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dramatic irony
irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play. [1905-10] * * * ▪ ...
dramatic literature
Introduction       the texts of plays that can be read, as distinct from being seen and heard in performance.       The term dramatic literature implies a ...
dramatic monologue
a poetic form in which a single character, addressing a silent auditor at a critical moment, reveals himself or herself and the dramatic situation. Also called dramatic ...
dramatic unities
the three unities of time, place, and action observed in classical drama as specified by Aristotle in his Poetics. [1920-25] * * *
See dramatic. * * *
dramatic irony n. The dramatic effect achieved by leading an audience to understand an incongruity between a situation and the accompanying speeches, while the characters in the ...
dramatic monologue n. A literary, usually verse composition in which a speaker reveals his or her character, often in relation to a critical situation or event, in a monologue ...
/dreuh mat"iks/, n. 1. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the art of producing or acting dramas. 2. (used with a pl. v.) dramatic productions, esp. by amateurs. 3. (used with a pl. ...
dramatis personae
/dram"euh tis peuhr soh"nee, drah"meuh-/ 1. (used with a pl. v.) the characters in a play. 2. (used with a sing. v.) a list of the characters preceding the text of a ...
▪ literature       a technique of analysis of language and thought as basically modes of action rather than as means of conveying information. It is associated with the ...
dram·a·tis per·so·nae (drămʹə-tĭs pər-sōʹnē, dräʹmə-tĭs pər-sōʹnī') pl.n. 1. The characters in a play or story. 2. A list of the characters in a play or ...
/dram"euh tist, drah"meuh-/, n. a writer of dramas or dramatic poetry; playwright. [1670-80; < Gk dramat- (see DRAMATIC) + -IST] * * *
/dram'euh teuh zay"sheuhn, drah'meuh-/, n. 1. the act of dramatizing. 2. construction or representation in dramatic form. 3. a dramatized version of a novel, historic incident, ...
—dramatizable, adj. —dramatizer, n. /dram"euh tuyz', drah"meuh-/, v., dramatized, dramatizing. v.t. 1. to put into a form suitable for acting on a stage. 2. to express or ...
/dram"euh terrj', drah"meuh-/, n. a specialist in dramaturgy, esp. one who acts as a consultant to a theater company, advising them on possible repertory. Also, ...
See dramaturgy. * * *
See dramaturgic. * * *
—dramaturgic, dramaturgical, adj. —dramaturgically, adv. /dram"euh terr'jee, drah"meuh-/, n. the craft or the techniques of dramatic composition. [1795-1805; < Gk ...
/dram booh"ee/, Trademark. a brand of liqueur combining Scotch whisky with heather honey and herbs. * * *
n [U, C] a very strong alcoholic drink made from Scotch whisky and drunk in a small glass, usually after a meal. The name comes from a Gaelic phrase meaning ‘the drink that ...
drame bourgeois
▪ French literature       type of play that enjoyed brief popularity in France in the late 18th century. Written for and about the middle class and based upon the ...
/drah"meuh dee, dram"euh-/, n., pl. dramedies. a television program or series using both serious and comic subjects, usu. without relying on conventional plots, laugh tracks, ...
▪ Norway       city, southeastern Norway. Located at the junction of the Drams River with Drams Fjord, southwest of Oslo, the site was first settled in the 13th century ...
/dram"euhk/, n. Chiefly Scot. an uncooked mixture of meal, usually oatmeal, and cold water. Also, drammach /dram"euhkh/, drummock. [1555-65; cf. ScotGael dramag foul mixture] * * ...
Drams River
▪ river, Norway also called  Drammens River , Norwegian  Dramselva , or  Drammenselva        river, southeastern Norway. After rising on the southern slopes of ...
/dram"shop'/, n. bar; barroom; saloon. [1715-25; DRAM + SHOP] * * *
Drancy [drän sē′] city in NC France: suburb of Paris: pop. 60,000 * * * ▪ France       northeastern industrial suburb of Paris, Seine-Saint-Denis département, ...
/drang/, n. Newfoundland. a narrow lane or alleyway. Also, drung. [cf., in SW England, drang, drong, with same sense; dial. form of THRONG] * * *
Drang nach Osten
▪ German history       (German: “Drive to the East”), German policy or disposition to colonize the Slavic lands east of Germany. The term originally referred to the ...
/drangk/, v. a pt. and pp. of drink. * * *
n [U] a US chemical used for dissolving substances that block pipes, especially in the kitchen and the bathroom. It is available as a liquid or in the form of crystals, and is ...
