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/drop"slee/, n. Ontario. a dish of very small dumplings made from a batter of butter, egg, flour, and seasoning dropped in small pieces into broth. [orig. undetermined] * * *
/drop"sond'/, n. Meteorol. an instrument similar to a radiosonde that is attached to a parachute and released from an aircraft. [1945-50; DROP + (RADIO)SONDE] * * *
—dropsied /drop"seed/, adj. /drop"see/, n. 1. (formerly) edema. 2. an infectious disease of fishes, characterized by a swollen, spongelike body and protruding scales, caused by ...
/dropt/, v. a pt. and pp. of drop. * * *
/drop"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. a European plant, Filipendula vulgaris, of the rose family, bearing small, scentless, white or reddish flowers. [1530-40; DROP + WORT2] * * *
drop zone n. The area into which soldiers or supplies are parachuted from an aircraft. * * *
/dros"euhr euh/, n. any of several insectivorous plants of the genus Drosera, having leaves covered with sticky hairs, comprising the sundews. [ < NL (Linnaeus), the genus name < ...
▪ plant family       family of perennial and sometimes annual flowering plants commonly known as sundews (see sundew family (sundew)), within the order Caryophyllales. ...
/drosh"kee/, n., pl. droshkies. 1. a light, low, four-wheeled, open vehicle used mainly in Russia, in which the passengers sit astride or sideways on a long, narrow bench. 2. any ...
/dros"kee/, n., pl. droskies. droshky. * * *
/droh som"i teuhr, dreuh-/, n. an instrument for measuring the amount of dew formed on a given surface. [1815-25; < Gk dróso(s) dew + -METER] * * *
/droh sof"euh leuh, dreuh-/, n., pl. drosophilas, drosophilae /-lee'/. a fly of the genus Drosophila, esp. D. melanogaster, used in laboratory studies of genetics and ...
/draws, dros/, n. 1. waste matter; refuse. 2. Metall. a waste product taken off molten metal during smelting, essentially metallic in character. 3. Brit. coal of little ...
—drossiness, n. /draw"see, dros"ee/, adj., drossier, drossiest. 1. containing dross. 2. resembling dross; worthless. [1400-50; late ME; see DROSS, -Y1] * * *
Drost, Aernout
▪ Dutch author born March 15, 1810, Amsterdam, Kingdom of Holland [now in The Netherlands] died Nov. 5, 1834, Amsterdam       Dutch writer whose historical novels were ...
/drddaws"teuh hyuuls"hawf'/, n. Annette Elisabeth Freiin von /ah net"euh ay lee"zah bet' frdduy"in feuhn/ 1797-1848, German poet. * * *
Droste-Hülshoff, Annette, Baroness von
orig. Anna Elisabeth Franziska Adolphine Wilhelmine Louise Maria, Freiin von Droste zu Hülshoff born Jan. 10, 1797, Schloss Hülshoff, near Münster, Westphalia died May 25, ...
Droste-Hülshoff, Annette, Freiin von
▪ German poet in full  Anna Elisabeth Franziska Adolphine Wilhelmine Louise Maria, Freiin von Droste zu Hülshoff   born Jan. 10, 1797, Schloss Hülshoff, near Münster, ...
▪ literature Old Norse  drōtt-kvætt        a medieval Scandinavian verse form used in skaldic poetry. Drott-kvaett consists of stanzas of eight regular lines, each ...
Drottningholm Palace
Royal palace, near Stockholm, Sweden. It was designed by Nicodemus Tessin (1615–1681) and built 1662–86. It shows French Baroque influences in its plan, gardens, and ...
Drottningholm Theatre
▪ building, Drottningholm, Sweden Swedish  Drottningholmsteater   18th-century court theatre of the Royal Palace of Drottningholm, near Stockholm, Swed. It is preserved ...
Drouais, Jean-Germain
▪ French painter born Nov. 25, 1763, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 13, 1788, Rome, Papal States [Italy]       historical painter who was one of the leading early Neoclassicists ...
Drouet, Jean-Baptiste
▪ French revolutionary [1763-1824] born 1763, Sainte-Menehould, Fr. died April 11, 1824, Mâcon       French revolutionary, chiefly remembered for his part in the ...
Drouet, Jean-Baptiste, count d'Erlon
▪ French marshal born July 29, 1765, Reims, Fr. died Jan. 25, 1844, Paris       French soldier whose long career raised him from the ranks of both Louis XVI's and ...
/drowt/, n. 1. a period of dry weather, esp. a long one that is injurious to crops. 2. an extended shortage: a drought of good writing. 3. Archaic. thirst. Also, drouth ...
