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farmer's lung
a lung disorder caused by inhalation of moldy hay dust, marked by shortness of breath, dry cough, and weight loss. [1940-45] * * * ▪ pathology also called  thresher's lung  ...
Farmer's reducer
/fahr"meuhrz/, Photog. a solution of ferricyanide and hypo for reducing density and increasing contrast in a negative. [named after E. H. Farmer (d. 1944), English ...
farm·er's lung (färʹmərz) n. An occupational disease affecting the lungs and characterized by chronic shortness of breath caused by an allergic reaction to fungal spores ...
Farmer, Arthur Stewart
▪ 2000 “Art”        American jazz musician (b. Aug. 21, 1928, Council Bluffs, Iowa—d. Oct. 4, 1999, New York, N.Y.), created trumpet solos with a singular devotion ...
Farmer, Fannie (Merritt)
born March 23, 1857, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1915, Boston U.S. cookery expert. She became director of the Boston Cooking School in 1894 and in 1896 published The ...
Farmer, Fannie Merritt
▪ American editor born March 23, 1857, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1915, Boston       American cookery expert, originator of what is today the renowned Fannie ...
Farmer, James
▪ American civil rights activist in full  James Leonard Farmer, Jr.  born January 12, 1920, Marshall, Texas, U.S. died July 9, 1999, Fredericksburg, Virginia  American ...
Farmer, James Leonard
▪ 2000       American civil rights leader (b. Jan. 12, 1920, Marshall, Texas—d. July 9, 1999, Fredericksburg, Va.), led the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and ...
Farmer, Paul
▪ 2005       By 2004 anthropologist, epidemiologist, and public-health administrator Paul Farmer had spent more than two decades and more than 4.8 million km (3 million ...
Farmer,Fannie Merritt
Far·mer (färʹmər), Fannie Merritt. 1857-1915. American cookery expert who edited the Boston Cooking School Cook Book (1896), which has undergone many revisions as the Fannie ...
Farmer,James Leonard
Farmer, James Leonard. 1920-1999. American civil rights leader who founded the Congress of Racial Equality (1942), served as its national director (1961-1966), and advocated ...
—farmer-generalship, n. /fahr"meuhr jen"euhr euhl/, n., pl. farmers-general. (in France, under the old monarchy) a member of a company of capitalists that farmed certain ...
Farmer-Labor party
/fahr"meuhr lay"beuhr/ 1. a political party in Minnesota, founded in 1920 and merged with the Democratic party in 1944. 2. a political party founded in Chicago in 1919 and ...
farmer cheese n. An unripened cheese similar to cottage cheese but drier and firmer in texture. * * *
/fahr'meuh ret"/, n. Older Use. a girl or woman working on a farm. [1915-20, Amer.; FARMER + -ETTE] Usage. See -ette. * * *
Farmers Branch
a city in NE Texas. 24,863. * * *
farmers cooperative
an organization of farmers for marketing their products or buying supplies. * * *
Farmers' Alliance
U.S. Hist. an informal name for various regional political organizations that farmers established in the 1880s and that led to the formation of the Peoples' party in 1891-92. * * ...
farmers' market
1. a market or group of stalls and booths where farmers and sometimes other vendors sell their products directly to consumers. 2. the gathering of those who sell and buy farmers' ...
farm·ers' market (färʹmərz) n. A public market at which farmers and often other vendors sell produce directly to consumers. Also called greenmarket. * * *
farmers’ markets
➡ markets * * *
/fahr"meuh ree/, n., pl. farmeries. Chiefly Brit. the buildings, yards, etc., of a farm. [1650-60; FARM + -ERY] * * *
Farmer–Labor Party
▪ historical political party, United States       in U.S. history (1918–44), a minor political party of Minnesotan small farmers and urban workers, which supported ...
farmhand [färm′hand΄] n. 1. a hired laborer on a farm 2. a player on a farm club: see FARM (n. 5) * * * farm hand n. A hired farm laborer. * * *
/fahrm"hows'/, n., pl. farmhouses /-how'ziz/. a house on a farm, esp. the one used by the farmer and farmer's family. [1590-1600; FARM + HOUSE] * * *
farmhouse Cheddar
➡ Cheddar * * *
/fahr"ming/, n. 1. the business of operating a farm. 2. the practice of letting or leasing taxes, revenue, etc., for collection. [1545-55; FARM + -ING1] * * * (as used in ...
/fahr"ming teuhn/, n. 1. a city in NW New Mexico. 30,729. 2. a town in N Connecticut. 16,407. 3. a town in SE Michigan. 11,022. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United ...
Farmington Hills
a city in SE Michigan. 58,056. * * *
Farmington River
River, western Liberia. The country's only river of commercial importance, it rises in the Bong Range and flows southwest for 75 mi (120 km) to the Atlantic coast. It is ...
