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Eneolithic
/ee'nee oh lith"ik/, adj. Chalcolithic. Also, Aenolithic. [1910-15] * * *
energetic
—energetically, adv. /en'euhr jet"ik/, adj. 1. possessing or exhibiting energy, esp. in abundance; vigorous: an energetic leader. 2. powerful in action or effect; effective: to ...
energetically
See energetic. * * *
energetics
—energeticist, n. —energetistic /en'euhr ji tis"tik/, adj. /en'euhr jet"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of physics that deals with energy. [1850-55; see ENERGETIC, ...
Energia
also called RKK Energia formerly OKB-1 Russian aerospace company that is a major producer of spacecraft, rockets, and missiles. Energia originated in 1946 as a department ...
energid
energid [en′ər jid΄, en ʉr′jid΄] n. 〚Ger < Gr energos, active (see ENERGY) + Ger -id, -ID〛 the nucleus of a cell together with the mass of protoplasm around it * * *
energism
—energist, n., adj. —energistic, adj. /en"euhr jiz'euhm/, n. Ethics. the theory that self-realization is the highest good. [1890-95; < G Energismus. See ENERGY, -ISM] * * *
energization
See energize. * * *
energize
/en"euhr juyz'/, v., energized, energizing. v.t. 1. to give energy to; rouse into activity: to energize the spirit with brave words. 2. to supply electrical current to or store ...
energizer
/en"euhr juy'zeuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that energizes. 2. Pharm. antidepressant (def. 2). [1740-50; ENERGIZE + -ER1] * * *
energumen
energumen [en΄ər gyo͞o′mən] n. 〚LL(Ec) energumenos < Gr energoumenos, prp. pass. of energein, to work on: see ENERGY〛 1. a person supposedly possessed by an evil ...
energy
/en"euhr jee/, n., pl. energies. 1. the capacity for vigorous activity; available power: I eat chocolate to get quick energy. 2. an adequate or abundant amount of such power: I ...
energy audit
a technical check of energy use, as in a home or factory, to monitor and evaluate consumption. [1975-80] * * *
energy band
Physics. band (def. 10). * * *
energy conversion
▪ technology Introduction       the transformation of energy from forms provided by nature to forms that can be used by humans.       Over the centuries a wide ...
energy efficiency ratio
a measure of the efficiency of a heating or cooling system, as a heat pump or air conditioner, equal to the ratio of the output in B.T.U./hour to the input in watts: A ...
energy level
1. a comparative level of capacity for vigorous activity: The child has a high energy level. 2. Also called energy state. Physics. one of a quantized series of states in which ...
Energy Star Program
a program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency encouraging the manufacture of electric and electronic appliances and devices, as refrigerators or personal computers, that ...
energy state
▪ atomic physics also called  Energy Level,         in physics, any discrete value from a set of values of total energy for a subatomic particle confined by a force ...
energy value and nutrient content of some common foods
▪ Table The energy value and nutrient content of some common foods food energy (kcal) carbohy- drate (g) protein (g) fat (g) water (g) whole wheat bread (1 slice, 28 ...
energy, conservation of
Principle of physics according to which the energy of interacting bodies or particles in a closed system remains constant, though it may take different forms (e.g., kinetic ...
energy, equipartition of
Law of statistical mechanics stating that, in a system in thermal equilibrium, on average, an equal amount of energy is associated with each independent energy state. It states ...
energyaudit
energy audit n. An evaluation of energy consumption, as in a home or business, to determine ways in which energy can be conserved. * * *
energydensity
energy density n. The energy per unit volume of a region of space. * * *
energyefficiency ratio
energy efficiency ratio n. A measure of the relative efficiency of a heating or cooling appliance, such as an air conditioner, that is equal to the unit's output in BTUs per hour ...
energylevel
energy level n. In both senses also called energy state. 1. The energy characteristic of a stationary state of a physical system, especially a quantum mechanical system. 2. The ...
enervate
—enervation, n. —enervative, adj. —enervator, n. v. /en"euhr vayt'/; adj. /i nerr"vit/, v., enervated, enervating, adj. v.t. 1. to deprive of force or strength; destroy the ...
enervated
/en"euhr vay'tid/, adj. without vigor, force, or strength; languid. [1650-60; ENERVATE + -ED2] * * *
enervation
See enervate. * * *
enervative
See enervation. * * *
enervator
See enervation. * * *
Enesco
/e nes"koh/, n. Georges /zhawrddzh/, 1881-1955, Rumanian violinist, composer, and conductor: teacher of Yehudi Menuhin. Also, Enescu /e nes"kooh/. * * *
Enesco, Georges
▪ Romanian composer Romanian  George Enescu   born Aug. 19, 1881, Liveni, near Dorohoi, Rom. died May 4, 1955, Paris, Fr.       violinist and composer, known for his ...
