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El Argar
▪ prehistoric culture       culture characterized by a flourishing metallurgy of bronze, silver, and gold that appeared at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC in the ...
El Banco
▪ Colombia       city, northern Colombia, at the junction of the Magdalena and César rivers. The conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quezada arrived at the site in 1537 ...
El Cajon
/el' keuh hohn"/ a city in SW California. 73,892. * * *
El Callao
▪ Venezuela       town, Bolívar estado (state), eastern Venezuela, on the right bank of the Yuruari River, about 135 miles (272 km) east-southeast of Ciudad Bolívar ...
El Campo
/el kam"poh/ a town in S Texas. 10,462. * * *
El Capitan
/el kap'i tan"/ a mountain in E California, in the Sierra Nevada Mountains: precipice that rises over 3300 ft. (1000 m) above Yosemite Valley. * * *
El Centro
/el sen"troh/ a city in S California. 23,996. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, seat (1907) of Imperial county, southeastern California, U.S. It lies 120 ...
El Cerrito
/el' seuh ree"toh/ a city in W California, on San Francisco Bay. 22,731. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Contra Costa county, California, U.S. El Cerrito ...
el cheapo
/el' chee"poh/ Slang. cheapo. * * *
El Cid Campeador
Sp. /el theed" kahm'pe ah dhawrdd", seed"/. See Cid, The. * * *
El Cordobés
/el kawrdd'dhaw ves"/, (Manuel Benítez Pérez) born 1936, Spanish bullfighter. * * *
El Dorado
/el' deuh rah"doh, -ray"-/ or, Sp., /el daw rddah"dhaw/ for 1, 2; /el' deuh ray"doh/ for 3, 4 1. a legendary treasure city of South America, sought by the early Spanish ...
El Escorial
Palace-monastery northwest of Madrid, built in 1563–67 for Philip II. It is the burial place of Spanish sovereigns and one of the largest religious establishments in the ...
El Faiyum
/el' fuy yoohm", fay-/ Faiyum (def. 2). Also, El Fayum. * * *
El Fasher
/el fash"euhr/ a city in W Sudan. 46,380. * * *
El Ferrol
/el ferdd rddawl"/ a seaport in NW Spain: naval arsenal and dockyard. 87,736. Also called Ferrol. * * * ▪ Spain       city, La Coruña provincia (province), in the ...
El Fostat
/el' foo staht"/ al-Fustat. Also, el-Fustat. * * *
El Giza
/el gee"zeuh/ Giza. Also, El Gizeh. * * *
El Greco
/el grek"oh/; Sp. /el grdde"kaw/, (Domenikos Theotocopoulos) 1541-1614, Spanish painter, born in Crete. * * *
El Guerrouj, Hicham
▪ 2000       In 1999 Moroccan runner Hicham El Guerrouj completed his dash to the heights of track-and-field stardom, as he became the first man to hold world-record ...
El Hasa
/el hah"seuh/ Hasa. * * *
El Jadida
/el' zheuh dee"deuh/ a city on the W central coast of Morocco. 102,000. * * *
El Kerak
/el ker"ahk, ke rahk"/ Kerak. * * *
El Khalil
/el' kah leel"/ Arabic name of Hebron (def. 1). * * *
El Malpais National Monument
National monument, western New Mexico, U.S. Located at an elevation of 6,400–8,400 ft (1,950–2,560 m), it covers 114,716 acres (46,424 hectares), including a lava flow area ...
El Mansura
/el' man soor"euh/ a city in NE Egypt, in the Nile delta: scene of the defeat of the Crusaders 1250 and the capture of Louis IX by the Mamelukes. 215,000. Also called Mansura. * ...
El Misti
/el mees"tee/ a volcano in S Peru, in the Andes. 19,200 ft. (5880 m). Also called Misti. * * *
El Monte
/el mon"tee/ a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 79,494. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Los Angeles county, California, U.S. El Monte lies 12 ...
El Morro National Monument
National monument, west-central New Mexico, U.S. Established in 1906, it has an area of 2 sq mi (5 sq km). El Morro, or Inscription Rock, is a soft sandstone mesa rising 200 ft ...
El Niño
/el neen"yoh/; Sp. /el nee"nyaw/ a warm ocean current of variable intensity that develops after late December along the coast of Ecuador and Peru and sometimes causes ...
El Nino's Impact on Oceania
▪ 1999 by Barrie MacDonald       During 1997-98 the El Niño weather pattern wreaked more havoc and destruction on the Pacific Islands than it had since 1982-83. The ...
El Obeid
/el' oh bayd"/ a city in the central Sudan: Egyptian army defeated by Mahdist forces 1883. 66,000. Also, Obeid, Al-Obeid. Arabic, Al-Ubayyid. * * *
El Oued
/el wed"/ a city in E Algeria. 11,429. Also, Al-Oued. * * *
El Paraíso
▪ archaeological site, Peru also called  Chuquitanta,         Late Preceramic site in the present-day Chillón Valley on the central Peruvian coast, generally ...
El Paso
/el pas"oh/ a city in W Texas, on the Rio Grande. 425,259. * * * City (pop., 2000: 563,662), western Texas, U.S. Located on the Rio Grande river opposite Ciudad Juárez, Mex. , ...
