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field cricket.
See under cricket1 (def. 1). [1590-1600] * * *
field crop
any of the herbaceous plants grown on a large scale in cultivated fields: primarily a grain, forage, sugar, oil, or fiber crop. [1855-60] * * *
field current
Elect. the current in a field winding. Also called exciting current. * * *
field day
1. a day devoted to outdoor sports or athletic contests, as at a school. 2. an outdoor gathering; outing; picnic. 3. a day for military exercises and display. 4. an occasion or ...
field dependence
—field-dependent, adj. a psychological trait associated with having an external locus of orientation (contrasted with field independence). * * *
field emission
Physics. the removal of electrons from a metallic conductor by a strong electric field. [1925-30] * * * ▪ physics also called  Cold Emission,         discharge of ...
field event
an event in a track meet that involves throwing something, as a discus or javelin, or jumping and is not performed on the running track. [1895-1900] * * *
field exercise
a military exercise in which mock warfare is staged between two forces. [1850-55] * * *
field glass
Usually, field glasses. binoculars for use out of doors. [1885-90] * * *
field glasses
field glasses pl.n. a small, portable, binocular telescope: also field glass * * *
field goal
1. Football. a three-point goal made by place-kicking or drop-kicking the ball between the opponent's goalposts above the crossbar. 2. Basketball. a goal made while the ball is ...
field grade
military rank applying to mid-level army officers, as majors, lieutenant colonels, and colonels. Cf. company grade. [1945-50] * * *
field guide
a portable illustrated book to help identify birds, plants, rocks, etc., as on a nature walk. * * *
field gun
field gun n. a mobile cannon * * *
field hand
a person who works in the fields of a farm or plantation. [1820-30, Amer.] * * *
field hockey
a game played on a rectangular field having a netted goal at each end, in which two teams of 11 players each compete in driving a small leather-covered ball into the other's ...
field hospital
Mil. an organization of medical personnel with medical equipment for establishing a temporary hospital at isolated posts or in the field to support ground troops in ...
field house
1. a building housing the dressing facilities, storage spaces, etc., used in connection with an athletic field. 2. a building used for indoor athletic events, as track events or ...
field independence
a psychological trait associated with having an internal locus of orientation (contrasted with field dependence). * * *
field intensity
Physics. See field strength. * * *
field jacket
a close-fitting jacket for wear by soldiers in the field. * * *
field judge
field judge n. Football an official who makes rulings regarding pass receptions, fair catches, field goals, etc. * * *
field lark
South Midland and Southern U.S. meadowlark. [1670-80] * * *
field larkspur
a European plant, Consolida regalis, of the buttercup family, having sparse clusters of blue or violet-colored flowers and smooth fruit. * * *
field lens
Optics. the lens in an eyepiece that is farthest from the eye and that deviates rays toward the center of the eye lens. [1830-40] * * *
field line
Physics. See line of force. * * *
field magnet
a magnet for producing a magnetic field, as in a particle accelerator or an electric motor. [1880-85] * * *
field marshal
an officer of the highest military rank in the British and certain other armies, and of the second highest rank in the French army. [1570-80] * * *
Field Marshal Montgomery
➡ Montgomery (II) * * *
field mint
an herb, Mentha arvensis, of North America, having downy leaves and small flowers that grow in circles in the leaf axils. * * *
field mouse
any of various short-tailed mice or voles inhabiting fields and meadows. [1570-80] * * * or wood mouse In general, any mouse that normally lives in fields; more strictly, any ...
Field Museum of Natural History
▪ museum, Chicago, Illinois, United States  museum in Chicago, Illinois, U.S., established in 1893 as the Columbian Museum of Chicago with a gift from Marshall Field (Field, ...
field mushroom.
See under mushroom (def. 2). [1825-35] * * *
Field of Cloth of Gold
an event that took place near Calais in northern France in the summer of 1520 when the English king Henry VIII met the French king Francis I. The meeting became famous for the ...
field of fire
the area covered by a weapon or group of weapons firing from a given position. * * *
field of force
field of force n. FIELD (n. 16) * * *
field of honor
the scene of a battle or duel. [1815-25] * * *
field of quotients
Math. a field whose elements are pairs of elements of a given commutative integral domain such that the second element of each pair is not zero. The field of rational numbers is ...
field of view
Optics. field (def. 13). [1805-15] * * *
field of vision
the entire view encompassed by the eye when it is trained in any particular direction. Also called visual field. [1930-35] * * *
field pea
a variety of the common pea, Pisum sativum arvense, grown for forage and silage. [1700-10] * * *
field penny-cress
the common penny-cress, Thlaspi arvense. * * *
field poppy.
