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Eliot, George. Pen name of Mary Ann Evans. 1819-1880. British writer whose novels, all in the 19th-century realist tradition, include Adam Bede (1859), Silas Marner (1861), and ...
Eliot, John. 1604-1690. English missionary in America who converted many Native Americans to Christianity and contributed to The Bay Psalm Book (1640), the first book printed in ...
Eliotic [el΄ē ät′ik] adj. of, like, or characteristic of T. S. Eliot or his style * * *
/el"euh faz'/, n. 1. a son of Esau and Adah. Gen. 36:2-4. 2. a friend of Job. Job 2:11. * * *
Eliphaz The Temanite
▪ biblical figure       in the Old Testament Book of Job (chapters 4, 5, 15, 22), one of three friends who sought to console Job, who is a biblical archetype of ...
/ee"lis/, n. 1. an ancient country in W Greece, in the Peloponnesus: site of the ancient Olympic Games. 2. the capital of this country. * * * modern Iliá Ancient Greek region ...
/i lis"euh, e lee"seuh/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. Also, Elisia /i lish"euh/. * * *
/i luy"zeuh, -seuh/, n. 1. Med. a sensitive diagnostic test for past or current exposure to an infectious agent, as the AIDS virus: a sample of blood is added to proteins from ...
/i liz"euh beuhth/, n. 1. the mother of John the Baptist. Luke 1:5-25. 2. a female given name. * * *
Elisabeth Frink
➡ Frink * * *
/i liz"euh beuhth vil'/, n. former name of Lubumbashi. * * *
/i liz'euh vet"grad/; Russ. /yi lyi seuh vyit grddaht"/, n. a former name of Kirovograd. * * *
/i liz'euh vet"pohl/; Russ. /yi lyi seuh vyit pawl"/, n. a former name of Kirovabad. * * *
/i lees"/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
/i luy"sheuh/, n. 1. Also, Douay Bible, Eliseus /el'i see"euhs/. a Hebrew prophet of the 9th century B.C., the successor of Elijah. II Kings 3-9. 2. a male given name. [ < Heb ...
Elisha ben Abuyah
flourished AD 100 Jewish scholar and apostate. Born before the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem (AD 70), he became a respected rabbi but then won notoriety for ...
Elisha Rice Reed: General Lee at Gettysburg
▪ Primary Source       This essay by Elisha Rice Reed, who fought at Gettysburg with Company H. of the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry Regiment, was written after the fact ...
/i lizh"euhn/, n. 1. the omission of a vowel, consonant, or syllable in pronunciation. 2. (in verse) the omission of a vowel at the end of one word when the next word begins with ...
/i luy"zeuhr/, n. Law. a person appointed by a court to perform the duties of a sheriff or coroner who is disqualified from acting in a certain case. Also, eslisor. [1400-50; ...
/i lis"euh/, n. 1. Phoenician name of Dido. 2. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
formerly (1944–57) Stepnoy City (pop., 1999 est.: 101,700), capital of Kalmykia republic, southwestern Russia. It was founded in 1865 and became a city in 1930. In 1944, when ...
/i leet", ay leet"/, n. 1. (often used with a pl. v.) the choice or best of anything considered collectively, as of a group or class of persons. 2. (used with a pl. v.) persons ...
—elitist, n., adj. /i lee"tiz euhm, ay lee"-/, n. 1. practice of or belief in rule by an elite. 2. consciousness of or pride in belonging to a select or favored ...
elitist [ā lēt′ist, i lēt′ist] adj. of, having, or advocating elitism n. 1. one who advocates elitism 2. a person who is or who believes himself or herself to be a member ...
(in prescriptions) elixir. * * *
/i lik"seuhr/, n. 1. Pharm. a sweetened, aromatic solution of alcohol and water containing, or used as a vehicle for, medicinal substances. 2. Also called elixir of life. an ...
Eliz abbrev. Elizabethan * * *
Elizabethan. * * *
/i luy"zeuh/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * * (as used in expressions) Burnett Frances Eliza Hodgson Marie Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert Pinckney Eliza * * *
Eliza Doolittle
➡ Doolittle (I) * * *
Eliza Frances Andrews: The Journal of a Georgia Girl
▪ Primary Source              Eliza Andrews saw the work of Sherman's army about fifty miles east of Dolly Lunt Burge at the end of November. The extracts ...
/i liz"euh beuhth/, n. 1. Douay Bible. Elisabeth. 2. (Elizaveta Petrovna) 1709-62, empress of Russia 1741-62 (daughter of Peter the Great). 3. (Pauline Elizabeth Ottilie Luise, ...
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
➡ Barrett Browning * * *
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: The Solitude of Self
▪ Primary Source       On January 17, 1892, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, and Isabella Beecher Hooker appeared to plead their cause before ...
Elizabeth City
a city in NE North Carolina. 13,784. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, seat (1799) of Pasquotank county, northeastern North Carolina, U.S. It lies on ...
