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Dutch uncle
a person who criticizes or reproves with unsparing severity and frankness. [1820-30] * * *
Dutch War
▪ 1672–78 also called  Franco-dutch War        (1672–78), the second war of conquest by Louis XIV of France, whose chief aim in the conflict was to establish ...
Dutch ware
▪ pottery       principally tin-enameled earthenware, with some porcelain, manufactured in the Netherlands since the end of the 16th century. The earliest pottery wares ...
Dutch West India Company
a Dutch merchant company chartered in 1621 to carry on trade with Africa, the West Indies, North and South America, and Australia. * * * ▪ Dutch trading company byname of ...
Dutch West Indies
a former name of Netherlands Antilles. * * *
Dutch wife
(in tropical countries) an open framework used in bed as a rest for the limbs. [1875-80] * * *
Dutch auction n. An auction in which an item is initially offered at a high price that is progressively lowered until a bid is made and the item sold. * * *
Dutch cheese n. Chiefly Northern U.S. See cottage cheese. * * *
Dutch clover n. See white clover. * * *
Dutch courage n. Informal Courage acquired from drinking liquor. * * *
Dutch door n. A door divided in two horizontally so that either part can be left open or closed. * * *
DutchEast Indies
Dutch East Indies See Indonesia. * * *
Dutchelm disease
Dutch elm disease n. A disease of elm trees caused by the fungus Ceratocystis ulmi, characterized by brown streaks in the wood and resulting in eventual death of the ...
▪ county, New York, United States       county, southeastern New York state, U.S., bounded by Connecticut to the east and the Hudson River to the west. The land rises ...
Dutch Guiana See Suriname. * * *
Dutch hoe n. See scuffle2. * * *
/duch"meuhn/, n., pl. Dutchmen. 1. a native or inhabitant of the Netherlands. 2. (l.c.) Building Trades. a piece or wedge inserted to hide the fault in a badly made joint, to ...
Dutchman's log
Naut. a method of gauging a ship's speed, in which the distance between two shipboard observation stations is divided by the time elapsing between the throwing overboard of an ...
/duch"meuhnz brich"iz/, n., pl. Dutchman's-breeches. a plant, Dicentra cucullaria, of the fumitory family, having long clusters of pale-yellow, two-spurred flowers. Also called ...
/duch"meuhnz puyp"/, n. a climbing vine, Aristolochia durior, of the birthwort family, having large, heart-shaped leaves and brownish-purple flowers of a curved form suggesting a ...
Dutch·man's breeches (dŭch'mənz) pl.n. Chiefly Northern U.S. (used with a sing. or pl. verb) A woodland plant (Dicentra cucullaria) of eastern North America, having finely ...
Dutchman's pipe n. See pipe vine. * * *
Dutch metal n. An alloy of 80 percent copper and 20 percent zinc used to make low-priced jewelry and in thin sheets as an inexpensive imitation of gold leaf. * * *
DutchNew Guinea
Dutch New Guinea See Irian Jaya. * * *
Dutch oven n. 1. A large, heavy pot or kettle, usually of cast iron and with a tight lid, used for slow cooking. 2. A metal utensil open on one side and equipped with shelves, ...
Dutch treat n. An outing, as for dinner or a movie, in which all persons pay their own expenses. * * *
Dutch uncle n. A stern, candid critic or adviser. * * *
DutchWest Indies
Dutch West Indies See Netherlands Antilles. * * *
Dutch·wom·an (dŭchʹwo͝om'ən) n. 1. A woman who is a native or inhabitant of the Netherlands. 2. A woman of Dutch ancestry. * * *
—duteously, adv. —duteousness, n. /dooh"tee euhs, dyooh"-/, adj. dutiful; obedient. [1585-95; DUTY + -OUS] * * *
See duteous. * * *
—dutiability, n. /dooh"tee euh beuhl, dyooh"-/, adj. subject to customs duty, as imported goods. [1765-75; DUTY + -ABLE] * * *
—dutifully, adv. /dooh"teuh feuhl, dyooh"-/, adj. 1. performing the duties expected or required of one; characterized by doing one's duty: a dutiful citizen; a dutiful ...
See dutiful. * * *
See dutifully. * * *
Dutilleux, Henri
▪ 2006  The French composer Henri Dutilleux received the 2005 Ernst von Siemens Music Prize, considered the world's most prestigious award in music. Although his works bore ...
Dutra, Eurico Gaspar
▪ president of Brazil born May 18, 1885, Cuiaba, Brazil died June 11, 1974, Rio de Janeiro  soldier and president of Brazil (1945–50), whose administration was noted for ...
Dutrochet, Henri
▪ French physiologist in full  René-joachim-henri Dutrochet   born Nov. 14, 1776, Néon, France died Feb. 4, 1847, Paris       French physiologist who discovered and ...
