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/emp"tee han"did/, adj. 1. having nothing in the hands, as in doing no work: While we were carrying out the luggage, he stood by empty-handed. 2. having gained nothing: to return ...
—empty-headedness, n. /emp"tee hed"id/, adj. lacking intelligence or knowledge; foolish; brainless. [1640-50] * * *
empty-nest syndrome
☆ empty-nest syndrome [emp′tē nest′ ] n. a form of mental depression said to be caused in women by the loss felt when their children grow up and leave home * * *
emptynest syndrome
empty nest syndrome n. A feeling of depression experienced by some parents after their children have grown and left home. * * *
empty nester n. Informal A parent whose children have grown and left home. * * *
/em perr"peuhl/, v.t., v.i., empurpled, empurpling. 1. to color or become purple or purplish. 2. to darken or redden; flush. [1580-90; EM-1 + PURPLE] * * *
—empyemic, adj. /em'pee ee"meuh, -puy-/, n. Pathol. a collection of pus in a body cavity, esp. the pleural cavity. Also called pyothorax. [1605-15; < LL < Gk empýema abscess, ...
See empyema. * * *
/em pir"ee euhl, -puy"ree-, em'peuh ree"euhl, -puy-/, adj. 1. pertaining to the highest heaven in the cosmology of the ancients. 2. pertaining to the sky; celestial: empyreal ...
/em'peuh ree"euhn, -puy-, em pir"ee euhn, -puy"ree-/, n. 1. the highest heaven, supposed by the ancients to contain the pure element of fire. 2. the visible heavens; the ...
1. emergency medical service. 2. European Monetary System. * * *
Ems River
River, northwestern Germany. It rises on the southern slope of the Teutoburg Forest and flows generally northwest and north through the states of North Rhine–Westphalia and ...
Ems Telegram
(July 13, 1870) Telegram sent from Ems, Ger. , to Otto von Bismarck and subsequently published by him in an edited version designed to offend the French government. The telegram ...
Emser, Hieronymus
▪ German theologian born March 16/26, 1478, Ulm [Germany] died November 8, 1527, Dresden, Saxony       German theologian, lecturer, editor, and polemicist who is ...
Emsian Stage
▪ geology       uppermost of the three standard worldwide divisions of Early Devonian (Devonian Period) rocks and time. Emsian time spans the interval between 407 ...
▪ region, Germany       region along the lower Ems River, in Lower Saxony Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies on both sides of the river, from the town of Lingen ...
emergency medical technician: a person who is trained to give emergency medical care at the scene of an accident or in an ambulance. * * *
/ee"myooh/, n. a large, flightless, ratite bird, Emu (Dromaius) novaehollandiae, of Australia, resembling the ostrich but smaller and having a feathered head and neck and ...
1. Also, emu See electromagnetic unit. 2. Aerospace. See extravehicular mobility unit. * * * Ratite of Australia. After the ostrich, the emu is the second-largest living bird. ...
▪ bird  any of the three species of the Australian genus Stipiturus, of the songbird family Maluridae. In these tiny birds the narrow, cocked tail consists of six wispy ...
—emulative, adj. —emulatively, adv. —emulator, n. v. /em"yeuh layt'/; adj. /em"yeuh lit/, v., emulated, emulating, adj. v.t. 1. to try to equal or excel; imitate with ...
/em'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. effort or desire to equal or excel others. 2. Obs. jealous rivalry. [1545-55; < L aemulation- (s. of aemulatio). See EMULATE, -ION] Syn. 1. imitation, ...
See emulate. * * *
See emulative. * * *
emulator [em′yo͞o lāt΄ər, em′yəlāt΄ər] n. 1. one that emulates 2. software or hardware that allows one computer to perform the functions of, or execute programs ...
/i mul"jeuhnz/, n. (in prescriptions) an emulsifying agent. [ < L, prp. of emulgere; see EMULSION] * * *
—emulously, adv. —emulousness, n. /em"yeuh leuhs/, adj. 1. desirous of equaling or excelling; filled with emulation: boys emulous of their fathers. 2. arising from or of the ...
See emulous. * * *
See emulously. * * *
(in prescriptions) an emulsion. [ < L emulsio] * * *
e·mul·si·ble (ĭ-mŭlʹsə-bəl) adj. That can be emulsified: an emulsible oil. * * *
emulsifiable [e mul′sə bəl, i mul′sə bəlē mul′sə fī΄ə bəl, imul′sə fī΄ə bəl] adj. that can be emulsified: also emulsible [e mul′sə bəl, i mul′sə ...
See emulsification. * * * ▪ chemistry       in foods, any of numerous chemical additives that encourage the suspension of one liquid in another, as in the mixture of ...
—emulsifiable, emulsible, adj. —emulsifiability, emulsibility, n. —emulsification, n. —emulsifier, n. /i mul"seuh fuy'/, v.t., v.i., emulsified, emulsifying. to make into ...
