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/i lek'troh feuh rees"/, v.t. electrophoresed, electrophoresing. Physical Chem. to subject (a colloidal solution) to electrophoresis. [1965-70; back formation from ...
—electrophoretic /i lek'troh feuh ret"ik/, adj. /i lek'troh feuh ree"sis/, n. 1. Also called cataphoresis. Physical Chem. the motion of colloidal particles suspended in a fluid ...
See electrophoresis. * * *
e·lec·tro·pho·ret·o·gram (ĭ-lĕk'trō-fə-rĕtʹə-grăm') n. A record of the results of an electrophoresis, such as a filter paper on which the components of a mixture ...
/i lek trof"euhr euhs, ee'lek-/, n., pl. electrophori /-euh ruy'/. an instrument for generating static electricity by means of induction. [1770-80; ELECTRO- + -phorus, ...
—electrophotographic /i lek'treuh foh'teuh graf"ik/, adj. /i lek'troh feuh tog"reuh fee/, n. photography using electric rather than chemical processes to transfer an image onto ...
See electrophysiology. * * *
See electrophysiologic. * * *
See electrophysiologic. * * *
See electrophysiologic. * * *
—electrophysiological /i lek'troh fiz'ee euh loj"i keuhl/, electrophysiologic, adj. —electrophysiologically, adv. —electrophysiologist, n. /i lek'troh fiz'ee ol"euh jee/, ...
/i lek"treuh plak'/, n. (in certain fishes) one of a number of plates forming an electric organ, consisting of modified muscle tissue having an electric charge. Also, electroplax ...
—electroplater, n. /i lek"treuh playt'/, v., electroplated, electroplating, n. v.t. 1. to plate or coat with a metal by electrolysis. n. 2. electroplated articles or ...
Process of coating with metal by means of an electric current. Plating metal may be transferred to conductive surfaces (e.g., metals) or to nonconductive surfaces (e.g., ...
/i lek'troh pol"ish/, v.t. to give a smooth surface to (metal) by dissolving projecting irregularities at the anode of an electrolytic cell. [1955-60; ELECTRO- + POLISH] * * *
also called  electrolytic polishing        electrochemical process of smoothing a metallic surface. The metallic object is made the anode in an electrolytic reaction so ...
/i lek'troh poz"i tiv/, adj. Physical Chem. 1. containing positive electricity; tending to migrate to the negative pole in electrolysis. 2. assuming positive potential when in ...
See electroreceptor. * * *
/i lek'troh ri sep"teuhr/, n. Zool. any of an array of tiny, electrically sensitive ampullar organs present in sharks, electric eels, catfish, and certain other fishes, each ...
/i lek'troh ri duk"sheuhn/, n. the process in which electrons are added to a substance near the cathode of an electrolytic cell. [1925-30; ELECTRO- + REDUCTION] * * *
/i lek'troh ri fuy"ning/, n. the process for refining a metal in an electrolytic cell, in which the impure metal is used as the anode and the refined metal is deposited on the ...
/i lek'troh ret"n euh gram'/, n. Ophthalm. the graphic record obtained by electroretinography. Abbr.: ERG [1935-40; ELECTRO- + RETINO- + -GRAM1] * * *
—electroretinographic /i lek'troh ret'n euh graf"ik/, adj. —electroretinographically, adv. —electroretinography /i lek'troh ret'n og"reuh fee/, n. /i lek'troh ret"n euh ...
See electrorheology. * * *
e·lec·tro·rhe·ol·o·gy (ĭ-lĕk'trō-rē-ŏlʹə-jē) n. The study of the changes in flow properties that occur in certain fluids exposed to electric ...
—electroscopic /i lek'treuh skop"ik/, adj. /i lek"treuh skohp'/, n. a device for detecting the presence and determining the sign of electric charges by means of electrostatic ...
See electroscope. * * *
/i lek'treuh sen"si tiv/, adj. sensitive to electric current. [ELECTRO- + SENSITIVE] * * *
/i lek"treuh shok'/, n. 1. See electroconvulsive therapy. 2. shock1 (def. 6). v.t. 3. Psychiatry. to administer electroconvulsive therapy to. 4. to pass an electric current ...
electroshock therapy
electroshock therapy [ē lek′trəshäk΄, i lek′trəshäk΄] n. a form of shock therapy in which electric current is applied to the brain: see also SHOCK THERAPY * * *
electroshock therapy n. See electroconvulsive therapy. * * *
/i lek'troz moh"sis, -tros-/, n. Physical Chem. electro-osmosis. * * *
—electrostatically, adv. /i lek'treuh stat"ik/, adj. Elect. of or pertaining to static electricity. [1865-70; ELECTRO- + STATIC] * * *
electrostatic generator
Physics, Elect. See Van de Graaff generator. [1930-35] * * *
electrostatic induction
Elect. the electrification of a conductor when placed near a charged body. [1875-80] * * * Modification in the distribution of electric charge on one material under the ...