—drapable, drapeable, adj. —drapability, drapeability, n. /drayp/, v., draped, draping, n. v.t. 1. to cover or hang with cloth or other fabric, esp. in graceful folds; adorn ...
drape forming
thermoforming of plastic sheeting over an open mold by a combination of gravity and a vacuum. [1960-65] * * *
/dra poh"/; Fr. /drddann poh"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, born 1916, Canadian lawyer and politician: mayor of Montreal 1954-57 and 1960-86. * * *
Drapeau, Jean
▪ 2000       Canadian politician who served as mayor of Montreal for nearly three decades; elected to his first term as mayor in 1954, he lost his 1957 reelection bid ...
/dray"peuhr/, n. Brit. 1. a dealer in cloth; a retail merchant or clerk who sells piece goods. 2. a retail merchant or clerk who sells clothing and dry goods. [1325-75; ME < AF; ...
/dray"peuhr/, n. 1. Henry, 1837-82, U.S. astronomer. 2. his father, John William, 1811-82, U.S. chemist, physiologist, historian, and writer; born in England. 3. Ruth, 1884-1956, ...
Draper, Charles Stark
born Oct. 2, 1901, Windsor, Mo., U.S. died July 25, 1987, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. aeronautical engineer. He taught at MIT from 1935, where he developed a gunsight for naval ...
Draper, Henry
▪ American astronomer born March 7, 1837, Prince Edward County, Va., U.S. died Nov. 20, 1882, New York City  American physician and amateur astronomer who made the first ...
Draper, Paul
▪ 1997       U.S. 1930s and '40s dance star who performed to classical music in concert halls, using a combination of tap and ballet; his partnership with harmonica ...
Draper, Ruth
born Dec. 2, 1884, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 30, 1956, New York City U.S. monologist. She began her career by writing dramatic sketches about people she had observed and ...
Dra·per (drāʹpər), Henry. 1837-1882. American astronomer who developed methods for photographing the heavens and was the first to photograph a stellar spectrum (1872) and a ...
—draperied, adj. /dray"peuh ree/, n., pl. draperies. 1. coverings, hangings, clothing, etc., of fabric, esp. as arranged in loose, graceful folds. 2. Often, draperies. long ...
—drastically, adv. /dras"tik/, adj. 1. acting with force or violence; violent. 2. extremely severe or extensive: a drastic tax-reduction measure. [1685-95; < Gk drastikós ...
See drastic. * * *
/drat/, v., dratted, dratting, interj. v.t. 1. to damn; confound: Drat your interference. interj. 2. (used to express mild disgust, disappointment, or the like): Drat, there goes ...
/drat"id/, adj. damned; confounded (used as a mild oath): This dratted car won't start. [1855-60; DRAT + -ED2] * * *
Drau (drou) See Drava. * * *
—draughter, n. /draft, drahft/, n. 1. draughts, (used with a sing. v.) Brit. the game of checkers. 2. Chiefly Brit. draft (defs. 1, 3-10, 18-25, 28). v.t. 3. Chiefly Brit. ...
draught beer
(BrE) (AmE draft beer) n [C, U] beer that is stored in and served from a large container, usually a barrel. Many people who know a lot about beer think draught beer is better ...
/draft"bawrd', -bohrd', drahft"-/, n. Brit. checkerboard (def. 1). Also, draughtsboard /drafts"bawrd', -bohrd', drahfts"-/. [1720-30; DRAUGHT + BOARD] * * *
draughts [drafts, dräfts] n. Brit. the game of checkers * * * draughts (drăfts, dräfts) n. Chiefly British (used with a sing. or pl. verb) The game of checkers.   [Middle ...
/drafts"meuhn, drahfts"-/, n., pl. draughtsmen. Brit. 1. a checker, as used in the game of checkers. 2. draftsman (defs. 1-4). [1655-65; DRAUGHT + -S3 + MAN1] * * *
—draughtily, adv. —draughtiness, n. /draf"tee, drahf"-/, adj., draughtier, draughtiest. Chiefly Brit. drafty. * * *
/drah"veuh/, n. a river in S central Europe, flowing E and SE from the Alps in S Austria, through NE Slovenia, along a part of the border between Hungary and Croatia into the ...
Drava River
German Drau River, south-central Europe. It rises in the Carnic Alps and flows east through Austria, where it forms the Drautal, the longest longitudinal valley of the Alps. ...
/drayv/, v. Archaic. a pt. of drive. * * *
Draves, Victoria
▪ American athlete née  Victoria Manalo , byname  Vickie  born Dec. 31, 1924, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.       American diver who was the first woman to win ...
/dreuh vid"ee euhn/, n. 1. a family of languages, wholly distinct from Indo-European, spoken mostly in southern India and Sri Lanka and including Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, ...
Dravidian cognates from representative languages
▪ Table Dravidian cognates from representative languages ety. no. DED1 gloss Tamil Kannada Tulu Telugu Gondi Kui 1 752 'village' b;r b;r b;ru ...
Dravidian languages
Family of 23 languages indigenous to and spoken principally in South Asia by more than 210 million people. The four major Dravidian languages of southern India Telugu, Tamil, ...