—emulsive, adj. /i mul"sheuhn/, n. 1. Physical Chem. any colloidal suspension of a liquid in another liquid. 2. such a suspension used in cosmetics. 3. Pharm. a liquid ...
See emulsion. * * *
—emulsoidal /i mul soyd"l, ee'mul-/, adj. /i mul"soyd/, n. Physical Chem. a sol having a liquid disperse phase. Cf. suspensoid. [1905-10; < L emuls(us) (see EMULSION) + -OID] * ...
/i mungk"teuh ree/, n., pl. emunctories, adj. Physiol. n. 1. a part or organ of the body, as the skin or a kidney, that functions in carrying off waste products. adj. 2. ...
▪ turtle family  family of hard-shelled turtles native to both the Old and New Worlds, primarily in the Northern Hemisphere. The emydid turtles comprise more than 25 genera ...
/en/, n. 1. the letter N, n. 2. Also called nut. Print. half of the width of an em. adj. 3. Print. having the area of an en quad or the length of an en: en quad; en ...
en ami
/ah nann mee"/, French. as a friend: to confide in someone en ami. * * *
en arrière
en arrière [än nȧ ryer′] n. 〚Fr〛 1. behind 2. in arrears * * *
en avant
en avant [än nȧ vän′] n. 〚Fr〛 forward; onward; ahead * * *
en bloc
/ahonn blawk"/; Eng. /en blok"/, French. as a whole. * * *
en brochette
en brochette [än brō̂ shet′] 〚Fr〛 broiled on small spits or skewers * * *
en brosse
/ahonn brddaws"/, French. (of hair) cut to stand straight in an even row on top, often as a crew cut. * * *
en carré
/ahonn kah rdday"/, French. (of a bet in roulette) placed at the intersection of four numbers so as to share in any that wins. [lit., squared] * * *
en casserole
en casserole [en kas′ə rōl΄; ] Fr [ än kȧs rō̂l′] n. 〚Fr〛 (baked and served) in a casserole * * *
en clair
/ahonn klerdd"/, French. (esp. of diplomatic messages) in ordinary language; not written or sent in code or cipher. [lit., in clear] * * *
en croûte
/ahonn krddooht"/, French Cookery. baked in a pastry crust. [ < F: lit., in (a) crust] * * *
en dash
Print. a dash one en long. * * *
en déshabillé
/ahonn day zann bee yay"/, French. in dishabille; not fully or carefully dressed. * * *
en famille
/ahonn fann mee"yeu/, French. in or with the family; at home: to dine en famille. * * *
en garde
/ahn gahrd"/; Fr. /ahonn gannrddd"/, Fencing. (used as the call to the fencers by the director of a match to assume the prescribed position preparatory to action.) [ < F: on ...
En Gediʿ
▪ Israel also spelled  Ein Gedi,         oasis, archaeological site, and kibbutz (communal settlement) in southeastern Israel on the west bank of the Dead Sea. ...
en masse
/ahn mas", en/; Fr. /ahonn manns"/ in a mass; all together; as a group: The people rushed to the gate en masse. [1795-1805; < F] * * *
en papillote
/ahonn pann pee yawt"/, French. (of meat or fish) cooked and served in a wrapping of foil or oiled paper. * * *
en passant
/ahn' pa sahnt"/; Fr. /ahonn pah sahonn"/ 1. (italics) French. in passing; by the way. 2. Chess. a method by which a pawn that is moved two squares can be captured by an ...
en plein air
/ahonn ple nerdd"/, French. in the open air. * * *
en prise
/ahn' preez"/; Fr. /ahonn prddeez"/, Chess. in line for capture; likely to be captured. [1815-25; < F; see PRIZE1] * * *
en quad
Print. 1. a square unit of an area, one en on each side. 2. a quad having such an area. Cf. quad2 (def. 1). [1900-05] * * *
en rapport
/ahn' ra pawr", -pohr", reuh-/; Fr. /ahonn rddann pawrdd"/ in sympathy or accord; in agreement; congenial. [ < F] * * *
en règle
/ahonn rdde"gleu/, French. in order; according to the rules; correct. * * *
en résille
▪ enamelware       in the decorative arts, technique of enamelwork in which the design is incised on rock crystal or glass paste and the incisions lined first with gold ...
en route
/ahn rooht", en/; Fr. /ahonn rddooht"/ on the way: The plane crashed en route from Cairo to Athens. [1770-80; < F] * * *
en soleil
/ahn saw lay"/, Heraldry. (of a charge) surrounded by rays, as of the sun: a white rose en soleil. [ < F: lit., in (the form of the) sun] * * *
en suite
/ahonn sweet"/, French. in succession; in a series or set. * * *
en tire-bouchon
Fr. /ahonn teerdd booh shawonn"/, Ballet. a position in which the thigh of one leg is raised up high to the side and the point of the toe touches the knee of the supporting ...
en-1 a prefix occurring originally in loanwords from French and productive in English on this model, forming verbs with the general sense "to cause (a person or thing) to be in" ...