Far·ming·ton Hills (färʹmĭng-tən) A city of southeast Michigan, an industrial suburb of Detroit. Population: 74,652. * * *
/fahrm"land'/, n. land under cultivation or capable of being cultivated: to protect valuable farmland from erosion. [1630-40; FARM + LAND] * * *
/fahrm"owt'/, n. 1. an act or instance of farming out or leasing, as land for oil exploration. 2. something farmed out. [n. use of v. phrase farm out] * * *
/fahrm"sted'/, n. a farm together with its buildings. [1800-10; FARM + STEAD] * * *
farm·wom·an (färmʹwo͝om'ən) n. A woman who works on or operates a farm. * * *
/fahrm"werr'keuhr/, n. See farm hand. [FARM + WORKER] * * *
/fahrm"yahrd'/, n. a yard or enclosure surrounded by or connected with farm buildings. [1740-50; FARM + YARD2] * * *
Farnaby, Giles
▪ English composer born c. 1560, Truro, Cornwall, Eng. died 1640, London       English composer of virginal music and madrigals who ranks with the greatest keyboard ...
Farnborough Air Show
an international exhibition of aircraft that takes place every two years in Farnborough, southern England. Companies show new aircraft to their customers at the show, which is ...
Farne Islands
a group of small islands off the coast of north-east England. Nobody lives there, and the many birds and seals (= large sea animals) that go there are protected by law. The ...
/fahrdd ne"ze/, n. Alessandro /ah'les sahn"drddaw/, Duke of Parma, 1545-92, Italian general, statesman, and diplomat. * * * (as used in expressions) Farnese family Farnese ...
Farnese family
Italian family that ruled the duchy of Parma and Piacenza from 1545 to 1731. The family became noted for its statesmen and soldiers, especially in the 14th–15th century, as ...
Farnese, Alessandro, duke di Parma and Piacenza
born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, France Regent of the Netherlands (1578–92) for Philip II of Spain. He was educated at the court of Madrid, where he had ...
Farnese, Alessandro, duke of Parma and Piacenza
▪ regent of The Netherlands Introduction Italian in full  Alessandro Farnese, duca di Parma e Piacenza  born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome [Italy] died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, ...
Farnese, Palazzo
▪ building, Rome, Italy       Rome, important example of High Renaissance architecture designed by Antonio da Sangallo and built between 1517 and 1589. In 1546, when ...
Farnese, Teatro
▪ theatre, Parma, Italy       Italian Baroque theatre at Parma, Italy, the prototype of the modern playhouse and the first surviving theatre with a permanent proscenium ...
/fahr"neuh sawl', -sol'/, n. Chem. a colorless, unsaturated, liquid alcohol, C15H26O, having a slight floral odor, extracted from the flowers of the acacia, cassia oil, or the ...
Farnham, Eliza Wood Burhans
▪ American reformer and writer née  Eliza Wood Burhans  born Nov. 17, 1815, Rensselaerville, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 15, 1864, New York, N.Y.       American reformer ...
/fahrnz"werrth'/, n. Philo Taylor /fuy"loh/, 1906-71, U.S. physicist and inventor: pioneer in the field of television. * * *
Farnsworth, E Allan
▪ 2006       American legal scholar (b. June 30, 1928, Providence, R.I.—d. Jan. 31, 2005, Englewood, N.J.), was regarded as the leading expert in U.S. contract law and ...
Farnsworth, Philo T(aylor)
born Aug. 19, 1906, Beaver, Utah, U.S. died March 11, 1971, Salt Lake City, Utah U.S. engineer and inventor of electronic television. While still in high school he began ...
Farnsworth, Philo Taylor
▪ American television pioneer born Aug. 19, 1906, Beaver, Utah, U.S. died March 11, 1971, Salt Lake City, Utah       American pioneer in the development of ...
Farnsworth, Richard
▪ 2001       American actor and film stuntman (b. Sept. 1, 1920, Los Angeles, Calif.—d. Oct. 6, 2000, Lincoln, N.M.), was twice nominated for an Academy Award. Known ...
Farnsworth,Philo Taylor
Farns·worth (färnzʹwûrth'), Philo Taylor. 1906-1971. American electrical engineer who as early as 1927 demonstrated a working television system. * * *
/fair"oh/, n. Cards. a gambling game in which players place bets on a special board or layout, betting on each series of two cards as they are drawn from a box containing the ...
/fah"rddoo/, n. a seaport in S Portugal. 20,470. * * * One of the oldest gambling games played with cards. Its name probably derives from the picture of a pharaoh on an early ...
Faro River
▪ river, Africa       tributary of the Benue River that rises on the Adamawa Plateau of northwestern Cameroon, southeast of Ngaoundéré. It flows for 190 mi (305 ...
Faroe Islands
/fair"oh/. See Faeroe Islands. Also, Faroes. * * * Faroe Islands Introduction Faroe Islands Background: The population of the Faroe Islands ...
Far·oe Islands (fârʹō) See Faeroe Islands. * * *
/fair'oh eez", -ees"/, n., pl. Faroese, adj. Faeroese. [1850-55; FAEROE (ISLANDS) + -ESE] * * *
Faroese language
also spelled  Faeroese , Faroese  Føroysk        language spoken in the Faroe Islands by some 48,000 inhabitants. Faroese belongs to the West Scandinavian group of ...
