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extended real number system
Math. the set of all real numbers with the points plus infinity and minus infinity added. * * *
extended term insurance
life insurance in which a policyholder ceases to pay the premiums but keeps the full amount of the policy in force for whatever term the cash value permits. * * *
extended family n. 1. A family group that consists of parents, children, and other close relatives, often living in close proximity. 2. A group of relatives, such as those of ...
See extended. * * *
/ik sten"deuhr/, n. 1. a substance added to another substance, as to paint or food, to increase its volume or bulk: to add cereal and soy protein to hamburger as extenders. 2. ...
See extend. * * *
extendible [ek sten′də bəl] adj. EXTENSIBLE: also extendable extendibility [ek sten′dəbil′ə tē] n. extendability * * * See extendibility. * * *
See extensible. * * *
—extensibility, extensibleness, n. /ik sten"seuh beuhl/, adj. capable of being extended. [1605-15; EXTENS(ION) + -IBLE] * * *
/ik sten"seuhl, -suyl/, adj. Chiefly Zool., Anat. capable of being extended; adapted for stretching out; extensible; protrusible. [1735-45; EXTENS(ION) + -ILE] * * *
/ek'sten sim"i teuhr/, n. extensometer. * * *
—extensionality, extensionalism, n. —extensional, adj. —extensionally, adv. —extensionless, adj. /ik sten"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of extending. 2. the state of ...
extension agent
an agent employed by the county government to work with farmers to increase crop yields, prevent erosion, eliminate blights or pests, and the like. Cf. county agent. * * *
extension bolt
a bolt fitted into a mortise in a door or the like, sliding into a socket in the head or the sill and having a head projecting from the surface of the door. * * *
extension cord
Elect. an electric cord having a standard plug at one end and a standard electric jack at the other. [1945-50] * * *
extension courses
(in many universities and colleges) a program for persons not regularly enrolled as students, frequently provided through evening classes or classes in off-campus centers, or by ...
extension field
Math. a field that contains a given field as a subfield. * * *
extension ladder
a ladder having two or more sections joined by a sliding mechanism that allows the ladder to be extended to the total length. [1870-75] * * *
extension library service
the provision of library materials and services outside the library's regular service center or outlet. * * *
extension rule
a folding rule having a sliding part equal in length to one section so as to permit exact measurement of internal dimensions. * * *
extension tube
Photog. any of a series of tubes of varying lengths placed between the lens and a camera body to facilitate closeup focusing. [1955-60] * * *
See extension. * * *
extension cord n. An insulated, flexible electric wire fitted with a plug at one end and one or more outlets on the other, allowing one to plug in devices whose cords are not ...
/ik sten"si tee/, n. 1. the quality of having extension. 2. Psychol. the attribute of sensation from which the perception of spatial extension is developed. [1825-35; < L ...
—extensively, adv. —extensiveness, extensivity /ek'sten siv"i tee, ik-/, n. /ik sten"siv/, adj. 1. of great extent; wide; broad: an extensive area. 2. covering or extending ...
extensive agriculture
      in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive ...
See extensive. * * *
See extensively. * * *
/ek'sten som"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for measuring minute degrees of expansion, contraction, or deformation. Also, extensimeter. [1885-90; EXTENS(ION) + -O- + -METER] * * *
/ik sten"seuhr, -sawr/, n. Anat. a muscle that serves to extend or straighten a part of the body. [1700-10; < NL, equiv. to L extend(ere) to EXTEND + -tor -TOR, with -dt- > ...
extensor muscle
▪ anatomy  any of the muscles that increase the angle between members of a limb, as by straightening the elbow or knee or bending the wrist or spine backward. The movement is ...
/ik stent"/, n. 1. the space or degree to which a thing extends; length, area, volume, or scope: the extent of his lands; to be right to a certain extent. 2. something extended, ...
—extenuating, adj. —extenuatingly, adv. —extenuative, adj. —extenuator, n. /ik sten"yooh ayt'/, v.t., extenuated, extenuating. 1. to represent (a fault, offense, etc.) as ...
extenuating circumstance
or mitigating circumstance In law, circumstance that diminishes the culpability of one who has committed a criminal offense. In many Anglo-American legal systems, provocation ...
extenuating circumstances
Law. circumstances that render conduct less serious and thereby serve to reduce the damages to be awarded or the punishment to be imposed. [1830-40] * * *
/ik sten'yooh ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of extenuating. 2. the state of being extenuated. 3. something that extenuates; a partial excuse: The youth of the defendant served as an ...