—enabler, n. /en ay"beuhl/, v.t., enabled, enabling. 1. to make able; give power, means, competence, or ability to; authorize: This document will enable him to pass through the ...
See enable. * * *
/en ay"bling/, adj. Law. conferring new legal powers or capacities, esp. by removing a disability; having the right to license or regulate: an enabling act; enabling ...
Enabling Act
Law passed by the German Reichstag in 1933 that enabled Adolf Hitler to assume dictatorial powers. Deputies from the Nazi Party, the German National People's Party, and the ...
—enactable, adj. —enactor, n. /en akt"/, v.t. 1. to make into an act or statute: Congress has enacted a new tax law. 2. to represent on or as on the stage; act the part of: ...
See enact. * * *
/en ak"tiv/, adj. having power to enact or establish, as a law. [1650-60; ENACT + -IVE] * * *
/en akt"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of enacting. 2. the state or fact of being enacted. 3. something that is enacted; a law or statute. 4. a single provision of a law. [1810-20; ENACT ...
See enactable. * * *
/en ak"teuh ree/, adj. Law. of or pertaining to an enactment that creates new rights and obligations. [1835-45; ENACT + -ORY1] * * *
/en al"euh jee/, n. Rhet. the use of one grammatical form in place of another, as the plural for the singular in the editorial use of we. [1575-85; < LL < Gk enallagé an ...
—enameler; esp. Brit., enameller, n. —enamelist; esp. Brit., enamellist, n. —enamelwork, n. /i nam"euhl/, n., v., enameled, enameling or (esp. Brit.) enamelled, ...
enamel miniature
▪ portraiture  portrait on a small opaque, usually white, enamel surface annealed to gold or copper plate and painted with metallic oxides. Since the pigments used are not ...
enameler or enameller [e nam′ələr, i nam′ələr] n. 1. a person whose work is applying enamel, as to metal surfaces 2. an artist who designs and produces jewelry and other ...
/i nam"euh ling/, n. 1. the art, act, or work of a person who enamels. 2. a decoration or coating of enamel. Also, esp. Brit., enamelling. [1400-50; late ME; see ENAMEL, -ING1] * ...
See enameler. * * *
/i nam"euhl wair'/, n. metalware, as cooking utensils, covered with an enamel surface. [1900-05; ENAMEL + WARE1] * * *
e·nam·el·work (ĭ-nămʹəl-wûrk') n. 1. Decorative work done in enamel. 2. Enamelware. * * * Metal objects decorated with an opaque glaze fused to the surface by intense ...
en·a·mine (ĕnʹə-mēn', ĭ-nămʹēn) n. An amine that contains the double bond linkage ─C═C─N─R.   [en-, chemically unsaturated (from -ene) + -amine.] * * *
—enamoredness; esp. Brit., enamouredness, n. /i nam"euhr/, v.t. 1. to fill or inflame with love (usually used in the passive and fol. by of or sometimes with): to be enamored ...
en·am·our (ĭ-nămʹər) v. Chiefly British Variant of enamor. * * *
a combining form meaning "opposite," "opposing," used in the formation of compound words: enantiomorph. [ < Gk, comb. form of enantíos. See EN-2, ANTI-] * * *
/i nan"tee euh meuhr/, n. Chem. either of a pair of optical isomers that are mirror images of each other. Cf. diastereoisomer. [ENANTIO- + -MER] * * *
See enantiomer. * * *
/i nan"tee euh mawrf'/, n. Crystall. either of two crystals exhibiting enantiomorphism. [ < G (1856); see ENANTIO-, -MORPH] * * * ▪ chemistry       (from Greek ...
See enantiomorph. * * *
—enantiomorphic, enantiomorphous, adj. /i nan'tee euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Crystall. the existence of two chemically identical crystal forms as mirror images of each ...
See enantiomorphic. * * *
/i nan'tee oh"sis/, n., pl. enantioses /-seez/. Rhet. a figure of speech in which what is meant is the opposite of what is said; irony. [1650-60; < Gk enantíosis. See ENANTIO-, ...
—enantiotropic /i nan'tee euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. /i nan'tee o"treuh pee/, n. Crystall. polymorphism in which one of the polymorphs may revert to the state of the other ...
/en ahr"juyt, en"euhr juyt'/, n. a mineral, copper arsenic and sulfide, Cu3AsS4, occurring in the form of black orthorhombic crystals having perfect cleavage: an important source ...
—enarthrodial /en'ahr throh"dee euhl/, adj. /en'ahr throh"sis/, n., pl. enarthroses /-seez/. Anat., Zool. See ball-and-socket joint. [1625-35; < NL < Gk enárthrosis; see EN-2, ...