Dutroux, Marc
▪ Belgian serial killer born Nov. 6, 1956, Ixelles, Belg.       Belgian serial killer whose case provoked outrage at the lax response of law enforcement agencies. So ...
▪ Nigeria       market town, capital of Jigawa state, northern Nigeria. It lies north of the road between Kano city and Birnin Kudu. The undulating relief of the area is ...
Dutt, Sunil
▪ 2006 Balraj Dutt        Indian film actor and politician (b. June 6, 1929, Khurd, Jhelum district, British India [now in Pakistan]—d. May 25, 2005, Mumbai [Bombay], ...
Dutt, Utpal
▪ 1994       Indian actor, director, and writer (b. March 29, 1929, Barisal, Bengal [now in Bangladesh]—d. Aug. 19, 1993, Calcutta, India), was a key figure in Bengali ...
▪ king of Ceylon also spelled  Duṭugümuṇu  died 77 BC, Anurādhapura, Ceylon [now Sri Lanka]       king of Ceylon (101–77 BC) who is remembered as a national ...
Dutton, Clarence Edward
▪ American geologist born May 15, 1841, Wallingford, Conn., U.S. died Jan. 4, 1912, Englewood, N.J.       American geologist and pioneer seismologist who developed and ...
Dutton, Geoffrey Piers Henry
▪ 1999       Australian writer, critic, publisher, and activist (b. Aug. 2, 1922, Anlaby, Australia—d. Sept. 17, 1998, Canberra, Australia), was one of the country's ...
/dooh"tee, dyooh"-/, n., pl. duties. 1. something that one is expected or required to do by moral or legal obligation. 2. the binding or obligatory force of something that is ...
duty mark
➡ hallmarks * * *
/dooh"tee free", dyooh"-/, adj., adv. 1. free of customs duty: duty-free cargo; merchandise shipped duty-free. 2. pertaining to or selling goods for import or export free of the ...
/dooh um"veuhr, dyooh-/, n., pl. duumvirs, duumviri /-veuh ruy'/. Rom. Hist. one of two officers or magistrates jointly exercising the same public function. [1590-1600; < L, back ...
/dooh um"veuhr it, dyooh-/, n. 1. a coalition of two persons holding the same office, as in ancient Rome. 2. the office or government of two such persons. [1650-60; < L ...
Duun, Olav
▪ Norwegian writer born November 21, 1876, Fosnes, Jøa Island, Norway died September 13, 1939, Tønsberg       novelist who is one of the outstanding writers of ...
Duval, Claude
▪ French highwayman also spelled  Du Vall   born 1643, Domfront, France died Jan. 21, 1670, London       celebrated Norman-born highwayman of Restoration England, ...
Duval, Sir Gaetan
▪ 1997       Mauritian politician noted for his flamboyant style and a penchant for making unpredictable swings toward the left or right; he served in the Legislative ...
/dooh'vahl yay"/; Fr. /dyuu vann lyay"/, n. 1. François /frahonn swann"/, ("Papa Doc"), 1907-71, Haitian physician and dictator: president 1957-71. 2. his son Jean-Claude ...
Duvalier, François
Du·va·lier (do͞o'väl-yāʹ, dü-), François. Known as “Papa Doc.” 1907-1971. Haitian dictator. Elected president in 1957, he declared himself president for life in 1964 ...
Duvalier, Jean-Claude
▪ president of Haiti byname  Baby Doc,  French  Bébé Doc  born July 3, 1951, Port-au-Prince, Haiti    president of Haiti from 1971 to 1986.       The only son ...
Duvalier, Simone
▪ 1998       Haitian political figure who presided as first lady of the country as the wife ("Mama Doc") of Haitian dictator François ("Papa Doc") Duvalier, the brutal ...
Duvall, Gabriel
▪ United States jurist born Dec. 6, 1752, Marietta, near Buena Vista, Md. [U.S.] died March 6, 1844, Prince George's county, Md., U.S.       associate justice of the ...
Duvall, Robert
▪ 1999       American actor Robert Duvall had known he "wanted to play a preacher" for nearly 30 years, ever since the day he observed two evangelists sermonizing in the ...
/dyuu"veuh/, n. Christian René de /krddees tyahonn" rddeuh nay" deuh/, born 1917, Belgian biologist, born in England: Nobel prize for medicine 1974. * * *
Duve, Christian René de
▪ Belgian biochemist born Oct. 2, 1917, Thames Ditton, Surrey, Eng.       Belgian cytologist and biochemist who discovered lysosomes (lysosome) (the digestive ...
Duveen of Millbank, Joseph Duveen, Baron
▪ British art dealer born October 14, 1869, Hull, Yorkshire, England died May 25, 1939, London       British international art dealer who wielded enormous influence on ...