See Dravidian. * * *
/drah"vuyt/, n. a brown variety of magnesium tourmaline. [ < G Dravit. See DRAVA, -ITE1] * * *       a brown, magnesium-rich variety of tourmaline. See tourmaline. * * *
▪ Jainism Sanskrit“substance”       a fundamental concept of Jainism, a religion of India that is the oldest Indian school of philosophy to separate matter and soul ...
—drawable, adj. /draw/, v., drew, drawn, drawing, n. v.t. 1. to cause to move in a particular direction by or as if by a pulling force; pull; drag (often fol. by along, away, ...
draw curtain
Theat. a curtain, opening at the middle, that can be drawn to the sides of a stage. * * *
draw game
Dominoes. a game in which a player must keep drawing pieces from the boneyard until a playable one is drawn. [1815-25] * * *
draw play
Football. draw (def. 63). [1950-55] * * *
draw poker
a variety of poker in which a player is dealt five cards and, after an initial bet, may discard usually up to three of these cards and receive replacements from the ...
draw runner
Furniture. loper. Also called draw slip. * * *
draw shot
Billiards, Pool. a stroke that imparts a backward spin to the cue ball, causing it to roll back after striking the object ball. Cf. follow shot (def. 2). [1895-1900] * * *
draw slide
Photog. See dark slide (def. 1). * * *
draw table
a table having one or more sliding leaves that may be drawn out as an extension. Also called draw-out table, draw-top table /draw"top'/. [1900-05] * * *
draw top
Furniture. a tabletop that can be extended by drawing out and raising leaves suspended from either end. [1900-05] * * *
draw weight
the measured force, in foot-pounds, stored by an archery bow when fully drawn. * * *
/draw"loohm'/, n. an early handloom used for producing figured fabrics. [1825-35] * * *
draw-out table
/draw"owt'/. See draw table. * * *
/draw'euh bil"i tee/, n. Metalworking. the degree to which a metal can be drawn. [DRAW(ABLE) + -ABILITY] * * *
/draw"bak'/, n. 1. a hindrance or disadvantage; an undesirable or objectionable feature. 2. Com. an amount paid back from a charge made. 3. Govt. a refund of tariff or other tax, ...
/draw"bahr'/, n. a heavy bar, often made of steel, attached to the rear of a tractor and used as a hitch for pulling machinery, as a plow or mower. [1660-70, Amer., for an ...
drawbar pull
the force, measured in pounds, available to a locomotive for pulling rolling stock after overcoming its own tractive resistance. * * *
/draw"bench'/, n. Metalworking. a bench having apparatus for cold-drawing wires, tubes, etc. [1855-60; DRAW + BENCH] * * *
/draw"bawr', -bohr'/, n., v., drawbored, drawboring. Carpentry. n. 1. a hole in a tenon made eccentric with the corresponding holes to the mortise so that the two pieces being ...
/draw"boy'/, n. 1. an apparatus for controlling and manipulating the harness cords on a power loom. 2. a boy who operates and controls the harness cords of a draw-loom. [1725-35; ...
/draw"brij'/, n. a bridge of which the whole or a section may be drawn up, let down, or drawn aside, to prevent access or to leave a passage open for boats, barges, ...
/draw"kahrd'/, n. See drawing card. [1955-60; DRAW + CARD1] * * *
/draw"down'/, n. 1. a lowering of water surface level, as in a well. 2. a reduction or depletion: a drawdown of weapons in an arms-limitation plan. [1780-90, for literal sense; ...
/draw ee"/, n. Finance. a person on whom an order, draft, or bill of exchange is drawn. [1760-70; DRAW + -EE] * * *
/drawr/ for 1, 2; /draw"euhr/ for 3-6, n. 1. a sliding, lidless, horizontal compartment, as in a piece of furniture, that may be drawn out in order to gain access to it. 2. ...
/drawr"fool/, n., pl. drawerfuls. an amount sufficient to fill a drawer: a drawerful of socks. [1820-30; DRAWER + -FUL] Usage. See -ful. * * *
drawers [drôrz] pl.n. 〚
/draw"hohl'/, n. Mining. a funnel-shaped vertical opening cut at the bottom of a stope, which permits the loading of ore into conveyances in the passageways below. Also called ...
