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/ear"fool'/, n., pl. earfuls. 1. an outpouring of oral information or advice, esp. when given without solicitation. 2. a sharp verbal rebuke; a scolding. [1915-20; EAR1 + ...
/air"hahrt/, n. Amelia (Mary), 1897-1937, U.S. aviator: vanished in flight over Pacific Ocean. * * *
Earhart, Amelia
▪ American aviator in full  Amelia Mary Earhart  born July 24, 1897, Atchison, Kansas, U.S. died July 2, 1937, near Howland Island, central Pacific Ocean  American aviator, ...
Earhart, Amelia (Mary)
born July 24, 1897, Atchinson, Kan. U.S. disappeared July 2, 1937, near Howland Island, Pacific Ocean U.S. aviator, the first woman to fly alone across the Atlantic ...
Ear·hart (ârʹhärt'), Amelia. 1897?-1937. American aviator who was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean (1932) and from Hawaii to California (1935). While ...
/ear"ing/, n. Naut. a rope attached to a cringle and used for bending a corner of a sail to a yard, boom, or gaff or for reefing a sail. [1620-30; EAR1 + -ING1] * * *
/errl/, n. 1. a British nobleman of a rank below that of marquis and above that of viscount: called count for a time after the Norman conquest. The wife of an earl is a ...
/errl/, n. a male given name: from the old English word meaning "noble." Also, Earle. * * *
Earl Grey
n [U] a popular type of Chinese tea with the flavour of the herb bergamot. It was introduced into Britain by Earl Grey (1764–1845), an English political leader, after he ...
Earl Haig
➡ Haig * * *
Earl Marshal
Earl Marshal n. a high officer of state in England, marshal of state ceremonies and head of the Heralds' College * * *
Earl of Leicester's Men
▪ English theatrical company also called  Leicester's Men,         earliest organized Elizabethan acting company. Formed in 1559 from members of the Earl of ...
earl palatine
pl. earls palatine. See count palatine (def. 2). * * *
Earl Warren
➡ Warren (I) * * *
Earl Warren: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
▪ Primary Source       The trigger event of the civil rights movement of the 1950s and "60s may be said to have occurred on May 17, 1954, when the Supreme Court handed ...
/ear"lap'/, n. 1. earflap. 2. the lobe of the ear. 3. the whole external ear; pinna. [bef. 1000; ME erelappe, OE earlaeppa external ear. See EAR1, LAP1] * * *
/errl"deuhm/, n. 1. Also called earlship. the rank or title of an earl. 2. the territory or jurisdiction of an earl. [bef. 1150; ME erldom, OE eorldom. See EARL, -DOM] * * *
(as used in expressions) Birney Alfred Earle Stegner Wallace Earle Bulwer Sir William Henry Lytton Earle * * *
Earle, Alice Morse
▪ American author née  Mary Alice Morse  born April 27, 1851, Worcester, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 16, 1911, Hempstead, Long Island, N.Y.       American writer and ...
Earle, John
▪ British clergyman and author Earle also spelled  Earles   born 1601?, York, Eng. died Nov. 17, 1665       Anglican clergyman, best known as author of ...
Earle, Steve
▪ American musician in full  Stephen Fain Earle  born Jan. 17, 1955, Fort Monroe, Va., U.S.       American singer, songwriter, and guitarist who bridged the genres of ...
See ear1. * * *
earless lizard
any of several slender iguanid lizards of the genus Holbrookia, of the western U.S. and Mexico, that have no external ear opening. * * *
earless seal
any seal of the family Phocidae, comprising seals that lack external ears and that use the hind flippers for swimming: land locomotion is accomplished by wriggling and by ...
earless seal n. Any of various seals of the family Phocidae, which includes the hair seals, characterized by short fore flippers, reduced hind flippers specialized for swimming, ...
Earlham College
▪ college, Richmond, Indiana, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Richmond, Ind., U.S. It is affiliated with the Society of ...
Earlier Han
the Han dynasty before A.D. 9. Also called Western Han. Cf. Han (def. 1), Later Han. * * *
Earliest recorded Germanic languages
▪ Table Earliest recorded Germanic languages approximate dates, AD early runic 200–600 Gothic 350 Old English (Anglo-Saxon) 700–1050 Old High German 750–1050 Old ...
See early. * * *
/ear"lohb'/, n. the soft, pendulous lower part of the external ear. Also, ear lobe. Also called lobe. See diag. under ear. [1855-60; EAR1 + LOBE] * * *
/ear"lok'/, n. 1. a lock of hair worn near or in front of the ear. 2. Judaism. a lock of hair worn in front of each ear by Hasidic and Yemenite Jewish males in accordance with ...
