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eavesdropper
See eavesdrop. * * *
eavesspout
eaves spout n. Northern U.S. See gutter. See Regional Note at gutter. * * *
eavestrough
eaves trough n. Northern & Western U.S. See gutter. See Regional Note at gutter. * * *
Eazy-E
▪ 1996       (ERIC WRIGHT), U.S. gangsta rapper and founding member of the influential group N.W.A (b. Sept. 7, 1963—d. March 26, 1995). * * *
EB
EB abbr. eastbound. * * *
Ebadi, Shirin
▪ Iranian lawyer, author and teacher born June 21, 1947, Hamadan, Iran       Iranian lawyer, writer, and teacher, who received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2003 for her ...
Eban
/ee"beuhn/, n. Abba /ah"beuh/, (Aubrey Solomon Eban), born 1915, Israeli political leader and diplomat, born in South Africa. * * *
Eban, Abba
▪ 2003 Aubrey Solomon Meir        South African-born Israeli politician and diplomat (b. Feb. 2, 1915, Cape Town, S.Af.—d. Nov. 17, 2002, Jerusalem, Israel), was a key ...
Eban,Abba
E·ban (ēʹbən), Abba. Born 1915. South African-born Israeli politician who served as Israel's first permanent delegate to the United Nations (1949-1959), ambassador to the ...
eBay
▪ online auction company  global online auction and trading company launched by American entrepreneur Pierre Omidyar in 1995. eBay was one of the first companies to create ...
ebb
/eb/, n. 1. the flowing back of the tide as the water returns to the sea (opposed to flood, flow). 2. a flowing backward or away; decline or decay: the ebb of a once great ...
ebb tide
the reflux of the tide or the tide at ebb; ebb. [1830-40] * * * ▪ oceanography       seaward flow in estuaries or tidal rivers during a tidal phase of lowering water ...
Ebb, Fred
▪ 2005       American lyricist (b. April 8, 1928?, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 11, 2004, New York City), collaborated with composer John Kander for more than 40 years, and ...
Ebbinghaus, Hermann
born Jan. 24, 1850, Barmen, Rhenish Prussia died Feb. 26, 1909, Halle, Ger. German psychologist. He pioneered in experimental methods for measuring rote learning and memory, ...
Ebbo of Reims
▪ French archbishop Ebbo also spelled  Ebo   born c. 775 died March 20, 851, Hildesheim, Saxony [Germany]       archbishop whose pioneering missions to the North ...
ebbtide
ebb tide n. The receding or outgoing tide; the period between high water and the succeeding low water. * * *
Ebbw Vale
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Glyn Ebwy        industrial town, Blaenau Gwent county borough, historic county of Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy), Wales. It first ...
EBCDIC
/eb"see dik'/, n. Computers. a code consisting of 256 8-bit characters and used for data representation and transfer. [1965-70; e(xtended) b(inary-)c(oded) d(ecimal) ...
Eben Fardd
▪ Welsh poet English  Eben the Poet , original name  Ebenezer Thomas   born August 1802, Llanarmon, Caernarvonshire, Wales died Feb. 17, 1863  Welsh-language poet, the ...
Ebenezer
/eb'euh nee"zeuhr/, n. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "stone of help." * * *
Ebensee
▪ Austria       town, north-central Austria, where the Traun River enters Lake Traun (Traunsee) in the Salzkammergut region, south of Gmunden. Feuer Peak (5,241 feet ...
Eberbach, Heinrich
▪ German military officer born November 24, 1895, Stuttgart, Germany died July 13, 1992, Notzingen       German tank force commander in World War ...
Eberhard
▪ duke of Franconia died 939, Andernach, Ger.       duke of Franconia from 918.       The brother of Conrad I, duke of Franconia and German king (911–918), ...
Eberhard I
▪ duke of Württemberg byname  Bearded Eberhard,  German  Eberhard Im Bart  born Dec. 11, 1445, Urach, Ger. died Feb. 24, 1496, Tübingen  count, later 1st duke of ...
Eberhard, Johann August
▪ German philosopher and theologian born Aug. 31, 1739, Halberstadt, Brandenburg [Germany] died Jan. 6, 1809, Halle, Westphalia       German philosopher and ...
Eberhard, Martin, and Tarpenning, Marc
▪ 2008 born May 15, 1960 , Berkeley, Calif. and born June 1, 1964 , Sacramento, Calif.       American Silicon Valley entrepreneurs Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning ...
Eberhart
/ay"beuhr hahrt', eb"euhr-/, n. Richard, born 1904, U.S. poet. * * *
Eberhart, Richard
▪ American poet in full  Richard Ghormley Eberhart  born April 5, 1904, Austin, Minnesota, U.S. died June 9, 2005, Hanover, New Hampshire       American poet and ...
Eberhart, Richard Ghormley
▪ 2006       American poet, playwright, and teacher (b. April 5, 1904, Austin, Minn.—d. June 9, 2005, Hanover, N.H.), received numerous awards for his lyric verse that ...
Ebers papyrus
▪ Egyptian texts       Egyptian compilation of medical texts dated about 1550 BC, one of the oldest known medical works. The scroll contains 700 magical formulas and ...
Eberswalde
▪ Germany formerly called (1970–93)  Eberswalde-Finow   city, Brandenburg Land (state), northeastern Germany. It lies in the Thorn-Eberswalder glacial valley, ...
Ebert
/ay"beuhrt/; Ger. /ay"beuhrddt/, n. Friedrich /frddee"drddikh/, 1871-1925, first president of Germany 1919-25. * * *
Ebert, Friedrich
born Feb. 4, 1871, Heidelberg, Ger. died Feb. 28, 1925, Berlin German politician. A journeyman saddler and trade unionist, he became chairman of the German Social Democratic ...
