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/dooh pont", dyooh-, dooh"pont, dyooh"-/; for 1, 2 also Fr. /dyuu pawonn"/, n. 1. Eleuthère Irénée /e lue terdd" ee rdday nay"/, 1771-1834, U.S. industrialist, born in ...
DuPont Co.
in full E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. U.S. chemical, coatings, and fibre manufacturer. The company was founded near Wilmington, Del., in 1802 by a French immigrant, Éleuthère ...
DuPont Company
▪ American company in full  E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company        American corporation engaged primarily in biotechnology and the manufacture of chemicals and ...
Duport, Adrien
▪ French magistrate Duport also spelled  Du Port   born Feb. 5, 1759, Paris died Aug. 15, 1798, Appenzell, Switz.       French magistrate who was a leading ...
Duport, Louis
▪ French dancer born 1781/83, Paris died Oct. 19, 1853, Paris       French ballet dancer who refined classical technique, excelling particularly in multiple pirouettes ...
Dupplin Moor, Battle of
▪ English history       (Aug. 12, 1332), battle fought about 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Perth, Perthshire, a victory for Edward de Balliol, a claimant to the Scottish ...
Duprat, Antoine
▪ French chancellor and cardinal born Jan. 17, 1463, Issoire, Fr. died July 9, 1535, Nantouillet  chancellor of France and cardinal known for his service as one of Francis ...
/dyuu prdday"/, n. 1. Jules /zhyuul/, 1812-89, French painter. 2. Marcel /mannrdd sel"/, 1886-1971, French organist and composer. * * *
Dupré, Giovanni
▪ Italian sculptor born March 1, 1817, Siena, Tuscany died Jan. 10, 1882, Florence       Italian sculptor whose success was due to his lifelike and original ...
Dupré, Jules
▪ French artist born April 5, 1811, Nantes, Fr. died Oct. 6, 1889, L'Isle-Adam  French artist who was one of the leaders of the Barbizon group of landscape ...
Dupré, Marcel
▪ French musician born May 3, 1886, Rouen, Fr. died May 30, 1971, Paris       foremost French organ virtuoso of his time, famed for his ability to improvise and ...
Dupré, Marie-Jules
▪ French naval officer born Nov. 25, 1813, Albi, Fr. died Feb. 8, 1881, Paris       French naval officer who served as governor of French Cochinchina (southern Vietnam) ...
Duprez, Gilbert
▪ French musician born Dec. 6, 1806, Paris, Fr. died Sept. 23, 1896, Paris       French tenor, teacher of voice, and composer.       Duprez studied at the Paris ...
Dupuis, Jean
▪ French trader born Dec. 8, 1829, Saint-Just-la-Pendue, Fr. died Nov. 28, 1912, Monte-Carlo       French adventurer, trader, and publicist who was associated with the ...
Dupuit, Arsène-Jules-Étienne-Juvénal
▪ French engineer born May 18, 1804, Fossano, Piedmont, French Empire [now in Italy] died September 5, 1866, Paris, France       French engineer and economist who was ...
Dupuy, Charles-Alexandre
▪ French politician born November 5, 1851, Le Puy (now Le Puy-en-Velay), France died July 23, 1923, Ille-sur-Têt  French political figure whose governments during the period ...
Dupuy, Pierre
▪ French historian and librarian born Nov. 27, 1582, Agen, Fr. died Dec. 14, 1651, Paris  historian and librarian to King Louis XIV of France. He was first to catalog the ...
Dupuytren's contracture
      flexion deformity of the hands caused by thickening of the fascia, or fibrous connective tissue, of the palm. The proliferation of connective tissue causes the ...
Dupuytren, Guillaume
later Baron Dupuytren born Oct. 5, 1777, Pierre-Buffière, near Limoges, Fr. died Feb. 8, 1835, Paris French surgeon and pathologist. Dupuytren was the first to excise the ...
Dupuytren, Guillaume, Baron
▪ French surgeon and pathologist born Oct. 5, 1777, Pierre-Buffière, near Limoges, Fr. died Feb. 8, 1835, Paris  French surgeon and pathologist best known for his ...
Duque de Caxias
/dooh"ki di kah shee"ahs/ a city in SE Brazil: a suburb of Rio de Janeiro. 537,308. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, Rio de Janeiro estado (state), southeastern Brazil, ...
Duque de Estrada, Diego
▪ Spanish soldier born Aug. 15, 1589, Toledo, Spain died after 1637, , Sardinia       Spanish soldier and adventurer.       The son of a soldier of rank, he was ...
Duque, Pedro
▪ Spanish aeronautical engineer and astronaut born March 14, 1963, Madrid, Spain       Spanish aeronautical engineer and astronaut who became the first Spanish citizen ...
Duquede Caxias
Du·que de Ca·xi·as (do͞o'kē də kə-shēʹəs, do͞oʹkĭ dĭ kä-shēʹäs) A city of southeast Brazil, a commercial and residential suburb of Rio de Janeiro on Guanabara ...
/dooh kayn", dyooh-/; for 1 also Fr. /dyuu ken"/, n. 1. Abraham /ann brddann annm"/, 1610-88, French naval commander. 2. a city in SW Pennsylvania, on the Monongahela River. ...
Duquesne University
▪ university, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. Duquesne is ...