Elizabeth David
➡ David (I) * * *
Elizabeth Fry
➡ Fry (III) * * *
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson
➡ Anderson (I) * * *
Elizabeth Gaskell
➡ Gaskell * * *
Elizabeth I
(Elizabeth Tudor) 1533-1603, queen of England 1558-1603 (successor of Mary I; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn). * * * born Sept. 7, 1533, Greenwich, near London, ...
Elizabeth II
(Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor) born 1926, queen of Great Britain since 1952 (daughter of George VI). * * * in full Elizabeth Alexandra Mary born April 21, 1926, London, ...
Elizabeth Islands
Chain of small islands, southeastern Massachusetts, U.S. Extending southwest for 16 mi (26 km) from the southwestern tip of Cape Cod, the group lies between Buzzards Bay and ...
Elizabeth Of France
▪ princess of France French  Élisabeth De France,  in full  Élisabeth-philippine-marie-hélène,  byname  Madame Élisabeth  born May 3, 1764, Versailles, France died ...
Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint
born 1207, probably Pressburg, Hung. died Nov. 17, 1231, Marburg, Thuringia; canonized 1235; feast day November 17 Princess of Hungary canonized for her devotion to the ...
Elizabeth of Portugal, Saint
▪ queen of Portugal byname  The Peacemaker, or The Holy Queen,  Portuguese  Santa Isabel De Portugal, or A Pacificadora, or A Rainha Santa  born c. 1271 died July 4, 1336, ...
Elizabeth Petrovna
Elizabeth Petrovna [pə trōv′nə] 1709-62; empress of Russia (1741-62): daughter of Peter I * * *
Elizabeth Stuart
▪ queen of Bohemia born Aug. 19, 1596, Falkland Palace, Fifeshire, Scot. died Feb. 13, 1662, Westminster, London, Eng.       British princess who from 1619 was titular ...
Elizabeth Taylor
➡ Taylor (II) * * *
Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
➡ Queen Mother(2). * * *
Elizabeth, the Queen Mother, Queen
▪ 2003 Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon; “Queen Mum”        British royal (b. Aug. 4, 1900, London, Eng.—d. March 30, 2002, Windsor, Berkshire, Eng.), ...
/i liz'euh bee"theuhn, -beth"euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the reign of Elizabeth I, queen of England, or to her times: Elizabethan diplomacy; Elizabethan music. 2. noting ...
Elizabethan literature
Body of works written during the reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603). Probably the most illustrious age in the history of English literature, the Elizabethan era saw a flowering ...
Elizabethan sonnet
Elizabethan sonnet n. SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET * * *
Elizabethan sonnet.
See Shakespearean sonnet. * * *
Elizabethan sonnet n. See Shakespearean sonnet. * * *
Elizabeth I, 1533-1603. Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) who succeeded the Catholic Mary I and reestablished Protestantism in England. Her reign was marked by several ...
Elizabeth II, Born 1926. Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (since 1952) who ascended to the throne on the death of her father, George VI. * * *
Elizabeth Pe·trov·na (pə-trôvʹnə), 1709-1762. Empress of Russia (1741-1762) whose reign saw a return to the political spirit of her father, Peter I, and was marked by ...
/i liz'euh beth"teuhn/, n. a city in NE Tennessee. 12,431. * * * ▪ Tennessee, United States       city, seat (1796) of Carter county, northeastern Tennessee, U.S. It ...
/i liz"euh beuhth town'/, n. a town in central Kentucky. 15,380. * * * ▪ Hardin county, Kentucky, United States       city, seat of Hardin county, central Kentucky, ...
Elizalde, Manuel
▪ 1998       Philippine official and amateur anthropologist who in 1971 announced the discovery in Mindanao of the Tasaday, a tiny, primitive tribe living in isolation ...
/elk/, n., pl. elks, (esp. collectively) elk for 1, 2. 1. Also called European elk. the moose, Alces alces. 2. Also called American elk, wapiti. a large North American deer, ...
Elk City
▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, Beckham county, western Oklahoma, U.S., on Elk Creek. Laid out in 1901, the town was first called Busch after the St. Louis ...
elk clover
a plant, Aralia californica, of the ginseng family, native to the west coast of North America, having umbels of greenish or whitish flowers and berrylike fruit, grown as an ...
elk grass.
See bear grass. * * *
Elk Grove Village
a town in NE Illinois. 28,907. * * *
Elk Island National Park
▪ park, Alberta, Canada       park in central Alberta, Canada, 20 miles (32 km) east of Edmonton. Established in 1906 as a game preserve, it is one of Canada's smaller ...
Elk Lodges
➡ Elks * * *
Elk Mountains
▪ mountains, Colorado, United States       segment of the southern Rocky Mountains, extending for 50 miles (80 km) through Pitkin and Gunnison counties, west-central ...
Elk River
▪ river, United States       river rising as Bradley Creek in the Cumberland Mountains, Grundy county, southern Tennessee, U.S. The river meanders approximately 200 ...
▪ Jewish sect also spelled  Elkasaite,         member of a Jewish sect that arose in the vicinity of Trans-Jordanic Palestine around 100 AD. The sect was most noted ...