electrostatic lens
an electron lens that focuses an electron beam by passing it through a series of electrodes kept at different voltages. [1950-55] * * *
electrostatic precipitation
▪ chemical process       method of removing certain impurities (either solid particles or liquid droplets) from air or other gas. It is widely used for removing ...
electrostatic precipitator
a device for removing small particles of smoke, dust, oil, etc., from air by passing the air first through an electrically charged screen that gives a charge to the particles, ...
electrostatic printing
a printing or dry photocopying process, as xerography, in which images are reproduced using electrostatic charges and toner instead of ink and pressure. * * *
electrostatic unit
Elect. a unit, as a statampere, in the system of electric units derived from the force of repulsion between two static charges. Abbr.: esu, ESU [1855-60] * * *
electrostatic units
electrostatic units n. the system of CGS electric and magnetic units that assigns the value of one to the dielectric constant of a vacuum * * *
See electrostatic. * * *
electrostatic generator n. Any of various devices, including the electrophorus, the Wimshurst machine, and especially the Van de Graaff generator, that generate high voltages by ...
electrostatic precipitation Purified air is the byproduct of an electrostatic precipitator, in which an ionizer gives a positive charge to dirt particles which then adhere to a ...
See electrostatic printing. * * *
electrostatic printing n. A process for printing or copying in which electrostatic forces are used to form the image in powder or ink directly on the surface to be ...
/i lek'treuh stat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physics dealing with electric phenomena not associated with electricity in motion. [1820-30; ELECTRO- + STATICS] * ...
electrostatic unit n. Abbr. esu Any unit of electricity or magnetism in the centimeter-gram-second system based on the forces of interaction between electric charges. * * *
—electrostrictive, adj. /i lek'treuh strik"sheuhn/, n. Physics. elastic deformation produced by an electric field, independent of the polarity of the field. [ELECTRO- + ...
—electrosurgical /i lek'troh serr"ji keuhl/, adj. /i lek'troh serr"jeuh ree/, n. the use in surgery of an electric instrument, as an acusector, or of an electric current, as in ...
See electrosurgery. * * *
—electrosynthetic /i lek'troh sin thet"ik/, adj. /i lek'troh sin"theuh sis/, n. Chem. synthesis effected by electrolytic oxidation or reduction. [1835-45; ELECTRO- + ...
—electrotactic /i lek'troh tak"tik/, adj. /i lek'troh tak"sis/, n. Biol. galvanotaxis. [ELECTRO- + -TAXIS] * * *
—electrotechnic, electrotechnical, adj. —electrotechnician /i lek'troh tek nish"euhn/, n. /i lek'troh tek"niks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study or science of practical ...
—electrotherapeutic, electrotherapeutical, adj. /i lek'troh ther'euh pyooh"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) therapeutics based on the curative effects of electricity. [1885-90; ...
/i lek'troh ther"euh pist/, n. a person who specializes in electrotherapeutics. [1925-30; ELECTROTHERAP(Y) + -IST] * * *
/i lek'troh ther"euh pee/, n. treatment of diseases by means of electricity; electrotherapeutics. [1880-85; ELECTRO- + THERAPY] * * *
—electrothermally, adv. /i lek'troh therr"meuhl/, adj. pertaining to both electricity and heat, esp. to the production of heat by electric current. Also, ...
See electrothermal. * * *
electrothermics [ē lek′trōthʉr′miks, i lek′trōthʉr′miks, ē lek′trəthʉr′miks, i lek΄trəthʉr′miks] n. the branch of science which deals with the direct ...
/i lek"troh tin'/, v.t., electrotinned, electrotinning. to plate or coat (a base metal) with tin by electrolysis. [1885-90; ELECTRO- + TIN] * * *
See electrotonus. * * *
—electrotonic /i lek'treuh ton"ik/, adj. /i lek trot"n euhs, ee'lek-/, n. Physiol. the altered state of a nerve during the passage of an electric current through it. [1855-60; ...
—electrotyper, n. /i lek"treuh tuyp'/, n., v., electrotyped, electrotyping. n. 1. a facsimile, for use in printing, of a block of type, an engraving, or the like, consisting of ...
See electrotype. * * *
See electrotyper. * * *
      electroforming process for making duplicate plates for relief, or letterpress, printing. The process was first announced in 1838 by M.H. von Jacobi, a German working ...