/ee"nayt/, n. 1. a person related on one's mother's side. Cf. agnate, cognate. adj. 2. Also, enatic /ee nat"ik/. related on one's mother's side. [ < L enatus, ptp. of enasci to ...
/ee nay"sheuhn/, n. Bot. a small outgrowth of plant tissue, usually on a leaf, caused by virus infection. [1835-45; < L enat(us) sprouted, sprung forth (see ENATE) + -ION] * * *
en bloc (äɴ blôkʹ, ĕn blŏkʹ) adv. As a unit; all together: “I have been drawing our attention to the public and private qualities of the several arts lest they be ...
en bro·chette (äɴ' brô-shĕtʹ) adv. On a skewer: lamb en brochette.   [French : en, on + brochette, stick, skewer.] * * *
enc abbrev. enclosure * * *
1. enclosed. 2. enclosure. 3. encyclopedia. [1900-05] * * *
/en seen"yeuh, -see"nee euh/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) festive ceremonies commemorating the founding of a city or the consecration of a church. 2. (often cap.) (often used with ...
/en kayj"/, v.t., encaged, encaging. to confine in or as in a cage; coop up. Also, incage. [1585-95; EN-1 + CAGE] * * *
/en kamp"/, v.i. 1. to settle or lodge in a camp. v.t. 2. to make into a camp. 3. to lodge or place in a camp. [1540-50; EN-1 + CAMP1] * * * ▪ Andorra       village, ...
/en kamp"meuhnt/, n. 1. an act or instance of encamping; lodgment in a camp. 2. the place or quarters occupied in camping; camp. [1590-1600; ENCAMP + -MENT] * * *
en·cap·su·lant (ĕn-kăpʹsə-lənt) n. A material used for encapsulating. * * *
—encapsulation, n. /en kap"seuh layt', -syoo-/, v., encapsulated, encapsulating. v.t. 1. to place in or as if in a capsule. 2. to summarize or condense. v.i. 3. to become ...
en·cap·su·lat·ed (ĕn-kăpʹsə-lā'təd) adj. Enclosed by a protective coating or membrane: an encapsulated bacterium. * * *
See encapsulate. * * *
See encapsulation. * * *
/en kap"seuhl, -syoohl/, v.t., v.i., encapsuled, encapsuling. encapsulate. [1875-80; EN-1 + CAPSULE] * * *
/eng'kahrdd nah syawn"/, n. a city in SE Paraguay, on the Paraná River. 24,211. * * * ▪ Paraguay formerly  Itapúa        city, southeastern Paraguay. The city was ...
/en kahr"nl uyz'/, v.t., encarnalized, encarnalizing. to invest with a worldly or sensual nature or form; make carnal: the soul encarnalized by the gross body. Also, incarnalize. ...
/en kahr"peuhs/, n., pl. encarpi /-puy/. an ornament having draperies, weapons, etc., arranged in the manner of a festoon. [ < Gk énkarpos containing fruit (see EN-2, -CARPOUS); ...
/en kays"/, v.t., encased, encasing. to enclose in or as in a case: We encased the ancient vase in glass to preserve it. Also, incase. [1625-35; EN-1 + CASE2] * * *
/en kays"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of encasing. 2. the state of being encased. 3. something that encases; case. Also, incasement. [1735-45; ENCASE + -MENT] * * *
—encaustically, adv. /en kaw"stik/, adj. 1. painted with wax colors fixed with heat, or with any process in which colors are burned in. n. 2. a work of art produced by an ...
encaustic painting
▪ art  painting technique in which pigments are mixed with hot, liquid wax. After all of the colours have been applied to the painting surface, a heating element is passed ...
enceinte1 /en saynt", ahn sant"/; Fr. /ahonn saonnt"/, adj. pregnant; with child. [1590-1600; < MF < LL incincta, perh. lit. "ungirded," equiv. to L in- IN-3 + cincta, fem. of ...
/en sel"euh deuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a giant with a hundred arms buried under Mount Etna, in Sicily. 2. Astron. a natural satellite of the planet Saturn. * * * ▪ ...
var. of encephalo- before a vowel: encephalic. * * *
en·ceph·a·la (ĕn-sĕfʹə-lə) n. Plural of encephalon. * * *
/en sef'euh lal"jee euh/, n. Med. headache (def. 1). [ENCEPHAL- + -ALGIA] * * *
▪ plant genus  a genus of 65 species of palmlike cycads (family Zamiaceae), native to central and southern Africa and grown elsewhere as conservatory and house plants. The ...