Duquesne, Abraham, Marquis Du Quesne
▪ French naval officer born , 1610, Dieppe, Fr. died Feb. 1/2, 1688, Paris       French naval officer during the administrations of Richelieu and Colbert who decisively ...
Duquesnoy, François
▪ Flemish-Italian sculptor baptized Jan. 12, 1597, Brussels [Belgium] died July 12, 1643, Livorno, Tuscany [Italy]  Flemish-born Roman sculptor whose relatively restrained ...
/doohrdd/, adj. German. (in music) written in a major key; major. * * *
Dur Sharrukin
▪ ancient city, Iraq Akkadian“Sargon's Fortress”modern  Khorsabad        ancient Assyrian city located northeast of Nineveh, in Iraq. Built between 717 and 707 BC ...
▪ ancient city, Iraq modern  ʿAqarqūf        fortified city and royal residence of the later Kassite kings, located near Babylon in southern Mesopotamia (now in ...
/door"euh, dyoor"euh/, n. See dura mater. [1880-85] * * *
dura mater
/may"teuhr/, Anat. the tough, fibrous membrane forming the outermost of the three coverings of the brain and spinal cord. Also called dura. Cf. arachnoid (def. 6), pia ...
Ancient town on the Euphrates River, Syria. Originally a Babylonian town, it was rebuilt as a military colony с 300 BC under the Seleucid dynasty. Annexed by the Romans in AD ...
See durable. * * *
—durability, durableness, n. —durably, adv. /door"euh beuhl, dyoor"-/, adj. 1. able to resist wear, decay, etc., well; lasting; enduring. n. 2. durables. See durable ...
durable goods
goods, as household appliances, machinery, or sports equipment, that are not consumed or destroyed in use and can be used for a period of time, usually three or more years. Also ...
durable press.
See permanent press. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
☆ durable-press [door′ə b'lpres′, dyoor′ə b'lpres′ ] adj. PERMANENT-PRESS * * *
See durability. * * *
durable press n. See permanent press. * * *
See durability. * * *
a company that makes batteries. Duracell batteries are said to last longer than most others. * * *
Durack, Elizabeth
▪ 2001       Australian painter (b. July 6, 1915, Perth, Australia—d. May 25, 2000, Perth), created oil paintings using Aboriginal themes, a variety of artistic ...
/door"ayn, dyoor"-/, n. Mineral. the coal forming the dull layers in banded bituminous coal. Cf. clarain, vitrain. [1915-20; < L dur(us) hard + -ain, from FUSAIN, by analysis as ...
/door"euhl, dyoor"euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the dura mater. [1885-90; DUR(A) + -AL1] * * *
/doo ral"yeuh min, dyoo-/, n. an alloy of aluminum that is 4 percent copper and contains small amounts of magnesium, manganese, iron, and silicon: used for applications requiring ...
du·ra ma·ter (do͝or'ə māʹtər, mäʹ-, dyo͝or'ə) n. The tough fibrous membrane covering the brain and the spinal cord and lining the inner surface of the skull. It is ...
/doo ray"min, dyoo-/, n. Bot. heartwood. [1830-40; < L duramen hardness, hardened vine branch, equiv. to dura(re) to harden + -men n. suffix] * * *
Duran, Profiat
▪ Spanish philosopher Hebrew  name Isaac Ben Moses Ha-levi,  pseudonym  Efod, or Efodi  born c. 1350, , Perpignan?, Fr. died c. 1415       Jewish philosopher and ...
Durán, Roberto
▪ Panamanian boxer byname  Manos de Piedra (Spanish: “Hands of Stone”)  born June 16, 1951, Guararé, Panama       Panamanian professional boxer who was world ...
Duran, Simeon ben Zemah
▪ Spanish theologian also called  (by acronym) Rashbaz   born 1361, Majorca, Balearic Islands [now part of Spain] died 1444, Algiers [Algeria]       first Spanish ...
Du·ran (də-rănʹ, do͞o-ränʹ), Roberto. Born 1951. Panamanian prizefighter who is one of only four to hold world titles at four different weights: lightweight (1972-1979), ...
/door"euhns, dyoor"-/, n. 1. incarceration or imprisonment (often used in the phrase durance vile). 2. Archaic. endurance. [1400-50; late ME < MF. See DURE2, -ANCE] * * * ▪ ...
Durance River
ancient Druentia. River, southeastern France. The principal river draining the French side of the Alps toward the Mediterranean, its origin is in the Montgenèvre region. To ...
/deuh rand"/, n. Asher Brown, 1796-1886, U.S. engraver and landscape painter of the Hudson River School. * * *
Durand Line
▪ boundary, Asia       boundary established in the Hindu Kush in 1893 running through the tribal lands between Afghanistan and British India, marking their respective ...
Durand, Asher B
▪ American artist born Aug. 21, 1796, Jefferson Village, N.J., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1886, Jefferson Village  U.S. painter, engraver, and illustrator, one of the founders of ...
Durand, Asher B(rown)
born Aug. 21, 1796, Jefferson Village, N.J., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1886, Jefferson Village U.S. painter, engraver, and illustrator. He had established his reputation as an ...
Durand, Guillaume
▪ French scholar also called  William Durandus, or Duranti   born c. 1230, Puymisson, Fr. died Nov. 1, 1296, Rome       French prelate who was a renowned canonist and ...