El Pensador Mexicano
Sp. /el pen'sah dhawrdd" me hee kah"naw/ pen name of José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi. * * *
El Progreso
El Progreso [el΄ prō gres′ō] city in NW Honduras: pop. 81,000 * * * ▪ Honduras       city, northwestern Honduras, on the Ulúa River southeast of San Pedro Sula. ...
El Puerto de Santa María
▪ Spain       port city, Cádiz provincia (province), in the Andalusia comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), southern Spain, at the mouth of Guadalete River on ...
El Reno
/el ree"noh/ a city in central Oklahoma. 15,486. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Canadian county, central Oklahoma, U.S., on the North ...
El Sal
El Sal or El Salv abbrev. El Salvador * * *
El Salvador
/el sal"veuh dawr'/; Sp. /el sahl'vah dhawrdd"/ a republic in NW Central America. 5,661,827; 13,176 sq. mi. (34,125 sq. km). Cap.: San Salvador. Also called Salvador. * * * El ...
El Salvador, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped blue-white-blue national flag that normally incorporates the national coat of arms (arms, coat of) in its centre. The flag ...
El Segundo
/el seuh gun"doh, -goon"-/ a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 13,752. * * *
El Seíbo
▪ Dominican Republic in full  Santa Cruz del Seíbo        city, eastern Dominican Republic, on the Soco River. Founded in 1502, the city serves as a trading centre ...
El Teniente
▪ Chile       mining settlement, O'Higgins región, Machali commune, central Chile. The site of the world's largest underground copper mine, it lies in the Andes ...
El Tigre
▪ Venezuela       city, central Anzoátegui estado (state), northeastern Venezuela, situated in the highlands east of the Barcelona gap. The city is a commercial centre ...
El Toro
/el tawr"oh/ a city in SW California. 38,153. * * *
el-
Elbow, forearm. 1. Extended form *el-inā-, elbow. a. ell2, from Old English eln, forearm, cubit, from Germanic *elinō; b. elbow, from Old English elnboga, elbow, from Germanic ...
el.
elevation. * * *
elaborate
—elaborately, adv. —elaborateness, n. —elaborative, adj. —elaborator, n. adj. /i lab"euhr it/; v. /i lab"euh rayt'/, adj., v., elaborated, elaborating. adj. 1. worked out ...
elaborated code
Sociolinguistics. a style of language use associated with formal situations and characterized by explicitness, lack of dependence on the external context, syntactic complexity, ...
elaborately
See elaborate. * * *
elaborateness
See elaborately. * * *
elaboration
/i lab'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of elaborating. 2. the state of being elaborated; elaborateness. 3. something that is elaborated. 4. Psychiatry. an unconscious ...
elaborator
See elaborately. * * *
Elaeagnaceae
▪ plant family       the oleaster family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, which together with the family Proteaceae constitutes the order Proteales. The oleaster ...
elaenia
/i lee"nee euh/, n. any of numerous tropical American flycatchers of the genus Elaenia, having short crests and small bills. [ < NL (1835), orig. Elaïnia < Gk elaïnéa, fem. of ...
elaeoptene
/el'ee op"teen/, n. Chem. eleoptene. * * *
elaeothesium
/el'ee oh thee"shee euhm, -see euhm, ee'lee-/, n., pl. elaeothesia /-shee euh, -see euh/. alipterion. [ < Gk elaiothésion oiling-room, equiv. to élaio(n) OIL + -thesion suffix ...
Elagabalus
/el'euh gab"euh leuhs, ee"leuh-/, n. Heliogabalus. * * * or Heliogabalus officially Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus orig. Varius Avitus Bassianus born 204, Emesa, ...
Elaine
/i layn"/, n. 1. any of several women in Arthurian romance, as the daughter of King Pelles and the mother, by Lancelot, of Sir Galahad. 2. a female given name, form of Helen. * * ...
ElAlamein
El Al·a·mein (ĕl ăl'ə-mānʹ, ä'lə-) also Al Al·a·mayn (ăl ăl'ə-mānʹ, ä'lə-) A town of northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea. In a decisive battle of World ...
Elam
/ee"leuhm/, n. an ancient kingdom E of Babylonia and N of the Persian Gulf. Cap.: Susa. Also called Susiana. * * * Ancient country of the Middle East. It was located in what is ...
Elam, Jack
▪ 2004       American character actor (b. Nov. 13, 1918, Miami, Ariz.—d. Oct. 20, 2003, Ashland, Ore.), had a sightless and wandering left eye—the result of an ...
Elamite
/ee"leuh muyt'/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of ancient Elam. 2. Also, Elamitic. a language of unknown affinities, spoken by the Elamites as late as the 1st century B.C., ...
Elamite language
      extinct language spoken by the Elamites in the ancient country of Elam, which included the region from the Mesopotamian plain to the Iranian Plateau. Elamite ...