Enesco,Georges
E·nes·co (ə-nĕsʹkō, ĕ-nĕsʹ-), Georges. 1881-1955. Romanian-born violinist and composer whose works include the opera Oedipus (1936) and three symphonies. * * *
Enets
▪ people also called  Enet'-enche,  Yeniseiok , or  Yenisey Samoyeds        an indigenous Arctic people (Arctic) who traditionally resided on the east bank of the ...
Enewetak
En·e·we·tak or En·i·we·tok (ĕn'ə-wēʹtŏk', ə-nēʹwĭ-) An atoll in the Ralik Chain of the Marshall Islands in the west-central Pacific Ocean. It was the site of ...
enface
—enfacement, n. /en fays"/, v.t., enfaced, enfacing. 1. to write, print, or stamp something on the face of (a note, draft, etc.). 2. to write, print, or stamp (something) on ...
enfacement
See enface. * * *
enfant terrible
/ahonn fahonn te rddee"bleu/, pl. enfants terribles /ahonn fahonn te rddee"bleu/. French. 1. an incorrigible child, as one whose behavior is embarrassing. 2. an outrageously ...
Enfantin, Barthélemy-Prosper
▪ French political scientist born Feb. 8, 1796, Paris, Fr. died Sept. 1, 1864, Paris  eccentric French social, political, and economic theorist who was a leading member of ...
enfants perdus
/ahonn fahonn perdd dyuu"/, French. soldiers assigned to a dangerous post. [lit., lost children] * * *
Enfants sans Souci
▪ French theatre       (French: Carefree Children), one of the largest of the sociétés joyeuses of medieval France, an association of the merchants, craftsmen, and ...
enfantterrible
en·fant ter·ri·ble (äɴ-fäɴ' tĕ-rēʹblə) n. en·fants ter·ri·bles (äɴ-fäɴ' tĕ-rēʹblə) One whose startlingly unconventional behavior, work, or thought ...
enfeeble
—enfeeblement, n. —enfeebler, n. /en fee"beuhl/, v.t., enfeebled, enfeebling. to make feeble; weaken: That bout of pneumonia enfeebled him. [1300-50; ME enfeblen < OF ...
enfeeblement
See enfeeble. * * *
enfeebler
See enfeeblement. * * *
enfeoff
—enfeoffment, n. /en fef", -feef"/, v.t. 1. to invest with a freehold estate in land. 2. to give as a fief. [1350-1400; ME enfe(o)ffen < AF enfe(o)ffer, equiv. to en- -EN-1 + ...
enfeoffment
See enfeoff. * * *
enfetter
/en fet"euhr/, v.t. to bind with or as with fetters. [1595-1605; EN-1 + FETTER] * * *
enfever
/en fee"veuhr/, v.t. to cause or excite fever in. [1640-50; EN1- + FEVER] * * *
Enfield
/en"feeld'/, n. 1. a borough of Greater London, England. 261,900. 2. a town in N Connecticut. 42,695. 3. See Enfield rifle. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United ...
Enfield rifle
1. a single-shot, muzzleloading rifle, of .577 caliber, used by the British army in the Crimean War and in limited numbers by both sides in the American Civil War. 2. a ...
Enfieldrifle
Enfield rifle n. Any of several rifles formerly used by British and American troops, especially the.30- or.303-caliber, bolt-action, breechloading model.   [AfterEnfield, a ...
enfilade
/en"feuh layd', -lahd', en'feuh layd", -lahd"/, n., v., enfiladed, enfilading. n. 1. Mil. a. a position of works, troops, etc., making them subject to a sweeping fire from along ...
enfin
/ahonn faonn"/, adv. French. in conclusion; finally. [lit., in (the) end] * * *
enflame
/en flaym"/, v.t., v.i., enflamed, enflaming. inflame. * * *
enfleurage
/ahonn'fleuh rahzh"/; Fr. /ahonn flue rddannzh"/, n. a process of extracting perfumes by exposing inodorous oils or fats to the exhalations of flowers. [1850-55; < F, equiv. to ...
enflurane
/en"floo rayn'/, n. Pharm. a volatile liquid, C3H2ClF5O, used as a general anesthetic in surgery. [en- unclearly derived + (tri)flu(o)r(oeth)ane] * * *
enfold
—enfolder, n. —enfoldment, n. /en fohld"/, v.t. 1. to wrap up; envelop: to enfold someone in a cloak. 2. to surround as if with folds: He wished to enfold her in the warmth ...
enfolder
See enfold. * * *
enforce
—enforceable, adj. —enforceability, n. —enforcedly /en fawr"sid lee, -fohr"-/, adv. —enforcer, n. —enforcive, adj. /en fawrs", -fohrs"/, v.t., enforced, enforcing. 1. ...
