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École (Nationale Supérieure) des Beaux-Arts
School of fine arts (beaux arts) in Paris. It was founded by the merger in 1793 of the Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture, founded by Charles Le Brun in 1648, and the ...
École Polytechnique
▪ school, Palaiseau, France       (French: “Polytechnic School”), engineering school located originally in Paris but, since 1976, in Palaiseau, Fr., and directed by ...
See ecological. * * *
See ecology. * * *
ecological niche
niche (def. 3). * * *
Ecological Restoration
▪ 1999 by Stephanie Mills       Ecological restoration (the rapidly developing practice of healing damaged lands and waters) is grounded in the emerging scientific ...
ecological succession
succession (def. 6). * * *
See ecological. * * *
See ecological. * * *
—ecological /ek'euh loj"i keuhl, ee'keuh-/, ecologic, adj. —ecologically, adv. —ecologist, n. /i kol"euh jee/, n. 1. the branch of biology dealing with the relations and ...
e·co·man·age·ment (ē'kō-mănʹĭj-mənt, ĕk'ō-) n. Any of various strategies to minimize or eliminate the adverse effects of human activities on the environment. * * *
econ abbrev. 1. economic 2. economics 3. economy * * *
1. economic. 2. economics. 3. economy. * * *
/ek"oh nich', ee"koh-/, n. niche (def. 3). [1975-80; ECO- + NICHE] * * *
See econometrics. * * *
See econometric. * * *
See econometric. * * *
See econometric. * * *
—econometric, econometrical, adj. —econometrician /i kon'euh mi trish"euhn/, econometrist, n. /i kon'euh me"triks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Econ. the application of ...
See econometric. * * *
/ek'euh nom"ik, ee'keuh-/, adj. 1. pertaining to the production, distribution, and use of income, wealth, and commodities. 2. of or pertaining to the science of economics. 3. ...
Economic Affairs
▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences ...
Economic and Monetary Union
(also European Monetary Union) (abbr EMU) the idea that there should be completely free movement of people, goods and money between the countries of the European Union. From 1 ...
Economic and Social Council
▪ UN       one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), responsible for the direction and coordination of the economic, social, humanitarian, and ...
Economic Co-operation and Development, Organisation for
      international organization founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. Current members include Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the ...
Economic Co-operation and Development, Organisation for (OECD)
International organization founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. Based in Paris, the OECD serves as a consultative assembly and a clearinghouse for ...
Economic Community of West African States
▪ African organization       African organization established by the Treaty of Lagos in May 1975 to promote economic trade, cooperation, and self-reliance. The ...
Economic Cooperation Administration
the U.S. government agency that administered the European Recovery Program. Abbr.: ECA, E.C.A. * * *
economic cycle.
See business cycle. * * *
economic determinism
—economic determinist. the doctrine that all social, cultural, political, and intellectual forms are determined by or result from such economic factors as the quality of ...
economic development
Process whereby simple, low-income national economies are transformed into modern industrial economies. Theories of economic development the evolution of poor countries ...
economic forecasting
Prediction of future economic activity and developments. Economic forecasts, which range from a few weeks to many years, are widely used in business and government to help ...
economic geography
a branch of geography that deals with the relation of physical and economic conditions to the production and utilization of raw materials and their manufacture into finished ...
economic geology
the branch of geology dealing with the location and exploitation of industrial materials obtained from the earth. [1920-25] * * * Scientific discipline concerned with the ...
economic good
a commodity or service that can be utilized to satisfy human wants and that has exchange value. * * *
economic growth
Process by which a nation's wealth increases over time. The most widely used measure of economic growth is the real rate of growth in a country's total output of goods and ...
economic indicator
Statistic used to determine the state of general economic activity or to predict it in the future. A leading indicator is one that tends to turn up or down before the general ...
economic model
Econ. model (def. 10). * * *
economic planning
Use of government to make economic decisions with respect to the use of resources. In communist countries with a state planning apparatus, detailed and rigid planning results in ...
economic regionalism
▪ international relations       institutional arrangements designed to facilitate the free flow of goods and services and to coordinate foreign economic policies between ...
economic rent
the return on a productive resource, as land or labor, that is greater than the amount necessary to keep the resource producing or on a product in excess of what would have been ...
economic stabilizer
Any of the institutions and practices in an economy that serve to reduce fluctuations in the business cycle through offsetting effects on the amounts of income available for ...
economic strike
a strike called in protest over wages, hours, or working conditions. * * *
economic system
Set of principles and techniques by which a society decides and organizes the ownership and allocation of economic resources. At one extreme, usually called a free-enterprise ...
economic systems
Introduction       the way in which humankind has arranged for its material provisioning. One would think that there would be a great variety of such systems, ...
economic warfare
Use of economic measures by governments engaged in international conflict. These may include export and import controls, shipping controls, trade agreements with neutral ...