—electrotypic /i lek'troh tip"ik/, adj. —electrotypist /i lek"troh tuy'pist/, n. /i lek"treuh tuy'pee/, n. the process of making electrotypes. [ELECTROTYPE + -Y3] * * *
—electrovalent, adj. —electrovalently, adv. /i lek'troh vay"leuhns/, n. Chem. 1. Also called polar valence. the valence of an ion, equal to the number of positive or negative ...
e·lec·tro·va·len·cy (ĭ-lĕk'trō-vāʹlən-sē) n. Electrovalence. * * *
See electrovalence. * * *
electrovalent bond n. See ionic bond. * * *
electroweak [ē lek′trō wēk΄, ilek′trō wēk΄] adj. designating or of the theory that combines the electromagnetic interaction with the weak interaction and predicts the ...
electroweak theory
/i lek"troh week'/, Physics. a gauge theory that unifies quantum electrodynamics with the theory of weak interactions. Also called Salam-Weinberg theory, Weinberg-Salam theory. ...
/i lek'troh win"ing/, n. electroextraction. [1935-40; ELECTRO- + WINNING] * * *
/i lek"treuhm/, n. 1. an amber-colored alloy of gold and silver used in ancient times. 2. an alloy composed of about 50 percent copper, 30 percent nickel, and 20 percent zinc. 3. ...
/i lek"chooh er'ee/, n., pl. electuaries. Pharm., Vet. Med. a pasty mass composed of a medicine, usually in powder form, mixed in a palatable medium, as syrup, honey, or other ...
/el'euh mos"euh ner'ee, -moz"-, el'ee euh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to alms, charity, or charitable donations; charitable. 2. derived from or provided by charity. 3. dependent ...
/el"i geuhns/, n. 1. elegant quality: elegance of dress. 2. something elegant; a refinement. [1500-10; < MF < L elegantia choiceness. See ELEGANT, -ANCE] * * *
/el"i geuhn see/, n., pl. elegancies. elegance. [1525-35; < L elegantia. See ELEGANT, -ANCY] * * *
—elegantly, adv. /el"i geuhnt/, adj. 1. tastefully fine or luxurious in dress, style, design, etc.: elegant furnishings. 2. gracefully refined and dignified, as in tastes, ...
See elegant. * * *
/el'i juy"euhk, -ak, i lee"jee ak'/, adj. Also, elegiacal. 1. used in, suitable for, or resembling an elegy. 2. expressing sorrow or lamentation: elegiac strains. 3. Class. Pros. ...
elegiac pentameter
Class. Pros. pentameter (def. 2). * * *
elegiac quatrain.
See heroic quatrain. * * *
elegiac stanza
a four-line iambic pentameter stanza rhyming alternately. Also called heroic stanza. * * * ▪ poetry       in poetry, a quatrain in iambic pentameter (iamb) with ...
See elegiac. * * *
See elegiacal. * * *
elegiac couplet n. A unit of verse in Greek and Roman prosody consisting of a line of dactylic hexameter followed by a line of dactylic pentameter. * * *
elegiac stanza n. A four-line stanza in iambic pentameter rhyming on alternate lines. * * *
/el"i jist/, n. the author of an elegy. [1765-75; ELEG(Y) + -IST] * * *
/i lee"jit/, n. Law. a writ of execution against a judgment debtor's goods, property, or land, held by the judgment creditor until payment of the debt, as from rents on the ...
/el"i juyz'/, v., elegized, elegizing. v.t. 1. to lament in or as if in an elegy. v.i. 2. to compose an elegy. Also, esp. Brit., elegise. [1695-1705; ELEG(Y) + -IZE] * * *
/el"i jee/, n., pl. elegies. 1. a mournful, melancholy, or plaintive poem, esp. a funeral song or a lament for the dead. 2. a poem written in elegiac meter. 3. a sad or mournful ...
Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard
➡ Gray’s Elegy. * * *
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
a poem (1750) by Thomas Gray. * * *
Elek, Ilona
▪ Hungarian athlete née  Schacherer  born 1907 died 1988  Hungarian fencer (fencing) who was the only woman to win two Olympic gold medals in the individual foil ...
/i lek"treuh/, n. an electronic navigational system establishing approximate position through coincidence in amplitude of two radio signals. [special use of Gk élektra, pl. of ...
/i lek"treuh/, n. Electra (def. 1). * * *
/i lek'treuh stahl"/; Russ. /i lyik trddu stahl"/, n. a city in the Russian Federation, in Europe, E of Moscow. 147,000. Formerly, Zatishye. * * * ▪ Russia formerly  (until ...
elem abbrev. 1. element(s) 2. elementary * * *
1. element; elements. 2. elementary. * * *
/el"euh meuhnt/, n. 1. a component or constituent of a whole or one of the parts into which a whole may be resolved by analysis: Bricks and mortar are elements of every masonry ...
element 104
Chem., Physics. unnilquadium. [1975-80] * * *
element 105
Chem., Physics. unnilpentium. [1975-80] * * *
element 106
Chem., Physics. unnilhexium. [1975-80] * * *
element 107
Chem., Physics. unnilseptium. [1975-80] * * *
element 110
element 110 n. a radioactive chemical element with a very short half-life: a transactinide produced by bombarding any of various heavy elements, esp. lead, with high-energy ...
element 111
element 111 n. a radioactive chemical element with a very short half-life: a transactinide produced by bombarding bismuth with nickel atoms: at. no., 111; unununium: see the ...
element 112
element 112 n. a radioactive chemical element with a very short half-life: a transactinide produced by bombarding lead with zinc ions: at. no., 112; ununbium: see the periodic ...
element 118
▪ chemical element       a transuranium element that occupies position 118 in the periodic table (periodic law) and one of the noble gases (noble gas). Element 118 is a ...
element, chemical
One of the 114 presently known kinds of substances that constitute all matter at and above the level of atoms (the smallest units of any element). All atoms of an element are ...