enforceability
See enforce. * * *
enforceable
See enforceability. * * *
enforcement
/en fawrs"meuhnt, -fohrs"-/, n. 1. the act or process of enforcing. 2. something that enforces. [1425-75; late ME < AF, OF. See ENFORCE, -MENT] * * *
enforcer
/en fawr"seuhr, -fohr"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that enforces. 2. the member of a group, esp. of a gang, charged with keeping dissident members obedient. 3. a person, esp. a ...
enfranchise
—enfranchisement /en fran"chuyz meuhnt, -chiz-/, n. —enfranchiser, n. /en fran"chuyz/, v.t., enfranchised, enfranchising. 1. to grant a franchise to; admit to citizenship, ...
enfranchisement
See enfranchise. * * *
eng
/eng/, n. the symbol, n, that, in the International Phonetic Alphabet and in the pronunciation alphabets of some dictionaries, represents the voiced velar nasal consonant ...
ENG
Television. electronic news gathering: a system of news reporting that uses portable television cameras to videotape pictures and sound, esp. when combined with the transmission ...
Eng.
1. England. 2. English. * * *
eng.
1. engine. 2. engineer. 3. engineering. 4. engraved. 5. engraver. 6. engraving. * * *
Eng. D.
Doctor of Engineering. * * *
Enga
▪ province, Papua New Guinea       province (established in 1978), west central Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific. It has an area of 4,900 square miles ...
Engadin
▪ valley, Switzerland (German), French  Engadine , Italian  Engadina , Romansh  Engiadina        Swiss portion of the upper Inn (Romansh En) River valley, in ...
Engadine
/eng"geuh deen', eng'geuh deen"/, n. the valley of the Inn River in E Switzerland: resorts. 60 mi. (97 km) long. * * *
engage
—engager, n. /en gayj"/, v., engaged, engaging. v.t. 1. to occupy the attention or efforts of (a person or persons): He engaged her in conversation. 2. to secure for aid, ...
engagé
Fr. /ahonn gann zhay"/, adj. choosing to involve oneself in or commit oneself to something: Some of the political activists grew less engagé as the years passed. [1950-55; < F: ...
engaged
—engagedly /en gay"jid lee, -gayjd"-/, adv. —engagedness, n. /en gayjd"/, adj. 1. busy or occupied; involved: deeply engaged in conversation. 2. pledged to be married; ...
engagement
/en gayj"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of engaging or the state of being engaged. 2. an appointment or arrangement: a business engagement. 3. betrothal: They announced their ...
engagement calendar
an appointment book for the daily recording of social engagements and other appointments. * * *
engagement ring
a ring, often a diamond, given by a man to his fiancée at the time of their engagement as a token of their betrothal. [1860-65] * * *
engager
See engage. * * *
engaging
—engagingly, adv. —engagingness, n. /en gay"jing/, adj. winning; attractive; pleasing: an engaging smile. [1665-75; ENGAGE + -ING2] Syn. charming, agreeable. * * *
engagingly
See engaging. * * *
engarde
en garde (äɴ gärdʹ) interj. Used to warn a fencer to assume the position preparatory to a match.   [French : en, on + garde, guard.] * * *
engarland
/en gahr"leuhnd/, v.t. to encircle with or as with a garland. [1575-85; EN-1 + GARLAND] * * *
engawa
/eng gah"wah/, n. a floor extension at one side of a Japanese-style house, usually facing a yard or garden and serving as passageway and sitting space. [ < Japn, equiv. to en ...
Engel
/eng"geuhl/, n. Lehman /lay"meuhn/, born 1910, U.S. conductor and composer. * * *
Engel v. Vitale
▪ law case       case in which the U.S. Supreme Court (Supreme Court of the United States) ruled on June 25, 1962, that voluntary prayer in public schools violated the ...
Engel's law
the assertion that the percentage of a family's income spent on food decreases as its income increases. [named after Ernst Engel (1821-96), German economist] * * *
Engel, Ernst
▪ German statistician born March 26, 1821, Dresden, Saxony [Germany] died Dec. 8, 1896, Radebeul, near Dresden       German statistician remembered for the “Engel ...
Engelbart, Douglas
born Jan. 30, 1925, near Portland, Ore., U.S. U.S. computer scientist. He received a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. In the 1960s ...
Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson
▪ Swedish revolutionary born c. 1390 died May 1436, near Örebro, Swed.       Swedish national hero who led a 15th-century rebellion against Erik of Pomerania (Erik ...
Engelmann spruce
/eng"geuhl meuhn/ 1. a narrow, conical spruce, Picea engelmannii, of western North America, having short, dense branches and yielding a soft, pale-yellow wood. 2. the soft, light ...