See extenuate. * * *
See extenuative. * * *
/ik sten"yooh euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. tending to extenuate; characterized by extenuation; extenuating. [1800-10; < LL extenuatorius. See EXTENUATE, -TORY1] * * *
—exteriorly, adv. /ik stear"ee euhr/, adj. 1. outer; being on the outer side: the exterior surface; exterior decorations. 2. intended or suitable for outdoor use: exterior ...
exterior angle
Geom. 1. an angle formed outside parallel lines by a third line that intersects them. See diag. under interior angle. 2. an angle formed outside a polygon by one side and an ...
exterior angle Angles 1, 2, 7, and 8 are exterior angles. Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. 1. The angle between any side of a polygon and an extended adjacent side. 2. Any of the ...
/ik stear'ee awr"i tee, -or"-/, n., pl. exteriorities. 1. the state or fact of being exterior. 2. something exterior. [1605-15; EXTERIOR + -ITY] * * *
—exteriorization, n. /ik stear"ee euh ruyz'/, v.t., exteriorized, exteriorizing. 1. to make exterior; externalize. 2. Surg. to expose (an internal structure) temporarily ...
See exterior. * * *
—exterminable /ik sterr"meuh neuh beuhl/, adj. —extermination, n. /ik sterr"meuh nayt'/, v.t., exterminated, exterminating. to get rid of by destroying; destroy totally; ...
See exterminate. * * *
extermination camp
▪ Nazi concentration camp German  Vernichtungslager        Nazi (Nazi Party) German concentration camp that specialized in the mass annihilation (Vernichtung) of ...
See extermination. * * *
/ik sterr"meuh nay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that exterminates. 2. a person or business establishment specializing in the elimination of vermin, insects, etc., from a ...
/ik sterr"meuh neuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. serving or tending to exterminate. Also, exterminative /ik sterr"meuh nay'tiv/. [1780-90; EXTERMINATE + -ORY1] * * *
/ik sterr"min/, v.t., extermined, extermining. Obs. to exterminate. [1425-75; late ME < L exterminare to drive beyond the boundaries. See EX-1, TERMINATE] * * *
/ek"sterrn/; for 3 also /ik sterrn"/, n. 1. a person connected with an institution but not residing in it, as a doctor or medical student at a hospital. 2. a nun of a strictly ...
—externally, adv. /ik sterr"nl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the outside or outer part; outer: an external surface. 2. Med. to be applied to the outside of a body, as a remedy: ...
external auditory canal
▪ anatomy also called  External Auditory Meatus, or External Acoustic Meatus,    passageway that leads from the outside of the head to the tympanic membrane, or eardrum ...
external auditory meatus
Anat. the canal extending from the opening in the external ear to the tympanic membrane. * * *
external degree
a college degree granted a person for work and study done off campus. [1925-30] * * *
External dose due to natural radioactivity in soil or rock
▪ Table External dose due to natural radioactivity in soil or rock source dose in mSv per year ordinary regions 0.25–1.6 active regions granite in ...
external ear
the outer portion of the ear, consisting of the auricle and the canal extending to the tympanic membrane. See diag. under ear1. * * *
external galaxy
Astron. any galaxy other than the Milky Way. * * *
external hemorrhoid
Pathol. See under hemorrhoid. * * *
external iliac artery
Anat. See iliac artery (def. 2). * * *
external jugular vein.
See under jugular (def. 1b). * * *
external relation
Philos. a relation between any two entities such that if they had not been in this relation to each other, the nature of each would not necessarily have been different. Cf. ...
external respiration
external respiration n. exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide across external or respiratory surfaces, as gills or lungs, in multicellular organisms: cf. INTERNAL RESPIRATION * * ...
external storage
Computers. See secondary storage. * * *
/ik sterr"nl keuhm bus"cheuhn/, adj. noting or pertaining to an engine, as a steam engine, in which fuel ignition takes place outside the cylinder, turbine, or the like, in which ...