Durand,Asher Brown
Du·rand (də-răndʹ), Asher Brown. 1796-1886. American artist and a founder of the Hudson River School known for his paintings of the Hudson River and the Catskill ...
Durand-Ruel, Paul
▪ French art dealer in full  Paul-Marie-Joseph Durand-Ruel  born October 31, 1831, Paris, France died February 5, 1922, Paris       French art dealer who was an early ...
Durandus of Saint-Pourçain
▪ French theologian French  Durand de Saint-Pourçain   born c. 1270, Saint-Pourçain, Auvergne died Sept. 10, 1334, Meaux, Fr.       French bishop, theologian, and ...
Durang, John
▪ American dancer born Jan. 6, 1768, York, Pa. died 1822, Philadelphia       the first U.S.-born professional dancer of note, who was best known for his hornpipe dance. ...
/deuh rang"goh/; for 1, 2 also Sp. /dooh rddahng"gaw/, n. 1. a state in N Mexico. 1,122,000; 47,691 sq. mi. (123,520 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this state, in the S ...
/deuh rant"/, n. 1. Ariel, 1898-1981, U.S. author and historian (wife of Will). 2. Will(iam James), 1885-1981, U.S. author and historian. 3. a city in S Oklahoma. 11,972. * * ...
Durant, Will(iam James) and Ariel
Ariel Durant orig. Ada Kaufman or Ida Kaufman born Nov. 5, 1885, North Adams, Mass., U.S. died Nov. 7, 1981, Los Angeles, Calif. born May 10, 1898, Prosurov, Russia died Oct. ...
Durant, Will; and Durant, Ariel
▪ American authors in full respectively  William James Durant  and  Ariel Durant , née  Ada Kaufman , or  Ida Kaufman  Respectively,   born Nov. 5, 1885, North ...
Durant, William C(rapo)
born , Dec. 8, 1861, Boston, Mass., U.S. died March 18, 1947, New York, N.Y. U.S. industrialist, founder of General Motors Corp. He established a carriage company in 1886 and ...
Durant, William Crapo
▪ American industrialist born , Dec. 8, 1861, Boston died March 18, 1947, New York City       American industrialist and founder of General Motors Corporation, which ...
Durant,Thomas Clark
Du·rant (də-răntʹ), Thomas Clark. 1820-1885. American railroad financier who built the Union Pacific Railroad (1863-1869). * * *
Durant,William James
Durant, William James. Known as “Will.” 1885-1981. American historian who wrote The Story of Civilization (1935-1975), an 11-volume history of the world on which his wife ...
/deuh ran"tee/, n. James Francis (Jimmy), 1893-1980, U.S. comedian. * * *
durante vita
/dooh rddahn"te wee"tah/; Eng. /doo ran"tee vuy"teuh, vee"teuh, dyoo-/, Latin. during life. * * *
Durante, Francesco
▪ Italian composer born March 31, 1684, Frattamaggiore, near Aversa [Italy] died Aug. 13, 1755, Naples  Italian composer of religious and instrumental music who was ...
Durante, Jimmy
orig. James Francis Durante born Feb. 10, 1893, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 29, 1980, Santa Monica, Calif. U.S. comedian. By age 16 he was playing piano in nightclubs in ...
Du·ran·te (də-rănʹtē), Jimmy. 1893-1980. American comedian remembered for his hoarse voice, ample nose, and time-worn hat. He appeared in a number of films and Broadway ...
/deuh ran"tee/, n. Walter, 1884-1957, English journalist and author in the U.S. * * *
Durão, José de Santa Rita
▪ Brazilian poet born 1722?, Cata Prêta, Brazil died Jan. 24, 1784, Lisbon, Port.       Brazilian epic poet, best known for his long poem Caramúru. Durão was a ...
Duras, Marguerite
orig. Marguerite Donnadieu born April 4, 1914, Gia Dinh, Cochinchina died March 3, 1996, Paris, France French novelist, playwright, film director, and screenwriter. Indochina ...
—durational, adj. /doo ray"sheuhn, dyoo-/, n. 1. the length of time something continues or exists (often used with the). 2. continuance in time. 3. (in the philosophy of ...
/door"euh tiv, dyoor"-/, adj. Gram. noting or pertaining to a verb aspect expressing incomplete or continued action. Beat and walk are durative in contrast to strike and ...
▪ Uruguay in full  San Pedro de Durazno        city, central Uruguay, on the Yi River. Long part of an unclaimed area between Spanish and Portuguese territories, ...
/deuh raht"soh/; It. /dooh rddaht"tsaw/, n. Italian name of Durrës. * * *
/derr"beuhn/, n. a seaport in SE Natal, in the E Republic of South Africa. 851,000. * * * City (pop., 1996: metro. area, 2,117,650) and chief seaport, South Africa. Located on ...
/derr"bahr/, n. (in India) 1. the court of a native ruler. 2. a public audience or levee held by a native prince or by a British governor or viceroy; an official reception. 3. ...
dure1 /door, dyoor/, adj. Archaic. hard; severe. [1325-75; ME < MF < L durus hard] dure2 /door, dyoor/, v.i., v.t., dured, during. Archaic. endure. [1225-75; ME < OF durer < L ...