Faroese literature
Introduction       the body of writings produced by inhabitants of the Faroe Islands in the Faroese and the Danish languages. Emergence       Modern Faroese ...
fa·ro·li·to (făr'ə-lēʹtō, fär'-) n. New Mexico pl. fa·ro·li·tos See luminaria.   [Spanish, paper lantern, diminutive of farol, lantern, from faro, lighthouse, ...
/fann rddoohsh"/, adj. French. 1. fierce. 2. sullenly unsociable or shy. * * *
Farouk I
/fah roohk", feuh-/. See Faruk I. * * * Arabic Fārūq al-Awwal born Feb. 11, 1920, Cairo, Egypt died March 18, 1965, Rome, Italy King of Egypt (1936–52). Son of King ...
Fa·rouk I also Fa·ruk I (fə-ro͞okʹ), 1920-1965. King of Egypt (1936-1952) who lost support of his army after Egypt's military loss to Israel (1948) and was overthrown ...
far piece n. Chiefly Southern & Midwestern U.S. A long distance. * * *
far point n. The farthest point at which an object can be seen distinctly by the eye. * * *
/fahr"kweuhr, -kwahr, -keuhr/, n. George, 1678-1707, English playwright, born in Ireland. * * *
Farquhar, George
born 1678, Londonderry, County Derry, Ire. died April 29, 1707, London, Eng. Irish playwright. His early experience as an actor in Dublin was the source of the originality of ...
Far·quhar (färʹkwər), George. 1678-1707. Irish playwright of the Restoration whose comedic works include The Recruiting Officer (1706) and The Beaux' Stratagem (1707). * * *
/feuh raj"euh neuhs/, adj. heterogeneous; mixed: a farraginous collection of random ideas. [1605-15; < L farragin- (s. of farrago) mixed grains (see FARRAGO) + -OUS] * * *
/feuh rah"goh, -ray"-/, n., pl. farragoes. a confused mixture; hodgepodge; medley: a farrago of doubts, fears, hopes, and wishes. [1625-35; < L: lit., mixed crop of feed grains, ...
/far"euh geuht/, n. David Glasgow, 1801-70, U.S. admiral: won the battles of New Orleans and Mobile Bay for the Union in the U.S. Civil War. * * *
Farragut, David
▪ United States admiral in full  David Glasgow Farragut   born July 5, 1801, near Knoxville, Tenn., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1870, Portsmouth, N.H.  U.S. admiral who achieved ...
Farragut, David G(lasgow)
born July 5, 1801, near Knoxville, Tenn., U.S. died Aug. 14, 1870, Portsmouth, N.H. U.S. naval officer. He served in the War of 1812 and received his first command in 1824. ...
Farragut,David Glasgow
Far·ra·gut (fărʹə-gət), David Glasgow. 1801-1870. American admiral who commanded Union ships on daring Civil War missions, including the capture of New Orleans (1862) and ...
(1934– ) the African-American leader since 1977 of the Nation of Islam, the Black Muslim organization. Farrakhan has been criticized as a person who hates white people and ...
Farrakhan, Louis
orig. Louis Eugene Walcott born May 11, 1933, Bronx, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. religious leader. He joined the Nation of Islam in 1955, and for a time he assisted Malcolm X in ...
Far·ra·khan (färʹə-kän'), Louis. Originally Louis Eugene Wolcott. Born 1933. American religious, cultural, and political leader. In 1997 he became the leader of the Nation ...
Farrant, Richard
▪ English composer and theatrical producer born c. 1530 died 1580       English composer, choirmaster, and theatrical producer, who established the original ...
/feuh rahr"/, n. Geraldine (Mrs. Lou Tellegen), 1882-1967, U.S. operatic soprano. * * *
Farrar, Frederic William
▪ British author born Aug. 7, 1831, Bombay, India died March 22, 1903, Canterbury, Kent, Eng.       popular English religious writer and author of a sentimental novel ...
Farrar, Geraldine
born Feb. 28, 1882, Melrose, Mass., U.S. died March 11, 1967, Ridgefield, Conn. U.S. soprano. She received vocal training in New York and Paris and made her debut in Charles ...
Farrar, Margaret Petherbridge
▪ American editor née  Margaret Petherbridge  born March 23, 1897, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 11, 1984, New York City       American editor whose enormously ...
Farrar, Straus & Giroux
Publishing company in New York City noted for its literary excellence. It was founded in 1945 by John Farrar and Roger Straus as Farrar, Straus & Co. After various changes in ...
Far·rar (fə-rärʹ), Geraldine. 1882-1967. American operatic soprano. A member of the Metropolitan Opera of New York (1906-1922), she was noted for her roles in Carmen and ...
/far"euhl/, n. 1. Eileen, born 1920, U.S. soprano. 2. James T(homas), 1904-79, U.S. novelist. * * *
Farrell, Eileen
▪ 2003       American singer (b. Feb. 13, 1920, Willimantic, Conn.—d. March 23, 2002, Park Ridge, N.J.), was considered one of the world's most outstanding dramatic ...
Farrell, James T(homas)
born Feb. 27, 1904, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Aug. 22, 1979, New York, N.Y. U.S. novelist and short-story writer. A native of Chicago and a graduate of the University of ...
Farrell, James T.