/en sef'euh leuhs thee"nee euh/, n. Pathol. mental fatigue caused by emotional stress. [ENCEPHAL- + ASTHENIA] * * *
/en'seuh fal"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to the encephalon or brain. [1825-35; ENCEPHAL- + -IC] * * *
See encephalitis. * * *
—encephalitic /en sef'euh lit"ik/, adj. /en sef'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. 1. inflammation of the substance of the brain. 2. Also called encephalitis lethargica /li thahr"ji ...
encephalitis lethargica
encephalitis lethargica [li thär′ji kə] n. a form of encephalitis, or sleeping sickness, epidemic in the period from 1915 to 1926 * * *
encephalitis le·thar·gi·ca (lə-thärʹjĭ-kə) n. A viral epidemic encephalitis marked by apathy, paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscle, and extreme muscular weakness. It ...
a combining form meaning "brain," used in the formation of compound words: encephalograph. Also, esp. before a vowel, encephal-. [ < Gk enképhalos. See ENCEPHALON] * * *
/en sef"euh leuh gram'/, n. Med. an x-ray of the brain, usually involving replacement of some cerebrospinal fluid by air or other gas that circulates to the brain's ventricular ...
—encephalographic /en sef'euh leuh graf"ik/, adj. —encephalographically, adv. —encephalography /en sef'euh log"reuh fee/, n. /en sef"euh leuh graf', -grahf'/, n. Med. 1. an ...
See encephalography. * * *
See encephalographic. * * *
en·ceph·a·log·ra·phy (ĕn-sĕf'ə-lŏgʹrə-fē) n. pl. en·ceph·a·log·ra·phies Radiographic examination of the brain in which some of the cerebrospinal fluid is ...
/en sef'euh loh"meuh/, n., pl. encephalomas, encephalomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. 1. a brain tumor. 2. hernia of the brain. [ENCEPHAL- + -OMA] * * *
/en sef'euh loh meuh lay"sheuh, -shee euh/, n. Pathol. a softness or degeneration of brain tissue, as caused by impairment of the blood supply; softening of the brain. [1835-45; ...
—encephalomyelitic /en sef'euh loh muy'euh lit"ik/, adj. /en sef'euh loh muy'euh luy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. [1905-10; ENCEPHALO- + ...
/en sef"euh loh muy'oh kahr duy"tis/, n. Pathol. a viral infection of the central nervous system and skeletal and heart muscle causing degeneration of tissue. [1945-50; ...
/en sef"euh lon', -leuhn/, n., pl. encephala /-leuh/. Anat. the brain. [1735-45; < NL, alter. (-on for -os) of Gk enképhalos (adj.) within the head, as masc. n., brain; see ...
See encephalopathy. * * *
/en sef'euh lop"euh thee/, n. Psychiatry. any brain disease. [1865-70; ENCEPHALO- + -PATHY] * * *
/en sef'euh loh"sis/, n. Pathol. organic disease of the brain. [ENCEPHAL- + -OSIS] * * *
/en sef'euh lot"euh mee/, n., pl. encephalotomies. surgical incision or dissection of the brain. [ENCEPHALO- + -TOMY] * * *
See encephalon. * * *
—enchainment, n. /en chayn"/, v.t. 1. to bind in or as in chain or chains; fetter; restrain: to be enchained by ignorance and superstition. 2. to hold fast, as the ...
Fr. /ahonn shen mahonn"/, n., pl. enchaînements Fr. /-mahonn"/. Ballet. a series of steps constituting a phrase. [1820-30; < F; see ENCHAIN, -MENT] * * *
See enchain. * * *
/en chant", -chahnt"/, v.t. 1. to subject to magical influence; bewitch: fairytales about witches who enchant handsome princes and beautiful maidens. 2. to delight to a high ...
/en chan"teuhr, -chahn"-/, n. 1. a person who enchants or delights. 2. a magician; sorcerer. [1250-1300; ENCHANT + -ER1; r. ME enchantour < AF; OF enchanteor < LL incantator, ...
enchanter's nightshade
any of several plants belonging to the genus Circaea, of the evening primrose family, of cool and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, having white ...
—enchantingly, adv. /en chan"ting, -chahn"-/, adj. charming; captivating: an enchanting smile. [1545-55; ENCHANT + -ING2] * * *
See enchanting. * * *
/en chant"meuhnt, -chahnt"-/, n. 1. the art, act, or an instance of enchanting. 2. the state of being enchanted. 3. something that enchants: Music is an enchantment that never ...
/en chan"tris, -chahn"-/, n. 1. a woman who practices magic; sorceress. 2. an irresistibly charming or fascinating woman: an enchantress who breaks men's hearts. [1325-75; ME ...
—enchaser, n. /en chays"/, v.t., enchased, enchasing. 1. to place (gems) in an ornamental setting. 2. to decorate with inlay, embossing, or engraving. [1425-75; late ME < MF ...
Enchi Fumiko
▪ Japanese author born Oct. 2, 1905, Tokyo, Japan died Nov. 14, 1986, Tokyo       Japanese novelist best known for her depiction of women's struggles within Japanese ...