/dooh"veuh nek'/, n. Frank (Frank Decker), 1848-1919, U.S. painter and teacher. * * *
Duveneck, Frank
▪ American painter born October 9, 1848, Covington, Kentucky, U.S. died January 3, 1919, Cincinnati, Ohio       U.S. painter, sculptor, and art teacher who helped ...
Duvergier de Hauranne, Jean, Abbé de Saint-Cyran
▪ French abbot born 1581, Bayonne, France died Oct. 11, 1643, Paris       French abbot of Saint-Cyran and a founder of the Jansenist movement. His opposition to ...
/dooh vay", dyooh-/, n. a usually down-filled quilt, often with a removable cover; comforter. [1750-60; < F: down (plumage), MF, alter. of dumet, deriv. of OF dum
Duvet, Jean
▪ French engraver born 1485, Langres, France died 1561       French engraver whose style and subject matter had roots in the Middle Ages and in Florentine Mannerism and ...
/dooh"vi teen', dyooh"-/, n. a napped fabric, in a twilled or plain weave, of cotton, wool, silk, or rayon. Also, duvetine, duvetyne. [1910-15; < F duvetine, equiv. to duvet down ...
Duveyrier, Henri
▪ French explorer born Feb. 28, 1840, Paris, Fr. died April 25, 1892, Sèvres       French explorer of the Sahara whose observations of the Tuareg people contributed ...
Port. /dooh"vee deuh/, n. Rio da Port. /rddee"oo deuh/. former name of Rio Roosevelt. * * *
Duvivier, Julien
▪ French director born October 8, 1896, Lille, France died October 29, 1967, Paris       motion-picture director who emerged as one of the “Big Five” of the French ...
Du·wa·mish (də-wäʹmĭsh) also Dwa·mish (dwäʹmĭsh) n. pl. Duwamish or Du·wa·mish·es also Dwamish or Dwa·mish·es 1. a. A Native American people formerly inhabiting ...
Duwaym, Al-
▪ The Sudan also spelled  El-Dueim         city, central Sudan, on the western bank of the White Nile River, about 87 miles (140 km) southwest of Wad Madanī and ...
/duks, dooks/, n., pl. duces /dooh"seez, dyooh"-, dooh"kays/, duxes /duk"siz, dook"-/. 1. Brit. the pupil who is academically first in a class or school. 2. (in the later Roman ...
/duks"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. a city in SE Massachusetts. 11,807. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), Plymouth county, eastern Massachusetts, ...
duxelles [do͞ok sel′] n. a seasoned mixture of finely chopped mushrooms and shallots, sautéed and used as a garnish * * *
Duy Tan
▪ emperor of Vietnam original name  Vinh San   born 1899 died Dec. 26, 1945       emperor of Vietnam from 1907 to 1916 and symbol of the Vietnamese anticolonialist ...
Duyckinck, Evert Augustus
▪ American literary critic born Nov. 23, 1816, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 13, 1878, New York City       American biographer, editor, and critic who with such works ...
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Tu-yün        city, central Guizhou (Kweichow) sheng (province), southern China. It is situated on the Jian River, some 60 miles ...
DV abbrev. 1. Douay Version (of the Bible) 2. 〚L Deo volente〛 God willing * * *
/dvuy"teuh/, n. Hinduism. 1. any of the pluralistic schools of philosophy. 2. (cap.) (in Vedantic philosophy) one of the two principal schools, asserting that entities have a ...
/dvahn"dvah, dvun"dveuh/, n. Gram. a compound word neither element of which is subordinate to the other, as bittersweet, Anglo-Saxon. [1840-50; < Skt, nasalized redupl. of dva ...
Dvapara Yuga
/dvah"peuhr euh yoog"euh/, Hinduism. the third of the Yugas, not as good as the Treta Yuga but better than the Kali Yuga. [ < Skt, equiv. to dvapara third best (dva TWO + para ...
Ancient kingdom of Southeast Asia (fl. 6th–13th centuries). The first Mon kingdom established in what is now Thailand, it had early commercial and cultural contact with India, ...
an optical disk that can store a very large amount of digital data, as text, music, or images. [orig. d(igital) v(ideo) d(isk); then d(igital) v(ersatile) d(isk); now an ...
/dvee"jah/, n. Hinduism. a person who is twice-born: a distinction made between the first three classes of society and the lowest class, the Shudra. Only the dvijas may study the ...
/dvee"neuh/; Russ. /dvyi nah"/, n. 1. Also called Western Dvina. Latvian, Daugava. a river rising in the Valdai Hills in the W Russian Federation, flowing W through Byelorussia ...
Dvina Bay
an arm of the White Sea, in the NW Russian Federation in Europe. Formerly, Gulf of Archangel. * * *
/dvyeensk/, n. Russian name of Daugavpils. * * *
(in full Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) a British government agency responsible for collecting road tax and sending people their driving licences and vehicle licences. It ...
