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Egyptianclover
Egyptian clover n. See berseem. * * *
Egyptiancorn
Egyptian corn n. See durra. * * *
Egyptiancotton
Egyptian cotton n. A long-staple fine cotton grown chiefly in northern Africa. * * *
Egyptianize
—Egyptianization, n. /i jip"sheuh nuyz'/, v., Egyptianized, Egyptianizing. v.t. 1. to make Egyptian; assign Egyptian origin or characteristics to. v.i. 2. to become Egyptian; ...
Egyptianmillet
Egyptian millet n. See Johnson grass. * * *
Egyptianmongoose
Egyptian mongoose n. See ichneumon. * * *
Egyptianpaper rush
Egyptian paper rush n. See papyrus. * * *
Egyptological
See Egyptology. * * *
Egyptologist
See Egyptological. * * *
Egyptology
—Egyptological /i jip'teuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —Egyptologist, n. /ee'jip tol"euh jee/, n. the scientific study of Egyptian antiquities. [1855-60; EGYPT + -O- + -LOGY] * * ...
egʷh-
To drink. Suffixed lengthened-grade form *ēgʷh-r-yo-. a. inebriate, ryegrass, from Latin ēbrius, drunk; b. Latin compound sōbrius (see s(w)e-).   [Not in Pokorny; compare ...
eh
/ay, e/, interj. (an interrogative utterance, usually expressing surprise or doubt or seeking confirmation). * * *
eHarmony
▪ American company       American company providing online personal-relationship and matchmaking services. Founded in 2000 by Neil Clark Warren, a clinical psychologist, ...
EHF
See extremely high frequency. Also, ehf. * * *
Ehime
▪ prefecture, Japan  prefecture (ken), northwestern Shikoku, Japan, facing the Inland Sea (north) and Bungo-suidō (Bungo Strait; west). It occupies an area of 2,190 square ...
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
/ay"leuhrz dan"los, -leuhs/, Pathol. a rare hereditary disease of connective tissue, characterized by joint hypermotility and abnormally stretchable skin. [after Edvard Ehlers ...
EHP
EHP abbr. 1. effective horsepower. 2. electric horsepower. * * *
Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried
born April 19, 1795, Delitzsch, Saxony died June 27, 1876, Berlin, Ger. German biologist, explorer, and founder of micropaleontology (the study of fossil microorganisms). He ...
Ehrenbreitstein
/ay'rddeuhn brdduyt"shtuyn/, n. a fortress in Coblenz, Germany, built in the 12th century. * * *
Ehrenburg
/er"euhn berrg', -boorg'/; Russ. /e rddyin boohrddk"/, n. Ilya Grigorievich /ee lyah" grddyi gaw"rddyi vyich/, 1891-1967, Russian novelist and journalist. * * *
Ehrenburg, Ilya (Grigoryevich)
born Jan. 27, 1891, Kiev, Ukr., Russian Empire died Aug. 31, 1967, Moscow, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R. Russian writer and journalist. Arrested as a youth for revolutionary ...
Ehrenburg, Ilya Grigoryevich
▪ Soviet author born Jan. 15 [Jan. 27, New Style], 1891, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Aug. 31, 1967, Moscow       prolific writer and journalist, one of the most ...
Ehrenburg,Ilya Grigorievich
Eh·ren·burg (ĕrʹən-bo͝org', ĕr'yĭn-bo͝orkʹ), Ilya Grigorievich. 1891-1967. Russian writer whose novels include The Thaw (1954), which is set amid the repressive regime ...
Ehrenfels, Christian, Freiherr (baron) von
▪ Austrian philosopher in full  Maria Christian Julius Leopold Karl, Freiherr von Ehrenfels   born June 20, 1859, Rodaun, Austria died Sept. 8, 1932, ...
Ehrenfest, Paul
▪ Austrian theoretical physicist born Jan. 18, 1880, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 25, 1933, Amsterdam, Neth.       Austrian theoretical physicist who helped clarify the ...
Ehringsdorf remains
▪ human fossil       human fossils found between 1908 and 1925 near Weimar, Germany. The most complete fossils consist of a fragmented braincase and lower jaw of an ...
Ehrlich
/ayrdd"likh/, n. Paul /powl/, 1854-1915, German physician, bacteriologist, and chemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1908. * * *
Ehrlich, Eugen
▪ Austrian legal scholar born September 14, 1862, Czernowitz, Austrian Empire [now Chernovtsy, Ukraine] died May 2, 1922, Vienna, Austria       Austrian legal scholar ...
Ehrlich, Paul
born March 14, 1854, Strehlen, Silesia, Prussia died Aug. 20, 1915, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Ger. German medical scientist. After early work on distribution of foreign ...
Ehrlich, Paul R
▪ American biologist and educator born May 29, 1932, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       American biologist and educator who in 1990 shared Sweden's Crafoord Prize ...
Ehrlich, Paul R(alph)
born May 29, 1932, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. biologist. He studied at the University of Kansas and taught at Stanford University from 1959. Though much of his research was ...
Ehrlich,Paul
Ehr·lich (ârʹlĭKH), Paul. 1854-1915. German bacteriologist. He shared a 1908 Nobel Prize for discoveries and advances in immunology. * * *
ehrlichiosis
/err lik'ee oh"sis/, n. an infection caused by bacteria of the genus Ehrlichia, which are thought to be transmitted to humans and animals by ticks. [after Paul Ehrlich] * * *
Ehrlichman, John D(aniel)
born March 20, 1925, Tacoma, Wash., U.S. died Feb. 14, 1999, Atlanta, Ga. U.S. presidential assistant who played a central role in the Watergate scandal. He received his law ...
Ehrlichman, John D.
▪ United States political adviser in full  John Daniel Ehrlichman  born March 20, 1925, Tacoma, Wash., U.S. died Feb. 14, 1999, Atlanta, Ga.  assistant for domestic affairs ...