/ek'euh nom"i keuhl, ee'keuh-/, adj. 1. avoiding waste or extravagance; thrifty: an economical meal; an economical use of interior space. 2. economic. [1570-80; ECONOMIC + ...
/ek'euh nom"ik lee, ee'keuh-/, adv. 1. in a thrifty or frugal manner; with economy. 2. as regards the efficient use of income and wealth: economically feasible proposals. 3. as ...
economic rent n. See rent1. * * *
/ek'euh nom"iks, ee'keuh-/, n. 1. (used with a sing. v.) the science that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, or the material welfare ...
economies of scale
economies of scale pl.n. circumstances, conditions, etc. which encourage mass production of a commodity by lowering its unit cost as greater quantities are produced * * *
/i kon"euh miz'euhm/, n. the theory or practice of assigning primary importance to the economy or to economic achievement. [1915-20; < F économisme; see ECONOMY, -ISM] * * *
/i kon"euh mist/, n. 1. a specialist in economics. 2. Archaic. a thrifty or frugal person. [1580-90; ECONOM(Y) + -IST] * * *
Economist, The
Weekly magazine of news and opinion, founded in 1843 and published in London, generally regarded as one of the world's preeminent journals of its kind. It gives thorough and ...
/i kon"euh muyz'/, v., economized, economizing. v.i. 1. to practice economy; avoid waste or extravagance. v.t. 2. to manage economically; use sparingly or frugally. Also, esp. ...
/i kon"euh muy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person who economizes. 2. (in a boiler) a device for warming feed water with gases entering the chimney or stack. [1830-40; ECONOMIZE + -ER1] * * *
/i kon"euh mee/, n., pl. economies, adj., adv. n. 1. thrifty management; frugality in the expenditure or consumption of money, materials, etc. 2. an act or means of thrifty ...
economy class
—economy-class, adj. a low-priced type of accommodation for travel, esp. on an airplane. [1955-60] * * *
economy of scale
▪ economics       in economics, the relationship between the size of a plant or industry and the lowest possible cost of a product. When a factory increases output, a ...
/i kon"euh mee suyz'/, adj. 1. larger in size and costing less per unit of measurement than a smaller size: an economy-size box of soap flakes. 2. smaller in size and costing ...
economyof scale
economy of scale n. The decrease in unit manufacturing cost that is due to mass production. * * *
See ecophysiology. * * *
See ecophysiological. * * *
—ecophysiological /ek'oh fiz'ee euh loj"i keuhl, ee'koh-/, adj. —ecophysiologist, n. /ek'oh fiz'ee ol"euh jee, ee'koh-/, n. the branch of physiology that deals with the ...
ecopolitics1 /ek'oh pol"i tiks, ee'koh-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of politics as influenced by economic power. [1970-75; ECO(NOMIC) + POLITICS] ecopolitics2 /ek'oh ...
é·cor·ché (ā'kôr-shāʹ) n. An anatomical representation of all or part of the body with the skin removed so as to display the musculature.   [French, from past ...
/i kawrs", ee"kawrs/, n. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 14,447. * * * ▪ Michigan, United States       city, Wayne county, Michigan, U.S. It lies along the ...
ECOSOC abbrev. Economic and Social Council (of the United Nations) * * *
—ecospecific /ek'oh spi sif"ik/, adj. —ecospecifically, adv. /ek"oh spee'sheez, -seez, ee"koh-/, n. Ecol. a taxon consisting of one or more interbreeding ecotypes: equivalent ...
/ek"oh sfear', ee"koh-/, n. 1. Also called physiological atmosphere. the part of the atmosphere in which it is possible to breathe normally without aid: the portion of the ...
/ay'koh sayz", -keuh-/, n. a country-dance in quick duple meter. [1860-65; < F, fem. of écossais Scottish, equiv. to Écosse Scotland + -ais -ESE; trans. of G schottisch] * * ...
/ek"oh sis'teuhm, ee"koh-/, n. Ecol. a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their environment. [1930-35; ECO- + SYSTEM] * * * Complex of living ...
/ek"euh tahzh', ee"keuh-/, n. sabotage aimed at polluters or destroyers of the natural environment. [1970-75; ECO- + (SABO)TAGE] * * *
e·co·ter·ror·ism (ē'kō-tĕrʹə-rĭz'əm, ĕk'ō-) n. Terrorism or sabotage committed in the name of environmental causes.   e'co·terʹror·ist adj. & n. * * * or ...