Ebetsu
▪ Japan       city, Hokkaido, Japan, on the lower Ishikari River. It originated as a colonial farm village settled by 10 families from the island of Honshu in the early ...
Ebionite
▪ religious sect       member of an early ascetic sect of Jewish Christians. The Ebionites were one of several such sects that originated in and around Palestine in the ...
Ebisu
▪ Japanese mythology  in Japanese mythology, one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (“Seven Gods of Luck”), the patron of fishermen and tradesmen. He is depicted as a fat, bearded, ...
Ebla
/eb"leuh, ee"bleuh/, n. an ancient city whose remains are located near Aleppo in present-day Syria, the site of the discovery in 1974-75 of cuneiform tablets (Ebla Tablets) ...
Eblaite
/eb"leuh uyt', ee"bleuh-/, n. 1. the Semitic language of the people of Ebla, believed to be closely related to Ugaritic, Phoenician, and Hebrew, but written in cuneiform ...
Eblaite language
      archaic Semitic language, probably the most ancient to survive in substantial form, dating from the third quarter of the 3rd millennium BC. As a Northern Central ...
Eblis
Eblis [eb′lis] n. 〚Ar Iblīs〛 Islam Satan * * * Eb·lis (ĕbʹlĭs) n. Mythology The principal evil spirit or devil of Islamic mythology. * * *
EbN
See east by north. * * *
Ebner-Eschenbach, Marie, Baroness (Freifrau) von
▪ Austrian author née  Dubsky  born Sept. 13, 1830, Zdislavič, Moravia [now in Czech Republic] died March 12, 1916, Vienna, Austria-Hungary       Austrian novelist ...
Ebola
Virus responsible for a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever. Outbreaks in primates, including humans, have been recorded. Initial symptoms are fever, severe headaches and ...
Ebola (virus)
Ebola (virus) [ē bō′lə] n. 〚after Ebola River, Democratic Republic of the Congo, near which there was an outbreak of the virus in 1976〛 an RNA virus (family Filoviridae) ...
Ebola virus
/i boh"leuh/ a highly contagious virus of the family Filoviridae that causes hemorrhagic fever, gastrointestinal distress, and often death. [after Ebola River, Democratic ...
Ebolavirus
E·bo·la virus (ĭ-bōʹlə, ĕbʹō-lä) n. An extremely contagious filovirus causing an acute, highly fatal hemorrhagic fever and spread through contact with bodily fluids or ...
Eboli
▪ Italy       town, Campania regione, southern Italy, east of the city of Salerno. The higher and older section of the town dominates the Sele Plain. Historical ...
Ebolowa
▪ Cameroon       town located in southwestern Cameroon. It lies 70 miles (112 km) south-southwest of Yaoundé, at the intersection of roads to Kribi (west), Yaoundé ...
ebon
/eb"euhn/, adj. ebony (def. 6). [1350-1400; ME eban, ebyn ebony < AF eban(ne), OF eban, ebaine < ML ebanus, for L (h)ebenus < Gk ébenos, of Sem. orig.] * * *
Ebonics
/i bon"iks/, n. (used with a singular v.) See Black English. Also, ebonics. [1970-75, Amer.; b. of EBONY and PHONICS] * * * ▪ dialect also called  African American ...
ebonist
/eb"euh nist/, n. a worker in ebony. [1700-10; EBON(Y) + -IST] * * *
ebonite
/eb"euh nuyt'/, n. vulcanite. [1860-65; EBON(Y) + -ITE1] * * *
ebonize
/eb"euh nuyz'/, v.t., ebonized, ebonizing. to stain or finish black in imitation of ebony. Also, esp. Brit., ebonise. [1875-80; EBON(Y) + -IZE] * * *
ebony
/eb"euh nee/, n., pl. ebonies, adj. n. 1. a hard, heavy, durable wood, most highly prized when black, from various tropical trees of the genus Diospyros, as D. ebenum of southern ...
ebony spleenwort
a fern, Asplenium platyneuron, of woody areas of North America, having ladderlike leaves and shiny, dark brown stems. [1825-35, Amer.] * * *
Eboracum
/eb'euh ray"keuhm/, n. ancient name of York, England. * * *
Éboué, Félix
▪ governor general of French Equatorial Africa in full  Adolphe-Félix-Sylvestre Éboué   born Dec. 26, 1884, Cayenne, French Guiana died May 17, 1944, Cairo, ...
éboulement
/ay boohl mahonn"/, n., pl. éboulements /-mahonn"/ for 1. French. 1. a collapse; cave-in. 2. debris. * * *
ebracteate
/ee brak"tee ayt', -it/, adj. Bot. having no bracts. [1820-30; < NL ebracteatus. See E-, BRACTEATE] * * *
Ebro
/ee"broh/; Sp. /e"vrddaw/, n. a river flowing SE from N Spain to the Mediterranean. ab. 470 mi. (755 km) long. * * *
Ebro River
ancient Iberus River, northeastern Spain. Rising in the Cantabrian Mountains and flowing 565 mi (910 km) in a southeasterly course to the Mediterranean Sea, between Barcelona ...
Ebroïn
▪ Neustrian official French  Evrouin  died AD 680/683       mayor of the palace in the Frankish kingdom of Neustria for some 20-odd years, from ...