Dü·ren (do͞orʹən, dürʹ-) A city of west-central Germany southwest of Cologne. It was a center of Carolingian culture. Population: 84,631. * * * ▪ ...
/door"euhr, dyoor"-/; Ger. /dyuu"rddeuhrdd/, n. Albrecht /ahl"brddekht/, 1471-1528, German painter and engraver. * * *
Dürer, Albrecht
born , May 21, 1471, Imperial Free City of Nürnberg died April 6, 1528, Nürnberg German painter and printmaker. He worked as a draftsman in his father's goldsmith workshop ...
Dü·rer (do͝orʹər, dyo͝orʹ-, düʹrər), Albrecht. 1471-1528. German painter and engraver who incorporated the classicism of the Italian Renaissance into northern European ...
/doo res", dyoo-, door"is, dyoor"-/, n. 1. compulsion by threat or force; coercion; constraint. 2. Law. such constraint or coercion as will render void a contract or other legal ...
/doo res"euhr, dyoo-/, n. Law. a person who subjects another to duress. [1620-30; DURESS + -OR2] * * *
n (pl Durex or Durexes) (in Britain) a make of rubber contraceptive worn on the penis (= male sex organ) during sex: a packet of Durex. * * *
Durfort Family
▪ French noble family       French noble family of prominence in the 17th and 18th centuries.       The family, which can be traced back to the 11th century, ...
▪ India formerly  Drug        city, central Chhattisgarh state, central India. It is located just east of the Seonath River and is part of the Durg-Bhilai urban ...
/door"gah/, n. Hinduism. the sometimes malignant goddess of war: an aspect of Devi. * * * In Hinduism, one of the forms of the goddess Devi or Shakti (see shakti), and the wife ...
Durga Puja
/door"geuh pooh"jeuh/ Dasehra. * * *
Hindu festival held annually in northeastern India in September–October in honor of the goddess Durga. Images of the goddess are made, worshiped for nine days, and then ...
Durgapur [door′gə poor΄] city in West Bengal, E India: pop. 426,000 * * * Dur·ga·pur (do͝orʹgə-po͝or', -gä-) A city of northeast India northwest of Calcutta. Its ...
/derr"euhm, dur"-/, n. 1. a county in NE England. 607,600; 940 sq. mi. (2435 sq. km). 2. a city in this county. 86,500. 3. a city in N North Carolina. 100,831. 4. a town in SE ...
Durham City
➡ Durham * * *
Durham Miners’ Gala
an occasion every year when the miners of Durham, England, parade through the streets of the town. There are colourful displays, traditional brass bands, etc. The procession is ...
Durham, John George Lambton, 1st earl of
born April 12, 1792, London died July 28, 1840, Cowes, Isle of Wight, Eng. British colonial administrator in Canada. He was a member of the British House of Commons (1813–28) ...
/door"ee euhn, -ahn'/, n. 1. the edible fruit of a tree, Durio zibethinus, of the bombax family, of southeastern Asia, having a hard, prickly rind, a highly flavored, pulpy ...
Dur·i·cef (dûrʹĭ-sĕf') A trademark used for the drug cefadroxil. * * *
/door"i krust', dyoor"-/, n. a hard crust that forms on or in soil in semiarid climates owing to cementation of soil particles. Cf. caliche, hardpan (defs. 1, 2). [ < L dur(us) ...
/door"ing, dyoor"-/, prep. 1. throughout the duration, continuance, or existence of: He lived in Florida during the winter. 2. at some time or point in the course of: They ...
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Durisols are soils in semiarid environments ...
/derrk"huym/; Fr. /dyuurdd kem"/, n. Émile /ay meel"/, 1858-1917, French sociologist and philosopher. * * *
Durkheim, Émile
Durk·heim (dûrkʹhīm, dür-kĕmʹ), Émile. 1858-1917. French social scientist and a founder of sociology who is known for his study of social values and alienation. His ...
/derr"mast', -mahst'/, n. a European oak, Quercus petraea, yielding a heavy, elastic wood used for furniture and in the construction of buildings. [1785-95; short for durmast ...
▪ mountains, Montenegro       mountain massif in Montenegro, part of the Dinaric ranges and a national park region that includes 15 peaks of more than 6,600 feet (2,000 ...
/derrn/, adj., adv., v.t., n. Informal. darn2. [resp. to reflect regional pron.] * * *
/derrnd/, adj., adv. Informal. darned. [DURN + -ED2] * * *
Durnovo, Pyotr Nikolayevich
▪ Russian statesman born 1845, Moscow province, Russia died Sept. 24 [Sept. 11, old style], 1915, Petrograd       Russian statesman and security chief under tsars ...
/door"oh/; Sp. /dooh"rddaw/, n., pl. duros /-rohz/; Sp. /-rddaws/. a peso of Spain or Spanish America. [1825-35; < Sp, short for peso duro hard piastre; see DURE1] * * *
/door"ok, dyoor"-/, n. one of an American breed of hardy red hogs having drooping ears. Also called Duroc-Jersey /door"ok jerr"zee, dyoor"-/. [1880-85, Amer.; named after a horse ...
Duroc, Géraud-Christophe-Michel, duc de Frioul
▪ French general born Oct. 25, 1772, Pont-à-Mousson, Fr. died May 23, 1813, Markersdorf, near Görlitz, Silesia  French general and diplomat, one of Napoleon's (Napoleon I) ...