—ecoterrorism, n. /ek'oh ter"euhr ist, ee'koh-/, n. one who commits ecotage; monkey-wrencher. [1980-85] * * *
—ecotonal, adj. /ek"euh tohn', ee"keuh-/, n. Ecol. the transition zone between two different plant communities, as that between forest and prairie. [1900-05; ECO- + tone < Gk ...
/ek'oh toor"iz euhm, ee"koh-/, n. tourism to places having unspoiled natural resources. [1985-90; ECO- + TOURISM] * * *
Ecotourism: The New Face of Travel
▪ 1999 by Carla Hunt       The latest trend in tourism is travel that combines preserving the natural world and sustaining the well-being of the human cultures that ...
See ecotourism. * * *
—ecotypic /ek'euh tip"ik, ee'keuh-/, adj. —ecotypically, adv. /ek"euh tuyp', ee"keuh-/, n. Ecol. a subspecies or race that is especially adapted to a particular set of ...
See ecotype. * * *
/ek'feuh nee"sis/, n. Rhet. the use of an exclamatory phrase, as in "O tempore! O mores!" Also called exclamation. [1580-90; < Gk ekphónesis, equiv. to ekphone-, var. s. of ...
/ay'krah zay", -kreuh/, adj. (of leather) crushed to produce a grained effect. [ < F, ptp. of écraser to crush, bruise, MF, equiv. to é- EX-1 + -craser < ME crasen to brake, ...
écraseur [ā΄krä zer′] n. 〚Fr < écraser, to crush〛 Surgery former term for SNARE (n. 4) * * *
/ay krddeuh vees"/, n., pl. écrevisses /-vees"/. French. crayfish. * * *
Écrins National Park
▪ park, France       nature reserve located in the départements of Hautes-Alpes and Isère, southeastern France. The park, which was created in 1973, occupies 226,694 ...
/ek"rooh, ay"krooh/, adj. 1. very light brown in color, as raw silk, unbleached linen, etc. n. 2. an ecru color. Also, écru Fr. /ay krddyuu"/. [1865-70; < F, equiv. to é- ...
ECSC abbrev. European Coal and Steel Community * * *
/ek"steuh see/, n., pl. ecstasies. 1. rapturous delight. 2. an overpowering emotion or exaltation; a state of sudden, intense feeling. 3. the frenzy of poetic inspiration. 4. ...
—ecstatically, adv. /ek stat"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characterized by ecstasy. 2. subject to or in a state of ecstasy; rapturous. n. 3. a person subject to fits of ...
See ecstatic. * * *
electroconvulsive therapy. * * *
var. of ecto- before a vowel: ectal. * * *
/ek"tad/, adv. Anat., Zool. outward. [1880-85; ECT- + -AD3] * * *
—ectally, adv. /ek"tl/, adj. Anat., Zool. external; outer; on the surface of. [1880-85; ECT- + -AL1] * * *
/ek thlip"sis/, n., pl. ecthlipses /-seez/. loss of a consonant, esp., in Latin, loss of a final m before a word beginning with a vowel or h. [1650-60; < LL < Gk ékthlipsis, ...
—ecthymatous /ek thim"euh teuhs, -thuy"meuh-/, adj. /ek"theuh meuh, ek thuy"-/, n. Vet. Pathol. a contagious viral disease of sheep and goats and occasionally of humans, marked ...
a combining form meaning "outer," "outside," "external," used in the formation of compound words: ectoderm. Also, esp. before a vowel, ect-. [comb. form of Gk ektós outside] * * ...
—ectoblastic, adj. /ek"teuh blast'/, n. Embryol. 1. the ectoderm. 2. epiblast. [1860-65; ECTO- + -BLAST] * * *
—ectocommensalism, ectocommensality /ek'toh kom'en sal"i tee/, n. —ectocommensally, adv. /ek'toh keuh men"seuhl/, adj. 1. Biol. (of an organism) living in a commensal ...
/ek'toh kawr"nee euh/, n. Anat. the outer layer of the cornea. [ECTO- + CORNEA] * * *
—ectodermal, ectodermic, adj. —ectodermoidal /ek'toh deuhr moyd"l/, adj. /ek"teuh derrm'/, n. Embryol. the outer germ layer in the embryo of a metazoan. Also called ...
See ectoderm. * * *
See ectodermal. * * *
/ek'toh en"zuym/, n. Biochem. exoenzyme. [ECTO- + ENZYME] * * *
—ectogenetic /ek'toh jeuh net"ik/, adj. /ek'toh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. development outside the body, as of an embryo in an artificial environment. [1905-10; < NL; see ECTO-, ...