See corn poppy. * * *
field ration
U.S. Army. ration issued and authorized for troops in the field. * * *
field spaniel
one of a British breed of spaniels having a flat or slightly waved, usually black coat, used for hunting and retrieving game. [1865-70] * * *
field sparrow
a common North American finch, Spizella pusilla, found in brushy pasturelands. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
field sports
The main field sports in Britain are hunting, shooting and fishing. They are often also called blood sports because they involve killing animals. All three sports were ...
field stop
Optics. the aperture that limits the field of view of a lens or system of lenses. * * *
field strength
Physics. the vector sum of all forces exerted by a field on a unit mass, unit charge, unit magnetic pole, etc., at a given point within the field. Also called field ...
field theory
Physics. a detailed mathematical description of the distribution and movement of matter under the influence of one or more fields. [1900-05] * * * In mathematics, the study of ...
field trial
1. a competition among sporting dogs under natural conditions in the field, in which the animals are judged on the basis of excellence of performance in hunting. 2. a trial of a ...
field trip
1. a trip by students to gain firsthand knowledge away from the classroom, as to a museum, factory, geological area, or environment of certain plants and animals. 2. a trip by a ...
field winding
/wuyn"ding/, Elect. the electrically conducting circuit, usually a number of coils wound on individual poles and connected in series, that produces the magnetic field in a motor ...
Field, Cyrus W
▪ American financier born Nov. 30, 1819, Stockbridge, Mass., U.S. died July 12, 1892, New York City  U.S. financier noted for the success of the first transatlantic cable. He ...
Field, David Dudley
▪ American lawyer born Feb. 13, 1805, Haddam, Conn., U.S. died April 13, 1894, New York City  U.S. lawyer whose advocacy of law codification had international influence. The ...
Field, Eugene
▪ American poet born Sept. 2, 1850, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Nov. 4, 1895, Chicago       U.S. poet and journalist, best known, to his disgust, as the “poet of ...
Field, John
▪ British ballet dancer and director byname of  John Greenfield   born Oct. 22, 1921, Doncaster, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 3, 1991, Esher, Surrey       British ballet ...
Field, Marshall
born Aug. 18, 1834, near Conway, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 16, 1906, New York, N.Y. U.S. department-store owner. Born on a farm, he became an errand boy for a dry-goods store at ...
Field, Nathan
▪ English actor also called  Nat Field , byname of  Nathaniel Field  baptized October 17, 1587, London, England died June/August 1619?       one of the principal ...
Field, Sally
born Nov. 6, 1946, Pasadena, Calif., U.S. U.S. film actress. She played saccharine television roles in Gidget (1965–66) and The Flying Nun (1967–70) before developing her ...
Field, Stephen J
▪ United States jurist born Nov. 4, 1816, Haddam, Conn., U.S. died April 9, 1899, Washington, D.C.  associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and chief architect of the ...
Field, Stephen J(ohnson)
born Nov. 4, 1816, Haddam, Conn., U.S. died April 9, 1899, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. After graduating from Williams College in 1837, he practiced law in New York with his ...
Field,Cyrus West
Field (fēld), Cyrus West. 1819-1892. American merchant and financier who planned and oversaw the laying of the transatlantic telegraph cable (completed 1866). * * *
Field, Eugene. 1850-1895. American writer known for his children's verse, especially “Wynken, Blynken, and Nod” and “Little Boy Blue.” * * *
Field, Marshall. 1834-1906. American merchant who organized Marshall Field and Company, the largest wholesale and retail dry goods establishment of the late 1800s. * * *
field-effect [fēld′e fekt΄] adj. designating or of an electronic component or device, esp. a transistor, controlled by an external electric field * * *
field-effect transistor
/feeld"i fekt'/, Electronics. a transistor in which the output current is varied by varying the value of an electric field within a region of the device. Abbr.: FET [1950-55] * * ...
field-ef·fect transistor (fēldʹĭ-fĕkt') n. Abbr. FET A transistor in which the output current is controlled by a variable electric field. * * *
field-emission microscope
/feeld"i mish'euhn/ a device in which electrons liberated by field emission are accelerated toward a fluorescent screen to form a magnified image of the emitting surface. Cf. ...
field-ion microscope
/feeld"uy'euhn, -uy'on/ a device in which the atomic structure of the surface of a conductor is made visible by introducing helium gas into the device and applying a high voltage ...
field-i·on microscope (fēldʹī'ən, -ī'ŏn) n. A microscope that produces an image of the atoms on a metal surface by means of ions formed in a high-voltage electric field. * ...