EbS
See east by south. * * *
Ebsen, Buddy
▪ 2004 Christian Rudolph Ebsen, Jr.        American actor, dancer, artist, and writer (b. April 2, 1908, Belleville, Ill.—d. July 6, 2003, Torrance, Calif.), began his ...
ebullience
/i bul"yeuhns, i bool"-/, n. 1. high spirits; exhilaration; exuberance. 2. a boiling over; overflow. Also, ebulliency. [1740-50; EBULLI(ENT) + -ENCE] * * *
ebulliency
e·bul·lien·cy (ĭ-bo͝olʹyən-sē, ĭ-bŭlʹ-) n. Ebullience. * * *
ebullient
—ebulliently, adv. /i bul"yeuhnt, i bool"-/, adj. 1. overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited: The award winner was in an ebullient mood at the dinner ...
ebulliently
See ebullient. * * *
ebullism
▪ medical disorder       formation of bubbles in the bodily fluids because of an extreme reduction in the surrounding pressure. Aircraft pilots are susceptible to ...
ebullition
/eb'euh lish"euhn/, n. 1. a seething or overflowing, as of passion or feeling; outburst. 2. the state of being ebullient. 3. the act or process of boiling up. 4. a rushing forth ...
ebullitional
See ebullition. * * *
eburnation
/ee'beuhr nay"sheuhn, eb'euhr-/, n. Pathol. an abnormal condition in which bone becomes hard and dense like ivory. [1830-40; < L eburn(us) of ivory (equiv. to ebur IVORY + -nus ...
Eburon glacial stage
▪ geology       division of Pleistocene time in northern Europe (the Pleistocene epoch began about 1,600,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago). The Eburon ...
EBV
See Epstein-Barr virus. * * *
EC
European Community. * * *
ec-
var. of ex-3 before a consonant: eccentric. * * *
ECA
See Economic Cooperation Administration. Also, E.C.A. * * *
Eça de Queirós, José Maria de
or José Maria de Eça de Queiroz born Nov. 25, 1845, Póvoa do Varzim, Port. died Aug. 16, 1900, Paris, France Portuguese novelist. The illegitimate son of a magistrate, he ...
ecalcarate
/ee kal"keuh rayt'/, adj. Bot., Zool. having no spur or calcar. [1810-20; E- + CALCAR + -ATE1] * * *
ecarinate
/ee kar"euh nayt'/, adj. Bot., Zool. having no carina or keel. [E- + CARINATE] * * *
écarté
/ay'kahr tay"/; Brit. /ay kahr"tay/; Fr. /ay kannrdd tay"/, n. a card game for two players. [1815-25; < F] * * * ▪ card game       card game usually played for a stake ...
Ecatepecde Morelos
E·ca·te·pec de Mo·re·los (ĕ-kä'tä-pĕkʹ dĕ mō-rĕʹlōs) A city of central Mexico near Mexico City. It occupies the site of an Aztec kingdom established in the 12th ...
ecaudate
/ee kaw"dayt/, adj. Zool. having no tail. [1840-50; < NL ecaudatus. See E-, CAUDATE] * * *
Ecbatana
/ek bat"n euh/, n. ancient name of Hamadan. * * * ▪ ancient city, Iran       ancient city on the site of which stands the modern city of Hamadān (Hamadan) (q.v.), ...
ecbolic
/ek bol"ik/, adj. 1. Med. promoting labor by increasing uterine contractions. n. 2. Pharm. an ecbolic drug. [1745-55; < Gk ekbol(é) expulsion (equiv. to ek- EC- + -bole a ...
Eccard, Johannes
▪ German composer born 1553, Mühlhausen, Thuringia [Germany] died , autumn 1611, Berlin, Brandenburg       German composer known for his setting of the year's cycle of ...
ecce
ecce [ek′sē, ek′ā; ] Eccles. [ et′chā] v. 〚L〛 behold; lo; see: used to form exclamations * * *
ecce homo
/ech"ay hoh"moh, ek"ay/ for 1; /ek"see hoh"moh, ek"ay/ for 2, Latin. 1. "Behold the man!": the words with which Pilate presented Christ, crowned with thorns, to his accusers. ...
ecce signum
/ek"e sig"noom/; Eng. /ek"see sig"neuhm, ek"ay/, Latin. behold the sign (or proof). * * *
eccehomo
ec·ce ho·mo (ĕkʹsē hōʹmō, ĕkʹĕ) n. A depiction of Jesus wearing the crown of thorns.   [Late Latin ecce homō, behold the man : Latin ecce, behold + Latin homō, ...
eccentric
—eccentrical, adj. —eccentrically, adv. /ik sen"trik, ek-/, adj. 1. deviating from the recognized or customary character, practice, etc.; irregular; erratic; peculiar; odd: ...
eccentric and rod mechanism
Arrangement of mechanical parts used to obtain a reciprocating straight-line motion from a rotating shaft. It serves the same purpose as a slider-crank mechanism and is ...
eccentric-and-rod mechanism
▪ mechanics  arrangement of mechanical parts used to obtain a reciprocating straight-line motion from a rotating shaft; it serves the same purpose as a slider-crank mechanism ...
eccentrically
See eccentric. * * *
eccentricity
/ek'seuhn tris"i tee, ek'sen-/, n., pl. eccentricities. 1. an oddity or peculiarity, as of conduct: an interesting man, known for his eccentricities. 2. the quality of being ...
ecchymosis
—ecchymotic /ek'euh mot"ik/, adj. /ek'euh moh"sis/, n., pl. ecchymoses /-seez/. Pathol. a discoloration due to extravasation of blood, as in a bruise. [1535-45; < NL < Gk ...
ecchymotic
See ecchymosis. * * *
eccl
eccl or eccles abbrev. 1. ecclesiastic 2. ecclesiastical * * *
Eccl
Eccl or Eccles abbrev. Bible Ecclesiastes * * *
Eccl.
Ecclesiastes. Also, Eccles. * * *
eccl.