/elk"hahrt, el"kahrt/, n. a city in N Indiana. 41,305. * * * ▪ Indiana, United States       city, Elkhart county, northern Indiana, U.S. It lies at the confluence of ...
/elk"hownd'/, n. See Norwegian elkhound. [1885-90; ELK + HOUND1] * * *
/el"kin/, n. Stanley, born 1930, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Elkin, Stanley
▪ 1996       U.S. novelist and educator (b. May 11, 1930, New York, N.Y.—d. May 31, 1995, St. Louis, Mo.) was praised for his comic wit and insightful, lyric prose, ...
Elkin, Stanley (Lawrence)
born May 11, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 31, 1995, St. Louis, Mo. U.S. writer. He grew up in Chicago; from 1960 he taught writing at Washington University. His works ...
▪ West Virginia, United States       city, seat (1899) of Randolph county, eastern West Virginia, U.S. It lies along the Tygart Valley River, about 35 miles (56 km) ...
Elk Mountains (ĕlk) A range of the Rocky Mountains in west-central Colorado rising to 4,350.8 m (14,265 ft) at Castle Peak. * * *
▪ Nevada, United States       city, seat (1869) of Elko county, northeastern Nevada, U.S., in the Humboldt River valley. It originated in 1868 as a construction camp ...
Elk River 1. A river rising in the Cumberland Mountains of south-central Tennessee and meandering about 322 km (200 mi) generally west-southwest into northern Alabama. 2. A ...
a US organization for men, started in 1868 and now international. Its full name is the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Members are called Elks, and they have meetings in ...
▪ Maryland, United States       town, seat (1786) of Cecil county, northeastern Maryland, U.S. It lies near the Delaware state line, 21 miles (34 km) west-southwest of ...
ell1 /el/, n. 1. an extension usually at right angles to one end of a building. 2. elbow (def. 5). 3. something that is L-shaped. Also, el. [1765-75; a sp. of the letter name, or ...
/el"euh/, n. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "all." * * * (as used in expressions) Ella Anderson de Wolfe Fitzgerald Ella Ella Gwendolen Rees William Mildred ...
Ella Fitzgerald
➡ Fitzgerald (II) * * *
ellagic acid
/euh laj"ik/, Pharm. a yellow crystalline substance, C14H6O8, isolated from oak galls and tannins and used as a hemostatic. [1800-10; < F ellagique, equiv. to ellag- anagram of ...
el·lag·ic acid (ĭ-lăjʹĭk) n. A yellow crystalline compound, C14H6O8, that is obtained from tannins and used as a hemostatic.   [French ellagique, from ellag, backward ...
/e lahs"/, n. Modern Greek name of Greece. * * *
a magazine for women, published each month and aimed especially at readers who are interested in fashion and socially aware. It first appeared in France in 1985 but there are now ...
/el"euhn/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. Also, Ellin. * * * (as used in expressions) Glasgow Ellen Anderson Gholson Ochoa Ellen Stead Christina Ellen Stewart ...
Ellen Terry
➡ Terry * * *
El·len (ĕlʹən), Mount A peak, 3,514.2 m (11,522 ft) high, of southern Utah. * * *
Ellenborough, Edward Law, earl of, Viscount Southam of Southam, Baron Ellenborough of Ellenborough
▪ British governor of India born Sept. 8, 1790, London, Eng. died Dec. 22, 1871, Southam Delabere, Gloucestershire  British governor-general of India (1842–44), who also ...
/el"euhnz berrg'/, n. a town in central Washington. 11,752. * * * ▪ Washington, United States       city, seat (1883) of Kittitas county, central Washington, U.S., on ...
/el"euh ree/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Channing William Ellery Hale George Ellery Queen Ellery * * *
Ellery Queen
➡ Queen (II) * * *
Ellesmere [elz′mir΄] 〚after F. Egerton (1800-57), 1st Earl of Ellesmere, Eng statesman〛 northernmost island of the Arctic Archipelago, in the Baffin region of Nunavut, ...
Ellesmere Island
/elz"mear/ an island in the Arctic Ocean, NW of Greenland: a part of Canada. 76,600 sq. mi. (198,400 sq. km). * * * Island, Nunavut, Canada The largest of the Queen Elizabeth ...
Ellesmere Port and Neston
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       borough (district), administrative and historic county of Cheshire, England, extending from the River Mersey to the River Dee ...
Ellesmere, Lake
Coastal lake, eastern South Island, New Zealand. Located on the southern side of Banks Peninsula, the tidal lake, which is shallow and brackish, is 14 mi (23 km) long by 8 mi ...
Elles·mere Island (ĕlzʹmîr') An island of northern Nunavut, Canada, in the Arctic Ocean separated from Greenland by a narrow passage. It was first sighted by the English ...
Ellesmere Port A municipal borough of northwest England on the Mersey River south-southeast of Liverpool. It has oil refineries and various light industries. Population: ...
/el"it/, n. Charles, Jr., 1810-62, U.S. civil engineer: builder of suspension bridges. * * *
Ellet, Charles
▪ American engineer born Jan. 1, 1810, Penn's Manor, Pa., U.S. died June 21, 1862, Cairo, Ill.       American engineer who built the first wire-cable suspension bridge ...