/feeld"strip'/, v.t., field-stripped or (Rare) field-stript, field-stripping. Mil. 1. to take apart (a weapon) for cleaning, lubrication, and repair or for inspection. 2. to roll ...
/feeld"test'/, v.t. to test (a device or product) under various conditions of actual use. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
field artillery n. Artillery other than antiaircraft artillery that is light enough to be mounted for use in the field. * * *
field capacity n. The maximum amount of water that a particular soil can hold. * * *
field coil n. An electric coil around a field magnet used to generate a magnetic field, as in an electric motor. Also called field winding. * * *
field corn n. Any of several varieties of corn used primarily as feed for livestock. * * *
field day n. 1. a. A day set aside for sports or athletic competition. b. An outdoor meeting, social event, or festivity. c. A day for military exercises, maneuvers, or ...
field emission n. The emission of electrons from the surface of a conductor, caused by a strong electric field. * * *
Fielden, John
▪ British social reformer born Jan. 17, 1784, Todmorden, Yorkshire, Eng. died May 29, 1849, Skegness, Lincolnshire  radical British reformer, a notable proponent of ...
/feel"deuhr/, n. 1. Baseball, Cricket. a player who fields the ball. 2. Baseball. any of the players of the infield or the outfield, esp. an outfielder. [1275-1325 for an earlier ...
fielder's choice
Baseball. a fielder's attempt to put out a base runner rather than the batter when a play at first base would put out the batter. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
field·er's choice (fēlʹdərz) n. Baseball A play made on a ground ball in which the fielder chooses to put out an advancing base runner, thus allowing the batter to reach ...
field event n. A throwing or jumping event of a track-and-field meet. * * *
/feeld"fair'/, n. a European thrush, Turdus pilaris, having reddish-brown plumage with an ashy head and a blackish tail. [bef. 1100; ME feldefare (with two f's by alliterative ...
/feeld"gayt'/, n. the site in an oil field where natural gas is separated from crude oil after the latter reaches the surface, for movement through pipelines. [1890-95; FIELD + ...
field glass n. A portable binocular telescope without prisms used especially outdoors for viewing distant objects. Often used in the plural: used a pair of field glasses to watch ...
field goal n. 1. Football. A score worth three points made on an ordinary down by place-kicking or drop-kicking the ball over the crossbar and between the goal posts. 2. ...
field guide n. An illustrated book that provides descriptions of plants or animals found in nature. * * *
field hand n. An outdoor worker on a farm. * * *
field hockey n. A game played on turf in which two opposing teams of players, using curved sticks, try to drive a ball into the opponents' goal. * * *
field hospital n. A hospital established on a temporary basis to serve troops in a combat zone. * * *
field house n. 1. A building having locker rooms and storage and training facilities, located at an athletic field. 2. A building having one or more areas for different athletic ...
/feel"ding/, n. Henry, 1707-54, English novelist, dramatist, and essayist. * * *
fielding average
Baseball. a measure of the fielding ability of a player, obtained by dividing the number of put-outs and assists by the number of put-outs, assists, and errors and carrying out ...
Fielding, Henry
born April 22, 1707, Sharpham Park, Somerset, Eng. died Oct. 8, 1754, Lisbon, Port. British novelist and playwright. Fielding attended Eton College but left early and lost his ...
Fielding, Sarah
▪ English author born Nov. 8, 1710, East Stour, Dorset, Eng. died April 9, 1768, Bath, Somerset       English author and translator whose novels were among the earliest ...
Fielding, Sir John
▪ British police reformer born 1721, London, Eng. died Sept. 4, 1780, London       English police magistrate and the younger half brother of novelist Henry Fielding, ...
Fielding, William Stevens
▪ Canadian journalist and statesman born Nov. 24, 1848, Halifax, Nova Scotia [Canada] died June 23, 1929, Ottawa  journalist and statesman whose 19-year tenure as dominion ...
Field·ing (fēlʹdĭng), Henry. 1707-1754. British writer whose works include the novels Joseph Andrews (1742) and Tom Jones (1749). He also wrote comedies for the stage and ...
field lens n. The lens positioned farthest from the eye in a compound eyepiece. * * *
field magnet n. A magnet used to produce a magnetic field in an electrical device such as a generator or motor. * * *
field marshal n. Abbr. FM An officer in some European armies, usually ranking just below the commander in chief. * * *
field mouse n. Any of various small mice or voles, especially of the genus Microtus, inhabiting meadows and fields and often causing damage to crops. Also called meadow mouse. * ...
fieldof fire
field of fire n. The area that can be reached by ammunition fired from a gun or a group of guns. * * *
fieldof force
field of force n. pl. fields of force A region of space throughout which the force produced by an agent or several agents, such as an electric charge, is operative. Also called ...
