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Слова на букву enol-gano (15990)

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fenagle
/fi nay"geuhl/, v.t., v.i., fenagled, fenagling. finagle. * * *
fence
—fencelike, adj. /fens/, n., v., fenced, fencing. n. 1. a barrier enclosing or bordering a field, yard, etc., usually made of posts and wire or wood, used to prevent entrance, ...
fence lizard
either of two spiny lizards, Sceloporus undulatus and S. occidentalis, of the U.S. and northern Mexico, often seen on fences. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
fence-mending
/fens"men'ding/, Informal. n. 1. the practice of reestablishing or strengthening personal, business, or political contacts and relationships by conciliation or negotiation, as ...
fence-off
/fens"awf', -of'/, n. Fencing. a match between individual contestants or teams for settling a tie. [n. use of v. phrase fence off] * * *
fence-sitter
—fence-sitting, n. /fens"sit'euhr/, n. a person who remains neutral or undecided in a controversy. [1900-05] * * *
fence-sitting
See fence sitter. * * *
fencer
/fen"seuhr/, n. 1. a person who practices the art of fencing with a sword, foil, etc. 2. a person who fences. 3. a horse trained to jump barriers, as for show or sport. 4. ...
fencerow
fence·row (fĕnsʹrō') n. The uncultivated land on each side of a fence. * * *
fencesitter
fence sitter n. Informal One who takes a position of neutrality or indecision, as in a controversial matter.   fenceʹ-sit'ting (fĕnsʹsĭt'ĭng) n. * * *
fencible
fencible [fen′sə bəl] adj. 〚ME fensable, aphetic for defensible〛 Scot. that can defend or be defended * * *
fencing
/fen"sing/, n. 1. the art, practice, or sport in which an épée, foil, or saber is used for defense and attack. 2. a parrying of arguments; avoidance of direct answers: ...
fend
/fend/, v.t. 1. to ward off (often fol. by off): to fend off blows. 2. to defend. v.i. 3. to resist or make defense: to fend against poverty. 4. to parry; fence. 5. to shift; ...
fender
/fen"deuhr/, n. 1. the pressed and formed sheet-metal part mounted over the road wheels of an automobile, bicycle, etc., to reduce the splashing of mud, water, and the like. 2. a ...
fender bender
Informal. a collision between motor vehicles in which there is only minor damage. Also, fender-bender. [1960-65] * * *
fender pile
a pile, usually one of a group, set beside ferry slips, wharves, etc., to guide approaching vessels and driven so as to yield slightly when struck in order to lessen the shock of ...
Fender, Freddy
▪ 2007 Baldemar Huerta        American singer (b. June 4, 1937, San Benito, Texas—d. Oct. 14, 2006, Corpus Christi, Texas), scored number one hits on the country ...
Fender, Leo
▪ American inventor and manufacturer in full  Clarence Leo Fender  born Aug. 10, 1909, Anaheim, Calif., U.S. died March 21, 1991, Fullerton, Calif.       American ...
fender-bender
fend·er-bend·er or fender bender (fĕnʹdər-bĕn'dər) n. Informal A collision involving motor vehicles that results in minor damage. * * *
fendered
/fen"deuhrd/, adj. provided or protected with fenders or a fender. [1785-95; FENDER + -ED3] * * *
Fenech-Adami, Eddie
▪ Maltese political leader in full  Edward Fenech-Adami  born Feb. 7, 1934, Birkirkara, Malta       Maltese political leader who twice served as prime minister of ...
Fénelon
/fayneu lawonn"/, n. François de Salignac de La Mothe /frddahonn swann" deuh sann lee nyannk" deuh lann mawt"/, 1651-1715, French theologian and writer. * * *
Fénelon, François de Salignac de La Mothe-
born Aug. 6, 1651, Château de Fénelon, Périgord, France died Jan. 7, 1715, Cambrai French archbishop, theologian, and man of letters. Though generally conservative, his The ...
feneration
/fen'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. Law. the lending of money on interest. [1590-1600; < L faeneration- (s. of faeneratio), equiv. to faenerat(us) (ptp. of faenerari to lend on interest) + ...
Fenestella
▪ Roman poet born 52 BC died AD 19       Latin poet and annalist whose lost work, the Annales, apparently contained a valuable store of antiquarian matter as well as ...
fenestra
—fenestral, adj. /fi nes"treuh/, n., pl. fenestrae /-tree/. 1. Anat., Zool. a small opening or perforation, as in a bone, esp. between the middle and inner ear. 2. Entomol. a ...
fenestral
See fenestra. * * *
fenestrated
/fen"euh stray'tid, fi nes"tray-/, adj. Archit. having windows; windowed; characterized by windows. Also, fenestrate. [1820-30; < L fenestratus furnished with windows (see ...
fenestration
/fen'euh stray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the design and disposition of windows and other exterior openings of a building. 2. Furniture. an ornamental motif having the form of a blind arcade ...
fenfluramine
/fen floor"euh meen'/, n. Pharm. a sympathomimetic substance, C12H16F3N, used mainly as an anorectic in the treatment of obesity. [1965-70; by contr., resp. and rearrangement of ...
fenfluraminehydrochloride
fen·flu·ra·mine hydrochloride (fĕn-flo͝orʹə-mēn') n. A drug that suppresses appetite by altering brain levels of serotonin, formerly used in the management of obesity ...
feng
(as used in expressions) feng huang K'ai feng Feng t'ien Feng shui * * *
Feng Dao
▪ Chinese minister Wade-Giles romanization  Feng Tao  born 882, Yingzhou [now in Hebei province], China died 954, China       Chinese Confucian (Confucianism) ...
Feng Guifen
▪ Chinese scholar Wade-Giles romanization  Feng Kuei-fen  born 1809, Wu county, Jiangsu province, China died May 28, 1874, Suzhou, Jiangsu province       Chinese ...
feng shui
/fung" shway"/ the Chinese art or practice of creating harmonious surroundings that enhance the balance of yin and yang, as in arranging furniture or determining the siting of a ...