/ek toj"euh neuhs/, adj. growing outside the body of the host, as certain bacteria and other parasites. Also, ectogenic /ek'teuh jen"ik/. [1880-85; ECTO- + -GENOUS] * * *
—ectomeric /ek'teuh mer"ik/, adj. /ek"teuh mear'/, n. Embryol. any of the blastomeres that participate in the development of the ectoderm. [1885-90; ECTO- + -MERE] * * *
See ectomere. * * *
/ek"teuh mawrf'/, n. a person of the ectomorphic type. [1935-40; ECTO- + -MORPH] * * * ▪ body type       a human physical type (somatotype) tending toward linearity, as ...
—ectomorphy, n. /ek'teuh mawr"fik/, adj. having a thin body build, roughly characterized by the relative prominence of structures developed from the embryonic ectoderm ...
See ectomorphic. * * *
—ectoparasitic /ek'toh par'euh sit"ik/, adj. /ek'toh par"euh suyt'/, n. an external parasite (opposed to endoparasite). [1860-65; ECTO- + PARASITE] * * *
See ectoparasite. * * *
See ectoparasitic. * * *
—ectophytic /ek'teuh fit"ik/, adj. /ek"teuh fuyt'/, n. a parasitic plant growing on an animal or another plant. [1880-85; ECTO- + -PHYTE] * * *
/ek toh"pee euh/, n. Med. the usually congenital displacement of an organ or part. [1840-50; < NL < Gk éktop(os) out of place (ek- EC- + tópos place) + -ia -IA] * * *
/ek top"ik/, adj. Pathol. occurring in an abnormal position or place; displaced. [1870-75; ECTOP(IA) + -IC] * * *
ectopic pregnancy
Med. the development of a fertilized ovum outside the uterus, as in a Fallopian tube. Also called extrauterine pregnancy. [1925-30] * * * or extrauterine pregnancy Condition in ...
ectopic pregnancy n. Implantation and subsequent development of a fertilized ovum outside the uterus, as in a fallopian tube. * * *
—ectoplasmic, ectoplasmatic /ek'teuh plaz mat"ik/, adj. /ek"teuh plaz'euhm/, n. 1. Biol. the outer portion of the cytoplasm of a cell. Cf. endoplasm. 2. Spiritualism. the ...
See ectoplasm. * * *
/ek"teuh prokt'/, n. bryozoan; formerly, one of two broad types of bryozoan. Cf. entoproct. [see ECTOPROCTA] * * *
/ek'teuh prok"teuh/, n. the phylum Bryozoa, esp. as distinguished from the phylum Entoprocta by a body plan having the anus of the polyp outside the crown of tentacles. [ < NL, ...
—ectosarcous, adj. /ek"teuh sahrk'/, n. Biol. the ectoplasm of a protozoan (opposed to endosarc). [1875-80; ECTO- + -SARC] * * *
—ectosteal /ek tos"tee euhl/, adj. —ectosteally, adv. /ek'to stoh"sis, -teuh-/, n. the ossification of cartilage that begins under the perichondrium and proceeds ...
—ectothermic, adj. /ek"teuh therrm'/, n. Zool. a cold-blooded animal. [1940-45; ECTO- + THERM] * * * Any so-called cold-blooded animal; that is, any animal whose regulation of ...
ectothermal [ek΄tō thʉr′məl, ek′təthʉr′məl] adj. COLDBLOODED (sense 1) ectotherm [ek′tōthʉrm΄] n. ectothermy [ek΄tōthʉr΄mē] n. * * *
ec·to·ther·mic (ĕk'tə-thûrʹmĭk) also ec·to·ther·mal (ĕk'tə-thûrʹməl) or ec·to·ther·mous (-məs) adj. Of or relating to an organism that regulates its body ...
/ek'teuh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. (of a mycorrhiza) growing outside the root or between the cells. Cf. endotrophic. [1925-30; ECTO- + -TROPHIC] * * *
/ek'teuh zoh"euhn/, Biol. n. 1. ectozoon. adj. 2. of or pertaining to an ectozoon. [ECTOZO(ON) + -AN] * * *
/ek'teuh zoh"ik/, adj. (of a parasitic animal) living on the surface of its host. [ECTOZO(ON) + -IC] * * *
/ek'teuh zoh"on, -euhn/, n., pl. ectozoa /-zoh"euh/. Biol. any animal parasite, as the louse, that lives on the surface of its host (opposed to entozoon). Also, ...
/ek"trin/, Vet. Med., Trademark. a brand of fenvalerate. * * *
—ectrodactylous, adj. /ek'troh dak"teuh liz'euhm/, n. Med. the congenital absence of part or all of one or more fingers or toes. Also, ectrodactylia /ek'troh dak til"ee euh, ...