Engelmann, George
▪ German botanist and physician born Feb. 2, 1809, Frankfurt am Main died Feb. 4, 1884, St. Louis, Mo., U.S.       U.S. botanist, physician, and meteorologist who is ...
Engels
/eng"geuhlz/; for 1 also Ger. /eng"euhls/; for 2 also Russ. /en"gyils/, n. 1. Friedrich /frddee"drddikh/, 1820-95, German socialist in England: collaborated with Karl Marx in ...
Engels, Friedrich
born Nov. 28, 1820, Barmen, Rhine Province, Prussia died Aug. 5, 1895, London, Eng. German socialist philosopher. Son of a factory owner, he eventually became a successful ...
Engels,Friedrich
Eng·els (ĕngʹəlz, -əls), Friedrich. 1820-1895. German social theorist who collaborated with Karl Marx on The Communist Manifesto (1848) and numerous other works. * * *
Engen, Alf
▪ 1998       Norwegian-born American skier who won eight national ski-jumping and eight combined-competition championships and set a number of world records between 1931 ...
engender
—engenderer, n. —engenderment, n. /en jen"deuhr/, v.t. 1. to produce, cause, or give rise to: Hatred engenders violence. 2. to beget; procreate. v.i. 3. to be produced or ...
engenderer
See engender. * * *
Enggano Island
▪ island, Indonesia Indonesian  Pulau Enggano , Enggano also spelled  Engano        island in the Indian Ocean, off the southwestern coast of Sumatra, Bengkulu ...
Enghalskrug
▪ ceramic jug  German faience ewer with an ovoid body and a long narrow neck, which has a hinged pewter lid, a slight lip, and a broad foot, usually bound with a ring of ...
Enghien, d'
/dahonn gaonn"/, n. Duc /dyuuk/ (Louis Antoine Henry de Bourbon-Condé), 1772-1804, French prince: executed by Napoleon I. * * *
Enghien, Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, Duke d'
▪ French prince born Aug. 2, 1772, Chantilly, Fr. died March 21, 1804, Vincennes  French prince whose execution, widely proclaimed as an atrocity, ended all hope of ...
Engholm, Björn
▪ German politician born November 9, 1939, Lübeck, Germany       German politician who became the leader of the Social Democratic Party (Social Democratic Party of ...
engild
/en gild"/, v.t. to brighten with or as with golden light: rays of the sun engilding the city's towers. [1350-1400; ME; see EN1-, GILD1] * * *
engin
engin abbrev. 1. engineer 2. engineering * * *
engin.
engineering. * * *
engine
—engineless, adj. /en"jeuhn/, n. 1. a machine for converting thermal energy into mechanical energy or power to produce force and motion. 2. a railroad locomotive. 3. a fire ...
engine block
Auto. See cylinder block. * * *
engine company
a unit of a city's fire department in command of one or more fire-fighting vehicles. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
engine house
a building in which a fire engine is stationed. [1725-35] * * *
engine turning
ornamentation having the form of a pattern of circular arcs, engraved by a rose engine. [1880-85] * * *
engineblock
engine block n. The cast metal block containing the cylinders of an internal-combustion engine. * * *
engineer
/en'jeuh near"/, n. 1. a person trained and skilled in the design, construction, and use of engines or machines, or in any of various branches of engineering: a mechanical ...
engineer's chain.
See under chain (def. 8a). * * *
engineering
/en'jeuh near"ing/, n. 1. the art or science of making practical application of the knowledge of pure sciences, as physics or chemistry, as in the construction of engines, ...
engineering geology
the application of geologic principles, techniques, and data to mining, construction, petroleum engineering, and ground-water utilization. [1860-65] * * * or geological ...
Engineering Projects
▪ 1995 Introduction BRIDGES       
engineman
/en"jeuhn man', -meuhn/, n., pl. enginemen /-men', -meuhn/. a person who operates or helps to operate an engine or locomotive. [1715-25; ENGINE + MAN1] * * *
enginery
/en"jeuhn ree/, n., pl. engineries. 1. engines collectively; machinery. 2. engines of war collectively. 3. skillful or artful contrivance. [1595-1605; ENGINE + -RY] * * *
engird
/en gerrd"/, v.t., engirt or engirded, engirding. to encircle; encompass: The equator engirds the earth. [1560-70; EN-1 + GIRD1] * * *
engirdle
/en gerr"dl/, v.t., engirdled, engirdling. to engird. [1595-1605; EN-1 + GIRDLE] * * *
engirt
en·girt (ĕn-gûrtʹ) v. Past tense and past participle of engird. * * *
englacial
—englacially, adv. /en glay"sheuhl/, adj. Geol. 1. within the ice of a glacier. 2. believed to have been formerly within the ice of a glacier: englacial debris. [1890-95; EN-1 ...
