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End of a Merchandising Era: Sears Closes the Big Book
▪ 1994       When Sears, Roebuck and Co. announced in January 1993 that it would close down its mail-order catalog operation at the end of the year, the news marked the ...
end organ
Cell Biol. one of several specialized structures at the peripheral end of sensory or motor nerve fibers. [1875-80] * * *
end paper
Bookbinding. a sheet of paper, often distinctively colored or ornamented, folded vertically once to form two leaves, one of which is pasted flat to the inside of the front or ...
end plate
1. Mining. one of the shorter members of a set. Cf. wall plate (def. 3). 2. Cell Biol. a specialized area on the surface of a muscle fiber where a motor neuron makes contact with ...
end point
1. a final goal or finishing point; terminus. 2. Chem. the point in a titration usually noting the completion of a reaction and marked by a change of some kind, as of the color ...
end product
the final or resulting product, as of an industry, process of growth, etc.: Cloth is one of the end products of cotton manufacture. [1935-40] * * *
end run
1. Football. Also called end sweep, sweep. a running play in which the ball-carrier attempts to outflank the defensive end. 2. Informal. a. an evasive or diversionary ...
end sheet
Bookbinding. See end paper. * * *
end stop
▪ literature       in prosody, a grammatical pause at the end of a line of verse, as in these lines from Alexander Pope (Pope, Alexander)'s An Essay on Criticism: A ...
end table
a small table placed beside a chair or at the end of a sofa. [1850-55, Amer.] * * *
end use
—end-use, adj. /yoohs/ the ultimate use for which something is intended or to which it is put. [1950-55] * * *
end user
the ultimate user for whom a machine, as a computer, or product, as a computer program, is designed. Also, end-user. [1960-65] * * *
end zone
1. Football. an area at each end of the field between the goal line and the end line. 2. Ice Hockey. an area at each end of the rink between the goal line and the closer of the ...
end-
var. of endo- before a vowel: endameba. * * *
end-all
/end"awl'/, n. 1. the ultimate purpose, object, or conclusion: Money is the be-all and end-all of his existence. 2. something that brings things to such an end or ...
end-blown
/end"blohn'/, adj. (of a flute) having a mouthpiece at the end of the tube so that the player blows into the instrument. Cf. transverse (def. 2). * * *
end-consumer
/end"keuhn sooh'meuhr/, n. an end user. [1965-70] * * *
end-of-file
/end"euhv fuyl"/, n. Computers. See EOF * * *
end-plate potential
▪ physiology       chemically induced change in electric potential of the motor end plate, the portion of the muscle-cell membrane that lies opposite the terminal of a ...
end-run
end-run (ĕndʹrŭn') tr.v. end-·ran, (-răn') end-·run·ning, end-·runs Informal. To bypass (an impediment) often by deceit or trickery: “The plan to end-run the... Senate ...
end-stopped
/end"stopt'/, adj. Pros. (of a line of verse) ending at the end of a syntactic unit that is usually followed by a pause in speaking and a punctuation mark in writing. [1875-80] * ...
end-use
See end use. * * *
end-user
end-user [end′yo͞o′zər] n. the user of a product; specif., the user of a computer system or network * * *
end.
endorsed. * * *
endamage
/en dam"ij/, v.t., endamaged, endamaging. to damage. [1325-75; ME < AF; see EN-1, DAMAGE] * * *
endameba
—endamebic, endamoebic, adj. /en'deuh mee"beuh/, n., pl. endamebae /-bee/, endamebas. Biol. any protozoan of the genus Endamoeba, members of which are parasitic in the ...
endamoeba
en·da·moe·ba (ĕn'də-mēʹbə) n. Variant of entamoeba. * * * ▪ protozoan genus       protozoan genus of the rhizopodan order Amoebida that inhabits the intestines ...
endangeitis
/en'dan jee uy"tis/, n. Pathol. an inflammation of the innermost lining of a blood vessel. Also, endangitis /en'dan juy"tis/, endangiitis. [END- + angeitis; see ANGI-, -ITIS] * * ...
endanger
—endangerment, n. /en dayn"jayr/, v.t. to expose to danger; imperil: It was foolish to endanger your life in that way. [1400-50; late ME; see EN-1, DANGER] Syn. threaten, ...
endangered
/en dayn"jeuhrd/, adj. 1. threatened with a danger: endangered lives of trapped coal miners. 2. threatened with extinction: The bald eagle may be endangered. [1590-1600; ENDANGER ...
endangered species
a species at risk of extinction because of human activity, changes in climate, changes in predator-prey ratios, etc., esp. when officially designated as such by a governmental ...
endangeredspecies
en·dan·gered species (ĕn-dānʹjərd) n. A species present in such small numbers that it is at risk of extinction. * * *
endangerment
See endanger. * * *
endaortitis
/en'day awr tuy"tis/, n. Pathol. an inflammation of the innermost lining of the aorta. [END- + AORT(A) + -ITIS] * * *
endarch
—endarchy, n. /en"dahrk/, adj. Bot. (of a primary xylem or root) developing from the periphery; having the oldest cells closest to the core. [1895-1900; END- + -arch having a ...