Elamitic
/ee'leuh mit"ik/, n. 1. Elamite (def. 2). adj. 2. Elamite. [ELAMITE + -IC] * * *
élan
/ay lahn", ay lan"/; Fr. /ay lahonn"/, n. dash; impetuous ardor: to dance with great élan. [1875-80; F, MF eslan a dash, rush, n. deriv. of eslancer to dart, equiv. to es- EX-1 ...
élan vital
Fr. /ay lahonn vee tannl"/ (esp. in Bergsonian philosophy) the creative force within an organism that is responsible for growth, change, and necessary or desirable ...
élancé
/ay lahn"say/; Fr. /ay lahonn say"/, n., pl. élancés /-sayz/; Fr. /-say"/. Ballet. a quick darting movement. [ < F, n. use of ptp. of élancer to dart. See ÉLAN] * * *
eland
/ee"leuhnd/, n., pl. elands, (esp. collectively) eland. either of two large African antelopes of the genus Taurotragus, having long, spirally twisted horns: now rare. [1780-90; < ...
élanvital
élan vi·tal (vē-tălʹ) n. The vital force hypothesized by Henri Bergson as a source of efficient causation and evolution in nature. Also called life force.   [French : ...
elapid
/el"euh pid/, n. 1. any of numerous cosmopolitan snakes of the family Elapidae, having permanently erect fangs in the front of the upper jaw and including the New World coral ...
elapine
elapine [el′ə pīn΄, el′əpin, el′əpēn΄] adj. 〚< ModL Elapinae, name of the subfamily < Elaps, a genus of venomous snakes (< MGr elaps serpent, fish, altered < Gr ...
elapse
/i laps"/, v., elapsed, elapsing, n. v.i. 1. (of time) to slip or pass by: Thirty minutes elapsed before the performance began. n. 2. the passage or termination of a period of ...
elapsedtime
e·lapsed time (ĭ-lăpstʹ) n. The measured duration of an event. * * *
Elara
/ee"leuhr euh/, n. Astron. a small moon of the planet Jupiter. * * *
elasmobranch
/i las"meuh brangk', i laz"-/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the Elasmobranchii, the subclass of cartilaginous fishes comprising the sharks and rays. n. 2. an elasmobranch ...
elastance
/i las"teuhns/, n. Elect. the reciprocal of capacitance. [1880-85; ELAST(IC) + -ANCE] * * *
elastase
/i las"tays, -taz/, n. Biochem. a pancreatic protease that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin and other related proteins to polypeptides and amino acids. [1945-50; ELAST(IN) + ...
elastic
—elastically, adv. /i las"tik/, adj. 1. capable of returning to its original length, shape, etc., after being stretched, deformed, compressed, or expanded: an elastic ...
elastic clause
a statement in the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8) granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers. * * *
elastic collision
Mech. a collision in which the total kinetic energy of the colliding bodies or particles is the same after the collision as it was before (opposed to inelastic ...
elastic deformation
Physics. the temporary change in length, volume, or shape produced in an elastic substance by a stress that is less than the elastic limit of the substance. * * *
elastic fibre
▪ anatomy       any of the yellowish branching fibres composed primarily of the protein elastin, frequently arranged in plates or perforated membranes, as in the walls ...
elastic limit
Physics. the greatest stress that can be applied to an elastic body without causing permanent deformation. Also called limit of proportionality, proportional limit. [1860-65] * * ...
elastic modulus
Physics. See modulus of elasticity. [1935-40] * * * or elastic constant In materials science and physical metallurgy, any of various numbers that quantify the response of a ...
elastic scattering
Physics. the scattering of particles due to an elastic collision. [1930-35] * * *
elastic tissue
Anat. connective tissue consisting chiefly of yellow, elastic fibers and composing certain ligaments and the walls of the arteries. [1860-65] * * *
elastic wave
Physics. a wave propagated by the elastic deformation of a medium. [1930-35] * * * ▪ physics       motion in a medium in which, when particles are displaced, a force ...
elastically
See elastic. * * *
elasticcollision
elastic collision n. Physics A collision of particles in which the total kinetic energy of the particles is conserved. * * *
elasticfiber
elastic fiber n. A thick yellow connective-tissue fiber composed principally of elastin and characterized by great elasticity. * * *
elasticity
/i la stis"i tee, ee'la stis"-/, n. 1. the state or quality of being elastic. 2. flexibility; resilience; adaptability: a statement with a great elasticity of meaning. 3. ...
elasticize
/i las"teuh suyz'/, v.t., elasticized, elasticizing. to make elastic, as by furnishing with elastic bands: to elasticize the waistband of a dress. Also, esp. Brit., ...
elasticized
e·las·ti·cized (ĭ-lăsʹtĭ-sīzd') adj. Made with strands or inserts of elastic: slacks with an elasticized waistband. * * *
elastictissue
elastic tissue n. A type of connective tissue consisting mainly of elastic fibers and found in the walls of arteries, in the dermis of the skin, and in certain ligaments and ...
elastin
/i las"tin/, n. Biochem. a protein constituting the basic substance of elastic tissue. [1870-75; ELAST(IC) + -IN2] * * *
elastomer
—elastomeric /i las'teuh mer"ik/, adj. /i las"teuh meuhr/, n. Chem. an elastic substance occurring naturally, as natural rubber, or produced synthetically, as butyl rubber or ...