Ellet, Elizabeth Fries Lummis
▪ American author née  Elizabeth Fries Lummis   born Oct. 1812/18, Sodus Point, N.Y., U.S. died June 3, 1877, New York, N.Y.  American historical writer, best remembered ...
/el"ee/, n. Scand. Myth. an old woman, a personification of old age, who defeated Thor in a wrestling match. [ < Icel elli, lit., old age. Cf. ELD] * * *
Ellice Islands
/el"is/ a former name of Tuvalu. * * *
El·lice Islands (ĕlʹĭs) See Tuvalu. * * *
Ellicott City
/el"i keuht/ a city in N central Maryland, near Baltimore. 21,784. * * *
El·li·cott City (ĕlʹĭ-kət) An unincorporated community of north-central Maryland west of Baltimore. It is a trade and manufacturing center. Population: 41,396. * * *
/el"ing teuhn/, n. Edward Kennedy ("Duke"), 1899-1974, U.S. jazz pianist, composer, arranger, and conductor. * * *
Ellington, Duke
orig. Edward Kennedy Ellington born April 29, 1899, Washington, D.C., U.S. died May 24, 1974, New York, N.Y. U.S. pianist, bandleader, arranger, and composer. He formed his ...
Ellington,Edward Kennedy
El·ling·ton (ĕlʹĭng-tən), Edward Kennedy. Known as “Duke.” 1899-1974. American jazz composer, pianist, and bandleader whose compositions include “Mood Indigo” ...
Elliot or Elliott [el′ē ət] n. a masculine name: see ELIOT1 * * *
Elliot Lake
▪ Ontario, Canada       city, Algoma district, south-central Ontario, Canada. It lies along the Elliot and Horne lakes, midway between Sault Ste. Marie and Sudbury and ...
Elliotson, John
▪ British physician born Oct. 29, 1791, Southwark, London, Eng. died July 29, 1868, London  English physician who advocated the use of hypnosis in therapy and who in 1849 ...
/el"ee euht, el"yeuht/, n. 1. Herb(ert James), born 1938, Australian track-and-field athlete. 2. Also, Elliot. a male given name, form of Elias. * * * (as used in ...
Elliott, Denholm
▪ British actor born May 31, 1922, London, Eng. died Oct. 6, 1992, Ibiza, Spain  British actor who appeared in many supporting character roles in theatre, in motion pictures, ...
Elliott, Harriet Wiseman
▪ American educator and government official born July 10, 1884, Carbondale, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 6, 1947, Carbondale  American educator and public official, a highly ...
Elliott, Herb
▪ Australian-American athlete in full  Herbert James Elliott   born Feb. 25, 1938, Perth, W.Aus., Australia    Australian middle-distance runner who was world-record ...
Elliott, Missy
▪ American rapper and music producer original name  Melissa Arnette Elliott,  byname  Missy Misdemeanor  born July 1, 1971, Portsmouth, Va., U.S.       American ...
Elliott, Osborn
▪ 2009 “Oz”        American journalist and editor born Oct. 25, 1924, New York, N.Y. died Sept. 28, 2008, New York City advanced Newsweek magazine to a stature ...
/i lips"/, n. Geom. a plane curve such that the sums of the distances of each point in its periphery from two fixed points, the foci, are equal. It is a conic section formed by ...
/i lip"sis/, n., pl. ellipses /-seez/. 1. Gram. a. the omission from a sentence or other construction of one or more words that would complete or clarify the construction, as the ...
ellipsis points
ellipsis points or ellipsis dots n. Writing Printing the characters (… or formerly ***) forming a punctuation mark indicating an intentional omission of words or letters or an ...
/i lip"seuh graf', -grahf'/, n. an instrument for drawing ellipses, as a trammel. Also, elliptograph. [ELLIPSE + -O- + -GRAPH] * * *
/i lip"soyd/, n. 1. Geom. a solid figure all plane sections of which are ellipses or circles. Typical equation: (x2/a2) + (y2/b2) + (z2/c2) = 1. adj. 2. ellipsoidal. [1715-25; < ...
/i lip soyd"l, el'ip-, ee'lip-/, adj. pertaining to or having the form of an ellipsoid. [1825-35; ELLIPSOID + -AL1] * * *
/i lip som"i teuhr, el'ip-, ee'lip-/, n. Optics. an instrument that measures the ellipticity of polarized light, used for determining the thickness of thin films. [ELLIPSE + -O- ...
/i lipt"/, v.t. Gram. to delete by ellipsis. [by back formation from ELLIPTICAL] * * *
el·lip·tic (ĭ-lĭpʹtĭk) or el·lip·ti·cal (-tĭ-kəl) adj. 1. Of, relating to, or having the shape of an ellipse. 2. Containing or characterized by ellipsis. 3. a. Of or ...
elliptic equation
▪ mathematics       any of a class of partial differential equations (partial differential equation) describing phenomena that do not change from moment to moment, as ...
elliptic function
Math. one of a class of transcendental functions related to elliptic integrals and analogous to trigonometric functions. [1835-45] * * *
elliptic geometry
Non-Euclidean geometry that rejects Euclid's fifth postulate (the parallel postulate) and modifies his second postulate. It is also known as Riemannian geometry, after Bernhard ...
elliptic geometry.