endarterectomy
/en dahr'teuh rek"teuh mee/, n., pl. endarterectomies. the surgical stripping of a fat-encrusted, thickened arterial lining so as to open or widen the artery for improved blood ...
endarteritis
end·ar·te·ri·tis (ĕn'där-tə-rīʹtĭs) n. Inflammation of the inner lining of an artery.   [New Latin endartērium, inner lining of an artery; see endarterectomy + ...
endarterium
—endarterial, adj. /en'dahr tear"ee euhm/, n., pl. endarteria /-tear"ee euh/. Anat. the innermost lining of an artery. [ < NL; see END-, ARTERY] * * *
endash
en·dash or en dash (ĕnʹdăsh') n. A symbol (-) used in writing or printing to connect continuing or inclusive numbers or to connect elements of a compound adjective when ...
endbrain
/end"brayn'/, n. the telencephalon. [1925-30; trans. of TELENCEPHALON] * * *
Ende, Michael Andreas Helmuth
▪ 1996       German children's writer who was best known for his fantasy stories Jim Button and Luke the Engine Driver, Momo, and The Neverending Story (b. Nov. 12, ...
endear
/en dear"/, v.t. 1. to make dear, esteemed, or beloved: He endeared himself to his friends with his gentle ways. 2. Obs. to make costly. [1570-80; EN-1 + DEAR] * * *
endearing
—endearingly, adv. /en dear"ing/, adj. 1. tending to make dear or beloved. 2. manifesting or evoking affection: an endearing smile. [1615-25; ENDEAR + -ING2] * * *
endearingly
See endearing. * * *
endearment
/en dear"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of endearing. 2. the state of being endeared. 3. something that endears; an action or utterance showing affection: to murmur ...
endeavor
—endeavorer; esp. Brit., endeavourer, n. /en dev"euhr/, v.i. 1. to exert oneself to do or effect something; make an effort; strive: We must constantly endeavor if we are to ...
endeavorer
See endeavor. * * *
endeavour
en·deav·our (ĕn-dĕvʹər) n. & v. Chiefly British Variant of endeavor. * * * the first ship which Captain Cook commanded, from 1768 to 1771. * * *
Endecott
/en"di keuht, -kot'/, n. John, 1588?-1665, colonial governor of Massachusetts 1644-65, born in England. Also, Endicott. * * *
Endecott, John
▪ British colonial governor Endecott also spelled  Endicott   born c. 1588, probably Devon, Eng. died March 15, 1665, Boston  colonial governor of the Massachusetts Bay ...
Endecott,John
En·de·cott also En·di·cott (ĕnʹdĭ-kət, -kŏt'), John. 1588?-1665. English-born American colonial administrator who was a founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and ...
endemic
—endemically, adv. —endemism /en"deuh miz'euhm/, endemicity /en'deuh mis"i tee/, n. /en dem"ik/, adj. Also, endemical. 1. natural to or characteristic of a specific people or ...
endemically
See endemic. * * *
endemism
See endemically. * * *
Ender
/en"deuhr/, n. Kornelia /kawr nayl"yeuh, -nay"lee euh/, born 1958, German swimmer. * * *
Ender, Kornelia
▪ East German athlete born October 25, 1958, Plauen, East Germany [now Germany]       East German swimmer who was the first woman to win four gold medals at a single ...
Ender, Otto
▪ chancellor of Austria born , Dec. 24, 1875, Altach, Austria died June 25, 1960, Bregenz       statesman and government official who served as chancellor of Austria ...
Enderbury Atoll
▪ island, Pacific Ocean also called  Enderbury Island  or  Guano   one of the Phoenix Islands, part of Kiribati, in the west-central Pacific Ocean, about 1,650 miles ...
Enderby Land
/en"deuhr bee/ a part of the coast of Antarctica, E of Queen Maud Land: discovered 1831. * * * ▪ region, Antarctica       region of Antarctica, bordering on the Indian ...
EnderbyLand
En·der·by Land (ĕnʹdər-bē) A region of Antarctica between Queen Maud Land and Wilkes Land. First explored in 1831 and 1832, it is claimed by Australia. * * *
endergonic
/en'deuhr gon"ik/, adj. Biochem. (of a biochemical reaction) requiring energy. Cf. exergonic. [1935-40; END- + Gk érgon work + -IC] * * *
endermic
—endermically, adv. /en derr"mik/, adj. acting through the skin, as a medicine, by absorption. [1825-35; EN-1 + -DERM + -IC] * * *
endermically
See endermic. * * *
Enders
/en"deuhrz/, n. John Franklin, 1897-1985, U.S. bacteriologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1954. * * *
Enders, John Franklin
▪ American microbiologist born Feb. 10, 1897, West Hartford, Conn., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1985, Waterford, Conn.  American virologist and microbiologist who, with Frederick C. ...
Enders, Thomas
▪ 1997       U.S. diplomat who played a leading role in the secret bombing of Cambodia during the Vietnam War, dealt with the aftermath of the first OPEC oil crisis, and ...