—droughtiness, n. /drow"tee/, adj., droughtier, droughtiest. 1. dry. 2. lacking rain. 3. Chiefly Brit. Dial. thirsty. Also, drouthy. [1595-1605; DROUGHT + -Y1] * * *
/droohk/, v.t. Scot. to wet thoroughly; drench. [1505-15; < ON drukna to be drowned; c. OE druncnian to drown] * * *
drouth [drouth, drout] n. archaic var. of DROUGHT * * *
—drouthiness, n. /drow"dhee/, adj., drouthier, drouthiest. droughty. * * *
Drouyn de Lhuys, Edmond
▪ French statesman born Nov. 19, 1805, Paris, Fr. died March 1, 1881, Paris       French statesman and foreign minister under Napoleon III.       Drouyn de Lhuys ...
drove1 /drohv/, v. pt. of drive. drove2 /drohv/, n., v., droved, droving. n. 1. a number of oxen, sheep, or swine driven in a group; herd; flock. 2. Usually, droves. a large ...
/droh"veuhr/, n. 1. a person who drives cattle or sheep to market. 2. a dealer in cattle. [1350-1400; ME. See DROVE2, -ER1] * * *
—drowner, n. /drown/, v.i. 1. to die under water or other liquid of suffocation. v.t. 2. to kill by submerging under water or other liquid. 3. to destroy or get rid of by, or ...
drowned valley
a valley that, having been flooded by the sea, now exists as a bay or estuary. [1900-05] * * *
      suffocation by immersion in a liquid, usually water. Water closing over the victim's mouth and nose cuts off the body's supply of oxygen. Deprived of oxygen the ...
/drown"proohf'/, v.t. to teach (a person) the technique of drownproofing. [1975-80; back formation from DROWNPROOFING] * * *
/drown"prooh'fing/, n. a survival technique, for swimmers or nonswimmers, in which the body is allowed to float vertically in the water, with the head submerged, the lungs filled ...
/drowz/, v., drowsed, drowsing, n. v.i. 1. to be sleepy or half-asleep. 2. to be dull or sluggish. v.t. 3. to pass or spend (time) in drowsing (often fol. by away): He drowsed ...
/drow"zee hed'/, n. Archaic. drowsiness. [1580-90; DROWSY + HEAD] * * *
See drowsy. * * *
See drowsily. * * *
—drowsily, adv. —drowsiness, n. /drow"zee/, adj., drowsier, drowsiest. 1. half-asleep; sleepy. 2. marked by or resulting from sleepiness. 3. dull; sluggish. 4. inducing ...
Droysen, Johann Gustav
▪ German historian born July 6, 1808, Treptow, Pomerania [Germany] died June 19, 1884, Berlin  historian and politician whose belief in Prussia's destiny to lead Germany ...
Droz, Numa
▪ Swiss politician born Jan. 27, 1844, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switz. died Dec. 15, 1899, Bern       prominent Swiss politician and twice federal president, who is ...
West Semitic, to seek, examine, study. 1. Midrash, from Hebrew midrāš, exposition, commentary, Midrash, from dāraš, to seek, study. 2. madrassah, from Arabic madrasa, school, ...
Dru, Joanne
▪ 1997       (JOANNE LACOCK), U.S. film actress and captivating leading lady in the Westerns Red River, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, and Wagonmaster (b. Jan. 31, 1923—d. ...
—drubber, n. /drub/, v., drubbed, drubbing, n. v.t. 1. to beat with a stick or the like; cudgel; flog; thrash. 2. to defeat decisively, as in a game or contest. 3. to drive as ...
See drub. * * *
/drub"ing/, n. 1. a beating; a sound thrashing. 2. a decisive, humiliating defeat, as in a game or contest. [1640-50; DRUB + -ING1] * * *
/drooh sil"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Drucker, Peter F.
▪ American economist and author in full  Peter Ferdinand Drucker   born November 19, 1909, Vienna, Austria died November 11, 2005, Claremont, ...
Drucker, Peter Ferdinand
▪ 2006       Austrian-born American social scientist and management consultant (b. Nov. 19, 1909, Vienna, Austria—d. Nov. 11, 2005, Claremont, Calif.), advanced the ...
Druckman, Jacob Raphael
▪ 1997       U.S. composer, teacher, and conductor who was influential in promoting contemporary music and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1972 for his orchestral work Windows ...
—drudger, n. —drudgingly, adv. /druj/, n., v., drudged, drudging. n. 1. a person who does menial, distasteful, dull, or hard work. 2. a person who works in a routine, ...
Drudge, Matt
▪ 2000       Before ABC Radio announced in July 1999 its intention to expand the broadcast of American journalist Matt Drudge's radio show from New York City to major ...
See drudge1. * * *
/druj"euh ree/, n., pl. drudgeries. menial, distasteful, dull, or hard work. [1540-50; DRUDGE + -ERY] Syn. See work. * * *
drudge·work (drŭjʹwûrk') n. Drudgery: “This account... of decades of drudgework amid others' possessions is drudgework for the reader as well” (New Yorker). * * *
See drudger. * * *
drug1 /drug/, n., v., drugged, drugging. n. 1. Pharm. a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical ...