/errl"ship/, n. earldom (def. 1). [bef. 1000; ME; OE eorlscipe. See EARL, -SHIP] * * *
—earliness, n. /err"lee/, adv., earlier, earliest, adj., earlier, earliest, n., pl. earlies. adv. 1. in or during the first part of a period of time, a course of action, a ...
/err"lee/, n. Jubal Anderson /jooh"beuhl/, 1816-94, Confederate general in the U.S. Civil War. * * * (as used in expressions) Early American furniture Early Netherlandish ...
Early American
1. (of furniture, buildings, utensils, etc.) built or made in the U.S. in the colonial period or somewhat later. 2. built or made in imitation of works of this ...
Early American furniture
Furniture made in the second half of the 17th century by American colonists. The earliest pieces were massive and based on English Jacobean styles. Decoration consisted of ...
early bird
1. a person who rises at an early hour. 2. a person who arrives before others, as for the purpose of gaining some advantage: The early birds got the best seats for the play. 3. ...
early blight
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants characterized by leaf spotting, defoliation, and stunted growth, caused by any of several fungi, as Alternaria solani or Cercospora apii. * * *
Early Christian art
also called  Paleo-christian Art, or Primitive Christian Art,    architecture, painting, and sculpture from the beginnings of Christianity until about the early 6th ...
early days
early days pl.n. used in the phrase it is (or these are) early days [Informal, Chiefly Brit.] Chiefly Brit. Informal it is too soon to know what will happen * * *
Early English
pertaining to the first style of Gothic architecture in England, ending in the latter half of the 13th century, characterized by the use of lancet arches, plate tracery, and ...
Early Hebrew
noting or pertaining to the alphabetical script used for the writing of Hebrew mainly from the 11th to the 6th centuries B.C. * * *
Early Learning Centre
a company with shops in many British towns, selling things that help young children to learn about numbers, letters, materials, etc. in an interesting and exciting way. * * *
Early Modern English
the English language represented in printed documents of the period starting with Caxton (1476) and ending with Dryden (1700). * * *
early music
early music n. music of the medieval and Renaissance periods, now sometimes including baroque and early classical music * * *
Early Netherlandish art
Architecture, painting, sculpture, and other visual arts produced in Flanders in the late 14th and 15th century under the rule of the dukes of Burgundy. In 1384 Philip II the ...
Early Renaissance
a style of art developed principally in Florence, Italy, during the 15th century and characterized chiefly by the development of linear perspective, chiaroscuro, and ...
early saxifrage
an eastern North American plant, Saxifraga virginiensis, of the saxifrage family, having toothed basal leaves and branched clusters of small white flowers. * * *
Early Sunday Morning
a painting (1930) by Edward Hopper. * * *
early wood
springwood. [1910-15] * * *
Early, Jubal A
▪ Confederate general born Nov. 3, 1816, Franklin County, Va., U.S. died March 2, 1894, Lynchburg, Va.  Confederate general in the American Civil War (1861–65) whose army ...
Early, Jubal A(nderson)
born Nov. 3, 1816, Franklin county, Va., U.S. died March 2, 1894, Lynchburg, Va. U.S. and Confederate military leader. He graduated from West Point and served in the second of ...
Early,Jubal Anderson
Ear·ly (ûrʹlē), Jubal Anderson. 1816-1894. American Confederate general whose forces threatened Washington, D.C. (1864) but were ultimately defeated by Union troops led by ...
See early bird. * * *
early-music [ʉr′lē myo͞o′zik] adj. designating, of, characteristic of, or participating in a movement promoting the modern reproduction of historical styles of musical ...
early-warning system
/err"lee wawr"ning/ 1. Mil. a network of radar installations designed to detect enemy aircraft or missiles in time for the effective deployment of defense systems. 2. any series ...
early bird n. Informal 1. A person who arises early in the morning. 2. One that arrives or takes place early or before others.   [From the expression “The early bird catches ...
early music n. Western music from the beginning of the Middle Ages to about 1750, including that of the medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque periods.   earʹly-muʹsic ...
earlywarning radar
early warning radar n. Radar based at the boundary of a defended area to detect incoming enemy missiles or aircraft in time to allow deployment of a countermeasure. * * *
earlywarning system
early warning system n. 1. A network of sensing devices, such as satellites or radar, for detecting an enemy attack in time to take defensive or counteroffensive measures. 2. A ...
Earl’s Court
1. a large exhibition hall in west London, England, in which many important events are held, e.g. the Ideal Home Exhibition and the Royal Tournament: events at Earl’s ...
/ear"mahrk'/, n. 1. any identifying or distinguishing mark or characteristic: The mayor's statement had all the earmarks of dirty politics. 2. a mark of identification made on ...