Feng Xiliang
▪ 2007 C.L. Feng        Chinese journalist (b. Dec. 1, 1920, Shanghai, China—d. Jan. 30, 2006, Beijing, China), was an American-educated writer who after the 1949 ...
Feng Youlan
▪ Chinese philosopher Feng also spelled  Fung , Wade-Giles romanization  Fung Yu-lan   born Dec. 4, 1895, Henan, China died Nov. 26, 1990, Beijing       outstanding ...
Feng Yu-hsiang
/fung" yooh"shyahng"/, ("Christian General") 1880-1948, Chinese general. Also, Pinyin, Feng Yuxiang. * * * ▪ Chinese warlord Pinyin  Feng Yuxiang   born Sept. 26, 1882, ...
Feng Yunshan
▪ Chinese rebel leader Wade-Giles romanization  Feng Yün-shan  born 1822, Huaxian, Guangdong province, China died June 1852, Quanzhou, Guangxi province       Chinese ...
Feng Yuxiang
▪ Chinese warlord Wade-Giles romanization  Feng Yü-hsiang , original name  Feng Jishan , courtesy name (zi)  Huanzhang  born Nov. 6, 1882, Xingjizhen, Zhili [now in ...
Feng-fa-yao
▪ Buddhism Pinyin  Fengfayao        (Chinese: “Essentials of the Dharma”), discussion of Buddhist precepts written in the 4th century AD by Hsi Ch'ao, who, ...
Feng-shan
▪ Taiwan formerly  Kao-hsiung Hsien,         shih (municipality) and seat of Kao-hsiung hsien (county), southwestern Taiwan, situated about 5 miles (8 km) east of ...
Feng-yüan
▪ Taiwan       shih (municipality) and seat of T'ai-chung hsien (county), west-central Taiwan, situated about 7 miles (11 km) north of T'ai-chung city, in the western ...
Fenghua
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Feng-hua        county-level city, Zhejiang (Chekiang) sheng (province), eastern China. Located in a fertile plain area 17 miles (27 ...
fenghuang
or feng-huang (Chinese: "phoenix") In Chinese mythology, a creature whose rare appearances portend a great event or indicate the greatness of a ruler. The female counterpart of ...
Fengjie
/fueng"jyue"/, n. Pinyin. a city in E Sichuan province, in S central China, on the Chang Jiang. 250,000. Also, Wade-Giles, Fengchieh /fung"jyu"/; Older Spelling, Fengkieh ...
Fengman Dam
▪ dam, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Fengman Shuiba , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Feng-man Shui-pa   hydroelectric and flood-control project on the Sungari (Songhua) River ...
fengshui
feng shui (fŭngʹ shwāʹ) n. The Chinese art or practice of positioning objects, especially graves, buildings, and furniture, based on a belief in patterns of yin and yang and ...
Fengtien
/fung"tyen"/, n. Wade-Giles. 1. a former name of Shenyang. 2. former name of Liaoning. * * *
Fenian
—Fenianism, n. /fee"nee euhn, feen"yeuhn/, n. 1. a member of an Irish revolutionary organization founded in New York in 1858, which worked for the establishment of an ...
Fenian cycle
the cycle of legends describing and glorifying the bravery, battles, and wandering life of the Irish Fenians, esp. under the leadership of Finn. * * * or Fionn cycle or Ossianic ...
Fenian movement
Irish nationalist society active chiefly in Ireland, the U.S., and Britain, especially in the 1860s. The name derived from the Fianna Éireann, a legendary band of Irish ...
Fenianism
See Fenian. * * *
fening
fening [fen′iŋ] n. 〚Serb, akin to Ger pfennig: see PENNY〛 a monetary unit of Bosnia and Herzegovina, equal to 1/ 100 of a marka * * *
fenland
/fen"land', -leuhnd/, n. a low area of marshy ground. [FEN1 + LAND] * * * ▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of ...
fenman
/fen"meuhn/, n., pl. fenmen. Brit. a dweller in the Fens of England. [1600-10; FEN1 + -MAN] * * *
Fenn, John B.
▪ American scientist born June 15, 1917, New York, New York, U.S.       American scientist who, with Tanaka Koichi and Kurt Wüthrich (Wüthrich, Kurt), won the Nobel ...
fennec
/fen"ek/, n. a small, pale yellowish-brown fox, Fennecus zerda, of northern Africa, having large, pointed ears. [1780-90; < Ar fanak < Pers] * * * Desert-dwelling fox (Fennecus ...
fennel
/fen"l/, n. 1. a plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, having feathery leaves and umbels of small, yellow flowers. 2. Also, fennel seed. the aromatic fruits of this ...
fennelflower
/fen"l flow'euhr/, n. 1. any of various plants belonging to the genus Nigella, of the buttercup family, esp. N. sativa, the seeds of which are used, esp. in the East, as a ...
Fenneman, George
▪ 1998       American entertainer who was best known for his role as announcer and straight-man sidekick to Groucho Marx on the quiz show "You Bet Your Life" on radio ...
Fenno, John
▪ American publisher and editor born Aug. 23, 1751, Boston, Mass. [U.S.] died Sept. 14, 1798, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.       publisher and editor, founder in 1789 of the ...
Fennoman movement
▪ Finnish history       in 19th-century Finnish (Finnish literature) history, nationalist movement that contributed to the development of the Finnish language and ...
fenny
/fen"ee/, adj. 1. marshy. 2. inhabiting or growing in fens. [bef. 1000; ME; OE fennig. See FEN1, -Y1] * * *
Fenoglio, Beppe
▪ Italian author born March 1, 1922, Alba, Italy died Feb. 18, 1963, Turin       Italian novelist who wrote of the struggle against fascism and Nazism during World War ...
Fenollosa, Ernest F.
▪ American orientalist and art critic in full  Ernest Francisco Fenollosa   born Feb. 18, 1853, Salem, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 21, 1908, London, Eng.       American ...
fenoprofen
/fen'oh proh"feuhn/, n. Pharm. a white crystalline powder, C30H26CaO6, used as an antipyretic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. [contr., ...
Fenrir
/fen"rir/, n. Scand. Myth. a wolflike monster, a son of Loki and Angerboda, chained by Gleipnir but destined to be released at Ragnarok to eat Odin and to be killed by Vidar. ...