/draw"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that draws. 2. a graphic representation by lines of an object or idea, as with a pencil; a delineation of form without reference to ...
drawing account
Com. 1. an account used by a partner or employee for cash withdrawals. 2. an account that is charged with advances of money for expenses, on salaries, against earnings, etc., ...
drawing and quartering
▪ punishment       part of the grisly penalty anciently ordained in England (1283) for the crime of treason. Until 1867, when it was abolished, the full punishment for a ...
drawing board
1. a rectangular board on which paper is placed or mounted for drawing or drafting. 2. back to the drawing board, back to the original or an earlier stage of planning or ...
drawing card
a person who or thing that attracts attention or patrons. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
drawing chisel
an obliquely edged wood chisel for working across grain, as in forming the ends of tenons. * * *
drawing frame
Textiles. a machine used to attenuate and straighten fibers by having them pass, in sliver form, through a series of double rollers, each pair of which revolves at a slightly ...
drawing pin
Brit. a thumbtack. [1855-60] * * *
drawing room
—drawing-room, adj. 1. a formal reception room, esp. in an apartment or private house. 2. (in a railroad car) a private room for two or three passengers. 3. Brit. a formal ...
drawing table
a table having a surface consisting of a drawing board adjustable to various heights and angles. Also called architect's table. [1905-10] * * *
/draw"ing in"/, n., pl. drawings-in. the act or process of threading warp ends through the heddle eyes of the harness and the dents of the reed according to a given plan for ...
drawing-room comedy
/draw"ing roohm', -room'/, Theat. a light, sophisticated comedy typically set in a drawing room with characters drawn from polite society. [1880-85] * * *
drawing card n. An attraction drawing large audiences. * * *
drawing pin n. Chiefly British A thumbtack. * * *
drawing room n. 1. A large room in which guests are entertained. 2. A ceremonial reception. 3. A large private room on a railroad sleeping car.   [Short for earlier withdrawing ...
/draw"nuyf'/, n., pl. drawknives. Carpentry. a knife with a handle at each end at right angles to the blade, used by drawing over a surface. Also called drawing knife, ...
—drawler, n. —drawlingly, adv. —drawlingness, n. —drawly, adj. /drawl/, v.t., v.i. 1. to say or speak in a slow manner, usually prolonging the vowels. n. 2. an act or ...
See drawl. * * *
/drawn/, v. 1. pp. of draw. adj. 2. tense; haggard. 3. eviscerated, as a fowl. 4. Glassmaking. a. of or pertaining to the stem of a drinking glass that has been formed by ...
drawn butter
1. melted butter, clarified and often seasoned with herbs or lemon juice. 2. a sauce of melted butter, flour, vegetable or fish stock, and lemon juice. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
drawn thread work
▪ textile Italian  Punto Tirato,         in fabric, a method of producing a design by drawing threads out of the body of a piece of material, usually linen, and ...
drawn work
ornamental work done by drawing threads from a fabric, the remaining portions usually being formed into lacelike patterns by needlework. [1585-95] * * *
/drawn"owt"/, adj. long-drawn-out. [1885-90] * * *
drawn butter n. Butter that is melted or clarified, often seasoned and used as a sauce.   [drawn, past participle of draw, to bring to a proper consistency (obsolete).] * * *
drawnwork [drôn′wʉrk΄] n. ornamental work done on textiles by pulling out threads to produce a lacelike design * * *
drawplate [drô′plāt΄] n. a metal plate with holes through which wire is drawn to get the desired thickness * * *
draw poker n. Poker in which each player is dealt five cards face down and may then discard and get replacements for a specified number of cards after the first round of ...
/draw"shayv'/, n. Carpentry. drawknife. [1820-30; DRAW + SHAVE] * * *
/draw"sheet'/, n. a narrow sheet, often used on hospital beds, placed under a patient's buttocks and often over a rubber sheet, that can easily be removed if soiled. [1865-70; ...
draw shot n. A billiards shot in which the cue ball is struck below center so that it draws back from the object ball after impact. * * *
/draw"string'/, n. a string or cord that tightens or closes an opening, as of a bag, clothing, or the like, when one or both ends are pulled. Also, draw string. [1825-35; DRAW + ...
/draw"toohb', -tyoohb'/, n. a tube sliding within another tube, as the tube carrying the eyepiece in a microscope. [1890-95; DRAW + TUBE] * * *
/dray/, n. 1. a low, strong cart without fixed sides, for carrying heavy loads. 2. a sledge or sled. 3. any vehicle, as a truck, used to haul goods, esp. one used to carry heavy ...
dray horse
a draft horse used for pulling a dray. * * *
/dray"ij/, n. 1. conveyance by dray. 2. a charge made for it. [1785-95, Amer.; DRAY + -AGE] * * *
/dray"ing/, n. the business, occupation, or activities of driving a dray. [1855-60; DRAY + -ING1] * * *
/dray"meuhn/, n., pl. draymen. a person who drives a dray. [1575-85; DRAY + MAN1] * * *
/drayt"n/, n. 1. Michael, 1563-1631, English poet. 2. William Henry, 1742-1779, American member of Continental Congress, 1778-79. * * *
Drayton, Michael
▪ English poet born 1563, Hartshill, Warwickshire, Eng. died 1631, London  English poet, the first to write odes in English in the manner of Horace.       Drayton ...
