurice, 1902-84, British physicist, in the U.S. after 1971: Nobel prize 1933. * * *
Dirac delta function
Physics, Math. See delta function. Also called Dirac function. [named after P.A.M. DIRAC] * * *
Dirac, P(aul) A(drien) M(aurice)
born Aug. 8, 1902, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Oct. 20, 1984, Tallahassee, Fla., U.S. English mathematician and theoretical physicist. His first major contribution, in ...
Dirac, P.A.M.
▪ English physicist in full  Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac  born August 8, 1902, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England died October 20, 1984, Tallahassee, Florida, ...
Dirac,Paul Adrien Maurice
Di·rac (dĭ-răkʹ), Paul Adrien Maurice. 1902-1984. British mathematician and physicist. He shared a 1933 Nobel Prize for new formulations of the atomic theory. * * *
Diracsea
Dirac sea n. In relativistic quantum mechanics, the completely filled, negative energy electron state that comprises a vacuum. If a negative energy electron is promoted to a ...
diradical
/duy rad"i keuhl/, n. Chem. an atom or molecule having two unpaired electrons. Also called biradical. Cf. free radical. [DI-1 + RADICAL] * * *
Dirae
/duy"ree/, n. pl. Rom. Myth. the Furies. See fury (def. 3). * * *
dirdum
/dir"deuhm, derr"-/, n. Scot. blame. [1400-50; Scots: blame, scolding, (earlier) altercation, uproar, late ME (north) durdan uproar, din < ScotGael; cf. Ir deardan, MIr dertan ...
dire
—direly, adv. —direness, n. /duyeur/, adj., direr, direst. 1. causing or involving great fear or suffering; dreadful; terrible: a dire calamity. 2. indicating trouble, ...
Dire Dawa
Dire Dawa [dir΄id ə wä′] city in E Ethiopia: pop. 98,000: also written Diredawa * * * ▪ Ethiopia       town, east-central Ethiopia, located on the eastern edge of ...
Dire Straits
a British pop group formed in 1977. Their best-known albums were Dire Straits (1978) and Brothers in Arms (1985), which was the most successful album of all time in Britain and ...
dire wolf
an extinct wolf, Canis dirus, widespread in North America during the Pleistocene Epoch, having a larger body and a smaller brain than the modern wolf. [1920-25; from the NL ...
direc. prop.
(in prescriptions) with a proper direction. [ < L directione propria] * * *
direct
—directable, adj. —directness, n. /di rekt", duy-/, v.t. 1. to manage or guide by advice, helpful information, instruction, etc.: He directed the company through a difficult ...
direct action
—direct actionist. any action seeking to achieve an immediate or direct result, esp. an action against an established authority or powerful institution, as a strike or ...
direct address
1. Gram. the use of a term or name for the person spoken to, as in securing the attention of that person; use of a vocative form. 2. Computers. See under indirect address. * * *
direct broadcast satellite
Television. See DBS. * * *
direct cinema
a rigorous form of cinéma vérité, esp. as practiced by some American cinematographers in the late 1950s, in which only indigenous sound is used. * * *
direct cost
a cost that can be related directly to the production of a product or to a particular function or service. Cf. indirect cost. [1895-1900] * * *
direct current
direct current n. an electric current flowing in one direction: abbrev. DC: cf. ALTERNATING CURRENT * * * ▪ electronics abbreviation  Dc,         flow of electric ...
direct current (DC)
Flow of electric charge that does not change direction. Direct current is produced by batteries, fuel cells, rectifiers, and generators with commutators. Direct current was ...
direct current.
—direct-current, adj. Elect. an electric current of constant direction, having a magnitude that does not vary or varies only slightly. Abbr.: dc Cf. alternating ...
direct deposit
a plan in which salaries or other payments are transferred by the paying agency directly to the accounts of the recipients. * * *
direct discourse
quotation of a speaker in which the speaker's exact words are repeated. Cf. indirect discourse. * * *
direct distance dialing
a telephone network service feature enabling customers to direct-dial their long-distance calls. * * *
direct dye
also called  Substantive Dye,         any of a class of coloured, water-soluble compounds that have an affinity for fibre and are taken up directly, such as the ...
direct evidence
evidence of a witness who testifies to the truth of the fact to be proved (contrasted with circumstantial evidence). * * *
direct examination
Law. the first interrogation of a witness by the side that has called that witness. * * *
direct free kick
Soccer. a free kick awarded to a team as the result of a foul by an opposing player and from which a goal can be scored directly, without the ball being touched by another ...


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