/ear"muf'/, n. either of a pair of often adjustable coverings for protecting the ears in cold weather. [1855-60, Amer.; EAR1 + MUFF] * * *
☆ earmuffs [ir′mufs΄ ] pl.n. cloth or fur coverings worn over the ears to keep them warm in cold weather * * *
earn1 —earner, n. /errn/, v.t. 1. to gain or get in return for one's labor or service: to earn one's living. 2. to merit as compensation, as for service; deserve: to receive ...
earned income
income from wages, salaries, fees, or the like, accruing from labor or services performed by the earner. Cf. unearned income. [1880-85] * * *
earned run
Baseball. a run yielded by a pitcher in which no error by the pitcher or the pitcher's teammates and no passed ball by the catcher was involved. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
earned run average
Baseball. a measure of the effectiveness of a pitcher, obtained by dividing the number of earned runs scored against the pitcher by the number of innings pitched and multiplying ...
earned surplus.
See retained earnings. * * *
earned run (ûrnd) n. Baseball A run scored without the aid of an error, used in computing earned run averages. * * *
earnedrun average
earned run average n. Baseball Abbr. ERA A measure of a pitcher's performance obtained by dividing the total of earned runs allowed by the total of innings pitched and ...
See earn1. * * *
earnest1 —earnestly, adv. —earnestness, n. /err"nist/, adj. 1. serious in intention, purpose, or effort; sincerely zealous: an earnest worker. 2. showing depth and sincerity ...
earnest money
Law. money given by a buyer to a seller to bind a contract. [1550-60] * * *
See earnest1. * * *
See earnestly. * * *
Earnhardt, (Ralph) Dale
born April 29, 1951, Kannapolis, N.C., U.S. died Feb. 18, 2001, Daytona, Fla. U.S. automobile racer. He earned Rookie of the Year honours on the National Association for Stock ...
Earnhardt, Dale
▪ American race–car driver in full  Ralph Dale Earnhardt   born April 29, 1951, Kannapolis, North Carolina, U.S. died February 18, 2001, Daytona Beach, Florida  American ...
Earnhardt, Dale, Sr.
▪ 2002       American race-car driver (b. April 29, 1951, Kannapolis, N.C.—d. Feb. 18, 2001, Daytona Beach, Fla.), was one of the most successful stock-car racing ...
/err"ningz/, n. money earned; wages; profits. [bef. 1050; ME erning, OE earning, earnung merit, pay. See EARN, -ING1, -S3] * * *
earnings per share
the net income of a corporation divided by the total number of shares of its common stock outstanding at a given time. Abbr.: EPS * * *
Earnshaw, Thomas
▪ English watchmaker born Feb. 4, 1749, Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, Eng. died March 1, 1829, London       English watchmaker, the first to simplify and economize in ...
/errp/, n. Wyatt (Berry Stapp) /wuy"euht ber"ee stap/, 1848-1929, U.S. frontiersman, law officer, and gunfighter. * * *
Earp, Wyatt
▪ American frontiersman born March 19, 1848, Monmouth, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 13, 1929, Los Angeles, Calif.       legendary frontiersman of the American West, who was an ...
Earp, Wyatt (Berry Stapp)
born March 19, 1848, Monmouth, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 13, 1929, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. frontiersman. He worked in the 1870s as a police officer in Wichita and Dodge City, Kan., ...
Earp (ûrp), Wyatt. 1848-1929. American frontier law officer involved in the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona (1881). * * *
/ear"fohn'/, n. 1. a sound receiver that fits in or over the ear, as of a radio or telephone. 2. Usually, earphones. a headset; headphone. [1920-25; EAR1 + PHONE1] * * ...
/ear"pees'/, n. 1. a piece that covers or passes over the ear, as on a cap or eyeglasses. 2. an earphone. [1835-45; EAR1 + PIECE] * * *
/ear"plug'/, n. a plug of soft, pliable material inserted into the opening of the outer ear, esp. to keep out water or noise. [1900-05; EAR1 + PLUG] * * * ▪ ...