Dray·ton (drātʹn), Michael. 1563-1631. English poet who produced a wide range of works, including sonnets, dramas, satires, and eclogues, such as those in Idea, The ...
drachma; drachmas. Also, dr. * * *
—dreadable, adj. —dreadness, n. /dred/, v.t. 1. to fear greatly; be in extreme apprehension of: to dread death. 2. to be reluctant to do, meet, or experience: I dread going ...
—dreadfulness, n. /dred"feuhl/, adj. 1. causing great dread, fear, or terror; terrible: a dreadful storm. 2. inspiring awe or reverence. 3. extremely bad, unpleasant, or ugly: ...
/dred"feuh lee/, adv. 1. in a dreadful way: The pain has increased dreadfully. 2. very; extremely: Sorry to be so dreadfully late. [1275-1325; ME. See DREADFUL, -LY] * * *
See dreadfully. * * *
See dreadlocks. * * *
/dred"loks'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a hair style, esp. among Rastafarians, in which the hair is worn in long, ropelike locks. [1955-60; DREAD + LOCK2 + -S3] * * *
/dred"nawt'/, n. 1. a type of battleship armed with heavy-caliber guns in turrets: so called from the British battleship Dreadnought, launched in 1906, the first of its type. 2. ...
Dreadnought, HMS
British battleship launched in 1906 that established the pattern of the warships that dominated the world's navies for the next 35 years. It was equipped entirely with big guns ...
dreads (drĕdz) pl.n. Informal Dreadlocks. * * *
—dreamful, adj. —dreamfully, adv. —dreamfulness, n. —dreamingly, adv. —dreamlike, adj. /dreem/, n., v., dreamed or dreamt, dreaming, adj. n. 1. a succession of images, ...
dream allegory
▪ literary genre also called  Dream Vision,         allegorical tale presented in the narrative framework of a dream. Especially popular in the Middle Ages, the ...
dream analysis
Psychoanal. the analysis of dreams as a means of gaining access to the unconscious mind, typically involving free association. * * *
dream book
a book, pamphlet, etc., that lists common dreams and purports to interpret them, esp. in regard to their meaning for the future. [1785-95] * * *
dream merchant
a person, as a moviemaker or advertiser, who panders to or seeks to develop the public's craving for luxury, romance, or escapism. * * *
Dream of Gerontius
a religious poem (1865) by Cardinal Newman which was made into a musical work for voices and orchestra by Edward Elgar in 1900. * * *
Dream of the Red Chamber
▪ novel by Cao Zhan Pinyin romanization  Hongloumeng , Wade-Giles romanization  Hung-lou-meng        novel written by Cao Zhan in the 18th century; it is generally ...
Dream of the Red Chamber, The
(Chinese, Hung Lou Mêng or Hong Lou Meng) an 18th-century Chinese novel by Ts'ao Hsüeh-ch'in, completed by Kao E, in 120 chapters. * * *
Dream of the Rood, The
▪ English literature       Old English lyric, the earliest dream poem and one of the finest religious poems in the English language, once, but no longer, attributed to ...
dream team
a number of persons of the highest ability associated in some joint action: a dream team that should easily win the Olympics; a dream team of lawyers. [1990-95] * * *
dream vision
a conventional device used in narrative verse, employed esp. by medieval poets, that presents a story as told by one who falls asleep and dreams the events of the poem: Dante's ...
dream world
the world of imagination or illusion rather than of objective reality. Also, dreamworld. [1810-20] * * *
/dreem"boht'/, n. Slang. 1. a highly attractive or desirable person. 2. anything considered as highly desirable of its kind: His new car is a dreamboat. [1935-40; DREAM + BOAT] * ...
/dree"meuhr/, n. 1. a person who dreams. 2. a person who lives in a world of fantasy; one who is impractical and unrealistic. 3. a person whose ideas or projects are considered ...
See dreamy. * * *
See dreamily. * * *
Dreaming, the
or Dream-Time In the religion of the Australian Aboriginals, the mythological time of the Creation. In the Dreaming the environment was shaped and humanized by mythic beings ...
/dreem"land'/, n. 1. a pleasant, lovely land that exists only in dreams or the imagination; the region of reverie. 2. a state of sleep. [1825-35; DREAM + LAND] * * *
—dreamlessly, adv. —dreamlessness, n. /dreem"lis/, adj. undisturbed by dreams: a sound and dreamless sleep. [1595-1605; DREAM + -LESS] * * *
/dreem"skayp'/, n. 1. a dreamlike, often surrealistic scene. 2. a painting depicting such a scene. [1965-70; DREAM + -SCAPE] * * *
/dremt/, v. a pt. and pp. of dream. * * *
dream team n. A team or group whose members are among the most qualified or talented in their particular fields. * * *
/dreem"tuym'/, n. the ancient time of the creation of all things by sacred ancestors, whose spirits continue into the present, as conceived in the mythology of the Australian ...
dream vision n. A narrative poem, especially in medieval literature, in which the main character falls asleep and experiences events having allegorical, didactic, or moral ...