Enders,John Franklin
En·ders (ĕnʹdərz), John Franklin. 1897-1985. American bacteriologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for work on the cultivatiion of the polio virus. * * *
Endfield, Cy Raker
▪ 1996       U.S. blacklisted film director who took residence in Britain, after which he made such films as Hell Drivers and Zulu (b. Nov. 10, 1914—d. April 16, ...
endgame
endgame [end′gām΄] n. 1. the final stage of a game of chess, in which each player has only a few pieces left 2. the final stage of anything * * * end·game also end game ...
endgate
/end"gayt'/, n. tailboard. [1870-75; END1 + GATE1] * * *
endhand
/end"hand'/, n. Cards. the dealer in a game with three players. Cf. forehand (def. 7), middlehand. [1670-80; END1 + HAND] * * *
Endicott
/en"di keuht, -kot'/, n. 1. John. See Endecott, John. 2. a city in S New York, on the Susquehanna River. 14,457. * * *
Endicott,John
En·di·cott (ĕnʹdĭ-kət, -kŏt'), John. See Endecott, John. * * *
ending
/en"ding/, n. 1. a bringing or coming to an end; termination; close: Putting away the Christmas ornaments marked the ending of the season. 2. the final or concluding part; ...
endive
/en"duyv, ahn"deev/; Fr. /ahonn deev"/, n., pl. endives /-duyvz, -deevz/; Fr. /-deev"/. 1. a composite plant, Cichorium endivia, having a rosette of often curly-edged leaves used ...
endleaf
end leaf n. See endpaper. * * *
endless
—endlessly, adv. —endlessness, n. /end"lis/, adj. 1. having or seeming to have no end, limit, or conclusion; boundless; infinite; interminable; incessant: an endless series ...
endlessly
See endless. * * *
endlessness
See endlessly. * * *
Endlicher, Stephan
▪ Austrian botanist in full  Stephan Ladislaus Endlicher   born June 24, 1804, Pressburg, Hung. [now Bratislava, Slovakia] died March 28, 1849, Vienna, ...
endline
end line n. Sports A line perpendicular to the sidelines that marks an end boundary of a playing field or court. * * *
endlong
/end"lawng', -long'/, adv. Archaic. lengthwise. [1175-1225; ME endelong; r. OE andlong ALONG] * * *
endman
end man n. 1. The person at the end of a line or row. 2. The man in a minstrel show who sits at one end of the company and engages in banter with the interlocutor. * * *
endmatter
end matter n. See back matter. * * *
endmost
/end"mohst'/, adj. farthest; most distant; last: the endmost lands of the earth. [1765-75; END1 + -MOST] * * *
endnote
/end"noht'/, n. a note, as of explanation, emendation, or the like, added at the end of an article, chapter, etc. [END1 + NOTE] * * *
Endō Shūsaku
▪ Japanese author born March 27, 1923, Tokyo, Japan died Sept. 29, 1996, Tokyo       Japanese novelist noted for his examination of the relationship between East and ...
Endo, Shusaku
▪ 1997       Japanese novelist (b. March 27, 1923, Tokyo, Japan—d. Sept. 29, 1996, Tokyo), brought a Roman Catholic perspective to examinations of the differences ...
endo-
a combining form meaning "within," used in the formation of compound words: endocardial. Also, esp. before a vowel, end-. [ < Gk, comb. form of éndon within; c. OIr ind-, OL ...
endobiotic
/en'doh buy ot"ik/, Biol. adj. 1. of or pertaining to an organism that exists as a parasite or symbiont entirely within the tissues of a host organism. n. 2. any such parasitic ...
endoblast
—endoblastic, adj. /en"deuh blast'/, n. Embryol. 1. endoderm (def. 1). 2. hypoblast (def. 2). [1890-95; ENDO- + -BLAST] * * *
endocardia
en·do·car·di·a (ĕn'dō-kärʹdē-ə) n. Plural of endocardium. * * *
endocardial
/en'doh kahr"dee euhl/, adj. Anat. 1. situated within the heart; intracardiac. 2. Also, endocardiac /en'doh kahr"dee ak'/. of or pertaining to the endocardium. [1840-50; ENDO- + ...
endocarditic
See endocarditis. * * *
endocarditis
—endocarditic /en'doh kahr dit"ik/, adj. /en'doh kahr duy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the endocardium. [1830-40; < NL; see ENDO-, CARDITIS] * * * Inflammation of the ...
endocardium
/en'doh kahr"dee euhm/, n., pl. endocardia /-dee euh/. Anat. the serous membrane that lines the cavities of the heart. [1870-75; ENDO- + -CARDIUM] * * *
endocarp
/en"deuh kahrp'/, n. Bot. the inner layer of a pericarp, as the stone of certain fruits. See diag. under pericarp. [1820-30; ENDO- + -CARP] * * *
endocarpal
See endocarp. * * *
endocarpoid
/en'doh kahr"poyd/, adj. (of a lichen) having the fruiting body embedded in the thallus. [ < NL Endocarp(on) a genus of lichens (see ENDO-, -CARP) + -OID] * * *
endocast
/en"deuh kast', -kahst'/, n. Archaeol. 1. See endocranial cast. 2. steinkern. [1945-50; ENDO(CRANIAL) + CAST1] * * *
endocentric
/en'doh sen"trik/, adj. Gram. (of a construction or compound) having the same syntactic function in the sentence as one of its immediate constituents. Cold water is an ...