/droog/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of disorder and falsehood. Cf. Asha. [ < Avestan drauga] * * * I Any chemical agent that affects the function of living ...
drug abuse
—drug abuser. 1. addiction to drugs. 2. substance abuse involving drugs. [1965-70] * * *       the excessive, maladaptive, or addictive use of drugs for nonmedical ...
drug addict
a person who is addicted to a narcotic. Also called dope addict. [1915-20] * * *
drug addiction
or chemical dependency Physical and/or psychological dependency on a psychoactive (mind-altering) substance (e.g., alcohol, narcotics, nicotine), defined as continued use ...
drug allergy
▪ medicine       hypersensitivity reaction (immune system disorder) to therapeutic agents that occasionally occurs on subsequent exposure to a drug against which an ...
drug analgesics
▪ Table Analgesics drug class and generic name common trade name(s) use(s) mechanism of action anti-inflammatory analgesics acetaminophen (
drug cult
Introduction       group using drugs to achieve religious (religious experience) or spiritual revelation and for ritualistic purposes.       Though the idea may be ...
Drug Enforcement Administration
(abbr the DEA) an organization established in 1973 to see that US drug laws are obeyed. It is part of the US Department of Justice. The DEA especially tries to stop drugs ...
drug poisoning
or medicinal poisoning Harmful effects of drugs, from overdose or sensitivity to regular doses. Many medicines are dangerous; the margin between dose and overdose is often ...
drug resistance
Property of a disease-causing organism that allows it to withstand drug therapy. In any population of infectious agents, some have a mutation that helps them resist the action ...
drug use
Introduction       use of drugs for psychotropic rather than medical purposes. Among the most common psychotropic drugs are opiates ( opium, morphine, heroin), ...
Drug-resistant Diseases
▪ 1994       Infectious agents continually undergo genetic change. Today, however, this process is being fostered by human behaviour and, ironically, modern medicine. ...
➡ drugs * * *
/drugd"owt"/, adj. Informal. being under the influence of drugs, esp. a narcotic or an illicit drug. * * *
/drug"it/, n. 1. Also called India drugget. a rug from India of coarse hair with cotton or jute. 2. a fabric woven wholly or partly of wool, used for clothing. [1570-80; < MF ...
/drug"ee/, n. Slang. a habitual user of drugs, esp. a narcotic or illicit drug. Also, druggy. [1965-70; DRUG1 + -IE] * * *
/drug"ist/, n. 1. a person who compounds or prepares drugs according to medical prescriptions; apothecary; pharmacist; dispensing chemist. 2. the owner or operator of a ...
druggy1 /drug"ee/, n., pl. druggies. druggie. [1970-75; DRUG + -Y2] druggy2 /drug"ee/, adj., druggier, druggiest. affected by a drug, esp. a narcotic or illicit drug: playing to ...
drug holiday n. A usually brief period during which a drug that is typically taken on a daily basis, such as an antidepressant, is not taken or is replaced with another in order ...
/drug"lis/, adj. being without the use of drugs, as certain methods of medical treatment. [1875-80; DRUG1 + -LESS] * * *
drug lord n. The leader of a cartel or gang that illegally traffics in drugs. * * *
/drug"may'keuhr/, n. a person or company that manufactures pharmaceutical products. [1960-65; DRUG1 + MAKER] * * *
drug·o·la (drŭg-ōʹlə) n. Slang Bribery with payment or kickbacks made by using illegal drugs as the medium of exchange.   [drug + payola.] * * *
/drug"poosh'euhr/, n. a person who sells illicit drugs. [1965-70; DRUG1 + PUSHER] * * *
The problem of drug abuse, the use of drugs for pleasure, is common in Britain and the US, especially among young people, but using drugs is illegal in both countries. Most ...
Drugs acting on cholinergic and adrenergic receptors
▪ Table Drugs acting on cholinergic and adrenergic receptors type of drug mechanism of action common use(s) Cholinergic atropine cholinergic antagonist during anesthesia, ...
Drugs and health care products
▪ Table Drugs and health care products drugs toxicity, symptoms, and signs Painkillers aspirin, sodium salicylate increased perspiration, respiration increased initially, ...
drugs barons
➡ drugs * * *
drugs czar
➡ drugs * * *
/drug"stawr', -stohr'/, n. the place of business of a druggist, usually also selling cosmetics, stationery, toothpaste, mouthwash, cigarettes, etc., and sometimes soft drinks and ...
drugstore cowboy
Slang. 1. a young man who loafs around drugstores or on street corners. 2. a person who dresses like a cowboy but has never worked as one. [1905-10] * * *
drugstore cowboy n. 1. A loafer who passes time on sidewalks or at drugstores. 2. One who dresses or acts like a cowboy but has never been one. * * *
—druidic, druidical, adj. /drooh"id/, n. (often l.c.) a member of a pre-Christian religious order among the ancient Celts of Gaul, Britain, and Ireland. [1555-65; < L druidae ...