elastomeric
See elastomer. * * *
Elat
Elat or Elath [ē′lathā lät′] alt. sp. of EILAT * * * ▪ Israel also spelled  Elath, Eilat, or Eloth,         port city, southern extremity of Israel. It lies ...
elate
/i layt"/, v., elated, elating, adj. v.t. 1. to make very happy or proud: news to elate the hearer. adj. 2. elated. [1350-1400; ME elat proud, exalted < L elatus carried away, ...
elated
—elatedly, adv. —elatedness, n. /i lay"tid/, adj. very happy or proud; jubilant; in high spirits: an elated winner of a contest. [1605-15; ELATE + -ED2] Syn. overjoyed, ...
elatedly
See elated. * * *
elatedness
See elatedly. * * *
elater
/el"euh teuhr/, n. 1. Bot. an elastic filament serving to disperse spores. 2. Zool. elaterid. 3. Obs. elasticity. [1645-55; < NL < Gk elatér driver, equiv. to ela- (s. of ...
elaterid
/i lat"euhr id/, n. 1. any beetle of the family Elateridae, comprising the click beetles. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Elateridae. [ < NL Elateridae, equiv. to ...
elaterite
/i lat"euh ruyt'/, n. an elastic, rubbery, brownish natural asphalt. [1820-30; ELATER + -ITE1] * * *
elaterium
elaterium [el΄ə tir′ē əm] n. 〚L < Gr elatērion, neut. of elatērios, driving < elaunein: see ELASTIC〛 a cathartic obtained from the dried juice of the squirting ...
Elath
/ay laht"/, n. Eilat. * * *
Elatinaceae
▪ plant family       family of flowering plants, in the order Malpighiales, comprising two genera of mostly aquatic herbs. Members of the family have more or less ...
elation
/i lay"sheuhn/, n. a feeling or state of great joy or pride; exultant gladness; high spirits. [1350-1400; ME elacioun ( < AF) < L elation- (s. of elatio), equiv. to elat(us) (see ...
elative
/ee"leuh tiv, el"euh-/, Gram. adj. 1. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose function is to indicate motion out of or away from. n. 2. an elative case. 3. an adjectival form, as in ...
Elavil
El·a·vil (ĕlʹə-vĭl) A trademark used for the drug amitriptyline. * * *
Elayer
E layer n. A region of the ionosphere, extending from about 90 to 150 kilometers (55 to 95 miles) above the earth and influencing long-distance communications by strongly ...
Elazar, David
▪ Israeli military commander born 1925, Sarajevo, Yugoslavia [now in Bosnia-Herzegovina] died April 14, 1976, Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel       Israeli army commander who ...
Elazig
/e lah zi"/, n. a city in central Turkey. 131,116. * * * ▪ Turkey       city, eastern Turkey. It lies at the foot of a plateau overlooking a fertile plain. Originally ...
Elba
/el"beuh/, n. an Italian island in the Mediterranean, between Corsica and Italy: the scene of Napoleon's first exile 1814-15. 26,830; 94 sq. mi. (243 sq. km). * * * Island off ...
ElBaradei, Mohamed
▪ Egyptian lawyer and government official born June 17, 1942, Cairo, Egypt    Egyptian lawyer and government official who was director general (1997– ) of the ...
Elbasan
/el'bah sahn"/, n. a city in central Albania. 50,700. * * * ▪ Albania       town, central Albania. It lies on the north bank of the Shkumbin River, in the highlands at ...
Elbe
Ger. /el"beuh/; Eng. /elb/, n. a river in central Europe, flowing from the W Czech Republic NW through Germany to the North Sea. 725 mi. (1165 km) long. Czech, Labe. * * *
Elbe River
Czech Labe ancient Albis River, central Europe. One of the continent's major waterways, it rises in the Krkonoše (Giant) Mountains on the border of the Czech Republic and ...
Elbe-Havel Canal
▪ canal, Germany German  Elbe-Havel-Kanal   navigable waterway (canals and inland waterways) in Germany, linking the Elbe (Elbe River) and Havel (Havel River) rivers. Its ...
Elbe-Lübeck Canal
▪ canal, Germany German  Elbe-Lübeck-Kanal  or  Elbe-Trave-Kanal        German waterway (canals and inland waterways) connecting the Elbe River at Lauenberg with ...
Elberfeld
/el"beuhrdd felt'/, n. a former city in W Germany, now incorporated into Wuppertal. * * *
Elbert
/el"beuhrt/, n. 1. Mount, a mountain in central Colorado, in the Sawatch range: second highest peak of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. 14,431 ft. (4399 m). 2. a male given ...
Elbert, Mount
▪ mountain, Colorado, United States       mountain in Lake county, Colorado, U.S., whose peak is the highest point (14,433 feet [4,399 metres]) in Colorado and in the ...
Elbert,Mount
El·bert (ĕlʹbərt), Mount A peak, 4,402.1 m (14,433 ft) high, in the Sawatch Range of central Colorado. It is the highest elevation in the range and also the highest of the ...