/ear"reech'/, n. earshot. [1635-45; EAR1 + REACH] * * *
—earringed, adj. /ear"ring', -ing/, n. an ornament worn on or hanging from the lobe of the ear. [bef. 1000; ME erering, OE earhring. See EAR1, RING1] * * * ▪ ...
ear rot n. Any of various fungus diseases of corn characterized by decay and molding of the ears. * * *
ear sew·er (sōʹər) n. Northern California See dragonfly. See Regional Note at dragonfly. * * *
ear shell n. 1. See abalone. 2. The shell of the abalone.   [From its shape.] * * *
/ear"shot'/, n. the range or distance within which a sound, voice, etc., can be heard. Also called earreach. [1600-10; EAR1 + SHOT1] * * *
/ear"split'ing/, adj. ear-piercing: an earsplitting explosion. [1880-85; EAR1 + SPLITTING] * * *
/errth/, n. 1. (often cap.) the planet third in order from the sun, having an equatorial diameter of 7926 mi. (12,755 km) and a polar diameter of 7900 mi. (12,714 km), a mean ...
earth almond
chufa. [1855-60] * * *
Earth and Space Sciences
▪ 1996 Introduction GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY       In 1995 significant developments took place in the realm of geologic mapping, which provides the foundation for the ...
earth art
the artistic genre consisting of earthworks. Also called land art. [1965-70] * * *
earth auger
a drill for boring holes in the ground, as to tap springs. * * *
Earth Day
☆ Earth Day n. April 22, a day on which environmentalist concerns are variously acknowledged * * *       annual celebration honouring the achievements of the ...
Earth exploration
Introduction   the investigation of the surface of the Earth and of its interior.  By the beginning of the 20th century most of the Earth's surface had been explored, at ...
Earth impact hazard
▪ astronomy Introduction  the danger of collision posed by astronomical small bodies whose orbits (orbit) around the Sun carry them near Earth. These objects include the ...
earth inductor compass
Aeron. a compass actuated by induction from the earth's magnetic field. * * *
earth lodge
a circular, usually dome-shaped dwelling of certain North American Indians, made of posts and beams covered variously with branches, grass, sod, or earth and having a central ...
earth mother
1. the earth conceived of as the female principle of fertility and the source of all life. 2. a female spirit or deity serving as a symbol of life or fertility. 3. a sensuous, ...
earth mysteries
➡ New Age * * *
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1998
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1998 Jan. 4 Perihelion, 147,099,830 km (91,403,420 mi) from the Sun July 4 Aphelion, 152,095,600 km (94,507,640 mi) from the ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1999
▪ 1999 Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1999   Jan. 3 Perihelion, 147,096,800 km (91,404,200 mi) from the Sun July 6 Aphelion, 152,098,500 km (94,509,500 mi) from the ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2000
▪ 2000 Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2000   Jan. 3 Perihelion, 147,102,800 km (91,405,443 mi) from the Sun July 4 Aphelion, 152,102,300 km (94,511,989 mi) from the ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2001
▪ 2001 Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2001   Jan. 4 Perihelion, 147,097,600 km (91,402,000 mi) from the Sun July 4 Aphelion, 152,087,500 km (94,502,600 mi) from the ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2002
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2002   Jan. 2 Perihelion, 147,098,130 km (91,402,370 mi) from the Sun July 6 Aphelion, 152,094,370 km (94,506,880 mi) from the ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2003
▪ Table Jan. 4 Perihelion, 147,102,650 km (91,405,350 mi) from the Sun July 4 Aphelion, 152,100,360 km (94,510,780 mi) from the Sun Equinoxes and Solstices, 2003 March ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2004
▪ Table Jan. 4 Perihelion, 147,098,250 km (91,402,620 mi) from the Sun July 5 Aphelion, 152,098,990 km (94,510,000 mi) from the Sun Equinoxes and Solstices, 2004 March ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2005
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2005 Jan. 2 Perihelion, approx. 01:001 July 5 Aphelion, approx. 05:001 Equinoxes and Solstices, 2005 March 20 Vernal equinox, ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2006
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2006 Jan. 4 Perihelion, approx. 15:001 July 3 Aphelion, approx. 23:001 Equinoxes and Solstices, 2006 March 20 Vernal equinox, ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2007
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2007 Jan. 3 Perihelion, approx. 20:001 July 7 Aphelion, approx. 0:001 Equinoxes and Solstices, 2007 March 21 Vernal equinox, ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2008
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2008 Jan. 3 Perihelion, approx. 0:001 July 4 Aphelion, approx. 8:001 Equinoxes and Solstices, 2008 March 20 Vernal equinox, ...
Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2009
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 2009 Jan. 4 Perihelion, approx. 15:001 July 4 Aphelion, approx. 02:001 Equinoxes and Solstices, 2009 March 20 Vernal equinox, ...