fieldof honor
field of honor n. pl. fields of honor 1. The scene of a duel. 2. A battlefield. * * *
fieldof view
field of view n. pl. fields of view See field. * * *
fieldof vision
field of vision n. pl. fields of vision See visual field. * * *
fieldpiece [fēld′pēs΄] n. FIELD GUN * * *
/feeldz/, n. W. C. (William Claude Dukenfield), 1880-1946, U.S. vaudeville and motion-picture comedian. * * *
Fields Medal
▪ award officially known as  International Medal for Outstanding Discoveries in Mathematics    award granted to between two and four mathematicians for outstanding or ...
Fields Medalists
▪ Table Fields Medalists year name birthplace primary research 1936 Ahlfors, Lars (Ahlfors, Lars Valerian) Helsinki, Finland Riemann surfaces 1936 Douglas, Jesse New ...
Fields, Dame Gracie
orig. Grace Stansfield born Jan. 9, 1898, Rochdale, Lancashire, Eng. died Sept. 27, 1979, Capri, Italy English music-hall comedienne. She performed in music halls from age 13 ...
Fields, Dorothy
born July 15, 1905, Allenhurst, N.J., U.S. died March 28, 1974, New York, N.Y. U.S. lyricist and librettist. Born to a family active in theatre (her father Lew was a comedian ...
Fields, James T
▪ American publisher born Dec. 31, 1817, Portsmouth, N.H., U.S. died April 24, 1881, Boston, Mass.  author and leading publisher in the United States.       At 14 ...
Fields, W.C.
orig. William Claude Dukenfield born Jan. 29, 1880, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Dec. 25, 1946, Pasadena, Calif. U.S. actor and screenwriter. He was a vaudeville headliner as ...
Fields (fēldz), Dorothy. 1905-1974. American lyricist whose song credits include “On the Sunny Side of the Street” (1930) and “The Way You Look Tonight” (1936), which ...
Fields, W.C. Originally William Claude Dukenfield. 1880-1946. American entertainer known for his raspy voice, bulbous nose, and sardonic disposition. His films include My Little ...
/feeldz"meuhn/, n., pl. fieldsmen. Brit. a fielder in cricket. [1760-70; FIELD + 's1 + MAN1] * * *
/feeld"stohn'/, n. unfinished stone as found in fields, esp. when used for building purposes. [1790-1800; FIELD + STONE] * * *
☆ fieldstrip [fēld′strip΄ ] vt. fieldstripped, fieldstripping to disassemble (a firearm) for cleaning and inspection * * * field·strip (fēldʹstrĭp') tr.v. ...
field theory n. 1. An explicit mathematical description of physical phenomena that takes into account the effects of one or more fields. 2. The study of fields and field ...
field trial n. 1. A test for young, untried hunting dogs to determine their competence in pointing and retrieving. Often used in the plural. 2. A trial of a new product in actual ...
field trip n. A group excursion for the purpose of firsthand observation, as to a museum, the woods, or a historic place. * * *
field wind·ing (wīnʹdĭng) n. See field coil. * * *
—fieldworker, field-worker, n. /feeld"werrk'/, n. 1. Also, field work. work done in the field, as research, exploration, surveying, or interviewing: archaeological ...
See fieldwork. * * *
—fiendlike, adj. /feend/, n. 1. Satan; the devil. 2. any evil spirit; demon. 3. a diabolically cruel or wicked person. 4. a person or thing that causes mischief or annoyance: ...
—fiendishly, adv. —fiendishness. n. /feen"dish/, adj. diabolically cruel and wicked. [1520-30; FIEND + -ISH1] * * *
See fiendish. * * *
See fiendishly. * * *
I. Ralph Fiennes (1962 – ) an English film and theatre actor. His films include Schindler’s List (1993), The English Patient (1996), The End of the Affair (1999) and Sunshine ...
Fiennes, Celia
▪ British travel writer born June 7, 1662, Newton Toney, Wiltshire, Eng. died April 10, 1741, Hackney, London       English travel writer who journeyed on horseback all ...
—fiercely, adv. —fierceness, n. /fears/, adj., fiercer, fiercest. 1. menacingly wild, savage, or hostile: fierce animals; a fierce look. 2. violent in force, intensity, etc.: ...
See fierce. * * *
See fiercely. * * *
fieri facias
/fuy"euh ruy' fay"shee as'/, Law. a writ commanding a sheriff to levy and sell as much of a debtor's property as is necessary to satisfy a creditor's claim against the debtor. ...
fi·er·i fa·ci·as (fī'ə-rē fāʹshē-əs, fāʹshəs) n. Law A writ of execution authorizing a sheriff to lay a claim to and seize the goods and chattels of a debtor to ...