Fenris
Fenris [fen′rir΄fen′ris] n. 〚ON〛 Norse Myth. a great wolf, bound by the gods with a magic rope: also Fenrir [fen′rir΄] * * *
Fens
Fens (fĕnz) A lowland district of eastern England west and south of the Wash. Early attempts by the Romans to drain the area were abandoned by Anglo-Saxon times. Modern-day ...
fenster
/fen"steuhr/, n. Geol. an erosional break in an overthrust rock sheet, exposing the rocks that underlie the sheet. Also called window. [1920-25; < G: lit., window; OHG fënster < ...
fentanyl
/fen"teuh nil/, n. Pharm. a synthetic, short-acting narcotic analgesic and sedative, C28H36N2O8, used in combination with other drugs in anesthesia and in ...
Fenton, Elijah
▪ British poet born May 20, 1683, Shelton, Staffordshire, Eng. died July 16, 1730, Easthampstead, Berkshire  English poet perhaps best known for his collaboration in a ...
Fenton, Lavinia
▪ English actress also called  (from 1751) Duchess Of Bolton   born 1708, London died Jan. 24, 1760, Greenwich, Kent, Eng.  English actress and colourful social figure who ...
Fenton, Roger
born 1819, Heywood, Eng. died Aug. 8, 1869, London British photographer. In 1853 he helped found the Royal Photographic Society of London. In 1854 he was appointed the ...
fenugreek
/fen"yoo greek', fen"oo-/, n. a plant, Trigonella foenum-graecum, of the legume family, indigenous to western Asia, but extensively cultivated elsewhere, chiefly for forage and ...
fenuron
fen·u·ron (fĕnʹyə-rŏn') n. A white compound, C9H12N2O, used as a herbicide.   [Alteration of phenyl + urea + -on3.] * * *
feodary
/fyooh"deuh ree/, n., pl. feodaries. 1. a feudal vassal. 2. Obs. a confederate or accomplice. [1350-1400; ME feodarie < ML feodarius. See FEUD2, -ARY] * * *
Feodosiya
▪ Ukraine also spelled  Feodosia , formerly  Kaffa , ancient  Theodosia        city, southern Ukraine. It lies on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula on ...
feoff
—feoffor, feoffer, n. /fef, feef/, v.t. to invest with a fief or fee; enfeoff. [1250-1300; ME feoffen < AF fe(o)ffer, OF fiefer, deriv. of fief FIEF] * * *
feoffee
—feoffeeship, n. /fef"ee, fee fee"/, n. a person invested with a fief. [1275-1325; ME feoffe < AF, ptp. of feoffer to FEOFF; see -EE] * * *
feoffer
feoff·er also feof·for (fĕfʹər, fēʹfər) n. Law One who grants a feoffment. * * *
feoffment
feoff·ment (fĕfʹmənt, fēfʹ-) n. Law A grant of lands as a fee.   [Middle English feffement, from Anglo-Norman feoffement, from feoffer, to put in legal possession, from ...
feoffor
feof·for (fĕfʹər, fēʹfər) n. Variant of feoffer. * * *
Feoktistov, Konstantin Petrovich
▪ Soviet cosmonaut born Feb. 7, 1926, Voronezh, Russia, U.S.S.R.    Russian spacecraft designer and cosmonaut who took part, with Vladimir M. Komarov and Boris B. Yegorov, ...
Feosol
/fee"euh sawl', -sol'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ferrous sulfate. * * *
FEP
FEP abbr. front-end processor. * * *
FEPA
Fair Employment Practices Act. * * *
FEPC
Fair Employment Practices Committee. * * *
fer
/ferr/; unstressed /feuhr/, prep., conj. Informal. for. * * * (as used in expressions) chemin de fer Fer Díad fer de lance * * *
Fer Díad
Foster brother of the legendary Irish hero Cú Chulainn. Táin Bó Cúailgne the longest tale in the Ulster cycle, deals with a conflict between Ulster and Connaught over the ...
fer-de-lance
/fer'dl ans", -ahns"/, n. a large pit viper, Bothrops atrox, of tropical America. [1875-80; < F: lit., spearhead] * * * (French; "spearhead") Extremely venomous pit viper ...
FERA
Federal Emergency Relief Administration. * * *
ferae naturae
/fee"ree neuh toor"ee, -tyoor"ee/, Law. (of animals) wild or undomesticated (distinguished from domitae naturae). [1655-65; < L: lit., of a wild nature] * * *
Ferahan carpet
 handwoven floor covering from the Farāhān district, northeast of Arāk in western Iran, produced in the 19th or early 20th century. Like the rugs of Ser-e Band, Ferahans ...
feral
feral1 /fear"euhl, fer"-/, adj. 1. existing in a natural state, as animals or plants; not domesticated or cultivated; wild. 2. having reverted to the wild state, as from ...
Feraoun, Mouloud
▪ Algerian novelist born March 8, 1913, Tizi Hibel, Alg. died March 15, 1962, El-Biar       Algerian novelist and teacher whose works give vivid and warm portraits of ...
ferbam
/ferr"bam/, n. Chem. an iron carbamate, C9H18FeN3S6, used chiefly as a fungicide for protecting certain farm crops. [1945-50; fer(ric dimethyl dithiocar)bam(ate)] * * *
Ferber
/ferr"beuhr/, n. Edna, 1887-1968, U.S. novelist, short-story writer, and playwright. * * *
Ferber, Edna
born Aug. 15, 1887, Kalamazoo, Mich., U.S. died April 16, 1968, New York, N.Y. U.S. novelist and short-story writer. Ferber began her career at age 17 as a reporter in ...
Ferber,Edna
Fer·ber (fûrʹbər), Edna. 1887-1968. American writer who wrote several popular novels, including So Big (1924), which won a Pulitzer Prize. * * *
ferberite
/ferr"beuh ruyt'/, n. a mineral, ferrous tungstate, FeWO4, in the wolframite group: a source of tungsten. [1805-15; named after R. Ferber, 19th-century German mineralogist; see ...