Ehrlichman, John Daniel
▪ 2000       American lawyer and political figure (b. March 20, 1925, Tacoma, Wash.—d. Feb. 14, 1999, Atlanta, Ga.), gained prominence when, as domestic affairs ...
Ehrling, Sixten
▪ 2006  Swedish conductor (b. April 3, 1918, Malmö, Swed.—d. Feb. 13, 2005, New York, N.Y.), directed orchestras with passion and precision; known for his high standards ...
EHS
Environmental Health Services. * * *
Ehud
▪ biblical figure also spelled  Aod,         in the Old Testament (Judges 3:12–4:1), son of Gera, the Benjaminite, Israelite hero who delivered Israel from 18 years ...
EHV
extra high voltage. * * *
EHz
EHz abbr. exahertz. * * *
Eh–pH diagram
▪ chemistry       any of a class of diagrams that illustrate the fields of stability of mineral or chemical species in terms of the activity of hydrogen ions (pH) and ...
ei-
To go. Oldest form *ə₁ei-, zero-grade *ə₁i-. Derivatives include ambition, perish, sudden, transit, ion, initial, janitor, and January. 1. Full-grade form *ei-. a. adit, ...
Eibar
▪ Spain       city, Guipúzcoa provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Basque Country, northern Spain, lying east of Bilbao on the ...
Eichelberger, Robert L
▪ United States general born March 9, 1886, Urbana, Ohio, U.S. died Sept. 26, 1961, Asheville, N.C.  U.S. Army general who during World War II retrieved strategic ...
Eichendorff, Joseph, Baron von
born , March 10, 1788, near Ratibor, Prussia died Nov. 26, 1857, Neisse German poet and novelist. Born to the nobility, he and his family lost their castle in the Napoleonic ...
Eichendorff, Joseph, Freiherr von (baron of)
▪ German writer born , March 10, 1788, near Ratibor, Prussia died Nov. 26, 1857, Neisse       poet and novelist, considered one of the great German Romantic ...
Eichhorn, Johann Gottfried
▪ German biblical scholar born Oct. 16, 1752, Dörrenzimmern, Württemberg died June 27, 1827, Göttingen, Hannover  German biblical scholar and orientalist who taught at ...
Eichler, August Wilhelm
▪ German botanist born April 22, 1839, Neukirchen, Hesse, Ger. died March 2, 1887, Berlin       German botanist who developed one of the first widely used natural ...
Eichmann
/uyk"meuhn, uykh"-/; Ger. /uykh"mahn'/, n. Adolf, 1906-62, German Nazi official: executed for war crimes. * * *
Eichmann, (Karl) Adolf
born March 19, 1906, Solingen, Ger. died May 31, 1962, Tel Aviv, Israel German Nazi official. In 1932 he joined the Nazi Party and became a member of Heinrich Himmler's SS ...
Eichmann, Adolf
▪ German military official in full  Karl Adolf Eichmann  born March 19, 1906, Solingen, Germany died May 31, 1962, Tel Aviv, Israel       German high official who was ...
Eichmann,Adolf
Eich·mann (īkʹmən, īKHʹ-, īKH-mänʹ), Adolf. 1906-1962. German Nazi official who as head of the Gestapo's Jewish section (1939-1945) was chiefly responsible for the ...
Eichrodt, Walther
▪ German biblical scholar born Aug. 1, 1890, Gernsbach, Ger. died May 20, 1978, Basel, Switz.       German scholar who showed the importance to biblical studies of an ...
eicosanoid
ei·co·sa·noid (īʹkō-sə-noid') n. Any of a group of substances that are derived from arachidonic acid, including leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and ...
eicosapentaenoic acid
/uy"koh seuh pen'teuh i noh"ik, uy'koh-/, Biochem. See EPA. [ < Gk eikosa-, comb. form of eíkosi twenty + PENTA- + -ENE + -O- + -IC] * * *
eicosapentaenoicacid
ei·co·sa·pen·ta·e·no·ic acid (ī'kō-sə-pĕn'tə-ĭ-nōʹĭk) n. Abbr. EPA An omega-3 fatty acid found in fish oils.   [Greek eikosa-, twenty, from its twenty carbon ...
Eidal-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr (ĭd əl-fĭtʹər) n. Variant of 'Id al-Fitr. * * *
eider
/uy"deuhr/, n. 1. See eider duck. 2. eiderdown. [1735-45; < Icel aethar (in 18th century spelled aedar), gen. sing. of aethur eider duck, in phrase aedar dunn down of the eider ...
eider duck
any of several large sea ducks of the genus Soamateria and allied genera of the Northern Hemisphere, the females of which yield eiderdown. [1850-55] * * *
Eider Program
▪ Danish political policy       (1848–64), the domestic and foreign policy cornerstone of Denmark's National Liberal governments during the Schleswig-Holstein crises. ...
Eider River
River, Schleswig-Holstein state, northern Germany. It rises east of Rendsburg and flows west for 117 mi (188 km) to the North Sea. It is navigable up to Rendsburg. It formed the ...
eiderdown
/uy"deuhr down'/, n. 1. down, or soft feathers, from the breast of the female eider duck. 2. a heavy quilt or comforter, esp. one filled with eiderdown. 3. a warm, lightweight ...
eiderduck
eider duck n. The eider. * * *
eidetic
/uy det"ik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or constituting visual imagery vividly experienced and readily reproducible with great accuracy and in great detail. 2. of or pertaining ...
eidetic image
▪ psychology       an unusually vivid subjective visual phenomenon. An eidetic person claims to continue to “see” an object that is no longer objectively present. ...
eidetic reduction
▪ philosophy       in phenomenology, a method by which the philosopher moves from the consciousness of individual and concrete objects to the transempirical realm of ...
eidetically
See eidetic. * * *
eidolon
/uy doh"leuhn/, n., pl. eidola /-leuh/, eidolons. 1. a phantom; apparition. 2. an ideal. [1820-30; see IDOL] * * *
eidos
/uy"dos, ay"-/, n., pl. eide /uy"dee, ay"day/. the formal content of a culture, encompassing its system of ideas, criteria for interpreting experience, etc. [ < Gk eîdos ...