See fiery. * * *
See fierily. * * *
/fuyeur"steen/, n. Harvey, born 1954, U.S. playwright. * * *
Fierstein, Harvey
▪ 2004       If Harvey Fierstein did not exist, the American entertainment industry would have had to invent him. The 49-year-old actor, playwright, social activist, and ...
Fier·stein (fīrʹstēn'), Harvey. Born 1954. American playwright and actor noted for his comedies, including Torch Song Trilogy (1982). * * *
—fierily, adv. —fieriness, n. /fuyeur"ee, fuy"euh ree/, adj., fierier, fieriest. 1. consisting of, attended with, characterized by, or containing fire: a volcano's fiery ...
fiery cross
a burning cross, the rallying symbol of ancient Scotland and later of the Highlanders in case of war; later adopted by other organizations, including the Ku Klux Klan. Also ...
Fieschi Family
▪ Genoese family       a noble Genoese family whose members played an important role in Guelf (papal party) politics in medieval Italy. The Fieschi allied with the ...
Fieschi, Gian Luigi, Il Giovanne
▪ Italian noble born c. 1522 died Jan. 2, 1547, Genoa [Italy]       Genoese nobleman, whose conspiracy against the Doria family is the subject of much literature. The ...
Fieschi, Giuseppe Maria
▪ French conspirator born Dec. 13, 1790, Murato, Corsica, Fr. died Feb. 19, 1836, Paris       French republican conspirator who on July 28, 1835, unsuccessfully ...
Fieseler, Gerhard
▪ German aviator born April 15, 1896, Glesch, Ger. died Sept. 1, 1987, Kassel       pioneering German aviator, aerobatic flyer, and aircraft designer.       At ...
It. /fye"zaw le/, n. 1. Giovanni da It. /jaw vahn"nee dah/. See Angelico, Fra. 2. a town in central Italy, near Florence: Etruscan and ancient Roman ruins; cathedral. 14,138. * * ...
Fiesole,Giovanni Angelica da
Fiesole, Giovanni Angelica da. See Angelico, Fra. * * *
/fee es"teuh/; Sp. /fyes"tah/, n., pl. fiestas /-teuhz/; Sp. /-tahs/. 1. any festival or festive celebration. 2. (in Spain and Latin America) a festive celebration of a religious ...
Fiesta Bowl
▪ football game       annual American college postseason gridiron football (football, gridiron) game held at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Ariz., ...
Fiesta Bowl Table
▪ Table Fiesta Bowl season result 1971–72 Arizona State 45 Florida State 38 1972–73 Arizona State 49 Missouri 35 1973–74 Arizona ...
Fiesta de San Fermín
▪ festival, Pamplona, Spain SpanishFestival of Saint Fermín  festival held annually in Pamplona, Spain, beginning at noon on July 6 and ending at midnight on July 14, ...
fiesta de toros
/fyes"tah dhe taw"rddaws/; Eng. /fee es"teuh day tawr"ohs, tohr"-/, pl. fiestas de toros /fyes"tahs dhe taw"rddaws/; Eng. /fee es"teuhz day tawr"ohs, tohr"-/. Spanish. bullfight; ...
fiesta taurina
/fyes"tah tow rddee"nah/, pl. fiestas taurinas /fyes"tahs tow rddee"nahs/. Spanish. See fiesta de toros. * * *
Fiesta ware
molded, opaque-glazed earthenware produced in a wide range of colors from 1936 to 1969. * * *
▪ electronic game series       football (soccer) electronic game series developed by EA Sports, a division of the American gaming company Electronic Arts, and licensed ...
FIFA World Cup 2006
▪ 2007  On July 9, 2006, a crowd of 69,000 spectators at the Olympic Stadium in Berlin and an estimated television audience of one billion association football (soccer) fans ...
FIFA World Cup-men
▪ Table FIFA World Cup—men year result 1930 Uruguay 4 Argentina 2 1934 Italy 2 Czechoslovakia 1 1938 Italy 4 Hungary 2 1950 Uruguay 2 Brazil 1 1954 West ...
FIFA World Cupwomen
▪ Table FIFA World Cup—women year result 1991 United States 2 Norway 1 1995 Norway 2 Germany 0 1999 United ...
—fifer, n. /fuyf/, n., v., fifed, fifing. n. 1. a high-pitched transverse flute used commonly in military and marching musical groups. v.i., v.t. 2. to play on a ...