FERC
See Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. * * *
Ferdinand
/ferr"dn and'/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "bold" and "peace." * * * I born April 19, 1793, Vienna, Austria died June 29, 1875, Prague, Bohemia Emperor ...
Ferdinand (I)
▪ emperor of Austria also called  Ferdinand The Benign,  German  Ferdinand Der Gütige  born April 19, 1793, Vienna, Austria died June 29, 1875, Prague, Bohemia, ...
Ferdinand (Karl Leopold Maria)
born Feb. 26, 1861, Vienna, Austria died Sept. 10, 1948, Coburg, Ger. King of Bulgaria (1908–18). Elected prince of Bulgaria in 1887, he proclaimed Bulgaria's independence ...
Ferdinand I
/ferr"dn and'/; Ger. /ferdd"di nahnt'/ 1. Spanish, Fernando I. ("Ferdinand the Great") died 1065, king of Castile 1033-65, king of Navarre and Leon 1037-65; emperor of Spain ...
Ferdinand II
1. ("the Catholic") 1452-1516, founder of the Spanish monarchy 1506: king of Sicily 1468-1516, king of Aragon 1479-1516; as Ferdinand III, king of Naples 1504-16; as King ...
Ferdinand III
1. See Ferdinand II (def. 1). 2. 1608-57, king of Hungary 1625-57, king of Bohemia 1627-57, king of Germany 1636-57; emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1637-57 (son of Ferdinand ...
Ferdinand IV
▪ king of Bohemia born Sept. 8, 1633 died July 9, 1654       king of Bohemia (from 1646) and of Hungary (from 1647) and king of the Romans (from ...
Ferdinand Maria
▪ elector of Bavaria born Oct. 31, 1636, Munich died May 26, 1679, Schleissheim, Bavaria       elector of Bavaria (1651–79), son of Maximilian I. A minor when he ...
Ferdinand V.
See Ferdinand II (def. 1). * * *
Ferdinand VI
1713-59, king of Spain 1746-59 (son of Philip V). * * * Spanish Fernando born Sept. 23, 1713, Madrid, Spain died Aug. 10, 1759, Villaviciosa de Odón King of Spain ...
Ferdinand VII
1784-1833, king of Spain 1808, 1814-33. * * * Spanish Fernando born Oct. 14, 1784, El Escorial, Spain died Sept. 29, 1833, Madrid King of Spain (1808, 1813–33). He became ...
FerdinandI
I. Fer·di·nand I1 (fûrʹdn-ănd'), Known as “Ferdinand the Great.” Died 1065. King of Castile (1035-1065) and León (1037-1065) who reconquered much of present-day ...
FerdinandII
Ferdinand II, 1578-1637. Holy Roman emperor (1619-1637) and king of Bohemia (1617-1619 and 1620-1627) and Hungary (1618-1625). A leader of the Counter Reformation, he waged ...
FerdinandIII
Ferdinand III, 1608-1657. Holy Roman emperor (1637-1657) and king of Hungary (1625-1647) and Bohemia (1627-1656). He signed the Peace of Westphalia (1648), thus ending the Thirty ...
FerdinandV
Ferdinand V, Known as “Ferdinand the Catholic.” 1452-1516. King of Castile and León (1474-1504) who ruled jointly with his wife, Isabella I. He was also king of Sicily ...
Ferdowsī
or Firdusī or Firdousī orig. Abū al-Qāsim Manṣūr born с 935, near Ṭūs, Iran died сc1020, Ṭūs Persian poet. Though many legends surround his name, few facts are ...
Ferdus
/fer"deuhs/, n. Firdausi. * * *
ferdutzt
/feuhr dutst"/, adj. Chiefly Pennsylvania German Area. confused; bewildered. [ < PaG, G verdutzt bewildered, nonplussed < MD, ptp. of verdotten to confuse; akin to DOTE] * * *
fere
/fear/, n. Archaic. a companion; mate. [bef. 1000; ME; OE gefera, deriv. of feran to go; akin to FARE, FEIRIE] * * *
Ferenc
(as used in expressions) Deák Ferenc Ferenc Liszt Blasko Béla Ferenc Dezsö Molnár Ferenc * * *
Ferenczi Sándor
born 1873, Miskolc, Hung., Austria-Hungary died 1933, Budapest, Hung. Hungarian psychoanalyst. After receiving his M.D. from the University of Vienna and serving as an army ...
Ferenczi, Sándor
▪ Hungarian psychoanalyst born 1873, Miskolc, Hung., Austria-Hungary died 1933, Budapest       Hungarian psychoanalyst noted for his contributions to psychoanalytic ...
Ferentino
▪ Italy Latin  Ferentinum,         town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. The town is situated on a hill that commands the Sacco valley and the Via Casilina ...
feretory
feretory [fer′ə tôr΄ē] n. pl. feretories 〚altered < ME fertre < OFr fiertre < L feretrum, a litter, bier < Gr pheretron < pherein, BEAR1〛 1. a portable reliquary 2. a ...
Fergana
/fer gah"neuh, feuhr-/; Russ. /fyirdd gu nah"/, n. a city in E Uzbekistan, SE of Tashkent. 176,000. Formerly, Skobelev. * * * ▪ Uzbekistan also spelled  Ferghana , Uzbek ...
Fergana Valley
or Fergana Basin Large valley, western Central Asia. It is mainly in eastern Uzbekistan and partly in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and is situated between the Tien Shan system and ...
Fergie
➡ Ferguson (II) * * *
Fergus
/ferr"geuhs/, n. 1. Irish Legend. one of the great warrior kings of Ulster. 2. a male given name. * * * Warrior king in the Ulster cycle of Gaelic literature. In The Cattle ...
Fergus Falls
a city in W central Minnesota. 12,519. * * * ▪ Minnesota, United States       city, seat (1872) of Otter Tail county, west-central Minnesota, U.S. It lies along the ...
Ferguson
/ferr"geuh seuhn/, n. a city in E Missouri, near St. Louis. 24,740. * * * (as used in expressions) Ferguson Maynard Ferguson Arthur Jenkins Plessy v. Ferguson * * *
Ferguson, Abbie Park
▪ American educator born April 4, 1837, Whately, Mass., U.S. died March 25, 1919, Wellington, S.Af.       American educator, a founder and preserver of Huguenot College ...