Eiermann, Egon
▪ German architect born Sept. 29, 1904, Neuendorf, near Berlin, Ger. died July 20, 1970, Baden-Baden, W.Ger.  one of the most prominent German architects to emerge after ...
Eifel
Ei·fel (īʹfəl) A hilly region of western Germany west of the Rhine River. The barren area has limestone moors and crater lakes. * * * ▪ region, ...
Eifelian Stage
▪ geology       lowermost of the two standard worldwide divisions of Middle Devonian (Devonian Period) rocks and time. Eifelian time spans the interval between 397.5 ...
Eiffel
/uy"feuhl/; Fr. /e fel"/, n. Alexandre Gustave /ann lek sahonn"drddeu gyuus tannv"/, 1832-1923, French civil engineer and pioneer aerodynamic researcher. * * *
Eiffel Tower
a tower of skeletal iron construction in Paris, France: built for the exposition of 1889. 984 ft. (300 m) high. [named after A. G. EIFFEL, its engineer and principal designer] * ...
Eiffel, Gustave
▪ French engineer in full  Alexandre-gustave Eiffel   born Dec. 15, 1832, Dijon, France died Dec. 28, 1923, Paris  French civil engineer renowned for the tower in Paris ...
Eiffel,Alexandre Gustave
Eif·fel (īʹfəl, ĭ-fĕlʹ), Alexandre Gustave. 1832-1923. French engineer who designed the Eiffel Tower for the Paris Exhibition of 1889. The tower is located on the ...
Eigen
/uy"geuhn/, n. Manfred /mahn"frddayt/, born 1927, German chemist: Nobel prize 1967. * * *
Eigen, Manfred
born May 9, 1927, Bochum, Ger. German physicist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Göttingen in 1951. He shared a 1967 Nobel Prize with Ronald Norrish (1897–1978) ...
eigenfunction
/uy"geuhn fungk'sheuhn/, n. Math. a characteristic vector in a vector space in which the elements are functions. Also called proper function. [1925-30; < G Eigenfunktion, equiv. ...
eigenvalue
/uy"geuhn val'yooh/, n. Math. See characteristic root. [1925-30; partial trans. of G Eigenwert, equiv. to eigen- characteristic, particular + Wert VALUE] * * * In mathematical ...
eigenvector
/uy"geuhn vek'teuhr/, n. Math. See characteristic vector. [1955-60; < G Eigenvektor] * * *
eight
/ayt/, n. 1. a cardinal number, seven plus one. 2. a symbol for this number, as 8 or VIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things, as the crew of an eight-oared racing shell. 4. ...
eight ball
☆ eight ball n. Pool 1. a black ball with the number eight on it 2. a form of pool in which a player who inadvertently pockets the eight ball before pocketing all of his or her ...
eight cut
Jewelry. See single cut. * * *
Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou
▪ Chinese painters Wade-Giles romanization  Yang-chou   Chinese painters who worked in the area of Yangzhou, in Jiangsu province, during the Qianlong era (1735–96) of the ...
Eight Masters of Nanjing
▪ Chinese artists Pinyin  Jinling Bajia , Wade-Giles romanization  Chin-ling Pa-chia   group of Chinese artists who lived and worked during the late 17th century in ...
Eight Saints, War of the
▪ Papal history       (1375–78), conflict between Pope Gregory XI and an Italian coalition headed by Florence, which resulted in the return of the papacy from ...
Eight, Group of
▪ international organization formerly  Group of 7 (G7)   intergovernmental organization that originated in 1975 through informal summit meetings of the leaders of the ...
Eight, The
Group of U.S. painters who reacted against the traditions of the National Academy of Design. The original eight Robert Henri, Everett Shinn (1876–1953), John Sloan, Arthur B. ...
eight-spot
/ayt"spot'/, n. Slang. a playing card the face of which bears eight pips. * * *
eight-track tape
/ayt"trak'/ a magnetic-tape cartridge, esp. one carrying four pairs of stereo tracks of prerecorded sound or music. Also, 8-track tape. * * *
eightball
/ayt"bawl'/, n. 1. Pool. a. a black ball bearing the number eight. b. a game in which one player or side must pocket all of either the solid-color balls or the striped ones ...
eighteen
/ay"teen"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, ten plus eight. 2. a symbol for this number, as 18 or XVIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 18 in ...
eighteen schools
Divisions of Buddhism that arose in India in the three centuries after the death of the Buddha (с 483 BC). The number of schools, or sects, was probably closer to 30 than 18. ...
eighteen-wheeler
/ay"teen hwee"leuhr, -wee"-/, n. a large tractor-trailer, usually having ten wheels on the cab and eight on the trailer. * * *
eighteenmo
/ay"teen"moh/, n., pl. eighteenmos, adj. Bookbinding. octodecimo. [EIGHTEEN + -MO] * * *
eighteenth
/ay"teenth"/, adj. 1. next after the seventeenth; being the ordinal number for 18. 2. being one of 18 equal parts. n. 3. an eighteenth part, esp. of one (1/18). 4. the eighteenth ...
Eighteenth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1918, prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages for consumption: repealed in 1933. * * *
eightfold
/ayt"fohld'/, adj. 1. comprising eight parts or members. 2. eight times as great or as much. adv. 3. in eightfold measure. [1550-60; EIGHT + -FOLD] * * *
Eightfold Path
Buddhism. the eight pursuits of one seeking enlightenment, comprising right understanding, motives, speech, action, means of livelihood, effort, intellectual activity, and ...