Earth Perthelion and Aphelion, 1997
▪ Table Earth Perihelion and Aphelion, 1997 Jan. 2 Perihelion, 147,094,700 km (91,400,238 mi) from the Sun July 4 Aphelion, 152,103,870 km (94,512,783 mi) from the ...
earth pillar
Geol. a pillar of earthy matter left by erosion of the surrounding ground. [1865-70] * * *
Earth Resources Technology Satellite
former name of Landsat. Abbr.: ERTS * * *
Earth satellite
▪ instrument  man-made object launched into a temporary or permanent orbit around the Earth. Spacecraft of this type may be either manned or unmanned, the latter being the ...
earth science
—earth scientist. any of various sciences, as geography, geology, or meteorology, that deal with the earth, its composition, or any of its changing aspects. Also called ...
Earth Sciences
▪ 2009 Introduction Geology and Geochemistry       The theme of the 33rd International Geological Congress, which was held in Norway in August 2008, was “Earth ...
earth sign
any of the three astrological signs, Taurus, Virgo, or Capricorn, that are grouped together because of the shared attributes of practicality and interest in material things. Cf. ...
earth station
a terminal equipped to receive, or receive and transmit, signals from or to communications satellites. Also called ground station. [1965-70] * * *
Earth Summit
officially United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Conference held in Rio de Janeiro (June 3–14, 1992) to reconcile worldwide economic development with ...
Earth tide
▪ geophysics       deformation of the solid Earth as it rotates within the gravitational fields of the Sun and Moon. Earth tides are similar to ocean tides. The Earth ...
earth tone
any of various warm, muted colors ranging basically from neutral to deep brown. [1970-75] * * *
earth tongue
any of a group of fungi of the phylum Ascomycota, characterized by a tongue-shaped fruiting body, found on decaying logs and damp soil. * * *
earth wave
Geol. any elastic wave traveling through the material of the earth, as a wave caused by an earthquake. * * *
Earth, geologic history of
Introduction       evolution of the continents, oceans, atmosphere, and biosphere. The layers of rock at the Earth's surface contain evidence of the evolutionary ...
Earth, Wind and Fire
a US jazz funk group who were especially popular in the 1970s. Their album That’s the Way of the World (1975) included the song Shining Star, which won a Grammy award. Other ...
Earth-crossing asteroid
Asteroid whose path around the Sun crosses Earth's orbit. Three groups of such asteroids Aten, Apollo, and Amor asteroids are distinguished by the size of their orbits and how ...
/errth"god'/, n. a god of fertility and vegetation. Also, earth god. * * *
/errth"god'is/, n. a goddess of fertility and vegetation. Also, earth goddess. [1875-80] * * *
/errth"shat'euhr ing/, adj. earthshaking. * * *
/err"theuh/, n. a female given name. * * *
earth art n. The art of altering the natural environment to create earthworks. * * *
/errth"bawrn'/, adj. 1. born on or sprung from the earth; of earthly origin. 2. mortal; human. [1595-1605; EARTH + BORN] * * *
earthbound1 /errth"bownd'/, adj. 1. firmly set in or attached to the earth. 2. limited to the earth or its surface. 3. having only earthly interests. 4. lacking in imagination or ...
/err"theuhn/, adj. 1. composed of earth. 2. worldly. [1175-1225; ME erthen, OE eorthen. See EARTH, -EN2] * * *
/err"theuhn wair'/, n. 1. pottery of baked or hardened clay, esp. any of the coarse, opaque varieties. 2. clay for making such pottery. [1640-50; EARTHEN + WARE1] * * * Pottery ...
earthfill dam
▪ engineering also called  Earth Dam, or Embankment Dam,         dam built up by compacting successive layers of earth, using the most impervious materials to form a ...
▪ geology       sheet or stream of soil and rock material saturated with water and flowing downslope under the pull of gravity; it represents the intermediate stage ...
See earthy. * * *
earthiness [ʉrth′ē nis] n. an earthy quality or state * * * See earthily. * * *
/errth"luyt'/, n. Astron. earthshine. [1825-35; EARTH + LIGHT1] * * *
See earthly. * * *
/errth"ling/, n. 1. an inhabitant of earth; mortal. 2. worldling. [1585-95; EARTH + -LING1] * * *
—earthliness, n. /errth"lee/, adj., earthlier, earthliest. 1. of or pertaining to the earth, esp. as opposed to heaven; worldly. 2. possible or conceivable: an invention of no ...
/errth"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. earthmen /-men', -meuhn/. a human inhabitant or native of the planet Earth. [1855-60; EARTH + MAN1] * * *
earth mother n. 1. A goddess or female spirit representing the earth as the giver of life; a fertility goddess. 2. A woman combining maternal and sensual qualities. * * *
/errth"mooh'veuhr/, n. a vehicle, as a bulldozer, for pushing or carrying excavated earth from place to place. [1940-45; EARTH + MOVER] * * *
/errth"mooh'ving/, adj. of or pertaining to earthmovers: earthmoving machinery. [1935-40; EARTH + MOVING] * * *
/errth"nut'/, n. 1. any of various roots, tubers, or underground growths, as the peanut and the truffle. 2. any of the plants producing these. [bef. 900; ME erthenote, OE ...