England
/ing"gleuhnd/ or, often, /-leuhnd/, n. the largest division of the United Kingdom, constituting, with Scotland and Wales, the island of Great Britain. 45,870,062; 50,327 sq. mi. ...
England and Wales Cricket Board
the organization that governs the sport of cricket in England and Wales, based at Lord’s in London. ➡ note at cricket. * * *
England expects
the first words of a famous signal sent by Admiral Nelson to the ships he commanded, before the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The full signal was ‘England expects that every man ...
England, Bank of
▪ central bank of United Kingdom  the central bank of the United Kingdom. Its headquarters are in the central financial district of the City of London (London, City ...
England, Church of
English national church and the mother church of the Anglican Communion. Christianity was brought to England in the 2nd century, and though nearly destroyed by the Anglo-Saxon ...
England, flag of
▪ Flag History       flag of a constituent unit of the United Kingdom, flown subordinate to the Union Jack (United Kingdom, flag of the), that consists of a white ...
England, John
▪ American bishop born Sept. 23, 1786, Cork, County Cork, Ire. died April 11, 1842, Charleston, S.C., U.S.       Irish-born American Roman Catholic prelate who became ...
Engle
/eng"geuhl/, n. Paul (Hamilton), 1908-91, U.S. poet and educator. * * *
Engle, Robert F.
▪ American economist born November 1942, Syracuse, New York, U.S.       American economist, corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Economics in 2003 for his development of ...
Englefield, Sir Francis
▪ advisor to Mary I born c. 1520 died 1596       English Roman Catholic who was a personal friend and influential adviser to Queen Mary I and a vigorous opponent in ...
Engler, Adolf
▪ German botanist in full  Gustav Heinrich Adolf Engler   born March 25, 1844, Sagan, Prussia [now Żagań, Pol.] died Oct. 10, 1930, Berlin, Ger.  German botanist famous ...
Englewood
/eng"geuhl wood'/, n. 1. a city in central Colorado, 30,021. 2. a city in NE New Jersey. 23,701. 3. a town in SW Ohio. 11,329. 4. a town in W Florida. 10,229. * * * ▪ ...
Englische Komödianten
▪ acting troupe German“English Comedians”       any of the troupes of English actors who toured the German-speaking states during the late 16th and the 17th ...
English
—Englishness, n. /ing"glish/ or, often, /-lish/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of England or its inhabitants, institutions, etc. 2. belonging or pertaining to, ...
English billiards
      game that is a type of billiards (q.v.). * * *
English bond
Masonry. a brickwork bond having alternate courses of headers and stretchers in which the headers are centered on stretchers and the joints between stretchers line up vertically ...
English breakfast
a hearty breakfast typically including eggs, bacon or ham, toast, and tea or coffee. Cf. continental breakfast. [1800-10] * * *
English bulldog
English bulldog n. BULLDOG (sense 1) * * *
English Canadian
an English-speaking Canadian. [1810-20] * * *
English Channel
an arm of the Atlantic between S England and N France, connected with the North Sea by the Strait of Dover. 350 mi. (565 km) long; 20-100 mi. (32-160 km) wide. * * * or the ...
English Civil War
the war (1642-46) between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists, sometimes extended to include the events of the period 1646-48. * * *
English Civil Wars
(1642–51) Armed conflict in the British Isles between Parliamentarians and supporters of the monarchy (Royalists). Tension between Charles I and the House of Commons had been ...
English Classics
▪ English horse race       in horse racing, five of the oldest and most important English horse races. They are the Derby, the Oaks, the One Thousand Guineas, the ...
English cocker spaniel
one of an English breed of compact medium-sized sporting dogs having a medium-length coat of various solid colors or parti-colored, low-set, droopy ears, fairly short legs, and a ...
English cross bond
Masonry. a brickwork bond in which the vertical joints of the stretchers in any course are in line with the centers of the first stretchers above and below. See illus. under ...
English daisy
the common European daisy, Bellis perennis. [1885-90] * * *
English disease
an expression that has been used by people in Europe about various different aspects of English life. In the 1960s and 1970s it meant the poor performance of English workers and ...
English elm.
See under elm (def. 1). * * *
English finish
Print. a smooth, unglossed finish on paper, obtained by calendering paper that has short fibers and a high mineral content. Cf. English (def. 10). [1930-35] * * *
English foxhound
one of an English breed of medium-sized hunting dogs, slightly larger than the American foxhound, having a short, dense, glossy coat, in combinations of black, tan, or white, ...
English garden
▪ garden French  Jardin Anglais,        type of garden that developed in 18th-century England, originating as a revolt against the architectural garden, which relied ...