endocommensal
endocommensal [en΄dō kə men′səl] n. a commensal living within the body of the host organism * * *
endocranial cast
Archaeol. a cast of the inside of the cranium, as of a fossil skull, used to determine brain size and shape. Also called endocast. [1920-25] * * *
endocranium
—endocranial, adj. /en'doh kray"nee euhm/, n., pl. endocrania /-nee euh/. Anat. 1. the inner lining membrane of the skull; the dura mater. 2. the inside surface of the ...
endocrine
/en"deuh krin, -kruyn', -kreen'/, Anat., Physiol. adj. Also, endocrinal /en'deuh kruyn"l, -kreen"l/, endocrinic /en"deuh krin"ik/, endocrinous. 1. secreting internally into the ...
endocrine gland
any of various glands, as the thyroid, adrenal, and pituitary glands, that secrete certain substances or hormones directly into the blood or lymph; ductless gland. [1910-15] * * *
endocrine system
Group of ductless glands that secrete hormones necessary for normal growth and development, reproduction, and homeostasis. The major endocrine glands are the hypothalamus, ...
endocrine system, human
▪ anatomy Introduction  group of ductless glands (gland) that regulate body processes by secreting chemical substances called hormones (hormone). Hormones act on nearby ...
endocrinegland
endocrine gland endocrine glands A. thyroid B. pituitary gland C. pineal gland D. thymus E. adrenal glands F. pancreas G. ovaries (female) H. testes (male) Carlyn Iverson n. Any ...
endocrinesystem
endocrine system n. The bodily system that consists of the endocrine glands and functions to regulate body activities. * * *
endocrinologic
See endocrinology. * * *
endocrinological
See endocrinologic. * * *
endocrinologist
See endocrinologic. * * *
endocrinology
—endocrinologic /en'doh krin'l oj"ik, -kruyn'-, -kreen'-/, endocrinological, adj. —endocrinologist, n. /en'doh kreuh nol"euh jee, -kruy-/, n. the branch of biology dealing ...
endocrinous
/en dok"reuh neuhs/, adj. endocrine. [1910-15; ENDOCRINE + -OUS] * * *
endocytic
See endocytosis. * * *
endocytobiology
/en'doh suy'toh buy ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of biology that deals with the anatomy and function of the organelles and other structures within the cell. [1980-85; ENDO- + CYTO- ...
endocytose
/en'doh suy tohs", -tohz"/, v.i., endocytosed, endocytosing. Physiol. (of a cell) to take within by the process of endocytosis. [1970-75; back formation from ENDOCYTOSIS] * * *
endocytosis
—endocytic /en'doh sit"ik/, endocytotic /en'doh suy tot"ik/, adj. /en'doh suy toh"sis/, n. Physiol. the transport of solid matter or liquid into a cell by means of a coated ...
endocytotic
See endocytic. * * *
endoderm
—endodermal, endodermic, adj. /en"deuh derrm'/, n. 1. Also called endoblast. Embryol. the innermost cell layer of the embryo in its gastrula stage. 2. Anat. the innermost body ...
endodermal
See endoderm. * * *
endodermis
/en'doh derr"mis/, n. Bot. a specialized tissue in the roots and stems of vascular plants, composed of a single layer of modified parenchyma cells forming the inner boundary of ...
endodontia
en·do·don·tia (ĕn'dō-dŏnʹshə, -shē-ə) n. Endodontics. * * *
endodontic
See endodontics. * * *
endodontics
—endodontic, adj. /en'doh don"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of dentistry dealing with the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases of the dental ...
endodontist
/en'doh don"tist/, n. a specialist in endodontics. Also, endodontologist /en'doh don tol"euh jist/. [1945-50; ENDODONT(ICS) + -IST] * * *
endodontium
/en'doh don"shee euhm/, n. Dentistry. pulp (def. 4). [ < NL; see END-, -ODONT, -IUM] * * *
endoenzyme
/en'doh en"zuym/, n. Biochem. an enzyme that functions within a cell. Cf. exoenzyme. [ENDO- + ENZYME] * * *
endoergic
/en'doh err"jik/, adj. Chem. endothermic (opposed to exoergic). [1935-40; ENDO- + -ERGIC] * * *
endogamous
See endogamy. * * *
endogamy
—endogamous, endogamic /en'doh gam"ik/, adj. /en dog"euh mee/, n. marriage within a specific tribe or similar social unit. Cf. exogamy (def. 1). [1860-65; ENDO- + -GAMY] * * ...