Eightfold Way
Physics. a scheme for classifying hadrons according to a symmetry principle based on strangeness and isotopic spin: a forerunner of the quark model. [1925-30; so named because ...
eighth
/aytth, ayth/, adj. 1. next after the seventh. 2. being one of eight equal parts. n. 3. an eighth part, esp. of one (1/8). 4. the eighth member of a series. 5. Music. ...
Eighth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, guaranteeing reasonable bail, fines, and punishment. * * *
Eighth Army
a branch of the British army, formed to fight in North Africa during World War II. After 1942 it was led by Field Marshal Montgomery, and took part in the battles at El Alamein ...
Eighth Commandment
"Thou shalt not steal": eighth of the Ten Commandments. Cf. Ten Commandments. * * *
eighth note
Music. a note having one eighth of the time value of a whole note; quaver. See illus. under note. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
eighth rest
Music. a rest equal in time value to an eighth note. See illus. under rest. [1885-90] * * *
Eighth Route Army
▪ Chinese history       larger of the two major Chinese communist forces that fought the Japanese from 1937 to 1945. The Eighth Route Army also engaged in political and ...
eighthly
/aytth"lee ayth"-/, adv. in the eighth place; eighth. * * *
eighthnote
eighth note n. Music A note having one-eighth the time value of a whole note. * * *
eightieth
/ay"tee ith/, adj. 1. next after the seventy-ninth; being the ordinal number for 80. 2. being one of 80 equal parts. n. 3. an eightieth part, esp. of one (1/80). 4. the eightieth ...
eightpenny
/ayt"pen'ee/, adj. 1. noting a nail 21/2 in. (64 mm) long. 2. costing or amounting to the sum of eight pennies. Symbol: 8d [1490-1500; EIGHT + -PENNY] * * *
eightpennynail
eight·pen·ny nail (ātʹpĕn'ē) n. A nail 2 1/2 inches (6.4 centimeters) long.   [From the former price per hundred.] * * *
eights
/ayts/, n. (used with a sing. v.). See crazy eights. * * *
Eightsome Reel
➡ folk dancing * * *
eightvo
eightvo [āt′vō΄] adj., n. pl. eightvos OCTAVO * * * eight·vo (ātʹvō') n. pl. eight·vos See octavo.   [From 8vo, abbr. of octavo.] * * *
eighty
/ay"tee/, n., pl. eighties, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number, ten times eight. 2. a symbol for this number, as 80 or LXXX. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. eighties, the ...
Eighty Mile Beach
▪ region, Western Australia, Australia       coastal edge of the arid, sedimentary Great Sandy Desert and the Canning Basin (qq.v.), northwestern Western Australia, ...
Eighty Years' War
▪ European history       (1568–1648), the war of Netherlands independence from Spain, which led to the separation of the northern and southern Netherlands and to the ...
eighty-eight
/ay"tee ayt"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 8. 2. a symbol for this number, as 88 or LXXXVIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. Slang. the keys of a piano or the ...
eighty-eighth
/ay"tee aytth", -ayth"/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-seventh; being the ordinal number for 88. 2. being one of 88 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-eighth part, esp. of one ...
eighty-fifth
/ay"tee fifth"/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-fourth; being the ordinal number for 85. 2. being one of 85 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-fifth part, esp. of one (1/85). 4. the ...
eighty-first
/ay"tee ferrst"/, adj. 1. next after the eightieth; being the ordinal number for 81. 2. being one of 81 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-first part, esp. of one (1/81). 4. the ...
eighty-five
/ay"tee fuyv"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 5. 2. a symbol for this number, as 85 or LXXXV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 85 in number. * * *
eighty-four
/ay"tee fawr", -fohr"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 4. 2. a symbol for this number, as 84 or LXXXIV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 84 in ...
eighty-fourth
/ay"tee fawrth", -fohrth"/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-third; being the ordinal number for 84. 2. being one of 84 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-fourth part, esp. of one ...
eighty-nine
/ay"tee nuyn"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 9. 2. a symbol for this number, as 89 or LXXXIX. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 89 in number. * * *
eighty-niner
/ay"tee nuy"neuhr/, n. a person who began homesteading in Oklahoma in 1889. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
eighty-ninth
/ay"tee nuynth"/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-eighth; being the ordinal number for 89. 2. being one of 89 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-ninth part, esp. of one (1/89). 4. the ...
eighty-one
/ay"tee wun"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 1. 2. a symbol for this number, as 81 or LXXXI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 81 in number. * * *
eighty-second
/ay"tee sek"euhnd/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-first; being the ordinal number for 82. 2. being one of 82 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-second part, esp. of one (1/82). 4. the ...
eighty-seven
/ay"tee sev"euhn/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 7. 2. a symbol for this number, as 87 or LXXXVII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 87 in ...
eighty-seventh
/ay"tee sev"euhnth/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-sixth; being the ordinal number for 87. 2. being one of 87 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-seventh part, esp. of one (1/87). 4. ...
eighty-six
/ay"tee siks"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 6. 2. a symbol for this number, as 86 or LXXXVI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. Slang. a customer considered ...
eighty-sixth
/ay"tee siksth"/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-fifth; being the ordinal number for 86. 2. being one of 86 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-sixth part, esp. of one (1/86). 4. the ...
eighty-third
/ay"tee therrd"/, adj. 1. next after the eighty-second; being the ordinal number for 83. 2. being one of 83 equal parts. n. 3. an eighty-third part, esp. of one (1/83). 4. the ...
eighty-three
/ay"tee three"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 3. 2. a symbol for this number, as 83 or LXXXIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 83 in number. * ...