external-combustion engine
external-combustion engine [eks tʉr′nəlkəm bus′chən, eks tʉrn′'lkəm bus′chən; ik stʉr′nəlkəm bus′chən, ik stʉrn′'lkəm bus′chən] n. an engine, as a ...
ex·ter·nal-com·bus·tion engine (ĭk-stûrʹnəl-kəm-bŭsʹchən) n. An engine, such as a steam engine, in which the fuel is burned outside the engine cylinder. * * *
externalauditory canal
external auditory canal n. See ear canal. * * *
external ear n. The outer portion of the ear including the auricle and the passage leading to the eardrum. Also called outer ear. * * *
—externalist, n. /ik sterr"nl iz'euhm/, n. attention to externals, esp. excessive attention to externals, as in religion. [1855-60; EXTERNAL + -ISM] * * *
See externalism. * * *
/ek'steuhr nal"i tee/, n., pl. externalities. 1. the state or quality of being external. 2. something external; an outward feature. 3. excessive attention to externals. 4. an ...
/ik sterr'nl euh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of externalizing. 2. the quality or state of being externalized. 3. something that is externalized. [1795-1805; EXTERNALIZE ...
/ik sterr"nl uyz'/, v.t., externalized, externalizing. 1. to make external; embody in an outward form. 2. to regard as consisting of externals. 3. to regard or treat as being ...
/ik sterr"nl uy'zeuhr/, n. Psychol. a person who draws a locus of control from the external world, depending on others as a source of values, ideas, and security. [EXTERNALIZE + ...
See external. * * *
external respiration n. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the environment and respiratory organs such as gills or lungs. * * *
/ek"sterrn ship'/, n. a required period of supervised practice done off campus or away from one's affiliated institution: The young doctor served six months of externship at a ...
/ek'steuhr euh sep"tiv/, adj. Physiol. pertaining to exteroceptors, the stimuli acting upon them, or the nerve impulses initiated by them. [1905-10; extero- (comb. form of L ...
/ek'steuhr euh sep"teuhr/, n. Physiol. a receptor responding to stimuli originating outside the body. [1905-10; extero- (see EXTEROCEPTIVE) + (RE)CEPTOR] * * *
—exterritoriality, n. —exterritorially, adv. /eks'ter i tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. extraterritorial. [1850-55; EX-1 + TERRITORIAL] * * *
See exterritorial. * * *
See exterritoriality. * * *
/ik stingkt"/, adj. 1. no longer in existence; that has ended or died out: an extinct species of fish. 2. no longer in use; obsolete: an extinct custom. 3. extinguished; ...
/ik stingk"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of extinguishing. 2. the fact or condition of being extinguished or extinct. 3. suppression; abolition; annihilation: the extinction of an ...
extinction (of species)
Dying out or termination of a species. It occurs when a species can no longer reproduce at replacement levels. Most past extinctions are thought to have resulted from ...
/ik stingk"tiv/, adj. tending or serving to extinguish. [1590-1600; EXTINCT + -IVE] * * *
/ek"steen, -stuyn/, n. Bot. exine. [1825-35; < L ext(imus) most outward + -INE1] * * *
—extinguishable, adj. —extinguishment, n. /ik sting"gwish/, v.t. 1. to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted): to extinguish a ...
See extinguish. * * *
/ik sting"gwi sheuhnt/, n. a substance used in extinguishing fires. [EXTINGUISH + -ANT] * * *
/ik sting"gwi sheuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that extinguishes. 2. See fire extinguisher. 3. an instrument consisting of a cone-shaped cup attached to a handle or the end of a ...
extinguisher moss
▪ plant       any of the plants of the genus Encalypta (subclass Bryidae), which form large tufts on limestone rocks, ledges, and walls. About 8 of the 34 species in the ...
See extinguishable. * * *
—extirpation, n. —extirpative, adj. —extirpator, n. /ek"steuhr payt', ik sterr"payt/, v.t., extirpated, extirpating. 1. to remove or destroy totally; do away with; ...
See extirpate. * * *
See extirpation. * * *
See extirpation. * * *
extension. * * *
—extoller, n. —extollingly, adv. —extolment, extollment, n. /ik stohl", -stol"/, v.t., extolled, extolling. to praise highly; laud; eulogize: to extol the beauty of ...