Elberta
/el berr"teuh/, n. a freestone peach having reddish-yellow skin. [1925-30, Amer.; said to be after Elberta Rumph, wife of a 19th-cent. Georgia grower] * * *
Elbeuf
▪ France       town, Seine-Maritime département, Haute-Normandie région, northwestern France. It lies on the left bank of the Seine River, 12 miles (19 km) south of ...
Elblag
/el"blawngk/, n. a seaport in N Poland: formerly in Germany. 89,800. German, Elbing /el"bing/. * * * ▪ Poland German  Elbing        city, Warmińsko-Mazurskie ...
elbow
/el"boh/, n. 1. the bend or joint of the human arm between upper arm and forearm. 2. the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped. See diag. under horse. 3. something ...
elbow catch
an L-shaped catch, as for a door, having a piece for the thumb on one arm and a hooked end for engaging a hooked plate on the other. * * *
elbow grease
strenuous physical exertion: a job requiring elbow grease. [1630-40] * * *
elbow injuries
      the common sprains, dislocations, and fractures caused by forced movement of the joint beyond its range, as in falling on an outstretched arm or by a direct blow. ...
elbow-bender
—elbow-bending, n., adj. /el"boh ben'deuhr/, n. Slang. a person fond of drinking alcoholic beverages. * * *
elbowgrease
elbow grease n. Informal Strenuous physical labor and effort. * * *
elbowroom
/el"boh roohm', -room'/, n. 1. ample room; space in which to move freely. 2. scope; opportunity: a job with elbowroom. [1530-40; ELBOW + ROOM] * * *
Elbrus
/el brddoohs"/, n. a mountain in the S Russian Federation, in the Caucasus range: the highest peak in Europe, 18,465 ft. (5628 m). Also, Elbruz. * * *
Elbrus, Mount
Peak, Caucasus Mountains, southwestern Russia. The highest peak in the Caucasus and in Europe, it is an extinct volcano with twin cones reaching 18,510 ft (5,642 m) and 18,356 ...
Elbrus,Mount
El·brus (ĕl-bro͞osʹ), Mount A peak, 5,645.6 m (18,510 ft) high, in the Caucasus Mountains of southwest Russia on the border of Georgia. It is the highest elevation in the ...
Elburz Mountains
/el boorz"/ a mountain range in N Iran, along the S coast of the Caspian Sea. Highest peak, Mt. Demavend, 18,606 ft. (5671 m). * * * Mountain range, northern Iran. It is 560 mi ...
ElburzMountains
El·burz Mountains (ĕl-bo͝orzʹ) A range of northern Iran rising to 5,774.9 m (18,934 ft) at Mount Damavand, the highest point in the country. * * *
ElCajon
El Ca·jon (ĕl' kə-hōnʹ) A city of southern California, an industrial and residential suburb of San Diego. Population: 88,693. * * *
ElCapitan
El Cap·i·tan (kăp'ĭ-tănʹ) A peak, 2,308.5 m (7,569 ft) high, in the Sierra Nevada of central California. Its dramatic exposed monolith rises some 1,098 m (3,600 ft) above ...
Elche
/el"che/, n. a city in E Spain. 122,663. * * * ▪ Spain Valencian  Elx        city, Alicante provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) ...
Elchibey, Abulfaz
▪ 2001 Abulfaz Kadyrgula ogly Aliyev        Azerbaijani historian and nationalist leader (b. June 7, 1938, Keleki, Nakhichevan A.S.S.R, U.S.S.R.—d. Aug. 22, 2000, ...
ElCid
El Cid (sĭdʹ) See Cid, the. * * *
eld
/eld/, n. Archaic. 1. age. 2. old age. 3. antiquity. [bef. 1000; ME elde, OE eldo, ieldo, deriv. of (e)ald OLD; see WORLD] * * *
Elda
▪ Spain       city, Alicante provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Valencia, southeastern Spain, northwest of Alicante city. Of ...
Eldad ben Mahli ha-Dani
▪ Jewish traveller and philologist English  Eldad the Danite  flourished 9th century       Jewish traveller and philologist who was generally credited with the ...
Eldegüzid Dynasty
▪ Iranian dynasty also spelled  Ildigüzid,  Ildegüzid,  Ildegizid , or  Ildenizid,         (1137–1225), Iranian atabeg dynasty of Turkish origin that ruled in ...
elder
elder1 /el"deuhr/, adj. a compar. of old with eldest as superl. 1. of greater age; older. 2. of higher rank; senior: an elder officer. 3. of or pertaining to former times; ...
Elder Edda.
See under Edda. * * *
elder hand.
See eldest hand. [1580-90] * * *
elder statesman
1. an influential citizen, often a retired high official, whose advice is sought by government leaders. 2. any influential member of a company, group, etc., whose advice is ...
Elder, John
born March 8, 1824, Glasgow, Scot. died Sept. 17, 1869, London, Eng. Scottish marine engineer. In 1854 he developed the marine compound steam engine (using both high-and ...
Elder, Kate
▪ American plainswoman also called  Katie Elder , or  Kate Fisher , byname  Big Nose Kate , or  Nosey Kate  flourished 1877–81       plainswoman and frontier ...