endogen
endogen [en′dō jən] n. 〚Fr endogène (see ENDO- & -GEN): the stems were formerly believed to grow from within〛 former term for MONOCOTYLEDON * * *
endogenetic
/en'doh jeuh net"ik/, adj. Geol. arising from or relating to the interior of the earth (opposed to exogenetic). Also, endogenic /en'doh jen"ik/, endogenous. [ENDO- + -GENETIC] * ...
endogenous
—endogenicity /en'doh jeuh nis"i tee/, n. —endogenously, adv. /en doj"euh neuhs/, adj. 1. proceeding from within; derived internally. 2. Biol. growing or developing from ...
endogenous depression
Psychiatry. a severe form of depression usually characterized by insomnia, weight loss, and inability to experience pleasure, thought to be of internal origin and not influenced ...
endogenously
See endogenous. * * *
endogeny
/en doj"euh nee/, n. Biol. development or growth from within. Also, endogenesis /en'doh jen"euh sis/. [1880-85; ENDO- + -GENY] * * *
endolithic
/en'doh lith"ik/, adj. living embedded in the surface of rocks, as certain lichens. [1885-90; ENDO- + -LITHIC] * * *
endolymph
—endolymphatic /en'doh lim fat"ik/, adj. /en"deuh limf'/, n. Anat. the fluid contained within the membranous labyrinth of the ear. [1830-40; ENDO- + LYMPH] * * *
endolymphatic
See endolymph. * * *
endomembrane
/en"doh mem'brayn/, n. Cell. Biol. the outer membrane of any of the organelles within the cell. [ENDO- + MEMBRANE] * * *
endometria
en·do·me·tri·a (ĕn'dō-mēʹtrē-ə) n. Plural of endometrium. * * *
endometrial
See endometrium. * * *
endometrial aspiration.
See under menstrual extraction. * * *
endometriosis
/en'doh mee'tree oh"sis/, n. Pathol. the presence of uterine lining in other pelvic organs, esp. the ovaries, characterized by cyst formation, adhesions, and menstrual ...
endometritis
/en'doh mi truy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the lining of the uterus. [1870-75; < NL; see ENDOMETRIUM, -ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology       inflammation of the ...
endometrium
—endometrial, adj. /en'doh mee"tree euhm/, n., pl. endometria /-tree euh/. Anat. the mucous membrane lining the uterus. [1880-85; ENDO- + NL -metrium < Gk métr(a) womb + -ion ...
endomitosis
/en'doh muy toh"sis/, n. Genetics. replication of the chromosomes without nuclear division of the cell. [1940-45; ENDO- + MITOSIS] * * *
endomitotic
See endomitosis. * * *
endomixis
/en'doh mik"sis/, n. Biol. a periodic reorganization of the cell nucleus observed in certain ciliated protozoans. [1914; ENDO- + Gk míxis mixing] * * *
endomorph
/en"deuh mawrf'/, n. 1. a mineral enclosed within another mineral. Cf. perimorph. 2. a person of the endomorphic type. [1880-85; ENDO- + -MORPH] * * * ▪ physical ...
endomorphic
—endomorphy, n. /en'deuh mawr"fik/, adj. 1. Mineral. a. occurring in the form of an endomorph. b. of or pertaining to endomorphs. c. taking place within a rock mass. 2. having ...
endomorphism
/en'doh mawr"fiz euhm, -deuh/, n. 1. Petrol. a change brought about within the mass of an intrusive igneous rock. 2. Math. a homomorphism of a set into itself. [1950-55; ...
endomorphy
See endomorphic. * * *
endomyocarditis
/en'doh muy'oh kahr duy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the heart muscle and the inner lining of the heart. [1940-45; ENDO- + MYOCARDITIS] * * *
endonuclease
/en'doh nooh"klee ays', -ayz', -nyooh"-/, n. Biochem. any of a group of enzymes that degrade DNA or RNA molecules by breaking linkages within the polynucleotide chains. [1960-65; ...
endoparasite
—endoparasitic /en'doh par'euh sit"ik/, adj. /en'doh par"euh suyt'/, n. an internal parasite (opposed to ectoparasite). [1880-85; ENDO- + PARASITE] * * *
endoparasitic
See endoparasite. * * *
endoparasitism
See endoparasitic. * * *
endopeptidase
/en'doh pep"ti days', -dayz'/, n. Biochem. an enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of a polypeptide or protein at interior positions of the amino acid chain. [1935-40; ENDO- + ...
endoperidium
—endoperidial, adj. /en'doh peuh rid"ee euhm/, n., pl. endoperidia /-rid"ee euh/. Bot. the inner of the two layers into which the peridium is divided. [ < NL; see ENDO-, ...
endophagous
/en dof"euh geuhs/, adj. (of certain parasitic insects) feeding from within a host organism. [ENDO- + -PHAGOUS] * * *
endophasia
/en'doh fay"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee ay/, n. internal speech with no audible vocalization. Cf. exophasia. [ < It endofasia. See ENDO-, -PHASIA] * * *
endophora
—endophoric /en'deuh fawr"ik, -for"-/, adj. /en dof"euhr euh/, n. Gram. the use of a word or phrase to refer to something either preceding it or following it within a text or ...