/dreem"werrk'/, n. Psychoanal. the processes that cause the transformation of unconscious thoughts into the content of dreams, as displacement, distortion, condensation, and ...
DreamWorks SKG
a US film company established in Hollywood in 1994 by Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen. Its films have included The Peacemaker (1997), The Lost World: ...
—dreamily, adv. —dreaminess, n. /dree"mee/, adj., dreamier, dreamiest. 1. of the nature of or characteristic of dreams; visionary. 2. vague; dim. 3. soothing; restful; ...
/drear/, adj. Literary. dreary. [1620-30; back formation from DREARY] * * *
See dreary. * * *
See drearily. * * *
—drearily, adv. —dreariness, n. —drearisome, adj. /drear"ee/, adj., drearier, dreariest. 1. causing sadness or gloom. 2. dull; boring. 3. sorrowful; sad. [bef. 900; ME ...
Drebbel, Cornelis
▪ Dutch inventor born 1572, Alkmaar, Neth. died Nov. 7, 1633, London       Dutch inventor who built the first navigable submarine.       An engraver and ...
/drek/, n. Slang. 1. excrement; dung. 2. worthless trash; junk. Also, drek. [1920-25; < Yiddish drek; c. G Dreck filth; cf. OE threax, ON threkkr excrement] * * *
See dreck. * * *
Dred Scott Case
(also the Dred Scott decision) a US Supreme Court decision in 1857 that a slave was not a citizen and could not begin a legal case against anyone. Dred Scott was a slave who ...
Dred Scott Decision
/dred/. See under Scott (def. 2). * * * formally Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857 ruling of the Supreme Court of the United States that made slavery legal in all U.S. ...
dredge1 /drej/, n., v., dredged, dredging. n. 1. Also called dredging machine. any of various powerful machines for dredging up or removing earth, as from the bottom of a river, ...
dredger1 /drej"euhr/, n. 1. dredge1 (def. 1). 2. a person who uses a dredge. [1500-10; DREDGE1 + -ER1] dredger2 /drej"euhr/, n. a container with a perforated top for sprinkling ...
dredging machine
dredge1 (def. 1). [1820-30] * * *
/dree/, adj., v., dreed, dreeing. Scot. and North Eng. adj. 1. tedious; dreary. v.t. 2. to suffer; endure. Also, dreegh /dreekh/, dreigh, driech, driegh. [bef. 1000; ME; OE ...
Drees, Willem
▪ prime minister of The Netherlands born July 5, 1886, Amsterdam, Neth. died May 14, 1988, The Hague       statesman and socialist leader who was the prime minister of ...
/dreg/, n. 1. dregs, the sediment of liquids; lees; grounds. 2. Usually, dregs. the least valuable part of anything: the dregs of society. 3. a small remnant; any small ...
—dregginess, n. /dreg"ee/, adj., dreggier, dreggiest. abounding in or like dregs; filthy; muddy. [1400-50; late ME. See DREG, -Y1] * * *
D region n. See D layer. * * *
dregs [dregz] pl.n. 〚ME dregges, pl. of dregge < ON dregg, barm, lees < IE * dherēgh, residue: for base see DARK〛 1. the particles of solid matter that settle at the bottom ...
/drayd"l/, n., pl. dreidels, dreidel. a four-sided top bearing the Hebrew letters nun, gimel, he, and shin, one on each side, used chiefly in a children's game traditionally ...
/dreekh/, adj., v.t. Scot. and North Eng. dree. [var. of DRIEGH] * * *
▪ European history English  Three Emperors' League        an alliance in the latter part of the 19th century of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia, devised by ...
/druy"kahn'teuhr/, n., pl. dreikanters, dreikanter. a pebble or boulder having three faces formed by the action of windblown sand. [1900-05; < G, equiv. to drei THREE + Kante ...
Dreikurs, Rudolf
▪ American psychiatrist born February 8, 1897, Vienna, Austria died May 25, 1972, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       Austrian-born American psychiatrist and educator who ...
/druy"seuhr, -zeuhr/, n. Theodore, 1871-1945, U.S. novelist. * * *
Dreiser, Theodore
▪ American author Introduction born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.  novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of ...
Dreiser, Theodore (Herman Albert)
born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S. died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif. U.S. novelist. Born to poor German immigrant parents, Dreiser left home at age 15 for Chicago. ...
Dreiser,Theodore Herman Albert
Drei·ser (drīʹsər, -zər), Theodore Herman Albert. 1871-1945. American writer and editor whose naturalistic novels, such as Sister Carrie (1900) and An American Tragedy ...
/drek/, n. dreck. * * *
—drencher, n. —drenchingly, adv. /drench/, v.t. 1. to wet thoroughly; soak. 2. to saturate by immersion in a liquid; steep. 3. to cover or fill completely; bathe: trees ...