English gooseberry
a spiny Eurasian and northern African shrub, Ribes uva-crispa, of the saxifrage family, having green flowers in sparse clusters and acid, bristly green, red, or yellow fruit. * * ...
English Heritage
another name for the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, a government organization started in 1984 to look after historically important places and buildings ...
English holly.
See under holly (def. 1). * * *
English horn
a large oboe, a fifth lower in pitch than the ordinary oboe, having a pear-shaped bell and producing a mellow tone. Also called cor anglais. [1830-40] * * * Orchestral woodwind ...
English iris
an iris, Iris xiphiodes, native to the Pyrenees, having two or three deep purple-blue flowers with golden patches. * * *
English ivy
ivy (def. 1). [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
English language
Language belonging to the Germanic languages branch of the Indo-European language family, widely spoken on six continents. The primary language of the U.S., Britain, Canada, ...
ENGLISH LANGUAGE IMPERIALISM
▪ 1998 by Gerald Knowles       Seen in its simplest terms, language imperialism involves the transfer of a dominant language to other peoples. The transfer is essentially ...
English Language Teaching
➡ World English * * *
English laurel.
See cherry laurel (def. 1). * * *
English literature
Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present ...
English muffin
a rather flat muffin made from yeast dough, typically baked on a griddle, and then split and toasted before being eaten. [1925-30] * * *
English National Ballet
a ballet company started in 1950 by Alicia Markova and Anton Dolin. It was first called Festival Ballet, and from 1969 to 1989 the London Festival Ballet. It performs both ...
English National Opera
(abbr the ENO) an opera company started in London in 1931, and known until 1974 as Sadler’s Wells Opera. It performs operas in English and has often taken them on tour to ...
English Nature
a British government organization established in 1991 to protect wild animals, plants and natural features in England, and to identify sites of special scientific interest. * * *
English oak
▪ tree also called  Brown Oak   (Quercus robur), ornamental and timber tree of the beech family (Fagaceae) that is native to Eurasia but also cultivated in North America ...
English Pale
pale2 (def. 6). * * *
English Patient
a popular and successful film (1996), directed by Anthony Minghella. It is set mainly in World War II, and is about a dying Hungarian man who remembers a love affair he had with ...
English pea
Southern and South Midland U.S. pea1 (defs. 1, 2). * * *
English plantain
a common plantain weed, Plantago lanceolata, having narrow basal leaves and a dense head of small, whitish flowers. Also called ribgrass, ribwort. [1835-45, Amer.] * * *
English primrose.
See under primrose (def. 1). * * *
English red
a Venetian red pigment and color. * * *
English Revolution
the events of 1688-89 by which James II was expelled and the sovereignty conferred on William and Mary. Also called Bloodless Revolution, Glorious Revolution. * * *
English rose
n [usu sing] an expression that people sometimes use to describe any lovely young English woman who looks attractive in a traditional way and has a sweet nature: She is best ...
English saddle
a saddle having a steel cantle and pommel, no horn, full side flaps usually set forward, a well-padded leather seat, and a saddletree or frame designed to conform to the line of ...
English school
Dominant school in painting in England from the 18th century to с 1850. From 1730 to 1750 two distinctive British forms of painting were perfected by William Hogarth: genre ...
English sennit.
See flat sennit. [‡1960-65] * * *
English setter
one of a breed of medium-sized, long-haired bird dogs having a flat, usually black-and-white or tan-and-white coat. [1855-60] * * * ▪ breed of dog  breed of sporting dog ...
English sheepdog.
See Old English sheepdog. * * *
English sole.
See under lemon sole. * * *
English sonnet
English sonnet n. SHAKESPEAREAN SONNET * * *
English sonnet.
See Shakespearean sonnet. [1900-05] * * *
English sparrow
☆ English sparrow n. the common, small Old World sparrow (Passer domesticus) with brownish-gray feathers, now found extensively in North America; house sparrow * * *
English sparrow.
See house sparrow. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
English springer spaniel
one of an English breed of springer spaniels having a medium-length, usually black-and-white or liver-and-white coat. [1915-20] * * *
English Stage Company
an English theatre company started in 1956 to perform modern plays by new young writers. One of its first plays was Look Back in Anger by John Osborne. The company has its base ...
English system
English system n. the foot-pound-second system of measurement * * *
English system.
See Bradford spinning. [1925-30] * * *
English toy spaniel
one of a British breed of toy spaniels having a long, silky coat, a rounded head, and a short, upturned muzzle. [1930-35] * * * ▪ breed of dog       breed of dog known ...