Du·roc-Jer·sey (do͝orʹŏk-jûrʹzē, dyo͝orʹ-) n. See duroc. * * *
Durocher, Leo
▪ American athlete in full  Leo Ernest Durocher   born July 27, 1905, West Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S. died October 7, 1991, Palm Springs, California  American ...
Durocher, Leo (Ernest)
born July 27, 1905, West Springfield, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 7, 1991, Palm Springs, Calif. U.S. baseball player and manager. Durocher played for various teams from 1928 to 1938, ...
Durocher,Leo Ernest
Du·ro·cher (də-rōʹchər, -shər), Leo Ernest. 1906-1991. American baseball player and manager remembered for his toughness and his dictum “Nice guys finish last.” * * *
/doo rom"i teuhr, dyoo-/, n. a device for measuring the hardness of materials, esp. metals. [1885-90; < L dur(us) hard + -O- + -METER] * * *
Durosier, Guy
▪ 2000       Haitian singer, organist, saxophonist, and composer whose 50-year career saw his popularity extend to several generations—despite his association with the ...
/door"euh/, n. a type of grain sorghum with slender stalks, cultivated in Asia and Africa and introduced into the U.S. Also, doura, dourah. Also called Indian millet, Guinea ...
▪ people, Afghanistan also spelled  Durānī,  formerly  Abdālī,         one of the two chief tribal confederations of Afghanistan, the other being the Ghilzay. ...
/door"euhl, dur"-/, n. Lawrence (George), 1912-90, English novelist and poet. * * *
Durrell, Gerald Malcolm
▪ 1996       British naturalist (b. Jan. 7, 1925, Jamshedpur, India—d. Jan. 30, 1995, St. Helier, Jersey), gained international stature among conservationists for his ...
Durrell, Lawrence
▪ British author in full  Lawrence George Durrell   born Feb. 27, 1912, Jullundur, India died Nov. 7, 1990, Sommières, France  English novelist, poet, and writer of ...
Durrell, Lawrence (George)
born Feb. 27, 1912, Jullundur, India died Nov. 7, 1990, Sommières, France British writer. He spent most of his life in Mediterranean countries, often in diplomatic posts. He ...
Durrell,Lawrence George
Dur·rell (dûrʹəl), Lawrence George. 1912-1990. British writer of Irish descent whose best-known work is The Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960), a series of novels treating the ...
/door"euhn maht', dyoor"-/; Ger. /dyuurdd"euhn maht'/, n. Friedrich /freed"rik/; Ger. /frddee"drddikh/, 1921-90, Swiss dramatist and novelist. * * *
Dürrenmatt, Friedrich
born Jan. 5, 1921, Konolfingen, near Bern, Switz. died Dec. 14, 1990, Neuchâtel Swiss playwright. His plays, showing the influence of Bertolt Brecht as well as the Theatre of ...
Dür·ren·matt (do͝orʹən-mät', dyo͝orʹ-, dürʹ-), Friedrich. Born 1921. Swiss writer known for his absurdist novels and plays, such as The Visit (1956). * * *
/door"euhs/; Alb. /doohrdd"rddeuhs/, n. a seaport in W Albania, on the Adriatic: important ancient city. 80,000. Italian, Durazzo. * * * ▪ Albania Italian  Durazzo , ...
/derr"ee/, n. dhurrie. * * *
/derrst/, v. Archaic. pt. of dare. * * *
▪ primate genus also spelled  douroucouli , also called  owl monkey  or  night monkey        any of several species of closely related nocturnal monkeys (monkey) ...
durum [door′əm, dyoor′əm, dʉr′əm] n. 〚ModL < L, neut. of durus, hard: see DURESS〛 a hard emmer wheat (Triticum durum) that yields flour and semolina used in ...
durum wheat
/door"euhm, dyoor"-/ a wheat, Triticum turgidum, the grain of which yields flour used in making pasta. Also called durum, macaroni wheat. [1905-10; < NL, the earlier specific ...
Duruy, Victor
▪ French educator and statesman born Sept. 10, 1811, Paris, France died Nov. 14, 1894, Paris       French scholar and public official who, as national minister of ...
Durūz, Mount al-
▪ mountain, Syria Arabic  Jabal al-Durūz , also spelled  Jebel el-Druz , French  Le Djebel Druze        mountain just east of Al-Suwaydāʾ in southern Syria. ...
Dury, Ian
▪ 2001       British singer, songwriter, and actor (b. May 12, 1942, Upminster, Essex, Eng.—d. March 27, 2000, Hampstead, North London, Eng.), was celebrated as a ...
Dury, John
▪ Scottish theologian Dury also spelled  Durie   born 1596, Edinburgh, Scot. died Sept. 26, 1680, Kassel, Hesse-Kassel [Germany]       Scottish Protestant clergyman ...
/door"yay, door"ee ay'/, n. Charles Edgar, 1861-1938, U.S. inventor and manufacturer of automobiles and automotive devices. * * *
Duryea, Charles E(dgar) and J(ames) Frank
born Dec. 15, 1861, Canton, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1938, Philadelphia, Pa. born Oct. 8, 1869, Washburn, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1967, Saybrook, Conn. U.S. automotive ...