See drench. * * *
/dren"teuh/, n. a province in E Netherlands. 423,311; 1011 sq. mi. (2620 sq. km). Also, Drente. * * * ▪ province, The Netherlands also spelled  Drente, ...
/drez"deuhn/; Ger. /drddays"deuhn/, n. the capital of Saxony in E Germany, on the Elbe River. 518,057. * * * City (pop., 2002: 478,600), situated on the Elbe River, eastern ...
Dresden china
porcelain ware produced at Meissen, Germany, near Dresden, after 1710. Also called Dresden porcelain, Dresden ware, Meissen porcelain. [1725-35] * * *
Dresden Codex
Latin Codex Dresdensis One of the few pre-Columbian Maya codices to survive book burnings by Spanish clergy. It contains exceptionally accurate astronomical calculations, ...
Dresden, Battle of
▪ European history       (Aug. 26–27, 1813), Napoleon's last major victory in Germany. It was fought on the outskirts of the Saxon capital of Dresden, between ...
Dresden china n. Meissen porcelain.   [After Dresden.] * * *
Dresdner Bank AG
▪ German bank       commercial bank based in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, with operations in more than 70 countries.       It was established in 1872 in Dresden as ...
/dres/, n., adj., v., dressed or drest, dressing. n. 1. an outer garment for women and girls, consisting of bodice and skirt in one piece. 2. clothing; apparel; garb: The dress ...
dress circle
a circular or curving division of seats in a theater, opera house, etc., usually the first gallery, originally set apart for spectators in evening dress. [1815-25] * * *
dress coat.
—dress-coated, adj. See tail coat. [1760-70] * * *
dress code
a set of rules specifying the garb or type of clothing to be worn by a group or by people under specific circumstances: a military dress code; The restaurant's dress code ...
dress goods
cloth or material for dresses. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
dress parade
☆ dress parade n. a military parade in dress uniform * * *
dress rehearsal
a rehearsal of a play or other performance in costume and with scenery, properties, and lights arranged and operated as for a performance: often the final rehearsal. [1820-30] * ...
dress shield
a fabric or plastic pad for attaching to the inside of the underarm of a woman's garment to protect the garment from being soiled by perspiration. Also called shield. [1880-85] * ...
dress shirt
1. a man's shirt worn for formal or semiformal evening dress, usually having French cuffs and a stiff or pleated front to be fastened with studs. 2. a man's shirt, buttoning down ...
dress suit
a man's suit for formal evening dress, with tail coat and open-front waistcoat. [1800-10] * * *
dress uniform
1. U.S. Air Force. a uniform consisting of the coat and trousers of the service uniform, with a white shirt and black bow tie, worn for formal occasions. 2. U.S. Army. a blue ...
dress up
➡ formal and informal dress * * *
dress-down [dres′doun΄] adj. of or relating to a policy allowing casual attire in an activity, job, etc. that ordinarily requires more formal dress * * *
/dres"up'/, adj. 1. being an occasion, situation, etc., for which one must be somewhat formally well-dressed: the first dress-up dance of the season. n. 2. Informal. Usually, ...
/dreuh sahzh"/; Fr. /drdde sannzh"/, n. 1. See haute école (def. 1). 2. the art or method of training a horse in obedience and in precision of movement. [1935-40; < F, equiv. to ...
dress circle n. A section of seats in a theater or opera house, usually the first tier above the orchestra. * * *
dress code n. A set of rules, as in a school, indicating the approved manner of dress: “the company's white-shirt black-tie dress code” (David Pauly). * * *
dressed to the nines
➡ formal and informal dress * * *
dresser1 /dres"euhr/, n. 1. a person who dresses. 2. a person employed to dress actors, care for costumes, etc., at a theater, television studio, or the like. 3. Chiefly Brit. a ...
dresser set
a set of toilet articles, as comb, brush, mirror, etc., usually of matching design, for arrangement and use on a dresser or vanity. [1930-35] * * *
Dresser, Christopher
▪ British designer born July 4, 1834, Glasgow, Scot. died Nov. 24, 1904, Mulhouse, Fr.       British designer, one of the first professional industrial designers and a ...
dressily [dres′ə lē] adv. in a dressy manner * * *
dressiness [dres′ē nis] n. the quality of being dressy * * * See dressy. * * *
/dres"ing/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that dresses. 2. a sauce for food: salad dressing. 3. stuffing for a fowl: turkey dressing. 4. material used to dress or cover a ...
dressing case
a small piece of luggage for carrying toilet articles, medicine, etc. [1780-90] * * *
dressing glass
a small, adjustable mirror designed to stand on a dressing table. [1705-15] * * *
dressing gown
a tailored robe worn for lounging or for grooming, applying makeup, etc. [1770-80] * * *
dressing room
a room for use in getting dressed, esp. one for performers backstage in a theater, television studio, etc. [1665-75] * * *
dressing sack
a woman's dressing gown. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
dressing station
Mil. a post or center that gives first aid to the wounded, located near a combat area. [1890-95] * * *
dressing table
a table or stand, usually surmounted by a mirror, in front of which a person sits while dressing, applying makeup, etc. [1790-1800] * * * ▪ furniture also called  toilet ...