English walnut
1. a walnut tree, Juglans regia. 2. the nut of this tree, widely used in cookery. [1765-75, Amer.] * * *
English yew
a yew, Taxus baccata, of Eurasia and northern Africa, grown as an ornamental. [1925-30] * * * ▪ plant also called  common yew, or European yew   (all three are lumber ...
English, Sir David
▪ 1999       British journalist whose editorship of London's Daily Mail from 1971 to 1992 transformed it into a successful and influential tabloid that was must reading ...
English-Language Children's Literature
▪ 1998 by Shannon Maughan       "Jack, be nimble." In 1997 publishers of children's literature appeared to heed this sage advice from Mother Goose as they adapted their ...
English-Only Movement
a campaign by some US groups to make English the official language of the country. It is mainly supported by two organizations, English First and U.S. English. An English ...
English-Speaking Union
(abbr the ESU) an independent organization started in 1918. At first its aim was to help the peoples of Britain and the US to become closer, but it soon decided to include people ...
Englishbulldog
English bulldog n. A shorthaired, stocky dog; a bulldog. * * *
EnglishChannel
English Channel An arm of the Atlantic Ocean between western France and southern England. It opens into the North Sea and is traversed by a train-ferry service. A rail tunnel ...
Englishdaisy
English daisy n. See daisy. * * *
Englisher
/ing"gli sheuhr/ or, often, /-li-/, n. a person who translates from a foreign language into English. [1790-1800; ENGLISH + -ER1] * * *
Englishfoxhound
English foxhound n. Any of a breed of medium-sized hunting dog originating in England and having straight legs and a smooth, black and white or tan and white coat. * * *
Englishhorn
English horn n. A double-reed woodwind instrument similar to but larger than the oboe and pitched lower by a fifth.   [Translation of French cor anglais, perhaps alteration of ...
Englishism
/ing"gli shiz'euhm/ or, often, /-li-/, n. 1. a Briticism. 2. attachment to what is English. [1850-55; ENGLISH + -ISM] * * *
Englishly
/ing"glish lee/ or, often, /-lish-/, adv. in the manner or style of the English people. [1520-30; ENGLISH + -LY] * * *
Englishman
/ing"glish meuhn/ or, often, /-lish-/, n., pl. Englishmen. 1. a native or a naturalized citizen of England. 2. an English ship. [bef. 950; ME; OE Engliscman. See ENGLISH, MAN1] * ...
Englishmuffin
English muffin n. A flat round muffin made from yeast dough that has been baked on a griddle and is usually split and toasted before being eaten. * * *
Englishness
See English. * * *
Englishplantain
English plantain n. See ribgrass. * * *
Englishry
/ing"glish ree/ or, often, /-lish-/, n. 1. the fact of being English, esp. by birth. 2. a population that is English or of English descent: the Englishry of Ireland. [1250-1300; ...
Englishsaddle
English saddle n. A lightweight, hornless saddle with a steel cantle and pommel, a padded leather seat, and full side flaps usually set forward. * * *
Englishsetter
English setter n. Any of a breed of medium-sized dog developed in England and having a long, silky white coat usually with black or brownish markings. * * *
Englishsheepdog
English sheepdog n. An Old English sheepdog. * * *
Englishsonnet
English sonnet n. See Shakespearean sonnet. * * *
Englishsparrow
English sparrow n. See house sparrow. * * *
Englishspringer spaniel
English springer spaniel n. Any of a breed of medium-sized hunting dog originating in England and having a silky, liver and white or black and white coat. * * *
Englishwalnut
English walnut n. 1. A Eurasian tree (Juglans regia) cultivated in southern Europe and California for its valuable wood and its large, edible nuts. 2. The nut of this tree. * * *
Englishwoman
/ing"glish woom'euhn/ or, often, /-lish-/, n., pl. Englishwomen. a woman who is a native or citizen of England. [1520-30; ENGLISH + WOMAN] * * *
englut
/en glut"/, v.t., englutted, englutting. 1. to gulp down. 2. Archaic. to fill to satisfaction; satiate. [1485-95; < MF englotir AF englutir < LL ingluttire to swallow, equiv. to ...
englyn
▪ poetry       a group of strict Welsh poetic metres. The most popular form is the englyn unodl union (“direct monorhyme englyn”), which is a combination of a ...
engorge
—engorgement, n. /en gawrj"/, v.t., v.i., engorged, engorging. 1. to swallow greedily; glut or gorge. 2. Pathol. to congest with blood. [1505-15; < MF engorger. See EN-1, ...
engorgement
See engorge. * * *
engr
engr abbrev. 1. engineer 2. engineering 3. engraved 4. engraver 5. engraving * * *
engr.