eighty-two
/ay"tee tooh"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 80 plus 2. 2. a symbol for this number, as 82 or LXXXII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 82 in number. * * *
Eijkman
/uyk"mahn/, n. Christiaan /krddis"tee ahn'/, 1858-1930, Dutch physician: Nobel prize 1929. * * *
Eijkman, Christiaan
born Aug. 11, 1858, Nijkerk, Neth. died Nov. 5, 1930, Utrecht Dutch physician and pathologist. While seeking a bacterial cause for beriberi, he noticed a resemblance between a ...
eikon
/uy"kon/, n. icon (defs. 1, 2). * * *
Eilat
/ay laht"/, n. a seaport at the N tip of the Gulf of Aqaba, in S Israel. 19,400. Also, Elath. * * *
Eileen
/uy leen", ay leen"/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. * * *
Eileithyia
Greek goddess of childbirth. Capable of helping or hindering labour according to her will, she was worshiped over a period of centuries from Neolithic to Roman times. The ...
Eilhart Von Oberg
▪ German poet flourished 12th century AD       German poet important in the history of the court epic and the development of the Tristan and Isolde story in Romance ...
Eimeria
▪ biology       genus of parasitic protozoans of the spore-producing phylum Apicomplexa (previously Sporozoa). Eimeria, which causes coccidiosis in livestock and wild ...
Einaudi, Luigi
born March 24, 1874, Carrù, Italy died Oct. 30, 1961, Rome Italian economist and politician. He taught at the University of Turin (1900–43) and edited the Review of Economic ...
Eindhoven
/uynt"hoh'veuhn/, n. a city in S Netherlands. 195,669. * * * Commune (pop., 2001 est.: 203,397), southern Netherlands. Situated on the Dommel River southeast of Rotterdam, it ...
Einem, Gottfried von
▪ 1997       Austrian composer (b. Jan. 24, 1918, Bern, Switz.—d. July 12, 1996, Oberndürnbach, Austria), created operas and orchestral works that combined the ...
Einhard
or Eginhard born с 770, Maingau, Franconia died March 14, 840, Seligenstadt, Franconia Frankish historian and scholar. An adviser to Charlemagne and to Louis I the Pious, ...
einkanter
/uyn"kahn teuhr/, n. a pebble or boulder having a single facet formed by the action of windblown sand. [ < G, equiv. to ein ONE + Kante edge + -er -ER1] * * *
einkorn
/uyn"kawrn/, n. a wheat, Triticum monococcum, having a one-grained spikelet, grown as a forage crop in Europe and Asia. [1900-05; < G, equiv. to ein ONE + Korn grain] * * *
Einsiedeln
▪ Switzerland French  Notre-Dame-des-Ermites        town, Schwyz canton, northeast-central Switzerland. It is located on the right bank of Alp Stream, northeast of ...
Einstein
/uyn"stuyn/; Ger. /uyn"shtuyn'/, n. 1. Albert /al"beuhrt/; Ger. /ahl"berddt/, 1879-1955, German physicist, U.S. citizen from 1940: formulator of the theory of relativity; Nobel ...
Einstein equation
Physics. any of several equations formulated by Albert Einstein, esp. the mass-energy equation, E=mc2. [1920-25] * * *
Einstein model
Astron. Einstein's solution of the equations of general relativity with the cosmological constant. The solution describes an isotropic, homogeneous, static universe with no ...
Einstein shift
Physics, Astron. formerly, gravitational redshift. [1930-35] * * *
Einstein theory
Physics. relativity (def. 2). Also called Einstein's theory of relativity. [1920-25; named after Albert EINSTEIN] * * *
Einstein's equivalency principle
Physics. See equivalence principle. * * *
Einstein's Letter to President Roosevelt, 1939
▪ Primary Source       Albert Einstein Old Grove Rd.Nassau PointPeconic, Long IslandAugust 2nd, 1939       F.D. Roosevelt,President of the United States,White ...
Einstein's mass-energy relation
Relationship between mass (m) and energy (E) in Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity, expressed E = mc2, where c equals 186,000 mi/second (300,000 km/second), the speed ...
Einstein's photoelectric equation
Physics. the equation that relates the energy of a photoelectron to the difference between the product of the frequency of the incident radiation times Planck's constant and the ...
Einstein, Albert
born March 14, 1879, Ulm, Württemberg, Ger. died April 18, 1955, Princeton, N.J., U.S. German-Swiss-U.S. scientist. Born to a Jewish family in Germany, he grew up in Munich, ...
Einstein, Alfred
▪ German-American musicologist and critic born Dec. 30, 1880, Munich died Feb. 13, 1952, El Cerrito, Calif., U.S.       eminent German-American musicologist and ...
Einstein, Hannah Bachman
▪ American reformer née  Hannah Bachman  born Jan. 28, 1862, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 28, 1929, New York City       American social worker who launched a ...
Einstein,Albert
Ein·stein (īnʹstīn'), Albert. 1879-1955. German-born American theoretical physicist whose special and general theories of relativity revolutionized modern thought on the ...
Einsteinian
/uyn stuy"nee euhn/, adj. pertaining to Albert Einstein or his theories, esp. the theory of relativity. [1920-25; EINSTEIN + -IAN] * * *
einsteinium
/uyn stuy"nee euhm/, n. Chem., Physics. a transuranic element. Symbol: Es; at. no.: 99. [1950-55; named after Albert EINSTEIN; see -IUM] * * * ▪ chemical element  (Es), ...
Einthoven
/uynt"hoh'veuhn/, n. Willem /vil"euhm/, 1860-1927, Dutch physiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1924. * * *
Einthoven, Willem
▪ Dutch physiologist born May 21, 1860, Semarang, Java, Dutch East Indies died Sept. 29, 1927, Leiden, Neth.  Dutch physiologist who was awarded the 1924 Nobel Prize for ...