endophthalmitis
/en dof'thal muy"tis, -dop'-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the ocular cavities, caused by infection, trauma, or allergic reaction. [END- + OPHTHALMITIS] * * *
endophyte
—endophytic /en'deuh fit"ik/, adj. —endophytically, adv. —endophytous /en dof"i teuhs/, adj. /en"deuh fuyt'/, n. Bot. a plant living within another plant, usually as a ...
endophytic
See endophyte. * * *
endoplasm
—endoplasmic, adj. /en"deuh plaz'euhm/, n. Cell Biol. the inner portion of the cytoplasm of a cell. Cf. ectoplasm (def. 1). [1880-85; ENDO- + -PLASM] * * *
endoplasmic
See endoplasm. * * *
endoplasmic reticulum
Cell Biol. a network of tubular membranes within the cytoplasm of the cell, occurring either with a smooth surface (smooth endoplasmic reticulum) or studded with ribosomes (rough ...
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
Membrane system within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell (see eukaryote), important in the synthesis of proteins and lipids. The ER usually makes up more than half the membrane ...
endoplasmicreticulum
endoplasmic reticulum n. A membrane network within the cytoplasm of cells involved in the synthesis, modification, and transport of cellular materials. * * *
endopodite
—endopoditic /en dop'euh dit"ik/, adj. /en dop"euh duyt'/, n. Zool. the inner or medial branch of a two-branched crustacean leg or appendage. Also, endopod /en"deuh pod'/. Cf. ...
endoproct
/en"deuh prokt'/, n. entoproct. * * *
Endoprocta
/en'deuh prok"teuh/, n. Entoprocta. * * *
endopterygote
/en'doh ter"i goht'/, adj. 1. belonging or pertaining to the superorder Endopterygota, comprising the insects that undergo complete metamorphosis. n. 2. an endopterygote ...
Endor, Witch of
▪ biblical figure       in the Old Testament (1 Samuel 28:3–25), a female sorcerer who was visited by Saul, the first king of Israel. Although Saul had banished all ...
endorgan
end organ n. The encapsulated termination of a sensory nerve. * * *
endorheic
—endorheism, n. /en'deuh ree"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to interior drainage basins. [1925-30; endorhe(ism) ( < F endor(rh)éisme interior drainage; see ENDO-, RHEO-, -ISM) + ...
endorphin
/en dawr"fin/, n. any of a group of peptides occurring in the brain and other tissues of vertebrates, and resembling opiates, that react with the brain's opiate receptors to ...
endorsable
See endorse. * * *
endorsation
/en'dawr say"sheuhn/, n. Canadian. endorsement. [1865-70; ENDORSE + -ATION] * * *
endorse
—endorsable, adj. —endorser, endorsor, n. —endorsingly, adv. —endorsive, adj. /en dawrs"/, v., endorsed, endorsing, n. v.t. 1. to approve, support, or sustain: to endorse ...
endorsee
/en dawr see", en'dawr-, en dawr"see/, n. 1. a person to whom a negotiable document is endorsed. 2. a candidate or applicant who is endorsed by a person or group. Also, ...
endorsement
/en dawrs"meuhnt/, n. 1. approval or sanction: The program for supporting the arts won the government's endorsement. 2. the placing of one's signature, instructions, etc., on a ...
endorsement in blank.
See blank endorsement. * * *
endorsementin blank
endorsement in blank n. pl. endorsements in blank See blank endorsement. * * *
endorser
See endorsable. * * *
endorsor
See endorsable. * * *
endosarc
—endosarcous, adj. /en"deuh sahrk'/, n. Biol. the endoplasm of a protozoan (opposed to ectosarc). [1865-70; ENDO- + -SARC] * * *
endoscope
—endoscopic /en'deuh skop"ik/, adj. —endoscopist /en dos"keuh pist/, n. /en"deuh skohp'/, n. Med. a slender, tubular optical instrument used as a viewing system for examining ...
endoscopic
See endoscope. * * *
endoscopically
See endoscopic. * * *
endoscopy
/en dos"keuh pee/, n., pl. endoscopies. an examination by means of an endoscope. [ENDO- + -SCOPY] * * * Examination of the body's interior through an instrument inserted into a ...
endoskeletal
See endoskeleton. * * *
endoskeleton
—endoskeletal, adj. /en'doh skel"i tn/, n. Zool. the internal skeleton or framework of the body of an animal (opposed to exoskeleton). [1830-40; ENDO- + SKELETON] * * *
endosmosis
—endosmotic /en'doz mot"ik, -dos-/, adj. —endosmotically, adv. /en'doz moh"sis, -dos-/, n. 1. Biol. osmosis toward the inside of a cell or vessel. 2. Physical Chem. the flow ...
endosmotic
See endosmosis. * * *
endosmotically
See endosmotic. * * *
endosome
/en"deuh sohm'/, n. Cell Biol. a smooth sac within the cell, formed by or fused with coated vesicles that shed their clathrin, in which ligands are separated from their receptors ...
endosperm
/en"deuh sperrm'/, n. Bot. nutritive matter in seed-plant ovules, derived from the embryo sac. [1840-50; < F endosperme; see ENDO-, SPERM] * * * ▪ plant ...