▪ American author in full  James Thomas Farrell   born February 27, 1904, Chicago, Illinois, U.S. died August 22, 1979, New York, New York       American novelist and ...
Farrell, Suzanne
orig. Roberta Sue Ficker born Aug. 16, 1945, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. U.S. ballet dancer. She trained at the School of American Ballet and joined the New York City Ballet (NYCB) ...
Far·rell (fărʹəl), Eileen. Born 1920. American soprano noted for her voice of exceptional power and clarity. She began her career in radio and first appeared in New York ...
Farrell,James Thomas
Farrell, James Thomas. 1904-1979. American writer best known for his Studs Lonigan trilogy of novels (1932-1935), which concerns the hardships that faced Irish-American Catholics ...
Farrell, Suzanne. Born 1945. American ballerina noted for her performances with the New York City Ballet. * * *
Farrer, William James
▪ Australian agriculturalist born April 3, 1845, near Kendal, Westmorland, Eng. died April 16, 1906, N.S.W., Australia       British-born Australian agricultural ...
/fahr"ist/, adj. Chiefly Midland U.S. Nonstandard. farthest. * * *
/far"ee euhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. a blacksmith. [1375-1425; var. of ferrier < MF, OF < L ferrarius smith (see FERRUM, -ARY); r. late ME fer(r)our < AF, OF ferreor < L *ferrator] * ...
farriery [far′ē ərē] n. pl. farrieries Chiefly Brit. the work or shop of a farrier * * * See farrier. * * *
farrow1 /far"oh/, n. 1. a litter of pigs. v.t. 2. (of swine) to bring forth (young). v.i. 3. to produce a litter of pigs. [bef. 900; ME farwen to give birth to a litter of pigs, ...
/feuh rooh"keuh/; Sp. /fahrdd rddooh"kah/, n., pl. farrucas /-keuhz/; Sp. /-kahs/. a Spanish flamenco dance. [1930-35; < Sp; cf. farruco defiant, bold, arrogant, allegedly after ...
Farrukh Beg
▪ Mughal painter flourished 17th century, India       outstanding Mughal painter, praised by the Indian Mughal emperor Jahāngīr as “unrivaled in the ...
▪ municipality, India       municipality, central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, located just west of the Ganges (Ganga) River (Ganges River). The two district ...
/fahrdds/, n. a province in SW Iran. 2,806,000; 51,466 sq. mi. (133,297 sq. km). * * * ▪ geographical region, Iran also spelled  Fars , also called ...
—farseeingness, n. —farseer, n. /fahr"see"ing/, adj. 1. having foresight; sagacious; discerning. 2. able to see objects distinctly at a great distance: Hawks are farseeing ...
/fahr"see/, n. the modern Iranian language of Iran and western Afghanistan, written in the Arabic alphabet; modern Persian. * * *
—farsightedly, adv. —farsightedness, n. /fahr"suy"tid, -suy'tid/, adj. 1. seeing objects at a distance more clearly than those near at hand; hyperopic. 2. seeing to a great ...
See farsighted. * * *
far·sight·ed·ness (färʹsīʹtĭd-nĭs) n. See hyperopia. * * *
Far·si·stan (fär'sĭ-stănʹ, -stänʹ) See Fars. * * *
/fahrt/, Vulgar. n. 1. a flatus expelled through the anus. 2. an irritating or foolish person. v.i. 3. to expel a flatus through the anus; break wind. 4. fart around, to spend ...
/fahr"dheuhr/, adv., compar. of far with farthest as superl. 1. at or to a greater distance: He went farther down the road. 2. at or to a more advanced point: They are going no ...
Farther India
Indochina. * * *
/fahr"theuhr mohst', -meuhst/, adj. most distant or remote; farthest. [1610-20; FARTHER + -MOST] * * *
/fahr"dhist/, adj., superl. of far with farther as compar. 1. most distant or remote. 2. most extended; longest. adv., superl. of far with farther as compar. 3. at or to the ...
/fahr"dhing/, n. 1. a former bronze coin of Great Britain, equal to one-fourth of a British penny: withdrawn in 1961. 2. something of very small value: I don't care a farthing ...
/fahr"dhing gayl'/, n. a hoop skirt or framework for expanding a woman's skirt, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries. [1545-55; earlier verdynggale < MF verdugale, alter. of OSp ...
farthingale chair
an English chair of c1600 having no arms, a straight and low back, and a high seat. [1900-05] * * * ▪ furniture  armless chair with a wide seat covered in high-quality ...
/fahrt"lek/, n. a training technique, used esp. among runners, consisting of bursts of intense effort loosely alternating with less strenuous activity. [1950-55; < Sw fart speed ...
Faruk I
/feuh roohk", fah-/ 1920-65, king of Egypt from 1936 until his abdication in 1952. Also, Farouk. * * *
Fa·ruk I (fə-ro͞okʹ) See Farouk I. * * *
Far West A region of the United States originally comprising all territories west of the Mississippi River. It is now generally restricted to the area west of the Great ...
See Far West. * * *
Farʿah, Tall al-
▪ archaeological site, Israel       ancient site in southwestern Palestine, located on the Wadi Ghazzah near Tall al-ʿAjjul, in modern Israel. The site was excavated ...