DVM or D.V.M. abbrev. Doctor of Veterinary Medicine * * * DVM abbr. Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. * * *
/dvawr"zhahk, -zhak/; Czech /dvaw"rddzhahk/, n. Antonín /ahn"taw nyeen/ 1841-1904, Czech composer. * * *
Dvorak Keyboard
/dvawr"ak/, Trademark. a typewriter or computer keyboard designed to facilitate speed by having the most frequently used characters on the home row, with all the vowels on the ...
Dvorák, Anton
Dvoř·ák (dvôrʹzhäk, -zhăk), Anton or Antonín 1841-1904. Czech composer whose works, such as Slavonic Dances (1878), often incorporate folk music. His final symphony, ...
Dvořák, Antonín
▪ Bohemian composer Introduction in full  Antonín Leopold Dvořák  born September 8, 1841, Nelahozeves, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now in Czech Republic] died May 1, 1904, ...
Dvořák, Antonín (Leopold)
born Sept. 8, 1841, Nelahozeves, Bohemia, Austrian Empire died May 1, 1904, Prague Bohemian (Czech) composer. Son of a rural innkeeper and butcher, he was permitted to attend ...
Dvoř·ák (dvôrʹzhäk, -zhăk), Anton or Antonín 1841-1904. Czech composer whose works, such as Slavonic Dances (1878), often incorporate folk music. His final symphony, ...
DVR abbr. digital video recorder. * * *
Dvůr Králové nad Labem
▪ Czech Republic       city, north-central Czech Republic. The city lies just north of Hradec Králové, on the left bank of the Elbe (Czech: Labe) River. The name in ...
Real Estate. dishwasher (def. 2). * * *
Dwa·mish (dwäʹmĭsh) n. Variant of Duwamish. * * *
Dwangwa River
▪ river, Malaŵi       river in Malaŵi that is a tributary of Lake Nyasa. It rises in the western watershed of Malaŵi's central plateau and flows in a northeasterly ...
—dwarflike, adj. —dwarfness, n. /dwawrf/, n., pl. dwarfs, dwarves, adj., v. n. 1. a person of abnormally small stature owing to a pathological condition, esp. one suffering ...
dwarf banana
a large southern Chinese plant, Musa acuminata, of the banana family, having blue-green leaves, yellowish-white flowers with reddish-brown bracts, and fragrant, edible, curved ...
dwarf buffalo
anoa. * * *
dwarf cherry.
See sand cherry. * * *
dwarf chestnut
☆ dwarf chestnut n. 1. a chinquapin (Castanea pumila) native to SE U.S. 2. its edible nut * * *
dwarf cornel
the bunchberry. * * *
dwarf crested iris
a low iris, Iris cristata, of the eastern and central U.S., having faintly fragrant, yellow-crested, lilac-dotted flowers. Also called crested iris. * * *
dwarf door
a door of approximately half normal height, as the lower half of a Dutch door. * * *
dwarf fan palm.
See parlor palm. * * *
dwarf ginseng
a plant, Panax trifolius, of eastern North America, having globe-shaped clusters of small, white flowers and yellow fruit. * * *
dwarf Japanese quince
a low, shrubby, Japanese flowering quince, Chaenomeles japonica, of the rose family, having salmon-to-orange flowers and yellow fruit. * * *
dwarf laurel.
See sheep laurel. * * *
dwarf mallow
cheese (def. 5). * * *
dwarf mistletoe
▪ plant       any plant that is a member of the genus Arceuthobium (family Viscaceae), which contains about 8 to 15 species of small-flowered plants that are parasitic ...
dwarf palmetto
an apparently stemless palm, Sabal minor, of the southeastern U.S., having stiff, bluish-green leaves, the leafstalks arising from the ground. Also called bluestem. * * *
dwarf planet
▪ astronomy  body, other than a natural satellite (moon), that orbits the Sun and that is, for practical purposes, smaller than the planet Mercury yet large enough for its ...
Dwarf planets
▪ Table Dwarf planets name mean distance from Sun (AU) orbital period (years) diameter (km) year of discovery notable features Official dwarf planets* ...
dwarf poinciana.
See Barbados pride (def. 2). * * *
dwarf star
Astron. any of the ordinary main sequence stars, as those of spectral types O, B, A, F, G, K, and M. Also called dwarf. Cf. white dwarf. [1910-15] * * * Any star of average or ...
dwarf sumac
a shrub or small tree, Rhus copallina, of the cashew family, native to the eastern U.S., having shiny, pinnate leaves, greenish flowers, and clusters of red, berrylike fruit. * * ...
dwarf cornel n. A herbaceous plant (Cornus canadensis) of northern North America, having creeping rhizomes, scarlet fruit, and inconspicuous greenish flowers surrounded by four ...
dwarf huckleberry n. See dangleberry. * * *
—dwarfishly, adv. —dwarfishness, n. /dwawr"fish/, adj. like a dwarf, esp. in being abnormally small; diminutive. [1555-65; DWARF + -ISH1] Syn. pygmy, tiny, stunted, runty. * ...