Elder, Lonne, III
▪ 1997       U.S. playwright whose critically acclaimed masterwork, Ceremonies in Dark Old Men (1965; revised, 1969), depicted the frustrations of a disenfranchised ...
Elder, Will
▪ 2009 Wolf William Eisenberg        American illustrator born Sept. 22, 1922, Bronx, N.Y. died May 14, 2008, Rockleigh, N.J. earned a reputation as “the master of ...
elderberry
/el"deuhr ber'ee, -beuh ree/, n., pl. elderberries. 1. the berrylike fruit of the elder, used in making wine and jelly. 2. elder2. [1400-50; late ME eldirbery. See ELDER2, ...
eldercare
eld·er·care (ĕlʹdər-kâr') n. Social and medical programs and facilities intended for the care and maintenance of the aged. * * *
Elderhostel
/el"deuhr hos'tl/, Trademark. an international nonprofit organization that offers older adults short-term, low-cost courses, housing, and meals, usually on college campuses. * * *
elderliness
See elderly. * * *
elderly
—elderliness, n. /el"deuhr lee/, adj. 1. somewhat old; near old age: a resort for elderly people. 2. of or pertaining to persons in later life. [1605-15; ELDER1 + -LY] Syn. 1. ...
elders
➡ Presbyterian * * *
Elders, Joycelyn
▪ American physician and government official née  Minnie Joycelyn Jones   born August 13, 1933, Schaal, Arkansas, U.S.    American physician and public health official ...
eldership
eldership [el′dər ship΄] n. 〚 ELDER1 + -SHIP〛 1. the position or duties of an elder in a church 2. a group of elders; presbytery * * * See elder1. * * *
elderstatesman
elder statesman n. A prominent, highly experienced older man, especially one acting as an unofficial adviser. * * *
elderstateswoman
elder stateswoman n. A prominent, highly experienced older woman, especially one acting as an unofficial adviser. * * *
eldest
/el"dist/, adj. a superl. of old with elder as compar. oldest; first-born; of greatest age: eldest brother; eldest sister; eldest born. [bef. 900; ME; OE eldesta, superl. of ...
eldest hand
Cards. the player on the dealer's left. Also, elder hand. Also called age, edge. Cf. pone2 (def. 1). [1590-1600] * * *
eldesthand
eldest hand n. Games The player first to receive cards dealt. * * *
ElDiente Peak
El Di·en·te Peak (dē-ĕnʹtē) A mountain, 4,318.5 m (14,159 ft) high, in the Rocky Mountains of southwest Colorado. * * *
Eldon, John Scott, 1st Earl of, Viscount Encombe Of Encombe, Baron Eldon Of Eldon
▪ British politician born June 4, 1751, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Eng. died Jan. 13, 1838, Hamilton Place, Middlesex  lord chancellor of England for much of the ...
ElDorado
I. El Do·ra·do1 (də-räʹdō, -rāʹ-) A legendary city or historical region of the New World, often thought to be in South America, that was fabled for its great wealth of ...
Eldoret
▪ Kenya       town, western Kenya, on the Uasin Gishu Plateau west of the Great Rift Valley. Situated at an elevation of 6,857 feet (2,090 metres) above sea level, it ...
Eldred
/el"drid/, n. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "old" and "counsel." * * *
eldress
/el"dris/, n. a laywoman who is a governing officer in certain Protestant churches. [1630-40; ELDER1 + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
Eldrick Tiger Woods
➡ Woods * * *
Eldridge
/el"drij/, n. 1. (David) Roy, born 1911, U.S. jazz trumpeter. 2. a male given name. * * *
Eldridge Cleaver
➡ Cleaver * * *
Eldridge, (David) Roy
born Jan. 30, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 26, 1989, Valley Stream, N.Y. U.S. trumpeter, one of the most vital and creative jazz musicians of the swing era. He was ...
Eldridge, Roy
▪ American musician byname  Little Jazz   born Jan. 30, 1911, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. died Feb. 26, 1989, Valley Stream, N.Y.  American trumpeter, one of the great creative ...
Eldridge,Roy David
El·dridge (ĕlʹdrĭj), Roy David. Known as “Little Jazz.” 1911-1989. American jazz musician who played trumpet with several swing bands in the 1940s and 1950s, including ...
eldritch
/el"drich/, adj. eerie; weird; spooky. Also, eldrich, elritch. [1500-10; earlier elrich, equiv. to OE el- foreign, strange, uncanny (see ELSE) + rice kingdom (see RICH); hence ...
Elea
/ee"lee euh/, n. an ancient Greek city in SW Italy, on the coast of Lucania. * * * ▪ ancient city, Italy also spelled  Hyele , Roman  Velia        ancient city in ...
Eleanor
/el"euh neuhr, -nawr'/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. Also, Eleanora /el'ee euh nawr"euh, -nohr'euh/. * * * (as used in expressions) Atwood Margaret Eleanor Burbidge ...
Eleanor Holmes Norton
➡ Holmes Norton * * *
Eleanor of Aquitaine
1122?-1204, queen of Louis VII of France 1137-52; queen of Henry II of England 1154-89. * * * born с 1122 died April 1, 1204, Fontevrault, Anjou, Fr. Queen consort of Louis ...