Duryea, Charles E.; and Duryea, J. Frank
▪ American inventors in full  Charles Edgar Duryea  and  James Frank Duryea  Respectively,   born Dec. 15, 1861, Canton, Ill., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1938, Philadelphia, ...
Duryea,Charles Edgar
Dur·yea (do͝orʹyā, -ē-ā'), Charles Edgar. 1861-1938. American inventor and automobile manufacturer. With his brother James Frank Duryea (1869-1967) he built one of the ...
Bad, evil; mis- (used as a prefix). Derivative of deu-1. dys-, from Greek dus-, bad.   [Pokorny dus- 227.] * * *
/dooh"zay/; It. /dooh"ze/, n. Eleonora /el'ee euh nawr"euh/; It. /e'le aw naw"rddah/, 1859-1924, Italian actress. * * *
Duse, Eleonora
born Oct. 3, 1858, near or in Vigevano, Lombardy, Austrian Empire died April 21, 1924, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. Italian actress. Born into a family of touring actors, she appeared ...
Du·se (do͞oʹzĕ), Eleonora. 1859?-1924. Italian actress who was highly acclaimed as a heroine in the plays of Gabriele D'Annunzio and Henrik Ibsen. * * *
/dooh shahn"beuh, -shahm"-, dyooh-/; Russ. /dooh shun bye"/, n. a city in and the capital of Tadzhikistan, in the SW Russian Federation in Asia, SW of Tashkent. 493,000. ...
Dushman, Saul
▪ American chemist born July 12, 1883, Rostov, Russia died July 7, 1954, Scotia, N.Y., U.S.       Russian-American physical chemist, author of several standard ...
dusk1 /dusk/, n. 1. the state or period of partial darkness between day and night; the dark part of twilight. 2. partial darkness; shade; gloom: She was barely visible in the ...
See dusky. * * *
See duskily. * * *
—duskily, adv. —duskiness, n. /dus"kee/, adj., duskier, duskiest. 1. somewhat dark; having little light; dim; shadowy. 2. having dark skin. 3. of a dark color. 4. gloomy; ...
dusky grouse.
See blue grouse. [1820-30; Amer.] * * *
dusky seaside sparrow.
See under seaside sparrow. Also called dusky sparrow. * * *
dusky shark
a blue-gray shark, Carcharinus obscurus, of warm Atlantic and eastern Pacific seas, reaching a length of 12 ft. (3.7 m). * * *
dusky grouse n. See blue grouse. * * *
/dooh"sik/, n. Jan Ladislav /yahn lah"dyi slahf/, 1760-1812, Czech pianist and composer. Also, Dušek /doo"shek/. * * *
Dussek, Jan Ladislav
born Feb. 12, 1760, Čáslav, Bohemia died March 20, 1812, St. Germain-en-Laye, France Bohemian (Czech) composer and pianist. He toured Europe with great success as a pianist ...
/doos"euhl dawrf'/; Ger. /dyuus"euhl dawrddf'/, n. a port in and the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia, in W Germany, on the Rhine. 563,400. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: city, ...
Düsseldorf school
▪ painting       painters who studied at the Düsseldorf Academy (now Düsseldorf State Academy of Art) and whose work showed the influence of its insistence on hard ...
—dustless, adj. /dust/, n. 1. earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. 2. a cloud of finely powdered earth or other matter in the air. 3. any finely powdered substance, as ...
dust ball
Chiefly Northern and North Midland U.S. a ball or roll of dust and lint that accumulates indoors, as in corners or under furniture. Also called dust curl. Regional Variation. ...
Dust Bowl
1. the region in the S central U.S. that suffered from dust storms in the 1930s. 2. (l.c.) any similar dry region elsewhere. [1935-40, Amer.] * * * Section of the U.S. Great ...
dust bowler
a person who is a native or resident of a dust bowl region. [DUST BOWL + -ER1] * * *
dust bunny
Slang. a loose, tangled ball of dust, lint, hair, etc., esp. as found under a low piece of furniture. [1965-70] * * *
dust cart
Brit. a garbage truck. [1770-80] * * *
dust counter
any instrument used to measure the size and number of dust particles per unit volume in the atmosphere. Also called nucleus counter. [1890-95] * * *
dust cover
1. a cloth or plastic covering used to protect furniture or equipment, as during a period of nonuse. 2. See book jacket. [1900-05] * * *
dust devil
a small whirlwind 10-100 ft. (3-30 m) in diameter and from several hundred to 1000 ft. (305 m) high, common in dry regions on hot, calm afternoons and made visible by the dust, ...
dust gun
a hand-operated device for spraying pesticide or dusting plants. * * *
dust head
Slang. a habitual user of angel dust. Also, dusthead. [1975-80] * * *
dust jacket
dust jacket n. 1. a detachable paper cover for a book to protect its binding and now usually designed to promote its contents 2. SLEEVE (n. 3) * * *
dust jacket.