See extol. * * *
See extoller. * * *
—extorsively, adv. /ik stawr"siv/, adj. Law. serving or tending to extort: extorsive measures. [1660-70; < L extors(us) (ptp. of extorquere; see EXTORT) + -IVE] * * *
—extorter, n. —extortive, adj. /ik stawrt"/, v.t. 1. Law. a. to wrest or wring (money, information, etc.) from a person by violence, intimidation, or abuse of authority; ...
See extort. * * *
/ik stawr"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of extorting. 2. Law. the crime of obtaining money or some other thing of value by the abuse of one's office or authority. 3. ...
/ik stawr"sheuh ner'ee/, adj. characterized by or given to extortion. [1795-1805; EXTORTION + -ARY] * * *
—extortionately, adv. /ik stawr"sheuh nit/, adj. 1. grossly excessive; exorbitant: extortionate prices. 2. characterized by extortion, as persons: extortionate ...
See extortionate. * * *
See extortionary. * * *
/ik stawr"sheuh nist/, n. a person who engages in extortion. Also, extortioner. [1880-85; EXTORTION + -IST] * * *
See extorter. * * *
extract. * * *
/ek"streuh/, adj. 1. beyond or more than what is usual, expected, or necessary; additional: an extra copy of a newspaper; an extra charge. 2. larger or better than what is usual: ...
extra cover
Cricket. 1. the position of a fielder between mid off and cover point. 2. the fielder occupying this position. Also, extra cover point. [1865-70] * * *
extra dividend.
See special dividend. * * *
extra point
Football. conversion (def. 13). * * *
a prefix meaning "outside," "beyond," freely used as an English formative: extrajudicial; extraterritorial; extra-atmospheric. Also, extro-. [ < L, comb. form of extra (adv. and ...
/ek'streuh at'meuhs fer"ik, -fear"-/, adj. outside the earth's atmosphere. [1870-75] * * *
extra-base hit
/ek"streuh bays"/, Baseball. a base hit that enables a batter to reach more than one base safely, as a two-base hit, three-base hit, or home run. [1945-50] * * *
ex·tra-base hit (ĕkʹstrə-bāsʹ) n. Baseball A double, a triple, or a home run. * * *
/ek'streuh keuhn denst"/, adj. Print. (of type) narrower than condensed type in proportion to its height. * * *
ex·tra-high voltage (ĕkʹstrə-hī') n. Abbr. EHV A voltage higher than 345 kilovolts. * * *
/ek'streuh verr"jin/, adj. (of olive oil) made from the first pressing of highest-quality olives. * * *
/ek"streuh bohld"/, Print. n. 1. unusually heavy boldface type. adj. 2. in extrabold. [EXTRA- + BOLD] * * *
/ek'streuh buj"i ter'ee/, adj. not included in a budget: to acquire extrabudgetary funds. [EXTRA- + BUDGETARY] * * *
/ek'streuh keuh non"i keuhl/, adj. Eccles. not included in the canon of Scripture. [1825-35; EXTRA- + CANONICAL] * * *
/ek'streuh kap"seuh leuhr, -kaps"yoo-/, adj. outside a capsule or capsular thing. [1880-85; EXTRA- + CAPSULAR] * * *
—extracellularly, adv. /ek'streuh sel"yeuh leuhr/, adj. Biol. outside a cell or cells. [1865-70; EXTRA- + CELLULAR] * * *
extracellular fluid
▪ physiology  in biology, body fluid that is not contained in cells. It is found in blood, in lymph, in body cavities lined with serous (moisture-exuding) membrane, in the ...
See extracellular. * * *
/ek'streuh kroh'meuh soh"meuhl/, adj. Genetics. of or pertaining to DNA that exists outside the main chromosome and acts independently. [1935-40; EXTRA- + CHROMOSOMAL] * * *
ex·tra·code (ĕkʹstrə-kōd') n. Computer Science A sequence of machine language instructions used to simulate hardware functions. * * *
ex·tra·con·sti·tu·tion·al (ĕk'strə-kŏn'stĭ-to͞oʹshə-nəl, -tyo͞oʹ-) adj. Beyond what is provided for in a constitution. * * *
extracontinental [spelling only] * * *
—extracorporeally, adv. /ek'streuh kawr pawr"ee euhl, -pohr"-/, adj. occurring or situated outside the body, as a heart-lung machine used to oxygenate the blood during ...