/fuyf/, n. 1. Also called Fifeshire /fuyf"shear, -sheuhr/. a historic county in E Scotland. 2. a region in E Scotland. 336,339; 504 sq. mi. (1305 sq. km). * * * Council area ...
fife rail
Naut. a rail surrounding or next to the mast of a sailing vessel for use in holding the pins to which some of the running rigging is belayed. Cf. pin rail. [1715-25] * * *
See fife. * * *
fife rail n. A rail around the lower part of a ship's mast to which the belaying pins for the rigging are secured.   [Possibly from its use by the ship's fifer.] * * *
▪ racehorse       (foaled 1913), English racehorse (Thoroughbred) who in 1916 won the Derby, and two days later the Oaks; she was the last horse to win both events in ...
/fuy"foh/, n. 1. See first-in, first-out. 2. Computers. a storage and retrieval technique, used mainly for data, in which the first item stored is also the first item ...
/fif"teen"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, ten plus five. 2. a symbol for this number, as 15 or XV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 15 in number. [bef. ...
/fif"teenth"/, adj. 1. next after the fourteenth; being the ordinal number for 15. 2. being one of 15 equal parts. n. 3. a fifteenth part, esp. of one (1/15). 4. the fifteenth ...
Fifteenth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1870, prohibiting the restriction of voting rights "on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." * * *
/fifth/ or, often, /fith/, adj. 1. next after the fourth; being the ordinal number for five. 2. being one of five equal parts. 3. Auto. of, pertaining to, or operating at the ...
Fifth Amendment
an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1791 as part of the Bill of Rights, providing chiefly that no person be required to testify against himself or herself in a ...
Fifth Avenue
a New York street famous for its expensive shops and department stores, especially between 47th Street and 59th Street. These include Saks Fifth Avenue, Bergdorf Goodman, ...
fifth column
—fifth columnist. 1. a group of people who act traitorously and subversively out of a secret sympathy with an enemy of their country. 2. (originally) Franco sympathizers in ...
fifth columnist
See fifthcolumnism. * * *
Fifth Commandment
"Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee": fifth of the Ten Commandments. Cf. Ten Commandments. * * *
fifth dimension
Math., Physics. a theoretical dimension beyond or in addition to a fourth dimension. * * *
fifth disease
Pathol. a mild infection, most often seen in children or young adults, caused by a small virus (the human parvovirus B19) and marked by a blotchy rash on the cheeks, arms, and ...
fifth estate
any class or group in society other than the nobility, the clergy, the middle class, and the press. [1965-70] * * *
fifth force
a theoretical force in nature in addition to the strong and weak forces, gravitation, and the electromagnetic force. [1975-80] * * *
fifth monarchy
the fifth and final monarchy following the Assyrian, Persian, Greek (under Alexander the Great), and Roman monarchies, supposed to have been prophesied in Dan. 2. * * *
Fifth Monarchy Men
Eng. Hist. (during the Commonwealth in the 17th century) a militant sect of Puritans who identified the fifth monarchy with the millennial reign of Christ and who believed they ...
Fifth of November
➡ Bonfire Night. * * *
fifth position
Ballet. a position similar to the first position, but with one foot in front, the heel and toe of the front foot adjacent to the toe and heel of the back foot. See illus. under ...
Fifth Republic
the republic established in France in 1958, the successor to the Fourth Republic. * * * System of government in France from 1959 to the present. Under the constitution crafted ...
fifth wheel
1. a horizontal ring or segment of a ring, consisting of two bands that slide on each other, placed above the front axle of a carriage and designed to support the forepart of the ...
fifth-wheel trailer
/fifth"hweel', -weel'/ or, often, /fith"-/. See under fifth wheel. (def. 3). * * *
Fifth Amendment n. An amendment to the Constitution of the United States, ratified in 1791, that deals with the rights of accused criminals by providing for due process of law, ...
fifth column n. A clandestine subversive organization working within a country to further an invading enemy's military and political aims.   [First applied in 1936 to rebel ...
See fifth column. * * *
fifth disease n. A mild viral disease occurring mainly in early childhood, characterized by fever, a rosy-red rash on the cheeks that often spreads to the trunk and limbs, and ...
fifth estate n. A class or group in society other than the nobility, the clergy, the middle class, and the press. * * *
fifth force n. Any of the hypothetical forces believed to cause bits of matter to repel each other but not to be strong enough to counteract gravity. * * *
/fifth"lee/, adv. in the fifth place; fifth. * * *
fifth wheel n. 1. a. A wheel or portion of a wheel placed horizontally over the forward axle of a carriage to provide support and stability during turns. b. A similar device ...