Ferguson, Adam
▪ Scottish philosopher born June 20, 1723, Logierait, Perthshire, Scot. died Feb. 22, 1816, St. Andrews, Fife  historian and philosopher of the Scottish “common sense” ...
Ferguson, Elizabeth Graeme
▪ American writer née  Elizabeth Graeme  born February 3, 1737, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [U.S.] died February 23, 1801, near Philadelphia       early American ...
Ferguson, Harry George
▪ Irish industrialist born Nov. 4, 1884, Dromore, County Down, Ire. died Oct. 25, 1960, Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire, Eng.  British industrialist who designed and ...
Ferguson, Maynard
born May 4, 1928, Montreal, Que., Can. Canadian trumpeter and bandleader. Ferguson led a big band with his brother in his native Montreal while still a teenager. Moving to the ...
Ferguson, Patrick
▪ Scottish soldier and inventor born 1744, Pitfours, Aberdeenshire, Scot. died Oct. 7, 1780, Kings Mountain, S.C., U.S.       British soldier, marksman, and inventor of ...
Ferguson, Robert
▪ British conspirator born c. 1637, , Aberdeenshire, Scot. died 1714, London, Eng.       Scottish conspirator and pamphleteer known as “the Plotter,” who gave ...
Ferguson, Samuel David
▪ American religious leader born January 1, 1842, Charleston, South Carolina, U.S. died August 2, 1900, Cape Palmas, Liberia       first African American bishop of the ...
Ferguson, Tom R.
▪ American cowboy born Dec. 20, 1950, Tahlequah, Okla., U.S.       American cowboy who six times consecutively (1974–79) won the all-around cowboy title of the ...
fergusonite
/ferr"geuh seuh nuyt'/, n. a rare-earth mineral, yttrium columbate and tantalate, found in pegmatites. [1820-30; named after R. Ferguson, 19th-century Scottish physician; see ...
Fergusson Island
▪ island, Papua New Guinea       largest of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The island lies 30 miles (50 km) across ...
Fergusson, Robert
▪ Scottish poet born Sept. 5, 1750, Edinburgh, Scot. died Oct. 16, 1774, Edinburgh       Scottish poet who was one of the leading figures of the 18th-century revival of ...
ferhoodle
/feuhr hoohd"l/, v.t., ferhoodled, ferhoodling. Chiefly Pennsylvania German Area. to confuse or mix up: Don't ferhoodle the things in that drawer. [ < PaG verhuddle to tangle, ...
feria
—ferial, adj. /fear"ee euh/, n., pl. feriae /fear"ee ee'/, ferias. Eccles. a weekday on which no feast is celebrated. [1850-55; < LL: day of the week (e.g. secunda feria second ...
feriae
▪ ancient Roman festival days       ancient Roman festival days during which the gods were honoured and all business, especially lawsuits, was suspended. Feriae were of ...
Feriae Latinae
▪ ancient Roman festival       in Roman religion, the Festival of Jupiter Latiaris (Latialis), held in the spring and fall each year on Mons Albanus (Monte Cavo), in ...
ferial
See feria. * * *
ferine
/fear"uyn, -in/, adj. feral1. [1530-40; < L ferinus, equiv. to fer(a) a wild animal (n. use of fem. of ferus wild) + -inus -INE1] * * *
ferity
/fer"i tee/, n. 1. a wild, untamed, or uncultivated state. 2. savagery; ferocity. [1525-35; < L feritas, equiv. to fer(us) wild, untamed + -itas -ITY] * * *
Ferlinghetti
/ferr'ling get"ee/, n. Lawrence, born 1920?, U.S. poet associated with the Beat Generation. * * *
Ferlinghetti, Lawrence
▪ American poet in full  Lawrence Monsanto Ferlinghetti  born March 24, 1919, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S.       American poet, one of the founders of the Beat movement in ...
Ferlinghetti, Lawrence (Monsanto)
orig. Lawrence Ferling born March 24, 1919, Yonkers, N.Y., U.S. U.S. poet. Ferlinghetti attended Columbia University and the Sorbonne. A founder of the Beat movement in San ...
Ferlo
▪ region, Senegal       relict river valley and region of interior northern Senegal. It lies south of the fertile valley of the Sénégal River and the Fouta region ...
ferly
/fer"lee/, n., pl. ferlies, adj. Scot. n. 1. something unusual, strange, or causing wonder or terror. 2. astonishment; wonder. adj. 3. unexpected; strange; unusual. Also, ...
Fermanagh
/feuhr man"euh/, n. 1. a county in SW Northern Ireland. 50,255; 653 sq. mi. (1691 sq. km). Co. seat: Enniskillen. 2. an administrative district including this county. 50,979; 715 ...
Fermat
/ferdd mann"/; Eng. /fer mah"/, n. Pierre de /pyerdd deuh/, 1601-65, French mathematician. * * *
Fermat prime
▪ mathematics       prime number (prime) of the form 22n + 1, for some positive integer n. For example, 223 + 1 = 28 + 1 = 257 is a Fermat prime. On the basis ...
Fermat's last theorem
/fer mahz"/, Math. the unproved theorem that the equation xn + yn = zn has no solution for x, y, z nonzero integers when n is greater than 2. [1860-65; named after P. de ...
Fermat's principle
Optics. the law that the path taken by a ray of light in going from one point to another point will be the path that requires the least time. [1885-90; named after P. de ...
Fermat's theorem
Math. the theorem that an integer raised to a prime power leaves the same remainder as the integer itself when divided by the prime. [1805-15; named after P. de FERMAT] * * *
Fermat'slast theorem
Fer·mat's last theorem (fĕr-mäzʹ) n. The theorem that the equation an + bn = cn has no solutions in positive integers a, b, c if n is an integer greater than 2. It was ...
Fermat, Pierre de
born Aug. 17, 1601, Beaumont-de-Lomagne, France died Jan. 12, 1665, Castres French mathematician. Of Basque origin, Fermat studied law at Toulouse and developed interests in ...