1. ecclesiastic. 2. ecclesiastical. Also, eccles. * * *
Eccles
/ek"euhlz/, n. 1. Sir John Carew /keuh rooh"/, 1903-97, Australian physiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1963. 2. Marriner Stoddard /mar"euh neuhr stod"euhrd/, 1890-1977, U.S. ...
Eccles , W(illiam) H(enry)
born Aug. 23, 1875, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, Eng. died April 29, 1966, Oxford, Oxfordshire English physicist. After receiving his doctorate from the Royal College of ...
Eccles cake
n a small round cake made of pastry covered with sugar, and filled with currants (= dried grapes). They were originally made in Eccles, in Lancashire (now Greater Manchester). * ...
Eccles, Sir John Carew
▪ 1998       Australian neurophysiologist (b. Jan. 27, 1903, Melbourne, Australia—d. May 2, 1997, Contra, Switz.), discovered many aspects of the vertebrate nervous ...
Eccles, William Henry
▪ British physicist born Aug. 23, 1875, Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire, Eng. died April 29, 1966, Oxford       British physicist who pioneered in the development of ...
Eccles,Sir John Carew
Ec·cles (ĕkʹəlz), Sir John Carew. 1903-1997. Australian physiologist. He shared a 1963 Nobel Prize for research on nerve cells. * * *
Eccles.
Eccles. abbr. Bible Ecclesiastes. * * *
ecclesia
/i klee"zhee euh, -zee euh/, n., pl. ecclesiae /-zhee ee', -zee ee'/. 1. an assembly, esp. the popular assembly of ancient Athens. 2. a congregation; church. [1570-80; < L < Gk ...
ecclesial
/i klee"zee euhl/, adj. pertaining to a church or its functions, teachings, or organization. [1640-50; < L ecclesi(a) ECCLESIA + -AL1; cf. F ecclésial] * * *
ecclesiarch
/i klee"zee ahrk'/, n. Eastern Ch. a sacristan, esp. of a monastery. [1775-85; < MGk ekklesiarchés. See ECCLESIA, -ARCH] * * *
Ecclesiastes
/i klee'zee as"teez/, n. a book of the Bible. Abbr.: Eccl., Eccles. [ < LL < Gk ekklesiastés assemblyman, preacher, equiv. to ekklesí(a) ECCLESIA + -astes, var. of -ISTES -IST ...
ecclesiastic
/i klee'zee as"tik/, n. 1. a member of the clergy or other person in religious orders. 2. a member of the ecclesia in ancient Athens. adj. 3. ecclesiastical. [1475-85; < LL ...
ecclesiastical
—ecclesiastically, adv. /i klee'zee as"ti keuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the church or the clergy; churchly; clerical; not secular. [1375-1425; late ME; see ECCLESIASTES, ...
ecclesiastical calendar
1. a calendar based on the lunisolar cycle, used by many Christian churches in determining the dates for the movable feasts. 2. Also called church calendar. a calendar of the ...
ecclesiastical court
a church court in ecclesiastical matters, presided over by members of the clergy and usually having no compulsory jurisdiction. Also called court Christian. [1675-85] * * ...
ecclesiastical heraldry
Arms associated with the administrative and collegiate bodies of a church, particularly the Anglican, Roman Catholic, and Presbyterian churches. Abbeys, priories, and dioceses ...
ecclesiastical society
(in Congregational churches) a legal corporation with power to sue and be sued and to administer all of the temporalities of the church. * * *
ecclesiastically
See ecclesiastical. * * *
ecclesiasticism
/i klee'zee as"teuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. ecclesiastical principles, practices, or spirit. 2. devotion, esp. excessive devotion, to the principles or interests of the ...
Ecclesiasticus
/i klee'zee as"ti keuhs/, n. a book of the Apocrypha. Also called Wisdom of Jesus. Abbr.: Ecclus. * * * ▪ biblical literature also called the  Wisdom of Jesus the Son of ...
ecclesiolae in ecclesia
▪ religion       (Latin: “little churches within the church”), the revival in 1727 of the Hussite Unitas Fratrum, or Unity of Brethren, within the framework of the ...
ecclesiolatry
—ecclesiolater, n. /i klee'zee ol"euh tree/, n. excessive reverence for churchly forms and traditions. [1840-50; ECCLESI(A) + -O- + -LATRY] * * *
ecclesiological
See ecclesiology. * * *
ecclesiology
—ecclesiologic /i klee'zee euh loj"ik/, ecclesiological, adj. —ecclesiologically, adv. /i klee'zee ol"euh jee/, n. 1. the study of ecclesiastical adornments and ...
Ecclus
Ecclus abbrev. Bible Ecclesiasticus * * *
Ecclus.
Ecclesiasticus. * * *
eccrine
/ek"rin, -ruyn, -reen/, adj. Physiol. 1. of or pertaining to certain sweat glands, distributed over the entire body, that secrete a type of sweat important for regulating body ...
eccrinegland
eccrine gland n. Any of the numerous small sweat glands distributed over the body's surface that produce a clear aqueous secretion devoid of cytoplasmic constituents and ...
eccrinology
/ek'reuh nol"euh jee/, n. the branch of physiology and anatomy dealing with secretions and the secretory glands. [ < Gk ekkrín(ein) to secrete (ek- EC- + krínein to separate) + ...