—elementally, adv. /el'euh men"tl/, adj. 1. of the nature of an ultimate constituent; simple; uncompounded. 2. pertaining to rudiments or first principles. 3. starkly simple, ...
See elemental. * * *
See elementary. * * *
See elementarily. * * *
—elementarily /el'euh men ter"euh lee/, adv. —elementariness, n. /el'euh men"teuh ree, -tree/, adj. 1. pertaining to or dealing with elements, rudiments, or first principles: ...
elementary charge
Physics. the unit of electric charge of which all free charges found in nature are integral multiples, equal to 1.602 × 10-19 coulombs, the charge of the proton. * * *
elementary education
or primary education Traditionally, the first stage of formal education, beginning at age 5–7 and ending at age 11–13. Often preceded by some form of preschool, it usually ...
elementary function
Math. one of a class of functions that is generally taken to include power, exponential, and trigonometric functions, their inverses, and finite combinations of them. * * *
elementary particle
Physics. any lepton, hadron, photon, or graviton, the particles once thought to be the indivisible components of all matter or radiation. Also called fundamental particle, ...
elementary process
Physical Chem. a chemical process complete in one step, characterized by the simultaneous interaction of all the atoms of two or more molecules. * * *
elementary school
the lowest school giving formal instruction, teaching the rudiments of learning, and extending usually from six to eight years. Also called primary school. [1835-45] * * *
elementary particle n. Any of the subatomic particles that compose matter and energy, especially one hypothesized or regarded as an irreducible constituent of matter. Also called ...
elementary school n. 1. A school for the first four to eight years of a child's formal education, often including kindergarten. 2. The first four to eight years of a child's ...
/el"euh mee/, n., pl. elemis. any of various fragrant resins from certain trees, esp. Canarium commune, used chiefly in the manufacture of varnishes, lacquers, ointments, and in ...
/el"euh neuh, euh lay"neuh/; It. /e le"nah/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. * * *
/i leng"keuhs/, n., pl. elenchi /-kuy, -kee/. a logical refutation; an argument that refutes another argument by proving the contrary of its conclusion. [1655-65; < L < Gk ...
/el"euh neuhr, -nawr'/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. Also, Elenor, Eleonora /el'ee euh nawr"euh, -nohr"euh/, Eleonore /el"ee euh nawr', -nohr'/. * * *
/el'ee op"teen/, n. Chem. the liquid part of a volatile oil (opposed to stearoptene). Also, elaeoptene. [ < Gk élaio(n) oil + pten(ós) winged (akin to pétesthai to fly); see ...
/el'euh puy"oh/, n., pl. elepaios. a small brown-backed or gray-backed Hawaiian flycatcher, Chasiempis sandwichensis, having white wing bars, a white rump, and a blackish cocked ...
—elephantoid, adj. /el"euh feuhnt/, n., pl. elephants, (esp. collectively) elephant for 1. 1. either of two large, five-toed pachyderms of the family Elephantidae, ...
Elephant and Castle
the name of a place where several major roads meet in London, south of the River Thames. It was the name of an inn (= a pub) that once stood there. * * *
elephant bird
any of several huge, extinct, flightless birds of the genus Aepyornis, of Madagascar, reaching a height of about 9 ft. (2.7 m). [1885-90] * * *
Elephant Butte
a dam and irrigation reservoir in SW New Mexico, on the Rio Grande. Dam, 309 ft. (94 m) high. * * *
elephant ear
a large, flat, sugared pastry somewhat resembling an elephant's ear in shape. [1905-10, for an earlier sense] * * *
elephant fish
any of several long-snouted fishes belonging to the genus Callorhyncus, of the family Callorhynchidae (Chimaeridae), inhabiting deep waters of the Southern ...
elephant folio
Print. 1. a very large folio. 2. an American book size with a height measurement between 24 and 25 in. (61 and 63.5 cm). [1875-80] * * *
elephant grass
1. See napier grass. 2. a cattail, Typha elephantina, of southern Asia, used for making rope and baskets. [1825-35] * * *
elephant gun
a gun of very large caliber, as .410 or greater, used in killing elephants or other big game. * * *
Elephant Man
orig. Joseph (Carey) Merrick born Aug. 5, 1862, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng. died April 11, 1890, London Englishman disfigured by a disease that caused growths over his skin ...
elephant man's disease
neurofibromatosis. [from the name given to Englishman John Merrick (1862 or 63-90), who suffered from an extreme form of the disorder and was exhibited as a freak] * * *
elephant seal
either of two seals of the genus Mirounga, of the Pacific coast of North America and the Antarctic Ocean, having a curved proboscis resembling an elephant's trunk. Also called ...
elephant shrew
any of several African insectivores of the family Macroscelididae, having long hind legs and a long, sensitive snout. [1865-70] * * * ▪ mammal  any of 16 species of ...