See book jacket. [1925-30] * * *
dust kitten
Northern U.S. a dust ball. Also called dust kitty. Regional Variation. See dust ball. * * *
dust mop
a long-handled mop of dry, absorbent material, used for dusting floors. Also called dry mop. [1950-55] * * *
dust mouse
Dial. a dust ball. Regional Variation. See dust ball. * * *
dust ruffle
1. a ruffle attached to the inside hem of a full-length petticoat or skirt to protect the bottom edge of the garment against dirt and wear, popular in the 19th and early 20th ...
dust shot
the smallest size of shot for use in a shotgun. [1790-1800] * * *
dust storm
a storm of strong winds and dust-filled air over an extensive area during a period of drought over normally arable land (distinguished from sandstorm). Also, duststorm. Also ...
dust well
a hollow in the surface of a glacier, formed by the melting action of dust or soil deposits. * * *
dust whirl.
See dust devil. [1885-90] * * *
dust wrapper
dust wrapper n. DUST JACKET (sense 1) * * *
/dust"baydh'/, v.i., dust-bathed, dust-bathing. Animal Behav. (of a bird) to squat in dusty soil and fluff dust through the plumage: probably performed to combat ectoparasites. * ...
/dust"mop'/, v.t., dust-mopped, dust-mopping. to clean with a dust mop. * * *
dust-off or dust·off (dŭstʹôf', -ŏf') n. Slang Medevac. * * *
dust-up [dust′up΄] n. Slang a commotion, quarrel, or fight * * *
/dust"bin'/, n. Chiefly Brit. an ashcan; garbage can. Also, dust bin. [1840-50; DUST + BIN] * * *
dust bowl n. A region reduced to aridity by drought and dust storms.   [After theDust Bowl, region in the south-central US that was stricken with drought in the 1930s.] * * *
dust bunny n. Informal A mass of fine, dry particles of matter, especially hair and skin particles, that is formed by static electricity. * * *
n a US make of small vacuum cleaner (= a machine that sucks up dust, dirt, etc.), held in the hand. It is used especially to clean in people’s homes and inside cars. It has ...
dust catcher n. Informal A little-used decorative object or piece of furniture. * * *
/dust"klawth', -kloth'/, n., pl. dustcloths /-klawdhz', -klodhz', -klawths', -kloths'/. a soft, absorbent cloth used for dusting. [1720-30; DUST + CLOTH] * * *
dust cover n. 1. A removable or hinged plastic cover used to protect a piece of equipment, such as a turntable or printer. 2. See dust jacket. * * *
dust devil n. A small whirlwind, usually of short duration, that swirls dust, debris, and sand to great heights. * * *
/dus"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that removes or applies dust. 2. a cloth, brush, etc., for removing dust. 3. a lightweight housecoat. 4. an apparatus or device for ...
/dust"heep'/, n. 1. a heap or pile of rubbish, refuse, or the like. 2. oblivion; obscurity; disregard; disuse: He was consigned to the dustheap after many years of public ...
See dusty. * * *
/dus"tin/, n. a male given name. * * *
Dustin Hoffman
➡ Hoffman * * *
See dustily. * * *
/dus"ting/, n. 1. a light application: a dusting of powder. 2. a beating; defeat: He gave his opponent a good dusting. [1615-25; DUST + -ING1] * * *
dusting powder
a powder used on the skin, esp. to relieve irritation or absorb moisture. [1905-10] * * *
dusting powder n. A fine powder, such as talcum powder, used on the skin. * * *
dust jacket n. 1. A removable paper cover used to protect the binding of a book. Also called dust cover. 2. A cardboard sleeve in which a phonograph record is packaged. * * *
dustless [dust′lis] adj. having or causing no dust * * *
/dust"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. dustmen /-men', -meuhn/. Brit. a person employed to remove or cart away garbage, refuse, ashes, etc.; garbage collector. [1700-10; DUST + MAN1] * * *
dust mite n. Either of two mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus or D. farinae, that feed on shed skin cells and produce excrement that is a common household allergen associated ...
dust mop n. A mop, usually of soft or fluffy material, that is used dry to remove dust from floors. Also called dry mop. * * *
/dust"awf', -of'/, n. Mil. Slang. medevac (def. 1). [1965-70; DUST + (TAKE)OFF, with pun on v. phrase dust off] * * *
Duston, Hannah Emerson
▪ American colonial heroine née  Hannah Emerson , Duston also spelled  Dustin  or  Dustan  born December 23, 1657, Haverhill, Massachusetts Bay Colony [now in ...
/deuh stoor"/, n. dastur. Also, dustour. * * *
/dust"pan'/, n. a short-handled shovellike utensil into which dust is swept for removal. [1775-85; DUST + PAN1] * * *
/dust"proohf'/, adj. impervious to or free of dust. [1865-70; DUST + -PROOF] * * *
dust ruffle n. A gathered or pleated strip of cloth reaching from the bottom of a mattress or box spring to the floor. * * *
dust storm n. A severe windstorm that sweeps clouds of dust across an extensive area, especially in an arid region. * * *
/dust"up'/, n. a quarrel; argument; row. [1895-1900; n. use of v. phrase dust up] * * *
—dustily, adv. —dustiness, n. /dus"tee/, adj., dustier, dustiest. 1. filled, covered, or clouded with or as with dust. 2. of the nature of dust; powdery. 3. of the color of ...
dusty clover
a bush clover, Lespedeza capitata. * * *
dusty miller
1. Bot. a. any of several composite plants, as Centaurea cineraria, Senecio cineraria, or the beach wormwood, having pinnate leaves covered with whitish pubescence. b. See rose ...
dusty miller n. Any of various plants of the genera Artemisia, Centaurea, Chrysanthemum, Lychnis, and Senecio, having leaves and stems covered with dustlike down. * * *
/dus"tee wing'/, n. any of the rare, minute neuropterous insects of the family Coniopterygidae, characterized by a white, powdery body and wing cover, large eyes, long and ...