ECCS
ECCS abbr. emergency core cooling system. * * *
eccyclema
▪ Greek theatre Greek  Ekkyklēma,  also called  Exostra,         in classical Greek theatre, stage mechanism consisting of a low platform that rolled on wheels or ...
ecdemic
/ek dem"ik/, adj. Pathol. noting or pertaining to a disease that is observed far from the area in which it originates. Cf. endemic, epidemic. [EC- + (EPI)DEMIC] * * *
ecdysiast
/ek diz"ee ast', -ist/, n. stripper (def. 3). [ECDYSI(S) + -ast, var. of -IST after a vowel; coined by H. L. Mencken in 1940] * * *
ecdysis
—ecdysial /ek diz"ee euhl, -dizh"-, -dizh"euhl/, adj. /ek"deuh sis/, n., pl. ecdyses /-seez'/. the shedding or casting off of an outer coat or integument by snakes, ...
ecdysone
/ek"deuh zohn', -sohn'/, n. an insect hormone that stimulates metamorphosis. [1955-60; ECDYS(IS) + -ONE] * * *
ecesis
—ecesic, adj. /i see"sis/, n. Ecol. the establishment of an immigrant plant in a new environment. [1900-05; < Gk oíkesis an inhabiting, equiv. to oike-, var. s. of oikeîn to ...
Ecevit
/e je veet'/, n. Bülent /byuu lent"/, born 1925, Turkish journalist and political leader: prime minister 1974, 1977, 1978-79. * * *
Ecevit, Bülent
born May 28, 1925, Constantinople, Tur. Turkish poet, journalist, and politician. A writer for the newspaper of the Republican People's Party (RPP), he was elected as a RPP ...
ECF
extended-care facility. * * *
ECG
1. electrocardiogram. 2. electrocardiograph. * * *
ECGD
➡ Export Credits Guarantee Department. * * *
Ecgfrith
▪ Anglo-Saxon king also spelled Egfrith died May 20, 685, near modern Forfar, Angus, Scot.       Anglo-Saxon king of the Northumbrians from 670 who ultimately lost his ...
échappé
/ay'sha pay", ay shap"ay/; Fr. /ay shann pay"/, n., pl. échappés /ay'sha payz", ay shap"ayz/; Fr. /ay shann pay"/. a ballet movement in which the dancer jumps from the fifth ...
échappée
/ay'sha pay", ay shap"ay/; Fr. /ay shann pay"/, n., pl. échappées /ay'sha payz", ay shap"ayz/; Fr. /ay shann pay"/, Music. a melodic ornamental tone following a principal tone ...
echard
ec·hard (ĕkʹhärd') n. Soil water not available for absorption by plants.   [From Greek ekhein, to hold back; See segh- in Indo-European Roots + ardeia, irrigation (from ...
Echegaray
/e'che gah rdduy"/, n. José /haw se"/, (José Echegaray y Eizaguirre), 1832-1916, Spanish dramatist and statesman: Nobel prize 1904. * * *
Echegaray (y Eizaguirre) , José
born April 19, 1832, Madrid, Spain died Sept. 4, 1916, Madrid Spanish dramatist. A mathematics professor in his early life, he later held government positions, including ...
Echegaray y Eizaguirre, José
E·che·ga·ray y Ei·za·guir·re (ā'chə-gə-rīʹ ēā'sə-gîrʹā, -gwîrʹā, ĕ'chĕ-gä-rīʹ ēā'thä-gēʹrĕ), José. 1832-1916. Spanish mathematician, politician, ...
echelette
/esh'euh let", ay'sheuh-/, n. Spectography. a diffraction grating designed to reflect infrared radiation. Also called echelette grating. [ < F échelette rack, equiv. to échelle ...
echelon
—echelonment, n. /esh"euh lon'/, n. 1. a level of command, authority, or rank: the top echelon of city officials. 2. a formation of troops, ships, airplanes, etc., in which ...
echelongrating
echelon grating n. A diffraction grating made of parallel glass plates, each of which extends slightly beyond the next, used to examine extremely fine structures through ...
echeveria
/ech'euh veuh ree"euh/, n. any of numerous succulent plants of the genus Echeveria, native to tropical America and having thick leaves characteristically forming rosettes. [ < NL ...
Echeverría
/e'che verdd rddee"ah/, n. Esteban /es te"vahn/ 1805-51, Argentine poet. * * *
Echeverría Álvarez
/ech'euh veuh ree"euh al"veuh rez'/; Sp. /e'che verdd rddee"ah ahl"vah rddes'/ Luis /lwees/, born 1922, Mexican political leader: president 1970-76. * * *
Echeverría Álvarez, Luis
▪ president of Mexico born Jan. 17, 1922, Mexico City       president of Mexico from 1970 to 1976.       Echeverría became the private secretary of the ...
Echeverría, Esteban
▪ Argentine writer born September 2, 1805, Buenos Aires, Argentina died January 19, 1851, Montevideo, Uruguay       poet, fiction writer, cultural promoter, and ...
echidna
/i kid"neuh/, n. Also called spiny anteater. any of several insectivorous monotremes of the genera Tachyglossus, of Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea, and Zaglossus, of New ...
echin-
echin- pref. Variant of echino-. * * *
echinacea
echinacea [ek΄ə nā′shə] n. 1. any of a genus (Echinacea) of North American plants of the composite family, esp. a coneflower ( E. purpurea) with purple flowers 2. a ...
echinate
/i kuy"nayt, -nit, ek"euh nayt', -nit/, adj. bristly; prickly. Also, echinated. [1660-70; < L echinatus. See ECHINUS, -ATE1] * * *
echini
e·chi·ni (ĭ-kīʹnī') n. Plural of echinus. * * *
echino-
echino- [ē kī′nō, ek′inə; ek′i nō, ek′inə] 〚< Gr echinos, sea urchin, hedgehog: see ECHINUS〛 combining form prickly, spiny [echinoderm]: also, before a vowel, ...