/el"euh feuhnts ear'/, n. the taro. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
/el"euh feuhnts foot'/, n., pl. elephant's-foots. a climbing vine, Dioscorea elephantipes, of southern Africa, having a massive, edible, yamlike tuber. Also called Hottentot's ...
elephant's-trunk snake
/el"euh feuhnts trungk'/ a wart snake, Acrochordus javanicus, having a stout body that resembles the trunk of an elephant. * * *
el·e·phant's foot (ĕlʹə-fənts) n. pl. elephant's foots 1. An African species of yam (Dioscorea elephantipes) having unusual clusters of tubers that grow above the ...
Elephanta Island
▪ island, India Hindi  Gharapuri (“Fortress City”)   island located in Mumbai (Bombay) Harbour of the Arabian Sea, about 6 miles (10 km) east of Mumbai and 2 miles (3 ...
elephant folio n. A book or publication of the largest size, often about 60 centimeters (2 feet) in height. * * *
/el'euh feuhn tuy"euh sis, -fan-/, n. 1. Pathol. a chronic filarial disease resulting in lymphatic obstruction, characterized by marked enlargement of the parts affected, esp. of ...
/el'euh fan"teen, -tuyn, -tin, el"euh feuhn teen', -tuyn'/, adj. 1. pertaining to or resembling an elephant. 2. huge, ponderous, or clumsy: elephantine movements; elephantine ...
elephant seal n. Either of two large seals, Mirounga angustirostris mainly of Pacific coastal waters of California or M. leonina of coastal waters of the Southern Hemisphere, the ...
elephantsnout fish
      any of certain mormyrid (q.v.) species having an elongate appendage on the lower jaw. * * *
/yeuh lets"/; Russ. /yi lyets"/, n. Yelets. * * *
▪ ancient Greek festival       ancient Greek festival in honour of Demeter (the goddess of agriculture), unconnected with the Eleusinian Mysteries despite the ...
/el'yoo sin"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Eleusis or to the Eleusinian mysteries. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Eleusis. [1635-45; < L Eleusini(us) < Gk Eleusínios of ...
Eleusinian mysteries
the mysteries, celebrated annually at Eleusis and Athens in ancient times, in memory of the abduction and return of Persephone and in honor of Demeter and Bacchus. [1635-45] * * ...
Eleusinian mysteries pl.n. The ancient religious rites celebrated at Eleusis in honor of Demeter.   [From Latin Eleusīnius, of Eleusis, from Greek Eleusīnios, from ...
/i looh"sis/, n. a city in ancient Greece, in Attica. * * * Greek Elevsís Town, with ruins of an ancient city, eastern Greece. Famous as the site of the Eleusinian Mysteries, ...
/i looh"theuhr euh/, n. an island in the N Bahamas. 6247; 164 sq. mi. (425 sq. km). * * *
/el'yoo thear"ee euhs/, n. Saint, pope A.D. 175-189. * * *
Eleutherius, Saint
▪ pope born , Nicopolis, Epirus, Roman Empire [now in Greece] died May 24, 189, Rome; feast day May 26       pope from about 175 to 189. During his pontificate the ...
elev abbrev. elevation * * *
elevation. * * *
v. /el"euh vayt'/; adj. /el"euh vayt', -vit/, v., elevated, elevating, adj. v.t. 1. to move or raise to a higher place or position; lift up. 2. to raise to a higher state, rank, ...
/el"euh vay'tid/, adj. 1. raised up, esp. above the ground or above the normal level: an elevated platform; an elevated pulse. 2. exalted or noble; lofty: elevated thoughts. 3. ...
elevated railroad
a railroad system operating on an elevated structure, as over streets. Also called el. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
elevated railway
☆ elevated railway or elevated railroad n. a railway elevated on a framework, leaving the street below free for other traffic * * *
elevated to the peerage
➡ peerage * * *
elevated transit line
      railroad line, usually electric, raised above the ground or street level, usually on a trestle, for local transit in urban areas. By the mid-19th century it was ...
elevated railway n. A railway that operates on a raised structure in order to permit passage of vehicles or pedestrians beneath it. * * *
/el'euh vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the height to which something is elevated or to which it rises: The elevation of the tower is 80 feet. 2. the altitude of a place above sea level or ...