1. See fetal alcohol syndrome. 2. Foreign Agricultural Service. * * *
See Financial Accounting Standards Board. * * *
fasc abbrev. fascicle * * *
fasc. abbr. fascicle. * * *
/fas"eez/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) a bundle of rods containing an ax with the blade projecting, borne before Roman magistrates as an emblem of official ...
/fah"shing/, n. a carnival celebration that precedes Lent in German-speaking countries and communities; Shrovetide. [1910-15; < G, orig. Bavarian and Austrian dial.; MHG ...
—fascial, adj. /fash"ee euh/ for 1, 3-5; /fay"sheuh/ for 2, n., pl. fasciae /fash"ee ee'/ for 1, 3-5; fascias /fay"sheuhz/ for 2. 1. a band or fillet, as for binding the ...
See fascia. * * *
—fasciately, adv. /fash"ee ayt' -ee it/, adj. 1. bound with a band, fillet, or bandage. 2. Bot. abnormally compressed into a band or bundle, as stems grown together. 3. ...
/fash'ee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of binding up or bandaging. 2. the process of becoming fasciate. 3. the resulting state. 4. an abnormality in a plant, in which a stem enlarges ...
/fas"i keuhl/, n. 1. a section of a book or set of books being published in installments as separate pamphlets or volumes. 2. a small bundle, tight cluster, or the like. 3. Bot. ...
See fascicle. * * *
/feuh sik"yeuh leuhr/, adj. pertaining to or forming a fascicle; fasciculate. [1650-60; FASCICUL(US) + -AR1] * * *
fascicular cambium n. Botany Cambium that develops within the vascular bundle. * * *
See fascicular. * * *
/feuh sik"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. arranged in a fascicle or fascicles. Also, fasciculated. [1785-95; FASCICUL(US) + -ATE1] * * *
See fasciculate. * * *
/feuh sik'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. a fascicular condition. [1935-40; FASCICULATE + -ION] * * *
/fas"i kyoohl'/, n. a fascicle, esp. of a book. [1690-1700; var. of FASCICULUS and FASCICLE; see -CULE] * * *
/feuh sik"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. fasciculi /-luy'/. 1. a fascicle, as of nerve or muscle fibers. 2. a fascicle of a book. [1705-15; < L; see FASCICLE] * * *
/fash'ee uy"tis, fas'-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the fascia. [1890-95; FASCI(A) + -ITIS] * * *
—fascinatedly, adv. —fascinative, adj. /fas"euh nayt'/, v., fascinated, fascinating. v.t. 1. to attract and hold attentively by a unique power, personal charm, unusual ...
—fascinatingly, adv. /fas"euh nay'ting/, adj. of great interest or attraction; enchanting; charming; captivating: a fascinating story; fascinating jewelry. [1640-50; FASCINATE ...
See fascinating. * * *
/fas'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the power or action of fascinating. 2. the state or an instance of being fascinated: They watched in fascination. 3. a fascinating quality; powerful ...
/fas"euh nay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that fascinates. 2. a scarf of crochet work, lace, or the like, narrowing toward the ends, worn as a head covering by ...
/fa seen", feuh-/, n. Fort. a long bundle of sticks bound together, used in building earthworks and batteries and in strengthening ramparts. [1680-90; < F < L fascina bundle of ...
fascio siciliano
▪ Italian political organization plural  Fasci Siciliani,         any of the organizations of workers and peasants founded in Sicily in the early 1890s, reflecting ...
/feuh see'euh luy"euh sis, -suy'-/, n. Vet. Pathol. liver-rot. [1885-90; < NL Fasciol(a) name of genus of liver flukes (L: small bandage) + -IASIS] * * * ▪ ...
/fas'ee oh lop suy"euh sis, feuh see'euh-, -suy'-/, n. a parasitic disease caused by flukes of the genus Fasciolopsis and characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea: common in ...
/fash"iz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, ...
—fascistically, adv. /fash"ist/, n. 1. a person who believes in or sympathizes with fascism. 2. (often cap.) a member of a fascist movement or party. 3. a person who is ...
/feuh shis"teuh/; It. /fah shee"stah/, n., pl. Fascisti /feuh shis"tee/; It. /fah shee"stee/. a member of the Fascist movement in Italy. [1920-25; < It: FASCIST] * * *
Fascisti [fa shis′tē, fä shē′stē] pl.n. 〚It, pl. of fascista, a Fascist < L fascis: see FASCES〛 an Italian political organization which seized power and set up a ...
See fascism and fascist. * * *
—fascistization, n. /fash"is tuyz'/, v.t., fascistized, fascistizing. to make fascist; convert to fascism or a fascist philosophy or methods. Also, esp. Brit., ...
fash [fash] vt., vi. 〚< MFr fascher, to vex < VL * fasticare < L fastidire, to feel loathing < L fastidium: see FASTIDIOUS〛 Scot. to trouble; annoy; vex n. vexation * * *
Fashanu, Justin
▪ 1999       British association football (soccer) player who was hailed as a promising young striker with Norwich City (1978-81); Nottingham Forest (1981-82), which ...