See dwarfish. * * *
/dwawr"fiz euhm/, n. Med. the condition of being a dwarf or dwarfed. [1860-65; DWARF + -ISM] * * * Growth retardation resulting in abnormally short adult stature. It is caused ...
dwarf shoot n. A lateral branch that is much smaller than the main one, as in the cedar, larch, and ginkgo. * * *
dwarf star n. A star, such as the sun, having relatively low mass, small size, and average or below average luminosity. * * *
▪ India Sanskrit  Dvaraka  or  Dvaravati , also called  Jagat  or  Jigat        town, southwestern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. It lies on the ...
/dwawrvz/, n. a pl. of dwarf. * * *
/dwayn/, n. a male given name. * * *
See deuə-. * * *
driving while black (used ironically to refer to the stopping of a black motorist by police because of the motorist's race rather than for any real offense). [1985-90; patterned ...
Also wdd. To love. 1. David; Magen David, from Hebrew dāwīd, David, meaning uncertain, either “beloved” or “kinsman,” akin to dôd, beloved, father's brother. 2. ...
I. ḏwḏ1 To stand, stand up, move. 1. mazel tov, schlimazel, from Late Hebrew mazzāl good luck, from mazzāl, constellation, zodiac, fortune, luck, back-formed singular from ...
—dweebish, adj. /dweeb/, n. Slang. nerd; wimp. [1980-85] * * *
—dweller, n. /dwel/, v., dwelt or dwelled, dwelling, n. v.i. 1. to live or stay as a permanent resident; reside. 2. to live or continue in a given condition or state: to dwell ...
See dwell. * * *
/dwel"ing/, n. a building or place of shelter to live in; place of residence; abode; home. [1250-1300; ME; see DWELL, -ING1] Syn. See house. * * *
dwelling house
a house occupied, or intended to be occupied, as a residence. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
dwelling place
a dwelling. [1350-1400; ME] * * *
/dwelt/, v. a pt. and pp. of dwell. * * *
Slang. dead white European male. * * *
driving while intoxicated: often used as an official police abbreviation. [1965-70] * * *
Dwiggins, William Addison
▪ American artist born June 19, 1880, Martinsville, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 25, 1956, Hingham, Mass.       American typographer, book designer, puppeteer, illustrator, and ...
/dwuyt/, n. 1. Timothy, 1826-1916, U.S. ecclesiastic: president of Yale University 1886-98. 2. a male given name: from an Anglo-French surname meaning "of the Isle of Wight." * * ...
Dwight D Eisenhower
➡ Eisenhower * * *
Dwight D. Eisenhower: Atoms for Peace
▪ Primary Source              President Truman declared that the United States would undertake the development of a hydrogen bomb on January 31, 1950. On April 6, ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower: Farewell Address
▪ Primary Source       A "new" Eisenhower seemed to emerge during 1959 and 1960, when the President, at last in health, and acting without the advisers — Secretary of ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Tuesday, January 20, 1953       My friends, before I begin the expression of those thoughts that I deem appropriate to this moment, would ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Monday, January 21, 1957       THE PRICE OF PEACE       Mr. Chairman, Mr. Vice President, Mr. Chief Justice, Mr. Speaker, members of ...
Dwight David Eisenhower
➡ Eisenhower * * *
Dwight, John
▪ English potter born c. 1637 died 1703, London       first of the distinguished English potters, producer of works in stoneware.       After taking the degree ...
Dwight, Timothy
▪ American theologian and poet born May 14, 1752, Northampton, Mass. died Jan. 11, 1817, New Haven, Conn., U.S.       American educator, theologian, and poet who had a ...
Dwight (dwīt), Timothy. 1752-1817. American clergyman, author, and educator who was a leading supporter of Federalism and served as president of Yale University (1795-1817). ...
/dwin"dl/, v., dwindled, dwindling. v.i. 1. to become smaller and smaller; shrink; waste away: His vast fortune has dwindled away. 2. to fall away, as in quality; ...
Slang. dead white male. * * *
Two. Derivatives include twilight, biscuit, between, combine, diploma, and doubt. I. Variant form *duwo. 1. a. two, from Old English twā̆, two (nominative feminine and ...
(1946– ) an extreme US feminist (= person who believes strongly that women should have the same rights and opportunities as men). She has written many books expressing her ...