/errth"pee'/, n. the peanut. [EARTH + PEA1] * * *
/errth"perr'seuhn/, n. a human inhabitant or native of the planet Earth. [EARTH + -PERSON] * * *
/errth"kwayk'/, n. 1. a series of vibrations induced in the earth's crust by the abrupt rupture and rebound of rocks in which elastic strain has been slowly accumulating. 2. ...
earthquake-resistant structure
Building designed to prevent total collapse, preserve life, and minimize damage in case of an earthquake or tremor. Earthquakes exert lateral as well as vertical forces, and a ...
earthquake engineer n. A civil engineer specializing in earthquake-resistant design and construction and in the study of the effects of seismic activity on fabricated ...
See earthquake engineer. * * *
/errth"ruyz'/, n. Astron. the rising of the earth above the horizon of the moon or other celestial body, viewed from that body's surface or from a spacecraft orbiting ...
earth science n. Any of several essentially geologic sciences that are concerned with the origin, structure, and physical phenomena of the earth. * * *
—earthshaker, n. /errth"shay'king/, adj. imperiling, challenging, or affecting basic beliefs, attitudes, relationships, etc. [1350-1400; ME. See EARTH, SHAKING] * * *
See earthshaking. * * *
earth·shat·ter·ing (ûrthʹshăt'ər-ĭng) adj. Earthshaking. * * *
/errth"shuyn'/, n. Astron. the faint illumination of the part of the moon not illuminated by sunlight, as during a crescent phase, caused by the reflection of light from the ...
earth smoke n. See fumitory.   [Translation of Medieval Latin fūmus terrae. See fumitory.] * * *
/errth"stahr'/, n. 1. a fungus of the genus Geaster, having an outer covering that splits into the form of a star. 2. any of various bromeliads of the genus Cryptanthus, native ...
earth station n. An on-ground terminal linked to a spacecraft or satellite by an antenna and associated electronic equipment for the purpose of transmitting or receiving ...
earth tone n. Any of various rich warm colors with tones of brown. * * *
/errth"weuhrd/, adv. 1. Also, earthwards. toward the earth. adj. 2. directed toward the earth. [1350-1400; ME ertheward. See EARTH, -WARD] * * *
earthwards [ʉrth′wərdz] adv. EARTHWARD * * * See earthward. * * *
/errth"woom'euhn/, n., pl. earthwomen. a female inhabitant or native of the planet Earth. [1900-05; EARTH(MAN) + WOMAN] * * *
/errth"werrk'/, n. 1. excavation and piling of earth in connection with an engineering operation. 2. Mil. a construction formed chiefly of earth for protection against enemy ...
/errth"werrm'/, n. 1. any one of numerous annelid worms that burrow in soil and feed on soil nutrients and decaying organic matter. 2. Archaic. a mean or groveling ...
—earthily, adv. —earthiness, n. /err"thee/, adj., earthier, earthiest. 1. of the nature of or consisting of earth or soil. 2. characteristic of earth: an earthy smell. 3. ...
ear trumpet n. A horn-shaped device formerly used to direct sound into the ear of a hearing-impaired person. * * *
ear tuft n. See ear1. * * *
/ear"waks'/, n. a yellowish, waxlike secretion from certain glands in the external auditory canal; cerumen. [1350-1400; ME erewax. See EAR1, WAX1] * * *
earwax impaction
▪ physiology       filling of the external auditory canal with earwax, or cerumen. Normally the wax produced by skin glands in the outer ear migrates outward. If the ...
/ear"wig'/, n., v., earwigged, earwigging. n. 1. any of numerous elongate, nocturnal insects of the order Dermaptera, having a pair of large, movable pincers at the rear of the ...
/ear"wit'nis/, n. Law. a person who testifies or can testify to what he or she has heard. [1585-95; EAR1 + WITNESS] * * *
ear·worm (îrʹwûrm') n. See corn earworm. * * *
/eez/, n., v., eased, easing. n. 1. freedom from labor, pain, or physical annoyance; tranquil rest; comfort: to enjoy one's ease. 2. freedom from concern, anxiety, or solicitude; ...
—easefully, adv. —easefulness, n. /eez"feuhl/, adj. comfortable; quiet; peaceful; restful. [1325-75; ME eisefull. See EASE, -FUL] * * *
See easeful. * * *
See easefully. * * *
—easeled, adj. /ee"zeuhl/, n. 1. a stand or frame for supporting or displaying at an angle an artist's canvas, a blackboard, a china plate, etc. 2. Also called masking frame. ...
easel painting
▪ art       painting executed on a portable support such as a panel or canvas, instead of on a wall. It is likely that easel paintings were known to the ancient ...