—fashionless, adj. /fash"euhn/, n. 1. a prevailing custom or style of dress, etiquette, socializing, etc.: the latest fashion in dresses. 2. conventional usage in dress, ...
Fashion and Dress
▪ 1995       Glamour became the style catchword of 1994 and summarized a look of being dressed up and made up. The new sophistication put an end to dressing down, the ...
fashion coordinator
a person in a department store or other establishment who coordinates activities centered upon or related to fashion, as fashion themes, shows, displays, and promotion. * * *
fashion plate
1. a person who consistently wears the latest style in dress. 2. an illustration showing the prevailing or new fashion in clothes. [1850-55] * * *
See fashionable. * * *
—fashionableness, fashionability, n. —fashionably, adv. /fash"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. 1. observant of or conforming to the fashion; stylish: a fashionable young woman. 2. of, ...
fashionable novel
▪ literary subgenre       early 19th-century subgenre of the comedy of manners (manners, comedy of) portraying the English upper class, usually by members of that class. ...
See fashionability. * * *
See fashionability. * * *
/fash"euh neuhr/, n. 1. a person who fashions, forms, or gives shape to anything. 2. a tailor or modiste. [1540-50; FASHION + -ER1] * * *
/fash'euh nee"steuh/, n. a very fashionable person, esp. one who works in the fashion industry. [1990-95; FASHION + It -ista -IST] * * *
fash·ion·mon·ger (făshʹən-mŭng'gər, -mŏng'-) n. One concerned with following, spreading, or setting the fashion. * * *
fashion plate n. 1. A person who consistently wears the latest fashions. 2. An illustration of current styles in dress. * * *
▪ 2009       The faltering global economy determined the direction of fashion during 2008. Initially, the euro's significant appreciation against the dollar proved a ...
Fāshir, Al-
▪ The Sudan       town, northwestern Sudan, 120 miles (195 km) northeast of Nyala. A historical caravan centre, it is located at an elevation of about 2,400 feet (700 ...
/feuh shoh"deuh/, n. a village in the SE Sudan, on the White Nile: conflict of British and French colonial interests 1898 (Fashoda Incident). Modern name, Kodok. * * *
Fashoda Incident
(Sept. 18, 1898) Climax, at Fashoda, Egyptian Sudan, of a series of territorial disputes between Britain and France. Britain had sought to extend its empire from Cairo to the ...
Fāsī, al-
▪ Islamic teacher and mystic [1530-1604] in full Yūsuf ibn Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf al-Fāsī born 1530/31?, Ksar el-Kebir, Morocco died Aug. 14, 1604, Fès       Muslim ...
▪ emperor of Ethiopia also spelled  Fasilidas ,  Fasiladas , or  Basilide  died 1667       Ethiopian emperor from 1632 to 1667, who ended a period of contact ...
Faṣlī era
▪ Islamic chronology       chronological system devised by the Mughal emperor Akbar for land revenue purposes in northern India, for which the Muslim lunar calendar was ...
/faws"nahk', -nahkt'/, n. Chiefly Pennsylvania. a deep-fried raised doughnut; originally served on Shrove Tuesday as the last sweet treat before Lent. Also, fastnacht ...
Fassbinder, Rainer Werner
born May 31, 1946, Bad Wörishofen, W.Ger. died June 10, 1982, Munich German film director. He was involved in the avant-garde theatre movement in Munich and helped form the ...
Fassbinder,Rainer Werner
Fass·bind·er (fäsʹbĭn'dər), Rainer Werner. 1946-1982. German filmmaker whose works, such as The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant (1972), concern the social and psychological ...
Fassett, Cornelia Adele Strong
▪ American painter née  Cornelia Adele Strong  born November 9, 1831, Owasco, New York, U.S. died January 4, 1898, Washington, D.C.  American painter, perhaps best ...
Fassi, Carlo
▪ 1998       Italian-born American figure-skating coach (b. Dec. 20, 1929, Milan, Italy—d. March 20, 1997, Lausanne, Switz.), was one of the most successful coaches in ...
Fassie, Brenda
▪ 2005       South African pop singer (b. Nov. 3, 1964, Cape Town, S.Af.-—d. May 9, 2004, Johannesburg, S.Af.), delighted audiences with her uplifting music and ...
fast1 /fast, fahst/, adj., faster, fastest, adv., faster, fastest, n. adj. 1. moving or able to move, operate, function, or take effect quickly; quick; swift; rapid: a fast ...
fast break
Basketball. a play or method of play that brings the ball from one end of the court to the other quickly, usually by one or two quick passes in an attempt by the offensive team ...
fast buck
—fast-buck, adj. Slang. money made easily or quickly and sometimes unscrupulously: He speculated briefly in the commodities market in the hope of making a fast buck. Also ...
fast day
a day on which fasting is observed, esp. such a day appointed by some ecclesiastical or civil authority. [1300-50; ME] * * *
fast food
food, as hamburgers, pizza, or fried chicken, that is prepared in quantity by a standardized method and can be dispensed quickly at inexpensive restaurants for eating there or ...
fast forward
1. a function of an electronic recording device, as a tape recorder or cassette deck, that allows the tape to be advanced rapidly. 2. the button or switch that activates this ...
fast ice
ice that is frozen to, grounded on, or attached to the bottom of an area covered by shallow water. Cf. ice foot. [1930-35] * * *
fast lane
1. Also called express lane. the lane of a multilane roadway that is used by fast-moving vehicles, as when passing slower traffic. 2. Informal. any scene, activity, or pursuit ...
fast motion
Cinematog. action that appears to move faster than normal on the screen, accomplished by filming the action at less than normal speed in the camera and then projecting it at ...