—ectromelic /ek'troh mel"ik/, adj. /ek'troh mee"lee euh/, n. 1. Med. the congenital absence or imperfection of a limb or limbs. 2. Also called infectious ectromelia, mousepox. ...
▪ pathology       outward turning of the border (or margin) of the eyelid (usually the lower eyelids). The condition most often occurs in elderly persons as a result of ...
—ectypal /ek"teuh peuhl, -tuy-/, adj. /ek"tuyp/, n. a reproduction; copy (opposed to prototype). [1640-50; < Gk éktyp(os) wrought in relief, equiv. to ek- EC- + týp(os) ...
/ay kyooh"/; Fr. /ay kyuu"/, n., pl. écus /ay kyoohz"/; Fr. /ay kyuu"/. 1. the shield carried by a mounted man-at-arms in the Middle Ages. 2. any of various gold and silver ...
/ay kooh"/ or, sometimes, /ee"see"yooh"/, n. a money of account of the European Common Market used in international finance, based on the combined prorated values of the ...
Ecua abbrev. Ecuador * * *
Ecuador. * * *
—Ecuadoran, Ecuadorean, Ecuadorian, adj., n. /ek"weuh dawr'/, n. a republic in NW South America. 11,690,535; 109,483 sq. mi. (283,561 sq. km). Cap.: Quito. * * * Ecuador ...
Ecuador, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag that is horizontally striped yellow-blue-red; when flown by the government, it incorporates a central coat of arms (arms, coat of). ...
See Ecuador. * * *
—ecumenically, adv. /ek"yoo men"i keuhl/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"kyoo-/, adj. 1. general; universal. 2. pertaining to the whole Christian church. 3. promoting or fostering ...
ecumenical council
a solemn assembly in the Roman Catholic Church, convoked and presided over by the pope and composed of cardinals, bishops, and certain other prelates whose decrees, when ...
ecumenical movement.
See under ecumenical (def. 4). * * *
ecumenical patriarch
—ecumenical patriarchate. the patriarch of Constantinople, regarded as the highest dignitary of the Greek Orthodox Church. [1860-65] * * *
Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
▪ Eastern Orthodoxy       honorary primacy of the Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodoxy) autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, churches; it is also known as the ...
/ek'yoo men"i keuh liz'euhm/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'kyoo-/, n. the doctrines and practices of the ecumenical movement. Also, ecumenicism. [1945-50; ECUMENICAL + -ISM] * * *
See ecumenicalism. * * *
ecumenical patriarch n. The patriarch of Constantinople, the highest ecclesiastical official of the Eastern Orthodox Church. * * *
/ek'yoo men"euh siz'euhm/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'kyoo-/, n. ecumenicalism; ecumenism. [1960-65; ECUMENIC(AL) + -ISM] * * *
/ek'yoo men"euh sist/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'kyoo-/, n. a person who advocates Christian ecumenicity. [ECUMENIC + -IST] * * *
/ek'yoo meuh nis"i tee, -me-/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"kyoo-/, n. (in the Christian church) the state of being ecumenically united, esp. in furthering the aims of the ecumenical ...
/ek'yoo men"iks/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'kyoo-/, n. (used with a singular v.) the study of the Christian church in its aspect as a worldwide Christian community. [1935-40; see ...
—ecumenist, n. /ek"yoo meuh niz'euhm, i kyooh"-/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"kyoo-/, n. ecumenical doctrines and practices, esp. as manifested in the ecumenical movement. [1965-70; ...
See ecumenism. * * *
—eczematous /ig zem"euh teuhs, -zee"meuh-/, adj. /ek"seuh meuh, eg"zeuh-, ig zee"-/, n. Pathol. an inflammatory condition of the skin attended with itching and the exudation of ...
See eczema. * * *
/ed/, n. Informal. education: a course in driver's ed; adult ed. [by shortening] * * *
/ed/, n. a male given name, form of Edgar or Edward. * * *
1. See Department of Education. 2. Pathol. erectile dysfunction. * * *
Ed Sullivan
➡ Sullivan (II) * * *
To eat; original meaning “to bite.” 1. a. eat, from Old English etan, to eat; b. etch, from Old High German ezzen, to feed on, eat; c. ort, from Middle Dutch eten, to ...