/el"euh vay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that elevates or raises. 2. a moving platform or cage for carrying passengers or freight from one level to another, as in a ...
elevator music
elevator music n. recorded popular music played in the background in public places such as elevators, variously regarded as being bland, monotonous, etc. * * *
elevator shoe
a shoe with a thick insole designed to increase the wearer's height. [named after a former trademark, Elevators] * * *
elevator music n. Unobtrusive arrangements of popular songs that are designed to be played as background music in public places, such as shopping malls and elevators. * * *
/i lev"euhn/, n. 1. a cardinal number, ten plus one. 2. a symbol for this number, as 11 or XI. 3. a set of this many persons or things, as a football team. adj. 4. amounting to ...
eleven-plus [ē lev′ənplus′, i lev′ənplus′] n. Brit. an examination given in school, esp. formerly, at about the age of eleven to determine whether a pupil will go to a ...
/i lev"euhn ziz/, n. Brit. 1. (usually used with a pl. v.) a midmorning break for refreshments. 2. the refreshments taken. [1860-65; orig. dial.; doubly pluralized form of ...
/i lev"euhnth/, adj. 1. next after the tenth; being the ordinal number for 11. 2. being one of 11 equal parts. n. 3. an eleventh part, esp. of one (1/11). 4. the eleventh member ...
Eleventh Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1795, that prohibited an individual from suing a state government in the federal courts. * * *
eleventh hour
the last possible moment for doing something: to change plans at the eleventh hour. [1820-30] * * *
eleventh hour n. The latest possible time: turned in the report at the eleventh hour. * * *
/el"euh von'/, n. Aeron. a control surface functioning both as an elevator and as an aileron. [1940-45; ELEV(ATOR) + (AILER)ON] * * *
—elflike, adj. /elf/, n., pl. elves /elvz/. 1. (in folklore) one of a class of preternatural beings, esp. from mountainous regions, with magical powers, given to capricious and ...
See extremely low frequency. Also, elf. * * * ▪ mythology plural  Elves,    in Germanic folklore, originally, a spirit of any kind, later specialized into a diminutive ...
Elf Aquitaine
▪ French corporation in full  Société Nationale Elf Aquitaine        former French petroleum and natural resources group that was acquired by Totalfina in 2000 to ...
elf owl
a small, insectivorous owl, Micrathene whitneyi, of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico. [1885-90, Amer.] * * * ▪ bird  (Micrathene whitneyi), tiny bird of prey of the family ...
El Fer·rol (fə-rōlʹ, fĕ-) also El Ferrol del Cau·dil·lo (dĕl' kou-dēʹō, -thēʹō) A city of northwest Spain on the Atlantic Ocean. An important naval station since ...
/el"fin/, adj. 1. of or like an elf. 2. small and charmingly spritely, merry, or mischievous. n. 3. an elf. [1560-70; alter. of ME elven elf, OE elfen, aelfen nymph, equiv. to ...
elfin woodland
▪ forest       stunted forest at high elevations in tropical wet areas. Its low, gnarled trees are heavily draped with air plants, and its floor is cushioned by mosses ...
/el"fin wood'/, n. krummholz. [1900-05; ELFIN + WOOD1] * * *
—elfishly, adv. —elfishness, n. /el"fish/, adj. elflike; elfin; small and mischievous. Also, elvish. [1535-45; alter. of ELVISH] Syn. prankish, impish. * * *
See elfish. * * *
See elfishly. * * *
/elf"land'/, n. the realm or world of elves; fairyland. [1475-85; ELF + LAND] * * *
/elf"lok'/, n. a tangled lock of hair. [1585-95; ELF + LOCK2] * * *
/el"geuhr, -gahr/, n. Sir Edward, 1857-1934, English composer. * * *
Elgar, Sir Edward
▪ English composer in full  Sir Edward William Elgar   born June 2, 1857, Broadheath, Worcestershire, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1934, Worcester, Worcestershire  English composer ...
Elgar, Sir Edward (William)
born June 2, 1857, Broadheath, Worcestershire, Eng. died Feb. 23, 1934, Worcester, Worcestershire British composer. Son of a piano tuner, he became proficient on violin and ...
Elgar,Sir Edward
El·gar (ĕlʹgär', -gər), Sir Edward. 1857-1934. British composer whose orchestral works include Enigma Variations (1896) and five Pomp and Circumstance marches ...
/el"jin/ for 1; /el"gin/ for 2, n. 1. a city in NE Illinois. 63,798. 2. former name of Moray. * * * (as used in expressions) Baylor Elgin Elgin Marbles Elgin James Bruce 8th ...
Elgin marbles
/el"gin, -jin/ a group of Greek sculptures of the 5th century B.C., originally on the Parthenon in Athens, and supposedly sculptured under the direction of Phidias: presently in ...