EIR
Environmental Impact Report. * * *
Eire
/air"euh, uy"reuh, air"ee, uy"ree/, n. 1. the Irish name of Ireland. 2. a former name (1937-49) of the Republic of Ireland. * * *
eirenic
/uy ren"ik, uy ree"nik/, adj. irenic. * * *
EIS
Environmental Impact Statement. * * *
eis-
In words denoting passion. 1. Suffixed form *eis-ā-. irascible, irate, ire, from Latin īra, anger. 2. Suffixed zero-grade form *is-(ə)ro-, powerful, holy. hieratic, hiero-; ...
Eisai
born 1141 died 1215 Japanese monk who introduced Rinzai Zen Buddhism to Japan. Originally a Tendai (Tiantai) monk, he visited China twice (1168, 1187) and returned to teach a ...
eisegesis
—eisegetic /uy'si jet"ik/, eisegetical, adj. /uy'si jee"sis/, n., pl. eisegeses /-seez/. an interpretation, esp. of Scripture, that expresses the interpreter's own ideas, bias, ...
Eiseley, Loren
▪ American anthropologist born Sept. 3, 1907, Lincoln, Neb., U.S. died July 9, 1977, Philadelphia       U.S. anthropologist, educator, and author who wrote about ...
Eiselsberg, Anton, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian surgeon born July 31, 1860, Schloss Steinhaus, Austrian Empire died Oct. 25, 1939, near St. Valentin, Austria       Austrian surgeon, teacher, and researcher ...
Eisenach
/uy"zeuh nahkh'/, n. a city in central Germany. 50,026. * * * ▪ Germany  city, Thuringia Land (state), central Germany. It lies on the northwestern slopes of the ...
Eisenerz
▪ Austria       town, east-central Austria, in the Erzbach Valley, at the northern foot of Erzberg (Ore Mountain; 5,033 feet [1,534 metres]), northwest of Leoben. Iron ...
Eisenhower
/uy"zeuhn how'euhr/, n. Dwight David, 1890-1969, U.S. general and statesman: Chief of Staff 1945-48; 34th president of the U.S. 1953-61. * * *
Eisenhower Doctrine
U.S. foreign policy pronouncement by Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1957). The Eisenhower Doctrine promised military and economic aid to anticommunist governments, at a time when ...
Eisenhower jacket.
See battle jacket. * * *
Eisenhower Trophy
▪ golf       golf trophy awarded to the winner of a biennial international amateur competition open to teams of three or four players from all nations. The competition ...
Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid)
born Oct. 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S. died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C. 34th president of the U.S. (1953–61). He graduated from West Point (1915), then served in the ...
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
▪ president of United States Introduction in full  Dwight David Eisenhower  born October 14, 1890, Denison, Texas, U.S. died March 28, 1969, Washington, D.C.  34th ...
Eisenhower, Mamie
▪ American first lady née  Marie Geneva Doud  born November 14, 1896, Boone, Iowa, U.S. died November 1, 1979, Washington, D.C.       American first lady ...
Eisenhower,Dwight David
Ei·sen·how·er (īʹzən-hou'ər), Dwight David. Known as “Ike.” 1890-1969. American general and the 34th President of the United States (1953-1961). As supreme commander ...
Eisenhower,Mamie Geneva Doud
Eisenhower, Mamie Geneva Doud. 1896-1979. First Lady of the United States (1953-1961) as the wife of President Dwight Eisenhower. * * *
Eisenman, Peter
▪ American architect in full  Peter David Eisenman  born Aug. 12, 1932, Newark, N.J., U.S.       American architect known for his radical designs and architectural ...
Eisenstadt
▪ Austria  city, capital (since 1925) of Burgenland Bundesland (federal state), eastern Austria. It lies at the southern end of the Leitha Mountains, south of Vienna. ...
Eisenstaedt
/uy"zeuhn stat'/, n. Alfred, born 1898, U.S. news photographer, born in Germany. * * *
Eisenstaedt, Alfred
born Dec. 6, 1898, Dirschau, West Prussia died Aug. 23, 1995, Oak Bluffs, Mass., U.S. German-born U.S. photojournalist. He became a professional photographer in Berlin in 1929 ...
Eisenstaedt,Alfred
Ei·sen·staedt (īʹzən-stăt'), Alfred. 1898-1995. German-born American photographer who pioneered photojournalism with his unposed documentary photographs of daily life and ...
Eisenstein
/uy"zeuhn stuyn'/; for 1 also Ger. /uy"zeuhn shtuyn'/; for 2 also Russ. /ay zyin shtyayn"/, n. 1. Ferdinand Gotthold Max /ferdd"di nahnt' gawt"hawlt mahks/, 1823-52, German ...
Eisenstein, Ferdinand Gotthold Max
▪ German mathematician born April 16, 1823, Berlin, Prussia [Germany] died October 11, 1852, Berlin       German mathematician who made important contributions to ...
Eisenstein, Sergey (Mikhaylovich)
born Jan. 23, 1898, Riga, Latvia died Feb. 11, 1948, Moscow, U.S.S.R. Russian film director and theorist. He began his career at a workers' theatre in Moscow in 1920, designing ...
Eisenstein, Sergey Mikhaylovich
▪ Soviet film director Introduction born Jan. 23, 1898, Riga, Latvia, Russian Empire died Feb. 11, 1948, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.  Russian film director and theorist whose ...
Eisenstein,Sergei Mikhailovich
Ei·sen·stein (īʹzən-stīn', ā'zyĭn-shtānʹ), Sergei Mikhailovich. 1898-1948. Soviet filmmaker considered among the most influential directors in the history of motion ...