echinococci
e·chi·no·coc·ci (ĭ-kī'nə-kŏkʹsī', -kŏkʹī') n. Plural of echinococcus. * * *
echinococcosis
e·chi·no·coc·co·sis (ĭ-kī'nə-kə-kōʹsĭs) n. pl. e·chi·no·coc·co·ses (-sēz) Infestation with echinococci.   [echinococcus + -osis.] * * * ▪ pathology also ...
echinococcus
echinococcus [ē kī΄nō käk′əs, ek΄i nōkäk′əs] n. 〚ModL
echinoderm
/i kuy"neuh derrm', ek"euh neuh-/, n. any marine animal of the invertebrate phylum Echinodermata, having a radiating arrangement of parts and a body wall stiffened by calcareous ...
echinodermal
See echinoderm. * * *
echinodermatous
/i kuy'neuh derr"meuh teuhs, ek'euh neuh-/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the echinoderms. [1825-35; see ECHINODERM, -OUS] * * *
echinoid
/i kuy"noyd, ek"euh noyd'/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the class Echinoidea, comprising mainly sea urchins and sand dollars. n. 2. any echinoderm of the ...
Echinosphaerites
▪ fossil genus  genus of cystoids, an extinct group related to the sea lily and starfish, found as fossils in Ordovician marine rocks (between 505 and 438 million years old). ...
echinulate
/i kin"yeuh lit, -layt', i kuyn"-/, adj. (of a plant or animal) having a covering of prickles or small spines. [appar. ECHIN(US) + -ULE + -ATE1] * * *
echinus
/i kuy"neuhs/, n., pl. echini /-nuy/. 1. any sea urchin of the genus Echinus. 2. Archit. a. an ovolo molding, esp. one having an outline with several radii or one carved with an ...
echiurid
/ek'ee yoor"id/, n. any of various unsegmented marine worms of the phylum Echiura, comprising the spoonworms. [ < NL Echiurida, var. of Echiura < Gk échi(s) viper + -oura neut. ...
echiuroid
/ek'ee yoor"oyd/, n. 1. any wormlike invertebrate of the phylum Echiuroidea, found in sand and mud of tropical and subtropical seas, having at the mouth a ciliated, often ...
echo
—echoer, n. —echoless, adj. /ek"oh/, n., pl. echoes, v., echoed, echoing. n. 1. a repetition of sound produced by the reflection of sound waves from a wall, mountain, or ...
echo chamber
a room or studio with resonant walls for broadcasting or recording echoes or hollow sound effects. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
echo question
Gram. a question uttered by a listener that in effect repeats a speaker's sentence, replacing an unclear or doubted portion of the sentence with a stressed interrogative word, as ...
echo sounding
echo sounding n. the determining of depth of water by means of a device (echo sounder) that measures the time required for a sound wave to be reflected from the bottom: a similar ...
echo verse
▪ literature       a type of verse in which repetition of the end of a line or stanza imitates an echo. The repetition usually constitutes the entire following line and ...
echo word
echo word n. Linguis. a word that is ECHOIC (sense 2), or onomatopoeic * * *
echocardiogram
/ek'oh kahr"dee euh gram'/, n. a graphic record produced by an echocardiograph. [1975-80; ECHO + CARDIOGRAM] * * *
echocardiograph
—echocardiographic /ek'oh kahr'dee euh graf"ik/, echocardiographical, adj. —echocardiographically, adv. —echocardiography /ek'oh kahr'dee og"reuh fee/, n. /ek'oh kahr"dee ...
echocardiographic
See echocardiograph. * * *
echocardiography
echocardiography [ek΄ō kär΄dē äg′rə fē] n. pl. echocardiographies a technique for examining the internal structure of the heart, using reflections from high-frequency ...
echochamber
echo chamber n. A room or enclosure with acoustically reflective walls used in broadcasting and recording to produce echoes or similar sound effects. * * *
echocheck
echo check n. An error control technique in which a computer returns transmitted data to verify correct reception. * * *
echoencephalogram
/ek'oh en sef"euh leuh gram'/, n. Med. a graphic record produced by an echoencephalograph. [ECHO + ENCEPHALOGRAM] * * *
echoencephalograph
—echoencephalographic /ek'oh en sef'euh leuh graf"ik/, echoencephalographical, adj. —echoencephalographically, adv. —echoencephalography /ek'oh en sef'euh log"reuh fee/, ...
echoencephalographic
See echoencephalograph. * * *
echoencephalography
See echoencephalographic. * * * ▪ medicine       method for detecting abnormalities within the cranial cavity, based on the reflection of high-frequency sound pulses ...
echoer
See echo. * * *
echoey
See echoer. * * *
echogenic
/ek'oh jen"ik/, adj. capable of generating or reflecting sound waves. [ECHO + -GENIC] * * *
echogram
/ek"oh gram'/, n. a record produced by the action of an echograph. [1935-40; ECHO + -GRAM1] * * *
echograph
—echographic /ek'oh graf"ik/, adj. —echographically, adv. —echography /e kog"reuh fee/, n. /ek"oh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. a device that records oceanic depths by means of ...
echography
e·chog·ra·phy (ĕ-kŏgʹrə-fē) n. See ultrasonography. * * *
echoic
/e koh"ik/, adj. 1. resembling an echo. 2. onomatopoeic. [1875-80; < L echoicus. See ECHO, -IC] * * *
echoism
/ek"oh iz'euhm/, n. onomatopoeia. [1875-80; ECHO + -ISM] * * *
echolalia
—echolalic, /ek'oh lal"ik, -lay"lik/, adj. /ek'oh lay"lee euh/, n. 1. Psychiatry. the uncontrollable and immediate repetition of words spoken by another person. 2. the ...