See Riemannian geometry (def. 1). * * *
elliptic integral
Math. a certain kind of definite integral that is not expressible by means of elementary functions. [1880-85] * * *
elliptic paraboloid
Geom. a paraboloid that can be put into a position such that its sections parallel to one coordinate plane are ellipses, while its sections parallel to the other two coordinate ...
elliptic spring
a spring formed from two leaf springs having their convex sides outward. * * *
—ellipticalness, n. /i lip"ti keuhl/, adj. Also, elliptic. 1. pertaining to or having the form of an ellipse. 2. pertaining to or marked by grammatical ellipsis. 3. (of speech ...
elliptical galaxy
Astron. a type of galaxy having the shape of a spheroid or ellipsoid, rather than a disk. Also called elliptical, E galaxy. * * *
elliptical light
Optics. light that has been elliptically polarized. * * *
elliptical polarization
Physics. polarization of an electromagnetic wave in which the vector representing the instantaneous intensity of the electric field describes an elliptical helix in the direction ...
/i lip"tik lee/, adv. 1. in the form of an ellipse. 2. in an elliptical manner; by an ellipse. 3. with great economy of words or expression; concisely: to speak elliptically. 4. ...
/i lip tis"i tee, el'ip-, ee'lip-/, n. the degree of divergence of an ellipse from a circle. [1745-55; elliptic- (see ELLIPTICAL) + -ITY] * * *
/i lip"teuh graf', -grahf'/, n. ellipsograph. [1850-55] * * *
/el"is/, n. 1. Alexander John (Alexander John Sharpe), 1814-90, English phonetician and mathematician. 2. (Henry) Havelock /hav"lok/, 1859-1939, English psychologist and ...
Ellis Island
an island in upper New York Bay: a former U.S. immigrant examination station. * * * Island, Upper New York Bay, southeastern New York, U.S. It lies southwest of Manhattan island ...
Ellis Peters
➡ Peters * * *
Ellis, (Henry) Havelock
born Feb. 2, 1859, Croydon, Surrey, Eng. died July 8, 1939, Washbrook, Suffolk British sexuality researcher. A medical doctor, he gave up his practice to devote himself to ...
Ellis, (Henry)Havelock
El·lis (ĕlʹĭs), (Henry) Havelock. 1859-1939. British psychologist and writer known for his pioneering works on sexuality, such as Studies in the Psychology of Sex (seven ...
Ellis, Albert
▪ 2008       American psychologist born Sept. 27, 1913, Pittsburgh, Pa. died July 24, 2007, New York, N.Y. developed the psychotherapeutic approach known as rational ...
Ellis, Alice Thomas
▪ 2006 Anna Margaret Lindholm Haycraft        British author and editor (b. Sept. 9, 1932, Liverpool, Eng.—d. March 8, 2005, London, Eng.), crafted spare, perceptive ...
Ellis, Alton Nehemiah
▪ 2009       Jamaican singer born Sept. 1, 1938, Kingston, Jam. died Oct. 11, 2008, London, Eng. was called the “godfather of rocksteady,” the Jamaican pop music ...
Ellis, Harvey
▪ American architect born 1852, Rochester, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 2, 1904, Rochester       U.S. architect, perhaps the greatest architectural renderer of his time; he was ...
Ellis, Havelock
▪ British essayist and physician in full  Henry Havelock Ellis   born Feb. 2, 1859, Croydon, Surrey, Eng. died July 8, 1939, Washbrook, Suffolk  English essayist and ...
Ellis, Larry Thomas
▪ 1999       American track coach at Princeton University from 1970 to 1992 who was also head coach of the 1984 Olympic men's track and field team and from 1992 to 1996 ...
Ellis Island An island of Upper New York Bay southwest of Manhattan. It was the chief immigration station of the United States from 1892 to 1943. Officially closed in 1954, the ...
/el"euh seuhn/, n. Ralph (Waldo) /wawl"doh, wol"-/, born 1914, U.S. novelist, essayist, and lecturer. * * *
Ellison, Harlan
▪ American author in full  Harlan Jay Ellison  born May 27, 1934, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.       American writer of short stories, novels, essays, and television and ...
Ellison, Ralph
▪ American author and educator born March 1, 1914, Oklahoma City, Okla., U.S. died April 16, 1994, New York, N.Y.  American teacher and writer who won eminence with his first ...
Ellison, Ralph (Waldo)
born March 1, 1914, Oklahoma City, Okla., U.S. died April 16, 1994, New York, N.Y. U.S. writer. Ellison studied music at Tuskegee Institute before joining the Federal Writers' ...
Ellison, Ralph Waldo
▪ 1995       U.S. writer and educator (b. March 1, 1914, Oklahoma City, Okla.—d. April 16, 1994, New York, N.Y.), spent seven years writing his seminal novel, ...