1. edited. 2. pl. eds. edition. 3. pl. eds. editor. 4. education. * * *
Bachelor of Education. * * *
Doctor of Education. * * *
Master of Education. * * *
Education Specialist. * * *
Pharm. effective dose for 50 percent of the group; the amount of a drug that is therapeutic in 50 percent of the persons or animals in which it is tested. * * *
/ed"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
Economic Development Administration. * * *
/i day"sheuhs/, adj. devouring; voracious; consuming. [1810-20; EDACI(TY) + -OUS] * * *
/i das"i tee/, n. the state of being edacious; voraciousness; appetite. [1620-30; < L edacitas, equiv. to edaci- (s. of edax) gluttonous, equiv. to ed- EAT + -aci- adj. suffix + ...
/ee"deuhm, ee"dam/; Du. /ay dahm"/, n. a mild, hard, yellow cheese, produced in a round shape and coated with red wax. Also called Edam cheese. [1830-40; after Edam, town in the ...
Edam (cheese)
Edam (cheese) or Edam [ē′dəm, ē′dam΄; ā däm′] n. 〚after Edam, town in NW Netherlands, where orig. made〛 a mild, yellow cheese, made in a round mold and usually ...
—edaphically, adv. /i daf"ik/, adj. related to or caused by particular soil conditions, as of texture or drainage, rather than by physiographic or climatic factors. [ < G ...
edaphic climax
Ecol. a localized climax community that may differ from the surrounding climax vegetation by reason of slightly differing soil type, exposure to sun and wind, drainage, ...
edaphic climax n. A climax community determined by soil factors, such as alkalinity, salinity, or drainage, rather than by climatic or physiographic characteristics. * * *
/ed"euh fon'/, n. the aggregate of organisms that live in the soil. [ < G Edaphon (1913) < Gk édaphos ground, floor; -on prob. after PLANKTON] * * *
▪ dinosaur genus       primitive herbivorous relative of mammals that is found in fossil deposits dating from Late Carboniferous (Carboniferous Period) to the Early ...
Chem. ethylene dibromide: a colorless liquid, C2H4Br2, used as an organic solvent, an additive in gasoline to prevent lead buildup, and a pesticide and soil fumigant, esp. by ...
▪ king of Northumbria also spelled Eadbert, or Eadberht died Aug. 19 or 20, 768, York       in Anglo-Saxon England, king of Northumbrians from 737 to 758, a strong ...
European Defense Community. * * *
EdD or Ed.D. abbrev. Doctor of Education * * *
(1952– ) an Irish flat-racing jockey who has been the British champion eleven times since 1973. In 1990 he rode more than 200 winners in one season, the first time this had ...
See Edda. * * *
(as used in expressions) Arcaro Eddie Cantor Eddie Holland Brian and Eddie Rickenbacker Eddie * * *
Eddie Cantor
➡ Cantor * * *
Eddie Cochran
➡ Cochran * * *
Eddie Izzard
➡ Izzard * * *
Eddie Murphy
➡ Murphy * * *
/ed"ing teuhn/, n. Sir Arthur (Stanley), 1882-1944, English astronomer, physicist, and writer. * * *
Eddington, Paul
▪ 1996       British character actor who excelled at light comedy, notably in the BBC television series "The Good Life," 1975-79, "Yes, Minister," 1980-85, and "Yes, ...
Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley
born Dec. 28, 1882, Kendal, Westmorland, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1944, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire British astronomer, physicist, and mathematician. At the University of Cambridge he ...
Eddington,Sir Arthur Stanley
Ed·ding·ton (ĕdʹĭng-tən), Sir Arthur Stanley. 1882-1944. British mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who was an early exponent of the theory of relativity and ...
Eddison, E.R.
▪ British author in full  Eric Rucker Eddison   born Nov. 24, 1882, St. Helen's, Adel, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 18, 1945       English novelist and scholar of ...
/ed"oh/, n., pl. eddoes. the edible root of the taro or of any of several related plants. [1765-75; < one or more WAfr languages; cf. Igbo édè, Fante edwó(w) yam] * * *
/ed"ee/, n., pl. eddies, v., eddied, eddying. n. 1. a current at variance with the main current in a stream of liquid or gas, esp. one having a rotary or whirling motion. 2. a ...
/ed"ee/, n. 1. Mary (Morse) Baker (Mrs. Glover; Mrs. Patterson), 1821-1910, U.S. founder of the Christian Science Church. 2. Also, Eddie. a male given name, form of Edgar or ...
eddy current
an electric current in a conducting material that results from induction by a moving or varying magnetic field. [1590-1600, for an earlier sense] * * * ▪ ...
Eddy, Duane
▪ American musician born April 26, 1938, Corning, N.Y., U.S.       American guitarist responsible for one of rock music's elemental sounds, twang—resonant melodic ...