Eleanor of Castile
(c. 1245–90) the Spanish wife of King Edward I of England. When she died, the king placed nine crosses along the route of her funeral procession, and three still survive at ...
Eleanor Of Provence
▪ queen of England French  Éléonore De Provence   born 1223 died June 25, 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, Eng.       queen consort of King Henry III of England (ruled ...
Eleanor Roosevelt
➡ Roosevelt (I) * * *
Eleanorof Aquitaine
El·ea·nor of Aquitaine (ĕlʹə-nər, -nôr'), 1122?-1204. Queen of France (1137-1152) and England (1152-1204). Her marriage to Louis VII of France was annulled in 1152, and ...
Eleanorof Castile
Eleanor of Castile, 1246?-1290. Queen of England (1274-1290) as the wife of Edward I, whom she accompanied on a crusade (1270-1273). * * *
Eleanorof Provence
Eleanor of Pro·vence (prō-väɴsʹ), 1223?-1291. Queen of England (1236-1272) as the wife of Henry III. On the accession of her son Edward I (1272), she entered a nunnery and ...
Eleatic
—Eleaticism, n. /el'ee at"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Elea. 2. noting or pertaining to a school of philosophy, founded by Parmenides, that investigated the phenomenal ...
Eleatic One
▪ philosophy       in Eleatic philosophy, the assertion of Parmenides of Elea that Being is one (Greek: hen) and unique and that it is continuous, indivisible, and all ...
Eleaticism
See Eleatic. * * * School of pre-Socratic philosophy that flourished in the 5th century BC. It took its name from the Greek colony of Elea (Velia) in southern Italy. It is ...
Eleazar
/el'ee ay"zeuhr/, n. a son of Aaron and his successor in the priesthood. Num. 20:28. * * *
Eleazar ben Azariah
▪ rabbinic scholar flourished late 1st and early 2nd centuries AD       Jewish rabbinic scholar, one of the Palestinian tannaim (those who compiled the Jewish Oral ...
Eleazar ben Judah of Worms
orig. Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymos born 1160, Mainz, Franconia died 1238, Worms German Jewish mystic and Talmudic scholar. His wife and daughters were killed by Crusaders ...
elec
elec abbrev. 1. electric 2. electrical 3. electricity * * *
elecampane
/el'i kam payn"/, n. a composite weed, Inula helenium, naturalized in North America, having large yellow flowers and aromatic leaves and root. [1350-1400; ME, equiv. to OE ...
elect
—electee /i lek tee"/, n. /i lekt"/, v.t. 1. to choose or select by vote, as for an office: to elect a mayor. 2. to determine in favor of (a method, course of action, etc.). 3. ...
elect.
1. electric. 2. electrical. 3. electrician. 4. electricity. Also, elec. * * *
electability
See electable. * * *
electable
—electability, n. /i lek"teuh beuhl/, adj. capable of, or having a reasonable chance of, being elected, as to public office. [1875-80; ELECT + -ABLE] * * *
elected
/i lek"tid/, adj. 1. chosen by vote, as for an office (contrasted with appointed): an elected official. n. 2. elect (def. 10). [1550-60; ELECT + -ED2] * * *
election
/i lek"sheuhn/, n. 1. the selection of a person or persons for office by vote. 2. a public vote upon a proposition submitted. 3. the act of electing. 4. Theol. the choice by God ...
election board.
See board of elections. * * *
election cake
New England Cookery. a spicy fruitcake baked in loaves: formerly served on town meeting days after the voting. [1795-1805, Amer.] * * *
Election Day
1. (in the U.S.) the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November on which national elections are held for electors of the President and Vice President in those years evenly ...
election district
precinct (def. 3). [1790-1800, Amer.] * * *
Election Reform Debate in the U.S.
▪ 2002       Amid calls for a radical overhaul of the U.S. electoral system, George W. Bush was inaugurated as president of the United States on Jan. 20, 2001. The 2000 ...
ElectionDay
E·lec·tion Day (ĭ-lĕkʹshən) n. A day set by law for the election of public officials. * * *
electioneer
—electioneerer, n. /i lek'sheuh near"/, v.i. to work for the success of a particular candidate, party, ticket, etc., in an election. [1780-90; ELECTION + -EER] * * *
electioneerer
See electioneer. * * *
elections
In Britain, a general election takes place at least every five years, when the electorate (= all the people in the country who can vote) vote for the 659 Members of Parliament or ...
elective
—electively, adv. —electiveness, n. /i lek"tiv/, adj. 1. pertaining to the principle of electing to an office, position, etc. 2. chosen by election, as an official. 3. ...
electively
See elective. * * *
electiveness
See electively. * * *
electives
➡ higher education * * *
elector
/i lek"teuhr/, n. 1. a person who elects or may elect, esp. a qualified voter. 2. a member of the electoral college of the U.S. 3. (usually cap.) one of the German princes ...
electoral
—electorally, adv. /i lek"teuhr euhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to electors or election. 2. consisting of electors. [1665-75; ELECTOR + -AL1] * * * (as used in ...
electoral college
(often caps.) a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the President and Vice President of the U.S. [1790-1800, Amer.] * * * Constitutionally mandated ...