Ellison,Ralph Waldo
El·li·son (ĕlʹĭ-sən), Ralph Waldo. 1914-1994. American writer whose novel Invisible Man (1952) is a naturalistic depiction of a young Black man's struggle against American ...
Ellmann, Richard
▪ American scholar born March 15, 1918, Highland Park, Mich., U.S. died May 13, 1987, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng.       American literary critic and scholar, an expert on ...
/e lawr"euh, e lohr"euh/, n. a village in S central India: important Hindu archaeological site. Also, Elura. * * *
Ellora Caves
▪ temples, Ellora, India Ellora also spelled  Elura   a series of 34 magnificent rock-cut temples in northwest-central Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. ...
Ellroy, James
▪ 2002       American author James Ellroy, long regarded a master of the crime-fiction genre, continued his move into the realm of general fiction with the publication ...
/elz"werrth/, n. 1. Lincoln, 1880-1951, U.S. polar explorer. 2. Oliver, 1745-1807, U.S. jurist and statesman: Chief Justice of the U.S. 1796-1800. 3. a male given name. * * ...
Ellsworth Land
a region in Antarctica, bordered by the Weddell Sea on the E, Byrd Land on the SW, and Palmer Land on the N: discovered 1935. * * * ▪ region, Antarctica formerly  Ellsworth ...
Ellsworth, Lincoln
▪ American explorer original name  William Linn Ellsworth   born May 12, 1880, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died May 26, 1951, New York, New York  American explorer, engineer, ...
Ellsworth, Oliver
born April 29, 1745, Windsor, Conn. died Nov. 26, 1807, Windsor U.S. politician, diplomat, and jurist. He served in the Continental Congress (1777–83) and coauthored the ...
Ells·worth (ĕlzʹwûrth'), Lincoln. 1880-1951. American explorer who took part in several polar expeditions, including a 1935 flight across the Antarctic, during which he ...
Ellsworth, Oliver. 1745-1807. American jurist and politician. A U.S. senator from Connecticut (1789-1796), he worked on the legislation that created the federal court system ...
Ellsworth Land A high plateau of western Antarctica south of the Antarctic Peninsula. It includes the Ellsworth Mountains, rising to 5,142.3 m (16,860 ft) at Vinson Massif. * * *
Ellul, Jacques
▪ French politician and social scientist born Jan. 6, 1912, Bordeaux, France died May 19, 1994, Bordeaux       French political and social scientist, Protestant ...
Ellul, Jacques Cesar
▪ 1995       French sociopolitical scientist and Protestant theologian (b. Jan. 6, 1912, Bordeaux, France—d. May 19, 1994, Bordeaux), warned against the dangers of a ...
/elm/, n. 1. any tree of the genus Ulmus, as U. procera (English elm), characterized by the gradually spreading columnar manner of growth of its branches. Cf. American elm, elm ...
elm bark beetle
1. Also called smaller European elm bark beetle. a shiny, dark reddish-brown bark beetle, Scolytus multistriatus, originating in Europe and now widespread in the U.S.: the ...
elm blight.
See Dutch elm disease. * * *
elm family
the plant family Ulmaceae, typified by deciduous trees having simple and often toothed leaves, small petalless flowers, winged fleshy or nutlike fruit, and watery sap, and ...
elm leaf beetle
a chrysomelid beetle, Galerucella luteola, of eastern North America, that feeds on the foliage of elm. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
/el"meuhn/, n. Mischa /mee"sheuh/, 1891-1967, U.S. violinist, born in Russia. * * *
Elman, Mischa
born Jan. 20, 1891, Talnoye, Ukraine, Russian Empire died April 5, 1967, New York, N.Y., U.S. Ukrainian-born U.S. violinist. He studied with Leopold Auer (1845–1930) in St. ...
El·man (ĕlʹmən), Mischa. 1891-1967. Russian-born American violinist regarded as one of the foremost violinists of his time. * * *
El Man·su·ra (măn-so͝orʹə) A city of northern Egypt on a branch of the Nile River. It is a commercial and industrial center. Population: 371,000. * * *
elmbark beetle
elm bark beetle n. Either of two bark beetles (Scolytus multistriatus or Hylurgopinus rufipes) that transmit the fungus causing Dutch elm disease. * * *
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district and borough, administrative and historic county of Surrey, England. The borough comprises the former urban districts ...
Elmen, Gustav Waldemar
▪ American electrical engineer born Dec. 22, 1876, Stockholm, Sweden died Dec. 10, 1957, Englewood, N.J., U.S.       American electrical engineer and metallurgist who ...
/el"meuhr/, n. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "noble" and "famous." * * *
Elmer Bernstein
➡ Bernstein (I) * * *
Elmer Gantry
/gan"tree/ a novel (1927) by Sinclair Lewis. * * *
Elmer’s glue{™}
n [U] a US make of white glue which has for many years been a standard item in the art classes of American schools. * * *
/elm"herrst/, n. a city in NE Illinois, W of Chicago. 44,251. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, DuPage county, northeastern Illinois, U.S. It is a suburb of ...