Elgin, James Bruce, 8th earl of
born July 20, 1811, London, Eng. died Nov. 20, 1863, Dharmshala, India British governor-general of Canada. He was appointed governor of Jamaica in 1842. As governor of British ...
Elgin, Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of, 11th Earl Of Kincardine
▪ British diplomat born July 20, 1766 died Nov. 14, 1841, Paris       British diplomatist and art collector, famous for his acquisition of the Greek sculptures now ...
Elgin, Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th earl of
▪ British viceroy of India born , May 16, 1849, near Montreal died Jan. 18, 1917, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scot.       British viceroy of India from 1894 to ...
/el"gon/, n. an extinct volcano in E Africa, on the boundary between Uganda and Kenya. 14,176 ft. (4321 m). * * *
Elgon, Mount
Extinct volcano on the Kenya-Uganda border. Located northeast of Lake Victoria, its crater, about 5 mi (8 km) in diameter, contains several peaks, of which Wagagai, at 14,178 ft ...
El·gon (ĕlʹgŏn'), Mount An extinct volcano, 4,324.3 m (14,178 ft) high, on the Kenya-Uganda border. * * *
El Grec·o (grĕkʹō) See Greco, El. * * *
/el"huy/, adj. elementary and high-school: the elhi textbook market. [1945-50; EL(EMENTARY) + HI(GH SCHOOL)] * * *
Elhuyar, Fausto
▪ Spanish chemist and mineralogist born Oct. 11, 1755, Logroño, Spain died Feb. 6, 1833, Madrid       Spanish chemist and mineralogist who in partnership with his ...
/ee"luy/, n. 1. a Hebrew judge and priest. I Sam. 1-4. 2. Also, Elie /el"ee/. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "height." * * * (as used in expressions) Heckscher ...
Eli Whitney
➡ Whitney (I) * * *
/ee"lee euh/, n. the pen name of Charles Lamb. * * *
Elia Kazan
➡ Kazan * * *
Eliade, Mircea
born March 9, 1907, Bucharest, Rom. died April 22, 1986, Chicago, Ill., U.S. Romanian-born U.S. historian of religion. He studied Sanskrit and Indian philosophy at the ...
/i luy"euhs/, n. 1. Douay Bible. Elijah (def. 1). 2. a male given name, Greek form of Elijah. * * *
Elias Of Cortona
▪ Franciscan monk born c. 1180, , near Assisi, Duchy of Spoleto [Italy] died April 22, 1253, Cortona, Duchy of Tuscany [Italy]       disciple of St. Francis of Assisi ...
Elías Piña
▪ Dominican Republic also called  Comendador        city, western Dominican Republic, in the San Juan valley near the Haitian border. It serves as a commercial ...
Elias, Edward George
▪ 1999       American lawyer and celebrity representative who in 1958 founded the Professional Bowlers Association and went on to help establish bowling's presence on ...
Elias, Norbert
▪ German sociologist born June 22, 1897, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died Aug. 1, 1990, Amsterdam, Neth.       sociologist who described the growth of ...
Eliasson, Olafur
▪ 2009 born 1967, Copenhagen, Den.       On June 26, 2008, in an astounding merger of art, engineering, and natural phenomena, Olafur Eliasson's four man-made ...
—elicitation, n. —elicitor, n. /i lis"it/, v.t. to draw or bring out or forth; educe; evoke: to elicit the truth; to elicit a response with a question. [1635-45; < L elicitus ...
See elicit. * * *
See elicitation. * * *
/i luyd"/, v.t., elided, eliding. 1. to omit (a vowel, consonant, or syllable) in pronunciation. 2. to suppress; omit; ignore; pass over. 3. Law. to annul or quash. [1585-95; < L ...
(as used in expressions) Israel ben Eliezer Eliezer Mayer Eliezer Wiesel * * *
See eligible. * * *
—eligibility, eligibleness, n. —eligibly, adv. /el"i jeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. fit or proper to be chosen; worthy of choice; desirable: to marry an eligible bachelor. 2. meeting ...
eligible paper
Banking. notes, bills, and acceptances qualifying for rediscount by a Federal Reserve Bank. * * *
See eligibility. * * *
/el"euh hyooh', i luy"hyooh/, n. 1. a young man who entered into discourse with Job. Job. 32-37. 2. a male given name. [ < Heb elihu lit., my God is he] * * *
/i luy"jeuh/, n. 1. a Hebrew prophet of the 9th century B.C. I Kings 17; II Kings 2. 2. a male given name. [ < Heb eliyyah lit., my God is Yahweh] * * * I or Elias Hebrew ...
Elijah ben Solomon
born April 23, 1720, Sielec, Lith., Russian Empire died Oct. 9, 1797, Vilna Lithuanian scholar and Jewish leader. Born into a long line of scholars, he traveled in Poland and ...