See extracorporeal. * * *
extracranial [spelling only] * * * ex·tra·cra·ni·al (ĕk'strə-krāʹnē-əl) adj. Located or occurring outside the cranium. * * *
—extractable, extractible, adj. —extractability, extractibility, n. v. /ik strakt"/ or, esp. for 5, /ek"strakt/; n. /ek"strakt/, v.t. 1. to get, pull, or draw out, usually ...
extract printing.
See discharge printing. * * *
See extract. * * *
/ik strak"teuhnt/, n. Chem. a liquid used to remove a solute from a solution. [EXTRACT + -ANT] * * *
See extractable. * * *
/ik strak"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of extracting: the extraction of a molar. 2. the state or fact of being extracted. 3. descent or lineage: to be of foreign ...
/ik strak"tiv/, adj. 1. tending or serving to extract, or based upon extraction: coal, oil, copper, and other extractive industries. 2. capable of being extracted, as from the ...
extractive metallurgy
the technology of extracting metal from ore. * * *
See extractive. * * *
/ik strak"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that extracts. 2. (in a firearm or cannon) the mechanism that, after firing, pulls an empty or unfired cartridge or shell case out of ...
/ek'streuh keuh rik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. outside the regular curriculum or program of courses: football, orchestra, and other extracurricular activities. 2. outside one's regular ...
/ek"streuh duy'teuh beuhl, ek'streuh duy"-/, adj. 1. capable of being extradited; subject to extradition: an extraditable person. 2. capable of incurring extradition: an ...
/ek"streuh duyt'/, v.t., extradited, extraditing. 1. to give up (an alleged fugitive or criminal) to another state, nation, or authority. 2. to obtain the extradition ...
/ek'streuh dish"euhn/, n. the surrender of an alleged fugitive from justice or criminal by one state, nation, or authority to another. [1830-40; < F; see EX-1, TRADITION] * * ...
/ek"streuh dos', -dohs', ek stray"dos, -dohs/, n., pl. extrados /-dohz', -dohz/, extradoses. Archit. the exterior curve or surface of an arch or vault. Also called back. Cf. ...
/ek stray"dost/, adj. (of an arch) having a curved intrados, the form of which is repeated by the extrados. [EXTRADOS + -ED3] * * *
/ek'streuh em'bree on"ik/, adj. 1. situated outside the embryo. 2. pertaining to structures outside the embryo. [EXTRA- + EMBRYONIC] * * *
extraembryonic membrane
Embryol. any of the tissues, derived from the fertilized egg, that enclose or otherwise contribute to the support of the developing embryo, as the yolk sac, allantois, amnion, ...
extrafamilial [spelling only] * * *
/ek'streuh flawr"euhl, -flohr"-/, adj. Bot. situated outside the flower, as a nectary. [EXTRA- + FLORAL] * * *
/ek'streuh geuh lak"tik/, adj. outside the Milky Way system. [1850-55; EXTRA- + GALACTIC] * * *
extragalactic nebula
(formerly) galaxy (def. 1a). * * *
extragovernmental [spelling only] * * *
extrahepatic [spelling only] * * * ex·tra·he·pat·ic (ĕk'strə-hĭ-pătʹĭk) adj. Originating or occurring outside the liver. * * *
extrahistoric [spelling only] * * *
—extrajudicially, adv. /ek'streuh jooh dish"euhl/, adj. 1. outside of judicial proceedings; beyond the action or authority of a court. 2. beyond, outside, or against the usual ...
See extrajudicial. * * *
/ek'streuh lat"euhr euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the right of a mine owner to the vein or lode of an ore when it extends under an adjacent mining property. [EXTRA- + ...
—extralegally, adv. /ek'streuh lee"geuhl/, adj. being beyond the province or authority of law: There were only extralegal recourses for their grievances. [1635-45; EXTRA- + ...