/en'cheuh lah"deuh, -lad"euh/, n. Mexican Cookery. 1. a tortilla rolled and filled with a seasoned mixture, usually containing meat, and covered with a sauce flavored with ...
/en'kuy rid"ee euhn, -ki-/, n., pl. enchiridions, enchiridia /-rid"ee euh/. a handbook; manual. [1535-45; < LL < Gk encheirídion handbook, equiv. to en- EN-2 + cheír hand + ...
—enchondromatous /en'keuhn drom"euh teuhs, -droh"meuh-/, adj. /en'keuhn droh"meuh/, n., pl. enchondromas, enchondromata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a growth of cartilage within the ...
/en kawr"ee euhl, -kohr"-/, adj. (esp. of demotic writing) belonging to or used in a particular country. Also, enchoric /en kawr"ik, -kor"-/. [1815-25; < LL enchori(us) ( < Gk ...
Enciclopedia italiana di scienze, lettere ed arti
▪ Italian encyclopaedia       (Italian: “Italian Encyclopaedia of Science, Letters, and Arts”), major encyclopaedia of Italy, containing 35 volumes of text and a ...
Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeoamericana
▪ Spanish encyclopaedia byname  Espasa,         encyclopaedia published in Madrid, an outstanding reference work of 70 volumes—published between 1905 and ...
—encinal, adj. /en see"neuh/, n. 1. the live oak, Quercus virginiana. 2. See California live oak. [1905-10, Amer.; < AmerSp, Sp: holm oak, by syncope, shortening, and ...
/en thee"nah, -see"/, n. Juan del /hwahn del/, 1468?-1529?, Spanish poet, composer, and playwright. * * *
Encina, Juan del
▪ Spanish author and composer born , July 12, 1468?, Encinas?, near Salamanca, Castile died , near the end of August 1529/30, León?, Spain       playwright, poet, ...
/en singk"cheuhr/, v., encinctured, encincturing, v.t. to gird or encompass with or as with a belt or girdle: A ring of hills encinctures the town. [1805-15; EN-1 + CINCTURE] * * ...
—encipherer, n. —encipherment, n. /en suy"feuhr/, v.t. to convert (a message, communication, etc.) into cipher. [1570-80; EN-1 + CIPHER] * * *
See encipher. * * *
See encipherer. * * *
—encirclement, n. /en serr"keuhl/, v.t., encircled, encircling. 1. to form a circle around; surround; encompass: to encircle an enemy. 2. to make a circling movement around; ...
See encircle. * * *
Encke's comet
/eng"keuhz, -keez/ a comet, discovered by J.L. Pons, with a period of 3.3 years, the shortest period known. [named after Johann F. Encke (1791-1865), German astronomer] * * ...
Encke's division
Astron. a dark region within the outer major ring of Saturn. [see ENCKE'S COMET] * * *
Encke, Johann Franz
▪ German astronomer born Sept. 23, 1791, Hamburg died Aug. 26, 1865, Spandau, Ger.       German astronomer who in 1819 established the period of the comet now known by ...
Enckell, Rabbe
▪ Finnish poet born March 3, 1903, Tammela, Fin. died June 17, 1974, Helsinki  Finnish poet, playwright, and critic, a leading representative of the Swedo-Finnish poetic ...
encl abbrev. enclosure * * *
1. enclosed. 2. enclosure. * * *
/en klasp", -klahsp"/, v.t. to hold in or as in a clasp or embrace. Also, inclasp. [1590-1600; EN-1 + CLASP] * * *
/en"klayv, ahn"-/, n., v., enclaved, enclaving. n. 1. a country, or esp., an outlying portion of a country, entirely or mostly surrounded by the territory of another country. 2. ...
See encliticize. * * *
—enclitically, adv. /en klit"ik/, adj. 1. (of a word) closely connected in pronunciation with the preceding word and not having an independent accent or phonological ...
See encliticize. * * *
See enclitic. * * *
—enclosable, adj. —encloser, n. /en klohz"/, v.t., enclosed, enclosing. 1. to shut or hem in; close in on all sides: a valley enclosed by tall mountains. 2. to surround, as ...
enclosed rhyme
▪ poetry also called  enclosing rhyme        in poetry, the rhyming pattern abba found in certain quatrains, such as the first verse of Matthew Arnold (Arnold, ...
/en kloh"zheuhr/, n. 1. something that encloses, as a fence or wall. 2. something that is enclosed, as a paper sent in a letter. 3. the separation and appropriation of land by ...
enclosure act
Eng. Hist. any of the acts of Parliament passed from 1709 to 1869, requiring that private lands be fenced off from common lands. [1880-85] * * *
enclosure movement
Division or consolidation of communal lands in Western Europe into the carefully delineated and individually owned farm plots of modern times. Before enclosure, farmland was ...