Dworkin, Andrea
▪ American activist and author born September 26, 1946, Camden, New Jersey, U.S. died April 9, 2005, Washington, D.C.       American feminist (women's movement) and ...
Dworkin, Andrea Rita
▪ 2006       American feminist writer, activist, and public figure (b. Sept. 26, 1946, Camden, N.J.—d. April 9, 2005, Washington, D.C.), worked to end violence against ...
I. DWP ➡ Department for Work and Pensions. II. the DWP ➡ Department for Work and Pensions. * * *
To turn, circle, dwell. arsenal, from Arabic dār, house (originally a Bedouin encampment with tents arranged in a circle), from dāra, to turn, circle. * * *
deadweight tons; deadweight tonnage. * * *
1. deadweight tons; deadweight tonnage. 2. pennyweight; pennyweights. * * *
dwt. abbr. pennyweight. * * *
/dwuy/, n. Newfoundland. a gust or flurry of rain or snow. [cf. dial. (Isle of Wight) dwyes eddies, (Wiltshire, Hampshire) twy coastal squall; further relations unclear] * * *
Radio. distance (used esp. to designate difficult shortwave reception). Also, D.X. * * *
diagnosis. * * *
Symbol, Chem. dysprosium. * * *
dy. abbr. 1. delivery. 2. duty. * * *
/duy"ad/, n. 1. a group of two; couple; pair. 2. Biol. a. a secondary morphological unit, consisting of two monads: a chromosome dyad. b. the double chromosomes resulting from ...
/duy ad"ik/, adj. 1. of or consisting of a dyad; being a group of two. 2. pertaining to the number 2. n. 3. Math. two or more dyads added together. [1720-30; < Gk dyadikós. See ...
dyadic system.
See binary system. * * *
/duy"ak/, n. Dayak. * * *
also spelled  Dayal, or Dhyal,         popular species of magpie-robin (q.v.). * * *
—dyarchic, dyarchical, adj. /duy"ahr kee/, n., pl. dyarchies. diarchy. * * * ▪ British India government system also spelled  diarchy        system of double ...
/dyows/, n. the Vedic god of the sky. Also called Dyaus-pitar /dyows"pit"euhr/. * * *
/duy"euh zuyd'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand name for a diuretic preparation used in the treatment of edema and hypertension. * * *
Seph. Heb. /dee boohk"/; Ashk. Heb., Eng. /dib"euhk/, n., pl. dybbuks, dybbukim Seph. Heb. /dee'booh keem"/; Ashk. Heb. /di book"im/. Jewish Folklore. a demon, or the soul of a ...
/duys/, n. Alexander, 1798-1869, Scottish editor. * * *
Dyce, Alexander
▪ Scottish editor born June 30, 1798, Edinburgh died May 15, 1869, London       Scottish editor whose works, characterized by scrupulous care and integrity, contributed ...
Dyce, William
▪ British artist born Sept. 19, 1806, Aberdeen, Aberdeen, Scot. died Feb. 14, 1864, London       Scottish painter and pioneer of state art education in Great ...
(1599–1641) a Dutch portrait painter who went to live in London in 1632. He was immediately made a knight and became the official painter for the court of King Charles I. One ...
▪ plant genus       genus of usually stemless plants of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae), consisting of about 80 South American species. These plants' long, stiff ...
—dyable, dyeable, adj. —dyer, n. /duy/, n., v., dyed, dyeing. n. 1. a coloring material or matter. 2. a liquid containing coloring matter, for imparting a particular hue to ...
dye sensitizing
Photog. the producing of panchromatic or orthochromatic film by treating it with an emulsion containing dyes that absorb light of all or certain colors. * * *
dye transfer
Photog. 1. a photographic printing method by which a full-color image is produced by the printing of separate cyan, magenta, and yellow images from individual gelatin relief ...
dye-transfer process
▪ photography       in photography, technique for preparing coloured (colour printing) photographic prints in which the colours of the subject are resolved by optical ...
/duyd"n dheuh wool"/, adj. 1. through and through; complete: a dyed-in-the-wool reformer. 2. dyed before weaving. [1570-80] * * *
/duy"ing/, n. process of coloring fibers, yarns, or fabrics. [bef. 1000; ME; OE deagunge. See DYE, -ING1] * * *
/duy"luyn'/, n. Photog. a contact print of a line drawing, giving brown lines on an off-white background. [1950-55; DYE + LINE1] * * *
/duy"euhr/, n. 1. John, 1700-58, British poet. 2. Mary, died 1660, American Quaker religious martyr, born in England. * * *
dyer's greenweed
/green"weed'/ woadwaxen. [1590-1600] * * *
dyer's moss
a lichen, Roccella tinctoria, from which the purple dye orchil can be prepared. * * *
dyer's rocket
weld2. [1860-65; cultivated for a yellow dye] * * *
dyer's woodruff
a European plant, Asperula tinctoria, of the madder family, having red or pinkish-white flowers and red roots. * * *
/duy"euhrz broohm', -broom'/, n. woadwaxen. [1810-20] * * *
/duy"euhrz weed'/, n. any of various plants yielding dyes, as the weld, Reseda luteola, the dyeweed, Genista tinctoria, or the woad, Isatis tinctoria. [1570-80] * * *
dy·er's broom (dīʹərz) n. See dyer's greenweed. * * *
dy·er's greenweed (dīʹərz) n. A small Eurasian shrub (Genista tinctoria) having clusters of yellow flowers that yield a dye. Also called dyer's broom, woadwaxen, woodwaxen. * ...