See extralegal. * * *
/ek'streuh lim"i tl/, adj. not found within a given geographical area: an extralimital species of bird. [1870-75; EXTRA- + LIMIT + -AL] * * *
—extralinguistically, adv. /ek'streuh ling gwis"tik/, adj. not included within the realm of language or linguistics. [1925-30; EXTRA- + LINGUISTIC] * * *
/ik stral"i tee/, n. extraterritoriality. [1920-25; by syncope] * * *
/ek'streuh mar"i tl/, adj. pertaining to sexual relations with someone other than one's spouse: extramarital affairs. [1925-30; EXTRA- + MARITAL] * * *
/ek'streuh me"tri keuhl/, adj. Pros. containing one or more syllables in addition to those required by the meter: an extrametrical line. [1860-65; EXTRA- + METRICAL] * * * ▪ ...
/ek'streuh mun dayn", -mun"dayn/, adj. beyond our world or the material universe. [1655-65; < LL extramundanus beyond the world. See EXTRA-, MUNDANE] * * *
—extramurally, adv. /ek'streuh myoor"euhl/, adj. 1. involving representatives of more than one school: extramural athletics. 2. outside the walls or boundaries, as of a city or ...
—extraneously, adv. —extraneousness, n. /ik stray"nee euhs/, adj. 1. introduced or coming from without; not belonging or proper to a thing; external; foreign: extraneous ...
See extraneous. * * *
See extraneously. * * *
/ek"streuh net'/, n. an intranet that is partially accessible to authorized persons outside of a company or organization. [1995-2000] * * *
/ek'streuh nooh"klee euhr, -nyooh"-/ or, by metathesis, /-kyeuh leuhr/. adj. Cell Biol. pertaining to or affecting the parts of a cell outside the nucleus. [1885-90; EXTRA- + ...
extraocular muscle
/ek"streuh ok"yeuh leuhr, ek'streuh-/, Anat. See extrinsic eye muscle. [1935-40; EXTRA- + OCULAR] * * *
ex·tra·oc·u·lar muscle (ĕk'strə-ŏkʹyə-lər) n. Any of the six small muscles that control movement of the eyeball within the socket. * * *
extraofficial [spelling only] * * *
/eks trddann awrdd dee nerdd"/, adj. French. extraordinary; uncommon; remarkable. * * *
See extraordinary. * * *
—extraordinarily /ik strawr'dn air"euh lee, ek'streuh awr'-/, adv. —extraordinariness, n. /ik strawr"dn er'ee, ek'streuh awr"-/, adj. 1. beyond what is usual, ordinary, ...
extraordinary jubilee.
See under jubilee (def. 5b). * * *
extraordinary ray
Optics, Crystall. the part of a doubly refracted ray that has changed speed and vibrations in the principal plane of the crystal. [1870-75] * * *
extraordinary wave
Radio. (of the two waves into which a radio wave is divided in the ionosphere under the influence of the earth's magnetic field) the wave with characteristics different from ...
/ek'streuh fiz"i keuhl/, adj. outside the physical; not subject to physical laws. [1815-25; EXTRA- + PHYSICAL] * * *
/ek'streuh plan"i ter'ee/, adj. existing or occurring in outer space beyond a planet, esp. away from Earth. [1865-70; EXTRA- + PLANETARY] * * *
—extrapolation, n. —extrapolative, extrapolatory /ik strap"euh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. —extrapolator, n. /ik strap"euh layt'/, v., extrapolated, ...
See extrapolate. * * *
See extrapolation. * * *
See extrapolation. * * *
/ek'streuh pohz"/, v.t., extraposed, extraposing. Ling. to shift (a syntactic construction) to the end of a sentence. [back formation from EXTRAPOSITION] * * *
/ek'streuh peuh zish"euhn/, n. Ling. a rule of transformational grammar that shifts a subordinate or modifying clause to the end of a sentence, as in changing That you sign the ...
/ek'streuh preuh fesh"euh nl/, adj. outside ordinary limits of professional interest or duty. [1790-1800; EXTRA- + PROFESSIONAL] * * *
/ek'streuh pi ram"i dl/, adj. 1. pertaining to or involving nerve tracts other than the pyramidal tracts, esp. the corpus striatum and its associated structures. 2. located ...
extrapyramidal system
Anat. the part of the central nervous system, including the descending motor fibers other than those of the pyramidal tract, that regulates muscle tone, posture, and other ...