endospore
—endosporous /en dos"peuhr euhs, en'doh spawr"-, -spohr"-/, adj. —endosporously, adv. /en"deuh spawr', -spohr'/, n. 1. Bot., Mycol. the inner coat of a spore. Cf. intine. 2. ...
endosporium
/en'deuh spawr"ee euhm, -spohr"-/, n., pl. endosporia /-spawr"ee euh, -spohr"-/. Bot., Mycol. intine. [ENDO- + NL -sporium < Gk spor(á) seed + -ion dim. suffix] * * *
endostatin
en·do·stat·in (ĕn'dō-stătʹn) n. A potent, naturally occurring antiangiogenic protein that inhibits the formation of the blood vessels that feed tumors. It is under ...
endosteal
See endosteum. * * *
endosteum
—endosteal, adj. /en dos"tee euhm/, n., pl. endostea /-tee euh/. Anat. the membrane lining the medullary cavity of a bone. [1880-85; END- + NL osteum < Gk ostéon bone] * * *
endostosis
/en'do stoh"sis, -deuh-/, n. Anat. bone formation beginning in the substance of cartilage. [1865-70; END- + OSTOSIS] * * *
endostyle
/en"deuh stuyl'/, n. Anat. a ciliated groove or pair of grooves in the pharynx of various lower chordates, as tunicates, cephalochordates, and larval cyclostomes, serving to ...
endosulfan
/en'doh sul"fan/, n. Chem. a chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticide and miticide, C9H6Cl6O3S, in widespread use on food and forage crops. [1960-65; END(RIN) + -O- + SULF- + -an, for ...
endosymbiont
/en'doh sim"bee ont', -buy-/, n. a symbiont that lives within the body of the host. Also, endosymbiote /en'doh sim"bee oht', -buy-/. [ENDO- + SYMBIONT] * * *
endosymbiosis
—endosymbiotic /en'doh sim'bee ot"ik, -buy-/, adj. /en'doh sim'bee oh"sis, -buy-/, n. Biol. symbiosis in which one symbiont lives within the body of the other. [1935-40; ENDO- ...
endothecium
—endothecial /en'doh thee"shee euhl, -sheuhl, -see euhl/, adj. /en'doh thee"shee euhm, -see euhm/, n., pl. endothecia /-shee euh, -see euh/. Bot. 1. the lining of the cavity of ...
endothelial
See endothelium. * * *
endothelioid
/en'doh thee"lee oyd'/, adj. resembling endothelium. [1865-70; ENDOTHELI(UM) + -OID] * * *
endothelioma
/en'doh thee'lee oh"meuh/, n., pl. endotheliomas, endotheliomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a tumor originating from the endothelium. [ < G Endotheliom (1875); see ENDOTHELIUM, ...
endothelium
—endothelial, adj. /en'doh thee"lee euhm/, n., pl. endothelia /-lee euh/. a type of epithelium composed of a single layer of smooth, thin cells that lines the heart, blood ...
endotherm
/en"deuh therrm'/, n. a warm-blooded animal. [1945-50; ENDO- + -THERM] * * * So-called warm-blooded animals; that is, those that maintain a constant body temperature independent ...
endothermal
endothermal [en΄dōthʉr′məl] adj. 1. WARMBLOODED (sense 1) 2. endothermic endotherm [en΄dōthʉrm΄] n. endothermy [en′dōthʉr΄mē] * * *
endothermic
—endothermically, adv. —endothermy, endothermism, n. /en'doh therr"mik/, adj. 1. Chem. noting or pertaining to a chemical change that is accompanied by an absorption of heat ...
endothermy
See endothermic. * * *
endotoxic
See endotoxin. * * *
endotoxin
—endotoxic, adj. /en'doh tok"sin/, n. Biochem. the toxic protoplasm liberated when a microorganism dies and disintegrates, as in Eberthella typhi, the causative agent of ...
endotracheal
/en'doh tray"kee euhl/, adj. placed or passing within the trachea: an endotracheal tube. [1905-10; ENDO- + TRACHEAL] * * *
endotrophic
/en'doh trof"ik, -troh"fik/, adj. (of a mycorrhiza) growing inside the cells of the root. [ < G endotrophisch (1887); see ENDO-, -TROPHIC] * * *
endow
—endower, n. /en dow"/, v.t. 1. to provide with a permanent fund or source of income: to endow a college. 2. to furnish, as with some talent, faculty, or quality; equip: Nature ...
endowment
/en dow"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of endowing. 2. the property, funds, etc., with which an institution or person is endowed. 3. Usually, endowments. an attribute of mind or body; a ...
endowment insurance
life insurance providing for the payment of a stated sum to the insured if he or she lives beyond the maturity date of the policy, or to a beneficiary if the insured dies before ...
endowment mortgage
➡ mortgages * * *
endowment policy
☆ endowment policy n. an insurance policy by which a stated amount is paid to the insured after the period of time specified in the contract, or to the beneficiaries in case ...