dyer's rocket n. A European plant (Reseda luteola) having long spikes of small, yellowish-green flowers and yielding a yellow dye. Also called weld2. * * *
Dyer, Jack
▪ Australian athlete byname of  John Raymond Dyer  born Nov. 13, 1913, Oakleigh, Vic., Austl. died Aug. 23, 2003, Melbourne, Vic.        Australian rules football ...
Dyer, John
▪ British poet baptized Aug. 13, 1699, Aberglasney, Carmarthenshire, Wales died December 1757, Coningsby, Lincolnshire, Eng.       British poet chiefly remembered for ...
Dyer, Mary Barrett
▪ Quaker martyr née  Mary Barrett  born early 1600s, probably Somersetshire, Eng. died June 1, 1660, Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony [now in Mass., ...
Dyer, Reginald Edward Harry
▪ British general born Oct. 9, 1864, Murree, India died July 23, 1927, Long Ashton, near Bristol, Eng.       British general remembered for his brutal handling of the ...
Dyer, Sir Edward
▪ English poet born October 1543, Sharpham Park, Somerset, Eng. died May 1607, London       English courtier and poet whose reputation rests on a small number of ...
Dyer, Sir James
▪ English jurist born 1512, Roundhill, Somerset, Eng. died March 24, 1582, Great Staughton, Huntingdonshire  chief justice of the English Court of Common Pleas from 1559, who ...
Dy·er (dīʹər), Mary. Died 1660. English-born American Quaker martyr who was twice banished from Boston because of her beliefs. She was hanged after returning to the city a ...
Dyer-Bennet, Richard
▪ American musician born October 6, 1913, Leicester, Leicestershire, England died December 14, 1991, Monterey, Massachusetts, U.S.       British-born American tenor and ...
/jerr"meuh, jair"-, dyair"-/, n., pl. Dyermas, (esp. collectively) Dyerma. Djerma. * * *
/duy"euhrz berrg'/, n. a city in W Tennessee. 15,856. * * *
/duy"stuf'/, n. a material yielding or used as a dye. [1830-40; prob. trans. of G Farbstoff] * * *
To shine (and in many derivatives, “sky, heaven, god”). Zero-grades *dyu- and *diw-. Derivatives include Tuesday, divine, jovial, Jupiter, diary, dismal, journey, and ...
/duy"wood'/, n. any wood yielding a coloring matter used for dyeing. [1690-1700; DYE + WOOD1] * * *
/duv"id/, n. a county in Wales. 321,700; 2227 sq. mi. (5767 sq. km). * * *
Dygasiński, Adolf
▪ Polish writer born March 7, 1839, Niegosławice, Poland died June 3, 1902, Grodzisk Mazowiecki       Polish short-story author and poet who is considered one of the ...
/duy"ing/, adj. 1. ceasing to live; approaching death; expiring: a dying man. 2. of, pertaining to, or associated with death: his dying hour. 3. given, uttered, or manifested ...
Dyir·bal (jûrʹbəl) n. pl. Dyirbal or Dyir·bals 1. A member of an Aboriginal people of northeast Queensland, Australia. 2. The Pama-Nyungan language of this people, now ...
dyke1 /duyk/, n., v., dyked, dyking. dike1. dyke2 —dykey, adj. /duyk/, n. Slang (disparaging and offensive). a female homosexual; lesbian. Also, dike. [1940-45; earlier in form ...
Dyke, Greg
▪ 2000       In June 1999, amid controversy over his links to the U.K.'s ruling Labour Party, Greg Dyke was appointed director-general of the British Broadcasting ...
See dyke2. * * *
/dil"euhn/, n. 1. Bob (Robert Zimmerman), born 1941, U.S. folk-rock singer, guitarist, and composer. 2. a male given name. * * *
Dylan Thomas
➡ Thomas * * *
Dylan, Bob
orig. Robert Allen Zimmerman born May 24, 1941, Duluth, Minn., U.S. U.S. singer and songwriter. He grew up in the iron-range town of Hibbing, Minn., adopted the name of the ...