/el muy"reuh/, n. a city in S central New York. 35,327. * * * ▪ New York, United States       city, seat (1836) of Chemung county, southern New York, U.S. It lies on ...
Elmira College
▪ college, Elmira, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Elmira, New York, U.S. It is a liberal arts college dedicated ...
Elmira system
▪ penology       American penal system named after Elmira Reformatory, in New York. In 1876 Zebulon R. Brockway became an innovator in the reformatory movement by ...
El Mis·ti (mēʹstē) A dormant volcano, 5,825.8 m (19,101 ft) high, in the Cordillera Occidental of southern Peru. It has a perfect snowcapped cone and has long figured in ...
/el"mont/, n. a town on W Long Island, in SE New York. 27,592. * * *
El Mon·te (mŏnʹtē) A city of southern California east of Los Angeles. It is an industrial center in an area noted for its walnut groves. Population: 106,209. * * *
Elmore Leonard
➡ Leonard (I) * * *
Elmore, Francis Edward and Alexander Stanley
▪ British technologists Respectively,   born Nov. 9, 1864, Liverpool died July 26, 1932, Boxmoor, Hertfordshire, Eng. born Jan. 1, 1867, Liverpool died March 4, 1944, ...
Elmslie, George Grant
▪ American architect born Feb. 20, 1871, Huntly, Aberdeen, Scot. died April 23, 1952, Chicago       architect whose importance in the Prairie school of U.S. ...
Elmwood Park
/elm"wood'/ 1. a city in NE Illinois. 24,016. 2. a city in NE New Jersey. 18,377. * * *
El O·beid (ō-bādʹ) also Al U·bay·yid (ăl' o͞o-bāʹĭd) A city of central Sudan southwest of Khartoum. Founded in the 1820s, it is an important transshipment center. ...
—elocutionary /el'euh kyooh"sheuh ner'ee/, adj. —elocutionist, n. /el'euh kyooh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a person's manner of speaking or reading aloud in public: The actor's elocution ...
See elocution. * * *
See elocutionary. * * *
/i loh"dee euh/, n. any of several New World submersed aquatic plants of the genus Elodea, having numerous, usually whorled leaves. Also called anacharis, ditchmoss, waterweed. [ ...
—Elohimic /el'oh him"ik/, adj. /e loh"him/; Seph. Heb. /e law heem"/; Ashk. Heb. /e'loh him"/; in nonliturgical use by Orthodox Jews /e law keem", e'loh kim"/, n. God, esp. as ...
/e loh"hiz euhm, el"oh hiz'euhm/, n. the worship of Elohim or the religious system based on such worship. [ELOH(IM) + -ISM] * * *
—Elohistic, adj. /e loh"hist, el"oh-/, n. a writer of one of the major sources of the Hexateuch, in which God is characteristically referred to as Elohim rather than Yahweh. ...
Elohist source
▪ biblical criticism also called  E Source,         biblical source and one of four that, according to the documentary hypothesis, comprise the original literary ...
See Elohist. * * *
/i loyn"/, v.t. to remove to a distance, esp. to take beyond the jurisdiction of a law court. Also, eloin. [1490-1500; < AF, OF e(s)loigner to go or take far < VL *exlongiare, ...
/el"oh eez', el'oh eez"/, n. a female given name. * * *
—elongative /ee"lawng gay'tiv, ee"long-/, adj. /i lawng"gayt, i long"-, ee"lawng gayt', ee"long-/, v., elongated, elongating, adj. v.t. 1. to draw out to greater length; ...
/i lawng gay"sheuhn, i long-, ee'lawng-, ee'long-/, n. 1. the act of elongating or the state of being elongated. 2. something that is elongated. 3. Astron. the angular distance, ...
—elopement, n. —eloper, n. /i lohp"/, v.i., eloped, eloping. 1. to run off secretly to be married, usually without the consent or knowledge of one's parents. 2. to run away ...
See elope. * * *
See elopement. * * *
▪ fish Introduction  any member of a group of archaic ray-finned fishes (fish) that includes the tarpons (tarpon) (Megalops) and the ladyfishes (Elops). Elopiforms live in ...
/el"euh kweuhns/, n. 1. the practice or art of using language with fluency and aptness. 2. eloquent language or discourse: a flow of eloquence. [1350-1400; ME < AF < L ...
—eloquently, adv. —eloquentness, n. /el"euh kweuhnt/, adj. 1. having or exercising the power of fluent, forceful, and appropriate speech: an eloquent orator. 2. characterized ...
See eloquent. * * *
See eloquently. * * *
El Pas·o (păsʹō) A city of extreme western Texas on the Rio Grande opposite Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. The surrounding area was first settled by Spanish missionaries, ...
/el pee"nawr/, n. (in the Odyssey) a companion of Odysseus who was killed when he fell off the roof of Circe's palace. * * *
Elphinstone, Mountstuart
▪ British colonial official born Oct. 6, 1779, Dunbartonshire, Scot. died Nov. 20, 1859, Hookwood, near Limpsfield, Surrey, Eng.       British official in India who ...