Fermat,Pierre de
Fer·mat (fĕr-mäʹ), Pierre de. 1601-1665. French mathematician who developed number theory and probability theory. * * *
fermata
/fer mah"teuh/; It. /ferdd mah"tah/, n., pl. fermatas, It. fermate /-te/. Music. 1. the sustaining of a note, chord, or rest for a duration longer than the indicated time value, ...
ferment
—fermentable, adj. —fermentability, n. n. /ferr"ment/; v. /feuhr ment"/, n. 1. Also called organized ferment. any of a group of living organisms, as yeasts, molds, and ...
fermentability
See ferment. * * *
fermentable
See fermentability. * * *
fermentation
/ferr'men tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of fermenting. 2. a change brought about by a ferment, as yeast enzymes, which convert grape sugar into ethyl alcohol. 3. ...
fermentation alcohol
alcohol (def. 1). * * *
fermentative
—fermentatively, adv. —fermentativeness n. /feuhr men"teuh tiv/, adj. 1. tending to produce or undergo fermentation. 2. pertaining to or of the nature of ...
fermenter
fer·ment·er (fər-mĕnʹtər) n. 1. An organism that causes fermentation. 2. also fer·men·tor An apparatus that maintains optimal conditions for the growth of ...
fermi
/ferr"mee/; It. /ferdd"mee/, n. Physics. a unit of length, 10-15 m, used in measuring nuclear distances. Symbol: F Also called femtometer. [named after E. FERMI] * * *
Fermi
/ferr"mee/; It. /ferdd"mee/, n. Enrico /en ree"koh/; It. /en rddee"kaw/, 1901-54, Italian physicist, in the U.S. after 1939: Nobel prize 1938. * * *
Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope
▪ United States satellite       U.S. satellite, launched June 11, 2008, that was designed to study gamma ray-emitting sources. These sources are the universe's most ...
Fermi level
▪ physics       a measure of the energy of the least tightly held electrons within a solid, named for Enrico Fermi (Fermi, Enrico), the physicist who first proposed it. ...
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
▪ laboratory, Batavia, Illinois, United States also called  Fermilab         U.S. national particle-accelerator (particle accelerator) laboratory and centre for ...
Fermi surface
▪ physics       in solid-state physics, abstract interface that defines the allowable energies of electrons (electron) in a solid. Named for Enrico Fermi (Fermi, ...
Fermi, Enrico
born Sept. 29, 1901, Rome, Italy died Nov. 28, 1954, Chicago, Ill., U.S. Italian-born U.S. physicist. As a professor at the University of Rome, he began the work, later fully ...
Fermi,Enrico
Fer·mi (fĕrʹmē), Enrico. 1901-1954. Italian-born American physicist. He won a 1938 Nobel Prize for his work on artificial radioactivity caused by neutron bombardment. In ...
Fermi-Dirac statistics
/ferr"mee deuh rak"/, Physics. quantum statistics defining the possible arrangements of particles in a given system in terms of the exclusion principle. Also, Fermi statistics. ...
fermion
/ferr"mee on'/, n. Physics. any particle that obeys the exclusion principle and Fermi-Dirac statistics; fermions have spins that are half an odd integer: 1/2, 3/2, 5/2, . ...
fermium
/ferr"mee euhm/, n. Chem., Physics. a transuranic element. Symbol: Fm; at. no.: 100. [1950-55; named after E. FERMI; see -IUM] * * * ▪ chemical element  (Fm), synthetic ...
Fermo
▪ Italy Latin  Firmum        town and archiepiscopal see, Marche regione, Italy. It is situated on a hill overlooking the Tenna River, near the Adriatic Sea. An ...
fern
—fernless, adj. —fernlike, adj. /ferrn/, n. any seedless, nonflowering vascular plant of the class Filicinae, of tropical to temperate regions, characterized by true roots ...
Fern
/ferrn/, n. a female given name. * * * Any of about 10,000–12,000 species (division Filicophyta) of nonflowering vascular plants that have true roots, stems, and complex ...
fern asparagus.
See asparagus fern. * * *
fern bar
a stylish bar or tavern conspicuously decorated with ferns and other greenery. * * *
fern moss
▪ plant       (genus Thuidium), any of several species of plants (subclass Bryidae) that form mats in grassy areas and on soil, rocks, logs, and tree bases throughout ...
fern seed
the spores of ferns, formerly supposed to have the power to make persons invisible. [1590-1600] * * *
Fernald, Merritt Lyndon
▪ American botanist born , Oct. 5, 1873, Orono, Maine, U.S. died Sept. 22, 1950, Cambridge, Mass.  American botanist noted for his comprehensive study of the flora of the ...
Fernand
(as used in expressions) Braudel Paul Achille Fernand Césaire Aimé Fernand Léger Fernand Loewy Raymond Fernand * * *
Fernandel
▪ French actor pseudonym  of Fernand-joseph-désiré Contandin   born May 8, 1903, Marseille, France died Feb. 26, 1971, Paris  French comedian whose visual trademarks were ...
Fernandes, Álvaro
▪ Portuguese explorer flourished 15th century       Portuguese sea captain, one of Prince Henry the Navigator's explorers of West Africa.       In 1445 ...
Fernandes, António
▪ Portuguese explorer and historian flourished 1501–16, Lisbon, Port.       Portuguese explorer in central Africa.       Fernandes, a carpenter by trade, was ...
Fernandes, João
▪ Portuguese explorer flourished 15th century       Portuguese traveler to West Africa whose seven-month stay among the nomads of Río de Oro (later in the Spanish ...
Fernandez
/fer nan"dez, feuhr-/; Sp. /ferdd nahn"deth, -des/, n. Juan /hwahn, wahn/; Span. /hwahn/, 1536?-1602?, Spanish navigator: explorer in South America and the Pacific. * * *
Fernández de Avellaneda, Alonso
▪ Spanish author       probably the pseudonym of the otherwise unknown author of Segundo tomo del ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha (1614; “Second Book of the ...