echolalic
See echolalia. * * *
echolocate
See echolocation. * * *
echolocation
/ek'oh loh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the general method of locating objects by determining the time for an echo to return and the direction from which it returns, as by radar or ...
echopraxia
—echopractic /ek'oh prak"tik/, adj. /ek'oh prak"see euh/, n. Psychiatry. the abnormal repetition of the actions of another person. [1900-05; < NL; see ECHO, PRAXIS, -IA] * * *
ēchos
▪ music plural  Ēchoi,         melody type associated with early Byzantine liturgical chant. The eight ēchoi (hence, the collective oktōēchos) of the Byzantine ...
echosounder
echo sounder n. A device for measuring depth of water by sending pressure waves down from the surface and recording the time until the echo returns from the bottom. * * *
echoverse
echo verse n. Verse in which the final words or syllables of a line or stanza are repeated as a response, often with an ironic effect. * * *
echovirus
/ek"oh vuy'reuhs/, n., pl. echoviruses. any of numerous retroviruses of the picornavirus group, some harmless and others associated with various human disorders, as aseptic ...
echt
/ekht/, adj. German. real; authentic; genuine. * * *
Echuca
▪ Victoria, Australia formerly  Hopwood's Ferry,        city, northern Victoria, Australia. The name Echuca is derived from an Aboriginal term meaning “meeting of ...
Ecija
▪ Spain       city, Sevilla provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southwestern Spain. It lies along the Genil River ...
Eck
/ek/, n. Johann /yoh"hahn/, (Johann Mayer), 1486-1543, German Roman Catholic theologian: opponent of Martin Luther. * * *
Eck, Johann
orig. Johann Maier born Nov. 13, 1486, Egg, Swabia died Feb. 10, 1543, Ingolstadt, Bavaria German Roman Catholic theologian. He was ordained in 1508, became a doctor of ...
Eck,Johann
Eck (ĕk), Johann. 1486-1543. German Roman Catholic theologian who opposed the reforms of Martin Luther and procured from Rome the papal bull that declared Luther a heretic ...
ECKANKAR
▪ religion       a Westernized version of the Punjabi Sant Mat or Radha Soami Satsang (Rādhā Soāmi Satsaṅg) spiritual tradition. ECKANKAR was founded in 1965 by ...
Eckbo, Garrett
▪ 2001       American landscape architect (b. Nov. 28, 1910, Cooperstown, N.Y.—d. May 15, 2000, Oakland, Calif.), was a pioneer of modern landscape architecture. Eckbo ...
Eckener, Hugo
▪ German aeronautical engineer born Aug. 10, 1868, Flensburg, Prussia [now in Germany] died Aug. 14, 1954, Friedrichshafen, W.Ger.  German aeronautical engineer and ...
Eckermann
/ek"euhrdd mahn'/, n. Johann Peter /yoh"hahn pay"teuhrdd/, 1792-1854, German writer and literary assistant to Goethe. * * *
Eckermann, Johann Peter
▪ German writer born Sept. 21, 1792, Winsen, Hanover [now in Germany] died Dec. 3, 1854, Weimar, Prussia [now in Germany]  German writer, chiefly remembered as the assistant ...
Eckert
(as used in expressions) Eckert John Presper Jr. Eckert Wallace John Johanna Eckert * * *
Eckert, J Presper, Jr.
▪ 1996       U.S. engineer (b. April 9, 1919, Philadelphia, Pa.—d. June 3, 1995, Bryn Mawr, Pa.), was widely recognized with John W. Mauchly as the inventor of the ...
Eckert, J(ohn) Presper, Jr.
born April 9, 1919, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died June 3, 1995, Bryn Mawr, Pa. U.S. engineer. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1946 he and John W. Mauchly built ...
Eckert, J. Presper, Jr.
▪ American engineer in full  John Presper Eckert, Jr.   born April 9, 1919, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died June 3, 1995, Bryn Mawr, Pa.       American engineer and ...
Eckert, Wallace J(ohn)
born June 19, 1902, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 24, 1971, Englewood, N.J. U.S. astronomer. He received his Ph.D. from Yale University. He was one of the first to apply IBM ...
Eckert,John Presper
Eck·ert (ĕkʹərt), John Presper. 1919-1995. American engineer who contributed to the development of ENIAC (Electronic Numeral Integrator and Calculator), the first electronic ...
Eckhart
/ek"ahrt/, n. Johannes /yoh hah"neuhs/, ("Meister Eckhart"), c1260-1327?, Dominican theologian and preacher: founder of German mysticism. Also, Eckardt, Eckart. * * *
Eckhart, Meister
orig. Johannes born с 1260?, Hochheim?, Thuringia died 1327/28?, Avignon German theologian and mystic. A Dominican from age 15, he studied theology at Cologne and Paris and ...
Eckhart,Johannes
Eck·hart also Eck·art or Eck·ardt (ĕkʹhärt', -ärt'), Johannes. Known as “Meister Eckhart.” 1260?-1327?. German theologian regarded as the founder of mysticism in ...
Eckhel, Joseph Hilarius
▪ Austrian numismatist born Jan. 13, 1737, Enzersfeld, Austria died May 16, 1798, Vienna       Austrian numismatist whose classification of coins by region, chronology, ...
Eckstine, Billy
orig. William Clarence Eckstein born July 8, 1914, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died March 8, 1993, Pittsburgh U.S. singer and bandleader. Eckstine sang with Earl Hines's big band ...
Eckstine, William Clarence
▪ 1994       ("BILLY"), U.S. singer and bandleader (b. July 8, 1914, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. March 8, 1993, Pittsburgh), was a superb stylist whose caressing bass baritone ...