Druid stone
sarsen. [1840-50] * * *
/drooh"i dis/, n. (often l.c.) a female member of the Druids. [1745-55; DRUID + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
See druid. * * *
See druidic. * * *
See druidic. * * *
/drooh"i diz'euhm/, n. the religion or rites of the Druids. [1705-15; DRUID + -ISM] * * *
/drooh'i dol"euh jee/, n. the study of the religion, customs, and practices of the Druids. [DRUID + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
➡ Celts * * *
drum1 /drum/, n., pl. drums, (esp. collectively for 11) drum, v., drummed, drumming. n. 1. a musical percussion instrument consisting of a hollow, usually cylindrical, body ...
drum and bugle corps
a marching band of drum players and buglers. * * *
drum brake
Auto. a brake system in which a pair of brake shoes can be pressed against the inner surface of a shallow metal drum that is rigidly attached to a wheel. [1945-50] * * *
drum corps
a band, esp. a marching band, of drum players usually under the direction of a drum major. [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
drum major
the marching leader of a drum corps or a band. [1590-1600] * * *
drum majorette
1. a girl or woman who leads a marching band or drum corps. 2. a girl or woman who twirls a baton with a marching band or drum corps. Also called majorette. [1935-40, ...
drum paneling
flush paneling in a door. * * *
drum printer
Computers. a line printer that uses a rotating drum with raised characters, against which the paper is pressed. [1965-70] * * *
drum table
a table having a cylindrical top with drawers or shelves in the skirt, rotating on a central post with three or four outwardly curving legs. Also called capstan table. * * ...
drum ’n’ bass
n [U] a type of pop music that developed from jungle in Britain in the mid 1990s, with the same very fast drum beats, loud bass and electronic sound effects. * * *
/drum"beet'/, n. the rhythmic sound of a drum. [1850-55; DRUM1 + BEAT] * * *
/drum"bee'teuhr/, n. a person who vigorously proclaims or publicizes the merits of a product, idea, movie, etc.; press agent. [DRUM1 + BEATER] * * *
See drumbeater. * * *
drum brake n. A brake in which the friction is caused by a set of pads that press against the inner surface of a rotating drum. * * *
drum·ette (drŭm-ĕtʹ) n. The small fleshy part of a chicken wing, often fried and served as an appetizer.   [drumstick + -ette.] * * *
/drum"fuyeur'/, n. gunfire so heavy and continuous as to sound like the beating of drums. [1915-20; DRUM1 + FIRE] * * *
/drum"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) drumfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) drumfishes. drum1 (def. 11). [1675-85; DRUM1 + FISH] * * *
/drum"hed'/, n. 1. the membrane stretched upon a drum. 2. the top part of a capstan. adj. 3. characteristic of a drumhead court-martial; carried out in summary fashion: a ...
drumhead court-martial
a court-martial held, usually on a battlefield, for the summary trial of charges of offenses committed during military operations. [1825-35; so called from the use of a drumhead ...
drumhead court-martial n. A court-martial held for the summary trial of an offense committed during military operations.   [So called because it was sometimes held around a ...
/drum"lin/, n. Geol. a long, narrow or oval, smoothly rounded hill of unstratified glacial drift. [1825-35; DRUM2 + -lin, var. of -LING1] * * * ▪ geology       oval or ...
/drum"lee/; Scot. /drddoom"lee/, adj., drumlier, drumliest. Scot. troubled; gloomy. [1505-15; nasalized var. of ME drublie, droblie, OE droflic, equiv. to drof turbid, troubled ...
drum machine n. An electronic device containing a sequencer that can be programmed to arrange and alter digitally stored drum sounds. * * *
drum magazine n. A cylindrical container for feeding cartridges into the firing chamber of a submachine gun or light machine gun. * * *
drum major n. A man who leads a marching band or drum corps, often twirling a baton. * * *
drum majorette n. A woman who leads a marching band or drum corps, often twirling a baton. * * *
drum memory n. Computer Science A memory device consisting of a rotating metal cylinder with a magnetizable coating on its outer surface, usually used as a nonprogrammable ...
/drum"euhr/, n. 1. a person who plays a drum. 2. a commercial traveler or traveling sales representative. 3. march to a different drummer, to be motivated by a different set of ...
/drum"euhk/, n. Chiefly Scot. drammock. * * *
/drum"euhnd/, n. 1. Henry, 1851-97, Scottish clergyman and writer. 2. William, 1585-1649, Scottish poet. 3. William Henry, 1854-1907, Canadian poet, born in Ireland. * * *
Drummond light.
See calcium light. [1835-45; named after Capt. T. Drummond (1797-1840), British engineer] * * *
Drummond, Henry
▪ British banker born Dec. 5, 1786, the Grange, near Alresford, Hampshire, Eng. died Feb. 20, 1860, Albury, Surrey  British banker, writer, and member of Parliament who ...