/fif"tee ith/, adj. 1. next after the forty-ninth; being the ordinal number for 50. 2. being one of 50 equal parts. n. 3. a fiftieth part, esp. of one (1/50). 4. the fiftieth ...
/fif"tee/, n., pl. fifties, adj. n. 1. a cardinal number, ten times five. 2. a symbol for this number, as 50 or L. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. fifties, the ...
/fif"tee ayt"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 8. 2. a symbol for this number, as 58 or LVIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 58 in number. * * *
/fif"tee aytth", -ayth"/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-seventh; being the ordinal number for 58. 2. being one of 58 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-eighth part, esp. of one (1/58). 4. ...
/fif"tee fifth"/ or, often, /-fith"/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-fourth; being the ordinal number for 55. 2. being one of 55 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-fifth part, esp. of one ...
/fif"tee fif"tee/, adj. 1. equally good and bad, likely and unlikely, favorable and unfavorable, etc.: a fifty-fifty chance of winning. adv. 2. in an evenly or equally divided ...
/fif"tee ferrst"/, adj. 1. next after the fiftieth; being the ordinal number for 51. 2. being one of 51 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-first part, esp. of one (1/51). 4. the ...
/fif"tee fuyv"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 5. 2. a symbol for this number, as 55 or LV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 55 in number. * * *
/fif"tee fawr", -fohr"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 4. 2. a symbol for this number, as 54 or LIV. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 54 in ...
Fifty-four-forty or Fight
/fif"tee fawr'fawr"tee, -fohr'-/, U.S. Hist. a slogan popular in 1846, esp. among Democrats, who asserted U.S. ownership of the entire Oregon country, including the part that ...
/fif"tee fawrth", -fohrth"/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-third; being the ordinal number for 54. 2. being one of 54 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-fourth part, esp. of one ...
/fif"tee nuyn"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 9. 2. a symbol for this number, as 59 or LIX. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 59 in number. * * *
/fif"tee nuynth"/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-eighth; being the ordinal number for 59. 2. being one of 59 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-ninth part, esp. of one (1/59). 4. the ...
/fif"tee wun"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 1. 2. a symbol for this number, as 51 or LI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 51 in number. * * *
/fif"tee sek"euhnd/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-first; being the ordinal number for 52. 2. being one of 52 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-second part, esp. of one (1/52). 4. the ...
/fif"tee sev"euhn/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 7. 2. a symbol for this number, as 57 or LVII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 57 in number. * ...
/fif"tee sev"euhnth/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-sixth; being the ordinal number for 57. 2. being one of 57 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-seventh part, esp. of one (1/57). 4. the ...
/fif"tee siks"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 6. 2. a symbol for this number, as 56 or LVI. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 56 in number. * * *
/fif"tee siksth"/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-fifth; being the ordinal number for 56. 2. being one of 56 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-sixth part, esp. of one (1/56). 4. the ...
/fif"tee therrd"/, adj. 1. next after the fifty-second; being the ordinal number for 53. 2. being one of 53 equal parts. n. 3. a fifty-third part, esp. of one (1/53). 4. the ...
/fif"tee three"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 3. 2. a symbol for this number, as 53 or LIII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 53 in number. * * *
/fif"tee tooh"/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 50 plus 2. 2. a symbol for this number, as 52 or LII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. adj. 4. amounting to 52 in number. * * *
/fif"tee pen'ee/, adj. noting a nail 51/2 in. (14 cm) long. Abbr.: 50d [FIFTY + -PENNY] * * *
fig1 /fig/, n. 1. any tree or shrub belonging to the genus Ficus, of the mulberry family, esp. a small tree, F. carica, native to southwestern Asia, bearing a turbinate or ...
fig leaf
1. the leaf of a fig tree. 2. a representation of a fig leaf, used as an ornament in architecture, as a cover for the genitalia on a statue or in a painting, etc. 3. something ...
fig marigold
any of various plants of the genus Mesembryanthemum, having showy flowers of white, yellow, or pink. [1725-35] * * *
Fig Tree microfossils
▪ paleontology       assemblage of microscopic structures uncovered in the Fig Tree Series, a rock layer at least three billion years old, exposed in South Africa. They ...
fig wasp
a chalcid wasp, Blastophaga psenes, introduced into the U.S. from Europe, that pollinates figs, usually of the Smyrna variety. [1880-85] * * * ▪ insect also called  fig ...
1. figurative. 2. figuratively. 3. figure; figures. * * *
▪ French literary character  comic character, a barber turned valet, who is the hero of Le Barbier de Séville (1775; The Barber of Seville) and Le Mariage de Figaro (1784; ...