/en klohdh"/, v.t., enclothed, enclothing. clothe (def. 3). [1825-35; EN-1 + CLOTHE] * * *
—encodable, adj. —encodement, n. —encoder, n. /en kohd"/, v.t., encoded, encoding. to convert (a message, information, etc.) into code. [1930-35; EN-1 + CODE] * * *
See encode. * * *
/en kon"yeuhr, -koyn"-, ahn-/; Fr. /ahonn kaw nyyuurdd"/, n., pl. encoignures /-kon"yeuhrz, -koyn"-/; Fr. /-kaw nyyuurdd"/. Fr. Furniture. a low corner cabinet. [1840-50; < F; ...
/en kohl"pee euhn, en kol"pee on'/, n., pl. encolpia /-pee euh/. Eastern Ch. a pectoral medallion bearing the image of Christ or the Virgin Mary, worn by bishops. Also, ...
—encomiastic, adj. —encomiastically, adv. /en koh"mee ast', -euhst/, n. a person who utters or writes an encomium; eulogist. [1600-10; < Gk enkomiast(és), equiv. to ...
encomiastic [en kō΄mē as′tik] adj. 1. of an encomiast 2. of or like an encomium; eulogistic * * * See encomiast. * * *
See encomiastic. * * *
/en koh'mee en"deuh, -kom'ee-/; Sp. /eng'kaw myen"dah/, n., pl. encomiendas /-deuhz/; Sp. /-dahs/. (formerly in Spanish America) 1. the system, instituted in 1503, under which a ...
/en koh"mee euhm/, n., pl. encomiums, encomia /-mee euh/. a formal expression of high praise; eulogy: An encomium by the President greeted the returning hero. [1580-90; < L < Gk ...
—encompassment, n. /en kum"peuhs/, v.t. 1. to form a circle about; encircle; surround: He built a moat to encompass the castle. 2. to enclose; envelop: The folds of a great ...
See encompass. * * *
—encopretic /en'keuh pret"ik/, adj. /en'keuh pree"sis/, n., pl. encopreses /-seez/. Psychiatry. involuntary defecation. [ < NL < Gk en- EN-2 + kópr(os) dung + -esis, as in ...
/ahng"kawr, -kohr, ahn"-/, interj., n., v., encored, encoring. interj. 1. again; once more (used by an audience in calling for an additional number or piece). n. 2. a demand, as ...
—encounterer, n. /en kown"teuhr/, v.t. 1. to come upon or meet with, esp. unexpectedly: to encounter a new situation. 2. to meet with or contend against (difficulties, ...
encounter group
Psychol. a group of people who meet, usually with a trained leader, to increase self-awareness and social sensitivity, and to change behavior through interpersonal confrontation, ...
encounter session
Psychol. a meeting of an encounter group. * * *
encounter group n. A typically unstructured psychotherapy group in which the participants seek to increase their sensitivity, responsiveness, and emotional expressiveness, as by ...
—encourager, n. —encouragingly, adv. /en kerr"ij, -kur"-/, v.t., encouraged, encouraging. 1. to inspire with courage, spirit, or confidence: His coach encouraged him ...
/en kerr"ij meuhnt, -kur"-/, n. 1. the act of encouraging. 2. the state of being encouraged. 3. something that encourages: Praise is the greatest encouragement. [1560-70; ...
See encourage. * * *
encouraging [en kʉr′ij iŋ, inkʉr′ij iŋ] adj. giving courage, hope, or confidence encouragingly adv. * * * en·cour·ag·ing (ĕn-kûrʹə-jĭng, -kŭrʹ-) adj. Giving ...
See encouraging. * * *
▪ Christian sect       member of an ascetic Christian sect led by Tatian, a 2nd-century Syrian rhetorician. The name derived from the group's doctrine of continence ...
/en krim"zeuhn, -seuhn/, v.t. to make crimson. [1765-75; EN-1 + CRIMSON] * * *
/en"kreuh nuyt'/, n. a fossil crinoid. [1800-10; < NL encrin(us) ( < Gk en- EN-2 + krínon lily) + -ITE1] * * *
—encroacher, n. /en krohch"/, v.i. 1. to advance beyond proper, established, or usual limits; make gradual inroads: A dictatorship of the majority is encroaching on the rights ...
See encroach. * * *
/en krohch"meuhnt/, n. 1. an act or instance of encroaching. 2. anything taken by encroaching. [1425-75; late ME encrochement < AF. See ENCROACH, -MENT] * * *
/en krust"/, v.t., v.i. incrust. * * *
/en'kru stay"sheuhn/, n. incrustation. * * *
—encryption, encryptation, n. /en kript"/, v.t. to encipher or encode. [1940-45; EN-1 + -crypt (abstracted from cryptic, cryptography, etc.), modeled on encode] * * *
See encrypt. * * *
—enculturative /en kul"cheuh ray'tiv, -cheuhr euh tiv/, adj. /en kul"cheuh rayt'/, v.t., enculturated, enculturating. to change, modify, or adapt (behavior, ideas, etc.) by ...