Drummond, William
▪ Scottish poet born Dec. 13, 1585, Hawthornden, near Edinburgh, Scot. died Dec. 4, 1649, Hawthornden  first notable poet in Scotland to write deliberately in English. He ...
Drummond, William Henry
▪ Canadian writer born April 13, 1854, Mohill, County Leitrim, Ire. died April 6, 1907, Cobalt, Ont., Can.       Irish-born Canadian writer of humorous dialect poems ...
/drum"euhnd vil'/, n. a city in S Quebec, in E Canada. 27,347. * * *
drum printer n. A line printer in which a revolving cylinder acts as the printing element. * * *
/drum"rohl'/, n. 1. a roll on a drum. 2. the sound of a drumroll. [1885-90; DRUM1 + ROLL] * * *
/drum"skin'/, n. drumhead (def. 1). [DRUM1 + SKIN] * * *
/drum"stik'/, n. 1. a stick for beating a drum. 2. the meaty leg of a chicken, duck, turkey, or other fowl. [1580-90; DRUM1 + STICK1] * * *
/drung/, n. Newfoundland. drang. * * *
/drungk/, adj. 1. being in a temporary state in which one's physical and mental faculties are impaired by an excess of alcoholic drink; intoxicated: The wine made him drunk. 2. ...
drunk driving
—drunk-driving, adj. the operating of a motor vehicle while drunk. * * *
drunk tank
Informal. a large jail cell where persons arrested for drunkenness are kept, usually overnight. [1940-45] * * *
/drung"keuhrd/, n. a person who is habitually or frequently drunk. [1400-50; late ME; see DRUNK, -ARD] Syn. toper, sot, tippler, drinker. DRUNKARD and INEBRIATE are terms for a ...
drunkard's chair
Eng. Furniture. a low, deep armchair of the 18th century. * * *
—drunkenly, adv. —drunkenness, n. /drung"keuhn/, adj. 1. intoxicated; drunk. 2. given to drunkenness. 3. pertaining to, caused by, or marked by intoxication: a drunken ...
See drunken. * * *
See drunkenly. * * *
/drung kom"i teuhr/, n. a device for measuring the amount of alcohol in a person's breath to determine the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. [1930-35, Amer.; DRUNK + -O- + ...
Druon Antigonus
▪ Belgian legendary figure  legendary giant of Antwerp, who cut off the right hands of mariners refusing him tribute. His own right hand was cut off by another legendary ...
/drooh pay"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. resembling or relating to a drupe; consisting of drupes. 2. producing drupes: drupaceous trees. [1815-25; DRUPE + -ACEOUS] * * *
/droohp/, n. Bot. any fruit, as a peach, cherry, plum, etc., consisting of an outer skin, a usually pulpy and succulent middle layer, and a hard and woody inner shell usually ...
/droohp"lit/, n. Bot. a little drupe, as one of the individual pericarps composing the blackberry. [1875-80; DRUPE + -LET] * * *
Drury Lane
/droor"ee/ 1. a street in London, England, formerly notable for its theaters, named after the house Sir William Drury built there in the reign of Henry VIII. 2. a famous theater ...
Drury Lane Theatre
Oldest English theatre still in use. It was built in London by Thomas Killigrew for his acting company as the Theatre Royal (1663). It burned in 1672 and was rebuilt in 1674 ...
Drury, Allen Stuart
▪ 1999       American journalist and writer whose first and most famous novel, Advise and Consent (1959), won a Pulitzer Prize and became a Broadway play in 1960 and a ...
/droohz/, n. an incrustation of small crystals on the surface of a rock or mineral. [1745-55; < G; cf. MHG, OHG druos gland, tumor, G Drüse gland (MHG drües, pl. of druos)] * * ...
/drooh sil"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/drooh"seuhs/, n. Nero Claudius ("Germanicus"), 38-9 B.C., Roman general. * * *
Drusus Germanicus, Nero Claudius
born 38 BC died 9 Younger brother of Tiberius and commander of Roman forces in German territory. The reputed son of Octavian (later Augustus), he was allowed to take office ...
Drusus Julius Caesar
▪ Roman consul born c. 13 BC died July 1, AD 23  only son of the Roman emperor Tiberius. After the death of Tiberius' nephew and adoptive son Germanicus (AD 19), Drusus ...
Drusus, Marcus Livius
▪ Roman politician [died 109 BC] died 109 BC       Roman politician, tribune with Gaius Gracchus in 122 BC who undermined Gracchus' program of economic and political ...
Drusus,Nero Claudius
Dru·sus (dro͞oʹsəs), Nero Claudius. Known as “Drusus Senior.” 38-9B.C. Roman general who sought to impose Roman rule on the Germanic tribes. * * *
/drudh"euhrz/, n. Informal. one's own way, choice, or preference: If I had my druthers, I'd dance all night. [1870-75; pl. of druther, (I, you, etc.) 'd rather (contr. of would ...