Elphinstone, William
▪ Scottish bishop and statesman born 1431, Glasgow, Scot. died Oct. 25, 1514, Edinburgh       Scottish bishop and statesman, founder of the University of ...
/el"rich/, adj. eldritch. * * *
/el"roy/, n. a male given name. * * *
/el"seuh/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
El Sal·va·dor (sălʹvə-dôr', säl'vä-dôrʹ) A country of Central America bordering on the Pacific Ocean. Conquered by Spain in 1524, the region gained its independence ...
See El Salvador. * * *
Elsasser, Walter M.
▪ American physicist in full  Walter Maurice Elsasser   born March 20, 1904, Mannheim, Ger. died Oct. 14, 1991, Baltimore, Md., U.S.       German-born American ...
/els/, adj. 1. other than the persons or things mentioned or implied: What else could I have done? 2. in addition to the persons or things mentioned or implied: Who else was ...
/el"seuh neuh/, n. Dutch name of Ixelles. * * *
/el"zeuh vear', -veuhr, -seuh-/, n., adj. Elzevir. * * *
/els"hwair', -wair'/, adv. somewhere else; in or to some other place: You will have to look elsewhere for an answer. [bef. 900; ME elleswher, OE elles hwaer. See ELSE, WHERE] * * ...
/els"hwidh'euhr, -widh'-, els hwidh"-, -widh"-/, adv. Archaic. in another direction; toward a different place or goal. [bef. 1000; ME elleswhider, OE elleshwider. See ELSE, ...
Elsheimer, Adam
(baptized March 18, 1578, Frankfurt am Main died December 1610, Rome, Papal States) German painter and printmaker. After studying in Frankfurt, he went to Rome in 1600 and ...
/el"see/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * * (as used in expressions) de Wolfe Elsie Franklin Rosalind Elsie Parsons Elsie Clews Elsie Worthington Clews * * *
/el'seuh nawr", -nohr"/, n. Helsingør. * * *
Elskamp, Max
▪ Belgian poet born May 5, 1862, Antwerp, Belg. died Dec. 10, 1931, Antwerp       one of the outstanding Belgian Symbolist (Symbolist movement) poets, whose material ...
/el"speth, -speuhth/, n. a female given name, form of Elizabeth. * * *
Elsschot, Willem
▪ Belgian writer pseudonym of  Alfons De Ridder  born May 7, 1882, Antwerp, Belg. died June 1, 1960, Antwerp       Flemish novelist and poet, the author of a small ...
Elssler, Fanny
born June 23, 1810, Vienna, Austria died Nov. 27, 1884, Vienna Austrian ballerina. She studied in Vienna and toured in Europe before making her Paris Opéra debut in 1834. Her ...
Elsterian Glacial Stage
▪ Pleistocene deposits and time, northern Europe       major division of Pleistocene deposits and time in northern Europe (the Pleistocene Epoch began about 2,500,000 ...
Elstree Studios
a place in north London where many films have been made, including the Indiana Jones films and Star Wars. The studios began producing films in the 1920s. * * *
➡ World English * * *
Eltinge, Julian
▪ American vaudeville star original name  William Dalton   born May 14, 1883, Newtonville, Mass., U.S. died March 7, 1941, New York, N.Y.       American vaudeville ...
/el"tn/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Douglas Elton Ulman John Sir Elton Hercules Kesey Ken Elton * * *
Elton John
➡ John (III) * * *
Elton, Charles
▪ English biologist Introduction in full  Charles Sutherland Elton   born March 29, 1900, Liverpool, Eng. died May 1, 1991, Oxford, Oxfordshire       English ...
Elton, Lake
▪ lake, Russia       highly saline lake, Volgograd oblast (province), Russia, near the Russian border with Kazakhstan. The lake occupies an area of 59 square miles (152 ...
El To·ro (tôrʹō) An unincorporated community of southern California southeast of Santa Ana. Founded in the 1890s, it is mainly residential. Population: 62,685. * * *
/el"yooh euhnt/, n. a liquid used for elution. [1940-45; < L elu(ere) to wash out (see ELUTE) + -ANT] * * *
/ay lyuu annrdd"/, n. Paul /pawl/, (Eugène Grindel), 1895-1952, French poet. * * *
Éluard, Paul
orig. Eugène Grindel born Dec. 14, 1895, Saint-Denis, Paris, France died Nov. 18, 1952, Charenton-le-Pont French poet. In 1919 he met André Breton, Philippe Soupault, and ...
/el"yooh it, -ayt'/, n. a liquid solution resulting from eluting. [1930-35; < L elu(ere) to wash out (see ELUTE) + -ATE1] * * *
—elucidation, n. —elucidative, adj. —elucidator, n. /i looh"si dayt'/, v., elucidated, elucidating. v.t. 1. to make lucid or clear; throw light upon; explain: an ...
See elucidate. * * *
See elucidation. * * *
See elucidation. * * *
—elucubration, n. /i looh"kyoo brayt'/, v.t., elucubrated, elucubrating. to produce (esp. literary work) by long and intensive effort. [1615-25; < L elucubratus, ptp. of ...

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