Eisk
Russ. /yaysk/, n. Yeisk. * * *
Eisleben
▪ Germany       city, Saxony-Anhalt Land (state), central Germany. It is situated in the eastern foothills of the Harz Mountains. First mentioned in 994 as a market ...
Eisner, Kurt
born May 14, 1867, Berlin, Prussia died Feb. 21, 1919, Munich, Ger. German journalist and politician. From 1898 he was editor of Vorwärts, the official Social Democratic Party ...
Eisner, Michael (Dammann)
born March 7, 1942, Mount Kisco, N.Y., U.S. U.S. entertainment executive. He worked at ABC-TV (1966–76) before becoming president of Paramount Pictures (1976–84), and he ...
Eisner, Will
▪ 2006 William Erwin Eisner        American comic-book artist (b. March 6, 1917, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Jan. 3, 2005, Fort Lauderdale, Fla.), created the influential comic ...
Eisstockschiessen
▪ sport German“ice-stock shooting”also called  Eisschiessen  or  German curling        a game played on ice in the winter and on asphalt or other surfaces ...
eisteddfod
—eisteddfodic, adj. /uy stedh"vod, ay stedh"-/, n., pl. eisteddfods, eisteddfodau /ay'stedh vod"uy, uy'stedh-/. (in Wales) an annual festival, with competitions among poets and ...
either
/ee"dheuhr, uy"dheuhr/, adj. 1. one or the other of two: You may sit at either end of the table. 2. each of two; the one and the other: There are trees on either side of the ...
either-or
/ee"dheuhr awr", uy"dheuhr-/, adj. allowing no equivocation; being limited in choice to two options: It's an either-or situation - you pay the bill or you lose the company's ...
Eitner, Robert
▪ German musicologist born Oct. 22, 1832, Breslau, Prussia died Feb. 2, 1905, Templin, Ger.       German musicologist, editor, and bibliographer.       Largely ...
EJ
/ee"jay'/, Informal. 1. electronic journalism. 2. electronic journalist. * * *
ejaculate
v. /i jak"yeuh layt'/; n. /i jak"yeuh lit/, v., ejaculated, ejaculating, n. v.t. 1. to utter suddenly and briefly; exclaim. 2. to eject (semen). 3. to eject suddenly and swiftly; ...
ejaculation
/i jak'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an abrupt, exclamatory utterance. 2. the act or process of ejaculating, esp. the discharge of semen by the male reproductive organs. [1595-1605; ...
ejaculator
/i jak"yeuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that ejaculates. 2. Animal Husb. a device used to obtain semen from a male animal by electrical stimulation of the reproductive ...
ejaculatory
/i jak"yeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of an exclamatory utterance. 2. Physiol. pertaining to ejaculation. Also, ejaculative /i jak"yeuh ...
ejaculatory duct
Anat. a canal through which semen is ejaculated: in human males, the canal that passes from the seminal vesicle and vas deferens, conveying semen to the urethra. [1745-55] * * ...
ejaculatory incompetence
inability of a male to achieve orgasm and to ejaculate during sexual intercourse despite adequacy of erection. * * *
ejaculatoryduct
ejaculatory duct n. Either of the paired ducts in males, formed by the junction of the seminal ducts with the vas deferens, that pass through the prostate and empty into the ...
eject
/i jekt"/, v.t. 1. to drive or force out; expel, as from a place or position: The police ejected the hecklers from the meeting. 2. to dismiss, as from office or occupancy. 3. to ...
ejecta
/i jek"teuh/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) matter ejected, as from a volcano in eruption. [1885-90; neut. pl. of L ejectus. See EJECT] * * *
ejectable
See eject. * * *
ejection
/i jek"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of ejecting. 2. the state of being ejected. 3. something ejected, as lava. [1560-70; < L ejection- (s. of ejectio) a throwing out, equiv. ...
ejection capsule
a cockpit designed to be ejected from an aircraft in an emergency and usually fitted with survival equipment. * * *
ejection seat
an airplane seat that can be ejected with the pilot in an emergency. Also called ejector seat. [1940-45] * * *
ejectioncapsule
ejection capsule n. A cockpit, usually fitted with survival gear, designed to eject the occupant clear of an aircraft during an in-flight emergency. * * *
ejectionseat
ejection seat n. A seat fitted with an explosive charge and designed to eject the occupant clear of an aircraft during an in-flight emergency. * * *
ejective
—ejectively, adv. /i jek"tiv/, adj. 1. serving to eject. 2. Phonet. (of a voiceless stop, affricate, or fricative) produced with air compressed above the closed glottis. n. 3. ...
ejectment
/i jekt"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of ejecting. 2. Law. a possessory action wherein the title to real property may be tried and the possession recovered. [1560-70; EJECT + -MENT] * * ...
ejector
/i jek"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that ejects. 2. (in a firearm or gun) the mechanism that after firing throws out the empty cartridge or shell. 3. Also called eductor. a ...
ejidatario
Sp. /e hee'dhah tah"rddyaw/, n., pl. ejidatarios Sp. /-rddyaws/. a member of an ejido. [ < MexSp, equiv. to ejid(o) EJIDO + Sp -atario (learned) < L; see -ATE1, -ARY] * * *
ejido
Sp. /e hee"dhaw/, n., pl. ejidos Sp. /-dhaws/. a Mexican farm communally owned and operated by the inhabitants of a village on an individual or cooperative basis. [1885-90; < ...
Ejmiadzin
▪ Armenia formerly  Echmiadzin , or (until 1945)  Vagarshapat        city, west-central Armenia. It lies on the plain of the Aras River, 12 miles (20 km) west of ...
ejusd.
(in prescriptions) of the same. [ < L ejusdem] * * *
eka-
Chem. a prefix used to designate the first element of the same family in the periodic table beyond the one to whose name it is prefixed, as ekaselenium for technetium. [ < Skt ...