—Druzean, Druzian, adj. /droohz/, n. Islam. a member of an independent religious sect living chiefly in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel, established in the 11th century as a branch ...
Druze revolt
▪ Syrian history (1925), Druze also spelled  Druse,         uprising of Druze tribes throughout Syria and in part of Lebanon directed against French mandatory ...
▪ Russian history       in early Rus, a prince's retinue, which helped him to administer his principality and constituted the area's military force. The first ...
▪ Ukraine Russian  Druzhkovka        city, eastern Ukraine, at the confluence of the Kryvyy Torets and Kazenny Torets rivers. Druzhkivka, which before the Russian ...
To winnow, scatter, disperse. durra, from Arabic ḏura, durra (sorghum), perhaps akin to ḏarā, to winnow, scatter. * * *
—dryable, adj. —dryly, adv. —dryness, n. /druy/, adj., drier, driest, v., dried, drying, n., pl. drys, dries. adj. 1. free from moisture or excess moisture; not moist; not ...
dry battery
Elect. a dry cell or a voltaic battery consisting of a number of dry cells. [1880-85] * * *
dry beer
beer brewed to have a higher alcohol content and a less bitter aftertaste than normal. * * *
dry bulk
—dry-bulk, adj. a category of cargo stowed in bulk, consisting of grain, cotton, coal, etc. * * *
Dry bulk densities for various rock types
▪ Table Dry bulk densities for various rock types rock type number of samples mean (grams per cubic cm) standard deviation mode (grams per cubic cm) median (grams per cubic ...
dry cell
Elect. a cell in which the electrolyte exists in the form of a paste, is absorbed in a porous medium, or is otherwise restrained from flowing. Cf. battery (def. 1). [1890-95] * * ...
dry cleaner
1. a business that dry-cleans garments, draperies, etc. 2. a person who owns or operates such an establishment. 3. a liquid solvent used in dry cleaning. [1895-1900] * * *
dry cleaning
—dry-cleaning, adj. 1. the cleaning of garments, fabrics, draperies, etc., with any of various chemicals rather than water. 2. garments for cleaning in this way. [1810-20] * * ...
dry compass
Navig. a compass having a compass card mounted on pivots. Cf. wet compass. * * *
dry distillation
Chem. See destructive distillation. * * *
dry dock
a structure able to contain a ship and to be drained or lifted so as to leave the ship free of water with all parts of the hull accessible for repairs, painting, etc. Cf. ...
dry eye
Pathol. an abnormal eye condition caused by an inadequate tear film, characterized by burning, itchy, and dry eyes and sometimes blurred vision. * * *
dry farmer
See dryfarm. * * *
dry farming
☆ dry farming n. farming in an almost rainless region without the help of irrigation: it is done by conserving the natural moisture of the soil and by planting crops that can ...
dry farming.
See dryland farming. [1875-80] * * *
dry fly
Angling. an artificial fly designed for use on the surface of the water. Cf. wet fly. [1840-50] * * *
dry fog
Meteorol. a fog that does not moisten exposed surfaces. * * *
dry freeze
Meteorol. the occurrence of freezing temperatures without the formation of hoarfrost. * * *
dry fresco.
See fresco secco. * * *
dry gangrene
death of tissue owing to arterial obstruction without subsequent bacterial decomposition and putrefaction. [1930-35] * * *
dry gas
▪ petroleum product        natural gas that is always in the gaseous state in the reservoir and produces little condensable hydrocarbons (compounds composed mainly of ...
dry goods
textile fabrics and related merchandise, as distinguished from groceries, hardware, etc. [1695-1705] * * *
dry hole
any well drilled for oil or gas that does not yield enough to be commercially profitable. Also called duster. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
Dry Ice
Chem., Trademark. the solid form of carbon dioxide, which sublimes at -109.26°F (-78.48°C) and is used chiefly as a refrigerant. * * * Carbon dioxide in solid form. It is a ...
dry kiln
an oven for the controlled drying and seasoning of cut lumber. [1905-10] * * *
dry lake
a tract of land in a desert region over which a shallow lake is formed during the rainy season or after prolonged heavy rains. Cf. playa. * * *
dry law
a law prohibiting the manufacture or sale of alcoholic beverages. * * *
dry lot
Agric. a fenced-in area that is free of vegetation and is used for the containment, feeding, and fattening of livestock. [1920-25; DRY (implying a lack of vegetation, as opposed ...
dry measure
the system of units of capacity ordinarily used in measuring dry commodities, as grain or fruit. In the U.S. 2 pints = 1 quart (1.101 liters); 8 quarts = 1 peck (8.810 liters); 4 ...
dry milk
dehydrated milk from which about 95 percent of the moisture has been evaporated. Also called dried milk, milk powder, powdered milk. * * *
dry mop.