1. engineer. 2. engraved. 3. engraver. 4. engraving. * * *
engraft
—engraftation, engraftment, n. /en graft", -grahft"/, v.t. 1. Hort. to insert, as a scion of one tree or plant into another, for propagation: to engraft a peach on a ...
engraftment
See engraft. * * *
engrail
—engrailment, n. /en grayl"/, v.t. 1. to ornament the edge of with curved indentations. 2. Minting. to make dots or curves on the cylindrical edge of (a coin, medal, etc.) so ...
engrailed
/en grayld"/, adj. Heraldry. having an edge of a charge consisting of a number of concave curves. Cf. invected. [1350-1400; ME engrelede. See ENGRAIL, -ED2] * * *
engrain
/en grayn"/, v.t., adj. ingrain (defs. 1, 2). * * *
engrained
—engrainedly /en gray"nid lee, -graynd"-/, adv. /en graynd", en"graynd'/, adj. ingrained. * * *
engram
—engrammic, adj. /en"gram/, n. a presumed encoding in neural tissue that provides a physical basis for the persistence of memory; a memory trace. Also called trace. [1905-10; ...
engrave
—engravable, adj. —engraver, n. /en grayv"/, v.t., engraved, engraving. 1. to chase (letters, designs, etc.) on a hard surface, as of metal, stone, or the end grain of wood: ...
engraved glass
▪ art       glassware decorated with finely carved, three-dimensional patterns or pictures. The most common engraving technique involves incising a design into glass ...
engraver
See engrave. * * *
engraver beetle.
See bark beetle. [1895-1900; so called because its boring resembles engraving] * * *
engraver's trick
Heraldry. a conventional method of indicating a tincture, as by printing or carving without color. Also called herald's trick. * * *
engraving
/en gray"ving/, n. 1. the act or art of a person who or thing that engraves. 2. the art of forming designs by cutting, corrosion by acids, a photographic process, etc., on the ...
engross
—engrossedly /en groh"sid lee, -grohst"-/, adv. —engrosser, n. /en grohs"/, v.t. 1. to occupy completely, as the mind or attention; absorb: Their discussion engrossed his ...
engrossed bill
U.S. Govt. a bill that has been passed in one house of Congress. Cf. enrolled bill. * * *
engrosser
See engross. * * *
engrossing
—engrossingly, adv. /en groh"sing/, adj. fully occupying the mind or attention; absorbing: I'm reading the most engrossing book. [1475-85; ENGROSS + -ING2] * * *
engrossingly
See engrossing. * * *
engrossment
/en grohs"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of engrossing. 2. the state of being engrossed or absorbed: to read with engrossment. 3. an engrossed copy of a document. [1520-30; ENGROSS + ...
engulf
—engulfment, n. /en gulf"/, v.t. 1. to swallow up in or as in a gulf; submerge: The overflowing river has engulfed many small towns along its banks. 2. to plunge or immerse, as ...
engulfment
See engulf. * * *
enhalo
/en hay"loh/, v.t., enhaloed, enhaloing. to surround with or as with a halo. [1835-45; EN-1 + HALO] * * *
enhance
—enhancement, n. —enhancive, adj. /en hans", -hahns"/, v.t., enhanced, enhancing. 1. to raise to a higher degree; intensify; magnify: The candelight enhanced her beauty. 2. ...
enhanced radiation weapon.
See neutron bomb. [1976] * * *
enhancement
See enhance. * * *
enhancer
/en han"seuhr, -hahn"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that enhances. 2. Genetics. a gene or gene fragment that activates other genes. [ENHANCE + -ER1] * * *
enhancive
See enhancement. * * *
enharmonic
—enharmonically, adv. /en'hahr mon"ik/, adj. Music. having the same pitch in the tempered scale but written in different notation, as G sharp and A flat. [1590-1600; < LL ...
enharmonically
See enharmonic. * * *
Enhbayar, Nambaryn
▪ 2001       Nambaryn Enhbayar, the chairman since 1997 of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP), was appointed Mongolia's new prime minister on July 26, ...
enhearten
/en hahr"tn/, v.t. to hearten. [1600-10; EN-1 + HEARTEN] * * *
Eni
▪ Italian corporation abbreviation of  Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (Italian: “State Hydrocarbons Authority”) , in full  Eni SpA        an Italian energy company ...
ENIAC
in full Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. Early electronic digital computer built in the U.S. in 1945 by J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly. The massive ENIAC, ...
Enid
/ee"nid/, n. 1. a city in N Oklahoma. 50,363. 2. Arthurian Romance. the constant and patient wife of Sir Geraint in The Mabinogion and in Tennyson's Idylls of the King. 3. a ...
Enid Blyton
➡ Blyton * * *
enigma
/euh nig"meuh/, n., pl. enigmas, enigmata /-meuh teuh/. 1. a puzzling or inexplicable occurrence or situation: His disappearance is an enigma that has given rise to much ...


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