Fast of Esther
Judaism. See Taanith Esther. * * *
Fast of Gedaliah
/ged'euh luy"euh, gi dal"yeuh/, Judaism. See Tzom Gedaliah. * * *
fast one
Informal. a shrewd action, esp. when unscrupulous or dishonest; an unfair trick, deceitful practice, dishonest dealing, etc.: He pulled a fast one on me by paying me with a ...
fast pitch
fast pitch n. a variety of softball in which the ball is pitched at a high speed with an underhand motion: cf. SLOW PITCH * * *
fast reactor
fast reactor n. a type of nuclear reactor which makes little or no use of a moderator to slow down the high-energy neutrons * * *
fast telegram
1. a type of domestic telegram sent at full rate with a minimum charge for 10 words or less and accepted for immediate delivery. 2. the service offering such a telegram. Cf. ...
fast time
Informal. See daylight-saving time. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
fast track
1. a racetrack dry and hard enough for optimum speed. 2. a railroad track for express trains. 3. Informal. a situation or course of action that is intensely pressured or ...
fast tracker
See fast-track. * * *
fast worker
Informal. 1. a person who is quick and shrewd in gaining personal advantage: A fast worker, he soon knew everyone who had any pull. 2. a person who charms or fast-talks members ...
Fast, Howard Melvin
▪ 2004  American writer (b. Nov. 11, 1914, New York, N.Y.—d. March 12, 2003, Old Greenwich, Conn.), wrote prolifically, most notably popular historical novels on themes of ...
Fast, Julius
▪ 2009       American author born 1919, New York, N.Y. died Dec. 16, 2008, Kingston, N.Y. demonstrated versatility and a keen curiosity in dozens of books ranging from ...
/fast"brayk", fahst"-/, v.i., fast-broke, fast-broken, fast-breaking. Basketball. to execute or play in the style of a fast break. * * *
/fast"bray"king, fahst"-/, adj. (of a news story) occurring suddenly, and often portending a series of events or further developments in rapid succession. * * *
fast-breeder reactor
/fast"bree"deuhr, fahst"-/, Physics. a breeder reactor in which there is no moderator and fission is caused by high-energy neutrons. Also, fast breeder reactor. * * *
fast-breed·er reactor (făstʹbrēʹdər) n. A breeder reactor that requires high-speed neutrons to produce fissionable material. * * *
/fast"kownt", fahst"-/, v.t. to short-change. * * *
/fast"kut', fahst"-/, v.i., fast-cut, fast-cutting. Television. to go abruptly from one brief scene to another. * * *
/fast"foohd", fahst"-/, adj. of or specializing in fast food. [1965-70, Amer.] * * *
/fast"fooh"deuhr, fahst"-/, n. Informal. 1. Also, fast-foodery /fast"fooh"deuh ree, fahst"-/. a restaurant that sells fast food. 2. a person or company that operates a fast-food ...
/fast"fawr"weuhrd, fahst"-/, v.i. (on a recording device or projector) to advance a tape or film rapidly, using the fast forward. * * *
See fast lane. * * *
/fast"mooh"ving, fahst"-/, adj. 1. moving or capable of moving at high speed. 2. (of a novel, play, or the like) having sustained action and interest with events following one ...
/fast"tawk", fahst"-/, v.t. to persuade with facile argument, usually with the intention to deceive or to overwhelm rational objections: The salesperson tried to fast-talk me ...
See fast-talk. * * *
—fast-tracker, n. /fast"trak", fahst"-/, v.i., v.t. 1. to advance or develop rapidly. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the fast track. * * *
/fast"twich', fahst"-/, adj. Physiol. of or pertaining to muscle fiber that contracts relatively rapidly, utilized esp. in actions requiring maximum effort of short duration, as ...
/fast"bak', fahst"-/, n. 1. a form of back for an automobile body consisting of a single, unbroken convex curve from the top to the rear bumper. 2. a car having such a back. Cf. ...
/fast"bawl', fahst"-/, n. Baseball. a pitch thrown at or near a pitcher's maximum velocity. [1910-15; FAST1 + BALL1] * * *
fast break n. Sports A rush by the offense, as in basketball, toward the goal in an attempt to score before the opposing defense is in place. * * *
/fas"euhn, fah"seuhn/, v.t. 1. to attach firmly or securely in place; fix securely to something else. 2. to make secure, as an article of dress with buttons, clasps, etc., or a ...
/fas"euh neuhr, fah"seuh-/, n. 1. any of various devices for fastening. 2. any of various devices, as a snap or hook and eye, for holding together two objects or parts sometimes ...