See dust mop. [1930-35] * * *
dry mounting
—dry-mounted, adj. the technique of fastening a print, photograph, or the like to a board by using a heated thermoplastic tissue as an adhesive. [1900-05] * * *
dry nurse
1. a nurse who takes care of but does not breast-feed another's infant. Cf. wet nurse. 2. Informal. a person who tutors and guides an inexperienced person at work. [1590-1600] * ...
dry offset
Print. letterset. [1955-60] * * * ▪ printing also called  Letterset, or Indirect Relief Printing,         offset printing process combining the characteristics of ...
dry plate
1. a glass photographic plate coated with a sensitive emulsion of silver bromide and silver iodide in gelatin. 2. Metall. tin plate having patches of dull finish. [1855-60] * * ...
dry puddling
Metall. puddling in a furnace with a bottom of sand. Cf. wet puddling. * * *
dry rent
Law. See rent seck. * * *
dry rot
1. Plant Pathol. a. a decay of seasoned timber, resulting in its becoming brittle and crumbling to a dry powder, caused by various fungi. b. any of various diseases of plants in ...
dry rot fungus
a fungus, Merulius lacrymans, that causes a common type of dry rot. Also called house fungus. * * *
dry run
—dry-run, adj. 1. a rehearsal or practice exercise. 2. Mil. practice in firing arms without using live ammunition. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
dry sink
a wooden kitchen sink, esp. of the 19th century, not connected to an external water supply, with a shallow zinc- or tin-lined well on top in which a dishpan can be placed, and ...
dry socket
Dentistry. a painful inflammatory infection of the bone and tissues at the site of an extracted tooth. * * *
dry spell
1. a prolonged period of dry weather. 2. a period of little or no productivity or activity, low income, etc. [1885-90] * * *
dry suit
a close-fitting, double-layered synthetic garment worn by a scuba diver in especially cold water, protecting the skin from contact with water and having an internal, warming ...
Dry Tortugas
/tawr tooh"geuhz/ a group of ten small islands at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico W of Key West: a part of Florida; the site of Fort Jefferson. * * * ▪ islands, Florida, ...
Dry Tortugas National Park
National park located on the Dry Tortugas islands, southwestern Florida, U.S. The islands are situated at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico, west of Key West, Fla. Established ...
dry wall
Building Trades. 1. Also, drywall. a. an interior wall or partition finished in a dry material, usually in the form of prefabricated sheets or panels nailed to studs, as ...
dry wash
1. clothes, curtains, etc., washed and dried but not yet ironed. Cf. wet wash. 2. wash (def. 46). [1870-75] * * *
dry well
1. a drainage pit lined with loose stonework for the leaching of liquid wastes. 2. See absorbing well. [1760-70] * * *
/druy"euhz dust"/, adj. dull and boring: a dry-as-dust biography. Also, dryasdust. [1870-75; after Dr. Dryasdust, a fictitious pedant satirized in the prefaces of Sir Walter ...
dry-bone ore
/druy"bohn'/, Mineral. a porous variety of smithsonite found near the surface of the earth. * * *
dry-bulb thermometer
/druy"bulb'/ a thermometer having a dry bulb: used in conjunction with a wet-bulb thermometer in a psychrometer. * * *
/druy"kleen"/, v.t. to clean (garments, draperies, rugs, etc.) with a liquid other than water, as benzine or gasoline. [1810-20; back formation from DRY CLEANING] * * *
/druy"klenz"/, v.t., dry-cleansed, dry-cleansing. to dry-clean. * * *
/druy"dok'/, v.t. 1. to place (a ship) in a dry dock. v.i. 2. (of a ship) to go into a dry dock. [1880-85] * * *
/druy"dok'ij/, n. 1. the act or fact of placing a ship in a dry dock. 2. a charge for repairs in a dry dock: Dry-dockage is the largest item in the ship's maintenance. [DRY-DOCK ...
/druy"uyd'/, adj. not weeping; unmoved. [1660-70] * * *
—dry farmer. /druy"fahrm'/, v.i. 1. to engage in dryland farming. v.t. 2. to grow (a specified crop) by means of dryland farming. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
/druy"foot'ing/, n. Ceram. removal of glaze from the rim at the bottom of a piece. [dry foot the base of the piece + -ING1] * * *
/druy"gulch'/, v.t. Informal. 1. to ambush with the intent of killing or severely mauling: The riders were dry-gulched by bandits. 2. to betray by a sudden change of attitude or ...
/druy"nerrs'/, v.t., dry-nursed, dry-nursing. to act as a dry nurse to. [1575-85] * * *
/druy"roh"stid/, adj. roasted with no oil, or less oil than is usually used in roasting, so that the product is drier, crisper, and less caloric: dry-roasted peanuts. Also, ...