endpaper
endpaper [end′pā΄pər] n. a folded sheet of paper one half of which is pasted to the inside of either cover of a book, the other half to the inside edge of the first (or ...
endpin
end·pin (ĕndʹpĭn') n. The thin, usually adjustable leg of a cello or double bass. * * *
endplate
end plate n. The area of synaptic contact between a motor nerve and a muscle fiber. * * *
endplay
/end"play'/, Bridge. n. 1. any play, usually near the end of a contract, that puts one of the opposing players in the lead and forces the opponents to lose one or more tricks ...
endpoint
/end"poynt'/, n. Math. the point on each side of an interval marking its extremity on that side. Also, end point. [1895-1900; END1 + POINT] * * *
endproduct
end product n. The result of a completed series of processes or changes. * * *
endrin
☆ endrin [en′drin ] n. 〚< ? EN-1 + (〛 a highly toxic isomer of dieldrin, used as an insecticide * * * en·drin (ĕnʹdrĭn) n. A highly toxic chlorinated hydrocarbon, ...
endrun
end run n. 1. Football. A play in which the ball carrier attempts to run around one end of the defensive line. 2. Informal. A maneuver in which impediments are bypassed, often by ...
endshake
/end"shayk'/, n. Horol. the free longitudinal movement of arbors or the like between bearings. [1880-85; END1 + SHAKE] * * *
Endsville
/endz"vil/, adj. (sometimes l.c.) Slang. 1. most wonderful or exciting: a rock band that was regarded as Endsville in the late fifties. 2. (of a location, circumstance, etc.) ...
endtable
end table n. A small table, usually placed at either end of a couch or beside a chair. * * *
endue
/en dooh", -dyooh"/, v.t., endued, enduing. 1. to invest or endow with some gift, quality, or faculty. 2. to put on; assume: Hamlet endued the character of a madman. 3. to ...
endurable
—endurability, endurableness, n. —endurably, adv. /en door"euh beuhl, -dyoor"-/, adj. capable of being endured; bearable; tolerable. [1600-10; ENDURE + -ABLE] * * *
endurably
See endurable. * * *
endurance
/en door"euhns, -dyoor"-/, n. 1. the fact or power of enduring or bearing pain, hardships, etc. 2. the ability or strength to continue or last, esp. despite fatigue, stress, or ...
endurance race
an auto race over a closed course designed to test the endurance of both driver and vehicle and won by the car that covers the longest distance in an arbitrarily allotted time or ...
endurance ratio.
See fatigue ratio. * * *
endurant
/en door"euhnt, -dyoor"-/, adj. capable of enduring hardship, misfortune, or the like. [1865-70; ENDURE + -ANT] * * *
endure
—endurer, n. /en door", -dyoor"/, v., endured, enduring. v.t. 1. to hold out against; sustain without impairment or yielding; undergo: to endure great financial pressures with ...
enduring
—enduringly, adv. —enduringness, n. /en door"ing, -dyoor"-/, adj. 1. lasting; permanent: a poet of enduring greatness. 2. patient; long-suffering. [1525-35; ENDURE + -ING2] * ...
enduringly
See enduring. * * *
enduringness
See enduringly. * * *
enduro
/en door"oh, -dyoor"oh/, n., pl. enduros. an endurance race for automobiles or sometimes motorcycles. [appar. a pseudo It or Sp deriv. of ENDURANCE] * * *
enduse
end use also end-use (ĕndʹyo͞os') n. The ultimate application for which a product has been designed.   endʹ-use' adj. * * *
enduser
end user also end-us·er (ĕndʹyo͞o'zər) n. The ultimate consumer of a product, especially the one for whom the product has been designed. * * *
endways
/end"wayz'/, adv. 1. on end: We set the table endways in order to fix the legs. 2. with the end upward or forward. 3. toward the ends or end; lengthwise. 4. with ends touching; ...
endwise
end·wise (ĕndʹwīz') also end·ways (-wāz') adv. 1. On end; upright. 2. With the end foremost. 3. Lengthwise. 4. End to end. * * *
Endymion
/en dim"ee euhn/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a young man kept forever youthful through eternal sleep and loved by Selene. 2. (italics) a narrative poem (1818) by John Keats. * * * ▪ ...
endzone
end zone n. Football The area at either end of the playing field between the goal line and the end line. * * *
ENE
east-northeast. Also, E.N.E. * * *
Enebish, Lhamsurengiyn
▪ 2002       Mongolian politician (b. 1947, Mogod Sum, Mong.—d. Sept. 29, 2001, Ulaanbaatar, Mong.), was secretary-general (from 1996) of the Mongolian People's ...
enema
/en"euh meuh/, n. Med. 1. the injection of a fluid into the rectum to cause a bowel movement. 2. the fluid injected. 3. Also called enema bag. a rubber bag or other device for ...
enemy
/en"euh mee/, n., pl. enemies, adj. n. 1. a person who feels hatred for, fosters harmful designs against, or engages in antagonistic activities against another; an adversary or ...
enemy alien
an alien residing in a country at war with the one of which he or she is a citizen. [1945-50] * * *


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