/en kul'cheuh ray"sheuhn/, n. the process whereby individuals learn their group's culture, through experience, observation, and instruction. [1945-50; EN-1 + (AC)CULTURATION] * * ...
—encumberingly, adv. /en kum"beuhr/, v.t. 1. to impede or hinder; hamper; retard: Red tape encumbers all our attempts at action. 2. to block up or fill with what is obstructive ...
/en kum"breuhns/, n. 1. something that encumbers; something burdensome, useless, or superfluous; burden; hindrance: Poverty was a lifelong encumbrance. 2. a dependent person, ...
/en kum"breuhn seuhr/, n. Law. a person who holds an encumbrance. [1855-60; ENCUMBRANCE + -ER1] * * *
ency or encyc abbrev. encyclopedia * * *
encyclopedia. Also, encyc., encycl. * * *
/en sik"li keuhl, -suy"kli-/, n. 1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a letter addressed by the pope to all the bishops of the church. adj. 2. (of a letter) intended for wide or general ...
Reference work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or that treats a particular branch of knowledge comprehensively. It is self-contained and explains subjects ...
Encyclopaedia Britannica
the most famous encyclopedia in English, printed in many volumes and regularly revised. It was begun in 1768 by a ‘society of Gentlemen in Scotland’ and has been mostly ...
Encyclopaedia Britannica Online: Year in Review 1993
▪ 1994 ● Violent Crime. ● Nonviolent Crime. ● Law Enforcement. ● Prisons and Penology. * * *
/en suy'kleuh pee"dee euh/, n. 1. a book or set of books containing articles on various topics, usually in alphabetical arrangement, covering all branches of knowledge or, less ...
Encyclopedia Americana
a large US encyclopedia, regularly revised. The first edition, in 13 volumes (1827–33), was created by Francis Lieber (1798–1972), a German teacher of politics who settled in ...
Encyclopedia Americana, The
▪ American reference work       American general encyclopaedia, published in Danbury, Conn., by Grolier, Inc., the second largest encyclopaedia in English and the first ...
—encyclopedically, encyclopaedically, adv. /en suy'kleuh pee"dik/, adj. 1. pertaining to or of the nature of an encyclopedia; relating to all branches of knowledge. 2. ...
See encyclopedic. * * *
French encyclopedia created in the 18th century by the philosophes; one of the principal works of the Enlightenment. Under the full title Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire ...
/en suy'kleuh pee"diz euhm/, n. 1. encyclopedic learning. 2. (often cap.) the doctrines and influence of the Encyclopedists. Also, encyclopaedism. [1825-35; ENCYCLOPED(IA) + ...
/en suy'kleuh pee"dist/, n. 1. a compiler of or contributor to an encyclopedia. 2. (often cap.) one of the collaborators on the French Encyclopedia. Also, ...
Encyclopædia Britannica
Oldest and largest English-language general encyclopaedia. Its three-volume first edition was published in 1768–71 in Edinburgh, Scot. In subsequent editions it grew in size ...
—encystment, encystation, n. /en sist"/, v.t., v.i. Biol. to enclose or become enclosed in a cyst. [1835-45; EN-1 + CYST] * * *
See encystment. * * *
See encyst. * * *
end1 —ender, n. /end/, n. 1. the last part or extremity, lengthwise, of anything that is longer than it is wide or broad: the end of a street; the end of a rope. 2. a point, ...
end around
Football. a play on offense in which an end, after running into the backfield, takes a handoff and attempts to run around the opposite end of the line. [1925-30] * * *
end brush
Cell Biol. an abundant, tuftlike branching at the axon ending of certain nerve cells. [1880-85] * * *
end bulb
Anat. any of various types of oval or rounded structures occurring at the ends of nerve fibers, ranging from slight enlargements to complex corpuscles that act as sensory ...
end game
1. Chess. the final stage of a game, usually following the exchange of queens and the serious reduction of forces. 2. the late or final stages of any activity: the end game of ...
end grain
—end-grain, adj. wood grain, as at the end of a board, resulting from a cut across the grain. [1880-85] * * *
end leaf
Bookbinding. See end paper. [1885-90] * * *
end line
Sports. 1. a line at each end of a court or playing field at right angles to the sidelines that defines one of the lengthwise boundaries of the playing area. 2. a line at each ...
end man
1. a man at one end of a row or line. 2. a man at either end of the line of performers of a minstrel troupe, who plays on the bones or tambourine and carries on humorous dialogue ...
end matter
Print. See back matter. * * *
end member
Mineral. either of two pure compounds occurring in various proportions in a series of solid solutions that comprises a mineral group. * * *
end mill
(in a milling machine) a rotating cutting tool having a cylindrical shank with teeth at the end, used for machining the faces and sides of metal pieces and other objects. * * *

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