Eckstorm, Fannie Pearson Hardy
▪ American author née  Fannie Pearson Hardy  born June 18, 1865, Brewer, Maine, U.S. died Dec. 31, 1946, Brewer       American writer and ornithologist whose ...
éclair
/ay klair", i klair", ay"klair/, n. a finger-shaped cream puff, filled with whipped cream, custard, or pastry cream, often coated with icing. [1860-65; < F: lit., lightning ...
éclaircissement
/ay klerdd sees mahonn"/, n., pl. éclaircissements /-mahonn"/. French. 1. clarification; explanation. 2. (cap.) the Enlightenment. * * *
eclampsia
—eclamptic, adj. /i klamp"see euh/, n. Pathol. a form of toxemia of pregnancy, characterized by albuminuria, hypertension, and convulsions. [1855-60; < NL < Gk éklamps(is) ...
eclamptic
See eclampsia. * * *
éclat
/ay klah"/; Fr. /ay klann"/, n. 1. brilliance of success, reputation, etc.: the éclat of a great achievement. 2. showy or elaborate display: a performance of great éclat. 3. ...
eclectic
—eclectically, adv. /i klek"tik/, adj. 1. selecting or choosing from various sources. 2. made up of what is selected from different sources. 3. not following any one system, as ...
eclectically
See eclectic. * * *
eclecticism
/i klek"teuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the use or advocacy of an eclectic method. 2. a tendency in architecture and the decorative arts to mix various historical styles with modern ...
eclipse
—eclipser, n. /i klips"/, n., v., eclipsed, eclipsing. n. 1. Astron. a. the obscuration of the light of the moon by the intervention of the earth between it and the sun (lunar ...
eclipse plumage
Ornith. the dull plumage developed in some brightly colored birds after the breeding season. [1905-10] * * *
eclipseplumage
eclipse plumage n. Dull or colorless plumage that certain birds, such as male ducks, acquire at the end of the breeding season. * * *
eclipsing variable
Astron. a variable star whose changes in brightness are caused by periodic eclipses of two stars in a binary system. Also called eclipsing binary. [1920-25; ECLIPSE + -ING2] * * *
eclipsing variable star
or eclipsing binary Binary star in an orbit whose plane passes through or very near Earth. An observer on Earth sees one star pass periodically in front of the other and ...
eclipsingbinary
e·clips·ing binary (ĭ-klĭpʹsĭng) n. A binary star whose components pass in front of each other, thereby causing a regular eclipse of one of the stars. * * *
ecliptic
—ecliptically, adv. /i klip"tik/, n. 1. Astron. a. the great circle formed by the intersection of the plane of the earth's orbit with the celestial sphere; the apparent annual ...
Ecloga
▪ Byzantine law       (from Greek eklogē, “selection”), compilation of Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) law issued in 726 by Emperor Leo III the Isaurian in his name ...
eclogite
/ek"leuh juyt'/, n. a rock consisting of a granular aggregate of green pyroxene and red garnet, often containing kyanite, silvery mica, quartz, and pyrite. [1815-25; < Gk ...
eclogue
/ek"lawg, -log/, n. a pastoral poem, often in dialogue form. [1400-50; late ME eclog < L ecloga < Gk eklogé selection, akin to eklégein to select; see EC-] * * * Short, ...
Eclogues
/ek"lawgz, -logz/, n. a collection of pastoral poems (42-37 B.C.) by Vergil. Also called Bucolics. * * *
eclosion
/i kloh"zheuhn/, n. Entomol. 1. the emergence of an adult insect from its pupal case. 2. the hatching of a larva from its egg. [1885-90; < F éclosion, equiv. to éclos (ptp. of ...
ECM
1. electronic countermeasures. 2. European Common Market. * * *
Eco, Umberto
born Jan. 5, 1932, Alessandria, Italy Italian critic and novelist. He has taught since 1971 at the University of Bologna. In The Open Work (1962), he suggested that some ...
Eco,Umberto
E·co (ĕʹkō), Umberto. Born 1932. Italian writer best known for his novels, including The Name of the Rose (1981). He has also written extensively on semiotics and British ...
eco-
a combining form representing ecology in the formation of compounds (ecosystem; ecotype); also with the more general sense "environment," "nature," "natural habitat" (ecocide; ...
eco-tourism
eco-tourism or ecotourism [ē kō toor iz΄əm, ek ōtoor iz΄emē΄kō toor′iz΄əm, ek΄ōtoor′iz΄əm] n. tourism intended to promote ecological awareness and to limit ...
ecocatastrophe
/ek'oh keuh tas"treuh fee, ee'koh-/, n. Ecol. a disaster caused by changes in the environment. [1965-70; ECO- + CATASTROPHE] * * *
ecocide
—ecocidal, adj. /ek"euh suyd', ee"keuh-/, n. the destruction of large areas of the natural environment by such activity as nuclear warfare, overexploitation of resources, or ...
ecofallow
/ek"euh fal'oh, ee"keuh-/, n. a method of farming that diminishes weeds and conserves water by rotating crops and reducing or eliminating tillage. [1975-80; ECO- + FALLOW1] * * *
ecofreak
/ek"oh freek', ee"koh-/, n. Slang (often disparaging). a zealous or overly zealous environmentalist or preservationist. [1965-70; ECO- + FREAK1] * * *
ecohazard
/ek"oh haz'euhrd, ee"koh-/, n. any substance or activity that poses a threat to a habitat or an environment: Off-the-road motorcycling is an ecohazard to fragile desert ...
ecol
ecol abbrev. 1. ecological 2. ecology * * *
ecol.
1. ecological. 2. ecology. * * *
école
/ay kawl"/, n., pl. écoles /ay kawl"/. French. school1. * * *


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