/druy"rot'/, v.i., v.t., dry-rotted, dry-rotting. to undergo or cause to undergo the action or effects of dry rot. [1865-70] * * *
/druy"sawlt'/, v.t. to cure or preserve (meat, hides, etc.) by drying and salting. [1615-25] * * *
dry-salt·er (drīʹsôl'tər) n. Chiefly British A dealer in chemical products and dyes.   dryʹsalt'er·y n. * * *
/druy"shod'/, adj. having or keeping the shoes dry. [bef. 1000; ME drye schodde, OE drygsceod, equiv. to dryg- DRY + sc(e)od, ptp. of scogan to shoe, deriv. of sc(e)oh SHOE] * * *
—drywaller, n. /druy"wawl'/, v.t. 1. to construct or renovate with dry wall: to dry-wall the interior of a house. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or having dry wall. * * *
dryable [drī′ə bəl] adj. that may be dried in a clothes dryer * * *
—dryadic /druy ad"ik/, adj. /druy"euhd, -ad/, n., pl. dryads, dryades /-euh deez'/. (often cap.) Class. Myth. a deity or nymph of the woods. Cf. hamadryad. [1545-55; extracted ...
See dryad. * * *
/druy"euhs/, n., pl. dryas. any creeping plant belonging to the genus Dryas, of the rose family, having solitary white or yellow flowers, comprising the mountain avens. [ < NL, ...
dryasdust [drī′əz dust΄] n. a dull, pedantic person adj. dull and boring * * * dry·as·dust or dry-as-dust (drīʹəz-dŭst') n. A dull, pedantic speaker or ...
/druy"brush'/, n. a technique of drawing or painting in which a brush having a small quantity of pigment or medium is applied to or dragged across a surface. [1910-15; DRY + ...
dry cell n. A voltage-generating cell having an electrolyte in the form of moist paste.   [So called because its contents cannot spill.] * * *
See dry-clean. * * *
—Drydenian /druy dee"nee euhn, -deen"yeuhn/, Drydenic /druy den"ik/, adj. /druyd"n/, n. John, 1631-1700, English poet, dramatist, and critic. * * *
Dryden, Hugh L
▪ American physicist born July 2, 1898, Pocomoke City, Md., U.S. died Dec. 2, 1965, Washington, D.C.  U.S. physicist and deputy administrator of the National Aeronautics and ...
Dryden, John
born Aug. 9, 1631, Aldwinkle, Northamptonshire, Eng. died May 1, 1700, London British poet, dramatist, and literary critic. The son of a country gentleman, Dryden was educated ...
Dryden, John Fairfield
▪ United States senator born Aug. 7, 1839, Temple Mills, Maine, U.S. died Nov. 24, 1911       American senator and businessman, the founder of the Prudential Insurance ...
Dryden, Spencer
▪ 2006       American drummer (b. April 7, 1938, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 11, 2005, Petaluma, Calif.), helped create the sound of the psychedelic rock band Jefferson ...
Dry·den (drīdʹn), John. 1631-1700. English writer and poet laureate (after 1668). The outstanding literary figure of the Restoration, he wrote critical essays, poems, such as ...
dry dock n. A large dock in the form of a basin from which the water can be emptied, used for building or repairing a ship below its water line. * * *
/druy"euhr/, n. 1. Also, drier. a machine, appliance, or apparatus for removing moisture, as by forced ventilation or heat: hair dryer; clothes dryer. 2. drier1 (defs. 1, 2). * * ...
See dry farming. * * *
dry farming n. A type of farming practiced in arid areas without irrigation by planting drought-resistant crops and maintaining a fine surface tilth or mulch that protects the ...
dry fly n. An artificial fly used in fishing that floats on the surface of the water when cast. * * *
Drygalski, Erich Dagobert von
▪ German geographer born Feb. 9, 1865, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia] died Jan. 10, 1949, Munich, Ger.  German geographer and glaciologist who led an ...
dry gangrene n. Gangrene that develops as a result of arterial obstruction and is characterized by mummification of the dead tissue and absence of bacterial decomposition. * * *
/druy"gas'/, Chem., Trademark. a brand of gasoline-line antifreeze consisting of methyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, or a mixture of these. * * *
dry goods pl.n. Textiles, clothing, and related articles of trade. Also called soft goods. * * *
dry hole n. An unsuccessful venture, especially an exploratory oil well that produces no oil. * * *
dry ice n. Solid carbon dioxide that sublimates at -78.5°C (-110°F) and is used primarily as a coolant.   [Originally a trademark.] * * *
/druy"ing/, adj. 1. causing dryness: a drying breeze. 2. designed to become or capable of becoming dry and hard on exposure to air. [1350-1400; ME; see DRY, -ING2] * * *
drying oil
any of a group of oily, organic liquids occurring naturally, as linseed, soybean, or dehydrated castor oil, or synthesized, that when applied as a thin coating absorb atmospheric ...
/druy"ing owt"/, n. the process of detoxifying an alcoholic patient: Drying-out takes time. [1965-70; n. use (with -ING1) of v. phrase dry out] * * *

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