Figaro, Le
Morning daily newspaper published in Paris, once one of the great newspapers of France and of the world. Founded in 1826 as a witty gossip sheet on the arts, by 1866 it was a ...
/fig"ee'teuhr/, n. See green June beetle. [1865-70, Amer.; FIG1 + EATER] * * *
Figes, Eva
▪ British author, critic and translator née  Unger  born April 15, 1932, Berlin, Ger.       English novelist, social critic, and translator who reacted against ...
Figg, James
▪ English athlete born c. 1695, Thame, Oxfordshire, England died December 8, 1734, London       first recognized bare-knuckle boxing champion of England. Also an expert ...
/fig"euhr/, v.i. Pron. Spelling. figure. * * *
/fig"ee/, adj., figgier, figgiest. containing figs: a figgy cake. [1540-50; FIG1 + -Y1] * * *
—fightable, adj. —fightability, n. —fightingly, adv. /fuyt/, n., v., fought, fighting. n. 1. a battle or combat. 2. any contest or struggle: a fight for recovery from an ...
fight-or-flight reaction
/fuyt"awr fluyt"/, Physiol., Psychol. the response of the sympathetic nervous system to a stressful event, preparing the body to fight or flee, associated with the adrenal ...
fight-or-flight reaction (fītʹôr-flītʹ) n. A set of physiological changes, such as increases in heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and blood glucose, initiated by the ...
See fight. * * *
See fightability. * * *
/fuy"teuhr/, n. 1. a boxer; pugilist. 2. Mil. an aircraft designed to seek out and destroy enemy aircraft in the air and to protect bomber aircraft. 3. a person who fights, ...
fighter aircraft
Aircraft designed primarily to secure control of essential airspace by destroying enemy aircraft in combat. Designed for high speed and maneuverability, they are armed with ...
/fuy"teuhr bom"euhr/, n. Mil. an aircraft that combines the functions of a fighter and a bomber. [1935-40] * * *
/fuy"teuhr in'teuhr sep"teuhr/, n. Mil. a fighter plane used for the defense of a region against air attack, esp. by attacking bombers. * * *
/fuy"ting/, adj. 1. fit to fight: a boxer who's no longer in fighting shape. 2. tending or meant to stir up a fight or hostility: fighting words. [1300-50; ME; see FIGHT, ...
fighting chair
a chair fastened to the deck at the stern of a seagoing fishing boat for use by an angler in landing a large fish. [1945-50, Amer.] * * *
fighting chance
a possibility of success following a struggle. [1885-90] * * *
fighting cock
a gamecock. * * *
fighting fish
any of several brightly colored labyrinth fishes of the genus Betta, found in Southeast Asia. Also called betta. Cf. Siamese fighting fish. * * *
Fighting French.
See Free French. * * *
Fighting Harada
▪ Japanese boxer byname of  Harada Masahiko  born April 5, 1943, Tokyo, Japan       Japanese professional boxer, world flyweight and bantamweight ...
Fighting Téméraire
a famous painting (1838) by J M W Turner. It is a picture of the Téméraire, an old military sailing ship, being pulled up the Thames by a steamship, on its way to being ...
fighting word
Usu., fighting words. language that arouses rage in an antagonist. * * *
fighting words
☆ fighting words n. Informal a remark that stirs up antagonism * * *
fight·ing chair (fīʹtĭng) n. A chair, often padded and equipped with a harness, used on a boat by a saltwater angler for support while landing a large fish. * * *
fighting chance n. A chance to win but only with a struggle: had a fighting chance to recover. * * *
See fightability. * * *
fighting word n. A word that one uses to provoke a fight or hostility. Often used in the plural: “Fighting words are categorically excluded from the protection of the First ...
fig leaf n. 1. A stylized representation of the leaf of a fig, used especially to conceal genitals depicted in works of art. 2. Something that serves as a usually insufficient ...
fig marigold n. Any of various plants of the genus Mesembryanthemum, native to southern Africa and having thick fleshy leaves and variously colored flowers. Also called icicle ...
/fig"meuhnt/, n. 1. a mere product of mental invention; a fantastic notion: The noises in the attic were just a figment of his imagination. 2. a feigned, invented, or imagined ...
Figner, Vera Nikolayevna
▪ Russian revolutionary born , July 7 [June 25, Old Style], 1852, Khristoforovka, Kazan province, Russia died June 15, 1942, Moscow       leader in the Russian ...
Figueira da Foz
▪ Portugal       seaport, west-central Portugal, at the mouth of the Mondego River on the Atlantic Ocean, west of Coimbra city. Little is known of its origin, save ...

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