/eez"meuhnt/, n. 1. Law. a right held by one property owner to make use of the land of another for a limited purpose, as right of passage. 2. an easing; relief. 3. something that ...
/ee"zee euhr/, adj. comparative of easy. * * *
/ee"zee ist/, adj. superlative of easy. * * *
/ee"zeuh lee, eez"lee/, adv. 1. in an easy manner; with ease; without trouble: The traffic moved along easily. 2. beyond question; by far: easily the best. 3. likely; well: He ...
/ee"zee nis/, n. 1. the quality or condition of being easy. 2. ease of manner; carelessness; indifference. [1350-1400; ME esinesse. See EASY, -NESS] * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Durham, northeastern England, that extends north-south along the North Sea ...
/eez"lee/, n. a town in NW South Carolina. 14,264. * * *
—eastness, n. /eest/, n. 1. a cardinal point of the compass, 90° to the right of north. Abbr: E 2. the direction in which this point lies. 3. (usually cap.) a quarter or ...
East African lakes
▪ lake system, East Africa Introduction  group of lakes in East Africa (eastern Africa). The majority of the East African lakes lie within the East African Rift System, ...
East African mountains
▪ mountains, East Africa Introduction  mountain region (eastern Africa) of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Congo (Kinshasa) (Congo), Rwanda, and Burundi. The mountains are ...
East African Rift System
▪ geological feature, Africa-Asia also called  Afro-Arabian Rift Valley        one of the most extensive rifts on the Earth's surface, extending from Jordan in ...
East Anglia
—East Anglian. an early English kingdom in SE Britain: modern Norfolk and Suffolk. See map under Mercia. * * * Traditional region of England. It consists of the historic ...
East Asia
—East Asian. the countries and land area of the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Macao, Mongolia, the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, and the Russian Federation in ...
East Asian arts
Visual, literary, and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. Painting and calligraphy are considered the only true fine arts in China because they alone require no physical ...
East Aurora
▪ New York, United States       village, Erie county, western New York, U.S. It lies 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Buffalo and, oddly enough, 90 miles (145 km) west ...
East Australia Current
the part of the South Equatorial Current flowing S along the E coast of Australia. * * *
East Australian Current
▪ ocean current       surface oceanic current, a section of the counterclockwise flow in the Tasman Sea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is formed by water masses from ...
East Ayrshire
▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area, southwestern Scotland. It covers an undulating lowland in the north and west that rises to forested and ...
East Bengal
formerly a part of the Indian province of Bengal; now coextensive with Bangladesh. Cf. Bengal (def. 1). * * *
East Berlin
East Berlin see BERLIN2 * * * German  Ost Berlin,         eastern part of the city of Berlin (q.v.) that served as the capital of the German Democratic Republic (East ...
East Berlin.
See under Berlin (def. 2). * * *
east by north
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15prime; north of east. Abbr.: EbN * * *
east by south
Navig., Survey. a point on the compass 11°15prime; south of east. Abbr.: EbS * * *
East Cambridgeshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Cambridgeshire, east-central England, occupying an area northeast of the city ...
East Cape.
See Dezhnev, Cape. * * *
East Chicago
a port in NW Indiana, on Lake Michigan, near Chicago. 39,786. * * * ▪ Indiana, United States       industrial city and port, Lake county, northwestern Indiana, U.S., ...
East China Sea
a part of the N Pacific, bounded by China, Japan, the Ryukyus, and Taiwan. 480,000 sq. mi. (1,243,200 sq. km). Also called Dong Hai. * * * ▪ sea, Pacific ...
East Cleveland
a city in NE Ohio, near Cleveland. 36,957. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, suburb of Cleveland, Cuyahoga county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., just southeast of ...
East Coast
the region of the U.S. bordering on the Atlantic Ocean. * * *
East Dereham
▪ England, United Kingdom also called  Dereham         town, Breckland district, administrative and historic county of Norfolk, England, 16 miles (26 km) ...
East Detroit
a city in SE Michigan. 38,280. * * *
East Devon
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Devon, southwestern England, in the southeastern part of the county and ...
East Dorset
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of Dorset, southern England, in the northeastern corner of the county directly north of the ...
East Dunbartonshire
▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area, west-central Scotland. East Dunbartonshire's largest towns, Bearsden and Milngavie in the southwest and ...
East End
a section of E London, England. * * * ▪ district, London, United Kingdom  traditional area of London, lying east of Shoreditch High Street, Houndsditch, Aldgate High ...