Fernández de Córdoba, Gonzalo
▪ Spanish military commander byname  El Gran Capitán (Spanish: “The Great Captain”)   born Sept. 1, 1453, Córdoba, Andalusia [now in Spain] died Dec. 1/2, 1515, ...
Fernandez de Kirchner, Cristina
▪ 2008 born Feb. 19, 1953, La Plata, Arg.  In 2007 Argentine first lady Cristina Fernández de Kirchner became her country's first elected female head of state by winning a ...
Fernández de Lizardi
/ferdd nahn"des dhe lee sahrdd"dhee/, José Joaquín /haw se" hwah keen"/, ("El Pensador Mexicano") 1776-1827, Mexican journalist and novelist. * * *
Fernández de Lizardi, José Joaquín
▪ Mexican editor and author born , Nov. 15, 1776, Mexico City, Mex. died June 21, 1827, Mexico City       Mexican editor, pamphleteer, and novelist, a leading literary ...
Fernández de Moratín, Leandro
▪ Spanish author born March 10, 1760, Madrid, Spain died July 21, 1828, Paris, France  dramatist and poet, the most influential Neoclassic literary figure of the Spanish ...
Fernández de Navarrete, Juan
▪ Spanish painter also called  El Mudo (Spanish: “The Mute”)   born c. 1526, Logroño, Spain died March 28, 1579, Toledo       painter of the Spanish Mannerist ...
Fernández Retamar, Roberto
▪ Cuban author and critic born June 9, 1930, Havana, Cuba       Cuban poet, essayist, and literary critic and cultural spokesman for the regime of Fidel ...
Fernandez Reyna, Leonel
▪ 1997       On Aug. 16, 1996, after a bitter campaign filled with charges of racism and personal attacks, 42-year-old Leonel Fernández Reyna of the Dominican ...
Fernández, Juan
▪ Spanish navigator born c. 1536 died c. 1604       navigator in the service of Spain who in 1563 sailed from Callao, Peru, to Valparaíso, Chile, in 30 days, a ...
Fernández, Lucas
▪ Spanish dramatist and musician born 1474?, Salamanca, Castile [now in Spain] died 1542       Spanish dramatist and musician, whose plays are notable for their ...
Fernandina Beach
▪ Florida, United States       city, seat (1824) of Nassau county, extreme northeastern Florida, U.S. It is situated on Amelia Island (one of the Sea Islands), just ...
Fernandina Island
▪ island, Ecuador Spanish  Isla Fernandina,  formerly  Narborough Island,         one of the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador, in the eastern Pacific Ocean, about 600 ...
Fernando
(as used in expressions) Fernando Pó Alba Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel 3rd duke de Arrabal Fernando Botero Fernando Cardoso Fernando Henrique Collor de Mello Fernando ...
Fernando de Noronha
/ferdd nahonnn"doo deuh naw rddaw"nyeuh/ an island in the S Atlantic, ab. 125 mi. (200 km) E of easternmost tip of Brazil: a Brazilian penal colony. 10 sq. mi. (26 sq. km). * * *
Fernando de Noronha Island
▪ island and territory, Brazil Portuguese  Ilha Fernando de Noronha         island, South Atlantic Ocean, 225 miles (360 km) northeast of Cape São Roque; with its ...
Fernando I
Sp. /ferdd nahn"daw/. See Ferdinand I (def. 1). * * *
Fernando Po
/feuhr nan"doh poh"/ a former name of Bioko. Also, Fernando Poo /poh"oh/. * * *
Fernando Póo
Fernando Póo [fer nän′dō̂ pō̂′ō̂] former name for BIOKO * * *
Fernandode Noronha
Fer·nan·do de No·ro·nha (fər-nănʹdō də nə-rōnʹyə, fĕr-näɴʹdo͝o də nô-rôʹnyə) An island group in the Atlantic Ocean off the northeast coast of Brazil. A ...
FernandoPo
Fer·nan·do Po (fər-nănʹdō pōʹ) See Bioko. * * *
fernbrake
/ferrn"brayk'/, n. a thicket or dense growth of ferns. [1605-15; FERN + BRAKE2] * * *
Ferndale
/ferrn"dayl'/, n. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 26,227. * * *
fernery
/ferr"neuh ree/, n., pl. ferneries. 1. a collection of ferns in a garden or a potted display. 2. a place or a glass case in which ferns are grown for ornament. [1830-40; FERN + ...
ferninst
fer·ninst (fər-nĭnstʹ) also for·nent (fər-nĕntʹ) prep. Chiefly Midland U.S. Opposite, near to, or against: Their barn is ferninst the house.   [Dialectal fornent, ...
fernseed
fern seed n. The dustlike spores of ferns, formerly believed to be seeds and once thought to have the power of making their possessor invisible. * * *
ferny
/ferr"nee/, adj., fernier, ferniest. 1. pertaining to, consisting of, or like ferns: ferny leaves. 2. abounding in or overgrown with ferns: ferny undergrowth. [1515-25; FERN + ...
ferocious
—ferociously, adv. —ferociousness, n. /feuh roh"sheuhs/, adj. 1. savagely fierce, as a wild beast, person, action, or aspect; violently cruel: a ferocious beating. 2. extreme ...
ferociously
See ferocious. * * *
ferociousness
See ferociously. * * *
ferocity
/feuh ros"i tee/, n. a ferocious quality or state; savage fierceness. [1600-10; < L ferocitas, equiv. to feroc-, s. of ferox FEROCIOUS + -itas -ITY] * * *
ferr-
ferr- pref. Variant of ferro-. * * *
Ferrabosco, Alfonso, I
▪ Italian composer baptized January 18, 1543, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died August 12, 1588, Bologna       Italian composer known for his madrigals, motets, and ...
Ferrabosco, Alfonso, II
▪ English composer born c. 1575, Greenwich, London, Eng. died March 1628, Greenwich       English composer, viol player, and lutenist, known especially for his music ...
Ferragamo, Fiamma di San Giuliano
▪ 1999       Italian designer who helped turn her family's shoe business into one of the most famous in the world of high fashion; her Vara model, a low-heeled pump that ...