/ek'streuh sen sawr"ee euhl, -sohr"-/, adj. extrasensory. [EXTRA- + SENSORIAL] * * *
/ek'streuh sen"seuh ree/, adj. outside one's normal sense perception. [1930-35; EXTRA- + SENSORY] * * *
extrasensory perception
▪ psychology       perception that occurs independently of the known sensory processes. Usually included in this category of phenomena are telepathy, or thought ...
extrasensory perception (ESP)
Perception that involves awareness of information about something (such as a person or event) not gained through the senses and not deducible from previous experience. Classic ...
extrasensory perception.
See ESP. [1930-35] * * *
extrasensory perception n. ESP. * * *
extrasocial [spelling only] * * *
/ek'streuh soh"leuhr/, adj. outside, or originating outside, the sun or the solar system. [1885-90; EXTRA- + SOLAR1] * * *
extrasolar planet
▪ astronomy also called  exoplanet   any planetary body that orbits a star other than the Sun. The first extrasolar planets were discovered in 1992, and within 15 years ...
—extrasystolic /ek'streuh sis tol"ik/, adj. /ek'streuh sis"teuh lee/, n. Pathol. a premature contraction of the heart, resulting in momentary interruption of the normal ...
See extrasystole. * * *
—extraterrestrially, adv. /ek'streuh teuh res"tree euhl/, adj. 1. outside, or originating outside, the limits of the earth. n. 2. an extraterrestrial being: a science fiction ...
extraterrestrial intelligence
▪ hypothetical lifeform       hypothetical extraterrestrial life that is capable of thinking, purposeful activity. Work in the new field of astrobiology has provided ...
extraterrestrial life
Introduction   life that may exist or may have existed in the universe outside of Earth. The search for extraterrestrial life encompasses many fundamental scientific ...
—extraterritorially, adv. /ek"streuh ter'i tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. 1. beyond local territorial jurisdiction, as the status of persons resident in a country but not subject ...
/ek"streuh ter'i tawr'ee al"i tee, -tohr'-/, n. 1. immunity from the jurisdiction of a nation, granted to foreign diplomatic officials, foreign warships, etc. 2. the ...
See extraterritorial. * * *
extratropical cyclone
/ek"streuh trop"i keuhl, ek'-/ any large-scale, cyclonic storm that is not a tropical cyclone, esp. the common frontal cyclone of the middle and high latitudes. [1920-25; EXTRA- ...
/ek'streuh yooh"teuhr in, -teuh ruyn'/, adj. being or developing outside the uterus. [1700-10; EXTRA- + UTERINE] * * *
extrauterine pregnancy
Med. See ectopic pregnancy. * * *
/ik strav"euh geuhns/, n. 1. excessive or unnecessary expenditure or outlay of money. 2. an instance of this: That sports car is an inexcusable extravagance. 3. unrestrained or ...
/ik strav"euh geuhn see/, n., pl. extravagancies. extravagance. [1615-25; EXTRAVAG(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
—extravagantly, adv. —extravagantness, n. /ik strav"euh geuhnt/, adj. 1. spending much more than is necessary or wise; wasteful: an extravagant shopper. 2. excessively high: ...
See extravagant. * * *
/ik strav'euh gan"zeuh/, n. 1. a musical or dramatic composition or production, as comic opera or musical comedy, marked by a loose structure, a frivolous theme, and elaborate ...
/ik strav"euh gayt'/, v.i., extravagated, extravagating. Archaic. 1. to wander beyond bounds; roam at will; stray. 2. to go beyond the bounds of propriety or reason. [1590-1600; ...
/ek'streuh vaj"euh nl/, adj. 1. Bot. developing outside the sheath, as the young shoots of certain grasses. 2. Anat. located outside the vagina. [EXTRA- + VAGINAL] * * *
/ik strav"euh sayt'/, v., extravasated, extravasating, n. v.t. 1. Pathol. to force out from the proper vessels, as blood, esp. so as to diffuse through the surrounding ...