Dy·lan (dĭlʹən), Bob. Originally Robert Allen Zimmerman. Born 1941. American musician who drew on blues, country and western, and folk music to create distinctive protest ...
/duy mak"see euhn/, adj. noting or pertaining to R. Buckminster Fuller's concept of the use of technology and resources to maximum advantage, with minimal expenditure of energy ...
Physics. dyne; dynes. * * *
dynamics. Also, dynam. * * *
a combining form meaning "power," used in the formation of compound words: dynamotor. Also, dynam-, dynamo-. [comb. form of Gk dýnamis power, dýnasthai to be able] * * *
dynam- [dī nam′] combining form DYNAMO-: used before a vowel * * *
/duy nam"i teuhr/, n. Optics. an instrument for determining the magnifying power of telescopes. [1820-30; DYNA- + METER] * * *
—dynamically, adv. /duy nam"ik/, adj. Also, dynamical. 1. pertaining to or characterized by energy or effective action; vigorously active or forceful; energetic: the dynamic ...
dynamic braking
Railroads. a braking system used on electric and diesel-electric locomotives in which the leads of the electric motors can be reversed so that the motors act as generators, ...
dynamic headroom
Audio. the additional power output capability of an amplifier when producing short-term peak signals, compared with its continuous-signal power rating. Also called headroom. * * *
dynamic meteorology
the branch of meteorology dealing with the study of atmospheric motion and its causal relation to other forces. Cf. physical meteorology. * * *
dynamic psychiatry
an approach to psychiatry that emphasizes emotional processes and their origins and mental mechanisms. * * *
dynamic psychology
any approach to psychology that emphasizes drives and motives as determinants of behavior. * * *
dynamic range
Audio. the ratio of the loudest to faintest sounds reproduced without significant distortion, usually expressed in decibels. [1930-35] * * *
dynamic similarity
a principle whereby model airplanes, ships, and hydraulic structures are operated for test purposes under conditions exactly simulating full-scale performance. * * *
dynamic spatial reconstructor
an x-ray machine that displays bodily organs in three-dimensional moving images. Abbr.: DSR * * *
dynamic strength
resistance of a structure to loads applied suddenly, as during an earthquake. * * *
dynamic viscosity
Physics. See coefficient of viscosity. * * *
dynamical time
      specialized timescale used to describe the motion of objects in space.       As a practical matter, time can be defined as that coordinate which can most ...
See dynamic. * * *
dynamical system n. Mathematics. A space together with a transformation of that space, such as the solar system transforming over time according to the equations of celestial ...
dynamic headroom n. The capacity of an amplifier to reproduce unusually strong signals without distortion. * * *
dynamic RAM n. Computer Science A memory chip that stores information as electrical charges in capacitors. * * *
/duy nam"iks/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) Physics. the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion and equilibrium of systems under the action of forces, usually from ...
—dynamist, n. —dynamistic, adj. /duy"neuh miz'euhm/, n. 1. any of various theories or philosophical systems that seek to explain phenomena of nature by the action of force. ...
See dynamism. * * *
See dynamist. * * *
—dynamiter, n. —dynamitic /duy'neuh mit"ik/, adj. —dynamitically, adv. /duy"neuh muyt'/, n., v., dynamited, dynamiting, adj. n. 1. a high explosive, originally consisting ...
See dynamite. * * *
—dynamization, n. /duy"neuh muyz'/, v.t., dynamized, dynamizing. to make more active, productive, or the like; energize: an attempt to dynamize the local economy. Also, esp. ...
/duy"neuh moh'/, n., pl. dynamos. 1. an electric generator, esp. for direct current. 2. an energetic, hardworking, forceful person. [1882; short for DYNAMOELECTRIC] * * *
dynamo theory
▪ geophysics       geophysical theory that explains the origin of the Earth's main magnetic field in terms of a self-exciting (or self-sustaining) dynamo. In this dynamo ...
var. of dyna-: dynamometer. Also, dynam-. * * *
/duy'neuh moh i lek"trik/, adj. pertaining to the conversion of mechanical energy into electric energy, or vice versa: a dynamoelectric machine. Also, dynamoelectrical. [1880-85; ...
—dynamogenic, dynamogenous /duy'neuh moj"euh neuhs/, adj. —dynamogenously, adv. /duy'neuh moh jen"euh sis/, n., pl. dynamogeneses /-seez'/. Psychol. the correlation of ...
/duy'neuh mom"i teuhr/, n. 1. a device for measuring mechanical force, as a balance. 2. a device for measuring mechanical power, esp. one that measures the output or driving ...
dynamometer car
Railroads. a car equipped with special instruments and coupled to a locomotive to record its energy output, fuel consumption, and other data continuously during a regularly ...
See dynamometer. * * *
See dynamometric. * * *

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