East Ender
➡ East End * * *
East Enders
▪ British television program       British television soap opera that debuted in 1985 on the British Broadcasting Corporation 1 (BBC1) network and soon became one of the ...
East Falkland
▪ island, Atlantic Ocean       one of the two major islands of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean. It is 90 miles (140 km) long and 55 miles (88 km) wide ...
East Flanders
a province in W Belgium. 1,325,419; 1150 sq. mi. (2980 sq. km). Cap.: Ghent. * * *
East Friesland
▪ cultural region, Germany German  Ostfriesland,         cultural region bordering the North Sea and encompassing the coastal marshlands and East Frisian Islands ...
East Frisian Islands.
See under Frisian Islands. * * *
East Frisians.
See under Frisian Islands. * * *
East Gary
former name of Lake Station. * * *
East Germanic
a branch of the Germanic languages no longer extant, comprising Gothic and probably others of which there are no written records. Abbr.: EGmc [1900-05] * * *
East Germanic languages
Introduction  group of long extinct Germanic languages once spoken by Germanic tribes located between the middle Oder and the Vistula. History       According to ...
East Germany
—East German. a former country in central Europe: created in 1949 from the Soviet zone of occupied Germany established in 1945: reunited with West Germany in 1990. 16,340,000; ...
East Goth
an Ostrogoth. * * *
East Grand Rapids
a town in W central Michigan, near Grand Rapids. 10,914. * * *
East Greenland current
a cold ocean current of low salinity flowing south along the east coast of Greenland. * * *       cold flow of water originating in the Arctic Ocean and flowing southward ...
East Greenland orogen
▪ geology also called  East Greenland Geosyncline        a linear orogenic (mountain) belt that developed from late Precambrian time to the middle of the Paleozoic ...
East Greenwich
/gren"ich/ a town in central Rhode Island. 10,211. * * * ▪ Rhode Island, United States       town (township), Kent county, central Rhode Island, U.S., on Greenwich ...
East Grinstead
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Mid Sussex district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England, lying south of London in ...
East Gwillimbury
/gwil"euhm ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n. a town in S Ontario, in S Canada. 12,565. * * *
East Ham
a former borough, now part of Newham, in SE England, near London. * * *
East Hampshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Hampshire, southern England. The district, a rural area of chalk uplands, is ...
East Hampton
▪ New York, United States       town (township), Suffolk county, southeastern New York, U.S. It lies on the southern shore of Long Island, 100 miles (161 km) east of ...
East Hartford
a town in central Connecticut. 52,563. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       urban town (township), Hartford county, central Connecticut, U.S., across the ...
East Haven
a town in S Connecticut, near New Haven. 25,028. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       urban town (township), New Haven county, southern Connecticut, U.S., on Long ...
East Hertfordshire
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Hertfordshire, southeastern England, at the northern edge of the Greater ...
East India Co.
or English East India Co. English chartered company formed for trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, incorporated in 1600. It began as a monopolistic trading body, ...
East India Co., Dutch
Trading company founded by the Dutch in 1602 to protect their trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in their war of independence from Spain. The Dutch government granted it a ...
East India Co., French
Trading company founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert in 1664, and its successors, established to oversee French commerce with India, East Africa, and other territories of the Indian ...
East India Company
1. the company chartered by the English government in 1600 to carry on trade in the East Indies: dissolved in 1874. 2. any similar company, as one chartered by the Dutch ...
East Indiaman
▪ sailing craft       large sailing vessel of the type built from the 16th to the 19th century for the trade between Europe and southern Asia. The first were Portuguese ...
East Indian lotus.
See Indian lotus. * * *
East Indian walnut
lebbek. * * *
East Indies
—East Indian. 1. Also called the Indies, Indonesia. SE Asia, including India, Indonesia, and the Malay Archipelago. 2. the Malay Archipelago. Also called East India. * * ...
East Islip
a town on the S shore of Long Island, in SE New York. 13,852. * * *
East Kilbride
/kil bruyd"/ 1. an administrative district in the Strathclyde region, in S Scotland. 83,441; 1300 sq. mi. (3367 sq. km). 2. a town in this district. 32,000. * * * ▪ Scotland, ...
East Lansing
a city in S Michigan. 43,309. * * * ▪ Michigan, United States       residential and university city, Ingham county, south-central Michigan, U.S., adjoining Lansing on ...
East Lindsey
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Lincolnshire, east-central England, along the North Sea in the eastern part of ...
East Liverpool
—East Liverpudlian. a city in E Ohio, on the Ohio River. 16,687. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, Columbiana county, eastern Ohio, U.S., some 45 miles (70 km) ...

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