Ekaterinburg
/i kat"euhr in berrg"/; Russ. /yi keuh tyi rddyin boohrddk"/, n. a city in the Russian Federation in Asia, in the Ural Mountains. 1,367,000. Formerly (1924-91), Sverdlovsk. * * *
Ekaterinodar
/i kat'euh ree"neuh dahr'/; Russ. /yi keuh tyi rddyi nu dahrdd"/, n. a former name of Krasnodar. * * *
Ekaterinoslav
/i kat'euh ree"neuh slahf', -slahv'/; Russ. /yi keuh tyi rddyi nu slahf"/, n. a former name of Dnepropetrovsk. * * *
eke
eke1 /eek/, v.t., eked, eking. 1. to increase; enlarge; lengthen. 2. eke out, a. to make (a living) or support (existence) laboriously: They managed to eke out a living by ...
Ekeberg, Anders Gustav
▪ Swedish chemist born Jan. 16, 1767, Stockholm died Feb. 11, 1813, Uppsala, Swed.       Swedish chemist who in 1802 discovered the element tantalum. After graduation ...
Ekelöf, Gunnar
▪ Swedish poet born Sept. 15, 1907, Stockholm died March 16, 1968, Sigtuna, Swed.       outstanding Swedish poet and essayist.       Ekelöf exerted great ...
EKG
1. electrocardiogram. 2. electrocardiograph. [ < G E(lectro)k(ardio)g(ramme)] * * *
Ekhof, Konrad
▪ German actor in full  Hans Konrad Dieterich Ekhof , Ekhof also spelled  Eckhof  born Aug. 12, 1720, Hamburg, Den. [now in Germany] died June 16, 1778, Gotha, Saxe-Gotha ...
Ekibastuz
▪ Kazakstan       city and major opencut coal-mining centre in northeastern Kazakhstan, on the Ertis-Qaraghandy Canal. Coal was discovered in the region in 1876 and was ...
ekistic
/i kis"tik/, adj. of or pertaining to ekistics. Also, ekistical. [1965-70; see EKISTICS] * * *
ekistical
See ekistic. * * *
ekistician
/i ki stish"euhn, ee'ki-/, n. a person who specializes in ekistics. [1965-70; see EKISTICS, -IAN] * * *
ekistics
/i kis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the scientific study of human settlements, drawing on diverse disciplines, including architecture, city planning, and behavioral ...
Ekkehard I the Elder
▪ German monk and poet also called  Ekkehard I of St. Gall, Ekkehard  also spelled  Ekkehart  born c. 910, Toggenburg?, Alemannia [now in Switzerland] died Jan. 14, 973, ...
Ekkehard IV
▪ German historian born 980?, Alsace [now in France] died Oct. 21, 1069?, Sankt Gallen [now in Switzerland]       teacher, glossarist, writer, famous as one of the ...
Ekman, Gösta
▪ Swedish actor born Dec. 28, 1890, Stockholm died Jan. 12, 1938, Stockholm       Swedish actor and director noted for his versatility on stage and ...
Ekman, V Walfrid
▪ Swedish scientist born May 3, 1874, Stockholm died March 9, 1954, Gostad, near Stockaryd, Swed.  Swedish physical oceanographer best known for his studies of the dynamics ...
Ekofisk
▪ oil field, Norway  group of Norwegian offshore natural-gas and oil fields located in the North Sea about 180 miles (290 km) southwest of Norway, halfway between Norway and ...
Ekoi
▪ people       group of peoples situated in extreme southeastern Nigeria and extending eastward into neighbouring Cameroon. Ekoid Bantu languages are spoken by many ...
Ekrem, Recaizade Mahmud
▪ Turkish author born March 1, 1847, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey] died Jan. 31, 1914, Constantinople       writer who was one of the ...
Ekron
Canaanite and Philistine city in ancient Palestine. It was one of the five cities of the Philistine Pentapolis and was located in what is now central Israel. Though allocated to ...
ekthesis
▪ logic       (Greek: “to expose,” or “to set forth”), in logic, process used by Aristotle to establish the validity of certain propositions or syllogisms. For ...
ekuele
/e kway"lee, -lay/, n. a paper money, brass coin, and monetary unit of Equatorial Guinea, equal to 100 centimos: replaced the peseta in 1973. Also, ekpwele /ek pway"lee, -lay/. * ...
Ekwensi, Cyprian
▪ Nigerian author in full  Cyprian Odiatu Duaka Ekwensi   born Sept. 26, 1921, Minna, Nigeria died Nov. 4, 2007, Enugu       Igbo novelist, short-story writer, and ...
ekwo-
Horse. Probably to be segmented *ekw-o-, a suffixed form akin to the lengthened o-grade adjective ōku-, swift. Oldest form *ek̑wo-, becoming *ekwo- in centum languages. 1. ...
el
el1 /el/, n. Informal. See elevated railroad. [by shortening] el2 /el/, n. ell1. el3 /el/, n. the letter l. * * * I Chief deity of the western Semites. In ancient texts from ...
El Aaiún
/el' ah yoohn"/ a city in and the capital of Western Sahara. 28,010. * * * ▪ Western Sahara also spelled  Aaiún,  Aiun,  or  Laâyoune        town, capital of ...
El Al Israel Airlines
Hebrew  El Al Netive Awir Le-yisraʾel,         Israeli airline founded by Israel in November 1948 after the establishment of the new nation. It flew its first ...
El Alamein
/el ah'lah mayn", -ah'leuh-/ a town on the N coast of Egypt, ab. 70 mi. (113 km) W of Alexandria: decisive British victory October 1942. Also called Alamein. * * *
El Alamein, Battles of
(June–July 1942; October 23–November 6, 1942) Two battles between British and Axis forces in Egypt in World War II. Axis forces under Erwin Rommel began a drive eastward ...


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