Elijah Muhammad
(Elijah Poole) 1897-1975, U.S. religious leader of the Black Muslims 1934-75. * * *
Elijah's chair
a chair customarily set apart in honor of the prophet Elijah at the Jewish rite of circumcision. * * *
Elijah's cup
a cup of wine customarily set apart in honor of the prophet Elijah at the Jewish Passover Seder. * * * ▪ Judaism  in Judaism, the fifth ceremonial cup of wine poured during ...
Elim Pentecostal Church
one of the two main Pentecostal Churches in Britain. Many of its members are of West Indian origin. See also Pentecostalist. * * *
Elimelech Of Lizhensk
▪ Jewish teacher and author born 1717 died 1787, Lizhensk, Galicia       Jewish teacher and author, one of the founders of Ḥasidism (a Jewish pietistic movement) in ...
—eliminability /i lim'euh neuh bil"i tee/, n. —eliminative, adj. /i lim"euh nayt'/, v.t., eliminated, eliminating. 1. to remove or get rid of, esp. as being in some way ...
/i lim'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of eliminating. 2. the state of being eliminated. 3. Math. the process of solving a system of simultaneous equations by using various ...
elimination reaction
▪ chemical reaction       any of a class of organic (organic compound) chemical reactions in which a pair of atoms (atom) or groups of atoms are removed from a molecule, ...
See elimination. * * *
—eliminatory /i lim"euh neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /i lim"euh nay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that eliminates. 2. Also called battery eliminator. a device that operates ...
See elimination. * * *
/el"euh neuhr, -nawr'/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. * * *
/el"int, i lint"/, n. 1. the gathering of military or other intelligence through the monitoring of electronic signals other than voice communications, as satellite transmissions, ...
/el"in vahr'/, Trademark. an alloy of iron, nickel, chromium, and other constituents, resistant to rust and magnetization and having a low rate of thermal expansion. * * *
Elion, Gertrude (Belle)
born Jan. 23, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 21, 1999, Chapel Hill, N.C. U.S. pharmacologist. She graduated from Hunter College. Unable to find a research position ...
Elion, Gertrude B.
▪ American scientist in full  Gertrude Belle Elion   born Jan. 23, 1918, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 21, 1999, Chapel Hill, N.C.  American pharmacologist who, along with ...
Elion, Gertrude Belle
▪ 2000       American biochemist (b. Jan. 23, 1918, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 21, 1999, Chapel Hill, N.C.), undertook, with George H. Hitchings, a new approach to drug ...
Elion,Gertrude Belle
El·i·on (ĕlʹē-ən, -ŏn'), Gertrude Belle. 1918-1999. American drug researcher. She shared a 1988 Nobel Prize for developing drugs to treat leukemia and gout. * * *
/el"ee euht, el"yeuht/, n. 1. Charles William, 1834-1926, U.S. educator: president of Harvard University 1869-1909. 2. George (Mary Ann Evans), 1819-80, English novelist. 3. John ...
Eliot Ness
➡ Ness * * *
Eliot, Charles William
born March 20, 1834, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 22, 1926, Northeast Harbor, Maine U.S. educator and influential university president. He studied at Harvard University and ...
Eliot, George
orig. Mary Ann Evans later Marian Evans born Nov. 22, 1819, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, Eng. died Dec. 22, 1880, London British novelist. Eliot was raised with a strong ...
Eliot, Jared
▪ American colonial clergyman born Nov. 7, 1685, Guilford, Conn. [U.S.] died April 22, 1763, Killingworth, Conn.       American colonial clergyman, physician, and ...
Eliot, John
born 1604, Widford, Hertfordshire, Eng. died May 21, 1690, Roxbury, Massachusetts Bay Colony English Puritan missionary to the Indians of Massachusetts Bay Colony. He emigrated ...
Eliot, Sir Charles
▪ British colonial administrator in full  Sir Charles Norton Edgecumbe Eliot   born Jan. 8, 1862, Sibford Gower, Oxfordshire, Eng. died March 16, 1931, at sea, in the Strait ...
Eliot, Sir John
▪ English politician born April 11, 1592, St. Germans, Cornwall, Eng. died Nov. 28, 1632, London  English Puritan and Parliamentarian who, with his brilliant oratory, played ...
Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns)
Eliot, T(homas) S(tearns). 1888-1965. American-born British critic and writer whose poems “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” (1915) and The Waste Land (1922) established ...
Eliot, T.S.
▪ Anglo-American poet Introduction in full  Thomas Stearns Eliot  born September 26, 1888, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. died January 4, 1965, London, England  American-English ...
Eliot,Charles William
El·i·ot (ĕlʹē-ət), Charles William. 1834-1926. American educator and editor who was president of Harvard University (1869-1909) and edited the Harvard Classics ...

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