Eddy, Mary (Morse)Baker
Ed·dy (ĕdʹē), Mary (Morse) Baker. 1821-1910. Library of Congress American religious leader who founded Christian Science (1879), the tenets of which she explained in ...
Eddy, Mary Baker
orig. Mary Morse Baker born July 16, 1821, Bow, near Concord, N.H., U.S. died Dec. 3, 1910, Chestnut Hill, Mass. U.S. religious leader, founder of Christian Science. A ...
Eddystone Light
Eddystone Light [ed′i stən] n. lighthouse on dangerous rocks (Eddystone Rocks) just off the SE coast of Cornwall, in the English Channel * * *
Eddystone lighthouse
a lighthouse (= tower containing a strong light to warn or guide ships) on a rock in the English Channel about 9 miles/14 kilometres from the coast of Cornwall. It rises 133 ...
Eddystone Rocks
/ed"euh steuhn/ a group of rocks near the W end of the English Channel, SW of Plymouth, England: celebrated lighthouse. * * *
Ed·dy·stone Rocks (ĕdʹĭ-stən) A rocky islet of southwest England in the English Channel south of Plymouth. It has been the site of a strategic lighthouse since the ...
/ay day", ay"day/ for 1; /ay"deuh/ for 2, n. 1. a city in SW Nigeria. 182,000. 2. a city in central Netherlands. 83,738. * * * ▪ Nigeria       town, Osun state, ...
▪ Cameroon       town located in southwestern Cameroon, situated at the head of steamboat navigation of the lower Sanaga River. Aluminum from Fria in neighbouring ...
Edel, Leon
▪ 1998       American biographer and critic (b. Sept. 9, 1907, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. Sept. 5, 1997, Honolulu, Hawaii), established a reputation as the first and foremost ...
Edelinck, Gerard
▪ Flemish engraver born Oct. 20, 1640, Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium] died April 2, 1707, Paris, France       Flemish copperplate engraver during the ...
/ed"l meuhn/, n. Gerald Maurice, born 1929, U.S. biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1972. * * *
Edelman, Gerald Maurice
born July 1, 1929, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. biochemist. He received an M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania and a Ph.D. from Rockefeller University. His work with Rodney ...
Edelman, Marian Wright
▪ American lawyer née  Marian Wright  born June 6, 1939, Bennettsville, S.C., U.S.    American lawyer and civil rights activist who founded the Children's Defense Fund in ...
Edelman,Gerald Maurice
Ed·el·man (ĕdʹl-mən), Gerald Maurice. Born 1929. American biochemist. He shared a 1972 Nobel Prize for research on the chemical structure and nature of antibodies. * * *
Edelstein, David Norton
▪ 2001       American judge (b. Feb. 16, 1910, New York, N.Y.—d. Aug. 19, 2000, New York), spent 43 years (1952–95) presiding over the U.S. Department of Justice's ...
/ayd"l vuys', -wuys'/, n. 1. a small composite plant, Leontopodium alpinum, having white woolly leaves and flowers, growing in the high altitudes of the Alps. 2. a liqueur made ...
—edematous /i dem"euh teuhs, i dee"meuh-/, edematose /i dem"euh tohs', i dee"meuh-/, adj. /i dee"meuh/, n., pl. edemas, edemata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. 1. effusion of serous ...
See edema. * * *
—Edenic /ee den"ik/, adj. /eed"n/, n. 1. the place where Adam and Eve lived before the Fall. Gen. 2:8-24. 2. any delightful region or abode; paradise. 3. a state of perfect ...
Eden Prairie
a town in SE Minnesota. 16,263. * * *
Eden, (Robert) Anthony, 1st earl of Avon
born June 12, 1897, Windlestone, Durham, Eng. died Jan. 14, 1977, Alvediston, Wiltshire British politician. After combat service in World War I, he was elected to the House of ...
Eden, Anthony
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom in full  Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, Viscount Eden of Royal Leamington Spa , also called (until 1961)  Sir Anthony Eden  born ...
Eden, Garden of
 in the Old Testament Book of Genesis, biblical earthly paradise inhabited by the first created man and woman, Adam and Eve, prior to their expulsion for disobeying the ...
Edén, Nils
▪ Swedish politician born Aug. 25, 1871, Piteå, Swed. died June 16, 1945, Stockholm       historian and politician who led what is generally regarded as the first ...
Eden, River
River, northern England. It rises in the uplands that connect the Lake District with the highlands of the Pennines and flows in a meandering course 90 mi (145 km) northwest to ...
Eden, Sir (Robert)Anthony.
Eden, Sir (Robert) Anthony. First Earl of Avon. 1897-1977. British politician who as foreign minister (1935-1938, 1940-1945, and 1951-1955) was instrumental in the founding of ...