/ik strav'euh say"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of extravasating. 2. the matter extravasated. [1670-80; EXTRAVASATE + -ION] * * *
/ek'streuh vas"kyeuh leuhr/, adj. Anat. situated outside a blood vessel or vessels. [1795-1805; EXTRA- + VASCULAR] * * *
/ek'streuh vee hik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. Aerospace. of, pertaining to, or being an activity performed by an astronaut outside a space vehicle while in orbit: an extravehicular ...
extravehicular mobility unit
a spacesuit worn by a space-shuttle astronaut during an extravehicular activity. Abbr.: EMU * * *
ex·tra·ve·hic·u·lar activity (ĕk'strə-vē-hĭkʹyə-lər) n. Abbr. EVA Activity or maneuvers performed by an astronaut outside a spacecraft in space. * * *
—extraversive, extravertive, adj. —extraversively, extravertively, adv. /ek'streuh verr"zheuhn, -sheuhn; ek"streuh verr'-/, n. Psychol. extroversion (def. 1). [1685-95] * * *
/ek"streuh verrt'/, n., adj., v.t. extrovert. * * *
ex·tra·vert·ed (ĕkʹstrə-vûr'tĭd) adj. Variant of extroverted. * * *
/ik stree"meuh/, n. Math. pl. of extremum. * * *
Sp. /es'trdde mah dhooh"rddah/, n. Estremadura. * * * or Estremadura Historical region and autonomous community (pop., 2001: 1,058,503), west-central Spain. Covering an area ...
/ik stree"meuhl/, adj. Math. of or pertaining to an extremum or the calculation of extrema: an extremal problem. [1400-50; late ME. See EXTREM(UM), -AL1] * * *
—extremeness, n. /ik streem"/, adj., extremer, extremest, n. adj. 1. of a character or kind farthest removed from the ordinary or average: extreme measures. 2. utmost or ...
extreme sports
Sports events characterized by high speed or high risk. Such sports include aggressive inline skating, wakeboarding, street luge, skateboarding, and freestyle bicycle events ...
extreme unction
/ek"streem, ik streem"/, Rom. Cath. Ch. See anointing of the sick. [1570-80] * * *
/ik streem"lee/, adv. in an extreme degree; exceedingly: extremely cold. [1525-35; EXTREME + -LY] * * *
extremely high frequency
Radio. any frequency between 30 and 300 gigahertz. Abbr.: EHF, ehf [1950-55] * * *
extremely low frequency
Radio. any frequency between 30 and 300 hertz. Abbr.: ELF, elf [1965-70] * * *
extremelyhigh frequency
extremely high frequency n. Abbr. EHF A radio-frequency band with a range of 30,000 to 300,000 megahertz. * * *
extremelylow frequency
extremely low frequency n. Abbr. ELF A radio frequency below 300 hertz. * * *
See extremely. * * *
extreme unction n. Roman Catholic Church The rite formerly in practice in which a priest anointed and prayed for a sick or injured person, especially one in danger of death. In ...
/ik stree"miz euhm/, n. a tendency or disposition to go to extremes or an instance of going to extremes, esp. in political matters: leftist extremism; the extremism of the ...
/ik stree"mist/, n. 1. a person who goes to extremes, esp. in political matters. 2. a supporter or advocate of extreme doctrines or practices. adj. 3. belonging or pertaining to ...
/ik strem"i tee/, n., pl. extremities. 1. the extreme or terminal point, limit, or part of something. 2. a limb of the body. 3. Usually, extremities. the end part of a limb, as a ...
/ik stree"meuhm/, n., pl. extrema /-meuh/. Math. a maximum or minimum value of a function in a specified neighborhood. [1900-05; < NL, n. use of neut. of L extremus EXTREME] * * ...
/ek"stri keuh beuhl, ik strik"euh beuhl/, adj. capable of being extricated. [1615-25; < L extric(are) (see EXTRICATE) + -ABLE] * * *
—extrication, n. /ek"stri kayt'/, v.t., extricated, extricating. 1. to free or release from entanglement; disengage: to extricate someone from a dangerous situation. 2. to ...
See extricable. * * *
—extrinsically, adv. /ik strin"sik, -zik/, adj. 1. not essential or inherent; not a basic part or quality; extraneous: facts that are extrinsic to the matter under ...
extrinsic eye muscle
Anat. any of six small muscles that control the horizontal, vertical, and rotating movements of the eyeball. Also called extraocular muscle. * * *
extrinsic factor
Biochem. See vitamin B12. [1925-30] * * *
See extrinsic. * * *
extrinsic factor n. See vitamin B12. * * *
▪ philosophy and theology       in philosophy or theology or both, the tendency to place major emphasis on external matters rather than on more profound realities. In ...
var. of extra- (used to contrast with intro-): extrovert. * * *

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