Ferralsol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Ferralsols are red and yellow weathered soils ...
Ferranti, Sebastian Ziani de
▪ British engineer born April 9, 1864, Liverpool, Eng. died Jan. 13, 1930, Zürich, Switz.       British electrical engineer who promoted the installation of large ...
Ferrar, Nicholas
▪ British minister born Feb. 22, 1592, London, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1637, Little Gidding, near Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire  Anglican clergyman, founder and director of a ...
Ferrara
/feuh rahr"euh/; It. /ferdd rddah"rddah/, n. a city in N Italy, near the Po River: medieval university and cathedral. 154,876. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 130,461), northern ...
Ferrara-Florence, Council of
(1438–45) Ecumenical council held in an attempt to reunify the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. It was called by Pope Eugenius IV; the Eastern church was ...
Ferrari, Enzo
▪ Italian automobile manufacturer born Feb. 18, 1898, Modena, Italy died Aug. 14, 1988, Modena       Italian automobile (automobile racing) manufacturer, designer, and ...
Ferrari, Giuseppe
▪ Italian historian born March 7, 1811, Milan, Kingdom of Italy died June 2, 1876, Rome       Italian historian and political philosopher who is best known for his ...
Ferrari, Lodovico
▪ Italian mathematician also spelled  Ludovico Ferraro   born Feb. 2, 1522, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] died Oct. 5, 1565, Bologna       Italian mathematician who ...
Ferraris, Galileo
▪ Italian physicist born Oct. 31, 1847, Livorno Vercellese, Kingdom of Sardinia [now in Italy] died Feb. 7, 1897, Turin, Italy       Italian physicist who established ...
Ferraro
/feuh rahr"oh/, n. Geraldine Anne ("Gerry"), born 1935, U.S. politician: congresswoman 1978-84; first woman chosen as the vice-presidential nominee of a major political party ...
Ferraro, Geraldine (Anne)
born Aug. 26, 1935, Newburgh, N.Y., U.S. U.S. politician. She received her law degree from Fordham University Law School in 1960 and was admitted to the New York bar in 1961. ...
Ferraro, Geraldine A.
▪ American politician in full  Geraldine Anne Ferraro , married name  Geraldine A. Zaccaro  born Aug. 26, 1935, Newburgh, N.Y., U.S.    American politician who became ...
ferrate
/fer"ayt/, n. Chem. a salt of the hypothetical ferric acid, H2FeO4. [1850-55; < L ferr(um) iron + -ATE2] * * *
Ferré, Charles-Théophile
▪ French politician born 1845, Paris, France died Nov. 28, 1871, Bois de Satory, near Versailles       French revolutionary figure, a follower of the ideology of ...
Ferre, Gianfranco
▪ 2008  Italian fashion designer born Aug. 15, 1944, Legnano, near Milan, Italy died June 17, 2007, Milan earned the nickname “L'architetto” (“architect of fashion”) ...
Ferré, Luis A.
▪ governor of Puerto Rico in full  Luis Alberto Ferré   born February 17, 1904, Ponce, Puerto Rico died October 21, 2003, San Juan       governor of Puerto Rico ...
Ferre, Luis Alberto
▪ 2004       Puerto Rican politician and businessman (b. Feb, 17, 1904, Ponce, P.R.—d. Oct. 21, 2003, San Juan, P.R.), was a leading figure in the movement to gain ...
Ferré, Rosario
▪ Puerto Rican writer born July 28, 1942, Ponce, Puerto Rico       short-story writer, novelist, critic, and professor, one of the leading women authors in contemporary ...
Ferre, Sister M. Isolina
▪ 2001       Puerto Rican Roman Catholic nun (b. 1914, Ponce, Puerto Rico—d. Aug. 3, 2000, Ponce), used her family's influence as wealthy owners of two leading Puerto ...
ferredoxin
/fer'euh dok"sin/, n. Biochem. any of a group of red-brown proteins containing iron and sulfur and acting as an electron carrier during photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, or ...
Ferreira da Silva, Adhemar
▪ Brazilian athlete born September 29, 1927, São Paulo, Brazil died January 12, 2001, São Paulo  Brazilian athlete, winner of two Olympic gold medals and five world records ...
Ferreira de Castro, José Maria
▪ Portuguese author born May 24, 1898, Salgueiros, Port. died June 29, 1974, Porto       journalist and novelist, considered to be one of the fathers of contemporary ...
Ferreira, António
▪ Portuguese poet born 1528, Lisbon, Port. died 1569, Lisbon       Portuguese poet who was influential in fostering the new Renaissance style of poetry and who strongly ...
Ferreira, Manuel
▪ Portuguese author born 1917, Gândara dos Olivais, Leiria, Port. died March 17, 1992, Linda-a-Velha       Portuguese-born scholar and fiction writer whose work ...
Ferreira, Vergilio
▪ 1997       Portuguese novelist and essayist (b. Jan. 28, 1916, Melo, Port.—d. March 1, 1996, Sintra, Port.), was a leading literary figure who created extremely ...
Ferrel cell
▪ meteorology       model of the mid-latitude segment of the Earth's wind circulation, proposed by William Ferrel (Ferrel, William) (1856). In the Ferrel cell, air flows ...
Ferrel's law
/fer"euhlz/ the law that wind is deflected to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere, derived from the application of the Coriolis effect ...
Ferrel, William
▪ American meteorologist born Jan. 29, 1817, Fulton county, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 18, 1891, Maywood, Kan.       American meteorologist known for his description of the ...
Ferrell, Richard Benjamin
▪ 1996       ("RICK"), U.S. baseball player, 1929-47, and Hall of Fame catcher who covered home plate while his younger brother, Wes, ruled the pitcher's mound for the ...
ferreous
/fer"ee euhs/, adj. of, resembling, or containing iron: a ferreous alloy. [1640-50; < L ferreus, equiv. to ferr(um) iron + -eus -EOUS] * * *
Ferrer, Ibrahim
▪ 2006       Cuban singer (b. Feb. 20, 1927, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba—d. Aug. 6, 2005, Havana, Cuba), became a professional musician at age 13 and went on to sing with a ...


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