Eden, Vale of
▪ valley, England, United Kingdom       broad valley in the administrative county of Cumbria, England, separating the northern Pennines from the Lake District massif. ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Sevenoaks district, administrative and historic county of Kent, England, south of London near the Surrey border, on the ...
▪ Ireland Irish  Éadan Doire        market town, County Offaly, Ire., on the northern edge of the Bog of Allen. The town, including the Court House, was largely ...
See Eden. * * *
Eden Prairie A city of eastern Minnesota, a residential suburb of Minneapolis. Population: 39,311. * * *
/ee den"tayt/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Edentata, an order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines in the arrangement of teeth and ...
▪ North Carolina, United States  town, seat of Chowan county, northeastern North Carolina, U.S., on Albemarle Sound. Settled about 1660, the first permanent settlement in ...
/ee den"cheuh leuhs/, adj. lacking teeth; toothless. [1775-85; < L edentulus, equiv. to e- E- + dent- (s. of dens TOOTH) + -ulus -ULOUS] * * *
/ay"deuhrdd/, n. a river in central Germany, mainly in Hesse and flowing E to Kassel. 110 mi. (177 km) long. * * *
/ay"deuhr lee/, n. Gertrude Caroline, born 1907?, U.S. swimmer. * * *
Ederle, Gertrude
▪ American athlete in full  Gertrude Caroline Ederle  born , Oct. 23, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 30, 2003, Wyckoff, N.J.  first woman to swim the English Channel ...
Ederle, Gertrude (Caroline)
born Oct. 23, 1906, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 30, 2003, Wyckoff, N.J. U.S. swimmer, the first woman to swim the English Channel. She set women's world freestyle records in ...
Ederle, Gertrude Caroline
▪ 2004       American swimmer (b. Oct. 23, 1906, New York, N.Y.—d. Nov. 30, 2003, Wyckoff, N.J.), was the first woman to swim across the English Channel, a feat she ...
Ederle,Gertrude Caroline
E·der·le (āʹdər-lē), Gertrude Caroline. Born 1906. American swimmer who in 1926 became the first woman to swim the English Channel, doing so in 14 hours and 31 minutes. * ...
Hellenic National Democratic army, a Greek resistance coalition in World War II. [ < ModGk E(thnikós) D(emokratikós) E(llenikós) S(yndésmos)] * * * ▪ Greek nationalist ...
Edes, Benjamin
▪ American publisher born October 14, 1732, Charlestown, Massachusetts died December 11, 1803, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.       founder and co-owner with John Gill ...
—Edessan, Edessene /i des"een/, adj. /i des"euh/, n. an ancient city in NW Mesopotamia, on the modern site of Urfa: an early center of Christianity; the capital of a ...
edetate calcium disodium
/ed"euh tayt'/, n. Pharm. a chelating agent, C10H12CaN2Na2O8, used in medicine to treat lead poisoning. [edetate appar. irreg. from EDTA + -ATE2] * * *
/ed"geuhr/, n. an award given annually in various categories of mystery writing. [1945-50; named after Edgar Allan Poe] /ed"geuhr/, n. a male given name: from Old English words ...
Edgar Allan Poe
➡ Poe * * *
Edgar Bronfman Jr
➡ Bronfman * * *
Edgar Rice Burroughs
➡ Burroughs (I) * * *
Edgar the Aetheling
born , Hungary died с 1125 Anglo-Saxon prince. He was proposed as king of England after the Battle of Hastings (1066) but instead served the Norman kings William I (the ...
Edgar Wallace
➡ Wallace (II) * * *
▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), seat of Dukes county, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. The town comprises Chappaquiddick Island and the eastern ...
an area of Birmingham, England, where there is an international cricket ground with the same name. Birmingham University is also in Edgbaston. * * *
—edgeless, adj. /ej/, n., v., edged, edging. n. 1. a line or border at which a surface terminates: Grass grew along the edges of the road. The paper had deckle edges. 2. a ...
edge city
an area on the outskirts of a city having a high density of office buildings, shopping malls, hotels, etc. [1985-90, Amer.] * * *
edge effect
Ecol. the tendency toward greater variety and density of plant and animal populations in an ecotone. [1930-35] * * *
edge molding
a convexly rounded molding having a fillet or concavity at or near its centerline. [1755-65] * * *
edge species
edge species n. Ecol. a species of animal or plant living primarily in an ecotone * * *
edge tool
a tool with a cutting edge. [1300-50; ME] * * *
edge wave
Oceanog. a wave aligned at right angles to the shoreline. * * *
/ej"bohn'/, n. aitchbone. [by folk etym.] * * *

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