In construction, connectors between structural members. Bolted connections are used when it is necessary to fasten two elements tightly together, especially to resist shear and ...
/fas"euh ning, fah"seuh-/, n. something that fastens, as a lock or clasp. [1125-75; ME; see FASTEN, -ING1] * * *
fast food n. Inexpensive food, such as hamburgers and fried chicken, prepared and served quickly.   fastʹ-foodʹ (făstʹfo͞odʹ) adj. * * *
▪ Roman calendar       (probably from Latin fas, “divine law”), in ancient Rome, sacred calendar of the dies fasti, or days of the month on which it was permitted to ...
—fastidiously, adv. —fastidiousness, n. /fa stid"ee euhs, feuh-/, adj. 1. excessively particular, critical, or demanding; hard to please: a fastidious eater. 2. requiring or ...
See fastidious. * * *
See fastidiously. * * *
/fa stij"ee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. rising to a pointed top. 2. Zool. joined together in a tapering adhering group. 3. Bot. a. erect and parallel, as branches. b. having such ...
See fastigiate. * * *
/fa stij"ee euhm/, n., pl. fastigiums, fastigia /-ee euh/. Med. the highest point of a fever or disease; the period of greatest development of an infection. [1670-80; < L] * * *
Abstaining from food, usually for religious or ethical reasons. In ancient religions it was used to prepare worshipers or priests to approach deities, to pursue a vision, to ...
fast lane n. Informal A reckless, self-indulgent, and free-spending sphere of activity, often involving dissipation: “the culinary fast lane... where sea urchins and arugula ...
Carnival or Shrovetide play that emerged in the 15th century as the first truly secular drama of pre-Reformation Germany. Usually performed on open-air platform stages by ...
/fast"nis, fahst"-/, n. 1. a secure or fortified place; stronghold: a mountain fastness. 2. the state of being fixed or firm: the fastness of democratic institutions. 3. the ...
Fastnet Cup
▪ yachting       trophy for sailing yachts, awarded to the winner of a race sailed from Cowes, Isle of Wight, Eng., around the Isles of Scilly to the Fastnet Rock off ...
Fastnet Race
a race for sailing boats that takes place every two years. The boats start at Cowes on the Isle of Wight and sail to the Fastnet Rock, off south-west Ireland, and back to ...
Fastolf, Sir John
▪ English military officer born c. 1378, , Caister, Norfolk, Eng. died Nov. 5, 1459, Caister       English career soldier who fought and made his fortune in the second ...
fast one n. Informal A shrewd trick or swindle; a deceitful or treacherous act. * * *
fast track n. Informal The quickest and most direct route to achievement of a goal, as in competing for professional advancement: “Making complaints against the public is ...
—fastuously, adv. /fas"chooh euhs/, adj. 1. haughty; arrogant. 2. showy; ostentatious. [1630-40; < L fastuosus, equiv. to fastu(s) haughtiness, arrogance (cf. FASTIDIOUS) + ...
—fatless, adj. —fatlike, adj. /fat/, adj., fatter, fattest, n., v., fatted, fatting. adj. 1. having too much flabby tissue; corpulent; obese: a fat person. 2. plump; ...
fat and oil processing
▪ chemistry Introduction       method by which animal and plant substances are prepared for eating by humans.       The oil and fat products used for edible ...
fat cat
Slang. 1. a wealthy person from whom large political campaign contributions are expected. 2. any wealthy person, esp. one who has become rich quickly through questionable ...
fat cell
Biol. a cell in loose connective tissue that is specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat. Also called adipocyte. [1910-15] * * *
Fat City
Slang. an easy and prosperous condition or circumstance: With a new house and a better-paying job, she's in Fat City. Also, fat city. [1960-65] * * *
fat depot.
See adipose tissue. [1945-50] * * *
fat farm
Informal. a sanitarium or a resort that specializes in helping people lose weight. [1965-70] * * *
fat lip
a swollen mouth or lip, as from a blow: He said if I didn't shut up he'd give me a fat lip. * * *
Fat Man
the code name for the plutonium-core, implosion-type atom bomb the U.S. first tested and then dropped on Nagasaki in 1945. Cf. Little Boy. * * *
fat meat
Midland and Southern U.S. fatback (def. 1). * * *
fat pine
Midland and Southern U.S. lightwood. [1665-75, Amer.] * * *
/fat"sol'yeuh beuhl/, adj. Chem. soluble in oils or fats. [1920-25] * * *
fat-tailed sheep
/fat"tayld'/ one of a class of sheep with much fat along the sides of the tail bones, raised for their meat and widely distributed in southeast Europe, northern Africa, and ...
/fat"wit"id/, adj. stupid; dull-witted. [1590-1600] * * *
Fata Morgana
It. /fah"tah mawrdd gah"nah/ Meteorol. a mirage consisting of multiple images, as of cliffs and buildings, that are distorted and magnified to resemble elaborate castles, often ...
Fatah [fə tä′, fät′ə] n. 〚Ar, lit., victory, conquest: used as a reverse acronym of ḥarakat ṭahrīr Filasṭīn, Movement for the Liberation of Palestine〛 a ...

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