/dres"ing down"/, n. a severe reprimand; scolding. [1860-65, Amer.; n. use (with -ING1) of v. phrase dress down] * * *
dressing gown n. A robe worn for lounging or before dressing. * * *
dressing room n. A room, as in a theater, for changing costumes or clothes and applying makeup. * * *
dressing table n. A low table with a mirror at which one sits while applying makeup. Also called vanity. * * *
/dres"leuhr/, n. Marie (Leila Koerber), 1869-1934, U.S. actress, born in Canada. * * *
Dressler, Marie
orig. Leila Marie Koerber born Nov. 9, 1868, Cobourg, Ont., Can. died July 28, 1934, Santa Barbara, Calif., U.S. Canadian-U.S. actress. She began her acting career as a ...
—dressmaking, n. /dres"may'keuhr/, n. 1. a person whose occupation is the making or alteration of women's dresses, coats, etc. adj. 2. (of women's clothing) having soft lines ...
See dressmaker. * * *
/drddes wannrdd"/, n., pl. dressoirs /drddes wannrdd"/. Fr. Furniture. a cabinet of the 18th century, having a number of shallow shelves for dishes over a base with drawers and ...
dress rehearsal n. A full, uninterrupted rehearsal of a play with costumes and stage properties. * * *
—dressily, adv. —dressiness, n. /dres"ee/, adj., dressier, dressiest. 1. appropriate to somewhat formal occasions: an outfit that's a little too dressy for office wear. 2. ...
/drest/, v. Obs. a pt. and pp. of dress. * * *
See deru-. * * *
▪ France       town, Eure-et-Loir département, Centre région, north-central France. It lies along the Blaise River, northwest of Chartres. Known to the Romans as ...
/drooh/, v. pt. of draw. * * * (as used in expressions) Drew family Drew Charles Richard Drew Daniel Pearson Drew * * *
/drooh/, n. 1. Charles Richard, 1904-50, U.S. physician: developer of blood-bank technique. 2. John, 1827-62, U.S. actor, born in Ireland. 3. his son, John, 1853-1927, U.S. ...
Drew family
U.S. theatrical family. Louisa Lane (later Louisa Lane Drew; 1820–97) began her stage career at age eight in Philadelphia, where her widowed mother had brought her from ...
Drew University
▪ university, Madison, New Jersey, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Madison, New Jersey, U.S., affiliated with the United ...
Drew, Charles Richard
born June 3, 1904, Washington, D.C., U.S. died April 1, 1950, near Burlington, N.C. U.S. physician and surgeon. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University. While ...
Drew, Dame Jane Beverly
▪ 1997       British architect (b. March 24, 1911, Thornton Heath, Surrey, Eng.—d. July 27, 1996, Cotherstone, Durham, Eng.), paid lavish attention to the harmony of ...
Drew, Daniel
born July 29, 1797, Carmel, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 18, 1879, New York, N.Y. U.S. railway financier. In 1844 he founded the Wall Street brokerage firm of Drew, Robinson, and Co., ...
Drew, Jane
▪ British architect in full  Dame Jane Beverly Drew   born March 24, 1911, Thornton Heath, Surrey, Eng. died July 27, 1996, Cotherstone, Durham       British ...
Drew, John, Jr.
▪ American actor born Nov. 13, 1853, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died July 9, 1927, San Francisco, Calif.       American actor noted for his roles in Shakespearean comedy, ...
Drew, John, Sr.
▪ American actor born Sept. 3, 1827, Dublin, Ire. died May 21, 1862, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       theatrical manager and leading American actor of Irish romantic ...
Drew, Kenny
▪ 1994       U.S.-born jazz pianist (b. Aug. 28, 1928, New York, N.Y.—d. Aug. 4, 1993, Copenhagen, Den.), was the centre of a largely black expatriate jazz colony that ...
Drew, Louisa Lane
▪ American actress née  Louisa Lane  born Jan. 10, 1820, London, Eng. died Aug. 31, 1897, Larchmont, N.Y., U.S.       noted American actress and manager of Mrs. John ...
Drew, Ronnie
▪ 2009       Irish folk musician born Sept. 16, 1934, Dun Laoghaire, Ire. died Aug. 16, 2008, Dublin, Ire. founded (1962) the highly popular and influential musical ...
Drew, Daniel. 1797-1879. American financier who as a director of the Erie Railroad manipulated stock prices to his own advantage and with James Fisk and Jay Gould engaged ...

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