Electoral Commission
(1877) Commission created to resolve the disputed 1876 presidential election between Republican Rutherford B. Hayes and Democrat Samuel Tilden. Tilden had won the popular vote ...
Electoral Reform Society
a group formed in 1884 to work for a change in the way British elections are decided, and to persuade parliament that a system of proportional representation should be used. ...
electoral register
(also electoral roll) n [usu sing] (in Britain) the official list of all the people in a particular constituency who have the right to vote in a general and local elections. * * *
electoral roll
➡ electoral register * * *
electoral system
Method and rules of counting votes to determine the outcome of elections. Winners may be determined by a plurality, a majority (more than 50% of the vote), an extraordinary ...
electoral vote
the vote cast in the electoral college of the U.S. by the representatives of each state in a presidential election. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
ElectoralCollege
E·lec·tor·al College (ĭ-lĕkʹtər-əl) n. A body of electors chosen to elect the President and Vice President of the United States. * * *
electorally
See electoral. * * *
electorate
/i lek"teuhr it/, n. 1. the body of persons entitled to vote in an election. 2. the dignity or territory of an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. [1665-75; ELECTOR + -ATE3] * * *
electors
➡ elections * * *
electr-
var. of electro- before a vowel: electrode. * * *
Electra
/i lek"treuh/, n. 1. Also, Elektra. Class. Myth. the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra who incited her brother Orestes to kill Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus. 2. ...
Electra complex
Psychoanal. the unresolved, unconscious libidinous desire of a daughter for her father: designation based on the Greek myth of Electra and Agamemnon. Cf. Oedipus ...
Electracomplex
Electra complex n. In psychoanalysis, a daughter's unconscious libidinal desire for her father. * * *
electress
/i lek"tris/, n. the wife or widow of an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. [1610-20; ELECT(O)R + -ESS] * * *
electret
/i lek"trit/, n. Elect. a dielectric that possesses a permanent or semipermanent electric polarity, analogous to a permanent magnet. [1880-85; ELECTR(ICITY) + (MAGN)ET] * * ...
electric
/i lek"trik/, adj. 1. pertaining to, derived from, produced by, or involving electricity: an electric shock. 2. producing, transmitting, or operated by electric currents: an ...
electric arc
arc (def. 2). [1880-85] * * * ▪ physics       continuous, high-density electric current between two separated conductors in a gas or vapour with a relatively low ...
electric arc welding.
See arc welding. [1890-95] * * *
electric automobile
Battery-powered motor vehicle. Originating in the 1880s, electric cars were used for private passenger, truck, and bus transportation in cities, where their low speeds and ...
electric blue
a vivid, light-to-moderate blue color. [1890-95] * * *
electric catfish
a freshwater fish, Malapterurus electricus, of the Nile and tropical central Africa, that discharges electric shocks to immobilize prey and defend itself. * * * ▪ fish  any ...
electric cell
cell1 (def. 7a). * * *
electric chair
1. a chair used to electrocute criminals sentenced to death. 2. the penalty of legal electrocution. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
electric charge
Physics. one of the basic properties of the elementary particles of matter giving rise to all electric and magnetic forces and interactions. The two kinds of charge are given ...
electric circuit
circuit (def. 9a). [1760-70] * * * ▪ electronics  path for transmitting electric current. An electric circuit includes a device that gives energy to the charged particles ...
electric current
Elect. the time rate of flow of electric charge, in the direction that a positive moving charge would take and having magnitude equal to the quantity of charge per unit time: ...
electric dipole
Pair of equal and opposite electric charges, the centres of which do not coincide. An atom in which the centre of the negative cloud of electrons has been shifted slightly away ...
electric dipole moment
Elect. a vector quantity associated with two equal charges of opposite sign separated by a specified distance, having magnitude equal to the product of the charge and the ...
electric discharge lamp
or vapor lamp Lighting device consisting of a transparent container within which a gas is energized by an applied voltage and made to glow. After practical generators were ...
electric displacement
Elect. the part of the electric field that is determined solely by free charges, without reference to the dielectric properties of the surrounding medium: measured in coulombs ...
electric eel
an eellike, freshwater fish, Electrophorus electricus, found in the Amazon and Orinoco rivers and tributaries, sometimes over 6 ft. (1.8 m) long, capable of emitting strong ...
electric eye
1. photocell. 2. See electron-ray tube. [1925-30] * * *
electric field
Elect. a vector quantity from which is determined the magnitude and direction of the force (electric force) on a charged particle due to the presence of other charged particles, ...
electric field intensity
Physics. See electric intensity. Also called electric field strength. [1960-65] * * *
electric flux
the lines of force that make up an electric field. [1900-05] * * * ▪ physics       property of an electric field that may be thought of as the number of electric lines ...
electric force
or Coulomb force Force between two electric charges. The magnitude of the force F is proportional to the product of the two charges, q1 and q2, divided by the square of the ...
electric furnace
a furnace in which the heat required is produced through electricity. [1880-85] * * * Chamber heated with electricity to very high temperatures, for melting and alloying metals ...


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