/duch/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the natives or inhabitants of the Netherlands or their country or language. 2. pertaining to or designating the style of ...
Dutch 200
Bowling. a score of 200 in a game, made by bowling strikes and spares alternately. * * *
Dutch auction
a method of auction consisting in the offer of a property at a price above the actual value and then at gradually reduced prices until a buyer is found. [1860-65] * * *
Dutch Belted
one of a breed of black dairy cattle, raised originally in the Netherlands, having a broad white band encircling the body. * * *
Dutch bob
a hair style consisting of bangs cut straight across the forehead and the rest of the hair cut to a uniform length just below the ears. Also called Dutchboy bob /duch"boy'/, ...
Dutch bond
Masonry. See English cross bond. * * * also called  Flemish Bond,         form of bonding courses of stones or bricks in walling. See bond. * * *
Dutch Borneo
the former name of the southern and larger part of the island of Borneo: now part of Indonesia. * * *
Dutch chair
Eng. Furniture. a chair of c1700, derived from Dutch models, having curved uprights, a wide splat joined to the seat rail, and cabriole legs. [1690-1700] * * *
Dutch cheese.
Inland North. cottage cheese. [1690-1700] * * *
Dutch clover.
See white clover. [1790-1800] * * *
Dutch Colonial
1. of or pertaining to the domestic architecture of Dutch settlers in New York and New Jersey, often characterized by gambrel roofs having curved eaves over porches on the long ...
Dutch courage
Sometimes Offensive. courage inspired by drunkenness or drinking liquor. [1805-15] * * *
Dutch cupboard
a buffet with open upper shelves. * * *
Dutch cut.
See Dutch bob. [1920-25] * * *
Dutch door
a door consisting of two units horizontally divided so that each half can be opened or closed separately. [1640-50] * * *
Dutch East India Company
▪ Dutch trading company byname of  United East India Company,  Dutch  Vereenigde Oost-indische Compagnie,        trading company founded by the Dutch in 1602 to ...
Dutch East Indies
a former name of the Republic of Indonesia. * * * ▪ islands, Southeast Asia also called  Netherlands East Indies,  Dutch  Nederlands Oost-indië, or Nederlandsch-indië, ...
Dutch elm disease
a disease of elms characterized by wilting, yellowing, and falling of the leaves and caused by a fungus, Ceratostomella ulmi, transmitted by bark beetles. [1920-25] * * ...
Dutch gold
an alloy of copper and zinc in the form of thin sheets, used as an imitation of gold leaf. Also called Dutch foil, Dutch leaf. * * *
Dutch Guiana
former name of Suriname. * * *
Dutch Harbor
a U.S. naval base on Unalaska Island, in the Aleutian Islands. * * *
Dutch language
West Germanic language spoken by more than 20 million people in The Netherlands, northern Belgium, and a small corner of northern France; it is also an official language in ...
Dutch lap
a method of laying shingles, slates, or the like, in which each shingle or slate overlaps those below and to one side and is itself overlapped by those above and to the other ...
Dutch literature
Introduction       the body of written works in the Dutch (Dutch language) language as spoken in The Netherlands and northern Belgium. The Dutch-language literature of ...
Dutch lunch
an individual portion or serving of cold cuts. Also, dutch lunch. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
Dutch metal
Dutch metal n. tombac, an alloy of copper and zinc * * *       brass with a yellow colour simulating that of gold. The percentage of copper ranges from 85 to 88, the ...
Dutch New Guinea
a former name of Irian Jaya. * * *
Dutch oven
1. a heavily constructed kettle with a close-fitting lid, used for pot roasts, stews, etc. 2. a metal utensil, open in front, for roasting before an open fire. 3. a brick oven in ...
Dutch Reformed
of or pertaining to a Protestant denomination (Dutch Reformed Church), founded by Dutch settlers in New York in 1628 and renamed the Reformed Church in America in 1867. [1815-25, ...
Dutch Reformed Church
▪ South African Protestant denomination Afrikaans  Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk (NGK)        South African denomination that traces its beginnings to the Reformed ...
Dutch Reformed Church in Africa
▪ South African Protestant denomination Afrikaans  Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk In Afrika,         denomination formed in 1859 by the all-white Dutch Reformed ...
Dutch Reformed Mission Church in South Africa
▪ South African Protestant denomination Afrikaans  Nederduitse Gereformeerde Sendingkerk In Suid-afrika,        denomination established in 1881 by three ...
Dutch Republic
officially Republic of the United Netherlands Former state (1581–1795), about the size of the modern kingdom of The Netherlands. It consisted of the seven northern ...
Dutch rush.
See scouring rush. [1820-30] * * *
Dutch settle
Furniture. a settle having a back so hinged that it can be lowered onto the arms to form a table. * * *
Dutch straight
Poker. See skip straight. * * *
Dutch treat
a meal or entertainment for which each person pays his or her own expenses. [1870-75] * * *

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